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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, January 06, 1901, Image 4

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NEWS OF TWO CAPITALS.
'ontlnmil from flr»t pngr.
specting Its sale by the company. The District
Underground Line, alarmed by a decline in
traffic receipts of $100,000 in the last half year.
Is pulling itself together to compete In,- earnest
with th* Two-Penny Tube by the adoption of
electric traction.
No clear account has yet been received of the
ihanges in ownership of the stock of "The Dally
News." Under the editorship of Mr. E. T. Cook,
that journal ha* regained its old time influence
And authority, and become the brightest and
ablest of London papers. He remains at his post
and asserts that bo has not received notice to
r;jit, and certainly will not change his present
?olicy. Rumors point to a group of Radicals of
'h» Labouchere type, with a leading- Birming
ham Quaker and Mr. David Lloyd-George
among them, as the purchasers of a majority
of the stock, and to the reappearance of Mr.
Henry William . Masslngham in charge of the
.••constructed Journal, but there Is no authorita-
tive announcement.
The private view of the winter loan exhibition
«-f the Royal Academy was largely attended this
afternoon, In spite of disagreeable weather.
Nearly all the artists and many literary men
were in the crowded galleries. The Fine Arts
Society had a rival reception for a private view
of examples of the English art of water color
painting during the century. A new departure
¦will be made next week, when the works of Sir
"W. B. Richmond are exhibited at the New Gal
lery. The crowded social reception will be dis
pensed with, arid annual ticket holders will have
two qul<?t days. I. N. F.
r.\ivs.
p.A,f» SAVTTATTON 1\ FRENCH THEATKFft
A DISQUIETING REPORT BY A GOVERN
MENT EXPERT— TAXES ON
AUTOMOBILES.
'. ' {Copyright; ISM: By The New-York Tribune*
[ST CABLE in THE TRIBCNB.I
Paris, Jan. 5. — Thanks to bright, crisp, sunny
•weather. New Year and twentieth century fes
tivities are still prolonged with unprecedented
activity. The Bois a> Boulogne and the boule
s; vaxds are thronged with holiday making public.
At Mnntmartre the hero of the hour Is a face
tious poet who was arrested soon after mid
night on New Year's morning for uproarious
revelry. One of his escapades was a fall through
th« shop window of a pork butcher. When he
was examined before the police magistrates on
Thursday the poet presented his own defence in
hexameters, and in the wittiest terms described
himself as the first drunkard of the twentieth
century — is to say, the first Intoxicated man
arrested in Paris on the opening of the new era.
He secured remission of Imprisonment with
merely a nominal penalty.
There is a great deal <-'. payer y among the
American residents: seldom has there been such
¦ profusion of delightful little dinner parties of
right or ten, followed by -impromptu music and
dancing. Among the most successful entertain
ments of this description are those given by
Miss Fanny-Reed, Mrs. John Whltcomb Cotton.
- Mrs. George Howland. Mrs. Spaulding de Gar
¦ i:a Countess Itenfi de Coetlogon, who has
also resumed her Saturday musicals, and by
V Mrs-. Henry Drake. There Is also more than
I the usual social gayety at the Elyeees Palace.
President Loubet, who is an expert whip, may
be seen daily in the Bols de Boulogne in a smart
phaeton, driving a well matched and spirited
pair of black horses. Prince Munster, the Ger
man Ambassador, who, by the v.ay, has signi
fied his intention of publishing after his retire
ment his personal memoirs, which will cover •?:.
- period of his embassy to Paris also appears fre
quently in the Bois de Boulogne.
Legal proceedings Instituted by a Chicago
man against M. Edmond Rostand for the lat
ter's alleged plagiarism In "Cyrano de Berge
rac" have caused a ripple of excitement at
Cambo les Bains, in the Basque country, near
• Biarritz, where the author of "L'Aiglon" Is now
p'nwly r-ecoverjng from severe nervous prostra
tion, aggravated by an attack of pneumonia. It
appearc that the irrepressible Chicago play
|< --wrlght — Gross, by name— pushed matters so far
rs to seek evidence among Rostand's own ser
vants, and notably from one of his maids; but
these steps, which are regarded here as an un
warrantable intrusion into the privacy of the
¦ P.oßtand household, were energetically resented,
and application to M. Cochefort, of the Paris
Police Department, resulted in M. Rostand be
ing protected by a squad of detectives from
' further annoyance. He is now strong enough to
make occasional outdoor excursions with his
wife. He devotes the long winter evenings to
studying the Basque language.
All the exhibition pictures have now been re
moved from the Grand Palais of the Champs
Rfswsm swl a »Mi deal of statuary is still
¦ih*.re. it must be taken away on Monday, as the
palace is required for the motor show, which
•will open* ihe middle of the month. Th Paris
motor men will have the distinction of orcunis
- ins the first special shew of the Grand Palala.
r After the cars will come cattle, for the 'xhibi
. tion known as th« Concours Agrlcole Is timed
for February 25. This will lead up to the Horse
Fhow of the early spring. On April IT, the pal
nce will be given over to painters and sculptors
for th- annual Salon, which will open on May 1
an<l ¦cJ^se on June ?>Q.
The motor men have no cause for rejoicing
¦ over the new measures of taxation which came
into force on the first day <' the twentieth cen
tury. The reduction of the duties on wines
having produced a deficit of several millions in
the city of Paris budget, which the Increase of
octroi dues on spirits was not sufficient to bal
ance, the Municipal Council has, among other
new enactments, doubled the tax on auto
mobnes. Cars seating two and four persons will
"77"
P Danger of Pneumonia.
Our old winter enemy. Grip, is at hand, and In
. hi» ws-k* will follow his twin brother. What is
„*.•'• termed an "ordinary cold" is usually the first
warning, and In a few days Pneumonia follows.
...'The main trouble is centred in' the neglect of
th- first symptom*. Th" latter are more om
inous of evil in proportion to the age of the pa
? ::lent. Past fifty y*>ars of age Pneumonia Is a
|if|§*ry f fatal malady. .
