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New-York tribune. (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, March 16, 1901, Image 1

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V OL LX X°- 10.844.
IrCevyrUrbt: !<*"'l : FU Th* N>w-Torfc TrlhunO
London. March I'i. 1 a. m. Imperialism trl
urnpri* • en in a season of national mourning.
The departure of the Duke of Cornwall for
Australia and Canada has been conducted with
g dipr.i'V and stateltneps commensurate with
thf importance of the event and the honor of
th? ii*lf-6<werning commonwealths. The King
and (jiii n have accompanied th<» Duke and
PBxhcr of Cornwall to Portsmouth in semi
etltff. si : 'he royal yacht will escort the nphlr
opt of 'he harbor to-day. In the place of a gun
nTTinc with a cavalcade* of royal mourners
ted . truck and reverent multitudes, there
tra* I fishing glimpse of three royal landaus,
irith outriders and pnatiiiona and an escort of
Household rivalry, and crowds of joyous specta
tor*, cheering heartily the King and Queen and
heir to the throne. Tho first halting place from
Jlarlrtnmtsgh House was Victoria Station, where
the ma. 1 ' • funeral march through Londo« be
£saa.few weeks ago. But the black, purple and
•white trappincs of mourning had disappeared,
and th- platform was carpeted with crimson
and the fpecfal train was gaytjr decorated with
bunting, and the royal saloon was fragrant with
TrY passage of the train to Portsmouth was
witched -v groups at the stations, who cheered
lortJly. whereas heads were bared and there was
fUent homage when the last progress of Vic
toria occurred. The Solent, instead of being
BptteeUed by a fleet of battleships iiring min
ut» gun. c . was (gleam with color. Every ship in
the dockyard and harbor was dressed in rainbow
hues. The ships were manned, and the bands
vrre playing as the train trundled by the har
bor station about 5 o'clock, and there awe
guards of marines and bluejackets and massed
binds at the south jetty. A royal salute came
from the fleet as soon as the King's stand
ard was hoisted en the Victoria and Albert, and
ihf flags were. fluttering and bands playing until
If the contrast between this gayety and
»plfndnr and the last voyage of Victoria across
tjj» Solent was a striking one. Imperialism had
its dues, and the heir to the throne, embarking
on the Ophir. v. as honored as the King's chosen
attftn^r to hip worldwide empire. When the
Ophir weighs anchor to-day for her long voy
age the Alberta will pilot her down the harbor.
' ¦with the King and Queen. Princess Victoria and
Princess Charles on deck, and with a fleet of
•-••;. boat destroyers astern, and when the
rsnJ yacht finally turns within sight of Osborne
the sine swarm of Mack wasps which headed
th» funeral flotilla across the Solent to the ac
ctnapß.nl merit of booming guns and the requiems
cJ naval bands will escort the King to Ports
fmgti. The joyous Imperial function will be a
r»alniscence «f the majestic tribute of sea
I' rower to Queen Victoria. These, details have
been deliberately planned. for Uie-Qphir. and two
royal yachts, with the King's family, last night
¦were near the anchorage where the Queen's bier :
remained under guard of a mighty fleet. The
mission of the Puke of Cornwall to the colonies
wat; one of Queen Victoria's last imperial proj
ects, and the royal family were uniting in carry
ing it nut.
Th» Windsor naval guard, which saved the
situation vh«n the horses attached to the gun
carriage became unmanageable, will be at Ports
njonth to-day at Queen Alexandra's request to
receive Victorian decorations for their last ser
vice to' the beloved Queen. While the work of
empire building goes on Victoria Is not for
In spit« of the efforts to discredit th*» an«
nouncement that Mr. YV-rke has secured con
trol of the Metropolitan and District Railways.
'Th» Express" this morning not only maintains
that the report was quite correct, but «rive*
j tsrthtT information with regard to the. alleged
<Wl. The combination plans are said to he a
duplication of those adopted when Yerkes ob
tained control of the Chicago street railways,
namely, the reorganization of the companies on
a basis of making the old shareholders prefer
ential at a fixed rate of dividend, the raising by
bonds of a fund to equip the lines electrically
•nd to bui!d extensions and the formation of a
traction company to do the work. Mr.
