Newspaper Page Text
VOL<V OL< LXI •• X°- 19,976.
ffARONKOCH'STHEORIES ppjTlSf? OFFICIALS OPPOSE SCIENTISTS VIEWS. ; pB0 pOSITION THAT CONSUMPTION CAN SOT BE TRANSMITTED FROM CATTLE COMBATED. iOnprrlr't; ISSIS By The New Tortc Tribune.) [FT CABI.TS TO THE TKIBIXB.I ILKjdon. July 2<>, 1 a. m.-Professor Koch's .-tics among the civil service and the public 2fc associations are still raging against him fllma p: r inp vain things. They are clamoring *" a. government commission to investigate the "latlons between human and bovine tubercu flls an( j are charging him with reasoning from -alcgy in arguing that the two diseases are *"sestially different, and that infection cannot " cs from animals to men. They have missed one of Koch's chief points, trtich was that there should be no reasoning 'rom analogies in dealing with pestilences, but thgt each scourge should be treated according jo Jts own individuality and special nature. They made yesterday a combined attack upon pr Koch's thesis at the general meeting of the congress on tuberculosis at Queen's Hall. Lord Bnenc»" r who presided, was even more conserva tive than Mr. Chaplin had been on the previous day in pleading for protection to milk drinkers, and for further investigation before licensing farmers to neglect precautions for keeping their dairies in a sanitary condition. Professor John MoFadyean followed the chair man's address with a paper on the subject of tubercle bacilli in cows' milk as a possible cause of tuberculous disease in man. He challenged Dr. Koch's conclusion that there was no connec tion between bovine and human tuberculosis: traversed the German's argument in detail, and produced statistics from two London ";ospltals for children, showing that about 20 per cent of th» cases treated were due to alimentary infec tion. Aft'"-:' the professor had restored the prima facie cas» against animal tuberculosis as a pos sible source of human tuberculosis, he enlarged upon the dangers to which the British public ¦as exposed from unsanitary dairies, asserting that about *> per cent of all the cows giving milk la this country showed tuberculosis in some degree. The audience was entirely in sympathy with him. and constantly --^lauded his attacks upon Dr. Koch. The necessity for an immediate in vestigation was conceded by nearly every Fpeaker. and the prompt action taken by the. American authorities in subjecting Koch's new theory to practical and decisive tests was cited a? an excellent example for the more sluggish British officials. L N - F PROFESSOR VIRCHOW'S OPINION. Berlin. July 25.— Professor Koch's statement of his discovery regarding tuberculosis, as made be fore the congress now !n session in London, has been received here, with some scepticism among pbyslcans. Before the regular proceedings of th« Berlin Medical Society began to-day the members discussed Professor Koch's address in formally, dwelling upon the fact that his present conclusion is diametrically opposite to his former view. Several members pointed out that his new theory was asserted by him with as much de risiveness as the old. In the course of the s?es rlon Professor Virchow referred to Professor Koch's address in the following terms: Nothing remains for me except to maintain more positively than ever my. view that the de cisive thing in tuberculosis is the tuberculosis centre. "Tuberkelknotchen," which is the patho logical mark of tuberculosis, and not the bacil lus as such. DELEGATES RECEIVED BY KINO. Ixmdon. July 25— Kin* Edward received the forHjm delegates to the British Coneress on Tu berculosiF at Marlborouph House this afternoon. HI? majesty briefly expressed his ke*n interest in the ermpress, and hfs hopes of fruitful results therefrom. "PIXIOXS HERE DIFFER. tOME THTNK DR. KOCH'S ANNOUNCE MENT IMPORTANT; OTHERS ARE SCEPTICAL. The assertion by Dr. Koch that tuberculosis cannot be transmitted in the milk and flesh of tuberculous cattle is variously received here by those interested In cattle. R. M Cow, at the American Jersey Cattle Club, yesterday expressed his belief in the genu jnen^cc f ,f the discovery, and in its importance. "The pr! lie will