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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, February 25, 1900, Image 3

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Ccntlnoed from rmt pafc.
tary party had without doubt made full prepara
tions for the selrure of Herat by the completion
of the Kuahk etrateiric railway and the con
centration of troops within striking distances,
bnt the Cxar refused to countenance any move
ment in Central Asia by which Great Britain's
difficulties In Africa mlgrht be turned to prac
tical acv-runt His pacific determination to re
rr.a neutral tends to minimise the Importance
cf the Russian loan to Persia and the concessions
which may re made in favor of the railway
from the Caj^'.an to the Persian Gulf. There
are always excitable Journalists In England who
pee a Russian bogle at every turn of affairs in
Asia. Red specks are floating- before their eyes
-low. ard they are clamoring for the mobilization
ef all the naval forces and preparations on a
larfre #cal<> for the defence of Persia. Not long
ago they were thrown into prickly heat over the
rumor that Spain was to sell Ceuta to France
ac -••«> for Russia, and the number of foolish
scares over Russian intrlg-ue since the Crimea
has reached many scores.
Ewd result of the war In South Africa
c public discouragement of all these
vsesries cf Jtnsro excitement. Sensible Man
- :r% ;.-!-*■ are at a loss tr> understand what
. I r^pj'.t from the construction of a
Russian railway from the Caspian Sea to the
Qtdf. provided diplomatic safe«^aards
.shed for the open door principle at
-■ ar. 1 the transport of British goods over
The talk against a Russian
:-,» Persian Gulf matches in folly Eng
a'icw the Transvaal to pur
reac* Marques, hy which the diffl
nducting the present war have been
The release of the Sabine has brought an ln
terr.stional question to an end before it fairly
pf^r.ed. Neither the Foreign Office nor the
American Embassy has any knowledge of the
facts of this seteve, nor has the American reg
istry cf the vessel been established.
The only American question which Is discussed
here by any journal is the canal treaty. "The
Spectator" tx>-day has an exceedingly clear
arrcnipr.t to the efff-ct that British interests are
entirely on the side of the fortification of the
Nv-araeua Canal, but that the question Is purely
ar academic one, 6ince the United States by the
new treaty will be the guardian of the neutrality
of the waterway, and will have the right and
duty to do what is needful to enforce that prln
ciple by landing men and guns and throwing up
i«-rr:porary earthworks in an emergency. "The
Spectator" -.a* been an Intelligent and loyal
friend ■f America, and raised its voice at the
eiese of the war with Spain in favor of the abo
lition of the Clayton-Bulwer Convention, and It
can be trusted when it declares that the anti
fortification clause la not a concession to Eng
land, ut a diplomatic expedient for preventing
foreign opposition, aad avoiding the stirring up
of net*" nests tn Continental capitals.
"West End gayety is suspended by the war,
and the new turn which the campaign has taken
Is heartily welcomed by the Pinart set. Restau
rant parties and war charities have become
monotonous, even with royalty at table and
Pattl singing, and the world of fashion has
been cheered tip by the knowledge that Devon
sjajrc Hiuse. Stafford House and Brook House
s.r<? again open, that some of the best known
hostesses are beginning to give 6howy dinner
parties, that there will be a cotillon at the
Favoy Monday night, and that life in the British
capital, where hundreds of pretty girls are to
!/* married off to suitable, partners, will go on
more brightly now that the news from Africa
is better.
Mr. Benson's Shakespeare season at the Ly
ceum Theatre has reached ita second stage In
the production of **A Midsummer Night's
Dream." Changes In the cast were made at the
last ment. owing to the Illness of Mr. G. R.
Wefr. the accomplished comedian who was to
play Bottom. Bat. notwithstanding this draw
back, the play was well produced, and was most
satisfactory to cloee students of Shakespeare,
The n^ry and coeturoeß, while less elaborate
then the outflt of Her Majesty's Theatre, were
excellent and the acting was admirable. Men
delssohn's mufelc was played by the orchestra.
and several graceful dances were Introduced.
The dancing o£ Miss Isadora Duncan, the
American artist who first appeared in London
n Omar Khayyam's measures a year ago, was
greatly admired. Mrs. Benson was charming
is Tltania, and Miss Kitty Loftus was graceful
mi mischievous as Puck. The comic work
--- well managed, and Mr. Reni»<->n. Miss Bray
:on and the other lovers played well. The sym
metry of the production was the essential feat
jre; the actors entered Into the poetic spirit of
:he play, and Imparted to it a sense of delicacy,
refinement and dreamlike beauty. Mr. Benson's
next venture is the complete performance of
Hamlet." according to the First Folio.
The Elizabethan Stage Society has opened the
way for this experiment by producing the First
Quarto version of "Hamlet" in Carpenter's Hall;
boys took the places of women, and Elizabethan
costumes filled the stage with eccentricity.
Ophelia appearing in an Immense hooped petti
coat and the King wearing a tall black retreat
ing hat. a broad ruff, a slashed doublet and
trunks. As Mr. William Poel had decided that
it was Impracticable to follow the text closely,
th^re were various revisions and insertions,
which produced a confusing effect, although the
play was well acted by amateurs.
Mr?. Campbell has produced "Magda." but
Mr. Martin Harvey has been compelled to defer
"Don Juan's Last Wager" until next week.
•Tess of the [rUrhevfllcsf is making the rounds
cf the suburban theatres. "The Anglo-Saxon
Review' will print Mrs. Clifford's four act play
The Likeness of the Night." of which a copy
right -' rrr.ance has been given.
