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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, February 11, 1900, Image 15

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PLAN? FOR CUSTOM HOUSE.
GILBERT. THE ARrHTTECT. DE
BES PROPOSED BrTIJ>TNG.
EATS POME WOULD HAVE BEEN OUT OF
PLACB— TO BE ADORNED WITH
SCULPTURE AND PAINTING.
Cass Gilbert, the arcbitetct of the new Cus
£3s3 House, rave out for publication yesterday
D of the proposed building:. It arm
I* six stories hi?h. not including: the basement;
be massive In sign and construction, and
jiTC-vide nearly thr«»e times the space in
,v t c!d Custom Ho-if<» and In the building* out
die it which are renter! for Custom House
per* ■?= Mr. Gilbert says that in making the
Attfgr.s the problem vi.« ccrtshlered from a
teriozs point of view; that It ie to be a great
Gorerr-ment building which, while having; a
gf6z:x» practical purpose, should express In
its 4dcrr-.rr.ent something: of the wealth and
lsrarr '' " c great port cf New-Tork.
FACADE OF THE NEW CUSTOM HOUSE. ROWLING GREEN
Am to th« dome, the architect says that
It •Bronia h*ve to begrtn about 300 feet In the
air and rise to a height of at least 450 feet la
order to be effective. This -would -wholly de
ctroy the proportions of the building, and, as a
matter of plan, seriously Impair Its practical
usefulness, besides Increasing the cost enor
aioualy beyond the appropriation, he declares.
It le prosdsed that the building shall be suita
bly adorned with sculpture and decorative
psistlng of a high order.
Eo=:e of the irost prominent architects In this
car^Try entered the competition for the new
Czsicrn House. and the award of the expert
Commission appointed by Secretary Gage to
pass upon the merits of the designs was ap
proved by the Secretary on November 3. 1599.
vhen he appointed Mr. Gilbert as architect for
the tundSng. Among- the competitors were Car
rtre & HastingE Bad Eabb, Cook & "WHlard.
\TB.. GILBERT'S APPOINTMENT.
Mr. Gilbert's appointment was made in the
lace of viperous opposition from Senator Platt
ar,f Mr. Qaaaß It was declared that members
of the expert Commission had been associated
with Mr. Gilbert in his professional work. Sen
ator Platt also objected to Mr. Gilbert's plans.
the worst feature of which. In his judgment ap
parently, was that they did not call for any
dome. Xew-Tcrk architects, however, at a
meetinp cf the New -York Chapter of the Ameri
can Institute of Architects, urged upon Secre
tary Gzg* that the award should be confirmed,
as 1 ! shortly afterward Mr. Gilbert was ap
pctrted.
The —--„■-.- riven OTJt at Mr. Gilbert's
cf2c<? yesterday in regard to the plans:
Hsvtr-g carefully studied the programme of the
co^r*utir-n and the very admirable general
■ehetne of the building proposed by the Depart
n->nt. as well as the practical requirements of the
b'j'iiess carried on in the present Custom House. I
have endeavored to fulfll all the conditions as
cicely as possible arc have also provided a very
large "additional «^a"e for the future needs of the
tusiness. , .
Th« buHfiing being r.ecessarlly complex, and hav
ing many parts and divisions, which must be co
related In such a manner as most effectively to
s*rve the public hozinen I have deemed It most
ls:portar: that all entrances, corridors, stairways
and passages be arranged on the most direct and
eiapfe ax-k! Jin^s and' that each division should
iave lt« prir.c:p£; entxr at or near the entrance or
«ievatorE.
THE MAIN DISPOSITION.
I have followed the ■in disposition of the mass
ef the tuiHi-g a« suggested in the plat accom
pa=r-rr ihe r;rofrramnic/ namely, a building facing
on Eowilsg O-eer with two wings extending along
Etate-si. and \Vhitefcall-et-. re»oectiveiy. the ends
cf these t*-o wmrs b£ir.g connected In the base
aeax. £2d flr« and second storiee on the south
troct. so that the great central court is open to the
•outi c.fcesf- -a;ngs are also connected by corridors
across tV- centre of the building In each direction
•• the above r.amed stones). „___
This general form permit* a plan whereby every
room in the rciildlns will be directly lighted from
the outside t'-<* court b*ir.g open to the south, ana
tvery rooci facing on It (and In fact every room
to the bsiil-Mrg except on the north front> will re
ceive the direct rays of in* san for at least a por
tion of each "day. In the centre of the court I
have placed an elliptical rotunda which rises to
tfce height of the second etory only.
LIGHTING AND VENTILATION.
