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jfc-?OU?-8:1ft?At the Ki.icli Ball. ??AS?N'- -v is The Weddlns Day, lAIAS THEATH1. -V1.V 1 be ?Ireu? Olrl. ?DUN MUsKE -\Vr?i Works, Grand Concerts and Clns * mstoRraph. EMPIRE THEATRE?S:20?Inder tbe R?d Rob*. ?*.FTH AVENUE THEATRE?8.15?Tes? of the D'Ur? berviuea OARRICK THEATRE?B:*jO? Never As*ln. ORAM) OPERA HOi'SE s An Enemy to the Kin?. HARLEM OPERA HOfSE?8:1*??My Friend from Indi?. MKHU-t) SQPARi: THEATRE?8:1*??Th* Olrl from Parta, HOYT S TIIi:\Tl.r.--.;.10-The M^?n from M-xlee, KMCKEKlkH'KER THEATRE?s?The serenade, KOSTER & ltULs?V-iiHvest Manhattan. LVOEt'M THEATRE S:Bn Th* Mj ?terlou? Mr. Ttutf?. MAPISON BQPARE OARPEN?2?8:15? Wild West. OLIMPIA Roor GAR?EN?Vaudeville. PASTOR S 12 :??? ? , il p m?Vau.tevllle. PT. Nintoi as Mtsi? HAi.ly?<*?Vaudeville. 14TH STREET THEATRE?B- Mavc-urnsen. . ? I ? , ? ? ?j JnbcTf io OVbiifrtiecmente. PagaOsi.1 Page,Col. Amuiemenr?. .II r, Maniate* A- IVath*.. 7 a Announc?m?nti .12 S M>?<-eP.anr<>i)s . 8 1 lluslne?? Notice*. ? 1 Mi*.'#ll*n*<?us .12 8 5 Ranker* tt Beaker*..11 f> ?>c-e,in Steamer?. H 5-? IMcyrtcs . 3 5-41 Prop,irais .1?? ?*? Board and !tv?ms? 0 5 Piano* and Or??ns_ V U l.iulnes* Chance?. ? 5 Puhlle Notices. 8 4 Country Board. K 4 R.illroa.i? .10 5-II l>lvldend Notice?.11 ft Rea'. EMate. 8 2-4 Don). Kit?. Wanted.. ? 0 7 Reliai.>u* Notice*.IO ft Dressmaking . ',) 0 S'li?raf-e .? 1 Rarursl .ns .11 H School Agencie*. 8 1 Financial Election?. .11 ft Special Notice?. 7 ? Plnanoi.il M. ?ttnsrs. ..II ft Steamboat? .11 I! Financial .11 4-.". Ppnng Resorts. 8 4 ?*or Sale. li a Bummer Risirt*. 8 ft Hotels . D ft Tea-hers . 8 1 Hor?e? a Carriages. . H 4 The Turf.11 fl Instruction . 8 1 Wort Wanted. 0 fl-6 Machlnsrv . D 1 1.11G111C0G ?C0I1CC9. Tribune Term* to >lnll Subscriber*. Uallj, *lo a yrar, SI p?-r month. Dally, ?Itliuut Sunday, *S a v?..r; 00 cent? per month. Sunday Tril'une. ?2 .? vrat. Weekly. II. Sunl-Weekly, 12. POSTAGE. ?Extra posit??, is rlarged to foreign countrlea, except Mt-xlco util Car.ada, ar.l en tt.e dally la New York City. RE MITT AN -F.S, If sent In crash, unr?g!st?r*d. will be at l!,t owner'* risk. MAIN OFFICE -151 Ni.i?au-st. UPTOWN OFFICE 1.242 nrnn*way. AMERICANS ABROAD v. ill fini Th* Trtbun* at! l*.ndnn??Dir.e?. of The.Tnt-un??. 7ft Fleet-?t., E. C. M -rton. Ros* & Co, Parth'lemew House. E. C. Rrown. .;. aid &? Co.. 54 Hew-Oafned at Th- ma? ?. to & 8 n. LucIrmc Clrvua. Perl?- .1. Huaros & )'-?., 7 Rue P.-rir<*. Holtlna-i'er & ?Co., ,'ts Rue de Provence. DJ.-rsHti Harjes ?- Co . .11 Roulevnrd Hauwmana. Cre-'.lt Lvormal?. I<i.r*-uu *?s Etrangers. Thomas Cook _ Son, 1 Place de l'Op?ra, Ooieva?lA.m.mrd. C<.ler A Co.. ?nd Union Bank. per?*?i Whltby A- Co. Vienna?Anglo-Austrian Rank. St. P?ter?t-urrr??- ?"relit Lvonnal*. Th* Lonf'.en o!*Vo of Th? Tribune I* a convenient pl?c* to Imv? r*\ ortl.eT, -i'., rnd subscription*. XttoQrik Oailfi Sribtwi, FOUNDED BY HORACE GREELET FRIDAY, MAY 14, 1807 THE NEWS THIS MORNING. FOREIGN?Tho f?.r.-Ipn Ambassadors at Con? stantinople renewed their proposal of an armis? tice between Turkey and Greece. - - -? The Countess Caatellane will flva a million francs for a building in l'arls to l?e devoted to charita? ble purposes, ?- Ravages of the bubonic plague continue In In?lla. ??? ? i Spanish suc? cesses are claimed In <"ul?a and the Philippines. I-British blmetalHsts held a meeting in Lon? don, --lx?-i Rumors of a war between Nicaragua and Costa Rica have hurt the business Interests of the former country.-? Frosts have done great damage In the wlnc-growing districts of France. ?-1 An American missionary tells in London of atrocities committed by State ofll ciala on natives in the Congo country. CONGRES?.- R.>th branches in session, = Senate: Ivlr. Allen's resolution relative to the case of E. R. Char man wee ?"'??? t0 the Judiciary Committee after a lively debate; th?re was a brief tariff discussion. =rrr-r-rr= U'.use: The con? ference report <?n the Indian Appropriation bill was adopted; J?-rry Simpson made another at? tempt to delay bualneen DOMESTIC?According to consular reports In spected l?v members of the Eor.-ign Relations Committee, hundreds of Americans are In great distress in Cuba, and the President is urged to take action f.,r their relief. :-? The ?Senate Finance Committee has decided not to begin de? bate on the Tariff bill until May 24. _-=-= The steel beam pool waa dissolved at a meeting In Philadelphia of the companies composing It. '.-The project for a universal postage stamp has be.-n aban?L?nod by the International Postal Congress. ? Trolley, winner of the second race at Louisville, paid bis backers ?'?<? to 1. ? ? - It is believed that the latest crevaaae In the Mls BBaaalppI levee Will be closed without further damage. CITY.?The Board of Consulting Engineers to the Department of Doeki recommended the lay? ing of four-track railways along t'.ie river fronts. with connections to the plera for facilitating the handling of freight. === The New-York So cietv of the order ?>f founder.? and patriots gave a dinner at the Winds ir Hotel. ... ?- The an? nual meeting and dinner of the National Board of Fire Underwriters were held. ?? Winners at Morris Park: Plue Devil, De? ?-layer, Sensa? tional, Octagon, Storm King and Xmas. ?sa Stocks were w.-ak an?l lower. THE WEATHER?Forecast f??r to-day: Un? ?tied. Th?- temperature yesterday: Highest, degrees; lowst, i'?'-'; averag?*, t--"?1* A WHOLESOME SLAUGHTER. That was a C_?t?l-_f hit of intolligeuoe pub? lished y.-st'T.lay. that fifty hills passed by the late I_*f__at-re >_tve beea vetoed by tin? Usjarg of the several cities to which they relate,!, and under the ?proTleloni of the n?-w Constitution are as dead as Julius (;?-s;ir without any neces? sity for tho (invernur's action. Twenty-four, or nearly half of ihem, relatad to this city and received their quietus from the pen of Mayor Strong, while nine were intended to worry Brook lyu aud were cut down in their budd?n?- Infancy by The sickle of May,>r Wurster. Without know ln>: tight of the origin, cause or pui'pose <^f any of theui. only that they were part of the over wheliuliiK output of the late Legislature, we venture to say that tl.