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New-York tribune. (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, December 23, 1900, Image 18

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Boston.' Dec 22 (Special).— Again this week It ..as
been decided to put off for a short time the erec
tion of the Franklin Institute, the money for which
was left In his will by Benjamin Franklin. For
one hundred years the sum has been accumulat
ing, and It now amounts to WO.OOO. grown from
the modest IL«0 originally bequeathed.. The cir
cumstances of this bequest are peculiar and little
known outside of Boston. The sura was left "for
the encouragement of young mechanics." It was
to be let out at S per cent interest In sums of "not
(•ore than £60 or less than £16 to young married
artificers under the age of twenty-five, who have
faithfully served apprenticeship In Boston, so as
to obtain a certificate of good moral character
from at least two respectable- citizens who are
willing to become their sureties In a bond for the
payment of the money." The loans were to be
repaid in annual instalments of 10 per cent each.
Th* trustees of the fund, under the will, are the
Board of Aldermen (succeeding tha Selectmen. of
Franklin's day) and the ministers of the oldest
Episcopal. Congregational and .Presbyterian
churches In the city. It was further devised that
at the end of one hundred years, at which time
th* testator estimated that the bequest would
amount to £i 31.000. the trustee* should "lay out at
their discretion £109.000 in public works which may
be Judged of most general utility to the inhab
itants, such as fortifications, public buildings,
aqueducts, baths, paveir.ents, or whatever may
make living in the town more convenient to its
people and render It more agreeable to strangers
resorting ' thither for health or for a temporary
residence." The remaining £31.000 was to be fur
ther let out. at interest for another hundred years. .
Such were the quaint devices of the old states
man for benefiting the town he loved. Nothing
could have been more canny from his point of
view. Unfortunately, however, even he could not
foresee the changes of modern society, and it soon
became impracticable to render to young mechan
ics the assistance Franklin so earnestly desired to
give them. It was found that the scheme of pro
viding sureties to guarantee the payment of the
loans made to young married artificers was not a
success. As a result, the loans were withdrawn
altogether, and the money was invested in the
ordinary manner. Under these circumstances It
was impossible to obtain the 5 per cent interest to
which Franklin looked forward, no that the sum
has fallen considerably short of what he antici
pated. The city is a loser by $250,000 by the failure
of the plan apparently so cleverly devised; but
Boston is still nearly $400,000 richer for the fore-
Eight of the statesman, and in its gratitude i.< not
carpii.s at details.
The Film became available at the expiration of
one hundred years, in 1891. and then began the dis
cussion of th.- use to which it should be put. It
seemed that, since the mechanics were the- first in
the thoughts of the river, the sum should be de
voted to the erection of a building which should
be dedicated to the beiterment of the working
class. On this point there is unanimity. The one
question which has been debated is simply the
manner in which the money can be of most prac
tical benefit. The idea of a trade school was put
forward, but met with opposition on the part of
labor leaders. At length a plan was drawn up for
a workingman's institute, not unlike the People's
Palace; and this plan, although temporarily
checked, is pretty certain to go through eventually,
with few modification/;.
That the whole thing may he connected with
Franklin, the site of the proposed building is to be
either Franklin Square or the old Franklin School
house. Both these sites are at Boston's South End,
a once fashionable district, which is gradually giv
ing way to the slums. Franklin Square still re
tains something of its old social prestige, on ac
count of Its beautiful little park, but it will not
long hold out against the invading tide of Irish
and Italian working people. The Franklin School
bouse now stands in a neighborhood which has
entirely lost its American character. There is a
wide field for an institution on the proposed lines.
The object of the Franklin Institute is defined as
being: "To promote educational measures of two
principal kinds; first, those looking to general edu
cation—c. g.. by classes and lectures in history and
political and social science; and second, those look-
Ing to theoretical and practical Instruction In such
of the applied arts and sciences as are best calcu
lated to stimulate and widen the intelligence cul
tivate the taste, enhance the skill and measure
the efficiency of the people of Boston, special re
gard being given to those who are artisans."
The institute will contain a large auditorium, a
branch of the Public Library, lecture and class
rooms, a room for public exhibitions and enter
tainments, public lavatories, and the like. On these
points there is unanimity among the trustees. The
present difficulty Is probably only temporary, and
the public iooks forward to its Franklin Institute
as assured.
