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New-York tribune. (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, May 14, 1897, Image 6

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jfc-?OU?-8:1ft?At the Ki.icli Ball.
??AS?N'- -v is The Weddlns Day,
lAIAS THEATH1. -V1.V 1 be ?Ireu? Olrl.
?DUN MUsKE -\Vr?i Works, Grand Concerts and Clns
* mstoRraph.
EMPIRE THEATRE?S:20?Inder tbe R?d Rob*.
?*.FTH AVENUE THEATRE?8.15?Tes? of the D'Ur?
ORAM) OPERA HOi'SE s An Enemy to the Kin?.
HARLEM OPERA HOfSE?8:1*??My Friend from Indi?.
MKHU-t) SQPARi: THEATRE?8:1*??Th* Olrl from
HOYT S TIIi:\Tl.r.--.;.10-The M^?n from M-xlee,
KMCKEKlkH'KER THEATRE?s?The serenade,
KOSTER & ltULs?V-iiHvest Manhattan.
LVOEt'M THEATRE S:Bn Th* Mj ?terlou? Mr. Ttutf?.
OLIMPIA Roor GAR?EN?Vaudeville.
PASTOR S 12 :??? ? , il p m?Vau.tevllle.
PT. Nintoi as Mtsi? HAi.ly?<*?Vaudeville.
14TH STREET THEATRE?B- Mavc-urnsen. .
? I ? , ? ? ?j
JnbcTf io OVbiifrtiecmente.
PagaOsi.1 Page,Col.
Amuiemenr?. .II r, Maniate* A- IVath*.. 7 a
Announc?m?nti .12 S M>?<-eP.anr<>i)s . 8 1
lluslne?? Notice*. ? 1 Mi*.'#ll*n*<?us .12 8 5
Ranker* tt Beaker*..11 f> ?>c-e,in Steamer?. H 5-?
IMcyrtcs . 3 5-41 Prop,irais .1?? ?*?
Board and !tv?ms? 0 5 Piano* and Or??ns_ V U
l.iulnes* Chance?. ? 5 Puhlle Notices. 8 4
Country Board. K 4 R.illroa.i? .10 5-II
l>lvldend Notice?.11 ft Rea'. EMate. 8 2-4
Don). Kit?. Wanted.. ? 0 7 Reliai.>u* Notice*.IO ft
Dressmaking . ',) 0 S'li?raf-e .? 1
Rarursl .ns .11 H School Agencie*. 8 1
Financial Election?. .11 ft Special Notice?. 7 ?
Plnanoi.il M. ?ttnsrs. ..II ft Steamboat? .11 I!
Financial .11 4-.". Ppnng Resorts. 8 4
?*or Sale. li a Bummer Risirt*. 8 ft
Hotels . D ft Tea-hers . 8 1
Hor?e? a Carriages. . H 4 The Turf.11 fl
Instruction . 8 1 Wort Wanted. 0 fl-6
Machlnsrv . D 1
1.11G111C0G ?C0I1CC9.
Tribune Term* to >lnll Subscriber*.
Uallj, *lo a yrar, SI p?-r month.
Dally, ?Itliuut Sunday, *S a v?..r; 00 cent? per month.
Sunday Tril'une. ?2 .? vrat. Weekly. II. Sunl-Weekly, 12.
POSTAGE. ?Extra posit??, is rlarged to foreign countrlea,
except Mt-xlco util Car.ada, ar.l en tt.e dally la New
York City.
RE MITT AN -F.S, If sent In crash, unr?g!st?r*d. will be at
l!,t owner'* risk.
MAIN OFFICE -151 Ni.i?au-st.
UPTOWN OFFICE 1.242 nrnn*way.
AMERICANS ABROAD v. ill fini Th* Trtbun* at!
l*.ndnn??Dir.e?. of The.Tnt-un??. 7ft Fleet-?t., E. C.
M -rton. Ros* & Co, Parth'lemew House. E. C.
Rrown. .;. aid &? Co.. 54 Hew-Oafned at
Th- ma? ?. to & 8 n. LucIrmc Clrvua.
Perl?- .1. Huaros & )'-?., 7 Rue P.-rir<*.
Holtlna-i'er & ?Co., ,'ts Rue de Provence.
DJ.-rsHti Harjes ?- Co . .11 Roulevnrd Hauwmana.
Cre-'.lt Lvormal?. I<i.r*-uu *?s Etrangers.
Thomas Cook _ Son, 1 Place de l'Op?ra,
Ooieva?lA.m.mrd. C<.ler A Co.. ?nd Union Bank.
per?*?i Whltby A- Co.
Vienna?Anglo-Austrian Rank.
St. P?ter?t-urrr??- ?"relit Lvonnal*.
Th* Lonf'.en o!*Vo of Th? Tribune I* a convenient pl?c*
to Imv? r*\ ortl.eT, -i'., rnd subscription*.
XttoQrik Oailfi Sribtwi,
FRIDAY, MAY 14, 1807
FOREIGN?Tho f?.r.-Ipn Ambassadors at Con?
stantinople renewed their proposal of an armis?
tice between Turkey and Greece. - - -? The
Countess Caatellane will flva a million francs
for a building in l'arls to l?e devoted to charita?
ble purposes, ?- Ravages of the bubonic
plague continue In In?lla. ??? ? i Spanish suc?
cesses are claimed In <"ul?a and the Philippines.
I-British blmetalHsts held a meeting in Lon?
don, --lx?-i Rumors of a war between Nicaragua
and Costa Rica have hurt the business Interests
of the former country.-? Frosts have done
great damage In the wlnc-growing districts of
France. ?-1 An American missionary tells in
London of atrocities committed by State ofll
ciala on natives in the Congo country.
CONGRES?.- R.>th branches in session, =
Senate: Ivlr. Allen's resolution relative to the
case of E. R. Char man wee ?"'??? t0 the Judiciary
Committee after a lively debate; th?re was a
brief tariff discussion. =rrr-r-rr= U'.use: The con?
ference report <?n the Indian Appropriation bill
was adopted; J?-rry Simpson made another at?
tempt to delay bualneen
DOMESTIC?According to consular reports In
spected l?v members of the Eor.-ign Relations
Committee, hundreds of Americans are In great
distress in Cuba, and the President is urged to
take action f.,r their relief. :-? The ?Senate
Finance Committee has decided not to begin de?
bate on the Tariff bill until May 24. _-=-= The
steel beam pool waa dissolved at a meeting In
Philadelphia of the companies composing It.
