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New-York tribune. (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, December 23, 1900, Image 10

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"~'~ > ~ l Part. Pa*'- Col.
-Arnonement* I J* 4 ~V
.Antiques, etc _ 1 J? '
Art Dealer* 1 »J 1
Auction JNiles Real Estate..... * *; «
Autumn Besorts . 2 ;.. " & "«
Awclngs » J5 I
Bankers and Brokers 7. -,„¦.'
Board and Rooms ' ;•' 7,
Bookbindrs .*.".".".".".".*••»»•••• ' J? «
Books Adwriiaenienti'." — «... 1 "' H
Brooklyn Advertisements 2 *JJ ?
Brooklyn Property for Hale I ]- V
—H»iii Chances J J* i
¦¦¦mm Notices * . .., i
Business Opportunities - J *; "
Oty Hotels ~ } " f
City Property to - I jh .
City Property for Sale ..•• J {- £
Country Property for 5a1e..... ...... ! '; t-2
Dividend Notice* _....-.. -! Jjf £j
TIIMIHIIi Situations Wanted 1 •* '~2
DudDc Academies 1 \r. «
BtMßmaklnc — • J J, •
Employment Aeendes « •¦; «
Kzcarsioss -. — * J -
Horopean Advertisement* ? " *»-?
rir.snclat ~ \ r .2
Financial 2 ]3 »--
Financial Elections 2 J. %
Financial Meetings 2 {5 I
For Sale ' '?. ,-
Furnished Apartments to trf* 1 >- '•
Furnished Booms to Let. J. J2 „
Help Wanted J >* «
Instruction - J }- «
Loft j- 1 13 *
Marriage* and Deaths.. » H 5~2
Uufrical - ••••• 'I I* •£»
Ocean Steamers - 2 IS •?
Opticians - 1 }, •'
Proposals - » *
Pianos and Organs... 1 '* %
Pure Candle. ;..... ' " «|
Railroads 2 U &-«
Religious Notices 1 I, •>'
Savins* Banks " in *
School Agencies -.... 1 J- "
Sperlal Notices 1 ** "
Teachers 1 '- '
Tribune Subscription Rates 1 »• ?
Trust Companies - *2 ?
To l«et for Business Purpose* 1 '- «_«
T'nfurnished Apartments to L«t ' 'r V~2
Work Wanted ' * 3 w
JBnsincss Xclucs.
fg!riß Ivor? & Pond Pianos.
Tuner** bill* reduced to the minimum. Wonderful "Cura
bility. See them at Joscelyn's, JO East lßth-ft. N. >
In thef c days of dirty water the wise man will
Cl«tro« Croton and pin his faith to the pure Carbonated
Waters manufactured by Carl H. SefeottS. 4-10 Ist Ax.. >. l.
If It Is not a Blair Fountain Pen— lt is not an
ISk-lteker It contains a y«*f • .upply of Ink fr*« right
la th» penholder. Useful presents. Blair Pen Co.. 163 r. way.
IVrJD'linrk-Dailp ©nltrnfc
FOREIGN.— Joint note to China was
elgned by the foreign Ministers in Peking yester
day; it will be presented to the Chinese envoys
la two or three days; a cargo of Chinese loot
Which arrived at Marseilles will probably be re
turned by the French Government to China.
. H. Phelps Whltmarsh has been appointed
Governor of the Province of Benguet. Luzon, by
the. Philippines Civil Commission. = Munoz
Rivera and eight other leading Federals were ac
quitted after a trial in San Juan. Porto Rico, of
the charge of resisting public authority, an out
come of the riots of September 14. = Count
yon Blumenthal, former Chief of Staff of the
German army, and the oldest Field Marshal In
the service, If dead. == Forbes Robertson, the
actor-manager, and Miss Gertrude Elliott, the
actress, were married in London.
DOMESTIC— Governor Roosevelt removed
District Attorney Gardiner on charges, and has
appointed Eugene A. Phil bin, former law part
ner of the late Judge Beekman, as his successor.
== The Governor also appointed John Proctor
Clarke as Supreme Court Judge, in place of the
late Henry H. Heekman. ¦ ¦ Further testi
mony at West Point in the hazing Inquiry
brought out new details of the method used :>>•
cadets to take the conceit out of members >.f the
lowest class. ===== The text of the joint note of
the Powers to China was made public by the
State Department. . Frank H. Morris, Aud
itor for the War Department, was shot and in
stantly killed in his office in Washington by
Samuel McDonald, a Government clerk, who
had been reduced In rank; ilcDonald attempted
to commit suicide. = The- State Department
will forward the amendments to the Hay-
Pauncefote Treaty to Great Britain by a steamer
¦ailing from New-York on Tuesday.
CITY— were strong and active. =====
The annual dinner of the New-England Society
¦was held at the Waldorf-Astoria. ===== The
Manhattan Club celebrated Its thirty-fifth anni
versary, and ex-Senator Hill was the hero of the
(occasion. = A horse ran away in Fifth-aye.,
striking another horse and throwing the four
occupants out; both horses kept running, and
demolished a brougham, throwing a woman and
her coachman into the street. == Senator
PJatt said that Devery would be removed before
February 1. == The Stock Exchange held its
annual Christmas celebration.
THE WEATHER.— Forecast for to-day: Fair,
possibly with rain to-night. The temperature
. yesterday: Highest, 40 degrees; lowest, 29;
N average. .",4^
The preparation of four yachts for the defence
lof the America's Cup shows that yachtsmen
here do not intend to be misled by an idea
•which became widely diffused after the defeat
of the Shamrock. It was then thought that
England could never hope to win the trophy.