Perks, M p., who is said to have had a large
share in the operations, is rerfceara solicitor and
Use largest shareholder in the District Railway.
The price of District Ordinary yesterday rose
% per cent on the report of American control.
Bssfla Metropolitan Ordinary fell 1 per cent. As
¦a nominal capital of the two companies
amounts to £24,000.000. if only f2.onn.O<»(> has
b«*n expended to secure control, the deal should
*» • profitable one. .
Lord Wolseley*a reply to Lord Lansdowne was
a, model of courtesy, but did not materially
Mfeagtben his case, although he dealt in detail
with the charges levelled against him. It did
sot justify what his friends bad been saying for
•lfhteen months— namely, that the Cabinet had
n*rWt*,} to follow his advice, and then had held
him responsible for military failures. He did not
ailvlp* mobilization until a few weeks before the
«"ar opened, when It would clearly have been
provocative. Lord l.ansd-.wne made an Incisive
¦ **Tly. but was more courteous than on the pre
vious occasion. Th<» debate was not exciting,
and the moral remained as before that not Lord
¦Vokvley. nor Lord Lansdowne alone, but the
British Government was ambuscaded by the
Bo»ry. I_ N - # p.
London. March 15.— 1n the House of Commons
Jo-da r the Chancellor of the Exchequer. Plr
Michael Hicks-Beach, presented th»* report of
th« Reject Committee on the Civil List, with ref-
T*nre to the publication in "The Timeß" of
"OnfMential statements on the subject, and rec
eaiiin>ndin«r the Speaker to take steps, either by
'tie exclusion from the House of the representa
tive of "The Time ," or otherwise, as he saw fit,
pi P! i? V< * nt a recurrence of such an offence. The
speaker promised to render an early decision in
tae natter.
"/'/" ¦¦¦.! •¦ ¦i H \',ll<,r \n.
¦•« Juan. Porto. Rico. March I."i.— A dispatch
••¦> Pajardo, provln?e of Huraacao. announces
. .that the United States special service vessel
Mayflower, Commander D. Kennedy, with Gov
"' Allen on board, Is aground on a Eand bar,
<?n that It Is believed «she has suffered no dam
• *' Th " government tug Uncas, Chief Boat
»i« .1 - W M- Laughlin. has gone to her as
f M «nce.
>- T'jiX'i. 3<l *• „ " a ,' lon of the Pennsylvania Rail
¦H cat. or car-Ad-'c OCR - ed ai !<V e «11y reached by.
A public meeting of the citizens of the Bor
ough of Richmond is likely to be held— in th«
near future, to put a check If possible to the
carrying out of the plans to build a public
high school on the undesirable site at Jay and
Wall sts.. St. George. Ptaten Island. Public in
dignation over the purchase of this property,
which is owned by Nicholas Muller. th* Demo
cratic boss of Richmond County, la spreading.
and citizens are asking who was responsible for
the selection of such a site, and why a large
sum should be taken from the appropriation for
the borough public schools to buy the site, when
many public spirited citizens of the borough
voted to raise funds for a public high school
and succeeded in getting $125,000 for the pur
pose some years ago. With part of the money
a parcel of land on the Island was bought for
a site, and there remained a surplus of $90,000.
This was turned over to Controller Coier to hold
as trustee. The money wail obtained and th*
sit" chosen for the new school before Richmond.
became part of th«» city.
The most surprising thing about th» purchase
of the Till-y property apart from the fact that
It is one of the most unsuitable plots of ground
on Staten Island for a school, as The Tribune
clearly showed yesterday, is wanton waste or
public moneys. From time to time it has been
announced that the public school system was
badly handicapped on account of Insufficient
funds, and under such conditions many chil
dren Buffered for want of thorough training.
These facts are known in every school district
in the Borough of Richmond, and especially to
those whoM duty it is to see that every dollar
for the public school system is spent In the best
•way. The site that one of the school districts
of the borough bought for the proposed high
school was almost on the highest point on Rich
mond Heights. I' is out of the way of the trol
ley cars and the railroad trains that continually
pass at Jay and Wall sts.. St George. It is con
sidered by persons whose opinion Is worth hav
ing to be an ideal Bite. It did not cost the city
one cent. The deed for this property is now in
possession of Controller Coler, besides the
190.000 for the erection of a building on It.
