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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, June 20, 1900, Image 8

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CASINO HOOP — To-night — Summer Soiree*.
EDEN MUEEn— a, m. to 11 p. m.— Waxworks, Grand
Oancert and Cinematograph.
HAMMi:HSTUIN-S VICTORIA— *— Hoc* Garden. '
KElTH'S— Continuous Performance.
ROSTER & BIAL/61— Vaudeville.
I£NOX LTCEriI- Mikado.
MANHATTAN" BEACH— 3:30 — 6:BO— TIM Regiment Band.
NOW YORK THEATRE- 2—2 — Vatfls.
PASTOR'S— Performance.
Jrtbr* to
Part. Pare. Column.
Amusements 1 14 0
Announcements 1 14 4
Bankers and Brokers 2 0 2
Board and Rooms 1 13 4
Busiaeits Cite noes 1 13 4
Ijuoisnii Nonces 1 8. J
City Hotels 2 5 8
Outrry Board 1 12 6
Country Proj>«rty for Sale 1 18 8
I?i vldend Xotlces 2 6 2-3
Domestic 1 :iu.ini Wanted 1 IS &-"
X)res*makir.* 1 IS 4
Excursions 2 3 4
European Advertisements 1 ■ 11 2-«
Financial 2 4 6
Financial 2 5 1-8
Fcndmn Sale* l 13 a
F-jrn;*h»d Houses to Let, Country.... 1 13 2
Help [Canted 1 13 6
Instruction 2 .*> $
Loot 1 13 4
Marriages and Deaths 1 " 8-0
Miscellaneous 1 12 2-6
Ocean earners 2 5 3-8
Pnrrv>sE.!s 2 8 4-3
Railroads 2 « 3-«
Re«l Estate 1 13 1-3
£a\ lru? s Hank* 2 3 8
School Agencies 2 6 S
fRe-amh«>at3 2 & <>
Surrneate's Notices 2 ■ 6
Summer Resorts 1 12 1-6
Summer Resort >>-Jl«es 1 12 6
Teachers 2 .'. 3
The Turf .... 1 1* *
Tribune Subscription Rate* 19 6
To Let for Buslne«e Purposes 1 13 2
Tnfurnished Apertmc-nts to Let 1 13 2
Work Wanted 1 13 3
Cnsinrss Nonces
Nature keeps the Hudson Valley fresh and
beautiful. The Day Lire keeps Its flyers same way.
IVetth^irrk Uaila? Snbxou.
FOREIGN.— Up to 2 p. m. on Sunday, June 17.
the British Rear Admiral at Taku had not heard
of the alleged return of Admiral Seymour's col
umn to Tien-Tsln, this news being nine hours
later than the etory brought to Chee-Foo by the
Japanese warship that the column had with
drawn to Tlen-Tsin; the French Government will
dispatch a cruiser division and 4,200 troops to
China; It la announced that LI Hung Chang
has been summoned from Canton to Peking to
advise the Empress Dowager; the French Consul
at Shanghai sends word that dangers of com
plications In the Yang-tse-Kiangr Valley are
diminishing; Lord Salisbury, before a religious
gathering In London, talked of missionary ac
tivities and the Chinese outbreak, warning mis
sionaries against overzealousness; the mother of
the German Minister in Peking. Baron yon Ket
teler, has received In Miinster, Germany,
a telegram from China saying the report
of the murder of her son was not true.
= The Wine Jury of the Paris Exposi
tion threatens to bar out all American wines
bearing French names. . ■ ■In the Transvaal
the burghers continue to surrender their arms
and make submission; the first train passed
through Laing".« Nek Tunnel on June 18; General
Roberts reported that 148 officers and 8,088
prisoners were released at Waterval. ■ The
Nationalist convention opened in Dublin, John
Redmond presiding; the Healyites \vere absent.
DOMESTIC— The Republican National Con
vention met In Philadelphia, and, after the
speech of Senator Wolcott as temporary chair
man and the appointment of committees, ad
journed until 12 o'clock to-day; the outcome of
the contest for the Vice-Presidency was still in
dcubt. : A fire at Bloomington, 111., caused
losses which aggregate nearly $2,000,000. ■■ _
Commander Dolehanty, of the Sailor's Snug
Harbor, lost his chance for retirement this year
by the application by cable of Commander Gil
rr.ore, now at Manila, and may be ordered to
China. ■■■ ■ - The wife of Senator Albert E.
Beveridge died at a sanatorium at Dansville,
N. V., v.'here she bad been 111 for several months.
ClTY.— Stocks were dull and Irregular. , ■■
Winners at Sheepshead Bay: Elizabeth M.,
Native, Dublin. Voter, Rush and Intrusive. ==
A - runaway horse Injured several people, dashed
Into a store at Forty-flfth-st. and Eighth-aye.,
plur.g-ed up a flight of stairs to the second
nary, wrecked much stock, was lassoed and
lowered on an elevator. ■ The Consolidated
Gas Company announce-! the advance of the
price of gas to $1 06 a thousand cubic feet, the
legal rate. ===== Justice Dickey gave an opin
ion thai It was illegal for the Brooklyn Heights
Railroad Company to charge 10 cents to Coney
Island, but held that action must be brought by
the Attorney-General, not a private citizen.
THE WEATHER.— Forecast for to-day: Fair.
The temperature yesterday: Highest, 72 degrees;
lowest, 02; average, C 6%.
The Tribune will be mailed, daily and
Sunday, to any address in the country for
a dollar a month. Address changed as
alien as desired.
Any newsdealer will supply The Tribune
in response to a regular order.
Though Governor Roosevelt Is quoted as hav
ing said yesterday morning that Mr. Plan's
word was as good as his bond, he must have
floine doubts about it when he sees Mr. Platt
now openly fighting to force the Vice-Presiden
tial nomination upon him. Mr. Platt made re
peated and public pledges thnt he would respect
the Governor's wish, but he lias evidently been
pursuing a consistent course of deliberately
planned treachery, and the Governor must be
gin to understand what others long ago discov
ered, that not only Mr. Flan's word but Mr.