• It o!!?! erht i b £. a(3ded that Fr anklin left to the city
or Philadelphia a similar sum - under exactly slmi
lar conditions. Probably from lack of care in
making investments the sum is now less than that
at the disposal of Boston, and less Is being heard
tti'GUt It.
- - -
Ex-Judge Munson E. Frost, of Somere. has given
a Tribune reporter the population figures of West
chester by towns in the year 1820. They were found
among the papers of Frederick J. Coffin, of Som
ers, who was in the early forties a Surrogate of
the county. The paper found reads as follows:
. „ Tarrytown, January 1. 1820.
Agreeable to my promise I now send you re
turns of th * population of each town in the county.
With sentiments of esteem, yours, etc
Fred. J. __ eso, STEL '' BE * BWARTOUT.
Fred. J. Coffin, esq.
Be«*rd VSff- ®* V r TO o la 4
Co«san<3t 3 49" ' JB 3 .I'M
E«« Chester ijoo\ 20 lV>l
Orenburg 2.03& 25 2OW
H*rrtaon »S2 12 f%l
Mount Pleataot 3.00S la 8 684
Mam»roneclc 878 O *7«
N>w-r-,«!e 1.3W1 2 1368
N*w-Roche!l« „12» « \\^
Nonh <*£• 1,477 3 VlSi
North Salem 1 184 I ' i i««
r*lt*m '2*3 o - lp Ȥ
J^aoridW 1.550 ! „55 7
»"» •¦• 1 31".t • . 14 i 34-1
go«iw>ale I |JgM 7 IMI
Pom*r« 1 ktu 7 1 ell .
South Salem \.*»7 2 1429
wfft?KS5i::::::::::::::::: List 2 | *$«
Whit. Plains "-Jn *S -Jg
%$^::::::::::::::::::.:]$£ *t {g
™*>" •••' 52.«23 215 32.G3S
It will be seen that Yonkers was then smaller
than Somers. Yorktown and many other minor
towns. There was then a South Salem town— now
no more. There as no Mount Vernon. Pelham
and Mamaroneck had no slaves. Yonkers had the
larc*>st number. 55.
The Census Bureau at Wnsshlnjrton recently an-
KHSTCi the Population, of Westchester County to
DC IS3 .375. - ' - -
From The London Express.
Boho felt hurt last week when !t found that some
Of the most biting of Caran d'Ache's sketches In
a*ao»etel Kru, . r number of "** Rire" were un
mistakably -blacked out" in the fashion adopted
by the press censors of Russian autocracy ir deal
ing with undesirable literature
English read.™ of. the lively Parisian "rag" did
not. however, regret to «cc that the blacking out
brush had been at last called into requislUon. espe
cially wjien a microscopic examination revealed
that among the besmudged pages were included a
vile caricature of the Queen and a lying illustra
tion of an English lancer killing a wounded Boer
Naturally the question arose. "By whose author
ity was this blacking out done? Had the Govern
ment given orders to the police or postofflce to thus
hide the outrages of the French caricaturist on
common decency?"
co»e n r ch"order °* r talnly bore evidence of
An "Express" representative made the necessary
Inquiry at Scotland Yard, but was Informed that
its authoritle* were not responsible, A visit to thi
poatofflce elicited the statement that the blacking
ll^ntle^n rr d fOrmed V""* th * preclnc " of B *
Our representative then directed his footsteps to
¦oho. and there discovered the mystery of the
process The proprietors of the Llbralrle Fran"
caise. Wardour- t.. who are chiefly responsible for
the sale of L * Hire" in the foreign quarter of
London, have determined that, so fir as they are
concerned, no more of the gross Insults to Km
Hshmen with which the French comic «aurnal l is
chiefly associated, shall be allowed tc Esther
¦alas counter. . *^ inwr
In future, the manager of the establishment will
act as efensor upon anything of a grossly cxii
i •crated nature. . - * b
"There are many troublesome drills on a war
ship." said a Navy quartermaster who was trying
to make the day pass at the Brooklyn Navy Yard,
"but there is none that causes more trouble than
the 'collision drill.* Do you see how white my hair
is? That was caused by one of the Infernal 'col
lision drills.'