11. Ysaye is the chief figure of the concert
s«?2«on. and draws crowded houses. There will
be a number of sacred concerts on Ash Wednes
day. Mme. Albani appearing in one at St.
Jarr.ess Ha!l. and Mi?s ara Butt and other
art:s:« cinjrirg at Queen's Kail.
There is a private view to-day in the galleries
of th"? Fine Art Society of a collection of pict
ures by Mr. and Mrs. Adrian Stokes. Most of
tfc*-m ar«» :2r.d^ape<s, and genre pictures illus-
Tr2t;r.c Dutch life. They an artists who dream
dreams over their work, and their pictures have
freshness and originality. The Artists' War
Fur.d exhibition at the Guildhall has closed, and
the sale of the 'MX works contributed began this
afternoon at Christie's before a iarge crowd.
Hasy arvipts were present to guy one another
over the prices fetched by their sketches, and
t.uittr-A 44 Ib«. lir l^-a«la« off Cottr* a"* l
TaLlnc Ponlun Food Coll**.
Some people -.. Alaska ha-f work to An. A
widow woman. Mrs. Adda Crossley, of Juneau.
eaye she has baa doing 'h<- cooking for eight
ir.en through the srtater, and during the summer
for fifteen more. She went to Aia«ka an Invalid.
antl had !»een in poor haattfa four or (lvr years
before going. It seems that her sickness waa
caused an 4 kept up by the u*e of mtt*^. When
ehe finally discovered the real cause, she aban
doned ■w, and fintiing Postum <vr»-al Coffee
in the stores, took up Its use. •;. ..
She cays. "I commenced using it once a day
for two months, tben twice a day. I only
weighed SO pounds when I *tart»-d. and could
ha.rtlly get up and down th- stairway. After
leaving off coffee and beginning the use of
Poetum, I took up the work for eight men.
I improved steadily, and In December last
weighed 124 pounds." mblch Is mor*- than I have
weighed for '3\ years. My face is round and
ruddy. Frletda say if it waa not for my gray
hair I woul<i pass for 30 very easily. There
Is no doubt that the words on the famoua trade
mmrk. 'It n*kzt re blood/ are true."
the auction w M conducted, with much spirit.
Prices were high for so varied an assortment of
modern paintings and sketches. There were
two etchings by the Queen, one by the Prince
Consort, and a watercolor drawing by Princess
Louise. Amon* the beet works rattled off by the
auctioneer were pictures by Alma-Tadema. Sar
gent, Waterlow. Boughton, Watts. Richmond.
Dlcksee, Parsons and other leaders of English
The sudden death of Mr. H. D. Tralll. Editor
of "Literature." has been regretted by a large
circle of literary friends. His best work as a
writer was done for "The Pall Mall Gazette"
under Mr. Greenwood, who had a talent for at
tracting brilliant men around him. Hi literary
industry was phenomenal, and he was a eritlo
with sobriety of Judgment. I. N. F.
lOpyristit: 1900- br Th* New- York Tribune.
[bt cable to tee tbibcxt.]
Paris. Feb. 24.— Customs Commission of
the Chamber of Deputies has given a further
hearing to the delegates of the Chambers of
Commerce of Lille, Rheima and other districts
in Northern France in regard to the Franco-
American reciprocity treaty. As matters stand
now the Customs Commission Is almost unani
mously opposed to the treaty. M. Mlllerand.
Minister of Commerce, nevertheless, still ex
presses confidence that when the treaty comes
up for discussion in the Chamber, the Govern
ment will be able to secure its ratification, not
withstanding the present violent opposition.
The news from the Transvaal has had a
buoyant effect on the Bourse. The rise in min
ing securities is followed by an unusual firmness
In industrial stocks, especially those connected
with the exhibition of 1900. although the twen
ty-franc bonds of the Exhibition Itself are still
quoted at only 13 francs. The opinion in finan
cial circles Is that the South African war will
be over by the end of April.
The theatrical interest of the week Is the re
vival at the Comedle Frangalse of Alexandre
Dumas flla's "Diane de Lys." first brought out
In ISTi3. and not performed for seventeen years.
The. play Is an admirable reconstitution of the
dress, manners and life of the society of fifty
years ago. and was a success, although it can
never have such a held on the public as is main
tained by "La Dame aux Camillas." Mme.
Bartet. as Diane, "la femme inoomprlse," sur
passed herself, and M. Louis Delaunay hit off
the haughty distinction and overbearing manner
of the blase- aristocrat to perfection. An amus
ing feature of the revival of "Diane de Lys"
was the costumes and headdresses of the wom
en during the first years of the Second Empire.
The low necked ball dresses, ample gowns of
changing taffetas, with lace berthas, and the
clothes of the men. with flowing trousers, fabu
lously large beavers and dazzling waistcoats,
created undisguised merriment. A number of
well known Americans were smong the audi
ence. including Mrs. Ogden Goelet. Miss Goelet
and Colonel John Jacob Astor.
The annual black and white exhibition at the
Cercle Volney. which opened to-day, consists of
about seventy sketches made by the American
artist Mr. Edwin Lord Weeks, descriptive of
caravan life and travel in Armenia and the
frontier mountains of Kurdistan and the chief
Persian cities. Other groups by the same artist
illustrate the mosques and temples of the Pun-
Jaub, and hunting with trained cheetahs, etc.,
elephants and monkeys.