Plan's bond in politics is good for nothing, and
that he does indeed deliberately net so as to
make It impossible for self-respecting men to
be allied with him even for ■ good purpose.
Jn pursuance of what he has believed a good
purpose Governor Roosevelt has for two years
bt-cn In alliance with Mr. Platt, coming down
from Albany every few days to consult with
him and doing In general what Mr. Platt wanted
done. This course he has frankly taken and
frankly defended in the face of friends who did
not like such alliance for practical purposes, no
matter how good. In return lie certainly had a
right to expect good faith on the part of Mr.
Platt and his organization. Instead he finds
trickery, fair promises and underhanded deal
ings to make him a candidate in spite of pledges
not to do so. and finally open attempts to put
him Into a false position before the country and
ruin his political future. It is merely another
exhibition of Mr. Platfs usual treatment of
pelf-re«pcctiug men who trust themselves in al
liance with him.
We have sometimes had occasion to criticise
particular acts of Mr. Roosevelt as Governor.
We have not believed that a man of his charac
ter and honorable purpose* could get a long
enough spoon to sup— or breakfast— safely in
Mr. Plntfs company, and when in his attempts
to accomplish practical results he seemed to
violate right principles and make concessions
harmful to the Interests of The State we have
Bait] so frankly. We do not hesitate to declare.
however, that Governor Roosevelt has fairly
earned a renomination from his party, has a
right to expect one, and may without giving
Just c.iuse f or complaint to Republicans cither
of the State or Nation absolutely refuse to be
Mimed aside from his reasonable expectation
by Mr. Plan's seUafa Intrigues. Indeed, we are
vnt certain that the Governor's honor does not
require a declination. He has declared posi
lively that he would not accept a place on the
National ticket even if nom'oated, and weak
ness now will almost surely give enemies the
chance to attack his own good faith and ebarge
him with partnership in Mr. Platt's attempted
stampede. Mr. Platt Is not merely trying to
thwart his reasonable ambition, but also to
hurt his reputation, and he will be right in re
elstlng to the extreme.
Th« machine is already threatening him with
political destruction and defying him to secure
£ denomination for Governor, even if he suc
ceeds in persuading the National Convention to
pass him by without forcing him to absolute
refusal. His proper reply Is to dare Mr. Platt to
make, even a declination after a stampede an
excuse for throwing him aside. Everybody
•would know that guch an excuse wa« merely a
politician's subterfuge. Governor Roosevelt is
under no obligation to respond to a call which,
notwithstanding the genuine enthusiasm for
him In many parts of the country. Is evidently
engineered for selfish purposes. Whatever any
body may think of Mr. Roosevelt's strength as
a candidate for re-election, certainly after re
fusing to renominate him the machine could not
nsn.e a man who would be anywhere near as
strong. Popular Indignation would be aroused
by the attempt and the voters who might criti
cise particular acts of the Governor would be
firm to resent the outrage -which would be
Involved In carrying out this machine threat to
punish him if It cannot shelve him. With Mr.
Platfs whole scheme to trick the Governor nnd
supersede him so clearly nnderptood. there -would
be a public prejudice against any Platt candidate
for Governor, even If Mr. Roosevelt was running
for Vlee-Presldent, and such a drag on the
National ticket should be considered by the
delegates in estimating the effect of nominating
the Governor against his will. That prejudice
would be tremendously increased if the Gov
ernor was forcibly set aside after declining the
Vice-Presidential nomination. We do not believe
Mr. Platt dares to stir up that storm. Per
sistent courage in fighting the plot against him
is the last thing Theodore Roosevelt need fear.
The Republican National Convention per
formed the preliminary work of organization
yesterday In an expeditious manner and under
auspicious circumstances. The spectacle of a
great party engaged in the act of equipping
itself for a strenuous contest with confident
expectations of winning the victory which it
well deserves is Intensely interesting to the
whole country, and can scarcely fail to produce
at least a temporary sense of exhilaration even
in those who hope for its defeat. It can easily
be believed that after the protracted period of
anxious consultation and negotiation over the
Vice-Presidential problom the delegates and the
great miscellaneous audience were alike ready
to welcome the beginning of the Convention's
formal labors. Opportunities for displays of
tremendous enthusiasm such as the galleries
love to promote and watch were naturally not
provided at the opening session, but there was
no lack of genuine find Joyous feeling, and it
may be considered a good omen that the
heartiest applause was discriminatingly be
stowed where it most properly belonged.
The Convention nnd the party were well
served in the choice of a temporary chairman.
