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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, January 06, 1901, Image 3

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ARMY BUREAP EXPANSION
THF V-HrrT.S WITHIN WFIKE'.S < >X THE
W M! hrPAKTMFNT
ASTONISHING GROWTH IN RECENT TEARS—
THOUSANDS OF EMPLOYES BORNE
ON THE PAYROLLS.
[BT TELECBArn TO THE TEinCXB.]
Washington. Jan. s.— Few people have any
conception of the magnitude to which some of
the War Department bureaus have expanded in
recent years. Generally, the so-called annual
"Register of the War Department" is very mis
leading. because it sets out only lists of the
War Department employes proper. In fact,
these form only a small proportion of the cler
ical and other force attached to three or four
of Its bureaus. Some years ago the list of some
thing like a thousand clerks In the newly cre
ated Record and Pension Bureau, which ap
peared In these annual registers, created sur
prise, but that list in its palmiest days was
meagre compared with the numbers carried on
the rolls of the "Quartermaster's Department
at large," names that are not printed in the
War Department Register.
The last "Blue Book." presumptively a com
plete roster of all and every description of Gov
ernment employes, contained the names of 4.955
chief clerks, common clerks, stenographers,
typewriters, copyists, messengers. Janitors, in
terpreters, veterinary surgeons, engineers, as
sistant engineers, blacksmiths, cooks, wagon
masters, teamsters, first and second class pack
ers, storekeepers, warehousemen, checkers, cut
ters. inspectors and assistant inspectors, har
ness makers, carpenters, watchmen, boatmen,
herders, chief plumbers, assistant plumbers,
plumbers, etc., belonging to this "Quartermas
ter's Department at large." Eight vessels were
carried as owned by it on July 1, 1899. besides
-which there was a list of thirty-two Army trans
ports, owned by the War Department, under
charge of the Quartermaster's Department. All
the foregoing were directly under the employ
of the Quartermaster's Department. In addi
tion, there Is a further list of 212 clerks, com
missary clerks, first, second, third and fourth
stewards, chief cooks, second and third cooks,
pantrymen, butchers, waiters, scullions, cap
tains' "boys," messmen, etc.. carried on the rolls
of the Subsistence Department, but employed
on the transports which belong to the Quarter
master's Department.
ENGINEER CORPS THE LARGEST OF ALL.
It is popularly supposed, even by Army men
themselves, that the Quartermaster's Depart
ment is the most important in the War Depart
ment, so far as numbers and expenditures go.
In respect to numbers that is a mistake. An
other hydra-headed office, with a body append
age and a "department at large" if anything
more extraordinary still, knocks the Quarter
master's Bureau silly. It carries the modest title
of "Corps of Engineers." but it is one of the
great Warning***** bureaus, nevertheless. Its
department clerical force, as recorded In the
War Department Register, numbering only some
eighty persons— clerks, messengers, etc.— ls so
modest that it gives little clew to the vast rami
fications of this surprising branch of the United
States Government. Its "department at large"
is a very large affair Indeed, the details of which
are never seen by the public. The Army itself
knows little concerning the extent of Brigadier-
General John M. Wilson's following. It is doubt
ful if he himself knows the total. It is more
than double that of the Quartermaster's Bureau,
with all its great transport fleet and supply
branches. The last "Blue Book" embodied a list
of 10.223 names on the various rolls "at large"
of the Engineer Bureau as of July 1, 1899, since
which date, there has probably been an increase
rather than otherwise. This did not Include the
engineer Officers nor the War Department cleri
cal force, nor either the Mississippi or Missouri
River Commission, all of which would add some
eight hundred or nine hundred more names to
the roster.
This army of employes is under the direction
of 126 engineer offlcers of the Regular Army
one brigadier-general, at the head of the Bureau
proper here In "Washington: seven colonels, four
teen lieutenant-colonels, twenty-eight majors,
thirty-five captains, twenty-eight first lieuten
ants and fifteen second lieutenants. Several of
them are required to assist the chief. In turn
these engineer officers are "assisted" by upward
of one hundred and eighty civilian engineers.
