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New-York tribune. (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, December 23, 1900, Image 6

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To the Tanke*— fit* genuine "Down Easter"—
is no day In the" year which he" feels It more ln
eumbent upon him to celebrate than December 22.
On that day in 1630 the Pilgrim Fathers first set
foot on Plymouth Rock.- Hard by rod© th* good
•hip Mayflower. No New-Englander worthy of his
name and tradition would permit the day to pass
without BMlrlnf of It an occasion for joy and ka
il this city the day Is always fittingly observed
Hr the New-England Society with a dinner, which.
In obedience to the spirit which sways the son of
New-England upon this day of days. Is called a
festival. It has been said by come one that the
metropolis Is road* up of liberal .-s.mrles of th*
beat brains and energy of the rest of the country.
New-England. Judging by the men who were pres
ent at last night's dinner, has contributed largely
to th* re.-'ources from which the Empire City Is
enriched and developed.
i Around the tables were seated men wbote name?
betoken all that Is highest and most Influential
n finance, commerce and the profesrlons.
The New-England Society 1* nearing Its centen
nial. Last night* festival was th* ninety-flfth In
Its history. It was no less brilliant and elaborate
than th* dinners of previous years. Nearly live
hundred members took part at the festival, while
the •alteri** of th* targe ballroom of the Waldorf-
Astoria, where the dinner was laid, were filled with
handsomely attired women, who came to listen to
the oratorical part of the feast.
About the walls were hung banners of the States,
while above all was the American flag, twined
about the porticos and celling in many different
forma. Nor was the approach of Christmas for
rotten. for Tuletlde greens climbed the walls and
rosstle4 with fimllax and with the blooms with
watch the tables were bowered.
¦•Mad the speaker* table, growing apparently
from the field of the farm, were large clusters of
wheat, and, to typify further the Industry and
agricultural pursuits of the Pilgrims, old fashioned
wooden rakes find antiquated Iron hoe* were
¦tacked against th« wheat sheaves.-
WlJllam E. Dodge presided, and with him at the
¦Swatter*' table were seated Senator Albert J. Be.v
«rld^e, President Arthur Twining Hadley of Yale
University, Professor Woodrow Wilson, of Prince
ton University. St. fair MrKeiway. the Rev. Dr.
MalthU D. Babcock. Lieutenant-General Nelson A.
Miles. Major-General John R. Brooke, Rear-Ad
inlral Albert S. Barker. George Gray Ward, presi
dent of St. George's Society; Judge James A. O'Gor
man. president of the Society of the Friendly Sons
«»f St. Patrick; Frederic De Peyster Foster, presi
dent of the St. Nicholas Society; Jullnn T. Da vies,
president of St. David's Society; Jame* McKeen,
president of the New-England Society of Brooklyn;
Morris P. Ferris, secretary of the Society of the
Sons of the Revolution; Milton I. Southard, presi
dent of the Ohio Society: Hob. B. Roosevelt,
president of the Society of the Sons of the Ameri
can Revolution; Frederic J. De Peyster, governor
**neral of the Society of Colonial Wars and presi
dent of the HuKuenot Society; John T. Terry, gov
ernor of the Society of the Mayflower Descendants;
Daniel F. AppWon, General Stewart L. Woodford,
Horace Russell, J. Pierpont Morgan. ex-Judge
Henry E. Howland and Henry L. Stoddard.
Among other guests and members who formed
th* large company were:
Henry B. Pierce, , r. P. Williams
William F. M.r lUe. W. <3. Roftworth.
James M. OUTord, j John Elderkla,
{•"' Steam*. Henry T. Sloane.
William r. Havtmeyer. Jctm I. Raymond.
• 'a.Miuf M. Wicker. ! «}. i«. Sheple/.
Oorre F. Hod small. John .T. Sinclair,
Walter I- <Joodmln, Charlt-B T. Cook.
J»mo« W. aj.,.1. ton. Th" K#v, D S. lUr\v-y,
James K. Bro4h»ad, ' ; <"or<'»lliui H. Ha&ett •
Anson .; - Mnrook, : Janob'H. Schlff. '
William Bmokfield, Bdnarj D. Adam*
Rear-Admiral J. HL fp- Edwin W. <-o g»Fh'alL
.*<"¦¦ i Herbert B. Turner.
£*n Vonrn, ,, r John P. Slnnn.
wl'Marr. Church Osborn, K* -Speaker Tliomaa B.
Cleveland It. Dodge, Reed
John H. Wallace, ' Si»..urney W. Fay
Dsjiiel Baron. ! dStmum W. Bower
ii- A ' ' hh * f>maß - • John 11. Ftarin.
Dr. 2v. P. ManS '- BiKhop O. Worthing™,
Dr. Thoma» A. Fleten-r, i ,T. 4>]«ar.l Simmons.
K»mu-I T . h L' ni **- J '' - R. Van former,
is/'i. m ™ er \ J - Alfred Van Kantvocrd.
Frank ff. mark. : Morris K. Jenujj.
l?" I ",^ li?m1 i? mo "<- Charl«t W. Mow,
Marr»)lmi Hartler. , Athbrl P. Ftt^h
w e L S, n N " rd '" r: - ¦ Henry 11. Barnard.
W. H Baldwin. Jr. William Knox.
V*' 1 " I" ,T, Tl *"'- Franrli I.ynd* Stetson.
l>r. John H. Walkfr. John Stanton.
IV va 'f ""ii" £ Banss - William V. RoTre.
Ifl Xl"* 1 V, .1. Bvart. Tracy.
' Jr. A. Palmer Dudley. M. H. Mullen-/
?JI "» *?; Dodpr - "• Sahara ParVer.
•• «-" B. Benetfl«»t. Chart** H. lahnm.
' !!•- w - ,""'¦ Bertram H. Bori*
, /•*¦ '""?""• OSS*** Brai^rd,
' ••e«r»* . L n?n ?' ch »>»* r . James Stokes,
I> u H \7 ri * il - " >rank U "*»•
r, V « ¦* dar ' li ' ¦*«« E. Thomas
tLZ{, M niUtachsjß, Robert C d«n.
55*? J" I*'*- J'hineas C. I^ounf.burr.
P-dwart E. Poor, P.act«i. B. Ransom.
.1 H»r,*r Poor. r. A . C. Smith.
ft!-nr> ¦' Hotchki*,. John K. Cllley.