be reassured," said Mr. Gow, "and the discovery is bound to have a very Im portant effect on cattle business. At present cattle are examined by the State veterinary sur »eons. and those found infected are killed." Or. the other hand, John P. Haines, of the So ciety for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, is sceptical as to the value of Dr. Koch's an nouncement. I have been led to believe." said Mr. Haines. "that the meat and the milk of tuberculous animals are among the chief vehicles for transmitting infection. I should want to see Dr. Koch's statement carefully verified by facts. The consensus of opinion of medical men to-day te quite the contrary. Dr. Koch's discovery is too good news to be true." THE TUBERCULIN TEST. DR. KOCH'S STAND MAY RESULT IN CES SATION OF EXAMINATION OF CATTLE. Dr. Koch denial of the accepted theory that tuberculosis can be communicated to man from tuberculous cattle, may. If his statements gain credence, make unnecessary the work now done by the health authorities in many parts of the country In the inspection of herds of cattle. In &is city the Board of Health has for some years scrutinized rigidly the cattle within the city limits, and its veterinarians, appointed for the Purpose, have sought to eliminate every animal found to be tainted with the disease and to "Sister carefully those untainted. The tuber culosis test which the veterinarians apply con **• in injecting: into the animal a few drops < flujd containing the poisons produced by the |üb*rde bacilli in their growth. If the animal ¦ tuberculous, there follows a rise of tempera- l «re of 4or 5 degrees, a loss of appetite, and a .**>'. ling. **>'.ling at the point of inoculation. 41 these symptoms subside after a day or two. * th * animal is not affected with the disease * *ymptoms do not appear. The tuberculous ¦:>. are taken to the offal dock and killed. rr«r« tVery CaSe a i>OSt mortem examination is exTT' and th * resUlt of the test verified. The eiMrf '' the * .-*..'.'• ::. the cJtv Proper Is not "daily large, some twenty-five or thirty anl _ v, Contlnnt-d on third p aRI >. Poland w° RTANT • NT on third PUBLIC RTAVI NOTIf . B PTJB i^i C « D^ft p^ojd. Pound * ' ¦¦¦..' - ¦ :¦: P&ACE FROM VTHTCH BROKEN SFSPLNDERS WERE lAKIA". BRYAN OY OHIO PLATFORM PAYS HIS ATTENTION -TO. JOHN R. MT.F.AN IN "THE COMMONER" UNDER HEAD "PRINCIPLES. NOT MEN." [BY TELEGRAPH to THE TRIBCNE-] Lincoln. Neb., July 25.— Mr. Bryan's "Commoner** says of John R. McLean under the head of "Princi ples. Not Men": Mr. McLean makes a mistake when ho assumes that he can overthrow the Kansas City platform by attacking Mr. Bryan. It has been an open sf-cret for some time that Mr. McLean did not like Mr. Bryan, but the public is not so much interested in knowing Mr. McLean's opinion of Mr. Bryan as It i.- in knowing his views on public questions. His platform denounces trusts, but the remedies pro posed are not sufficient: he ought to indorse the remedies set forth In the Kansas City platform or suggest others equally good. Hi* platform de nounces imperialism; he ought to Indorse the me dy proposed by the Kansas City platform or mi; pest some other remedy equally good. Ills platform does not state his views on government by Injunction, arbitration and the black list; Mr. Mc- Lean ought to make his position clear on these points. Mr. McLean will have to vote on various phases of the money question. Whether Congress will have to deal with the proposition to open the mints to the free and unlimited coinage of silver :it the ratio of 16 to 1 will depend upon conditions. It is easy to "sit down on" Mr. Bryan; he is only im portant as he aids in accomplishing reforms; but to "sit down on" Democratic principles and a na tional platform la a more serious matter. Before Mr. McLean puts on the Senatorial toga, he is likely to discover that th< voters of tli« Demo cratic party are a great deal mote Interested in principles, than they are In Individuals Th. re Is no evidence of a change among the voters, and the party in Ohio cannot afford to alienate a large num ber of real Democrats in order to gratify .