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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, June 24, 1900, Image 10

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Part. Pare. Col.
Annulments _ „ 1 1« 6-g
Announcements 1 1™ »
Astrology and Palmistry 1 15 l
Banker* and Brokers 2 11 3-4
Ji\cyr\pf 1 U ™
Board and Room* 1 IS J
Books and Publication* 1 12 o
Brooklyn Advertisement* 2 8 n
Brookb-n Pror«Tty foe Sale 1 '•* ♦-«
Isu«'.n**s ("honor* 1 15 1
City Hotel* 2 11 J
Country Board 1 12 «
Country Properly for t=pl<- or to Let. 1 14 4 «
TMvldend Notices 3 1J »
Dotnertle situations Wanted 1 !•• 7-5
Dojrs, BiniH. etc 1 15 2
making I lj| ™"»
Employment Agencies 1 5 &
European Advertisements 3 4 * '}
Kicursions 2 11 »-«
Flr.ar.rlal 2 11 1-J
F'Jir.lrheii Apartment* to L«et 1 14 S
Furnished Houses to Let, Countrr--. 1 14 4
Help Wanted Male 2 11 5
H< lj- Wanted 1 » !
Hotw» and Carriages 1 *
ln«m 1 '- 5
Lost an<l Found 1 ■ *
MarriKires and Deaths 1 11 •>-«
Miscellaneous 1 1*» 4
Murlrfi] 2 12 6
Mcrtpn^e Loans 1 14 2
New-Jersey Advertisements 2 S 0-«
Oc-ean Steamers 2 9 4-3
Railroads 2 9 »-6
Relijtious Notices 1 11 J»
Favlnr* Banks 2-11 2
Srhnol Afcencle* 1 12 I
Special Notic«»9 1 11 •>
Steamboat* 2 ■ 4
Fjv-rMnR flood* 1 »* 1
Rummer Resorts 1 \'\ *"«
Summer Report Guides 1 12 fl
Teachers ... 1 12 £
The Turf i 1? «
Tribune Subscription Rates 1 11 "
mlah*d Apartments to Let 1 14 s-4
Work Wanted 1 I 3 »-'
Dnsincos Somes
ertiflelal VICHY. SETTERS and CARBONIC, in. Quart
aTV » Pint Hottlff for rut nf town :>m«"nt». All orders
promptly nttPivlo.l to. CARL. H. SCHCLTZ, 430 First are.
iVett^ark Sails Eribitiu.
SUNDAY. JUNE 24. I SX m >.
FORElGN.— Confirmation of the reports re
garding the serious state of affairs in China
were received, and according to these dispatches
the American and oiher Consulates at Tien-
Tsin have been destroyed; the Dowager
Empress has, It is again reported, ordered the
extermination of all foreigners in the Empire,
and the attack on Tlen-Tsln was made by
Chinee regulars under Prince Tuan; no
news from the column under Admiral Seymour,
pent to the relief of Peking has been received,
and the gravest fears are entertained for its
safety. . News from Africa was meagre,
though it was believed that Lord Kitchener
was about to make an important move to entrap
General De Wet In the Orange River Colony.
:: — — An appeal by a committee in Paris, ad
vocating Boer independence has been issued.
■ Dispatches from Manila said that Amer
ican troops were ambushed in Mindanao, nine
men being killed and twelve wounded; trouble
is also reported in the island of Samar, and re
ir.furcements have been dispatched thither.
DOMESTIC- The Navy Department received
advices from Admiral Kempff, stating that
American marines were taking part in the fight
ing at Ticn-Tsin. === Senator M. A. Hanna
returned to Cleveland, and predicted the over
whelming success of the Republican ticket; In
ihe campaign President HcKinley will make
only brief speeches at Canton, and Governor
Roosevelt will speak at many places. - .
Porto Rico has been created a customs collec
tion district by the Treasury Department. ==
A. C. Gilligan was sentenced to eighteen years'
imprisonment in Virginia for the murder of the
father of his sweetheart. ■ A rise of five
cents a bushel in wheat created much excite
ment on the Chicago Board of Trade. = The
race for the American Derby at Chicago was
•won by Sidney Lucas, at odds of 15 to 1, the
favorite. Lieutenant Gibson, finishing third.
ClTY.— Stocks were weak and lower. . '. "-
Harlem Lane, Maribert, Water Color, Greyfeld.
Trillion and First Whip won the races at
Sheepshead Bay. _ Richard Croker arrived
home from Europe. • Senator Platt said it
had not been decided whether or not General
F. v. Greene was to become president of the
County Committee. == Commander Dele
hanty, it was reported, might resign from the
Navy in order to remain governor of Sailor's
Snug Harbor at an increase of pay. ,- ■■ ■ W. E.
La Due dropped from his wheel unconscious
after riding twenty-two miles in a team pursuit
race at Manhattan Beach. =H. L. Horton &
Co., stock brokers, were sued for ?r»< ».<•<*■ for
losses incurred by arbitrarily closing an ac
THE WEATHER.— Forecast for to-day.__ Fair.
The temperature yesterday: Highest, 77 de
grees; lowest, *i~; average, 71 "4.
The Tribune mil be mailed, daily and
Sunday, to any address in the country for
a dollar a mouth. Address changed as
often as desired.
Any newsdealer mil supply The Tribune
in response to a regular order.
