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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, June 10, 1900, Image 18

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Washington, June 9 (Special).— The courtesy
title of ' Father r >f the fenat •" or "Father of
the House of Representatives' is one which
belongs by prescriptive right to the Senator
or Representative who has served longer con
tinuously tha.n any other who is a member of
the body to which he belongs. Mere years of
pervice. no matter how many, do not entitle a
rremb^r to the title unless the pr-rlod has been
unbroken; nor does seniority In years as
marked hy the calendar. There are several
members of the Senate to-day older in years
than William B. Allison, the present "Father"
of that body. Both of the Connecticut Senators
are older than he: Mr. Morgan, of Alabama,
is five years older, and his colleague, Mr.
Pettus. was a -boy eight years old when Alli
son was born. There are a number of mem
ber? of the House of Representatives older than
General Henry H. Ping-ham, who recently suc
ceeded to the title of "Father" of that body
upon the death of his colleague, Mr. Harmer,
who succeeded his colleague, Mr. O'Neill, who
succeeded his colleague, Mr. Randall, who suc
ceeded his colleague. William D. Kelley. Gen
eral Binrham's colleague, Galusha A. Grow.
was eighteen years old when Blngham was
born, and was elected Speaker of the House,
after ten years' service while the "Father"
•was still a college student. Joseph O. Cannon,
of Illinois, is five years older than General
Bingham and has served twenty-five years as
a member of that body. while the "F«th<»r" has
served only twenty-two years. But the lat
ter> service has been continuous, while that of
the former was broken in the Llld Congress.
William B. Allison's service in Congress has
covered a period Of thirty-six years eight
years as a Representative and twenty-eight
years as a Senator. He dropped out of the
XXXXIId Congress when he was an unsuc
cessful candidate for the United States Senate
against George G. Wright, and a successful
candidate for the same office against James
Harlan. over v horn he was nominated by a
majority of one in the Republican caucus.
Since that time ' Father" Allison's service as
a Senator has been continuous and conspicuous.
With a single exception he has been renomi
nated as often as his term expired without
any opposition in the party caucus, and his re
elections as his own successor have never been
in serious doubt.
For twenty years he has been regarded as a
Presidential possibility and on several occa
sions as a strong probability. His admirers
believe that if his campaigns for the Presiden
tial nomination had been as skilfully planned
and managed by his friends as his campaigns
for the Senate have been by himself, he would
have won the White House goal long ago. One
of the obstacles to his ambition in that direc
tion has been the constant and earnest desire
of the people of lowa to have th» benefit of
his cervices in the Senate, where for many
years his has been a powerful and dominating
influence, and where his ability, tact and wis
dom have so ng been recognized and appre
ciated at their true value.
By diligent study, unflagging industry and
constant application and by patient and thor
ough investigation and research, extending
through a period of more than a generation, as
human generations are measured, William B.
Allison has won a pre-eminent place in the
ranks of American statesmen. His opportuni
ties have been great and he has improved
them. He was appointed a member of the
Ways and Means Committee thirty-five years
ago and served in that capacity for .six years,
studying th» subjects of revenue and expendi
tures under eminent tutors. As soon as he was
promoted io the Senate in 1873 he was assigned
*.o the Committee en Appropriations, of which he
has ever since been a member and for eighteen
/ears the chairman. For the last twenty-two
rears he has also been a member of the Com
mittee on Finance, and a most active and in
fluential one.
Entering public life with a rugged constitu
tion and vigorous health, Mr. Allison has suc
ceeded In preserving both, and at the age of
seventy-or.e be appears to be as strong and
vigorous, both physically and mentally, as he
*"as a quarter of a century ago. Devoting his
years to the service of his country as he has,
Mr. Allison has not accumulated great wealth.
He is a widower, his wife (the second) having
died seventeen years ago, and he has no chil
dren. ''■
The "Father of the House." Henry H. Bing
nam. who represents one of the. Philadelphia
districts, v. as born in that city December 4.