-so tWfl Mayors and the other Mayors as w?-ll in proportion to their share In the carnage deaeTT? Hie gratitude of their constituents. In th?* alarming overproductiou of hii'.slative enactments ou all ?subjects under the sun which charaetvriz.-s the period through which we are passing, the man who puts his foot on a nascent law and kill? it In the germ is more entitled t?) !?.? e.-ilhd a public benefactor than he who makes two oladi-s of grass grow where only one j-T'".*' before. We have had OW ta-fh al the manner In which tho legislatures of Um new Bt?tei liave been pouring (?ut ?aus of all sir;.? l'?-r the last six ?lOOtha hut when we come to refle-t that, in ?Addition to the large ntunber of h^lls ?rblcb came out of OUT OWO legisla; i ve hopper and went upon the statut e-book during the session, more than eight hundred \vhi?'h '.?a<l pas-t-d both bouses lay u)s?n the fjrOTI-rnor's disk awaiting hi? action when the Beaeloll elo?M*-, it will ap? pear that, aft.-r all. Uli laugh is somewhat on oi'.rs-elves. Th?- ww States are not so much more prolific of l"-!sl:iti?iii than the old. The cranks and ltinar.cr? are not ??f a sd-tion, hut <?f a period. The mania f?>r making laws is general, almost universal. Il is mor.- than au epidemic; it is a plague, ./-ei-la tures largely emposed of men without lc-fal traininc <?r knowledge (>t ?aw "Jam through" Mils' like ?M (?n-aier N.-w-York char? ter, for insitiine-six hundred or seven hundred pages long wbleb not half a _<M_M meinlx-rs have ever read or pretend to und.-rstand, <>r enact un? der pressure such measiiii s as the Haines Excise law, the crudities and Imperfections of wh;<-h <?nly 6ervo to make bus'.uess for lawyers, while they battle the Intelhgeiice of coiiris ami rair--e new and confusing Issues for voters#iit the n?-xt election. Every legislator, he he Mlooak*wpf*r, b?r tend?-r, merchant, farmer, day lalnirer or what not, feels lxmnd to exercise to the very utmost the lawmaking functions willi whlcli his constit UtUts have endowed him. and m?asuies his use fillness by the number of laws he can "Jam through" Um I>'gislaturo and ?and on tin* ?tat ute-book. It Is an evil which cries aloud for remedy, but for which there is no n-medy except In wholesale and wholesome slaughter by ihe ?eto power. Governor Mack deserves great praise for the free use he has made of It?though, In our Judgment, he rould have exercised It more freely to the general advantage-aud the Mayors ?who have had the opportunity, and emnt*a(*ed It, of killing fifty of these crude l?gislative crea tlons are no less deserving of public gratitude. "NEYERTHELESS." "Nevertheless." snid Mr. Beecher one evening at a Plymouth Church prayer-meeting, as the gcod sister who bad occupied considerable time in pious talk not very much to the purpose re? sumed her seat, "nevertheless"'?with Just the suggestion of i sigh?"my belief that women have Just as good a right as men to speak In public Is unchanged." Since The Tribune expressed Its conviction that no harm, but great good, would conic from the free discussion Initiated by the Citizens I'nlou of the merits nud qualifications of candi? dates and of the policy to be pursued lu the coming municipal election, the gcueral debate las become more animated. Some of the dis? putants have grown warm, and we have ob? served a disposition on the part of one or two of our esteemed contemporaries to fling lan? guage at each other on account of differences of opinion ns to who should make the noml r.atlons, what nominations should be mnde, and whether, when they are made, anybody but those whom Senator Plait with tine sarcasm calls "the best citizens," shall he Invited to sup? port them. It is to be regretted, of course, that unything like that should be engendered in the discussion, anil more to be regretted that at so early a stage the entente cordiale which is the normal condition of the newspaper brother? hood of this city should be disturbed. Nothing is more depressing to the voter who trusts im? plicitly in the omnipotence as well as the om? niscience of the press than to see newspapers flinging language at each other. "Nevertheless," as Mr. Be??cher said, The Tribune continues to believe thnt the discus? sion will do good. It may flag a little nt Inter? vals between this time and election, but in the irean time it will bring about a world of en l'ghtcntnent as to what sundry powerful per? sons are driving at, besides giving the public much needed information concerning the quali? fications of candidates. So by all means let the debate proceed, let us all listen nnd rend, and let as many of us as can command our tempers Keep cool. A BAD BEGINNING. The formal appearance of Patrick Jerome Gleason in the field as a candidate for first Mayor of the enlarged municipality with which his own private bailiwick Is about to be Incor? porated does not overcome us like a summer cloud, inasmuch as his Intention had already been made known. There Is, nevertheless, a certain unexpectedness In his mode of launching hlmself upon the riplti-ar tide of local politics. In the first place, his choice of a nomination by petition, whether an error of tactics or not. un? mistakably indicates a change of purpose, if not a change of heart. When Patrick first men? tioned the circumstance that he was going to be elected Mayor next November by an overwhelm? ing majority he described himself as the regu? lar Tammany candidate, whereas his petitioners now announce that he is the nominae of The Neither Tea Nor Tiger Party. This designation, while highly original, is not conciliatory, and would seem to preclude the possibility of Pat? rick's nomination by Tammany. It likewise in? volves an abandonment of his celebrated "No campaign, no platform, nothing but Gleason" policy which aroused such enthusiasm two years ago; for the name of the party is a platform in itself. If the terms of Patrick's petition are to be interpreted as a told defiance of Tammany, it remains to be considered whether they have any compensatory merits. We violate no confidence in saying that, though Patrick might not have been the first choice for Mayor of the Citizens T'nion, even if he had refrained from nominat? ing himself, It Is now certain that the t'nion will not violate its principles by Indorsing him. Prom that point of view, therefore, he appears to have lost rather than pained by breaking away from the Tiger. Nor, on the other hand, does his respectful sil.