'.-The project for a universal postage stamp
has be.-n aban?L?nod by the International Postal
Congress. ? Trolley, winner of the second
race at Louisville, paid bis backers ?'?<? to 1. ? ? -
It is believed that the latest crevaaae In the Mls
BBaaalppI levee Will be closed without further
CITY.?The Board of Consulting Engineers to
the Department of Doeki recommended the lay?
ing of four-track railways along t'.ie river fronts.
with connections to the plera for facilitating the
handling of freight. === The New-York So
cietv of the order ?>f founder.? and patriots gave
a dinner at the Winds ir Hotel. ... ?- The an?
nual meeting and dinner of the National Board
of Fire Underwriters were held. ?? Winners
at Morris Park: Plue Devil, De? ?-layer, Sensa?
tional, Octagon, Storm King and Xmas. ?sa
Stocks were w.-ak an?l lower.
THE WEATHER?Forecast f??r to-day: Un?
?tied. Th?- temperature yesterday: Highest,
degrees; lowst, i'?'-'; averag?*, t--"?1*
That was a C_?t?l-_f hit of intolligeuoe pub?
lished y.-st'T.lay. that fifty hills passed by the
late I_*f__at-re >_tve beea vetoed by tin? Usjarg
of the several cities to which they relate,!, and
under the ?proTleloni of the n?-w Constitution
are as dead as Julius (;?-s;ir without any neces?
sity for tho (invernur's action. Twenty-four, or
nearly half of ihem, relatad to this city and
received their quietus from the pen of Mayor
Strong, while nine were intended to worry Brook
lyu aud were cut down in their budd?n?- Infancy
by The sickle of May,>r Wurster. Without know
ln>: tight of the origin, cause or pui'pose <^f any
of theui. only that they were part of the over
wheliuliiK output of the late Legislature, we
venture to say that tl.-so tWfl Mayors and the
other Mayors as w?-ll in proportion to their share
In the carnage deaeTT? Hie gratitude of their
constituents. In th?* alarming overproductiou
of hii'.slative enactments ou all ?subjects under
the sun which charaetvriz.-s the period through
which we are passing, the man who puts his
foot on a nascent law and kill? it In the germ is
more entitled t?) !?.? e.-ilhd a public benefactor
than he who makes two oladi-s of grass grow
where only one j-T'".*' before.
We have had OW ta-fh al the manner In which
tho legislatures of Um new Bt?tei liave been
pouring (?ut ?aus of all sir;.? l'?-r the last six
?lOOtha hut when we come to refle-t that, in
?Addition to the large ntunber of h^lls ?rblcb
came out of OUT OWO legisla; i ve hopper and went
upon the statut e-book during the session, more
than eight hundred \vhi?'h '.?a<l pas-t-d both
bouses lay u)s?n the fjrOTI-rnor's disk awaiting
hi? action when the Beaeloll elo?M*-, it will ap?
pear that, aft.-r all. Uli laugh is somewhat on
oi'.rs-elves. Th?- ww States are not so much more
prolific of l"-!sl:iti?iii than the old. The cranks
and ltinar.cr? are not ??f a sd-tion, hut <?f a period.
The mania f?>r making laws is general, almost
universal. Il is mor.- than au epidemic; it is a
plague, ./-ei-la tures largely emposed of men
without lc-fal traininc <?r knowledge (>t ?aw "Jam
through" Mils' like ?M (?n-aier N.-w-York char?
ter, for insitiine-six hundred or seven hundred
pages long wbleb not half a _<M_M meinlx-rs have
ever read or pretend to und.-rstand, <>r enact un?
der pressure such measiiii s as the Haines Excise
law, the crudities and Imperfections of wh;<-h
<?nly 6ervo to make bus'.uess for lawyers, while
they battle the Intelhgeiice of coiiris ami rair--e
new and confusing Issues for voters#iit the n?-xt
Every legislator, he he Mlooak*wpf*r, b?r
tend?-r, merchant, farmer, day lalnirer or what
not, feels lxmnd to exercise to the very utmost
the lawmaking functions willi whlcli his constit
UtUts have endowed him. and m?asuies his use
fillness by the number of laws he can "Jam
through" Um I>'gislaturo and ?and on tin* ?tat
ute-book. It Is an evil which cries aloud for
remedy, but for which there is no n-medy except
In wholesale and wholesome slaughter by ihe
?eto power. Governor Mack deserves great
praise for the free use he has made of It?though,
In our Judgment, he rould have exercised It more
freely to the general advantage-aud the Mayors
?who have had the opportunity, and emnt*a(*ed It,
of killing fifty of these crude l?gislative crea
tlons are no less deserving of public gratitude.
"Nevertheless." snid Mr. Beecher one evening
at a Plymouth Church prayer-meeting, as the
gcod sister who bad occupied considerable time
in pious talk not very much to the purpose re?
sumed her seat, "nevertheless"'?with Just the
suggestion of i sigh?"my belief that women
have Just as good a right as men to speak In
public Is unchanged."
Since The Tribune expressed Its conviction
that no harm, but great good, would conic from
the free discussion Initiated by the Citizens
I'nlou of the merits nud qualifications of candi?
dates and of the policy to be pursued lu the
coming municipal election, the gcueral debate
las become more animated. Some of the dis?
putants have grown warm, and we have ob?
served a disposition on the part of one or two
of our esteemed contemporaries to fling lan?
guage at each other on account of differences
of opinion ns to who should make the noml
r.atlons, what nominations should be mnde, and
whether, when they are made, anybody but
those whom Senator Plait with tine sarcasm
calls "the best citizens," shall he Invited to sup?
port them. It is to be regretted, of course, that
unything like that should be engendered in the
discussion, anil more to be regretted that at
so early a stage the entente cordiale which is
the normal condition of the newspaper brother?
hood of this city should be disturbed. Nothing
is more depressing to the voter who trusts im?
plicitly in the omnipotence as well as the om?
niscience of the press than to see newspapers
flinging language at each other.
"Nevertheless," as Mr. Be??cher said, The
Tribune continues to believe thnt the discus?
sion will do good. It may flag a little nt Inter?
vals between this time and election, but in the
irean time it will bring about a world of en
l'ghtcntnent as to what sundry powerful per?
sons are driving at, besides giving the public
much needed information concerning the quali?
fications of candidates. So by all means let the
debate proceed, let us all listen nnd rend, and
let as many of us as can command our tempers
Keep cool.
