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I WORK OF tOSRIT AT THE ENTRANCE
OF THE EXPOSITION DEFACED.
Paris, April 27.
In that eccentric, if ingenious, construction
which does service as the Monumental Entrance
to the Expos not the least curious features
are two kiosk-like projections on each side.
St th« Junction of the rear arches to the great
arch in front. From without these kiosks seem
Vithout other -on d'etre than to fill up space.
Once beneath the cupola, however, they explain
themselves; ih-y are niches designed to contain
jtatues symbolizing Electricity. The idea was
food, and the sculptures are better. If the final
effect si worse than a failure, it is an example
sf a mechanical error of judgment nullifying ar-
H. londet to whom the statues were intrusted,
Is not only a man of promise, but one who has
already produced excellent work. In the figures
of Electricity— or, rather, in the figure, for the
two w«re cast in the same mould— he in no way
fell be!o;v his mark. He represented a form
elightly Egyptian in thought, upholding in each
band a flower, from the heart of which was to
glow an electric lipht. A few weeks ago M. Jon
det explained that the statues were to be tinted
a light buff color, like Guillot's friezes, so as to
be In harmony with the entrance.
What was the artist's mortification, and the
public's astonishment, on seeing the scheme of
colors applied it the last moment by the Admin
istration. The skin of the face, neck, chest and
arms, and the foot showing from beneath the
drapery, were coated with a hue varying be
tween copper and tobacco juice; the draperies
are blue trimmed with green, and the mantle is
a brilliant pur] The black enamel that is sup
posed to represent Lair is surmounted by a gilt
The result fan be imagined. Before such bar
barous conibinatit.ns the public does not pause to
seek fine traits of sculpture. The figures have
already be< n dubbed "Les negresses," and a
Croup of scoffers is ever in front of them.
Perhaps this coloring was applied so that the
•tatues in the niches should not appear to better
advantage than the awkward Parisienne above;
Perhaps the blunder arose through ignorance,
pure and simple. Whatever the cause of the
fault, a grave injustice has been done to an
artist of ability, and works of considerable merit
bare been hopelessly disfigured. C. 1. B.
SVG AR'S VALUE IS FOOD.
KDCEXT TK.STS BY GERMAN EXPERTS GIVE
German scientists have recently been conduct
ing experiments to ascertain how far it is safe
for people to employ sugar as an article of diet.
These inquiries ... not altogether disinterested.
Quite the contrary. Two-thirds of the world's
supply of sugar is made from beets, and more
than on- third of the total production of beet
sugar ia credited to Germany. Part of this
amount she is able to sell to foreigners. But
the greater part of it she consumes herself.
Now, exportation is liable to fall off at any
tim e. and It is highly probable that the manu
facture will continue to increase. Hence it is
desirable, from the German point of view, to
promote th«- use of sugar as far as possible.
However, this motive does not impair the value
•f the Investigations recently made. Instead, it
Sparta greater Interest to the latter.
It Is a rather curious fact that, although
Germany makes an enormous quantity of sugar,
her people are not the largest consumers of that
commodity. Statistics for IM»7 show that in
England th<> average amount consumed per
capita was ST..? pounds a year, whereas in Ger
many only -.; ( ; pounds were eaten. Americans
•■I*oll a.:. ... .-.:■..■ »;i' .:: pounds. Hence it would
"* Practicable to double or even treble the con
sumption in Germany without any appearance
•f excessive indulgence.
Etill, before recommending a policy of this
£ °rt. It was deemed wise by the experts to in
stitute elaborate tests of the effect of a sugar
fll **■ The result is highly encouraging, It has
***'' determined that a liberal use of sugar is
■^'v?' and fattening. One is taken
*i»ack lor a moment by the discovery that the
* tl( '- r virtu«- was demonstrated by experiments
*' hogs and cattle; but this is a situation
' for cold logic, not sentiment.
v *''' before the tests were made which the
American consul at Magdeburg reports to the
ute Department at Washington, it was known
"^t mountain climbers regard sugar as a source
« energy. Moreover, the chemists say that -it
a *>»utji«- carbon hydrate that is easily con
certed into warmth and force." That ought to
Ule the question. liut the verdict was not
•fcrusi <!,.„.,, final. Your German scientist wants
" --- -■ and compute, and enable himself to
**** his conclusions in a mathematical form.
k sun happier if be can employ a sub-
Uaj piece of apparatus In bis inquiry.
