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DAYLIGHT FOR THE GHETTO.
WORK ON SMAT/L, TARKS FOI? TII K MORT CI?OWDEI? OF SLUM.**. TwuuMunt "foora rookkrisa to ra torm ijown TO ????: ??.?.1: l'Oit GRASS ASO PUCAS?RE l.ril.DiNOr*. After ten years of effort and educating, day? light ls about to be ht Into the malodorous, crowded Ghetto. The book an.i hatchet are in readiness to tear out two broad spaces In the heart of the most congested sections that they may be sodded with green turf, traced with as? phalt walks, and become pleasure grounds for the thousands of toilers that have neither the time nor the money for journeying? to the parks uptown. It Is one of the real, practical fruits of the small parks movement that has for its object the bringing of grass and fresh air to the very doors of the tenements, for the chief benefit of children and tired women. Notices have already be.ii served on the ten? ants of the buildings In th?s?? areas to remove Immediately, and the plan is t?. have all the 6tru< tuns razed to tbe ground by Augllhl L'<?. Bo overloaded are these tenements with humanity that although only als blocks or so are to g?., nearly sixteen thousand men, women and chil? dren will hav?? to move. At Are! it will r? Milt in packing the surrounding Ghetto still more closely, but even this ,?, ill hav*? it?-? compensations ln the wide spaces sel free. Lat? r, it Is believed, many will remove uptown. Such a wholesale di structlon of landmarks an I alt.Ting of the face of things the Bast Sid??, that chang's little, on Ih? whole, as year follows year, baa never known. Borne of the moal plcl nreaqne ?tn?! curious buildings and blocks of tbe town will 1??? wiped out Th? park Is to run from Kssex-.st., at the corner of Hester-st., t?? East Broadway (including Ihe Benin* fountain), thence to Jefferson-st., up Jefferson to Division, along Division to Buftolk, to Hester, and then bach t<> the corner flrat spoken ot The east side of Baaex-at. will thus go (all th? buddings between these point?: being tOITl ?!? ..M. ?.!' lidi Of HeS ter-st. along Its two buslesl blocks, tbe ?? I bl.?? k of Norfolk-st, wi;h Its high, grimy tene? ments, its rear houses and its tiny courtyards; one side of Sirfio.k-st. below Hester or?.! t1:?? upper end of th? s'iuar?? ihiit Baal Broadway makes at Ita Juncture ?.?.ith Canal-st Strali?.?? bodge-podgea ?.!' buildings are In these aquarea, the low mingled with the '.u?!). sis-story tenements with their flre-eseapes reaching <>ut lil;?? spider wei.s alongside of i??w wooden cot? tages, dating bach long before the war. There la on?? building, non a Maims groggery, at Nor? folk and Division bid. to **? with Use rea*. Uia.t merits remembrance, for Its wooden walls made a rendezvous many years oro for the lieutenants of William M. Tweed. Her??, it Is said, this "Bo"**"** arranged many of his plans. FVw of ths buildinirs, thouKh, have any ?definite traditions or memos lea, Those that ? iw tower abov?? their neighbors and shelter, .?ach .me of them, secs if not hundred.;, were built only a few yeara ago, when Polish and Lithuanian Immigration began to swell the death rale of the old ?????!?? Ward. Th.re are ?enough of the perniine old stru?tur?-s standing, however, ?especially those in this part of I ?ivision-st.. to ?five the re'rion th?? charm of constant variety. Had the one aim been simply to pick the won't tenements in New-Tork tot blotting out, hardly a b??lt< r section could have been chosen. A r.w of those in Norfolk and Heater sts. within thes?? park boundaries, and hence to fail apeed j ily, now are abodes ..f the foulest typ??. The ' nipht has always ben th.? time to s.?.? them in thiir bare, loathsome detalla. Then by th.? dim , Same of a siimi.? lamp .ach revelation <>f povi r ty stands out more dearly and more distinctly, the playgrounds of the poor. (lb ster-st., lof>kiii|" west from Norf.ilk-st.) ami th<? "jargon" that <?? hoes through the black hallways s??? ms uncanny and W? ini. New-Tork'a Jewry will be greatly altered by ? this ?park-making In its most vital part, but hard? ly inore ao than the ?region ?somewhat further : uptown, on the dividing Uni ??f residence between ? the Hungarians, Jewa and Irish folk. This aec ond park, tearing down for which is t?. begin . at th.- sam*? lime, la to . m ? ?1 from Cist ,11??ustm.-: t. to Stanton-st., and from Pltt-at. to I 8heriff-8t., destroying thai portion "f w.lbtt-st. that la in between, levelling t.? the ?ground the ! ram..us old "Bone Alley." a spot that has Ii ng ? . u ?i..? bane of philanthropies. Th. re aie not ; s?, many tall ??? m m ni here, ami more liitl?? h mi . of ,? .? ?;, long past; nor la ther? aa mu? h Ufi and movement. But ?iirt relgna quite as much ?king, and if the buildlnga do not no quite s., high in th. air. they ar.? still as crowded and as much the haunt of poverty-stricken living as those tbal ar In Esses and Norfolk sts. What these "small parks" will be, when tbe last bit of tutf has 1?.?. ? laid and the finishing ? ?uchca put on tbe whit? edifitea to stand In them, is shown In Cori-.?is H??..k Park to-day. That "reservation" in the midsl >.i a ?crowd d city haa the added advantage of being on the river front, with a broad prospect of water and sky in al least one direction. Already, though it la hardly complete even yet and bas been thro.? ? open only a rear, it has entirely modified the . haracter of the aurroundlng district. Hun? dreds viali it every day, the ?popular hour, of ? ours.?, ?being after nightfall; mothers with chil? dren in th? ir arms or holding ti>-ht t<> their ?kills, older < hltdren racing aloni,- the paths ur up and ?low p the broad slips of the ?great pa vilion, L>iiu?U iuui?? i:.?