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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, July 15, 1900, Image 29

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The Italian districts of -York have re
ceived much attention at the hands of the
Health Department in the last ten days, and if
the germs cf ntag >us diseases still lurk in the
homos of the Italians or in the gutters and [Tar
bage heaps 1 ear their homes, it is because the
disinfecting Quid with which the men in charge
Of Chief Inspector Blauvelt deluged the places
was not sufficiently destructive to the germ
world. Elizabeth. Mott, Hester and Grand sts.
•were visited on Monday and Tuesday by a gang
of men in charge of T. H. White Two wagons
■which looked like small street sprinklers con
tained the disinfecting Quid, and twenty men.
each armed with a new sprinkling pot, followed
the carts. Halting on a corner, the men filled
the cans :;> tn th wagons and then entered the
houses and flooded sinks, basins and areaways,
6ometirr.es asain?t the protests if the occupants.
On the first day it was necessary in some places
to call in the sanitary policemen, but on the
following days the people submitted quietly to
having their places made clean and wholesome.
The genera] condition was better than the
sanitary officers expected to find it, and al
though there are 'nany families to whom clean
liness Is unknown, and whose houses and apart
ments are a source of danger to the neighbor
hood, the majority of the habitations in the
downtown district which were visited lust week
have been Improved in the last few years.
The carls and the sprinkling pot brigade at
tracted the attention of the women and children,
but th men looked upon them with contempt
and scorn. In jne place where the carts halted,
In Elizabelh-st., six half clad, burly Italians
who were sitting around an improvised table
p'.aying cards stopped playing long enough to
point and laush at th - Health Department's
outfit, and then, resumed their play, never look
ing uj> from their dirty, bent cards while the
health officers went in and out of their homes.
"Little Italy .' at the other end of the city, the
part, bounded by the East River, Second-aye..
Bast One-hundred-and-fourth and Hast One
hundred-and-seve»itevnth sis., received the at
tention of the officers of the Department on
Tuesday. The conditions In this district were
bad, and the thirty men with their disinfecting
outfit were sent there in answer to a petition
signed by hundreds of property owners in the
The 1 n1 which needed Ihe attention of the
health officers the most was tin vacant district
i »ne-bundi I h and
mdred-and-fourteentfa su and Firsi to
in', aye., which will Borne day be the
"little i 1 Park When the building
ins Imiw i.
at.-iy ■ into a dumping ground, which
■ bul a source
cojnf, ■ inn to the people in the Imme
ghtte - ■■ ; " embryo was thor
i then the officers turned
mii into the houses. Dark
I cellars were fl led,
and th< inhabitants of "Little Italy" will not
Lsion of the Bprinkling can
,f The !-■■! : 'I 'I ■•■■■ graph
I ry and fire

for v- ry considerable
. those
the smaller
rgeration to
j... y , : ■■] ;ir'" on
l Ue . The ■ build
en insured against loss by burglary
and every WM*KMMJO francs.
or £3.200,<W*). Policies of the same class for a
value ,if ilviiKKi have been taken out in the
bom of the paVlllon of the City of Paris. Other
sections similarly protected against loss are
various retrospective show* rent jiarts of
the Exposition, buch us thus., uf ancient coaches
and of historic costumes in the Champ de Mars
galleries, and of warlike relics In the military
and naval palace The total figure for 1 1 j ♦- poli
cies in these cases \£ £800.000. Tins, with the
Bum, gives an aggregate of £4.180,000 as
the amount fur which these official sections at
the Exposition have been insured against less
by robbery. The tin- insurance policies in the
same cases represent a total value slightly over
this tigurc. namely £4.'_"JU,iXK>.
I" 111. ISE
Of the many invisible and sympathetic inks
that have t n used for secret correspondence
the besl known are those composed
mainly of salts of cobalt. Marks made with
ained invisible until thej • ■■■
ted i" heat, and then w en re\ il<>d in
lines o) n. Tl 1 n \ tran
| ■ . raiure
\ un as th ■ el of [>ap< 1 '1 the
• v. ould lisapp< ar. Now I .-. ■• « ho
. ion t" employ ,u< h mea ns ■if com -
• 11 n, ii was desirable to know »■
I • ur n-)t. So
: ■ a 1 ■ X' !■:
ret. of course there w ould :■• no d 1
known the conl ,
; ■ ' •- ■
: ■
of ha\ ins '•••■ n road Hut a patent «
. 1 iany w hich rmvt.s th
and in some othi
ment on the old .-;. stem.