• H^V% F o^r. Seth M. Mitllken,
The arrangement* for the dinner were admirably
«-arrled out by a committee consisting of Edmund
r . SteiJman, George H. Robinson. Thomas H. Hub
hard. Howland Davis and Austin B. Fletcher. The
e*owiitt*e was aided in Its work by George Wilson,
secretary of the society.
It wa« shortly after • o* clock when Mr. Dodge
rose to begin the oratory of the evening. By this
time the boxes In the galleries were filled and th*
Sowers whi"h had decorated the tables had been
carried by tbe waiters to adorn the fronts of the
****«•• The whole scene was one of extreme bright
»•*• and animation. In the course of his opening
•4<3re*s Mr. Dodge said:
This U our i.lnety-flfth anniversary. As a society
we are old In yearn, but we nre young and vigorous
Mill. Thone who were Its founders and those who
follow them have pa*«ed an ay. The brilliant
array of famous and great men who won and In
terested them by their wit and eloquence have
rone, I tit our numbers have always kept full, and
*• cave always been able to find, .it we have to
ntsbt, those who are honored by the country and
th* world, and who or* glad to come to us and to
Rive us their wisdom and their wit and their lights
- There to one cad «nd tender note that we must
•touch to-night as a society. During the year we
nave lost very many of our member*. The cad roll
was read to those of you who were at the annual
meeting last week. Among our honorary members
Dr. Btorr*. of Brooklyn, has been taken away— an
eloQuent preacher, a scholar of the highest charac
tar, a patriot so sincere and devoted and telf-sacrl
flclng as to be an example to us all; a citizen of
eplendld quality, and a model Christian gentleman.
Oorman M. Eaton r.as been taken away in the
year. Tho*e of us who knew him loved him. rec
ornliing in him the rplentlld qualities of a Roman
citizen, absolutely un*elfigh. devoted to the coun
try, the father almost of Civil Service reform and
Its promoter through so many years, and the mas
ter of municipal government law. And good, sturdy
«a Mayor Strong— simple »oul. how much we loved
him and respected him. and what an Influence for
pood he »v upon the town! And then. Collls P
; HUBttagtm: who was always at these dinners— how
much be did . for the development of our great
«e«tern world! And there were others, physicians
¦ and lawyers— physician? like Dr. Noyes and Pr
Lincoln. But I have not the time and this Is not
the place to speak of the**.
Within the last few days one has been taken
Irom us who. perhaps, wan closer to the great
majority of us than any one else— our former nraal
4*at and dearly loved friend. Charles C. Ben man
w* all remember his genial presencr. a gentle,
ftrocvg man. high ana distinguished as a lawyer.
hateful in everything, modest and useful, and so
Cental, with such sweet humor and such delightful
I presence, that we all grew to love him.
Our year has been a very fortunate one as a bo
slety. Our number* have kept more than full.
Our coffer* are- overflowing. Our charity work has
been *«ft interesting but very small. Do you
£,Oo,Tf', Oo ,Tf' iT« n V 1 ' Inen V "J." one of the inUr*sUng things
m the history it thin society that the thrift and
economy and quality of N'ew-Enirland has so told
vpon our membership that It is the rarest thine
for a man to be taken away and to leave bis family
where II needs any Jjelp o» caie?
After the health of th« President had been drunk,
with the whole company standing and to the ac
romp*r.!*rent of "The Star Spangled Banner." Pre »•
Went Arthur T. Hadley of Vale fnlverslty. whose
them* »n "Forefathers' Day." paid:
Men are aiwaya divided more or lets clearly Into
two typ*t-tboge who r«eogn!ze thU character of
IWe•* atr •¦' and those who fail to recogn l- it
But not la all are* and ln all countries dV« the
eutlncuon t'tw^en the two types manliest "—" —
•burly in historic action. For often the range of
rW.b.« Interest la so small, and the conduct of life
*o bound down hy convention!, that the man who
would pursue pleasure find* no opportunity for
s«v*utur«. nor ooe tha man -who is ready to accent
large truau find occasion for their exercUe.
But la England, at the beginning of the seven
t*«nta century the discovery of new worlds abroad
and the development of mow problems at home
gave opportunity for this divergence of character
to r h, « itself to the utmost. The explorer who
Journeyed for adventure or for pain was differ
entiated from him who Journeyed for rreedom f
*ak* The. citizen who wai reads to seek his lv.lest
enjoyment 'in the old .pcrtltlcal order was separated
from him who would hazard that enjoyment for
the «aka Of what he believed to be eternal prin
ciple* of human government. It was because Eng
land had men of the latter type that her subsequent
prog-res* as a free nation has been realized, It
was the Puritan who, by subjecting his power and
his love of life to *>eu-lmpose.d restraint?, mads
freedom possible iii two hemispheres.
Once more we are come to a similar parting of the
ways. The close of the nineteenth century has
witnessed an extension of the geographical boun
daries of men's Interests comparable only to that
which came three hundred years earlier in the days
of Queen Elizabeth. It 1- for the next generation
to decide how these new fields shall be occupied.
Shall It be to gratify ambition, commercial and
political? Or shall It be to exercise a trust which
has been given us for the advancement of tin ,
human race? Shall w« enter upon our new pos
sessions In the fplrlt of the adventurer or In the
spirit of tho Puritan? The conflict between these
two %ieiT3 will he the really Important Issue in the
complex mare of international relations during the
half century which is to come. The outcome of
this conflict is likely to determine the course of tho
world's history for age» thereafter.
Nor Is it ln International politics and In problems
Of colonization alone that this Issue is arising, be
tween those who. re/ran! the world as a field for
pleasure and thai who regard it a* a place for the
exercise of a trust. The development of modern
Industry has placed the alternative even more
JSinrplv before us In the ordering of our life at
home. " The day is past when the automatic action
of pelMnterest could be trusted to regulate price?,
or when a few simple principles of commercial law,
if properly applied, secured the exercise of justice
in matter* of trade. The growth of large Industries
and of large fortunes enables those who use them
rtghtlv to do the public much better service than
was possible In ape? previous. It also permits those
who use them wrongly to render the public corre
spondingly greater injury. So system of legislation
I? likely to meet this .Ilfflculty. The outcome de
pend* on the character of the people. t I* °">* bU!*i
ness to be dominated by the spirit of the ad
venturer or by the spirit of the Puritan? Shall we
regard wealth an a mean* of enjoyment and com
mercial rower as a plaything to be used in a game
of personal ambition, or shall we treat the fortunes
which come Into our hands a* a trust to be exer
cised for the benefit of the people, rigidly abstain- :
ing from its abuse ourselves and unsparingly re
fusing to associate with others who abuse It.