-a ami -?irla o? Uli.? mamtA Kai.?, and tired-out workmen, who, oftener than Otherwise, get a quiet "snooze" ??n the benches, far more comfortably that they cou!.I of a hot summer's night In (heir < los ? rooms. As a pia.? of r*?st and comfort for the poor, the modern "small park** goes a lotit? way ahead of the ???. ks. LITTLE EAST SIDE PESSIMISTS. HOW Tin: TAi.Mt'i? IKPL?BNCEg and IN? SPIRES Till?: JEWISH CHILDREN - THEIR AMBITIONS Ari gTUDENTS. A s'rang'iy pathetic story of th?? news printed ?aiiy in th?? week concerned a boy of th? tene? ments, Sim?.? by nani.?, fourteen years old, the son of J"wish parents of tbe los.'sl class, who, discouraged and crushed because be bad fail???! t.. .vii a scholarship at the tlm ? of taking Ids examinations for the College of th ? City of New Tork, drowned himself in the Baal River, A curious feature of this suicide Was lhat the boy was a Socialist in embryo, and had mad*? up his mind to become a preacher <<t tins, doctrines to his fell .v..?? in it?? depth? of p**nttrnk*m over l.is failure h?? kill?.i him.??? If. ! Though such ? .ase is unusual, this dissatis ; fled, ambitious temperament is .1 <?. minori thing 1 arming th.? youth of th ? Baal Sub. The lower the . !.. ? and tb?? greater the poverty th.? more | fully th? re tendencl s an? developed, "f quite | as great an ambition are the Jewish girls of the tenements, but m them th?? pessimism and th? I dissatisfaction are alt Iher la ? ? ? g, As brill? iant and a- hard stud nia as th?? boya they are brighi in spirits and happy. Bui th.? tenement bred !"?.'? of thla faith <??- a disciple "f Schopen? hauer, and, almost b f.>.? he begins t.? wear long trousers, a student of political economy and so? cial ethics. Th?? time bi ya of other ra? a spend hi ball and athletics be devotes t?> study and discussion, it is ??? unusual thins !'" youngsters of twelve and thirteen t" be heard grav ly dis? cussing the deepest problems of lit'.?, quoting correctly from star der.; and deep works of phi? losophy. If accused of being pessimists, thy deny th?? ?bar?;*. becaUf ?. they say, "a pessimist is a man wir?, kiils hin,s if. beine tired of living, aad we do not int. nl ??> die." Bui they have .? fine scorn ?.f society and the progresa of th.. world, and h.?|,I to it all through ih? ir boyhood. What gives these boyi and girls their remark ai ??? mental grasp of morals ami philosophy and makes them able to argue so fluently, splitting points with th-? cas? of practls? d orators, ?s -aid to ' ?? th*? Influence of the thousands of years ?>f th.? Talmudlc training *.f their race. Their fathers and grandfathers before them, and even ?, n? lariuiL? buck. UioLixh iguoiaat in tho aa? ? eepted term, peasants and ped? re, "were drill-?1 In the Talmud, which is a code of manners, mor? als rand philosophy of ?great compietene** The Influence of heredity is most pronounced In thens children. ?Sever? students, they carry ??? ?prisa after prize in ?college ?and ?achool. A year cr so as??, at the College of the City of New-Tork, two brothers won nearly ?very prise offered eleven in all. In the Normal ?College and In the university just Mentioned the hightol ranklnga are nearly always won by these boya and girla, Coming fr? m stuffy tenement-rooms, roughly dressed and stunte.i in ?growth, thev give all their working hours to achieve simply li-.r;. The disappoint? ment at anything resembling failure Is crushing. Hut they B*4dom falL It is .?nly hatic? about Is!?? that these ; : Jews of Ihe tenements have bi n noticed In 'l.y nnm!? rs in the blghei schools of ?? M V ile. In th?s?? leven years, however, they have raised the . tandard <>f acholarshlp t ? a point it Is ex tr. mely difficult for any one ? li e to attain. Even arriving at this, the mosl ?f th?m of the b ya ? are full of moods and sll nces, discontent d that they cannot move th ? world at once. <?? EL INDIA V DA \'CE8. tortures inflicted on helpless victim.?;. Washington corresponden of The Bt I ?ula Globe-Democrat. Captain chart, s ?. Nordstrom, of the l?th United states Cavalry, acting Indian agent at the Pueblo and Jicarllla Agi ri? y, In ??