Among the receptions p'v^n by Aaoerlcana ar»
those of Miss Eryant. Mr. Dortic. Mrs. Ir.grra
ham and Mr?. George Howland. There has been
a considerable *-xodu? from Paris t.> th-» Riviera
during Shrove Tuesday festivities. Mrs. Por
ter, wife of the Ambassador, with Miss Porter
and Mrs. F J. Parsor.s. is making a trip to the
Engadine. Most prominent among the so< -ial
functions at Cannes was a show of living pict
ures given on Thursday at the Cercle Nautique.
under the auspices of the Grand Du< h^ss of
M^cklenburp-P'-hw-rin and the Grand Duke
Michael. Such pictures as KaemrtiT'-rs "Mar
riage CTnder the Directory." Thuman's '•Spring
time and Love." Alma-Tadema's "Greek Idyl"
and Moore's "Homage of Painting to Music"
were personified by Mme. Charet'^. Mrs. Ten
nant. Mrs. Pratt. Miss Denny. Miss Hull and the
Countess Gaston Chandon de Briaiiles. Amors
the audience were the Infanta Eulaiie of Spain
the Countess Edmond de Pourtales. Mrs. Padel
ford, Mr. and Mrs Beach Grant, Mr. and Mrs.
Clark. Mrs. Douglas Grant, Miss Polk. General
De Charette. Mr. Lord, Mr. Yon Hoffmann. Mr.
Lispenard Stewart, Mr and Mrs. J. J. Hoyt and
Mr. Charles Hoyt.
The American steam yacht Varuna, with Mr.
Eugene Higglns and a party of friends on
board, arrived y-sterday at Catania.
Among the passengers who sailed on the
steamship Kew-Y«* are the Rev. and Mrs.
William Guthrie. Mr. and Mrs. J. B. Cotton. Mr.
and Mrs. Duncan MacLaren. Mr. ar.d Mrs. Ed
ward Newton. Mies Jane Pickering, Mr. and
Mrs. William Tomklns. Mrs. T. F. Hannan. Mrs.
H. W. Scudder, Miss Scudder, Mr and Mrs. J.
H. Spaulding, Mr. H. L. P^k and Mr. Alexander
Krider. The passengers on La Champagne in
clude M. Hutin. president of the new Panama
Canal Company; M. Carre, the French Govern
ment architect; M. Emile Kasson and Mr. and
Mrs. Gorling. Among the passengers who left
Paris to call on the Lucania are Mr. and Mrs.
C. O. Brewster. Mr. James F. Verret. Mr. A.
DllWSl— ■ and Mr. Irwin Bowersax. The fol
lowing are booked to sail on Wednesday from
Cherbourg on the Kaiser Wilhelm der Gross*-:
Colonel John Jacob Astor. Mr. W. A. Brecken
ridge, Mrs. C. L Childs, Mrs. Vandusen Reed.
Miss Vandusen Reed, Mr and Mre. Edward
May. M!ss Cecilia May. Mr and Mrs. Charles
TTobb. Mr. Allan Cameron. Mr. P. R. Eagan.
Mr. Max Miiller. Mr. Bancroft Smith, Mr. Paul
er and Mr. Louis M. Ogden. C. I B.
Captain A. H. Mattox. press representative of the
United States Commission to the Parts Exposition
yesterday said that cables had been received at
the office? of the Commission, in this city, an-
BoaactaC the arrival of the auxiliary cruiser
Prairie at Havre. France, or. Friday last. The
P-airle sailed from New-Tork -*bout two weeks
ago loaded to the guards with Uettad States ex
hibits for the Paris Exposition. This, the last
cargo to be shipped, is now being unloaded at
Havre and transported to Paris, where the ex
hibit* will be installed tn the palaces and Exposi
tion building*. The United States Is the flrst
country o.it of the nfty-four nations that will be
r^pre^rted at Paris, to lard exhibit* in Frun-e
Paul Blackmar. director of affairs, Balled to-day
for Paris, accompanied by Mrs. Blackmar and a
corps of clerks. The New- York offlcea will remain
open until April 15. or «ome time in May. in charge
rt H P Rucker assistant director of textiles, and
rLnLto Mattox Almost ev*rv out o»n steamer
r^i American exhibits, and the exodus of tour-
Sr&mThto country to Europe an.i the Eapo-t
tlun ha« already begun.
Rome Feb 2*.— The statistics for Italy* foreign
trud* tor 1639. publlshe-d to-day, show that all pre
vious records were exceeded the amount of trade
for the year being 2.937, 9T8.rt*> lire. Thta figure U
due in great part to the increased prices ot com
modities Thus, the exports apparently increased
£• MS 000 lire but only increased 123.000,000 lire.
L,t ' ,h~ i-nnrti really decreased 7.000.000, the
vXV b^vlsn/creaMd. lhou »• valu. to
London, Feb. 24 —Apart from the dramatic
change that came over the situation in South
Africa, the event of the week was undoubtedly
Joseph Chamberlain's vigorous, almost vicious.