The property owned by the Baltimore and
Ohio Railroad, near the Tilley site, is to under
go a- great change in a short time. The changes
will make the Tilley property a worse site than
now for a public high school There will then
be a steep embankment between the railroad
tracks and one of the streets leading to the
school. And there will be more tracks n»ar the
school, more trains will pas* each day. and the
noises will be Increased almost a hundredfold.
The place Is also declared to be an unsanitary
one. Almost daily complaints about the odors
from the factories on the Jersey side are made
by persons living near by. .
Rpnn Barnes, who has an office at No. 11
Pine-st. and has been a resident of Staten Isl
and for nearly thirty years, said yesterday that
the site offered by the Tammany boas of Rich
mond Borough and selected for the new high
school building at St. George, Staten Island,
was unsuitable because of Its remoteness from
the centre of population. Its Juxtaposition to a
freight yard, a set of coal pockets and a rail
road and ferry terminal, with all the smoke,
dust and gases incident to territory so occu
pied. "In addition," said he, "there Is another
reason for its unsuitability. This Is the stnok->
and gas from th" copper and zinc plants and
the works of the Standard Oil Company, which
are on the opposite side of tRe Kill yon Kull.
This nuisance Is detrimental not only to the
property hut to the health of the people of New-
Brighton and St. George, and so well known
that the general government at Washington has
been petitioned to aid in Its abatement."
After Richmond County was Incorporated In
the city limits Mr. Barnes was delegated to
turn over to Controller Coler in trust for high
school purposes the deed to the site purchased
and the balance collected for the erection of the
school -JBO.OOG. Controller Coler took the
money and the deed, and gave Mr. Barnes a
receipt for it. Tne money has never been used
as intended, and Mr. Coler, Mr. Barnes says,
has made an effort to use it for other purposes.
The question of his right to do this has been In
the courts fo.- some time, decisions up to th»
present time being favorable to the people of
Richmond, who want the money used for the
purpose for nich It was intrusted to Con
troller Coler.
Not many residents of Ptaten Island would
talk yesterday about the choice Of the Mul!»r
site. Mrs. George William Curtis, president of
the Staten Island Branch of the Public Edu
cation Society, paid:
This question has not been discussed by our so
ciety, and I do not know what the other members
Every day In the year the Overland Limited leaves
Chicago 6:30 p. m., via the shortest route. Chicago
and Northwestern. Union and Southern Pacific Rail
ways, and arrives San Francisco 6:45 p. m., third
day. Double drawing room, sleeping cars, buffet,
library car (with barber) and dining cars. Full In
formation at Northwestern Line Office, Ml B'way.
would say about It. I have not thought enough
concerning the matter to discuss it. It Is a noisy
place, and I should think that would be a disad
vantage. All the trolley roads and the Fteam rail
roads centre there, making it very accessible, and
I suppose that Is the reason a site at St George
was chosen.
Daniel T. Cornell, former Assemblyman and
reaJ estate dealer, was one of the experts cnllert
by the commission which fixed th" price paid
by the city for the site. "I do not believe." he
said, "there is another piece of property at St.
George that could have been purchased for
school purposes, and I do not think the pric
allowed by the commissioners appointed by the
court to condemn the property is excessive."
Captain William .T. Cole, president of the Rich
mond Borough School Board, said that while
he was not president of the hoard when the «it»
at St. George had been recommended lie had
always been in favor of It, for the reason that a
centrally situated high school building was
necessary if children from all parts of the island
were to be required to attend one high school.
Captain Cole declared that he had not until now
heard any criticism of the selection of a site at
St. George, but that, on the contrary, citizens
had generally commanded the selection.
.i/.l )' COST A MILUOX.
The proposed new <'.oth Regiment Armory will
be one of the costliest structures for housing
militiamen ever built. Th* Supreme Court com
missioners yesterday finished taking •!.• testi
mony of owners of property at Twenty-fifth add
Twenty-sixth sts. and Lezlngton-ave., wh^r.^
the new- armory hi to be. The owners swear
that th» property •-•-"!• d is worth $1,050,- i
000, and they demand that the city pay
that amount for it. As It is Intended to spend j
about (650,000 for the armory building after the
necessary land has been secured, It is plain that
the armory is likely to be a record breaker, so
far as expense is concerned. The city Is having
the greatest difficulty in getting fair values on
the property.
