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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, February 04, 1900, Image 4

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' I^cndon, Feb. — Spender Wilkinson writes the
following review of the situation in South Africa
for The Associated Press at midnight: . - }
It is morally impossible for Butler's army, so
long as there is any fight left in it, to sit still
while Sir George White is invested in Lady
emith. ■ Better • than that : would be to lose ten
thousand men in an attempt at relief. Accord
ingly. it is probable that General Buller will try
again, and, indeed, that he is now on the move
or ting.
'"., As he has kept General Lyttleton's brigade
north of the river, the probability Is that his
next move will be an advance on Lyttleton's
right. He would hardly go to Lyttleton's left.
* because that would, only lead to a fresh attack
of Spion Kop and the range of which it Is a
part. He would not go to the east of Colenso
except with his whole force, less Barton's bri
grade The retention of Lyttleton's brigade at
■. '- Potgieter** Drift ma>, therefore, be taken as
proof that the new move will not be to the east
of Colenso.
; East of Pqtgieter's there are several drifts,
.one or two of* which General Buller's guns com
mand,* and he can. therefore, cross the river, but
-the Boers' have had ample time to prepare a
position beyond the river.
A frontal attack would, as usual, be costly;
but unless the General is prepared for a heavy
less m has little chance of breaking through
the Boer defences. „-...
The right plan would be that adopted by Gen
eral Sherman when he pushed back Johnston
frcm Chattanooga to Atlanta. Sherman first
Intrenched along Johnston's front, ana then ex
tended his line to one of the flanks. By the time
Sherman was ready to move a. force around be
hind his intrenched line to attack Johnston in
the flank and threaten his retreat, the Confed
erate general usually withdrew. Such tactics
are practicable only with a force numerically
superior. We do not know the strength of the
Boers jin Natal. Mr. Winston Churchill esti
mates them at only 19.000, of whom 7,000 are
observing Ladysmith. This would give Buller
2H.000 against 12.000. and should render possible
something like Sherman's manoeuvre. But there
is reason to believe that Buller's own estimate
of the Boer forces is much higher.
Lord Roberts will certainly not hurry his move
from the Cape. He will first complete the as
sembling of his forces, which will not all have
arrived for another three weeks. Then he will
neve transport properly organized and in work
ing order before he will stir. After that he will
probably make a rapid move; but no outcry will
induce him to start until he considers all is
"Last week's report that Mafeking had been
relieved seems to have arisen from Colonel
Plumer's skirmish near Crocodile Pools. The
report came from Boer sources, and this origin
of it seems to show that the Boers are not san
guine of success in the Northwest. They have
probably reduced their forces in that region in
order to strengthen themselves against General
Methuen and General Buller.
Albany, Feb. 3 (Special).— There seems to be
some effort being made by the Transvaal Re
public to influence public opinion in the United
States in its favor. To-day, for instance. Gov
ernor Roosevelt stated that Montagu White,
the former agent of the Transvaal Republic in
London, was going to visit him this evening at
the Executive Mansion. Governor Roosevelt
edded that he did not know the object of Mr.
White's visit.
Norfolk, Va.. Feb. 3.— Supplies and ammunition
for the British Ar.uy in the Transvaal will be
transported to 3outh Africa aboard the steamship
Dominingo de Larrinago, formerly a regular liner
between England and Cuba. She is here from
Clenfaegos for coal. Her cargo Is waiting for her
at New-York, whither she will eail to-morrow
rooming. The vessel, whose commander is Captain
Gibson, of the Royal English Naval Reserves, may
also carry a regiment of Canadian troops, after se
curing her cargo.
Captain Gibson te naturally reticent on the sub
ject of his mission. ' He has been entertained a great
deal while here and at a dinner given by him many
.American naval officers and H »ominent EngHs' 1
|-esident= were present. The event showed much
good feeling.
At the Morton House headquarters of the New-
York committee to aid the South African Republics
the following list of pubscrlptions for the- aid of the
tick and wounded within the Boer lines was an
nounced yesterday:
*£F"X ****>; '"A Friend." COO; Edward Van Ness.
l-7?''£ e im? M - an Ho « BM.8 M . HOO; Abraham Stern,
'**£ % Gallagher. ISO; John McKee, $50; N. Espen
2£ b «• 3s3 s0 ' James S. Coleman. *50; Antonio Zucca,
£5; Robert B. Roosevelt, 125; Chauncey S. Truax.
12-: Joseph J. Kittel. J?5; John W. Goff. $25; Theo
dora M. Bant*. RE; F. D. Couwenhoven, $25;
Thomas J. Dunn. J25; P. J. Lantry. $25; Edward
Lauierbach $20; Herman J. Katz, . 120: Thaddeua
Mori&rty $30; George W. Van Siclen. $lo; Adolphe
Conn. $10: Thomas Brennan. $10; William L. An
derpon $10; Bronson Murray, $10; P. F. Trainor, $10;
S. G. Bogert. $iO. and S. J. Geoghegan. $10. The
following subscribed $5 each: J. W Fincke Jo<=eDh
vi Allee. Major MeCrystal. Henry be Yob. detrude
¥ m xtn y ' A ff a^ If' Patterson. James L. McKeil,
fin ?'T?ir? '3 V J hn Tooin Edgar Knickerbocker
and \\ lliiam L. Heermance.
The- committee Intends taking up a systematic
\°rv lr iß an i J ad^ olni cities. Plans for
this work will be perfected this week.
Sacramento. Cal., Feb. 3—Foity-one members of
the Legislature who have been voting against
Colonel Burns have ajrjed to vote for T. R. Bard,
of Ventura, for Senator in caucus. The Burns
forces held a meeting and protested against the
c-auous being held unless sixty-one members, a
majority of the Legislature, were present. Thomas
Flint, chairman of the caucus, ruled that a majority
of the eighty-five who had signed the caucus call
esfistituteu a quorum, and as the meeting was ad-
Jcurntd from that held on Thursday night all
wouli be hound by its decisions. The Burns com
mittee left the caucus, leaving fifty-two members
present. A vote was taken, which resulted in Bard
Mocfvlns fifty and Grant two. Bard was declared
•t*e caucus.
Bur. Francfaoo. Feb. 3.— "The Examiner" to-day
prints a statement over the signature of D. M.