-i small number of men who have become po accustom*^ to adulterating: their Democracy that they are not good Judges of the pure article. Referring to the two platforms, he criticises the lack of decisiveness on the trust question in the Ohio platform and the posltivcness of the Kansas City product. He says the Ohio platform treats the subject of imperialism less satisfactorily than the trust question. He is sorry It makes no refer ence to the Supreme Court insular decision. The tariff question la less important than imperialism. He says: The tariff question is an important question, and the Democratic position on the tariff question re mains unchanged; but the question of imperialism is more important than all the other national questions combined, and the trust question In at present more important than questions of taxation for if the trusts are allowed to obtain control of the industries of the country it will be difficult to pa.«s «ny law which they oppose. The money ques tion, ignored entirely by the Ohio convention Is more important than the tariff question. BRYAN DEFENDS SENATOR JONES. SAYS AMERICAN COTTON COMPANY, WITH ITS ROUND BALE PATENT. 13 NOT A TRUST. [BY TELEGIIAPII TO THE TItIOTJXE.J L'ncoln. Neb.. July 25.— J. Bryan, In a leading editorial in his ' paper to-morrow, will say: Senator Jones owns some of the common stack of the American Cotton Company. He explains that he became interested in the Graves patent for maS Ing a round cotton bale. As the development of th« patent required a large amount of money a ,-.. poration was formed. Senator Jones as' a : .,-t owner of the patent, received stock in "the com pany. and was made one of the directors Thi«: company had been called a trust, but it ha* none of the characteristics of a trust. It operates under a patent, and the opponents of trusts made no war on patents. * * A patent is granted for a limited period as a r* ward to one who gives to the world a new idea The Democratic party has never conHemned the patent system, nor has It condemned those who by means of patents enjoy a temporary monopoly of their inventions. The difference between a patent and an Industrial monopoly is so great and so plain that no one need confuse them it has been alleged that the company with which Senator Jones -Is connected has a monopoly of the busings* of compressing: cotton. If this were true and th*» monopoly rested on a patent. It would not ha . trust, within the ordinary meaning of the word but, as a matter of fact, Mr. Jones's company doe«! not handle 10 per cent of the cotton compressed in the United States; It Is nearer 5 per cent The company has been criticised for renting its machines, instead of oelllng them outright but a! the patent law does not prohibit the leasing of patented articles, and as this mode of realizing on a patent Is quite common, it does not furnish valid ground for a complaint. Senator Jones ex plains that, while the company when desired buys cotton from those who use the round bale process it does not require them to sell to the company 1 ' Uc-st. r. ¦•¦'¦¦, '!'.: i and recuperation may be found at the Hyg. la Hotel, or. the picturesque Vlrgmis Coast. Eighteen hour: t,y Old Dominion <-.¦,.,'. Bhlps. F»Ft express '.ruir.s by Pennsylvania RaU way.— Advt. NEW-YORK, FRIDAY. JULY 26, 1901. -FOURTEEN PAGES.- byT ,e c SfA^a« oa . VIEWS SHOWING THE DAMAGE TO THE BROOKLYN BRIDGE. THE DESERTED BRIDGE. DROUTH \u| RELIEVED. CORN BELT WHERE RAIN WAS MOST NEEDED GETS NOltE, LITTLE PROSPECT OP ANY l\ KANBAB AM) MISSOURI I'ul'lni s SHOW ERS ELSEWHERE. [BT TCIIMHI'II TO llli rRIBI M ! Chicago, July '_'•">. Despite rain In several St'ite<= no material relief ha.