OCR Interpretation


New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, February 25, 1900, Image 13

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PART 11.
EIGHT PAGES.
<
ENGLAND AND AMERICA.
SOME IXSER HISTORY OF OCR
SPANISH WAR.
COVTTXEXTAL MEDDLING WOULD HAVE
MEANT THE PROMPT SENDING OF
A BRITISH FLEET TO AID
THE UNITED STATES.
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: Early in the year ISOS I was In Washing
t:r.. The country was full of the Idea of war.
A half century of Spanish provocation had cul
minated In the destruction of the Maine. In-
Suencea for war converged upon the capital
from every Congress district- Some of us still
fccped that war might be avoided, and placed
our reliance on the disposition and the ability
c* the President to effect a peaceful settlement
cf the matters under discussion by the Govem
jnest cf the United States and the Government
cf Spain- Every one not committed to urging
on the conflict was satisSed with the course of
the President, and regarded his handling of the
momentous qpaaaliaß as skilful and praiseworthy.
I ventured to I -y that I felt the President had
made one tactical error and established a prec
edent that might Borne time embarrass us
when he permitted the representatives of the
European Powers to cell on him in concert and
try to inSuence the course of our Government.
A United States Senator, who was a member of
the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations and
•was believed to be deep In the confidence of the
Administration, In reply made the following;
Etateinent. which I place in quotation marks
because lam .re lam able to fairly recall the
larguage used:
Well, ycu must ke»p in mind the circum
etarces. Affairs were -.a very grave state.
£pa!r» had been making great efforts to secure
&n ally, and I suspect the President had reason
to fear that a preat naval Power was about to
espouse the Spanish cause. It was eald that the
terms of an alliance between Spain and Franca
tad been about agreed upon. The British Gov
err.rr.er.t was hard at work to prevent the or
ganization of an alliance asainpt us. and to
break up the one we feared was already formed.
Tor this England wanted time. The British
Ambassador knew it would take several days
to arrange and present the concerted memorial
you have criticised, and he believed the inter
view and addresses would have an excellent ef
fect among the Powers. The President felt
jiftlSed in yielding to the suggestions of the
British Ambassador, for he realized how poorly
prepared we were to flpht two nations. And
then he hoped that Spain, if she found it im
possible to secure an ally imaeg the great Pow
ers, wcuid be willing to maiie a peaceable set
tlement with us.
I was not satisfied of the necessity or the wls
dom of the President's action in permitting the
foreign representatives to address him in refer
ence to an affair properly concerning only our
own country and the Kingdom of Spain, but I
was profoundly stirred by the knowledge of the
friendship and service of the mother country.
I received an interesting corroboration of the
etatement of EnglaEi'e friendly and effective
Intervention when I was in London last summer.
I was dining with a number of acquaintances
bzlZ ependlng the evening: at the house of The
Tribune's correspondent. I. N- Ford. We talked
ci the Fourth of July banquet of the American
"Society— the most Interesting occasion of the
tort I ever attended-when. except for the
«raU«ux 1* .AmhiiafiAdcr Choate and the ad
dress of Mark Twain, the honors of tEe
evening were with the English speakers,
celebrating with genuine sympathy our In
dependence Day. The conversation followed
the theme cf the cordial relations existing be
tween the two countries. A Member of Parlia
ment, a man long known as a friend of the
United States and as an admirer of American
institutions, made a statement which deserves
to be widely repeated. It was not made with
any ulterior purpose, but solely as a contribution
to an interesting discussion. Names were given
axd incidents described that I have no right to
r ake public, but. as the substance of the narra
tive afforded every American la the company
r.uch pleasure, tta publication may have the
6&rae effect on others, and enable a wider circle
to form a just estimate of the attitude main
tained by England during a critical period in our
affairs. We had referred to the apprehensions
felt in America that Spain might secure an
Ally when war with us appeared inevitable.
••r eE^ Bald the gentleman I have referred to.