Sir Thomas having exhausted, or having seemed
to exhaust, all the facilities that money could
boy. That idea may have been strictly cor
rect, and it is not hero hinted that it was
•wrong; but it Is certain that American amateurs
do not intend to be caught in a state of undue
confidence. They do not mistake Fife for Wat
son, and the best informed are far from think
ing that Fife's failure exhausted England's re
•ouroe* Watson had a good boat here in
Valkyrie 111, an almost wholly unknown craft,
I which apparently was no match for a racer of
the Defender's construction, even if the models
could l>e considered equally good; and he really
came nearer to victory with Valkyrie 11. which
In pome respects was a better boat than the
Vigilant, though never so well sailed.
His record, therefore, shows that he is not a
designer to be trifled with, and it is a fine com
pliment to him that the battle array on this
side Is so magnificent. It shows him to be con
sidered a foemaa worthy of our best Tobin
bronze. To those who were pleasantly lulled
by the opiates of victory the Columbia seemed
a sofljeiently safe craft to defend the Cup a
second time, but it may be shown next year
that to the never ending vigilance which is the
Irrice of good silverware .is due the New-York
¦Yacht Club's ability to keep the great trophy.
As it is now, the Columbia is already regarded
as practically a back number. With Herreshoff 's
warranty that his new craft will beat the Co
lumbia come« the confidence that he will do so.
His boat has always been as good as his bond.
But for the yachtsmen the great charm of the
coming year lies in the fact that Herreshoff is
not going to have It all his own way. Greatly
as. Bristol virtues are revered, it must be ad
mitted that this populace likes a good fighter
better than the combination in one man of all
the virtues of the Christian calendar. A clever
designer of Boston is promised as the Ben-
Hur of the occasion. He represents the
younger element, which does not fear to put
a -new idea to the touch, to win or lose it all,
and it Is a general hope that in coming into
I that fierce light which beats upon- a cup he will
not be melted. His task is one from which a
fairly bold man. careful of his name, might
shrink. He has to compete with the continued
experience and engineering knowledge which
cannot be learned out of books, but only through
practical tests; and in Mich work as the precise
hanging of huge weights upon his sensitively
poised structure he lias to think out at once,
and for the first time in no large a boat, the
different truths which Hen-whuff lias »»een dis
covering during many years of unremitting toll.
The chances of his doing this successfully, and
of bis being able to beat the victor of the
Colombia, are at first sight bo slim that the
daring of the venture carries with It the sym
pathy of the crowd.
Yesterday's announcement of a fourth craft
to be built at Quincy Point for the defence trial
fleet tells of the extraordinary interest taken in
xtext year's yachting. As this boat will be a
--„,:, - J "...
return to the 'former"" American type of centre
l»oard racer,': it 'Is seen that the Gup will be
protected by every possible kind of fast craft;
and the question may be asked, What can the
English challenger hope to do when she meets
the tiinil victor of the American fleet?
The !.>:irn«Ml OoWMel to the Corporation hav
ing iecMed Hiat the Chief of I'olice had no
j.titlinniv mid. r ill.' (l)arter to substitute for the
Deputy Cliief at Hrwklvn Ilr.-i.l, punters I MB
of his own selection. M< -Laiichlln has retur led
to his command. Doubtless the nv.-r-ii of
Deverys tyraimi. -il act avIII preserve Brooklyn
from the worst ,-vils wiiich the first transfer
was certain. If mot intended, to foster, and to
that extent the wrath of the Kings County
Democratic MtliiftlWi .it ¦ rude interference
with its control of local affairs may be expected
to have salutary consequences. But those larger
effects for which some sanguine j>ersons looked
show no signs of appearing. "The Brooklyn
Eagle." presumptively a competent witness,
said yesterday that Devery had lost a point in a
long series of contests with the president of the
Police Board, but feared no radical action of the
Board in consequence; that it had apparently
been settled for the present that he was not to
be removed or retired; that the leaders in Wil
louphby Street seemed to be satisfied to have the
situation of last Saturday restored, and that
there was no talk of bringing charges against
the Chief for exceeding his powers. Our con
temporary also quoted Mr. Hugh McLaughlin
as saying: 'I am at peace with all the world
and have no animosity toward any one."
This probably authentic account of the state
of mind in which the Brooklyn Democratic
machine now finds itself does not encourage
hope of any such rupture of its relations with
Tammany as many incautious observers were
sure would follow and become an Important
factor in the municipal contest of next year. It
appears to mean that while Brooklyn is not to
be exposed at this time to an incursion cf vice
and crime from this side of the river and un
mercifully plundered, its local political rulers
are content to stay their hands at that point
and get along comfortably, hereafter as hereto
fore, with Richard Croker. To what extent the
people of that borough will be satisfied with tills
arrangement remains to be seen. They have
reason to feel relieved at the restitution of the
old order of things, but If they should fail to
vote for a totally new order of things when they
get the chance they would not deserve a much
better fate than the one they have just escaped.
It must be more than ever evident to Senator
Platt that the new Custom House is going to be
an excrescence on the face of the earth. He
has done his best in the cause of art and high
class workmanship, but a cold and unfeeling
Treasury Department has stood in his way.
The thing was hoodooed from the beginning.
An architect who was "not familiar with our j
ways" here in New-York had the Impudence to
submit plans for the work without getting the
approval of Mr. Platt for his design or provid
ing for Ihe dome which Mr. Quigg insisted was
essential to Its artistic perfection. These plans
were accepted, but Mr. Plait declared that they
would not do at all and made a trip to Wash
ington to demand that they be reconsidered and
rejected. But Secretary Gage could not be
moved. His tastes were not educated up to
appreciation of the Importance of domes, and he
showed a most reprehensible lack of Interest in
preserving to the organization the advantages
to be derived from control of the Custom House
architect, a subject about which some private
secretaries could have given him instruction.
