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CROWDING TO THE CITIES. A RESULT OF BRITISH AGRICULTURAL DEPRESSION. PLANS OF THE KING AND QUEEN— SIR AL FRED mMB RETURNS FROM SOUTH AFRICA, froprright ; 1901: By The New-York Tribune.) [RT CABLE BO THE TRIBTNE.] London, April 29, 1 a. m.— The purely agricult ural villages of Great Britain are slowly but steadily becoming depopulated. At the same time the big cities and urban districts in the manufacturing localities continue to increase in population. These two facts are proved by the census returns so far as they have been pub lished. The gradual movement of population from country to town, which has been very no ticeable during the last decade, seems likely to pn on so long as the depression in British agri culture continues, and nobody dreams of a re vival with the possible exception of such men as Sir Howard Vincent. James Lowther and Henry Chaplin. It is, indeed; a practical certainty that until England renounces her free trade policy, the agriculture of the country will re main at a low ebb, and the big cities, and Lon don in particular, will continue to be overcrowd ed. People here have not yet begun seriously to consider the way in which a solution of the over crowding problem is to be arrived at. There is a good deal of academic discussion of such ques tions as the housing of the working classes and improvement in the facilities for transit, but the government is unwilling to deal with the matter. King Edward and Queen Alexandra are at Fandringham taking the first real rest which they have had since January. They are expect ed in London to-morrow. On Friday the King will hold court at St. James's Palace for the purpose of receiving addresses, after which the reception of a Roman Catholic deputation will take place. It is likely that later on in the year his majesty will be visited by the Emperor and Empress of Russia, who are expected to travel to Scotland to view the Glasgow Exhibition. But no definite arrangements in regard to this visit have yet been fixed. TV." cmir.tr>- is dissatisfied because the war in South Africa still drags along. During the last few weeks the movement designed to sweep the Northern Transvaal has been in progress, and a good many Boers have been captured, but the Impression prevails that the totals include more old men and boys left on farms than bona fide prisoners, and at the rate of a couple of hundred captures a week it will take a long time to get rid of fifteen thousand Eoers who are still believed to be under arms. Months have passed away eince the invaders entered Cape Colony, yet they are there to-day and quite as troublesome as ever. Some people argue that the British army is even now net strong enough for the task in hand. Meanwhile Mr. Brodrick's scheme of arr-.y reform is condemned by nearly every com petent critic. It is generally admitted that the regular army will not be strengthened mate rially until the attractiveness of the service is Increased. Arrangements are quietly in progress for the reception of Sir Alfred Milner in London. The High C mmissioner for South Africa has been asked if he would accept an invitation to a public bar.quet, but he has not yet been h^ard from on the point. A number of his admirers suggerted that as he was banqueted before he went to Cape Town he should be likewise en tertainer, on his return. It is, however, quite possible that Sir Alfred Milner will not consent. He would have to get Mr. Chamberlain's per ¦lml ¦ before accepting such invitation, as a public banquet would imply a pronouncement upon the policy of the British Government in South Africa, and it may be doubted whether the Colonial Secretary would deem It opportune for Sir Alfred Mil' r to make an important speech in this co- ry on the South African question until the btorm and stress of the final phase of the war have passed away. I. N. F. BOERS CAPTURE BRITISH. TWENTY- FIVE TROOPERS SURRENDER AFTER A SEVERE FIGHT. London, April 20. — Lord Kitchener continues the process of wearing down the Boers, who, however, are very active in the Kroonstad dis trict, where they recently derailed two trains and also captured, after a severe fight, twenty five men of the Prince of Wales's Light Horse, whom they stripped of their horses and ac coutrements and then liberated. Colonel Plumer's force captured a small laager of forty-five men, including the notorious Trans vaal State Engineer, Munnick, who planned the destruction of the Johannesburg mines in the spring of last year, and his father, who was formerly Landrost at Boksburg. Mr. Cummings, who is visiting: Durban on be half of the Canadian Government, is favorably - I - ssed with the trading possibilities between Canada and Naiai. PLAGUE CASKS AT CAPE TOWN. Cape Town. April US.