'there were intrigues of that sort, but America
bad friends, too, and they were not idle. We
were assured that efforts were bting continually
put rcrth to prevent the forming of any alliance
against you. But one day a report circulated
through the House and among the members that
= fa;n had obtained an ally, and that one of the
naval PGwers was goin^ In against you. You
liad better believe it created a great stir. We
couldn't ask questions about the matter In the
Jlouse. but several of us went at once to Mr.
and Mr. , and arranged a meeting in
private for that v.-ry evening. When we were
together I asked: 'What are you doing for our
friends in America, to prevent a combination
cf Powers acataat thc-mr The gentleman re
plied that he believed they were doing all they
could to prevent such a combination. The con
ference lasted some time, when I aaia: "Well,
suppose your efforts fail, and Spain get 3 one of
the naval Powers to unite with herr -Then.'
said the one whom I addressed, with a change
at manner, and speaking very emphatically.
Then the British fleet will be on its way to the
West Indies within a week!' How the British
Oovernmerst induced the Russians to convince
France of the folly of uniting with Spain "Is an
other story."
The nation that would have replied to a hos
tile combination against us by moving its fleet
to cur support "within a week" Is now engaged
in a desperate v/ar. It asks no intervention or
asefcHance. It is, however, obvious and unmia
takath and indubitable that the people of the
United States cherish a cordial friendship for
England Pestiferous demagogues and insane
haters of the mother country are breaking the
peace wit* noisy declarations, not so much of
Eyn-.pathy x-ith the Boers as of enmity to Eng
land. To cur kinsmen across the sea I com
mend the -rcrds of Edmund Burke as applicable
to the present situation:
half a dozen grasshoppers under a
. -ht field ring with their importunate
iat thousandß of great cattle, reposed
. r. t_ce etiadow of the British oak, chew the
. i are stent. pray do not Imagine that
a he rr.akfc :he hok« are the only inhablt-
Mti of the fifeid— that, of course, they are many
—or thtt. after all, they are other
the little. rtu-lvell*-d, meagre, bopping.
loud and troublesome. Insects of the
ELIJAH R. KENNEDY
Feb. 19, 1900
TE}:EZUELAX ASPBALT 310TWX DEXIED.
Judge Lacombe, of the United Statea ClrcuJi
Court, yesterday refused to entertain a motion for
the continuance of tke injunction in the suit
biouyht by G<K>nre Alfred Lamb. Joeeph A. Flynn.
Francis L. WtDman md William Gooch, who
claimed to own a half kataiaat In the asphalt beds
of th*; Marquis 4e Roja«, in Venezuela, against
George MacDor-aM and W..!lam Findiay Brown, ot
Philadelphia. In iotas mo Judge Lacombe said:
Upcß the paprrs as they now stand there is not
eutEol«3t ground. In view of the contradictions of
the various affaiiu to Justify tb« continuance
or ar. Injunction, which practically operate to se
curt the sam<- judgment wfalcb complainants Mtu
to -••«• at Ui» naal ii«a.rlii«."
defalcatiox FROiI FALL mvKR /rv . ;
JAMES BRASSES IN TH£ TOMBS CHARQET> mfm
FALSIFYING THE PAYROLLS-LOSS
NOT TFT KNOWN.
James Brassel who for sev,ral years has been
has .I^4° V' the Fall Rlver Steamship Line.
T^hi k Uedr^ da y las? been confined in the
Tombs etaya with defrauding the company by
means of forged vouchers. The officials of the
company were extremely reticent to replying to
Inquiries concerning the nature of the alleged def
alcations, but It was learned that Brassel fnr
DdVroMs n n? e J»?r ii l th J past has bb * erl the
coLeoueroe r^ he had ch ar?e. anG that, in
a corSv *'- ' com P' lnv has been defrauded cf
Sff / ly largre amount of money.
B«. P «" hart d h nt Nickers^. be >-° nJ Imltting that
»ra*se» hd.d been accused ol -ideation, and had
parflculars ' n the Tombs, refused to give out any
D^rT^uivJ- Mtller the president of the com
stated ftEVTn Vh WaS more communicative. He
stated that In the course of the usual auditlr" of
the company's books discrepancies were found" °n
ST«« } ■♦XK < tS ' and subsequently Investigation
™£™n. h V- V^ore had been falsification of the
Sm^natf" VUV Ul v th< \. ex , pert 3 had ".rushed their ex
amination ,of the books. Captain Miller said. It
-would be Impossible to say what loss the company
PHYSICIANS ANT> THEIH GUESTS AT THS COSTUM3 BALL OS 1 TH2 NEW
JERPEY STATE HOSPITAL, MORRIS PLAINS.
had suffered, but he had sufficient information, he
added, to know that it did not amount to any
great sum.
