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dmnsements. ACADEMY OF MUSIC— B— Vafils. AMERICAN TIIEAIUE— S— BIJOU— 2— Mad?» Smith. BROADWAY THBATRB— 2:I&— B:IS— A Royal Rogue. CARNEGIE HALLr-10:30 a. Lecture by Professor Edward Howard Orine*— B:l6— Sous*. CASINO— 2— «i : 1 5— CRITERION THEATRE— 2—B— The Oar Lord Qoex. DALY'S THEATRE— 2— B:IS— Lady Huntworth's Experi ment. BDBN' MUSEE— World In Wax. KMPIRn THEATRE— 2:10— 8— Mrs. Dane's Defence. FOintTEEXTH STREET THEATRE— 2— B— The Village Postmaster. GARDEN THEATRE— 2:IS-B:2o— David Garrlck. OARRICK THEATRE— 2:ls— B:ls— David Harum. .GRANT) OPERA HOL'SS— 2— B— The Old Homestead. HARLEM OPERA HOUSE— 2:15 — B:ls— Richard Carvel. KKV.A!J> SQUARE THEATRE— 2— €:2o— Arizona. 2KVi:.'O PLACE) THEATRE— Die Strengen Herren. DRH'8 — Continuous Performance. KNICKERBOCKER theatre— sweet Neil of Old Drury POSTER & RlAL'S— l:46— Vaudeville. LYCEUM THEATRE— B:BO— A Royal Family. MADISON SQUARE THEATRE— 2— «:3O— The House That Jack Built. MErp.OPOUTAK OPERA nOUSE— 1 :45— D1« WalkQre— S — II Trovitjre. MURRAY HILL THEATRE*— B— Why Smith Left jlott.p.. KATTOXAL ACADEMY OF DESIGN— a. m.— B— Annual exhibition. NEW YORK THEATRE— 2— 15— The Giddy Throng. PASTOR'S— Day and Night— Continuous Show. PROCTOR'S — Continuous Performance. REPUBLIC— 2— B:I5 — In the Palace of the Kin*;. SAVOY— 2:IS— B :2!>— Mlstn>£« Nell. ST. NICHOLAS SKATING RlNK— Hockey Match. VICTORIA— « 30— Miss Prlnnt. WALLACK'S THEATRE— 2:15— 8 Meredith. 3nbet to 3.bticrtiscmcnts. Pas*. Col.] Page. Col. AmmokiiU 16 4-6, Lost A- Found 14 4 Bankers it Broken.. 13 4] Marriages & Deaths., 9 5-6 Board & Rooms 14 4 ' Miscellaneous 16 l-« Books .•; I'ublicat'ns.3o 4-6 Ocean Steamers 14 1 City Hotel* 7 5-« Proposals 13 fi City R. E. for Sale.. 5 6 Railroads 15 5-6 Cbp'tMrahlp Notices. 13 4' Real Estate 5 « Country Property for > Religious Notices 14 2-3 Sale 5 A, Savings Banks 13 1-2 Dividend Notices 13 3-4 School Agencies 13 S Dam. Site. Wanted. .14 6 7 Special Notices » <*> ! >aneing Schools 13 « ' Storage 14 4 Dresmroaklnjj 14 4 : Surrogate's Notices. . .14 1 Excursions 18 ft! Teachers 13 5 European Advts 11 S-0! Tribune Sub'n Rates. ft 6 Financial Elections. .l 3 4 Tract Companies 13 4 Financial Meetings.. lS 4! To Let (or Business Financial 13 23! Purposes 5 6 Foreclosure Sales 15 5 ' urn. Apartments to Furnished Ap'tments Let * * to Let 5 A ' Winter Resorts 13 5-6 Help Wanted 14 5 Work Wanted 14 5-6 In*! -jetton 13 5! IVSKte^trrkUail^ S&ofcimfc SATURDAY. JANUARY 5, 1901. THE \~EWB THIS MORNING. FOREIGN.— United States Ambassador Choate presented the Hay-Pauncefote Treaty amend ments to the British Foreign Secretary, the Mar quis of Lansdowne. ===== Several high civil appointments for South Africa were announced in London; Karl Roberts assumed charge of the Army Headquarters in London; two hundred Beers recrossed the Orange River, going north. :¦¦ Eight Turkish soldiers were killed while attempting to arrest a number of Bulgarian sus pects, i Generals Wheaton and Bates report many small captures, the destruction of Insur gents' camps and the seizure of supplies in Luzon; Judge Taft's decision on the San Jose College case will be made public to-day. ===== The winter exhibition of the Royal Academy will be opened in London to-day, with many notable paintings on view. == Daily meetings of the foreign Ministers are held in Peking to discuss the peace negotiations, but nothing has been decided on. == Reports of an outbreak of plague at Vladivostok and a renewal of plague cases at Smyrna are confirmed. = Fifty lacemak'-rs bound for Dowie's Zion City sailed from London for Halifax. ¦ A dense fog delayed traffic and caused thousands to stop work in London. ===== Emperor William has consented to the change of the name of the North German steamship Kaiser Wllhelm II to Hohenzollern, and that a liner now building shall be named after him. CONGRESS.— Senate: Debate on the Army Reorganization bill occupied the entire day; Sen ator Hoar offered an "amendment looking tow ard conciliation of tht Filipinos. == House: The Olmsted resolution proposing an investiga tion of disfranchisement methods in the South was referred to the Committee on Census, and consideration of the Reapportionment bill of that committee was ifesfunY"^ DOMESTlC— Senator^ gamia in an interview expressed great confidence' tSat the Ship Subsidy bill will be passed at the present session of Con gress. — - ¦ General Richard N. Batchelder, for merly Quartermaster-General of the Army, died to Washington. , The second Booz inquiry. thto time by a Congress Committee, was begun at Bristol. Perm., and the members of the cadet's family repeated the story of what he was subjected to and suffered from, casts Gov ernor Odell began his work of economy yester day by calling on the Attorney-General for free legal advice. ¦ Officers of Harvard Uni versity denied yesterday that President Eliot had resigned. . It is probable that Ray brook will be selected as the site for the new Ftate Hospital for Consumptives. CITY. — Stock* were strong and active. == At the dinner of the City Club the evils of present municipal government were discussed fey Bishop Potter. Wheeler H. Peckham, St. Clalr MoK'-lway, John E. Parsons. Mark Twain and others. = The Appellate Division of the Su preme Court decided that a seat In the Stock Exchange could not be assessed for taxation. THE WEATHFR.— Forecast for to-day: Fair aad cold. The temperature yesterday: Highest, M decrees; lowest, 19; average. 