Lemuel E. Quigg's denial which does not deny
tlie important feature of (General Charles EL
Grosvenor's accusation about the suppression
from the platform of a plank declaring the He
publican doctrine of the power of Congress over
territory is so grotesquely egotistical and self
6ullicient that the first Impulse Is to pass it by
as an ordinary specimen of Quiggery. But the
colossal impudence of tills young man's expla
nation of the great reasons of state which led
him in the regular performance of his duties as
platform reviser to blue pencil the work of in
significant and inexperienced men like Senator
I'ornker, General Grosvenor, the members of
the President's Cabinet, and even the President
himself, excites wonder when time is allowed
for it to sink into the consciousness. He says
be did not "unfairly and surreptitiously," as
General Gtosreuor charges, cut out this plank
from the platform. But be considered that the
plunk "was much too long and too much re
sembled a political essay." He thought it
"neither advisable nor necessary" to make a
declaration on the question. As an act of con
descension In writing the platform be employed
the language of Senator Foraker so far as It
was consistent with true statesmanship, and he
is sun 1 that in whatever be did he had the sup
port of the sub-committee and everything was
Possibly be is technically correct. A great
juggler with words like the gifted Quigg might
have got the sub-committee to agree to his
changes without fully realizing what it did. lie
who holds men spellbound by his glittering eye
and outstretched forefinger can easily hypnotize
a committee into deep sleep. But the fact re
mains that the platform, to everybody's aston
ishment, contains no word with reference to
one of the most important questions on which
the Republican party has been called upon to
act. And the explanation of it is that Quigg
overruled the President. General Grosvenor de
clares that the missing plank was prepared
under the eye of the President himself, and it
might well have been, for it is an admirable
expression of the principle Which the Republi
can party in Congress followed in legislating
for the welfare of our new possessions, while
avoiding the dangers of trying to rule them
under laws made for our own local conditions.
It Is a piece of work which would have done
the President credit if he had written it him
self, and by all considerations, of consistency,
straightforward dealing and public education it
frbr.nld have found its plsre in the Republican
platform. The suppressed words, which Gen
eral Grosvenor asserts, on the authority of Sen
ator Foraker, were understood by the commit
tee to be I part of the platform, read us follows:
We reassert the principle which was the watch
word of the Republican party In its first great
battle, of which Abraham Lincoln was the Illus
trious champion. and on which he was elected
Prudent, that Congress has full legislative
power over territory belonging to the United
Ftates, pubject only to the fundamental safe
guards of liberty. Justice and personal rights.
General Grosvenor says that "this plank,
"straightforward, Intelligent and written in
**«ood English, agreed upon first by the Preßl
"dent himself, and afterward by the gud
"committee, was drivelled out by a driveller
"from New-York, who had charge of that
"branch of the work. T'pon the greatest ques
tion of the hour, upon the question about
"which the Republicans in Congress fought and
"won. the driveller performed this act " Per
haps the great Qulgg Is right In denying thai
he "surreptitiously" suppressed anything. Bat
there is no doubt that whatever the process by
which he edited the platform and £"t bis work
approved. General Grosvenor If perfectlj right
in saying it was "drivelled out by a driveller."
Nobody but j: driveller would have dreamed
of such pettifogging ns an attempt to suppress
this constitutional question ii: the campaign It
is an issue and the Republican party must face
it squarely, accept the responsibility for its
acts and educate people to understand the tre
mendous Importance, while doing our duty to
the lands committed by the fortunes of war to
our enre. of maintaining our own civilization
and institutions undiluted by partnership of
barbarian races in the conduct of our Govern
ment. The same courage which led the Repub
lican party in 1886 to meet the money question
squarely and trust to an educational campaign
to convince the doubting, who were not few
even In the party's own rnnks, should have been
displayed this year in facing the new problem
and standing up boldly for right principles
essential to the preservation of the United
States of America as the United States of
America. No doubt when this question first
came up misinformation and sentimentality
worked strongly against the Republican policy.
but as it is understood better it is steadily
paining in favor, and the chief obstacle to its
triumph with the people is the danger that the
opposition wirii catchwords and canl phrases
will nave influence because they arc not met
with stalwart arguments boldly going to the
heart of the matter.
The party as a whole has no apology to make
for its course in dealing with this subject, no
desire to sneak away from it. and it would not
now be open to the reproach Of trying to do so
In its platform but for the marplot driveller
from New- York who presumes to edit the Presi
dent of the United States, to decide what prin
ciples he may stand for as a candidate for re
election, and kindly lends his superlative gifts
in rhetoric and literature and statesmanship to
tho production of a platform which be modestly
assures us is not. like the Washington docu
ment, too long or too much resembling a polit
ical essay. Oh, mighty Quigg! Oh, vast, im
measurable head! Oh, bright and brazen cheek!
When (Jeneral Francis V. Greene said at
Philadelphia thai Governor Rooseveli was not
the choice of the New-York delegation foi Vice-
President and did what be could to brine about
the fulfilment of the Governor's wishes he acted
the truth and spoke the truth so fur as he
understood it. It Is now said that this degree
of honesty on his part was extremely offensive
to Senator Platt, and that in consequence Gen
eral Greene is unlikely to be elected president
of the Republican County Committee in place of
Mr. Quigg. It Is only fair to Mr. Odell to give
him the benefit of the report that when ques
tioned on the subject yesterday he declared that
"the organization is not going to make a fool of
"itself at the very beginning of the campaign."
It is not invariably safe to put the natural in
lerpretation on Mr. Odell's political announce
ments, but if he really said this we prefer to
believe he meant that it would be ridiculous to
set <{eneral (Jreene aside because he kept faith
with Governor Roosevelt at the Republican
National Convention.
