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■Si TiU-nXG REBELLION.
r . T UPHEAVAL IN CHINA QUELLED A ' - BT GOSDON-HUNG-S VISIONS AN LEADERSHIP. present agitation in China has revived Lj^st in matter? pertaining to that country. dene of the subjects no\r frequently alluded *** is ' the Tai-rins rebellion, in which Charles Srfon7« major in the English army, advanced ih- rar.k of general, became I mandarin, the ** i of the empire, sad known all over the -er'.i " "Chinese" Gordon. •Hif Tai-Pin?: rebellion was an internal revo . an uprising on the part of the followers . -h< "Peace Dynasty*! against the reigning ■asctM or. Ta-ix : .t.g dynasty. The term Tai pag wa-« wholly of foreign manufacture. it Peking and every -v here among those who grt lcys-i to the Government the insurgents _• (je known as "Chanpr-mao-tsch," or "Long v« -•■•: rebels," and these rebels termed the up- Kciucrs of the Government "Imps." t«j<? originator of the rebellion, the chief agi ♦aior of :&•? uprising, was a man named Hung ' qpj- Tseoen. He was th«» son of an humble peasant, and was bom near Canton. As a ho ve heard a Protestant missionary exhort in the •treets ot Canton and heard the words of the foreigner interpreted. He was interested, and took hOT» *ith him a book entitled "Good Words fcr Ejiortlng the Age." which consisted of essays ani sermons by a Chinese convert to Christianity. He studied hard and went before ♦Se Board of Examinations for the purpose of p-ssins the literary examination, but failed. XCRNED TOWAHD A NEW DOCTRINE. Tie disappointment caused mental depression tad pnys - Infirmity, which lasted, according ♦o Ills historian, about forty days. During this time he had "visions" and received commands fro3i heaven to destroy the idols. He assumed j graver demeanor &:'ter his recovery, and then., takirs a? a basis the tracts which he ■ had ctudied and from whi?h he had gained a smat tering ot the Old and the New Testaments, he . preached 3 new doctrine, and said that he had b«3 divir.' ly appointed to restore the world. Bat is. China, to the worship of the true God. A 5 the converts made by Hung renounced idol atry and ?ave up the worship of Confucius. Th?r -~'J Queer ideas on the subject of God and galvatinr. and at frequent intervals Hung would f*n in a trance, and after being restored would tell of the. interviews he had with God. On one of tis^e occasions he related that God had in ttracted him in celestial matters and given him a real aud a sword; that God had given to him szA the Elder Brother Jesus orders to subdue devils. On that occasion he had seen his Seavenly mother and heavenly sister, the wife of Jesu?. • tc. Eis writings and teachings were in keeping with what he had read in the missionaries' literature, but always with himself as the cen tral flgart . He proclaimed himself as a savior from sin and disease. These doctrines and be liefs rere preached by him and his converts in fltastriottEly. One of his chief aids was one Fus? Yur. San. Together they travelled through the country forming the society of God worship pers. BECOMING A POLITICAL FACTOR. Until ISSO the society was purely religious, but in that year it became a political factor and was brought into direct collision with the civil magistrates. The God worshippers were de clared rebels, and all the elements which were catorsHy against the Government enlisted under the standard of the fanatical leader. The dreamer rebel proclaimed his '"political mission" in IST'f ;±iid nominated five "Wangs," or soldier Eib-kir.ss. and in January, I^sl, began his march of conquest. Tn? band of ruSians. with flaunting banners '.ike a prerincea The peaceful people fled before this army, which bwaae larger 'i every settlement, because all idlers, criminals and adventurers fol lowed it. '■■■ pirates came .... coast, the roufc-^'-s from the mountains, and the nondescript horde grew like an avalanche as it rolled along. The "Heavenly Kins" met with little opposition, »nd as he marched through the country a trail of murder, cruelty, plunder and arson was left behind which recalled the days of the Serce con querors of old. ALL IN THE NAME OF RELIGION. All this was done in the name of religion, and xs the news had gone forth that the leader had receive J his inspiration from the Christian mis sionaries his cause was looked upon by thou sands of good people in England and America as a holy .me. Prayers were offered for his suc cess by devotees in Great Britain. The Tai-Ping cause wa.s lost in China before it '"was ■v holly abandoned by the fanatics in England," says C. C Chasney. "and their belief in its excellence so powerfully reacted on our policy that it might have preserved us from active intervention down to the present time