- come to the drouth stricken Western reg rdlng to the forecaster of the Chicago Weather Bureau, those localities which needed rain most are leasi likely to get any In the next twenty-four hours. No rain fell In Kansas or Missouri, and little in Ne braska, last tiipht, while all the surrounding States were enjoying more or less heavy show >>rs. There were copious rains m Northern Illi nois and Indiana, Michigan and Minnes.aa. East ern lowa an'l South Dakota hail lighter rains and North I»;ik"t,i heavy showers. A rather heavy downpour visited all the Gulf Btateal Kansas crops are I liming up at a rapid rate. The rp.in which fell last night sprinkled around this vast stretch of scorched territory, but not :i drop of the much wanted rain fell In that Btate. And there is no relief in sipht for the Kansans. (•rain ni'-ti in that locality report thiit tO-day*S beat did more damage i<< late corn thai the hot blasts of th" week preceding. The situation there is so Sf-riotls that rain cannot possibly revive the crops. The '-..rristrilks have been SO thor oughly cooked thai water will nut <!<» them any £OOd. Despite the fact that the int. -use heat In tho corn l>e!t continues, farmers firnl some hop*' In the report that showers are becoming more pen eral. Northwestern lowa received a good drench lag last night. Crops benefited greatly by It, and farmers axe. beginning to take hope that their losses will not be as large as wns first thought. The fall in Illinois varies in most places from a fourth to half an inch. With tho rain that Wisconsin has had she ought to be flxedr»up pretty well now. The heavy rains in Minnesota, Northern Illinois and Northern Indiana ought to put thin in go<xl shape. A heavy rain was reported throughout Minnesota. Excessive heat that has prevailed al St. Louis was broken with cool winds, which reduced the temperature eight degrees lower thut it was yesterday al the sam« time. A heavy rain is report.,! f r ,," m ChillicOthe, Ohio, but other points in the Buckeye Slat.' were nr.t touched. The forecast for to-day shows light and scattering showers for Kastern Ne braska, lowa an<l South Dakota, but nu relief Is in sight fur the drouth stricken district in Kansas, Missouri and the greater i>art of Ne braska. Th.- loss in the corn crop of Missouri will be tremendous this year, owing to th<- continued drouth. The loss in pastures and grass Is com plete, an-! depreciation of live stock values in consequence is very heavy. At this date an es timan- of th.- wheat damage in Southern Minne sota is placed at I'm per cent and thai of North ern Minnesota and North Dakota at 10 to 15 per cent of an average crop. The loss In Indiana will be heavy. Crop indi cations are assuming a gloomir-r prospect under the continued h'-at and drouth. It is reported from Nebraska that the light sh »wers which fell over thai State last night did little soo.l It freshened up the cornfields, however. CORN BELT STILL -HOT AND DRY. LIGHT RAINFALLS IN NORTHERN HALF ' NOT BkPBCIALiLiT BENEFICIAL. Washington. July 25.~OfTle!al reports show that the corn belt region continues hot and dry, with no prospects of ImitiPillatp change In those condi tions. Showers have fallen in the northern h?.lf of tho corn bell area since laai night, lneJurlLng feast- Bra Nebraska, lowa, Northern Illinois, Northern Indiana 1 and Ohio. Most of these rains. wi;u:i Continued on lliird pnuc. BREAK IN THE BAND .WHICH SUPPORTS SUSPENDER. \- IN THE kOADWAT WHW THE SUSPENDERS AKI BBOKJBft IJOMBSHKI.L ! ; I!0M i'IIILI. THREATENING NOTE OX PAN AMERICAN CONGRESS. INSISTS ON ACTING AS SHE PLEASES ON PROGRAMME OP THE CONFER ENCE MEETING Ilf JEOPARDY. [icy TKLri;n.\rn to the TBIBI -1 Washington, July 25. — Chili has thrown a bombshell into the Pan-American Congress, and has assumed a threatening attitude toward the United States by insisting that the Congress shall not be sovereign on the question of its programme and proceedings, notwithstanding the agreement of the United States with Mexico and the other American republics to that effect. Benor Vicuna, the Chilian Minister at Washing ton, conveyed this ultimatum to Secretary Hay Just as the Secretary was starting for his vaca tion in New-Hampshire, and later on the same day sent the following declaration to the acting director of the Bureau of American Republics: Legation de Chill. Washington. D. C. July 18, 1001. Sir: This morning I had the honor of inform ing his Excellency, Mr. John Hay. Secretary of State of the United States of America and presi dent of the Executive Committee of the Union of American Republics, of the following resolu tion taken by the