Self-defence In the House of Commons. The
Colonial Secretary met the accusations and de
mands with one of those terrible fighting
speeches for which he is noted. With venomous
retort and scorn he once more denied com
plicity In the Jameson raid, denied the so-called
revelations of the "Indtpendance Beige." and.
with deft phrases, presented the Opposition's
ajjltatlon as a personal attack upon his much
persecuted self. In the heat of debate and with
an overwhelming majority ready to cheer every
bitter phrase Mr. Chamberlain carried all be
fore him. But, after reflection, many of those
who thoroughly believe Mr. Chamberlain to be
absolutely untainted, and who place no Impor
tance upon the letters stolen from Mr. Hawkes
ley. counsel for the British South Africa Com
pany, regretted that the Colonial Secretary took
up the matter In such a personal spirit. Voic
ing this feeling, "The Saturday Review." while
strongly deprecating another Raid inquiry at
the present Juncture, deplores Mr. Chamber
lain's "undignified attitude," and reminds him
that the good faith of a Secretary of State is
not a personal but a public matter. Continu
ing, the paper says it regrets that he did not
court a resumption of the Raid inquiry inst-ad
of leaving It to A. J. Balfour (First Lord of the
Treasury and Government leader In the II >UK
of Commons), but adds that obvious reasons
of State prohibited such a procedure at the pres
ent crisis. In the m^an while. Dr. Gavin Brown
Clark. Radical. Member of Parliament for Caith
ness, who was formerly Consul-General of the
South African Republic, stands ac<*us*-d by Mr.
Hawkesley of buying stolen property in the
shape of letters In regard to the Raid. Though
Dr. Clark has denied the allegations printed in
"The St. James's Gazett.-." he h&j not. so far,
denied Mr. Hawkesley's charges His fellow
commoners are much stirred up in regard to the
matter, but Dr. Clark seems unlikely to take
any steps unless his constituents force an issue.
Lord Rosebery. this week the forsaken sole
oracle of "lugubrious vaticinations," has been
bantering the Lords of the Government in the
lightest satire upon the fix they have got into
by the un^xpeoted change of the Wemyss reso
lution, which originally proposed to enforce the
exls* net statute providing for conscription, but
which at the last moment was altered to read
that the statute should be amended In order to
make it available to b«- put in force, a change
which upset Lord UnjdGwn*'? and the Duke of
Devonshire's carefully prepared speeches ?,-> <>uch
an extent that Lord Rosebery satirically moved
an adjournment to enable them to prepare new
speeches, and even Lord Salisbury laughed.
With the accomplishment of the Government's
plans, the main objections regarding war legisla
tion collapsed, and some attention was directed
to home measures, which, incidentally, were
supremely uninteresting.
The ancient methods of obstruction employed
by William Redmond and one or two other
Irish m.-mliers have bo far failed to have any
M P.ride. of th<
Brigade In the service of the Boera, I
South May: vice Michael Davi 1. has
createj no little outcry. Another Nationalist,
John O'Donnell, Major Mcßrlde.
queriTly, on February 12»V *h-n -he voting is
done. Mr. O'Donnell and the absentee candi
v ill ftpht it out between them. Th-» au
thorities paj m little attention to Irish disaffec
tion that n<> steps have iieen taken to prevent
Major Mcßride - the srar. The in
duigvn^ of th^ ■ nt, of which this 1? an
•■. t wters thf- feeling that Irish advo
cacy of the Boer a ise 1 " t, the whole
Irish movement »• 1 ' I r '° great impor
tance. This, it i? a- ■ as th*> Govern
ment desires it should be.
The condition of the navy ar
adequacy of the n*-"\v estimates ar- '-"-eating no
end of discussion. The fa<-t That :h^ G
merit has ordered the T'.--^ - -Iron to as
s^rrhle at Portsmouth on March 1 has n
the fears of thos»- who thought Continental In
terference was lmmir- ,• y hall with no
pleasure the 1 ■ Lpanylng ann< uncement that
the squadron will be scattered again on April 1.
after a month'? exercise. Nor 1? public confi
dence strengthened by surh statement.* as are
made editorially in "The Naval and Military
Record," which avers that there are eight or
r.!n^ modern French battles if sink
ing the reserve fleet, and that, though France
dow has only six of ?ij<-h vessels with her north
err squadron, she could quickly get th~ two
r.ee,i*-<3 from the Mediterranean without attract
ing suspicion, vhile the amalgamation of her
northern squadron with that of Russia's Baltic
fleet would altogether outclass Great Britain's
reserve, which, this service paper declares. Is a
heterogeneous and by no means a modern con
-ation. lacking in all the essentials of a
tialned battle fleec. ap a remedy, it is urged
that new ships not included in the reserve be
immediately commissioned, and that a powerful
modern fleet be assembled in home waters to
await contingencies.
The Rev. F. B. Nash, of Newark. Ohio, ha«
written a long letter to "The Saturday Re
view." basel on a recent cable letter of The a«»-
Eoclated Presr). maintaining that the bulk of
American opinion sympathizes with the Boers
and <-xpresslng tl>-> belief that Great Britain has
forsaken her role of defender of freedom during
the present war.
The fierce fighting 1 that has made the week
memorable In the history of Great Britain has. in
spite of the heavy casualties that accompanied
it, acted as an exhilarating tonic upon the na
tion. It is almost with cheerfulness that the
people of Great Britain are taking theit punish
ment, for now there is something to show for it.
in pleasing contrast to the weeks of waiting and
suspense that scarcely ever passed without
largely adding to the deathro'.l and never seemed
to bring Great Britain forces nearer to the
goal. Hand in hand wtth the relief of Kimber
ley and the daily expected relief of Ladysmith
has come the relief of London. With the fate
of those beleaguered places off their minds, with
the national honor free once more to take Us
chances on a fair fighting field, London has
evolved itself from the depressing gloom that
for months overhung it. There Is now talk of
balls, dinners and entertaining, there are bright
er looks in the faces of the crowds that throng
the streets, and even the women seemed to have
brought out gayer gowns. There is to be some
thing of a season after all. and "Little Boba"
is the hero of the hour even at this Btage of the
war, which can scarcely be considered much
more than initial from the British point of view.