Senator Wolcott has gained the respect of the
whole country by his loyalty and courage under
circumstances of peculiar difficulty, aud amply
named the honor of being chosen to enunciate,
as the original spokesman of the Convention,
the party's claims to public approval for what
is past and the principles on which it solicits a
further lease of power. The Colorado Senator
nonnrnsrn the gift of copious and inspiring ora
tory, and never had cause to doubt hip capacity
to arouse an audience to fervor, but lie wisely
chose to make Ills appeal to the reason and
Judgment rather than to the emotions of his
hearers. His speech, indeed, was full of anima
tion, and more than onco roee to a strain of
lofty eloquence; but it would have failed of its
most worthy and essential purpose If it bad not
been of a character to commend it to the taste
and the sober consideration of the millions by
whom It was not heard but will be road. It is
a serious, orderly, comprehensive and convinc
ing statement of the Republican case -the kind
of statement that is an argument and wins a
Senator Wolcott was forceful and felicitous in
all parts of his address, but especially impres
sive from such a source was his declaration
that "for us the time has come to give fair
"notlCQ to the world that we, too, make gold our
"standard and redeem our obligations in that
"metal." The unanimous response of the Con
vention to this emphatic utterance by the fore
most representative of a reunited party In Colo
rado and throughout the Northwest was one of
the significant and welcome incidents of the
opening session. Not less tlrm and satisfactory
was that portion of his speech in which the
temporary chairman reviewed the origin, mo
lives nnd events of the war with Spain, set
forth the imperious obligations resulting from
that just and magnanimous conflict, and pro
claimed the unflinching purpose of the Republi
can party to keep faith with the country and
the world by discharging those obligations to
the uttermost. lie said:
The American Commissioners, men of differ
ing political faiths, reached a unanimous con
clusion. The Treuty of Paris was ratified by a
two-thirds vote of the Senate, and the territory
we acquired under it became lawful and legal
possessions of the United States. The responsi
bility for the war rested upon us all; the respon
sibility for the treaty rests chiefly upon the Re
publican party, and that party avows the wis
dom of the treaty and declares It to be the
policy of the party to adhere to lie terms and to
accept the responsibilities it imposed. . . . Xo
civilized nation In the world, no Christian na
tion, could have turned these people back to
Spain. . . . We are told that the islands are
rich In all the products of the tropics and in the
possibilities of their future development. So
much the better. But if they were as barren as
the Libyan Desert we would have taken them
just the same. We haven't been there long:, but
long 1 enough to reach two conclusions. One is
that the first thing we Intend doing Is to sup
press th» Tagal Insurrection and to establish
law and order throughout the archipelago. That
Is the first thing we shall do. And the last, the
very last, thing we intend doing is to consider,
even for a moment, the question of giving up or
of abandoning these islands.
In these sentences Is clearly defined the duty
which the Republican party understands that it
owes to itself, to the Nation and to the world in
respect to the new dependencies, and there is
not the faintest Indication that the American
people entertain a different Idea of their obliga
tions or any thought of repudiating them. They
will again intrust the Government, with all it's
weight of cares and interests at an eventful
period In history, to the hands which have re
stored National prosperity and upheld National
The Cubans have held their first election and
appear generally pleased with the result. Oral
least they are pleased with the way in which
the election was conducted— a circumstance of
perhaps more importance than the actual results
of the polling. Some charges <-f Illegal voting or
dishonest counting are beard, but not more than
are heard nftf-r an election In almost any of the
Ijilr.-d States, nor does it appear that they are
particularly well founded. Concerning the peace
aud order which prevailed In all parts of the
isinnd on "lecnon day testimony Is unanimous.
••Not ■ stegle disturbance," says General v7ood
'•was reported." Thar speaks much either for
th- setf-iesUsint or for ti,o apathy of the people
To which of those qualities we are to attribute
tiie quirt tl^t prevailed is not quite certain.
The people sc-e:ii<-«i. to some American observers,
to regard the whole business with apathy. No
crowds waited to learn the results of the polling,
no cheers were raised. Nevertheless a pretty
full vote was pollr-l. the proportion of registered
voters actually voting being probably as large
v ir commonly in In this country. Thai fact
does in • Indira! ■ . the lack of
demonstrative rooduct is to be attributed to
lack >,f experience in such things or to Inherited
CastiUan dignity and reserve. Wh(
feeacs work! hare been k-.-^t bo faithfully bad
there been no United States troops In the island
ready for police service in case of need is an
Interesting question, for the answer to which
we have no data.
The first result of the election, then, Is to give
some assurance of the orderliness of the Cuban
people in such matters. That is no light thing.
Neither is it a light thing that the outcome of
the polling is acquiesced in by the defeated
candidates and parties. We hear of no riots nor
other attempts violently to reverse the verdict
of the polls. In connection with that, too, the
question arises of the conservative influence of
the United States troops, but it is not to be
answered save in the opinion of observers on
the spot. Tlie judgment of CTeneral Wood and
his lieutenants upon that subject will be awaited
with Interest. All thnt is obvious at this moment
is that with the troops there the Cubans were
orderly, and that .'it most the troops hud no
active work to do, bur only passive Influence to
exert. Thai In Itself is a gratifying contradiction
of the numerous prophecies to the effect that to
control Cuba would be harder than to pacify a
Donnybrook fair. If the order and peace of
election day were duo to American police service
it was the easiest police service ever performed.
The result of the election, so far as candidates
and parties are concerned, is not at all sur
prising. The Nationalists have won In Havana
and other cities, nnd also in many rural dis
tricts. In fact, their success is pretty general
throughout the Island, though in the city of
Santiago the Democrats won, there being no
other ticket In the field. Tho Nationalist party,
it may be explained again, is the military party.
It includes the soldiers of the last war nnd
veterans of the Ten Years' War and the many
politicians and citizens who naturally gravitate
toward military leaders. Its success was to ne
expected. At the close of a successful war mili
tary men are pure to be popular. Almost every
one of our own Avars lias put" a soldier into the
White House. Moreover, that was by far the
best organized party, and therefore it did the
most effective campaign work. Tho organiza
tion of the army aud the tactics of the revolu
tionary plotting and agitntlng formed a fine
preparation for political campaigning. The
other parties bad no such organization and
experience. It cannot be said that the Nation
alists have a majority of the voters. They seem
to have a plurality among throe parties.
Whether their principles will prevail when the
issue is directly drawn upon them is another
question. In this campaign It was not drawn.
No national, state or general issue was involved.
The Nationalists have by a plurality vote
Rocured control of local administrations. That
is all. The really significant test of strength
will come when members of a Constitutional
Convention are chosen. It is to be hoped that
at that time tho peace and order and acquies
cence of the lato election will be repeated.
It Is now possible to review with something
of historical perspective and philosophy the rise
and fall of the Grange River Free State, which
sprang from the Orange River Sovereignty and
baa now subsided into the Orange River Colony.