1841. Like Senator Allison, he received a col
lege education and studied law. He was comm
issioned lieutenant in the Union Army and
served with such gallantry and distinction
during the Civil "War that when it ended he
retired from tha military service wearing the
well earned star of a brigadier-general. He
was appointed postmaster of his native city
In 1867 and 6erved in that capacity five years.
In which he acquired that practical knowledge
of the details of postal administration which
has since made his services bo valuable- as a
member and chairman of the Postofflce Com
mittee of the House of Representatives. Gen
eral Bingham wan first elected to Congress in
187b and has nerved continuously Sine* that
time, during sixteen years of which period he
tuts been a member and four years chairman of
th* Peat office Committee.
He was also a member of the Important Com
mittee on Merchant Marine and the Committee
on Census in the List Congress, and is now
serving his fifth term as a member of the
Committee on Appropriations. His committee
assignment* denote the important nature and'
majfs of the legislative duties committed to
him. but do not fully indicate all of them, for
he is a ready debater and his voice is usually
heard whenever any matter affecting the in
terests of his native city or State is before th«
General Bingharn is not married, and it may
perhaps be worth noting as an interesting co
incidence that of the present "Fathers of Con
gress" one is a childless widower and the other
a confirmed bachelor.
Rio Janeiro. May 10.— It is affirmed that Peru ha 3
offered a coaling station on the Pacific to the
Father of tho Senate.
United States, besides other advantages, on con
dition that the American Government employs its
good offices to obtain from Chill a modification of
the supposed plan to annex Arlca and Tacna
The Pope pent the following telegram to Dr.
Campos Sallys. President of Brazil, on the occasion
of the celebration of the centenary of the discov
ery of Brazil:
On the eve of the solemn festival of the WOth an
niversary of the discovery of Brazil, we also, who
well remember the visit of Your Excellency, paid
us in 1897. hasten to congratulate you. Mr. Presi
dent, most cordially, and to present to you our
most ardent wishes for the prosperity of the Bra
zilian nation, to which we df-dioato an affection
wholly sincere end special. On this occasion we
tend to Your Excellency, with heartfelt satisfac
tion, to your Government, to the Confederated
States and to the whole Brazilian people, our Apos
tolical biessln^.
The exact translation of the telegram sent by
Emperor William of Germany to President Campos
Pallas on the day of the centenary celebration Is
as follows:
On the day whereon you celebrate the discovery
of Brazil, it i? a source of pleasure to me to present
to Your Excellency the expression of my distinct
sympathy and of my cordial desire for the felicity
and progress of the friendly nation that you so
worthily represent.
The beautiful engraving, representing the Su
preme Court of the X'nited States, which was of
fered to th« Supreme Tribunal Federal of Brazil
by Captain CordMro da Graca. is attracting consid
erable attention: already there is an idea of get
tine: up something of the same kind here.
France has finally offered to reduce the tax of
156 francs per each WO kilograms of coffee im
ported from Brazil to 20 francs..
A syndicate of Englishmen have housht largo
tracts* of gold bearing lands at Caethe, Bants Bar
bara. Santa Quiteria, Santa Bento and other parts
of Minos G<-r:i<-«> It If said that £1.000.000 hes been
paid, and another million will be spent In develop
The annual amuj-< rr.enl season at Manhattan
Beach will be Inaugural d on Baturday evf-ning.
June lfi. with Fanciulli's 71st Regiment Hand, two
concerts being given daily in th<» theatre pavilion,
to which the general puhllc will be admitted free
of charge.
On Tuesday evejilnj?, Juno 19, Pain will initially
present his annual pyro-spectacular production, the
subject this season being "Fujiyama." or "Japan In
Flower and Flame." The spectacle will be accom
panied nlgbtly by a magnificent display of llre
On Saturday evening. June 23. the Augustin Daly
Musical Company will present for the first time
at the seaside the popular and successful musical
comedy "A Runaway Girl." with James T. Powers
and the same cast which recently cloned a six
weeks' a SOS at Daly's Theatre.
FanciulH and the members of the 71st Regiment
Band will occupy the stage of the theatre pavilion
during each afternoon, beginning at 3 o'clock, and
from 7 to 8 o'clock In the evenings.