We have no right to sit here this evening and ,
commemorate our descent from the Pilprim j
Fathers If we have any doubts concerning -our !
answer. Let us throw ourselves heart and soul on
that side of the industrial question which proves
us worthy of Puritan aneestry-the side which ;
regards wealth as a trust to be used In behalf of
th« whole people and In the furtherance of the
purposes of nod* government. -„•__ it c »if !
Abroad and at home the issue Is defining '^eir. •
We have the chance to prove whence we fPrang.
Wo cannot add to the glory of those whose deeds ,
we celebrate; but we can help to carry their I work
one historic step further toward th *<* om P l ™:
ment. In th« words of Abraham Lincoln l no less
appropriate now than In the day when the> were ;
first spoken at Gettysburg: _,„* »,«v. !
"It Is for us to be dedicated to the great task .
remaining before us: that from theee honored dead i
we take increased devotion to that cause to which :
they pave the last measure of devotion, not have
here highly resolve that these dead shall not have
died in vain: that this Nation, «n«« ' ?•»
have a new birth of freedom: that gownment or
th« people, by the people »nd for th« people shall \
not perish from the earth. '
"Gentlemen." said the president after the ap- j
plause for President Hadleys speech had subsided i
•'we thank God that one of the old universities of ;
New-England ring* true to-day." He then read a i
letter of greeting from the New-England Society
of Orange, which dined last night at Orange, and
introduced as the next speaker Professor Wood
row Wilson, on "The Puritan Example In Letters
and Affairs."
Professor Wilson began his speech by remarking
that It was "a whimsical fortune that a Scotch-
Irishman should be brought here to contribute to
the New-England dinner."
"The Scotch-Irishman Is not fond of contrib
uting." he said, and then continued with a running
lire of sallies at New-England and stories which
kept his hearers ln shouts of laughter. He contin
ued in part as follows:
When I look at the character of those Puritan
men it seems to me that they stood for one single
principle— very splendid principle. I allow you,
but nevertheless It was for the principle of discip
line, of order, of polity; it was for the discipline
that pulls in harness; it was for subjection to au
thority; it was for crucifixion of the things which
did not comport with a fixed and rigid creed. These
men stood for the discipline of life. They did not
stand for the quick pulses which have operated
In some of the most momentous things that have
taken Dlace on this continent, but they stood for
those lessons of duty which they read out of a
Bible, interpreted in the light of a Calvlnlstlc creed
cut ln a definite pattern, not allowing elasticity of
interpretation, and forcing men to settle In differ
ent parts of New-England, because If they differed
with each .'they had to go and live some
where else, and they could not continue to live
with each other.
St. Clalr McKelway spoke on "The New-England
Spirit in Press and Pulpit?" "What was the New-
England spirit?" he asked at the opening of his
address, and proceeding to answer the question, he
explained that on Its mental side It stood for In
quiry and reason, and on Its moral side it stood
for conscience. Continuing, he said:
We pay tribute to-night to those who dared
distance, desolation. danger and death for an idea
certain of eternal life. A credit they to the race
Benefactors they to all the times to come. If we
endow them with qualities they did not know they
had. we do not exaggerate. They knew that under
them were the Everlasting Arms. That sufficed
for them. They did not know that the Arms would
lift them to endless fame as builders of Church and
State. That concerned them not. For them was
duty. Not for them were consequences, even though
one Of them were deathless distinction. That was
a* the Master pleased. - - ¦ :
Cau the old spirit be maintained without the old
incentives? Persecution was a spur. Persecution
is no more. It has dropped into oblivion from the
cold heel of dead power. Hope was the inspiration.
I'Ut hope has changed to full fruition. Opportunity
was the search, but It has been found and Is now
an heirloom. The wand that beckoned is now a
pointer to monumental achievements. The begin
ning was on lines of most resistance. Life now
moves on lines of the least. Adversity was the
brother of the Pilgrim. Prosperity is the heritage
and boast of his descendant. Can the old tire be
kept alive under the new facts?
For answer, let us see what Pilgrim land has
come to be. It Is the safe and free home? of all
faltha. instead of the preserve of one. Far better
that than any monopoly of belief or worship. Puri
tanism Itself has divided into orthodox and liberal
theology. Jonathan Edwards Is not alone In the
temple of fame, here— or hereafter. William Ellery
Clutnnlng nudges and neighbors him here— and;
there! By gunners many the propositions each
espoused kept up a terrific bombardment through
the centuries. But with those who accent Godhood
and with those who accent manhood, the Maker of
both, let none doubt. is equally well pleased. lit
both was the New-England spirit— the conscience
in and under things for nations and for men. And ;
to-day there Is no slavery under the heavens, be
neath the Stars and Stripes, or the Cross of St. '
George. And It was. the Puritan-Pilgrim conscience
which, by abolishing It In Its own domain, abolished
It everywhere else. Under the new facts burns the
old fire.
We must see that th« old spirit becomes not a
mere tradition. The old order nas changed, giving
place unto the new. but the old spirit In the new
order must be the salvation of the times that are
and of those that are to be. When the spirit was
born here poverty was universal. That made sim
plicity obligatory- Then plain living was a neces
sity. Was high thinking a product of it or a protest
against it? We might differ about that. But we
cannot differ on the fact that high living carries
in It the temptation to sordid thinking. Against
that we must ret ourselves. For spiritual thinking,
altruistic thinking, will be the best antidote to
plutocratic politics, to smooth pulpiteering, to a
journalism of polished heartlessnes*. to a time
serving art. to & diabolical or decadent literature,
and to an attitude of. education toward money as
cringing as that of authorship In not remote
centuries to titled ignorance or to Illiterate power.