The principal duty of these military engineers
and their numerous assistants Is to superintend
the river and harbor work of the country- A
few of them are also engaged upon fortifications.
but a considerable proportion are employed upon
miscellaneous duties. The great majority of
their subordinates, of course, come under the
general head of laborers, but there are hundreds
of clerks stenographers and other clerical as
cl-tants. ' The variety of employes in the en-
Btaeer "department at large" is even more non
dTsSpt than that of the Quartermaster's De
partment. And. not to be outdone at any point.
Uie "E-rin-er Department at large" also owns
'•''fleetTaMl* * greater one. Indeed, than that
of the Quartermaster-General. It is composed of
210 .veils of all kinds, besides the fifteen owned
by the "Mississippi River Commission and ten
oLrs belonging to the Missouri River Commls-
B 'on ' both of which enterprises are practically
under the control of the Corps of Engineers.
THE TWO RIVF.R COMMISSIONS.
In view of the industrious logrolling now going
on to Becure the insertion In the River and Har
£. Vl of 'various doubtful • items for the "im-
Vr. t of numerous creeks and so called
svV™ 'to th# detriment of the crying wants ; of
3T a Seat harbors and waterways. It may be in-
T ir V to note that there are 272 persons em
*r 1/bv the Mississippi River Commission.
v^£l th« members of the Commission, and
1 regular engineer officer, who acts as secretary
™7^l.bur.inK officer. The list includes seven
clerk* nine civilian engineers, Inspectors.
draughtsmen, axemen, carpenters, a computer,
cooks, deckhand*?/ gauge observers, laundresses,
nrin'ere, pressmen, recorders, steam engineers.
Marti stokers, surveyors and waiters. Quite
a variety for one small Commission, with a fleet
I . only *,T, Tt * r . vessels. But perhaps they are re
quired for the Mississippi Is a great stream, on
the bosom of which floats an Increasing com
merce.
The Mlesouri p.iver- Commission, however, a
more oonefderable affair in some of Its aspects.
THIS WEEK ONLY.
"Standard of Highest Merit." -;,;;* Q.
•* TKt embodiment of tone and art."
In addition, to our regular styles of
Grand and Upright Pianos, we offer this
week a number of odd styles of new Fischer
Pianos at
REDUCED PRICES.
Also several not quite ntu and second hand Pianos
of our own and other celebrated makers, taken in
exchange during; the Holidays on the purchase of
new Fischer, Pianos. All have been thoroughly
. renovated if and will be sold at very low prices.:
CASH OR INSTALMENTS.
33 Union Square— West,
Mnmwm Ittfc aae If ta StteHt. *•¦/ Tork.
¦
to a different matter, ft r= notorious tha- there
w nttle commerce on that river, and a steamboat
other than the Government vessels is seldom seen
on its waters. Even the tramp steamer ventures
1 rarely far up that uncertain stream. The sec
tary of this Commission ls a regular engineer
captain, besides which It has a chief clerk. There
re twenty-two clerks to this Commission-one
£ 400> tW ° at $I>Bo0 ' four at S l - 500 - three at
Sl.-00. two at $1,080. slx at $900 an<l f<JUr at
•>< M. The civilian Commissioners receive ?2 .Vni
and their expenses. There are nine civilian en
gineers-three at $3,000 a year, three at $1 800
one at $1,500 and two at $1,200. Besides these
engineers there are six draughtsmen— one at
9 1.800. one at $1,500. three at $1,200 anrt n n »
at $1,080 a year. Aside from the four Army
officers connected with the Commission, the
foregoing are mainly the high priced offinai?
though shipmasters and pilots, overseers (of
whom there aie four, with ten sub-overseers), a
surveyor, steam engineers, etc.. draw all Hm
way from $1,200 to $2,100 a year. Beside? UmM
classes, there are a janitor, teams and team^te-a,
sixteen watchmen, but no printers and press
men appear on its payrolls, antes* they come
under the head of plain "laborers." It is a
curious fact that of a total of 256 employes
under this Missouri River Commission 257 are
appointed from Missouri. Although one of the
Commissioners hails from Nebraska, only eight
employes are credited to that State, and only
four from poor Kansas. This is rather an un
equal distribution of patronage connected with
an enterprise presumptively of equal importance
to several other States besides Missouri. It will
be noted that the number of clerks exceeds that
of the Mississippi River Commission three to
one.