Assistant Corporation Counsel Olendorf will
next Friday put expert witnessed on the stand
to show that the estimates furnished by the
property own. are excessive, and h» will doubt
less be able to convince the commissioners that
these estimate! should be cut down. Some of
the values placed upon houses and lots by the
owners have fairly staggered the commissioners.
It was learned yesterday that one of the parcel!)
•.. be condemned la owned by Major-General
Roe. his father having lived at No. »".''. Lexlng
ton-ave. When General Roe heard the testi
mony of some Of the owners lie refused to go on
the stand. He frankly told the commissioners
afterward that he proposed to leave the ap- i
praisal of the property entirely to them, as he '
could not In good conscience place as stiff a
figure upon his property as some of his neigh
bora had done with theirs. The Goodrldge and
Adrlance estates are large holders of the pro- -
posed new armory site.
i <>>><, 1 \ /./A /¦:/.)¦ in L'KTMX PL ICE.
Jam^s J. Coogan, borough president. Is to be
kc-pt In office until his term expires on January
next, if the Corporation Counsel's office can do
it Mr. Cootran became a resident voter In
Southampton two years ago. and voted there
again Uist fall. Controller Coler held up his
salary, and asked th»» Corporation Counsel for
an opinion on th<» validity of his title to office.
Mr. Coogan naade an appeal for help to Richard
Croker, and the result can be forecast with n
reasonable degree of certainty. When Corpora
tion Counsel Whalen was asked for an opinion
with reference to Mr. Coogan's status the mat
ter was pigeonholed, and last week when c.eorge
P. TI. McVey wrote the Bonrd of Public Im
provements protesting against the presence of
Coogan In ihe board, the protest was turned
over to Assistant Corporation Counsel John P.
Dunn, who had charge of the Bureau of Street
Openings, wjth an office at West Broadway and
Cbambers-st. Mr. Dunn Is now "InvestisratlnK"
the case, and will take his time to report to Mr.
In the Corporation Counsel's office it is pre
dicted that Coogan will hold his place, it was
said yesterday that if Mr. Whalen grave any
opinion at all. it would be to the effect that
Conjcan is the legal president of the horouch
until he iF removed by action of the courts. It
is said that Mr Whalen will contend that all
Mr. Coogan'i acts as borough president are aa
lepal as are those of an Assemblyman or Sena
tor whose seat is successfully contested.
Washington, March 15. —An alarm of fire
turned in from the White House about 7 o'clock
to-ntght for flames discovered in the Inaugural
reviewing stand at the northwest corner of the
grounds surrounding the mansion caused con
siderable excitement in that section of the city.
The White House, Pennsylvania-aye. and the
State. War and Navy Department Building were
brilliantly illuminated for a brief time before
the fire was extinguished. The damage, was
nominal. ,v.
For ¦ muscle workers, brain workers, any one
fagged or wea y. BALLANTINE'S INDIA PALE,
$25,000,000 PLAN FAVORED.
Albany. March IS (Special).— As was antici
pated. Governor Ode.l] in th."> message which he
submitted to the legislature to-day regarding
the various plans for Improving the canals of
the State favors th.- completion of the Sey
mour plan, sometimes known as "the $SMW©,CsflO
plan." and opposes the adopt! of the plan for
a barge canal. A canal for canal boats la thus
favored, and not one for big barges.