*7/ "The man who gets thoroughly chilled after "x
posure to inclement weather must needs concern
hiro*Hf as to the ultimate outcome, especially if
! ' high temperature, cough and difficult respiration
'/supervene. The only "safety lies in the prompt
use of "Seventy-Seven," Dr. Humphreys' famous
' Specific • t or the cure of. Grip and the Pre
! vention of Pneumonia. At all Drug Stores, or
by Mall. 2.V:.
€T Pocket Manual ; mailed free.
.: ..•;-¦' ¦unfefor loMMttli Matlotss Co.. Cor. WlUlaa
isiiri'i i i'— '" T - , Htm tk W««a Wttmt iAft.«i M u,^MMMHMBBM
now have to pay, respectively, 50 and 00 francs
in Paris, besides 5 francs per horsepower or
fraction of the same.
While some motor men have been discussing
the prospects '-.r the revival of road racing this
spring and summer, when they hope, for ex
ample, that the Paris-Bordeaux event, forbidden
last year by the authorities, will be licens id. the
Union Automobile de France, on the other hand,
the society which se<vde<^ from the Automobile
Club and is now a flourishing concern, has Just
made public a pronouncement discountenancing
all contests of the kind, the need for wWch to
further the cause of automoblllsm has, it urges,
quite gone by. The manifesto advocates ostab
llshlng what are described as "motodromes.**
These would be portions of unfrequented high
ways fifteen miles or so In length, which In dif
ferent parts of the country might, whan occa
sion required, be hired from the authorities for
motor road racing speed contests, the contention
being that public highways are no place for
automobile racing any more than for cycle
scorching.
M. Alexandra Bison's rollicking three act
farce, called "Le Bon Juge," successfully pro
duced to-night at the Vaudeville Theatre, is tho
most scathing satire and effective piece of ridi
cule which has been directed against the French
Judiciary and French criminal procedure since
Brieuxs audacious melodrama of "La Robe
Rouge." Events and incidents are presented
apparently at haphazard in the first act and
developed In the second, while the action cul
minates in a scene provoking Irresistible laugh
ter, upon which the curtain falls at the close of
the third act. The plot Is too complicated for
brief description; It Is sufficient to say that
three victims of an Irascible magistrate's tyran
nical interpretation and application of the
French code conspire to take revenge upon the
Judg*. and are secretly aided in their endeavors
by the judge's pretty but neglected wife on the
one hand and by a professional Parisian beauty
on the other, to work up a case of circum
stantial evidence which finally lands the Judge
in prison. It is a farce of Blsson's most capti
vating vintage, effervescent with Ingenious
stag« tricks and surprises; the action is rapid
and Is not sacrificed to the dialogue, which is
more witty and on a higher level of literary ex
cellence than is usually the case with Btsson's
plays. In the fiist act there Is a slight over
dose of buffoonery which is more appropriate
for the Palais Royal or the Nouveautes than
for the worldly and rather blase audiences of
the Vaudeville. "Le Bon Juge" is well acted
by Suguennet. Numa and the stock company of
the theatre.
Worm's farewell performance at the Theatre
Francals is fixed for January 23. He will ap
pear In the first act of "Le Misanthrope" and
the fourth act of "L'aml dcs Femracs." Among
the artists who will contribute to the perform
ance are Mounet-Sully. Rose Caron. Jeanne
Granier, Note and Chambon, of the Opera. The
"clou" of the programme will be the appearance
at Tamagno and Sybil Sanderson. The former
will come for the purpose from Milan; the latter
will defer her departure for Vienna, where she
has arranged to King.
Dr. Henriot, of the Academy of Medicine and
the Board of Health, bids fair to bring about a
much needed revolution among Parisian theatre
managers by his curious experiments demon
strating what microbes Impregnate the atmos
phere in theatres and Ho in wait for the spec
tator. He began his experiments last winter,
but the preliminary results wero bo startling
that the Government and the Municipal Coun
cil compelled him to suspend them during th»
Exposition, because it was felt that his revela
tions would frighten away foreign and provin
cial visitors. Theatrical managers and even the
police authorities are not overcordial to Dr.
Henriot, who arrives in the mid of a per
formance and makes himself comfortable In a
box with his assistants and his apparatus. The
latter is set going, as a rule, between the acts,
because it makes a loud buzzing 1 noise; the
doctor and his assistants talk loudly to drown
the sound. He says the ventilation is no better
than dusting. Here are some of his recommen
dations: First, better and natural aeration; sec
ond, large windows to let in limelight; third,
velvet to be replaced by leather, and the cloth
curtain to be abolished; fourth, furniture and
woodwork to be varnished so that they can be
cleaned with a wet sponge; fifth, waterproof
flooring that can be washed and covered with
fine gravel, which can be dally swept away
along with Impurities, without raising a dust.
It is interesting to note that Dr. Henriot's ex
periments so far show that the Theatre Sarah
Berahardt has the most healthful auditorium in
Paris, while those which contain the maximum
of pernicious microbes are the antiquated little
Palais Royal «and all those where the old fash
ioned red plush is retained for seats— which,
strangely enough, is the case at the newly con
structed Theatre Francals. C. I. B.
e.xtfutm.xlii M i:Firjrn,\
OFFICERS OF THE UNITED STATES WARBHIP3
ATTEND A DANCE.
Bermuda. Jan. 6.— The United States warships
Annapolis. Frolic, Wompatuck and Plscataqua are
still in St. George's Harbor. They will not coal
until Monday. The flagship, the Annapolis, was
visited by tbe United States Consular Agent yester
day. Tbe officer commanding the St. George's gar
rison. Colonel Woods, of tbe Royal Artillery, who
was accompanied by his staff and a large number
of civilians, also visited tbe Annapolis, though
rough, rainy weather prevailed. In the evening tne
American r.!!ii:«-rs j-rtenii.-j n .:^n..- at !!..- K< rr1.5..:..
and they will be entertained at a dinner there this
.-.< r. :.-«." A grati'l ball will Ne pivn. In t:.e:r (;¦,¦:>!¦
next Tuesday.