Bums in which he formally withdraws his name
from consideration as a candidate for the office of
r-.it<-.i Btai - Senator. This Insures the election of
Thomas H Bard, the Republican caucus nominee.
J?r. iJurris stat.-s that a hearing was refused a
committee of his supporters, but without comment
: loyal Republican and submits the mat
ttr to the pany for consideration.
" Breaks up n
An Open Winter.
An open Winter is not without Its tetrors
by those who do not use Dr. Humphreys'
irs. in the East wind lurks Grip and
Colds ("broken up" by "77"). In the
dampness Rheumatism ("15" le the cure).
Dyspepsia, IndipestJon and Weak Stomach
ar«- t-Kpecially prevalent In Winter (cured
by "W) Humphreys' Specifics furnish
a cure for each and every ailment. All
druggists sell them 2T>c. a bottle.
We have a few copies of Dr. Humphreys'
:<■ Manual— Edition de Luxe— white
•ad gold— to send fn?e on request; address
Humphreys' Homeopathic Medicine Co..
Cor. William & John Sts., N. T-
London. Jan. 27.— Winston Churchill continues to
make the columns of "The Morning Post" amusing
and instructive. Under date of Frern Camp, De
cember 21. describing his arrival at Durban, after
escaping from Pretoria, he writes:
I received a great number of telegrams from all
sorts of people concerning my escape-some serious,
some Jocular, but mostly conpratultory. Among
the exceptions, was the following, which I cannot
resist quoting:
"London, Dec. 20.— Best friends here hope you
won't go on making further ass of yourself.
I hope the publicity thus given to this amiable
communication will result in my learning some
thing more of my correspondent. A gentleman who
is so unrestricted by poverty or intelligence that
he will spend three pounds in cabling Impertinences
seven thousand miles to a perfect stranger, is a
human curiosity who should not remain unknown
to his generation.
To this he adds this graphic picture of firing on
the Boers from Chleveley:
Yesterday I rode out to watch the evening bom
bardment which we make on their intrenchments
with the 4.7 guns. From the 1 low hill on which
the battery is guns. From the whole scene is laid
battery Is established tho whole scene is laid
bare. The Boer lines run in a great crescent along
the hills. Tier above tier of trenches have been
scored along their sides, and the brown streaks
run across the grass of the open country south
of the river. After tea in the captain's cabin—
I should say — Commander Ltmpus, of the
Terrible, kindly invited me to look through the
telescope and mark the fall of the shots. The
glass was one of great power, and I could plainly
see the figures of the Boers walking in twos and
threes, .silling ion ■ the embankments or shovelling
away to heighten them. We selected one particu
lar group near a kraal, whose range had been
carefully noted, and the great guns were slowly
brought to bear on the unsuspecting target. I
looked through the spyhole at the tiny picture
three dirty beehives for the kraal, a long breast
work of newly thrown up earth, six or seven mini
ature men gathered into a little bunch, two others
skylarking on the grass behind '.he trench, ap
parently engaged in a boxing match. Then I turned
to the guns. A naval officer craned along the
■seventeen feet of barrel, peering through the tele
scopic sights. Another was pencilling some cal
culations as to wind and light and other intricate
details. The crew stood attentive around. At
last all was done. I looked back to the enemy.
The group was still intact. The boxers were still
playing— one had pushed the other down. A soli
tary horseman had also come into the picture, and
■was riding slowly across. The desire of murder
rose in my heart. Now for a bag. Bang! I jumped
at least a foot, disarranging the telescope; but
there was plenty ct time to reset it while the shell
was hissing and roaring its way through nearly
five miles of air. I found the kraal again; the
group still there, but all motionless and alert like
startled rabbits. Then they began to bob into the
earth, one after the other. Suddenly, in the middle
cf the kraal, there appeared a huge flash, a bil
lowy ball of smoke and clouds of dust. Bang!
I lumped again; the second gun had fired. But be
fore this shell could reach the trenches, a dozen
little figures scampered away scattering in all di
rections. Evidently the first had not been without
effect. But when I turned the glass to another
part of the defence, the Boers were working away
stolidly, and only those near the explosion showed
any signs of disturbance.
The bombardment continued for half an hour, me
shells being flung sometimes into the trenches,
sometimes among the houses of Colenso, and always
directed with marvellous accuracy. At last tne
guns were covered up again in their tarpaulins, tne
crowd or military spectators broke up and dispersed
amid the tents, and soon it became night.
Mr. Churchill gives rather a dismal forecast of
the future that confronts the Ladysmith forces:
Ladysmith has stood two months' siege and bom
bardment. Food and ammunition stores are dwin
dling. Disease is again increasing. The strain on
the garrison has been, in spite of their pluck and
stamina, a severe one. How long can they hold
out? It is difficult to say precisely, because after
the ordinary rations are exhausted determined men
will eat horses and rats and beetles and such like
odds and ends, and so continue the defence. But
another month must be the limit of their endur
ance, and then if no help comes, Sir George White
will have to fire off all his ammunition, blow up his
heavy guns, burn all wagons and equipment, and
sally out with his whole force in a fierce endeavor
to escape southward. Perhaps half might succeed
in reaching our lines, but the rest, lesss the killed
and wounded, would be sent to occupy the new
camp at Waterfall, which has already been laid out
— such is the intelligent anticipation of the enemy—
for their accommodation.
From Pretoria "The Daily News" has secured an
interesting translation of a letter written by Deneys
Reitz to his father, the Transvaal State Secretary.
The writer Is with the Boer forces before Lady
smith; he is seventeen years of age. Joubt-rt is a
younger brother, while Hjalmar is an elder brother
just returned from Europe:
Before Ladysmith, Dec. 12. 1599.
Dear Father: Joubert and I are still safe and
well. I fee in "The Standard and Diggers' News"
that the English had stormed Lombards Kop, but
it Is not stated that they damaged two of their
guns. On the following morning they came past
us, but were soon driven back. But now comes the
worn. We were on outpost duty last night about
six hundred yards from the hill, on which stood a
howitzer. Below this hill lay other outposts, which,
either through treachery or carelessness, allowed
the English to pats. About 1 o'clock we heard the
English on the top of the hill crying, "Hurrah!"