— During the past forty eight hours sixteen fresh cases of the bubonic Plague have been officially reported. Eight of these are Kuropeans. Since the outbreak of the Jtaease there have been 319 cases, of which Jl7 hove i .- \ed fatal. POISONING STORY DISCREDITED. Washington, April 28.— The Department of Agri ¦ -•• has received no information bearing- on the reports that have been circulated in England ' k Boer emissaries with inoculating horses shipped to South aJMoa with glanders and oth<-r Jnaiadiea. Secretary Wilson places no credence in the story. He says, hoAtv.r. v.at it is possible It might have been done, probably by hostlers or °u»er attendants aboard ship, if at all. There has wen no examination of the Bone shipments by the °epartmenfs representatives, as the British agents - °\t- nevei r. . .. such inspection. HAT BE FOR YFXV STEEL PLANT. Philadelphia. April £S.— "The Inquirer" to-morrow •"1 Bay that big purchases of farm land lying be tween Gloucester City and Mount Ephraim. In Western New-Jersey, not far from Philadelphia, fc&ve been made by George W. Jessup, a prominent real estate dealer and member of the Board of Trade of Camden. N. J., In the last ten days. Twelve farms are reported to have been purchased In the early art of last week and three no later than Saturday. When interviewed by an "Inquirer" reporter, yes terday, Mr. Jessup admitted making the purchases for H. <•. Frick, of Pittsburgh, and his business associates. He .-:!!.; the farms bought on Satur day contained over four hundred acres, but he declined to gay how much the other purchases amounted to. He refused to affirm or deny that the land Is in tended for the location of another steel plant. He ¦would not say for what purpose it Is Intended, other than that of a business investment. Ho •aid there it $50,000,000 behind the investors, and added that in *. few years Camden will have a city adjoining it of from 30,000 to 60,000 Inhabitants. Further than this he declined to discuss the matter. - - , -: NEW THEATRE TRAIN FOR CHICAGO. Leaves Grand Central Station at 3:15 A. M. every Gay. giving passengers , an opportunity to go to the theatre, have supper after the play, go to bed in the bleeping car at their -leisure, and wake up *«H on their way to th«: Wes- by the New York Central. -Ad vt. t.\ ¦.'.•¦;.¦ PRINCE HAD JEWELS HIDDEN. HENRY OF CROY HAS AN UNPLEASANT EXPERIENCE WITH CUSTOMS OFFICIALS. Prince Henry de Croy, a Belgian nobleman, eaid to be a cousin of Kin? Leopold of the Belgians, had an unpleasant experience yes terday on his arrival here on the steamship Potsdam, from Rotterdam and Boulogne. He had declared five pieces of baggage, and was about to leave the pier at Fifth-st., Hoboken, when Andrew McCort, a Custom House in spector, noticed that the prince appeared to be exceedingly nervous, and made him submit to an examination of his person, to learn whether or not he was carrying about with him dutiable goods on which he had not made any declara tion. The Inspector found in the clothes worn by the prince a gold ring with a large emerald encircled with thirty-three diamonds, worth about $r>00; a gold bracelet with a large emerald encircled with one hundred diamonds, worth $1,000; two Angora shawls and three silver snuffboxes. Inspector McCort, at his home. No. 149 Harri son-st., Brooklyn, told a Tribune reporter last evening that the goods mentioned were con cealed on the prince's person, and that he (the inspector), had intercepted them by accident. The examination of passengers' baggage had been finished, and the prince had obtained a receipt from an expressman for his five pieces of baggage, when the inspector asked the prince for his name and destination, and the latter wrote in the inspector's book "P. H. Croy, Washington, D. C." Then the inspector invited the prince to step aboard the ship, and on taking him to a stateroom asked if he had any con cealed packages in his possession. After the prince had opened his waistcoat, the inspector says, the rug, folded in tissue paper, was found concealed inside his trousers. The case was found in a coat pocket. The bracelet was dis covered inside the prince's coat, in which, also, were found the shawls and snuffboxes. Inspector McCort found that a large amount of money in a sealed package had been left by the prince in the possession of the purser. Thinking diamonds might be concealed in the package the official opened it in the presence of the purser. He discovered no diamonds, but the package contained many thousand dollars in cash and drafts. The package, after examina tion, was returned to the purser. Inspector McCort said that the property of the