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TROPIC FRUIT PRKBBRVBD.
A NEW INDUSTRY FOUND IN AN EVAP ORATING PROCESS RECENTLY PERFECTED. The decline of the tropical regions of America •»•• of late years lieen a fruitful topic of discus sion. Well provided as the public has been with statistics as to the condition of those once fa vored countries, no one who has not seen with hi* eyes the present state of affairs can fully realize the change. In a land where nature Is so prodigal that almost the casual thrusting of a branch into the earth insures a tree, desola tion and poverty are everywhere found. The reason is plain enough; it is only the remedy that has remained a problem. The products of the tropics are fruits, and the exportation of these involves a greater risk and a larger knowledge of the subject than has been at the command of these countries. On every side there is a waste of food fairly maddening to the student of economics; but how to utilize this superabundance, how to convey it In proper shape to the millions who win only a bare sus tenance from overworked soils in other coun tries, is the great and hitherto unsolved prob lem. ; The solution now suggested is one which has the sanction of Australia, and this means more than appears on the surface. Whether it be be cause Australia has fewer lives to care' for and finds them more precious, or because the au thorities have less to do, cannot be now debated; but the fact is that Australians are not permit ted to poison themselves with adulterated food, as is the glorious privilege of free citizens in this country. The Government watches with a never sleeping eye the food which supplies the tables of the people. When, therefore, the Aus tralian Government indorses a process and gives it medals galore, it means that science has set her seal on it. The system of fruit preservation which is now being introduced into the West Indies and Central America has for some years been successfully tried in the countries of Aus tralasia. The new system is one of evaporation, but the process differs from others in that it is quickly done and insures absolute cleanliness. The fruit and vegetables are not dried on the ground for days together, like figs, prunes and similar pre serves. Five or six hours is all that is required Is change fresh fruit into an article which will keep for months and years, and still preserve the original flavor — in some cases actually im prove it. It is not, however, so much the me chanical process as the effect on the tropics which interests the ordinary observer, and it is In this direction that it is at present being de veloped. There is no fruit in the world so easy and cheap to raise as the banana, or which contains more nutriment and can be served in a greater variety of ways. Yet there is no fruit which is so carelessly exported and the general value of which is so little understood. The banana is th •• main object of attack under the new evap oration system. The exporting companies use only the largest bananas, and every year thou sands and thousands of hunches rot on the plan tations in the tropics. The new evaporation process takes these smaller bananas and makes them into a dozen different marketable com modities. There is banana flour, to begin with, a delicacy which is used for the making of cakes, fritters and the like. There is banana prepared as a substitute (an excellent one) for citron and raisins in fruit cake. It also makes a delightful preserve not unlike and quite as delicate as figs and prunes. Banana butter is another product; this is a sort of jam, which is not unknown in tropical countries as a great delicacy rather difficult to make by the old fashioned process. All these products can now be marketed at a small cost. Th« machinery is not elaborate, and the original cost of the fruit is almost nothing. It is estimated that the banana butter, for instance, can be put on the European market and sold there at less than half the price of any native condiment. To the poor of Europe, whose list of delicacies is so limited, this will be no small blessing. The banana Is not the only tropical fruit which la being treated by the new process. Any one who has lived in tropical countries knows that th negroes who are out of the track of civiliza tion make from the cassava a kind of flour which is extremely wholesome and cheap. This la also being put up for exportation. The ex trt-mely nutritious okra (the value of which is fally realized in the tropics, where it Is con stantly used as a food for invalids) is being prepared in quantities for exportation. In its canned form the okra necessarily fails to retain all its value as a food, but the evaporated vege table lias been proved by analysis to contain all the nutriment. The man who makes okra soup a standard food among the poor of any country is bestowing a permanent l»eneflt. Sweet i»o tato flour is also made for exportation. The British Government is just now unusually keen as to the condition of its West Indian pos sessions. Am long as fruit is the chief product II I LSI KA II I) SliMMi >S i NI . Sunday. i>i;n:.MKi:K -s.