Newspaper Page Text
THE SPRINKLING POT BRIGADE AT WORK IN A "PARK" IX "LITTLE ITALY."
GLEANING "LITTLE ITALY." WORK OF THE HEALTH DEPARTMENT IN DISINFECTING NOXIOUS PLACES IN THE SLUMS. The Italian districts of -York have re ceived much attention at the hands of the Health Department in the last ten days, and if the germs cf ntag >us diseases still lurk in the homos of the Italians or in the gutters and [Tar bage heaps 1 ear their homes, it is because the disinfecting Quid with which the men in charge Of Chief Inspector Blauvelt deluged the places was not sufficiently destructive to the germ world. Elizabeth. Mott, Hester and Grand sts. •were visited on Monday and Tuesday by a gang of men in charge of T. H. White Two wagons ■which looked like small street sprinklers con tained the disinfecting Quid, and twenty men. each armed with a new sprinkling pot, followed the carts. Halting on a corner, the men filled the cans :;> tn th wagons and then entered the houses and flooded sinks, basins and areaways, 6ometirr.es asain?t the protests if the occupants. On the first day it was necessary in some places to call in the sanitary policemen, but on the following days the people submitted quietly to having their places made clean and wholesome. The genera] condition was better than the sanitary officers expected to find it, and al though there are 'nany families to whom clean liness Is unknown, and whose houses and apart ments are a source of danger to the neighbor hood, the majority of the habitations in the downtown district which were visited lust week have been Improved in the last few years. The carls and the sprinkling pot brigade at tracted the attention of the women and children, but th men looked upon them with contempt and scorn. In jne place where the carts halted, In Elizabelh-st., six half clad, burly Italians who were sitting around an improvised table p'.aying cards stopped playing long enough to point and laush at th - Health Department's outfit, and then, resumed their play, never look ing uj> from their dirty, bent cards while the health officers went in and out of their homes. "Little Italy .' at the other end of the city, the part, bounded by the East River, Second-aye.. Bast One-hundred-and-fourth and Hast One hundred-and-seve»itevnth sis., received the at tention of the officers of the Department on Tuesday. The conditions In this district were bad, and the thirty men with their disinfecting outfit were sent there in answer to a petition signed by hundreds of property owners in the vicinity. The 1 n1 which needed Ihe attention of the health officers the most was tin vacant district i »ne-bundi I h and mdred-and-fourteentfa su and Firsi to in', aye., which will Borne day be the "little i 1 Park When the building ins Imiw i. at.-iy ■ into a dumping ground, which ■ bul a source cojnf, ■ inn to the people in the Imme ghtte - ■■ ; " embryo was thor i then the officers turned mii into the houses. Dark I cellars were fl led, and th< inhabitants of "Little Italy" will not Lsion of the Bprinkling can briga IS SI It I XG THE rAIt IS EXPOSITIOX. ,f The !-■■! : 'I 'I ■•■■■ graph I ry and fire ■ for v- ry considerable . those the smaller rgeration to j... y , : ■■] ;ir'" on l Ue . The ■ build en insured against loss by burglary and every WM*KMMJO francs. or £3.200,<W*). Policies of the same class for a value ,if ilviiKKi have been taken out in the bom of the paVlllon of the City of Paris. Other sections similarly protected against loss are various retrospective show* rent jiarts of the Exposition, buch us thus., uf ancient coaches NEW-YORK TRIBUNE ILLUSTRATED SUPPLEMENT and of historic costumes in the Champ de Mars galleries, and of warlike relics In the military and naval palace The total figure for 1 1 j ♦- poli cies in these cases \£ £800.000. Tins, with the Bum, gives an aggregate of £4.180,000 as the amount fur which these official sections at the Exposition have been insured against less by robbery. The tin- insurance policies in the same cases represent a total value slightly over this tigurc. namely £4.'_"JU,iXK>. SECRET CORRESPOS DES'CE. AN IMPHOV'EMENT IN THE INKS L'SKD KOR THAT I" 111. ISE Of the many invisible and sympathetic inks that have t n used for secret correspondence the besl known are those composed mainly of salts of cobalt. Marks made with ained invisible until thej • ■■■ ted i" heat, and then w en re\ il<>d in lines o) n. Tl 1 n \ tran | ■ . raiure \ un as th ■ el of [>ap< 1 '1 the • v. ould lisapp< ar. Now I .-. ■• « ho . ion t" employ ,u< h mea ns ■if com - • 11 n, ii was desirable to know »■ I • ur n-)t. So : ■ a 1 ■ X' !■: ret. of course there w ould :■• no d 1 known the conl , : ; ■ ' •- ■ : ■ of ha\ ins '•••■ n road Hut a patent « . 1 iany w hich rmvt.s th and in some othi ment on the old .