"l was a common sailor then and on one of the
best ships of the new Navy. 1 won't say which
one, for the story does not reflect much credit on
me. We were at sea with the rest of the fleet, and
when I turned in the night was so foggy that you
could not see the lower fighting tops. We were
going flow, with our whistle blowing every two
minutes. 1 nad been on watch for a long time,
and was so tired that I went to sleep as soon as I
touched my hammock. I was quartered in one of
the alleyways on the berth deck.
"All at once there was a call to 'collision quar
ters.' The men near me jumped up, fastened their
hammocks up in quick order and were off to their
stations. 'Collision quarters' commands a quicker
response on board ship than any other order. One
has to hustle to get to his station, and if not there
ln time it means a whole peck of trouble when
you're brought up to the mast next day. The first
ihrng done is to shut the watertight compartment
doors, and if •>¦ man tiniis himself cooped up in a
compartment he has no way of showing up at his
p«.st. Hesides. there is always the possibility that
it is not a drill, and that the ship Is really in
danger of collision. You can imagine the feeling -if
one is shut below decks.
"Well, as I said before, I was tired, and when the
order came I simply turned over and dozed off
again. One of my shipmates noticed me as he
was running out, and stopped to kick me out of the
bunk. I remembered what was up in a moment,
and started to my station, which was at the other
end of the alleyway. 1 was just about out when
the watertight doors came to with a bang that
sounded like my death knell. I beat upon the doors
with my lists, but, „f course, no one heard. 1 re
membered all about the fog and the danger of
some other vessel in the squadron running us
down. Of course, I recalled all the details of that
terrible collision in the British navy a few years
ago. I felt like a rat in a trap and got ready to
die. Then there was a crash which penetrated
even to my chamber. The ship jolted about more
than the waves could move her, and I could hear
the men rushing around the decks.
"I thought w» were sinking, and gave up all hope.
It was then that my hair began to turn. I suppose.
I tried to figure how long I could live if the water
did not leak into the compartment, but it was
dreary figuring, for death was sorely there as soon
as I had breathed up my air supply.
"Then the dours swung back and my shipmates
rushed ln to tumhle back into their hammocks.
The drill was ovf-r! Triers had been no collision,
and the noise I had heard was due to a break in
the machinery. I was hauled up before the captain
next day with several others who had not reached
their stations on tirr.e and given a severe lecture.
God knows I didn't need it, and since then no one
has ever beaten me getting to "collision nuarters.' "
Work is being pushed so vigorously on the new
Enplewood Hospital. New-Jersey, that the building
will be completed, it is expected, before the New
Year. Work was begun on the structure ln Sep
tember in accordance with plans drawn by Arthur
G. C. Fletcher.
The old hospital had long been Inadequate for
the needs of the community, for it accommodated
only sixteen ward patients, and had but three
small private rooms. The new building provides
for a men's ward and a women's ward of twelve
beda each, a children's ward of eight beds six
rooms for private patients, nine nurses' rooms a
sitting room, a large operating room, an upstairs
dining room, an Isolating room, a morgue and a
dispensary. Th<? money to build the new hospital
was raised by the people of Englewood nnd its
vicinity. Since the fun is already secured are not
enough to equip the institution so that it can work
with the fullest scope, contributions are still
There will be no exhibition at the American Art
Galleries on Christmas Day. Only a few days more
remain to view the recent work of W. de L. Dodge.
From Leslies Weekly.
One of the most serious difficulties in the way of
land settlement ln some parts of Australia Is said
to be an obnoxious plant called the prickly pear
As a pest to farmers it may be fairly classed with
the rabbits. It has taken possession of whole
tracts of country, and the settler has to fight a
pitched battle for every acre he calls his own A
single fruit brings forth thirty, sixty, and even
several hundred fold of good productive seed All
herbage may droop, die and disappear, in the oven
of an Australian drouth, but the pear survives
flourishes, and carries on its procesnes of expansion
and reproduction with unconcern. In the fierce
"struggle for life. ' when a drouih Is devastating
the land, this pest Is a Hying example of Yhe Sir*
vlval of the "unftttest." It was brought to Auitro
Ha like the raboit. either for use or ornament and
It has become a plague and a pestilence its Jl
termination In the colony of Queensland at least"
la a question of national importance. *'
From The Deseret News.