The lighting and ventilation of a building for the
t»e cf so mar.y persons 1* of the firm importance.
*M has b«n thoroughly provided for. There .d
10 question that corridors are more .satisfactorily
ilstt^J br d'ffused light, equally distributed, than
by <i:re"r lights a-t ei*-c'fi«-d points only. I have
therefore arranger! to light a!l the corridor* by par
tltlcn lights fcs'is the custcm in a!l modern office
"Ci^irgs. restrving the out*ide direct iights for
*he ofiic-s.
I aave enlarged th*- window openings In all court
walls to tbm raaxini'jm, and call especial attention
to this a- an lmfjortant practical feature In the
cwigr.. providing as it do^s the amplest natural
Bffet, without imi-airtni? th*> robust and monumenral
< ; haracter of the strtet fa«.-ad*-s.
A« a!l the ofllces have windows opening directly
JO the outer air, the natural ventilation of the
o-Siliir.g would be effective. There would be in ad
dition a. complete eystem ef mechanical ventilation,
operated by pressure a.nd exhaust fans in the most
thorough ana approved manner.
SIX ENTRANCES FROM THE STP.EET.
Tht 2rst Btory is placed within eighteen inches
"o) cf tr.» gTound level at liowilng Green. There
fer^ t*.x clffereit entrances from the street with an
*i£pi* sia:rway nsitig in easy stages to the second
JTpain story. The two entrances on the south
•Jont are pisc-d at the ends of the postofflce. so
f* to provide separate, dlroct access thereto from
™c etreet; they may t^e used In connection with the
Keneral corridor «y«tem. ■■■-•'■ ■•'..-
X fiav* provloed a direct passage across the build
«« from V, r fcitehall-*t. to State-«t.. with an ear
traare la the «.« and »»t facade at the ridewaik
•level.
TWO DRIVFWAYS PROVIDED.
are provide two driveways, each enter
™* or. ■■■ n lnclln<*d plane of *a*y grade, on the •outh
•■* The**, driveway! descend to the basement
* v -- »•:•.. ■ interrupt „■-.-■- corridors or circula-
■■-•■•• etary end provide access for mail
■"■inn, autiaacry supplies, fuel and other cua
ternary freight service incident to an offlee build
tnc.
PUBLIC AND SERVICE STAIRWAYS.
T T'r^ P^ t i 1 t 1 •* aln " are placed in direct con
nection with the entrance* the service «tairway«
for the various .2? vlMotul as near the centre of the
service as possible. The stairways would all be
constructed of iron and marble, except the stair
way in the main entrance, which would be of stone
and bronre. and all detaU of rail and finish to be
of appropriate and ornamental design
I have purposely avoided great monumental stair
ways between the various stories :n this design, be-
V.f^pe: them not to be contemplated In the pro
? , m ". and wholly out of place in a building «o
largely devoted to business affairs; moreover, such
stairway* would interrupt rather than facilitate
communication between the various part- of the
building, and would occupy space which should be
devoted to other purposes. If, however the De
partment should desire monumental stairways, it
would not be difficult to sllphtlv rearrange the plan
cf the main hall so as to permit such a feature.
PLACING OF THE ELEVATORS
The public elevators are so placed as to be near
the entrance and to give the most direct service.
Separate elevators and lifts are placed In con
nection with the stack rooms, all of which, to
grether with an extensive pneumatic tube service,
would give the most complete mechanical eaulp
mer.t in this respect.
GENERAL DISPOSITION OF DIVISIONS.
The acpompanying schedule of rooms and floor
space will, with the plans, give the general dis
position of the various divisions.
I have deemed it highly important that the first,
second, third and fourth divisions should be placed
or, the same floor with the Collector of Customs.
The very close relation of the bualneaa of these
divisions with each other and the Collectors office
makes it most desirable that they should be on the
same floor. If possible. As these divisions require
a large floor space I have assigned them to the
second or principal story, and placed the rotunda
at this level; this permits the closest centraliza
tion, and while making them all immediately ac
cessible to the brokers, shipmasters and that por
tion of the public who daily transact business in
these divisions, they are in a measure Isolated from
and uninterrupted by the very large number of tire
public and of the employes of other divisions pass
ing through the building or using the elevators be
tween the various stories.
Should the Department, however, prefer to locate
the rotunda at the ground floor level, it could be
done by a reassignment of space without material
alteration of the plan, though after a careful study
of the operation of business in the Custom House I
am convinced that the arrangement I have pro
posed would be more serviceable.
THE STORAGE OF RECORDS.