The formal appearance of Patrick Jerome
Gleason in the field as a candidate for first
Mayor of the enlarged municipality with which
his own private bailiwick Is about to be Incor?
porated does not overcome us like a summer
cloud, inasmuch as his Intention had already
been made known. There Is, nevertheless, a
certain unexpectedness In his mode of launching
hlmself upon the riplti-ar tide of local politics. In
the first place, his choice of a nomination by
petition, whether an error of tactics or not. un?
mistakably indicates a change of purpose, if not
a change of heart. When Patrick first men?
tioned the circumstance that he was going to be
elected Mayor next November by an overwhelm?
ing majority he described himself as the regu?
lar Tammany candidate, whereas his petitioners
now announce that he is the nominae of The
Neither Tea Nor Tiger Party. This designation,
while highly original, is not conciliatory, and
would seem to preclude the possibility of Pat?
rick's nomination by Tammany. It likewise in?
volves an abandonment of his celebrated "No
campaign, no platform, nothing but Gleason"
policy which aroused such enthusiasm two years
ago; for the name of the party is a platform in
If the terms of Patrick's petition are to be
interpreted as a told defiance of Tammany, it
remains to be considered whether they have any
compensatory merits. We violate no confidence
in saying that, though Patrick might not have
been the first choice for Mayor of the Citizens
T'nion, even if he had refrained from nominat?
ing himself, It Is now certain that the t'nion will
not violate its principles by Indorsing him.
Prom that point of view, therefore, he appears
to have lost rather than pained by breaking
away from the Tiger. Nor, on the other hand,
does his respectful sil.-n?-e on the subject of the
r.lephaiit constitute a sufficient reason for sup?
posing that the Republican machino managers
will take bin* up. Moreover, those Republicana
who think well of Mayor Strong will be alien
ateil by the open hostility to the present r?gime
which is avowed in the declaration that the
Gleasou party is neither Tea nor Tiger, especially
in consideration of the fact that It Involves a
confession of shocking Ingratitude. It will be
remembered that when the perfidy of his man
Scotty bad left Patrick without suitable sleep?
ing apparel on the occasion of the visit of the
Charter Commission at F.llerslle last summer, It
was Mayor Strong who suggested to him the pro?
priety and advantage of "touching" Governor
i'.rton for a suit of pajamas, whereby he was
erililed to pass the night In decency and com?
On the whole, therefor?, It appears to us that
Patrick has made several serious, If not abso?
lutely fatal, mistakes. He has abandoned a
method of campaigning of which he possessed
a complete monoi-oly, he has turned his back
upon his natural allies, and the anchors which
he has cast to windward have already begun to
drag. We seldom make predictions, but we don't
see how he can be elected.
The Western men, Congressmen and others,
who hold trusts in holy horror and want n duty
of l"*i ceuts on hides, nicely illustrate the ease
with which combinationsof capitalists "?ometlines
manage to get their most conspicuous opponent?
to do their work. The Vtilled States Leather
Company holds more foreign hides than all the
rest of the people in the country, it Is safe to say.
It bought enormously in controlling the murket
In ISO.", when prices of leather and bides were
nearly doubled, and Buenos Ayros hides at New
York were hoisted from 11 to 21 cents, and of the
Ii'-'".?.''.'.?.'? pounds imported that year it is known
to have Imported a large part. Its official state?
ment at the end of that year showed 1*11,12.-?,
:,7.'. ?T invested In hides and leather in process
of manufacture on hand, besides $l9EBZE0i in
the hands of subordinate companies, to which
it hail made advances of f?l.*i,40.*i.r.ni ,13. In lstm
prices of Buenos Ayres hides declined 2 ceuts,
which on the quantity held by the main com?
pany alone involved a loss of about ?f2.000.000
if none bad been sold, and probably much more
on the hides hehl by the other companies. The
official statement for the end of last year, ac?
cording to "'The Shoe and Leather Reporter,"
showed that the company had lost on Its opera?
tion? in 1806 Sl.T'l.Olii, owing to "the great
shrinkage in valui'S." At the average import
priOf of last December the company alone must
have held something like TOyOOO.000 pounds, nnd
how mu? h the subordinat?' companies held can
only In- guessed, but if a duty could raise the
price lV? cents, It would make a present of some?
thing more than fl.r-OO.WO to the Cnited States
Leather Company. It would be amusing to see
(fell done by the votes of monopoly haters, who
would then spend the rest of their live? In ex?
plaining lo constituents, truthfully, no doubt,
that they did not vote a? the servants of the
Leather Trust, but merely in Ignorance.
The fact Is that the duty probably would not
oorrespomllngl."* advance the price of foreign
hides, though It would help to ral?e the price of
leather, while there is no nason to suppose that
It would ral-te price? of American hides at all.
The hard flint hides, mainly imported, do not
affect the market for American hides nor take
the place of them, except In times of especial
scarcity, and the mode of marketing cattle at
the West Is Buch that the packers would not
have to pay an additional cent per head for cat?
tle if Buenos Ayres hides were dearer at N'ew
York. The movements of the two kinds of hides
do not In fact correspond. Last year Buenos
Ayres bides declined at New-York, but the aver?
age of country and packer bides at Chicago rose
about 9 per cent, and city slaughter hides here
also advanced from S to ?s'/i cents. If there were
reason to believe that n duty on foreign hides
would operat3 In any degree as protection to
American farmers, the pica which the Leather
Trust has Induce?! some people to make, nom?
inally in behalf of ".Vestern cattle raisers, would
have some force. But In fact the effect of the
duty would only bo to enhance the value of the
hides and leather held by tho trust, and to give
It a few millions os a present from trust-hating
^Whether the prices of foreign hides were
raised or not, the duty would in any case be used
as a help to screw up the prices of sole leather
made from such hides, and thus to enhance the
cost of footwear for the people. The tax would
be of questionable wisdom in that aspect, nnd
also because it would tend to ?ripple the large
and growing export trade In leather. As a
menus of revenue hi?les were made dutiable
from 1H42 to 1807 at 6 per cent, from 1S."?7 to 1^'il
at 4 per cent, ond from lSill to 1S7.'1 at 10 per
cent, but were made free In 1S7.1 and have so
remained. For five years after the duty was
removed no material enlargement of Imports fol?
lowed. But the development of industries and
transportation in Argentina and some other
South American countries has greatly increased
the supply and cut the price in two since 1H77,
and it Is altogether probable that the effect of
the duty here -would bo to at press the price In
the other countries which have far more hides
than they can market.