The Seymour plan provided for a deepening
of the Erie and the Osweco canals to an average
depth of nine feet, and of the Champlaln canal
to an average depth of seven feet. Governor
Odel) in the last month has studied thoroughly
the reports which have been made in the last
few years by various commissions upon canal
Improvements, as well as th. statistics of trade,
and decided as a business man in favor of the
more modest proposal to complete the- work
authorized by the people al the polls" in 1865
an. l begun in lSGfiwith $0,000,000. Thai $0,000,
diiii was exhausted before the work was com
pleted, and there are large portions of the Erie,
the Oswego and the Champlain . anal» In an
unimproved condition. Practically the entire
10,0110.000 would be thrown away unless the
work is completed^ for. parts of each one of the
Janata mentioned have the required depth of
water and others have not. so that canal boats
have no greater depth of water for the naviga
tion of the canals as a whole than they had be
fore the work of improvement was btgt)n. in
Governor odell points out in his message that
the cost of completing the Seymour plan of im
provement would be $25,148,241, which, in obedi
ence to the command of the constitution, would
be paid In eighteen years at a rate of $1 396.84rl
a year. This yearly tax of $1,306,840 would be
¦mall compared with that which would be Im
posed yearly if the barge canal plan should be
adopted One of these plans, for the construc
tion of .i barge canal along the route of the
present Erie Canal, with the. improvement of
the Oswego and Champlaln canals also involved,
would bring upon the State a total expenditure
of $07.107,20f{ 42, "' a total yearly charge of
$5,309,780. Even though the length of the pro
posed barge canal should be decreased by hav
ing it shortened by the use of Lake Ontario
part of the way between the Hudson River and
Lake Erie, through the construction of a barge
canal merely from Buffalo to Lake Ontario, and
then from Lake Ontario to the Hudson River,
the total cost of such an enterprise would be
$09,479,514. which would require « yearly ex
penditure by the taxpayers for eighteen years of
The Governor clearly Indicates his belief that
the canals can carry freight at a less rate than
the railroads, but he points out that the barge
canal proposed, large as it would be. would not
be as large as the canals of Canada, and there
fore "the question of competition with the Ca
nadian canals would still bo unsolved." He
therefore was brought to the conclusion that "In
the proposed Improvement for one thousand ton
barges the advantages to be derived are not
commensurate with the expense Involved."
The Governor also points out that New- York
City is suffering from terminal charges, and
gives the opinion that the canal problem Is more
local than International; that the State of New-
York is more concerned to prevent discrimina
tions against its citizens on freight rates than
to enter into competition with a foreign power
for international freight. He then ends his mes
sage by saying that the question, however, Is
one that should bo submitted to the people, and
where so Inrge. a proportion of the citizens of
the Staff desire affirmative action there would
seem to be no reason why the legislature should
delay submitting the matter for approval or dis
approval. He adds:
I therefore recommend that the question of
improving the canals along the line of the act
of 1805 be submitted to the people. at the com
ing election, in the belief that it will meet with
greater approval, that the expenditures can be
more easily met and that it will serve all the
purposes for which the canal was originally de
It looked to-day as though the legislature
would adopt the- Governor's ¦ recommendation
and submit to the people, at the polls this fall
the . proposition for canal improvement sug
gested by him.
I/. BOiiOLll POFF hi \n.
St. Petersburg. March 15.- M. Hoßollepofr,
Minister of Public Instruction, who, while hold
ing a reception on January 21, wasshoi by Pete r
Karpovlch. formerly a student at the University
of Moscow, died to-day of his wound.
London. March 16. "The Students' agitation
in this city." says the Moscow correspondent of
"The Dally. Mail," has become extremely
serious. Bloodshed lias occurred, and the. stu
dents threaten barricades and street, lighting.
It Is not safe for Individuals to cross^the streets
in the daytime. The schools are closed and the
city is virtually in a state of siege."
The best Cough remedy of the century Is -"•*
The announcement was made yesterday that Andrew Carnegie had offered
to give to this city $5,200,000 for the erection of sixty-five branch library build
ings provided the city furnished the sites and a fund for the maintenance of the
libraries. Officials who were seen last night said that they thought the condi
tions of this offer could be complied with.
Word was received from Pittsburgh that Mr. Carnegie might give at least
$25,000,000 for the erection of the buildings and for the endowment of the pro
posed technical school there.
Another dispatch received here yesterday said that Mr. Carnegie had offered
to give $1,000,000 to St. Louis for a library if the city would furnish the site
and guarantee a fund of £150.000 yearly for the maintenance of the institution.
The site has already been selected.
Andrew Carnegie .will give to this city
?">,'Ji"H>.'kio for th-> erectlox. -if sixty-five build
ings for branch libraries for the special benefit
of the masses of the people, provided certain
conditions which he lias named are carried out
by th' city. These are that the sites and a fund
for the maintenance ef the libraries shall be
furnished by the city in a manner satisfactory
to him. Th*> offer was made in a letter from
Mr. Carnegie to Dr. John S. Billings, director
of the New- York Public Library (Astor, Lenox
and Tilden Foundations*, written on March 12.