These are surprising: details. Both these 1 om
missions have developed gradually into Inde
pendent bureaus, each with a fleet of steamers,
and employing an official personnel in their
management more multifarious than most of
the bureaus at the capital. The "Engineer De
partment at large" is the most extensive bureau
of the United States Government, exceeding the
largest of the great Treasury bureaus. None of
them have so many employes or spend so much
money.
THE MEDICAL BUREAU.
The Medical Bureau is little understood ir. all
its ramifications, nor is its magnitude generally
hended. A glance at the Army List and
the War Department Register leaves the im
pression that it consists of some 192 Regular
Army surgeons, ranking from first lieutenant
up to brigadier-general, and an average de
partment force of about 150 clerks, messengers
etc. They form only a small part of the medical
machine— less than one-sixth of the employes
of the Surgeon-General's office. This is another
bureau with a "department at large," which.
while not so imposing In numbers as either the
Engineer or Quartermaster's department, is
nevertheless a vast aggregation by itself, al
though as yet it is not equipped with a fleet of
its own. Besides General Sternberg's Regular
Army surgeons, he employs 395 civilian con
tract surpeons at $150 a month each, or $1,800
a year. Then there are 200 hospital stewards
and acting hospital stewards. 69 hospital ma
trons and 238 female nurses. He also has a
hospital corps of 525 privates. In his "depart
ment at large" there are 117 clerks, besides the
War Department force, and about one hundred
other miscellaneous hands, such as packers,
messengers, watchmen, carpenters, laborers and
various other attendants. Altogether the Medi
cal Bureau includes something like 2,100 per
sons in constant service of one sort or another.
Compared with some of the other bureaus, these
numbers are not overwhelming, but they are
far greater than is generally supposed. The
chief surprise is the number of outside surgeons
in constant employment.
ORDNANCE AND SUBSISTENCE BUREAUS.
The Ordnance Department is another of the
bureaus of which the public knows compara
tively little. Tet it is one of the large wheels
within wheels here at the capital. With only
sixty-one Regular officers and some seventy
five clerks on its rolls, it appears to be only an
ordinary affair. But, concealed up its "depart
ment at large" sleeve, the Ordnance Bureau
employs more than 3.200 clerks, messengers,
foremen, machinists, engineers, carpenters,
painters, brickmakers. polishers, blacksmiths,
toolmakers, laborers, etc., employed In the dif
ferent arsenals and forts of the country.
The Subsistence Department is a small one.
numerically, consisting of a brigadier-general,
two colonels, three lieutenant-colonels, eight
majors and seven captains of the permanent
establishment, about eighty clerks in the War
Department, and five hundred employes of vari
ous clashes in its "department at large." Off
hand, most people would say that the Subsist
ence Department employed as many people as
the Engineer Bureau, but, as seen, the latter
would swallow up twenty Subsistence Depart
ments.
Although the Signal Office also has a "de
partment at large." it is comparatively insig
nificant as yet. no more than about fifty per
sons being carried on Its payrolls.
None of the other bureaus have "departments
at large," hence the War Department Register
discloses their official personnel, asido from the
Army officers.
.VTLL7OXS MAY 81-. SAVED.
ABOLITION OF THE MISSOURI RIVER
COMMISSION RECOMMENDED.
Washington. Jan. s.— The report on the River
and Harbor bill, which appeared to-day, makes
a severe arraignment of the large expenditures,
aggregating $10,903,560. on the Missouri River,
with an array of figures showing that the traffic
is insignificant compared with that of other
waterways which have received far less from
the Government. Ab a result the repeal of the
act creating the Missouri River Commission la
recommended. The report says:
The quantity of traffic upon the river 1b very
small. The freight carried below Sioux City In
1899 amounted to only 283,114 tons, and above
Sioux City, in the 1.600 miles to Fort Benton,
23,041 tons. The quantity of freight carried will
appear to be even smaller when it is taken into
account that the major share of the tonnage on
the lower Missouri River, or 216,417 tons, is
made up of sand and building materials car
ried an average distance of less than two miles,
leaving a balance of 46.667 tons of other kinds
of freight carried. It is impossible to believe
that for this small amount of tonnage aa elab
orate and expensive establishment ls required,
or the appropriation of large amounts.
