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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, May 21, 1897, Image 2

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Colgate & Co.,
Oldest and largest American
Soap Makers and Perfumers.
but who ever knew the Demo-populist minority
In the House of Representatives to pursue a sen?
sible course? They all dei land that they wu??
in favor of the relief resolution (nnd at the la?<t
nil of th.'m v.ited for it except tin? frnsshoppor
statesman from Kansas), and In all the debate
r.tne of them dared to oppose it, and yet they
did their utmost to block Us consideration and
pansage. The hour which \\.?? allottili t?? each
side for debate ??? tho resolution was consume.I.
p? far as the Minority waa concerned, in tho do*
livery of partisan harangue, all Bound and fury,
designed for future campaign uhi*, which will
probably be spoiled before ?he next ?ampalgn
The sr'fches on tht Republican tside ?vere
temperate, but crushing, rejoinders to the frothy
and ?'lohnt declaration of the opposition, and
left little to be desired. Through all of them
ran a vein "f ?trong sympathy with th?? Cubans,
who are lighting for their freedom, cupled With
pledges that the sympathy will result In proper
and effective action In duo season, us known
and established facts may justify it.
"The peace and Independence of Cuta" was
the keynote of Mr. Hltt'a vigorous speech, wbJeh
?vas rewarded ??ith hearty and repeated ap?
plause. 11 is speech, as ?veil on others on th.? Re?
publican side, left no doubt In any mind as to
where the sympathies ?if th" majority lay.
Neither did they fall to bring out in strong re?
lief the fact that President McKinley'? Admin?
istration, without any bluster, 1ms ?'.or.?? more
In six weeks to?vard bringing order out of the
chaos and uncertainty of the relations bet*** ?
the United Btatea ami Spain on account ot Cuban
affairs than the pr? ceding .?.?iministratlon had
accomplished In thrice as many months. In this
respect the speech of Mr. llitt was sepecially
significant, for it was evident that he Hpoke with
full knowledge, not only of what has already
been done, but aleo of what tha Administration
purposed to do.
Washington, May 1:0.? Only the fruit rows In
the Senate galleries were occupied when trre
session opened to-day, as the Morgan resolution
vae not In order until ? o'cUk k. ar.d then- was
little to draw the crowds in the morning hour.
At 12lS0 p. m. the Senate was about to take
up the calendar, when Mr. Morgan unexpectedly
asked that the Cuban resolution be tak?*n up
?without waiting for Up formal presentation at
2 o'clock. Mr. Hale said there would be no ob?
jection to this plan. The resolution was then
taken up, and Mr. Thurston, of Nebraska, ad?
dressed the Penate.
He spoke of the blooiy contest which had
raged during the last two year.? There was
ampio Information ne to Its extent ir>m ??nv-rlcan
correspondants, who ]-.r.d Written their dis?
patches on the field rf battle. fr,.m reports which
filled the records of the f5? nate, nnd In the ar?
chives of the Stato Department. Everv man In
th" Pnited State.? o'irrht to be ready f"r action ?
on thla question nt this time, ami if any Senator |
?vas not sufficiently inform.'!, Mr. Thurston
commen?ed him to th?? consideration of his con?
stituents. He r?'fcrred to th? St. Loutt Conven?
tion, over which ha presided, nrd pictured the
scene when, "with a mlirhty shout that seemed
tO life the roof al'ove our ??-???," th.? Piil.an
resolution was pas???d v.y tb.? convention.
That <!? laratlon oould not be faithfully car?
ried out unices the Cubans were first recognized
as belliirer^nts. and th.? foundation thereby laid
for the full execution <'f that declaration. "I
am a p.irty rran "f th?? Ultra type," Mr. Thurston
?went on. "but over and above my duty to my
party Is that to my country, to humanity and
to God, and I would be unworthy of my great
party If I shaped my course on this resolution
through party *T**m*Meratkma.'' No Republican
could afford to vote ecainst this resolution be?
cause It was Introduced by th?? Democratic Sena?
tor from Alabama.
Mr. Morir?n quickly disclaimed personal au?
thorship of th? resolution, saylnfr it was only a
copy of the one offered In the Senate by Mr.
Sherman, now the first man in the Republican
patty next to th? President nnd Vlce-Presldent.
It was therefore essentially Republican in Its
Mr. Thurston read the interview of former
Premier Sagasta, published to-day, and declared
that this was r complete admission of all that
had been asserf'd of the Impotency of the Span?
ish cause In Cula, "Peace in Cubai" he ex?
claimed. "If there is r^&ce In Cuba It is the
peace of devasted fields. If there is peace in
Cuba 1t Is the peace of razed homes; It Is tl.e
peace of ravished women; it Is the peace of
Starving children. No, Mr. President, there Is
war in Cuba?bloody, sanguinary, awful war.
Our ear? cannot be deaf to Its roar. We cannot
lightly put i.slde the fact. War Is In Cuba.
War has been maintained in Cuba for
two years and a half; and to-day Spain
Is no nearer to the subjugation of the
revolutionist than ehe was at the moment
of her first engagement with them. What then?
All the conditions of International law are met.
That being: the case I state as an absolute and
unanswerable proposition that this Government
has the right to recognize the belligerency of the
revolutionists. And In availing itself of that
right It does not offer any affront under the
law of natlone. or any cause of offence to the
Government of Spain."
Mr. Thurston nrrrued that recognition was a
power which could be exercised either by Con?
gress or by the President. There was ihe full?
est confluence in the wisdom and sagacity of the
President, but In this grave ? rials Congress as
well as th?* President should bear the responsi?
bility. Referring to the right of search which
would follow a recognition of belligerency, Mr.