In the first place, the paper used is ik ••! In
the ci ilmlt solution and is prepared In advance.
The inventor aims to put his stationery ••:! the
n.arkot. The writing is don.- with a solution of
common salt and behaves as tie- cobalt ink did
formerly. It can be seen only when warmed
and disappears immediately on cooling. More
over, it reappears as often as heat is applied.
Its color is a bluish green. I'.ut the German
also provides what he calls a "control ink."
This may be prepared by adding two grains <.f
resorcin to eight drops of water and six drops
of sulphuric acid. When a person has written
his letter with salt water he makes a few sup
plementary marks, in a spot previously agreed
upon, with the control ink So long as the let
ter remaini ' marks ar<- Invisible,
bul when heat is applied they come out, and
they come to stay. Thej are of a brown hue,
differeni from that of the salt writing, and they
will nol disappeai when the green writing does.
If the authorized recipient of .1 lettei
, [, •-„. b< f ><■■ he blms< If w inns
it he has reason to suspect that his secrst is
known, i^ut if they are mi sing the opposite
conclusion Is just Ifled.
Prom The London Chronicle.
No list of newspaper curiosities would be com
plete that did not im-iude the "Kin-Pau," of
Peking. Like most things in the Celestial Klng
dum, It is easily first in point of antiquity, for
it has IM-t'ii published continuously for over a
thousand years. It began as a monthly, became
a weekly in 1361, and since the beginning ol
the century has been a daily. It is now quite
mi to date publishing three editions a day, and,
to safeguard the purchaser from wiles that are
not altogether unknown to the newsboys of
London, each edition is printed in a different
color, the first being yellow, the second white
and the last gray. Decidedly, the "Kin I'.ui"
ran be described as "an old established jour
HOW Till: SPURT OF THE M MN l : ■>!•.-> TIC IKS
From Forest and Stream.
There is no better test of hal there is of a j
man than to strip him of th" conventionalities
and accessories of civilization and leave him to
his ov.-n resources in the heart of a wilderness
like that at Maine. Some of those whom the
v. orld esteems great and wise would starve
forthwith; while runny of those who live and die
unknown '" fame •.'. ml i ' '• ax and grow fat." I
There is one denizen of the Maine w Is that
stands pre-eminent to all others which claim the
attention of sportsm -n pre-eminent in si/. •, pre
eminent in the uncouth grandeur iif his gigan^ }
tic b.:lk. pre-eminent m the lime, patience, labor I
and skill involved In his capture, and pi.-emi
nent in power i>> thrill tin- steadiest nerves and |
cause th-- blood to How in ijuick throbbing beats j
like quicksilver In the veins.
The sportsman who has not confronted a bull
moose in hi> native wilds has missed an expert;
• nee which is well worth !!:•• best year of his
life. I speak advisedly, foi I have i n there.
Imagine, if you can. a hut?*; bundle of muscular j
power, leai-d "li (rre'at; stiltlike legs ti> a height
.... with bristling mane, an 1 eyes
ivhich gleam viciously from beneath broad, mas
sive antlers which sway with tie- huge head J
eight to ten feet above the" ground.
Imagine yourself standing, if you have.
strength to stand, in from •>( this frightful ap
parition, and only a few yards distant, with the
knowledge that if you don't kill him he will very
likely kill you. >..nr heart throbbing so pain
fully that your ears fairly ache with its pulsa- j
tions. the blood racing through yohr \<-ins like,
molten Wad, the sweat starting from every pore
in your skin; while your brain labors In vain to
regain control of the wild tumult which pus- J
sessis you. Imagine all this, if you .an. and
then multiply the sensations which it calls up
two or three million times, more or less, and .
you will have a result which approaches the ,
reality in magnitude. The man who sends every j
bullet straight to th( mark under such con- !
ditions as these should be excused if he brags a j
little about it afterward. He should also be ;
excused if he does some very foolish things
when he sees the awe Inspiring monster col
lapse under the paralyzing shocks of the well
directed bullets —i. c., dropping his rifle and try
ing to hug himself, attempting to turn somer
saults which only land him on his head, trying
to shout the great news to everybody within a
hundred miles, and only succeeding in making a
poor little squeak somewhere down In his throat,
trying— but lei us drop the curtain. The ethics
of" sportsmanship forbid me to disclose all the
absurd things even the most sedate and digni
fied of our craft will do on such an occasion.