This duty was proposed in the house commit?
tee, not as a means of protection, but as a step
toward renewal of reciprocity treaties. If the
proposed duty were so used, of course its pro?
fessed advantage to American cattle growers
would lie lost. The commitlce decided against
it. as not available for that purpose, and per?
haps the more readily becauae Venezuela and
Colombia had declined under the get of 1800 the
reciprocal concessions therein suggested, appar?
ently considering the privilege of sending hides
to this country frei? of duly as not of sufficient
advantage. In ISO"! hides sent hither from
Venezuela and ' olomhia cost at point of ship?
ment 11 cents, while the average of hides im?
ported by Great Britain from all other countries
except the British West Indies was 12.2 cents In
the same year. Clearly experience does not
support the idcrt that the proposed duty would
control the seaboard market even for foreign
bides, nnd still less the interior markets in which
the great proportion of American ?attic is sohl.
But it would help the Leather Trust to get more
for its hides and leather on hand.
The latest of our old-time traditions to pass
away I? that of Chlna"s opposition to railroads.
The story of the first railroad in Chira, and of
the manner in which It was torn up, eliminated,
utterly destroyed, is familiar to every school
boy. Since then the permanent absence of rail?
roads from the Celestial Kmplre has been as
confidently accepted as that ?if snakes from Ice?
land. But such confidence Is misplaced. Tlu-re
Is one railroad in China, and others are being
builr, and the end of the century will see a
goodly share of the F.mnlro gridlroiied with
those Inventions of the foreign devils, which
the almond-eyed ones are adopting ns their own
with all the gogt they once displayed in the cult?
ure of roast pig.
The prophet of this n--w dispensation Is not,
however, Li Hung Chang, but that gteat man's
(?iioinlain prot?g?, one Sheng Tn Jen. While
the ex-Viceroy was away was th?> time for the
t X-prot?g? to play. He first nia<le an alliance
with Chang Chili Tung, the great rival of Li.
with whom he ingratiated bltoself easily enough
by simple desertion and betrayal of Li. First.
he got the whole system of Chinese telegraphs,
treated by Li, turned over to him. Then he
found Chang had bankrupted himself, not to
mention the public treasury, over the great Iron?
works of Han Yang, and persuaded Chang to
turn them over to him Jusi at the moment when
they were beginning to pay. Next be got bini
etIf made controlling director of the China Mer?
chants' Company, the chief commercial concern
of the Empire, aud also head of the Imperial
Bank of China. Finally, Just as LI Hung
Cluing was about to sail for hrnie, Sheng got
himself appointed director-general of nil rail?
roads existing or to be created in the Kmpire.
Thus he had?and has-under his control the
Imperial Bank, the telegraphs, the ?hipping, the
Ironworks and the railroads of all? China.
Truly, a considerable mi n, this Sheng. having,
no doubt, a smile that is childlike and bland.
At the present moment Sheng is extending th?*
cne existing Shanhalkwan-Tlcn Tsln line of rail?
road to Peking. He is also to build another
from Peking to Hang Kow, a great trunk Una,
nine hundred mil?>s long. He Is nctually build?
ing a third, connecting Shanghai, Woosung,
Hangehow, Sooehow und Chlngklang, some
two hundred miles long. It wns from Shang?
hai to Woosung, as will be remembered, that
the first Chinese railroad was built, some of the
plant of which still Iks at the bottom of the
Yang Tse. All the rails und other road material
for these linen Sli?'iig propescs to have fur
rlslied in China, chiefly from his own works at
: l'an Yang. Tho rolling sio<-U must come from
| r.broad, and keen is the c? mpetltlon for furnlsh
| lug it, no less than forty-two different firms
bidding for a Single lot of only |1?B00 value.
i Moreover, no foreign loans ar8 to be sought, but
all ihe work Is to be dene wi?h Chinese capital,
i of which there appears to be plenty for the pur
| pose.
Several other branch iln^s are also under way
In Central and Southern China, while in the
j northeast the Russians are building their Si
! birlan railroad across Mam-hurin ns though the
I country were their own. which, indeed, it prac?
tically is. The railroad Is therefore an accom?
plished and much-increasing fact In China, und
i the result i hereof no man can prophesy. It
i will, no doubt, abolish the Llkln tnx and thus
I revolutionize the whole revenue system of the
Empire. It will effect vast Industrial and so?
cial changes, and political changes, too. It will
, be a good thing for China. Whether or not, In
? opening up that teeming country to more di
| rect competition wlih other tint lona, It will be
i a good thing for the r.st of the world, the fut
| me ?lone can tell.
Canaila enacts a high protective tariff against
< United States goods, and discriminating duties
in favor of British goods; works her railroad
syRtem for all It is worth In competition with
Fulled States lines, with the aid of Government
', ?subsidies and Mi?* Fnlted Stntcs t-ondlng coucea
I slon; nnd establishes a line of ?wlft Atlantic
si earners, for the avowed purpose of taking
traffic away from Fnlted States lines and
Fnlted States ports. Fpon ull of which Sir
lionahl Smith. Canadian High Commissioner
in London aud beneficiary of Canadian Goveru
nietit subsides, remarks that the?? things mere?
ly accentuate Canada's attachment to the
Mother Country, and do not lietoken the slight?
est hostility to the Fnlted States. Probably
that Is quite true. Certainly It Is the sublimated
quintesseiH'e of eternal verity iu the esteem of
jour simon-pure, tnrlff-rcformlng Anglolnter.
Yet when the United States enacts s proteo
live tnrlff with sole regard to It? own welfare.
what a howl there Is. to be sure, from these
same Little Tin tiods on Wheel?! It lu de
nminopd as an ad of dellhernte and malicious
hostility to Canada and England In particular
and to the whole world In general, Inspired by
? depraved and wicked hatred of our fellow
men, and we are austerely reminded that the
proclamation of "peace on earth, good-will to
men" was a divine mandate for th?? abolition of
larlff? ond the adoption of Free Trade. Truly,
men and brethreu. It doe? make a difference
whose ox 1b gored!