Thurston -aid there could be no provocation to
war if the search waa conducted in accordance
with International law, but If the search ?ea
conducted by Spiiin or any other Power without
respect to International law, "there ought to be
war by the United Stat, n ?if America, and war
shall come to maintain the honor "f tho Nation."
Mr. Thurpton Insisted that it was time this
Oo?ernment by its action gave the Cubana a
proper poeitlon before the world, the rlKht to
carry their flag on land and sea, th?* right to
atand beside Spain In the money markets of the
world, the right to BtruKgle In an honorable way.
He closed as follow.??: "Thes? things the I'nited
States of America can constitutionally and law?
fully do. Let us do them now. Let us dispatch
the mightiest battle-ship of tbe I'nlt?*d States to
Cuba. Let us station her in the harbor of Ha?
vana. There her crowning guns may disturb
the spirit of tyranny by night, and by day her
shining stars may cheer the haarte of those who
are struggling to be free."
The audience In tho galleries broke into ap?
plause at the reference to a battle-ship, but the
preeldlng officer quickly check?*?* the demonstra?
While Mr. Thurston epokc the galleries had
filled to overflowing, and crowda Were at the
entrances awuiting an opportunity to get In.
Mr. Elklns. of West Virginia, foUowad in a
apeech urging that the Senate should not act
precipitately, but should await the Inquiries now
being made by the officials of the Government.
Be .related thst thero was nothing before the
Senate to werrant action at this time. There
was no Cuban Government to recognlte, he* as
sorted. What was the post office address of Its
President. If the recognition was to be sent t?> '
him? It would have to be delivered by Cenerai
Miles with the Army behind him. He derided
the statements <>f Mr. Mason that Cuban baM
were taxed nt birth anil Cuban hrldes taxed at
the altar. "What becomes of th.? grown peo?
ple?'' he ?Hked seroasttcally.
"V? ry few of then, grow up," answered Mr. .
Mason, nmlil laughter.
Mr. Elklns went ??n t?. say that the possibilities
of war wer?? being treated lightly. "Spain ?'aft ;
declare war and not (it?? n gun, and it ?ill ?OSI
this Nation ?WW.OOt?.000.'' he said. He urged
that th.- Pi t sMt nt was as patriotic an?l ns seal
Otis t?> protect our Interests as any Senator.
Why. ho asked, should this Sonata seek I ? coerce
the 1''vident to action and place him in a false
? ?itlon?
Mr. While, of California, opp..?ed the resolu?
tion an?l was led Into several lively and amusing
tilts with Mr. Chan lier. He argued that recogni?
tion was exclusively an Executive 'unction.
Mr. Hnwley -moke bri fly on ihe desirability of
conservative and cautions actlnn nt a time of
seri.iu.. emergency. He dosed at 8:10 p. m. and
thw voting began nt ??noe,
MOTION* TO P. ? ? ? ? DP PR ? TED.
The pending question was on Mr. Halo's mo?
tion to refer the Cunan resolution to the Com?
mittee on Foreign Relations. Th?' vote was f..l
lowed with Intense interest hy tho crowded gal?
leries. Senators who had taken bailing parts In
the debate moved hurriedly about Ihe chamber,
marshalling their fores. Tim motion t?) r(rf?-r
woo defeated by th? decisive vote of ayes, 11);
noes, 84, as follows:
Ayei Messrs, Allison, Burrows. Caffery. Davis,
Fairbanks, ?bur. Hale, Henna, Hansbrougn, Haw?
i.v. Hur. ? ??Ll.?, Perkins, Bhoup, BjHMmer,
Wellington, Wetmore, White and Wilson If,
Moss Messra Bacon, Baker. Bate, Berry, But?
ler, Cannon, Carter, Chandler, Chllton, Chirk,
Cookrell, Daniel, Oalllnger, Hnrris, of Kansas;
Heltfeld. Jones, of Arkansas; Kyle, Mentis, Mason,
Mills, Horgan, Pasco. Pettlgrew. Pettus, Prltoh
i?rd. Rawltne, Roa? h, Bt? wart, Tnurston, T.liman,
Turner, Turpi??, Wslthall and warren It
A hum Of excited comment ran through the
galleriee as the Vlce?Preaident In calm tones
announced tho defeat Of the motion to refer,
adding that tho Question now was on the adop?
tion of the resolution.
It seemed likely that a Ubai vote would he
taken nt once, but Mr. Fairbanks, of Indiana,
took the floor for his first speech In the Senate.
IL? was glad, ho said, to observe that then? was i
no difieren???? among Senators in regard to their
desire for freedom in Cuba. All were anxi-.u-t
to see liberty established on tbe desolate island.
The only dlff**l*ence was m to the means to that ?
end. He thought that the ordinary course
should be followed. Of wailing for the report of
a commissioner. Th.. most desirable course to
pursue, he said, was to tender the good offices ;
of the United States In tho cause of penco and
the ultimati? Independence Of the Island.
Referring to th?- Bt, Loui? platform, Mr, Fair- '
banks ib'land that h?? utterly and entirely ro- j
pudlated the Interpr?tation placed by Mr. Thurs- I
ton on the Cuban resolution adopted at St. ?
Louis. Tho platform was for the exercise of th? |
good Offices of the United States, the pending
resolution was for a l*e?cognltlon of Cuban bel?
ligerency. He spoke of the misery ami want
prevailing in this country. The worklngmen
and the manufacturers ????? alike discouraged.