So the work was started with the wrong
Now the contract for the foundations has gone
wrong. A good Republican put In a bid. Like
wise a Tammany contractor put in a bid. And,
sad to relate, the Republican's bid was much
the higher. He was willing, however, to do
the work in a little shorter time. Making allow
ance for the large saving of rent to the Govern
ment from the earlier occupancy of the build-
Ing, the Republican was still higher, and it was
necessary for Mr. Platt to call in Collector Bid
well. The latter is clever at handling conven
tions with the club of his official position with
out calling down upon himself the penalty for
violating the President's direct order against
offensive partisanship, and it was supposed that
he could figure out a way to set aside the lower
bid in view of the political importance of keep
ing the contract in the organization. Possibly a
mistake was made. There is reason to think
that William J. Youngs, candidate in ordinary
for any receivership to be had at the hands of
a judge open to suggestion, Is a little more dex
terous at that sort of work. But Mr. Bldwell
did his best. He made ingenious calculations
of the interest on the cost of the site, which he
Raid ought to be added to the Tammany man's
bid, though he was never able to show how the
Government was to get that interest, even if
the time was saved. Consequently the hard
hearted Secretary of the Treasury would not be
convinced, and the organization has lost the
patronage of the Custom House foundations.
It would have been highly convenient to have a
lot of laborers' Jobs to be filled with men who
did as they were told to at primaries, and
vacated by men who had the audacity to forget
the Collector's power to take the bread out of
their children's mouths if they. did not vote
Mr. Bidwell would probably have done better
If, Instead of trying to make the businesslike
Treasury Department do an unbusinesslike
thing, he had approached Mr. Croker. through
Mr. Freedmau— the way he well knows— and
arranged with Tammany to draw off the
troublesome contractor. Mr. Freedman is al
ways ready to do a little service like chopping
off an official head or giving hints to a contrac
tor for Mr. Bidwell, and the matter might have
been settled that way with comparative ease.
But when Mr. Bidwell attempts to play politics
on the Government at Washington he has a
different task., As a result of his failure the
Custom House foundations will not be laid in
good Republican mortar by district delegates
who will stand without hitching, ready to re
spond to Mr. Bid well's word. What a failure
the whole thing Is! As Mr. Qulgg once remarked
in a moment of disgust at Its lack of a full
bulging spoils dome: "It's as ugly as the Post
Although there has been a great deal of
talk about the cases of smallpox in New-York
there is no real cause for alarm. X one who
has intended to spend Christmas -nd New
Year's Day or the entire holiday week In town
need be frightened. In no place is safety more
I reasonably assured than here. People in the
I suburbs or in other parts of the country should
I not hesitate to enter our hop . to go about
; our streets, to travel In our cars, to lodge In our
i hotel,, to enjoy themselves in the theatres and
restaurants, to spend days and woek* Li the
metropolis, without dread or anxletv it 7
prudent to be vaccinated whenever the sunll
pox poison i, detected In any city, but there is
1 no excuse for a foolish scare with respect to the
| condition of things in Manhattan
Our Health Department Is not neglecting its
duties, and It give* suitable warning an ,he
advisability of vaccination,. Bu, *"„ 'd t
i .en*ele«j terror which would drive anybody
away from town or keen i^b „. u.J' .y. y
"\ E^CV • T*ORI£ DAILY TKlx>l wiiAiii PEGE^IBEK 23. 19CH).
| have been'-raakiric: plans to' come hither. With
; I population of about three and a half millions
there have been fewer, than a hundred cases of
smallpox, and almost all of these cases have
heen extremely' mild.' The death rate has been
I so small as to be hardly. worthy of notice. New
i York is pursuing I frank and candid policy in
! this matter. . While It is true that general ftp
| prehension as to smallpox here would do Im
| mense injury to business, interests, and, in fact,
j to every Interest of the metropolis, it is also trot
¦ that there has been no hiding,. no attempt to
i withhold complete information from the public.
j In many smaller places In other States small
; pox has been making serious ravages, and has
: not been held in check as it should have been.
l A thoroughly efficient Health Department can
always keep under this revolting disease.- In
certain towns and villages East and West It has
been found necessary to close the public schools,
and In those communities the quarters for the
unfortunate patients have been lamentably
overcrowded. There is no danger that any af
fliction' so grave will come upon this city. The
arrangements for the prompt detection and re
port of eases and for the best care of the
stricken are comprehensive and effective. New-
York can assure its citizens that they need lose
no sleep over the menace of disease, if they are
protected by vaccination, and she holds out hos
pitable hands of welcome to all who will come
to her for business or for pleasure.
A reader of The Tribune calls our attention
to a recent article in which "will" was wrongly
used for "shall." We are obliged to him, and
regret the error, but its occurrence even in our
own columns is not a miracle. The most care
ful supervision cannot always save a newspaper,
necessarily made ln haste, from mistakes which
anybody may detect at leisure, and which are
pretty sure to catch the editor's eye and vex
his soul when he sees the printed sheet. More
over, the so-called English auxiliaries set many
traps Into which the unwary are likely to fall,
and which unhappily a multitude of highly in
telligent persons are utterly unable to avoid. A
Yale professor, who, of course, had excellent
opportunities to observe the linguistic habits of
young men brought up in all parts of the coun
try, was wont to say that nobody born west of
the Hudson River could distinguish the differ
ence between "will" and "shall," and that ln
consequence a large majority of the people of
the United States used those words without dis
crimination, not knowing or, he was sorry to
say. much caring whether they were accidental
ly right, or wrong. He expected that before
long the distinction would be wholly lost being
convinced that there was no way to avert what
he deemed a great misfortune. Doubtless his
geographical limitation was too strict, but his
apprehension was not foolish. It has been
shared by many observers, including Richard
Grant White, and since his time the tendency
which he deplored has steadily Increased.