It is shown that Raccoon Creek, In Wm 9m
sey. and Bayou Teche, In Louisiana, have ap
proximately as much tonnage as the Missouri
River, although tbe creek has received $3,000
from the Government and the bayou $81,000. aa
against $10,903,560 to the Missouri fttosf The
report adds:
Another point which has become manifest to
the committee is the diversion of the larger
share of the amounts appropriated for this
stream to the protection of private property.
The amounts so applied have come to largely
exceed those for dredging or for Improvements
to navigation. It to impossible for the com
mittee to correctly Judge whether these ap
propriations for the protection of bMrin and
private property are Judiciously expended. While
not assuming to decide whether such exi-endi
,„,-..«, : ... „i.,per Hiit.i.cts f.,r appropriation by
the Federal Government, the bbmbjmh <>f the
committee are clearly of the opinion that nwi
;., i: , ,;,.. ,i,, rid i ?¦,;„!¦.: I.elonK t" a mm
mlttee whose province Is to recommend appro
priations for the improve 1 1 H- n I af rivers and
lsarl-or«
TO PROTECT CALIFORNIA'S 810 TREES.
Washington, Jan. 5 (Special). —To discourage the
cutting of the famous big trees of California. Rep
resentative Lacey. chairman of the House Commit
teoon Public Lands, has introduced a bill levying
an Internal revenue tax on the manufactured
products of th- "biff tree" wood. According to Mr.
Lacey's plan, when such trees are cut down there
shall bo levied and collected a tax at the rate of
%2 a thousand feet board measure, to be scaled as
soon an any tree is felled and cut Into logs, and
when any ... of Bald logs is cut Into lumber or
manufactured In any form there shall.be levied
vtitftis;^ funhrr tax of $10 a thousand feet
I, ¦ r.l in. ..• in Th. hill has been r.-ferre<. to the
i:^^^?^^ MM Proyldln* a means
California, with .¦ view to making National parks
thereof. , ... -• . . .--'¦¦ - ¦ -. ;*'....;
DON'T TELL ; TOUR WIFE " :
what you see in the narrow (columns; of .The Sun- 1
£ fa«. 8 WJSSSjA W.lSftSS'.t
NEW- YORK DAILY TRIBUNE. SUNDAY. JANUARY 6, 1901.
TUTS ON APPORTIONMENT.
MESSRS. LITTLEFIELD AND HOPKINS
EXCHANGE SHARP WORDS.
DISFRANCHIBEMBNT IN THE SOUTH AGAIM
DISCUSSED.
[BT TXLXGBAPH TO THE TRIBUNE. I
Washington. Jan. s.— Difference* over the merits
Of the Hopkins and Burlelgh schemes of reappor
tionment led to-day to some lively passages at
arms In the House of Representatives between Mr.
Hopkins, the chairman of the Census Committee,
and Mr. Llttlefleld, of Maine. The latter was put
forward by the advocates of a larger House to ;
reply to the Illinois member's argument yesterday
in favor of retaining the present limit of member
ship—367. Mr. Llttlefleld made a notable reputation
last winter by the vigor with which he attacked the
Roberts exclusion resolution and the original House
bill defining the political status of the Island of
Porto Rico. His speech to-day was even more
pointed and personal than the two which carried
him Into prominence In the House last winter, and
the severity of his assaults on the Hopkins bill
and Its author and sponsor drew from the latter a
number of angry retorts and contradictions.
Mr. Llttlefield's general argument was directed
toward demolishing Mr. Hopklns's contention that
In the new apportionment all other considerations
should be sacrificed to keeping down the size of the
House and toward establishing the contention that
each decade had seen and should see a moderate
growth of membership In the popular branch. In
terest in the debate has been greatly quickened,
and the advocates of the two rival schemes of ap
portionment seem now to he about equally matched
<n strength. The Hopkins bill has lost ground
noticeably, however, in the last few days. Mr.
Llttlefleld declared that the Hopkins bill could
properly be entitled "An act to cripple the State of j
Maine in her representation in the House and in
the Electoral College." He resented what he
termed Mr. Hopklns's assault on the State of Maim-.
That statement drew from Mr. Hopkins an In
dignant denial.
Mr. Llttlefleld sarcastically called Mr. Hopkins's
attention to the men who, like Lovejoy and Fuller,
had gone to Illinois to give distinction to that
State. "Yet," said he. "the gentleman's speech
yesterday was saturated with a pettifogging as
sault upon Maine."