Why is it that people, when engaged ln a religious
cra«ade never tike the trouble to verify the truth
nf their information? For instance, there 19 not
one word l in The Book of Mormon concerning po
ljKamy Polygamy was based upon an alleged
revelation at a period long subsequent to the pub
lication of their sbrcalled Bible. Again, it is abso
lutely untrue that" since Statehood the Mormons
have "resumed" polygamy. The Christian world
seems not to comprehend that It is the practice of
Mormons to keep faith with all men. It was
only after twenty years of desperate struggle that
they surrendered polygamy, and when they did
surrender it they did so publicly, regretfully,
wrathfully. but earnestly and sincerely. Since
1 Statehood there has riot been a single polygamous
marriage solemnized in Utah. There could not
have been one solemnized except by men who
would not deny it if they had done It, for they
were men who of old. went to prison for six months
rather than make a promise that they would there
after obey the law against polygamy. Now. I do
not claim that all those who were living in po
lygamy before Statehood have since then surren
dered their additional wives. When the State was
admitted there were 2,500 polygamous families in
I'tah. Of these 1.000 heads of families have since
died. Of the remaining I,soo— most of them old
men— possibly 200 yet secretly maintain their former
relations. This, in a population of 300,000, with 70.
000 adult males, of whom not less than 50,000 are
married, would prove that one married man in 200
Is too much married. I fear that there are few
Christian or Jewish or heathen communities any
where In the world that would not show up a much
larger average of immorality. The vice of Mor
monism—that feature of it which excites the anger
and active hostility of the Methodists and Pres
byterians, and other denominational Protestants
(for the Catholics do not worry about it)— ls not
polygamy, it is the great success of the Mormon
missionaries in obtaining converts since polygamy
was eliminated from their system. This is the
"virus" which they denounce
I attribute this success to me fact that Mormon
ism is something more than a theology. It is a co
operatlve industrial society. It is an educational,
social and mutual Improvement, and business and
benefit society. It not only premises spiritual bene
fit to Its follower, but it promotes his temporal
welfare. It finis him employment. It 'instructs
him how and where to work. It sees that' he does
not lack for food, shelter and clothing. It furnishes
him with society and amusement. Nowhere is th©
drama or music better patronized than in L'lah.
and every little sown of one. thousand people has
its 'opera house," and the local dramatic and mu
sical entertainments are above mediocrity.
You protest against my statement that I "re
spect the Mormon faith." and ask me if I did not
intend to say that I respect the m*-n despite their
faith. No, I meant just what I said. I respect all
faith that inculcates temperance, truth, honesty
and self-sacrifice, as I believe most faiths do. It
does not follow that 1 accept their allegories, "r
their misrepresentations, or their misconstructions,
or their crudities. 1 reaped m<- virtues of
Buddhism, though I do not believe that God is a
spiral staircase of whirling atoms. I respect the
temperance an' flevotion of the followers of Ma
homet, though it is my profound conviction that
your sex have souls : respect the Jewish faith,
though I am not convinced that Jonah occupied
the interior ot the whale or that the walls of
Jericho were really blown down hy one of Gideon's
cornet solos. I respect the faith which tills the
land with hospitals where sad robed women make
life one long duty of mercy, although I do not ap
prove of the doings of Torquemada. or accept as
literally true the allegories of the feeding of the
multitude with fiv.- loaves and fishes, or the chang
ing of water to wine. So I respect Mormonism
without believing in tho golden tablets as I r<»-
Spect the Christian Scientists, though I do not be
lieve that they can rid nn- of my rheumatism l>y
calling it a theory, when it is in fact a condition
and a very painful one. ¦
Ah. my friend. belitTe me, there is no truer
aphorism than that "the world is governed too
much." For evils which offend our prejudices but
do not assail our rights the remedy should be per
suasion, not sumptuary 'aws. The statutes of our
stately fortunes ar* "sculptured with the chisel
not the axe," and there is no commandment more
useful. If observed, and which I fear is more fre
?.£ P v. ntly y. io . lated - j h! \. n the eleventh commandment,
"Thou shalt mind thy own business."
From The Philadelphia Post.
For the last few seasons, since American produc
tions have gained a foothold on the English Ftatje
there has been much talk in London about what is
known as the American type of humor," to dif
ferentiate it from the home product When Mr
Nat Good »in was in England Ust summer he
found himself seated one evening, at a large dinner.