28%. BELIEVERS IN A PARAMOUNT CONGRESS. Wfkm the question of obedience to the Four teenth Amendment to the Constitution was under debate in the House of Representatives yesterday Mr. Underwood, of Alabama, opposed obedience to the Constitution on grounds of expediency and sentiment, saying that the South was trying to solve the vexatious ques tion of negro suffrage and should be permitted to carry oat Hi own plans. Mr. Richardson and several other strict construction Democrats took the same view of the subject and strenuously opposed Mr Oliver's resolution. , From the point of view of practical politics there Is certainly much to be said on that side. The Southern States are by no means the only ¦Hi which restrict suffrage. Maine. Connecti v cut, Delaware. Massachusetts. California. Wyo ; mint: and Oregon have restrictions, and any readjustment of representation on the basis of suffrage instead of population, as ordered under existing conditions by the Constitution, would be of general application. Disfranchisement, however, has been undertaken on a much larger scale in the Southern than in the Northern States, and tho effect of constitutional enforce ment would be to decrease the present relative power of the South. Moreover, there are prac tical col tics in the way of distinguishing the persons legally disfranchised from those who fail to exercise their rights for any reason. The wisdom of the change as a matter of policy, with a view both to the welfare and good feel ing of. -!,.- people and to the growth of The Re publican party in the South and the breakdown of sectionalism, is extremely doubtful; but ii ought to be a matter for surprise that Mr. Rich aidsoTj, Mr. Underwood and their friends should plead expediency, no matter with how good reason, as an excuse for government without regard to the Constitution, the mandate of .which concerning this. subject leaves no dis cretion, but Is absolute, without chance for evasion/ They have often told us that a man, whether in th- States or in far off Manila, who depends on The discretion of Congress for v,< 1 i" no. i in OIi^IeMH for hIM fights Is a- slave.- Yet now they assert a doc trine more extreme than the most radical Im penalise as to tbe supremacy of Confess and it« power to govern this country Recording to . i lie i seeming' dictates of practical wisdom, re gardless .of the' "'" Inid ¦ down In the Con stitution. All any so-called Imperialist says i 8i 8 that the Constitution «as made for a union of States] and that its founder* never meant the nation tba't they; created, In dealing with problems which tliyy did not foresee on the other side of Mm world, to be hampered by rules laid down to balance the powers of their general and State governments. He does not claim that the United States Government is not bound by the very conditions of its being to republicanism and regard for human liberty, or that the Con stitution is not Kupreme within its proper sphere. He finds that the makers of the Con stitution, as shown by their writings and de bates, in providing for uniform imposts and direct taxes proportioned to population, were concerned solely, as James Monroe put it, "to secure a Just equality among the States." They were not concerned about uniformity as a prin ciple, as is shown by the objection of some members of the convention to the uniform rule on the ground that under it duties which would bear heavily on one section might be levied by the votes of other sections. Seeing that our internal revenue laws would bear with crush ing weight upon Porto Rico, and that the exten sion of our tariff laws to the Philippines would have serious administrative and diplomatic dis advantages, the imperialist merely argues for interpreting this provision of the Constitution in the spirit of those who drafted it and not extending its operation over lands for which it is manifestly unsuited. Mr. Underwood and his friends, however, do not stop with this. They assert that Congress is at liberty to do, not extra-constitutional, but actually unconstitutional, acts. They sjj.v it is not a sovereign body, able to deal as expediency requires with conditions unforeseen by the Con stitution makers, such as exist in the Philip pines. Then they turn and proclaim that It is a sovereign body. able, for the sake of what in the light of to-day seems expediency, to disobey flatly the plain mandate of the Constitution placed in the fundamental law with clear fore sight of the present condition and unquestion ably applying to it. If these gentlemen believe that we have a government founded on such principles, anrl that the Constitution is merely an advisory in strument, a legacy of grandfathers' lectures, to be disregarded in legislation concerning the States whenever the judgment of Congress does not approve the wisdom of its mandates, they ought to ask the Supreme Court to give them a hearing next week in behalf of the Porto Rican legislation; for if they are anywhere near right and Congress has any such discretion at home no court would ever dream of confining within far narrower limits its discretion in performing duties falling to it in connection with far off peoples whose needs were not in the least con sidered by those projecting the scheme of ad ministration for our own land. BEniMi THE GOVERNOR. Governor Odell has doubtless listcued Avith great satisfaction, and possibly some slight amusement, to the unanimous verdict on his message. We say unanimous, for. while here and there a note of hesitation or dissent as to two or three of his proposals is heard, the message as a whole has evoked nothing but praise. The Governor of the Empire State is not an inconsiderable personage at any time, and we intend no disparagement of the office or of its new Incumbent's reputation when he took it in saying that he woke up on Thursday morning to find himself famous. Not often has even a President's proclamation in war time attracted so much attention as was immediately bestowed upon Mr. Odell's first State paper. The best of it Is that the universal applause is abundantly deserved. It is especially interesting to find that the politicians are vying with the general public in demonstrations of approval, and that, in par ticular, the politicians of the Legislature are not permitting themselves to lag behind the rest. The L;>Mitin:iii!