I call special attention to the placing of the rec
ords for the various divisions and notes referring to
this matter la the sch-dule of floor space herewith.
The same general remarks apply to all record
storage departments. In generall have considered
the storage of records auaiogous to the stack
rooms in a. great library, and have so treated them,
placing the records of each division under the
charge of a bureau of distribution and control,
with a complete service of elevators, lifts and
pneumatic tubes. It is obvious that this system
can be greatly extended if the business in th«
future demands It. ...
OFFICE SPACE.— A comparison of the schedule
of rooms and tloor space will show that all the re
quirements of the programme have b-en nlled in
th I 9 would say that, while the details have been
carefully considered, it is inevitable that. li many
respects, both in plan and exterior, they could be
Improved by restudy in direct conference with the
Department should this design be selected.
SHOULD BE TRULY A MONUMENT.
It appears most desirable that th building, lo
cated upon a conspicuous ?ite, at the beginning of
the greatest street in the rid. _ the entrance of
the greatest port of our country, •herald be given a
serious and dignified style, and that the scale
ehould b*- large, even grandiose, whil- not aitempt
ing to compete in height with the towering struct
ures near by. It should be so Impressive by reason
of the majesty of its composition, rather than its
actual size, that it should be truly a monument.
U has been my sincere effort to produce such an
effect, without' sacrificing the use and practical
necessities of the- structure. „,.„=
While giving full attention to practical features
of the building. I am confident that the Secretary
of the Treasury, who has always been so dlst1 ""
guished in forwarding the advancement of archi
tecture in this country, will not be unwilling to let
this the greatest of the new structures inaugu
rated under the present Administration, «P»«. »
far as may be, the character which is appropriate
to a great Government building.
The following statement was also given out:
The award of the expert commission appointed
by the Secretary of the Treasury to pass upon the
merits of the design in the competition for
New-York Custom House was approved by S«tp
tary Ga*e in a letter dated November *.»*•*«>
pointing "Cass Gilbert architect for the building.
SIGNING OF THE CONTRACT.
Since that date Mr. Gil rt has been *" conference
with the officials of the . ew-Vork f"^? m . H °^;
and with the Treasury Department in Washington
in Ward to the assienmen-t of space and the de
velopment of the design in its various phases. At
the B^me timet the Treasury Department has pre
pared the contract between the arc hlt^ *"£, "f.
Government, which was signed and '^''^red on
January *>U I&>'J the design having been previous.}
acprov^d by th* Cabinet Board, which consists of
fheSecretary of the Treasury, the Postmaster-Gen
eral and the Secretary of the Interior.
In discussing the work Mr Gilbert says:
■•In m-ik*ie the^e designs the problem was con
-
nrta-e^l notable public monument. That It should
E? -lnrere and straightforward in this expression
U ail element of the first importance. For instance.
a va»t Xre evidencing a great place of aswrn
bla^e - in enormou- columnar portlce, excluding
of place in s«^ a f f,^ h is reason not attempte-i.
i n tTIt T1 ' r Z n4ed -1 nee the competition (by some
I L ha rß,^r B ,^' tt T v ur i' o me otherwise) that this building
sincerely. b> some or n " considered this
k . i a, Vn I Cc seen from a great distance.
Ing building, to be * «^n fQ
portions of the V™ 'air its practical usefulness. It
plan seriously impairu s j Wholly false as an ex
would at t f h ** a ™!L tl ™d purpose of the structure,
pn^sion of the use ano i P £ ornKmg , y beyond the
fygZJSfZZglt a 'landmark- 1« necessary it is
appropriation. I. a lower rising from the north
possible that a .great tower. fo
««*• of the cour£ ™" 1< re £ 3rd . storage. Signal Ser
and mlgh- nrovirt-- f ->r r & xi^ ,d, d
vl» and Weather Bureau. high, and would add
probably be about «^ t r wl the problem trnm
concert! bly to ',»,« requirements as Mated by the
th e standpoint ofrtjW«J h , Ph sonable
Trea^uo' D^artmcnt. a^ apd w
and based on common -en atwJ rh! . truct .
£c 3 X "a^smay^H iU questioned.
TO BE SIX STORIES HIGH.
•-The building wi'^^^^K^
on .'t!r U cUo C : :r and will provid. «nP»e space for the
construction, and *Ji pr
NEW- YORK DAILY TRIBUNE. SUNDAY. FEBRUARY 11. 1900.
present business of the Cu«tom Hon§« and for !ta
future extension In chort. the new bulldtntr will
provide nearly three times the space at present in
the old Custom House and in the buildings outside
of it. which are rented for Custom House purposes.