He would be granted every honor in the people's
power to give, if only public opinion and grati
tude became operative. Above every other man
and every other circumstance he stands out
from those grim happenings In South Africa,
clothed in the halo of victory. Loudly he is
hailed a* giving the lie to those who said that
the pluck and brains that made Great Britain
victorious in the Crimea, in India and In Af
ghanistan had passed away from her. The cir
cumstances of his hurried departure, when he
subordinated the greatest personal sorrow to the
needs of the country, hln feats on the battle
fields of old, his tremendous personal mag
netism and his surpassing kindliness and sim
plicity are all brought Into rapid review by
means of convernation or the neiktfpapeni before
the average Englishman, until It Is small won
der that the hero of Kandahar ha* reached
that pinnacle where his country would deny
him nothing. General Kitchener's automatic
way of doing things and his hardness of heart
have b*>en so much paraded before the public
since he first achieved greatness that he has
lost much of his popularity, and, while he
possesses th« national confidence to an almost
unequalled extent, It is pat«nt that th« nation
a* a wbol* would rather that the opportunities
fell to "Bobs" than to his Iron willed chief of
A curious instance of the utter lack of system
that br^vaiis in the British War Office occurred
this week. Immediately after the Queen's proc
lamation, appealing to the patriotism of her old
soldiers and asking them to re-enlist under the
Goveiimenfa new plan to strengthen the army,
>vas published, there flocked to headquarters
large numbers of men anxious to answer the
Queen's request. Th^y were all turned away.
because the War office has not yet issued any
detailed instructions regarding the acceptance
of su. h offers, nor formulated any specific plan
for putting Into action the general proposals
adopted by Parliament. The criticisjn current is
that either the Queen's letter was premature
or the War Office waa dilatory The latter Is
generally accepted as correct, and not without
bitter comment.
Ix>ndon. February 34.
Grey, who Is a peer, and who votes with the Con
servative party, but who Is connected wtth many
labor organization?, especially in labor co-partner
ship, or the co-operation movement, of which he
Is the prfme mover, recently, addressing a co-op
eration meeting at Glasgow, referred at length to
the colossal amalgamation of capital In the United
States. an«l said the same tendency was apparent
on this side of the Atlantic He I tha dis
advantage resulting from the conaotldatloa of in
dustries consisted In enabling those controlling the
market to force up prices to the limit the con
sumer would bear. He added:
The co-operative plan restricting the rate of in
terest on nhare capital to 5 per cent and prohibit
ing the transfer of shares to the open market, alone
supplies the method by which consolidation can be
effecte.; without endangering the interests of the
THE ALBANY.— The United States cruiser Al
bany, purchased here Just before the war with
Spain, whose complement of men arrived on the
United States cruiser Prairie, will probably sail In
about a fortnight. Her officers are busy at New
castle, getting their command shipshape.
INDIA'S BAD PLIGHT.— The plague in India
continues virulent. There were 553 victims In Bom
bay during the week ended February '6 With
over 61,000.000 people affected by the famlr.e and
only about *.0<)0.000 in receipt nf relief, India se"mi
In bad plight, though the death rates over fh»
550,000 square miles 01 the famine area are decreas
ing. The Indian Government has Issued a resolu
tion approving Professor Haffkln's antl-piajr;» In
oculation. anJ the Viceroy, Lord Curzon. la advo
cating its use throughout India, and is paying
high tribute to the Professor.
THE CANAL QUESTION.— "The Spectator,"
which often voice* the Government's views, says
it is to Great Britain's advantage to have the
United States fortify the> Nicaragua Canal, saying
the Idea in Great Britain i;r;:!r.s': such action Is a
deluptoti. "The Spectator" adds:
If Am«ti asks us to give up the clause forbid
ding the fortification, we ought to and m.*t cer
tainly should at once agree to do so.
"The Spectator." however, pol-- out that other
Powers might not be so willing, for. though Great
Britain In effect has acknowledged the validity of
the Monroe Doctrine, the re<t of the world has not.
JOSEPH WEN.— lea'h of Jopepb Cowen,
the coal mine owner, Member of Parliament and
proprietor of "The Newcastle Chronicle." has re
moved one of the most remarkable figures in Eng
lish life, and one of the motl extraordinary men
in Europe. His whole llf«- ar.d personality teemed
with vivid contrasts. He was a mlliior.airv. yet
dressed in sloochy clothes, was as brilliant an
orator as ever held the Hoom of Commons In
breathless attention, ye! of small stature and awit
ward gait, and he spoke with a Northumbrian
burr: a supporter of L rd BeaconsSeld in his
widest schemes for Imperial expansion. Mr Cowen
was the friend of every conspirator from Moscow
to Madrid, and Bnanced revolutions from his own
pocket as readily as other millionaires buy steam
yachts. At the r!<k of his life and through bat
talions of spies he carried secret Instructions to
agents in Italy from the ar?h-con?plrator Maz
ztni. It was at Mr. Cowen's house that Oi slnl
who threw a bomb at the carriage of Napoleon
111 and was guillotined for so doing, spent weeks
prior to rhe perpetration of the deed. With such
an intensely democratic tendency, Mr. Cowen
was naturally a Home Ruler, yet none were more
pount or more often quoted In arguments fur
niplied m favor of th© prest-nt war. than the sen
tences penned by Mr. Cowen shortly before his
death, when he declared that Great Britain was
fighting to "preveni men of British blood from
being Teated as helots." Many years ago he re
tireo from active {>olltlcs. ring to his Independent
Ideas, devoting hi- t ten tion to his paper, "The
Newcasi Chronicle." which wielded almost as
mr.ch political Influence in the North Country as
Mr. Cowen did when men pointed to him in the
House if Commons as the next Liberal Prime
Minister. He lived as a recluse, ret directed his
bric-kmaklng business until it has become one of
the most profitable in the country. In Northum
berland they say Mr Cowen h:i<! gypsy blood, and
they thus account for all that wa.« erratic In hi*
RABBI ADLER.— Chief Rabbi Adler has been
a member of the Atheßsram Club, under
rtni nnal introduction of dls
tina~ai*bed litterateurs. From this exclusive, body
mcc suffered rejection. How much the
mind has broadened since then !s evidenced
by this Hebrew - md the fact that the
of lx>ndon. the Most Rev Mandell ' 'reigh
;>ose<i him.