-t;overnor. who has no vote, but can exercise considerable control over business in the Senate; the leader of the ma jority in that body, the minority leader of the Assembly, the Speaker and other members of experience and influence have hastened to de clare not only that they heartily agree with the Governor's views, but that his programme will be carried out. It was to be assumed that some of those who have been beard from would take this attitude, and perhaps it Is not really surprising that others who have not heretofore been distinguished by their devotion to meas ures of reform have done the same thing, inas much as the popular response was so quick and loud. But tbis suggests the reflection that a relaxation of public Interest in the Governor's scheme of retrenchment would probably be fol lowed forthwith by a loss of enthusiasm at Al bany. The promise, though encouraging, is easy, but the fulfilment is still a long way off. There are members of the Legislature, and they are not among the least expert and powerful, who will watch closely for signs that the peo ple have begun to look In some other direction, In order that they may themselves feel safe in taking a different course if they see fit when the time for action arrives. It does not cost much now to say that the Governor's policy is sound and needs to be adopted. The rub will come when members are brought face to face with the separate items of that policy and en abled to determine their fate. Then many a man will be strongly tempted to reason that whereas the general scheme is good and this, that and the other abuse unquestionably ought to lie corrected, the particular little arrange ment in which be feahs* a personal interest Is not an abuse at all and must be retained. This is one of the reasons why we are glad to see so many Senators and Assemblymen put- H*gj themselves thus early and emphatically on record. If any of them should hereafter feel in clined to desert the Governor, their original ex pressions of loyalty would at least tend to re strain them by making desertion awkward. But we hope it is not necessary to look for such an oozing away of courage. If the people continue to show that they are on the Governor's side there will in nil probability be votes enough in tka UcWatsjß fsj es*er*f the main features of !ii- i :¦ vT.-iii.in.- into .-ff.-.-T. JUDGE l.Y.\rn \r m, \\ nl.-.-r. The fr<uz\ for mob murder has I.een excep tionally violent and unreasoning within the last lew days. Not that the fiendish passion for pNtausJ i o.-ture at the stake has been un commonly conspicuous within a short time, but official reports show that several victims have been put to d.-a'li by han^ilu or sho.,tii,-_; 1-,,| comparatively minor crimes, while in more than otic nasH there lias been inu.-h reason to believe that the sufferers were guiltless. The only cliarpr- against one man who was slain cruelly w.ss that he bad set (ire to a barn. No human being had been burned or injured. Xo horses or cattle had been destroyed, but the lym-heis had no pity. Kven more devilish was the action of anoth.-r ruob whl«-h tilled with bullets a vouuk m-Ri-o who had boon trbd and .•..¦.ptitt.-.l on the charge of stealing a bunch of |;.-ys. 'lhe scoundrels who t«k-» hum.-in lit,- v ::!,.. i:t any sincere desire or etTort to de.-ido the -ullt or the Innocence of the helpless victims wl,,m They send out of the world so brutally app-ar to bo iiM-rea<inL' in numbers in vari,.u> parts of this country. How dark the >I: iin. how d.-.-p the % disgrar-e as This Republic enters the new century: How does the r d of tlie Cnited States in fatal mob violence coinpan- with that of EumpeV How many lynching were th- ••• In Grr-at Britain, in Franco, in tho c.-rinan Km plre, in Italy or even In Spain i.i i!«tuv H.w advanced Is American civilization in compari son with the Old World when it is blackened NEW- YORK DAILY TRIBUNE, SATURDAY. TA^TARY 5. 1901. with such horrors of atrni^us and unpunished assassinations! ////; TRIBUNE'S CEXTCRY I,'!. VIEW. The artificial transition of time from thj ¦»** teentb century to the twentieth has given occa sion of much activity to innumerable writers and speakers. Not a few books have been pub lished, and more are in preparation, dealing with the old century in record and judgment or with the new in speculation and hope, while the name of magazine and newspaper articles upon various phases of the great theme is sim ply legion. Some of our local contemporaries have given or are about to give to their readers more or less elaborate groups of articles, each :!«•¦•¦ ¦nlinsr in its own t:i>ti> ;\v»\ fan-y .in«l Hie supposed or manifest desires of its constim* nt-. Readers of The Tribune, who have lon- g«M accustomed to look with confidence to the col umns of this paper for the most satisfactory treatment of all important topics of contem porary human Interest, need have no fear that on this unique occasion they will be left in the lurch. We have already advertised the prep aration of a comprehensive group of articles, written by expert authorities, upon the salient features of the nineteenth century and, inci dentally, upon the twentieth century in so far as we may, in the words of Patrick Henry, judge the future bj' the past. These articles have been completed, and will to-morrow morn ing be published simultaneously In the form of a special supplement to The Sunday Tribune. They will fill a number of pages the size of this, in fine, bold type, embellished and eluci dated with niimorous pictures and maps pre pared expressly for the purpose. Without in curring the reproach of undue self-praise, "W venture the confident prediction that this feat ure of to-morrow's Tribune will fully equal, if it does not surpass, in immediate interest and in permanent value, any similar publicatiop made at this time in newspaper, magazine or book. Such a publication we believe to be n legiti mate and essential part of the work of a news paper. For news is not merely the ephemeral occurrences of tho day. It comprises record and review- yes. and discussion— of everything of importance that is current in public thought. Such topics are the careers of men who are brought conspicuously before the public, the record of each year at its close, and, on occa sions so rare as to be unique to the generations that behold them, the review of an ended cen tury. For considerablj- more than half of the last century The Tribune has striven to be, and, as we are encouraged to believe, has pretty suc cessfully been, an exponent not only of ephem eral incidents, but of the great evolutionary movements in literature, science and art, in agriculture, commerce and industry, and in po litical, social