"If there is any member of this House who Is an
expert on pettifogging it is the gentleman from
Maine." retorted Mr. Hopkins.
"The gentleman from Maine," replied Mr. Llttle
fleld, "never defended a criminal, but he has prose
cuted several, and he is prosecuting one now."
(Laughter and applause.)
"That is Just the eort of remark I should have ex
pected from the gentleman, judging by his previous
course upon this floor," answered Mr. Hopkins.
After a sharper exchange than usual the Chair
was obliged to call both members to order and to
call attention to the rule which provides that the
member on the floor must not be Interrupted with
out his consent, and also to the rule that members
must not address each other in the second person.
"The gentleman has already interrupted me about
twenty-five times In violation of the rule," observed
Mr. Llttlefleld.
"And the gentleman from Maine has violated the
rule with % reference to the second person about
fifty times," exclaimed Mr. Hopkins.
"The gentleman is becoming exceedingly tech
nical and sensitive," retorted Mr. Llttlefleld. "I
will refer to him later in the third person, and later
still I anticipate that he will have shrunk suffi
ciently to permit me to refer to him in the fourth
or fifth person, and perhaps in the end I can elim
inate him altogether." (Laughter and applause.)
Proceeding. Mr. Llttlefleld argued that the Con
stitution. In providing for decennial apportionment.
contemplated an increase of the membership until
the House should become unwieldy. The increase
was necessary to keep pace with the growth of
population. Sixty years ago. he said, when the
membership was only 260. the same arguments were
made against an increase of the membership which
were heard now. .
SOUTHERN ELECTION METHODS.
Th'> other speakers were Messrs.- Shattuc (Rep..
Ohio), Klutz (Dem., N. C). Fox • (Dem.. Miss.).
Sutherland. (Pop.. Neb.), Llnney (Rep., N. C). Olm
sted Her . Perm.) and Miers (Dem.. Ind.).
Mr. Shamir insisted that in making the reappor
tlonment the representation should bo reduced in
all th- States where the right to voto is abridged.
Ho asserted that ten States abridged the suffrage
to an average of M per cent. They were California.
7.7 per cent: Connecticut, 5.3; Delaware. 14.3; i,..:-i
iina.MSS" Maine, 5.5; Massachusetts, «.::. Missi.--«!pi>i,
40; North Carolina, 35.7; South Carolina. 45. and
SVvominer, 3.4. , ;j {h| a ,._ 14 . ka on . southern
Mr Fox replied to tho attacks on Southern
States especially defemlinKr th. action of Missis
sippi in adopting her new Constitution.
Mr I.inney argued that under their oaths to sup
port the Constitution members In voting on reap
nortlonment must take cognizance, of the .iliriil*;--
rn.-nt of suffrage in th- Southern States. H.» gave
an entertaining description of , Democratic election
methods North Carolina. denouncing the Demo
crats ; mercilessly for their action. ••• He was espe
cially severe in his condemnation* of their course In
i-alllne the L,ei?lsl»ture together last summer to
' pass i a i law <to :, prevent i the issue of writs of man
daM*" b JUma (i/tm.. Twin.) iima U ; th« . real cause
Pleasure Planning for 1901
THE PIANOLA
has created an outburst of
ENTHUSIASM
and has been accorded a popularity which ha.ye centered upon it the attention of the civilized world.
Royalty, including most of the crowned heads of There are millions of pianos distributed through-
Europe, and the highest musical authorities have united out the world. There are tens of thousands of compo
with the general public, not only in expressions of admi- sltlons which the whole world should enjoy. Yet how i
ration, but in purchasing Pianolas for their entertainment many of these pianos bring. forth this music? A very v g
and pleasure. few. These few play a still smaller fraction of what /
The history of the Pianola has no parallel. The mar- constitutes the musical literature of the piano.
velous performances of this dextrous little piano-player. Ami there is but one reason the music it
coupled with the need of the great mv- hidden behind a technic, the mastery
sic-loving world for an instrument—
an ;i.-sim;iiii-- ¦ i mm by which any
one can produce upon the piano the mu
sic for which he cares, is the reason
for the promptness of its ;ijjpr*>rnition
liv the world at large.