\?;-?? xlco, has written an Interesting letter to the Com missioner of Indian Affaira with regard to the Indian dances. The ?letter treats of the eubject In a manner novel in official communications, and throws new light on a matter that has long given great concern to everybody Interested In the Indian question. The letter is dated June 2& ?Captain Nordstrom says: "During my recent inspection of the day schools attached to and lying south ?if this agency many of the teachers complained that on the occasion of a 'dance' In the Pueblo ;h?.*y were either locked In their rooms and compelled to remain there until the festivities were over or were driven out of the village entirely, and ordered not to come back under a given time - the teacher at San Felipe being ejected and driven ?across the Klo (?rande. "The Indians pretend that it would be ?sacri? legi to admit an outsider to a participation In them, or even to be present ?as a sp"<.-tator, but this is only a pretext, an excuse to ail.iv/ them to assert their prerogative, the traders at Jemez an?l Zuni informing me that neither of them is molested when th? dances are going on. and that they have both bien Invited t<> ami have witnessed even the most Beeret <>f them If these ?dances, like the camp-mcetlng revivals of the Southern negro, resulted only in a harm? less enthusiasm in rellgfoua fervor, no exception could be taken to th.-m, but they are often the origin of gr??at outrage?. The trader of Zuni related the circumstances ?>f one cas.? wMch to?ik place in that village not Ion?? ago, which does n<>t speak very well for the advancement of those engaged In it "A young man, just from Carlisle, was ordirci to dance, and dcciine.1, representing that he had graduated at s? ho?>l, had learned a trade, and was now an American, and Americana did not danee that way. Thereupon the governor ar? rested him, tied him up to a tree, and ordered him leiten, and beaten be was- nearly to death. He danced after that. "Xunl. it will be recalled, was the ecene of the ri-cent hangln-,- ?>f a poor old creature as a witch. While I was there Miss Dlssette, th?? estimable ?principal <?f th?? school, aent for the victim of this ?revival "t the days when ..ur New-England forefathers piously devoted th? Ir neighbors to the stake, and bared h?'r poor ,.|| arms t . my In? specte.n. There waa no difficulty In discern? ing the s.ars mad.? by the cruel curds, which had cut the fiesfa through ?<? ti.?? bone. This poor old woman is al leas! aeventy-flve or ?eighty y.-ars old. At thi Imminent risk <?f her life and the forfeiture of her ?popularity with the ?medicine ????? Miss Dlssette went to the .?id woman's house, and, by nursing her night and day, revived the (Ink. ring lini??? "f lif?? which had so nearly ?been extinguished. As this woman. h'?r voice tr? mbltng with Indignant emo I tlon, described the circutnstancea of thla un? speakable horror, my own cheek blushed that thirty-six yeara ? f my lif?? had been apenl in 1 the aervice of a government under which such things could be done. "The ttader's -....k. an Indian youth ab ut twenty, unfortunately incurring th.? displeas? ure ???? th?? medicine men. was arrested as a witch, and. hut for ti. flrmnesa of bla em? ployer, would ?have b ? put I ? death, and even now he dues not venture outside th premises after dark for fear of being kidnapped by the emissaries of these Renda In human ahape, who will never rest ratlsfled until he la immolai 1 upon th.- aliar ?f their beastly superstition. "It may be ?asked. 'What has all this get t.. do with dances?" Everything, because all the outragea committed originate In a ?lai.ee. is rain wanted? Then ?lance. is there a tlood? The} dance. Should the doctora lia?. made a m stake In their estimai ? of Ihe amount of hu? midity th?? clou.!?? contain, and precipitation f.?i! to ensue, or if the rain continu ?.? and the Hoods fall t?? subside, they Immi llately :.t^[ about them for a acapeg? rt. who la arrested and treated a ? a witch, fur making m ? 11 ? - i t : ?gainst th?'ir mclicin??. and they invariably hit upon sum.? p..or oi.i woman who has nei;!:.?!? money nor fri? tels, or other poor devil (no profanity Intended) without connection! or Influence, whom they devote to torture often death, .?nd thus ?save th Ir reputations a*? augura and aooth aayers. "Th?.-; whole question In all Ita damnable ramifications will, of n< 'ty, havi t< be set? tled aooner or later. The >'?? "ernment cannot a . ..n appi ?printing millions y ..;? sfl tr year for the civilisation ?>f the Indian while theae piacu.? apota exist and thrive on it-? bounty. Hut this letter is principally con ?nod for the protection of the teach.rs. What sh:? 11 I da to secure them from insult in tbe future? I r.? ape-ctfully ask for Instructions It is no us.? t? turn the matter .?\??? to th?? Territorial authori? ties. That haa ?.? tried and failed. The gen? eral Government bas ?got t" tak? hold of It, through Hi F.trong arm of Ita arbitrary pow? rs. Force, by which th.se ?people ?govern them aelves, la ih<? only argument which appeala to their obedience, and th?? state ?if tblnga I have described will continu.? to go on until, by a show ?if force, they he. onv? <-<>uv_?d the Cov? ar?,????ut Li ?*> tintimi**