Newspaper Page Text
Y ov LIX N° 1&438.
THE WAR IN AFRICA. BULLER BELIEVED TO BE FIGHTING OX THE TUGELA. NOT A WORD REGARDING HIS OPERA TIONS MADE PUBLIC-A MESSAGE FROM MAFEKING. • ICbpyrfrf*: «*» ; by The New- York Tribune.] (BT CABLE TO THE TRIBCSE.I London. Feb. 3. 6 a. Important events are probably nmv taking place on the Upper Tu pela, but the press censors are allowing no news to get through by the ordinary channels. Charles Williams, the capable military critic rt "The Leader," who has exceptional sources of information, however, and who has hitherto been •rooderfully accurate in his statements ■with regard to General Buller's campaign, posi tively declares this morning: that General Buller has again advanced, and if he did not attack the Boers yesterday the engagement would at all events be begun by this morning. Mr. Wiiiiamf doea not profess to be able to know in which direction General Buller has moved, but it i? by no means unlikely that he has proceeded by way of Honger"s Poort, where Lord Dundcnald made his reconnoissance a few days ago. Tii° Queen has received a telegram from the Mayor of ICafeUng. dated January '_'7. express ing the determination of the garrison to main tain British supremacy in that town. After this evidence it must now be admitted that th<= news of the relief of Mafeking on January 23 was somewhat premature. The Maine has arrived at Durban in time to j-preive a number of the wounded soldiers from Bpion Kop. I. N. F. WAR RUMORS IN LOXDOX. PUBLIC FEELING MORE BUOYANT SINCE THE SHOWING OF BRITISH STRENGTH. lOor>n«rht: 1900: by The New-York Tribune.] [BT CABLE TO THT TIUI'.rNE.I London. Feb. .*•?, 1 a. m. — air was filled ■with rumors yesterday, both here and at Cape Town. General Roberts was reported to have called upon the War Office for ninety thousand additional reinforcements, and General Buller ■was again represented as crossing the Tugela and engaging the enemy. General French was credited with having won a decisive victory after a week's patient manoeuvring, and with captur ing eight hundred prisoners, and General Tucker was reported to have succeeded General Meth uen, under instructions to take speedy and ef fective measures for the relief of Kimberley. This eheaf of rumors had little effect upon the f£oc>_ market, because the War Office, which is the only source of trustworthy news, failed to confirm any of theee stories. There was a more buoyant feeling both in the street and in Par liament, nnd the reaction against the depression was even more marked than on the preceding day. * There wen? figrns that General Buller was pre paring to resume opprations for the relief of Ladysmith. even if he had not already set his Vrigade«! in motion. Spearman's Camp remained Buller'B headquarters as late as yesterday, and there was no retirement to Camp Frere. Lord Dundonald was reconnoitring and the naval guns were still in position on Mount Alice. Gen tral Buller's army had not lost sight of Lady- Emith as its first objective point, nor been brought to s dead bait by the victorious Dutch. There were not many splinters of news from any quarter yesterday, but General Kitchener's hand was on the censorship, and that explained the iack of public information. Much work is in progress on the southern frontier of the Free State, but the details are kept out. of sight until large results can be reported. That is the im pression made by such dispatches as are allowed to come through from Sterkstroom and French's camp n»ar Ootesberg. The wholesome effect of Mr. Wyndham's re markable speech in explanation of the War Office's work was apparent in the Commons and ir. the press yesterday. The Unionists spoke with increased confidence, since they could refer to the unique record nf the War Office in raising and dispatching 180.000 troops for foreign ser vice at a remote distance, and the Liberals ad mitted that the Government was free from the reproach of Incapacity in the management of administrative details of the campaign. The black press has persisted for weeks in exagger ating the resources of the Dutch and minimiz ing the British strength, whereas the Boer army has already passed its maximum point and is declining and wearing away, while the British reinforcements are steadily arriving. The truth is now known that the British force is more than double that of the Dutch, and superior to it in number of guns. Public opinion has been greatly Invigorated by this practical evidence of the efficiency of the mobilization scheme and the energy of the administrative services. The most sensational episode of last night's dobat* in the Commons was Sir Edward Clarke's pn posal that Lord Salisbury should take charge of the Colonial Office, and that Lord Rosebery should be sent to the Cape as a substitute for Sir Alfred Milner. It was received with jeers by the Ministerial party, and the Irish members hardly Imea whether to express approval or condemnation, for Lord Rosebery is not their candidate for any oflice, angry as they may be with Mr. Chamberlain. The Colonial Secretary has been baited every day since the session opened, and his speech after that of Sir William Harcourt will be made with his back to the wall, in his best fighting spirit. I. N. F ALLEGED REQUEST FROM GK.