"There will be seven stories opening on the court,
and some of these stories wia be sub-divided by
mezzanines. The storage of documents and files
will be in mezzanine stories, and will be under the
charge of a bureau of distribution and control. They
will be handled like the stack room of a public
library.
The problem of designing a monumental building
of six stories or more In height is considered a very
difficult one by all architects, especially so when,
as In this case, it is necessarily full of requirements
of a practical kind which must be met. It wm
thought best to make the design maasive while
very simple in Its outlines: not attempting to com
pete in height with the neighboring structures. Its
monumental scale and massive proportions will
make It appear more Imposing than the lighter,
though higher, buildings around it.
A LARGE VESTIBULE.
"The interior of the building will be handsomely
finished, and will be entered through a great vesti
bule thirty-five feet high; thence In to a noble cor
ridor extending through the front section of the
l'Uildln£. This, with the elliptical rotunda, will give
a fine effect to the interior.
"The building will be suitably adorned with
sculpture and decorative painting of a high order.
The to a great seated rigure? at the base of the
main facade will typify the four great conti
nents which contribute to the commerce of the
namely. America. Europe. Asia and Africa.
The single figures above the main cornice will
typify the great commercial nations of the world.
Th« decorations of the Interior will Illustrate the
commerce of ancient and modern times, both by
land and pea, thus providing a series of themes of
great pictorial Interest appropriate to the structure.
THE WORK OF CLEARING THE SITE.
"The work of clearing the site will be begun at
once, the contract already having been awarded.
This work will be completed within ninety days.
Contracts will then be let for the excavation and
foundation work, which will require several months,
and the general contract for construction will fol
low Immediate^ thereafter. of which about
The appropriai ■»i.OOO. of which about
$2,730,000 is i±.«Bign«-d for the construction of the
"I propose to keep the cost of this building within
the appropriation, and will do so unless unforeseen
difficulties in the foundation are encountered, or the
Government Itself increases its requirements. To
do this will require careful business management.
Strict economy will be observed in all directions,
but I am satisfied that the present appropriation
is sufficient for the need? of the building as now
planned and that neither the Government nor the
city of New-York will be ashamed of the result.
HAW A [I'M SANITARY KEEDB
MAJOR DAVIS TELLS OF DISEASE BREEDING
CONDITIONS HE FOUND THERE.
Albany. Feb. 10— Major Charles E. Davis, late
surgeon of the Ist New-York Volunteer! (who
were- sta.ioned at Honolulu during the Spanish-
American War), was one*> Health Commissioner of
this city. He has just returned from Europe, where
h<? has studied the hospitals, camp hygiene and
city sanitat:on. He makes the following state
ments upon the health conditions in the Hawaiian
Islands:
The chief part of the city trade Is carried on in
a space or about one-halt' mile square, closely built,
deuaely popular-ii and largely made up of one or
two story houses. In this part of the city Chinese,
Jaj anese ar.d some natives are found li great num
•>-r- they generally live and sleep In one room, and
the ?mal! yards In the rear of their hou.--fs are
entirely :aken up with cesspool and vault. On one
or two or" thf principal streets it is impossible for
pedestrians to travel without being met everywhere
by the most obnoxious odors. No part of this city
has had a sewerage system until the present time,
when one is being constructed through the main
thoroughfares. If the history of other cities re
peuts itself here It will be some years before this
comes into g^nerul use.
At present all refuse matter is disposed of In
cesspools — in many rases tney are properly built
and regularly pumped out by scavengers, but In the
majority of caser. they consist of holes in the
ground with wooden boxes sunk Into them. In
many cases refuse is cast upon the ground to decay
and rot in the tropical sun. This condition of af
fairs has continued for the last rtfty years. The
city is honeycombed with cesspools and vaults
Interspersed here and there will be seen duckponds
or pigstjrs; so that, viewed from any height over
looking the city, th* picture is not unlilce Venice
with its many canals. These pools of stagnant
water, added to the iakes ;«nd lagoons in the public
parks, are favorable breeding grounds for all kinds
of disease, especially so In their climate. Add to
these conditions lava dust, of v.-hlch the atmosphere
is full, and which at times covers everything In
clouds and is so fine that 11 oenetrates one's
clothing: a water supply partly artesian and
partly collected from mountain streams (admittedly
so full of decomposed vegetable matter that it is
the rule tn boll it before it is drunk); an even tem
perature which seldom falls below 72, with sunshine
and rain almost daily during the winter or wet
season; with very little attempt at street cleaning —
and you have the conditions which are bound to
breed disease wherever they exist.
