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LEOPOLD THE WRONG MAX.
WHY THIS N* \TT<~.\' ?-"???'?.? OBJECT TO THE BELGIAN KING AS ARBITRATOR THE ?? MM1 . '. r: ?,\ , ; >> - ptm?, p;.?; BEL? QIl'M Avn .' ?.: ?.' \ spa.vism MEMO r.ANl ? ??? ?t s?? ? ? D PITT ".?\'.: ' ' - ? : ? ?. ITP r,?:ARD. '' much as Japan la reported to hav?? sug ? ? ted ihe m minatlon < t Ring Leoni M t.. acl aa ? lor In hi ? con ?rovi . -y with th.? United " ' ? on ?.! .? :-iii.j.. t .,f Hawaii, i? may be timely '" : ' nt ' ?.:; the reaa ns why this country should under no circumstance consent to tl.?? selection of tl?? B? !? ni m', r for the purpose, ami at the Bam? lime ? ? all attention ?? th Incongrui!) ??; submitting disputi ? in which republics are con? cerned to tin? judgment of monarci?. it i.; ? r ly necessary t.? ghinee over the list of the I'ght) odd international difficulties I leave oui I how of minor Imp al ance whi? h have Ik ? I? s t tled by arbitration since is'?*?. In order to per ??/.? I,? ,. far m? ? fr? quently the names <.f em? perors and of kings are t<> be found figurine, aa Judges in th? case than thosi of personages of ? pxalted rank, socially Bpeaklng. The late ?7??, dull? Bl and most prejudii ? ?! of his lin.?; the tranken and dissolute King of Holland, the late King Victor Emmanuel, whose financial Irregu tarlt ? in al tin- bottom of the present admin? istra live ? -? ? ? ? .ti? m ami sadly impair? d credit of Italy; tan; ;? r Napoleon ill. most unsi rupuloua ?f m? -.. ? r u and aa Inveterate a conspirator af I. r 1. Ion to th- Ihr..?.? as in Ih- .la;, s when lc was still a men? political l-.nr.e; the ' .? Emperor William, wh... though a chivalrous gent! mai andan ex.ce.lcnl soldier, understood ? thing ai> at international law; Dom Pedro <>f ", tazil and King Oscar "f s.v. d. n, have time and again l :. ?ailed upon t?. a? t as umpires in In ? ?. : ai complications. Ii,? nn-?? as tlie I'nit???! Stales Is a party to r .".?? ????? .,nt ..f the cases above mentioned ?. submitted t.? arbitration, ami as. moreover, ? : country ami the South American rep?blica ????? Jointly responsible foi at least two-thirds "f II ? . ntire number, cynical pi rsons might And II ? ,u ground for arguing lhal the people on this Bide of tl,? Atlantic entertain a far meat, r t ;? ird for thi justice <>f th?? so-called "anointed <: tli- T.<t?1" than is consonant with the doc? trines of democracy that constitute th?? founda? tion of tl??? great American commonwealth, Till: LESSON nl' EXPERIENCE Incidentally it may t"? pointed out that mon? archical governments man If? st a decided prefer enci ior selecting non-royal personages, and oftentimes republican sta! m? ?. ?.:: '. dlgnil irle! as arbitrators. Thus England has in several distances Invoked tl?? sen ces of the chief mag? istrates ? :' France and of Switzerland in such matters, while the President of the United States |?as likewise been called upon by crowned rulers t ,;, ? ? min? thi ? ghl and th?? ?? rong of dli put? s In whi? h tiny had ? ecome Involved. And in this t.. y slew their good sens??. For writing, not ;.-? an American, but as a foreigner, it is Im , ?:. foi n- te ?liny that th- re is far great? r chance ?'fa Just verdict beine renden l by non r >ai personages than by kin^-s or emperors. Tins?? latter, when a ?as.? is referred to tinn?. t ?thi r turn it ovi r t- some ? I il?? ir legal a.?vis. rs und take no further trouble about the matter. except to affix their signature t?. the legal opinion drawn up ior their approval hy the lawyers or politicians win.m they have employed for Ihe I :i? ,.-.?. ?t ?I.-??, if they take th?? matter in hand cms? Ives, under th- imi ri ssion th.it G?. Ir crown has invested th. m ?.?.?? an abstruse knowk du- ?? ih- i ? 11 ? a. ?? ? of ?nt mattonai law without ?