Brassel has a wife and child living in Newburg.

AU> D&CHU-l-*' 'V -LEVX^J>I.VO2CE CJS9.
DIAMOND COLLECTOR ATTEMPTS TO REFUTE
WIFE'S CHARGES. AND COITRT WTTB
HOLDS JTDGMKNT.
Justice Lawrence, in the Supreme Court, yester
day reserved his decision of the action for a lim
ited divorce brought by Mrs. Sarah Levy against
Benjamin W. Levy, the well known and wealthy
diamond merchant and collector of No. 65 Nassau
st. Mrs. Levy charged her husband with cruelty,
desertion andth-eater.ing- to kill her. Levy is the
owner of thf celebrated "Blue ■- --- mond.
! said to be worth $30,000, which he secured in the
mines at Kimberley in let>6. His collection of
I precious stor.es is estimated to be worth $200,000,
j He haß travelled all '" South America and Africa
in search of gems, and he has a wide reputation
i as a collector.
Abraham Levy, counsel for the defendant, said in
court that his Uent had quarrelled with Mrs.
Levy because she disposed of the best part of his
collection of diamonds and three $1,000 Government
I bonds while he was In England. For the bonds he
I cared nothing, but the diamonds were as precious
to him as his life. Levy denied the charge of
A. GROUP OF PATIENTS AND ATTENDANTS AT THE COSTUM' BALL AT THE NEW-JERSEY
STATE HOSPITAL, MORRIS PLAIN&
erueltv ard showed cheaks sent to Mrs. Levy, to
pr^ve^haThe B had provlArfi l for
t .-•<**«. T "wr^n^f said tnat I* iook .wen .> O'
J£. for^S" I^->" to deride that her husband
h?ve bSn'settfed out of court, but reserved his de
clslon. .
DEPARTURE OF THE ALLER DELATED.
Owing to the fact that the North G-nan Lloya
B t*amshlp Aller did not reach this port until Frl
a« v «h« was unable to sal! yesterday as adver
?Z* dpnarrure for Gigraitar. Naples and
Sa»;.- Sponed until 10 o'clock -.-morrow
morning.
GILSET HOUSE MAMA«BM RECOVERING.
George W Moore, manager of the Gllsey House,
I. at the Hahnemann Hospital, recovering from an
~ tinn for aDoendlcitis. Mr Moore went to the
operation for apP*"" \ The doctors 9aid ye6ter .
v P thit h. i«tW along as well a 8a 8 could be
■aaaaMaL
IT BENEFITS PATIENTS.
ANNUAL COSTUME BALL AT THE MORRIS
PLAINS HOSPITAL FOR THE
INSANE.
The inmates of the N>w-Jers<»y State Hospital
at Morris Plains celebrate Waahlnaton'i Birthday
every year with a fancy dress ball. The - .tutlor..
which has more than sixteen hundred Inmates, was
established twenty-four rears a;?o. and this year
the twenty-fourth annual ball was given. There
were sixty couples in costume on the floor of the
hal!. and of these 60 | n cent were Inmates. The
others were doctors ana their wives ar.i attendants.
But It was hard f< r one who did not know to tell
the attendants from the patients.
There was besides a R.ithering of atout four
hnadn inmates of the Institution seated in rows
or. either side of the hall jrhere the dance took
place— the men on one aide, the women on the
other. The stage was occupied by guests, mostly
persons who went from Mcrristown and the neigh
borhood. Sheriff Heintze. who had been one of the
managers of the hospital, was there, as were the
Rev. Dr. J. M. Buckley and the Rev. Kingsley
Twining 1 . Many others who go ordinarily were ab
sent, for the Lrackawanna Railroad d!d not nn
special trains, as usual in former years.-
The costumes were of stik and satin, with laces
and p!urn-s, an-i of >>rl!Han: rolors. Historical
characters were represented, and so were the men
of the day— Field afanhal Lord Roberts. Kitchener
and "Oom Paul" Krtiger.