prince which had been seized would, of course, be confiscated, as he had made a declaration under oath that he was bringing over only wear ing apparel. The government, however, gave the owner the privilege of taking the goods out after paying the appraisement, which might be the full value of the property. REFEREES BILL HEARING. NO ONE FROM NEW-YORK LIKELY TO CHAMPION THE MEASURE. The committee representing the Bar Associa tion which was appointed by John E. Parsons and the one named by ex-Judge Charles F. Brown at the meeting of the members of the New-York County bar held on Saturday will go to Albany to-day to be present at the hearing before Governor Odell on the Referees bill. Ow ing to the short time elapsing between the ap pointing of the committees and the day set for the hearing, no notices were sent to the mem ¦Bßs, bsml it is thought that the printed reports regarding the committees may not have been seen by some of the persons named. In view of this and other facts not all of those asked to speak against the bill are expected to be present at the hearing. Another thing that may keep some members of the committees from being present is the fact that several papers an nounced that the hearing would be held on Tues day instead of to-day. Just how many men would go to Albany could not be learned yester day. Nor could any person be found who was able to say positively whether or not there would be anybody to speak in favor of the bill at the hearing. No one came forward yesterday, and announced that he or any one else would be on hand to say that the bill was drawn on consti tutional lines, that it was a wise measure and that it ought to become a law. It was learned that one of the principal argu ments that would be used 1 y those who looked upon the bill with disfavor was that it was im practicable. The provisions of the bill take away from the justices of the Supreme Court of the First Judicial District the power which they have long had in the appointment of referees, and direct that the Appellate Division shall ap point twenty lawyers as referees of the Supreme Court and Surrosate's Court and twenty law yers as referees of the City Court in the judicial "district embraced by New- York County alone. The clerks of the courts are to enter the names of the referees appointed in alphabetical order, and references emanating from the courts must be given to the referees in rotation. Charles Bulkley Hubbell, who called the meet ing of the members of the New- York County bar to order on Saturday, was seen at his home. No. 20 West Eleventh- ?t.. yesterday. In speak ing about the Referees bill Mr. Hubbell said: "A petition denouncing the bill will be pre sented to Governor Odell to-day. It is signed by more than one thousand of the busy law yers of this city. So far no advocate or cham pion of the bill has appeared. I should say that it is the unanimous expression of the bar of the city that the hill is an obnoxious one, and that it would be difficult for Governor Odell to justify his approval of it." ANOBJ BULLDOG BITES A MAN. THE LATTER HAD PROTECTED A TERRIER FROM THE UGLY BEAST. The grassy stretch north of the Metropolitan Museum of Natural History was thronged yes terday morning, mostly with women and chil dren, who were enjoying the warm sunshine and balmy air. Among the hundreds were Charles Reilly, fifty-four years old, janitor of an apart ment house at Eighty-second-st. and Central Park West, and his daughter Grace, fifteen years old. With them was their little Scotch terrier, Gyp. The dog was scampering on the grass and barking. On a nearby hummock Julian Goldey, a Postal Telegraph boy, was holding In leash a big brln dle bulldog. As soon as the bulldog saw Gyp he became frantic, and strained for freedom. He was soon free, for Goldey wasn't strong enough to hold him. Then there was a commotion. Gyp, thorough ly seared, ran yelping to the feet of his mistress. She picked him up and started to run. but be fore she got five feet away the bulldog was jumping up and trying to get at the cowering terrier. He didn't succeed, for the girl turned so quickly that the dog landed against her back. All the time she was screaming, and her father was doing his best to frighten the bulldog. Grace turned and ran, and then, according to Mr. Reilly, the bulldog turned on him and twice sank his teeth In the calf of the man's leg. Two policemen had run up, and one of them used his club with such effect that the bulldog fled. He was later caught and taken home by the mes senger boy. Mr. Reilly was assisted to a drug store in Co lumbus-aye., and remained there until an am bulance arrived from Roosevelt Hospital. At the hospital he was told that his wounds were exceedingly dangerous. He was advised to go to the Pasteur Institute. The messenger boy said that the dog belonged to James Earll. of No. 59 West Seventy-sixth-st. Mr. Reilly went to bed after reaching home He was suffering keenly last night. One of the wounds in his leg is an inch and a half long and half an inch deep. " Mr. Earll was not at home yesterday after noon. Reilly insists that the bulldog be shot. NEW- YORK. MONDAY. APRIL 29. 