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the ?drawing room, little Mi. In many colored
silks, was often brought down by her nurse
when visitors called <*h?-riK Tsao <lu was a
genial, easy-going Ceb-stial, and he allowed his
? phew and other young ?secretaries unusual
privileges, Including thai of ?European dresa for
everyday wear. This, however, was ao radical
a departun that the example has nerer been
followed by tiny of hla successors. ?President
Arthur, appreciating Mr. Cheng's ?isolation at
Stale dinners because lie could speak no lan
uage but Chinese, and no other ?gueal could
speak that, ouggeeted ?hat the Minister be ac
? ?npanled '?>? his ?int?erpreter Lut th.* Presi?
dent's go???l intentions led to some ?-mbarras.-.m? nt
? n both siii?"?. Dinner etiquette would not allow
Hi?* Interpreter a seat at th<- table, and. on the
other hand. ?Chinees ?tiquette would not permit
the Interpreter to stand, as that would l?<- the
?position of a menial. Tin- Minister said he would
not ask his interpreter to take th?; place of _ s?-r- j
rant at a dinner given to the Diplomatic Corps, |
WTJ TINO IAN?!, HIS WIPE AM) SON.
(?Copyright. US!, by Mas fraanas n. lobe-tee, WasMagtaa. P. C|
and the Interpreter said he would not d.? it. any?
how. An 1 that was tin* end of it- ?Cheng T.-ao
Ju served his Government so acceptably that he
remained conalderably over a year after his
term expired, giving a aervtce longer than that
of any Other Minist ?r of China at Washington.
When Chang Yen Hoon, who has Just gone over
with hla Embassy to represent China at the
Queen's Jubll ??. came, "Stewart Castle," then
th?* L< gati ?n residence, blossomed like the rose.
Mr. Chang brought t?o wife, but he brought
trunkloada <>f auperb broa a?i?'s and aparkllng
jewels, that were the envy of half the women
In official circles. He was quite equal t" being
both host and hostess, and entertained hand?
somely at dinner parties and receptions it was
?undoubtedly the most gorgeously attired foreign
T_egatlon ever Been In Washington. Minister
Chang was devoted t?> the round of visit In? and
afternoon teas, and ?-very day through the sea?
son he would be out with half a dosen mentarles
attending to social duties. He had not a high
appreciation of "American tea," as he called the
tea served with "one lump or two,** by pretty
young women a-sk?'d to assist hostesses, and he
went so far once as frankly to tell the wife of a
Cabinet ofl-CST that "no pure- ta?a ever reached
America," therefore lie would ser.d her some
from his own cheat, it was a rare gift, in a Jar
Of almost prl?leOH vain?, but the tea was so"
purely Chinese that no American could drink it.
A QUIET OI?D MIN1STKR.
The contrast between the Chinese ?Chester
fi??td. Chang Yen Hoon. and his OUCCeaSOr, the
plain, elderly Tsui Kuo Yin, was strlkln;-. Minis?
ter Tsui ?was content with the servtcaa of eight
secretarte^ and for tho most part a quiet at?
mosphere pervaded "Stewart Castle," with sel
alui?i or never a sound of social revelry. Mrs.
Tsui was not young, but she was stout, and
labored under the disadvantage of small feet.
Two se.ieiari.-s had their wives with them,
and they also bad small feet. Twice only were
tiny ?aeon in public?the first time soon after
their arrival, at the theatre, and again Shortly
before bavin;; \\ a_hin_ton at a reception given
by Minister Tsui.
The transfer of Yang Yil, who ra-ci ntly sailed
with his wife and children for Russia, la the
*"?*?* lnstancs In the Chinese diplomatic saaihia
"," the transfer of a Mini lei fr-,-n one diplo?
matic i?"st ??? ?another. The transfer to the
??.nit i?r the ?v.ir would be generally regarded
as a promotion, bul OS Mr. Yang Is the first of
his countrymen t?> be s?> honored it is also a
marked acknowledgment of his able service in
Washington. He is the first <>f the Bannermen
appointed aa Minister t?> any foreign govern?
ment, although ?'hung How, an imperial class?
man, or ?l? si endant of the founder of the reign?
ing Mnnchu dynasty, was once accredited t?> the
Court ?if the Cxar aa Ambassador. The ?Banner
men an uescendanta <>f an imperial military
organisation found? <i by th?- early rulen of this
dynasty. Vang y? la a man of exceptionally
strong character and keen observation. His
settlement of the bitter diff?rences between the
s? Yupa and the Bee Yupe, the great rival
<'hInese aocietlea in San Francisco, a few weeks
ago ahowed his rare judgment, strength and
diplomatic skill. His bun?' life entered largely
into bis popularity, and it is no disparagement
to his predeceason or to. any ?>ne who may suc
? ied htm to say he was the most popular Minis?
ter ?if China who ever aerved at this post
MKS TANG'S POPULARITY.