-;. stem. In the first place, the paper used is ik ••! In the ci ilmlt solution and is prepared In advance. The inventor aims to put his stationery ••:! the n.arkot. The writing is don.- with a solution of common salt and behaves as tie- cobalt ink did formerly. It can be seen only when warmed and disappears immediately on cooling. More over, it reappears as often as heat is applied. Its color is a bluish green. I'.ut the German also provides what he calls a "control ink." This may be prepared by adding two grains <.f resorcin to eight drops of water and six drops of sulphuric acid. When a person has written his letter with salt water he makes a few sup plementary marks, in a spot previously agreed THE NEW IMMIGRATION LIURKAU BUILDING, ELLIS !>!- x upon, with the control ink So long as the let ter remaini ' marks ar<- Invisible, bul when heat is applied they come out, and they come to stay. Thej are of a brown hue, differeni from that of the salt writing, and they will nol disappeai when the green writing does. If the authorized recipient of .1 lettei , [, •-. b< f ><■■ he blms< If w inns it he has reason to suspect that his secrst is known, i^ut if they are mi sing the opposite conclusion Is just Ifled. AS OLD ESTABLISHED JOURNAL. Prom The London Chronicle. No list of newspaper curiosities would be com plete that did not im-iude the "Kin-Pau," of Peking. Like most things in the Celestial Klng dum, It is easily first in point of antiquity, for it has IM-t'ii published continuously for over a thousand years. It began as a monthly, became a weekly in 1361, and since the beginning ol the century has been a daily. It is now quite mi to date publishing three editions a day, and, to safeguard the purchaser from wiles that are not altogether unknown to the newsboys of London, each edition is printed in a different color, the first being yellow, the second white and the last gray. Decidedly, the "Kin I'.ui" ran be described as "an old established jour nal." THE MOOSE 111 STER HOW Till: SPURT OF THE M MN l : ■>!•.-> TIC IKS A MAN'S METTLE. From Forest and Stream. There is no better test of hal there is of a j man than to strip him of th" conventionalities and accessories of civilization and leave him to his ov.-n resources in the heart of a wilderness like that at Maine. Some of those whom the v. orld esteems great and wise would starve forthwith; while runny of those who live and die unknown '" fame •.'. ml i ' '• ax and grow fat." I There is one denizen of the Maine w Is that stands pre-eminent to all others which claim the attention of sportsm -n pre-eminent in si/. •, pre eminent in the uncouth grandeur iif his gigan^ } tic b.:lk. pre-eminent m the lime, patience, labor I and skill involved In his capture, and pi.-emi nent in power i>> thrill tin- steadiest nerves and | cause th-- blood to How in ijuick throbbing beats j like quicksilver In the veins. The sportsman who has not confronted a bull moose in hi> native wilds has missed an expert; • nee which is well worth !!:•• best year of his life. I speak advisedly, foi I have i n there. Imagine, if you can. a hut?*; bundle of muscular j power, leai-d "li (rre'at; stiltlike legs ti> a height .... with bristling mane, an 1 eyes ivhich gleam viciously from beneath broad, mas sive antlers which sway with tie- huge head J eight to ten feet above the" ground. Imagine yourself standing, if you have. strength to stand, in from •>( this frightful ap parition, and only a few yards distant, with the knowledge that if you don't kill him he will very likely kill you. >..nr heart throbbing so pain fully that your ears fairly ache with its pulsa- j tions. the blood racing through yohr \<-ins like, molten Wad, the sweat starting from every pore in your skin; while your brain labors In vain to regain control of the wild tumult which pus- J sessis you. Imagine all this, if you .an. and then multiply the sensations which it calls up two or three million times, more or less, and . you will have a result which approaches the , reality in magnitude. The man who sends every j bullet straight to th( mark under such con- ! ditions as these should be excused if he brags a j little about it afterward. He should also be ; excused if he does some very foolish things when he sees the awe Inspiring monster col lapse under the paralyzing shocks of the well directed bullets —i. c., dropping his rifle and try ing to hug himself, attempting to turn somer saults which only land him on his head, trying to shout the great news to everybody within a hundred miles, and only succeeding in making a poor little squeak somewhere down In his throat, trying— but lei us drop the curtain. The ethics of" sportsmanship forbid me to disclose all the absurd things even the most sedate and digni fied of our craft will do on such an occasion. IT MI (HIT SHARPED IT. From The Chicago Tribune. "One of the notes in my cabinet organ is a trifle flat. 1 wonder if there is any way to have it fixed." "I