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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, February 05, 1900, Image 1

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*"V - LIX. . • .jff^iOj^
THEY HEAR BULLER'S GUNS.
BRITISH AND BOERS FIGHTING AGAIN NORTH OF THE
TUG EL A RIVER ON SATURDAY.
VHITF . S PRISON PREPARES FOR ANOTHER ATTACK.
A dispatch from Durhan says that General Puller crossed the Tugela on
JFnday night and is marching on Ladysmith.
A. menage from Ladysmith, dated yesterday, said that General Buller's
suns' had beer, heard on Saturday, but the result of the engagement was not
known The Boers were again massing around Ladysmith.
General French's cavalry had a brush with the Boers near Colesberg.
General Roberts reports all well at Mafeking on January 17, with the gar
rison pushing the besiegers out of rifle range on three sides.
The Boers captured a magistrate and forty-five police, white and colored,
*ith arms and ammunition, in Zulnland on January 31.
JJTTLE KNOWN IX LOXDOX.
STAR NEWS FROM NATAL STILL SCANTY
AND UNSATISFACTORY.
;V IOoprr!«*t; 1900: by The N>w-Tork Tribune. 1
[BT CABLE TO THE TRIBCXE-1
i Tendon, Feb. 5. 6 a. m.— Conflicting reports
'ere published this morning with regard to Gen
eral Buller's movements, bat on the whole It
■jrould seem that his third attempt to advance
on Ladysmith has actually begun. Firing of
heavy guns was heard by the beleaguered gar
rison throughout Saturday, and one report indi
cates that fighting has occurred at Colenso,
ttrhile news has reached Ladysmith by some
tneans that a brigade of Buller's army has
crossed the Tugela.
This, to a certain extent, bears out the dis
patch from Durban, although the correspondent
in tbat town suggests that the force crossed the
river above Trichard's Drift and marched In the
direction of Acton Homes.
Ha official statement has. however, been is-
Cued, and at present nothing can be said with
twaastsj in reference to the situation.
B is noteworthy that, in view of the great de-
Jay preaf massages have as a rule been subject
to since the outbreak of the war, unofficial
dispatches sent cut from Ladysmith yesterday
•xppear in this meming's newspapers.
THE WAR OFFICE SILENT.
THE FIELD CLEAR FOR THE AMATEUR
" TACTICIANS OF THE LONDON PRESS.
: !Cbpyr!6*t: I?0O: t>y The New-York Tribune.]
[BY CABLE TO THE TRIBUNE.]
'< Lcnfion, Feb. 5, 1 a. m. — Rumors were again in
itee air at midnight that General Buller's army
i&<l recrossed the Tugela. The Central News.
,'echoing Charles Williams's announcement, stated
•on the authority of a Durban dispatch that the
troops started en Friday night and were march
ing toward Ladysmith yesterday. The bulletin
had a suspicious look, since it was accompanied
*jy a rider that no definite information would be
Allowed to come through until the town was re
lieved. The report was well within the range of
probabilities, but no importance could be at
tached to it until official confirmation were re
ceived. The War Office neither encourages nor
Interferes with the amateur strategy now going
•on In the newspaper offices. There was no bulle
tin from General Buller, and the military writers
•were left at liberty to plan his campaign for him
in this morning's journals, and to send him
•cross the Tugela as far west as Bethany and
««ain at Potgieter's Drift or further down at
*he Junction of the Little Tugela with the main
■■river. ,; ■:! - ; -; ■>
!A BUDGET OF MINOR NEWS. *
| Fleet Street was mainly occupied at midnight
vnh this amateur campaigning. A heavy mail
had come in from Cape Town, and there was a
tug budget of special correspondence from Natal
end Modder River already in type for this morn
ing s press. Dispatcher from the seat of war
were numerous, but of little account. There
•were heliograph messages from Ladysmith as
late as Sunday expressing the anxiety with which
"the beleaguer* garrison awaited relief. There
.was also a fresh edition of the tales of native
runners respecting rerlous Boer losses at Spion
Kop. where an unusual number of Boer officers
were reported killed or wounded. There was an
mnmistworthy story fr ° m Durban that the
.Boers Lad shot wounded Colonial soldiers. The
™Si I b ** n WHy and triek * durin * the
.campaign. but not unmerciful to the wounded.