1901.-TWELVE PAGES.- by T^^fA^a,™. P. R. R. MAY BUILD A B RIDGE THOUGHT TO BE HEADING MOVEMENT FOR TWEN rV-THIRD-ST. STRUCTURE. RAILROAD MEN* FIRM IX OPPOSITION TO RAINES BILL SCHEME— OFFICERS OF THE NEW- YORK AND NEW-JERSEY BRIDGE COMPANY EVASIVE. What is considered as still further proof of the opposition of the railroads to the New-York and New-Jersey bridge plan, as embodied In the bill of Senator Raines, was the unusual reti cence and evasiveness yesterday of the officers and directors of this bridge company. When seen by Tribune reporters not one of them at tempted to deny the statements made by the presidents of the Erie, Pennsylvania, Ontario and Western and other railroads havinsr termi nals on the Jersey side of the North River, to the effect that a Fifty-ninth-st. bridge was wholly impracticable either for freight or pas sengers, as printed in The Tribune yesterday; and not one, even when pressed for an answer, tried to show that even a single railroad favored the scheme. Delos E. Culver, who has been the prime mover in the plan for a bridge across the North River at Fifty-ninth-st.. was considerably agi tated owr the statements of the railroad men. When seen by a Tribune reporter at his home. No. 124 West Ninety-fifth-st., he at once ask^d: "Is it true that these railroad men have com bined against the Fifty-ninth-st. bridge, as I read in The Tribune this morning?" "Yes," the reporter answered. "Officers of al most all the lines carrying freight into New- York from the Jersey side of the Hudson say that a bridge at Fifty-ninth-st. is too far up stream, and is thus impracticable either for freight or passengers." "Because it is too far north?" interrupted Mr. Culver, with a questioning tone of voice. Then, after a moment's pause, he added: "The engineering of this bridge is not fully understood. I do not believe these railroad men will oppose the plan after they investigate it more carefully. The plan for a West-st. rail road as an approach to the bridge is hound to appeal to them after more mature considera tion." "But is it not a fact, Mr. Culver," was ask^d, "that at the present time the railroads do not favor the project?" • "No. I can't say that." was the answ< r. '1 have known these railroad men for the last thirty years, and I believe they will welcome such an undertaking." "Have you the assurance of any railroad that It will use the bridge after it is built? 11 "As to that I can't say." "Is there not one railroad, then, that ran te said to be back of such « tremendous enter prise?" NO RIGHT TO SPEAK OF IT "I hay* no right to speak of that?" was the answer. "How, then, can the people of New- York City be expected to grant franchises for the use of its waterfront by elevated railroads if It is impossible to know to whom they are giving such valuable franchises?" "AH that I can say is that capital is behind the project, and all wHI be made public !n time." Mr Culver then complained of ill health, and the interview was closed. Other officers of the company refused abso lutely to speak on the subject. One of them said in reply to the question whether the Fifty ninth-st. bridge was not considered impracti cable for freight purposes by railroad men be cause no adequate terminals could be obtained in this city: I have nothing to say to these statement?. I do not consider it proper at this time to discuss the bridge bill at all. A conference was held yesterday afternoon at the home of James S. Clarkson. president of the New-York and New-Jersey Bridge Com pany, at No. 2 West Kighty-eighth-st. Several officers of the company attended the meeting. which lasted several hours. At the end Mr. Clarkson could not be seen, although reported to be in his apartments. From what could be learned the meeting was for the purpose of preparing for the hearing on the bridge bill before Governor Odell to-mor row. Railroad men who were seen yesterday univer sally continued to condemn the Fifty-ninth-st. bridge with a West-st. elevated railroad for an approach as wholly impracticable and as a "paper picture." The only bridge that could be built over the North River, they said, should be no further north than Twenty-third-st., and should be used only for passengers. PENNSYLVANIA ROAD IN THE LEAD. Information was also obtained that the Penn