had not certain Imperialist accesses ■ Lsewhere brought the Tai-Ping arms lito direct collision with us. And with the oc casion there was happily raised up the man whose prowess was to scatter their blood ceirseiii^d empire to pieces far more speedily j than v hu.i been built up." Th rebellion was of so barbarous a nature ■ that its suppression was demanded by the civil- ; ized world. The Shanghai merchant* had for years bu; ported a force to operate against the ; rebels. This icrce was _:..._ as the "Ever ! NEW-YORK TRTBT XE ILLFSTRATED SUPPLEMENT. l^w T Army - and was commanded at first "5 "ard, an American, and on his' death by' i>urgevme, also a n American, - who was unsuc cessful. «ollaod. an English marine officer, held the command for a snort time, and aft his defeat at Tait-Sari in February. 1863 Li Hung Chang, who was at that time Governor-General of the Kiang Provinces, applied to the British Commnnder-in-Chief for the services of an Eng lish officer, and Gordon was authorized to accept the command. > GORDON TAKES COMMAND. He arrived at Sung-Kiong and entered on his new duties in March, 1863 His force was com posed of about four thousand Chinese, officered by one hundred and fifty Europeans from all nations, and many of doubtful character. The European contingent was of the adventurer stamp, and the native troops were of such a low order that it was difficult to distinguish them from the rebels. They wore actuated by low motives, looked upon plunder as the right of the conqueror, winked at cruelties and knew nothing of drill or discipline. Gordon moulded this heterogeneous body into an army, and under his leadership II became in reality "ever vic torious." In less than two years after be took command the power of the Tai-Pings was broken and the rebellion stamped out. The Chinese Govern ment offered Gordon many honors, land, titles and great sums of money, but he declined all, and before his departure for England he wrote to a friend: "I shall leave China as poor as when I entered it." The scene of the Gordon campaign was the district of Kiang-Soo. lying between the Yang tse-Kiang River in the north and the Ray of Hang-Chow in the south. Gordon was always in front of all his storming parties. and led the charge by which the great city uf Soo-Chow was captured. Never armed, but always carrying a little bamboo cane, which his men called his "magic wand," he seemed to be immune to bat tle dangers. When Soo-Ch.jw f^ll Gordon had stipulated with Governor-General' Li for the lives of the Wangs. They were treacherously murdered by Li's orders, and indignation over this perfidy caused Gordon to resign his position and to refuse to serve any longer with Governor Li. "OLD CHAW" IN MISSOI RI. nOW THE SETTLERS MADE "HOMESPUN TERB.VKER..' From The Kansas City Journal. An old Missourian from one of the brush dis tricts of Saline County was a witness in the circuit Court in Marshal] last week. "The Inuex says. While waiting in an anteroom he pulled from his pocket a chunk of tobacco six inch.-s long, two inches in diameter and per fectly round and smooth, and as hard almost as flint. After he had cut off a chew a man wno had watched him asked him wh;<t it was "Terbakpr:" he answered. "Yes. 1 know, but what kind is it?" "My own kind." "Where do you buy ii? "Don't buy it. It's homespun ter baker. I made it myself.". In response to a good deal of questioning the od man told his story how the roll of tobacco was made "Fust and fo'most," he said, "you must have g.,od upland homegrown leaf ter baker and cure it in the sun. Then you "stem it takin' out all the stalks. When you're ready i!.- the fall to make up your year's supply of chawin' terhaker, you saw off a hickory log and bore a hole in one end about a foot deep with a two-inch auger. You have your leaf soaked in honey and peach brandy; or ii you haven't any peach brandy, apple brandy will do. You put your soaked terbaker leaves into the two-inch auger hole in the hickory log and ram it down tight and keep puttin' in the leaf and rammin' it down till the hole is nearly full. Thon you take a hickory plug made to fit the hole and drive it in as tight as you can with a maul. This mashes the terbaker into a solid chunk. Then you put the green hickory log on the fire and let it burn slow till it is heated all through and the sap begins to sizzle out of the ends. You take the log off then and put it out of doors to coo! ove r night. The next morning you split the log open and there's >our chunk of" i hawin' terbaker that will keep as hard as leather in any climate, but it's the sweetest chaw in the world; There never was no store baker to hold a candle to it tor a sweet, juicy, lastin' chaw." Several tobacco chewers standing around sampled the old man's home made plug, and de clared that It was the best they had ever tasted. "In the old days that's the way the fust settlers in Missouri made their chawin' ter baker," the old man said. : SIR CHARLES WARREN AXD THE RED COAT. From M. A. P. Sir Charles Warren was in command of the troops at Singapore from 1890 to LSI);"), and at one time during: that period was actually not on speaking terms with the Governor of the colony. And if ever there was a storm in a teapot, this ; was one. All the trouble arose regarding 1 the ■ question whether the Governor's aide-de-camp ■ should wear a red coat or a white one at Gov \ e.