\. ROBERTS SAID TO HAVE ASKED FOR NINETY THOU SAND MORE MEN. London. Feb. 'I.— Sensational rumors are cur rent that the Militia Ballot act will be pul in force on February 14, and that General Lord Roberts, the commander in chief of the British forces in South Africa, has cabled for ninety thousand additional men. which, it is added, the Government has promised to give him. sending fifty thousand militia and volunteers and forty thousand militia reaervsja. It is also said that the volunteers will be mo bilized forthwith It is even asserted to-day that the Cabinet has specially dealt with these matters, The Militia Ballot act makes every unmarried man between eighteen and thirty years of age liable to serve for five years. VICTORIA CROSS FOR COLENSO HEROES. .i™,« <3°3 ° that n 2 T" The Gazette" thl. evenln* ■iwmea that It U the Qutea'i lateatloa to con fer the Victoria Cross on Captains Congrove and Reed, Lieutenant Roberts and Corporal Nurse for their attempts to save the guns at the battle of Colenso. BOERS MOVING TO MEET BULLER. I. HAVING LADTSsfTTH FOR THE UPPER TU GELA COUNTRY. London. Feb. 3.— Heliograms flashed from. Ladysmltb three days ago say that the Boer investment lines then were thinning and that the besiegers were moving in force toward the Tugela, indicating that a collision was expected there. This intelligence hears out other signs that General Buller purposed a fresh attack. The War Office continues to reveal nothing of what has happened in Natal. Without excep tion the military critics regard with dismay the prospect of a renewal of the assaults unless General Buller has been heavily reinforced, and there is nothing to Indicate that this is the case. Lord Kitchener has been travelling from army to army in Northern Cape Colony, and General French, by instructions, is now in Cape Town consulting with Lord Roberts. Large engineer ing constructions are proceeding at Modder River, suggesting that Lord Methuen's fortified camp has hevn selected as the base from which to invade the Free State. Numerous sidings, platforms and warehouses are being built, and a permanent railw^) bridge is well advanced. German strategists assert that the topography of the 1 ountry would make invasion easier from Kimberley and the district northward than from the more rugged region of Sterkstroom or Coles berg. Therefore they infer that the nbined British forces will overwhelm the Boers at Hagersfontein and first relieve Kimberley as an ii ■■i'ient of the invasion. The Cape Town correspondent of "The Times," telegraphing yesterday, says: As a military train was traversing Hex River Pass to-<:a> an unknown Individual tired a shot gun and killed a soldier. The occurren f this outrage so near Cape Town suggests the advisability of reconsidering the decision not to enforce martial law throughout the Colony. It is learned that the War Office Intends to increase the regular army by fifteen battalions of infantry, adding these to the existing regi ments. PLUMEB AND THE BOERS FIGHT. STORY OF THE RELIEF OP MAFEKING WITHOUT !■' HND ATI ON. Lourenco Marques, Feb. I.— A dispatch from Gaberones, dated January I^>. describing a recon noissance f.f some of Colonel Plumer's forces around the Boer laager southward, seems to dis pose of the story ;hat Mafeking has been re lieved. On that date the Rhodesians captured two Transvaal flags and drove off the Boer out post before returning to Gaberones. The following, dated Gaberones, January -°. has been received h"re: A Boer scout was captured yesterday by Colo nel Plumer's outposts, and a small party was sent cut to reconnoitre certain hills. They ascended the wrong kopje and blundered upon a Boer fortress armed with a Maxim. Fortunate ly they managed to escape without casualties. A later dispatch from Gaberones, dated Janu ary -b", says: Colonel Plumer used his 12%-pounder on the Boer position for the first time to-day. The Boers replied speedily and accurately, but did no damage. CONSUL HATS .TOrnVEY ENDS. Lourenqo Marques. Feb. 2. — Adelbert S. Hay. the new United States Consul at Pretoria, left here thip morning on his way to his post MASHONA'S OWNERS MIST EXPLAIN Cape Town, Feb. 2 —The Supreme Court has decided to mak*> no order of confiscation In the case of the steamship Mashona at present, In order to give her owners time to show within three weeks that she had Do intention to trade with the enemy. Thp steamhhip Mas-hona sailed from New-York on November 3. 