Ii had Its origin simultaneously with the Trans
vaal, in the Great Trek. It was erected Into an
independent State only two years after the
Transvaal was made locally autonomous. And
finally it relapses Into colonial estate at the
same time and in the same circumstances with
its larger northern neighbor. Retween the two.
besides this parallel, there hare been some radi
cal differences. The Boers who settled in the
Orange River country were far different In
spirit from those of the Transvaal. They were
domestic, not nomadic; farmers, not huntsmen
and herdsmen; progressive, not retrogressive;
reasonable, not cantankerous While in 1803
the Transvaal Boers were clamoring for Inde
pendence and dreaming of universal conquest,
their Orange River kinsmen were in 18f>4 re
luctant to be severed from the British Empire,
and on being thus severed against their will
they insisted on maintaining British institu
tions as far as possible and on keeping on the
closest possible terms of relationship with the
adjacent British colonies. Similar has been the
record of both States ever since— the Transvaal
quarrelsome, non-progressive, restless, morose,
and the Orange State peaceful, progressive, con
tented, amiable.
The beginning of the end came when the
wise and good President Brand's half-paretic
successor, the unhappy Mr. Reltz, was in turn
succeeded by the ambitious schemer. President
Steyn. It was Mr. Steyn who, against the bet
tor sentiment of the people, inveigled the State
into the fatal federation with the Transvaal.
He was mad with the virus of the Afrikander
Bond, Intent on making all South Africa a
Dutch Confederation, with himself, in succession
to the aged President Kriiger, its Dictator. His
-ini«;t<T schemes were much assisted by the
Jameson raid, and were irrevocably fastened
upon the State when the compact of federation
with the Transvaal was effected. Of the diplo
matic negotiations which preceded the present
war he was tho evil genius. He contributed
largely to tho failure of the Bloemfontein con
ference between Mr. Kriiger and Sir Alfred Mil
ner. It should, by the way. be noted that while
the Orange State might. In other circumstances,
have played the part of a mediator at that time,
it was absolutely disqualified and debarred from
so doing by President Bteyn'a own act in mak
ing it an ally of the Transvaal. Thereafter
Mr. Steyn supplied every possible Incitement
and encouragement to President Krtl^er to re
sist the British demands and to maintain a de
liant and bellicose attitude, and In the ultimate
crisis of war his proclamations were of all most
violent, and his appeals and intrigues to Incite
a general insurrection of the Cape Dutch wore
of all most earnest and persistent. Indeed, he,
and not Mr. Kriiger, seemed to be the real
leader of the anti-British campaign.
Thus the Orange River Free State was In
volved in a war in which It had no real interest
nnd in which a majority of its people had no
heart. Nevertheless its people fought as
bravely as though it had been their own war.
From tirst to last they bore the brant of th«
campaign. This was partly, no doubt, because
of the orders of the Tranavanl Government that
the orange troops should be put in the fore
front of the battle. When th v > Boers were
driven out of the Cape and Natal it was the
• 'range State that Buffered invasion, and since
that time the vast bulk Of the fighting lias been
on Orange soil. There has been no more strik-
Ing feature of the war than the stubbornness
of the Transvaal Boers as long as they wen- on
British or Orange soil, with the Orange troopa
on the firing line, and their sudden collapse and
flight the moment the Vaal wits crossed and the
scene of war transferred to their own soil. We
shall see if they redeem themselves by a last
stand in the Lydenburg bills. As for I'resident
or ex-Presldeni Steyn, it needs to be said In
conclusion that be h.-is at least Bhown the cour
age of his ambition. He has not run away, as
President Kriiger appears to have done, but is
still holding out, stubborn and defiant to the
bitter end.
The conclusion of the drama Is now in hand,
and it brings disaster to both of the actors. The
((range State, or Its ambitious President,
grasped at extended conquest through the alli
ance with the Transvaal, but Instead Is con
quered by the conqueror of the Transvaal. The
state loses its Independence, the President hi*
in uniting its fortunes with t'los,. of the
Transvaal it involved Itself bo far as i:> I. , n
dence goes In Irretrievable ruin. <>n the other
band, the Transvaal, which was eager to drug
the Orauge State Into Ita quarrel, thinking thus
greatly to strengthen Itself, finds at the last In
that alliance its own most fatal weakness.
There Is nothing more evident than that, as
The Tribune said at the beginning of the war,
the broad plains of the Orange State have given
the British their best avenue of approach to
Pretoria and an avenue without which they
•would Indeed have had a hard road to travel.
Had the Orange State remained neutral its soil
would have been Inviolable and the British
would have had to fight their Avay Into the
Transvaal through the rugged mountain passes
at the north of Natal or by the long way around
Vryburg or Mafoking. In that case the British
campaign would have been far more arduous
and the Boer defence far easier and more ef
fective. In making the Orange State tils ally
Mr. Krflgrr opened the gates of Pretoria to the
It is a pity that the Orange River Free State
must vanish or indeed has vanished from the
company of nations, for it was a worthy mem
ber of thnt company, and It might have re
mained for ag«'s an Independent, honored and
prosperous State. Yet there is consolation in
the reflection that as the Orange River Colony
it simply returns to what its founders wanted it
to remain, and to what a majority of Its people
probably prefer it to he. Its Inhabitants, even
those who would have preferred continued in
dependence, will doubtless speedily adapt them
selves to the new conditions, if Indeed any
such adaptation be necessary apart from a
change of flags and a new oath of allegiance.
The same disposition that has made the Orange
State what It Is to-day, and that has kept it al
ways on so good terms with Great Britain, will
make it a loyal and contented colony of the
British Empire, and a rich and prosperous one.
Of that it is not rash to feel confident. Con
cerning the future of the Transvaal there may
be more doubt, for Its Boer inhabitants are of a
different and less promising disposition. But
the land that has been successively Sovereignty,
Free State and Colony will In all probability
find Its last state Its best.
the nrrr of the powers tx cbina.