M™ 2tl 7" £** addltl news from Zulu
tctr v a force with artiner >- had at
:::r tt d o .?*„£• to ™ <* —■«»*• a -
respecting the fresh movement by General Bui
; ?*■ «*" **» which the censor
' . *an enforced suggests that a new combi
«atio, M been formed, but th P n-\a, noth lnK
£Z£T " "— -Si o; DJrba*
Jliisiil
f ;N; N ' G THE spade AT MAPEKING.
•'toll lack P o°f b ?, y °" ?" cx Ia -«ion of the
* ad ' n - Pow * Ii '« tnenching has been
intrSng^ 11 " 1 an enemy that f * constantly
■bSS^r™ ° f thC reCa " ° f the Brltish Am
iti^Tc.r* 011111 of the continued p ub » ca -
Queen h ay" Ung Cart ° OnS almed gainst the
I w.een have caUße d no excitement In London.
CoßUnncd oa third i>«* e . '■
BULLER'S THTRD ADVANCE.
SAID TO HAVE CROSSED THE TUGELA
A'GAIX ON FRIDAY NIGHT.
Durban, Feb. 4. — General Buller crossed the
Tugela River Friday night and is marching on
Ladysmith. No definite news will be permitted
to go out until Ladysmith is relieved.
General Buller personally supervised the re
cent retirement of the army across the Tugela,
He then returned to his old headauarters at
Spearman's Camp, looking much fagged, but im
passive.
London, Ftb. 5.— A special dispatch from Dur
ban, dated Sunday, and referring to General
Buller's recrossing the Tugela in his advance
upon Ladysmith, says:
It is probable that Genera! Buller crossed at
a spot above Trichardt's Drift, and that, leaving
the enemy to the right, he is marching to Acton
Homes, whence the road to Ladysmith runs al
most due east, through a fairly open country.
It is expected here that he will reach Lady
smith to-morrow (Monday) night.
The Pietsrmaritzburg correspondent of "The
Daily Mail," telegraphing yesterday, says:
General Buller has undoubtedly secured the
road to Ladysmith and should reach his ob
jective this week. It is believed here that the
object of the Boers in occupying Ngutu. Zulu
land, is to secure the road from Dundee to
Vryheid in case of retreat.
I learn from a reliable source that General
Joubert was seriously Injured by a shell in the
fight at Willow Grange, and that he will never
be able to command again on horseback. My
informant says that he has, in fact, retired from
the field.
The Boers admit that the attack on Lady-
Bmlth was a serious blunder, and would not
have occurred if General Joubert had been in
command. Oenerai Lucas Meyer played the
coward at Ta'.ana, and sheltered himself in a
Red Cross wagon, shamming sickness. He has
been unable to face the Boers since, and they
threaten to rhoot him.
The Boers say Great Britain made & mistake
In not tending General Sir Evelyn Wood. I
understand that they stllj have thousands of
bags oi flour stored in reserve at Delagoa Bay.
Winston Churchill, in a dispatch from Spear
man's Camp dated Saturday, February 3, says:
The belief is general that all will be staked on
the issue of the coming battle. It is probable
that no press telegrams will be permitted to
leave pending the oper.it i<~.ns.
The fighting power, rr>« •'. and material, of the
army was never higher uam it is now.
"The Daily Telegraph" has the following dis
patch from Spearman's Camp, dated Sunday
evening:
I. N. F.
Messages are new freely exchanged between
the camps of General Buller and General White
— by night with calcium light, by day with
heliograph. The men here are enthusiastic at
the prospect of a speedy advance under General
Buller's instructions. A very large convoy with
stores for the besieged garrison will accompany
the relieving force. The Boers have repaired the
road bridge over the Tulega at Colenso suffi
ciently for the passage of cavalry.
Although there is no actual corfirmatlon of
the report that General Buller has recrossed the
Tugela on a third desperate attempt to relieve
Ladysmith, it is known that the War Office has
received several South African dispatches which
have not yet been published, and if the advance
Is an actual fact the secret Is being well kept.
There are newspaper dispatches in plenty from
Spearman's Camp up to Sunday, but there is no
hint that an advance had been begun, and it is
assumed in some quarters here that Lord Dun
donald's reconnolssance in the district of Hon
ger's Poort may be the only foundation for the
statement that General Buller has started.
On the other hand, dispatches from Lady
smith rather indicate that the advance is in
operation, by reporting heavy firing on Friday
and Saturday from the directions of Potgieter*s
Drift and Colenso.
