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announcing Its proprietor's name. These are the
af?leos of the oyster merchants, who buy from the 8loopmon that sail into this cove formed by the White Star piers, and who, in many cases, own grounds or "beds" and vessels themselvea The fronts of the lower floors of these scows are thrown wide open all the day, and there are picturesque views within of tubs and buckets. Sturdy, broad-shouldered, jolly workmen opening the bivalves by the thousand and tossing them with quick slelght-of-hand Into receptacles In which float great lumps of Ice. Others are pack? ing the oysters into bushel baskets?these In? tended for consumption at nearby pointa. Ex? press wagon after express wagon and truck after truck rattles up along tho bulkhead, and moves away well loaded. It is behind the prows, however, that the same Is at Its best. Moored along to the back of ters from the bottom. When, toward the close of ?tho season, the tieds get fairly well worked out dredges are used to gather up the oysters remaining, and the steam vessels that have late? ly come Into the trade and have been built by wealthy companies are equipped with steam dredgej that enn clean up an oyster bed very completely. Tongs and rakes are handled by men In skiffs, who work on the beds In the Intervals between low nnd high tide- Rowing to the shore with their carpo, up an Inlet, or, as Is frequently the case ar??und Prince's Hay, up the Itaritan lUver, they put the oysters to "drink." This means lcttini* them lie in "floa's" of fresh water for four or five hours, or between tides, but the ex? pression "drink" Is quite accurate, for that Is precisely what the oyster docs. He opens his shell a little and absorbs the fresh water, "spit ARCTIC WALRUS H?NTINO. THE PBRILfl OF BHOOTINQ THE BEASTS ON THM ICE PACK. From The SL Louis Olobo-IX-mocraL "When the temperature was *M) degrees below zero, and no galo blowing, I have lain upon an ice pack In the Arctic Oc? an In TO degrees north latitude, and have shot walruses for forty-eight hours at a stretch." said Charles E. T. Foster, a whaler from San Francts.^0 who is stopping at the Pilgrim Motel. "Now, I am not boasting. Walrus srwoting under th?> conditions I named Is really line sport, if one is prepared t .r tin weather. I enjoyed it as much as a country boy dues hunting quail In Missouri in a snow covered Held in midwinter. The first thing is to know how to dress, with llann.-l and fur jii derweaT and sealskin hoots and overcoat in?l hood and mittens, as 'The Olobe-DemocratT' has often described for the benefit of the Klondike THE OYSTER FLEET-SORTING THE BIVALVES AT TIIK^ANDIxr;. these Boating warehouses and haunts of tradf are Bloops snd oyster steamers of ur*ly shape but attractive In their bold evidence of clumsj power, bo clise together, cheek-by-jowl, thai their sides touch and ?crape as they move Op an?] down with the tide. It is a dull day. too, when there are not several more vessels drifting out Bide, waiting for an opportunity to Ret a place to tie up. Half .?f these ves? is have their decks piled up with oysters, their masters lazily await? ing the demands of trad?'- the mon.?'nt when some prosperous merchant will appear at the back door ?jf his scow and beckon, emlling be? cause ?f the i undle of orders in his hands. 1'1'SIIIN?; A thai?:. Then the master will step briskly over the long, teetering board that is the pathway from his veaael to the n? are?! ac >w, and merchant and oyster craftsman will haggle over the price a thousand, it usually ends in the digger-sailor accepting the merchant'i figures. Somet? mea he is obstinat?. though, and rather than sell at what he thinks too low a price will lie in the "cove" all ninht. hoping the morning's demands will make valms go hii,hoi. Occasionally, ("."li after waiting over night, he still holds out for his price, and actually sails back to the ??.'rounds" ?grlth all or part of his carpo, dumping- It over? board whl n he Rets above the beds. This makes the oyst.-i m in a curious type of trader, and a Beemlngly improvident one, for when his next cargo is loaded he lias to pay his men for bring, tng Up the same oysters and for "drinking" them an .-.v. "Drinking" is one of the many Interesting features of th" oyster trade. Oyster be?ds lie some six to twenty f????t below the surface of the water, 'i'h-s.