government of Chili in re gard to its attendance at the Pan-American Congress that Is to be held in Mexico: "Chili maintains Its acceptance under the con ditions of the programme as defined by the ex ecutive committee on May •!; programme so defined Chill considers obligatory for the Pan- American Congress. Should the said programme so defined be substantially modified hereafter outside or within the said congress, without the assent of all the countries invited. Chill will decide whether it will or not maintain its ac ceptance." Please, Mr. Director, raise this reso lution of the government of Chill to the knowl edge of the executive committee of the Ameri can republics, and. in due course, cause it to be communicated to the government of Mexico, one of the governments inviting to the congress. In an official way. I have the honor to be, Dear Mr. Director, with feelings of consideration. Yours very truly. C. MOULA VICUNA. North and South Americans are amazed at the peremptory tone assumed by Chill within two days after the formal announcement last week of the unqualified acceptance of every American republic of the original Mexican invitation. The meeting next fall, it Is now feared. is Irretriev ably Jeopardised unless a solution can be de vised by the delegates of the United states who are to assemble at Buffalo to-morrow to effect an organisation. The crisis that has now arisen makes it opportune to give from official sources an authentic statement of what has preceded the Intolerable attitude and unenviable respon sibility chili has now assumed. HISTORY OP THE AFFAIR. As is well known. in April of last year the executive committee of the Bureau of Ameri can Republics was delegated by the representa tives of the union at Washington to draw up the tentative programme for, -he forthcoming Pan-American Congress, The executive com mittee at that Urns consisted of tht Secretary of Stale ; p.i the Ministers of Costa Rica, Guate mala i. nd Argentina. Th» tentative programme unanimously adopted and submitted to all the govt ¦ i ¦ ents read as follows: The executive committee is < f opinion that the new conference sir !.'<i select from the sub jects which wei considered by th? former on<" those which at the prc?e~t tinte re cf-riost Importance: thai ii ahou-'d .*t ¦•:•¦ the n w siib jects which ma be sul'.mlited to it. nd with <"oiiitm;<?il Ml , M-; -¦! ..•¦¦ <¦. • ' Tl.e Ixut luutti f.-tiiii Sex;-\ vv'.i vj Bu.Tala »3,th; New-York Central. A train every hour.— Advt. ( //// •/¦• ENGINEER RETURNS. HE IS QUOTED AS SAYING THAT THE REPAIRS WILL BE FINISHED BY NOON TO-DAY. Chief Engineer C. C. Martin, of the Brooklyn Bridge, returned late yesterday afternoon from his country home at Tewksbury. Mass.. and spent a good part of last night superintending the repairs to the bridge. Mr. Martin was quoted as saying that the re pairs would be completed, and the structure re stored to Its normal strength by m*>n to-day. At 1 o'clock this morning the night force of twelve men was still on the bridge, and those in charge said the men would continue at work until men came this morning to take their places. MAY SHU, DANISH ISLANDS. NEW CABINET FAVORS TRANSFER TO THE UNITED STATES. Copenhagen. July 23.— The new Liberal Cab inet, Whose formation was announced on July 23, favors the sale of the Danish West Indies to the United States, and the Minister of Foreign Affairs. Dr. Deuntzer. is familiarizing himself with the details of the case with the' view to con tinuing the negotiations for the sale. Washington, July 25 (Special), flecretaty Hay 1 recently expressed confidence that a convention i between the United States and Denmark would be concluded in time for consideration at the next session of Congress for the acquisition of the Danish Weal Indies. In IM>7 the govern ment at Copenhagen approved a treaty by which the Islands were to be purchased by the United St^t-'s subject to the sanction of the inhabi ting f"r |T,5001000t The irhahitants voted with practical unanimity in flavor of the pro posed annexation, b»l the United States Senate at the tii»' 1 withawJd consent, and, thouph the original term Of the treaty was twice extended. It finally lapsed in 1870, and was al>andoned. Under the proposition now entertained, after protracted negotiations, the entire group of islands. Including that of Santa Cruz, embrac ing an ar.