It should be said, however, that incompetence
to distinguish between "will" and "shall," and,
of course, between "would" and "should," which
are far more troublesome to those whose
auxiliary sense. If we may employ that defini
tion, is deficient, is a cause for pity rather than
for reproach. It seems to be a question of In
tuition, unconsciously derived from early as
sociations, no rule that we have ever seen be
ing clear, complete anr» infallible. We are con
fident that thousands oi ill educated New-Eng
landers go through life without ever making a
mistake ln the use of those words or knowing
why they use them correctly, or indeed giving
the subject a moment's thought; and that a far
larger number of Americans having an admi
rable command of the vernacular are habitually
right or wrong, as the case may be, by mere
chance, being incapable of determining in ad
vance which word should be chosen or of judg
ing afterward whether their choice was proper
or improper.
With the lapse of years the English language
has had many Irksome shackles stricken off,
and It makes a noble use of its growing freedom.
But we cannot think that Its auxiliary verbs
establish restraints which need to be removed.
In our view they are, on the contrary, ex
quisitely adapted, if not absolutely essential, to
the purpose of expressing delicate shades of
meaning, which may, indeed, be gathered from
the context without them, but which, neverthe
less, may fairly claim to be made visible in
writing and audible ln speech. Yet we, too, fear
that the distinctions which these words still
preserve to the consciousness of many are
doomed to disappear, and that in the not dis
tant future some unworthy inheritors of their
mother tongue will even have the audacity to
shout in triumph. "We mixed those children
up and not a creature knew it!"
The most noteworthy proposal for action
under the Armstrong good roads law
¦which has thus far been made Is that of the.
Oneida County Supervisors, to wit. that the
State shall forthwith appropriate $500,000. to
be united with an equal sum to be contributed
by the Individual counties, for a general scheme
of Improvement of the chief highways of the
State. We are Informed that this is the lirst
resolution of the kind adopted by any county
board In the State. If so. Oneida County is
entitled to credit for thus leading the way in a
beneficent enterprise. To what extent the other
counties will follow the example remains to be
seen. It Is almost too much to hope that all will
do so. and will declare their readiness to loin
pro rata in raising the $500,000 required, though
it Is earnestly to be wished that they might, and
it is confidently to be believed that their doing
so would be highly and directly profitable. If
not. Oneida and other progressive counties tray
move on their own account, each receiving Btete
aid proportionate to Its self-aid.
The need of road improvement In this State
is not to be denied. It is obvious and urgent to
such an extent that a comparison of conditions
in New-York with those in neighboring States
is intolerably odious. Down to the present
month only twenty-seven New-York counties
have moved for improved roads. They have
made petition for the improvement of only (»«
miles surveys have been made for 407 miles
and less than 54 miles have been or are being
Improved. Such is the petty result of three
years work. Meantime the small neighbor
State of Connecticut has built 200 „ill of
good roads, or had done so a year ago, not to
mention what it may have done in the h.st
year. Massachusetts down to two years ago
had built more than 270 miles. And New-Jer
sey, which was the pioneer and Is still the
banner State in the good roads movement, las
built since 1893 no less than 588 miles of good
roads, including 148 miles this year. Such com
parisons or rather contrasts, are not .red'table
to >>ew-York.
rh°n° ll r/ O i nt Wft Cannot alto ptf *r igrtM with
he Oneida County Supervisors. They eatlraite
the cost of lldlaK macadam road? at So
the mile so that the $1,000,000 which they as k
for would be sufficient for only some 12.-; mUes
iL r h°« a gh ,'7 ™« of st is. we believe,
too high. It is true that the cost of road build
S;* Laßt year the average cost in
vhlU Th ° nly about ?4 ' 000 a -wile, for
*bich price roads were built an well „« uvv .
body ™ „ wish them to be. This y,,,r ,h,"ost
11 wt class stone roads. Now ,her, Is „<, O(ltl
lowoa why the cost la New -York should uTaly
higher. This State' has ample supplies of stone,' ,
well distributed about the State, and ample I
means of transportation, and the average cost
of grading need be no more here than In
New-Jersey., The proposed fund ought, there
fore, to give this State, within a year, some
175 miles of pood roads. That, of course, is
only a tiny fraction of the roads that need im
proving. Oneida County aISM lias 230 miles of
"main travelled roads." But I constant Icy •
of building 178 miles a year would within tbe
next generation give the State a pretty good i
skeleton system of improved highways. But j
what Is to prevent building at a far more rapid
rate? :^U -' ',",
Within the last year or two the WtmgXUk WU*A
has been Inoculated with the idea of atoctfle
traction as practised in America, nnd the opera
tion has proved highly suecessnil. The < .•l,
tral London's "tuppenny tube," while not ji(T«>pl
ing the British capital her first experience with
an electric railway, was by far the most Impres
sive demonstration she had witnessed of the
economy, speed Und general attractiveness of
the system. The American ticket chopper's box.
the electric elevator, the brilliantly lighted and
admirably ventilated subway, the custom of
announcing the next station, and the grout >;i\
ing in time effected in transit, together with
other popular and engineering novelties incident
to the operation of the road, have taken Lon
don's fancy immensely. Hence a marked de
velopment of electric roads in that capital,
either in tunnels or on the surface, in the near
future is now assured.