- beda sre "staked out" as are min? ers' claims, "siake.1 ..ut" quite literally, the Btakea b Ing in plain vi. av above the water. In ord.-r that there may be no Detaching, wat. Innen in boat-- are continually on guard The delect able a.hi:i oyster is from two to four years old, at bis i ?-,-?: at three, as a general rule. Three ..... | are . I I, "box" (the lar?.' ones), "cullens" (the small ones) and "cullentlnes'' (the very smaii>. These latterare, however, only for "half shell" use, and as soon as Mue Points come in th.r cullentlnes ar- no longer brought to the mark. t. CATCHING OYOTKRft A huRe rake and a pair of still more huge , tonga an; the tuple wen Ls used to raise the uys- I ting out," as the oystermex say, meanwhile. "Drinking" makes the oyster firm and round and white, filling up all his pires, and takes away the otherwise brackish taste. What is very curious about this "drinking" is that the water has to be precisely right for the oyst.r to get in his proper marketable con? dition. If the water is not right the oyster v. ill ti..; touch it in any quantity, and he might li. in it a week without being improved. It must be fresh, l.ut nut too fresh. An Interesting 'drink? ing'' incident occuited last week in refer? i ice i > a cargo in consequ? nee of tie- storms the Itari t.?.ii River was swollen and muddy. The oysters put to "drink" in it were dabby and a brownish green when they arrived at tie- scows. They liad refused to ",??;.>.k." and their llavor was low? red by several gastron?mica! degrees. As ins been said, tie- present crop of nystera comes from tie- sh-.i-s of Btaten Island, the most fam..us locality being a cove called Greal Kills. Along in Decei ?l" r the Eastern and Sum I oysters will begin to be at their best in New York. Blue Points ami Rockaways will arrive some time earlier, being at their height about October. An oyster s! ?op Can .-any as many as l'J.i.iMl oysters a trip, though few an- loaded beyond the fifty-thousand mirk. The sloopraen get about $350 a thousand for the small oysters, and $0!V0 for the large. A boatload would thus come to about |-K)0 at the most, one hundred and fifty large oysters ?ill a bushel basket There are 'J."?0 small ones in a bushel. How many oysters a day tin- market sells has never been calculate?!, A million ami a half to a million and three-quarters in the heat of the season Is th.- clos, st estimate fue lirrn alone bas the record of 300,000 In one day. THE DESCENT OF HIM:HS. From Tho Ohio State Journal. Generally speaking, the si-.po of the beds of rivers Bowing i,lto the Mississippi from the East is. on Die average, about thiee Inches per mil.-. Those entering it from the wrat hsrve an average descent of about six Inches per mi;.-. Th.- average descent per mile <>f the Missouri after it leaves the mountains is reckoned about .1 foot; tie- Des Moines, fr un its source to it? conjunction with the Ml slsslppl, about 7.:; Inches. The entire length ol the Ohio shows a tail of even live Inchea The Mississippi, from the mouth of the Ohio to the gulf, bas u. fall of about t.. j and a half in .. j. pllgrinai Walruses travel In rods, or herd and are generally f??un?l on an l?se pack out siRht of land. There are some men on eve whaling vessel In the Behring s.-a who ha hired out as v.aalrus-shooters. When a pod - . ? ises is seen on an Ice fio ? In the daytime tl walrus-shooter starts fn.ni the vessel In 'dinky.' which is a small skiff, with a boai paanted white t<? look like ice fastened in froi of ii i., shield th- hiint.r from view. One inn approach a walrua pod aaith great caution, f. if two or three big walrua s become frighten? and s!i '..- off the i ?? into the water th.- who p ?i is liable t? follow, and then all hunting is ; an end. I asas hunting walruses all the wa from Behring Strait to l'oint Barrow in tl summer of 1880. When I went ."?t in a 'dink: alter a pod of walruses 1 alwaya carried Bharp'fl tille, .,o-calibre, wlii.li could be used f> both dose and lone; range ahoottng. ?'-.am:; t tli? location of th.- lee pack one could som? Mm? - g? t within i?lsl yards ??f a walrus po.| h, f..i?? firing th.- Hn?i ahoi, but often I could ?> nu near r- than IWO yarda. Tie- Hral ta\.. ., three shots musl I..- aaith sure aim. and walrus mual )??? killed each time outright. If walrus i- wounded he Hopa overboard and th rest follow. If taao ..r time can b.