There is no investment which
you can make which will pay
as lar^e a dividend in pleasure as
will the purchase of a Pianola. St
will Rive you the full use of your
piano, the benefit of the genius &f
a.ll the greaJ composers and the
enjoyment which alone comes with
producing music yourself.
Figure it out yourself from a personal standpoint. You have a piano, you know what you paid for It— ho* many of your family play it and
..... aggregate repertory of them all. V •>. know whether you would enjoy playing it yourself, and ho*- many others would like to play It. Everyday
you learn of some new selection which you would like to hear, but which co member of your household knows how to play.
When you realize that for 8250.00 additional you can obtain the Pianola which will enable you, yourself, to play upon your piano wary
thing ever written for that instrument, its purchase must appeal to you as a practicable and profitable investment
You owe it to yourself to hear the Pianola if it is possible for you to do bo, if
not, to eend for detailed description. Catalogue mailed noon request,
TL^ A<CwVilsk*^ £^*T\ lS West Twe^ t v-third Street, New York.
1 lICS /Tk^UIICMI VU»* 500 Fulton Street, Brooklyn.
of the alleged crime recited by Mr. Linney was not
to prevent negro domination. Mr. Linney replied
that the fear of ntgro domination was pure '•rof;
that all pretext of »uch fear could be destroyed by
requiring all offlcers of the State and county to
give bond. He declared that it was the love ot
power which led the Democrats of the State to
commit rrimes against the ballot.
Mr. Hopkins expressed willingness to accept an
am«n<lnent which would give an additional Rep
resentative each to Florida. Colorado and North
Dakota, the three States with majority fractions
unrecognized In his bill. He claims a victory for
his bill, but the advocates of the Burlelgh bill In
sist almost aa confidently that the Hopkins meas
ure will b* beaten.
ASSERTING SENATE PRIVILEGES.
RIOHT TO SEE ANT PAPERS IN EXECCTIVE
DF.rARTMENTS DECLARED IN MR.
BACON'B RESOLUTION.
Washington. Jan. 5. — Senator Bacon to-day in
troduced the following; resolution:
Resolved by the Senate. That any and every
public document, paper or record on the flies
of any Department of the Government, relating
to any subject whatever, over which Congress
has any grant of power, jurisdiction or control
under the Constitution, is subject to the call or
Inspection of the Senate for its use in the exer
cise of its ronstttutlonal powers and jurisdiction.
Th* resolution went over for future considera
tion.
CHARGES OF ILL TREATMENT DENIED.
THB FfPERINTENDBNT OF THE NAVAL ACADEMY
RKPHRTa ON THE DEATH OF HOBART GREEN.
Washington. Jan. s.— Secretary Long to-day re
o*>ived the report of Commander Richard WaJn
wrlght. superintendent of the Naval Academy. In
regard to the sickness and death of Hobart Green,
a private in the Marine Corps. This case was
brought to the notice of the Navy Department by
Representative Rlxev of Virginia. It was repre
sented that Green's death was due to improper
treatment by the officials at the Naval Academy.
Secretary Long referred all the papers In the case
to the superintendent of the academy, with in
structions to make a full investigation and report
the result to the Department. Superintendent
AValnwrlßht's report considers the written charges
and tho' various newspaper articles In reference to
the case, and says: "The charges have been care
ftilly Investigated, as directed. There is not the
slightest foundation for any of the charges."
MORAN BROTHERP. BATH WORKS ANP NEWPORT
NEWS COMPANY TO GET ONE VESSEL EACH.
Washington. Jan. s.— The Secretary of the Navy
has reached the conclusion that the law relative to
the building of new ships requires the Department
to allot one of the vessels to the Pacific Coast
Therefore he h.is announced that he will award the
contract for one sheathed battleship to Moran
Brothers, of Seattle; one to the Bath Works, of
Maine, and one to the Newport News Shipbuilding
Company. These awards will be made condi
tional on the bidders named bringing their pro
posals within the $3,600,000 limit of coat fixed by
Congress, and restoring many Important Items cut
out of the specifications of the Department by
them. The Moran bid wa.« $3.S8B,000; Bath. $3,680,000.
and Newport News. $3,593,000. If the bidders de
cline to accept the conditions the Department will
amend the specifications and advertise again for
bids.
HEARING Oy OLEOMARGARINE DILL.