There were etgbt of Cromwell's pikemen. with
russet leather doublets and boots; Scotch High
landers tn p!al<l, ar.d tall Orientals. Some- of the
women were young and pretty. Th*>y wore ex
quisite costumes and ornate headdress, and repre
sented every variety of character, from Frau
KrM«r<=r to Rosalind and Portia, and the tall and
stately American Goddess of Liberty.
HOXOR TO GEORGE WASHINGTON.
Of cot;r?e. the most important people of all ■were
George Washington .and Martha. These parts were
taken by Warden and Mrs. M. K. Everett. They
stood on a raised dais at one end of the room and
held a levee.
Dr. T. P. Prout. in the rich costume ot an Eliza
bethan cavalier, was the herald. He stood !n the
centre of the room and called off the name? as each
couple came up. wheeled about and did obeisance
to G»org9 and Martha Washington. A dwarfish
page In a gold and purple costume and a wig of
long flaxen hair received the "arris from each
couple at the door and presented them to the
herald on a silver tray.
Dr. and Mrs. Britton 0 Evans, as Napoleon and
Josephine, were the first to enter. Dr Evans is
the medical director, and in face and figure he
made an excellent Napoleon. I>r Eliot Gorton and
Mrs. Gorton, aa Lord North and Lady Holland,
came next, and then followed the other members of
the hospital staff, tßctodtaa: Dr. Peter 8. Mallon and
Miss Graham, aa Charles James Fox and Mary
Adams; Dr. A. S. Corwtn and Mlas Yates. as the
Earl of Chatham and Lady Greni-llle; Mr Corwln
and Miss Kugler, as Alexander Hamilton and Eliza
beth Schuyler; J. M. Clark and Miss Baker, as
D'Artacnan and Mme. De Winters; Bamuel Hlgeins
and Miss Rittenhouse, as Sir Philip Hydney and
Lady Montague, and A. S Truex and Miss Fisher
as Lord ghelbourne and Janice Meredith.
In the long array that entered subsequently tt
will remove ink from the skin Instantaneously without injury. Is now used
by every bookkeeper in the various departments of the United States Govern
ment. Removes ink and other stains from Paper and Clotoing. also Carpets
and the Finest Fabric made, without Injury or showing the slightest trace of
its use.
CAUTION- II I_l ARE ON EVERT /^ ~f f^*-^. ACCEPT NO
¥ I • t- n M I! BOX BEFORE I II 5 lil W
lla 11* WUIIIIIO.^BSTIT
AT 4LL «ST\TIO\ERS. 25Gm sOc. A BOX. or ty rr.ail m receipt of the prlc*.
H. H. COLLINS INK ERADICATOR CO., 27 Lnion Square, N. V.
was noticed that the silence was dull and painful
as Fieki Marshal Lord Roberts pompously strode
up the floor and paid his respects to Genera.l Wash
ington. Lord Kitchener aroused not a whit more
enthußiasm and it mijrht have been supposed for
the moment that the audience was oblivious to
what, was going on. But the appearance of "Oom
Paui" and Frau Krtiger immediately after the
British generals showed clearly that every or.c
present took a keen interest in the proceedings.
"Oom Paul" was received with cheers and hand
clapping' which lasted for some time. He continued
to be an object of interest throughout the evening,
as his tall, stalwart form towered above Roberta
and Kitchener, who were ill at ease in such close
proximity.
ALL SORTS OF PEOPLE.
"Bill" Anthony and Esmeralda, two unfortunates,
attracted some attention, but after "Oom Paul."
whose dier: all night long was reverently re
spected, the mirth producing costumes were most
in favor with the audience. Captain Kldd in the
costume of an American jack tar r.iueht every ona
because cf its incongruity. Punchinello and Macrtrte
Cline. "Dan" Rice. Fatima and other stage people
were Quickly recognized and apprecia:ed. Red
Cloud and Pocahontas had thflr share of the ap
plause, and Li Hurt: Chang's appearance showed
that his visit to the United States had not been
forgotten. At the rear of the procession wore
Bower isirls. who gave baskets of flowers and
bouquets to George and Martha Washington, burnt
cork artists, clowr.s and Jesters. The variety of
costumes is shown by the programme, as follows:
Waitz quadrille, "Bunch cf Caraa.- lons' ' Albertl
By the following characters in costume:
SET I
1. Captain Jchn Laurens ar. 1 Ma.'.arr.o Vergennea.
2. King cf Dudes ar. . Cecelia.
8. Lord Eaccn ar I L«iily Bonheur.
4. Lord Burleißii a-.-l princess Beatrice.
SET 11.