and religious life which have con stituted the real progress of the human race. All of those things it has seen, and a not In considerable part of them it has been, and in getting its centenary review of them the multi tudinous patrons of The Tribune may bo as sured, and will no doubt bear testimony, that, as usual, they "get the best." ELECTRIC TRACTION'S FCTTRE. In the current number of "The Street Rail way Journal" Dr. Louis Bell discusses electric traction in a prophetic vein. The subject Is ono on which he is admirably qualified to express an opinion. And most of his conclusions will command immediate assent. In one respect. however, it is possible that he betrays too much timidity. He bints that perhaps the automobile may in time become a formidable rival of the street railway. Well, the automobile has one advantage over the streetcar. It can navigate with greater freedom. But It must always be an expensive mode of transportation. The people who can own or hire small horseless carriages are comparatively few In number. The masses will always need cheap conveyance. And as for self-propelled omnibuses, these must be re stricted as closely to specific routes as a street car, and without being able to carry one-fourth as many passengers. The automobile may dis place the horse to some extent In city streets, but it Is hard to conceive of its competing with the street railways. The bicycle once threat ened to do so, but failed. The automobile, be ing more costly, must prove even less danger ous. There can be little contention over Dr. Bell's other views as to possible changes to be ex perienced in large cities. He thinks that the superiority of tunnel roads over surface lines Is most marked in places where the traffic Is very dense, but beyond those limits surface roads will bo required as feeders. Besides, there must ever be a local as well as an express business. Hence- It is doubtful whether the surface roads will disappear entirely, except in the very heart of big cities. Still. Dr. Bell looks for a consider able evolution of the tunnel system, and would not be surprised to see a great deal of freight handled in this manner. And whether existing steam roads or new companies control the sub urban passenger business, he Is convinced that motors which emit smoke, dmsH •¦! i'"n! gases will not be tolerated by tfca psjklk much longer. . Another conspicuous development of electric traction which is predicted is the construction of light railways in the country to connect the farming districts with the steam roads. Com petition with the hitter is not the proper func tion of these lines, Dr. Bell says. Their true mission is the transportation of agricultural produce to market. It is pointed out that when an economically constructed road of this class is made patronage flows to It as naturally as rain collects In a watercourse. "And it is not long," Dr. Bell adds, "before a profitable busi ness springs up, so to speak, out of the "wilderness." The same .vriter looks for n great iiK-rcase of speed on trunk lines. He believes that in the time of men now living one hun.lred miles an hour will be considered slow travelling. I tut if this service is to be rendered by electricity the third rail will not be so .n-.iii.iM. .-^ n i> f,. r short runs. Where long distances are Is ba covered the current ought to be supplied ai MB} high pressures— ten thousand or twelve thousand volts, instead of five hundred. An. l Mvaml cm slderntions dictate the raising of the conductor m:iu\ feel i.l.ove tl nnli. Ft ni.-i v he expedi ent to operate the car motor with a high press ure current, too. Appliances suited to this class of work are altogether feasible. Dr. Bell says, be* have not yet been roluce.] fully to practice. Hence a number of innovations in usage must be effected before New-Yorkers can enjoy fifty minute trains to Philadelphia or make the trip to Chicago in t.-n hours. "I/O.W.T TO lllh'\- The plinis.- is a bit of colloquial slan^r, hut it is highly expressive, and timely, too, in view of some of the last year's statistics. Attention has been called to the fact that in tin- rutted st- t f> ii I'.MHi mnro than ?'¦--. I»hi.<mk> \\ ; , s loft in pulilio l.«'iiue>ts. more tluiii li.-ill .if it 1,,-iu- for odu.-a ktowd i.ni-|. ¦¦ -•¦>. That is a splendid showing. Hut how small it is. aft.-r nil. .¦ompnrod with tli-' tv.-ord ;.f -iiioii,-;. :,. I, urn.- or. sirirtlj speak in-, wealth that has li. -rally I.een destroyed \>\ t.iiruin^ in tlie s.i-ne spa.-L- of time: Wo .ny told, n.'oonlimr to uinlerwritors 1 reports, whieli are not likely t.. MBKSerate but rather to mini mize. that the losses from tires in tlie I'uited Stat.-s and Canada in the last year ngx regaled n ioj •«• than $163,300,000. .Now. those ujjures mean so much absolute loss. The loss does not all fall upon the owners of the ravaged property. In many cases it is borne, or a part of it is borne, by the Insurance companies. Cut that fact docs not make the loss of wealth less real and absolute. Men speak of one having money to burn, or of his burning his money, when he squanders it la prodigal extravagance. But in such a case the money is not actually lost. It is simply trans ferred from the pocket of the prodigal to the pockets of those who profit by his folly, a man may eat and drink and gamble away a fortune, but the fortune is simply redistributed. Tee wealth lost in fires is, however, absolutely de stroyed. Some one, owner or insurance com pany, is made the poorer and nobody is Ms* the richer. That is the exceptionally deplorable feature of these statistics. How long is the world to suffer such loss? On this continent it was more than $163,300,000 last year and §13G.700.000 the year before and $119,000,000 the year before that. It is no an swer to say the country can stand It and is rapidly growing richer in spite of it. The country ought not to endure the preventable loss of a single dollar, not to mention hundreds of millions. Granted that a considerable pro portion of fires and resulting losses are practi cally unpreventable, the fact remains that a large proportion of them, especially in large i cities, where they are most numerous