Washington. Jan. ' s.— The principal witness bo
fore the Senate Committee on Agriculture at its
forenoon hearing on the Oleomargarine bill to
day was Mr. Tlllinghast. representing the Vermont
Manufacturing Company, of Providence, R. I. He
opposed the bill and contended for a free field for
the oleomargarine Industry. He asserted that no
deleterious substance is used in the manufacture
of that article, and said that chemical experiments
demonstrate its healthfulncss.
At the afternoon session a largo delegation of
supporters of the Grout bill from Pennsylvania
was heard. The speakers were Samuel Jamison,
W. D. Edson. J. J. Habacker. W. F. Drennen, I.
W. Cleaver. T. W. Davis, 1.. S. Kaufman, William,
Sharpless and T. C. Sharpless. They represented
wholesale and retail butter dealers, fanners,
creamery men, etc., and nil urfi.-.i the passage of
the bill In the interest of health and tne public
welfare ii. rally.
DISMISSED FROM THE ARMY.
Washington. Jan. s.— Captain H. 11. Blunt, of
Louisiana, 4&th 'Volunteer Infantry, was convict
ed by court martial at Tu(?ue.iraras. Cagayan. P. 1.,
of -conduct unbecoming an officer and a entle
man and sentenced to dismissal from the service.-
It was alleged; that while acting as officer of the
day: he . assaulted a ¦ private , soldier . and drew his
revolver »on another private, ? and r , also*, that „he
¦ wrongfully t retained i money., that 1 did • not ) belong .to
s him. Tbe p President « has ' approved I the i sentence at
{ dtitntoaal. to tate effect from January 2. ,; <: ___
CONTRACTS FOR BATTLESHIPS.
PRICE $250.
Can tir bought ny xnodtrats
monthly ravmtnu I.' desired
WQmP^^^^^P^lfSF ENDORSED AND USED BY THE
iC^^r/v^HBMr^S United States Government
W^&kESmfflSr Standard Oil Company
WC^J^^SXtmW Western. Union Telegraph Co.
1; kl^ I—*•1 — *• i^JßSrliry Postal Telegraph Company
IV :i^fj!^HPSr leading Telephone and Electric Light Com-
I»»<^iliiatf.V.'VV.MMßi.^r. Ponies and many or the larpest Mercantile and
Iff *^«T- &dJwJ*'Y • Va " ulacturin ? Concerns and Public Institutions
mzM^w^Kll rVDT"
! ls aIs °P la «<i as a protection fa taacy homes aad Is fcnawa as tfea
g^^^f "HOME FIRE EXTINGUISHER"
k#'^^*«r'aEr .... , 0V^ R HALF A Price of KILFYRE, $3.00 per tube
¦ff v 3F^BK MILLION NOW IN USE Six tubes for 8:5. c 0
Sjjßj^^-,^3^ '_;,. ;5, 3?2^°^ Se "" ar - vw " ere !jl tiie Vcitci sta-t.-. rr^paid,
W^W' / T Monarch Fire Appliance Company
fif I.' '¦'¦*7 . • " add«ess Originators and Sole Owners
Ij^S^^j-- »»aktmkst 27 WILLIAM STREET, NEW YORK
THE CENTRE OF POPULATION.
NOW NEAR THE CITT OF COLUMBUS. rSD.
Washington. Jan. 6.— The Census Bureau to-day
Isssai the following:
The centre of population ls in the following' posi
tion: Latitude 39° 9' 36". longitude 85* 48' hi". In ten
years the centre of population has moved westward
about fourteen miles and southward about three
miles. It now rests in Southern Indiana, at a point
about seven miles southeast of the city of r.irum
bU9.
PROPOSED PURCHASE OF VALLEY FORGE.
DEL.BOATIONS FROM WOMEN'S PATRIOTIC SOCIE
TIES HEARD BT COMMITTEES OF
CONGRESS.
Washington. Jan s.— Mayor Ashbrldge of Phila
delphia. Senator Penrose. of Pennsylvania, and
a large delegation of women, representing the
Valley Forge National Park Association and the
Daughters of the Revolution, were before the House
Committee on Military Affairs to-day to advocate
acquirement by the Government of the historic
camp of Valley Forge, occupied by General Wash
ington and the Continental Army at the crisis of
the Revolutionary War. A small part of the ground
has been acquired by the State of Pennsylvania.