W *U, ttt-ot: Gtrxnjui fca.va.XiU proceeded lv the
SUNDAY, MAY 13, 1900.
fallowing manner- They requested a man to
apply his finger to a device called an ergo
stat, or force measurer. He exerted himself to
the utmost to move the Index of the machine.
A record of his strength was made <>n a dif
ferent occasion he was fed on sugar, and again
experimented with. It then appeared that he
could make a better showing with the ergostat
than before. Another form of the trial was to
let a man tire himself out, feed him with sugar
B a •■ !iy M. .T< >j i ci.-t for the Paris Exposition
and see if it restored his strength more quickly
than abstin-nee. It thus appealed that his
weary muscles recovered their power promptly
In consequence of eating sugar.
The German Government is said to be con
sidering tlie expediency of adding six lumps of
sugar to each soldier's ration in the army. But
whatever it decides, it seems to have been de
monstrated that tli.' matinee girl who eats a
pound of bonbons during the performance of a
play will be able to reach home ili ;i much less
exhausted condition than otherwise be
A WHISTLE SIXTY-FIVE MILES LONG.
Prom The Milwaukee Sentinel.
An odd Incident occurred on the Chicago and
Northwestern Hallway Sunday forenoon at
Highland J'ark, 111. Am the engineer of the
train which reaches Milwaukee at 11 o'clock
blew the whistle the valve broke and he was
unable to shut off the steam from the noise:
maker Prom Highland Park to Milwaukee, a
distance of about elxty-flve miles, there was
not a moment when the whistle was not
Bounding full strength. It could be heard for
miles away a* the train came on in a long con
tinuous shrill sound, and at every city and
village people ran to their doors to learn what
was happening. While the whistle wan blow
ing the fireman was straining every nerve to
keep the steam up to the running I- in . and
succeed* to bringing «*« train u,lo the station.
IN THE RUE DES NATIONS.
A VIEW OF THE PAVILIONS IN THE PATHS
EXPOSITION. AND THEIR CHIEF
Paris, May 1.
Immediately next to the chastely beautiful
pavilion of the United states is the monumental
building belonging to Austria. Composed of
three stories, with a line doorwaj Banked by
columns md surmuunti ■! by a balcony decorated
with the imperial eagle, the pavilion has been
constructed by the chief architect of the Aus
trian section in imitation of the works of
Fischer, the celebrated Viennese architect of the
eighteenth century. The principal buildings that
have be, -H partially . opied are the Imperial
Kidmg School, Vienna; the Hofburg, the old
university and a splendid staircase from the
palace of Prince Eugene of Savoy There are a
number of national .-xlrims. among which a col
lection of some fifteen hundred political papers
of every Bhade <>i Austrian opinion v\ill be ex
amined with interest. Frequent programmes of
characteristic music will '"• interpreted by the
.■iii^'is ..f i he Viennese choral societies. The
ethnographical collection contributed t>y i»al
inaiia deserves especial attention. Austria ex
hibits hi sixteen groups ami three annexes at a
cost to Die country's budget ..f $1,500,000.
Ai the back of ihe L'nited States pavilion
.-lands that of Denmark, a :n<>si unpretentious
structure calling for no comment
Next to it. and behind the Austrian, im the
pavilion ><( Portugal. This likewise presents no
important features, being built In wood and
pla-su-r in a style that recalls a F-ir West, one
story, wooden house. Portugal exhibits in nine
The pavilion of Bosnia and Hersegorlna mm
prises a spec ial exhibition of the produce of the
countries so arranged as to allow the visitor to
estimate the progress achieved since their dis
location from Turkey by the H.-rlin treaty. The
only style possessed by the construction is that
of being picturesque in its irregularity — a root
in zigzag, a species of central tower with pyram
idal top, reminding one of a Ncrman belfry.
outside galleries and Hyzantine arcades, the
whole decorated in brightly colored woods and
climbing plants, inside are specimens of na
tional frescos, and in the chief hall a di<>rama
of the capital, Serajevo. Cinematographic views
of th« daily life in these countries are specially
The examination of the interior <,t the pavilion
gave conclusive proofs of the high state of
civilization now attained. Artistic curtains,
luxuri >us carpets, wonderful embroideries and
rich furniture amply testify to the taste, skill
and Industry of the natives. An Interesting ex
hibition of decorative arts Is contributed by
students of the Serajevo damaskeening school.