-a of 138 square miles and including a population Of mow tha»i a hundred thousand persons, will r^** to the sovereignty of the United states upon a cash payment to Denmark not exceeding s}.<*m>,«*><>. /mi V WRECKED HY EXPLOSION. HEAVY LOSS OF LIKE AXU PROPERTY IN BATOIM Hatoum. July 2k— A terrific explosion of petroleum to-day In the most thickly populated auarter of Batoum wrecked the whole centre of tin- town. It is Impossible at the time of filing this dispatch to estimate the loss of life and property, lmt H Is very large. BATTLE oh' FRENCH AND VOOMB. TRIBES BEATEN IN A iMi'.IIT SOUTH OF THE ATI. MOUNTAINS. London. July Uf»— "A few days ago." says a dispatch to "The Daily Mail' from Cadiz, "a great battle was fought between the French and thp Moors mar Fignlß- It was th. result si the French operations to fjbjusaie the tribes south of (*•« ,i l;; Mountains and to occupy the oasis of Mit . .' ' The French were victorious. The Urors a *crt that the French government has '.>,•.<>'!? tr ops <"' the Moorish border." l\ : i SITNI'AY I K3ION TO HAI7( I CHUNK. ' i ne Ne\. .. i •«¦>¦ t entml will run a *t 3) excursion in m i ¦¦ -h < hunk. <ilen unoko and the Swiccnhaik on t.aijciay. J"l> 28; ;hl!riren under 12 73 rents . Sp* ;ai tiHi.i |r.iv«-.-« Liberty Street at S:2tt a. ¦ my. South I'ivry, teii a. m. Switchback 50 cents additional.— AJvt. PRICE THREE CENTS. PROBING BRIDGE BREAK LM BARBIER AXD SEXTOX BEG IX IXQUIRY MR. HENNING SAYS STRUCTURE IS A. "~ MENACE, AND BLAMES NIGGARDLY POLICY OF OFFICIALS—TRAF FIC PARTLY SUSPENDED. Inquiries regarding the safety of the Brooklyn^ Bridge and the suspected negligence of the bridge officials were started yesterday by the District Attorney's office, the Police Department and the Health Board. If it ascertained that de fects In the bridge structure were known by the bridge officials in time to prevent the breaks) en Wednesday, the grand jury will be asked to make an investigation. Gustavus C. Henning. a consulting engineer. who supervised the construction of the section of the bridge on which the breaks occurred, de clared yesterday that the bridge should be built anew. He said that officials were warned at the time the bridge was built that the materials were faulty, but their use was Insisted on to save cost. Controller Coler argued that if tunnels had been constructed between Brooklyn and Man hattan for the trolley lines there would have been no reason for overloading the bridge. The structure, it Is declared, never was intended for trolley traffic. It was ascertained yesterday that the iron work of the bridge had not been repainted in three years, and much of it was rusty. Runt appeared to be a cause for the breaks in the bridge structure. No regular systems of Inspections has been in use on the bridge under the present adminis- ¦ tration. The engineers can learn of injuries to the structure only by accidental reports. Traffic on the north side of the bridge was sus pended yesterday, but a few trains and trolley cars were run. shuttle fashion, on the south side all day and all night. Many thousands of persons walked over the bridge. The ferries between Manhattan anJ Brooklyn ¦were crowded at the rush hours. The division of travel from the bridge to the ferries did not much affect the railroads in Brooklyn Workmen removed broken parts' of th«» bridge yesterday, and it was said that new parts would be substituted within forty-eight hours. The en gineers of the bridge declare that when traffic is resumed the bridge will be as strong as it ever was. V.VU.U IT WT.W BE S ITS, GUSTAVU3 C. HENNING THINKS THE BRIDGE IS NOW A MENACE TO PUBLIC SAFETY. "The Brooklyn rtrlde** I* «* mtnsc* to *h» safety of th* people who crow It.