The expediency of employing electricity on
intemrban as well as nrban lines is also re
ceiving consideration on the other side of the-
Atlantic. A paper on "The Supersession of the
Steam by the Electric Locomotive" was read
before the British Institution of Electrical En
gineers last month by Mr. Langdon, of Derby.
Therein it was noted that between London and
Bedford, a distance of fifty miles, the average
number of through trains an hour Is fourteen.
Mr. Langdon's estimate of the cost of operating
them by steam was 8.043 pence a train mile, and
7.021 pence by electricity, a difference of nearly
four cents a train mile. In the ensuing discussion
two or three engineers questioned the wisdom
of concentrating the power plant at one point,
as the gentleman from Derby proposed, but no
one disputed his main proposition that the
change would prove economical. Indeed, Mr.
Parsons, the inventor of the steam turbine, re
marked that Mr. Langdon had underestimated,
rather than overestimated, the wastefulness of
the present system. Incidentally, Mr. Par3ons
expressed the opinion that a single power sta
tion was preferable to a number of them, be
cause it would admit of refinements of manage
ment and machinery not otherwise attainable.
Another contributor to the discussion. Major
Crompton, remarked that the steam locomotive
has now practically reached the limit of its de
velopment. The boiler cannot be enlarged
without interfering with the driving wheels,
whereas no restriction need be placed on the
supply of electric power, inasmuch as every
axle may be made a driver.
It Is a curious fact that Mr. Langdon, for
reasons that do not appear, intentionally omitted
from his calculation the short distance traffic
along the fifty mile section of road under con
sideration. In the United States the conclusion
was long ago reached by experts that a sub
stitution of electricity for steam possessed
greater advantages for this class of service than
for the operation of through trains. Moreover,
it is the most remunerative part of a railroad's
business, and is ln the most danger from the
competition of parallel suburban trolley lines.
Hence If Mr. Langdon made a good showing for
the use of electricity for through traffic his
case for local traffic would have been even
The Boer reinvaslon of Cape Colony means a
certain sympathetic uprising of the Dutch citi
zens of the Colony, and that in turn means more
treason trials and Increase of bad feeling be
tween the races. It is an unhappy business all
Proof that the mob at Gulfport, Miss., lynched
a wholly innocent negro on Friday seems now to
be convincing. The victim was suspected of
complicity in a murder, but It now appears plain
that he had nothing to do with the crime.. Yet it
is not likely that the assassins who put him to
death will feel any sincere or lasting regret. The
chief aim of lynchers usually is to satisfy their
own murderous passions, and they care little, as
a rule, whether the helpless wretch whom they
send out of the world Is guilty or guiltless.
The annual debate between the literary socle
ties of the City College this year was a pretty
good realization of the Irishman's Ideal of "a
dipcusslon wid shticks."
New-Orleans must pay a heavy penalty for
Its situation below the level of the Mississippi.
It has expended $3,<Xt0,000 already on Its new
system of drainage and sewerage, and it will
b«? compelled to lay out at least $13,000,000
more before the completion of the enterprise.
The Father of Waters is a troublesome neigh
bor to the chief city of the South.
There's an ancient jest concerning the canny
sons of the Land o* Cakes who have left Cale
donia's brown heath and shaggy wood in order
to peek fame and fortune by travelling south
ward. And hosts of sturdy Scotsmen have pros
pered in their new homes. If the report that
the bigge«t iron works and steel works In Scot
land are to be closed for a time because of the
high price of coal and other obstacles to lucra
tive production is true, the march over the bor
der to a les3 rugged region will soon tak<* on
large proportions. "Wherever the Scotch wage
the battle of life they are fair fighters, but they
never know how to surrender. They stick to
the fray with a persistence that no other race
can surpass. Whether north of the Tweed or
elsewhere, they will give a good account of
An increasing demand for fireproof dwelling
houses is observe. l. It is reasonable and com
mendable, and suggests the hope that one of
these days the places in which people live will
be as secure as those ln which they conduct
The American Express Company to giving to
each ont_' of Its thirty thousand employes a new
five-dollar gold piece and a souvenir in commem
oration of its fiftieth year. The great North
western Railroad Is establishing a pension sys
tem for Its long service veterans similar to that
whicli is so successful on the Pennsylvania sys
tem. Those are gratifying evidences of the spirit
of kindness and cordial feeling so general at
Christmas time.
The death of Colonel John S. Williams, of Lafay
ette. Ind.. leaves only two men living who were
on the Democratic ticket In Indiana when Thomas
A. Hendricks wfs elected Governor after the memo
rable campaign of 1872. The survivors are Judge.
John C. Robinson and John B. Stoll. "'Vv
Dr. Ephralm Ingals. who died the other day.
was a pioneer physician of. Chicago, and was close
ly associated with the development of higher med
ical education in Chicago, both as. a lecturer, in
and contributor to th- medical institution* of th*
city. At the Mmc or the affiliation of Rush Medi
cal Collese with the l.'p'vernlly of Chloi»s«« he e:ive
$23.00) to ..i.i In paying off i|m Milage debt and to
found a chair of therapeutics and preventive med
icine. He also gave «0 000 to the Northwestern
University Medical School for the equipment of its
-laboratories. In 1859 he became professor of mat',
rla racdlca and medical jurisprudence at >£ sh
I Medical Colletfe. and was also elected to m*™-?? 1 .
| ;hl|> In the Board of Trustee, both of which
! position.- he held until hi* resignation. In IS7I. Mx
'..,:- iko ho was a aln made a trustee of the in
stitution. For a numbor of years he acted : as
associate editor of "The. Northwestern Medical
Pope Leo XIII does not speak English, though
he began to learn It more than half a century ago.