Pain's carnival of fire and flame will l>egln at 8
•'clock, and the performance of "A Runaway
Girl" at 9 o'clock each evening except Sundays.
Th* only matin'-.? of the pretty musical comedy
will be given on Saturday afternoons at 4 o'clock.
A carnival of minstrelsy by Primrose and Dock
stader and their band of dusky troubadours will
follow the engagement of the Augm-tln Daly
company, beginning on Monday evening, July 0.
Washington, June 9 (Bpecial).— United
States Weather Bureau has completed a statement
of the results of Its extensive researches regarding
velocity of the wind, temperature and relative
humidity of the air obtained by the employment of
kites flown at a heieht of from one to two mile?.
The observations were conducted by a corps of th»
Weather Bureau's most experienced professors, and
resulted in valuable contributions to scientific
weather forecasting.
Balloon and mountain observations having failed.
Professor Moore, chief of the Weather Bureau, de
termined to undertake a study of kite ascensions
with the view of securing accurate and satisfactory
records of aerial conditions. Novel mechanisms
WPre designed for a meteorograph attachment
which w.ip Inclosed In a light aluminum case, and
was taken up by the kites.
Seventeen kite stations were established through
out the country, where observations were made
every day when the weather would permit.
The records secured by two thousand ascensions,
the total number made, for the first time in the
history of meteorology, furnish facts Instead of
hypotheses as to the average temperature gradient
up to £.<W> feet, free from all Injurious Influences,
and for so many days and over <=u.-h a larK« region
of country that it has a broad significance and Is
evidently the only proper gradient to he used here
after In reducing atmospheric pressures or tem
peratures up or do'.vn from any observer's level.
Notwithstanding the Imperfections to be expected
of such entirely novel work, these stations, with
their ascensions, have probably added more
knowledge, to vertical gradients of temperature,
humidity and wind than all that was previously
Temperature was found to decrease at ths rate
of 6 deprees p<r thousand feet to an elevation of
five thousand feet, when an Inversion occurred, the
thermograph then showing a relaTive degree of In
crease a.s high ns th« kites were ascended. An in
teresting fact also developed from the observations
is the existence of a distinct air stratum within
narrow vertical limits. In winter Inversions occur
frequently and arc decidedly marked. This leads
meteorologists to the inevitable conclusion that
during a cold wave the belt of cold air is not much
over a mile in height and often but little over half
a mile, and that it is superimposed by a warmer
There was practically no difference in the wind
direction at and above the surface under normal
clear conditions, the- velocity slightly decreasing
with th*- altitude. In a few cases the veloclt] of
the wind was found to increase with tho altitude,
and the wind direction was opposite to that n' thi
surface. These ususual conditions were found to
bf- Indications of thunderstorms; in fact, after an
observation <it KnoxvHle, Term., recording an In
ctease In the velocity of the wind with th>> altitude.
oti.i of the severest storms ever know In that p:irt
oi" the eountrj followed.
Like the v.md direction, humid::}- was discovered
t<> be much the «ar.ie ;it and above the surface, the
only marked difference t^ing n^K-ed at omah-i.
whore the percentage was 11 greater at seven thou
sand feet This whs n n unusual record, but owing
to the f.i<n that it happened only the <ne Mitu
littlo knowledge was gained. When thin record
was obtained the kin- r-i s! "' r ' through the clouds
about the same time, that th» run. which had heer
shining brightly, disappeared behind the clouds.
the wind changed : ty dii A complete inver
sion of all atmospheric conditions took pis-", caus
ing the cambric air .-ells of the- kito to become &atu
rated by moisture, nt a height of several thousand
feet. The officials thought it to be an evident sign
of rain, nut much to their disappointment, no rnir,
fell for some days.
Th« Weather Bureau kite contains about ?lxty
eight feet of supporting surface, framed in the
most rigid manner possible with cast Iron rods an
eighth of an inch In diameter. It Is 2 feet 6 laches
in height and nearly " feet square, and the '"i
and bottom and two sides ar« covered with Lons-
Father of the House of Representatives.
dale cambric, leaving the ends and a space of about
two feet In the centre open.