The military situation In China is not alto
gether clear. It is not known what lias become
of the legations at Peking, if indeed what has
become of Admiral Seymour's n-lief party. All
the Powers concerned are making vigorous ef
forts to get reinforcements to the scene— Japan
and Utissia. however, being somewhat ham
pered by suspicions and jealousies. But one
thing Is quite clear, and that is the duty <>f the
Powers and their conception of It. All are
agreed that order must be restored and se
curity for foreigners* must be established In
China. Every other question <:au and must give
precedence to that. Indeed no other can be set
tled until that Is effected. Upon that point
there is universal acquiescence. Even those
who doubt the wisdom of missionary efforts or
who call into question the propriety of all the
missionaries may have done concede* that as a
preliminary to considering any such matters
this huge riot must be suppressed. When bar
barians "run amuck" any civilized force thnt
may be available must be sent against them to
beat them into order, to imprison or put to
•loath their loaders and to impose upon them,
with or without their consent, an orderly and
stable government. That Is the duty of the
Powers to-day In China.
I Tope that It will bo performed promptly,
without conflict among the Intervening Powers
themselves, is growing stronger. We have said
that suspicions and jealousies exist, especially
between two of the Powers. These hamper ac
tion, but do not prevent it. Both Japan and
Russia are sendfng irppps into China, and the
former officially disclaims any other motive than
the restoration of order and the protection of
foreigners of all natlens. Reports come from
various sources, moreover, that Japan will be
authorized by the concerted Powers to send a
large army and take the lead In subjecting
China to order. Germany, it Is Intimated, would
approve such a step, and it is certain Great
Britain would do so, while It is difficult to see
on what ground either Russia or France eouM
object to it. Japan Is unquestionably better able
to do it than any other Power in the world.
She not only has better facilities in army and
navy than any other, but, owing to her kinship
with China, she could do It with far less effu
sion of blood and far less disturbance of the
political and industrial conditions of the country
than any other. The Chinese would yield to the
Japanese where they would furiously resist
any other nation. But however it maj" be done,
there is no doubt that it -will be done. The duty
of civilization toward barbarism, the duty of
law and order toward riot and anarchy, will be
inexorably performed.
It should not be too much to hope, also, that
the application of this vast and tragic object
lesson in other quarters will not be wholly lost.
If it is tho duty of civilization to suppress ram
pant and ferocious barbarism in China it was
none the less its duty to do so In Luzon. If
Boxers who "run amuck" must be subdued by
the nearest available force and their leaders
put where they can do no more harm, the same
must be done with Tagalfl who also "run
amuck." If it is the duty of outside Powers to
intervene in China and impose a stable and
orderly government without the consent of the
eouliea and Boxers who are thus to be governed,
It was the duty of the sovereign Power to do
the same in the Philippines. There is no espe
cial sanctity in Luzon that Rives its rioters ex
emption from the fate that Is dealt out to the
rioters of < "hi-T.i.
There is a good deal at which to "point with
pride" at Philadelphia. As to thf "viewing
with alarm," there really Isn't enough chance of
Bryan's success to Justify the use of so strong
a word.
Baron Hprrman, of the German Kmbassy at
Washington, pays that the protective Idea has
nothing to <1o with the German moat bill, which
Is solely intended to guard the health of the
people ami kepp unwholesome products out of
their markets. Inspection of domestic and for
eign meats, he says, is exactly th>- same, giving
the latter no r^a^'inHhle around of complaint.
Austria, Denmark, Australia and Argentina are
treated on the same footing as the United
Htates. and the Baron discerns a fine spirit of
equity and German generosity in the situation
at large, which is perhaps there.
Genera] Baden-Powell's arrival at Pretoria.
not as a prisoner, but as a conqueror, was
chronicled in a single obscure line amid the
press of other news. Yet It was an Incident
which for dramatic and historic int'»r»st could
vie with almost any of the ><-ar.
Japan through its press, official and semi-offi
cial, signifies that it could put down the Chinese
disturbance! alone, but la restrained by consider
ations of etiquette and neighborhood comity. Shu
win have a linger in the pie, however, and a re«l
ment to th>- fore, and do her share in the restora
tion of order. It will be a golden day In the
world's propress when China becomes hospitable
to the world's Ideas and niod^a of action and de
velopment, as Japan has done. It will, of courße.
fnin,. about some time at some rat**, and the
latter country wIU be a potent agency to show
the tray and hasten proves?.
As Croker ha.sw-ns toward thf-s,> shores, look
out tor reports of Icebergs off the Banks. Th>
f'.ulf Stream Will turn cold with terror aa his
keel cuts its wrathful way across it, and a mom
antic chill will numb the pulse uf Labrador.
But when he lands— ls It not said that absolute
heat and absolute cold are Identical In their
With the surplus labor of China turned for a
generation or so to the building of roads
durable as Its wall and passable and Jack
asaable an the Roman highways. It would be
much easier for her neighbors to keep her In
order. The present condition of her thorough
fares even near the capital admits a military
progress of only a few mile* a day, being almost
as difficult as the gorges between the South Afri
can kopjes. She will have to change her stand
ards of road building or have them changed for
her before admission to the place In Interna
tional society which ought to belong to her. and
will as soon M it is shown that she deserves It.
President Harper of Chicago University is re
ported to have said that Count Tnlstol la a
"world writer." We cannot at present recall
tin name of any world which the eminent So
clalisi baa written, ani must confeas ourselves
to have been under the Impression that he was
a writer of books.
Getting out of hl« office has long been the
Mayor's fondest desire, or at least he has con
tinued to Bay so, and may therefore welcome
the prospect of being lifted out when Croker
gets back on the point of an Icicle, like a frog
on a skewer. His chance of such relief In now
flattering, and grows more so as the days go on.