Nevertheless we are constrained to suggest to
Genera] Greene the advisability of giving care
ful consideration to Mr. Plan's outgivings since
his rpturn from Philadelphia. A day or two
ag<> Mr. Platt. being found in a reflective mood
at the Fifth Avenue Hotel, made the interesting
statement that it was doubtful if Colonel Roose
velt could have carried tbe State again as a
candidate for Governor. Yesterday he was
quoted without contradiction from any source
as saying that It had not yet been decided
whether or not <lenernl (ireene would succeed
Mr. Quigg. A more accurate account of the
matter would seem to bo that since General
(ireene proved the sincerity of his own adher
ence to the programme insincerely proclaimed
by Mr. Platt by doing his best to sustain the
Governor's original position at Philadelphia the
question of the presidency of the County Com
mittee, already settled by the choice of General
Greene, had been reopenpd. If Mr. Platt said
yesterday, as we must suppose ho did. that Mr.
Qulgg's successor has not yet been selected, it
would seem to be time for General Greene to
recall Mr. Platfa doubt of the Governor's abil
ity to be re-elected to his present office, and.
putting two and two together, to consider that
Mr. Platt may also entertain a doubt of his
ability to carry the State as a Vice-Presidential
candidate in case one of his less convinced and
faithful admirers and friends is chosen to con
duct the local campaign.
The gravity of yesterday's news from China
is amply and officially confirmed to-day. In
Tien-Tsin. a city almost as populous as Phila
delphia, there Is anarchy. The foreign residents
and a few troops are defending themselves des
perately against Boxer mobs within and the hos
tile Chinese army without. A force of American
marines. Russians and others has been trying
to cut Its way In to the relief of the besieged,
but was, at the date of the latest dispatch, un
able to do so. though a larger force, composed
of reinforcements from Taku, was about to re
new the attempt. It seems practically certain
that the American Consulate at Tien-Tsin has
been destroyed, and it is probable that there
has been considerable loss of life. As for
Peking and Admiral Seymour, their fate is still
Unknown. The Chinese Minister at Berlin says
the German Minister at Peking has not been
killed, but the aource of his Information is not
disclosed. Word comes from Shanghai that all
the legations at Peking except the British, Aus
trian and Belgian were burned ten days ago.
Other reports are that the legations are still be
sieged, but intact, if go, the question is how
much longer the little garrison <>f 430 foreigners
enn hold out against the myriads of hostile
Chinese. As fur Admiral Seymour and his de
voted twenty-three hundred, speculation dreads
to dwell upon their lot.
Not the least serious feature of the case as
seen in to-day's dispatches Is the participation
of the regular Chinese army in the attack upon
foreigners and upon the consulates It was
feared that such was the ense when the first
news camp thnt Tien-Tsin was being bombarded
with heavy artillery. Now Rear Admiral
Kempff confirms that suspicion, saying it was
the Chinese army that our troops vainly tried
to cut through to the relief of the foreign quar
ter of Tien-Tsin. It was serious enough for
Boxer mobs to assault foreigners. But that evil
might have been tmppres d by foreign inter
vention, without any conflict between the Chi
nese Government and foreign Powers. For the
Chinese Imperial Army, under a prince of the
blood, to make a formal and persistent attack
upon the foreign consulates is Immeasurably
worse. It amounts, in fact. f o making war upon
the Powers whose flays ure thus assaulted. We
cannot, of course, concede that there is any ex
rulpatton in the fad that the Chinese army Is
rerilly a number of armies acting Independently
of each other, each under a general or a vice
roy who may be half hostile to the Imperial
Government, and may therefore lead his army
as a Bort of frpe company. Such as It Is. that J
is the only army China hns. and It must be held '
to accountability ns the military branch of the
Imperial Government, nml that Government
must in turn be hold to strict account for the
doings of fhr army.
If the Empress Dowager has indeed sane- .
Honed gncb conduct on the part of Prince Tuan
and the army, she hns practically made war
upon the Powers of Europe nml America. A
declaration of war Is not essential Tbe fart is
BUfflcient. In that case there is only our course
to be pursued. The challenge must be accepted j
and the war fought to a finish, that finish being, !
of coarse, the crashing <»f this outbreak against i
civilisation. It will be n cause for profound j
gratitude if the European Towers arc able to ,
unite in that work without Jealousies and con- |
lUcts among themselves. Certainly the United
States can enter the conflict, if such shall be its
dreadful need, with clean hands and with a
conscience free from even suspicion of reproach.
For ft, the war If there shall be a war will be
not one of conquest bnl of simple vindication of |
its unquestioned treaty rights. Whatever may j
be the purposes of tbe European Powers will
not matter. This country is not to I** 1 drawn
Into their schemes. If after the restoration of
peace it shall be found possible to leave the j
government of China In Chinese hands, either
with or without a protectorate, well and good.
The United States would bail such an arrange
ment with satisfaction. But if the Powers, or
any of them, shall proceed to a partitioning of
the empire among them, the United States is not |
likely either to Join in that work or to oppose it.
but is likely rather to insist upon the main
tenance In the partitioned empire of the com
mercial and industrial rights it has enjoyed In
the integral empire. That is all it wants, and
less than that no friendly Power could expect it
to accept.
The month of June, two-thirds spring and onc
thlrd summer, has hitherto been the month of
the dosing of schools. The "little red Bchopl
bouse" has In these rare days sent back its
throng Of urchins to their native farms, and the
great university has at the same time dismissed
its degree crowned graduates to their careers in
business and the learned professions. To this
day the season is largely marked with these
same characteristics. But not to such alone is
it devoted. There is also in this month or early
in the next an opening as well as a closing of
schools of various grades which Is becoming
more general, more Important and more signifi
cant year by y< ar.