\. mini. of those countries, and as long as old methods of exportation prevail, so lons will the decline of the West Indies continue. Once save the enormous waste by finding a market for the in numerable products of the South, and the islands will regain their old prestige. The Government of Jamaica has been interested in the evapora tion question, and a favorable outcome seems probable. In Central America the process is now fully appreciated. Frpm Santa Tomas. Guatemala, the British army is now receiving supplies of evaporated food. The republics of Central America have all indorsed the process and are beginning to experiment on their own account. From a trade point of view the inno vation is important. Fruit authorities think THE BEADING BOOM. SBW-YORK INIVKKSITY ÜBKAKY. that it is likely to revolutionize the tropical fruit trade. Be this as it may, there is great in terest in watching the attempt to give to dwell ers in the comparatively unproductive North some of the blessings of the prodigal South. TABLE TENNIS. HI'LKS OF TLAY FOR THE NKW INIM>OR GAME. AI^SO CALLED POMPOM." Table tennis is the name of a new game which was introduced in England a short time ago. and has already become one of the most popu lar of indoor amusements. It is the came of lawn tennis in miniature, played on an or dinary dining table. The net is a tiny one, made of gauxe stretched between two uprights, which rest on a bar laid across the table. The balls are made of the thinnest kind of pyroxyline ma terial, and are consequently very light. The racquet has a slender handle and a blade with a frame about one-half inch thick, which Is cov ered on both sides with thin drumhead Material. The play and counting are practically the satn<? as in lawn tennis, but, according to the rules, '•the player serving must not put his racquet over the table nor have it above his wrist." That is, he must serve underhand and never over hand, but after service he may hit the ball as he likes, but he most not volley. The contact of the light ball with the drum head racquet produces a pleasant sound, and because of this sound th(» game received the name "pompom." Among the rules for playing the game are the following: No faults are allowed: if a fault is served. that is, the ball does not go over the net or goes off the table without touching the opposite side to the server, a |M>int is counted to the non server. If the net is touched by the l»all. and the ball goes over, and otherwise the service is correct, it is a let. and counU nothing to either side. If a volley is taken a point is counted against the person roUeytas- I.WSHOUM.'S I'Ehl.F.li WrHsTOll. THK lU:M.\KK.\ItI.K POtnCDKB "I" A IJR" -I KS*l- L.ISII Hul SK From The London Chronicle. Though he is one of the richest nea in Par liament, and has a house in Park Lane worth a fabulous sum, the new Foreign Secretary is, or ought to be. a man of stron ; human sympa thies. He owes his title and estates to a pedler. who was so poor that he lived in Paris for three weeks entirely on walnuts. Managing to earn an honest penny, he took out a patent for a letter copying machine, wrote on art and sci ence, practised chemistry and physics, sum moned the first meeting of the Royal Society at his lodgings, was appointed an army physician, invented a double bottomed ship to sail against wind and tide, founded iron works and opened l^ad mines, began a fishery and timber trade, and left a fortune to his sons. Such was the founder of the house of Lansdowne. Whether his podl^r ancestor's will has influ enced lAird Lansdowne in taking the Foreign Secretaryship or not we do not know, but in a remarkable will thai he Jeft behind the founder of the house conjured all his successors to "labor in public works" at their peril. "As for legacies for the poor." said the testator. "I am at a stand; as for beggars !•>' trade and election. I give them nothins: as for impotents by the hand of God. the public ought to maintain them; as for those who have been bred t.> no calling nor estate, they should be put upon their kindred; . . . wherefore I am contented that I have assisted all my poor relations, and put many into a way of fretting their own bread; have la bored in public works, and by inventions have sought out r.-al objects of charity, and 1 do hereby conjure all who partake of my estate, from time to time, to do the same at their peril. Nevertheless, to answer custom, and to take the -idler side, I give £38 to the most wanting of the parish wherein I die." ROXAPARTE PRINCES is ENGLAND. From Th • London Chronicle. It is announced that the heads of the House of Bonaparte. Prince Victor Napoleon and Prince Louis Napoleon, of the Russian army, :>re in England visiting the Empress Eugenic at Farnborough These princes are thirty-eight and thirty-six years old respectively, and both are bachelors. This is doubtless due to their position as Pretenders; a Pretender cannot af ford to make a bad match, and exalted ladies look askance on a Pretender he arrives. Napoleon 111 did not marry until he had at tained the throne and the age of forty-four. With the late Prince Jerome Napoleon and his cnildren Bonapartism assumed a new phase, as they are connected with the old reigning fami lies of Europe, which no other branch of the family was. The princes now in England are lescehded from a sister of George 111. and there lore from our Stuarts Tudors and Planiagenets. from the Kings