In this city of SO.Ot inhabitants of mixed races
the death rat* i- Si per l.t»w or thereabout.
Typhoid *.■:■ • has been constantly on the In
crease, and is always endemic Pernicious tropical
malaria is a common complaint, while rheuma
tism catarrh ar.d bronchitis are very prevalent.
Climatic conditions •■• especially had for rheu
matism or lung troubles.
The death rate is steadily increasing, as the In
complete records of th* Board of Health show.
The causes ol eath have not beer, carefully re
corded, and until the last few months interments
were made without permits. The mortality la
greatest among th« natives.
Now that these Islands have been annexed, the
people who live there should look at these condi
tions as they exist, fairly and squarely, and let
the t'nlted States Government know lust how bad
ly they need some active health work done.
The question of leprosy alone is international,
now that we have adopted twelve hundred lepers in
these islands, with many, more in Cuba, Puerto
H!<-o and the Philippines— some National health
legislation must lie the result, and this disease
properly segregated and treated In a more complete
New hospitals should be constructs! or. the isl
and of ilolok'ii for these afflicted neople to live
work and be treated in. At present no attempt Is
made at treatment or classification of canes. This
dlseuse being now more than ever a possible factor
tn the diseases of the States, it becomes a National
question, and one of the -reatest Importance.
A local government will take years to do In a
health and sanitary wny what a proper health
commission, not of the country, could accomplish In
much less time.
FIGJITIXG IX NORTH BORXEO.
Victoria, n. C. Feb. 10— The steamer City of
Dublin, from the Orient. has advices that the puni
tive expedition of British North Borneo poll™ gent
or;jI st MatsaJleh has captured two forts. Many
of Mats:il men were killed. He himself has
taken up a position In the bush with one hundred
men, armed with Snyder rifles.
The French steamer La Seyne has been wrecked
In Rio Straits. Her passengers and malls were
saved by the Hteamer Wilhelm Dutch. Tugs have
lam from Singapore to the scene of the wreck.
CONNECTICUT INTERESTS.
REI-TEF TO THE WATER FAMTXE—TROL
LEY DEVELOPMENTS— FIRE IN
ST-RANrE AT A LOSS
Hartford, Conn.. Feb. 10 (Special).— The
drr.uth which has threatened every water sup
ply in the State, brought the streams and large
rivers to the lowest point for years and in
cidentally caused much increase in typhoid fever
by reason of the enforced use of poor and tem
porary supplies of water is broken, after a con
tinuance of five months. The rains of the last
two weeks have replenished reservoirs to such
an extent that they are now being drawn from
as usual, and temporary supplies of river water
have been abandoned. In this* city Connecticut
River water is no longer in the pipes, the Board
of Health having convinced the "Water Board
that It was dangerous to the health of the city
to use it longer, and with about one-sixth of
the normal supply in the reservoirs They are be
ing drawn from. The test of faith in future
rainfall has been severe, but the increase in
fever cases in the section of the city where river
water has been used for domestic purposes, and
the publication of a comparative analysis of the
water with Illustrations of bacteria, brought out
a strong protest from the people and the Water
Board was forced to stop pumping from the
river. The supplementary pumps and extra ser
vice to be used In case of absolute failure of the
reservoirs, put in at an expense of several thou
sands of dollars, have not been used.
A ROMANCE SHATTERED.
An Interesting "fortune story." which has
been uppermost in the city for some time, has
fallen to pieces and left nothing behind It. A
woman named Consuelo Howe." wife of a grocer
In the southwest section of the city, claimed to
have fallen heir to $600,000 because of her re
lationship to the Vanderbilt family, and the
story was taken seriously by many, the details
being given In such complete form. Some three
months have passed since the announcement of
the coming fortune was made, and within the
last week the Howes have disappeared from the
city altogether. Mr. Howe selling his grocery
business and Mrs. Howe having gone to Kings
ton-on-the-Hudson a few weeks earlier. Mrs.
Howe was free in giving incidents of her com
panionship with the present Duchess of Marl
borough and received much attention from the
people of the vicinity and from newspaper re
porters of this city and from New-York; but
Just before Mr. Howe left town he said he be
lieved there would have to be a contest of a will
before the money would be forthcoming.
THE TROLLEY BEATS THE STEAM LINES.
Trolley line development is taking on energy in
the eastern section of the State, and the season
will probably see a connecting line from Daniel
sonville to Providence. R. 1., and another from
Wllllmantic south, which will make connection
at Baltic with a line from Norwich. The latter
line practically parallels the Central Vermont
In Its through connection and the Providence
division of the Consolidated until It reaches
Baltic. The figures show that last year the
trolley lines in the State carried over fifty-nine
million passengers, while the steam roads only
carried fifty-three millions, In round number*.