-n?-e on the subject of the r.lephaiit constitute a sufficient reason for sup? posing that the Republican machino managers will take bin* up. Moreover, those Republicana who think well of Mayor Strong will be alien ateil by the open hostility to the present r?gime which is avowed in the declaration that the Gleasou party is neither Tea nor Tiger, especially in consideration of the fact that It Involves a confession of shocking Ingratitude. It will be remembered that when the perfidy of his man Scotty bad left Patrick without suitable sleep? ing apparel on the occasion of the visit of the Charter Commission at F.llerslle last summer, It was Mayor Strong who suggested to him the pro? priety and advantage of "touching" Governor i'.rton for a suit of pajamas, whereby he was erililed to pass the night In decency and com? fort. On the whole, therefor?, It appears to us that Patrick has made several serious, If not abso? lutely fatal, mistakes. He has abandoned a method of campaigning of which he possessed a complete monoi-oly, he has turned his back upon his natural allies, and the anchors which he has cast to windward have already begun to drag. We seldom make predictions, but we don't see how he can be elected. A DUTY FOR A TRUST. The Western men, Congressmen and others, who hold trusts in holy horror and want n duty of l"*i ceuts on hides, nicely illustrate the ease with which combinationsof capitalists "?ometlines manage to get their most conspicuous opponent? to do their work. The Vtilled States Leather Company holds more foreign hides than all the rest of the people in the country, it Is safe to say. It bought enormously in controlling the murket In ISO.", when prices of leather and bides were nearly doubled, and Buenos Ayros hides at New York were hoisted from 11 to 21 cents, and of the Ii'-'".?.''.'.?.'? pounds imported that year it is known to have Imported a large part. Its official state? ment at the end of that year showed 1*11,12.-?, :,7.'. ?T invested In hides and leather in process of manufacture on hand, besides $l9EBZE0i in the hands of subordinate companies, to which it hail made advances of f?l.*i,40.*i.r.ni ,13. In lstm prices of Buenos Ayres hides declined 2 ceuts, which on the quantity held by the main com? pany alone involved a loss of about ?f2.000.000 if none bad been sold, and probably much more on the hides hehl by the other companies. The official statement for the end of last year, ac? cording to "'The Shoe and Leather Reporter," showed that the company had lost on Its opera? tion? in 1806 Sl.T'l.Olii, owing to "the great shrinkage in valui'S." At the average import priOf of last December the company alone must have held something like TOyOOO.000 pounds, nnd how mu? h the subordinat?' companies held can only In- guessed, but if a duty could raise the price lV? cents, It would make a present of some? thing more than fl.r-OO.WO to the Cnited States Leather Company. It would be amusing to see (fell done by the votes of monopoly haters, who would then spend the rest of their live? In ex? plaining lo constituents, truthfully, no doubt, that they did not vote a? the servants of the Leather Trust, but merely in Ignorance. The fact Is that the duty probably would not oorrespomllngl."* advance the price of foreign hides, though It would help to ral?e the price of leather, while there is no nason to suppose that It would ral-te price? of American hides at all. The hard flint hides, mainly imported, do not affect the market for American hides nor take the place of them, except In times of especial scarcity, and the mode of marketing cattle at the West Is Buch that the packers would not have to pay an additional cent per head for cat? tle if Buenos Ayres hides were dearer at N'ew York. The movements of the two kinds of hides do not In fact correspond. Last year Buenos Ayres bides declined at New-York, but the aver? age of country and packer bides at Chicago rose about 9 per cent, and city slaughter hides here also advanced from S to ?s'/i cents. If there were reason to believe that n duty on foreign hides would operat3 In any degree as protection to American farmers, the pica which the Leather Trust has Induce?! some people to make, nom? inally in behalf of ".Vestern cattle raisers, would have some force. But In fact the effect of the duty would only bo to enhance the value of the hides and leather held by tho trust, and to give It a few millions os a present from trust-hating Congressmen. ^Whether the prices of foreign hides were raised or not, the duty would in any case be used as a help to screw up the prices of sole leather made from such hides, and thus to enhance the cost of footwear for the people. The tax would be of questionable wisdom in that aspect, nnd also because it would tend to ?ripple the large and growing export trade In leather. As a menus of revenue hi?les were made dutiable from 1H42 to 1807 at 6 per cent, from 1S."?7 to 1^'il at 4 per cent, ond from lSill to 1S7.'1 at 10 per cent, but were made free In 1S7.1 and have so remained. For five years after the duty was removed no material enlargement of Imports fol? lowed. But the development of industries and transportation in Argentina and some other South American countries has greatly increased the supply and cut the price in two since 1H77, and it Is altogether probable that the effect of the duty here -would bo to at press the price In the other countries which have far more hides than they can market. This duty was proposed in the house commit? tee, not as a means of protection, but as a step toward renewal of reciprocity treaties. If the proposed duty were so used, of course its pro? fessed advantage to American cattle growers would lie lost. The commitlce decided against it. as not available for that purpose, and per? haps the more readily becauae Venezuela and Colombia had declined under the get of 1800 