They were not suffering fr??m Woyler, but from
the delays Of the tariff. "Pass the tariff! Pans I
th?- tariff:" waa their cry.
Mr, Fairbanks fien offered the following sub- I
stltuts f?t?r th? Morgan resolution:
Resolved, That tho Congress of tho United state?,
views with deep solicitude the deplorable cieli strife
In the island of Cuba, which i.?? so ?'.es motive to |
life and property and which Is embarrassing and
destroying tbe commerce of th?? United Btates with
?'uba. The highest motives of humanity and pub?
lic in?er? st require the Immediate cessation of tics
tllltles and the establishment of pence. And that ?
the President shall. In n friend)?/ spirit, tenifter tho ;
g??..', oAobs of the United Staio?? to ?Spain, to the
end that bloodahed may speedily cease and that
honorable and permanent peace mar be sstab
1 shed in the Island of Orna: und. further, that th* ,
Preeldei t, In S spirit of nmitv. tender the pood
off! ?? ;? of the United Bta'.es lo Spain in an endeavor
to sicure the Independence of Cuba, upon terms
Hllke honorable and lust to nil Powers concerned
Ami If ihe President ?hall bo unable by euch
friendly Intercession to secure tho independence of
Cubn Within a reasonable time, he shall com?
municate the facts to Congress, with his rorom
mendatlons thereon.
Mr. Caffery, of Louisiana, said the fate of this
substitute was plain In view of the voto Just
taken. He spoke of the ?inusual courso on which
the Senate was embarking, eettlng aside nil
precedents and the matura consideration of ?
committee In order to force through this resolu
ti?.n. Th?? American people were quickly ln
flained, bul there were times when this spirit of
popular agitation should be restrained by the
conservai Ism of the Senate. The existence of a
condition of belligerency was one <>f fact, and
yet we w?;o to be plunged into a conflict with
Spain on evidence not sufficient "to send a man
to j*til for ?stealing ?a ginger cake." Inflamma?
tory statements, emanating largely from tho
Cuban Junta, wer.? tho basis <?n which the f-" * ? > ? -
ate was asked tonaci Mr. Caffery entered his
vigorous protest awalnsl this course.
Mr. Morgan then moved to lay tho Fairbanks
substitute on the table. An aye and noe vote
was then tak?*n <?n this motion ns followtl
Ave? Mesera Bacon, Baker. Bate, Berry. Butler,
Cannon Carter, Chandler, Chllton, Clark, Clay,
Coekrel], Davis, Foraker, ?"Salllngcr, Hansbrov.gh.
Harris, of Kansas; Heltfeld?, Jones, of Arkansas;
Jones, of N'evada; K>:-. Mantis, Mason, JflUa Mor?
gan. Pasco, Prt'.'.grev:. Pettus, Rnw'.lns, Shoup,
Stewart. Thurston, Tilhr.nn, Turner, Turplo end
?,.es? Messrs. Allison. Burrows. Cnfferv Fair?
banks. Gear, Hale, Hanna, Hawley, Honr, MePrl?ie,
Pritchard, Bpooner, Wellington, wetmore, Whit?
and WUson?It
This ??a?? cleared the way fur a vote on the
Mr. Hule, the recognized leader of the opposi?
tion to the resolution, arose fora final word vof
protest. He spoke with great earnestness und
feeling, and with a tinge of bitterness in his
tones. It was evident, n*- ?said, that nothing
now could stay tho course ot the Senate In
passing this resolution. In the votes Just tuken
the foreign policy of this Administration had
been dictated, and dictated by those In op?
position to it. "I believe," continued Mr. Hate,
"that the passage ef this n?s ilntlon Involves the
I'nited stat.-H possibly, and I fear probably, in
war In the near future." D?mocratie and Popu?
llstio Senators had stood solidly together, be
said, in voting down the motion that a com?
mittee make suitable lno.ulry Into this subject.
That vote was made up almost solidly of Demo?
cratic Senators, s.? that now this Administra?
tlon was confronted with th?? remarkable condi?
tion of having its foreign policy dictated by
those in antagonism to it. He fell it to be a
most serious and grievous condition. But he
kn.w it was ?seles??; to seek to stay the (?ourse
of this resolution. "Here in the Senate," ex?
claimed Mr. Hale, "Is the centre of this senti?
ment which would drive the country to the per?
ilous edge of war."
Mr. Qa?lnger answered Mr. Hala, saying that
many reasons had been presented against this
resolution, but now for the first time the Bena
t ?>- from Mnlne presented a political <??<?. He
did not share Mr. Rale's fear. He recalled the
plHtf'.rm of St. Louis, with Its Cuban plank, and
on that platform he stood, with this declara?
tion and the sentiment prevailing among the
American people there ?.vas no fear of Incurring
the disapproval of ths people or of the Repub?
lican party. Wicked, flagrant war was now In
progress In Cuba, and all this resolution pro?
posed was to racognlxe that condition of war.
"As the Senstcr has expn seed his loyalty to
his party." asked Mr. Wellington, "how does he
egplaln the ?rote Just given agulnst the ?*uli
sfltuie In the language of the St. T.?iuis plat?
"When I am in battle," replied Mr. OaUlngsr,
"I do trot permit the enemy to furnish the ammu?
There was uproarious applauso fr-im th?? ???
lerles at this response, and the Presiding ofloer,
on the suggestion of Mr. Hoar, threatened to
clear the galleries If the demonstration were re?