The interesting fact is, however, that the re
ceipts from fares on the steam roads were
larger by some $4.*>0.000 than before the trol
ley was introduced, although there was a de
crease of nearly three million passengers. This
makes It evident that the trolley lines are do
ing the short haul business, and contributing
to the long haul of the steam roads by the in
creased facilities of getting about.
FIRE INSURANCE REPORT.
The annual report of Insurance Commissioner
Scofleld, first section, relating to fire insurance,
has Just been sent to the Governor. It shows
149 companies doing business in the State, re
ceiving from all sources $147.0". 777. and pay
ing out $149,128,760 the business having been
conducted at i loss. The Commissioner points
out that, "while it is true that the ratio of total
losses incurred has been greater than that of
former years, this does not account for the un
profitable showing on the part of many com
panies. The fact is that competition has been
rampant, and its spirit has so pervaded the
business as to create demoralization in premium
rates. Until some means are devised whereby
companies will provide for the establishment of
fair and just rates based upon the experience of
years, and the reinsurance of risks of companies
organized for speculative purposes is discounte
nanced, the outlook f«r profitable fire Insurance
is far from encouraging." The Connecticut
companies make a better showing than the
foreign companies In the State, their premium
receipts being nearly double their losses, the
latter amounting to $1,300,000 in round num
bers.
BRYAN' AROUSES LITTLE ENTHUSIASM.
Colonel Bryan's flying tour through the State
on Tuesday and the speeches he made in this
city and Bridgeport brought out the interesting
fact that his audiences, while listening with
quiet approval to many of his political theories,
did not move to the heights of enthusiasm until
he touched upon the South African war, when
they went fairly wild at his pro-Boer senti
ments. Hi? expression at thf Coliseum, in this
city. "The British army has not got to Lady
smith, and I hope to God it never does," was
the signal for an uproar that was th- only real
break worthy of not) that was marie by the
audience into his speech. His audience here
was a large one but there were fully as many
people from out of the city as from the city
limits. The bulk of th- laboring men here were
busy in th*» shops, and they did not car- to
hear the speaker from Nebraska.
FOR A WHIP roMPiy \Tl<>\.
JTECESBARY FOR SEI.F-PROTECTTON. THE MANU
FACTURERS BAT
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which I* the h< - up In
dustry of \tir wor
has Ik-. tar the same
as ir. :- out of
ing anil when -he hi
whip oaanuf i
us when 'he com o'
Nov. rattan, glue, linings eottm every
thinf ■ Facture of Ameri
can buggy Whip, have gone , • .•■ -nt
LIXCOLS DAT OBSERTAXCEB.
To-morrow will be a legal holiday In New-York.
and the public offices, which closed at noun yester
day, will not be open for business again till Tuesday
morning. There will be a general closing of busi
ness bouses, and of course all schools and ex
changes will remain closed on Monday. Flags
will be displayed generally on account of Lincoln*
Birthday, and the observance of the day will be
much the same as that to be witnessed on Wash
ington's Birthday.
One of the chief observances of Lincoln's Birth
day in thin city will be the Lincoln dinner of the
Republican Club at Delmonlco'a in the evening.
Senator Depew will preside at the dinner. Con
gressman Cousins, of lowa, will make the addreas
on "Abraham Lincoln." Speeches will be made dv
Attorney-General Qrlffgs and the Rev Samuel
Bchulman. and a poem will be recited by Edwin
Markham.
The Methodist Social Lnlon will have a dinner
the same evening at the Aldine Association, Flfth
ave. and Elfhteenth-a! am among the speakers
will be Dr. Henry K. Carroll and General James F
Rusting. Th.- Manhattan Republican Club, of Har
lem, will have an entertainment at Huber's Ca
sino. Jerome-aye. and One-hundred-and-sixi
ond-st. Company A. of the 2d Reciment will have
an entertainment in the armory. There will be sev
•rat other entertainments In observance of the
holiday.
Will display advance styles in
misses' and Girls* Dresses
For Spring and Summer wear, on
cMonday, February 1 2th,
Indudin? Foulard, Mousseline, Dimity. Point cTEsprtt,
Colored Linen and Fancy Pique Dresses, and
*An Unttsi*' Collection of
CHILDREN'S SAILOR SUITS, also
SEPARATE VAISTS AND SKIRTS,
JACKETS, REEFERS AND CAPES.