.when he was Nuncio in Brussels, and made the ac
quaintance of a member of the Weld fatally. "Seat
[ down!" Is one of the few English phrases which he
'addresses now to English visitors to the Vatican-
He is sensitive about his compositions; and when,
some time ago. "Punch" quoted a sentence of one
of hi.-- letters as translated, under the heading of
"English as She Is Spoke." the attendants at the
Vatican were alarmed lest His Holiness should
hear of it: for "Punch" is almost the only English
paper to which Leo XIII subscribes.
, Lieutenant-Governor ' Bates of Massachusetts is
Interested in sociology and, with a view to study
ing certain conditions with his own eyes, recently
created some sensation by visiting, In charge of
several policemen. Boston's Chinatown and North
The King of Italy has granted permission to
Captain Brescl. brother of King Humbert's mur
derer, to assume his mother's maiden name.
Dr. S. Hoepfner, a well known consulting en
gineer and chemist, of Canada, who died the other
day In Denver, was the inventor of an electrolytic
treatment of refractory ores which Is In use In
many smelters in this country and Europe.
Among those who arrived here on the steamer
Pennsylvania, from Hamburg, yesterday were Mrs.
Helene Best, Dr. and Mrs. M. E. Babcock. Mr. and
Mrs. Harold E. Hammond. Mra. M. E. Ltttlejohn.
Professor and Mrs. A. H. Ix>demann, Dr. J. H.
Llndsey, T. P. Newton and Don Francisco.
Some of the passengers who arrived here yester
day on the steamer St. Louis were Lieutenant-
Commander Asher C, Baker, U. S. N.. and family,
Mr. and Mrs. William Barnes, Jr.. Dr. A. J. Bene
dict, Mr. and Mrs. Jameson Cottlng. Miss Condlt-
Smlth, A. S. Capehart. the Earl of Clonmel. Mrs.
Arthur Caton. Major George C. Crayer. C. S.
Crownlnshlelci. Mr. and Mrs. Dlaz-Albertini, Mrs.
R. Deming. Miss Lole Fuller, Mr. and Mrs. C A.
Grlseom, Jr.. Hugh Hastings. Major and Mrs. Knox,
Miss Ping. Mrs. St. Clair McKelway, Ferdinand W.
Peck. Commissioner-General of the United States
to the Paris Exposition, and family; Mrs. R. E.
Pancoast, Miss Pancoast, Robert P. Porter. Lieu
tenant H. C. Poundstone. Mrs. F. Wllmerdlng.
B. D. Woodward. Mrs. M. Winter and Dr. and Mrs.
F. H. We-xsels.
On the steamer Campania, whloh arrived here
from Liverpool yesterday, were Ricardo Dlax-Al
bertlnl, Alexander Auld. the Marquis Bouthlllier-
Shavigny, the Hon. and Mrs. George A. Burns,
Captain F. B. Drage, Miss Mabel E. Everett. Mrs.
W. H. Grundy. Dr. W. D. Hanna. Mr. and Mrs.
Louis C. Hay. Josepn Hoar. Benjamin Horton,
Richard Irving. C. Kaufman, the Misses Kaufman,
Dr. W, H. Lloyd. Major J. C. McDougal. John H.
McFadden. F. <_'. Graham-Menzles, Mrs. Frances
James Oakes. the Rev. T. A. Plerson. Major G. R.
Powell. L. Rozelaar, Dr. Stoneborough. Thomas H.
Watson. Miss Margherita Watson. Mr. and Mrs.
Clifton H. Wheeler. Captain H. C. Wilson, Juan
Joytla. Miss Alta Rockefeller, Miss U M. Spelman
and E. Parmelee Prentice.
St. Petersburg. Dec. 22.— The twenty-fifth anni
versary of the literary activity of Henryk Sienkle
wicz, the Polish novelist, waa celebrated to-day at
"Warsaw. The ceremonies included the presenta
tion of a large estate.
Some years ago in the month of December a jew
eller of Sydney, New South Wales. Australia, paid
a man to collect a freight car full of snow In the
mountains and deliver as much of it to him as he
could. On Christmas Day in the Jeweller's window
was a huge snowball, resting on a deep iron tray,
and when the news spread about the city traffic
was blocked for several hours until the novel sight
had melted. Men who had not seen snow for forty
years, when they emigrated from the "old country,"
hobbled out among the crowds and people swarmed
arid struggled to get a glimpse of what they looked
on as a sort of eighth wonder of the world.
An Impressionist — "They gave Erigj:s tha
job of hanging the pictures at the club, and he hung
an "impressionist painting upside down."
"We!!, nobody detected the blunder until the artist
vis' ted \he club."
"What did he say?"
"He said it was all (Cleveland Plain
Police Justice Judah, of Portland. Me., inad
vertently rod© a bicycle upon a forbidden sidewalk
recently and on being reprimanded by a citizen
went to his own office and swore out a warrant
for his own arrest. The warrant was delivered to
Marshal Gibson, who arrested Judah and brought
him into his own court for trial. Judah sat as
police judge and took his own plea of guilty, fined
himself the usual sum of $1 and then paid himself
the fine. The record of the case was in the usual
Not Work but Pleasure.— "Well, well!" exclaimed
Tyre Dever disgustedly. "I'm ershamed o ye.
"Aw on!" retorted Walker Mile, suspending for
the moment his unwonted labor at the woodpile.
"Can't yer see dis is hickory
"Wat's dat got ter do wla It 7 ... .»