The old New-England spirit of conscience can In
prvas and pulpit Introduce high thinklrrg~lnto con
ditions o: complex life, as competitive as complex,
and nothing else can so well Introduce It. Happily
that kind of Journalism Is best respected and that
kind of preaching is most potential. Neither may
be temporarily the most current, but all the forces
of right and of true Interest are on the side of such
Journalism and of such preaching. Let the best
readers prefer the be.st Journalism and the best
hearers encourage the best preaching and the New-
England idea of conscience In conduct and In char
acter for nations nnd for men will continue to bo
dominant in the America which has long been th«
wonder and the hope and which is now the. leader
of the world.
In closing he referred to the present expansion
of the United States and asked that present facts
be looked upon in the light, not of the past, but of
the present. He said:
When you reflect that Washington wrote his fare
well address to something over three million people
to whom he was, If bis letters are. to be believed.
very willing to »ay good by. and if that letter
meant, as It would seem to have meant. "I want
you to dlKClpllne yourselves and stay still and be,
food boys until you grow up. until you are big
enough to stand the competition oj foreign coun
tries, until you are big enough to go abroad In the
world." I think we shall understand what Wash
ington meant and what he Interpreted himself to
mean in bis letter. "Walt." he said, "until you
need not be afraid of foreign Influence, and then
you shall be ready to take your part In tha field of
the world." I do not accept the Interpretation of
Washington's farewell address that those people,
who look backward accept.
Senator Bev*rM(* was heartily greeted and «aid
in part.
The Puritan »plrit is constructive. Th« new
epoch in our National life will be constructor
The Puritan spirit never criticised, except to pro!
pose aometh: ,- >'•!• It felled forests only to
erect .--... of immortality In Puri
tanism It the master word "create." Build build—
thls 1« th« method of. Puritanism to th« American
people ln the new epoch of our National Ufa
This new epoch is caused by our new possessions
the new responsibilities they -place upon t» «nd
the new powers they call Into action. It Is un
availing to argu. that the recent change wr ,°?,f«n
on the map of the world ought ****^°^&J££l
- made. The chango has occurred. , The rhlUPPlnes
H are ours. Hawaii is ours. The Pacific Is the Amer-
i can ocean. The canal will be our*. Look at > our
j map and you will see that the Gulf «»• in practi
¦ ,Ml effect, an American lake. our Hag floats over
the Antilles, and has not yet been lowered «« to
tho half-mast; and when tho Stars and stripes 1«
hauled down In Cuba let It hang awhile «t half-,
rnflnt. In mourning for the people _of Cuba aban-
These and epochal facts. The future at « 3 the W«rM
These aro epochal facts. The future of the -w odd
is in our hands. This is not enthusiasm: it is
e The constmctlve. and righteous Puritan spirit
must dominate this Intense situation. "We ought
not to be merely imitative any more than we ought
to be corrupt. New- circumstances require new
laws. It is not against these new laws that *•>
are different in method and even principle from the
old laws. New laws and new methods are not :*aA
lust because they are new. The important thing Is
that. they shall nt the case. The Puritan was prac
tical. If old forma and ancient prlnclpjca _*W not
apnly to -actual conditions, he developed principles
3 devised forms that did Thus In our new epoch
It is not helpful to complain of ""alterable facts
the declare that do cannot with them nothing
tho old methods do not fit them. There Is nothing
; so narrow as the egotism of precedent,
i Let us be epecinc. ¦ The Philippine people are to
' be governed. . We can govern them best by consid
ering them as they are. We cannot deal with them
as we would with New-England ers. V c must not
ignore differences of location, candltlon. climate.
race. With all our new dominions we mu«t deal
as facts demand.
Our Constitution does not prohibit this. It says,
••Congre** shall have power to dispose of and make
nil needful rules and regulations respecting terri
tory and other<sproperty belonging to the Lnltea
States." Even if this present development was not
dreamed of when the Constitution wast framed, that
ordinance of National Jifo still authorizes It.
For the Constitution stows as the people grow.
Otherwise the people would have to stop growing
or the Constitution would have to be destroyed.
Neither Is necessary. The Constitution is not a
contract of purchase and sale, or £. deed, or a lire
insurance policy. It is an ordinance of National
life Let us thank God for a Hamilton and la
Marshall. .The Constitution was made for the
American people, not the American people for the
Constitution. The Constitution does not give m
mortality to the Nation: the Nation gives im
mortality to the Constitution. ; -^ ;. L ' ..
The saying that "Our Constitution follows the
flag" Is only partly true. The whole truth Is this:
Our institutions follow the flag. Our Const on
Is only one of our institutions. Our Constitution
did not give us our institutions; our institutions
gave us our Constitution Our Institutions follow
the flag, the simplest first, later the more complex
and finally, when the way is prepared, our noblest
institution, the American Constitution, follows the
flag. Free schools, equal laws, impartial justice,
social order and, nt last, when these have done
their work and our wards are ready to under
stand and rightly use it. our . Constitution, which
is our method of government, follows the nag.
"First the blade, then the ear. then the full corn
In the ear." Our ttajr. our institutions, our Consti
tution. The American Constitution follows the flag
when tho American people deem it best, and tne
American people may be trusted.
The Puritan Insisted upon settling his own ques
tions In hiM own way, and h*> know what Ms rwn
questions were. He had the logic of geography,
and we. his children, must have it, too. Any canal
which joins the American Pacific to tne. American
Gulf must, therefore, be Itself American. The An
tilles are the major premise; the Philippines and
Hawails are, the minor premise; all Central Ameri
can and Isthmian canal* finish that syllogism. The
Puritan had that Independence which consists In
self-dependence in his own affairs.
Apply this to present facts. The Philippine ques
tion is an American question; the American Nation
must work It out. We cannot permit a concert of
Powers In solving it. The Cuban question is an
American question; the American Nation must
work it out. We cannot permit a concert of Powers
ln solving It. All Atlantic and Pacific canals and
the future of Central America, so far as affected
thereby, are American questions. We cannot per
mit a concert of Powers ln solving them. This
sentiment Is not anti-foreign; It Is only pro- Ameri- !
can. ' International respect Is based on respective
national strength as well as on justice. Remember
that th* figure of Justice always bears a sword.
Geography and interest, not altruism, are the bases
of fundamental national rights.
America is to-day the young man of the nations,
eager for his work, and with that work waiting to
be done. We will not tic his hands; we will not
bind his future. Mr. President. I propose this sen
timent: "America, the young man of the nations—
the proudest development of the Puritan spirit.
Give him a clean future and a free hand and he
will make of the new epoch the beginning of man
kind's golden age."