the reciprocal concessions therein suggested, appar? ently considering the privilege of sending hides to this country frei? of duly as not of sufficient advantage. In ISO"! hides sent hither from Venezuela and ' olomhia cost at point of ship? ment 11 cents, while the average of hides im? ported by Great Britain from all other countries except the British West Indies was 12.2 cents In the same year. Clearly experience does not support the idcrt that the proposed duty would control the seaboard market even for foreign bides, nnd still less the interior markets in which the great proportion of American ?attic is sohl. But it would help the Leather Trust to get more for its hides and leather on hand. RAILROADS IN CHINA. The latest of our old-time traditions to pass away I? that of Chlna"s opposition to railroads. The story of the first railroad in Chira, and of the manner in which It was torn up, eliminated, utterly destroyed, is familiar to every school boy. Since then the permanent absence of rail? roads from the Celestial Kmplre has been as confidently accepted as that ?if snakes from Ice? land. But such confidence Is misplaced. Tlu-re Is one railroad in China, and others are being builr, and the end of the century will see a goodly share of the F.mnlro gridlroiied with those Inventions of the foreign devils, which the almond-eyed ones are adopting ns their own with all the gogt they once displayed in the cult? ure of roast pig. The prophet of this n--w dispensation Is not, however, Li Hung Chang, but that gteat man's (?iioinlain prot?g?, one Sheng Tn Jen. While the ex-Viceroy was away was th?> time for the t X-prot?g? to play. He first nia<le an alliance with Chang Chili Tung, the great rival of Li. with whom he ingratiated bltoself easily enough by simple desertion and betrayal of Li. First. he got the whole system of Chinese telegraphs, treated by Li, turned over to him. Then he found Chang had bankrupted himself, not to mention the public treasury, over the great Iron? works of Han Yang, and persuaded Chang to turn them over to him Jusi at the moment when they were beginning to pay. Next be got bini etIf made controlling director of the China Mer? chants' Company, the chief commercial concern of the Empire, aud also head of the Imperial Bank of China. Finally, Just as LI Hung Cluing was about to sail for hrnie, Sheng got himself appointed director-general of nil rail? roads existing or to be created in the Kmpire. Thus he had?and has-under his control the Imperial Bank, the telegraphs, the ?hipping, the Ironworks and the railroads of all? China. Truly, a considerable mi n, this Sheng. having, no doubt, a smile that is childlike and bland. At the present moment Sheng is extending th?* cne existing Shanhalkwan-Tlcn Tsln line of rail? road to Peking. He is also to build another from Peking to Hang Kow, a great trunk Una, nine hundred mil?>s long. He Is nctually build? ing a third, connecting Shanghai, Woosung, Hangehow, Sooehow und Chlngklang, some two hundred miles long. It wns from Shang? hai to Woosung, as will be remembered, that the first Chinese railroad was built, some of the plant of which still Iks at the bottom of the Yang Tse. All the rails und other road material for these linen Sli?'iig propescs to have fur rlslied in China, chiefly from his own works at : l'an Yang. Tho rolling sio<-U must come from | r.broad, and keen is the c? mpetltlon for furnlsh | lug it, no less than forty-two different firms bidding for a Single lot of only |1?B00 value. i Moreover, no foreign loans ar8 to be sought, but all ihe work Is to be dene wi?h Chinese capital, i of which there appears to be plenty for the pur | pose. Several other branch iln^s are also under way In Central and Southern China, while in the j northeast the Russians are building their Si ! birlan railroad across Mam-hurin ns though the I country were their own. which, indeed, it prac? tically is. The railroad Is therefore an accom? plished and much-increasing fact In China, und i the result i hereof no man can prophesy. It i will, no doubt, abolish the Llkln tnx and thus I revolutionize the whole revenue system of the Empire. It will effect vast Industrial and so? cial changes, and political changes, too. It will , be a good thing for China. Whether or not, In ? opening up that teeming country to more di | rect competition wlih other tint lona, It will be i a good thing for the r.st of the world, the fut | me ?lone can tell. TARIFFS AND BROTHERLY LOVE. Canaila enacts a high protective tariff against < United States goods, and discriminating duties in favor of British goods; works her railroad syRtem for all It is worth In competition with Fulled States lines, with the aid of Government ', ?subsidies and Mi?* Fnlted Stntcs t-ondlng coucea I slon; nnd establishes a line of ?wlft Atlantic si earners, for the avowed purpose of taking traffic away from Fnlted States lines and Fnlted States ports. Fpon ull of which Sir lionahl Smith. Canadian High Commissioner in London aud beneficiary of Canadian Goveru nietit subsides, remarks that the?? things mere? ly accentuate Canada's attachment to the Mother Country, and do not lietoken the slight? est hostility to the Fnlted States. Probably that Is quite true. Certainly It Is the sublimated quintesseiH'e of eternal verity iu the esteem of jour simon-pure, tnrlff-rcformlng Anglolnter. Yet when the United States enacts s proteo live tnrlff with sole regard to It? own welfare. what a howl there Is. to be sure, from these same Little Tin tiods on Wheel?! It lu de nminopd as an ad of dellhernte and malicious hostility to Canada and England In particular and to the whole world In general, Inspired by ? depraved and wicked hatred of our fellow men, and we are austerely reminded that the proclamation of "peace on earth, good-will to men" was a divine mandate for th?? abolition of larlff? ond the adoption of Free Trade. Truly, men and brethreu. It doe? make a difference whose ox 1b gored! SUGAR IMPORTS AND DUTIES. The Imports of ?ugar are usunMy large at this season, but have been lncr?