of Italy and Wiirtemberg. and are. in fact, cousins of nearly every reigning monarch. A S( I'KIJB NKW LIBRARY. THAT OF NEW-YORK UNIVERSITY ON MORRIS HEIGHTS COMPLETED. New-York University, to which. in its new home on Morris Heights, so much public at tention has lan ly been attracted by the pro jected Hall of Fame, has now brought the mag nificent work of its great library almost to com pletion. Except for the placing of a few table* and chairs and the installation of the electric lighting apparatus, the whole library bßtldtlM may be considered as ready for the uses for which it is destined. It is true that the number of volumes actually stored in the various w.i.l shelves, stackrooms and seminars does not ex ceed thirty-seven thousand, but the process if tilling all these spaces to their almost capacity of one million volumes must, of course, he re garded as something to be left to the eaterprlsa of future generations. Even in this age of enormous educational un dertakings, the erection of a library building to store and provide facilities for the use of one million volumes is no small affair. The govern ing body of the university has realized this. as. 1 through Stanford White, the architect, ha* given adequate aesthetic expression to the dii; nity of the work. The library building ta octagonal in its general plan, the reading room forming a circular space about which the other rooms are arranged symmetrically and with ad mirably compact effect. This circular readiri : room is approached from the entrance to th* building by a magnificent flight of steps con structed and walled in Indian i limestone, th effect enriched by panels of veined Italian mar ble. The room itself is seventy-three feet hhjh, measuring from the floor to the inner skylight >f the dome. Sixteen columns of dark green Con nemara marble, with composite capitals in white, support the inner entablature. The li ameter of the room, measured from the centres of these great columns, is seventy -three feet. and the shafts themselves are three feet tiv<* Inches in thickness at their bases. This leaves a further between the columns and th« wall from the top of which the semicircula; __ dome springs. This wall te filled alternately with the shelves of the reference library and smaller columns and doors in bronze, with * fine green patina, extending to the height of th(» first small gailery overhead. A circulat light, flush with the tesselated pavement of the room, about fifteen feet in diameter, covers the centre of the room, and transmits the daylight from the dome to the auditorium, which occu pies the floor below tht reading room. The gen eral effect of reposeful richness and solidity pro duced by the combination of subdued greens in the structural marble and bronze work of the room is relieved by the dead white of the domed ceiling and its entablature, and by » liberal use of bold Roman lettering in inscrip tions and many great names of literature ap plied on the panellings beneath the bookcase.*. The lower entablature above the great volumna bears in bronze letters on a ground of greea "favrile" mosaic the words from Milton's invoca tion in "Paradise Lost": "And chiefly, Thou, <) Spirit, that dost prefer before all temples th» uprisht heart and pure, instruct me; for Thow knowest. What in me is dark, illumine; what U ' low. raise and support." On the higher entabla ture is an inscription from the Book of Joh The loan desk, where students have books le livered to them for outside use. bears on it* I front a gigantic bronze tablet with the salutary | admonition of Seneca. "Multoque satius esl I paucis te anrtorlbu tradere guam per multoa | errare" <"It is much better to give yourself >ver to a few authors than to wander about over many"). Everything in the arrangement of the reading | room is studiously designed for the attainment 1 of the highest possible practical efficiency in re gard to its primary purpose, so that, in spite of all the splendor of effect, one cannot forget that ! the place is. first and foremost, an intellectual ' workshop. This idea is carried out even to th« ! furnishing of rubber tips to the legs of the ! chairs to prevent screeching, and the require* 1 mt-nt that the library attendants shall weac rubber heeled shoes. It is seen elsewhere in th« subsidiary apartments. The librarian's office. • splendid example of joiner's work in white ma» hogany, and th° chancellor's private room, with oiled maple floor and San Domingo mahogany panelled wainscoting both represent the last development of progress in material aptitude for their purposes. The amphitheatre arrangement of seats in the auditorium, which occupies the space below the reading room, and the seats themselves are models of comfort. Of the floors above the mala floor, extending around the great central space of the reading room, the first gives access to a smaller gallery provided with shelves, while the rest of its apace is utilized tor stackrooms. where some of the difference between thirty seven thousand and one million volumes will eventually be stored. Above this, again is an* other floor communicating with a second gallery and containing, besides other stackrooms. a number of rooms to be devoted to the special study of diilcreut subjects, each subject or d>