For MONDAY, February I2tn.
Boys' Clothing. early Sprlag Styles.

j
SAILOR, RUSSIAN BLOUSE, DOUBLE BREASTED
and THREE PIECE SUITS.
WASHABLE KILT and SAILOR SUITS.

TOP COATS of Tan Covert, Whipcord, and
Grey Cheviot.
HATS AND CAPS, SHIRT WAISTS AND BLOUSES.
SPECIAL I The remainder of Winter stock of Suits,
Coats and Reefers are being sold at
Greatly Reduced Prices.
Eadies' Suits. (second floor.
i
In Department for Made Up Dresses
are now showing; Costumes for
Theatre and general Evening wear.
Demi-Toilettes in Silk, Tissue Veilings
and Cotton Fabrics for Southern wear.
Tailor Suits, Plain and Dressy, in Broad
cloth, Homespun and Cheviot.
The models And mjiterxjds Are the newest
for the coming String seASon. : : : :
'■ I
eighteenth St., nineteenth St. and Sixth J\Mtm.
'
REARING OX SCHOOL BILLS
-.•BI.TMKN M?TEN TO SCGaWnOHS
FROM TCACHKRB AND OTHERS.
The sub-commi:tee of the Assembly Cities Cess
mtttee met yesterday In the City Court to hear the
expressions of opinion of a number of school teacn
ers of the city and persons interested in the school j
question on the salaries bill which the committee
la trying to make up. The committee wished to get
as satisfactory a bill as possible, and It was deter
mined to hold this hearing so that the consensus
of opinion could be obtained.
The hearing was in the General Term room of the
City Court. The members cf the sub-committee •- ' !
Edward Erennan. Abraham De Graw and Assem- •
blymen McKean. of Brooklyn, and Patrick F. ,
Tralnor and Gherardl Davis, of New- York. This '
hearing is the outcome of the hearing in Albany
last week of the joint committee of "the Senate '
and Assembly on the organization bill. The Ahearn- ■
Slater bill has caused much dissatisfaction, and j
the sub-committee was appointed to get the views j
of the New- York City peoj^le interested. This bill
placed salaries at JCOO at the beginning of a teach- ,
er's service, at not less than »X» after ten years' ]
service, and $1.3C0 after fifteen years' service. The ;
rate of advancement was optional with School j
Boards. The Board of Estimate refused to make
any advances except those absolutely forced on 1:. ,
and no sliding «c a le put before it was allowed.
A gpneral opinion seemed to prevail that a bill
Containing a sliding scale feature was the •"<■ but
that a sliding scale of E»i a year for the first ten
years and of $40 a year for the next live years
would adjust differences among many teachers and
principals. Then* was not marked a dislike of
the Afieam-Slater bill as last year, but the scale
wa.- not liked.
J. \V lark. of Suffolk, of the Committee on
Legislation of the Queens County Teachers' Associ
ation, spoke In advocacy of the - ■ling scale of $40
for the first ten years. He said that a teacher's ,
ufflclency Increased in the first ten years of service
mere proportionately than In the next five years.
He bellevd the adoption of a sliding scare of 540 in
crease a year, beginning at I** 1 would suit the ma- |
jority of teachers.
Magnus Gross, chairman of the Teachers' Inter
eats Committee, made the closing address for the
teachers. He declared that the Plater bill had the
unanimous indorsement of ten thousand teachers
of New-York City.
Assemblyman Slater addressed the committee tn
behalf of his bill. He said that the first thins for
the committee to consider In framing or reporting
a bill waa the question of subsistence. "For more
than two years." he declared, "the teachers In this
city have led a life of bare existence only." Mr.
Slater said that he hoped the committee would re
port favorably on -■■■-- At thtM point the
committee announced that it would take up and
hear suggestion* on the proposed Administration
bill. Frederick M. Ware asked that the committee
tako up the pension question, but he was Informed
by Assemblyman TTamor that the committee would
only take up the salary and administration meas
ures. "-"2.
Horace Dresser, chairman of the Legislative Com
mittee of the Brooklyn School Board, made the
opening address on the Administration bill. He
said tnat the Brooklynltea believed that ther«»
should be a radical change in the administration of
funds in that borough Mr. Dresser also decUrwl
against • : •<• provisions tn the Ulsberg bill relating
to the selection of teachers. He said that there
were numerous reason* why teachers should not
be selected from their standing on the eligible
list. By this system, declared Mr Dresner. teachers
would be selected to till posts for which they were.
utterly unfitted.