*ase?l remarkably by Ihe expectation of new duties. The Treas? ury Iiepartmeiit has Just made up the record for April, showing that 7r>7,700,?"27 pound? were im? ported In that one month, and In May and June theipinntlty is usually larger than In the preced? ing months, ns tho following figure? for three years show: 1H9T. KM lift March .4!T?.52S..?0 43S.301,$83 39i?.<.?).!M \prll .7,-i7,7?'?,?27 3s?.3'l,?30 I77.?87,JI8 Slav .- H44.10a.4-_ BI8.t~4.M0 juno .- 47l',?S37..17?S .Wi.v \?>4S Knllre year .? g,?>,9,314,S.<8 8,2?i.f/-..4')0 In the four months, March-June inclusive, the Importa in both the preceding rssn were more lhan half the Imports for those entire years, but this year they have bo-n 1,-43.000.000 In two inon!hs, iigains! n24.<miu.0OU last T*SX. The known heavy movement in May thus far war? rants the expectation that fully two-lliirds of a y?-nr"s supply may be in hand ny the end of the fr tit* months this year. Iiicliidlng what stocks refiners held prior to March, nnd on this quantity ihe difference In price, If as much as tin? proponed lr*trt**UM In dmy under the Senate bill, would be about eicrht-tenths of a cent, or IQO.000,000, a bande?me profit for the owners, rnmely, Ihe Sugar I.efining Company. The pay? ment of duties nt Um* present rate on about two thirds of a years consumption will deprive ihe Treasury of about as much revenue for the CtMllag year which It would have derived from the increase of rate. Under the Dlngtey bill the increase in rate on 02 degree raw sugar would be a Utile less, about seven-tenths of a cent, but the Imports nfier April 1 would Ik* subject to the higher duty, which would make a difference of nearly *?.">,?'-KMrOO for the month of April ??lone. Many calculations of the effect of different duties proponed are entirely in error, because tbey nre based mi the reported domestic cost of raw and refined sugar. The nd valorem duty, of course, applies only to the cost at the point of Shipment to this country, which averaged on dutiable CAM sugar 1-068 tiente f??r eight months Of the fiscal year. The dutiable sugar Im? ported, according to the latest records of polar iscope test, averaged a little below 02 degrees, but at that figure the rate under the ?Senate bill would be JSl of 1 cent and ,70 ad valorem, namely, H per cent on a cost of 2 cents, making 1.?7 cents, not including the special rate on sugar from countries paying hoimti.-s on ex? ports. Iti fined sugar nt the Senate rate would pay 1.16 cents ?in?l .".*> per cent, which on sugar coating 2.0 cents abroad would be .01 of a cent, making 2.07 cents. The average value of re flnc.l sugar Imported varies from month t?> month; in April It was only 2..'1?>7 cents per pound; In March, 2.424, but In eight months ending with I-Ybruaiy, 2..">S- cms. But noel of it comes in at a higher rate, being from bounty-paying ?mintries. It ll essential in judging of the effect Of the duties proposed In the Senate bill Io observe il,a? an aihlliion.nl duly is provided on all bouniy-paid sugar equivalent to tin? rate of bounty or benefit actually allowed to the ex? porter, rrccisciy what that additional duty may be cannot be stated, but whether It Is as much as ..'?s of _ cent pi r pound, as some ex? perts have testified, or not as much, in any ?ase it sullies to counteract any advantage the exportera from such countries may gain by ship? ping refined Inetead of raw sugar, and any dis edrnntage t?> i-**_4*i*i In this country in eonae? queue? of such bounties. It is Iherefore an error l<> say. as some do, that the rates pr?j 1 oscd on refined sugar must be fully half u ?*ent bigber lhan the rate on raw in order to defend the industry here against the effects of German bouillies. It has ample defence in that respejt in ihe special provision named. Newfoundland will do well to strengthen her legislation against corruption of the electoral franchise. Nothing Is more needed In tho poli? tics of that colony. Philadelphia now has a $2.">0,00n statue of the Father of Hla Country, the finest which any city Is yet able to show, and It matches the parn? with a sober, Quaker-like pride against New? York's treasured memorial possession Just dedi? cated with ceremonies of so much grandeur. All her sister cities send her greeting upon the com? pletion of this magnificent work, that of New York, which by taking wise thought has Just added to its statues, being of particular appre ciatlveness and cordiality. -e It would be a good thing If one census could be completed nnd all Its returns published be? fore it is time to begin taking another. The gift of the Rothschilds to the Charity Ba___f fund is approximately |20O,000? that of ?Emperor William 12400. Nothing is reported from Her Majesty Queen Victoria, but her Court gros into mourning eleven days for the Duchesse d'Alen?*on, one of th?? victima, and pothepa that ought to have the moral effect of a contribution. (fleason Is by no means willing to let conceal ment, like a worm In the luid, feed on his rtnm aged cheek; on the contrary, he is louder than ever in pushing himself for the Mayoralty, since, in what may be termed executive s.-sslon the other day. a constituent whacked him upon his Indurated Jowl, compelling him to spread that spacious expanse with sticking pla?t?r. ?ander cover of which he will very likely Oonduct the remainder of his campaign. He is a natural In? vitation to ?buffetl and other Indignant Impac tlona, and the COnedOUensea that they nt hla ?leservings like the paper on the wall no doubt helps him to accept them with composure. -e-. The outcome of the wearisome wrangling at Atlanta seem* t?> be that courts-martial will not take cognisance of charges of Jilting and hleyole flirtations. With Gomez under the walls of Havana, and Wayler flying back to the Buccor of his Invested capital, the chances of the new Spanish loan ought to be considerably improved the chances, that is to say, that It won't go through, and that the Hank of Spain will whistle for customers to no purpose. -4 The denunclatl.ina of Slgnor loU-JM in the Italian Parliament the ??ther day were deplora!,le, That gentleman, as Minister of Finance, did more than any other of his time to save the kingdom from financial ruin, and Is entitled to gratitude rather than abuse. The elusive almblO footed ?h>?4t.