The Imports of ?ugar are usunMy large at this
season, but have been lncr?*ase?l remarkably
by Ihe expectation of new duties. The Treas?
ury Iiepartmeiit has Just made up the record for
April, showing that 7r>7,700,?"27 pound? were im?
ported In that one month, and In May and June
theipinntlty is usually larger than In the preced?
ing months, ns tho following figure? for three
years show:
1H9T. KM lift
March .4!T?.52S..?0 43S.301,$83 39i?.<.?).!M
\prll .7,-i7,7?'?,?27 3s?.3'l,?30 I77.?87,JI8
Slav .- H44.10a.4-_ BI8.t~4.M0
juno .- 47l',?S37..17?S .Wi.v \?>4S
Knllre year .? g,?>,9,314,S.<8 8,2?i.f/-..4')0
In the four months, March-June inclusive, the
Importa in both the preceding rssn were more
lhan half the Imports for those entire years, but
this year they have bo-n 1,-43.000.000 In two
inon!hs, iigains! n24.<miu.0OU last T*SX. The
known heavy movement in May thus far war?
rants the expectation that fully two-lliirds of a
y?-nr"s supply may be in hand ny the end of the
fr tit* months this year. Iiicliidlng what stocks
refiners held prior to March, nnd on this
quantity ihe difference In price, If as much as
tin? proponed lr*trt**UM In dmy under the Senate
bill, would be about eicrht-tenths of a cent, or
IQO.000,000, a bande?me profit for the owners,
rnmely, Ihe Sugar I.efining Company. The pay?
ment of duties nt Um* present rate on about two
thirds of a years consumption will deprive ihe
Treasury of about as much revenue for the
CtMllag year which It would have derived from
the increase of rate. Under the Dlngtey bill the
increase in rate on 02 degree raw sugar would
be a Utile less, about seven-tenths of a cent, but
the Imports nfier April 1 would Ik* subject to
the higher duty, which would make a difference
of nearly *?.">,?'-KMrOO for the month of April
Many calculations of the effect of different
duties proponed are entirely in error, because
tbey nre based mi the reported domestic cost of
raw and refined sugar. The nd valorem duty,
of course, applies only to the cost at the point of
Shipment to this country, which averaged on
dutiable CAM sugar 1-068 tiente f??r eight months
Of the fiscal year. The dutiable sugar Im?
ported, according to the latest records of polar
iscope test, averaged a little below 02 degrees,
but at that figure the rate under the ?Senate bill
would be JSl of 1 cent and ,70 ad valorem,
namely, H per cent on a cost of 2 cents, making
1.?7 cents, not including the special rate on
sugar from countries paying hoimti.-s on ex?
ports. Iti fined sugar nt the Senate rate would
pay 1.16 cents ?in?l .".*> per cent, which on sugar
coating 2.0 cents abroad would be .01 of a cent,
making 2.07 cents. The average value of re
flnc.l sugar Imported varies from month t?>
month; in April It was only 2..'1?>7 cents per
pound; In March, 2.424, but In eight months
ending with I-Ybruaiy, 2..">S- cms. But noel
of it comes in at a higher rate, being from
bounty-paying ?mintries.
It ll essential in judging of the effect Of the
duties proposed In the Senate bill Io observe
il,a? an aihlliion.nl duly is provided on all
bouniy-paid sugar equivalent to tin? rate of
bounty or benefit actually allowed to the ex?
porter, rrccisciy what that additional duty
may be cannot be stated, but whether It Is as
much as ..'?s of _ cent pi r pound, as some ex?
perts have testified, or not as much, in any
?ase it sullies to counteract any advantage the
exportera from such countries may gain by ship?
ping refined Inetead of raw sugar, and any dis
edrnntage t?> i-**_4*i*i In this country in eonae?
queue? of such bounties. It is Iherefore an
error l<> say. as some do, that the rates pr?j
1 oscd on refined sugar must be fully half u ?*ent
bigber lhan the rate on raw in order to defend
the industry here against the effects of German
bouillies. It has ample defence in that respejt
in ihe special provision named.
Newfoundland will do well to strengthen her
legislation against corruption of the electoral
franchise. Nothing Is more needed In tho poli?
tics of that colony.
Philadelphia now has a $2.">0,00n statue of the
Father of Hla Country, the finest which any city
Is yet able to show, and It matches the parn?
with a sober, Quaker-like pride against New?
York's treasured memorial possession Just dedi?
cated with ceremonies of so much grandeur. All
her sister cities send her greeting upon the com?
pletion of this magnificent work, that of New
York, which by taking wise thought has Just
added to its statues, being of particular appre
ciatlveness and cordiality.
It would be a good thing If one census could
be completed nnd all Its returns published be?
fore it is time to begin taking another.
The gift of the Rothschilds to the Charity
Ba___f fund is approximately |20O,000? that of
?Emperor William 12400. Nothing is reported
from Her Majesty Queen Victoria, but her Court
gros into mourning eleven days for the Duchesse
d'Alen?*on, one of th?? victima, and pothepa that
ought to have the moral effect of a contribution.
(fleason Is by no means willing to let conceal
ment, like a worm In the luid, feed on his rtnm
aged cheek; on the contrary, he is louder than
ever in pushing himself for the Mayoralty, since,
in what may be termed executive s.-sslon the
other day. a constituent whacked him upon his
Indurated Jowl, compelling him to spread that
spacious expanse with sticking pla?t?r. ?ander
cover of which he will very likely Oonduct the
remainder of his campaign. He is a natural In?
vitation to ?buffetl and other Indignant Impac
tlona, and the COnedOUensea that they nt hla
?leservings like the paper on the wall no doubt
helps him to accept them with composure.
The outcome of the wearisome wrangling at
Atlanta seem* t?> be that courts-martial will not
take cognisance of charges of Jilting and hleyole
With Gomez under the walls of Havana, and
Wayler flying back to the Buccor of his Invested
capital, the chances of the new Spanish loan
ought to be considerably improved the chances,
that is to say, that It won't go through, and that
the Hank of Spain will whistle for customers to
no purpose.
The denunclatl.ina of Slgnor loU-JM in the
Italian Parliament the ??ther day were deplora!,le,
That gentleman, as Minister of Finance, did more
than any other of his time to save the kingdom
from financial ruin, and Is entitled to gratitude
rather than abuse.