1. Romro and JatM.
2. Hami»t and Ophelia.
3. Mephlstopheles and Martha.
4. Orlando and Rosalind.
SET 111.
1. Faust and KMIOi '
2. Sir Walter Ra-elg-h and Lady Jane Grey.
3. Merchant of Venice a.-/ Portia.
4. Cbarlea Brandon ar.d the Princess Mary.
Lancers Minuet, "Junket" albetH
By Trie following characters in uoatnme:
SET I.
1. Ned Buntllno ar . Daughter of Liberty.
2. BIV. Anthony and EsmeraMa.
3. P:rat» ,' Peasance and Th» Bohemian Girl.
4. <""ap;.:'n Ktdd an-! Qoaen of Chess.
SET 11.
1. Bady MasAlllatcr ar.i Scotch La«ale Jean.
2. John Pauidins and Panta \-.r.a.
8. Columbus and Immbe
4. Student of Seville and Minerva.
SET 111.
1. <J«neral Lord Robei-s and Lady Rcberti.
2. General J'-tibort and Ine: de Castro.
8. Philip SclimrteP ani Mar2:ar«»t Shlppen.
4. "Oora Paul" a.r. ! Frau Krt'ger.
SET IV.
1. Marquise de L*fayetta and Malaise da StaSl.
2. Uncle Bam and Goddess cf . "y.
3. at««*pi - and Prtncella.
4. Night and Day and Bta*
The entertainment is really a part of tae cours*
of treatment at the hospital. The patients who
took part in it aro nil convalescent, and those who
witnessed it were ones who would be benefited
thereby. The preparation of costumes, th* 1 'Irilllng
and other arnnyementii take up three week 3, and
the occupation of the women •> r.*? with their
needles and plar.- . outfits !s considered hig-hly
beneficial by the doctors in charge.
EM.
Tho women (nrartal take more interest in se
lecting characters they will impersonate than the
men. They spend BUMII time over the details, and
are exceedingly careful of their appearance. Few
of the men. it was said, rared so much for it. and
few took aa much ... In whom they should
impersonate as the women. Wh^n the first dancea
were given years ago the affair was comparatively
a pimple one. Now early all the oli costumes
have been replaced by new onea of rich material,
while those of the staff and attendants were made
In New-York.
Photoerapljs were taken by Dr. Gorton, or. whose
shoulders the bulk of the detail ot arrangement
<Jev< red for the Piris fair, and they will 'orm a
part of the American exhibit of hospitals for tho
insane. The Tribune waa enabled, through the
courtesy of Drs. Evans ar.d Gorton, to secure some
photographs as well.
A TICIAXS IE SESSIOX.
The reg-uiar meeting of th* American Mathe
matical Society was held at Colunjbla University
yesterday morning ar.d afternoon. The papers read
proved Interesting, and many new ideas were
brought out. which provoked considerable dlscus
sion. Professor J. K. Rees. of Columbia fr.iverslty
presented to the members of the society the result*"
of seven years' observations for the variation of
latitude and the constant of aberration made at the
Columbia l T niv«»r"»ity Observatory. In th« after
noon a joint meeting was held with the American
P!lVßi< Society.
SALE OF THE HARSH COLLECTION.
Lovers of art will have an unu.-ual opportunity
to-morrow to add to th*lr collections, for at 2:15
p. m. a b<>pir!ninj? will be made of the executor's
absolute ?ale at auction of the late Professor O. C
Marsh's Oriental porcelain*, rurios, bronzes an
tique furniture. Ameri-un historical phitfs. paint
ings, water colors, kakemono*, pastern rugs and
other urtinlc property. Thomns E. Kirby will
pur this collection of th* f.-tmciis Yalt» professor
under the hammer at the American Art Galleries
Each day tacra will be two Ft- salon*, one sturtiiij
at 2:13 p. m. und tn- other at s o'clock.