\?i having studied the latter, they are ni ? t?? make the mosi ridiculous mistakes, Tl i:;. Km-' William ??; Holl md. -?:? asked by th l'nl ed States many years bro t ? d termine th? northeast boundary line, oi ih? eubjeel ??;' which then wai a difference of opin? ion with Great Lirita ?. <?. ? ned t?. accept either V. ? A miTiean r the English vie .?. -. and rendi ?. d ) ! . j n in favor of a preport?*rous frontier ? in ? hl?? own devising, -.I.i? h ?as md onl) unac? , ?.?;;!???? t?. both ? ounti I? . ? ??? ? in? d. hut abso? lute!) .?:.;? : '?? :?? ographi? ally as w< II ;? - po? litically Ind ed, ,? Is ?:.i'it ult to say ?vhlch Is the ? t unsatl factory of the t ? ?, ; he monarch \. ho takes his umpireship au s?rieux, and insist on rdlng him? If as a ver) Daniel com? to . it, or els? Ihe king nr emj ror ? ho turn . . r th? papers com ? ? ted ? Ith the mattei to . un and Irrespom? bl nnd? riti f ? h? . Id ntit) and qu ilifi? at ? the pai ties ; ? : he disputi an ni Ir? ly ign .? ant. Tl qu< r ? ? Is all tl.?? more w orthy ? ?'I rati? ? as the !'?.:?? d S'a? , hi,]?, fair ? h? ?. m? Involved ere long In n conlrovrs) ...?:, '": ain ?.f the ?.?..". charactei ai the '?:.. , -..?:. ? ulty, and ? hl : :??? tl? ? latti r, h ili ha? e io Ih submit Ud t? arbitr?t . Throu h privat advice received from Madrid, 1 ham that ."ald'-r ? Carlisle, the legal adviser of tl?.? Span? ish Legation at Washington, while spending hia i.olidays with his cousin at Zaranz, waa sum? moned lo Sar, Sebastian by the now murdered Premier Cam .a-, f? ? the purpose of submitting ? , the latter, and discussing with him, a very elaborate m murandum drawn up b) Mr. Ca In accordance with th? Ii ructions of Minister Dupuy d? Lome, and which Is d??stlned t.. con? stitute the basis of Just the same sort of d< mand by Spain upon the United Statea as that which the latter made upon Great Britain In connection with the ?lama:;- done by tin? Alabama and other Confederate privateers an.l filibustera dur? ing the Uouble v.r.b the South. Tbe point tuiuie by Spain Is Identically the sam<? ns that mad?? by this country in connection with the Alabama claims, namely, that if the laws against filibus? tering had been rigorously enforc? ?1 Incalculable injury to the State u w,.|. as ;,, private prop, uy, would hav.? b? en avoid? d. THE SPANISH CASE. Th,? memorandum contains a long list of fili? bustering expeditlona of v< isela laden with arms and ammunition for the Insurgents, first arrested by th?? United Btat? ? authorities and then re? leased; of verdict? of local tribunale In tl" United states favoring the rebela .ind of in? stan?.s where the g?."<i intentions "f tb?? United stai.s Government Itself have been entirely paralysed and s? t at naught by the sympathy of Its officiala with the Cuban ?aus.?. Then, too, the memorandum gives an exposition of the opinions ? xpr. seed by every Presiden! of the United States, from George Washington to Major Mc? Kinley, concerning the duty of th<? United Btatea Government in dealing with filibusters, and In fulfilling the stipulations of International law, ami likewise cites numerous cases bearing upon the subji ? t decided by Ihe Supreme ?'.?urt <.f this country in order t.. show that the United states officiala hav?? ?.? ?n remiss In their dutlea, and have !??? guilty of Intentional neglect In tbe ? ? irUon oi the lawa of the land, as Interpret? d ;?> the highest tribunal? and by the m?usl eml n< nt j'.n Ists and ?.??? utb e officer? "f this Nation. n cannot be denied that the memorandum in question presenta a plausible and cleverly put case, and that inasmuch as the Spaniards pro pos, t.. hase thereon their argument thai this country ?? ?? eponsible for the undue prolongation of tbe Insurrection, as well as for tbe Immense amount of injury done to Spanish life and prop? er!) In < 'ul a, thi y ? 