Senator Beverldge'p speech was listened to with
Interest,- UIUJ was heartily applauded. Lieutenant-
General Miles and Rear-Admiral Barker followed
him. General Miles speaking on "The Army" and
Admiral Barker on "The Navy." and with these
two speeches the dinner was ended shortly after 11
General Miles said in part.
Something has been said of what has been'
achieved during the last two or three years, and
as we sat here, the Admiral and myself, refer
ring to matters, we were reminded of the fact
that the achievement of the gallant Navy, aided
by the Army, has changed, perhaps for all time,
the map of the world. It has certainly liberated
twelve-million human beings from the "oppression
of a. government; it has orated the power of a
government to a certain part of the world; It has
destroyed a navy, captured an army and placed
the flag of our country over twelve million
people who were strangers to it but a
short time ago. That work has been nobly
done by the Army and Navy, and I trust
that the lawgivers, the executives, the legislators
will have wisdom. Justice and patriotism to carry :
on the great work that the Army and Navy have
left ln their hands. It Is Indeed a great problem
and we have heard It alluded to to-night most
Interestingly and instructively, and the problem
before the American people and the lawgivers is
certainly one of great moment; one that will affect
the weal or woe of this Nation, and possibly tho
destiny, the influence and the welfare of the entire
human race. I trust that you may have as high
a sense of justice and patriotism and wisdom as
the Army has had the heroism, fortitude and by
its sacrifices achieved what we now rejoice to
Admiral Barker spoke as follows:
Mr. President and Gentlemen: As your president
has said, the Navy has spoken for itself. There.
is no need to add anything to what it has said.
But I thank you for calling upon me at this tim«
to respond for the Navy, although very unexpected
ly. There is one thing that the Senator said. "Our
conduct in the Philippines must be honest.' 1 If I
had my way I would hang a man in the Philippine
Islands for being dishonest as soon as I would If
he committed murder.
Charles D. Pierce, Consul-General of the Orange
Free State, and P. Louter Wiaarta, Special Com
missioner, both appointed by Envoys, representing
the South African republics, wish to inform the
public ln reference to the true status of Samuel
Pearson, who has been reported ;n various news
papers as an Envoy representing the Boers In vari
ous ways.
We wish to state that he was simply connected
with the commissary department in the Transvaal
War. He was not a general in the Boer army
nor a man of special distinction. He made \
written statement and left it in this office to-day
to the effect that he wns not a Boer Envoy nor
did he serve as a general la the Botr army He
arrived in this country with the other Boer ref
ugees, MessrH. Snyman and Son. Vlljocn ami Lleb
•¦¦ CM : i:
The following should aiso he known throu*hmi»
the United States, a« various n.w Bpa £r "have
published statements to the effect that colonies or
We number* of Boer people were coming to the
I nlted States for the purpose of buying land and
settling In this country. This is trrmu-oua The" >
are no colonies of Boers. Boer families, nor niiv
considerable number of Individuals coming from
either of the Soutn African Republics to the Vnlte'i
States for the puruose of ouyiug lands or settJinJ
here. All of the people intend remaining In South
Africa as there is a proepect of a favorable t " V.
mlnHtlcn of th* war. There are very few Deouie
ccming here, and the most of them that have be«n
sent here have been sent at the expense of th«
British Government, in order to get them out of th^
South African Republics and out of the way
All of the Hbove statements are of the utmost Im
portance and should have the widest circulation.
An attempt was made to see Mr. Pearson last
night, but he was said to be 111 and ln bed.
K. H. Sothern. Miss Virginia Harned and their
company left New-York by a special train yester
day for St. Louis, -where they are to open to-mor
row evening, resuming the tour of "Hamlet." Mr
Sothern has now thoroughly recovered from his ac
cidental wound, and there is said to be no fear of
any relapse. Before he went away he said that
he had never felt stronger. The enforced rest has
afforded him excellent physical recuperation and
all anxiety la now removed of having to cancel en
gagements and postpone the tour until next year
th^tSST^t. 11 ,c, cc T l(led t0 continue the tour until
August. P Jime and re#urrH ' »* again ill
Savannah. Ga.. Dec. 22,-The otcamshlp Chatta
nooente. of the Ocean Steamship Company, which
w«i to have gone on the Bo.ton Line at once after
having come off the ways, has been chartered to
carry a full cargo °' cotton to New-York Imme-
Bt*am»r w«if h * ,V*,» eflt of December "«hortn." The
which Lm'iJ*! 11 Monday with four thousand bales
U?ISon W for l del ll ii l ve r l ln New-York Wednesday l &
i i:ii:m>> say nir: boss TItBATBD him
An interesting statement prepared by the
friends of John C. Sheehan to Justify their course
in attacking Croker and Tammany Hall was
made public last evening. The plan was to
publish the document early next month, when
Mr.. Sheehan says, his new organization will be
formed and be in good fighting trim. Last night,
however, it was decided that the time for its
promulgation was opportune, and the document
was released.
The statement follows in part:
Mr. Croker resigned from the chairmanship of
the Tammany Finance Committee at a meeting
of the Executive Committee called for that pur
pose. After it had been accepted unanimously
Mr. Croker made a speech, in which he said
that now. having severed his connection with
I Tammany Hall as the leader, he would also re
i sign as a member of the organization, and that
he would never again become identified with the
organization or take any active part in politics.
Then Mr. Croker left the Wigwam, and the
leaders thought that they would never see him
When the Tammany organization elected of
ficers in 1894 Mr. Croker sent an order to the
district leaders requiring the district assess
ments, amounting to $35,000. should be paid be
fore March 1. The payments were all made
promptly. At this time the Lexow Commit was
In session, and exposures of official corruption
and inefficiency in municipal affairs were piling
up. • It was said then that Croker foresaw defeat,
and feared he would be called before the Lexow
Committee, and his political actions exposed. He
went to Europe for the purpose of being out of
the way. Tammany Hall at this time was with
out money, and the affairs of the Wigwam were
In bad shape.