and most destructive, might be prevented by methods of construction now perfectly well known and of perfectly well proved efficacy. It is now more than a quarter of a century since the Tribune Building set the example to New-York of tire proof construction that is actually fireproof. It is not creditable to American civilization and progress that the miserable old firetrap method of building should still prevail so widely as to make possible such an appalling total of losses as that which we have cited. The only people opposed to a reform in the extravagant extension of the system of gov ernment by Commission, from which we are now suffering, are the Commissioners. Every man-jack of them is busy writing to the news papers, or setting interviewed, or at least "buzzing" his friends, to prove that Governor OdtMl is all right in the main, but that he has made a mistake about this one particular Com mission. To turn him and his lot out would be a woful loss to the State! "Odell and economy" is now the Republican watchword. The Political Liberty Society, which favors the giving up of the Philippines by the United States, probably takes over the effects of the anti-Im perialists who went Into political bankruptcy some time ago. It shifts its headquarters from Boston to New-York in order to be where things are going on, but as its ideas find no support in the spirit of the time it will gain no attention or influence from the transfer. "They do some things better in France." The proverb Is musty, but there is nothing stale, flat or unprofitable about the decision of the French Government to lessen the number of disfiguring advertisements on cliffs, walls, buildings and fences, by putting a proper tax on signboards, whether they are displayed upon public or pri vate property. The Gallic example should be followed promptly in the United States. H more hideous placards can be seen anywhere than many of those In this country. After Governor Odell's message has been read to Richard Croker at Wantage, will the Tam many Boss venture to come back? England would gladly follow Bellona's precept and build a golden bridge for her flying South African enemy if he would only fly. But that Is what he has no apparent notion of doing, and, though several times whipped, rises again as formidable and troublesome as ever. Even sleepy Spain is shaking off her age-long slumbers and Is opening electric lines for local truffle. It is Bignincant that Americans are supplying rolling stock and materials for the now roads. As Alfred Harmsworth says, Amer ican? are far in advance of all other peoples in the mastery of that miraculous force, electricity, and in the practical development of electrical Inventions and appliances of almost every kind Imaginable. But what would Don Quixote and Sancho Panxa or Cervantes himself have said could they have seen a Yankee trolley car roll ing over the plains of La Mancha? Drowning men clutch at straws. Devery has sunk twice already. As he rises to the surface for the third and last time he grabs desperate ly at the ultimate tuft of the tiger's tail, while Croker yells, "Let go!" Cotton mills both In the North and the South have hnd an encouraging and prosperous year. In New-England most of the makers of cotton goods are rejoicing over handsome dividends, while manufacturing In the Carolinas. In Georgia, in Mississippi and in other Southern States has been so profitable that many new mills have been built and many old ones have bern enlarged. The North and the South shake hands over the sound and healthy growth of their Industries. The city of New-Orleans is to be congratulated on having reached the high water mark of pros- x perlty in Imports, exports, customs duties, postal receipts and bank clearings. On the last day of the dying century twelve large steamships, the aggregate value of whose cargoes reached the enormous total of $2.G(38,70H. cleared for foreign ports. Of these, one vessel alone— the Mechan ician, of the Harrison Line — sailed with a cargo valued at $1 .000,000. The exports for 1000 touched the record total of $142,211,562. This Is an Increase of $45,t>i5,5H4 over the exports of 1800. The total in imports for 1000 amounted to $20,124,508. an increase of $0,040,274. In cus toms duties the total for 1000 was $7.54«>.210, an increase of $2.8»»0,453 over the total for MM There is not much evidence in these figures of the Indolence and apathy that are popularly sup posed to characterize the cities of the South. The Crescent City, Indeed, appears to be quite as much alive as any of the bustling cities of the North. Thin ie- It is over which onV.-hoMers who draw enormously excessive fees in our counties are now skating, and the air holes widen. When our new Governor laid bare in his message the abuses of the fee system In certain offices on each side of the East River he left no room for apology or excuse. Under his leadership the Legislature will doubtless take action that viii mean something. France consumes ten million tons of coal In excess of her production, and generally supplies the deficiency from her near neighbor England, but, in view of possible contingencies, is reaching out toward our markets, and is likely sooner or later to become a steady and liberal customer. She Is about to order two hundred thousand tons, having an agent low in this country for that purpose. We are glad to have France on our books, and can assure her of honest weight and an unimpeachable commodity. liuriiiK tin .iltiii.il Hi: Is f tli.- Vij-.t, (h.- British torpedo boat destroyer which is equipped with the steam turbine, it was observed that the coal consumption. ::t !• -s than the maximum sji.-fd, was SMini-whai ureal'T than that ..f an <itht-r rraft <>ftf t h.- Sam- ni-l-l :ui! disjilai-.-mcnt. tun provided with it.- .n.uin.s ..f t!i.- old t y! , • Mr Pars- ns. the Inventor of the steam tuit.ui- . n..\\ ili-«-I.ii t-s t hit thi." f..rm "f nMtnr, wh.-n run at its :¦[,¦¦,¦ sj.-.d. is !.-.ill> more eroii.itiii.