The elusive almblO footed ?h>?4t.-r In uguln an
object of pursuit by the Har Association, which
has erewhlle taken a run out of him now and
th*n without driving him entirely nff the happy
huntln-r. grounds of legal practice or much dl
mlniahlng his,range of opportunity thereon. He
abide? anl thrive? after a ?irt. notwithstanding
the continual contempt of decent society and
the occasional persecution of the profession, hut
__ he has the nine llv.-s ot a cat?a power ot
survival In Inverse proportion to his usefulneaa?
he Is likely to outlast all hie enemies and keep
alive the tradition? of hla kind as long aa a
criminal Is left for him to extend a hand of pro?
tection to while plcjting his pocket with the
? g i
VarlouB complicated ?ehernes for addressing
letterB so as to designate correctly and briefly
the various divisions of the Greater New-York
are proposed. Any change whatever Is sure to
result In a bewildering variety of practice for a
long time to come, and the most sensible thing
will be to depart as little as Is necensary from
the practice now. A letter addressed to "John
Smith, Stapleton, \ew-YorK," will surely reach
him, and will not perplex cither the writer or
th? postal clerk; while a. letter addressed to
"John Smith, New-York, South," would puzzle
some writer? anyway, If not also the postal
clerks; and "New-York, North," might be
efjually confusing at the outset. If the "London
Idea Is to be Imitated, the geographical divisions
easiest understood would be "New-York. East."'
meaning Brooklyn, and "New-York. West."
meaning Manhattan Island; and It might be
thought enough to confine the changes to these
at the start. For the other n?ldresses. it Is no
great hardship to write the present name first
and "New-York" or "New-York City" after it.
Mayor Qulney hns Invited General P. A. Collins
to deliver the annual Fourth of July oration this
y. ar In Uoston.
If.-nry II. rheath-.ni. the colored man who has
(MSB appointed Recorder of Deeds for the District
of Columbia. Is a large property-owner In the Dis?
Tli- Rev. Dr. Edward G. Thurber. of the Amcrl
?an Church in Paris, baa arranged an exchange of
pulpits with the Rev. Dr. P. B, Rossttsr, of this
City, for the months of June. July ami August.
The man who was most !arg?-lv responsible for
th.. passage of the act in the Iowa Legislature
m.'?king th?? Wild ros? th<- gist? flower, was Major
S 11. Ryers, the. author of "Sherman'?, March to
the S.-.i."
Monslgnor Merry del Val, the Tapal Delegate In
Canada. visited Toronto the other day and made a
very '?Vorab*? lmprc?.?lon. In an address he de?
clared tli.it true science and Catholl* dogma coin?,
never disagree, because they are both from God.
The birth of a daugh'er to the Duke and Duche??
of York makes the number of Queen Victoria's
living descendant? seventy. There ar* ?even llvlng
?nn? and daughter?, thlity-three rTan'Chlldrcn and
thirty great-grandchildren.
Francis H. Plerpont, who was Governor of Vir?
ginia during the war. nnd who Is called the "Father
of **,V?t Virginia." Is living nt his home. In Fair
mount. Marlon County. W. Va. He 1? clghty-thro?
\ears old. and. though he Is feeble, his health Is
fOOd ami hi.? mind Is clear.
John Fox Potter, of Milwaukee, who was a Con?
gressman from l'.'T to 1m,", celebrated his eightieth
birthday en Tuesday. "Congressman potter," say*
"The Milwaukee Wisconsin," "WM a stalwart Re?
publican, and was one of the first Northern Con?
gressman to st.iml up ?gainst the Insolence and
brutality of the slaveholders in that body, who had
b-iml.-fl togethi-r to suppress by Intimidation the
Utterance of Northern View? regarding slavery In
the halls of Congress, His acceptance of a chal?
lenge from T'iger A. Pryor to fight a dual, In
which ha named howle-kntves as his choice of
weapons, causing Pryor to back out. Bts4<* him fa?
mous everywhere as 'Bcwle-kntfe Potter.' "
When Admiral Rrown retires from the Navy, in
a few weeks, he will become a resident of Indianap?
olis. "That la my old home," he says, "and one of
the loveliest places In the world. My wife'? friejels
and my friends are there?from which you must
not Infer that we haven't fr?en.!* everywhere.
You can sail around th?> world all your life, but
you never form friendships ami attachments Ilk??
those thai are made In the early days, when the
heart is young. Beside?, I'll be the only Admiral
in Indtanspoll?; whereas, If I settle in Washington.
I'd be ?>ne of f.,rty. When a man g??s Into the
club at Indlsnspolla and Inquire? if any on? has
seen th" Admiral, they will kn?>w that he means
I'rown; but when su? h a question Is ask?-.l !n
Washington, forty old cove? will rush up und an?
swer, -I'm bare ' '
It ought not to be nece?iary to say that the deslg
natlon '"Oraster New-Tori*" has been and is wed
simply for convenience in referring to the city of
New-York as tt will bo constituted under the new
charter. Y?t numerous out-of-town Journals, like
"Th?? Chicago Tribune" and "Th-- Boston H'-ralil"
sei in to think that Greater New-York Is the char?
ter name of the consolidated city. The metropolis
will continue to he known as the City of New-York
unless Its charter should be amended, and If an?
other name should be given to If Greater New-York
will certainly not bo that name.
"Ves," she answered.
"Tlfat little word," he exclaimed, "raises me to
the Mvetlth heaven of bliss!"
She looked into tils rapture-lit eyes.
"Only tho seventh?" she mused. "And It Is al
ready the middle of Ju is? Does he deceive me?"
She shivered and the ocean sobbed at her feet.?
i p. trolt Journal.
The universities of O?tttngen and Jena are In
close competition for tho doubtful honor of being
the centre of German student duelling. In G?t?
tinnen not a day passes that a duel Is not fought.
Not long since twelve duels with moro or less seri?
ous results were fought there within twenty-four
hours; the record at Jena 13 twenty-one within the
same length of time,
A Georgia lawyer who had a caso In which con?
viction for his client seemed certain closed his ar?
gument with a Scriptural Quotation. To the amaze
meat of all, the Jury returned S verdler of "Not
guilty" without leaving their feats. After court had
adjourned the lawyer approached the foreman.
"I am curious to know." he ?aid, "Just on what
point of law you based your venllct?"