Mr. Calllnrer added that he would stand on
his individual responsibility as a Republican,
and ho would esteem it one of the greatest privi?
leges of his life to cast his vote for this resolu?
tion in behalf of lii.-rty und Independence
Mr. Thur.it.m declared that the Fairbanks
substituts was not In harmony with the Cuban
declaration at at. L-ouis.
Mr. Sp ' BOT spoke In opposition to th?? re??.,
lutlon, on the ground thai its n.i<i?.tion would bs
an Infringement upon the President's prerot
lives lie contot?Bed that the recognition of
belligerency ha?i been regarded as an exclusively
Executive function sines the ?laya of Waahlngton.
and that there was no occasion at this late ?lay
to make a change. The Pemncratlr Senators
had. he said shown a much greater digne 0f
considerati o for Mr. Cleveland v. hen he was
President than they had f?ir Mr. McKinley,
wies- hard tbey were tr- Ing to force at an un?
ii . ly early dai?? in bis tcrrc. If Mr. Urjan
had been chosen Presi lent, with a Republican
t?? A
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Congress, and such an effort had been made as
was now being made to d?ctate a policy to him,
he Imagined the Dem?crata would have mail?? th??
raft-rs ring with their protests. Then? was ti"
reason t" doubl Mr. afcKlnley*a loyalty 11 the
Republican platform or his love of indepen?
dence. Re hail shown himself on th?? battlefield
to bO a lover of liberty, and no sentiment show?
ing him to be otherwise had ever fallen from his
Mr. Spooner urged the Impracticability of legis?
lative Interference In recognition of foreign
States. It could not, he contended, be both a
legislative and on cueutlvo function. Congress
could not even demand from the Executive In?
formation in hi.-? poHseKslon relating to foreign
Questions which would enable, it to act Intelli?
gently, A declaration for belligerency ivas
merely a recognition <<( a fact, whereas it waa
the function of Congrses to pass law?? and fix
rul'-s of uc.tlon. The passage ?if the resolution
mii-'ht be fruitful of dangerous results. The
American people would be satisfied to ha\.? th.-lt
affairs mannte.] now as they had been in th?'
past. Mr. McKinley had sent a mc-s.-nger of
his own ch..using to Cubt to aaeartaln th.? fads.
end he could be trusted to act wisely in th?? In?
tercet of the whole cuntry. Mr. ?McKinley had
been chosen to hl?- high "?'let? by the people, and
he believed that if lift to them they would Bay
give him a chance.
Mr. Gorman said he would not hav? entered
Into the debato had it not been for the effort
to make a, party matter out of the resolution, and
to arraign thoaa advocating it as actuated by
motives unfriendly to the Administration. Not
until yesterday, Mr. Gorman continued, bad he
become convinced that It was time far th.? Si-n?
ate to ad. When the ?administration officiala
feared th?? Batata,nation of our conaula in Cuba
and did not Immediately send one ?>f the ships of
our magnifie? nt lift at Hampton Ronda, then
It waa time for tin? Senate to ad. Was there
any Senator here, be ashed, ready to represent
tin? Administration and ? any that steps had
been taken t" protect our od?etela and our Inter?
eata against this threatened violence?
"Do I underatand." asked Mr. Hoar, "that the
Benator supports iiiis reaolutlon on thf?,gr"und
of the delinquency of th<> Prealdent?"
"I say," responded Mr. Gorman, "that If the
Stat? Department contains information from
otti? i.i is will.??,? namea cannot be given wlthoul
endangering ?L??:r safety, then the Executive is
delinquent when he fails to send a warship to
protect our Officer? an?l our interests. NO na?
tion on earth would fall to protect Its represen?
tatives in SUCh emergencies.." Mr. Gorman said
he retented the suggestion that the protection of
Am.rl'an citizens wan a party question. He
expected to follow President McKinley in the
protection of American eitlf-ns. isut In view of
their failure
"Failure by whom?" Interposed Mr. Hale.
"Failure by the executive branch of the Gov?
ernment: by th?? President of the rnited Stri-es
nnd the Secretary of State," answered Mr. Gor?
man. Mr. < ?ormali Said li?? shar.d In til.? nnxl.ty
of the commercial Interests of the great Bea?
boarde, but there could be no ylehiing to fliese
intercuts when lives of American citizens were
in danger. This danger was enough to warrant
the sending of a warship to Cuba. Mr. Gorman
rioted u 'th the statement that he old not believe
the passage uf the resolution would Involve the
Cnlted States In war with Spain.
Then came the final voi?. It was ?:2? o'clock
when the voting began, and the galleries had
eagerly awaited this culmination of the exciting
debata When the presiding officer announced
the paaaage Of the resolution--ayes. 41: noes, 14
- the pent-up fooling of the spectators found
expr'-sslon in a n?iisy and long-continued demon?
?tratlon Mr. Chandler, who was In tin? chair,
pounded hla gavel, and Mr. Ilav.ley, springing
to bla feet, exclaimed: "1 protest against the
A moment later the Senate went lnt?> executive
session, and ut 5:40 o'cloch adjourned until Mon?
The voto In detail on the passage of the reso?
lution was as follows:
Aves Messrs. Hacon, Rfikr>r. Hite. Berry. ISutl?r.
Carter, Chandler, Cbtlton, Clark, Clajr, Cockrell,
i'ullom. leivis. Debo??, Foraker, Oalllnger. '?orma?!.