sylvania Railroad had now taken the initiative in pushing the construction of the Twenty-thlrd st. bridge, for which a franchise is held by the North River Bridge Company. Such action is said to have been precipitated by the activity of the New-York and New-Jersey Bridge Com pany in its efforts to obtain further franchises by legislation for its proposed structure at Fifty ninth-st. A prominent officer of a railroad whose east ern terminus is at Jersey City said last night that the plan to build a passenger bridge from the New-Jersey shore to Twenty-third-st. was not only a practical scheme, but a necessity. He thought that the six roads running into Jersey City which now transfer their passengers t<> this city by water could easily combine their capital for the erection of a magnificent bridge and commodious terminal on this side of the river. He believed that the bridge would be built before eighteen months. Asked what particular company was responsi ble for the revival of interest in the North River Bridge Company's plan, he said: "I believe that the Pennsylvania Railroad is back of the project. With its allied companies it controls the major part of the- passenger traffic «rMeh now enters New- York from the South and West. It is to the Pennsylvania's in terest to reduce the cost of transportation as much as possible, and this could be effected by building a bridge, with the co-operation of the competing roads. The company could save money on its ferryboats, and could devote those now used for the transfer of passengers ¦olfllj to its freight business, which is constantly in creasing. "It will soon need all these boats for its Long Island line and for its service to Staten Island. The Staten Island business is nominally in the hands of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, but that road is owned by interests closely identin-'d with the Pennsylvania road. The fact that Samual Rea, fourth vice-president of the Penn sylvania company, is a director of the North River Bridge Company leads me to believe that that road is the chief backer of this very sensible and businesslike proposition. They have all along eaid that they wished to build a bridge to strike New-York not further uptown than Twenty-thlrd-st. They realize, too, that no in terest, unless an extremely powerful one, can build a North River bridge crossing to Fifty ninth-st. without their sanction and support." RECENT PORTRAIT OF PRESIDENT M'KINI.EY. TRANSMITTED BY TELE" iRAP!! FROM WASHINGTON OVER THE TRIBUNE'S LEASED WIRF. (Photograph Copyright. 1900: By C. Parker.) PICTURES P.V TELEGRAPH. PHOTOGRAPHS SENT OVER A WIRE NEARLY TWO HUNDRED AND FIFTY MILES IN A FEW MINUTES. The picture of President McKinley which is presented this morning is not printed because the face is unfamiliar to the readers of The Tribune, but on account of the novel method by which it was transmitted from Washington to this city. It was sent by telegraph. That is to say. a specially prepared copy was placed on a little machine at one end of a telegraph wire in The Tribune Bureau at the national capital, and a reproduction was quickly effected by another machine at the other end in the h'^me office, two hundred and thirty-nine miles away. The operation consumed between five and ten minutes. The apparatus employed for this wonderful man 1? the joint Invention of H R- Palmer and Thomas Mills, of Cleveland. Ohio. It was exhibited at the conversazione of the American Institute of Electrical Engineers a few evenings ago. The Tribune is the first New- York dally paper to give its readers a chance tn judge at the quality of the work it will do. A number of attempts have been made within the last tea jreara to send pictures by telegraph. One instrument devised for this purpose was Gray's telautograph. Later ones differed from that in principle and also from each other. In some respects the product of the Palmer-Mills apparatus remind! one of that obtained by the Amstutz system five or six years ago. But the machine itself is vastly more simple and com pact than all of its predecessors, of whatever design. When the necessary adjustments have been made to ensure satisfactory working, the time required for actual transmission is sur prisingly short. Some of the oth>"r systems re quire from forty to fifty minutes merely to send a picture. An important advantage of the Palmer-Mills apparatus is that it works directly from a photograph, an.l i!<>es not call for redrawing, an operation that not only wastes time, but sacri fic> s accuracy. The inventors declare that it can i"- operated over c circuit I.