IF YOU WRITE THE INK
will somehow get on your flru-ers. Scrubbing
them with soap and water is mighty hard
work, and often fails to im
H. H. COLLINS'
EUREKA INK ERADICATOR
INFLUENCE OF CANALS.
THE POLITICAL RESULTS OF TRANSCON
TINENTAL WATERWAYS.
By the Hon. James Bryce. M. P.
Author of "The American Commonwealth." etc
(Copyright. 1900 by I* A. Maynari)
At any time but the present the conclusion of
a convention varying the provisions of the Clay
ton-Bulwer Treaty of iflßOl and thereby opening
up the way to control by the United SI .'••"> of a
transcontinental canal from the Caribbean Sea
to the Paciri.- Ocean, would have excited the
widest and keenest attention in England. It
is no doubt true that since the failure of the De
LeFsepri Panama Canal scheme European inter
est in the piercing of the Isthmus ha 3 greatly
flagged. People hastily assumed that thai fail
ure meant the abandonment of the project for
a long time to come, and neither the Nicaraguan
scheme, which has been so much talke ■'. of in
the United States, r.or the Panama scheme re
vived, on les3 ambitious lines than those of
De Lesseps. by a new company, had brought the
matter back within the practical horizon of or
dinary people in Europe. Now. however, the
fact that a diplomatic obstacle which had stood
In the way of political action by the United
States has been removed places the enterprise
at once upon a different level.
It la assumed to be a sign that the United
States Is seriously thinking of taking up and
carrying through the enterprise with resources
which will make Its completion certain. And
the results of that completion must be so mo
mentous that they would receive, as they cer
tainly deserve, the fullest attention in Europe
but for the preoccupation cf all minds with the
South African war, and with th" further com
plications to which that war may possibly give
rice. Things being what they are. little is said
in England about the new convention; and
though some of our newspapers comment on
the fact that no consideration has been given
by the United States for the concession by
England of what had been held to be a valuable
right possessed by her under the Clayton-Bul
wer Treaty, the genera! goodwill toward the
United States and the desire to retatn Hal
friendship of the American people have con
tributed, along with the preoccupation already
mentioned, to check any complaints that might
otherwise have been heard.
It la, of course, not yet known in England
what action the United States will be likely to
take now that it 3 hands are free. But assum
ing that It decides to support either the Nic
aragua schema cr the Panama, scheme, and that
a canal will within the next few years be con
structed and placed under the control cf the
United States, the consequences for all maritime
Powers must be far reaching. They will affect
not only the commerce of the world, but also its
polltical r»!atior.<»
RESULTS FROM THE SUEZ CANAL.
In thinking of these consequences, one's mind
naturally turns to the 3uez Canal, the only
great precedent applicable, and to the conse
quences for Europe and Asia which have fol
lowed from its opening. It was long opposed
by Lord Palmerston. as likely to be prejudicial
to the political interests of Britain as a Power
with interests both In the Mediterranean and in
India. Whether he will prove in the long run
to have been right does not yet appear, fbf
England has not since the canal was finished
been at war with any European Power.
It la commonly assumed that the canal haa
greatly benefited Britain, because it has un
doubtedly stimulated trade with India, and be
cause the bulk of that trade is carried in Brit
ish vessels. But there 13 one point In which it
has injured Britain. When cargoes came from
India and the Further East around the Cape
of Good Hope. London and Liverpool were the
ports to which they mostly came, and from
London or Liverpool they were, unless destined
for consumption within the L'nited Kingdom.
reshipped to various parts of the European
Continent. Now, however, the goods destined
for the countries which have port 3 on the Med
iterranean, Instead of going through England,
come direct from the East to Marseilles, or
Genoa, or Trieste, or Odessa, and England loses
the gain which she formerly had in the handling
of these gooda. This is an obviously natural
result of the opening- of a shorter waterway
from the Mediterranean to the Orient. But it
was, if not absolutely unforeseen, at any rate
very little discussed before the opening of tha
Suez Canal. The circumstances of the Panama
(or Nicaragua) Canal are too different to make
a close parallel possible. But the Suez case may
be cited to show how results which the world
has not contemplated may flow from a change
In the possibilities of sea carriage.