1599. for Algoa Hay with a cargo of general merchandise. Including flour. Phr was sr-izpil on December 6 by the British warship Par tridge. THE PRINCE [NSPECTS MORE YKuMANKV. London. Feb. I.-T his morning at the Life Guards' Barracks. Regent's Park, the Prince of Wales inspected another contingent of Yeomanry and Honourable Artillery Company Volunteers prior to th r ir departure from London to embark for South Africa. The spectators included the Lord Mayor of London, a number of city digni taries, army officers and many women. Th«* Prince of W'alrs made a speech to thr mr-n in the same vein as his address to the first con tingent of Yeomanry on their departure from London Friday last. LORD WOLSELEY DINES WITH QUEEN. London, Feb. 2.— Lord Woteeley rllnod this evening with th» Queen at Osborne. AN OFFER FROM GARIBALDI'S SON. Rome. Feb. 2.— Ricciottl Garibaldi, one of the nuns of the famous Italian patriot, in consider ation of services rendered by England to the cause of Italian independence, has offered the Rrltlsh Government to command a corps of Italian volunteers in South Africa. CHURCHILL DEFENDS COLONEL LONG. London, F^b. 3— Winston Churchill, in a dis patch to "The Morning Post," comes to the de fence of Colonel Long, whose error lost the Urit- Ish the battle of Colenso, and, while admitting that there was an error of judgment, contends that there was no error arising either from rashness or Incapacity. He says Colonel Long's internal injuries are very severe. A grave operation was performed on him on January 2">. The loss of this officer to the artillery force is, Mr. Churchill thinks, very serious. THE DEBATE IN PARLIAMENT. ANGLO-GBRMAN AGREEMENT AS TO SEARCHING VESSELS THE GOV ERNU BNT BTRENI STHENED. London, Feb. — In the House of Commons to day the Under Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, William St. John Brodrlck, replying to a question, confirmed the accuracy of the state, ment of Count yon BUlow. the German Minister of Foreign Affairs, in the Reichstag as to the Piitish engagements regarding searching ves sels, He explained that the Government under took thai there should be no search at Aden or at points more distant from the seat of war, be cause there was nothing to prevent the shipping of contraband fi*>m intervening ports. The Gov ernment, he added, had not surrendered any right, but on the representations of the German Government and assurances of the mail steamer company Great Britain had agreed, pending fur- Continued fonrth pa**. FASTEST TO PALM BEACH AND MIAMI. FLA. Pullman car leaving H*W Torii&Mi AM. daily vta Perm. R R. arrTve- Palm Beacn and Miami evening Only lint cm .nj* Apply AUantio Coast Llnr 228 Broadway .— xavt. NEW-YORK, SATURDAY. FEBRUARY 3. 1900. -SIXTEEN PAGES.-* Th^S^iEU*-. PLAN FOR PHILIPPINES. CIVIL TO REPLACE MILITARY GOVERNMENT. PRESIDENT M'KINLEY. DECIDES TO ACT WITHOUT WAITING FOR LEGIS- LATION ItY CONGRESS. [BT TBLBQaAPB TO THI THIIMNE] Washington. Fi-b. 2.— The President is prepar ing to replace the military government under General Otis in the Philippines hy a purely civil administration aa soon as proper men for the responsibilities be Induced t» go to Manila. He has dectded not to wait for Congress to act on the matter, recognizing that much time will be consumed In deliberating over details before any comprehensive plan for the govern ment of the isl mds can be adopted, and that more than .1 :nonth would be required after that time for the officials to reach their stations. It has been decided, therefore, to ynd out three or at most five Commissioners to estab lish provisionally the form of territorial govern ment recommended In thp report of the Philip pine Commission s> nt to Congress to-day. Ac cording to present intentions the head <>f the new Commission Is eventually to become the Governor of the Territory of the Philippines, its secretary will become the Secretary of the Ter ritory, and a third member Is to be selected with a view to his qualifications for becoming the Presiding Justice of the Territorial Supreme < "ourt when it is established. Among the men who have been already can vassed f,,r membership of this Commission are Governor Roosevelt, President Schurman, Rob ert P. Porter, Colonel Denby, General Frederick I>. Grant and ex-Minister Barrett It has been found that Governor Roosevelt and President Schurman cannot be induced to accept, and various objections have been raised to the oth ers as possible Governors of the Territory. Gen eral Grant Is said to be mosi favorably regarded just now, but it la desired t.. avoid