<hm» miles in length. Some minor details, affecting the effi ciency of the invention, arc yet to i>e worked out, but it." present state is highly promising. This device can be used as either a transmit ter or a receiver, the change from one to the other beinw wrought almost instantaneously. An achievement ol this kitid is such an ad vance upon the original s^rvi<-e of the telegraph that it makes one realize afresh how nearly boundless 'u<- the possibilities of electricity's usefulness. It also shows h«>w thoroughly up to date The Tribune is. ELECTRIC POWER CARRIED t',o WILES. Said TO re the longest transmission in the WORLD. San Francisco. April 28 (Special).— Electric power generated on the Tuba River. 140 miles away, was used in operation of streetcars in Oakland to-day. This is said to be the longest transmission of Heetrlr* power in the world. The power is gen erated by turbine wheel?. The cable. 140 miles in length, is six-tenths of an inch in diameter and i.s of copper, with aluminum alloy, which will prevent oxidisation, it is this cable that is bob fended across Carquinez Straits by a span of 4.400 feet and 300 feet in the air. The tost yesterday is considered one of the most successful In th^ history of electricity, a current of 40,000 volts having been transmitted the entire distance with a loss not to exceed o per cent. Under that showing experts said the voltage could be increased until there would be practically no loss of the current. The current used was an alter nating one, transmitted through the motor at the power station, as a voltage of 40.000 was greatly In excess of the power needed. On Monday power will he transmitted over the company's lines to San .Tos6, a distance of 190 miles from the f-ratlnß plant. WILL '•///¦: t/7.v ELECTRIC POWER. IMPORTANT RESULTS EXPECTED FROM A PIS COVERY BY DH MIND. London. April L'o. — "The Daily Chronicle" says it Uarns that Dr. Ludwlg Mund has discovered a method of producing illuminating coal gas at twopence per thousand feet, which will effect a revolution !>y cheapening electric power, and also as bearing upon the production of open hearth steel. PULQUE OFFICIALS ASSAULTED. Calcutta, April 2.S.— The officials engaged in com bating the bubonic plague were assaulted here to day by natives while disinfecting. Several arrests were made. RAH POLL A HAS XOT RESIGXED. Rome. April 25.-The "Italia" denies the asser tion, made yesterday t>y the "Patrlo." that Cardinal Mariano Rampclla, Pontifical Secretary of State, has resigned. HEROIC WORK. BY FIREMEN ONE DRAGS TWO UNGONBCHNJI OLD WOMEN PBOM IT.AME AND SMOKE. CROWD CHEERS THE BRAVE WORK MADLY —ONE OF THE AGED SUFFER ERS MAY DIE. At the risk of their lives two firemen yester day morning went Into a burning apartment house at No. 1.712 Amsterdam-aye. and rescued two old women from death. The firemen are Matthew J. Cummings and John Moclalr. They are in Hook and Ladder Company No. 23, which is in One-hundred-and-fortieth-st., near Amster dam-aye. The women rescued are Mrs. Eliza beth Niver, sixty-five years old. and her sister. Mrs. Eliza Moore, 'eighty-six years old. Both were unconscious when found lying in the hall way of their a^attment.-, ..---.- »¦»¦¦' ¦"i'jijjii The house is owned by Martin Wallace. It has five stories. The fire was discovered about 8 o'clock. It started on the top floor, on the north side of which lived Mrs. John Moore. On the south side lived Mrs. Niver. her family and her aged sister. Mrs. John Moore escaped by means of the front fire escape to the house at No. 1.710. and down to the street. It was she who told the firemen of the peril of the two women in the other flat. She had been visiting them a short time before the fire, and knew they were alone. Cummings' and Moclair made desperate efforts to get up to the fifth floor^by the regular stair way, but the intense heat drove them back. They lost no time, but dashed down to the street again, and went to the fifth floor of No. 1,710 and then over the fire escapes to the front windows of No. 1.712. Moclair waited outside and Cummings went In on hands and knees. Smoke was pouring out of the four windows in clouds, and tongues of flame shot out now and then. It seemed certain death to go in. The crowd below watched silently for the fireman to appear. It seemed an endless time, and they were beginning to fear for his safety when they saw Moclair reach in and take some body from Cummings. It vas Mrs. Niver. Cum mings had found her unconscious in the kitchen and had carried her through fire and smoke. She was painfully burned, and her clothing was scorched and burning. The fresh air revived her for a moment, and she exclaimed: •'For God's sake, get Eliza!" "Where is she?" ashed Cummings, almost overcome himself by the deadly fumes. "In the hallway." muttered Mrs. Niver. who again became unconscious. Moclair