- killed thel bodies roll over on the Ice, th?re is no rtinuno tlon, and the whole pod remains "ti th..' i pa? k. After killing the Aral two or three then worked my way in the 'dinky' gradually tow aid the Ice pack, until I could make a lin.Im: and hi.le behind the carcass of one of the aaai roses l had kill. .1. "I would th. n lie behind a dead walrus am shoot others all day lonR. It Is tie n a mere mat ter of loading ih.- mm and sho .ti?i!-r. tor no skil is ri-iuir-.-d to kill the other walruses. I haa hidden behind a dead walrus and |?oked my gui barrel against the head of a live walrus an. shot it. I have kilted '_*.?hhi of these animals ii one day. The brain of a walrus is nol in th? top of its head, but Is located in the hump?n th? i..wk of ?is neck. That bump i< t!" target foi ? ih" walrua Bhooter, for a bullet through thi i.rain is Instant ?bath lo tl..- animal. Borne ol ih.- bulls ar ? so ..ii that ta a ;. ive barna? :? n them. "A full-grown walrus, bull or cow, is larg i and heavier th.m a Texas st? r. When alarmed they whistle like the steam launches aa.- ?e. in the l.ik.s in city parka, The walruses are I kiil'd f..r the Ivory obi lined from th Ir tusks. The ivory runs from six pounds In a young cow, to seventy-five ..r eighty | pound, m the i ?a i tusks ? f an old bull. In l**v<?. avilen I Was aaalius hunting, aaalrus Ivory was worth .S'-".'., per pound Then, a walru I in out from taao t.. three barrels of blubber, aa rth m? g barrel. Walrus oil I? told In th market f.r \a hai. oil, and is just aa g I m nun "Waitu '? i..-, i : ,!ii ,i hunt? r on th?' -, bul they make it llvelj foi him som tliiua in ihe water. Wall u - hunting is n t without Its dan? gers. Walr u-?? ?I . |. n, still a . ; among the ke packs, a?.?.h their brown 1? ada uut .?:' the water only two c. three Inches, each h<?ad look? ing exactly like the crown of a brown derby hat floating In the water. The hunters call them 'sleepers.' It is worth a man's life to awaken an old bull 'sleeper,' or to run into a herd of sleeping walruses with a little 'dinky.' wi.. n a sleeper is awakened it fights, and let mo t?n you .1 walrus in the water can light viciously. They fight with their tusks, ami an old bull or a cow can drive a tusk through a small boat at one str >ko and wreck it." "DM y m ev.-r have 1 hair-breadth escape, Mr. Poster r "Well, I had a lively light with a big walrus cow on -e, and 1 though! th ? ji',- ?as all up ? h mo. it was in August, 1880, that I was walrus hunting ?n ih,- Arctic Ocean off l'oint Barrow. ono day 1 started out in a 'dinky* ami had a big Norwegian sculling f. r me. and I was making for a moving ! -e pack gradually, as I had slghl I a line pod of walruses A young walrus calf haid" ned to he in the water ant! came near tho boat. The moth.-r was an exceedingly targe cow, and she no sooner saw the calf coming toward us than she whistled In ang.-r and Started for tho boat with lightning-like speed I saw a green streak three feet under the clear water as the old cow made for us, and I knew I ?hail th.? fight of my life. The Norwegian be? came fright? ned and slipped and fell in one 1 nd 1 of the boal ami lost one of the oars. The wolrUS cow struck the boat a. glancing lick with her ! tusks, ami the uttit? 'dinky' went halt" ..vtr, dipped and was half full of wat.;-, f shot th? j cow with my rifle twice ami wounded her, .ind , then she dived down and came up with terrible force and knot ked a hoi- with her tusk through tho bottom of th" boat. Quick as a flash, 1 I jammed my gun through t!i ? h .1- and i ?uld f.'.-l i tho barrel touch ths cow as 1 tired. She came up alongside th.- boat and th.n m) fourth shot killed h.r. The Norwegian, by Instinct, had grabbed the remaining oar and aas working vigorously toward an Ice pack near by. Tho boat was rapidly filling with water, and we reached th? Ice just as it was sinking. It was a most miraculous escape. If ths old cow had capsize?! tin- boat when she first stru.k it the Norwegian and I would have never lived to tell the ?tory. for it would have been Impossible for us to swim in thi? icy water. IX PERIL <>N TIIK ICE. "We reached th.- i,-.. rone too soon, anyway. The a/m-ry whistling of the ?lying cow, th-> crack of my ride, and tin- commotion in tin- water had alarmed all the walruses in tin- vicinity, ami a big pod plunged '>ff of an ice pack and came over to see what the rumpus was about. The sight of t!i ? dead i 0W set them wild, and the water roundabout was soon a seething mass of hundr.