should think a good organ grinder mi^hi be able to do something with it." FOR SORTING NEWCOMERS, THE FINE NEW IMMIGRANT STATION ON ELLIS ISLAND— TO BE FINISHED BEFORE JANUARY. The new Immigration Bureau on Ellis Island, which has been in course if erection since Au gust, 1898, is nearing completion, and in its present condition makes an imposing appearance from the New-York shore. Although this is a United States building, it has not been erected under the direction of the Government Supervis ing Architect's office, but by the architects who received the award In a competition which was open to architects all over the United States. When completed, the new building will furnish roomy and pleasant quarters for the immi grants, where they may be examined, "assorted." forwarded or detained, and will In- a great im provement on the present cramped and incon venient quarters at the Barge Office. The building is about 300 feet long and 100 feet wide. The base is granite, and the building proper is brick, with limestone trimmings The flat roofs are covered with tile and the sloping roofs with copper. The structure is elevated about fifteen feet above the landing pier, and the distance from the place where the immi grants are landed to the main hall is about one hundred feet. This space is a glazed porch which will serve as a protection to immigrants, as well .is baggage, when they are transferred from the barges to the bui.ding. From this light and roomy vestibule the newcomers will go up a large stone stairway to the upper floor. where the Inspections will be made. This room is about one hundred by two hundred feet In size, and its arrangement, the divisions by wire screens, rails an-J partitions, were made after careful study of the experiences at the Barge Office during the last ten years. On the lower floor all the baggage will be taken care of. There will be a number of dor mitories on the third floor, and the wings of the building will be occupied by offices. In addition to the main building there will be a hospital, a building containing baths and a restaurant, a kitchen and laundry building, a boiler house, physici ins" house and ferry houses, and these will all be connected by covered and protected walks. The bull lings will all be uni form in style of architecture and material. The architects, Boring & Tilton, have provided f r roof gardens in the construi tion of the main building These are not positive features of the new building, but the roofs are so arranged that gardens may b built with little difficulty, The contractors are making good progress with the work, and hope to have it completed before next January. Th • cost •<( the structure will be about § I .I.M M >.< N M ». which is only about "_ ■ ■ per cent more than the cost •■! the wooden structures which wt re erected on the island a few years ago aad destroyed by lire in TUT r\!' I \ !>l\'i 1/ 1 ' SI i; IV I LETS. Fr»m The Hospital. Sir William Stokes, writing on the subject nt the Mauser bullet and the wounds produced by it, points out that, notwithstanding, all that v as said in the ear Her stages of the war as to the Mauser being a merciful and human.' weapon, lat.-r experience has gone to show that the ill juries product] by it have been of a much more serious character than those at first d.-- Brribeil. He specially refers to certain remarks niaile by Sir William MacCormac. Mr. Treves, Mr l»nt and others ho advocate, the desir ability of ■tnasteily inactivity" in this depart-: mentjof surgery, and goes on to say that his experience In the Maritzburß military hospitals and in the general hospital." Mooi River.' compels him to hold opinions which differ largely from the views mentioned. He believes that the gun shot wounds met with In the earlier part of th.; campaign differed mar*rially in character from those observed of late, and that the Increasing gravity of the wounds has been the cause of the increased difficulty which has arisen In keeping them aseptic. This change he attributes to two causes. First, the frequent conversion by the Boers <<t the •Mauser bullet into an expanding one, either by removing a small portion of the case from the apex of the bullet, thus converting it into a "soft nosed" one. or by making longitudinal slits round the case, and he adds that when re cently at Lailysmith he gol ample evidence of the means which were adopted by the enemy to increase the gravity of the wounds they in tlict.-d. Secondly, another cause for the greater severity of the wounds observed of late has been that the ranges have been much closer than tiny were formerly, ii being clearly es tablished thai the closer the range the more serious is the injury likely to be In illustra tion of his conclusions, he gives details of a series of cases in which such grave injuries were produced by these bullets as to necessitate amputation of limbo. 3