hurried down with her to the street, the crowd cheering like mad. Cummings waited only long enough to get a little air. and then leaped back into the furnace. The crowd gave a roar of applause, hear.l blocks away. One minute, two minutes, three minutes passed. But Cummlngs did not appear. It seemed half an hour to the crowd. The captain of the company ordered other men up to rescue their comrade, and. they were about to enter when Cummings was seen staggering to the window. He carried Mrs. Moore. She was unconscious, and Cummings was not far from it. His comrades took the old woman, and then dragged him out. Fire shot out all around him. The crowd cheered wildly when Cummings appeared. The cheering and the air soon made a new man of him. and he pluckily resumed fighting the tire with his comrades. He said later that he had almost "caved in once or twice." and that he would probably have dropped if alone. But I made up my mind to save the old lady, ' he said, "and— well, 1 did save her. But it was a corkin* hot place!" . "¦' r ' Mrs. Moore was burned so severely that she had to be taken to the J. Hood Wright Hospital. Her hands and face are blistered, and she in haled much flame. Her condition is extremely critical on account of her great age. Cummins* is the champion bicyclist of the Fire Department. He mi formerly a sailor, and his rescues at sea and as a fireman on land are almost a score. He is modest in the extreme, and nothing ever induces him to recite his ex periences. His superiors consider him one or the pluckiest men in the department. KATES BY CAXXIBALS. NATIVES OF BRITAIN KILL A GERMAN MILLIONAIRE AND DEVOUR HIS SECRETARY. Sydney. N. S. W.. April 28.— Herr Mercke. a German 'millionaire, who was cruising in his yacht, and Herr Caro, his private secretary, were recently murdered by natives of the island of New-Britain, off the northeast coast of Pa pua. Herr Caro's body was eaten. Berlin, April 29. — Emperor William has ordered Car' Passchew, of the German second class cruiser Hansa. to command a punitive expedi tion from China to avenge the murder of Herr Mercke. . l JAYNE'S EXPECTORANT— the Cough cure— JATNE'S EXPECTORANT.— Advt. PRICE THEEE CENTS. CHANGE IN CUBAN VIEWS. CAUSES WHICH LED DELEGATES TO FAVOR MKINLEYS POLICY. [FT TELEGRAPH TO TH2 TRIBCXIUI Washington. April 2S. — Since the departure of the five commissioners representing the Cuban Constitutional Convention It has been learned that their suddenly formed determination to leave Washington was due to th- fact that they received assurances that no effort wouM be made to annex Cuba to the United States as long as the present elements which dominate the politics of this country are in control, and provided further that the Constitutional Con vention at Havana accepts the Platt amend ment at the earliest practicable date. As stated by The Tribune last Saturday, th* Cuban commissioners on the day before bad sig nified their acquiescence in the provisions of the Platt amendment after that instrument had been fully explained to them by the President, the Secretary of War. Senator Platt, of Con necticut (Its author), and Senator Spooner. of Wisconsin, as well as by several Democrats of distinction, including Senator Cockrell. of Mis souri. Their next concern was to learn what were the ultimate intentions el the United States with regard to Cuba, and to get at this they chose to discuss the island's industrial future as affected by the fiscal policy which the new government can adopt. The visitors dwelt with more emphasis than did those to whom they talked upon the importance of establishing reciprocal trade relations with the United States. This naturally led to the conclusion that Cuba cannot stand alone economically an that her dependence upon the United States is quite as marked in that regard as it is politically. SURPRISE AT REPUBLICAN POLICY. From this point the discussion ranged to th« question as to whether or not, under the terms of the Platt amendment, based, as that law Is. upon the much vaunted Teller resolution die claiming this country's intention ever to "exer cise sovereignty and control in Cuba," the island could or would be annexed to the United States. To their surprise the Cuban commissioners were informed that the Platt amendment had been so framed and phrased as to make anti-annexa tion the policy of the Republican party. In other words, the Platt amendment, when ac cepted by the Cuban Constitutional Convention, will serve as another and potent factor in de veloping an American colonial policy. This policy was barely hinted at in a speech, delivered last night by Senator Albert J. Bev eridge at the Grant memorial dinner at Dcs Moines. It was also briefly outlined