From The Chicago Tribune.
"One of the notes in my cabinet organ is a
trifle flat. 1 wonder if there is any way to have
it fixed."
"I should think a good organ grinder mi^hi
be able to do something with it."
The new Immigration Bureau on Ellis Island,
which has been in course if erection since Au
gust, 1898, is nearing completion, and in its
present condition makes an imposing appearance
from the New-York shore. Although this is a
United States building, it has not been erected
under the direction of the Government Supervis
ing Architect's office, but by the architects who
received the award In a competition which was
open to architects all over the United States.
When completed, the new building will furnish
roomy and pleasant quarters for the immi
grants, where they may be examined, "assorted."
forwarded or detained, and will In- a great im
provement on the present cramped and incon
venient quarters at the Barge Office.
The building is about 300 feet long and 100
feet wide. The base is granite, and the building
proper is brick, with limestone trimmings The
flat roofs are covered with tile and the sloping
roofs with copper. The structure is elevated
about fifteen feet above the landing pier, and
the distance from the place where the immi
grants are landed to the main hall is about one
hundred feet. This space is a glazed porch
which will serve as a protection to immigrants,
as well .is baggage, when they are transferred
from the barges to the bui.ding. From this
light and roomy vestibule the newcomers will
go up a large stone stairway to the upper floor.
where the Inspections will be made. This room
is about one hundred by two hundred feet In
size, and its arrangement, the divisions by wire
screens, rails an-J partitions, were made after
careful study of the experiences at the Barge
Office during the last ten years.
On the lower floor all the baggage will be
taken care of. There will be a number of dor
mitories on the third floor, and the wings of the
building will be occupied by offices.
In addition to the main building there will be
a hospital, a building containing baths and a
restaurant, a kitchen and laundry building, a
boiler house, physici ins" house and ferry houses,
and these will all be connected by covered and
protected walks. The bull lings will all be uni
form in style of architecture and material.
The architects, Boring & Tilton, have provided
f r roof gardens in the construi tion of the main
building These are not positive features of the
new building, but the roofs are so arranged that
gardens may b built with little difficulty,
The contractors are making good progress with
the work, and hope to have it completed before
next January. Th • cost •<( the structure will be
about § I .I.M M >.< N M ». which is only about "_ ■ ■ per cent
more than the cost •■! the wooden structures
which wt re erected on the island a few years
ago aad destroyed by lire in TUT
r\!' I \ !>l\'i 1/ 1 ' SI i; IV I LETS.
Fr»m The Hospital.
Sir William Stokes, writing on the subject nt
the Mauser bullet and the wounds produced by
it, points out that, notwithstanding, all that v as
said in the ear Her stages of the war as to the
Mauser being a merciful and human.' weapon,
lat.-r experience has gone to show that the ill
juries product] by it have been of a much
more serious character than those at first d.--
Brribeil. He specially refers to certain remarks
niaile by Sir William MacCormac. Mr. Treves,
Mr l»nt and others ho advocate, the desir
ability of ■tnasteily inactivity" in this depart-:
mentjof surgery, and goes on to say that his
experience In the Maritzburß military hospitals
and in the general hospital." Mooi River.' compels
him to hold opinions which differ largely from
the views mentioned. He believes that the gun
shot wounds met with In the earlier part of th.;
campaign differed mar*rially in character from
those observed of late, and that the Increasing
gravity of the wounds has been the cause of the
increased difficulty which has arisen In keeping
them aseptic.
This change he attributes to two causes. First,
the frequent conversion by the Boers <<t the
•Mauser bullet into an expanding one, either by
removing a small portion of the case from the
apex of the bullet, thus converting it into a
"soft nosed" one. or by making longitudinal
slits round the case, and he adds that when re
cently at Lailysmith he gol ample evidence of
the means which were adopted by the enemy
to increase the gravity of the wounds they in
tlict.-d. Secondly, another cause for the greater
severity of the wounds observed of late has
been that the ranges have been much closer
than tiny were formerly, ii being clearly es
tablished thai the closer the range the more
serious is the injury likely to be In illustra
tion of his conclusions, he gives details of a
series of cases in which such grave injuries
were produced by these bullets as to necessitate
amputation of limbo.

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