The three strongest men in the organization
at that time were Mayor Gllroy, Police Commis
sioner James J. Martin and Henry D. Purroy.
j This triumvirate managed affairs, and as the
! time approached for the Mayoralty campaign cx
i Mayor Hugh J. Grant urged the Executive Com
j mittee to name Nathan Straus for Mayor, claim
ing that he was a business man with an hon
orable record, and that some such man was
needed to head the Tammany ticket. Mr. Straus
was nominated, but in a few days he saw it
would be a hopeless fight, and he refused to ac
cept. Grant was compelled to take the nomina
; tion, and he was defeated by 54,000. and that
• defeat further disrupted Tammany Hall.
In the summer of 1895 Mr. Sheehan became
leader, taking the place of the Gilroy-Martln-
Purroy triumvirate. He was announced as the
chairman of the Finance Committee to succeed
Mr. Croker, and a week after a resolution was
Introduced by William E. Stillings recognizing
and naming Mr. Sheehan as the leader of Tam
many Hall. This action was unanimous. Mr.
Sheehan believed that Mr. Croker brought about
his selection, because he kne.w that on Mr. Cro
ker's return from Europe In 1895 he had sent
for the leaders and in conversation had asked
why the organization was not completed, and
who seemed to be the best man for the leader
ship. The answer invariably was "Sheehan,"
and whenever this name was mentioned to Cro
ker he said, "I am well pleased. In my judgment
¦Sheehan is the man for the Job."
Sheehan found the organization practically
disrupted. In bad odor, with an empty treasury,
and debts amounting to $30,000. When the
compaign of 1895 opened he led the fight against
the same combination which had defeated the
Hall in 1894. The Tammany organization,
under Sheehai's management, elected its ticket
by 23,000 votes, and this in spite of the fact
that it was out of power, with no , offices at Its
disposal, and with no way of raising money,
Croker had in the mean time been in England.
He returned and was loud in his praise of
Sheehan and his conduct of affairs. At the same
time he insisted that he himself would never
take an active part in city politics again. On
the Saturday before he sailed, a luncheon was
given In his honor by Surrogate Fitzgerald. The
whole -situation was discussed by Croker and :
Sheehan, - and a man who tells the story \
.says: "Croker— said: . 'John. J am going
to Euorpe, and 1 I may not be back for
a year, or, possibly, for a much longer time.
The only thing that is necessary is to get
a good candidate for Mayor. If I come back be-,
fore the campaign is over it will, be simply to
help you to raise money.' Sheehan asked Croker
to come back anyway, but told him that It was
not necessary for him to help in raising money, j
because he (Sheehan) could get all that he :
wanted. Croker made this final appeal to Shee
nan: 'If, In the future, any of my old friends,
want to drag me back, I want you, as ray friend,
to stop them. Such fellows as Larry Delmour or
Eddie Sheehy may take It into their heads to
say that we ought to "have the little fellow coma
along and take a hand in," This is what I want
to avoid, and I want you to stop it if you ever
hear of the thing being attempted.' "
Sheehan and Croker were interested together
in a number of business contracts. One of their
most important Interest* was a company which j
they had formed for the construction of the j
underground railway. This company was capi
talized at $5,000,000. Early In 1594 Sheehan
had examined old routes and became convinced j
that the route which is now being followed from I
City Hall to Forty-second-st. was the only prac- j
tical one. Croker, Sheehan and their associates
had information to this effect taken to the Rapid
Transit Commission and assured them that If
they would select this route at least one bid
would be forthcoming.
Later steps were taken to lay out the route j
and to show to what an extent it had gone, and ;
how deeply Interested Croker and Sheehan were
together. I will tell you that Sheehan forced j
through the Board of Aldermen, in the face of !
opposition, a resolution approving the tunnel
route. Mr. Croker had $500,000 worth of jtock
In this company for which he paid nothing. He :
and Sheehan were bound together by mutual in
terests in a proposed surety company.
Sheehan started the Tammany fight in 1897
early. He used new methods and new men.
On "September 10, 1897, it was announced that
Mr. Croker was coming back to the United
States. A man who was on the inside of Tam
i many Hall at tnat time said: "That announce
ment created consternation in Tammany Hall.
They believed that Croker's return might Jeop
ardize what they regarded as a certain triumph.
One of the leaders who now occupies a high
office-, said: 'The only dark spot on the sky is
Dick's return.' Leader after leader went to
Sheehan at Tammany Hall, urged him to have
i nothing to do with Croker and told him that,
although Croker said that he was out, and, as a
matter of fact, was out, the press would make
Croker the issue. They urged Sheehan in the
interests of the organization to keep clear of
Croker, and, above all things, not to nominate a
Croker man for Mayor. To all of them Sheehan
replied: 'I'm a Croker man myself. I'm his
friend, and I would not by word or act do any
thing to injure him.' "
Croker on his arrival declared that he was out
of politics, and went to the Murray Hill Hotel.
He referred all Inquirers to Sheehan. In the
mean time, not a day passed that Sheeban was
not warned by one or more Tammany leaders
that Croker was seeking to bring about his
downfall. These leaders told Sheehan that they
had known Croker longer than he, and that he
was not to be trusted.
At the second interview between Croker and
Sheehan possible nominees for Mayor were con
sidered. Sheehan had in mind the nomination
of a man like William Sohmer, ex-Mayor Grant.
Charles H. Knox. Amos J. Cummlngs, Charles
W. Dayton or Delos McCurdy. These names
were submitted to Mr. Croker by Sheehan. In
discussing them Croker said:
"Sohmer won't do: he's a German, and you
can't trust a German. Grant is not the man;
labor would not support him. because he was
opposed to Bryan. Knox is too ministerial: be
sides, his connection with the Standard Oil
Company would kill him. Nobody would have
anything to do with Dayton. Cummlngs Isn't
the kind of a man. John, have yon thought
about Van Wyck?"
"No," replied Mr. Sheehan, "I never thought
of Van Wyck."
"He might do," said Mr. Croker. "He comes
from an old Knickerbocker family, and that
would bring In the Dutch and German votes.
But I'm out, John. I have no particular Interest,
and all I want to do Is to get a good man for
the organization."
"I don't believe that Van Wyck Is a big
enough man," *ald Mr. Sheehan. "I like Van
Wyck, but I don't think he Is a vote getter."
On the evening before the City Convention.
Croker. Sheeban and a number of others met
at the Murray Hill Hotel. Croker 6a!d during
the dinner: "Well, John, you'll noon have your
hands full. The convention is to-morrow, and
you haven't got any candidate yet. When did
you see Van Wyck?"