-al in the use of fuel than any other. If this can once be demonstrated clearly. it -will be a great triumph, for the turbine already possesses many advantages in respect to lightness and size, and may ere long I- extensively adopted for the propulsion. of large as well as small vessels. rr.RsGXAL. N. L. Goldstone, who died recently in D, - Molnes. made charitable bequests of 5H.000. including cUM to the Home for Aged Hebrews In Albany. X. V . and ?2,000 to •:.. Hebrew Union College in Cincin nati. : .;.;.\ .¦ ¦-, v ».:^ Governor Mount of Indiana has received the deed to the tract of land' surrounding the grave of the mother of President Lincoln. In Spencer Count* near Lincoln City. The deed conveys the land from the County Commissioners of Spencer County to the Nancy Hanks Lincoln Memorial Association. A custodian for the land, which will lev trans formed into a park, will be appointed. and arrange ments made to beautify It. "The Congregatlonalist" says: "One of the large personalities and great educators among Baptists of this and the last generation has passed away with the death of the Rev. Dr. George W. Northrop, a graduate of Williams College, mho began his career as ii teacher as professor of church history In Rochester Theological Seminary, and then In 1887 went to the Baptist Theological Seminary at Chi cago, now merged In Chicago University as the divinity school of that Institution." John Summerneld Berry, who died on Thursday In Baltimore, was for many years a lay delegate from the Baltimore Conference to the Quadrennial General Conferences of the Methodist Episcopal Church, and he served as the treasurer of the Board of Stewards of the Baltimore Annual Con ference. He was also president of the Board of Managers of the Home of the Aged of the Metho dist Episcopal Church, and Interested in many charities. In ISO* he was elected a member of the conference to frame a new constitution for the State, and was the only slaveholder In Maryland who advocated the insertion of the article abolish ing slavery- A life size oil painting of the late Dr. Joseph Leidy was presented by his widow to the Univer sity of Pennsylvania on Thursday evening. Dr. Jacob Hirach. of Munich, exhibited his $50,000 collection of coins and medals to the Philadelphia Numismatic Society on Thursday evening. TRANSATLANTIC TRAVELLERS. Some of those booked to sail for Rotterdam on the steamer Statendam to-day are I. Straus, the Rev. A. H. De Vlras and Bradford Johnson. Among those who expect to sail to-day for Lon don on the steamer Minneapolis are Robert Hamil ton Glbb. D. W. Granbery. Dr. E. A. Jones. Miss Jessie St. Clair Liddell. the Rev. Mr. and Mrs. F. M. Wodehouse and Claude R. Watson. Among those booked to sail for Hamburg on the steamer Pretoria to-day are Mr. and Mrs. Henry W. O. Edge. Mrs. C. C. Edwards. Mr. and Mrs. W. F. Milton and Mr. and Mrs. G. C. Lodge. Some of those who have planned to sail to-day for Naples. Genoa and Alexandria on the steamer Filrst Bismarck are Mr. aijd Mrs. S. W. Andrews. Miss N. Andrews. Mrs. J. C. Alvarado. Mr. and Mrs. I. D. Adler. Miss Fanny Adler. Mrs. Sackett M. Barclay, the Misses Beatrice W. and Cornelia Evelyn Barclay. Henry Bedlow. the Rev. John Binney. Mr. and Mrs. A. De Bary. the Misses Leonle and Anita De Bary. the Misses Elizabeth Katharine and Blanche Bayliss, Mr. and Mrs. Will lam S. Benson. Miss Margaret Benson. Mr?. M. A. Crosley. Mrs. Georire H. Daniels. Miss Harriet M. Daniels. Mr. and Mrs. John E. Dwicht. the Misses Mabel and Ruth Dwlght. Dexter B. Dawes. Mr. and Mrs. Elisha Dyer. jr.. Miss Eleanor M. Fergu son. Mr. and Mrs. J. Swan Flick, Mr. and Mrs. r. B. Gunther. Mr. and Mrs. Harlow N. Hieinbotham. F. P. Knott. the Rev. W. W. Webb. Miss C. S Walker, the Marquis Rodolphe de Voelke. Captain and Mrs. C. M. Yon Roth. Mrs. John Tod. Miss Tod Miss Swan. Mrs. Sallie Stalker Smith. Mr. and Mrs. Lewis Stockton and family. Mr. and Mrs. Sidney Dillon Rlpley. H. Richardson. Mr. and Mrs. T. W. Pierre. Mr. and Mrs. Oordon P. Paine. Major and Mrs. Frank W. Oakley. L. Z. Letter. Mi»s Letter. E. W. Longfellow and George Yon L. Meyer, United States Ambassador to Italy. AMBASSADOR WHITE HONORED. Berlin. Jan. 4.— Andrew D. White, the United States Amhapxador here, has been elected a mem ber of the Berlin Academy of Science. rnr tu.k or the /nr. The publishers of "The Cleveland World" Issued a paper last Tuesday purporting to give the news of January 1. 2001. The phonetic system of spell ing Is used throughout this alleged twenty-first century journal, and among the leading news articles are an account of the opening of com munication with Mars, a story of the robbery of an airship express by bandits who froze the messen ger to death with liquid air. a description of the execution of a "murdres" by vaporisation, and a recital of the discovery In the ruins of abandoned Cincinnati of several barrels containing a curious, foul smelling liquid labelled beer. Minor items chronicle the intention of "lime. Sara Heart burn" to make a farewell tour of America, the death of a woman who once rocked George Wash ington to sleep in his cradle and the fall of a work man from the ninety-sixth floor of an office build ing. Terry— The landlord of the Phillupp made a good thing out of that banquet last night. Torry— So? Terry— Yes: you see. It was given out that Slyghter was going to make an after dinner speech. Thinking about it worried Slyghter so much that he could «-at little or nothing, and the others so dreaded the infliction that it quite spoiled their appetites.— Transcript. The Rev. Oliver C. Miller, who served as a chap lain In the Philippines under General Lawton. says: ' The establishment of the canteen has done much to abolish those drinking places that so quickly surround our army camps, by furnishing only beer and mineral waters, with Ice and such food as cannot be got elsewhere. In the Philippines, as In our own country, the saloonkeepers strongly advocate the abolishing of the post exchange, or canteen. Our soldiers are not wasting all our money In carousing, but many of them arc deposit ing with the paymaster a good portion of their al lowance, to be drawn out at the expiration of their time of service. I have seen little drunkenness among our soldiers throughout the archipelago, and only at one time was there much In Manila— the time the volunteer army was assembled in large numbers to embark for the voyage home." "I sent for you to fix a key in my daughter's piano, said the man of the house. «•«•««» » "But, my dear sir. I don't know anything about pl os - J m a locksmith." replied the workman "Exactly. I want you to make It possible for mo to lock the blamed thing up."