«age. * man Wh ° seemed much interested in the
.v, B J^ \, cc 3 n nt' t fo . r the Hfe of m see." remarked
•iTv Englishman durln 5 the course of conversation
what people mean by American humor. To me
Fn*Vi" mo «H"i all 1 whether it, be of American or
English origin. Perhaps you can explain to mi
ou«^^^W*^~Tuisttewhwno!rto^0 u «^^^W*^~Tuisttewhwno!rto^ aSJ
••Well." replied Mr. Goodwin. "1 think the Amerl
can type of humor is rather more subtle It doesn't
always fully impress itself upon you at once The
more you think about it. the funnier It seems I
eanperhaps best Illustrate my meaning with a little
™i! A man was walking along the street one day
le«2r £ nr s SS^no nClther man ' WhO Was carrying
you^w^Ter/fhe SS.tSSS. iIV h the lett * r: '*>
and^enW fe e? a f!at a h n d $&&£%&
tS-ffiSSVg? Whe " the man WUh lha lett "
he asked" 0 " ' Sh l ° know Wh ' f * the P°»tofflc© lsr
"'No^said the other man.' ' - • •
The Englishman 1 * gaze was vacant. : < •
ar,H U . fi \i urn v over in your rnintr for a few minutes
and tell me what you 1 think of If." said Mr. Good
\f! e « m nut f later the Englishman clutched at
Mr Goodwins elbow. "You won't be offended, will
£& wi.'SK &iZtirrutr'' BUi reaUy ' l lhlnk
Manila. Nov. II (Special). -It is a matter for
speculation how long the native Filipinos will
be content to wear the simple Filipino dress,
than which nothing Is better adapted to the
climate and the necessities of the people. The
most remarkable fact in connection with this
subject Is that the Filipinos of wealth take
pride in wearing the same simple dress, though
made of more elegant materials. Nobody seems
to be able to discover where this style of dress
originated. It seems to be unique and unlike
the native dress of any other country.
The Filipino, or "Mestizo," dress, as it is
commonly called. Is essentially modest, and ln
this respect is a true exponent of the mass of
the people. Taken as far as we know them, they
are a very modest race. Of course, there are
millions of Filipinos of whom we know little or
nothing. We can only answer for those who
have come more or less under our observation
and who have been for many years more or
less in contact with civilization.
The Filipinos are not only modest, but cleanly
according to their lights, and this is a fact for
which they get little credit. Of course, they
have no idea of sanitation as we understand the
term, but they seem to have an instinctive lik
ing for personal cleanliness. This is evidenced
by the number of native bathers and washers ln
every canal, fountain or streams and by the gen
eral appearance of every crowd. Hot water
bathing is a thing unknown, but their Immer-
sion and bathing in cold water is a common
occurrence, and they generally embrace the op
portunity to wash their hair or their clothes at
the same time. As a matter of fact, in the care
of their hair the natives are more fastidious
than the average Western woman. Never a
week goes by that it is not carefully washed,
and even the poorer women spend some time
dally in combing out their long hair with wooden
combs. On special occasions it Is considered
more elegant to wear the locks flowing down tha
hack, though this is not a very practical stylo
for every day.
The costume of the Filipino men }p one of the
most comfortable ever invented. It is simply a
shirt and a pair of trousers, and the shirt tall
Is worn outside instead of in, thus giving an
added coolness to the wearer, for it allows the
breezes to make a free entry, speed up the back
bone and emerge at the neck. For this reason
the tail is generally flying out behind. This
method of wearing the shirt la so obviously an
Improvement on our own for hot weather that It
is a matter of surprise that the idea has n<
brought from the Philippines and adopted by th«
¦ "shirt waist man."
All Filipino men. \voin.n ml , hiklren wear
UM sJsn uf their r< Uslvn uu ibelr breasts, la the
form of either, a cross or a scapular. They con
aider that these will ward off evil. As rar as
outward observances go. the any conception of
religious; few of them have any conception or
religion in the abstract It li surprising that so
little has been said of the one great natural l |UC
of the natives, their gift for music. They na\
many fascinating native melodies, but . their
talent,- now at least. Is not so largely creative as
it Is imitative. It seems that they can learn any
of our music by ear In an incredibly short time,
and never forget it. A bandmaster of one •
our artillery regiments, who was training a na
tive orchestra, said that they played from
memory when he was obliged to use notes. an»l
that he had had no difficulty in teaching them
Wagner. They seemed to be able to understand
the spirit of the music, and in many cases to
render it with an originality and charm. In the
country there are roving bands of musicians
who play on rude instruments made Of bamboo.