"It warn't no law point. Colonel," replied the fore?
man, "but we couldn't Jest gtt over that Scripture."
?(Baltimore Sun.
"The Augusta Chronicle" pays: "The presence of
General Gordon, General Ruckner and General
Longstreet nt (}?>neral Grant's) tomb and the action
of Commandi-r-ln-Chlef Clarkson, of the Grand
Army of the R?-public, in Inviting Genenl lohn R.
Gordon, comman?ler-ln-ehli-f of the Confederate
Veterana, to d?-liver an address at the coming re?
union at BuffslO of the G. A. R , are calling forth
fraternal expression? In the newspapers about th?
survivors of tho Rlue and tho Gray. The fact is
that the mas? s of the people North and fliuth
cherish no sectional bitterness against one another.
ami seither ?lo th? brosd-mlnded leaders it is only
when some two-by-four politician, who desires un?
deserved notoriety, gat? up a flag incident or some
narrow-mlnde.l ?jensstlon that anybody ever cher?
ishes sectional animosity or think? of tho bloody
"I(o"s a fin? young man," remarked Colonel Still
well; "a very tine young man."
"But Isn't he disposed to b? rather shy?" Inquired
tb? Rirl t,> whom ha was talking.
"As to that, I rs'ly couldn't say. I narran had the
pleasure of plavlng pok.-r with him."?(Louisville
The opposition to Sunday streetcars In Toronto
has Inspired a local bard as follows:
"Toronto tho good would become Toronto the bad
If th'? liberty of running Sunday cars coul?! be hail;
'Hi. saloons would he open and tho theatres would
And our Sabbath would be l!k?-n?-d to one in Chicago?
Tha feat of a Bsltlmora bicycler, who rod? 170
mile? in twelve hours au.i :'14 mllea in twenty-four
hour?, seems to nhow that the new motor Is su?
perior to the horse In mor?- ways than one. It |?
not only Insensible to fatigue, but It Is superior 111
point of both ?i.d and ??mliirance. Probably the
bast record ever?mad? by ? K.rs,? was thai of the
anlm.il ridd.n by count StShrenbers in October
1W, which covered the ?1.stance from Vienna to
Berlin, four hundred mil??, In seventy-one hours
thirty-four minutes. This wa? far Inferior to the
?14 miles made t>> human muscle, with the aid of the
wheel, In twenty-four hours. The horse can ro
where t!i- l.level., cannot, but, given good roads ha
stands m. cham-e with It tn a ra?-e ?Mirier again??
timo or ?llstaace.---(Philadelphia Ledger. ?"?"?"'?i
"The Hoston Trnnicrlpt" tells a ?tory of a little
boy on a visit He had not been taught to ?ay his
pray.rs. ami when ho saw the little boys of the
house suy their? he had a ?ens? of not being" 'in ***?
at .11. nnd went to bed melancholy. The ?econd
night came, and he heard the children once more
go throuah whnt was to him their remarkable rig?
marole. ,ndlng lu "Amen." and when they wer?
?lone h<> ?,-ld:
"Auntie. I want to say my prayer, too."
"Very well, go on." she answered'. The boy went
down prettily on his knees, and rattled off:
"First In war, first In peace, and first In the he?rt?
of hi? ciuntryMKN!" "
Then he ro?,., proudly conaclou? of having done
the right thins
Marl? (Mm maid? You look charming Mi?.
Penelope; 1 can tell you that a? well ?V he nia?*
Women were ma I? before mirror*, you know
&$^&??P ?S M b?forT th?m
Chang Yen Hoon, the. Chinese Envoy, who Is on
his way to England to act ae the representative of
hi? Government at _??? Queen's Jubilee, spent the
day quietly at the \Va!d-,rf yesterday. He did not
relien the rain, and so did not leave th? hotel.
Borne of the member* of hla suit? ventured out.
however, and returned much bedraggled and wet.
The member? of the Chinese party did not get up
until unusually late yesterday morning. They were
tlr-d out with travel and so took their own time
about rising.
It was 10 o'clock before any of them appeared In
the dlnlnK-room. Wh*n I.I Hun-: Chang was her??
he dined In his own room? and Me food prepared
by hi? own cooks. It If) different with Chang Ven
Hoon. He tUnea alone, but tbe m<-mber? of hi?
party mlngl" in the dining-rooms with the other
guealB. The food serve?! to Cheng la the same any
other guest would get. Nearly all of th? members
of Chang'* party speak English fluently, and
understand how to enjoy then-is?-h?-?. Several Of
them have been graduated from either Kngllah or
American ???liegen and are grell B**al>pe< to look
out for themselves.
Th?- Chinea* Hag drooped -'?rnl sagged In th? rain,
nnd the little partv of Chinamen paaaed th<- after?
ii ton in their room.-? staring moodily o-if nt the win?
dows. Wu Ting ?rang, the Chinese Mlni-ter at
Washington, and Hsti Nal Kwang, the chineee
'otiHiil at this port, called "n th?- Knvo, -reeteriey
afternoon. Several ofh?-r callers w<-r<- r~*eel*/ed, and
a great deal of mall was opened an.! answered
In the evening the party went to the Casino, occu?
pying six boxes. They will sail for Europe, next
Wednesday by the Am.-rpan I.'ne.
Hn ant? __-K7t- ?.ri?-*r.p.??.
The Dwight Altimni Association h?11 |ta sixth
annual dinner at the Hotel Savoy hurt ?venins?, at
whl?-h about one hundred and fifty lawyer-?, many
of them prominent In this city, were preaeat The
association Is COmpoaad of lawyers who w- re grad?
uated from the Columbia .Law School under Pro?
fessor Thodore W. Dv.ight nnd of gradu?t? ?? of th<>
Xew-Vork Law School who were educ.r.? 1 after
the BBetbods ?Piofaaeof Dwight advo-ated.
Ju.l?e Morgan J. O'Brien. presl?!?r.t or ti.e a?.so
dation, K? si'!?-1 last evening. At either har.d of
Judge O'Brien at th?- ?bead til i-- i il -??? : lavtted
guests and speakers. Including Jndgea CI U-M H.