We may not claim for the United States ,-i
monopoly of summer schools, nor even the ori
gin of them. Hut we may unhesitatingly claim
for it a wide and intensely practical adoption
Of the idea iv all parts of the country and in all
grades of study. Early among the promoters of
the movement were various summer assemblies
of the <amp meeting order, where a sort of
"university extension" work was undertaken,
too often empirical and superficial. It was not
long before the colleges and universities them
selves saw opportunities for extending their
usefulness on similar lines, and summer schools
were established as regular departments of
Harvard. New-York University, the University
of Chicago and other institutions of like rank.
This year Columbia University follows the ox
ample, and so this city, which has long been a
great seal of learning and also a favorite place
of social rcsmt in summer, will have the unique
distinction of possessing two Important sum
mer schools under university direction. In such
schools solid work is done, fully comparable in
thoroughness with that of the regular collegiate
year. The students comprise both undergradu
ates and g.. nates of colleges and a consider
able proportion of teaeTiera and other profes
sional men and women who during the major
part "f the year arc busily engaged elsewhere,
and who find it lw.th profitable and pleasant to
spend the summer vacation in intellectual exer
In recent years a further and most commend
able development <>f the same principle lias
been effected in this city, in the form of "vaca
tion schools" conducted in the public school
buildings for the benefit of the children of the
poor. These were at first opened experi
mentally, with some doubt of their sue ess.
Their success was. however, immediately es
tablished fnr beyond all expectation. From
year to year the work has grown in magni
tude, until now it is recognized as an im
portant department of the local system of pul>
iic Instruction. It is evidently far better for
children to be in cool, airy schoolrooms in the
dog days than In the streets or in sweltering
tenements. That they themselves prefer it is
shown by their eagerness to attend the schools.
Moreover, an opportunity to attend school is
thus afforded to many who are for lack of room
unable to attend at other tim:^s of the year.
The system was at first maintained at private
expense. Now the city makes an appropriation
for it. and may be expected to continue so to do
and to dcv flop it in accordance with the needs
of the community.
It is an agreeable reflection that while the
great mills of physical lal>or and material gain
keep on grinding the year around there is also
a continuity of intellectual activity and an
unceasing care for the higher welfare of the
people. It has now become true that in New-
York any person can find Instruction in any
department of learning, and also thnt he or she
can do so at any time of the .year.
It is characteristic of the way in which things
are too often done in this ill governed city that
the -on^' delayed doing of one work of great
public utility is to be accompanied with the un
doing of another great and beneficent work—
and by the doing of a deed of wholesale and
unprecedented vandalism. The city lias waited
ten or twenty years longer than it should nave
had to wait for an underground railroad. Now
it is going to u r ''t It. In those years it has been
cultivating a fine array of Bhade and ornament
al trees on the upper part of Broadway. Now
it la going to destroy them all, and wait ten or
twenty years longer for their tedious restora
tion. That seems now to be the determined
fact. It would not be easy to conceive anything
more discreditable to ihe taste or to tbe thrift
of tbe metropolis.
As soon as Broadway was chosen as tbe route
of the underground road it was evident that the
thousands of line trees along that thoroughfare
were In peril, if not actually doomed. Prompt
rind earnest efforts were made to save them if
it were possible, it was proposed that the tun
nel be carried under the roadway Instead of
under tbe parks. That was declared imprac
ticable. Then it was proposed that the tunnel
be constructed as a tunnel, by burrowing under
ground, as is done in other cities, and not by
cutting an open ditch which must afterward be
roofed over. That, too, was ruled out, ap
parently on the ground that New- York was not
able to do what other cities could do. The third
pan was to take up the trees carefully and re
place them after the tunnel was completed. Hut
that plan is now dismissed, somewhat curtly,
with the remark that the trees are bound to die,
anyway, for half their roots were cut off when
the trolley Mad was built. And si> men are
now at work deliberately killing the trees m
they stand, us a preliminary to uprooting them.
Next all the t,'r.is> and Bowers will be dpptroved,
and Broadway l»' put Into some such condition
as that which Forty bi 1 st. has long en
joyed, with a promise that some yean hence,
when the tunnel Is completed, a lot of saplings,
looking like well trimmed bean poles, will be set
out in place of the present stately and nm
hraKfotis trees*!
There is in this city an excellent organization
devoted to the encouragement of tree planting.
It hns done much splendid work for making
our streets more beautiful, more comfortable
■nd more healthful. It has done much for this
very thoroughfare of Broadway, which is now
to be despoiled. But what encouragement will
It have to continue Its good work when the city
destroys trees more rapidly than it can set them
There could scarcely be a more interesting
coincidence than that of the Chinese revolt
against Christians with the bicentenary of the
Society for the Propagation of the Gospel. At
its HiMilh anniversary the oldest Protestant
foreign missionary society in the world finds its
work so far from completion that the most
populous empire in the world is only just
touched by it. and finds, too, that empire, by
far the most important field remaining for mis
slonary effort. In general revolt against mis
sionaries and against Christiana. We say gen
eral revolt, because it is Idle t<> try to maintain
the fiction that the Boxer outbreak is either
local or unexpected. The day's news indicates
that similar outbreaks are in progress In other
parts of the empire, all evidently connected m
one concerted plan: while as for the unexpected
ness of it he must have been a superficial ob
server of affairs In that quarter of the globe
who did not perceive months ago thnt some
thing <>f the sort was brewing. It is gratifying
to note that Lord Salisbury, In speaking at the
bicentennial celebration of the Society for the
Propagation of the Gospel in London on Tues
day, addressed himself to this subject with his
accustomed directness and authority, and in a
few pointed sentences made clear the whole
It is not to Christianity as a religion, but to
Christiana i>.s suspected political agents, of
foreign Towers, that the Chinese object That
is Lord Salisbury's explanation of the case, and
it is exactly confirmed by other authoritative
testimony. To sny that is not to cast any re
flection upon missionaries as a whole or upon
missionary work as such. It is simply to set
forth what is in the Chinese mind and to em
phasize the need of tact as well as of piety and
fervor the need that missionaries should be as
wise as serpents as well as harmless ns doves.