It Is not almply that Mr. Yang will be re
grett'-il, but tritt bis wife, a charming and pict?
uresque figure, will be even more regretted, for
sin- gave popularity and much distinction to
her husband'a career. Whatever liberal vlesra
th?? Minister was Inclined to aee?pt, it Is quits
certain that when Mn Tang TO s? t foot on the
shores of th.- New World sh<- imbibed Its free?
dom in the Independence not to say true eman?
cipation of women. Less than half her hus?
band's a??*, this tall, slender young Celestial
la a woman <?f chara? ter, tact and marvellous
adaptability. Throwing the tmdltiona and cus?
toms of centuries behind h?-r, she at <<n, ? atepp? .1
int.? the diplomatic circle, an.l was the first
?Chinese woman to enter the Whits House, a
guest with h.-r husband at all official enter?
tainments. From first to last, during the three
years and a half of her r?sidence, she carried
herself with the unconscious grace and dignity
of ?me to the manner born. Hare tact and
unusual adaptability enabled her to fall into
tin- waya tjt American women and the customs
of the N'.?w World with aase. As a Meiwhu. or
native of Manchuria, where the small foot is
not a mark of rnnk, Mrs. Tang enjoya the ad?
vantage of natural feet. She also wears the
Mam hu style of dr.-ss. like that worn by women
of the court, and the princess eflVct of the g.iwn
Is far more graceful and pictures.jue than the
tunics and skirts usually worn by Chinese
As hoateaa at the Legation Mrs. Yang fol
Inured closely the customs and ?tiquette of
American women. Her risapHong ami teas aren
quite after the form in otlicial society, and in?
variably her assistants were prominent ?WOHSca
sha aequ-Tsd a surprisingly good knowledge
of the language, though h? r husband's umler
standing was limit.ai to a few Knglish words
The eldest of thair three Children, a bright lad
of ten, was k.-pt at a private school when In
learned Knglish. On reception days the boy and
his little sisters were brought Into the draw
Ing-room "to get used to the ways and languag?.
of Americana," their mother said.
AMATEURS IN ,'COMUS.M
Till?; WORK A MOST HAPPY BKLBCTION.
SDVANTAOBS AM? I ? Ml l<*ri?T!i:.? OTTHI MASQD-I
AND Of TH*_ i-!.a?-i: wiikki?: it was i>oni:.
The amateur performance ?if Milton's "ComuP,"
which was Kiven a tew nights ago In BngtS
wood, is auggestlve <>f mor?- extended comment
than it was possible t?> give to it on the following
?lay. It has been said that the real object of
amateur theatrical performances is the enjoy?
ment of the actors, while th?- enjoyment of the
audience is a secondary consideration, if it Is
consider? ?1 at all. That would be an unfair
charge in regard to this performnnce of "Co?
rnus."' Th.- actors may have enjoyed It greatly;
they appeared to, and surely then could be no
objection to their doing so; but it was not at the
expense of the spectators. If the actl.ig of the
masque was now and then conspicuous for the
Imperfections which an amateur performance is
sur?* to have, and which, as a matter Of fact, ?a
professional performance usually ?does have, y-t
th?? thing that was done was of so Interesting a
nature that th? pleasure of seeing It could not
l"- destroyed by the occasionally defective man?
ia i' in which it was done. Anil, on the other
band, much ?>f it perhaps it would b?' fair t<?
Bay tlie must was so well carried out that the
meaner ?>f it added greatly to the enjoyment of
tin- mal!? r.
Y??t ?X was the choice of the subject that made
it possible to give so tboro<_ghly acceptable a
performance. If tin* aame persons had tried to
act "The School for Scandal" it is safe to say
that th?* part of the audience that did not con?
sist of th?- personal friends of the actors would
have been terribly bored. So this is the point
at which these amateur actors were ri-tht and
When amateurs are usually wron?; they se?
lected tin- right work f??r production. Why d?>
amateun SO constantly try to perform plays
which it is inevitable that nine out of every ten
persons in the auJience must have seen done,
from once to a dozen times, better than they ? an
hope to do them? The only easy explanation
Is the one already suggested, that their own en
j ?yment Is the chief end aimed at, and that the
audience is thought of only afterward, if at all.