-r In uguln an object of pursuit by the Har Association, which has erewhlle taken a run out of him now and th*n without driving him entirely nff the happy huntln-r. grounds of legal practice or much dl mlniahlng his,range of opportunity thereon. He abide? anl thrive? after a ?irt. notwithstanding the continual contempt of decent society and the occasional persecution of the profession, hut __ he has the nine llv.-s ot a cat?a power ot survival In Inverse proportion to his usefulneaa? he Is likely to outlast all hie enemies and keep alive the tradition? of hla kind as long aa a criminal Is left for him to extend a hand of pro? tection to while plcjting his pocket with the other. ? g i VarlouB complicated ?ehernes for addressing letterB so as to designate correctly and briefly the various divisions of the Greater New-York are proposed. Any change whatever Is sure to result In a bewildering variety of practice for a long time to come, and the most sensible thing will be to depart as little as Is necensary from the practice now. A letter addressed to "John Smith, Stapleton, \ew-YorK," will surely reach him, and will not perplex cither the writer or th? postal clerk; while a. letter addressed to "John Smith, New-York, South," would puzzle some writer? anyway, If not also the postal clerks; and "New-York, North," might be efjually confusing at the outset. If the "London Idea Is to be Imitated, the geographical divisions easiest understood would be "New-York. East."' meaning Brooklyn, and "New-York. West." meaning Manhattan Island; and It might be thought enough to confine the changes to these at the start. For the other n?ldresses. it Is no great hardship to write the present name first and "New-York" or "New-York City" after it. PERSONAL. Mayor Qulney hns Invited General P. A. Collins to deliver the annual Fourth of July oration this y. ar In Uoston. If.-nry II. rheath-.ni. the colored man who has (MSB appointed Recorder of Deeds for the District of Columbia. Is a large property-owner In the Dis? trict. Tli- Rev. Dr. Edward G. Thurber. of the Amcrl ?an Church in Paris, baa arranged an exchange of pulpits with the Rev. Dr. P. B, Rossttsr, of this City, for the months of June. July ami August. The man who was most !arg?-lv responsible for th.. passage of the act in the Iowa Legislature m.'?king th?? Wild ros? th<- gist? flower, was Major S 11. Ryers, the. author of "Sherman'?, March to the S.-.i." Monslgnor Merry del Val, the Tapal Delegate In Canada. visited Toronto the other day and made a very '?Vorab*? lmprc?.?lon. In an address he de? clared tli.it true science and Catholl* dogma coin?, never disagree, because they are both from God. The birth of a daugh'er to the Duke and Duche?? of York makes the number of Queen Victoria's living descendant? seventy. There ar* ?even llvlng ?nn? and daughter?, thlity-three rTan'Chlldrcn and thirty great-grandchildren. Francis H. Plerpont, who was Governor of Vir? ginia during the war. nnd who Is called the "Father of **,V?t Virginia." Is living nt his home. In Fair mount. Marlon County. W. Va. He 1? clghty-thro? \ears old. and. though he Is feeble, his health Is fOOd ami hi.? mind Is clear. John Fox Potter, of Milwaukee, who was a Con? gressman from l'.'T to 1m,", celebrated his eightieth birthday en Tuesday. "Congressman potter," say* "The Milwaukee Wisconsin," "WM a stalwart Re? publican, and was one of the first Northern Con? gressman to st.iml up ?gainst the Insolence and brutality of the slaveholders in that body, who had b-iml.-fl togethi-r to suppress by Intimidation the Utterance of Northern View? regarding slavery In the halls of Congress, His acceptance of a chal? lenge from T'iger A. Pryor to fight a dual, In which ha named howle-kntves as his choice of weapons, causing Pryor to back out. Bts4<* him fa? mous everywhere as 'Bcwle-kntfe Potter.' " When Admiral Rrown retires from the Navy, in a few weeks, he will become a resident of Indianap? olis. "That la my old home," he says, "and one of the loveliest places In the world. My wife'? friejels and my friends are there?from which you must not Infer that we haven't fr?en.!* everywhere. You can sail around th?> world all your life, but you never form friendships ami attachments Ilk?? those thai are made In the early days, when the heart is young. Beside?, I'll be the only Admiral in Indtanspoll?; whereas, If I settle in Washington. I'd be ?>ne of f.,rty. When a man g??s Into the club at Indlsnspolla and Inquire? if any on? has seen th" Admiral, they will kn?>w that he means I'rown; but when su? h a question Is ask?-.l !n Washington, forty old cove? will rush up und an? swer, -I'm bare ' ' THE TALK OF THE DAY. It ought not to be nece?iary to say that the deslg natlon '"Oraster New-Tori*" has been and is wed simply for convenience in referring to the city of New-York as tt will bo constituted under the new charter. Y?t numerous out-of-town Journals, like "Th?? Chicago Tribune" and "Th-- Boston H'-ralil" sei in to think that Greater New-York Is the char? ter name of the consolidated city. The metropolis will continue to he known as the City of New-York unless Its charter should be amended, and If an? other name should be given to If Greater New-York will certainly not bo that name. "Ves," she answered. "Tlfat little word," he exclaimed, "raises me to the Mvetlth heaven of bliss!" She looked into tils rapture-lit eyes. "Only tho seventh?" she mused. "And It Is al ready the middle of Ju is? Does he deceive me?" She shivered and the ocean sobbed at her feet.? i p. trolt Journal. The universities of O?tttngen and Jena are In close competition for tho doubtful honor of being the centre of German student duelling. In G?t? tinnen not a day passes that a duel Is not fought. Not long since twelve duels with moro or less seri? ous results were fought there within twenty-four hours; the record at Jena 13 twenty-one within the same length of time, A Georgia lawyer who had a caso In which con? viction for his client seemed certain closed his ar? gument with a Scriptural Quotation. To the amaze meat of all, the Jury returned S verdler of "Not guilty" without leaving their feats. After court had adjourned the lawyer approached the foreman. "I am curious to know." he ?aid, "Just on what point of law you based your venllct?" "It warn't no law point. Colonel," replied the fore? man, "but we couldn't Jest gtt over that Scripture." ?