"Dats de kind o' wood policemen's clubs is made
of. an' I ain't deli? a ting to Philadelphia
"It has been estimated." says a man quoted by
"The Philadelphia Record." "that there are about
three hundred and fifty million hens in the United
States. During the year 1900. although the year is
not quite ended, they will have produced approx
imately fourteen billion eggs, which represent in
the neighborhood of »175.00O.C«0. That seems a lot
of money, but just wait a minute." He figured
on a slip of paper with a pencil. "The living value
of hens at 30 cents apiece," he continued, "is not
far from $100,000,000. besides which about $130,000,000
worth of poultry is eaten In this country in the
course of a year. So you see the hen. while a
humble bird, cuts quit* a figure in the financial
We spoke, now, of the season of grand opera in
"Of eourse." said I. "the women of the haut ton
attended in large numbers?" ' .
"Large*" said Meltravers. with a shrug. "I don't
believe there was a shoe in the house that was
less than a him more narrowly in the light of this
Regarding him more narrowly ln the light of this
remark I was confirmed in my suspicion that he
was a St. Louis travelling man.— (Detroit Journal.
"While carelessly handling a bag of mall in the
postofflce." says a Milwaukee paper, " a clerk sud
denly became conscious of an overpowerlngly of
fensive odor. He dropped the pouch, and the odor
increased in power. Eventually it was discovered
that the tremendously emphatic effluvium arose
from the breakage of a two ounce bottle of oil
extracted from that sleek but exceedingly odor
iferous animal, the skunk. Who sent the stun*
through the mails is not known, but before night
many a Milwaukee man knew, through the medium
of rank smelling letters, that it had been sent."
"What do you do for a living?"
"Mister." said Meandering Mike. "I've jes" started
in on a new perfession. I'm a heartstring loosener."
"A what?"
"Dere's no use o' saying it over ag'ln. People
can't enjoy Christmas wit'out givin' presents, but
some is so out of practice dat dey doesn' know
how to go about it. So I lets 'em practice on me,
so as to git started in a small way. '—(Washington
A German scientist recently declared that the
age of fishes can be told by _ their scales. When
placed under the microscope these show stripes
similar to the bands in the cross section of a
tree, which indicate the age of the fish.
A "tenderfoot" who was trying his luck on a
Western ranch was at first horrified by the table
etiquette which prevailed among his associates
One day his feelings evidently came so near the
surface that a cowboy whose performances with
a table knife of unusual size had aroused the ten
derfoot's amazement, paused with another knife
ful of food halfway to his lips.
"What's the matter?" inquired the cowboy with
disconcerting promptness, in the tone of one who
means to be answered.
"Ah— t?r— nothing." hastily responded the tender
"Look here." cried the cowboy with an accom
panying thump of his unoccupied hand on the
table. "I want you to understand that I've cot
manners, but I haven't got time to use >m— that*
all:"— (Youth'B Companion.
ttecent scandals In connection with the police ad
ministration in Berlin have directed attention to
the low salaries paid to responsible officers. Thus,
one of the implicated official*. Commissary Thlel'
who has a wife and three children, receives a sal
ary of only S.?V> mark.-. (JSOO) pt»r annum, together
with an allowance of HI mark- .xir.i for nous.
rvnt and 310 marks («-.» ror a room tn hl liou.*.>
to be ua»-d an an office. The highest salary paid
to an officer of the criminal department of the
Berlin police la 8.000 marks ($2,000) a year.
The things musical worthy of note which tons,
place In New-York City yesterday four, an.l
all of them would have ¦ been notable any -»
They were a song recital by If me. Seaibrlch and* a
performance of "Romeo et Juliette" in the after,
noon, a concert of the Philharmonic Society an* «
performance of "Alda" In the evening. There «•¦¦>
other things, of course, but of the kind that a
chronicler of musics! doings not compelled to stek
up unconsidered trifles is always glad to pass by
Novelty was an absent element In all of the enter
talnments. except so far as details were concerned.
Mow. Sembrlch had sang the airs and songs of
her programme, with three or four exceptions, b*.
fore, either this season or last, but that fact east*
not lesson the Interest or the artistic • value «f
her recital, which was given In Carnegie Hall for
the benefit of the George Junior Republic, for
when she sings she proclaims beauty of the'kiad
that Is as new as It la perennial loveliness. Hsa>
youth and beauty, like spring and the flowers. m»
love and loveliness Itself. A fine audience heard
her and applauded her with that spontaneous
warmth which proved that the singer's art and th*
singer's songs had . not only appealed to the ar
tistic .sense of her hearers, b»it gone deeper and
set their heart strings vibrating. She won tributes
of tears, tributes of smiles and tributes of ruddy
palms. The pieces which she gave for the first
time were an arietta by PalsleUo. Beethoven's
"Freudvoll und Leldvoir (from the incidental muate
composed for Goethe's "Egmont"). Schubert*
"Trockene Blumen" and the dainty "song or love
which the clown sings In Shakespeare's "Twelfth
Night" for the edification of the roistering crowd
In Olivia's house. "Oh. Mistress. Mine." With this
she associated another English song, Purcell'i "I
Attempt from love's sickness to fly in vain." The
scenes of her preceding recitals were all repeated,
down to the gathering of a few hundred people
before the stage when the programme was ended.
and the insistence for more until she appeared in
her wraps and waved the people out of the room.