Edward K. Lowrr, a young Philadelphia mining
engineer, has been nt work for several months In
the great mining districts north of Peking, and
mnoh concern for his safety Is felt by his parents,
living In Philadelphia. Lowry wa.« formerly second
secretary of the United States Legation.
Hawaii is represented by four delegates at th»
Republican National Convention. They are Samuel
Parker, A. N'oa Kepolkul, B. F. Dilllngham and W.
R. Castle. The first two only will sit in the Con
vention. Mr. Parker was a member of the House
of Nobles under Knlakaua. and a member of the
Cabinet at the time of the deposition of Queen
LUluokalanL Mr. Kepolkai held the offices of Dis
trict and Circuit Judge on the Island of Maul for
fight years under Kalakaua ami Llliuokalani. Mr.
Dlllingham la president of the Oahu Railway Com
pany, and was ■ supporter of the revolution of
law. Mr. Castle was Attorney-General under Ksla
kaua, and was on the citizens' committee of thir
teen that deposed I.iliuokalar.i.
Fred 11. Rowe, of Jacksonville. 111., th« new chair
man of the Illinois Republican State Committee, la
a Vermont man by birth, and was educated at
Williams College. He has lived In Illinois since he
was eighteen years old.
Walter J. Raley. who has been appointed poat
master at Kent, Ohio, a position paying $1,700 a
year, was twenty-three years old June 3. He has
been ■ clerk In the office for six years. His ap
plication was Indorsed by Charles Dick.
The Rev. Dr. Arthur H. Smith, who Is one of the
missionaries In peril from the Boxers in China, Is a
Chicago man. For over a quarter of a century he
has been connected with the work of the American
Hoard of Foreign Missions in China. Recently he
has been stationed at the Congregational Hospital
at Shan-Tung, near Peking.
Horr Karl Neufeld. the Mahdl's old prisoner. In
tends, it is said, to return to the Soudan In July.
He has been engaged there as head manager of a
'arge factory, and Mrs. Neufeld. his grown-up
daughter his sister and Herr Yon Natzmer. wlio
was formerly his mother's bailiff, will accompany
Congressman Dolliver. of lowa, has Just received
the d^tjree of doctor of laws from Bethany College.
General Charles A. Woodruff, who Is on his way
to the Philippines to Join the staff of General Mac-
Arthur na Chief Commissary of Subsistence, served
with General Mac Arthur in New-Mexico twn.ty
> i an ago.
The demand tat harvest hands in Kansas la so
?reat that the section hands on the Missouri Pacific
Railroad are giving up their positions at $1 25 a day
to go into the field and work for $2 a day.
Legal Advice.— Lawyer— Why didn't you com© to
me' I could have given you some good advice.
Mr Kraft— l don't believe It. Any advice- you'd
Xlv« would be ne-es-sarlly poor or you'd sell It;
and the kind you sell Is too dear.— (Philadelphia
I'r. ss.
The Mennnnltes at Groftsdale. near Kphrata.
Perm., selected a pastor In novel fashion last week.
There were ten candidates, and ten Bibles were
placed on a table before them. One contained a
slip of paper, and the preacher who selected this
one was duly chosen.
The Jeering World.— "Look Ever Upward "' proud
ly proclaimed the banner of our class. "Rubber,
shouted the Jeering world, which had met a few
new made aiumnl a few times previously.—(lndian
apolis Press.
A dog died In Germantown, Perm., the other day.
and now has a most Imposing monument. The
dog's name was C*tsar. He was a Great Dan«. and
for nine years had been In the family of Mrs. T. D.
M Cardeaa. There were appropriate ceremonies
at the funeral. C*sar was laid away In a silk lined
coffin, with solid silver trimmings, which had bean
made to order by an undertaker from careful meas
urements. The monument cost $100.
Her Damaged Horn.— "Well, well!" remarked the
maiden all forlorn to the cow with tho crumpled
horn you remind me of a bieyc.e that has be«n
in collision with something."
The cow censed ruminating long enough to in
**"l observe " said she. "that one of your handle
bars la twisted. "-(Phlladflphta Press.
"Tho Toronto Globe" of a racent date says: "We
have received many private letters, and also aome
letters for publication, urging that the Boer envoys
now In the- United States should be Invited to visit
Canada and receive here a practical exemplification
of h<uv men of different races live together under
the British flag, and how wide and tolerant is the
measure of British freedom. The fact that tha
British Empire Is now at war with the South Afri
can Hepunlli-s would make It rather tllfnVult for a
British 'colony to entertain the delegates who are
going over the world urging the case for the Trans
vaal and condemning the a^ts and methods of
Britain and her colonies. Besides, It is not neces
sary for these Bo^r envoys to come to Canada to
discover the spirit and method of Brttatn In dealing
with her outlying possessions. Right at their doors
In Xatal and Cap© Colony their own k!mlrc<i enjoy
all the rights and privileges which French-Cana
dians enjoy in Cana.la. In the ("ape Co!ony the
Dutch practically govern under the British flag.
and U this lt-sson !s not convincing to the Boer
<3elt-Kairs w.> doubt If they would be convinced "oy
any lllustratton that Canada eoBM furnish. With
the knowledge that the Hoer deissatss possess of
conditions in the Caiie Colony It Is simply grotesque
for them to declare, as they did at Buffalo, and as
they do at every point they visit n the United
States, that •extermination is th« civilisation of
fered by England.' "
The difficulty experienced by foreigners In master-
Ing the English language in often ridiculously 11
1 us t rated by signs displayed before their places of
business. Down on Chrlstlan-st.. where there are
a lot of "sweat shops " a sign was noticed yes
terday which read: "Wanted- Hands on Goats."
A cobbler in the same neighborhood displays the
following sign in front of his shop: "Shoes Half
Bold and Healed While you Wait."— (Philadelphia
A Philadelphia census enumerator who had an
Italian district assigned to him tells an amusing
story of the growth of the Quaker City population.