An immense diorama gi% - es a faithful represen
tation of the capital, Serajevo, its life, industries
The galleries are devoted tn all kinds of the
country"s products — tobacco, wine, honey, fruits,
cereals, etc The educational department is not
forgotten, and a good Idea Is obtained of the
government instruction which plays so strong a
part in the civilization of a country. A good
series of photographs closes this interesting sec
tion with some admirable views of the finest
mountain scenery to be had in Eastern Europe.
THE PERUVIAN PAVIMON.
Behind thia building is the Peruvian pavilion,
constructed in Iron girders filled in with brick
and plaster, and destined 10 be re-erected at
Lima after it has served its purpose here. The
pavilion, which occupies 32 feet by S2 feet. Is
built in the Spanish renaissance style, and con
sists of two stories flanked by two minarets
that are faced with porcelain, and surrounded
by a railing ornamented with Peruvian flora.
The central part is covered by a glass cupola.
A remarkable collection of minerals and precious
products is situated on the ground floor.
Hungary's pavilion is even more remarkable
for its wonderful architecture and its pictur
esque characteristics than that of Italy. It is
made up of historical buildings of different
styles and periods, Roman, Gothic and Kenais
sance. Here are seen, harmoniously blended to
gether, pieces of the Vadya Castle, the Kormoez
tower, the facade of the hotel Klobusiczky. a
Servian church tower in Budapest, a wonder
ful sculptured doorway from the old chapel of
(lyulafehervar. parts of the Uakoezy house at
Eperjes, and many other remarkable details.
The most splendid part of the construction is
the interior 'Hall of the Hussars," where are
shown all the ducuments. costumes, and arms
of hussars all over the world, together with an
historical table of uniforms and a genealogical
tree. The walls are richly ornamented in various
colors, and in that boldly artistic style of form
and coloring in which this essentially artistic and
original nation excels. Hungary exhibits in
fourteen groups and two annexes at a cost to
the budget of .poo.OOO.
Great Britain's pavilion, a reproduction of
Kingston House, Bradford, Wiltshire— a country
seat in the time of Henry VIII seems pour
after the beautiful lines of the L'nited States
and the original architectural features of Italy's
and Hungary's pavilions. Its chief interest lies
in the fact that the Prince of Wales purposes to
hold receptions here during his coining stay in
Paris. The principal objects of Interest are
the tine tapestry panels designed by lluine-
At the side of this pavilion is an open square
forming the centre of the Hue dcs Nations, and
giving access on either side of the bandstand to
the electrical railway station on the right and
the rolling platform on the !eft.
Here, on the left, behind Ore:it Britain, is
Bituated Persia, a representation of the re
nowned palace ll<esse' ye Maderechach i, one of
tti. tn- >st celebrated buildings in Ispahan. It is
a clever imitation of the inter- sting features '>(
Persian architecture) with colonnades and mir
rors that ni\e ;iti extraordinary play of light an<l
color Chief among the exhibits are pearls and
turquoises, carpets from Kirman and Korassan,
utt;u of roses from Shiras, jewels and ceramics
of the greatest beauty. The pavilion will b<*
used by the Shah •luiing his coming visit for
official n ceptlons.
On the other side of the bandstand, at the
back, is the pavilion of the Duchy of Luxem
bourg — •'• country house, in Flemish Renaissance
style, containing samples of the produce of the
country. A sum of $20,000 was granted by it.i
House of Representatives for this exhibition a
large amount for so small ■ State.
In front of this Belgium supplies a splendid
contribution t<» the Flemish Renaissance styl« by
an exact reproduction of the Town Hall •< Ouile
narde, with its little belfries, statui-s and re
markable sculpture, built in I.VJS t>y Van Pe.le.
The gallery of columns. ogivaJ arches and • ■'••-