The speaker also protested against the clause In
(he Elsberg bill which raises the age of retire
ment of women teachers from tlfty-r 1 to sixty
rtve years. I* protested against th. taking of the
control of the Brooklyn Training School away from
the local School Board and giving It over to the
hands of the Central Board.
Assemblyman F hllowj appeared before the com
mittee and called attention to a school bill he pro
peses to introduce. Ke paid that it contained sev
eral distinct features. One wa3 the salary of -i
woman teacher who had served fifteen years to be
tixed at C 320. an lncreas- of JHO ever the other
bills. Men teachers are to receive a similar la
crease under like condition*. The Assemblyman
said that his bill was tn the hands cf the printer,
and he asked permission to appear before the com
mittee at some future time and discuss i: a: length.
The permission xras granted.
Superintendent Channir.g Stebbtr.s followed As
semblyman Fallows speaking In defence of the
Brooklyn school system He advocated the sepa
ration of the Brooklyn school system from the other
boroughs, contending trial the school system In that
borough should be governed wholly by a local
board.
In closing the session the committee announced
that the matter would be taken up at Albany, and
if not rinUr.ed another session would probably be
neld in this city cest Saturday.
MAYOR SIGNS FALLOWS RELIEF l.'L.
Mayor Van Wyrti gave a hearing yesterday morn
lr.g on the Fallows bill for the relief of the school
teachers in Q*ietrns and Richmond who. owing to
the eating up of the appropriation for 1S» before
October, did not receive ar.y salaries for the last
three months of the year.
A large delegation of school principals and teach
ers/ several school commissioners and others in
favor of the bill were at the office of the Mayor.
When the time for the hearing arrived the Mayor
asked if there was anybody present to oppose the
bill. .-» was no response, and then Mayor Vaa
Wyck announced that it was unnecessary to hear
those in favor of the b!!l as he was going to sign it.
The Mayor signed the bill immediately and sent it
to Albany.
n\r more BOER VICTORY.
NONM-OMBATAXT IN FORTY-THIRD- ST. RECKIVE3
a FRACTTRED SKILL. AXD SEVERAL ■>
LOOKERS ARE HURT.
Acting Captain Lantry of the Easr F'.fty-first-st.
p-iti-ep -iti-e station has rerelved many complaints re
cently affair st a lot of schoolboys in h!s precract
who meet '•-- school la the str-ets every after
noon, div.d • in'o "Brit sh" and "Beer" factions
and then, with stones and other missiles, fight out
the ls?ue« to their own satisfaction.
Several days ago Lan:ry sent men out In plain
clothe* to arrest th- leaders cf the factions. As
fast as they were token to court they were dis
charged by aymparhellc Magistrates, who be
lieved such patriotic Impulses ought not to be alto
gether suppressed. Friday afternoon -.Ait %
hundred of the lads g^ot at it In • v-'hiri-st..
near Lexlngron-ave. Arthur J. (scro»r'cy. twenty
three years old. of No. Ci Ea«t Twen:y-first-«_ a
streetcar conductor, happened in a moment of ll'
fortune to get between tSe flrinjc l-r.es.
Jamea Clark. *>yen ream old. or No. 315 Bast
For-.y-thtrd-st.. the General Joub-rt of the fiffht.
picked up a -mail bowlder and let It fly. It hit
Gormerley's head, knocking him down uncocscionj
with a fractured «ku!L A policeman caught the
boy. The r^t were dlapwrseO. The Injured man
was pent to the Presbyterian Hospital. His condi
tion 1" Heron*
Several wlidowr tn the street were broken. aaal
a number of little - rl non-combatants received
sliest inJurVsL
, •
PATRIOTIC EXERCISES IX PUERTO RICO.
The Sons* of the Revolution In the State of New-
York have organised, a patriotic demonstration to
celebrate Washington's B'.rthday In San Juan.
Puerto Rico. Lieutenant-Colonel John Van Renssd
laer Hoff. Chief Surgeon, and Major Charles H.
Whlpple. .Paymaster. I'nlted States Army, m**»
bers of the society now on duty there, are 1m
charge of the affair. As many as possible of th«
school children of Puerto Rico will be gathered
In San Juan to take part In the exercises.
The Sons of the Revolution have sent down Wo
thousand small United States flags. *ome larce
flairs ami a picture of General Washington. They
have alao sent two thousand copies of the »on£j
•'America," The Star Spangled Banner" and "Hail
Columbia." These son^s »>re translated Into
Spanish by Mrs. Leonardo A* Barre* and have been
copyrighted by the society. General £Mivbv thu
Military Governor, la leading hi* aid.
3

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