A normal bridle of Italian blocking cord Is fas
tened to the centre longitudinal stick, nnd then to a
hickory polo about four feet in length, to which the
wire line Is attached.
The meteorograph containing the hygrometer,
thermograph and aneroid barorreter I? placed in
the centre of the latitudinal stick and so situated
th»t the full force of the wind while ascending
will blow directly through the long tube contain
ing; the hygrometer and the thermograph bulb.
This ventilation prevents any Injurious effect of the
sun while the kite is ascending. Tho hygrometer
consists of prepared hairs stretched back and forth
in double strand, and nearly touching either ends
of the tube, which is at the top part of the in
strument. The direct elongation and contraction
of these hairs i* communicated to the pen. and ■
record is obtained accordingly.
Th* kite reel acts as a pilot of the aerial in
vestigations, and is essential 10 successful ascen
sions. It must be substantial and stationary, be
cause of the enormous amount of strain produced
when the kited are descending from a high elev*
tion under great tension. The reel also controls
the speed of the kite while ascending and de
scending, and unless it i» properly operated, the
kite will descend with wonderful speed. Another
precaution has to be observed in high kite flying, to
prevent any injuries from the wire line which al
ways becomes intensely electrified: that is, to con
vey the current to the earth by means of a ground
connection and switch.
An event of National interest is the dedication to
day at West Point of the Catholic chapel for
cadets and soldiers at the rnited States Military
Academy. BiFhop Farley will officiate. Elaborate
preparations have been made for the ceremony,
nnd distinguished clergy and laity from all parts of
the country will be present. A battalion of cadets
In uniform will present arms at the elevation. A
classmate, of General Grant, the Rev. George De
shon. superior-general of the Paulist community
of this city, will preach the dedicators sermon. So
brilliant was the scholastic record or Father
Desbon while a cadet at West Point that he was
attached to the teaching staff after graduation.
He resigned from the Army with th« rank of first
lieutenant, and subsequently became one of the
founders of the Paullst order. At the dedication of
Grants tomb Father Deshon was one of the four
surviving classmates of the dead hero, and rode in
the carriage reserved for them in the ceremonial
parade. This evening Father Peshon will be the
guest of the officers of th» Academy, and at their
Invitation will entertain the cadets in th" audience
hall with reminiscences of West Point prior to his
graduation, in 1843.
The rector of the new chapel Is the Rev. C. G.
O'Keefe. the priest of Sacred Heart Church, at
Highland Falls. In which parish West Point is situ
ated. Father O'Keefe Is a native, of New-York
City, a man of broad culture and wide popularity
In military circles. To his untiring efforts is mainly
due the erection of the chapel. It will be recalled
that permission to erect a new Catholic chapel at
West Point was granted by Secretary l>a.mont
toward the close of the second term "of President
Cleveland's Administration. Such strong oppo
sition waa raised that when Secretary Lamont's
successor, General Alger, issued the requisite docu
ments the matter was referred by President Me-
Kin ley to Attorney-General McKenna, who ren
dered a decision that Secretary Alger's act was not
legal, as only Congress could allow any building
for public worship on the reservation. Father
O'Keefe finally appealed to Congress, When it
was explained to the opponents of the measure
that Catholic services were boing held in an old
wooden building used for band practice and other
purposes, while the Protestant Cadets had a fine
structure, and that nil the Catholics asked of the
Government was a site, as they had already raised
$23,000 for the- erection of the edifice, the bill
passed both houses with scarcely a dissenting vote.
To Colonel Mills was given the selection of th«
site— an old outpost overlooking Washington Val
ley, and commanding a beautiful view of the Hud
(■on nnd the. mountains beyond Newbursr. Above
tho chapel on the south tower the ruins of old
Fort Putnam, and at Its ha«« Is Professors' Row.