in a Tribune dispatch from Washington last Thurs day. This dispatch was based upon a state ment made to The Tribune's correspondent by a high official who next to President McKinley has been more influential than anybody else in shaping the administration's colonial policy to date. The Cubans were told that the annexation of their island has been a Democratic policy ever since the days of Jefferson, and their attention was called to the fact that it was under Demo cratic auspices that the sensational Ostend manifesto of half a century ago was issued. Their attention also was called to the fact that if the opportunity had been auspicious at any time in the last hundred years the Democrats when in control of th.? government would have found an excuse for annexing Cuba to the , United States . and thus forever shattering .the I dream of a Cuban republic. The Cubans now understand that the Democratic policy still is for annexation under the alluring promise of Statehood. in spite of the solemn pledge to the world contained in the Teller resolution, about which the Democratic leaders in both houses of Congress had so much to say during the dis cussion which preceded the adoption of the Platt amendment this winter. TO URGE AMENDMENT'S ADOPTION. When the Cuban Commissioners were able to comprehend the situation as thus described to them, they realized for the first time that there is no danger of their country being annexed and "assimilated" to the United States as Ion? as the Platt amendment is a law of this land, with the most binding features of that instru ment as parts of the Cuban constitution. This revelation so completely allayed their fears that they felt free to return to Havana and earnest ly recommend to the convention the Immediate adoption of the Platt amendment in its entirety. Before returning home they thought it best to visit New-York, and there learn from the men most directly interested in the maintenance of this government's present tariff policy what can be expected for the Cuban sugar and tobacco products in the trade of the United States. Before they left Washington they received as surances that Cuba's plea for preferential tariff rates on sugar and tobacco will receive re spectful consideration here when the relations between the two countries are such that that subject can be adequately treated by the proper j authority, which is Congress; but pending the i settlement of this and other economic questions i the Cubans must elect officers and organize their j own independent government under the terms j of the Platt amendment. They will probably hold their general election next October, and before the first session of the next Congress ad journs at Washington, in the spring or summer ' of 1902. their government, it is hoped, will b» ! fully equipped, and running so smoothly that th* President will feel justified in withdrawing all United States troops from the island and turn ing Cuba wholly over to the Cubans. A UNIQUE NATIONAL STATUS. Then their status will be unique In the history of nations. Cuba will be an Independent sov ereignty—a republic— with the assurance of this j country's constant and permanent guardianship. This will make it unnecessary for the republto of Cuba to burden itself with the cost of an army and navy, for the United States as guard ian will safeguard Cuba from foes both foreign and domestic. For this purpose the United States will maintain adequate naval stations on the island, and will also keep troops in readi ness for service in Cuba for the suppression of revolutions and other uprisings. This form of guardianship will not interfere with the devel opment of Cuban institutions in harmony with Latin ideals. In other words, the island will not be Americanized, as It would be eventually if the Democratic programme instead of the Republican plan were carried into effect. . Under these new and novel relations in the history of nations, two alien races will live In close amity according to the ideals and stand . ards of each. Both also can protect the inter ests, industrial as well as racial, that are pecul iar to each. If the interests of both .demand free ¦ trade in some products, only that fiscal : policy can be adopted, whereas if Cuba; should be annexed and made a State of the Union, no such careful policy could be followed. An object lesson will be given to the world of American magnanimity and unselfishness, and at the same time this lesson can be utilized at home in educating the people of the United States up to the colonial policy now being d# \ veloped by the Republican party. QUESTION OF TARIFF RATES. ¦'. Discriminating tariff rates for Cuba will ¦how the necessity of discriminating tariff rates for