Mr. Carnegie's offer was yesterday officially
made known to Mayor Van Wyck. for the trus
tees of the New- York Public Library, by George
L. Rives, the secretary of the board. Mr. Rives
embodied in his letter the communication re
ceived from Dr. RlUings. by the trustees at th*
same time that Mr Carnegie's proposal was laid
before them by the director of the library
Dr. Billings says that he has had several talk?
with Mr. Carnegie en the subject ami at these
conferences he mvle suggestim? which related
mainly to a free public library system for the
Boroughs of Manhattan and Th» Bronx. H«
says that he told Mr. Carnegie that such a sys
tem should Include the great central reference
library at Forty-second-st. and Fifth-aye.. about
forty branch libraries for circulation, small dis
tributing centres in those public school buildings
which are adapted to such purposes, and a large
travelling library system operated from th
central building.
Dr. Billings also gave his views as to the
prrper size for the reading rooms for adults of
the libraries, the number of volumes of ency
clopaedias., dictionaries, atlases, etc.. each library
should have, the average cost of the sites and
equipments of the libraries, an estimated cost
of the maintenance of the system and other
data. __
He further" say.) that he told Mr Carnegi*
that about twenty-five libraries would be re
quired for the other boroughs. He furnished
Mr. Carnegie with data regarding the libraries
of Boston. Chicago, Buffalo, greater New- York
and' the contract made by the city of Buffalo
with the Buffalo Public Library. Dr. Billings
thought the contract would probably throw
some- light on the question of how best to pro
vide for the maintenance of a free public library
system for this city. Dr. Billings, moreover,
told Mr. -Carnegie that he estimated the cost of
site and equipment for each building at from
.<7.-,,fMV> to $125,000. and the cost of maintaining
the system in the boroughs of Manhattan and
The Bronx at $300,000 a year.
Mr. Carnegie's letter follows:
New-York. 12th March. 1901.
Dr. John S. Billings, Director. New-Tort Pub-
Mc Library.
Dear Dr. Billings- Our conferences upon the
needs of greater New- York for branch libraries
to reach the masse* of the people in every dis
trict have convinced me of the wisdom of your
Sixty-five branches strike one at iirsi as a
very large order, but as other cities have found
one necessary for every sixty thousand or sev
enty thousand of population, the number is not
You estimate the average cost of these libra
ries at, say. $80,000 each, being $5,200,000 for
all. If New-Tort will furnish sites for these
branches for the special benefit of the masses
of the people, as it has done for the central
library, and also agree in satisfactory form to
provide for their maintenance as built, I should
esteem it a rare privilege to be permitted to
furnish the money as needed for th.- buildings.
say. $•">.-< x>.<MN>. Sixty-five libraries at one
stroke probably breaks the record, but this is
the day of big operations, and New-York is soon
to be the biggest of cities. Very truly yours,
Following is the letter from George 1.. Rives,
laying before Mayor Van Wyck the terms of
Mr. Carnegie's offer:
New-York. March 1.'.. 1001.
The Hon. Robert A. Van Wyck. Mayor, etc.
Dear Sir: By direction of the Board of Trus
tees of the New -York Public Library. Astor.
Lenox and Tilden Foundations. I have the honor
to band you herewith a copy of a letter which
we received through our director. Dr. John S.
Billings, from Mr. Andrew Carnegie, »»n th.- ir»th
inst., the day of his sailing for Europe.
You will observe that Mr Carnegie offers to
bear the expense of building a large number of
branch libraries, at an estimated total cost of
$.',•-.'"<•/* mi, provided the city will furnish the
necessary land, and provided satisfactory ar
rangements can be made for the maintenance of
these branches. There are no other conditions.
I am Instructed to say that, if the city au
thorities look with favor upon the general plan
our Board of Trustees will hold Itself in readi
ness to co-operate in every way possible in
furthering the beneficent purposes which are
the object of Mr. Carnegie's munificent offer.
It Is understood 'hat Mr. Carnegie's offer hi
Intended to apply to the entire city. The meth
ods and agencies of administering branches in
boroughs other than Manhattan and The Bronx
may well be left to be settled hereafter.