-nment House - . 1..-11 parties. Sir Charles : barren, as funeral in command, had issued an i order that ail the officers of the garrison were to j appear in the white uniforms which are usually I worn in the tropics, but the Governor aide i de-camp, a military captain, persisted in ap pearing in a r<-d coat. This was too much for • Sir Charles, and an angry correspondence took | place between the Governor and himself as to I whether the A. D. C. was a part of the garrison [or not. The Governor, of course, contended that I he was not. and that, as the General had no | power to order the A. D. C. to any military duty, |he could not order him to ear any particular clothes. And the Governor and the General — the two highest functionaries in the colony — were not on speaking terms. Finally, as neither would give way, the question was, l believe, referred to England. Which public department settles these delicate questions I do not pretend to know, but the result was, so report says, a declaration that the Governor could drt-ss his A. I>. C. as he pleased. Anyway, he continued to wear his red coat, much to the delight of the women of the colony, who love a scarlet tunic as much aa do tiicir sisteis in our own little island. A CELESTIAL" TRACT. SELECTIONS FROM A BOOK SHOWING THE FOREIGNER FROM A CHINE POINT OF VIEW. Dr. Henry Liddell, in The Independent. While it is doubtless true that the hostility shown the foreigner in China is in a measure due to the attitude assumed by the Western Americas toward the Mongolian domiciled on the Pacific Slope, this is by no means the whole of the truth. The root of the matter lies deeper and has many ramifical i.ms. In the first place, the foreigner is disliked simply because he is a foreigner, no matter what his nationality. He is a "fan kuwai." "a white faced dog"; scarcely a human. a mob of Chinese out on a raid against foreigners wastes no me in consider ation of the question of nationality, any more than an American inquires whether the laundry men on the next block hail from Kwang-Si or Hu-Peh. To one who has not resided in China the de termination of the problem involving the ques tion of responsibility for native attacks on for eigners is not an easy one, but those who have experience no difficulty in tho premises. Who are at the bottom of the mischief? Is it the officials, the priesthood, the people themselves? It is the literati. Missionaries resident in China are as one in this opinion. The Rev. Alexander Williamson, author of "Journeys; in North China and Man churia," says: "The Chinese opponents of mis sions, as of everything foreign, are not the people, but the literati, or officials." Another American missionary, speaking of the massacre of the two Swedish missionaries, Wikholm and Johansson^ in :he province of Hu-Peh a few years ago. says: "Our sympathies with the Chi nese as an oppressed race should not blind us to the fact that some of the highest and many of the lower officials are committed to an anti foreign policy that works with the deadly weapons of poisonous slander and mob vio lence." This is confirmed by the Shanghai cor respondent of a leading London daily, who re ports that Viceroy Chang, notorious for his hatred of foreigners and Cor encouraging natives in the barbarous treatment of Euro peans, is reported to have addressed a petition to the throne openly advocating the extermi i;ation of foreigners in China, and especially English, in order to prevent tho eventual par tition of China among European Powers. The literati of China include all those who have taken degrees at the literary examinations held at stated periods, either" at the district city or at the gr.at triennial examinations at Peking, at which thousands of aspirants from all parts of the empire compete. The prizes are few. The successful competitors may re ceive official appointments, or may have to rest content with being placed on the xpect ant." or eligible, list. The majority remain there, and the number of literati belonging to the great tribe of office seekers is naturally large. As might be inferred, they are r>ot