Hansbrouab, Harris (Kansas). Heitfeld, Janee 'Ar
kanSS ?), Kenncy, I.ln.lsnv. Me Bride, Mantle, Mi?
ni.. Mil'?. Morgan, Selaon, Paa<*o, Prttlgrew, Pet?
tus, Pntchard, Ttawltiur. Shoui?. Stewart. Thurston.
TILman. Turner, Turpi? and WSlthall -41.
?oe??Mesare. Alliaon, Burrows, PaJTery. Fnir
i.nik-, Qear, Hale, Hanaa, Hawley, Hoar, Hpooner,
Wellington, "vv. tmore, wi.it?? and W????? 11
Washington, May '?0.?Interest In the Cuban
Question was fOQUBBad upon the House to-dav.
Th?? spH-tators who had packed the fl"nate yes
terday flocked o?'cr to the House galleries and
the scene was that of a Congressional field day.
Down in the arena more than half the chairs on
the Republican side were occupied, many mem?
bers having r 'turned to the city in response to
m?.s3ages from the chairman of the caucus.
There was a diversion In the beginning, fur
nlaned by Mr. Simpson, of Kansas, who de
: maitdtd the reading of the full Journal after It
had been read In the usual skeletonized form, a
demand which, under the rules, the tpeaher waa
compelled to gratify. Then Mr. Simpson made
! the point that It was stated In the Journal that
? certain bills were refern-d to committees, where?
I as no committet ? had been appointed. Mr.
j fit m upon was sib-need by the previous question,
demanded and stintained by the Republicans.
The dacha having been cleared, Mr. Dalzell.
from the Committee on Rule?, reported a rule
for the consid?ration of the Senate Cut?an re
Uef resolution, tha rule providing for a vote
after two hours' debate.
Mr. Bailey endeavored to secure recognition
to present tho views of the minority of the oom
j mlttee, but the ?pother r-cognized Mr. Dalzell
to demani Um piwfloua qotttlon. There was a
? sharp throe-cornered skirmish between Speaker
Feed nnd Mr. rialzili on one side, tnd Mr.
, Ralle?/ on the other. Th? proposition which Mr.
? Bailey waa attempting to present was a aubatl?
j tute rub? for the consid?ration ?if Benator Mor?
, gan's reaolutlon for recognition "f the belliger?
ency of the Inani ata after the appropriation
for relii-f had been disposed of.
The previous ?juestlon was ordered, 117 to Rl.
the Democrats, Populists nnd Silverltes unltl/isr
In opposition, nnd two Republicana. Messrs.
Cooper, Of Wisconsin.? tad Colson, of Kentucky.
i voting tgalnal tha rule.
Mr. Dattel] declared that the only OjtMtUoa be?
; fore the? House was that of giving relief to the
biiffeilng Americans In Cuba
Mr. Ogden, of Louisiana, desired that Mr. Dal?
ie 11 Inform the House of the caus.? of the suffer?
ings Of Americans In Cuba, but ?Mr. D.tlzull re?
pli, id thtl tint question wa? not before the
House; thai the "ame Information npon tlie
topic wan at the disposition of all members.
' The ? Hillman should not attempt to mislead
the country Into the belief that that is the only
question thai ought to b? before the House," ex?
claim? d Mr. Ball, y He Wtd the Morgan reao?
lutlon. The ?iiiestlon of belli?*, rervy. Mr. Bailey
asserted, was the one really before the House.
"If you believe you eta vote It down, why not
meet It like men and vota it down?" he demand*
ed. The rule was not an attempt to enforce the
will of the majority, but to suppress It.
Mr. Hitt. of Illinois, followed Mr. Bailey. He
spoke of the necessity for the pnssage of the
l-eeoliiibin. Money for th?? relief of American
Sitinone In Cul-a could not be taken out ?if the
emergen -y fund. Ho explained how quickly the
ro'.lef c.iul.l bo given by telegraph. This would
have been done last M.^nda., but that a certain
???nth-man (meaning Mr. Bailey) decid"?! to gain
Bonn? political notoriety and party advantage,
ami made an objection to tho resolution, show?
ing that he would allow American citizens to
starve while h?.? played politics. So far as the
llfpubllcan party wue concerned, It had demon?
strated Its friendship for Cuba by bringing In
and parsing a resolution a y?-ar ago lilontlcnl In
terms srlth that offered i>y Mr. Bailey. That
was a comrurrent resolution. The object of of?
fering the belligerency resolution now, Mr. Illtt
insisted, was for the purpose of embarrasslnr*
the President In the midst of negotiations for
the protection and nrlief of American citizens in
Cuba. Hy coupling the two together the execu?
tivi- would either have to take action which In
his Judgment was not best to take at this timo
or refuse tho relief which was necessary for
American ritte*)?. Ilo called attention to the
fact that American citizens were now being re?
ifen ?1 from Spaniel) prisons through the efforts
of the Administration. "The purpose of the
Republicans," declared Mr. Hitt, "Is to secure
peaci?. with independence." "
The conditions in Cuba had changed since
Congress passed the last resolution. Mr. Bailey
would by a resolution Interfere with the nego?
tiations which aro now ponding. The question
was now one of expediency. The Executive was
exerting every effort, and there was hope that
he would SOlVS every rjuostlon. Mr. Illtt op?
posed Interference with diplomatic neg?)tiations
by th? legislative branch of the Government.