Various rumors are current. One says that
General Buller is again attacking Splon Kop
from the side of General Lyttleton's camp. An
other is that he received Information from the
owner of Splon Kop farm, and crossed by fords
further west than Trichardt's Drift. The mili
tary authorities In London think it more likely
that the crossing would be made east of Zwart's
Kop. Speculation, however, Is useless. The
public can only wait In patience, and, it may be
said also, in trepidation.
BOERS MASSING NEAR LADYSMITH.
THE GARRISON PREPARED FOR ANOTHER
ATTACK IN FORCE.
Ladysmlth, Feb. 4 (by heliograph from Signal
Hill). — The garrison were much cheered by hear
ing General Buller's guns yesterday. The re
sult of the engagement is not known. The
Boers are again massing near Ladysmtth. also
moving another gun toward Surprise Hill. We
are quite ready for them if they contemplate
another attack.
Ladysmith, Feb. S (by heliograph via Signal
Hill).— General Buller's guns have been heard
again. Otherwise It Is very quiet. We are
awaiting further news of his progress.
There hay* been no furflier developments here.
Very few Boers remain northeast of the camp.
The majority are concentrated south and west.
Th* health of the garrison is improved.
BURNING UP THE BRITISH COVER.
BOERS SET FIRE TO THE GRASS IN ORDER
TO SEE THE ENEMY.
fipearman's Camp, Feb. 8, §JJB p m — The
Boers fired from the hills on several squadrons
of Bethune's Mounted Infantry, who were recon
noitring:.
They continue to net fire to the grass on the
left of Mount Alice in order to destroy the
cover of the. British troops and to enable the
i,<utrs to ••• til* Advsoiu*.
NEW-YORK, MONDAY. FEBRUARY 5. ISOO.-TWBLVE PAGES- by t^T^ JSfcut,,-.
MACRUM HERE, BUT SILENT
WILL NOT TELL WHY HE LEFT HIS
STARTS FOR WASHINGTON. AND SATS HE
WILL MAKE A STATEMENT AFTER
SEEING SECRETARY HAT.
Charles E. Macrum, the former United States
Consul at Pretoria, who insipted upon being re
ralled at a time when affairs In the Trans
vaal Republic were at a crisis and when his
presence there was urgently required by the
State Department, arrived here yesterday morn
ing on the American Line steamship St. Paul.
With him were his wife and little daugh
ter. Mr. Macrum has maintained silence as to
his reasons for wishing to leave his station, and
though repeatedly asked to talk on the subject
has refused to do so. This silence Is still un
broken, though Mr. Marrum says that to-day,
after his arrival In Washington and visit to the
State Department, he will issue a statement over
his signature telling why he left his post at such
a critical time.
Mr. Macrum is thirty-five years old. He comes
from East Liverpool, Ohio. He was not known
to the public until his remarkable series of
cables to the State Department asking to be re
lieved. He has been on hie way here since
December IS, and though numerous attempts
have been made to learn his reasons for leaving
Pretoria he has remained silent, and this In the
face of charges that he left the South African
Republic for fear of his personal safety. He Is
rather a determined looking young man, and
some who have been associated with him say
that he has something to communicate which
will cause the State Department surprise and
show that he had good reasons for coming back.
When seen on the steamship St. Paul he was
at tiie. jnall . desit early asking f "r any mall
■which had come aboard since the big liner
reached Quarantine. He Is of slight build,
about 5 feet 5 inches in height, with a slight
red mustache and imperial. He wore a long
light overcoat reaching to his boot tops. He
was not inclined to talk, even about the situa
tion in Africa when he left thore.
WON'T SAY A WORD.
"There is nothing that I care to say at pres
ent." he said. "I have been asked time and time
again as to my reasons for leaving South Africa,
and I must answer now, as I have done in the
past, that I do not care to say anything. I
shall go to Washington as soon as possible —
to-day, if I can make connections and report to
the State Department. Then I will make a
statement, and not before. I know that many
things have been said about my leaving, but I
have nothing to say."
"Do 'you know Canon Farmer, an English
clergyman, who- on his return to London charged
that your chief care in leaving Pretoria was for
your personal safety?"
"Yes," he said after a moment of thought.
"He was in charge of a church down there. I
am not coins to say anything about that, how
ever."
"Your sentiments were in favor of the Boers,
were they not?"
"Now. I am not going to say anything on any
subject."