ACf'WrXT TO LORD RETELSTOKE.
THROWN FROM HIS HORSE AMD DRAGGED WHILE
HUNTING.
London, Jan. s.— Lord Revelstoke (John Ha
ring), a director .if the Bank of England and a
partner In Baring Brothers & Co., while out
hunting with the hounds to-day was thrown
from his horse and dragged a distance. Ills face
was badly cut.
, i »
AMERICAN ARRESTED IN ECUADOR.
ACCUSED OF FOMENTING TROUBLE AMONG
LABORERS.
Kingston, - Jamaica, Jan. 6.— Th«? threatened"
trouble between the Jamaican laborers and Ameri
can overeeers of the Ecuador Railroad- has been
temporarily averted by the arrest of an American
named Itenalls, charged with having instigated th,
recent shooting and the bad feeling which still
prevails. , • -
• HAMBURG- AMERICAN . DIVIDEND.
Hamburg, Jan. -Tn<- directors of the Hamburg-
American Steamship Company at a meeting to-day
declared a. dividend cf 10 per cent.
SPAXISII CARPET CRISIS EXPECTED.
Madrid, Jan. s.— lt seems certain that a Minis
terial crisis will occur after the suspension of the
sittings of the Chamber*. Some of the Ministers
say the marriage of the Princess of the Asturlas
to Prince Charles, second son of the Count of Sa
serta, will occur during the first fortnight of Feb
>U»ry
GRASp DUKE OF SAXK-WEIMAR. DEAD.
Berlin. Jan. 5. — Charles Alexander, Grand Duke of
Saxe-Weimar, Ir dead. H« was born at W«-Imar In
ISIS. -•;-. ¦ . ' . r
M£Xr TO A LVXATIC ASYLUM.
London, Jan s.— Elizabeth Alma' Blake, of New-
York City, who. was arrested and committed. to St.
George's. Workhouse, after having appeared on
December 21 at .Osborne House Isle of Wight
claiming to be a daughter of Princess Henry of
Battenberg. was sent to the Colney Hatch Lunatic
Asylum this morning as a person of unsound mind.
¦TmiUm. f«r«
m»m t%* Trihaae jllaaaaae. tSOI.
NEW- YORK DATLY TRTBrNE. SUNDAY, JANUARY 6. 1901.
WHAT LONDON TALKS OF.
London. Jan. 6, 1901.
IMMENSE BATTLESHIPS.— The British Admir
alty has decided -to build two battleships which
are intended to be the largest In the world. .The
distinction of having the largest warships has hith
erto been held by Italy, with the Lepanto and her
sister-ship, the Italia. Great Britain's two project
ed large warships, to be respectively named the
Queen and the Prince of Wales, will be 2,000 tons
heavier than the Italian ships mentioned, reaching
the enormous displacement of 18.000 tons, which is
3,600 heavier than America's biggest armor-clad
vessel. These tremendous British vessels will carry
nothing larger than 12-lnch guns. Their batteries
•will chiefly be composed of these guns and of
7.5-inch and 6-lnch guns. The determination to
increase the bulk of the battleships was only ar
rived at after much discussion, for since the days
of the Royal Sovereign (of 14,150 tons) the Admiral
ty has been incurred to favor battleships of smaller
displacement, of which the Canopus (of 12.950 tons) is
the best type. In the mean while Russia. France, the
United States and Japan have all been increasing
their displacements, till Great Britain has been
almost loft 'behind. Now she steps in, taking the
lead with the Queen and the Prince of Wales,' to
say nothing of the London and the Formidable,
both of 15.000 tons, now nearing completion.
The Admiralty, apparently, has as great confi
dence in George W. Watson as Sir Thomas Lipton,
for it has called on the yacht designer to give ad
vice in regard to the new royal yacht, now better
known as the "Royal Naval Farce." Though the
entire force of draughtsmen at Portsmouth Dock
yard has been persistently working in the en
deavor to patch up this unlucky boat, the authori
ties have been unable to effect anything. It Is
hoped that Watson will be able to save the enor
mous amount of money expended on her. though
it is not thought th© Queen will ever trust herself
on board of her.
YACHTING NEWS.— Denny Brothers are In
creasing the precautions to prevent anything leak-
Ing out regarding the construction of the Shamrock
11. No great progress appears to have been made,
so far. though a dredger is busily engaged In clear
ing a channel outside the yard. 22 by 6 feet.
There Is much Interest in yachting circles over
J-. C. Currte's challenge for the Seawanhaka Cup.
He is as determined as Sir Thomas Llpton to leave
no stone unturned which could aid his success. He
Is building no less than three boats— one at Harley
A Mead's. Cowes. and the others at Stevens's yard,
at Southampton. A fourth boat may be built, so
that by next July Mr. Currle hopes to have the
very best English talent can produce for the Inter
national contest.
NEW BRITISH GRIEVANCE.— The latest griev
ance of English trade against America consists in
the Government purchasing flour In the United
States for South Africa. A writer In "The Morning
Post" declares this action Is a fit subject for an
Inquiry, and that It constitutes a most unfair
handicap for English millers, "while the Ameri
cans, who pay no taxes, are able to dispose of In
ferior grades." It appears that large quantities
are being purchased in America on account of the
standard brands and shipment being better and
ready at the dock. The champion of the English
millers maintains that the Government Is wrong
In believing that the American article has these
advantages, averring that the English mills are
jiow fitted with machinery superior to that In use
In America and that they are quite able to supply
the demands for South Africa. The protest, how
ever, is not likely to deter the Government from
patronizing this new branch of American industry
MORE AMERICAN AGGRESSION.-Another
example of American aggression calls forth a pro
test. It appears that a wealthy American is nego
tiating to buy the famous Carshalton (of Casehor
ton) gates. In the old Surrey village of that name,
ten miles from London. These are all that now
remain of the ancient palace where the Doomsday
Book was compiled. They stretch 120 feet, were de
signed by Leonl. and are supposed to be the finest
specimens In the world. The Ironwork Is attached
to massive stone piers, surmounted by groups of
statuary. If the negotiations are successful they
will be taken to America, though metropolitan art
clr fjf?^. are getting up a fund Tn an endeavor, by
outbidding, to retain them in England.