It is also to admit the regrettable fact that guile
and hypocrisy, to some degree, are no more
unknown io the Chinese than to other races,
even to the extent of professing piety for the
sake of protit. There is a treaty stipulation with
China to the effect not only that missionaries
shall be protected, but also that native converts
to Christianity shall not be persecuted on ac
count of their faith. There is only too good
reason to fear that some Chinese have taken
advantage of this provision. They have pro
fess«'d to accept Christianity, but have done so
merely for the sake of what amounts to exemp
tion from Chinese law. They have then gone
on to deal unjustly with their neighbors, and
when the latter have resented it and visited
righteous retribution upon them they have fled
to tbe missionaries with the cry that they
were Iwiiig persecuted for their faith's sake;
and the missionaries have in the best of faith
made appeal to the Consul or Minister, and so
the whole pressure of a foreign Power has been
brought to bear upon the Chinese (iovernment
for the protection of some hypocritical rascal
from the penalty of his misdeeds. There is no
cause for wonder at Chinese resentment at such
Nor is that nil. In some places where con
verts are numerous the hitter have grouped
themselves together in a village or a part of a
village of their own. so as to form a distinct
community. They have there adopted their
own manners and customs, their local regula
tions and ordinances, and have made them
selves largely independent of < 'hlnese law. They
are subject, of course, to Imperial sovereignty.
i>ut in local affairs they have become almost
autonomous, a sort of petty Imperlum in im
perio. This may have been done without any
intention cf disloyalty t>» the Chinese Govern
ment or of antagonism toward the local and
provincial authorities. Nevertheless it la al
ways annoying to the Chinese as it would be
to us or to any other people— and it often be
comes quite intolerable. Yet if the Chinese
authorities interfere and attempt to enforce
upon the Christian community the reminder
that it is just as much subject to the civil law
Of China as ever the cry of persecution for
faith's sake is again raised. Add to this the
fact that the Christian Powers behind the mis
sionaries are constantly making aggressions
upon China, forcing her to modify her laws
and customs to suit their selfish purposes and
seizing bits of her territory, and it is little
wonder that those Chinese who judge things by
appearances come to the conclusion that Chris
tians are really political agents, intent upon
undermining and overthrowing the Chinese (Jov
ernment and partitioning the Chinese Empire.
This is a statemeni <>f the case as some of the
most competent observers. Including mission
aries, have seen it. We repeat that it is not a
condemnation of missionaries or of missionary
work. It is merely a recognition of evils that
have crept into such work, chiefly through the
guile of some of the Chinese themselves. It is
no argument against missionary enterprise, but
rather one in favor of prosecuting it with re
newed ;<eal on the highest i>«>ssible plane of dis
interestedness and with the utmost possible
tact. Neither is it an argument against prompt
and rigorous suppression of the present revolt.
For it is the duty of law ami order to suppress
a riot, no matter what may be its cause. More
over, the old principle of power and responsibil
ity holds good. The outside Powers have for
years been exercising their authority in China.
practically coercing the Chinese (Government;
and therefore they are under a moral responsi
bility for the maintenance of order there. But
it is desirable always to keep in mind that
Chinese hatred is directed nor against Christi
anity as a religion, but against Christians per
sonally, and that because of a notion that they
are political Intriguers inimical to China. That
notion Is. of course, a monstrous error; but it
may be a strange and paradoxical irony of fate
that its falsity can lw> demonstrated only by
making it largely true.
Two story turrets, having been proved success
ful, are to be adopted for five new battleships.
They are another Important American contribu
tion to the art of naval warfare.
The gentle and cheerful optimism of the Chi
nese Minister here, who thinks the storm at
home will not amount to much and that It all
arises out of a misunderstanding, makes pleasant
reading and does no end of credit to his amiable
spirit and polite International sentiments, and
everybody will hope that he takes a Just view
of the situation. If all the Chinese were like
their capable and accomplished Ambassador
here there would not be the least foreign diffi
culty in getting on with them nor in putting
their country in line with modern methods of
progress and development.
Krupp's Orman organ, the "Berliner Neueste
N'nchrichten," "views with alarm" the spread of
the Japanese element In China, and is especially
conci rned at Its military activity. It under
takes to drill the Chinese soMUera and educate
them In the manual, and actually does It, In ac
cordance with Europ.im precepts and practice,
us well as Prussian or other Western military
officers could do It The Japs occupy professor
ships In military schools, translate military
books, and Chinese youths destined for the army
are sent to Japan to be educated. The "Nach
rlchten" through its Peking correspondent
recognizes this as rather a parlous state of
things. Ignoring Germany's primacy as the
world's drill sergeant.
Some of our n-wspaper contemporaries In the
course of the Spanish war took up the conduct
of the 71st Regiment at Santiago only to con
clude that the subject was .* very hot potato.
Their experience, however, has not deterred Sen
ator Depew. who never falls to say something
even when most wise men are content to say
nothing, from taking a hand In the controversy
at a slngulnrly critical moment when the com
mander of the Rough Riders might well have
been grateful for silence. Hi* comments on
what he regards as the superior virtue and
courage of the Rough Rlde.-s have thus served
to bring about his ears a host of angry 71st
Regiment men. Personally he will have no
anxiety or timidity, but be will probably be
much concerned lest his frankness may operate
to the disadvantage of Governor Roosevelt, in
whose Interest he mad- the Injudicious compari
son. The Governor has done his best to be en
tirely fair In the 71st Regiment matters which
have come before him as a result of the Cuban
campaign, and is, of course, not to be held ac
countable for the too great zeal of his enthusi
astic supporter and promoter.