Mr. Bailey in re-;.|v to Mr. Hitt said If the
latter desired to make the question of recog?
niti. .? of belligerency one of party politics he
wits wl?lnj; to accept it. and tha Democrats
would vot? in favor of belligerency. As to play?
ing politics, he called attention to the" fact that
a year ago, when a man elected by the Demo?
crats was in th?? White House. Mr. Hitt voted for
a resolution of bel?g, ? in y.
Mr. Hitt declared that at the time he refused
to make th.? resolution Joint, and thus embarrass
the Esecutiva He ?rouM not mix the two so
as to causo legislation to Interrer? with di?
Mr Bailey said he had not so far advanced in
?llplomaoy as to vote an opinion which he would
not vote t?> put Into law, while the gentleman
from Illinois would say what he means, but
would nut make It effective. Mr. Pulley Avent on
to Ray that th?? Democrats had repudiated Cleve?
land '?? many other occasiona and now repudi?
ated his Cuban policy. As ?o the different propo?
sitions which were offered, the Democrats want?
ed to send the relief with a message recognizing
belligerency. Such a message would do mon?
for tho strugcling Cubans than all the bread
??ur (?hips could carry.
Both Mr. Hitt and Mr. Bailey were frequently
Inti-rrupted hy applause.
Mr. Crosvenor, of Ohio, said that ro one could
tell how many Americans had starved in Cuba
while the gentleman from Texas was masquer- I
nding In coarse demagogy. He Inquired how j
long Mr. Bailey hail aspired to stand as the lend- j
ef Of a great crusade, ani why he had not pro?
teste 1 when a D?mocratie ProsM.-nt had Ignored
the will of Congress. The Republicans had been
reared In sympathy with the freedom of Cuba,
a Republican President (tirant) had advocan??!
It an?l had been opposed by Democrats. In its
own time the Republican party would not only
vote for belligerent rights, but for Independence
fur Cuba. Hut they would not be driven iin?l-r
Hem? erarle leadership, however often the Demo?
crats might shift their leaders.
This speech closed tho debate on the adoption
of tho rule. Then came another parliamentary
skirmish wh?-n Mr. Bailey moved that the rule
??.? recommitted to the Committ??.? on Rules, with
Instructions to substitute f??r it th?? rui?; proposed
by him.
"That Is out of ord.-r." declared Mr. Dalsell,
whereupon Mr. Bailey shouted. "I appeal from
tl?.? decision of the Chair.'' before the Speaker
had made a decisi >n. "I knew from the assur?
ance v, ith which tho gentleman from Pennsyl?
vania sp.ike what the ruling wouM be," he said
in explanation of his haste.
"Perhaps the gentlemen had a more inner
light," Mr. R?-ed replied jocosely, proceeding to
declare that the motion was not germane.
Mr. Bailey asserted that no amount of argu?
ment would chango the Speaker's mind, so he
appealed from the derision and then? wa.?: a roll
call on Mr. DalzcH's motPn to tahle the appeal.
The Speaker was sustained by 111 to VI a party
vote, and the d-bate on tho resolution was begun
by Mr. Williams, of Mississippi, who declared
that the Republican party" which out of power
had boasted itself the party of courage, In power
dodged all gTeat questions because tho plutoc?
racy demanded Inaction.
One Repuhllcan member ? Mr. Rnbblns. of
Pennsylvania?had voted against h's party on
tho last vote, and he told the House that ?its
views nn the Cut?an Question were buced on a
pcrronal vlelt to Cuba In January last. He toll
of Charles (iovln, nn American citizen and
newspaper man. who. <>f Mr. Robblns's personal
knowledge, had bren captured by the Spaniards.
Ills American passport had been stricken from
his hand by a Spanish officer and he had been
tied to a tre.? and cut to pieces by the Spaniards.
Another American ? Itlzen from Indiana he knew,
who. ?refusing t?? give money to a Spanish OtUcer
Who d? -nanded It. had b.-en struck on the bead
with a swonl nnd wound- ?1, hail afterward been
driven from his plantation and was now living
in Havana on th?? charity of the American con?
sulat.?. He told of thousands of men, women
and children penned up and starving In cities,
and said the methods of Weyler wer?; equalled
only by the Inquisition. If money did not suf?
fice to relieve the Americans In Cuba, armed
troops should be H'-nt f.,r that purpose.
The point irei made by Mr. Livingston, of
Georgia, thai $?_0,000 would only suffice to feed
the Americans for a nvnth, and that the ap?
propriation must be repented monthly for an In?
definite period so long as the war was per?
mitted t.> continuo.
Th.re was an Interesting passage when Mr.
Livingston was declaring that the only sensible
course for this < ?ovtrnment to end the trouble
was by recognizing the Cubans, and Mr. Hitt
Interrupted him to ask: "Don't you think It
would be better for the President to use his
authority to secure Independence?"
"1 do," answered Mr. Livingston; "and now
that I have answered your question, answer me
When ?ill the President do that?"
Mr Hitt hesitated, while the House listened
Intently, and Mr. Livingston pressed him for nn
"I have no right to speak hy any authority."
Mr. Hitt began, and hesitating to word his an?
swer rightly, finally continued: "I have reason
to believe that the President la taking as active
nuil SffSCtlVS Steps as be CM to secure the Inde?
pendency of Cuba, ond that fact, I am convinced,
has reach?.??! Spanish hea.b.uarters, for the news
reaches us to-day that the Minister who will
probably b? In power In thirty days has said that
the Cuban war Is utterly bopeleaa"
Mr. Whc'-ler, of Alabama, spoke of General
Weyler as the "Nero of the nineteenth cntury."