We sent word to Zeederberg, the field corn but
before he could arrive the howitzer was damage;!.
The English again cheered, and we were then so
enraged that we immediately ran through the
bushes to stop them when they should come down
again. There were only eight of us.
It was, of course, pitch dark. When we had run
a short distance we heard, "Halt! Who goes there?"
from a body of English, who had remained in the
bushes. We fired a volley in their direction, and ran
as fast as we could to a ditch behind us. After
waiting some minutes we again advanced among
the bushes, and after having marched about a mile
we reached the creek which runs below the hill.
Here a body of English who had remained behind
fired volleys at us. We lay against the bank of the
creek and replied to their fire. It became so hot.
however, that we retired around the corner of the
bank. Here Sample Van Zyi was shot. He was
just about a yard ahead of me. He was struck
by two bullets, one in the throat, the other through
the lungs. We are very sad to-day on account of
Us death, for he was the life and soul of our camp.
He did not die immediately. We placed him against
the bank and gave him water. We were then obliged
to leave him, for some of the English were behind
us, while those who had been on the top of the hill
.-were in front of us.
We ran to the opposite bank, and then an En
glishman lushed down toward me and was going
to stab me with his bayonet, but he was a little too
high up, so that he could not do it. He said,
"Throw down your gun, and I won't shoot." But
I said, "Throw down yours, or I shall shoot." And
so 1 would have, but he threw his gun down. Then
I he fumbled his hands in his breast, probably to
loosen his cartridge pouch. But I thought he
I meant to take out a revolver. My comrades shout
i ed out. "Shoot him, Reitz; shoot him!" But I had
i not the heart to shoot a man a' two paces dis
■ tance, so I said, "Put up your hands, or I'll shoot,"
i which he accordingly did. I then took his gun, and
i shall send you the bayonet.
In the mean while the English were approaching.
We could hear what they said. They were In high
| spirits, and they were quite unaware of our being
I in front of them. We waited until we could see
them. They marched In close order, about three
hundred '.n number. They were then about ten
yards from us. We then fired among them. They
stopped, and all called out, "Rifle brigade." They
must have supposed that we belonged to their
people. Then one of them said, "Let US charge."
i The officer Captain Paley (I am writing this letter
| with his silver pencil), advanced, though he had
I two bullet wounds already. Joubert gave him an
other shot, and he fell on top of us Four English
! men got hold at Jan Luttig and struck him on the
: head with their rifles and stabbed him in the stom
ach with a bayonet. He seize.l two of them by the
throat and shouted, "Help, boys!" His two nearest
comrades shot two of the nearest soldiers and the
; other two bolted. But then the English came up
in such numbers that »> all lay down as quiet as
mice a ong the bank. They came in single file,
about eight hundred, along the footpath only about
six yards from where we lay. Had there been more
j of us we would have continued firing, but the
i English would simply have trampled us down
We could of course, see them well, and overhear
all they said. One of them asked, "Who knows the
way?" Another replied. "Keep to the right " and
as I was sitting a few yards to the right I felt
somewhat uneasy but they Just then fortunately
found the footpath again.- and did not see me
While they were crossing the ditch one of the
: English wounded cried out, "Wounded man; wound
ed man to the right. I can't walk." But one of
them replied "Oh. you are only a Dutchman," and
another cried, "Go to h— ." When the English had
all passed the day was Just breaking. We after
ward found twenty-two of them killed and wound
ed. Captain Paley was still living, and wo did for
him what we could, but we had no water, and he
died shortly after. The other wounded men con
stantly cried out for water, and we then sent one
I of the prisoners— there were five or six of them—
I with a white flag to Ladysmith to fetch doctors.
One Englishman had been struck by seven bul
lets, one by four and one by three. There was, I
believe, not one who had less than two bullet
wounds, and considering that we were only seven In
number, and only continued firing for about five
minutes, you can see that it must have been warm
work. Besides that the English carried off a couple
of their wounded out of the ditch. All their guns
had bayonets fixed to them. I took four guns, but
I gave two to the doctor »o serve as splints for the
broken legs of two of the wounded. Among the
twenty-two were Captain Paley, one major and one
Further on the English killed three of our men
with bayonets and wounded two. Higher up the
hill there lay ten dead of the English, and where we
had been challenged by them also lay one. Isaac
Malberbe has rope to Pretoria with the prisoners,
and If you meet him he ■ •an tell you all about it.
If Hjalmnr is still in Pretoria. let him bring us
a couple of water bottles, for we have already
Buffered once or twice from having none. Tell
Atl I have received Willie Brill's letter*, and also
tell him he must not insist on coming to the front,
for It is no picnic. I shall i,,, conclude, with love
to all. "Sour affectionate «on, DENEYS REITZ.
This night sortie against a Boer battery is also
described by "The Standard's" correspondent. The
ascent was made successfully, the guns were de
stroyed and the retreat to camp began. He writes:
As our men fell' back toward the crest of the hill
the Boers pressed forward. emptylnß the magazines
I of their Mausers with greater rapidity than pre
cision The retiring companies walked slowly be
tween the two lines of fire, and there can be little
doubt that the bullets of the enemy did more mis
chief in thel • own ranks than In those of the
storming party. The struggle grew fiercer near the
foot of the hill, where the two and a half com
panies were drawn up in converging lines, so as to
Prevent any of 'he stormers from missing their
way m the dark. Colonel Metculf had given ihe
order to cease flr.^. Deceived by this cessation of
active hostilities, the Boers came closer, find strove
to lead our men among the rocks by addressing
them in English and us comrades, i his ruse did
not succeed. Waiting till they were within strik
ing dlstunce our men threw themselves upon the
enemy with th-- bayonet. The struggle was short
and the Issue never for a moment doubtful.
Twem.y-flve bayonetß burled themselves in Boer
breasts and the fight was over. •
Ono or two incidents may be recorded. It Ir be
1 lleved that the force aent to repel the attack was
composed mainly of the Foreign Legion. An Amer
ican lying wounded on the hillside waved a sheet of
paper" and exclaimed: "Do not touch this paper.