Paris. February 24.
CARNIVAL WKEK.— Paris to-ntght entered upon
tb« carnival season, which will bring a. few days'
gayety to the boulevards before the advent of
Lent. The festivities opened wtth a masked bal! at
the Opera House to-night. Great preparations had
been made for this affair, and the scene within the
magnificent hall was one of exceptional brilliancy.
Thousands of colored balloons and serpentines were
distributed among- the guests as weapons for the
mimic battles among the marry throne Sunday at
La Yilletto. where the famous abbatolrs of Harla
are situated. Sunday e"nlng the public will be en
-a-.. An allegorical procession will traverse the
district, and in the evening public balls wll! rake
place in the open air In the chief square*, which
will be especially illumtnated with electric light?.
The usual Mardi Gras procession along the boule
vards will take place on Tuesday, and in the evening
bands will be stationed In the squares for the
benefit of the working classes, who will Indulge In
dancing In the open spaces about the bandstand*.
The identi have obtained from the Prefect of
Police permission to Introduce an innovation in
the M.-careme celebration, lr. the form of a grand
nocturnal cavalcade, with, flambeaus and lllumi
nated cards, representing the various schools.
A NETVV FRENCH HERO.— In French eyes the
most Interesting: character In the Transvaal War
la Colonel VUlebols-Mareull, the French military
observer with the Boers, who t» represented by th»
French press as the Yon Moitke. cf the Boer army.
He is popularly oupposed to have been the directing
spirit of most of the Boer victories. The unanimity
wherewith the Nationalist press la:ds him to the
skies, however, has awakened serlou* doubts among
good Republicans of Its disinterestedness, and in the
fuUome praise of Villeboia Is seen an attempt to
elevate him Into a popular Idol. In defeating the
British, say the Nationalist organs, he Is seeking
to avenge Faahoda. but Republican* and Radicals
rt-tort, "You are trying to create another Boi
langer. and use him against the republic on hi*
return to France." Francois Coppee. the poet, who
has become a fervid Nationalist, revealed the Na
tionalist programme by wrlMng too warm a eulogy
of Vlllebots in a lett«v to the self-styled Patrons*
League. Thi* epistle put the Radicals on their
guard, and one of their mouthpieces says. 'What
the Nationalists did not succeed In doing with
Marchand and Gallieni. what they dare not do with
cynical Mercter. they will not attain with another.
Forewarned la forearmed, and Franc* does not
want another Boulanger."
ACCUSING AMERICA.— In spite of the repudla
1 tlon by official circles and the Deputies for Mar
; tinique of any sympathy for or credence In the
! fi.ssfrtions that American political agitators are re
i spon;«lble for the troubles In Martinique, the news
! paper which gave prominence originally to the**
' statements has returned to the charge, publishing
I under the caption "American Intrigues." an in
j tervlew with an anonymous Martinique planter. Id
! which it reiterates the accusations against Amer
j lea, and sayi The I'Hiictty of their amenta is
i such that wveral times recently Amert.-Hn cor
! vettt-s vNited Martinique wateri and under the
I very *yM of the colonial authorities took sound
j U.ga." ' Th* article concludes by asking again what
' the Governor of the inland and the al»tne» arit
j thinking of to permit these actions. These attacks in
■ themselves ir.!<!.! be at ii"le .mportance, but an
i article in an Influential Journal <iuch a« the "Fi
i garo" sliowh that Muaplcion of America exists in
i uth«-r political circles concerning Martinique. The
••Flg»l article said that th« United States was
1 following '■v-ntu wtth Jealous eyes, and that the
I negroes of Martinique hope to imitate their breth-
I ren '»f Sati Domingo, and that the United States
! which already exercises a dissimulating pro
| tectoratc over San Domineo, would not bs sorry to
I ree them follow the same road, which wl!l lead
I through Buppre««>tr)n of FtirUamentnrv representa
i lion to suppression as a colony.
THE EXPOSITION.— As the time approaches for
the op«i)lng of the Exposition more Interest ap
sartntly attacnes to It. -The crOTdt In t&« atrsets
O° Ladies' and Children's °
Ladies' Co:ton Waists.
Albatross and Flannel Waists.
Novelties in Silk Waists.
Embroidered Lndeiwear.
Children's School Frocks,
Serge Suits, Capes, Jackets,
Infants' Wear.
95toa<\vau <£- IQth Dheet
upon which the buildings face a
creasin^. and the costumes
dlcate the presence of man>
foldings are being stripped from - stl
and the latter begin to
making the view one >f . The
southwest portion of i ts whH
and mlr.arers. now rcsem;
The visit of the 3hah of P-rsla h -
nxed for the middle of July. Tl ••■
royal visitor, with hi? pi' tureeq it 1
one of the attractions of the F.x; •
iea\es Teheran on Apr
punled by a cortege of
to Tauria. and thence . - ■ I
take train for St. Petersburg and p.
the Czar. From St. Petersburg h
. •
Berlin. February 21.