Sheehan replied that he had not seen Van
Wyck in three weeks. Croker said that he had
not seen him for « long time. Then broker paid
that nothing could be said against Van Wyck,
To-morrow (Monday) we shall offer the . balance
of our superior stock of
.-•",- - - ¦ ¦ ¦
at a big reduction from regular prices, representing a choice
and unlimited variety of
of every description.
Choice Silk and Satin Bed Coverings
Silk and Satin Comfortables, in both Eiderdown and finest grade Lamb's Wool
filling, at prices ranging from • • •-• • • • -$13.75 to $65.00
A few hints of the various styles.
Lambs' Wool filling, Silk covered, beautiful floral designs, size 6x7 feet,
at • • • • • • • • • -$13.75 to $15.50
Satin covered, Japanese Silk lined, dainty patterns, worth $22 50 each, for
this sale, • •'*• • ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• $17.50
Eiderdown filling,
Satin both sides, handsome Oriental effects. Special price, $22.50
Satin borders, scroll silk centres, in delicate shades, Special value at $27.50
Satin both sides, deep border, centre beautifully covered with hand painted
floral designs, size 72 x 84 in., value $100.00; Special price. $65.00
Linen Aisle, Main Floor, Rear.
and Sheehan replied that - ha ; knew nothing
against him except his arrest at th* French ball
some years before, and Mr. Sheehan said that
that would not last three days In the campaign.
"Suppose you see Van "Wyclc and get him up
here to-night." Mr. Croker said. "Do you know
Delos McCurdy? I can't recall him."
"I know him well." said Sheehan. "and If we
should nominate him there Is no doubt that you
would have a candidate as big as Tracy or Low.
That night at 11 o'clock Sheehan took Van
Wyck to Croker*« room. !He had tried to find
McCurdy. but could not do so. He had no diffi
culty in finding Van Wyck. Croker talked about
Van Wyck, and told him he was considering him
as a candidate for Mayor. He said that Sbeehan
took no stock In any attacks that might be
made on Van Wyck. Croker said that he was
out. but that every man ought to be true to the
organization, and in his heart he wanted to see
Sheehan successful as the leader of Tammany
Hall. . .
At that interview with Van Wyck many
promises were demanded from him, and they;
were given cheerfully. One of the men who was
present said: "After that evening I had less
respect for 'Bob' Van Wyck than I had had
before." -
Sheehan was so tied up with Croker that he
thought nothing of the insistence of Croker for
the nomination of Van Wyek — that Is what
it amounted to. However, the action of Van
Wyck after conference made him more than
ever anxious to nominate another man, and he
spent the next morning looking for McCurdy.
and he finally found him. Sheehan and Mc-
Curdy had a conference in the Union Square
Hotel at noon, an hour before the Tammany.
Hall Executive Committee was to meet in the
Fourteenth Street Wigwam to decide on the
names of the candidates to be presented in the
evening. Sheehan explained the situation and
begged McCurdy to accept the nomination, Bay
ing that there was no question of the action of
the Executive Committee. McCurdy refused ab
solutely for business reasons to take the nom
ination. After his' refusal ¦ Croker and' Sheehan ¦
talked on the telephone. Sheehan told Croker
that McCurdy would* not accept the nomination
and Croker told Sheehan that the best thing to
do was to nominate Van Wyck.
When Van Wyck's name was presented to
the Executive Committee it had the effect of a
wet blanket. No member of the Executive Com
mittee spoke for some time. Finally James Mc-
Cartney, then the leader of the north half of
the Thirty-fourth Assembly District, arose in
the rear of the hall and said:
"Mr. Sheehan. 13 this nomination you've made
your own selection, and in your judgment is it
the best that could be made?" Sheehan s reply
was: "If I didn't think so I wouldn't present
the name." ' -- ¦ --'--
Some time afterward Sheehan learned that
Croker had gone to Grant and told him that
Sheehan had prevented his nomination for
Mayor. Then Sheehan began to suspect that
Croker was trying to knock him out. Mr.
Croker did not turn in much money to Tam
many Hall. The total amount of his contribu
tions was $2,500 from a large corporation, and
$230 from a member of the judiciary. The total
amount collected by Sheehan and turned over
to John McQuade. the treasurer of Tammany
Hall, was $260,000, and at the end of the can
vass McQuade had §.">O,OOO in the treasury— a
thing which had never happened before in the
history of the organization.
Having secured the nomination of a man ab
solutely subservient to him for Mayor, Croker
now came out into the open. Two weeks after
the city convention, and before the county con
vention, Daniel F. McMahon and Timothy D.
Sullivan waited on Sheehan at Tammany Hall
and announced that they were a committee to
urge him to Invite Croker to come to Tammany
Hall. . Mindful of the promise Croker had ex
tracted from him to protect him from Just this
thing earlier in the year, Sheehan told the com- .
mittee that he wouldn't. ".;•¦ *-
Then he said that there had been a meeting
at the Murray Hill Hotel, and almost all of the <
leaders, were there, and they had decided that :
Croker ought to go to the hall. Sheehan hur
ried down to Croker' office and told him what
had happened. Croker said that some of the
leaders had called on him and asked him to go
to the hall, but that he wanted to do Just what ]
Mr. Sheehan wanted. Sheehan'a eye> were be- '.
ginning to open by this time, but he was abso
lutely helpless, because the Croker ticket had ;
been nominated and its success was assured. .
However, he went back to Tammany Hall and '
wrote a letter inviting Croker to the headquar- |
ters. That same afternoon, he was informed '
that Delmour and Sheehy had approached every !
district leader In New -York County and invited !
them to a conference. Twenty-two refused to :
go. One said, "You ought to put bells on ¦
Croker's ears and send him back to England." i
when he was invited Croker has never for- >
given that man.
The thirteen leaders present were Delmour.
Featherson, Sullivan Scannell, Dalton. Hayes, j
Plunkltt. McMahon. Stilllngs. TLantry. Ryan. !
Dowling and Sexton Sheehy. who was not a j
leader, was there. Sheehau made up his mind |
when he heard this that the reports of disloyalty ;
which he had heard In regard to Croker were
true, and he did what he could to protect him
self. In the county convention the Sheehan forces ;
defeated the Croker ticket made up of Grady. ;
for District Attorney; Keenan. for Sheriff: Keat- !
ing. for County Clerk .and Levy, for Register.