The headquarters of Washington have been res
cued, and are being cared for by a patriotic body
formed at the centennial of Valley Forge, but the
really historic part of the field on which the ofll
cers and soldiers were bivouacked Is now in the
hands of private owners. The bill before Congress
proposes acquisition of the entire field. Its restora
tion to the condition in which it was when occu
pied by the Continental Army, and Its use as a
military park, under the control of the War De
partment.
Mayor Ash bridge spoke of the lofty motives In
spiring the women throughout the country who had
taken up the work of seeking to preserve the Na
tion's historic places. Philadelphia had preserved
many of the sacred spots of Continental days, but
it was felt that the Nation should acquire those
places signally Identified with the National exist
ence, so that they would stand as a perpetual les
son of patriotism. Miss Adeline Stirling, president
of the Daughters of the Revolution, spoke of
the widespread interest In the project and the,
earnest efforts of the organization she repre
sents. The other National ©Ulcers of the associa
tion, several of the State regents and John Cad
wallader. of Philadelphia, president of the Valley
Forge Association, also were heard. The commit
tee manifested much Interest In the project, and
will take up the bill for final action later.
A hearing on the same project was also given by
the Senate Committo- on Military Affairs. A num
ber of women were present, but only the president,
Miss Stirling; tho Hrst vice-president. Mrs. Na
thaniel S. Keay. of Pennsylvania, and th. second
vice-president. Mrs. James L. -Chapman, of Mas
sTehu=etts -1.V..1- addresses. The committee also
was addressed by Peter Boyd. of Philadelphia. All
the speakers contended that it Is a patriotic duty
to preserve the Valley For S e camp ground, and
they were unanimously of the opinion that the
National Government, should^ assume that duty.
Tho delegation wa3 presented by Congressman Mc-
Alcer, ..I Pennsylvania.
SPEAKER HEXDERSOVS ¦ ILLyESS.'
Washington. Jan. ' s.— Speaker .Henderson was
mil Improved t..-1...y. although still confined to
bed with .1 severe cold. He felt, well enou«h to sit
tip and nttentl to his most important correspond
ence hut It. wn's not deemed advisable, for him to
go ;to the. Capitol. The attending '. physician is
Htlsti.-d with the satisfactory .progress of the
patient/ and the attack has not been of a character 1
i' ¦- *To ¦• Smr*
•e« Tfe« Tiikaa* Alia— m, IMS*
of which but few people have time to
acquire.
The Pla.r\ola K«ls changed a.ll
this, has slipped the bolt, so to
speak, unlocking the keys of the
piano a.nd performing this same
technic.
With its aid any one ca.i\ play
any piano, a.r\d play upon it any
thing he desires to hear— the most
difficult classic a.s easily as the
simplest accompaniment. He has
all the pleasure of hand-playing be
cause he controls the expression.
FORSYTHE'S
GREAT SALE
OF WAISTS
CONTINUES.
WILL OPEN on MONDAY
1000 White Madras Waists
3000 Colored Madras Waists
at $2.00.
Regular price $3.50 and $4.00.
Sizes 32 to 44.
ifADS by ' .
JOHN FORSYTHE,
THE WAIST HOUSE.
865 BROADWAY,
Between KU» anil 13th Sts.
, -^
Che "popular Sbop."
CONTINUING
THE USUAL JANUARY SALE
of the year's collection of
UNIQUE FOREIGN FURNITURE.
QUAINT DECORATIVE ACCESSORIES.
AND
ANTIQUE PERSIAN RUGS,
at the Very Attractive Discount of
FIFTY PER CENT
from the plain!, marked prices.
, iy i\i*fin imptzilon It cordially i'azitid.
DISCOUNT SALE ANNEX.
No. 9 WEST FORTY-SECOND ST.
3o**pfi |1. BlcHogfi A Co.
(Zradtmarki RSI
LAST DAYS.
American Art Galleries,
MADISON ARK SOtTH. SEW YORK,
__ ¦ ¦ - : •*-.
Until EflSaJßra Thursday,
6 P.M. Jan. 10.
- THE .
¦ABB m.*
Raphael Cartoons
' " FOR THE -•• '*•
Vatican Tapettita»
3

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