111 have a claim for datnagi a u ainsi ih- Unit? ?? Stati s at least as large as the latter'? d mand upon England in connection with ih? Alai ama ? ontroversy, and calculated t?. more than offset an) claim which the Slat.? Depart? ment at Washington may have to present at Ma Iri l f? r .lama-?? done to American life and pmp.i iv in the Aioli'? ". li in possible, nay even probable, that the ca? lati ;.!' thl : ?? m? randum of M Dunu) de , Lome, and of Calder?n Carlisle, may I"? denied at the Spanish legation at Washington. But, for all that, it Is in the ban.Is of the l?uk,? ??t Tetuan, ih?? Minister of Foreign Affa its at Mad rid, who Is only awaiting \?- hut Is considered to t .? the m? si convenient and propitious moment for presenting it t>? the United States, And it will be difficult for ihe latter to decline 8| aln' request for the submission of the matter to In? ternational arbitration. The only thing thai Ihe Ann rlcan Govi mm? nl should guard againsl m that event I: the selection ?? any crowned !" ?! a? umpire, since public sympathy ?m this d? of th? water has been avowedl] and notori with the ''ni.ans, and ?nip. r, rs and kings ? be expected In any way to countenance who sympathize with people In a state of in urn lion againsl Unir monarch. I.i:?i|'?il.I'?.?'. RELATIONS WITH JAPAN. In additi? p I" these general objectl >na to the tnploymenl of reigning sovereigns as arbitra? ti ? . particularly In disputes to which rep?blica are pani... there are other reasons why King '?? pold I? the very last person who should ?ver he chosen to act as umpire in any controv? rsy in which Japan Is concerned. Among the nu? lli? r?.us commercial, Industrial ami financial en terprises in which L-opold is interested as prin clpal st?> kliold? r and moving spirit is th?? BCW Japanese-Belgian Trading Company, which is of sufficient importan?- to have inaugurated within tiie last few months ? fortnightly Una of ?team <rs of larga tonnage between Antwerp and Yokohama. Mol only the company Itself but likewise the it ramshtp line arc heavily aubvon tloned hy the Mikado's Government, which has also accorded to the concern .special facilities and favore In connection with tariff rat?ea and Slat?? contracta With that keen ??><? for the main chance which dlatlngulshea Leopold, it natu? rally follows that he Is prejudiced in favor of his Japanese friends ami anxious t?. show him? self appreciative in every possible way <?f their lib? ratify toward th?? company in which he is s.? largely interested. Indeed when th?? Mlkado'a mother died last spring he was tin? only mon? arch in Christendom who wenl ??ut <?f bis way t?. order a fortnight of court mourning for the dead Empresa Moreover, Leopoid'a personal reputation and private character an? such that no business housea would ever dream of Invoking hia sen Icea as ,m ni eil ? at ?G, just as little as the Nobles' Club, at Brussels, would think of submitting t.. him for a ?I??? Islon an,?, question of honor or chivalry. The aristocracy of Belgium canno! forgive or forgi ? the manner in which he treated the two i'?,unts of Conchy in the transaction, macklng of Kaboth'i vineyard, by means of which ii?? obtained ih? ir acrea In order t<> round ? ff JLhe park of his beautiful country eeal of Ciergnon. Sharp nractlce la the mildest expres? sion that ? an I..? us-?i in describing th?? affair, and th- lawsuit which tl??? two Counts Insti? tuted againsl His Majesty had the effeci of eub .? . riti-,' him to so mm h popular odium and alms ? that he must sometimes have asked himself wh. th? r or noi th- 2,(N10,uOO or .'