THE SUEZ CANAL AND EGYPT.
What difference the existence of the Suez
Canal will make in ease of a European war we
do not yet know. It has been formally neutral
ized, but how the neutralization will work out
in practice remains to be — a, One political re
sult, however. it has already had — a result of
the highest Importance. It has carried the
English into Egypt, and from Egypt into Cen
tral Africa. Ir. IST3 Lord Beacons field's Ad
ministration purchased a large number of shares
in the canal company, and when troubles sub
eequently arose in Egypt, troubles which ul
timately culminated la the military rising under
Arabi Pacha in 1862. the possession of these
shares, as well as the interest which England
had in the keeping open and control of the short
waterway to India, was constantly urged aa a
reaaon why she should interfere .n Egypt to sup
port the Khedive against his own subjects and
to prevent him from becoming subject to French
Influences. The Intervention of ISS2, which by
the battle of Tel el Kebir placed Egypt under
British control, would almost certainly not have
taken place but for the existence of the canal
and the notion that England was bound by her
own interest* to s*e to its safety. The occupa
tion of Egypt by British troops ha 3 continued
from ISS2 til! to-day, ha. become far more per
manent In its character than it as at first, haa
Intensified the rivalry of England and France,
and has led to a nominally Egyptian, but prac
tically British, reconqaeat of th<- Valley of the
Upper Nile. But for the canal. England would
not now be at Khartoum and Fashoda, and
possibly she would not now be In Uganda. Her
East African ambitions are alt due t> the fact
that TV Lesseps pierced the Isthmus of Suez, a
result of which neither he nor the French nor
any one else in the world had the smallest idea.
BOm ADVANTAGES OF THE AMERICAN
CANAL.
Such an Instance shows how Impossible It la
to predict the political consequences which may
follow from the piercing of th« American isth
mus. Yet, there i. one consequence which la ao
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much in the line of historical development that
it may be deemed, if not certain, yet at any
rate highly probable. A canal constructed and
policed by the United States Government win.
of courso, draw a considerable number of Amer
ican officials to settle at its twe ends and alone
its banks. The vast trade which will paaa
through it will lead to the growth of towns, and
the upper class of the population In those towia
will come from the United States. The line of
the canal will before long be practically a d*.
tached part of the United States territory, and
from it various commercial and industrial ea>
terprises will tend to spread into the . . jintna;
districts. The United States will therefore have
material and political interests to care for and
to protect in a region which has hitherto re
mained undeveloped, despite great natural re
sources, because it has been in the hands O* a
backward and 3luggi3h population, very ig
norant, very superstitious, and apparently in
capable of developing free and progressive insti
tutions. Nominally republics, these Central
American States, like most of the South Ameri
can States, have been for the last half century
mere military tyrannies. Even without a trans
continental canal it is likely that in course off
time the great civilized and progressive Power
of the North American Continent would have
acqutn control over the=ie res!cr.3. because the
United States has a surplus of population, which
her Western lands will not always be able to
absorb, and is beginning to> have a surplus ot
capital, which will seek fields for its employ
ment beyor the range of its own domlnloau
There was. therefore, always a probability that
through industry and commerce United States
influence would begin to dominate Central
America, and eventually result in some kind
of political supremacy.
QUESTION OF THE MONROE DOCTRINE.
The great obstacle to such a development lay fci
the dangers to the political system of the United
States Itself which the acquisition of countries
peopled by inferior races must involve, and in
the long settled maxim which forbade tha Re
public to bar.-. on a policy of paaaj and
annexation, where the country to be conquered
could not be settled by her own citizens and in
corporated into her own system as an equal
member, filled by a population like that wh.ex.
f.Hs the existing States. This maxim, however,
seems to have been now abandoned, or. at any
rate, disregarded; witness the annexation "of
Hawaii and Puerto Rico and the occupation o*
the Philippine Islands, not to speak cf Cuba.
whose future remains undetermined. It may
accordingly be • conjectured that the old j>ria
ciples which would have deterred the United
States from acquisitions In Central America
will be less potent hereafter than they ha,ra
been heretofore. Thus the field Is left open for
the -ration of that general law under which
the stronger ar, : more progressive raC es spread
out of their former seats into the territories oc
cupied by the weaker and more backward races.
and end by absorbing the latter or reducing
them to subjection. Even without the construc
tion of a transcontinental canal this might, in
the course cf ages, have be<an expected to hap
pen In Central America.