They extract music from them. too. At every
regimental headquarters anywhere In the Philip
pines there is the regimental band which plays
for an hour every afternoon or evening. ¦ It is
Interesting, and almost touching, to see the
eagerness with which the natives gather around
and stand listening till the last note Is played.
Bennettsvllle. S. C, Dec. 22 (Special).— There was
a happy meeting here a few days ago between four
brothers, after a lapse of thirty-seven years. Their
last meeting was around the campftre. on a Vir
ginia battlefield.
John. Henry, Thomas and George Webster were
together as privates ln Lee's army. They went
from this town, and the adjutant of the regiment.
C. M. Weatherby, was also from here, and a close
friend of the Websters.
About Christmas time, 1863, John, who was the
forager for his mess, went in search of a distillery
which he heard was in the neighborhood. He
found the still and filled the canteens of his mess
mates with brandy, but was captured by a Union
officer while on his way to camp.
Imprisoned until the close of the war, John Web
ster found himself destitute when released. a*d
went to work ln a Western State. He tried to
communicate with his people in this county, but
received no answer, and supposed his brothers
were killed. They did not receive his letters, and
supposed him dead. A few days ago one of the
brothers, who had been in Mississppi for a number
of years, arrived in Bennettsville to spend the hol
idays with his relatives. It was while they were
enjoying a reunion dinner at the home of Thomas
Webster, with the old adjutant, Weatherby mak
ing a fourth, that there was a knock at the door,
and oi Its being opened the long absent John,
given up as dead in a Northern prison, came in.
The reunion of brothers and comrades can best
be Imagined. Then John told the story' of his cap
ture, his prison life and his wanderings for the
many years.
Cumberland. Md., Dec. 22 (Special).— Unamis will
be the name of a new town to be built in Somerset
County, Pennsylvania, near the Garrett County
(Maryland) line, within the next twelve months. A
company has already been incorporated under the
laws of Pennsylvania to establish two big facto
ries at the point, which is to be reached by a
spur of the Baltimore and Ohio, Intercepting the
main line at Confluence, Perm.. eighty-five miles
out of Plttsburg. About ten thousand acres of
hardwood forest have be?n purchased by the
projectors in Somerset County, Perm., and Garrett
County. Md.
W. W. Woods, industrial agent of the Baltimore
and Ohio, with headquarters In Baltimore, has
closed a deal with J. R. Droney, of Olcan. N. V..
representing a number of Olean and Bradford capi
talists. Mr. Droney is at the head of the Droney
Lumber Company, at Olean. and, with a number
of others, has Incorporated the J. R. Droney Lum
ber Company. The same interests manufacture
hardwood products at Olean. and the company is
preparing to go into the manufacture on a more
extensive scale at the new town, Unamis. The
new company is also having plans drawn for a
chemical works to be located at th>» new town.
The new line to reach Unamls starts from Con
fluence and runs south over the ridge east of Yough
and down White Creek to the Casselman River, in
Garrett County. Md.. tapping a region of
magnificent oak and beech timber, and rendering
available a vast deposit of coal on the Casselman.
while farmers living near the route talk of signs
of oil ln the valley. Prospectors were up the
Yough and Casselman a few years ago. and de
clared that there wa» every Indication of oil.
The Salvation Army officers are steadily perfect-
Ing their plans for the dinner for twenty-live thou
sand people in Madison So,uare Garden on Christ
mas Day and for making happy and comfortable,
for one day at least, many thousands of others by
providing them with provisions at their homes.
The funds are still far short of the amount neces
sary for the undertaking, but the Army Is not los
ing heart. Yesterday the receipts were $850 96, mak
ing the grand total $4.770 83. Among yesterday's
contributors were Colonel John Jacob Astor, who
gave $100. and Mrs. Astor. Ten thousand dollars
Is needed.
It has not been decided who will preside over the
dinner at the Garden, but at the Army dinner In
Cleveland Senator Hanna will conduct the opening
festivities, as he did last year. In all probability
the Army will feed one hundred and fifty thousand
people ln the United States on Christmas Day.