I«AOT CURZON'S HBALTH.-The report Is
again .current that If Lady Curxon's health, which
so much worries tbe Viceroy of India, falls to Im
frove. he Intends to return to England this year.
n answer to inquiries of The Associated Press
the officials of the India Office say they have not
heard anything tending to confirm the reports.
MRS. If AYßßlCfC— Baroness de Rogues Is once
more actively agitating in behalf of her daughter.
Mrs. Florence Maybrtck. She had two Interviews
with the United States Ambassador, Joseph 11.
Choate, this week, and received Uttle but a polite
assurance that the case will be presented to tho
new Home Secretary. C. T. Ritchie, when an op
portunity arises. The Baronens Is much disturbed
about the health of the famous prisoner, but «h«
ls> confident that the new evidence and the renewed
efforts of their friends In America will have the
desired effect.
MISS WILSON. LIFE SAVBR.-Mlss Muriel Wil
son, England's best known beauty, has been dis
tinguishing herself in the role of a life saver.
George Clerk, one of tbe assistants at the Foreign
Office, was recently boarding a train at Don
caster, while in motion. His foot slipped, and his
legs fell between the footboard and the platform.
Without a second's hesitation. Miss Wilson caught
his arms, and held him up until the train stopped.
Had she let go Mr. Clerk would have been crushed
to death.
Miss AVllson will shortly participate in the moat
aristocratic amateur theatricals England has seen
for a long time. They will be given by the Duches*
of Devonshire, at Chatsworth, on January 11 and
14. in aid of charity. A brilliant audience. Includ
ing the Prince of Wales, will be present, while
the performers, besides Miss Wilson, will have
among their number Count MensdorfT, a cousin nf
the Queen; Lady Maud Warrender. F. B.Mildmay,
M. P., and others of the fashionable world.
A PEKING STORY DENIED. -The report pub
lished In New-York that the Chinese have been
scandalized and wrought up by an entertainment
given by British officers In the Temple of Heaven,
Peking, in addition to being denied by the corre
spondent of The Associated Press at Peking (who
explained that the performance referred to was
classed as a harmless pantomime, not calculated
to hurt the sensibilities of the most sensitive). Is
also denied by "The Daily Telegraph." which vays
no performance was given in the Temple of Heaven
and that no Chinese were scandalised by the panto
mime, for none were present at the military enter
tainment, which was Identical with those given In
every camp, and which took place In the Hall
of Harmony, to which no particular sanctity at
taches.
TRIBUTES TO LORD WILLIAM BERESFORD.
—Lord William Beresford has been dead a week, but
glowing tributes to his memory still continue to
appear. His bravery and sportsmanship keenly
appealed to the English people. Few of the
numerous recent deaths of public men have been
so deeply felt. At a memorial service on Friday
many distinguished people gathered to pay a last
tribute to Lord William. The Prince of Wales,
the Duke of Cambridge and Lord Roberts were
specially represented, while Lord Lansdowne and
other prominent persons' personally attended.
At the time of Lord William Beresford's -death
the Reiff brothers were under engagement to ride
for him and for Mr. Whitney next season, at a
salary of £2.500 each
SOUTH AFRICAN NOTES.-The peace over
tures at Pretoria are not regarded very hopefully
In Government or financial circles. "So long- as
the Boers take prisoners and we only capture
cartridges," said one well acquainted with the
opinions of the War Office, "there Is small likeli
hood of peace coming through the burghers at
Pretoria or any other place."
General Kitchener is not going to take command
of the British troops in India The work ahead of
him in South Africa is expected to occupy all his
energy for many months to come. . General Sir
Arthur Power Palmer, tho Acting Commander-ln-
Chief In India, will, probably, shortly be confirmed
to that command, unless Lord Roberts Interferes,
which is not likely ;
There Is much talk in the papers and elsewhere
of Lord Roberts Insisting on fuller privileges, as
Commander-ln-Cbief of the Forces, than accorded
to Lord Wolseley, but It is learned that he has
done nothing of the kind He accepted office on
the same terms as his predecessor, though the per
sonal relations existing between him and the Gov
ernment ofliclala assure greater co-operation than
»as possible with Lord Wolseley The work of re
organizing the War Office will be left almost solely
to Lord Roberts. The Adjutant-General, General
Sir Evelyn Wood, who is personally responsible for
the recent action regarding Major-General Sir
Henry Colvlle (who was asked to resign, but re
fused to do so. as a result of the Yeomanry sur
render at Ltadley in May. last), is likely to be one
of tb« first to go. It is thought he will do so with
honor. •
. More troops are to bo sent to South Africa. The
present plans are to dispatch Infantry. This the
most capable officers in the service devoutly hope
Lord Roberts will frustrate, substituting cavalry.
which is so much needed.
GLOOM IN SOClETY.— Tho' holiday eenson was,
indeed, rendered Bloomy by fog*, the only redeem
ing feature- being the -homecoming of Lor.i .Rob
erts, arid that scarcely equalled expectations. So
ciety Is returning to town, "/with .the, house. 'parties
in none too good humor, most of ; the days having
been spent Indoors, anathematizing the weather -
: One of the largest parties i witnessing . Lord Rob
erts parade. wa». held it the house of Commander
Richardson Clover, the United States Naval At
tache. In I Park I Lane, wher* i acarbr fttt* mtum
were entertained at luncheon, Including ' several
Americans and members of other Embassies. ;
LABOUCHERE'S CHRISTMAS GIFT.— Among
Christmas gifts sent to j min.;r.t people was one
received by Henry Labr ichere. consisting of an
outside page of "Truth." with the head of Mr.