I am further Instructed to say that in com
municating Mr. Carnegie's proposal to our hoard
Dr. Billings accompanied it with the following
In the conferences referred to by Mr. Carnegie
the suggestions which l have made have related
mainly to 8 free public library system for the
boroughs of Manhattan and The Bronx.
1 have stated that such a system should In. -hide
th»" great central reference library in Forty-sec
ond-st. and Flfth-ave., about forty branch libraries
for circulation, small distributing centres In those
public school buildings which are adapted to such
purpose, mid a large travelling library system
operated from the central building. Each of the
branch libraries should contain reading rooms for
from 5S to 100 adults and for from "3 to 125 children,
and in these rending rooms should be about ft)
volumes of encyclopaedias, dictionaries, atlases and
large and Important reference books. There should,
be. ample telephone and delivery arrangements be
tween the branches and the central library.
To establish this system would require at least five
years. The average cost of the. branch libraries I
Th«» new fast mall train of the New York Central
with day coaches and Pullman sleeping cars to
Chicago. leaves Grand Central Station at 3:15 a. m.
every day in the year. Sleeping car open at 1" p. m.
>'•• excess fare.— Advt.
estimated at from *7>.rton to Jir..(W. including Btoni
and equipment. The r,,>- cf maintaining the sys»
tern when completed I estimated at |sPG.flfl« • year.
The circulation of hook- for home use alone in thes«
boroughs should amount to more than 3.OW,«iW •>?
volumes a year, and therr shoul.! be at least .VA<V3
volumes in the circulation department, with addi
tions of new books and to replace worn out hook*
of at least BMM it year.
With regard to "the other boroughs of greater
New-York I have mad« no sped plans or esti
mates, bur have said thai abotit twenty-five li
braries would be required for them
The following arc some of the data which I rnv<»
furnished Mr. Carnegie. The population figures ar»
those of the last census.
Boston. wi»h rA>.SO2 people, has fifteen branch li
braries and reading rooms, and fourteen delivery
'lit.!,-, and appropriates $2SS.tt4t for library pur
pose?, being at the rate of over ¦¦>• cents per head,
of population, 2nd of abort -' ¦ l»one hundredths of
one per cent on the asaessH value of property.
Chicago has 1.«98..".7:. people. six branch libraries
and sixty •!• liv.-rv stations, besides stations in th*
public schools, and appropriates $2*C.2!»7 for library
purposes, heine it the rai* of I5&-M cents per head
of population, and 7-!'«> of one pet cent of the as
sossPd value- of property.
F?ufT;il.-> ha.' "J »7 people, and appropriates $115.
238 for library purposes, bring ii the rate of -tt
cents per head of • population, and ">-100 of one per
< -nt on the assessed value of property.
New-York City • Borough of Manhattan and Th«
Bronx* ha.! 2. OTA ft «> population, and appropriates
883.935 for library purposes, being at the rate of
* !Mf> cents per head .-vi" population and «-!•> one
hundredths of one per cent on the assessed value of
Greater New-York has 3.437.3)2 population, and
appropriate* ?2!>T>.»W3 for library purposes, being at.
the. rate of >« »-•" cents per head of population and.
*-!" one-hundre.iths of one per cent on the assessed.
value of property.
The contract made by th. city of Buffs»!« with
the Rnffalo Public I.ihrnry, tinder the provision*
of Chapter M of the Laws of 1*97 of the State ft
New-York, is worth careful examination in con
nection with the question of how best to provide
for maintenance of a free public; library system
for New-Tori City..
I am, very respectfully yours.
<;. U RIVES, secretary.
Tha Buffalo arrsngernrnt referred to by Dr.
Rlllinss is provided for by Chapter 1 ••. T.sws of
ISO 7. Stable of New-York. Th- City of Buffalo,
is antfiorTzefl by its Mayor to enter into a con
1 tract with the Buffalo Library for the proper
cif.^, maintenance, etc., 01 the public library
and "eadtng rooms, and to make all necessary
appropriations for the !>r.'''i<». and the Common
Council of the city of Buffalo i? authorized M
raise annually, a sum not less Ihn three one
hundreflths of 1 i«r rent and not more than flv^
• -hundre ir of ' per rent of the total tax
able assessed valuation of the property of th<*
Dr. John S. Billings said last i Igl regarding
Mr. 'Carnegie's offer:
Mr. Carnegie** offer to provide library Tvilld!nzs»
for Greater New-York it a cost of over 15.0 m.AM
is made wit I) his usual conditions— that the cttv
shaM furnish the sites and make a satisfactory
agreement as to their maintenance. If accepted, it
will result in the greai I free public library sys
, tern in the world. We may fairly infer that Mr.
j Carnegie's idea is thai th» whole system should b«>
i under one management, thai of the trustees of rh«
! New-York Public Library, but this i.- not made ont
i of his conditions.