MAY BE TARIFF WAR.— The receipt of the
news from Washington ir.'imatir.g the cessation of
th-j commercial negotiations with Germany has
created a sensation here Andrew D. Whti United
States Ambassador, said:
I Interpret the reported Washington action as
onir.x to the most recent shape of the meat In
spectlon bill. If the bill la adopted In Its present
chape It will cause a bitter tariff war between the
United States and Germany. In which. I believe,
the latter will get the worst cf It. The United
Stntes cou'.d cause the greatest trouble by opening
every bottle of German wine and Investigating
.-very stocking, etc. Of coune. It would be a mere
pretext, but It would be no worse than they have
done wl'h our meat, which the wnrM recognizes as
excellent. The G?nian Government officials al
ready express satisfaction with the American in
spection, and we have never objected to another
stringent inspection her-. If it is done for sar.itary
reasons». and not as a hindrance to trade. I under
stand the German Goverr.ment is opposed to the
present form of the bill.
A member of the Embassy stated to-day that the
Foreign Office <iid not know the actual status of
the negotiations in Washington, and asked the
Embassy a few days since for information on the
A responsible Foreign OnVe official said to-day:
I have r.o Information regarding a hitch in the
proceedings in Washington, but do not attach Im
portance to the latest news. The negotlntions will
proceed in a conciliatory spirit, a 9 -.-■■■- Ger
many recognizes that some of the United States
agricultural product* are necessary for Germany,
like cotton and others. The Am-- •■ Government
at the beginning of the negotiations was in favor
of secrecy until 'finite results were reached. That
Was the- only reason for preserving silence here.
ABUSES IN THE ARMY.— The Reichstag this
week, was engross**.! with army affairs. Herr Bebel.
the Socialist leader, and a few others uncovering
a number of abuses which had hitherto remained in
the dark. The War Minister. General Yon Gossler.
replied at length. ar.d succeeded in explaining sat
isfactorily most of the cases, though a few of
the worst remain. General Yon Gossler even had
the courage to '!-f* n them, though not a single
party In the Reichstag sided with bint
General Yon Goiisler rather defended the army
duel as an Institution hallowed by tradition, and.
with all its shortcomings, the best system to ex
tend and preserve esprit de corps and the high
standard of personal honor in the army. He
showed that the munber of duels was si lily di
minishing, and thai the same was the case n the
number of soldiers committing suicide because of
cruel treatment. A number of the Centre speak
ers strongly pronounced themselves against duel-
Ing. Herr Dasbach putting a large part of the
blame on the Emperor, because the latter usually
pardons duellists who are sentenced to short terms
in a fortress for killing their adversaries, often
under peculiarly atrocious circumstances, to sev
eral of which Herr Dasbacb referred. While this
debate will succeed in showing a reduction in the
percentage of such abuses, the general impression,
nevertheless, was that the army. as a whole, is in
an enviable condition, the officers being animat-d
by the best spirit. Nobody even hinted at corrup
tion, and nobody showed evidence of favoritism.
PRAISE FOR CRONJE.— The German press Is
now convinced that the British have really de
feated General Cronje, and that the latter's posi
tion Is desperate. Sympathies here remain on the
Boer side. Even Herr Eugen Richter, the Radical
leader, in an editorial, speaha admiringly of General
Cronje's gallant resistance against a fourfold force.
The "Neuste Nachrichten" and many other papers
scoM the British Generals for the "lack of chiv
airy shown to the enemy." It is quite plain, how
ever, that the current of German feeling Is grad
ua'ly but steadily changing In favor of Great Br;-
ain. The Beml-offlctal pr- Is exerting Itself to that
end. and even the "Kreuz-Zeltung," the army and
Court organ, which until recently was Anglophobe.
now strongly points out that It Is to Germany's in
terest to remain friendly with Great Britain. The
paper enumerates the reasons why it Is Impos-
BiMe for Germans to love the British as a nation,
especially after their "inirr neutrality in 1S«14,
T*W and 1*70." and the "consistent enmity" the
British have shown Germany's colonial policy anil
the rlstr.g 'ierman commerce. The paper then says:
"Notwithstanding this. England's downfall would
mean ■ distinct disadvantage to Germany in every
part of the globe. Therefore It ts no part of Ger
man patriotism to uphold the cause of England's
DR. T,EYDS DETAINED— Dr. Leyds, the diplo
matic agent of the Transvaal, -writes from Brussels
that he will be ur.aMe to go to Berlin in the mid
dle of March, as he had promised, "because the
present turn of the war" engrosses h!m.
financial press points out that the Russian loan to
Persia liberates the Province of Farslstan. whose
harbor revenues have hitherto been ptedfl to
Great Britain.
The Emfieror has summ.r • ta I^auff to
witness rhe firs? performance of "The
r'Elsen Zahr.'i Tuesday, at the Roj
here, of which His Majesty Is ■ collaborator. The
performance is looked fora -
the Emperor havir.
rr.ing and a number of srri; "
Three North German Lloyd BteaJßjen
day for New-Tork wft • "'nufpi.
usually large number
The hlgtieit Prussian court has decided that tne
American title of doctor cannot be used in Prussia
without a special permit from the Government.
United States Consul at Cologne. John A Barnes,
and Mrs. Barnes dined a number of Consuls
in Cologne on Washington's Birthday. Among the
guests were Consul Phelps aad family. Consul
Brundage and family. Consul Bro<iowskl and Dr.