Let me die in peace." An Irishman flung himself
madly upon the bayonets, with a shout that he
would strike ono more blow against England. A
Boer rifleman, who appeared to share the^ belief
common among his countrymen that a flas <n truce
and a cry of surrender cover fllgnt and insure
safety when they have flred the last shot and are in
Imminent danger of death, emptied his magazine
at a range of ten yards, and then calmly observed
to his chosen victim, "I surrender." He will have
no further opportunity of putting Into practice
these peculiar views as to the liabilities of a com
batant. A more pleasant incident is told by Cap
tain Paley, who was wounded and lying helplees on
the slope. A young Boer came up, and was about
to give him the coup de grace, when a burgher
interfered to prevent an act of cold blooded mur
Our losses were heavy— flfty-nlne killed, wounded
and missing. One man was killed outright, four
teen died of their wounds and eight were prisoners
In the hands of the Boers. The enemy's casualties
were still more numerous, the doctor acknowledg
ing that twenty-eight had been slain and nearly
one hundred wounded.
This Incident of bayoneting and hand-to-hand
fighting is surpassed by the letter of a private of
the Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders who fought
at Modder River. He writes:
We found the enemy's picket there In small
trenches, and we went for them. We completely
wiped them off the map. One of them said: "Give
us a chance, rnat^; I am a Glasgow man." He had
his chance, for one of the Seuforths promptly ran
him through, with the remark, "Take that, you
traitor." We g>t up to one trench with fif
teen Boers in It. One held up a white flag on his
rille, and when we gat up to make them prisoners
the remainder tired on as. we toy flown and gave
them a volley. Up went the flap again, but the
holder had not got it straight when half a dozen
of our bullets went into him. Then we charged
them, and 1 assure you none of them lives to tell
the tale.
A letter bearing the same stann of simple truth
as that of j-oung Reitz has been received from an
officer who took part In the battle of Colenso. He
At the start a shell from our own artillery, with a
badly timed fuse, burst In. the middle of my com
pany, wounding about five men. I was knocked
down by the explosion, and a part of the shell
struck the ground at the side of my boot. We
went on and got behind a mound with bullets fly
ing within a jew inches, and shells bursting over
us. A bullet from a shrapnel hit my side without
hurting me, and I kept It as a memento. We lay
as flat as possible, wa.ting to be killed, is no one
thought we would escape. We were under fire
from o:30 a. m. until 2:30 p. m. Soon the Red
Cross people appeared, and we were relieved from
an awkward position. While lying on the ground
I felt a bullet skim along my back, and found that
It had made a hole in my jacket. Our men were
wonderfully plucky. One man near me got a bullet
through him. and said: "Ah. and If the bastes
haven't hit me! That's one ter them!" Imme
diately the words were out of his mouth he got
another, and said as coolly as ever, "Be Jabers. If
they haven't struck me the second time!" Another
buliel struck him Just after, and he said: "Well,
that's No. 3. I do think the blackguards motght
let a feller alone after they've hit him wance."
Others were laughing and joking continually. I
actually slept as I lay on the ground, and was
awakened by bullets going "ping" Into the ground
at the side of my head. One Boer was very kind.
He galloped more than once to the river with half
a dozen water bottles for our men, and seemed very
distressed. He said they were all tired of the war,
and asked what we were fighting about. He
thought the English were jolly good fellows. Other
Boers looted the dead and wounded, and one officer
was found with a finger cut off to get :i gold ring
quickly evacuated the position which they had
held all day. The enemy are supposed to have
been about 7.o<*> strong, although many of them—
in fact, the majority— were acting as supports.
The latter, however, maintained a heavy fire from
a hill 2.500 yards away. A rifle found on an old
fellow had evidently bet-n captured at Majuha
Hill, as It was marked Majuba and bore the name
of the ">Sth Regiment. The owner, doubtless, ex
pected to repeat the victory pained on that terri
ble day, as the enemy's tactics turned out to be
Identical with those observed on that memorable
"The Times's" correspondent at Ladysnnth, writ-
Ing under date of December 19, says:
It is Impossible to express the feeling of con
steroatlon with which the news of General liulier's
check on the Tugela was received in the invested
town. All had made up their minds that the period
oi enforced inactivity wus at an end. We were
proud to think that we should be abit to meet the
relieving troops with the little histories of our own
regarding the Gun and Surprise Hill butteries. No
one for a moment imagined that the southern force
would be anything but successful. On December
l^ heavy Bring had been heard In the direction of
1 ol nso, while on the foil.. wing day the pickets «.n
( Ksar's Camp and Wagon Hill had seen the smoke
made by the bursting shrapnel Then \v<- waited
for news—waited breathlessly for orders to be given
tv the flying column, composed of thu Devonshire
and Manchester regiments and the Gordon High
rs, to l>ave camp to complete the devastation
which the southern force had begun. Men and
women congratulated themselves in the Btreets
When tin ■;. heard that one of our heavy guns bad
been sent to Wagon Hill to cover the movement of
the flying column. But the silence was prolonged.
tiiouKli the hello winked ceaselessly from the hill
tops, but rumor had its way, and stories were tod
ol a splendid victory, of deserting Boers, of fleeing
Dutch and slaughtered burghers. Hut nothing from
m adquarters.
December 16 was Dingaan's Day, the anniversary
Ol the declaration of Independence of the South
African Republic by the Triumvirate in 18S0. It was
thought that this would be a suitable date for us
to ■rush the power Of the rebel State. Day dawned,
and with the advent of the sun the big gun on Bul
wana opened a spiteful fire. Twenty-one rounds
were fired Into the town. The Boers had remem
bered the salute which we had fired on the Prlnoe
of Rrales's birthday. Orimlv. on Dingaan's Day,
they returned the snluto nn.i with enVet, for th-re
wero three fatal casualties from the fire.
btill the rarrison congratulated itself. This
salute wra but thr- song of the dying swan. In a
nt of bravado the enemy had fired into us before
removing tho gun to escape the advance from the
south. A story camo in from Intombl Camp that
the Boers had sent a number of wounded Dutch
for treatment. Excitement ran high, and a specu
lative photographer circulated a notice to the effect
that now the siege was practloally at an end he
would lie happy to take a mass srroup »f th« civil
ians who had survived. But on Saturday night a
sinister order appeared. The bntteries attachpd to
tne flying column were sent back to their positions
on the line of defences. On the morrow the fol
lowing general order was published to the garrison:
"The general officer commanding the Natal field
force rejrrets to have to announce that General
Sir Redvers Buller failed to make good his first at
tack on Colenso: reinforcements will not. therefore,
arrive here as early as was expected. Sir George
White is confident that the defence r>t Ladysmlth
will be continued by the garrison in the same
spirited manner as It has hitherto been conducted
until the general officer commanding in chief in
South Africa does relieve ,t."