In th« valley below dwell the enlisted soldiers and
their families. The chapel in design, material and
execution is distinctively an American product. To
a young American architect, Mr. La Farge. was
given th« drawing of the plan, which Is Gothic. In
keeping- with the architectural style of the
academic buildings. The material is granite. Re
stricted by want of money from securing highly
decorative windows and Interior decoration*
Father O'Keefe, with commendable taste and good
sense, confined th»» decorations to the beet that
could be- had within pure and simple lines. The
twenty-two windows. Gothic in outline, are. devoid
of figures, but exquisite in color.
Dr. M. I. Pupin, of Columbia University, recently
prepared for th« American Institute of Electrical
Engineers In Philadelphia a paper In which he de-
Fcrlbed a method for constructing a cable, or an
airline circuit over which It would be possible to
telephone from New- York to San Francisco with
perfect ease, or even from New-York to London
through a submarine cable made upon the. prin
ciples announced.
In the current Issue of "Tho Electrical Review"
Dr. Pupln says that telephoning through a trans
atlantic cable is easily possible, though of doubtful
practicability. It is not. perhaps, a commercial
possibility, nor would there be very great demand
for use of a cable for this purpose. Th« real ad
vantage of his Invention lies, he thinks, in its
application to telegraphy. Th« ppeed of signalling
can ba increased, he says, from five Impulses a sec
ond to 1,500. That would multiply the capacity of an
Atlantic ••able about three hundred times, and make
It possible for the rates on cable messages to be
cheaper than p->ital cards.
John J. Powers, twenty-five years old, of No. 333
East Elghtleth-st., was held by Magistrate Olm-
Sted in the Yorkvllle Court yesterday for trial on
the charge of burglary.
Powers. In th* absence of the famjly of Jacob
Muter, who occupies the first flat nt No. 319 Bast
Flfty-seventh-st., entered 11 and was rummaging
about the place. He was seen by th« Janitor,
Thomas McKenna. McKenna tried to arrest
the man and Powers showed fight. He drew
a knife on McKenna. Policeman Sheehan. of the
East Fifty-flret-st. station, cnme along and mads
Powers a prisoner. wen was recognized at
police Headquarters, where he was taken, as a
man who had served two terms for burglary and
whose picture is In tho Rogues' Gallery.
Lizzie Byrnes, twelve years old. of No. 653 West
Thirty -second-st., was arrested yesterday charge^
with assault. She was placed In the care, of the
Gerry society, and will be arraigned in the West
Side Court to-day.
Last Thursday evening Unte, In company with
Alfred and Rosa Mass, of No. 557 Wont Thlrty
seoond-st.. nix and ten yean old. respectively! was
playing in the street In front of their homes. The
play grew rough, and Lizzie kicked Alfred Mass
on the left left, just above the knee, fracturing the
leg. Yesterday the boy was taken to Helievue Hos
pital and the girl arrested, It is said by the polio?
that the alleged assault was not Intentional and
that the girl will probably not be prosecuted.
Managua, May 16.— Government of Nicaragua
Is about to contract with citizens of the United
States for the exclusive right to transport" coffee
and other products from the large coffee producing
districts of Matagalpa and Jenotega to the National
Railroad at Leon or at Managua by automobiles or
traction engines. The country road from I^on an>l
from Managua to Matagalpa Is in fair condition
for' transportation of coffee, merchandise, ma
chinery, etc . between those cities by ox carts, but
It will require much expense to put it in condition
for traction motors or auto motors. At ©resent a.
T\URING the month cf June, less than regular
"^"^ prices will be charged for making to order
from d number of especially prepared models,
Gowns of Foulard,
Canvas, 'Veiling, Crepe de Chine, etc.,
Tailcr- cMade Suits,
Top Coats and Golf Suits.
Ladies' Dressmaking and
n / / Third Floor.
Tailoring Department.
5. JUtman
Brass and Enamelled Bedsteads and Cribs,
Hair Mattresses,
Springs, Box Couches and Divans.
Feather and Down Pillows and Bolsters made
to order (workrooms on the premises) in all sizes.
Furniture Slip Covers made to order of Irish Linen,
French and English Cretonnes, Cotton Damasks, etc.