(Baltimore Sun. "The Augusta Chronicle" pays: "The presence of General Gordon, General Ruckner and General Longstreet nt (}?>neral Grant's) tomb and the action of Commandi-r-ln-Chlef Clarkson, of the Grand Army of the R?-public, in Inviting Genenl lohn R. Gordon, comman?ler-ln-ehli-f of the Confederate Veterana, to d?-liver an address at the coming re? union at BuffslO of the G. A. R , are calling forth fraternal expression? In the newspapers about th? survivors of tho Rlue and tho Gray. The fact is that the mas? s of the people North and fliuth cherish no sectional bitterness against one another. ami seither ?lo th? brosd-mlnded leaders it is only when some two-by-four politician, who desires un? deserved notoriety, gat? up a flag incident or some narrow-mlnde.l ?jensstlon that anybody ever cher? ishes sectional animosity or think? of tho bloody shirt." "I(o"s a fin? young man," remarked Colonel Still well; "a very tine young man." "But Isn't he disposed to b? rather shy?" Inquired tb? Rirl t,> whom ha was talking. "As to that, I rs'ly couldn't say. I narran had the pleasure of plavlng pok.-r with him."?(Louisville courier-Journal. The opposition to Sunday streetcars In Toronto has Inspired a local bard as follows: "Toronto tho good would become Toronto the bad If th'? liberty of running Sunday cars coul?! be hail; 'Hi. saloons would he open and tho theatres would follow, And our Sabbath would be l!k?-n?-d to one in Chicago? Tha feat of a Bsltlmora bicycler, who rod? 170 mile? in twelve hours au.i :'14 mllea in twenty-four hour?, seems to nhow that the new motor Is su? perior to the horse In mor?- ways than one. It |? not only Insensible to fatigue, but It Is superior 111 point of both ?i.d and ??mliirance. Probably the bast record ever?mad? by ? K.rs,? was thai of the anlm.il ridd.n by count StShrenbers in October 1W, which covered the ?1.stance from Vienna to Berlin, four hundred mil??, In seventy-one hours thirty-four minutes. This wa? far Inferior to the ?14 miles made t>> human muscle, with the aid of the wheel, In twenty-four hours. The horse can ro where t!i- l.level., cannot, but, given good roads ha stands m. cham-e with It tn a ra?-e ?Mirier again?? timo or ?llstaace.---(Philadelphia Ledger. ?"?"?"'?i "The Hoston Trnnicrlpt" tells a ?tory of a little boy on a visit He had not been taught to ?ay his pray.rs. ami when ho saw the little boys of the house suy their? he had a ?ens? of not being" 'in ***? at .11. nnd went to bed melancholy. The ?econd night came, and he heard the children once more go throuah whnt was to him their remarkable rig? marole. ,ndlng lu "Amen." and when they wer? ?lone h<> ?,-ld: "Auntie. I want to say my prayer, too." "Very well, go on." she answered'. The boy went down prettily on his knees, and rattled off: "First In war, first In peace, and first In the he?rt? of hi? ciuntryMKN!" " Then he ro?,., proudly conaclou? of having done the right thins Marl? (Mm maid? You look charming Mi?. Penelope; 1 can tell you that a? well ?V he nia?* Women were ma I? before mirror*, you know &$^&??P ?S M b?forT th?m THE ENVOY PASSES A QUIET DAY. CHANO. YEN HOON RECEIVES CUUU-M AT TH? WAl.t>ORr-HIB PARTY GOK8 TO THU TMKATr.E IN TlfK KVTNINO. Chang Yen Hoon, the. Chinese Envoy, who Is on his way to England to act ae the representative of hi? Government at _??? Queen's Jubilee, spent the day quietly at the \Va!d-,rf yesterday. He did not relien the rain, and so did not leave th? hotel. Borne of the member* of hla suit? ventured out. however, and returned much bedraggled and wet. The member? of the Chinese party did not get up until unusually late yesterday morning. They were tlr-d out with travel and so took their own time about rising. It was 10 o'clock before any of them appeared In the dlnlnK-room. Wh*n I.I Hun-: Chang was her?? he dined In his own room? and Me food prepared by hi? own cooks. It If) different with Chang Ven Hoon. He tUnea alone, but tbe m<-mber? of hi? party mlngl" in the dining-rooms with the other guealB. The food serve?! to Cheng la the same any other guest would get. Nearly all of th? members of Chang'* party speak English fluently, and understand how to enjoy then-is?-h?-?. Several Of them have been graduated from either Kngllah or American ???liegen and are grell B**al>pe< to look out for themselves. Th?- Chinea* Hag drooped -'?rnl sagged In th? rain, nnd the little partv of Chinamen paaaed th<- after? ii ton in their room.-? staring moodily o-if nt the win? dows. Wu Ting ?rang, the Chinese Mlni-ter at Washington, and Hsti Nal Kwang, the chineee 'otiHiil at this port, called "n th?- Knvo, -reeteriey afternoon. Several ofh?-r callers w<-r<- r~*eel*/ed, and a great deal of mall was opened an.! answered In the evening the party went to the Casino, occu? pying six boxes. They will sail for Europe, next Wednesday by the Am.-rpan I.'ne. -e-? DWIGHT ALUMNI AT THE SAVOY. TIIK AggOCIATtON Hor.i'S its IDCTf. AJOrUAL DHf Hn ant? __-K7t- ?.ri?-*r.p.??. The Dwight Altimni Association h?11 |ta sixth annual dinner at the Hotel Savoy hurt ?venins?, at whl?-h about one hundred and fifty lawyer-?, many of them prominent In this city, were preaeat The association Is COmpoaad of lawyers who w- re grad? uated from the Columbia .Law School under Pro? fessor Thodore W. Dv.ight nnd of gradu?t? ?? of th<> Xew-Vork Law School who were educ.r.? 1 after the BBetbods ?Piofaaeof Dwight advo-ated. Ju.l?e Morgan J. O'Brien. presl?!?r.t or ti.e a?.so dation, K? si'!?-1 last evening. At either har.d of Judge O'Brien at th?- ?bead til i-- i il -??? : lavtted guests and speakers. Including Jndgea CI U-M H. V.in ?Brant, William W. Goo'lri:h anl Wi.iu.-n Rumsey, Edgar M. C-Ben, Senator Jos.;h Italian an?l l-.dmun.l tVetmore, ex-rre?id?-nt of the society, gmong others present were Jame Rl .ard*, of the Una of Coudert Brothers; Assemblym.ir. Georg* c. Austin, Dwight A. Jons.?, professor Chase, of th?