At one house the woman refused to Rive him any
Information, telling him to return the. next day.
After wasting half an hour or so the enumerator
went to the next house. After he had got his
answers there he asked how many were In the
family at the house he had Just left, and was
told there were ten children and the father and
mother. Being anxious to have hi* district prop
erly covered, the enumerator went back to get
the answers that h i*l been refused on his first
visit, and was met by the man of the house, whose
readiness to give him what was wanted surprised
him. In answer to his question. "How many chil
dren?" the Italian said "Twelve," with a grin.
"But I was told yesterday that there were only
ten." ventured the enumerator. "So there were
then," the Italian replied, "but last night twins
were born."
He Was Eligible.— "Ha! ha! They served that
fellow right!" exclaimed Mrs. Henpeck. is she
finished reading the report of a biK-umy case.
"What is It. my dear?" askert her husband.
"He was arrested an<l very promptly tailed be
cause lie took one wife too many."
"Heavens! I wonder if they'll be after mo next?"
—(Philadelphia Press,
Edward T. Croker, Chief of th* New-Tort Fir*
Department, and his wife were passengers on
the Panama Railroad steamship
CHIEF Finance, which arrived here yes-
CROKER'9 terday morning from Colon. Chief
TRIP. Croker, whose name appears on the
passenger list as "Edward Croker,
San Francisco," looked to be In the best of health.
His face was tanned by the sun. As soon at ne
came down the gangway he was greeted by a num
ber of Fire Department Boers, who were at th-j
pier farly to welcome the Chief. Th*?y wen Deputy
Chief Dunn*, who has been Acting ' Met; Battalion
Chief A hear a and Captain Andrleas.
•"I have had a very delightful trip." said the Chief.
"We cros?<?d the continent and returned from 3aa
Francisco by way of the Isthmus. My wife healttj
was not good, and we made the trip hoping that
a change of sir and seen* would benefit her. W-i
stayed for a time In California and then went south
to Mexico along the coast. We were on pleasure
bent, and I did no business .!> away. My w'.fa
Improved In health, and she has now completely
"While on our way to th»» West we called on J*lr«j
Chief O*ConneU, of Buffalo, and at Chicago visited
Chief Denis 3weri|e, both of whom are personal
trlent**. After reaching Mexico we continued south
through Central America. W« visited Nicaragua
and the Republic of Colombia.
"I arrived In Panama about 4 o'clock In the after
noon. We went around the city and »aw th- sights
and then went back to tha hotel.
LITTLE EX- I did not see any of th» revolution'
CITEMENT istH. but it was rumored that a
IN PANAMA, number of them were about tea
miles away and wwuld enter tha
city the next morning. They had not entered be
fore I left there the following day. There was bo
particular excitement. Only a very few soldier*
were in the city. Just enough to garrison the fort*
and If the revolutionists should «»rne they could
take the city easily. Business was going on the
same as usual. The following morning w« leit
Panama and rook train to Colon. There was no
more exclte-.nei;t there than in Panama, and tha
people (Mat stem to care whet there was a
revolution or not. The most exciting thine I saw
was the scavenger birds, who flocked around th«
citie" '" **••" "•" n
E. Joslin. of San Francisco, who Is •taring at th*
Waldorf-Astoria, speaking last night of how Cali
fornia would figure In the Presl-
CALIFORNIA rtential campaign, said: "California
STRONG FOR la for a Republican President, and
M'KINLEY. for that office McKlnley la its £r»i
choice. He will be supported.
whether Roosevelt, Dolllver. Bliss or Long is to
have second place on the ticket. Our State started
a boom for Mr. Scott, the builder of the Oregon,
but guva M up as soon a3 Its delegates reached
Philadelph'a. Roosevelt, at bottom, la Califortua'i
first choice. The reason why a continuance of th«
Administration of President McKinley ia demand*}
by the extreme West la because of his policy la
the Orient— his desire to develop our trada la the
Pacific. The business interests of California ar«
enjoying an era of unprecedented prosperity. Thl3
year the State will have produced about loo.ft>i,M
CABS at fruit and vegetaoie*. or II increase ut
20,000,000 over the preceding year."
The Committee of One Hundred on India Fam::;»
Relief report the following contributions receive*
x it- $30OM
LetltU K. Bell. Mattltuck N. T 100 v*
Sunday school. W««port. Ind 134
Edna Morris, Paxton. 11l • <■*
F. W. H.. A»: rl». N. T 6 j|
Citizens .if Leslie. Mich., through "Tha Local
Republican" » <*
J. St. «lair \Vhit9. Cord«BVlll». 8. C ISO!
inmates of th« Jenkins orphanage Institute.
Charleston. S. C 181
Sunday school Fourth Avenue Presbyterian
Church i201i 201
Georga Shaw Cook. Chicago. 11l 10 Ot
Through tha Rev. Robert li. Clark. <3osh«n. N. T. SOI
Citizens of Poundrtdge. N. J 83 J
Joseph Lieberts ••
Wallace Mott 10 w
Friend, through Fifth Avenue Bank 1 01
Citizens ,A Charles City. lowa, through Anna B.
Mahara 32 5*
Mia* ixtvlVs Sunday school cla*a. St. Michael's
Church I «
St. Michael's Church 4 2
F. S. Smithars 4 Co 850 j»
F. H. Cummlng Soi
Through The Long Islander." Huntlngton.
N. I i" o *
H. L'njrrich. 1r ••
Mrs. Susan and Harper Schreßler. Berryßburir.
Perm 6 01
Through "Reformed Church M«ss«ng«r." Phila
delphia (additional) 803 «
H. W. c . through Riverside Bank 1 •.»
Dr. Charles S. Benedict •: v 5 m
Miss Mary Woodruff Henderson 10 0*
Leroy B. Crane 5 '»
E. Lindner, Muriel*. Ind Id
F. B. wherry. Hannibal. Mo U
Mrs. William M. Roosa Io»
The Rev. James M. Anderson. Duluth. Minn . . .6 0)
Through "The Canonsburg Notes." Ca.ne.nst :-«;.