?.ihhi.ii mi franca to the extent of which he got the liest <?t the plaintiffs were, after all, worth all tin ob'.oquy which Ii Incurred. In hia Industrial, commer? cial arid stock exchange dealings I.pold mani? festa a desire t.. be considered aa astute and smart, rather than aa kingly, and. although it . annoi be denied that h is one ? f the moat shrewd and long-headed n.onarchs In Chrlsten dom, yet, curiously enough, he lias t. en singu? lar!) unlucky In the majority of his ventures, differing in this respect from King George of Greeci and King Oscar of Sweden, both <>f whom aac nded their Ihr ones as poor men, and are now en? ? mous!) w ? althy, Leopoid'a ...n-tant Ill-luck rind consequent financial nee? is I lies have frequent!) driven him int.. the aims of rinati? i> is by no means of good standing, si?:.- the Rothschilds closed Ihelr doors against him, and some of his associations hav?? in consequence been ?>f an exceedingly extraordinary character, notably his intimacy with the late "Colonel" North, the so-called "Nitrati? King," a man of the most appalling vulgarity, who was, nevertheless permitted by Leopold to pal him on the back, and t?. Invite a very mixed party of his own city friends In London to et ay for a week as the King's guests al Ciergnon during the shooting season, the | Colon? I pi a. ti? all) doing the honors and offici?t ing as master of the entire establishment, with all Its army of royal servants and retainers. If the Belgian newspapers are to be believed, I^opold is Interested In several of the gambling establishments at Ostessa, spa and elsewhere, and it is. certain that he has Ron?? out "f his way t?> visit his displeasure upon those Judli lai and magisterial officials win? have distinguished themselves by their too strict enforcenu nt of the laws against gambling at Ostend; and, al? though married to an Austrian Ar? hducheas, with two of his daughters settled at Vienna, yet he is in the worst of "dor in the metropolis of tho dual empire ?n consequ? nee <>f the firm b?-lief wMch prevalla in court ?in lea there to the effect that be has squandered in speculation, notably in his Congo company, the whole of the im? mense fortune of his only Bist? r, the ? x-K'npr? ss Charlotte of Mexico, of whose estate be is the trustee, and who, ir popular rumor ?s t?> be be? lieved, is completely cur? ?l <>f her dementia? and merely k.pt under restraint because her brother is unable to give a proper account of her prop? rty. STORIES TOLD OP THE BELGIAN KIN?:. in conclusion, two littl?? Incidents, trivial in themselves and yet characteristic, may l??? given bere as Indicating th nature of the man whom Japan wishes to nsme as arbitrator In her con? trovers) with the United Statea It Is customary at the vaii. us courts >.u yonder side "f th?? At? lantic for ea< h foreign dip! ?mat to receive from the sovereign a na?t ing gift on presenting bis letters of recall, which mostly takes the form of a j??? riled ?mar ? as? 11 snuffbox. Pour yean ago a foreign diplomat, whlh attending a fare? well ?banquet at the palace, received from King Leopold p Kuperb gold cigar case studded with costly Jewe'e as a memoir of his sojourn at the Court . i' Belgium. On th? day following a note arrived from the aide-d? camp-ln-waitlng beg? ging thai the cese might ?? returned for boom Inscription t?. !?<? added to tl?" Interior. Of course, the ?li; : mat consented. After waiting tot men !) f? ? several ?lays?, but actually several weeks, in ? rder t?? gel it back, and writing re? peated!) !" ?