WHY ?*COMUS** FITS AMATKIKS.
In selecting "denus" the players were sure
that extremely few If any of their audience
would have any previously formed ideas of how
?ooiiua ami ms ?CRBW.
the meSQUe Should l<*?*k when acted, anal thOJ
aoeaped all odious comparisons of their acting
with that at professionals, except as far as the
apectaton might be aide t.? form estlmatee for
thems.'lves ,.f the acting possibilities of the
work. And tin? average spectator, either ?>f an
anaatenr or of a professional performance, it
may be remarked, is not able to do this t.* any
very great extent. Another advantage of such
a work for the nos ?>f amateun la that II .in?
sists for the most pa?t of pootiy ,>f a lofty sort,
and when the SCtOTS liuv.? learned their parts
they have committed t<? memory passages of
Uteratnn which it is ?f ?positive advantage t>>
kn?>w a:*d remember, whereas? in learning suck
pi.i-, s as ssake ui> th?- bulk of th>? npsrteires of
both amateur and professional actors, they are
acquiring something which it win t><- of advan
t.-iK?- t?i th?-m t?> f'irj?t-t as fast as possitil?-.
It Is !.. be admitted that few companies of
amateur acton w?>uid be abb- to find so g?>?:d a
place for a per fot manes of "Comus" as h?ii
,'"ii Hall, Where this one was given. It seemed
to be planned and built for this masque. If it
w? r?- d??i ??I? ?1 to act any play at all at Helicon
Hall and the question of what play arose, it
s.etns Inevitable that any one familiar with
Kngllaw literature would answer "Comus" at
OOCe. The plice being granted, the ch"iee of the
piny must have b?.-n practically forca-d upan the
The court when* the play was given had all
the a?lvantages of the open air for such a per
Cormnnos and none of the disadvantages. Among
the palms and plants and flowers with which It
is fill? ?I. nymphs and airy spirits and groteoqUC
creatures with the bodies of m?-n an?l the beads
of beasts look?-d, to anybody with an imagina?
tion at all. more natural, and seemed mor?- to
be expected, than men and women In evening
S??ME OF THE OBSTACLES.
The staue management presented peculiar difTi,
cu!ti?*s. The st.'iK'- was there, ready set. and thi
mounting ?if the piece, to let slip a professional
term for once, coiil?! scarcely have been im?
proved upon. Hut there were no curtains, noth?
ing ciul'l be ?lone e.\e, pt in full view of tht,
audience, an?l the audi?'nee was all around, sa
that the problems involved In the contriving
of stase pictures were entirely different fr??ni
th?- usual ooen The question of which way th?
actors should face in delivering their speeches
was one to be thought of, and the only way to
s? ttle it was to Caoe all ways, even In the same
speech, if it was long enough.
This same reciting ?jf speech-s is an advantage
of the amateur. The amateur Is better able t?
select his audience than the professional is. and
it is more lik?-ly to be made up In large part
of persons of literary taste, to whom long poet?
ical passages, if well delivered, are a pleasure
atnl not a bore, as they are likely to prove be?
fore an average theatrical audience. An aud?
ience that coma-a to see a dance does not wanl
to be subjected to a dramatic reading, but for
those who know what to expect the recitation of
Milton's verse In the manner In which It was
done by Kvert Janseti Wendell, who played th?
part of Comus, or by Miss Evelyn M. Fiedler,
who was the Attendant Spirit, must be a priv?
ilege to be enjoyed and remembered.
The success which was gained by this effort
on the part of persons who, for the most
part, were not at all ae.-ust..ined to the Magaa,
aasgSO-tsd also that. alth??UKh the po?-try would
piobabl> meet with more appr. .iati.in when de
liva-red by th.-m than by professional actors in
an ordinary theatr??, there was much more of
i!i? masqns than this, and that as a spectacle
it would be worth the attenti??n a.f any manager
Who was looking for a subject for beautiful
stags p.ctur.?s if it ?wen produced In the man?
i inr of Mr l?al>"s "Tempest"' ,?r ot aim.M any
or.,- of Hsnrg ?living's plays, with all its muslo
r.-stor.d to it. it siriiis scarcel> possible for it to
fail ?if making a Strong impnssion. The pr^
fesokmal actnrs ssad managen may bs afraid to
, attempt it. but the amateurs have shown what
they could do and ?Ul Ul?*bt be douai, aa-ld thng
1 a* a_ iwuieti-Bg,