Mr. Macrum also refused either to confirm or
deny the story that while in Paris he held a con
ference with Dr. Leyds, President Kruger"s
diplomatic representative in Europe. It was
pointed out to Mr. Macrum that the State De
partment had given out that he was no longer
connected with that branch of the service, and
that for that reason he was free to talk. To this
he replied: "I can't help that; I consider that I
am connected with the Department until I have
reported in Washington."
All sorts of questions were asked Mr. Macrum
relative to his leaving his post, but to all he
answered that he would not talk until he had
visited the State Department.
When the St. Paul reached her pier Mr. Ma
crum was one of the last passengers to go
ashore.
"I've Just managed to get away from the re
porters," he said with a sigh of relief as he
turned to the customs officials. His baggage
was inspected quickly, and, with his wife and
child, he was driven to the Fifth Avenue Hotel,
where he spent the remainder of the day.
Mr. Macrum denied himself to newspaper men
throughout the day, and received few visitors.
Among the latter was a young man who is a
relative of the ex-Consul, bearing the same
name, who spent most of the evening with tho
latter. Mr. Maorum's baggage remained in the
lobby of the hotel through the evening, and at
tracted considerable attention. It consisted of
three trunks, a uitty hug, a large canvus covered
bos and two steamer chairs, between which
were bound a Zulu shield made of hi<k\ several
Zulu sj;rars or assegai, and other implements
of savage warfare in South Afri'-a. The shield
was easily recognized by its shape ard consist
ency, and the assegai furnished their own intro
duction to any one who chanced to lean against
the baggage. Their sharp steel puints protruded
several inches beyond the rest of the baggage,
and the unfortunate individual who Hood too
close lo them was invariably stuck in the back.
Mr. Macrum through the agency of his weapons
of savagery made more than <.ne enemy last
right.
Mr. Macrum left the hotel with his family late
last evening, and took the midnight train for
Washington. He will make his report to the
State Department to day, and as his baggage
is checked straight through to his home in East
Liverpool, Ohio, it la llke'.y that he will start for
that place from Washington as soon as his
business Is finished.
BNOW IN NORTHERN NEW-YORK.
Malone. N. V.. Feb. 4. -Snow began falling early
this morning and has continued throughout the
day. Thin Blvds the first really good aielghin? of
the season In this vicinity, and lumbermen are en
couraged.
BEAUTIFUL. SWIFT AND SURE.
The ''Royal Limited." exquisite in all appoint
merits, leaves New- York. South Ferry and Foot of
Liberty St.. Dally 3 p. m., arrives Washington %p. m.
Unexcelled. Ulalnft and C&X6 Car Bervlo«*— Adn,
POST AT PRETORIA.
CHARLES H. MACRTTA
BULWER TREATY TO END.
CONTROL OF ISTHMIAN CANAL
BY UNITED STATES.
CONVENTION SIGNED AND SOON TO RE
PRESENTED TO THE SENATE—
A NEUTRAL WATERWAY.
[BY TEMMRAPH TO THE TRIBUXE-l
Washington. Feb. 4. — All International obsta
cles to complete and exclusive control by this
country of any ship canal which may be cut
across the Central American Isthmus have
finally been removed by the conclusion of a con
vention with Great Britain explicitly abrogating
the so-called Clayton-Bulwer Treaty. This
agreement, signed by Secretary Hay on the
part of the United States and by Lord Paunce
fote on the part of Great Britain, will be sent
to the Senate within the next few days. Be
sides distinctly annulling the Clayton-Bulwer
compact for joint control of any canal which
might be cut across the isthmus, and vesting In
the United States an exclusive unchallenged
right to build and manage such a waterway,
the convention Just approved commits both
signatory Powers to a declaration guaranteeing
the canal's neutrality, and pledges the United
States to refrain from fortifying Its approaches
and entrances, or otherwise restricting open ac
cess to it on the part of the world's commerce.
The other great maritime nations are to be
asked to join in this general guarantee of the
canal's freedom and neutrality, and the pro
jected cut across Panama or Nicaragua is to be
put on much the same basis In International
politics as is the Suez cut between the Red Sea
and the Mediterranean. The warships of all
nations are to be permitted to pass through the
new canal In time of peace or war, and no mili
tary advantages are to accrue to any Power
through the seizure or control of the canal's
gateways. In all other respects, however, the
Isthmian short cut is to be as completely under
American control as the Suez Canal is now
under British.