choosing t military man. The leading candidate for ihe Secretaryship of th Territory is said to be John R Mac Arthur, secretary of the present Com mission. The President bus given his hearty approval to the recommendations of the Philippine Com mission especially »s to the advisability of Im mediately supplanting martial law In those por tions of Luzon and the other Island* which have been effectually pacified and in which the In habitants are not only capable of some measure of m If-gowernment, t>ut are bitterly opposed t 1 all forms of militarism. (An abstract of th« Philippine Commission'! re port will be found on Page s.) iXOTHER KENTUCKY VICTIM. FORMER MEMBER OF THE LEGISLATURE BHOT DOWN BT AN UNSEEN HAND. Whitesburg, Ky.. Feb. 2 (Special).— William B. Wright, on" of the h<-<»t known men In Eastern Kentucky, was the victim of an assasata or as sassins yesterday He was a Democratic poli tician and formerly a member of the Legislature from Knott and Letcher counties. The killing was done on Boone'a FOl k. Wright was pui has 1 g agent for a big lum ber company and was riding 1 ■ .1 lumber 'amp. H was Shol down from the rear With Win rhesters. Five shots were fired. One struck him In the back of the head and another passed through his body. He fell off hl» horse and lied Immi dlately. Wright was a i:!;m estimated to be worth a!" ait .n;o.»>in>, and carried $17,000 life Insur ance. He had been engaged in feuda and II Is supposed fell a victim to his enemies. 777/: PERIOD OF 777/: CLIFF DWELLER!*. PROFESSOR HKWETT BEURVES TMF.V WHERE CON TEMPORANEOUS WITH THE MAMMOTH Santa Fe, N. M.. Feb. 2 (Special).— Professor E. i. Hewett, president of the New-Mexico Normal University, Las Vegas, announced to-day that as a result of hi> explorations of the thousands of cliff and cave dwellings near Banta Fe thli summer, he has evidence that the cliff dwellers were con temporaneous with the raamraoi'n and otheranlmala of the tertiary period, and that the cliff dwellers numbered hundreds of thousands, and found sus tenance on the mesas now arid, hut at that ttmo well watered and fertile. This discovery le con trary to the accepted theory by scientists that niMTi is no older than the quaternary period, and thai the cliff dwellers were the Pueblo Indians, who made the dwellings only thre" to four hundred years ago. ARRESTS OF COUNTERFEITERS OPERATIONS ON A LARGE SCALE BROKEN ITP BY SECRET PRRVICE MEN. Montreal, Feb. 2 (Special).- arrcpt of Anthony Decker by chief Wilkie. of the ITnlted States Secret Service, at Baltimore, for counterfeiting, broke up the biggest operation of Its kind ever attempted In Canada, Decker and his associates began using counterfeit Dominion notes and Molson'B Bank bills in this city over a year ago, and were put und>r surveillance by the Dominion Secret Service detectives last May. The gang moved from here to London, Ontario, where they set up a printing plant and made dies and secured enough paper to print J250.000 worth of bogus bills. Just as they were preparing to do the printing the authorities struck them. Decker was arrested in Baltimore: Paul Decker, his son, in Woodstock, and Mrs. Paul Decker In Hamilton, all of iivm with bogus IHU and counterfeiting dies In their po—e ßaton. The whole printing oiittlt was also captured. Decker for the last seventeen years has been a workman In Montreal engraving establishments. Further arrests are to be made in New-York and Montreal. ■ FRICK AFTER ANOTHER STEEL PLANT. REPORTED TO HAVE MADE an OFFER FOR THE SPARROWS POINT WORKS. Philadelphia. Feb. 2 (Special).— The meaning of Henry ( ' Frlck's visit to this city recently w.ts brought to light this morning when It was learned that negotiations have been opened for the purehas* of the Pennsylvania Steel Company's plant at Spar rowa Point, near Baltimore. ESvans R, Dick a di rector of the Pennsylvania Steel Company, admitted that S deal was ill progress between Mr. Frtck and the company, but for obvious reasons declined to discuss the details at present Mr. Dick «ald that Mr. Frlck is negotiating for the Sparrows Point plant, and if sold it will be at a nrlce that will enable the Pennsylvania company to pay off Its entire Indebtedness of $6,500,000 and leave a balance for a jvorklne capital. '•Providing the deal fn completed." said Mr. Dick, "it will place the common stock of the Pennsyl vania Steel Company upon an assured dividend The Sparrows Point works of the Pennsylvania ssreel Company are the smaller of the concern's two nlanf" The other Is located at Steelton, near Har t-iahtirsr Perm. The Sparrows Point plant is located near Baltimore. Its annual capacity Is over 300.000 Tt S is supposed that Mr. Frlck's purpose in seek in* to acquire the Sparrows Point plant J« to manu facture eteel