Leonard, the British Consul at Cologne. The toattts
drunk were In honor of Washington. President
McKlnley. Wuenn Victoria and Bmperor William.
Oerster this week gave a ni'isl -a! here, at w-hleh
Mrs. Wood, of 8,'.1t lAke City, and Mi*s Koelllng.
of Chicago, sang
j whic-h the Austrian Ambassador here n:tv- this
I week was a mo«! brilliant affair About flve hun-
I dred persons attended. Among the g-ue-its were a
j number of Prussian Princes and several --tgnlng
I Princes, the Duke of Mecklenbursr-Sehwerln. the
! Prince of Sehaumburg-Ltppe and Prince Hohen
Th« birthday of the King of Wurtemberg waa c«ie
brated At the Ktlaerhof this afternoon.
has met with such universal , approval
that we have concluded to continue the
Opening Display for another week.
Flannel Waists
5 5> «0
Wash Waists
'.n Scotch Madras.
2,000 Patterns to Select from.
865 Broadway, New York.
Fifth k. Aoction Dooms
23S STH AYE. wra R NORMAN". Auctioneer.
■ t Z to.-W.
Vl«o four folloninic daji at same honr.
Importer's Sale by Auction
Carefully Selected
Rugs and Carpets
Masnlfirrnt In.lla Ciirpet* for Drarrla;.
■ ■■— . Diaios-Room, and Library.
1,100 PIECES
ok GREAT BEU-TV OF DF>l«.\. colok,
\\l> TK\TI HK.
Each artlc> will be gnarant-^i in every respect.
Paris. Feb. 21 "astellanew
who, v R New.
York on February 13 OB the steamer La Gas-«
cogne, app- ■ 3 th 3
In conversation with a representative of Tha
Associated Press the Count said:
Tou iwust kindly excuse me from making; any
extended statement at this time as to my future
course of action. I have not yet had the oppor
tunity to consult ali my friends, which I shall
do before I reach a final decision as to what
definit- steps I shall take as to "Figaro"
and De Rodays. However. 1 had a short con
sultation with my attorney this afternoon, and
it was <letermin.e.i to institute proceedings
against "Figaro" for libel. That step i 3 certain.
As to furl • r action I shall await the full ad
vice of friends.
Let me add that my trip to the United States
was most enjoyable, and I am enchanted with
the kindness shown us.
St Thomas, D. \V. 1.. Feb. it.— The Word Ltasj
steamer Saratoga, which went aground on Decem
ber Zl. at Santiago, Cuba, and wh.ch waa Coated
on January 1. has arrived here and will remain at
this port twenty days.
No particulars about the riots ia the Island oZ
Martinique could have b*-en obtained by mail, btlS
some Paris papers, notably "Le Matin." hay» al
ready published valuable information in regard ta
the localities of the French color.y where the troa*
ble has occurred.
Cable dispatches of two or tbr-e days ago re
port that the French island has not yet ■ -unMd
Its former tranquillity, and that again sugar plan»
tations have b*-.-n set on tire. It wiii be r BSJBJBJB^
...... the first outbreak in Martinique 00
curred about the beginr.ini? of February- The* col
ored laborers on the sugar plantations went oa
strike because of a dispute over waEe*. They dsia
In conflict with tho troops of th? garrison, ■ --.o had
to use their tuns. Twenty-two were shot down,
eight of whom were killed outright. Since them
quietness has not been re-established In the Island,
and many plantations have been burned.
The Oral collision occurred in the Bourjr <ltt
Francois, a small village in the township of Saiafi
Esprit, in the district of Fort de France, - -.c cap
ital of Martinique. The village lies on the eastern
shore of the lslar.d. near the mouth of a brook, the*
source of which is Iv. the same mountainous rtdos>
as 'he Salted River. The two sugar estates wh«r»
the collision happened are ur.d?r the management
of M. E. Lottt=>r. an engineer who was graduated
from the famous Eccle Centrale of Arts and Mian
factures, in Parts, and kno»n as a stanch partisan
of the republican Government. 11. Lottler enjoyed
in the whol- region a well deserved, popularity. la
no other part of the coic r.y was work nv>re ria,s>
lar and wages higher. Still, the mills at the Fran
eols for some time had been the scene of a p«r
slstent agltatlin. which, under the c.antl* of poli
ties, aimed at creating a real antagonism of classes
and of color. Unfortunately, the metropolitan goT—
err.meet did not take any measures to prevent tha
spread of the antagonism between th«» laborers and
their employers. Thus It happened that the tn
triguers obtained the dismissal of the Mayor of
Satnt Esprit. This Mayor was a colored man. but
a Conservative, and disliked by the agitators, who
represented hi.-* dismissal as a proof that the Gov
ernment of the island sided with the revolutionary
faction. This was the starting point of the cum
pllcatl.ins which culminated ta the first riot o£
February 9.
The garrison at Martinique consists of one- bat*
tall^n i-t marine inf:intry. irade up of four com
panies of 130 men each; two batteries of marlaa
artillery and oo R * company of t3> gendarmes, or
ganised militarily. This whole force is uad«r com
mand of M. Perreaux. a cole nel of marine Inraatrr.
The Governor-G»neral of the color.y 1* M. Gabri*.
who went Isssnedl to the scene of disorder. H-
was ac?om">iin'ed by the newly elected -*-n«tat'
from Martinique to tre Paris Caaraberi. il. Kaijht,
who had just returusd to th* Island troa a atevl
irio to Franca.

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