THE NEED OF ABROGATION.
Legislative agitation for the construction of
an isthmian canal has proceeded pretty gener
ally In the last ten years on the theory that a
purely American enterprise could be launched
without securing an annulment of the Clayton-
Bulwer Treaty. Many arguments have been
made In Congress and out of Congress to prove
that the Clayton-Bulwer Convention had lapsed
and was no longer binding on either nation.
Cooler heads have maintained, however, that
unless a distinct abrogation were secured Great
Britain's claims to a Joint Interest in the canal
could not be held to have been legally satisfied.
The chief argumen* advanced to discredit the
validity of the treaty rested on the theory that
Great Britain, by retaining: control of certain
territory in Central America, had violated the
first article of the convention itself, which bound
each signatory Power not "to colonize, or assume
or exercise any dominion over Nicaragua Costa
Rica, the Mosquito Coast, or any part of Cen
tral America."
That Great Britain did exercise dominion In
Central America after the ratification of the
Clayton-Bulwer Treaty, and continue to exercise
It, is not disputed. At the time of ratification the
English Government claimed or held the Bay
Islands, including the island of Ruatan. and
other islands adjoining Honduras, the Mosquito
Coast, and Belize, or Brlusn Honduras. It also
continued to exercise sovereignty over all this
territory In defiance of the clause of Article I,
above quoted. An attempt was made to remove
the collision thus provoked by a new treaty —
the Clarendon-Dallas Convention. But this con
vention, like many others, was materially
amended in the United States Senate, and the
British Government would not accept the
changes incorporated into the body of the orig
inal agreement. Great Britain, In 18T>9, by
treaty with Honduras, yielded Ruatan and the
Bay Islands to that republic. Later In the same
year she completed negotiations with Guatemala
rearranging the boundaries of Belize, and finally
in 1860 she concluded a treaty with Nicaragua,
withdrawing her protectorate over the Mos
quito Coast
COMPLIANCE WITH FORMER TREATY.
President Buchanan, on being Informed of
these various conventions, announced to Con
gress in his annual Message, December, ISGO,
that "the discordant constructions of the Clay
ton-Bulwer Treaty between the two Govern
ments, which at different periods of the discus
sion bore a threatening aspect, have resulted
In a final settlement entirely satisfactory to the
United States." This rather emphatic admission
that Great Britain had fulfilled her obligations
under Article I has been challenged by succeed
ing American statesmen, on the ground that
Great Britain had made a nominal rather than
an actual renunciation of sovereignty in her
treaties with the three Central American States,
and that she has continued to exercise dominion
and exert political influence In Central America
in a manner prohibited by the Clayton-Bulwer
Treaty Itself. Since Buchanan's time, however,
forty years have elapsed, and undisturbed pos
session has been held by other American states
men and diplomats to have strengthened Great
Britain's claim of compliance with the spirit
and letter of the Clayton-Bulwc-r agreement. It
was with this conviction— that the English Gov
ernment might properly hold that the privileges
guaranteed to It under the Convention of 1850
were still unimpaired— that the present Admin
istration took up the task of securing from Lord
Salisbury a waiver of the rights of Joint control
accruing to England by that agreement.
A TRIUMPH FOR SECRETARY HAY.
The negotiations began about a year ago. Sec
retary Hay conducting them with the British
Ambassador in Washington. Great Britain was
at first not disposed to consent to an abrogation
of the treaty, but the Salisbury Government
gradually showed itself more open to argument,
and the negotiations soon began to make favor
able progress. Lord Pauncefote represented
Great Britain throughout, no notes being ex
changed through the American Embassy In Lon
don. The English Government at no time
evinced a desire to block the way by demanding
a quid pro quo for abrogation, and Secretary
Hay at last carried the negotiations to the point
wh«re American control of the proposed canal
was confessed to be the only reasonable solution
Of the diplomatic problem. The result was a
conspicuous triumph for the Secretary of State
for It has disposed without friction of the single
international obstacle which! has stood in the
way of undivided American control of any
future Isthmian canal. -.-.
! It is not «se*6te4 that the a»w tt»e,t . Jrti i en i
counter material opposition In the Senate. Tn si
far as it forwards the great project which the
American people seem now in earnest to carry
through, it will excite the hostility of the scat
tering elements which have hitherto fought the
canal enterprise In all Its phases. But their op
position has not sufficed In the past to threaten
canal legislation in the upper house, and will
hardly be strong enough now to Imperil the rati
fication of the new British-American agree
ment.