-<Phlladelphla Press! A rural Wesleyan minister sends to "The Method ist Times." of London, some startling evidence of the religious Ignorance of little children. In a class of more than thirty children, varying In age from seven to fifteen, not one boy or girl had ever heard of the parable of the Prodigal Son! In an other spot In that neighborhood he asked 'about the same parable, and he found that there were three boys who knew something about it. but the rest. Including even girls of seventeen, were abso lutely Ignorant or it. Mr. Blnks (whoso invalid wife Insists on boara inß)-I.ook here. now. 'The Medical Record' says nothing will improve a woman's health like sweep. Ing baking, bcdmaklng, dishwashing and polish i»»k iiici silv ox*. Mrs. Binks—Huh! You know very well yon never fNew-Yo?** Weekly 0 P °" Sh - *° nder Vm slck " signor Br'gnoH once agreed to sing a solo at St Agnes's Church, In this city. He came in late. and' after divesting himself of many coverings.'tum bling over music racks and exasperating the choir by trying his voice, he came to the conclusion that he was ready. By this time, however, the sermon had commenced, but BrtgnoU, unabashed, leaned over the choir railing and tried to attract the attention of the preacher by shaking his head and gesticulating wildly. At last he yelled out in a voice that reached every corner of the church: "Me ready for se sins. Stoppe ze preach! Stoppe se preach!" And the priest actually cut the ser mon short In order to accommodate the Impatient tenor, whose voice now rang out with such fervor as to rill the worshippers and Justify the sac rifice. ,, A New Year's Programme.— "Well," remarked Mr. JolliwelL "I suppose you are golnp to mnka a lot of good resolutions for tho new year " * "No I'm not." answered Slrlus Barker! with fo hh a C tad S oSes° Srtmony * " I>m S ° lnS to ma * a "I lot of bad ones." "That's an unhonrd of proceeding." "X? 3 ,- .It:. It: ' s an ldea ot m >" oon.w 'n. If lam as fuc oesstiil in breaking my bad resolutions nt I have been in breaking my good ones. I'll ni.utruv to bo- GEORGE row i. U'CORUICK IMPROVING. George Fowler McCormlck. the youngest son of Mr and Mr- Harold McCormlck, was reported last rdsrht to lie steadily Improving He is suffering from scsrJatlna... Fresh flowers arrive by express .l.nly to m e p l? I ? ed on John Rockefeller M.-for rn'ck coffin. The vault is watched night and day by men. ° . . . v Utti ART EXHIBITIONS. THE NATIONAL - ACADEMY OF DESIGN. 3 Not In a long time fcas the Academy organized a show so ,-co.l as that which opens to the. public to-day at the Fine Arts Bulltiia?.' The -atalogue just stops short of thr.. hundred numbers, -which means that , the galleries are not crowded. The Hanging Committees has done Its work well, having been spurred to great effort, perhaps, by the gen eral excellence Of the material at its disposal. The show -•:::¦ - to the vtrtce. of catholicity. O!4 prejudices have apparently teen shelved. The art of some of the moat conservative members of the Institution is duly honored, but space is freely given also to painters of all tastes and associa tions. As a result, the walls have a variety of as. Pset which Is alone a source of pleasure to the observer. That there is also something more sada than mere variety to appeal to the latter Is shewn • by the fact that no fewer than six pictures ha*» been found worthy of prizes. The frequent visitor : to art galleries scarcely needs to fee reminded that - prize pictures often fall to Justify their claims to the distinctions they receive. Th- first Halfeartert prizs goes to a -Winter Evening." by Mr. W. E. Scho field, which is ad mirable in the skilful treatment of values which it illustrates, and Is farther to he commended for Its fidelity to the spirit of a scene hi nature difficult to represent with truth. The picture is not beasjfc. ul-the color scheme to too monotonous for that but It 13 thoroughly well dene. la the case ef N Miss McChesney's portrait of a man. entitled -\ Good Story." on which the second Hallsartcn , riza has been bestowed, there to one 'disappointing de. tail, the dark tones below the head are almost opaque, but the face and head are so good that wo ran forgive the defect elsewhere. Altogether thto painting marks a step ahead on the part of Mtoa McChesney. To a cattle piece by Miss Matilda Browne. "Repose." the third Hallgarten prize has been awarded. It Is sound in design, drawing and atmospheric effect, though a trifle cold in color. The Thomas B. Clarke prise passes) to Mr. W. F. Kline for "The Flight into Egypt.** an oblong panel possessing remarkable dignity as a compo sition. A true feeling for what might be called scenic landscape is disclosed In this work, the land scape that while beautiful in itself to chiefly «£ Importance as a background for figures. Mr. Kline strikes the right note, and it will be interesting to see what he does in the future. The Inn ess gold medal, given in memory of the great American painter by his son. for the test landscape in the exhibition, has fallen to "The Year's Wane." by Mr. Bruce Crane. The choice could not well be dis puted, for there is abundant merit In this work, both as respects the delicate handling of tree tensa and the subtle reproduction of a chin atmosphere. The double portrait by Let It la B. Hart and Mary T. Hart, which has gained the Norman W. Dodge prize, Is a far better piece of work than we have hitherto been Justified in expecting from their hands. Incertitude still marks their craft. The color needs purification, as it needs force: the text* ures show a touch which still wants authority. On the other hand the heads are vigorously mod elled, and the canvas has. In the main, a certain vitality, a certain character, which it Is agreeable to praise. >. The point most conspicuous after the interesting quality of the group