What a shame that Mullet, the murderer,
should be sent back to Ireland without a chance
for a single spree in the Tenderloin!
Lord Brougham undertook to prove that spots
on the sun bore an ascertalnable relation to the
price of corn in the English market and the
Al.be Mareatu is now sustaining the argument
that a new one, which he has Just discovered,
shadows forth a prospect of extraordinary heat
during the coming midsummer months. If his
forecast turns out true the local drop in ice is
timely, and its maintenance will be of unusual
public advantage.
"To Run 112 Miles an Hour." That must
mean Aguinaldo.
Chicago is not satisfied with her census re
turns and calls for a new count. But what
numeration short of one casting New- York Into
the shade would satisfy her? It Is an impos
sible exploit of ciphering that it calls for, be
yond Pythagorean formularies. She will have
to learn how to content herself In the state of a
second class city to which Providence has
called her." and not try to get out of it through
illicit arithmetical expedients like those she i 3
about to try.
Ghasl Mukhtar Pacha. Ottoman High Commis
sioner In Egypt, baa made a report to the Porte,
calling attention to serious evils in the Internal
administration of the Ottoman Empire, and urging
various reforms, including liberty of the press, ap
pointment to offices by merit, the creation of a
council of notables with control of the finances. In
dependent tribunals and the abolition of the palace
veto on the decisions of the Council of Ministers.
Slgnor Constantino Macs, the Italian archfPolo
gist, says that three thousand bronze tables, con
stituting the records of Rome, from its foundation
to the time of Vespasian, are buried in the marsh
at Ostia. near Rome, having been carried to Ostia
after being rescued from the fire which devoured
the capital in the year 68 of the Christian era.
Slgnor Macs suggests that the marsh should be
completely drained in order to recover this historic
A commission has been appointed to represent
Brazil at the Pan-American Exposition to be held
In Buffalo next year, with Dr. Joaquln FYanclseo
dfl Assfcl Brazil a» president. Antonio Fontanra
Xavler as vice-president and Dr. Azaredo as sec
Cambridge. Mass.. June 23 (Special).— The depart
ment of political economy of Harvard University
will have a new member next year in Professor
Thomas Nixon Carver, who for the last six years
has been professor of political economy at Oberltn
College. He took his first degree in California, was
for two years a graduate student at Johns Hopkins,
then fellow at Cornell University, where he took
his Ph. D. in 1894. In the same year he went to
Oberlin as associate professor. He comes to Har
vard as an assistant professor.
Mlddlebury. Vt. . Jure .3. — Ezra J. Warner, of
Chicago, class of '61. has added $20,000 to his pre
vious gift of $50,000 for a science hall for Middle
bury College.
Advices from the Columbia River salmon packing
industries Indicate the probability of a deficiency
in the total pack. The scarcity of flsh now in the
river is pronounced ahnormal by all engaged in
the spring and summer reason. The one redeem
ing feature ts the fin? quality and size of the
Adoption. — "You say he has adopted art as a pro
"Yes; he has adopted It. But he treats It like a
cruel stepfather in a story book."— (Washington
A project recently set on foot In Hungary to
supply electric power In small quantities to home
workshlpa in the vicinity of Budapest has received
the sanction of the Hungarian Diet.
Yielding to Precedent.— The little girl from the
city glanced nt the cattle in the stable yard.
■ I suppose I should ask you now, I'ncle Rich
ard." she said with a bored look, "which of these
cows gives the cream. We are slaves to conven
tionality. and It is not for me to fly in the face of
time honored custom." — (Chicago Tribune.
The Pan-African Congress, to be held in London
in July, will assemble delegates not only from all
the civilized districts of Africa, but from both
Americas, the West Indies and perhaps a repre
sentative or two from the sparse and scattered
negro population of Australasia. It will in fact
take in negro representation all around the globe,
and give the black man a new notion of h'.s im
portance and of his social and industrial progress
wherever his surrounding circumstances are favor
able. In recent periods everybody has treated him
pretty well except the Boers and the white inhabi
tants of some of our Southern States, the
slve powers of the former now undergoing a
process of limitation to end in their extinction al
What the Women Accomplished.— "lt Is too
harsh," she said, as she read over a criticism of
the proceedings of the Federated (Hnbs at Milwau
kee. "Why. it gives the impression that the color
question was the only one settled, while, as a mat
ter of fact, there were other and far weightier
matters to occupy their time."
"Such as what?" was asked.
"Why, there was the questton of reorganization."
she replied.
"And what did they do wirh that?"
"Postponed it until the next meeting."
And she couldn't understand why every one
laughed.— (Chit ;igo Post.
France promises to have a short wheat crop th'i
yaar, but to provide for her d«*eleney can eoSM
Into OUT markets freely, bringing along the Ex
position money walch our countrymen hu.ve paM
her. Although she put the prices up on them to
pretty high figures, she can have our grain at cur
rent rates, with no extortionate grab at her psckst
book, an example of comity worthy of her study
and imitation.
And when he found she was two faced.
This woman he had wedded,
" 'Twere better thus. ' he bravely cried,
"Than If she were two headed!
—(Detroit Free Press.
•Bijlrr Chandrl Pal. an East Indian teetotaler, was
one of the speakers at the recent Temperance Con
gress in London, showing a zeal In the cause In
which no traces of Oriental languor were apparent.