KrUger substituted for that of "Truth." and in
scribed below:
May your Christmas dinner choke you. and the
New Tear see you in hel!
Commenting on this li his paper Mr. Labouchere
says:
"I am really grateful, because it was witty."
FOLLOWING THE AMERICAN LBAD.-The
Admiralty is closely following the developments of
the American Navy. The latest Instance is the
purchase of two large steamers, now building, for
the purpose of transforming them into distilling
and repairing craft. "The Globe" congratulates
the authorities on adopting, the American lead and
trusts many similar vessels may soon be added to
the British fleet, quoting the testimony of Rear-
Admlral George W. Melville. Chief Engineer. I. 8.
N. on the subject of their usefulness in the
Spanish-American War.
STOCK EXCHANGE MEMBERSHIPS.-The In
crease In the cost of membership of the Stock Ex
change from 500 to 600 guineas has caused a dis
cussion as to whether it would not be better to
adopt the system in vogue In New-York. It is
pointed out that this Insures the members being
of large means, and also provides a satisfactory
asset In case of failure. The laok of the latter
commodity caused serious difficulties to many an
old established London firm this week. It IS
doubtful, however, if such a conservative body as
the Stock Exchange will bring Itself to adopt a
change so radical.
WHITAKEH WRIGHTS MAGNIFICENCE.-
Few millionaires in England or other countries live
In such princely style as Whltaker Wright, the
moving spirit In the collapsed London and Globe
group. In London he has a miniature palace to
Park Lane. In the drawing room of which is a
ropy «f the famous Cabinet dv Rol of Louis XV.
It took three years to complete and cost many
thousands. At Godalmlng he owns a country seat
worthy of Monte Crlsto. which six hundred work
men are now engaged in beautifying. It contains
costly fountains and statuary brought from Italy.
Wright stables alone cost a small fortune. They
have upholstered oak and leather setters and pol
ished gun metal fittings, while valuable palntlnjs
and bass-reliefs adorn the stalls. His private yacht
is Jltted up with similar luxuries. Everything he
owned had to be the best. To gratify this desire
there was no stint In expenditure.
YERKESS MEN AT WORK.— Both Howard
Abel, of Chicago, and Henry C. David, of New-
York, the agents of Charles T. Yerkes. are now
Installed In London, busily engaged in pushing the
underground railroad work, which they hope to
have In good shape by the time Mr. Yerkes arrives
h»«re In March. The delays In the plans for the
electrical installation on the District Underground
Railroad are said to be due to insufficient capital,
and have caused a reiteration of the rumors that
Mr. Yerkes will take a hand in the scheme.
THEATRICAL.— With a dozen theatres within a
short radius of Trafalgar Square giving two per
formances dally and half as many more giving
eight performances a week. London theatregoers
have no reason to complain of lack of amusement.
New theatres are rapidly springing up In all direc
tions, but the managers complain of vexatious
delays In their completion.
Lnwenfeld's new house, the Apollo, contiguous
to Daly's, where It is expected "The Belle of
Bohemia" will be produced In a few weeks, will
be the future home of many American productions.
George C. MoLellan has just returned to London
for the purpose of hurrying up the work of the
new Adelphl, which will be opened early In the
spring with one of Morton & Kerker's new plays.
riMi'.LY rones ix nr.iiux.
Berlin. January a.
FIGHT OVER CANAL BILL.— The press was
occ .pled this week with political and business re
views of 1900, threshing over old political straw and
forecasting the work of the Reichstag and Diet.
which reassemble Tuesday. The Diet's session
takes place earlier than expected, so as to allow
an ample discussion of the remodelled Canal bill,
which will be Introduced next week. The bill's
prospects are by nc- means bright. Besides warn
ing the Conservative press that the Government
!¦ only preparing for another defeat, the Cologne
"Volks-Zeltung." tbe leading organ of the Centre
party, also printed an article this week which at
tracted wide attention, admitting that the Canal
b,il Is as hopeless.ss ever. The paper la Question
potnta out that the Government's policy upon the
defeat of the former Canal bill utterly ruined the
chances of the present measure, which nobody can
save. It mentions the weak, undecided policy of
the Government In retiring the officials who voted
against the bill and In promoting them afterward
to better places. The discussion of the measure
will begin at an early day. It la already announced
that th«> Ministry will make a hard fight to secure
it* passage. The debate will be particularly in
teresting, nlnee It will be the first occasion re
quiring the i«» Imperial Chancellor. Count yon
Hiilow. to show hu hand In domestic politics. Deep
intrr«-t«t is felt regarding his first bout with the
Agrarians. In the mean time Yon Billow continues
mute. "On all domestlo questions." the "Vosalsche-
Zeltung" (Independent Liberal and free trade)
says, "Yon Billow smilingly assures us that nobody
really knows him. In the province or domestic pol
itics we admit this Is true, for Yon Billow Is an un-<
written page therein."
THE REICHSTAG'S WORK.-In the Reichstag
the work of tbe remaining session Is not expected
to be Important. After disposing of the China
bill the budget will come up. But tt is now gen
erally admitted that tariff revision will be post
poned to the fall session. In the mean time, tho
''Berliner Tageblatt" (Independent Liberal and free
trade) reasserts, upon inquiries In official circles,
that the Government has already decided to raise
the grain duties to at least 50 marks a ton. and
al.-o to Introduce maximum and minimum duties on
grain. It further asserts that the Government Is
firmly resolved to make no commercial treaties
after the expiration of the present ones.
PREFECTURE OF BERLIN.— The press has
given much space this week to the discussion of
the project to make a separate prefecture of Berlin.
The Liberal papers oppose the proposition, seeing
therein the intention of the Government to control
Berlin's local affairs more sharply. The semi
official papers, on the other band, assert that tun
suKgestlon is based purely on the idea ot providing
better local administration. Th* "Berliner Tas)s
blatt" says the Prussian budut-t will pr..vi,ie a
prefect for Berlin.