The news was received with blank dismay. The
disappointment was overwhelming. Then as the
situation began to be studied calmly, the tension
was relieved. Ir did not really matter if the in
vestment lasted a few weeks longer. We had few
of the luxuries of life, it is true, but there was a
full ration of the necessaries for at least two
months. The defences were practically secure
against attack. Our worst enemy was sickness.
The situation was anything but desperate. The
men. having so long stood to the Meld fortihcatlons,
seemed satisfied to remah: on the defensive The
Cisappolntment was acute, but, as far as the gar
rison was concerned, the situation remained un
From all accounts the Invaders have carried out
•their devastation with a ruthless hand. Not con
tent with lining all cattle found on the farm« they
have destroyed private property In a shameful and
childish manner. When tho orders were given to
leave the homesteads standing the raiders after
removing everything portable, resorted to the petty
spite of slitting pictures and firing bullets Into
pianos, and in every way trying to do as much
annoying damage as possible. In a farm which
we have retaken we found the pictures with the
eyes gouged out of the portraits, rind all tne little
harmless ornaments which the feminine mind loves
so well deliberately smashed. A poor revenge!
"The Standard's" man at Lady?mlth devotes the
greater part of a two column letter to the subject
of spies. He writes:
That there are traitors and spies, white as well
as black, In the gurrlson of Ladysmith Is certain.
The enemy never fails to receive notice of our
movements. General Joubert. Indeed. Is said to
have been very angry on one occasion because he
had not heard of the order countermanding a night
-:a>v hazy points cleared tip.
The official dispatches forwarded by General
Buller, published l,y the War Office to-day and
summarized by cable, clear up many moot points
and form an excellent record of the campaign ur
to the beginning of November. The explanation
of fate's retirement from Dundee, wrlttpn by Sfr
ile.r.e White, Is as follows:
Turning now to affairs at Dundee, which I have
already described up to the evening of O-noher 2>>
On tho niorninKT of October 21 it was ascertained
thai thi enemy had cleared off from the east of
thai place, but very large bodies were reported to
be advancing from the north and northwest. Gcn
sral rule moved his camp on this (lay to a more
defensible position to the south of the previous
ifimp, but tho enemy, bringing up heavy artillery
to the choulder of the Impatl Mountain, rendered
the site untenable, and another move wm m«.d« to
a site stiii further south. On October U Qtneral
Yule decided to effect a Junction with the troops at
I,ftdyHmlth. A reconnolssance in force ohowed that
the Glencoo pass was very strongly held, and that
to force it would entail heavy loss. The troops,
therefore, moved off at 9 p. m. by the Helpmakaar
Road, reaching Belth on the 23d, and Waschbank
Spruit on October' 24. at 9:30 a. m. Knowing of
General Yule's approach, I moved out this day to
Rietfontein to cover his flank from attack, and
there light an action, which will be described
later. Meanwhile General Yule hearing my guns In
action, halted his Infantry at Waschbank Spruit
and moved west with his artillery and mounted
troops in hopp .if bring able to participate In the
action. The distance, however, was found to be too
creat. and he rejoined his infantry at Waschbank
Spruit, halting there for the night. On the morn
ing of October 25 General Yule's force marched to
Sunday's River, whence it reached Ladysmith on
October 25, being joined en route by a force de
tached by me to meet it. The casualties at Dundee
after October 20 were very slight, and none what
ever were incurred on the march to Ladysmith,
where the troops arrived fit and well.
Reverting to my action at Rietfonteln. on October
24 I may mention in general terms that my object
was not to drive the enemy out ot any positions,
but simply to prevent him crossing the Newcastle
Road from west to east, and so falling on General
Yule's flank. This object was attained with entire
success, the enemy suffering severely from our
shrapnel fire, which was very successful in search
ing the reverse slopes of the hills on which he was
Lord Methuen'a account of the battle of Belmont
shows that he was forced into making a frontal
"Major-General Sir H. Colville," he writes, "shows
the Grenadiers lost direction, and I found myself
committed to a frontal attack." Of the same battle
Lord Methuen reports:
"A coward's trick now occurred. A white flag
was displayed, and when within fifty yards our men
ceased firing, and while the flag was flying a shot
was fired by one of the party at our men.'
"The entlr..- force," adds the General, "is animated
with the host spirit, and my sole regret Is that I
have lost and must lose many men whenever I have
to flght largo numbers of mounter! Boers In strong
defensive positions."
Of Enslin General Me>hu«?n reports:
The fighting was far harder than on Thursday
and I would not let a man go forward until I had
covered the two high hills with shrapnel. The man
ner In which the batteries were handled, their accu
racy in firing, is beyond all praise, and why this
action is, to my mind, interesting la that you can
compare it to Belmont. In the battle of Belmont
you have a surprise and one battalion losing direc
tion and suffering heavy loss; in the battle of Ens
lin you have a position well prepared by shrapnel;
the right battery ftres five hundred rounds, and you
have the Naval Brigade behaving splendidly, but
not taking advantage onouph of cover and Buffer
ing accordingly. The loss was great In both CUM
and convinces me that if an enemy has hi« heart In
the right place he ought to he able to hold bis own
against vastly superior forces, and it does our men
groat credit that nothing stops them.
The tugboat Petrolia, which is said to be
owned by the Standard Oil Company, while
passing through Hell Gate late yesterday after
noon, became disabled and was carried by the
swift currents on the reef known as Hog's Back.
The Petrolia's captain, in the hope of saving his
boat from being wrecked, sounded the alarm sig
nal on his whistle. It was answered by the tug
boat Mischief, which came from the Long Island
shore, and under a full head of steam hurried
across to the Petrolia. Before the rescuing boat
got near the one in distress the latter ran harrl
and fast on the jr*?ged reef.