* New-York Law School, Robert D. Petty and Alir-d ?i. Reeves. The rsr.edk.--rs werf Introduced by ??reai ?lent O'Brien at l'i o'clock and the responso to toasts were kept up until a lata hour. Before the dinner a short meeting of the asso? ciation was held, at wlii?h James Richards waa elected president for th? ?-omlng >?.-ar. Assemblyman. Austin, secretary, and Dwight a. /ones, treasurer. It was also voted to ren?-w the course of el?ht?:en law lectures given at ?.'arnegi?-? Hall last winter with marked BUCcesa DR. GREER AND A BISHOPRIC. MMMTgOMED FOR THE PI.A--E OF COADJCTOR IM THH PRX?? OF CONNECTICUT. New-Haver, Conn.. May IX ?It was announced to-day on good authority that th? Rev. Dr. David H. Greer, of St. Bartholomew's Church, New-York, Is being considered by many clergymen and laymen for the place of Bishop coadjutor of the diocese of Connecticut. Bishop Wllliams's advancing year? have ma<le the place a .teceestty. Dr. Greer. when seen by g. Tribune reporter In regard to the report from New-Haven, said that he knew nothing of It, -.nd ha?l not BlgllWIed any .mention regarding the bishopric. WILLIAM TIFFANY TO MARRY. HIS ?KOAOEMBNI TO -MISS MACDE LIVINGSTOM ANNOINCKD. Th?- formal announcement was m:)de yesterday of the engagement of Miss Maude Llrlngate?* daughter of Mrs. Robert Camt>rl?tlge Livingston, to William Tiffany, son of the iat>- <;. urge Tiffany, irhose t.r.jth.-r. ?Perry Tiffany; marred Ifiaa Have in. j.r. :i daughter >?f the late Theodore A. Have? merer. Miss Llvlngaton waa formally presented to New-York society three winters ego at .? recep? tlon given by Mrs. YV. Iiav.inl Cutting at her home. fifth-eve. and Tliir:y-fifth-st. -*,-_ MRS. M ARC ELLIS'S WILL FILED. Th?* Will of .Mrs. ??eoririatn-.a Pn-cjUa Marcelllr*. wli > <iled In Paria last December, was filed for pro bato In the ?SaiTOgate'a office > Mt)-r-lay. H?-r hus? band, Jui'-s, and Charlea MrTfaiaca are appointe?l as executors. To the former Mrs Marcellin leav. s for life oiu-ijiird interest in her estate, as well as her homo and furniture in Taris. To Frederick Inlee, h?r son, Kb? laavee the income of the re? maining two-thirds, nr.'l at the d? ath of his father h? Is to receive the entire Mitt, Mrs. Marceiiln nsks tin* son and father to live together Th? tes? tatrix's d.ttiKlifer, Mrs. Blanche Vandt-rbilt ?Singer. at her own reoueet, ?jeta no pan of the estate ex cept a sllver-trlmmed travelling bag and m-m?- lew. Blry. Th?? other property Is to be (eft in trust with the New-York Ufe Insurance an?l Trust Company. Francia T.. Roosevelt and Henry Cachar?! are the witnesses to the will. AMENDMENTS TO A. J. GARVEY'S WILL. A codicil, executed at Hastings, England, to the will of Andrew J. Gane-, a contractor under the Tweed regime, was filed in the office of the Surro? gate yesterday. The will was exccute.l in July, IStX-, and was filed a month ?u?o. The codk-ll was executed In September. lr\)5. None of the Charit ir:? beqiies-ts under the will, which were many, are in? terfered with by the oodlcl!. which direct? that the testator's wife Mrs. Helena Blanch Garvey. la to receive an Income of $13.750 during her life instead of the sum of Bkfigg which, bv an ante-nuptlal agreement, she was to receive should she not re? marry. Mrs. Carv.y also (fets $l??,0? to purchase a home In Hampshire, England, and is empowered to dispose of $25,0)? by will. She Is also t?> re?;eilve absolutely all the testator's furniture. Jewelry, or? naments, horses an?! carriages at East Park, South? ampton, her husband's former hontet nnd any of his moneys In the banda of his banker? In England at the time of his demise. Mrs. Garvey la to be buried In her husband's tomb here^ GRADUATION OF NURSE8. The, graduating exercises of the Presbyterian Hospital Training School for Nurses, claxs of '87, were held at the hospital last night. There were addresses by John S. Kennedy, president of the school's Board of Managers, and by Dr. John 8. Billings, and a musical programme. Dr. Frederick Sturgi-i presented the diplomas. EX-MAYOR SMITH ELY RE APPOINTED. Ex-Mayor Smith Ely was reappotnted a Fork Commissioner by Mayor Strong yesterday and waa sworn In. His term of office had expired on <_?_*** L He was reappolnted by the Mayor for a term of aU yean, Ho S a,Democrat. THE CUBAN QUESTION. A POLICY AT LAST POSSIBLE. From Tho Philadelphia Press. Til- debate on Tues.lay on tho Cuban resolutions rlvea a hopeful and gratifying indication that the Senate will deal with the subject In a practical and rational way. It shows the wholesome effect of hav? ing an Administration and a Senate which harm mutual confidence und which can work together. NO TIME TO INTERFERE. I-"rom The Raltlmoro American. In the dispatches vester.lay it waa stated that Pivsident McKinley has no desire at this time to precipitate a crisis In the Cuban matter, "fearing ita effect on the tariff muddle. It is hoped that this statement is official. LTnqu?sstlooably, the effect of suoh a thing at this timo would cost the country an enormous amount of money. What every busi? ness man from Maine to California wants is the settlement of the tariff question at the earliest por*. aible moment. WAITING FOR THE SPECIAL COMMISMONTML From The Syracuse Post. Then* Is reason to believe that President McKln lev proposes to adopt a policy that will be ??me thing nmre than the namby-pamby policy of indif? ference pursued by the last Administration. A special commissioner Is now in Cuba, who Is ex? pected to make a personal Investigation of the condition of affair? there and report such Informa? tion as he can acvpilro for the benefit ot the Ad? ministration. THE DECLINE OF JINGOISM. From The Boston Herald. The tone of tho debate on Cuban affairs In the Senate on Tuesday is unexpectedly encouraging. Jingoism was altogether at a ?lUcount there. WORKING IN HARMONY. From The Now-York Mall and Express. Under Clevelan.l and oln.y complaint waa trot ? lii'-ttt that important Inform.?tlon as to Cuban af? fairs waa concealed bv the Department of State from the members of the Committee on Foreign Affair?) It Is a cause for congratulation that this important committee of the Senate haa been ra Btuud to the confidence of the State DcpartgJ.-?nt?