WILL HASTEN DECISIVE ACTION.
Both the canal bills now before Congress^ — the
Hepburn bill In th« House and the Morgan bill
In the Senate — were drawn on the supposition
that the Clayton-Bulv.er Treaty lapsed years
ago. Few or no modifications In these measures
will, therefore, be made necessary by a formal
agreement to denounce the Convention of HBI
The dissipation of the last possible shadow on
this country's exclusive title In the Isthmian
enterprise will, however, stimulate immensely
the purpose of the two houses to pass a canal
bill at this session. Both branches are heartily
in favor of some decided action, and that the
Administration is disposed to welcome any steps i
taken toward Government ownership and con
trol can easily be established by a glance at |
some of President McKinley's recent recommen- j
datlons to Congress. In his message of Decem
ber 5. 1898. speaking of the canal project, the j
President said:
All these circumstances suggest the urgency
of some definite action by the Congress at this
session, if the labors of the past are to be
utilized and the linking of the Atlantic and the
Pacific oceans by a practical waterway is to
be realized. That the construction of such a
maritime highway Is now more than ever Indis
pensable to that Intimate and ready communi
cation between our Eastern and Western sea
boards demanded by the annexation of the Ha
waiian Islands and the prospective expansion
of our Influence and commerce in the Pacific,
and that our National policy now more than
ever calls for its control by this Government, are
propositions which I doubt not the Congress will
duly appreciate and wisely act upon.
HISTORY OF THE TREATY.
MADE TO PREVENT EUROPEAN INTER
VENTION IX AMERICAN AFFAIRS.
The Clayton-Bulwer Treaty was concluded on
April 15, 1850, with the object of expediting the
construction of an Isthmian canal, and by pre
venting the establishment of colonies In Central
America to insure the neutrality of the water
way. It was negotiated when the United State?
had neither the power to enforce the doctrine of
non-intervention by European nations in Amer
ican affairs and prevent further European
encroachments In South and Central America,
nor the wealth to build the canal alone. The
treaty was virtually a bid for the support of
England's fleet to command the respect of Conti
nental Europe for the cardinal principle of
American continental policy, and it was a prac
tical guarantee for the Inducement of British
capitalists to Invest In the canal as a business
enterprise.
The acquisition of California in 1848, and the
vast rush of population which followed almost
immediately on the discovery of gold, made
the opening of lnteroceanlc communication a
matter of paramount Importance to the United
States. A right of transit over the Isthmus of
Panama ha«i been granted to the United -
by the treaty with New-Granada, the country
which assumed the name of Colombia in l^hi'.
and under the shelter of this treaty the
Panama Railroad Company, composed of citi
zens of the United States, was organized In
I.ST>O and prosecuted its operations with such
vigor that its line between the oceans began
operation in 1855.
WHY ENGLISH AID WAS ASKED.
Before this company had organized, however.
In 1849, the United States had entered into a
convention with Nicaragua for the opening of a
ship canal from Greytown, on the Atlantic, to the
Pacific Coast by way of Lake Nicaragua. Grey
town was at the time virtually occupied by
British settlers, mostly ffom Jamaica, and the
whole eastern coast of Nicaragua, so far at
least as the terminus of such a canal was con
cerned, was held, according to the contention of
Great Britain, by the Mosquito Indians, over
whom the British asserted a protectorate. That
there was never any valid warrant for this pre
tension was effectually demonstrated six years
ago, when, with the aid of the United States.
Nicaragua successfully asserted her sovereignty
over Blueflelds and the neighboring territory. But
in 1840 the United States was not as well pre
pared as to-day to command the world's com
plete respect, and the fear that an attempt to
force a canal through the MosquitJ country'
might precipitate a war Induced President Tay
lor's Secretary of State, John M. Clayton, to ask
England to abandon ir:-r pretensions, so as to
permit the construction of the canal undor the
Joint auspices of the United States and Nicara
gua. The British Government under Lord John
Russell's administration. Sir Hero Bulwer be
ing its Minister at Washington, declined to en
tertain the suggestion, but agreed to enter into
a treaty for a joint protectorate over the pro
posed work.
TERMS OF THE TREATY.