His countrymen are an abstinent people through
the force of circumstances, being too poor to af
ford even the cheapest stimulating beverages, and
most of them live and die faithful In practice
to the teetotaler's code. Bijlrr Chandrl's apostolate
is evidently in the Interest of the outside pagan
rather than his own people, the form«r being a sad
tippler, as the goings to and fro In the earth of the
Oriental reformer have assured him. England be
ing one of the best fields anywhere to be found for
the study of the natural history of the species.
Literary Difficulties.— "She baa been talking about
writing ti novel for years." said one woman.
"Yes." answered the other. "Hut I don't think
she'll ever get It completed. She hai» followed las
plan of thosa authors who study their personal ac
quaintance* for types of character." .
'•Isn't the method ■ pood one?"
"Not In her case. When her husband refuses her
anything she wants to put him in as th« villain,
and when he doe* as she wishes she want* to make
him the hero. It keeps her continually rewriting
the first chapter."— (Washington Star.
Town Is fast putting on a midsummer Mss*
The few people who hav--» been lingering here hail
now gone to the country for the most part, w
the houses are practically all closed. There «aj
always be people coming and going, none arrhrte-.
from Europe and a few jailing, although the teal
son for travel abroad Is about over. Many wa
go for a short trip In the autumn, and the U«r.
port season, which always begins re, wKI c^jT
rather early. Immediately after -he Home Show
But In the two months there win be one contfcmai
round of gayety. There will not be many *BSss»
tertalnme'its. New-Yorkers tnve largely lost tfcew
taste for crushes, and there are many little • »aS
not a few family complications, making much gJJJ
eral hospttalltv out of the question. It has Seen
said more than once recently that if people fc a jJ
not invested In such costly structures when th»
Newport fever was at Its height even that 'T9am.
hold of fashion would eventually have fallen fr?
disfavor, and have gone the way 3of Saratoga wsi
Shaion Springs. "*"
Upon Newport depends more or '<>«» the success
of the summer season, and the outlook Is certainly
very favorable. Although the death of Corn«lha
Vanderbilt was a heavy i.low. as It placed th«
other members of th family out of the Tray «f
entertaining, and 'he almost appalling mortality la
society last winter would have indicated a daii
season, Newport has some newcomers, who are of
the right sort and who will, if true to the traditlcaj
of the past, supply the place of those who an
either absent or who have retired for the "Mm
from society.
There has always been a mistaken Idea among
those who do not go to Newport that there was
much genera! entertaining at The Ereakers. This
had not been the case since the marriage of Miss
Gertrude Vanderbilt to Harry Payne V.'hltney.
The late Cornelius Vandei delighted to hava
young people around him. But during the last
three years of his life, as every one knows, he was
a very ill man. About once in the season tfct
traditional affair would be Riven at The Breakers;
Just as It was at the town hous«» In New-Tork. Tha
month preceding Alfred G. Vanderbilfs departure
for his trip arounn the world was almost an excep*
tion in the history of The Breakers. The yreas
house was filled with young people all the time,
and there were numerous entertainments, bet
nearly all of them were for the one little «»t c!
Intimate friends of the heir of the house. WUUan
K. Vanderbilt. however, wa? quite a factor In New
port life last summer, and Mr. arul Mrs H. McK.
Twombly. who had be»n in mourning for s<yral
years, wore preparing for the debut of their Rowt
One of the most grateful accessions to the New
port colony will be that of Betel R. Bishop, wtta
has taken the home of Mrs. Theodore A,
Havemeyer, a house admirably adapted for
entertaining. Mr. Bishop is an ideal host and Miss
Bishop is a very popular girl. Mrs. Bishop rloes not
care very much for society. Mr. Bishop is one ol
those fortunate individuals who has no affUattona
with any of the "family camps' rar.sea in battla
array against each other. He la a rare per«ona?»
In the world of fashion, and he can simply igaora
the existing conditions. The late Ward McAllister
spoke of Heber R. Bishop with enthusiasm, ari
quoted him on more than one occasion a3 the moiel
of an Meal host.
Among the new people at Newport will be ths
Cramps an.l the WWeners. and perhaps the Geulds.
Whether Ml=s Helen M. Gould if SB* occupies her
Newport cottage will entertain for her brother.
Frank J.. or make some arrangement with '■■
George J. Goulds is a problem to be solved. Frank
J Gould is road with Mr. and Mrs. E.Jwin Gould.
and George J. Gould is heart and soul in polo. Tha
De Castellanes have been clvir.sj spectacular enter
tainments in Paris, and the season which they a»T«
mapped out does not inclule Newport.
Colonel and Mrs- Astor have been in and out sf
town, and new they will remain at FeroeM for
some little time. The Aston never have very Ursa
house parties at Ferrcliff. as the house is somewhat
limited In accommodation. But Mrs. Astor has th»
rare faculty of choosing a few people congenial to
one another. Colonel Aster is much interested k»
automobiles, and he has a new one from Pans. Ha
was a pioneer in the adoption of the horsetess car
riage and became proficient last summer' in hand-
Hi < them.
Interesting news In town yesterday was the «a
nouncement of the engagement of ailai Louis*
Plerpont Morgan to Herbert Livingston Satterlea.
Th* engagement hi not a surprise, as it has been
rumored for some time. M — Morgan is the eldest
daughter of Mr. and Mrs. J. Plerpont Morgan.