As to the question of site-", i' is not. Improbable
'• that a considerable number could h«» obtained -with
! out cost to the municipality through gifts by publts
! j-plrtted citizens.
it is of the greatest importance thit the system
! of public schools in the city should be supple-
I mentrd by such a system of free pu"r>lie libraries
i as is proposed, and the sooner that work can h<»
. commenced upon it the better it wilt be for the*
¦ people and for the municipality as a whole.
S My estimate that It will take five yea^s hi pro-.
• vi.i*> and eo,'i!p .ill the bulldmgs accessary Is r>r«N-
I ably a reason one. but if the matter is taken
I up promptly by thr municipal authorities. Ir would
1 seem aa if this time could be shortened. No doubt
! there are some rather difficult questions as to dd I*|1 *-
| tails •.. be settled. >mt there are a number of v»ri
| competent persons ••> settle them, and the interest,
of the great mass of the people. in every part of
the city Is so great in seeing thai full advantage
is taken of the opportunity now presented tn brin<
free hooks almost to th" door of every citizen thaC.
we feel assured that prompt action will be taken.
George 1.. Rives said: '
Mr. Carnegie's proposal, I tans it. looks ft tit
agreement betwen threw parries namely Mr.
Carnegie himself, the New-Tort Public Library
and the ?nvfrnm' l nt of the city of New- York. Mr.
! Carnegie bos saW in his letter what he would do
i The trustees of th« New-York Public Library will
give their aid to the plan, so far as they can. al
though If it is carried out through their agency it
will involve very great additional labor and re
sponsibility on their part. In particular it woulrt
he very difficult for them to manage libraries in
Brooklyn or Queens, it; I as there are already •*•
cellent library organizations in those bor"\i»;hs I
should think it would prove better to arrange to
have them administer any branch libraries that
I may be established there. The same Is true of
Richmond. The New -York Public Library under
j its present organization can. if desired, attend to»
. ?ny new branches that may be established in Man-
I Rattan and The Bronx.
[ As la the city, we have seen the Mayor, and h*
' authorises us to say th;»t he Is most heartily in
favor of the plan, and will do all in his power to
carry out- Mr. «'arnegie"s views. There are. how
ever. sev*«rr»l troublesome questions as to 'he city's
j power to make th.- iCTft'ltK'nl proposed. I'nder th*
present charter th" Municipal Assembly has very
; general powers ior acquiring sites for "public
buildings." Whether the marts would hold that
' this extended to procuring sites for libraries seems
: to m« very uncertain. The same powers are con
i tinned, under the proposed revision of the charter
! In 'he Board of Aldermen.
[ If th" power to acquire sites is doubtful ** I
j think it Is, then, of course, it would be necessary If
I th*- plan is to be carried out. to procure furtfte
| legislation. Another point Is that under the present
j charter or the proposed revision of it. the city, *>
far as I remember, has no authority to bind Itself
; irrevocably by a contract to maintain the pr.po'se.i
In addition to the legal difficulties, than is also
: the in -i.il question as to whether the city with
j its present debt and its present necesitfes In othe-
I directions, ought to undertake the financial obltga
j tl«>ns to be Incurred in carrying out this s.-ht-nw.
j That is largely a question of expediency. and must
| be decided by public opinion. The city is uh:iMa
; to pay for everything we should all like to- h;»v*
i in the way of schools. docks, new pavements.
1 rapid transit railroads and other things that ar^
. urgently desired, and also for a number of li
braries. Some of these things perhaps must bo
given up If any very considerable sum of money
, is to be "spent on procuring site* for new libraries.
Which, of all the various things the rltv in desir-
Foot of "West S3d St., Pesbrosses St. and Cort
lai\dt St. Convenient to all sections of the city.—
blns Houses in this city.— Advt.

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