Mr. Adams, of Pennsylvania, paid a tribute to
the Prealdent for securing the r.-leaso from Span?
isi, minons of forty Americans who had been
left there by the neglect of the lost Adminis?
trai I ???
The debate was ctoosd for the Democratic side
by Mr Mi Mllltn. of Tennessee, who ile. tared
that tWO-tblrds of the Republicans desired the
resolution f??r n?? ?gnltlon. but because of the
failure t-> organine the House l?gislation was in
the hands of one man The resolution a?l? pted
? ? the last C'itiKt? ?s. If It had any force, was as
blmlln? on Mr Mi -Klnley as on Mr. Cleveland,
for ? was addressed to n?? man, but to the ntllce
Of President.
Mr. Bell, of Colorado, said that the resolution
was a mere attempt to eva.1" practical action.
Mr. Hull, of Iowa and Mr. brown, of Ohio,
I, DK. SAMUEL PITCHER, of Ilvaiinis, Maarafffiimett?. WEM Ilio origi?
nator of "PITCHER'S CASTORIA," the ?ime thai hai bone aad doe? now
bear the fac-simile signature of
(m every wrapper?
This is the originai "PITCHER'S CASTORLA," whlch has been ned in the
home? of the mother? of America for over :?o years. LOOK CAREFULLY
at the wrapper and see that it la the kind you have always bought
and has the signature of (j^cJ^^^^y on the WRAPPER No
one lias authority from me to uso my name except Tho Centanr Company,
of ?vhirh Cha?. ?. Fletcher ?? Prealdent
Do not endanger the life of your child by accepting a oh<..,p substitut?
which some dnifigist may offer you (becanae ho aiakefl ? few more ponnlea
on it), tho ingredients of which EVEN I IK doe? not know.
Bears tlio Facsimile Signature of
Insist on having
??? G?????'? COMPAMT, No. 77 Murray ft.. S-'tr ? -k City.
doted tiio debate for the Republlemna. Then the
reaolttUoo ?vas adopted without a dissenting
? -?,-,
Washington, May 20.? Th.* Scr?ret..ry of St..t? to
?i.-i.v seel to th?? Senate s proteo! from the Oirman
Ambar?.<a<".cr ag.iinst th?? provi Mon for a ??iscrlml
natlng duty on sugar, Tn?? ortglntl protest Is dated
April ,",. and Is directed against the pro?rleioo of
th- Honae bill for a differential duty on sugars
from countries paytag an atport bounty, a pott?
script Is sdded, making the document appll ?ble to
the moro general dlecrimtaatlon made by the Bea?
sts Finance committee aatandaaants io tha .-ufar
schedule, ?aron von Thtelmsnti says he nets
und?r the instructions of his ('.r.v.rn/m'.nt. Speak- >
Ing of the House provision, he says that "it can?
not be reconciled with the right of the mos:-fa
\-ored nation, which is granted by existing treaty
Stipulations to Gorman proilucts with respect?te
tha duties to be Imposed upon them on entry Into
the United Ht.it, *" li?? says the dum.?K.: which
threaten? Oerman exports from the previstone of
the pending 1.1)1 ts much h.-avler than that whi ?1
resulted from th? tariff law of UM.
Baron vor. Tbielmenn calls attention t?? ihe Sera*
toga reciprocity agre? nsent of MM. when by Oermsn
sugar ar; - to !'.? admitted free im'? th?? ? nlted Itatea
un condition that American porli waa tc be so ad
mitt??! Into C?? rn-.riTiv. "The tarif act of ISI'4 has,"
b?? s.?>?:', "already shifted in an unfavorable way
tor Oermtny the premien upon which tbe <?*
change ei these not?? waa effected, and they would
be ohanged still mere to the disadvantage <.f ??,??
many i;' the bill now before Congress should with?
out amendment concerning sugar become s law
Tii?- Imperial Government would ??? confronted
with tii?? question whether tin;.-? advantages should
be fnriin r continued which it liad hitherto ex?
tended to the United States by applying to tlie Im?
portation? from that country, especially with re?
gard to i?s agricultural products, the minimum
tariff established by th?* customs treaties con?
. eluded between the Oerman Empire on the one
hand and Austria-Hungary and several other
'. Stir,?? on tlie ether." Aron von Thlelmann say.?
, thai the amendmenti made by the Senate com?
mlttee do not alter in tube ta m ? the subject of his
I protest, though thej do in form.
Wn?hlnt:ton, May *?.?? questloa lias arisen as to
j whether t!;?* sections of thi? Tariff act of l???! which
?vere pot carried Into the pending Tariff btl? as r -
ported 'ay the Senat?? committee and Incorporated in
the bill a? it pa??.? ? the Roues srould ??? repealed by
the passage Of tho btll In Its present form, fh<?re
being no expressed Intention of such repeal. The
onlv sections of the act of UN intended to be re
pea:? I ?t?? flections 1 and 2, and the (?????*?'.?? in
whether tho remaining B*ctlc4M would bo repealed
by Implication. In responee t> a reejuaat f?>r an
opinion on thla punt, Judga Reeves, the 8oli'?ltor
of the Treasury, has decided that, in his opinion.
"every (mrt of 111? Tariff act Of 1884 and all other
tarifT laws nar expressly repealed, not Inconsistent
wi? , the proposed legislation, ar uld sti.l be of legal
fona? and elteci should the pending bill In Ita preaent
form beeome the law " in transmitting this opinion
to lim Benote finance Committee, the Secretary of
the Treasury says that be concurs In the opln.on of
the Solicitor, but suggests that to avoid ?ill future
eontr-iversv som? provision should distinctly estab?
lish tho status of sucta part? of ea 1st Ing laws as era
neither reproduced nor tepe.iled In the pending
men ?ii re.