(? pala???, be waa finally forced to leave Br?ssel without it. and has never seen it to this day, Recently, however, he met his success? r, who, In his turn, had just i? ft Brus? sels. Th? lati r was full of enthusiasm about th?? King l.? pold," he exclaimed, "is a rapi? ta! ?hap. presented me v. ?h a splendid gold cigar .as., heavily incrusted with magnificent gems, when l took my leave of him. I would lik?? to have showed it to you, only the) asked to have ii back for a tit. to make an altera? tion of ? ?me s. p." Th?? smile that developed on tbe features of the other diplomat 1.ame i???th broad and ? ventually loud, and further investi? gation brought to light tl?.?? fact that yet other diplom?is ha?l been treated In th-? sau?.? man? n? r; that is t?. say, pr? sumably the Identical gold cigar case had don? duty for th?'in all. On another occasion Leopold was about to presenl an English gentleman with a gold cigarette cast aa recognition for some services rendered. The man, how. ver, waa bo profuse in the expression ?if hut gratitud.? at the honor conferred by the King In receiving him that Leopold cam?? t" the com luslon that the ? Igar ette case would be superfluoua He accordingly did not present it, but actually p taint ??! it in? closed In the third and fourth digits of his right hand, while he extended the iirst and second of his fingers in an effusive farewell to the worthy lititon. The Kin? mad?? no secret af? terward of what he had done, declaring that it would have been too stupid to waste so pretty a piece of Jewelry on a man already so well satisfied. EX-ATTACHE. SEWING MACHINES ttS MEN-OF-WAR. Fr un Th?? Chicago Tribune. Visitors on board war vessels in tl?.?? Xavy Tard will very likely see among th?? Bailors scattered about the decks smoking, talking, ami so ?m, a .-ail.r at work with a sewing ma, h i ne. It is a hand ??achine, and bas a pn tty h avy has,?, so that it can be set down on <!? , U and worked easily without shifting its position. Tl??? machine Is owned by the man working it. On ;t big ship Ok.?, for example, the battle ship Indiana, carrying a .tew of four hundred men or more, there would probably b?? found as many as a dozen sewing machin?e; on a thu.i ratte cruiser, a smaller vessel, such, for illustration, as the Detroit, there would be apt (.? i? ? f or or Uve Bewlng machines. Th.? machine? are fi n est owned by eallmakers and saslmakera* mates, but they may !.? owned by sailors; an) man on the ship mlghl have a ?ewing machine If l?. ? want? d t.. Space la valuable on a v? seel, and so onl) hand machines are aiiow.-.l, ami t.. bring a ma? nine aboard permission musi be got from tl.n mandlng officer, it Is noi to be supposed that every loan In the ship would want a s wing machin??; as a matter of fact, comparative!) few men do; ami those who want t,> take one .-?> lard ar?? n?.?: lik iv p. find any difficulty in th.? way. A s.f'-.v who has a sewing machine maki - and repairs garments for himself, ami !??? d??es work for others for pay. There are not so man) sow? ing m. ii.i.? s on il??? vessels uf th?? new Navy as th? re \* ? ?'.<? on tl???-.? of tl??? old; th < sailor nowadays makes up less ??f his own outfit than he formerl) did; he draws more completed .nu oies from the l?overnn nt; but there is sum plent) of work to be don? ah tard ship with eew ln ?. m irtiln? :. .md some money to be made with them yet. ? ? ? THE UGIITEST KNOWS SOLID. Prom The American Machinist. The lightest known soli?l Is said t?> lie thi pith ?if the sunti..w.r, with a specific gravit) ot <>2S. or about on?? ?ighth that of cork. The sunflower is extensively cultivated In ..titrai Russia and vari?.us uses a?.? served by its different pans. the recent discovery of tl?,? lightness of th?? pith essentially Increasing the commercial value "t the plant For life-saving appliances al se . cork has a buoyancy of on? t?. five, while with the sunflower pub one t?? thirty-five is attained. About eight hundred cubic Inches of ll would weigh as much as one cubic Inch of iridium, ihe heaviest mctaL ??? M \ ? ?-' ? M11 ' -' WELL 'd DONT PRnKKHH TU ?K * PARTirt'LARLT ???.?? Y 1??' HAN MKSCLF; BUT AT LASTE Mi: MU.?.:.Minia U 1:1:1; ALL g&UUATKD IN TUB IIUIGIIBR UBJUICIIES.?(Tunca,