The Mischief's captain, however, sought to pull
the Petrolia by hawser into deep water. Th^
Mischief tugged and tugged, hut the stranded
craft held fast. While the effort to float the
Petrolia was being made something went amiss
aboard the Mischief. Persons who had witnessed
the work going on from Ward's Island and the
New-York shore noticed a cloud of steam arise.
and when It cleared away the Mischief was dis
appearing below the surface of the water and
her crew were swimming for their lives. All
except one of the men were picked up by the
lifeboat launched by the Petrolia's crew.
The missing man was probably carried down
by the suction mad.- by the pinking tugboat. His
comrades were landed in Asroria. It was
thought by seme that the boiler of the Mischief
had exploded. Such waa apt the case, and the
loss of the tuX was probably caused by the open
ing of the seams of the river boat.
The Petrolia is still on Hog's Hack Reef; and
the Merrltt-Chapman Wrecking Company; will
this morning try to save her. The Mischief, it
%vas said, is owned by the Keilly Towing Com
The statement (if Abraham Qruber, the Republican
leader W the XXlst District, that his opponents
in the district organization were the first Republi
cans of the district to have their headquarters in
a barroom stirred George C. Austin to say yester
The statement is a deliberate insult to the dttaena
of that locality who patronise the place in question.
It Is :i hotel and restaurant and is patronized by
the best cttlseni of the neighborhood. The Inde
pendent Club of the XXlst District holds its
monthly meetings and dinners there. This club is
largely made up of members of the West Bnd Pres
byterian, the t'.ra'.- Methodist Episcopal and St.
Michael's Protestant Episcopal churches, and the
professors sad students of Columbia university.
The Rev. Dr. John P. Peters, rector of St. Michael's,
holds one of his church society dinners there
monthly. We desired to have headquarters in the
central part of the district, and in view of the fore
going facts were extremely glad to get a place of
such respectability for that purpose.
"I have said nothing against the character of the
place at Broadway and One-hundred-and-first-st."
Mr. Gruber said yesterday, "but It Is a place where
liquor has been sold nightly to the Republicans who
make their headquarters there. The place is called
the 'Arhor,' and our boys have come to speak of
Austin and his follweors as the 'arbor nits." I am
informed that when Austin and his associates meet
there the privates drink beer and the generals drink
'high balls ' I imagine that their meeting place is
in ;: Ml t of the building a little removed from that
in which Dr. Peters gives his church society din
Mr. Gruber yesterday had something to say about
Louis A Lohmaier. a Republican of the district who
had come out with a statement In support of Mr.
Austin. "Mr. Lehmaier." Mr. Gruber said, "was
chairman of the Campaign Committee of the Am
sterdam Republican Club last fall, and, while he con
tinued to hold that position, lie was working con
stantly td try to defeat the election of Mr. Mat hews,
the Republican candidate for Alderman in the dis
trict. That is the k!n<l of a Republican Mr. Leh
niaier It. Mr. Matbews was elected Alderman.
Some persons nevei will forgive me because the
Republican organ'zatioti of which I am the leader
Insisted upon e-lecting both a Republican Assembly
man and a Republican Alderman in the district last
The Sterling Republican Club last evening gave
for Its newly elected president. Assistant Postmas
ter Edward M. Morgan, a dinner In Washington
Hall, at One-hundred-and-slxty-seventh-st. and Am-
Bterdam-ave. There were three hundred and fifty
members present.
William E. Graham presided, and introduced
George W. Dease. who presented to Mr. Morgan a
handsome gold watch, chain and charm, suitably
engraved. There were several other speakers,
among them ex-Postmaster Charles W. Dayton.
Abraham Gruber and George C. Austin.
/Ex-Postmaster Dayton In his address referred to
I. is taking office as postmaster, and as being the
first Democratic postmaster In thirty-three years.
He said that Mr. Morgan had a better knowledge
of the mall system than any other man In the De
partment. The speaker said that he believed in
(party politics and believed In parties fighting for
their principles.
George E. Green, of Blnghamton. N. V.. had some
things to say about loyalty to party leaden, among
them the following: "I believe In being a subser
vient tool of the boss— when the boss Is In the
Abraham Gruber made a witty speech, refraining
from any attack upon party organization leaders.
to the disappointment of many who had expected
him to say something bitter about Senator Finn
and L. E. Qulgg.
Mr. Qulgp, who had been expected to make a
speech at the dinner, was mysteriously absent.
j Morrlstown, N. J., Ken. 3.— Congressman Salmon,
j of the IVth Congress District, has Informed friends
1 In Morrlstown that William J. Bryan win visit
Morrlstown soon. The visitor will be accompanied
by Congressmen Salmon and Daly and State Sena
tor Cornish. The entire party, will be the guests of
ex-Judge William W . Cutler and the rtstown
• Democratic Club. •■■■»,• .-^
The audience at the Casino Theatre last night
witnessed a scene that was not on the pro
gramme. It was the burning of the immense
etage curtain, and, strange to say, not more
than a dozen persons left the theatre. The oth
ers remained In their seats and calmly watched
the flames from the burining curtain fly Into the
It was in the last act of "The Belle of New-
York" that the fire occurred. Suddenly the au
dience and players were startled by jthe appear
ance of Acting Stage Manager Lawrence on the
stage. He called to the stage hands to drop the
curtain, and at the same time said that it
was on fire. La Daisy, a dancing girl, who was
doing her act, jumped Into one of the nearby
boxes just as the curtain reached the stage.
The audience jumped to their feet, but just as
quickly sat down again. They remained seated
and calmly watched the curtain being destroyed
by fire.
With the exception of two players, the or
chestra members remained in their seats and
watched the fire, not showing the least bit of
After the flames had died away the perform
ance was resumed. At its conclusion Manager
Lederer said that the coolness of the audience
was the most remarkable performance he had
ever witnessed, and was to be wondered at. He
said he often wondered how an audience so
larg" would conduct itself if a fire ever broke
out in the theatre.
Mr. Coventry, the stage manager, who had
charge of the play when It was in London, was
loud in his praises of the way the audience con
ducted itself, and ventured the opinion that if
the same thing had occurred In one of England' 3
playhouses, several hundred people would have
been killed.
Manager Lederer said the damage would prob
ably amount to $350.