plates for the New-York Ship Building Company, rho " * wl ' ar» now b * m * * r * a> '» Cam4*a. PIERTO RICO'S TARIFF. SUBSTITUTE FOR FREE TRADE BILL REPORTED. UNITED STATES CONSTITUTION AND LAWS HELD NOT TO EXTEND OVER NKW POSSESSIONS. [BY TBUKBAPB TO T!IK TBIBI'XB.] Washington, Feb. '_' By a patty vote the Committee on Ways and Means to-day took th^ position that the Constitution and laws of the Tnited States do not extend over Puerto Rleo and the Philippine archipelago, and will not become operative therein unless* or until Con press shall so provide by legislative action. This decision of the majority of the Ways and Means Committee was a necessary preliminary t<> the consideration of a tariff and Internal revenue bill for Puerto Rico. The committee then decided by a party vote to report a substitute for the bill offered by Chair man Payne some time ago, providing for the extension of the tariff and internal revenue laws of the United States ov< r the island, and it radi <a!ly differs from the original bill. The rates of duty on Puerto Rlcan products are to be equal to 25 per cent of the rates imposed by the exist ing United stai s tariff upon like K'»"ls Im ported from other countries, and the Puerto Rlcan ditties on i" ports from the United States shall Vie 23 per cent of the rates imposed on the Imports of like 1 roducts from other countries. An Important proviso is that the duty on any Puerto Rlcan product Imported into the United States shrill not be less than the internal tax on a like product when manufactured 01 produced in the I'nitpd States. This proviso will apply chiefly to tobacco and distilled spirits. All reve nues derived from the duties on Puerto Rlcan products Imported into the I'nited States are to i>e kept separate and used to supplement th. revenues of Puerto Rico from customs duties. In other words, the island is to have the benefit of the customs revenue on her prod ucts exported 10 the United states, as well as the duties recelvtd from all her imports, whether from the United States or other foreign coun tries. The rates f duty on the foreign imports v ill be equal to the rates Imposed on such im ports into the United States. ESTIMATE OF ISLAND'S REVENUES. It is estimated that the revenues of the island will amount to about $2,500,000 the llrst year af ter the bill becomes law. While the natural effect of the measure wi:l be greatly to increase the trade between the I'nited States and the Island on account of the preferential rates of duty Im posed by both. It is to be expected that Puerto Rico will continue to import a considerable amount of commodities from Europe. Wine, for example, will continue to be Imported from Spain and Italy. It la estimated that the aver age rate of duty on the bulk of the Puerto Rican Imports from the United States will amount to about T 1 - 2 per cent ad valorem. On breadstuffa and provisions, the average rate will amount to about ."> |>er cent ad valorem, ai 1 oil coarser grades of cotton manufactures, which form the bulk of the Importations of textiles, the average rate will amount to about Jif per. i.'pi >i/ TaJo'Tr.," It is expected that the written report on the substitute Mil will be ready to submit to the House by the middle of next week, and Chair man Payne hopes to have the measure consid ered and passed by the House before the ex piration of the following week. It will thus reach the Senate and be referred to the Finance Committee before action is had on the Senate bill to provide a form of government for Puerto Rico. This bill is still pending in the Senate committee, and when reported it will probably b<» found to contain tariff and revenue provi sion? similar to those embodied in the substitute for the l'H>ne bill, whirh the Ways and Means Committee to-day ordered to be favorably re ported. 81BSTITITE FOR PAYNE BILL. FULL TEXT OF THE PROPOSED TARIFF LAW F( 'X PUERTO RICO. Washlngi >n, Feb. 2.— The text of the substi tute for the Payne bill adopted by the Ways ai : Means Committee to-day is» as follows: That the pri visions of this act shall apply to the Island of Puerto Hl< o and to the adjacent Islands and waters of the islands lyinsr east of the 7 It h meridian of longitude west of Greenwich, which were ceded to the I'nited States by the Government of Spain l>y treaty concluded April 11, I s .!