V.in ?Brant, William W. Goo'lri:h anl Wi.iu.-n
Rumsey, Edgar M. C-Ben, Senator Jos.;h Italian
an?l l-.dmun.l tVetmore, ex-rre?id?-nt of the society,
gmong others present were Jame Rl .ard*, of
the Una of Coudert Brothers; Assemblym.ir. Georg*
c. Austin, Dwight A. Jons.?, professor Chase, of th?*
New-York Law School, Robert D. Petty and Alir-d
?i. Reeves. The rsr.edk.--rs werf Introduced by ??reai
?lent O'Brien at l'i o'clock and the responso to
toasts were kept up until a lata hour.
Before the dinner a short meeting of the asso?
ciation was held, at wlii?h James Richards waa
elected president for th? ?-omlng >?.-ar. Assemblyman.
Austin, secretary, and Dwight a. /ones, treasurer.
It was also voted to ren?-w the course of el?ht?:en
law lectures given at ?.'arnegi?-? Hall last winter
with marked BUCcesa
New-Haver, Conn.. May IX ?It was announced
to-day on good authority that th? Rev. Dr. David
H. Greer, of St. Bartholomew's Church, New-York,
Is being considered by many clergymen and laymen
for the place of Bishop coadjutor of the diocese of
Connecticut. Bishop Wllliams's advancing year?
have ma<le the place a .teceestty.
Dr. Greer. when seen by g. Tribune reporter In
regard to the report from New-Haven, said that
he knew nothing of It, -.nd ha?l not BlgllWIed any
.mention regarding the bishopric.
Th?- formal announcement was m:)de yesterday
of the engagement of Miss Maude Llrlngate?*
daughter of Mrs. Robert Camt>rl?tlge Livingston, to
William Tiffany, son of the iat>- <;. urge Tiffany,
irhose t.r.jth.-r. ?Perry Tiffany; marred Ifiaa Have
in. j.r. :i daughter >?f the late Theodore A. Have?
merer. Miss Llvlngaton waa formally presented
to New-York society three winters ego at .? recep?
tlon given by Mrs. YV. Iiav.inl Cutting at her home.
fifth-eve. and Tliir:y-fifth-st.
Th?* Will of .Mrs. ??eoririatn-.a Pn-cjUa Marcelllr*.
wli > <iled In Paria last December, was filed for pro
bato In the ?SaiTOgate'a office > Mt)-r-lay. H?-r hus?
band, Jui'-s, and Charlea MrTfaiaca are appointe?l
as executors. To the former Mrs Marcellin leav. s
for life oiu-ijiird interest in her estate, as well as
her homo and furniture in Taris. To Frederick
Inlee, h?r son, Kb? laavee the income of the re?
maining two-thirds, nr.'l at the d? ath of his father
h? Is to receive the entire Mitt, Mrs. Marceiiln
nsks tin* son and father to live together Th? tes?
tatrix's d.ttiKlifer, Mrs. Blanche Vandt-rbilt ?Singer.
at her own reoueet, ?jeta no pan of the estate ex
cept a sllver-trlmmed travelling bag and m-m?- lew.
Blry. Th?? other property Is to be (eft in trust with
the New-York Ufe Insurance an?l Trust Company.
Francia T.. Roosevelt and Henry Cachar?! are the
witnesses to the will.
A codicil, executed at Hastings, England, to the
will of Andrew J. Gane-, a contractor under the
Tweed regime, was filed in the office of the Surro?
gate yesterday. The will was exccute.l in July,
IStX-, and was filed a month ?u?o. The codk-ll was
executed In September. lr\)5. None of the Charit ir:?
beqiies-ts under the will, which were many, are in?
terfered with by the oodlcl!. which direct? that the
testator's wife Mrs. Helena Blanch Garvey. la to
receive an Income of $13.750 during her life instead
of the sum of Bkfigg which, bv an ante-nuptlal
agreement, she was to receive should she not re?
marry. Mrs. Carv.y also (fets $l??,0? to purchase
a home In Hampshire, England, and is empowered
to dispose of $25,0)? by will. She Is also t?> re?;eilve
absolutely all the testator's furniture. Jewelry, or?
naments, horses an?! carriages at East Park, South?
ampton, her husband's former hontet nnd any of
his moneys In the banda of his banker? In England
at the time of his demise. Mrs. Garvey la to be
buried In her husband's tomb here^
The, graduating exercises of the Presbyterian
Hospital Training School for Nurses, claxs of '87,
were held at the hospital last night. There were
addresses by John S. Kennedy, president of the
school's Board of Managers, and by Dr. John 8.
Billings, and a musical programme. Dr. Frederick
Sturgi-i presented the diplomas.
Ex-Mayor Smith Ely was reappotnted a Fork
Commissioner by Mayor Strong yesterday and waa
sworn In. His term of office had expired on <_?_*** L
He was reappolnted by the Mayor for a term of aU
yean, Ho S a,Democrat.
From Tho Philadelphia Press.
Til- debate on Tues.lay on tho Cuban resolutions
rlvea a hopeful and gratifying indication that the
Senate will deal with the subject In a practical and
rational way. It shows the wholesome effect of hav?
ing an Administration and a Senate which harm
mutual confidence und which can work together.
I-"rom The Raltlmoro American.
In the dispatches vester.lay it waa stated that
Pivsident McKinley has no desire at this time to
precipitate a crisis In the Cuban matter, "fearing ita
effect on the tariff muddle. It is hoped that this
statement is official. LTnqu?sstlooably, the effect
of suoh a thing at this timo would cost the country
an enormous amount of money. What every busi?
ness man from Maine to California wants is the
settlement of the tariff question at the earliest por*.
aible moment.
From The Syracuse Post.
Then* Is reason to believe that President McKln
lev proposes to adopt a policy that will be ??me
thing nmre than the namby-pamby policy of indif?
ference pursued by the last Administration. A
special commissioner Is now in Cuba, who Is ex?
pected to make a personal Investigation of the
condition of affair? there and report such Informa?
tion as he can acvpilro for the benefit ot the Ad?
From The Boston Herald.
The tone of tho debate on Cuban affairs In the
Senate on Tuesday is unexpectedly encouraging.
Jingoism was altogether at a ?lUcount there.
From The Now-York Mall and Express.
Under Clevelan.l and oln.y complaint waa trot
? lii'-ttt that important Inform.?tlon as to Cuban af?
fairs waa concealed bv the Department of State
from the members of the Committee on Foreign
Affair?) It Is a cause for congratulation that this
important committee of the Senate haa been ra
Btuud to the confidence of the State DcpartgJ.-?nt?

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