-d-: of walruses. Th.. big bulls would give screaming whistles in their anger, as they dived and split the war es with th"ir long, sharp tushes. A man's life would not have been worth a straw if sailing in a 'dinky* in the midst "f that pod of angry walruses. Once on the j???? wi? wen? not yet sat'-? The temperature was ?10 degrees below zero, and we had to run around on the ice f..r one hour to keep from freezing to death. The water in the boal had turned to lee on our fur clothing. Our whaling vessel was Dire., miles away, but tin- look ait had s-on our narrow escape, and he sent a big whai-boat. manned by five men, to rescue ua The pod of angry walruses only lingered around the Ice f< r a half-hour and then disappeared. So we won? rescued with safety. "When a walrus hunter makes a landing on an be pack on which Is a pod of walruses, the rulo among thr? whalers is that he must remain and keep shooting as long ils the walruses stay there. The longest period that l remained on an Ice pack shooting walruses was forty sight hours, without sleep. The temperature was .*M) degrees below tero, but the sun was shining and no wind was blowing. The cap? tain of the whaling vessel sent food and coffee to mo by the oth?-r men. I wore a big sealskin mitten over a buckskin glove on my right hand. Which 1 used on the trigger of my gun. While lying behind a dead walrus shooting for hours at a time I have often felt my right hand get? ting benumbed. I would take off the glove and mitten and stli k my hand in the Ice water, put th.? glove and mitten on again quickly, and then rub the hand and start a glow. Then I would rip open ihe body <?f a walrus I had just killed, anl stick my right band Inside and warm it by the animal heat that yet remained In tho carcasa In this way I prevented rny hand from being frozen. "I almost lost my life during that period of forty-eight hours of walrus shooting. The Nor? wegian who was with m>? during tin? fight with the walrus cow saved me. Through constant w.nk ami loss .if sleep I had t.ome exhausted. As I r.iis.-d my gun and rested the barrel on the ? body of a dead walrus and was taking aim to shoot I fell asleep. In a short time I would, of course, have frozen to death. Luckily, the N<?r weglan coime up with some coffee and aroused me. and saved my life. "'I'll-- most powerful animal of the Arctic regions is the polar bear. As th.- lion is the king of beasts in equatorial Africa, the polar bear is tbe monarch of the animal world m-ar the North Pote, l hove seen a ?."?ar bear with mi.- stroke of its paw kill a walrus bull that was larger than a Texas steer. Then th.- bear would pick up the big ear- ass and carry it in its jaws, jump into the sea and swim away, and pull th.- carcass up ont?, another ice pack. Cap? tain lb..,per. of th- r?-v. nu.- cutter Thomas <"or win. to!.I m- that h-- shot a poiar bear which weighed 'J.inwi pounds when dress.-1. So. you see, a polar bear Is a powerful beast. Polar bears are wonderful swimmers, as I have seen a bear in the sea thirty miles from ice or land. They live on walrus. Th.- polar bear rarely bother? .i walrus shooter, unless the two h;ipp.?n to come together on an i- ?? pack suddenly. These i bears ho-ve plenty t" -at. a? a rule, and it it j generally a hungry bear thai deliberately -, *? i after a man. COST or I RACING STABLE. From Leslie's Weekly. it Is perfectly safe to ssy thai the owner who main-aims a completel} appointed st-'.-k farm, another where th.- yearlings are handled from .inn.' until October, and which b.imes Ihe win ter quarters as soon as the racine; season is - cloned ami a stable ..f horses in training b - sides must win each seal m >7?.imm to $100.000 befort he lias made a profit, of course, he has ! is fun and th" enjoyim nl of seeing his homebred homes i-'.'.t those of other breeders, but most men like a substantial profit as well as some c-ompensatlon for the risk they have assumed. If no crack Jockey Is retained, but chances are tak.-n ..n securing th.? services of the fr? ?? -Ian??? jockeys, of cours? a material saving Is effected. Most owners take these ihres because of tho uncertainty of the 'rue racing form of their two-year-olds, for nothing Is so .-railing as to s<?<? your' Jockey ?.-Hing his $10,000 or $H.'.<M> a year standing on tin? ground, witb no horses you can give him a mount on.