*, and the name Puerto Rico, as ;;^e«l in this aci, shall be held to in clude not only the Island of that name, but all adjacent Islands, aa aforesaid. Sec. 2. That on nnd after the passage of this act the same tariff customs and duties shall be levied, collected and paid upon all articles imported Into Puerto Rico from ports other than those of the I'nited Sta-tes which are re quired by law to be collected upon articles im ported into the United Stntes from foreign coun tries. Sec. 8. That on and after the passage of this act all merchandise coming Into the Pnlted States from Puerto Rico, and coming into Puerto Rloo from the United States, shall be entered ai the several ports of entry upon payment of '2Tt per cent of the duties which are required to be levied, collected and paid upon like artlcUs of merchandise Imported from foreign countries. Provided, nevertheless*, that the customs duties collected in the United States ports upon arti cles of merchandise of Puerto Rican manufact ure shall not be !e^s in rate and amount than the internal revenue tax which may be Imposed In th.' United States upon the same articles of merchandise of domestic manufacture, nnd the customs duties collected In Puerto Uican ports upon articles of i'nited States manufacture shall not be less than the Internal revenue tax which may be Imposed in Puerto Rico upon the same articles of Puerto EUcan manufacture. Sec. 4. That ihe customs duties collected In Puerto Rico in pursuance of this act. lest* the < ost of collecting the same, and the gross amount of all collections of customs in the I'nited States upon articles >f merchandise coming from Puerto Rico shall be placed at the disposal of the President for the purpose of paying the expenses of the government of Puerto Rico until otherwise provided by law. "UNITED STATES'' DEFINED. MAJORITY AND MINORITY RKPoRTS TO THE WAYS AND MEANS COMMUTES. Washington. Feb. 2.— At the meeting of the Wayns and Means Committee to-day reports were received from the sub-committee which nan considered the meaning of the terra United States" as applicable to Puerto Rico, the Phil ippines and other new possessions. The<»e re ports were received with great interest, and were regarded as determining a most important line of pollc\ bj those In authority. The majority report, by Mr. Dalzell. of Pennsylvania. Mr. Hopkins, of Illinois, and Mr. Grosvenor, of Ohio, was as follows: Your committee is of the opinion: First— That the term Cnited States' in that provision of the Constitution which declares that "all duties, imposts and excises shall be uniform throughout the United States" means. H nd Is confined to the States that constitute the Federal Union, and does not cover also the territory be longing to the United States. Second— That the authorities treating of this question and decisive of it are those that treat Contlnacd on ptf« <oa». RIOT FEARED IX FRANKFORT. DEMOCRATIC LEGISLATORS HOLD A SECRET SESSION-EF FORT MADE TO ENJOIN GOYERXOR TAYLOR. PRESIDENT ITKINLEY REFUSES TO INTERFERE. William (ioebel's condition showed such marked improvement yester aj that his physicians now hope for his ultimate recovery. The Democratic members of both bouses of the Kentucky Legislature met in secret sesMon at the Capitol Hotel and declared (ioebel (iovernor. A petition was tiled in the courts asking for an injunction restraining Gov ernor Taylor from preventing the Legislature from meeting in the State Capitol. Service of the notice was pinned on the door of the Executive Budding, but the clerk who attempted the service was arrested. A former Democratic member of the Kentucky Legislature is reported to have been assassinated. A clash between a Sheriffs posse and the militia is momentarily expected, and bloodshed and riot in Frankfort seem inevitable. (iovernor Roosevelt ami two Justices of the Supreme Court of Xew-York State hold that Mr. Taylor is the only Ic^ral Governor ol Kentucky, the Execu tive at Albany going «» far as to say that "under no circumstances whatever should there be any backdown by (iovernor Taylor." On the other hand, the Governor of South Carolina says Goebel shoniki be sustained, while dovernor Poynter of Nebraska deplores the use of the militia to prevent the Legislature from meeting. President McKinley decided that no cause has yet arisen to justify inter> vertion by the National Government in Kentucky. VIEWS OF STATE LEADERS TAYLOB IS GOVERNOR SAYS ROOSEVELT. Albnrjy, Feb. 2 (Special).— Governor Roose velt said to-night, speaking of the conflict in Kentucky: "llr. Taylor is Governor by every principle of law r -id equity, and he and his followers must, of course, resist to the last extremity lbs reckless and unscrupulous conspirators who are endeavoring to do by vtolence afrc election what they failed to accomplish by the most scandalous fraud prior to ami during election. "The sole and undivided responsibility to* -ill bloodshed past or to come lies with those same conspirators, and with all who in any way abet them. « 'Tnflfr no circumstances whatever should there l>»- any backdown by Govemos 1 Taylor and the lawful government authorities in Kentucky, and they are entitled to th*> hearty backing of all good and law al iding citizens throughout the I'nion.' COMMENTS OF tJOVKRNOK POYNTER. Lincoln, Neb.. Feb. 2 (Special).