PHYSICIANS ACCUSED. - Various cases In
which physicians have exceeded humane hounds In
experimenting on patients having attracted pain
ful attention In tbe last few years, the Prussian
Ministry of Public Worship ana Education ha« now
issued a decree restraining tbe owners of clinics,
etc.. from following such practices.
POSSESSION OP CYPRUS.-'Tbe United Ser
vice Magazine's" article suggesting that Great
Britain exchange the island of Cyprus for German
East Africa Is widely discussed this week. The
proposition finds absolutely no support to the Ger
man press. The Coloun. "Voiks-Zeinn-.i,- ¦ . -ra
cially emphasizes that Germany's possession of
Cyprus would give the He to her protestations of
having purely commercial Interests In Asia Minor.
RAILROAD LJFE SAVING DEVICE&— The Rer
Iln papers discuss in a lively manner thi* sMI
methods for preventing fatal accidents on street
railroads, and much attention has been gkPsl t«
the American devices. The papers are pruning
illustrations of American car fenders, for which a
German word does not even exist.
SOCIAL. REFORM.— The German Society for
Social Reform will be organised to-morrow even
ing in Berlin, many members of the Reich.- tri?
manufacturers, merchants, officials, clergymen.
scholars, writers and representatives of various
; ,i „r „n.'.'ir!i/..Tt!.in- and charital.le ;i.-s». lations tak
:¦ . |¦. t r- 1 T!..- -• . ;<¦' . w :!! i•• t \,- i lerm.tn hran. h
of the International Association for the Protection
of Labor, organized In Paris •.:¦. :'...- - SMSM m 9m
CANAL TRAFFIC INCREASING.- The traffic
returns of the Baltic and North. Sea Canal for 1900
show a big increase, aruLJt is considered certain'
that the .receipts will soon clear the expenses.
IN MEMORY OF SOLDIERS.— Emperor William
ha 3 prepared a memorial tablet, in memory of the
German soldiers killed in China- for presentation to
their relatives. It Is adorned with Scriptural texts.
BERLIN AS A MUSICAL CENTRE.— The Janu
ary concerts in Berlin show the International char
acter of this city as a musical centre. 'They com
prise four French artists, two Russians, two Poles
one Finn, one Rumanian, one Hungarian, two
Scandinavians, one- Bosnian, four Italians four
Dutch, mi.-- Englishman and three Americans'.' The
latter are I. .; ,1.v.v..k 5 Estelle Uebling and Wilma
Sanda. Godowsky on January X plays four of his
own compositions. .'." ¦ . '
AUTOMOBILE. FIRE ENGINE.— The Berlin Fire
Department is • experimenting with an- automobile
flro online. :¦ \f;Yr.-:-:\
COLD STOPS BUILDING.-The intensely r-,14
weather, has caused the. suspension of 'all building.
The lei- harvest Is gnln« on, and traffic. on the Kibe
and Tray« canal Is suspended. -,' . "• '
MR. WHITE'S RECEPTION.-The United States
Ambassador, Andrew D. White, and Mrs. White
Mk ill ¦ give their first diplomatic ; recaption on Janu- "
ary 1. __ _.
............
PHILIPPINES SITUATION.
SECRETARY ROOT'S VIEWS ON THE
NEED OF AN INCREASED' REOU
'¦. '¦ ' j£ ... LAR ARMY. ;
Washington, Jan. 5— Messrs. Proctor and
Burrows, of the Senate Military Affairs Commit
tee."' had a long conference with Secretary Root
at the War Department to-day in regard to the
military situation in the Philippine", with spe
cial application to the bill providing for an in
crease of the Regular Army now under consid
eration In the Senate. Just before the confer
ence the Secretary talked with a number of
newspaper men. In the course of the conver
sation he said there was no foundation for the
statement published in some- newspapers that
he had predicted that the troubles In the Phil
ippines would end with the re-election of Presi
dent McKlnley. . He explained that he had al
ways avoided making predictions, and he cer
tainly had never made the statement si Ques
tion about the speedy termination cf the Philip
pine troubles. The nearest he had ever come to
doing so was In his last annual report to the
President, when he summed up the military re
quirements in th- Philippines as demanding
GO.OOO men for the Immediate future, although
this number- might be progressively decreased
by the restoration of order, the creation of a
native police and the us" of native troops in
place of the American?. : "
A permanent Army of about MUM American
troops would be required, he said, and during
present conditions in Cuba and the Philippines
about the present number. 100.000. would be
needed.
Secretary Boot said that final arrangements
for the return of the volunteers from the Philip
pines would not be made until Congress had
Indicated Its Intention with regard to replacing
them by fresh troops. One thing settled, how
ever, was. he said, that the volunteers brought
back to the United States would be mustered
out at points as near their places of enlist
ment as possible, and not at San Francisco, as
was originally intended. In explanation of this
plan of action, he said it was based on the ex
perience gained in mustering out the volunteers
at the close of the war with Spain, when it was
found that the volunteers brought home from
the Philippines spent all their money in San
Francisco, and were unable to continue the
Journey to their homes.
If the Secretary adheres to this programme. it
isisald that it will completely lips. [ the tentative
arrangements already, made by the Adjutant-
General's and Quartermaster-General's depart
ments, which contemplates the muster out of all
the volunteers at San Francisco, and their
transportation to their homes as Individuals at
reduced .railroad rates. The plans had reached
a point where the transportation companies had
prepared a schedule of rates between San Fran
cisco and all other points in the United States.
LITTLE PROGRESS ON ARMY BILL.
Washington. Jan. While the Senate was In
session for more than three hours to-day, little
In the wav of important legislation was ac
cepted. The committee amendments to the
Army reorganization bill to which no objection
had been raised were agreed to, but none of the
contested amendments were considered. Dila
tory tactics were employed by Mr. Pettlgrew. of
South Dakota, to prevent the consideration of
matters that would advance the business of the
Senate. A few unimportant measures to which
there was no objection were taken from the
calendar and passed.