of prize pictures is the increase in the number of attractive figure pieces. Again and again In the past the Academy has had to rely chiefly upon Its landscapes. These make them selves felt this year— in fact, the outdoor work to constantly inviting one to pause. Mr. GrolTs "Glimpse of the Village," an elegiac painting of peculiarly penetrating charm: Mr. Red9eld's clever river scenes: Mr. Caliga's exquisite "Field of Pop. ples": Mr. Van Laer's broadly painted "Connects cut Hillside." are the first few pictures which recur to the mind in this field out of a long and - uniformly delightful list. But work of this sort to nearly always certain to be encountered hi the bis winter exhibitions. It Is not so common to meet figure studies like Mr. Barse's "End of the Day." or his other panel. "A Question." In both of these) there Is a dry ness of line which we could well spare, but there are. too. elements distinctly ad mirable. This artist may want distinction of style and beauty of color, but at least he to competent within its limits, at least he leaves the impres sion of painting that Is serious, energetic and work manlike. There is more painting like this in the show, not always quite so facile, so deft, bet on, a sufficiently high plane, nevertheless. ; We. may cite Mr. Pott bast's "Wood Nymph." a capital example of graceful draughtsmanship, or Mr. Da Mond's "Mending the Net." which smacks a shade too aggressively of the mechanical cornctness that Is learned In the schools, but to touched with in dividuality in its quiet tones, and is. In the long run. a creditable picture. Mr. Hassan's "July Night." a garden scene, with lanterns and a single figure, If less convincing In its light and air than his urban sketch. "Winter Morning on Broadway.** Is one of the striking things here by virtue of its general cleverness. A bold style and a flavor of originality cause the figure studies by Miss Juliet Thompson to stand out from the crowd, works not at all brilliant, but obviously of considerable prom ise: and there Is richness of color, besides poetto feeling, in Miss Macomber's "Music." a composition embracing three heads. Mr. Hawthorne's "Split ting Fish." a big realistic picture of rough types, has not much beyond Its realism to recommend it. but In this, as In Mr. Perrlne's "Dying Sioux." Mr. De Cost Smith's "Defiance." another Indian subject, and Mr. Mora's "SeviUana." the absence of really notable qualities Is overlooked because they have at any rate address, technical merit, the air of more or less ambitious efforts made with more or less success. Miss Browns combe's dancing scene. "Sir Roger de Coverley at Carvel Hall." is very pretty : we wish we could say more of it. but after the prettlness there to nothing in the canvas to ex cite admiration. Mr. Birney's Interior. "After the Hunt." goes in much the same category. It Is well executed so far as It goes, but it does not go very far. Mr. K. A. Bell's "Sun Bath." In which a mother watches her child lying on a divan in the sunshine, has so much quality that we wish it were a better picture. The woman is well drawn: the baby is Ineffectively treated. Strong draughtsman ship and delicate color combine to make Mr. Isham's "In the Park" a work of Importance to th* show. It Is a brilliant portrait of a woman. Portraiture is less In the ascendant than usual— the varied character of the exhibition has been noted— but it is generously and worthily represent ed. Mr. Vlnton sends a noble portrait of Mr. John Harsen Rhoades. in which simplicity to carried al most to the point of baldness and yet reveals, on close scrutiny, the subtlest s&d Attest qualities ef portraiture. Mr. Fowler is at his best hi his free; direct and most sympathetically conceived portrait of Mr. John Reid, which has a good neighbor la th* portrait of Mr. Rltschel by Mr. Irving R. Wiles. Mr. Vonnoh's "Mrs. M. E. Porter.** Mr. Beckwtth's sparkling little portrait of a girl, and the hard but powerful portrait of Mr. John M. Bowers by Mr. Alfred Q. Collins are also to be noted. Several j pictures In other provinces detach themselves from their surroundings through some special attributes) of excellence. Mr. Horatio Walker's large ploughing scene. "The First Gleam.;* Mr. Alden Weir's "New- England Village" and Mr. John F. Weir's lovely study of a bowl of roses (No. at). There are son** fine pieces of sculpture, too. including two stately bronze figures modelled for the Hunt Memorial by Mr. D. C. French. But upon thto occasion there is less temptation to dwell upon Individual works than to speak of the exceptional character of th* exhibition as a whole. The average ha* never been higher. The best thins that can be said of the show is that It Is never fatiguing, that It to alive and In teresting. It opens the season in the most au spicious manner. ' CONTEST OF SPOFFORD WILL UNLIKELY. One of the executors of the will of James I* Spofford said yesterday that there was not Uhe ly to' bo any contest or trouble hi settling the af fairs of the estate.- Mr. Spofford inserted la hts will a paragraph. statin? M Mi mm for cutting off his sister, Pauline IV irsall. and her hnsbatwl. Thomas Pearsall. that 1:1 opposing him in certain legal proceedings they had made false and malicious charges aga: him. v- Spofford's es tate was in part received from his father, who. as a member of the firm of Spotfonl .v Tileston. * ¦¦» prominent in the shipping business early la the tost century- The elder Mi Spofford died In IS>l\ nnJ his estate was divided between his children- DR. CURRAN GOlNp TO STAFFORD. San Francisco, Jan. 4 (Special).— Proftssar J.imei Harrison Curran. A. M. of Dickinson College, and I'll. P., of Halle, has been appointed acting assist ant profossor of economics at Leland Stanford. Jr., University, to nil the place, made vacant by the reslirn-itlon of Professor Aliirich. Dr. Curran comes hero irom Tome Institute. Port Deposit. Md._ He Pf.i* rr.irn lume institute, tort I't-posn Ma. Ma spent two years In Germany, making special studies in finance, economics nnd. philosophy. lie has just completed a translation, authorized by the author, of . Professor -Johann Conrad's wort on public finance.