She has just returned from abroad, where she has
been this sprint; with her father. She is a very ac
complished young woman, and is skilled in lan
guages and Is a clever amateur musician. She 13
also an expert horsewoman,, and her horses hats
won a number of prizes at the Horse Shows. Ssa
has two other sisters. Miss Louise Morgan «ad
Mrs. W. Plersow Hamilton. Her brother. J. Pier
pont Morgan, jr.. who lives in London, married
Miss Grew, of Boston. Herbert L. Satterlee is »
member of the law firm of Ward. Harden i 3a:
terlee. He Is the eUlest son of Mr. and Mrs ■ »corf»
B. Satterlee. of No. 31 East Twenty-elghth-st.. and
a nephew of Dr. F. Le Roy Satterlee. He is a
graduate of Columbia and a member of many
clubs, Including the University and the Seawanhaka
Corinthian Yacht. He was on Governor Morton's
staff. Herbert L. Satterlee is about thirty-fIT»
years old. No date has been fixed for the weddtcy,
but It is understood that i: will take place at St.
George*! Stuyvcsant Square, in the autumn. Miss
Morgan Is at the family country home at H:gh»
land Falls.
The last days of the regatta at Oyster Bay wars
well attended by society, although there was bo
formal entertainment at the clubhouse. The teacw
of the season was given there three weeks ago,
W. K. VaaderhOt. jr.. returned to Newport, aai
Cornelius Vanderbllt joined his wife and Mrs. Goele*
in town, and also went back to Newport, its.
Oliver H. P. Belmont was called to Newport oa
account of the illness of her second son, Harold.
Belcour, which was not to be opened until the ml&»
die of July, will be made ready for her recestioa.
There is still a question as to how many Slfco*
tantes there will be at Newport this season. After
all, a d£but at Newport is hardly equivalent ta
one In New-York, and many of the young : r'.s aw
out at Newport two seasons before they »**
brought out In town. The burning of Par.sy Cottage,
where Mr. and Mrs. W. Storrs Wells had Intended
to entertain so handsomely for Miss Natalie Wells,
their young daughter, has rath- discouraged tl*
arrangements for the bringing out of other »^pii
tantes. People In the modish world frequently fol
low in one another's steps. Mr. and Mrs. WtHB»
although arranging for a trip abroad, have taken a
Pinanl cottage, and last week gave a large dinner
in honor of Miss Natalie Wells. Miss W*!ls if »
very handsome girl. Her mother, who was I»J3*
Annie Ray. was a Mobtie belle, although tna
Raynor family came originally from the No 1^?:
Whatever is decided upon. Miss Natalie Wells »U
make her debut next winter in New-York.
Miss Natica Rives, the daughter of Mr Geor«S>
L. Rives. is another youns girl who may make be?
debut this summer. Miss Rives is the daughter
by a first asarrtasjs which Mrs. Rives contracted
with Oliver H. P. Belmont. George L. Rives ta*
adopted his stepdaughter, who has assumed tua
name of Rives. Miss Riven will make her .r.-t ap
pearance at the wedding of her cousin. Miss *-Rar
lotte Whiting, and Harry Haven whioh iU
take place ct Ne.vport the second week i:i Ju»}*-
It is a bit doubtful If Mrs. Fred Xellson wEi
allow her youngest daughter. Miss Kathleen Neil
son, to make her debut this summer. Although
many paragraphs and statements have been pub
lished as to Miss Nellson's debut, it is well kso«a
that Mrs. Neilson did not have any such -enuas
a lew weeks ago.
The Fourth of July will be celebrated at New
port by a small house party and an Informal caa.*«
at Seaverge. tVie villa of ex-Commoilore anl Mr*
Elbrtdse T. Gerry. The presence of Adzefral a^
Mrs. Dewi ■■ at Newport will ad.! much to the In
terest of the day. and many of the yachts t*
the evening will be Illuminated, and there wSI
be many display* of fireworks. Major Gitbs will
give his usual entertainment for th. school cb»*
dren. The Casino will not be opened until W*
7th— that Is. formally. It la open now for all prac
tical purposes, but the band will not b^glu its con
certs until then. Society will miss Mrs. Kerr.oocw
and her little court on the lawn. Last year _ Jlr3 '
Kernochan transferred her allegiance to the Coun
try Club, but it did not seem the same, and i--»
rear she has preferred to remain abroad. Mr. a.. J
Mrs. Townsend Burden wll'. al*o be much wssw
They intend to remain in Europe all summer.
Lenox goes on in the even tenor of its way. *•*
now there are frequent excursions to Canada,
where, from the Restlgoucbe Club, rumor* C«a»
of amazing catches of salmon and trout. J0 153
Slcane and his daughter. Miss Evelyn Sloace. ha**
Jclned a party there. There la also excellent * 11 "
Ing on Lake Mahkeenac. and last week the M!*»?
Stokes gave a flshtr.* party on thut sheet of ■■■■*--
Miss Llla Sloane divides her time between aw»
nnd driving four-ln-hand. There are no large k»"
mal entertainments, but L*nox is not In season «•
tit the autumn. Mr. and Mrs. Gtraud Foster B»J^
had a large house party, and their niece, -uiss •■■
Nest, has been one of the guests.
There will be an Interesting ceremony at Lea**
to-day. The Infant child of Mr. ar.d Mrs. Jo&a
Henry Hoyt will be baptized at the parish church-
Trinity— ln the afternoon. The- Rev. Anson rfieip*
Stokes. Jr.. will perform th ceremony. It wIU *>•
the first which he has celebrated since his ordina
tion to the dlaconatP. thr<?e weeks ago. Mrs. Hoj»
in the sister of Mr. Stokes. The affair will °* At
tended by the entire Lenox colony. The Re*- *g
eon Phelps Stokes. Jr., will remain at Shadow Proe*
during the summer. Mr. and Mrs. Anaon rwWsw

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