Lace Curtains cleaned and repaired. Stored curing
the Summer free of charge.
€!gMentb St., nineteenth St. and Sixth Jlccnue.
large part of th» coffee annually prod iced in the
Departments of Jenotega and Matai Is trans
ported two hundred to three hundred miles on mule
back to the National Railroad at Chlnandega and
I>'on, thence by railroad to the Pacific port <>f
Corlnto. Nicaragua, and thence to the United Staff?
by steamer to California or by steamer via Pan
ama and Colon to Europe, or by steamers from
Ci>rint'-. via Paps Horn, a four months' route, to
Europe. Consequently, the transportation expenses
on coffee, especially In the Interior of Nicaragua,
are at present very heavy.
Controller CoW said yesterday that he be
lieved the decision of the Appellate Division of
the Supreme Court on Friday relative to the
"prevailing rate of wages" law would cost the
city an enormous sum of money. If the Court
of Appeals sustains the opinion of the Appellate
Division the city will have to pay claims amount
ing to about $3,000,000 which were supposed to
have been barred by the recent decisions of Jus
tice McAdam. of the Supreme Court.
Two points were decided by the Appellate
Division — one to the effect that the "prevailing
rate of wages" law was not repealed by the act
of 1880, and the other to the effect that claims
arising under the law which were not prose
cuted until after the act of. 1809 was passed are
not barred by that act. Controller Coler said
yesterday that the decision did not meet the
points thai he had raised.
"l hold." he said, "that a city employe receiv
ing a yearly or monthly salary cannot receive
the prevailing rate of wages for the time he is
laid off from work. The decision applies only
to men who work by the day."
Claims to the amount of about J?4/XN>.<>»<» have
been tiled with the Controller by city employes
for the recovery of the difference between the
prevailing rate of wages and the wages they re
ceived in several years past. Many claims have
been paid on confessions of judgments against
the city by Corporation Counsel Whalen. Most
of the claims have been collected by Tammany
lawyers who received contingent fees amount
ing to one-quarter or one-half of the claims.
The city employes In most cases have not ex
pected to get much out of their claims, and as
they received what they thought was fair pay
from the city 'hey have not received much sym
pathy when the lawyers took the lion's share of
what was collected from the city for them.
Thomas Henry F. Carley, ■ stationary engineer,
thirty years old. living: at No. 442 West Th!rt> ■ .-
ond-st., was arraigned hefore Magistrate Pool In
the West Side Court yesterday, charged with
bigamy by Elizabeth C-arlev. of No. alt) West
Oak Furniture In the sombre, dreamy
Flemish, or in the- rich hue of "To
old* brown oak" for the. Library. Din-
Inp-room and Hall is a feature In our
TL'RE. Quiet and simple furniture for
the Country House or Cottage where
light woods and simplicity of design
t are a necessity.
i FURNITURE CO., «BOft^"11]« BOft^" 1 1]
; 155-157 West 34th St.
' "minute from Broadway."
A complete assortment of Paper Novels.
A!! fiction published la cheap editions wU! be ton-ai (r^
our counters.
PlteM .V- . 10r , ;.V.. 35c.. 33c
Fine itatlonerr tor Vacation use at specially rr-tuceS
Qal > Books, Maps. Phrase Books la all Laszuac**
Thtrty-fiTst-st.. who says she was married to Car
ley nine years ago.
The woman produced in court yesterday a cer
tificate from the Bureau of Vital Statistics to tho
effect that Henry F. Carley married Mary Eliza
beth Kins on May 6. IS9O. She says Carley is now
living- with this woman.
"AN you married to two -women?" asked Magis
trate Pool when the prisoner was arraigned
Carley nodded his nend In assent. The case was
adjourned until It) o'clock to-day, in order that the
woman with whom Carley is living may be pro
duced In court. •
James Crow, nine years old. of No. 21 West-
Sixty-first-?! . while playing on the Recreation Pier
at Flfty-flrst-st. and North River yesterdaj. feU "
Into the water aaA ¥U drown**)

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