— 'The situ ation in Kentucky Is most unfortunate. It gives us a bad reputation as a Nation. The attempted assassination of Senator Goebel. though serious. Is the least serious of the complications there. Such crime* have frequently occurred in every country and in all age«. They may usually be traced to individual responsibility, and In no way afreet the government under which they may have been perpetrated. "But the use of armed soldiery by the acting Governor to prevent the lawful assembly of the elected representatives of the people In a legis lative capacity certwinly is utterly at variance with all the principles upon w'nuh a republic is founded. If the military power can be invoked by the Governor of a State to prevent the as sembling of the Legislature, the President of the T'ntted States could do the same thing to rrevent the ass->mbl!n? of the National Legis lature, and we would be at an end of republican government, and have a military despotism. The party in Kentucky that will us» cool statesman ship and patriot!- devotion to the principles of. our Government to settle th» difficulties there will deserve the gratitude of the entire coun try. W. A. POYNTER, Governor." GOEBEL SHOULD BE SUSTAINED. Columbia, S. C. Feb. '2 (Special).— The State of South Carolina deplore? the unfortunate con dition of affairs in Kentucky, brought about by frauds perpetrated by the Republicans. Goebel should undoubtedly be sustained a? Governor. The attempt to assassinate him was a cowardly outrage, and is condemned by the people of this stat-. M. B. M'SWEEN'EY, Governor ASHAMED OF BLOODSHED AND RIOT. Canton. N. V., Feb. 2 (Special).— "As an Amer ican citizen. I am ashamed that the contest for an executive office in Kentucky could not be settled without bloodshed and riot. As a lawyer, I do not understand how one branch of the gov ernment can oust the head of another co-ordinate branch which has the additional power of veto, or how the enuillbrlum of the two parts of the government can be preserved by allowing one to determine who is the rightful occupant of the other. As a partisan I regret that the legally elected Republican Governor cannot be allowed to serve peaceably, but still believe that the un warranted deposition by the Democratic Legis lature would have been of far more service to the Republican party in the ensuing campaign than the unimportant tenure of any Republican as Executive of Kentucky. "LESLIK W. RUSSEUo "Justice of the Supreme Court." JUSTICE CHESTER'S VIEWS. All any, Feb. 2 (Special) -Justice Aides) Ches ter, of !'•■ Supreme Court, said to-night: "I have no copy of the Constitution of Ken tucky, and bars seen only fragmentary portions of it in the newspapers, so I would not care to say anything about the legal right of Governor Taylor to dissolve the Legislature and order its reconvening. "The Goebel Election law was undoubtedly passed to accomplish just what It has done, ami It seems to me absurd for Mr. GoebeTa followers to declare that they are living within the law. Certainly they are living within their own law. as a man would live within his own house They appointed Goebe] Election Hoards all over Ken tucky, and they took advantage of every tech nicality they could on the count of ballots to de prive Governor Taykw of his votes. 1 presume from what T have heard that Mr. Tayl r really carried Kentui ky by from 4immx> to ">»Uhx> ma jority. Neveithele •.«, the very Election Return ing Board app< intfd through Goehel's Influ ence fflt forced to declare that Mr. Taylor had a dear plurality of votes over all his op ponents. Then the Goebel Legislature prepared to disregard this 2.<MX> plurality and declare Goebe] elected. Goebel and his friends declare that thus far they had lived within the law. It was easy for them to do so. Why should they not live within their own law? The gtving to the Legislature the right to canvass State elec tion returns and to reverse the alleged result of an election was an innovation: yet possibly it was permitted und?r the Kentucky Constitu tion. The attempted assassination of Mr. Goe 1 onihinni on arroad pagr. Th« doctor's best prescription for Colds Is JAYNE'B EXPECTORANT.— Advt PRICE THREE CENTS. PJOT SEEMS INEVITABLE. SHERIFF'S POSSI EXPECTED TO FACE THE GATI.INC, SUXS AND TWO THOUSAND MILITIA. [r.Y TELEGRAPH TO TIIE TRIBCXE-1 Frankfort. Ky.. Feb. 2.