** So said Gustavus C. Henning. a consulting en gineer, who had charge of the part of the bridge construction that has now proved de fective. Mr. Hennlns was on the North Drive, vratch ing the repair work that was being done. "The work is faulty,'* he continued, "because of the niggardly policy of "the; city Oifu-lais who had charge of the construction of the bridge. They insisted on the cheapest kind of work, al though they were told that such a policy would, result in the precise trouble that has now arisen. What was wanted was a bridge that would accommodate its. If to the increase of traffic that would come with the growth of th* two cities— as they were then. No thought was taken of the morrow, however, and no idea of anything more than was necessary at that time was entertained. "What is the result? We have a bridge that is not strong enough to stand the demands that are made upon it. It is of no permanent use. this tinkering and repairing. The only remedy Is to build the bridge over again. To the lay mind this suggestion may appear ab surd. Engineers, however, remember that the bridge between Cincinnati and Covington was built anew and without the suspension of, traffic for even a single day. That bridge is* now one of the most substantial structures of Its kind in the world. "Who can say that these defects that have been discovered are the only ones in the bruise? ! If there are no more the bridge will be safe | for traffic when these have been repaired. ! Only the most thorough examination; however, j ' can prove that all the suspenders are intact. : I No doubt this inspection will be made imme- ; ; diately. "Probably the best thins: that can be done 13 to bolster the weak point from underneath. Of course this would be only temporary, and would cost considerable. But It would be the quickest method of dealing with the diffi cult v If the bridge authorities wait for the material necessary for permanent repairs they : will delay matters for a long time, because It • will all have to be made especially for the work. i There are four main cables, and each is Balls i to the same breakage. What would cause a 1 breakage? Well, what would break a straw? ' Can you Imagine anything breaking without | having too much weight placed on it? I can [ not, v V-' "The trouble lies in the fact that the suspend ers are of the poorest material. I ought to know because I not only designed it and super ! intended the construction of it. but also super : intended the construction of the material. WWhetn t I advised the use of better material the author ities said that the cities could not afford It. : "There are two things about the bridge that : are all right. These are the towers. They will I stand for an indefinite length of time, and I do not believe enough weight can be put on them to affect them in the least. As for the remain der of the bridge— well, unless it is reconstruct ed with a much greater foundation of strength, or unless the traffic it is now called on to sus tain be decreased enormously, some day there 1 will be a terrible catastrophe." DEFECTIVE WIRE WAS USED MATTER OF NOTORIETY WHEN THIN BRIDGE WAS BUILDING THAT MA TERIAL below STANDARD .f WAS ACCEPTED. r ~ There are many who remember that wtrv which was tested and found defective was used In the construction of the bridge. It was a mat ter of notoriety at the time that some of th» wire that had been submitted for use was found of a grade lower than the standard and was re jected by the examining engineers, but was of fered ag&in and accepted. It was admitted be fore the bridge was finished that some of this wire was used. Where it Is no man can tell now, and It may be that the break that is causing so much' trouble and subjecting the people of both ; sides of the river to such inconvenience may be j some of this wire that was smuggled in by the use of influence or money. The question is. Where Is the rest, if there be . any more? Doubtless time will discover it. Just how much there Is cannot be told. It was •aid at the time that the extra strength of th» cables was sufficient to offset the weakness that would b-> caused by the defective wire, but it ' SPECIAL MOUNTAIN TRAIN PUT ON. . !., kawrtnna Railroad's Pocono Mountain Special leaves Sew- York every Saturday at 12:30. Arrive* Monday morning before business hours.— Advu