Psnn 53 i)
Through National Exchange Bank. Steubenvlile.
Ohio US
Second Dover Baptist Church. Dover Plains.
N. t . : «sa
T. Herrmann. Oouldloir. F1a..., „ - - 201
First Presbyterian Church, Plainfleld. N. J 13 4
Mark Davis v 0 ■*
George Grotz 8 •
Dr. Charles A. Clinton Jn
Frederick S. Langhlrt «■»• IS
"Cash." Seattle. Wash 6 •
H. Dlnkelsplel 1■»
W. W. Mills. Camden. 9. C 6 a
Sarah D. and Mrs. Oeorge H. Robinson 25 it
Mrs. James Orr and Mrs. Francis Henry. War
ren. rr-riri • 20 1
Mrs. Cuming 10 0
An employe of the "Farmer" Dunn Moving Pict
ure Machine Company 41
E. Corney. Flushing. X. T 2
A Friend. Garden City. H. f I.j
From "three little Scotch girls" 1 1)
A. W. M 1 >
r. ii a a
M. A. Noyes. East Sullivan Jit
Hannah Allison. Crete, Ir.d 10 >»
George Weber l ,1
Joseph Schneberger. Buena Vista. lowa 3
W. L 2
"Cash." through New-York County National
Bank go
T. E. H. and H. A. II 2 0
Sunday school Mount Hope Presbyterian Church.
Otlsvllle. N. T to
Junior Christian Endeavor Society. Glenmore
Avenue Presbyterian Church. Brooklyn 2 3
E. W. Oedbey, DnsMt, Ala If
Friends 5,1
Carrie Llttlejohn. Jonesvllle. S. C .1
J. H. Kochman. Kntghtstown. lad 2 1
C. C, Gilen. Clarksburg. W. Va 9.1
Trueb ft Isaacs 5,1
Michael Brock i,j
E. I. F ;.;;. J)
Congregational Church. Lebanon. V. T.... Jl
Mary Zolllnjrer. Thomvtlle. Ohio in
Joseph Rlejrelman 3
Mrs. R. Berls " «.;
Miss Katherin* Ker . ig
R. ag h ;;..;;::: i ■
E. F1chenV... '....".".'. ".'.".'." .'.'.' ". s']
Dorothy and Tina Reeber '.'.'.".'."" 1 '1
"Cash" „
Mrs. F. Bu»t JO
J'>hn A. Blackmer " .......... •,1
Edward W. Million '.'..'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'. r> «1
Erna and Josephine . . ......
Alfred c. Searle ''.'".'..". .......... -^
Edward C. Adrlane*. Clifton Springs, N.T.!!!!! 1 •»
"Ca»h" " ....
M. A. W.. Charleston. 8. C .".'.'.'.'.". 11)
John J. Relllv i«
"Cash" ;; II ,
Mrs. Charlotte Stnne...". I.I*"I »8
D. W. Parker. Oakland. lowa .'." .*.".*.* 10
Dr. Charles Merritt ii
P. O. Smith Si
::£»*%:: "i.xiiini::i:::: 1*
"Cash 20
Gra.le Six. Massachusetts FleM School." Qutncr
Mas* * * n
William Bason sr . . " " in
Charles Ol»h»r. Buffalo. V T . . »fl
Box 60. Auburndalo, Mm... '" >r,
George A. Blralts, Jameeburs. N. J.I 1 10
Emma Marx " » ■,
Dr A. Zabel. T.l— >o:n Neb 1 1. 11 l ttt
"Yellow Rnhe." Tharl-ston. S. €....'.'. »a
H. O. X. H. v ? ;. ;;
Previously acknowledged 1 1 11 1 11 1 1 $73 955 5
Total to date jg TO t
The Tribune has received » "from" Sarah 'Fosta
Mlley for the Indian famine relief fund. The men*
has been handed tO Rrown Rrothers .♦ C »' *—
urero of tho fund.
The funeral of H. Walter Webb will take sIBS
at St. Mary's Church. Scarborough, to-momi
morning at 10 o'clock. A special train for tha ac
eommodatton of friends of the family In this clt
and officers of the Xew-Tork Central Railroad wi
leave the Grand Central Station at SiW a. m.. wh!e!
In r*t-g_tas will leuva Scarborough at 11:15 a. ia
reaching New-York at noon.
All of his Immediate relatives are- expected ta b
present at the services, with th* exception of h!
two brothers. r»r. W. S. Webb and J. Louis W«b*
who are now in London. They have planned t
sail for New-York the latter part of this we*k.
<>. Oreighton Webb and T. Kserton Webb, th
other brothers: Mr*. C. Louisa Benton a half sit
ter. of Washington. D. C. an.l General A S. Webl
a half brother will all attend the funeral.
Th.- Rev. Dr Harris rector of the parish of :?
Mary's; the Rev. Dr. IX Varker MotMXB of tS
Church of th© Heavenly Rest. In this city, art
th* Rev. Kndtcott Peabody. of Oroton. Mass.. S3
expected to officiate*.
lIWHO-. June 19.— Mrs. Gladstone, widow of th
great English statesman, was burie 1 by the sld
of her husband. In Westminster Abbey. aftei
noon. Tlm service, which was Impressive, closely n
sembled that at her husbajul's funera!. While It wl
tempted to keep th • service as private as possibli
some hundreds of friends attended. The Quea
and the Trlnce of Wale* were represented. Th
attendance Included 1... ; , i Kosebery. Sir WUIIai
Vernon-Harcourt John Morley. Lord KlmberleJ
U U. AssLUlth. Sir Henry Carapbell-Bannermaa *•»

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