— Wholesale riot and bloodshed seem inevitable in Frankfort. This tragic result may not occur for a week or two weeks. Then again, it may come before another day. In the present status neither side is willing to yield. The Republicans are In control of the ma chinery of the State Government. There Is no sign that they will surrender this any more readily at the decree of a State court than on the mandate of the Democratic majority of the State Legislature. The Democrats are with studied care cbservlng the forms and letter of laws enacted, under the whip and spur of the remarkable man who for four days and a half has been holding death at bay. after the most expert medical skill has declared that he should not have survived the terrible shock of the as sassin's bullet but a f»w hours. The Democrats dr. not talk about resorting to force. Obviously they believe they will gain a bloodless victory simply through those potent Influences generated by such appeals as their course and manifestoes are making to the Na tion's abhorrence of insurrection. But that In surrection alrea'sv exists in Kentucky no man could deny who had been in this city a few hcurs. In fact, the proud o!d commonwealth is in a state of civil war. that sooner or later will require for its suppression the iron hand of the Federal Government. Even the few boys allowed on the streets of Frankfort to-day have carried deadly weapons of some kind concealed upon their person. It goes without saying that the men of both parties are walking arsenals. AN ARMED CAMP. Not more than twenty women have been Been upon the streets to-day. The State House yard is an armed ca:n;>. Already soldiers have been marching and countermarching over the blue grass sward. The legislative halls ham been converted into barrack?. Here the soldiers eat and sleep. In the detached buildings occupied by the Governor and other State officials are boxes of ammunition piled ahnoa) to the high ceiling. |] the corridors of the building and the anterooms to th^ executive chambers soldiers with loaded guns and bayonets bristling k<-ep cautious vigil. They would shoot any man who attempted tr> cro?s their lines without first show ins a pass sia:n->i by their commander-in-chief. Adjutant General Collier, or who did not give them the military countersign. No civilian can enter the grounds without per mission from either Governor Taylor or General Collier. Few civilians approach the grounds nearer than half a block. They are afraid that they will be shot by the mtiwli on beat, or by the rough and rugged mountaineers, who for a week or more have been occupying the rooms in the Capitol buildings in which once public business was transacted. The number of these mountaineers is variously estimated at from seventy-five to three hundred. They are armed with Winchesters, revolvers and bowie knives. They are not militiamen. They are picked marksmen from the mountains. They us« smokeless powder. If the Gatling guns which command every approach to the Capitol should fall short of their purpose to mow down an on ruabtng mob. and the militiamen he overborn^ these sharpshooters from the mountains, bar* ricaded in the Executive building, could witlv stand an assault for days. -. DEMOCRATS SNKER AND SCOFF. When suggestions of this character are made to the Democrats they merely sr.eer and scoff. They have contempt for the guns, as well as the men behind them. Back in the blue grass re gion, they say. are hordes of courageous men, ready to sweep into Frankfort and rush im petuously over the belching Gatlins guns and the peppery Winchesters, and. still not a Demo crat here who hut persists that they do not in tend to resort to vi<>l- I ••We are law abMti aid GOd fearing." is the stereotyped reap every cne of them gives to Inquiries as to what they are going to da ■ The law is on OUI side, an I we propose to proceed only under t>.? forms of law." With soldiers patrolling th • corridors and ante rooms of the Executive chambers sit 3 un easily or paces thr float like a ea S^ lion - a wiry little man with cold gray eyes, the glint Of steel in them. Be If Governor Taylor. On a desk in the centre of his room is a lonsr dis tance telephone. This he uses at intervals of every half hour or so to talk with frtends In different parts of the State. He does not la tend to surrender his office at the behest of the Democratic Legislature, which he has prorogued In Oliver Cromwell fashion. He Is willing ta submit the merits of his contention to the Fed eral Courts. With this object !n view he has issued a pardon to a convict knowing the Democratic warden of the penitentiary would refuse to honor the pardon It should be explained that the wardenahip was taken out of the hands of the Governor by th. enactments whkh constitute v. hat is known as the Goebel law, ami turrit d over to ■ Beard af Commis sioners selected by the Lf sialai.ure. The war den is "Captain Eph " Lillard. a Kentucktan of the "Colonel Jack" Chirm stripe. Both of these worthies, by the way. were accompanying;