Goorge Schmidt, forty years old, of No. 225 East
One-hundred-and-twenty-fifth-st., alias Herman
Palmer, said by the police to be a desperate safe
blower, while being arrested yesterday afternoon
at N'inetleth-at. and Second-aye.. assaulted De
tective Tinker with a Jimmy. Detective Tinker,
who was watching the man. warded the blow and
struck Schmidt with the butt end of his revolver,
inflicting a scalp wound. Schmidt was taker to
the Presbyterian Hospital, where his wound was
dressed, and was then removed to Police Head
Schmidt'? picture is No. 6.131 In the Rogues' Gal
lery. In 1838 he finished a term of ten years in
Sing Sins? for a burglary in Harlem. His brother,
August Palmer, who was implicated with him in
the burglary, is still serving a sentence, and Frank
Clark, another confederate, Is out, having served
his time for the crime.
Detectives Doran and Tinker were in the neigh
borhood of Xinety-ninth-st. and Second-aye. They
were not looking for Schmidt. They knew that
Schmidt was wanted for a burglary committed In
Baltimore two weeks ago, but they did not expect
to run across Mm <n the locality mentioned.
Tinker happened to see Schmidt, and he recog
nized him. Tinker and Doran walked quickly up
to the man, who had his back turned. When
they were within a few feet of him Schmidt turned,
and. seeing Tinker, drew a jimmy and made a dash
at the detectives. As stated. Tinker warded the
blow and struck Schmidt, who i« a powerful man.
to the Pidewalk with his revolver. A patrol wagon
from the East Eighty-elghth-st. station was called.
and Benmidi was taken to the Presbyterian Hos
'"•Th'e details of the Baltimore burglary are not
known at Police Headquartera. Baltimore offi
cials will be he-e to identity Schmidt to-morrow.
Charles Sprague Smith gave out the following
statement last night in reference to the trouble la
Peoples Club No. 1:
The withdrawal of the majority of officers and a
large number of members of People's Club No. 1
is not the result of a hasty decision or of dissen
sions of recent origin. These dissensions reach back
nearly to the foundation of the club. An acute
stage was. however, only recently reached, when
the Membership Committee refused to hear serious
charges brought against a certain member. These
charges were. In the opinion of a large number,
such that, if substantiated, they demanded vigorous
action if club decorum and order were to be main
tained The committee refused to hear the charges
and declare;! that, ever- assuming them true, they
did not constitute a breach of order. The club at
a subsequent meeting by a small majority con
firmed this action, but at the next meeting, when
the situation had been explained, reversed its pre
vious action, and by a majority of 62 to 14 (so
recorded if I am not mistaken) declared Us lack
of confidence in the committee and demanded its
resignation. Two members of the committee re
signed but five refused to do so. The original de
cision 'of the majority was to remain In the club.
and by parliamentary methods, to restore order.
But' when the Membership Committee and its sup
porters on a recent Sunday Invited the press to an
informal meeting at the clubrooms and Inaugurated
a campaign of public attack it was decided to
withdraw quietly from the club. Resolutions were
therefore ordered adopted and read at the club
meeting of February 1. Every test vote on that
evening showed a majority against the Membership
Committee, which, however, refused to resign. At
the close of the meeting the resignations were
handed In differences as regards order and
Fundamental differences as regards order and
decorum, the relations to the People's Institute
and the purposes of such a People's club separate
the two sections. . _ . _ .
I -sire to correct certain remarks attributed to
me and appearing In a report of this morning
lest they should be misconstrued. I stated that tne
party opposed to the administration favored. I
understood giving a prominent place to dancing,
and a great many young people, especially young
girls, were. In consequence, being elected members,
while to both policies the other party was decidedly
opposed. to add that the year's experience has
I wish to add that the years experience has
brought no discouragement to those Interested in
the People's Club experiment, It is clear to us all
that methods must be changed, and above all a
strict sentinelling observed at ihe entrance Into
these clubs; also that tht power of quick and vigor
ous action be present and exercised at the first
sign of trouble, but the spirit of democratic equal
ity and brotherhood manifested and the loyalty on
the part of a large number to the purposes for
which the institute and club were founded Inspired
confidence. We shall Immediately reorganize.
The members who withdrew offered the following
We are convinced that the purposes for which
the People's Club No. 1 was founded— social
life, intellectual cultivation and the promotion of a
spirit of brotherhood— cannot be accomplished under
existing conditions.
We recognise with regret that a dignified parlia
mentary solution has been Impossible by the re
cent action of the Membership Committee and Its
supporters in Inaugurating a campaign of public
We refuse to take any part in a contest which,
in our opinion, not only Injures the participants,
but also imperils the whole future of the cluD
movement. Therefore, we respectfully tender our
resignations us members of People s Club No. 1.
A meeting of the Reorganization Committee of
Ten of the club, of which A. W. Browerton is the
chairman, will be held at th« clubrooms. No. 9
Seventh-st.. this afternoon, at 3:30 o'clock. Sugges
tions from the members and the public at large
will be received and considered. If handed In In
writing. TMs committee states that in view of the
fact that Professor Smith made a statement on
Friday to the effect that those who resigned were
all of the original members of the body. the com
mittee wishes to state errphatl -alv that .his is
not so. and that poms of the charter members
havo reappl>el for admission; 'hat forty-nine in
stead of one hundred members resigned and that
fcrty new members have been elected. A letter \*
to be sent to all who** membership lapsed^r who
resigned previous to Thursday night, urging them
to continue In the club, and stating that there to
a strong, determined and unit - I effort upon the
part of .11 members to make the club all that Its
I>rc motors ,vsUi.. d It to (>•• :t club whose rn4-nber
ship is open to poor and rich alike, regardless of
religious opinion, where they can meet socially
cne common brotherhood to lwcus. In a frlriib
W AW^t?^ftrh- f T. h^ 7 kdoptrf
the conduct of the members Present. *>»««•*» **
do not in the least Interfere wUh the fullest H£?> £
ot spas or conduct compatible with good man
Thr Financial W
, Through the week the stock market has t>r u
j rousing Itself from its recent lethargy, and wtta
} expanding business there has been a very gen
| eral advance in prices. The rIM has been be
j tween two and three per cent for quite a larg»
1 number of the leading stocks, including the
j grangers; It has been a little less for othen.