Out of this grew the Clayton-Bulwer Treaty,
of which the first and chief article is as follows:
Article I. The Governments of the United
States and of Great Britain hereby declare that
neither the one nor the other will ever obtain
or maintain for Itself any exclusive control over
the said ship canal; agreeing tha>t neither will
ever erect or maintain any fortifications com
manding the same, or In the vicinity thereof, or
occupy, or fortify, or colonise, or assume, or ex
ercise any dominion over Nicaragua, Costa
Rica, the Mosquito Coast, or any part oi Central
America; nor will either make use <f any pro
tection which either affords, or may afford, or
any alliance which either has. or may have. to.
or with, any State or peopie. f-»r tho purpose of
erecting or maintaining any such fortifications,
or of occupying, fortifying or colonizing Nicara
gua, Costa Rica, the Mosquito Coast, or any
part of Central America, or of assuming or ex
ercising dominion over the same; nor will the
United States or Great Britain take advantage
if any Intimacy, or use any alliance, connection
or Influence, that either :nuy poasess, with any
State or Government through whose territory
the said canal may pass, for the purpose of ac
quiring or h« Idlng. directly or Indlrec ;ly. for th<>
citizens or su»>Jecis of tht <n\, . a:iy rights or
advantages In regard to commerce or navigation
through tht ra!d canal which «hall not be offered
on the same terms to the citizens or subjects of
the other.
Article II provided that In case of war be
tween the contracting parties, vessels of either
traversing the canal should be exempt from
blockade, detention or capture by the other. In
Article 111 the United States and Great Britain
guaranteed the builders of the canal against
unjust treatment by Nicaragua, and In Article
IV they undertook to exert their influence to In
duce Central American States having Jurisdic
tion to facilitate the canal's construction and to
establish free ports at each terminus. Article
V promised protection of the ,-anal traffic from
interruption, guaranteed its neutrality subject
to withdrawing such protection and guarantee
on six months' notice; and Articles VI and VII
reiterate the good Intention? of the contracting
parties with greater verbosity, "for the benefit
Continued on i eeond P « B «..
**>« CoMi iwrnv^ "to" the remedy-
PRICE THREE CENTS.
IENTUCKY SITUATION,
QUIET SUNDAY AT THE STATE
PJTAL.
RELEASE OF PRISONER FOR WHOM
HABEAS CORPUS WAS SECURED—
BOTH SIDES WAITING.
[BT TELEGRAPH TO TITS TBIBCXE.]
Frankfort, Ky., Feb. 4 — The release to-day of
Alonzo Walker by his military captors Is being:
seized on as a ray of hope by the peace element.
Walker is the man who was arrested by order of
Governor Taylor and confined In the guardhouse
to await trial by court martial because he at
tempted to serve legal notice on Taylor of the
Injunction proceedings started by the Demo
crats. The writ of habeas corpus Issued In his
behalf was ignored yesterday by the military
authorities, and last night County Judge Moore,
who Issued the writ, threatened to call oat a
posse on Monday morning and force respect for
the decree for the body of Walker.
About 10 o'clock this morning Walker was
summoned before Colonel Roger Williams, com
mander of the camp, and set at liberty. The
military commander merely told Walker that It
had been concluded to release him from arrest.
The reason given by Colonel Williams for his un
expected action in the case was that necessarily
there would be some delay in organizing a court
martial and preparing the charges and specifi
cations, and that as Walker could be found In.
town whenever the military authorities might -
want him he could go. Walker Is making no
complaint of his treatment as "a prisoner of
war."
REASONS FOR THE RELEASE.
Popular conjecture attributes Walker's relea.su
to one of two causes, both of which are hailed
as signs of an early settlement of the situation
here without blood-letting. The radical element
among the Democrats believes It indicates that -
Taylor Is weakening In view of the probability
i that he will receive no aid from Washington,
I and that « hen the Democrats summon the posse
i comitatus to execute the restraining order of
Judge Cantrill's court he will peaceably yield,
and. if possible, get his case Into the general
! courts for final adjudication.
j Conservative Democrats are strongly inclined
i to believe, on th- other hand, that Taylor this
i morning received a telegTam from former Gov
| ernor Bradley, who is saM to be In Washington,
urging him to release Walker so the charge of
having suspended the writ of habeas corpus
cannot stand against Republicanism In Ken
tucky. Nearly everybody believes that Bradley
all along has been the brains of the Taylor
i movement. Bradley' 3 whereabouts have not
■ been definitely known for three days, and If he
Is in Washington, as reported here, and Is re
sponsible for "Walker's release. It Is generally
believed, the event is of National significance,
! probably indicating that Bradley has aroused
an active interest at Washington In whatever
new turn the Republican contestants may take.