The' election of Charles W. ¦ Morse, president of
the American Ice Company, and vice-president of
the Qarfleld National Bank.. to the directory of the
New-Amsterdam Bank marks a change in the
control of the latter Institution. Frank Tllford has
been president of the bank for *-' aral years, but
at the annual meeting, on January a, he wtll re
tire, and either Mr. Morse, or some one represent
ing him, will be elected president. Mr. Tilford re
tires to give attention to other business. He ad
mits »hat Mr. Morse has acquired a controlling In
terest in the bank. Mr. Morse's holding In the stock
of the bank has been secured principally from Mr
Tllford. The capital stock of the Bank of New-
Amsterdam is $850,000. divided Into 2.500 $100 shares.
Mr. Morse's Interest is upward of 1.500 of these
shares. It Is understood. Mr. Tllford will remain a
director. • • .- - ...¦.<>
, Colonel of the Kith Regiment has ordered
his command to parade at the armory next Thurs
day night at 8:30 o'clock, for review by Brlßadler-
General George Smith. Fifth Brigade. Captatn
Haran la detailed as officer of the day and Lieu
tenant Mescal as officer of the guard.
San Francisco. Dec. ill— Some sensational
correspondent sent out last week from LO3
Angeles a dispatch to the East which said that
a tidal wave and storm had swept over Saa
Francisco and done great damage. The only
ground for such a report was the violent storm
of wind and rain which cut San Francisco off
from telegraphic communication with the out
side world for several hours. The storm was
noteworthy only in the fact that the lightning
here Is harmless "sheet lightning 1 The slorm
together with heavy rains this week, did an im
mense amount of good throughout the State
especially in the southern counties. The rainfall
Is still below normal, but these two heavy rains
will swell the streams and fill the irrigating
ditches. . "*
The valuable collection of Philippine curios
gathered by the late Colonel Victor Duboce, of
the Ist California Volunteers, will be added next
week to the Golden Gate Park Museum. It Is a
complete collection of weapons, baskets, foods.
domestic utensils, curios of manufacture and
historic relics. The collection is given by Colonel
Duboce'3 widow.
There is promise of a lively fight between the
Pacific Mail and the Panama Railroad Company
over freight on this coast. The Pacific Mall will
put on four steamers at once, and carry coffee
from Central America to Guaymas, where It will
be put on the railroad which connects with the
Southern Pacific for the East. This move is to
bar out the Panama Railroad from the large -'.
coffee trade which formerly went across by the
railroad and was handled on the Atlantic sMa
by the railroad steamers. . This action is due to
the Panama Railroad putting on a new line of
steamers between this city and Panama, which
has cut heavily into the Pacific Mail business.
These new steamers make the run from here
to the isthmus in thirteen days.
At the coming conference of the Associated
Charities and Corrections, a strong effort will
be made to organize a State Board of Charities '_
on the New- York plan. A bill will be framed,
under the guidance of Hastings H. Hart, secre
tary of the National Conference of Charities.
and it is expected that the Legislature will .
adopt it.
General Manager Kruttschnitt and Vice-.
President Stubbs will meet Charles M. Hays. '
the new president of the Southern Pacific Com
pany, at . New-Orleans, and will escort him to
San Francisco. The business men of Los An
geles will give the new president a big recep
tion, and the Manufacturers' and Producers*
Association of San Francisco will give a dinner
in his honor early in January.
• A meeting is called for this evening at the
Palace Hotel, to consider the needs of the Uni
versity of California, whose income is not suffi
cient to meet the demands of the increased at
tendance. There are three thousand students *
at the university now. which makes it second in
the country in attendance, while its income is
only half that of Leland Stanford. Jr., Univer
sity, which has only fifteen hundred students. ;
The trustees of Berkeley, which is th college
town of the University of California, voted thi3
week to repeal the prohibition law which has
been in force there for several years. This ac
tion was taken against the protests of a very
strong prohibition constituency, including many
officers of the university, who wished to keep
the town free from saloons and the disreputable
crowd that they always attract.
"Tod" Sloan arrived hero this week, with his
many trunks of gorgeous raiment, but he did
not seem in a happy mood, though he wished to
impress upon every one that he had not been
ruled off English tracks. He expressed . great .
surprise over the action of the stewards at tho *.-.
California Jockey Club in issuing the notice that \* ".
he could not ride on their track. a» he said no
other American club had taken such a stand.