The Sheehan ticket was made up of Gardiner, !
for District Attorney: Dunn, for Sheriff: Soh- '
mer, for County Clerk, and Fromrae. for Regis
ter. After election Mr. Croker was recognized
as the power In Tammany Hall, and took with ]
him to Lakewood all of the leaders.
Croker determined to drive John Sheehan out j
of politic!) and out of New-York, because of the j
circulation of report* that Shet-han had tried to
supplant him and had treated him unfairly and
improperly. An a matter of fact, all that
Sheehan did was to be faithful, and Croker
abused his confidence and used his trust to kill
him. m?
St. John's. X. F., Dec. 22.— 0n the last day of
December the Anglo-French modus Vivendi respect
ing the Newfoundland treaty coast expire*, and
this, It Is expected, will create serious complica
tions between the** two Powers. It is highly un
likely that tha Newfoundland Legislature will con
sent to renew the present arrangement!", in which
case grave friction will probably ensue unless. Eng
land makes another arrangement with Franco. The
colony's position, however, is so strong with the
British pubii<j that such arraignment must be de
cidedly favorable to the colony.
London. Dec. 23.— Since Lord Kitchener's -H»
patch of Wednesday last reporting the crossing
of the Orange River into Cape Colony by two
bands of Boers, nothing official concerning events
in South Africa has reached the public. Last
night the news was most meagre. Reports wer»
received from Cape Town that the railway had
been torn up In three places north of De Aar. A
column of 300, of all arms, under command of
Major Shnte, left Colesberg December 18 by th«
Phillpstown Road to relieve a post of twenty
Yeomen who were Invested on a farm at Hame!
fontein. The Boers had been beaten off by the
Yeomen before the relieving: column arrived.
Two wounded Boers were captured. They stated
that their party had lost two killed and twelve
A Standerton dispatch dated December IS says
a sharp encounter took place with two parties of
Boers near Kalksprult. ten miles south of th»
railway. One of the Boer parties numbered 30t\
Both were routed after obstinate resistance. On»
retired In the direction of Gro be tear's Drift, and
the other toward VlUiersdorp. It is supposed
that they lost severely. The British force iout
two wounded and captured a quantity ol l|v»
stock and forage.
Many people of all classes gathered about the
"War Office last evening, anxious for the welfare
nds engaged in the war, and especially
for that of those connected wtth the. regimes) Us
which were engaged in the Nooltgedarht battl*
At a late hour a list of the casualties to non
commissioned officers and men «v posted,
showing that sixty had been killed and MB
London. Dec. 22.— "Th« Evening Standard"
aays it hears a report has reached London that
Klmherley Is seriously threatened by the Boers.
None of the leading Sooth African firms Inter
ested tn Klmberley have received information
tending to confirm "The Standard's*" report.
St. Paul, Minn.. Dee. Judge Liochren unexpect
edly rendered his decision late to-day in the suit of
the Great Northern against the Western Union,
involving: title to the telegraph lines along that
road. His decision la in f*vor of the Western
Union. The arguments ' 151 5 - iait were concluded to
day, and the case was submitted to Judge Lochren.
The arguments were hurried in order to reach a
determination before Christmas. Judge Dillon, In
summing up for the Western Union company, be
gan his argument at 3 o'clock yesterday and
finished at 11 o'clock this morning. He took up
and dissected in clear terms the various contract*
between the railway and the telegraph company
from 1383 to 1882. and urged that his client had a
clear and ur.Tjtstakable title to the property In
question. Judge Young closed the case for th*
plaintiff. He said the case should be decided or.
pure questions of iaw.
Paris. Dec. 22.— Dr. Leyds. the diplomatic
agent of the Transvaal, who Is on a flying trip
to Paris, says there is nothing of a diplomatic
nature in hla presence here. He adds that Mr.
Krtiger In undaunted and continues working
toward the success of his Ideas, which, he ts
convinced, will finally prevail.
Cape Town. Dec. 22.— The invaders are com
manded by Generals Herizog. Philip Botha, and
Hasbroek. Besides the command* already re
ported, a force has crossed at Zoutspan to rei»
force the Boers occupying Phillpatowa.
The wedding of MUa Anna Brevoort Eddy, th*
eldest daughter of V. D. Eddy, of Flint. Eddy &
Co.. to R. P. Walden took place at noon Thurs
day in St. Thomas's Protestant Episcopal Church
(Constable Memorial), at Mamaroneck-on-Scund-
The bride is an enthusiastic golfer and la on* of the
scratch players of the Apawamld and Larchmont
clubs. Many or the members of those clubs and of
yachting clubs on Long Island Sound attended the
wedding. The bridegroom is a member of the Naval
Reserve and served on the Yankee in the war with
Spain. The grille was attended by her sister. ills*
Manila Eddy, a* maid of honor, and Miss Eleanor
Pupigna<-. of Maraaroneofc: Miss Gwynne. of Rye;
th» Misses Towle. of Mamaroneck. and the 3it*anw
Oushman, of this city, as bridesmaid*. Percy Wal
den. brother of the bridegroom*, was best man. The.
ceremony *«' l^rformed by the Rev. F. F. Ger
man, rector of St. Thomas's Church. The ushers
were Howard Walden. of Brooklyn, and Robert
McGulre. Henry Maiiry. James 8. C'.ishman, James
Mitchell an. l H. I*. Eddy, of this city. After til*
wedding the guests, numbering several hundred,
were driven to the home of the bride's parent.-*
overlooking Long Island Sound, where a wedding
breakfast and reception were Riven. The couple re
ceived nearly three hundred presents. It la under
stood thai after a wedding tour in, this country
they will go to London to live. Mr. WaMn la tn
charge ¦>f the branch of the National Starch Com
pany there.
Chamberlain, S. D.. Dec t2.— Miss Grac« How
ard, daughter of Joseph Howard, jr., the Nsw-
York Journalist, *«« married to-day to Joseph
Meanard. manager of her tile stock ranch. They
will make their horn* forty miles west of Cham
berlain, on the White River.
The announcement was made yesterday that th«
thoroughbred* owned by the late Marcus Daly
would be sold at public auction at Madison Squaro
Garden on January SO and 31 and February X. 1»
Among' the famous jtaiUons to be. placed under
th« hammer are Hamburg, Tammany *ni Ofisn.

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