SHRILL NOTE OF WAR.
But above the somewhat cheerful song of
peace, based upon all such speculations as
these, sounds a shrill note of war every time
a reporter is permitted to cross the trocna
around the embattled State House yard and is
ushered by heavily armed guards into the pres
ence of Adjutant-General Collier. To every re
porter's inquiry General Collier gives only one
answer, and that is that he "intends to fight-**
Even so notorious a "bad man" as Colonel
Jack Chlnn declares that Collier is as game as
a pebble, and is aivising Taylor to fight to th.9
death.
It Is generally thought here that unless some
thing Intervenes in a few days for a peaceable
settlement a conflict will occur when an effort is
made to execute Judge Cantrill's Injunction. It
is regarded as a foregone conclusion that on the
final hearing set for next Thursday at George
town Judge Cantriil will make permanef **■— '
temporary restraining order granted on Satur
i day. The order then will be turned over to
Sheriff Suter for execution, and the posse com
itatus will he called out by the Sheriff.
Discussing this feature to-day Judge Ira
Julian, one of the most conservative citizens of
Frankfort and a'rnnfr the highest class lawyers
of the Kentucky bar, said: "Unless Taylor yields
before Jiu'.ge Cantrill places the injunction de
cree in the hands of the Sheriff there will be a
fierce r-r'i dreadful conflict. It is useless to try
to conceal this Inevitable result by talk of peace
able procedure under the forms of law. If the
posse M«v«itatus Is called out It will be dona
under th* forms of the law, but that will mean
just the opposite of peace."
HOW SHERIFF'S POSSE will PROCEED.
Pan Marshall. City Clerk, explained to-day
how the Sheriff's pocse would proceed. He
said: "As many thousand men as are
needed will quickly respond to the Sheriff's
call. When we start to the State House
yard to dispossess the Republicans each
Democrat in the line of attack will have In front
of him some Republican. whit» or black. These
men will be used both as a physical and political
shield. If they turn back we wiil shoot them,
and If they move forward their friends behind
the barricades either will surrender without ur
ine: a shot or will shcot down their own pa.
sans before their Gatlinp .runs .can begin to mow
us down."
At thla Interesting juncture Marshall's chat
was cut short by a stern admonition from Colo
■el "Jack" Chlnn "to keep mum."
There la 3a!u :.. be other possible way to
avert wholesale bloodshed. Fockhara has ap
pointed General John a Castlrman. of Louis
ville, as Adjutant-General, and it is stated posi
tively that Castleir.an will accept after th«
Board of Election Commissioners as met here
on Tuesday and ailed out the cfScial comple
ment of the dual government. General Cas*l«
man declired to accept this office from Goebel.
It Is stated that one of Castleman's first official
acts would be to call on the National Govern
ment to arm the militia which he will organize,
and that he will assign as his reason for this
request the fact that all of the State's armament
at present is In the hands of insurrectionists.
A demand of this kind, it Is thought would
not go unheeded at Washington, and would also
have the effect of causing the Federal authori
ties to take official cognizance of the state- of
insurrection existing In the State. This in turn
would lead to Federal Interference in behalf of
the Democratic contestants, and of course Tay
lor would then yield without causing a drop of
blood to be shed. This theory is flouted by the
hotheads of both parties as a wild vagary, but It
Is being quietly discussed by men of such emi
nent respectability that It cannot be flouted as
a practicable means for escaping violence and
bloodshed.
LOXDOX READY FOR IuEGISLATORE.
ACTIVE PREPARATIONS MADE FOR ENTER
TAINING MEMBERS AND HOLD
ING SESSIONS. V,
[BT lELEGDirn TO TOT TMBCXX. ]
London. Ky.. Feb. 4.— Fifteen or twenty Re*
publican members of the General Assembly ar
rived here to-night, to be present at the caucus
to-morrow afternoon, when the Republicans will
perfect their programme for holding the meet
ings of the Legislature here. The first session
will be he'd on Tuesday, and while the Serge*]*.
at- Arm* pro tern can appoint his deputies and
arrest all absent embers who can be found
there Is now no way to compel Democrats to
come here.
_ Li thex C^uia^ay^jnnc^tti-ta-aQrrQm

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