such as New-York Central. Pennsylvania and
■ Union Pacific; while in some of the Industrial
It has been very much larger— Tennessee Coal,
j for example. Sugar is a weak spot m the mar
' ket. There was a brief flurry in it one day
caused by the reckless purchases of a room
trader, who promptly failed on his contracts;
after this It settled back. It Is known that the
flurry while it lasted, considerably disturbed tile
Insiders In Sugar, who were evidently bewildered
by the performance. It was not in thetr pro
gramme. The dividend meeting comes next
j month, and the customary rumors are In circu
lation that something Is going to happen. The
steel stocks were leaders on the bull side, the
; start being made with Steel "Wire, on the decla
ration of a dividend for the current year at the
rate of 7 per cent. If the stock had not beta
' so badly handicapped by last year's perform
ances In it, the showing of earnings made ajkt
i the declaration of the dividend, might have
made a rise In It to «5 or 70 no very difficult mat
ter to bring about; as it was, insiders were ap
parently willing to market stock when the price
got above ,77. The dividend of "_'';; per cent en
I Federal Steel common will be declared on the
second Tuesday of this month. This will cleaa
up the delayed payments of last year; and leave
! the way open for regular payments in the fut
ure. There are rumors that dividends at the
| rate of 8 per cent will be started on Tennessee
', Coal next month. Their circulation accompanied
the sudden Jumps in the stock of eight points on
two successive days.
It looks £.«> if the upward movement began
I the past wefek would go further. The anticipated
[ passage ot the Currency Bill is indicated as the
I forward mark toward which It will move. Great
' things are predicted on the bull side as likely to
result from the Increase of currency which the
bill will make. That the movement is afoot
to lift the market may be inferred not only from
its advance the past week, but from the fact
that the loans, as shown by the bank state
ment, have increased nearly $24,000,000 in three
weeks, while the stock market has only just be
gun to move. It is argued that the big men
have been getting together the necessary money
for a bull movement, the Currency Bill furnlaa
ing the motive for it. If the argument be cor
rect, bad news may retard the forward progress
of the market, and make it irregular; but It
will go forward all the same.
The continued increase in railroad earnings
may be used as a lever, and certainly none
could be better. If the St. Paul may be taken
as an indication of what the great systems
generally are doing, it must be Inferred that
general trade continues to enlarge in volume
rather than contract. This company in the four
weeks of January showed gross Increases over
last year which were quite unexpected. In the
third week it increased $59.000 over an increase*
last year of $107,000; and in the fourth week,
it Increased $132,000 over $161,000 increase last
year. It was suppose on account of last year's
large increases, that the comparison this month
would be poor, especially as the grain move
ment had greatly slacked off: but there they are
— quite the other way. For the next few weeks,
comparison will be made with small increases
last year. The St. Paul Company, like many
of the other large concerns. is taking the favor
able opportunity to put large amounts of money
into Improvements, so that net earnings do not
make so large a showing as gross; and there
is, of course, some Increase in coat of working,
from the advance In the price of supplies. This
being said, however, it remains true that the St.
Paul, and several other leading railroad systems,
are making the largest earnings In their history.
Among the trunk lines, another outward evi
dence of the union of Interests was afforded
the other day in the election of a Pennsylraaia
Railroad representative to the Board of Direc
tory of the B. & O. The stocks of the latter
company have been among those which have
risen most sharply during the week. Th» pre
ferred, it must be borne in mind, la a teed 4
per cent stock; so that even when dividends are
starte 1 on It, a price between SO and S5 must
be regarded as top. The common, of course,
la open to all speculative influences. The strong
bull argument on B. & O. is really that the
controlling Influence in its management now 13
the great corporation with which it has in times
past been so often and so ruinously in compe
tition. Railroad men who know the past history
of the B. & O. from the inside are well pleased.
"There will be no more going for tonnage at •
any cost." said one of these: 'and that has been
the principal trouble with the B. & O." The
Chesapeake & Ohio Is also understood to be
practically a Pennsylvania corporation now.
through a controlling ownership. The Three
C.'s road has been brought under discipline In
the general family by the retirement of President
Ingalls; of whom, it was said, that he wanted
to run the road as he liked and not as the other
people liked. Three C's. stock ought to be good
for a few points advance from present figures.
It has begun paying dividends again.
All these roads are great coal carriers, prin
cipally soft coal: and so great is the demand for
this coal that it has risen almost to the price
of anthracite. It is stated that the latter coal
is again being used in manufacturing where it
can be obtained readily, as it can be bought
nearly as cheap as bituminous. European de
mands for soft seal are growing, an.l are urgent,
partly as a result of the South African war.
The war has also caused an immense export
of canned goods; and has almost doubled the
price of horses and mules in certain parts of
the South and Southwest. Th" English Govern
ment has bought them up in droves.
Third Avenue stock has been fluctuating to
the vicinity of par. It does not appear that the
bankers who expect to take charge of the com
pany's finances are concerning themselves about
the stock's market movements. The coming
week they will probably be in a position to say
definitely what can or cannot be done. They
are still receiving the reports of their experts;
which are bulky documents, covering every de
partment of the property. These reports are
not all in yet. The examination is one which
goes to bed rock, and the work cannot be
hurried. "We want to know exactly where we
stand." said one of the bankers; "and then we
can tell what we can do."
The bond market continues healthy. There U
a steady investment demand. Missouri Pacific
issues look like going higher, as the Junior issues
are safe and selling low for the interest they
pay The first mortgage 4 per cents of the Wia
consln Central, quoted about 01. ff» M^'* ?
good market around M, The road | «"*••
considerable surplus over all fixed " mo 2
reduced in the reorganization-one _of the^mcj
long drawn out. by the way. that we ,!}^ e & g?
almost equal to the Toledo. Kansas City & St.
L War news, as »ld last week, is f /lent now
Leyds is quoted in a drive the Es
saying that the «»; i »'2l'«-uM Ye fought to :
Ush from South Africa and »v
the end. He speak* trul> TMs a
determine whether n>u. h A t , » J»u o*
means a long w , r ; les .p re n" h and Indian war."
the last century. he w^™-h? t o determlna
a 9 v was called. «as [ n « g^. ench speaking
whether the EnsHsh or^he «r«
S^K SBST& fes&rtSS*

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