SA\ JOSE COLLEGE CASE.
WHETHER GOVERNMENT OWNS THE INSTI
' TUTION REFERRED TO COURTS.
Manila, Jan. s.— The decision of the Philippine
Commission In the San Jose Medical College casa
(the point being' whether that .Institution 'is
owned and controlled by the United States Gov
ernment or by the Church) unanimously refers
the settlement of ths. Questions Involved to the
courts, and provides trustees, who. with the as
sistance of the Attorney-General of the Philip
pines, will begin and prosecute the litigation.
The- sum of $5,000 is appropriated for the ex
penses of the suit. Many listened to the reading
of Judge Taft's opinion in English and Spanish.
A bill has been passed carrying out the terms
of the decision. It appoints five physicians as
trustees. Including Dr. Tavera, who is the com
plainant throughout, and Colonel Greenleaf, the
chief surgeon in the Philippines. The trustees
are required to begin a suit within a month In
the Supreme Court of the Philippines to deter
mine whether the ownership of the college Is In
the Church or the Government. The Dominican
rector of St. Thomas's University and Arch
bishop Chapelle are required to defend the suit
and establish the claim of ownership upon the
part of the Church. The act provides that the
decision of the Philippine Court is not to be so
final as to make it impossible for Congress to
provide an appeal to the United States Supreme
Court. The opinion says:
A case involving the construction of -the
Treaty of Paris and the affect upon public trusts
of the transfer of sovereignty from a kingdom
In which Church and State are united and in
separable to one in which Church and State are
entirely separated is of such Import that It
ought to be submitted to the highest tribunal.
The Commission recommends that General Mac-
Arthur rescind General Otis's order suspending
th.- conduct of th.- Medical College under the
rector Of St. Thomas's University.
INSURGENTS capture NINE men
Private <",oor ; 11. Ray, of the Engineer Corps,
his assistant, Private Lyons, of Company K. oth
Infantry; flva scouts and two native policemen,
have been captured, while on their way to
Batac, by .Insurgents. On the receipt of the
news an American column was dispatched
against the Filipino?, but failed to overtake the
party.
COLOMBIA PATS INDEMNITY.
SIX THOUSAND I'"NTS FOR SEIZING TUB BRIT
ISM VESSEL. TABOO*
IST CABLE TO THE TRIBLXS 1 \
Colon, Jan. 5. — The indemnity to be paid by
the Colombian Government to the Pacific Steam
Navigation Company for the seizure and use
of th- British steamer Taboga, for conveying
troops and munitions of war to Buenaventura
has been settled at £6,000. No damage was done
to the vessel, which is now flying the British flag
again.
THE BARK LEONORA LOST.
London, Jan. -6.— A dispatch from Manila states
that the bark Leonora, flying th* United States
flag 1 , haa been wrecked. Part of the crew were
landed, but th- remainder, including the captain,
aro missing.
Thrr« is no record of the vessel described in any
ICE HARVESTING BEGINS AT CATSKILL.
Catskill, N V.. Jan. 5.-The first toe this winter
was cut here to-day by the American lea Com
pany. It was ten inches thick an 1 of high quality
The freeze up in this section of the Hudson .River
Is the finest that has happened In a number of
years, the lea being smooth, clean and clear.
Another week of cold weather and the ice harvest
will be In full blast from here to Albany.
" ¦ - 1. ¦ »
• FUNERAL OF EVERETT FRAZAR
Orange. N. J. Jan. 5 (Special).— -Tha • funeral of
Everett Frazar. late Consul-General for Corea.
was hell this afternoon at the house. No. SI Hi*h
."bL, Orange. There were P.o pallbearers. Present
Bl , «'I UHSC- * • **¦ * w*ii. i ivj V tt " w ' tt I r-i a. i rcS*T! l
at the funeral wore representatives of the Corean
Government, the American-Asiatic, Association, the.
' Chamber of Commerce of New-York, the Down
town Association, the American Geographical So
ciety, the Sims-Dudley Defence Company and the
Atlantic Mutual Insurance Company. The services
wei" conducted ¦by the R^v. -Charles Town.send
.pastor of the -First -Presbyterian Church of Orange"'
of which .Mr.: Frnxar was a- member.- The "choir 'of
the church sang. = The body . was taken to Boston
for burial In the Forest Hills Cemetery
¦.--_ IT'S -i BAD TO > READ 4. TOO i' FAST,
as I you I may overlook the little advertisements lav
the narrow columns.
financial.
The Financial World.
-v— —'. ¦¦• • ;1 :
Official announcement of the purchase of tn* *
Jersey Central in the Interest of th» Reading
Company has preceded the official announce*
ment of the leasing- of the St. Paul .by tha
; Northern Pacific and Great Northern. The,lat
ter Is looked fbr at any moment. la last. week 3
article.it was pointed ont the new. deal which -
I had. been behind the Immense buying of tha
Northern Pacific, stocks had. reached the ataga
I where the St. Paul had come to the front. . To
I outsider?. It was doubtful then, whether the new -
i arrangements would take the form of a lease, ob
simply of "control by joint ownership of stock.
The. latter seemed to be the more, probable, aa
being simpler; less liable to Interference by
speculative lawsuits or Legislative strikes. How
ever, it turns out that the plan contemplated a
lease. The _ terms of this are still an official
secret; but it Is known that powerful Interests
in the St. Paul would not consent. to a lease at
6 per cent. The rumors la circulation yester
day were that it would be 6 per cent for two
years and 7 per cent thereafter, with a division
of treasury assets. the same as was agreed to
in the purchase of the. Pennsylvania Coal stock.