v very scrupulous !:<-<;y of men. They are fanat ics in everything n-laiing to China and the Chi nese, and their haired of foreigners — "the outer barbarians" — is only exceeded by their crass ignorance of everything relating to them. This is well exemplified in the pages of a small book of the most scurrilous and indecent character, "published," as appears from the title page, "by the Gentry and People." It is en titled, "A Death Blow to Corrupt Doctrines." It has had an enormous circulation throughout the Chinese Empire, one zealous person alone having subscribed for eight hundred thousand copies, to be distributed gratuitously. It is a significant fact that the headquarters of the fanatics responsible for the dissemination or' this outrageous publication in each of the eigh teen provinces has been found to be the yamen of the chief magistrate. The attention of certain Christian i maries resident at Tung-Chow, in the province of Shan- Tung, having been directed to this scandalous treatise, it was decided to translate it. and so make Its contents known to the outside world. The translators regard it "as of too much im portance to be withheld from the foreign public. believing as we do that it is a remarkably truth ful representation of the animus of the ruling and literary classes of China toward foreigners. We believe, also, that it has been largely in strumental in giving rise to the vile and slander ous stories concerning foreign residents and native Christiana which have recently spread throughout China; and that it sheds important light on the means by which the massacre at Tien-Tsin was brought about. No mere de scription, however full, could possibly convey any adequate idea of its vileness and deadly ani mosity." Practically, and in the intent of the author, the book is an attack on Christianity, and on Christian nations at large. All Europeans are clas.-ed together, and their religion is regarded as one. "It is not," says the translators, "an ordinarily obscene book; nor are Its obscenities their own end. They have a subtle aim. It is, to connect with the very idea of a foreigner as sociations of the lowest and most repulsive." It might seem to some that it is a book sc full of exaggerations, misrepresentations and wholesale falsehoods, its excesses would be its own refutation. "But," says the translators. "the author doubtless understood his readers better than we do. He knew their extreme ignorance of everything relating to foreigners. and with what ready credulity they drink in such stories as those here presented. Th- can be no doubt in the minds of those who know the Chinese that nearly all who read the book will believe it." So much for the translators; now for the Chinaman himself. The first to speak is an anon) ■ scholar who describes himself as "A man of Jao-Chow, above all others distressed in heart.'" "The religion of T'ien-Chu (lit., "Sect of the Lord of Heaven") originated with Jesus. Its adherents falsely assert that Jesus was endowed with l i vine gifts. . . . Priests are for the most part educated to their pro fession from their childhood. They are emascu lated. .' . . Those who enter this religion practice wickedness with the priests without restraint. Every seventh day all assemble in church. . . . T .Vhc-n the ceremonies are over all give themselves up to debauchery. This they call "The Creat Communion" or 'Love Gathering'! . . . : "They make use of occult and devilish arts and bevvitch the ipnorant by magical arts and incantations, so they joyfully enter the sect: . . . When a person enters this religion the teacher gives him four ounces of silver and a pill. When he has taken this pill his whole mind is confused and darkened, so that he de stroys his ancestral tablets, and only worships an image of a naked child which-points one finger toward heaven and another toward the earth. They nay this is the Prince Jesus. Fami lies having daughters, on entering their re ligion, restrain one of them from marriage. These are the guardians of the locks and keys of the chest containing magical spells and in- cantations. Th are called 'the old women who open the chest.' ... In case of funerals, the religious teachers eject all the relatives and friends from the house, i: 'i the corpse is put into the coffin with closed doors. Both eyes are secretly taken out, and tho orifice sealed up with a plaster. The reason for extracting the eyes la this: From one hundred pounds of Chinese lead can be extracted eight pounds of silver, and the remaining ninety-two pounds of lead can be sold at the original cost But the only way to obtain this silver is by compounding the lead with the eyes of Chinamen. The eyea «•:" foreigners are of no use for- this purpose. . . . It