There is not much doubt that except for this
order he would have ridden here in order to .
establish a precedent and prevent the Eastern
tracks. from ruling him off.
Edward Corrigan, the turfman, who first in- .
duced the large Eastern stables to come out to
California for winter racing, proposes to try a
novel experiments in racing in England. His
hcrses heretofore have been much influenced by
the change of climate and of diet, so he will
ship from here to England California hay, such •"
as his horses are used to. This will cost $30 a
ton. but he believes it will pay in the superior
condition of his horses, whose track perform- * ;
ances in England have never equalled their work
in this country. Nine horses will probably start
next week. Among them are Corsine and Sar
dine and seven promising two-year-olds.
The death of Paul Julius Antoine. the French
Vice-Consul, who shot himself because of the
persecution of a woman whom he had married, ¦
was much deplored here, where he was popular.
Antoine -came of a good family in France,, hut
he was induced by the persuasions of a woman ,
with whom he had sustained intimate relations
for several years to marry her. Then she made
his life wretched by demands that he recognize
her as his wife, which he could not grant with
out loss of official and social position. Finally, -
goaded by her tormenting, he ended his life. •
Frederick "Warde played this week to fair
houses at the Columbia Theatre in "The Duke's
Jester." The comment of critics was that he
was better in this than in anything else that he
has yet done.
From The London Mail.
It is frequently stated in conversation nowaday*
that Lord Roberts on his return will be sure to get
the freedom of the City of London, but the fact is
generally overlooked that •Bobs" has already re
ceived that honor, and cannot set it again.-
It is interesting to note that if at any time Lord
Roberts becomes a poor man his freedom of the
City of London would procure for him a home in.
the almshouses. and similar provision for hi- wtdow
and educational advantages for his daughters.
That "Bobs'" will ever require these privileges la.
of course, out of the question, but some of the
City Imperial Volunteers ami their friends may
find these advantages of service later In life.
Lord Roberts is also a freeman of the city of
Dundee. The honor was conferred on November 23.
1893. and it loss without saying that he wai mad©
a freeman of the first class. "Bob*" is hardly likely
to avail himself of the privilege Dundee confer*
upon all freemen, via., the power of bringing prod
uce and disposing of the same within the "Ancient
Royalty of the City of Dundee", without having to
pay any petty customs dues. That Lord. Roberta
was much amused when he learned that he couM
be a Dundee salesman without any taxes of any
kind can be readily imagined.
' Waterford also favored "Bobs" that same year.
and as the Irish city in question is the home of
his family Lord Roberts accepted the honor with
special pleasure. The old "French Church." which
is the burial place of his family, is about to be
restored as a memorial to a distinguished Irishman
and citizen of Waterford— an object which is sure
to meet with the approval of the Coznmander-tn
"Bobs" is also a burgess and guild brother of Ed
inburgh—the highest honor that the Scotch capital
can offer. It confers no special privileges, and the
name Is also true of another Scotch town, the
Royal Burgh of Wick, which put Lord Roberts on
the burgess roll on October 3. 1895. Glasgow. Inver
ness and Dunbar can also number Lord Roberts
among the most distinguished of their citizens.
. Cardiff makes a point of conferring the freedom
of Its town upon well known men. and Lord Rob
erts shares the honor, among others, with the
Prince of Wales and Lord Kitchener. The act
which enables boroughs to honor public men.
known as "the Honorary Freedom of Boroughs
Act." was passed In 1886. The clauses of the meas
ure do not reveal any advantages apart from the
honor offered by the town. In accordance with the
provisions of this measure. Bristol. Newcastle-on-
Tyne and Chesterfield have made Lord Roberts a
freeman of their respective localities, the latter
town giving the dignity hen Lord Roberta opened
the local drill hall.
What towns will wish to honor Lord Roberta
at the close of the war remains to be seen.- but
"Bobs'* will doubtless be asked by many big cities
to enroll his name on their list of citizens. The
Prince of Wales holds th* "freedom record." If one
can use, such a term, up to the present, ant! Lord
Roberts cornea second, and he accomplished this
feat Wore the war in South •Africa. • If "Bobs" is
only willing he will doubtless be able to surpass the
Prince within a few weeks of his return. If aa
cepts all tho "freedoms" that will be offered.

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