The execution of -his lease will nark th* dis
appearance of St. Pan! stock from the trading
list. It will «•> off it ; .-• as other stocks hava
gone, when they have become _..-,- se
curities; such as Fort Wayne stock when* th*
Pennsylvania bought the road; 'as Morris & Es
sex, when taken by the !.:-t i-.r.a. or aj
Lake Shore— the latter stock being converted
Into a bond. This disappearance will not b»
effected right away. It will take sometime foe
the guaranteed stock to and -lodgement la th»
boxes of investors. Probably three to four
months will be required, during which tlma
transactions in the stock will gradually dimin- ,
ish, until the tune comes when only occasional
lots of St. Paul will be seen en the tape.
as to the price the stock will settle around,
we cannot know that until the terms of th- leas*
i are public property. Hut we may gat seme idea
from a remark credited to Mr. More 3-. ten da;. 3
or so ago, when sunn one ventured the sugges
tion that at Paul looked rather high. - "Nat
high for a 7 per cent stock." he said. It St.
Paul is to be reckoned hereafter as a 7 per cent
guaranteed stock. It win settle somewhere be
tween 170 and ISO. The prelim: violent i
fluctuations, however, are not yet over. ' In i
respect to the security of the guarantee, thero j
Is no question. Indeed St. Paul could ggsMsV '
tee itself, assuming- a continuance of ordinary.
good management. -
- This new deal Is the greatest i-hl<~ has taken
place in Wan Street since the famous -.West
Shore deal in 18-55; and to bigger than that.- A3
IMr Morgan made that In conjunction with.
"William H. Vand-rbllt: so he has made this hi
conjunction with Mr. HE The St..Pan!-Pac!So
line. If It may be so called, win extend from Chi
cago to the Pacific coast: and its eastern awl
will be the Erie. • Enough business will hs
thrown over the Erie lines to make earning-*
which will put up Erie securities to figure con
siderably higher than those . they are MM
Quoted at.
Looked at aa a whole, this new c n? -'..iatl
Is simply awl latest la the ttne of that .unifica
tion of ¦ nisi of transportation which -.started.
with Commodore Vanderbilt. what he amaoll- j
dated the Hudson River road with the New '
Tork Central. That was nearly forty' year*
a?-., and for those days It was a <:-- r.i: com
bination, and engaged the attention of the whola
country. After that came the acquirement aZ
the Lake Shore; an ! the making: of a- continuous
line from New York to Chicago. That was an
other gTeat feat. The process '• consolidation.
has since been going on between -Wo Mississippi
River and the Pacific The St. Paul-Pacific, line,
working: In clcse connection with tl--t 1 --- fJBJ will
make an ocean to ocean Has. The ?aawatwßt
transcontinental Una is over the Northwestern.
and Union Pacl2c reaching the coast' by the
Oregon Short line. The Pennsylvania, to cc-
sidered to work mainly through the AlnhMSB
All these combinations are In the Interest of
economy of operation. They have been reel
upon the great railroad managers and financiers
by two causes: first, the constantly pressing de
mand of the public for more speedy comrnTii^ca
lion; second, the tendency of railroad rates to
move downward. : If. for example, the Eria
could get the same rate 3 to-day as It got. twenty
years ago, and did the work at to-days cc«t of
operation, the company could probably pay
about ten per cent on i:' common stock.
As It is the new arrangements make it plain
that the Erie securities are to be the speculative
.-ar^ far the immediate future.
Mr Morgan's other operation, the purchase
of the Jersey Central far the Reading- Company.
Is in the Interest o? harmony in the anthracita
coal trade. All the anthracite producers and
carriers are now so thoroughly combined, that
the trade may be said to boln the hands of half
a dozen men. The Reading-Jersey line and- th^
Lehigh Valley, the Pennsylvania Coal Company.
the Lackawanna. the Delaware & Hudson and
the ' Ontario and "Western may be saM to b«
jointly owned in the interest of the Eastern »
trunk lines; for when the controlling ownership)
Is traced out, It will be found to centre closa fey
the controlling- powers In thesa great system*.
It has been a lons work to secure .this; but,
done as It Is now. It.means that coal will be sold'
at really uniform rates, and not at rates whichw
are uniform only on the monthly circulars. TW
may at some time In the near future, expect to
se«» the establishment of that central s«llingp
agency which has been 90 many years talked j
about; but which never could re worked - out,
because of diverse ownership and conflicting
Interests. .%; - .; *-
"We may expect to see a great speculation ixx
the Reading issues. It has looked as If some
thin* nf th- sort was coming for some Uttl*
time. Reference was made here last week t »
•the significant talk on Reading; that sort of
talk, it was noted, which often preceded an im
portant movement In the securities which ware,
xne subject ot it. Probably the negotiations for;
the purchase of the Jersey Central were then;
reaching a conclusion. . They have been pending
for a considerable period. Jersey has been,
hitched up with the Reading before, as it •»
naturally a continuation of that system; but 'be
cause of faultiness In the joining, it has" broken,
away. This time it is join d to stay.' Cash pur
chases are very different things from "papei«.
agreements. The hint is given from good quar-^
ters that the things to look out for jointly In'
the market are the Pries and coal properties.
Attention has been so absorbed : by the St.
Paul deal, and that In the coalers, that other
things have been considered only as they were
affected -by these. Extreme movements, how
ever, have characterized most of th& leadlns
stocks, affected as th?y wer? by tha-buoyancy
in the market created, by the deals referred to.
London has figured conspicuously In the. trad
ing;- and the larger' operators over -thefe/who
were dealing in 'Americans have been skinned
alive. They, were short of this" market, »lnduce<l
thereto probably by knowledge that certain de
partments of their own market were rotten anil
ready f or a • crash. The names of same South
African millionaires are specially mentioned
Speaking of this, it miv be -recollected ."that"
when Mr. Keene returned from London he came
back a bear. ; Very shortly he divined the home
situation, saw he had been "mistaken. "'andiurned
bull. At a certain time h- - came out with- a
strong bull interview; whereupon "a' great* num
ber of. people declared that if was done to sell
stocks on. It looks a little different now.
• CUTHBSRT Mnij^

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