The settlement In Central America ot fa
migrants, energetic and restless people, from
the United States, and the political authority
which the policing of the canal (even assuming
that authority does not go farther than polldßjg>
obviously involves, are likely to accelerate this
natural process, and may within a few decades
bring about results which would otherwise "have
c me far later. Ar. it may be remarked that
the field is far clearer in America than it waa
in Egypt, where the rivalries of the great Eu
ropean Powers opposed obstacles there to tha
predominance of any single one among them
which do not exist in Nicaragua or Costa Rica
or Colombia. Had Lesseps ar. the French «uc
ceeded In making the Panama Canal the prob
lem would have been less simple.
The piercing of the continents, with the
change thereby involved In the geographical
conditions which nature gave to man when ha
became civilized enough to rr.alce ocean voyages
has been usually considered from the point of
view of It 3 results upon commerce. Those re
sults have been great in the case of the Suea
Canal, and will evidently be great In the caßa
of one which traverses the American isthmus.
They will affect the trade of England with her
Australian colonies, aa well aa the trade of tha
Eastern United States with the Pacirlc. to aa
extent it Is still hard to foresee. But. aa m tha
ca*e of the Suez Canal, the political conse
quences may prove to be. if not immediately.
yet within the lifetime of men now living, even
more momentous. Nor will they affect Central
America only. They may spread further to th»
South. And. should they follow the line which
has been Indicated as not improbable, they will
affect the whole policy of the United States, and
may make the Republic something very differ
ent from what its founders contemplated
JAMES BRYCH
FO- TEE HOXOR OF ry.; D
England, morher cf nations! Who shall declar*
thee old—
Steeps! in luxurious languor. sti2ed "neath cre»J
of sold?
Does not thy earty splendor burn to a clearer BBBBe>
cm Held* where thy rtasj ia carried by the men who
b«;ir thy name?
Troop upon troop they gather, thy loyal and fear.
lesa for.-.
Rushing to d-ath and danger— and each one cheer*
as he nns;
LeaviJitr. perchance forever, kinsfolk and chl!d aad
wife.
For the sake of the Mother that bore them. Becaaaat
dv>.> life for lire. *—#-"•
Scarce had the warr.lr.g trumpet sounded Its dread
alarms
Than the strength ot a gallant r.at'.oc sprana" In aa
hour to arms.
From towr. ar.d hamlet and village, from Maawl
and seagirt coast.
From palace and plough and workshop, there hur
ried the eager host;
He wbc ha I won Fate"» prizes and ha who had
drawn her biar.ki.
From the man who marshals a:i army to the drum
mer who serves the ranks:
Those who had cast behind them pleasure and
power and lands.
Those who gave all in giving the life they taks m
their handa.
Nay. tho' they fare so proudly, the price of rlorr
is hiich:
Hearts that ar* rent to breaking, tears that ao
skill can dry.
The pitiful wail of o: pnan*. tha widow's lesokata
fears.
And grief that nothing can lighten thro' the saaadl
of the empty years.
Sickness famine and fever, til! life seems poor at
a gift.
And the living ■uld almost errvy the comr*2*
whose end was swlf::
Or the bitter ar.d awful phantom that can iaaat
the strong ard brave.
Of who will care for the children when the father
Is in his grave?
Think of it. Omy trotters! You who sit warm to
night
And Rather your dear ones round you, wMIa they
go forth to- fight:
From oamp, from beleaguered city, "mid cannon
and clash of *t?e!.
From the »iln and the roar of battle they aaa4a
you th^ir last appeal!
Into your trnderest krtpinir these waora they lewej
receive.
Lo! to your charge they lef: them, all that they
had to leave:
In not v ur safety purchased at the cost of that
blood they shed.
And U ancient jsior of England upaeld by tha
tnlshty dead?
— (ChrtatUn Burke, in The Pall Mali Xaaaafcaet

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