At the opera in the afternoon Gounod's "Romeo et
Juliette" was repeated, with the parts distributed
as on the opening night, except that Mr. GUllbert
took the part of Capulet instead of M. Plar.c.on. and
M. Dufriche the part of the Duke. Holiday Infln
ences were apparent In the stee of the audience. bat
not so painfully as in the evening, when "Alda"
was given at popular prices. Here there were new
comers—M. Imbart de la Tour, who was the
Rhadames of the occasion: Mr. Journet. a service
able - basso, with a smooth, sonorous voice, who
filled the part of Ramfls, and Miss Louise Homer.
a contralto, who effected her entrance on the oper
atic stage of her native land as Amneris. There
was another American singer in the cast, Miss
Minnie Tracey. rejected by Mr. Savage but called
back into service by his partner Mr. Grau. Miss
Tracey . Is a singer of unquestioned temperament
and ability, but last night's ordeal was a severe one
for her. and her Intonation was faulty at time*
This fault could not be charged against M. de
la Tour, who is a singer of tha French style, with
abundant passion, intelligence and dramatic in
stinct, and who disappointed last night only be
cause of the somewhat pallid color of his voice.
Miss Homer has qualities of such excellent nature
that she can easily be twice as fine an artist a*
she now is. She need only steady her voice and
learn t-> color It to reflect the feeline which she
bodies forth s n her acting. Now she suggests th«
pernicious Influences of European provincial thea
tres. Signer Scotti's re-entrance as Amonasro was
warmly acclaimed by the people who had learned
to admire him last year. - .
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: I respectfully ask space, to answer the baa*
insinuations which have appeared in your paper
recently in the attacks of E. Norton GoJdard and
Theron G. Stronk. Following the example of on«
who, when reviled, reviled not again, I beg to say to
both of these men: I will pay SIOO to any charity
either of you may name if you can ptuvw by any
act of mine that I ever did an act either in court
or at Albany before the Legislature that was not
justified by the facts and circumstances in the
case. I challenge the world, newspapers, crim
inals whom I have prosecuted, members of tit*
legislative committees before whom r bare yearly
appeared, courts, where I have prosecuted more
than 2,330 cases, and lawyers, who have appeared
to defend those whom I have prosecuted, to show
by legal evidence that I have ever swerved from
my duty, or prostituted my office to any Ignoble
fraternizing with criminals, or that a dishonest
dollar has ever reached my hand. Talk Is cheap.
Insinuations are plentiful as mosquitoes in sum
mer time. The man who assails another with In
sinuations not only violate* the Golden Rule, but
uses a weapon that only cowards use. Now, let
these men choose a committee of fair minded men.
make their investigation open and aboveboard.
govern their proofs by the rules of evidence, and
search my record of public life, since March. 1872;
and if they will show that I ever betrayed my
trust I will pay the sum named to any charity
they may name.
I will furnish them -with the names of my avowed
enemies, give them access to the scrapbooks in my
office containing the newspaper attacks for th» last
twenty-nine years, furnish them with the nanv»a
of members of the National Liberal League, who
for years have maligned me. and sought to over
throw my work: give them the names of lawyers
who have defended those whom I have prosecuted,
and then 1 challenge them to prove by legal evi
dence anything that will support their base Insinu
ations. Until this is done, let the public believe me
to be what I have proved myself to be by a service
of nearly twenty-nine years, a faithful, intelligent
and honest public servant.
Why I should be attacked at this time I cannot
comprehend. Since September I*> we have made
twenty-live arrests and secured eleven convictions,
where penalties aggregating twenty-five years and
nine months* imprisonment nr.il $575 in fines have
been Imposed. We have seized within a month
more than thirteen thousand obscene pictures and
842 negatives for making the same. Why should T
be assailed while a~eomplishin< these practical re
sults for good to the eommunitv? I have don«»
nothing to deserve such treatment at their hanii*
Now. my assailants, put up. or else let yoi.r
silence be evidence of my intesrrity.
New-York. Dee *J. 1900.
Pawlet. Vt.. December 30. 1900.
Gentlemen: Stop my subscription to Tri-Weekly
Tribune at once. Your views on the <lrinkin?
habits of the President and the Army canteen do
not meet with my approval. I prefer a par that
does not defend the liquor business ana tells the
truth about the*-* matters. Yours respectfully.
I Can't be done. Mr. Wood. We keep our con
tracts as well as our head. You might try the
latter anyway. We have taken your money ftfir
a certain number of copies of The Tri- Weekly
Tribune. Every one of them will go to you. and
as the judge once said to the man whom h*
was sentencing to be hanged, "may they sfl
blessed to your everlasting good!" We n.<t •-»
with regret that our views &.bout "the drinking
habits" of the Chief Magistrate of the Nation,
the elect of seventy-five millions, do not meet
with your approval. Well, your statements of
fact do not meet with our approval any mor*
than your manners. But if you really know
what you want you're taking needless trouble
and talking about going to needless expense.
You already have. and. unless the mails break
down, are sure to keep having right along, "a
paper that does not defend the liquor busi
ness, and that tells the truth about these mat
Cambridge. Mass.. Dee. Recent advices froa
the West Indian station of the Astronomical Ob
servatory of Harvard College, located at Mande
vllle, Jamaica, state that Professor W. H. Picker
ing and his assistants have completed the neces
sary foundations for the great horizontal tele
scope, and have erected a building to cover the In
strument. Serious trouble was experienced at first
with the excessive full of dew. but a building ha*
been constructed around th« great mirror M th»
foot of the telescope, so as to remedy the difficulty-
In this telescope the operator looks downward. in
stead of upward toward the star, as is ordinarily
the case, and the telescope, being parallel to th«
earth's axis, does not have to be moved. This en
ables the observer to remain In one position and
devote his whole attention to study. It is hoped
because of the great length of this telescope to ob
tain more perfect photograph* of the moon than
has yet proved possible and by following it through
all its phases to obtain a complete and correct at
las of the surface visible to the south.
Oeorge X. i'has.\ one- a wealthy oil man. who for
a time operated rxtenatyely for the Standard Ott
Company in West Virginia, was taken from IW
bachelor apartments at No. l*> East Twenty-sixth-

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