is impossible to enumerate all th^ir practices. If we seek for the general motive which leads to hem, it la a fixed determination utterly to befool our people, and under false pretence of religion to exterminate them. Thus they wish to take possession of the Middle Kingdom." The Man Most Distressed in Heart fortifi>3 his arguments by a great array of quotations from other native writers. One of these reads: "in the kingdom of O-Kwo-Kr they constantly practise killing men to sacrifice to Jesus, In praying for happiness. . . . When a principal man dies they offer one thousand men as a sacrifice. To procure victims they catch for eigners and traders coming into their borders, ana if these are not sufficient they seize trav ellers, bo that no one dares to go to market aiuii", lor fear «jf being carried off. It is con sidered honorable to have many wives. The principal man is allowed three thousand." An other author writes: "The Manichean sect neitner eat meat nor drink wine. They meet at o^ani to gratify their filthy lusts." * Another voracious scribe, author of "The Mirror of the West," says: "In England they have the art of cutting out paper men and horses, and by burn ing unarms and repeating incantations trarts lorrning them into real men and horses. They may, however, be dissolved by beating a song, or d>' discharging large guns at them They may also be dissolved by spouting water over mem." Alia so on, ad nauseam, a hundred other native writers being called in evidence to substantiate me charges laid against "the dissolute and abandoned non-human species." The citations rrom these writers exceed in indecency anything tnat can bo imagined, and are too utterly abom inaoii to be even hinted at. The missionary translators of The Death ±sio\v to Corrupt Doctrines" regard the book aa naving an important political significance. It not only shows (they claim) in a vivid light the ie:u animus of those who have arrayed them heives against foreigners, but revealsjtheir pur ples and plans and exposes the reckless and uiaoolical arts by which they seek to manu-r'act mr a public sentiment that will De ready for ueeas of violence and blood. The book shows now the truth may be perverted and distorted umil it becomes it; the hands of designing men a potent agency of evil. "finally." say the translators, "it should be Dome in mind that the book is directed against foreigners generally, and all intercourse with mem- social, commercial and national. Relig ion is the point of attack because religion, in' the muia< of the Chinese, is essentially political and national. To them the idea that Christianity is prupagated from benevolent motives is in conceivable. They almost universally regard it as a political agency. u?ed by foreigners for the accomplishment of selfish and political ends." The book is a terrible one. but thanks are due tnc translators for having shown us by its irieu.il* just in what light the foreigner Is re garded by the people of "Ta Tsing Kwoh" — "Tnt? country of the Great Pure Dynasty - China. '■ l/.'Wl OROI S I'l.A \Ts. nn m's Magaa i i few plants are as truly earnivon ■ . < atching their ;■ ■■ ting their in for thi : i ,mach, rts j taswe do nner. < »ur bogs and ttle a ■ i and longifolia). From a of battl< dore shaped leavi ' ■ bat mc. in -.i\ sprinkled with brigl crowned with a tiny drup of stickj v bich glitters in the sun and gives ' . But woe to the By ;hat is attracted by Its beauty! < -noe let him lisht upon ir. an laire h..ids him fast. There is a story s where of an Englishman who won a large sum at a sampling house in Paris. Unwilling to walk the streets at night witr a sum about him. h>- was persuaded to engage a room. in a lodging house next d I -unately for him. he was too excited to sleep, fur in the s+i'.'. hours he suddenlj becamt . it the tester of the bed on which lie was lying was slowly - him. The ndew rnus what similar to his. Kqua md silently ■ teles which covei I them ■ j expand there is nothing U Ct of the fly but the wings and the skin, the rtst having been a--:simila: the i^at". Another carnivorous plant is the htadderwort (Utricularia). It is an aquatic plant, wholly submerged, with th«- >f the bl ami profusely furnished with small blad I appendages about th^ siz»- of snipe shot. The bla-lii- pen, and the opening is fringed with hairs pointing inward like the wires of a rat trap. The small animal organisms number and variety in a when examined under the microscope astonish one, •■an enter, tUt they cannot leave it. Thera and then th- y turp into vegetable. H M! Stern Fatht-r — What an unearthly hour t*iat young fellow stops till every nijht, Doris. What does your mother say about it. Daughter— She a^.j* men haven't altered a bit, Da.— iPuacfe. 7