Rome, May 20.?In tiie Chamber of Deputies' to?
day tho Minister for Foreign Affairs, the Marquis
Visconti Venoeta, entd that tha Government whs
ex?rclslng tlio greatest watchfulness In regard to
tho now I'nited Stttoa tariff, nnd had not failed to
cnll the attention of the 1'tilted States to the in
lury which [tallen interests might sustain. Italy,
he continue?!, did not contemplate a policy of re?
prisal, im? if th?> United Stetes persisted In Us in?
tentions, Italy would be obliged to consider whether
s'un?? American imports and interests, for Instance
th?? carrying on of business in Italy by American
compente?), might noi be subjected to analogous
measurer?, a? a necessary means of defence.
Washington, Muy RV -Tlie Sonata to-day con?
tinued the following nominations:
Btanton Blckles, Of New-York, to be secretary uf
the I?, urntlon at Madrid.
Wi'ilam W. Morrow to be I'nited States Circuit
Judge for th? IXth Judicial Circuit.
Trank A. Vanderllp, ot Illinois, to be Assistant
Secretary of the Treasury.
Brigadier-General Z. R Hllss to be major-general.
Trank il. Eldrtdge to be ehlef engineer in the
Washington, May tt, Bsctetary Alger has made a
reepoOSS to the Senate resolution calling for a
etntement as to what bus been or Is about to be
don.? with reference to making contracte for the
improvement of San Padre Harbor. Cal. The Sec?
retary suhmlts the whole sull'eoi, to Congress for
further Instruction as to Its purpose?Whether to
create simply a herber of refuge, or one of refute
and commerce. *
Washington. Mav ? The hearing on freight *lf
ferentlata between New-York and PhSadelphJt,
Baltimore, Norfolk and other cttt??? from Western
potate (thS case Instituted by the New-Y,>rk Produce
Exchange Bgalnst the rYnnsyvanla Railroad and
others? ?res Closed l.y the Interstate Commis.?!,.? ;o
dny. An sgreemeni was made for submitting briefs
on June H, snd f,?r summing up the arguments be?
fore 'he Commleslon\pn June Si).
Washington, May IS?The House to-day rejected
tho tblrrl conference report on th?? opening of the
T'tah gllsonlt? land? snd instructed Its conferrees to
support a plan proposed by Mr. Lacy, of Iowa, bv
which th.? BecreUry of the interior ahouM lesee
the lands, the Qovernmenl receiving a royalty and
provisions ?,?..,!'-? & monopo'.y being made.'
?ffateJagtee), May M The Secretary of the Ifavy
to-day rcqnseted of Congraaa that en appropriation
Of ????? ?? mad.? u\ allah:.? Immediately bv |olnt
resolution t,. repair th.? recent damages to the dry
dock at the llrooklyu Nuvy Vard.
Washington, May ?? (Special)?The Prealdent la
consld? ring a suggestion that an Army oilier of
lilgti lank be ??nl to England a? the military
representative ef this country at queen Victoria's
372, 374, 376 Broome Street,
Just off Broadway.
Intciiilinu piirchnsortx of any typ* of -ehlcl?
for tomo nuil i.iiuitry nrp In.ii.d to liiKpeet
our ?tatOU Which for ? 111. ? ! ? t ??. vnrlety aad
BtTl? In iiiirl\all??il. tenait?**, ilio Uttmoat stock
of |>l<-ii*i?ire *.?|?|,|?, p?pr ?? ? i, I bl teil *?>? one
???iir ilriiiiKlKiim-rooni In ?n.-r?-il for -?it
>|ie<?lnl ?leNlirn.
'????oiiil-hiinil ?,-lilel??? iinU.-n In trade? tmw
???le nt ?????t prie???..
of Hires Rootb?**er
on a ewelterin?? hot
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health. It cools the
Mood, reduces youy
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j should I? in every
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shop, ? temperane?
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more delightful and
satisfying than any
other beverage pro?
1 M?1?on>l?*? ??? Ctit?m a
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' ?,?? .- .-, 5 .?...;.? _t>.? Of
??Uitc* ttbtn" Quellen
Recommended by Dr. Pole, Hot
Springs, Va., and eminent New
York physicians as the best of LithU
Infuses New Life.
Delicious Table Water?
Quarts. Half Gallons and Five Qalloa Demljobo*
7 West 42J St. Telephone 1845-38UI.
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???G?? 3267thTAv*..
_ rroil lui tir oui,?**?.
I Telephony 5
is the spice I
of trade. ?
?.p.-.UI lln?? n I u?
If troubled with fUMunatlra. .?_*?-^|
s . ??,?, ?ranv N.-.V...I? -ti-??-? '?'" ? <!><? ?' ln ?* "_?
i..., I ???.itlt'.'i. I? W-r? '-' ' N fy ._! _-__?_-_
....... ?i.etrleUv _????? b) phyalcUn. ? ?i?> h*?? ???--__._"_
?^:;?;.:',. -r??,:,:'-?, V ? ?v^?
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t.\>niult_lli>n t?
ffr,i-a ?li.-.? riiiv.-llii??? r*llof. a:i I 111 tin.* CUr?
?,?. ?- 11
any. probability that th?? tfrss
?ports! AintuMnuilor lo _.n>_laii?L

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