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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, November 10, 1901, Image 17

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WEST OF WIXNTPES.
A COUNTRY OF GREAT AGRICULTURAL
aNI ) MINERAL RESOURCES— ITS CHIEF
TOWN-BEAUTY OF SCENE AND
HEALTHFUL CLIMATE.
Cancouver. B - c - ■*•*- - (Special).— The ter
■ torv lying between Winnipeg and Vancouver
offers many rtcfe prizes to the prospective home
cce j eer The jrreat stretch of prairie land west
- -^-j r: •;- ee is largely devoted to th» raising
» cattle. Oalgaiy is the metropolis of this
n gp country, but the ranges further east.
rou^d M'-dicme Hut, are even better adapted
for caitle. as th^y furnish grazing through most
f the winter. The cattle industry of these
lain? has assumed large proportions, and the
rofltj. are n ot only certain but great. Much of
the ■•■ i s fertile, and It needs only irrigation
turn it irto a prosperous agricultural country,
•-he strip of territory between Winnipeg and
Peeina is. -?■ fact, one of the bes- wheat re
* g ;n the whole of Canada. The famous
MbwUOD*. No. 1 hard Is found here in perfec-
Q and mast of th«* farmers are prosperous,
u+.ile many of them are wealthy. Near Brandon
vere is SB I xtenslve experimental farm main
ned hy U* government, whose accomplished
, irter .(jent, Mr. Bedford, is doing a valuable
rk is the ■ r^s-l'ertilization of fruits, vegeta
tes and eerea'.s. vith a view to producing varie
. suitable to the climate. At this farm, and
, at t j5P pxpenmenta' farm at Indian Head,
n " A 5f jniboia. no efforts, are spared in blazing
't a pan ' or The Practical farmer with the aid
of the most approved agricultural science, and
■when the project now under consideration to
irrigate the plains between Medicine Hut and
Calgary by streams from the Rocky Mountains
Is consummated the present industry of cattle
raising will give way to agriculture on the most
modern and approved principles. The rich ag
ricultural country between Calgary and Ed
raonton has recently been opened by rail, and is
being rapidly settled, largely by Americans.
The numerous beautiful resorts of the Cana
dian Rockies are ai.so popular with Americans,
especially the great army of sufferers from
hay fever who find this region an absolute cure,
while at the same time it offers many attrac
tion? to these who seek noble scenery and pure,
bracing air. Banff Hot Springs is the best
known of these resorts. The region has been
set apart by the Dominion Government as a
national park, but, fortunately, nothing has yet
been tone to artiflciaiize and spoil it. It lies in
a plctaresqve valley through which the Bow
River takes its devious course, and it is sur
rounded by some of the noblest peaks of the
Rock;es, most of them crowned with perpetual
Fnow. one or two of these peaks can be reached
on horseback, while the others offer no serious
aiff.rulties to even the amateur mountain
climber. Should he desire fame there are nu
merous p^aks all through this region as yet un
t scaled and nameless, to which, by a sort of
'unwritten law, he may attach his own name by
furnishing satisfactory proofs of having made
the ascent. Such a cheap and easy road to
geographical immortality is worth considering
these days, when the globe trotter is so rapidly
diminishing the area of unexplored land. Those
*ho like hot sulphur springs may be pleased to
know that those at Banff are said to be as
good from a hygienic point of view as they
■■% bad, and that is saying a great deal.
Other points of interest in the Canadian Rock
[■ are Laggan. Field and Glacier, the latter
finishing a near view of the celebrated Great
G kcier. It is accessible by an easy trail from
*** hotel, and If a guide is employed it may be
****** traverse i. The commingling of lofty
snow crowned mountains, down which flow
prei * glacial rivers, deep gorges, tumultuous
f ' re «nsand lovely lakes set as gems in the pict
uresque valleys, with everywhere forests of fir
limbing up the dizzy sides of the peaks, gives
*° the Canadian Rockies a unique beauty and
cnarm, even for those who have visited the most
11 — mountain ranges of the world. Edward
"CJfflper. the well known mountain climber,
• stablished a permanent camp at Field, and
*™ a large staff of expert assistants is con
stantly exploring the region and discovering
■*• beauties. Mount Assiniboir.e. the highest
i^ak of the Canadian Rockies, has nut yet been
2" bed - But the number who attempt it in
creases every season, and there is a friendly ri
•f-^y between English. Canadian and American
piountiuiiters as to who shall finally scale its
eights. The feat will be an exceedingly diffl
■J. ?1? 1 " 5 and it 13 believed that amateurs would
■jand little chance of succeeding. Passing
"trough the ranges of the Rockies and the Bel
r|*~* the tourist comes to the picturesque little
,7*° of Revelstoke. in British Columbia, which
iri™ v. eatewa y to the Kootenay gold mining re
'i;' ">' way of Arrowhead Lake. British Co
"miji & has more varied natural resources than
lor °, er Province of Canada, and in the opin
nrn,.? m any lt is destined to De the greatest
rif£i ln wealth and population. It has mag
iirt'*" n i fore of cedar and pine. Mining ex
erts declare that Its mineral wealth has hardly
bilf?i lo be dev eloped. Its agricultural possi
. '„* '- " sreat. while its salmon fisheries are
*1 * y yieldln e & large income. In the south-
Fuf2? corner H the province an inexhaustible
four/ ° r «*eellent bituminous coal has been
xouod. and it Is reported that James J. Hill is
about to build a railroad from Fermle to a point
in Montana In order to utii : ze this coal en his
railroads and his Pacific steamship line. The
Kcotenay gold, silver, lead and copper mines in
thf boundary region have already yielded large
profits, though operations have been impeded
by the Rossland strike, which has fortunately
just been settled. More capital, however, is
needed for prospecting and the building of
smelters and railroads to inaccessible rich
mines, now valueless because of the impossibil
ity of hauling the ores to market, and though
the people naturally prefer that Canadian or
English capital should be employed, American
money is welcomed. There is, in fact, no preju
dice whatever against Americans in British Co
lumbia. On the other hand, it Is freely admit
ted that American capitalists have done mu n h
to develop the mines by risking their money in
expensive prospecting, from which English and
Canadian capitalists would have shrunk. Amer
ican mining experts, too. are thought highly of.
and. indeed, are considered far more practical
than some of the experts sent from England.
A number of flourishing and progressive
tn-svns have sprung up in the Kootenay region.
chief of which is Nelson, with a population of
over five thousand. It has electric cars, electric
lights, fine banks, and large and handsome
stores, being the supply point for a large terri
tory containing many people of growing wealth.
Ft-rmie is a new and flourishing boom town in
the coal district, whose coke ovens supply the
fuel for the smelters of West Kontenay. Trail,
Ropsland and Slocuin are centres of important
mining operations. This whole region is in
stinct with progress and activity, and the little
mining camp of shack.s to-day is likrly to be a
well ordered town a year or two hence. The
scale of prices is. of course, high, as in a!! such
regions, but so are the wages of the workers,
varying from $2.50 a day for ordinary laborers
to $3.50 and $4 for skilled labor. Everywhere
ir. British Columbia except in the mines the
Chinese are employed; and though the labor
unions are calling for their exclusion it is gen
erally admitted that without thr-m the indus
tries of the country would be prostrated. Chi
nese, labor, however. Is by no m^ans cheap
labor. Cooks easily command from $50 to $100
a month, ordinary house servants from $"_'O to
S4O. and general laborers in proportion. In the
larper towns they almost monopolize the hotel
and domestic service, and as men of all work
about a place they are found invaluable, being
trustworthy and willing to o<« work that no
■white men could bo found to do.
Vancouver, which i? the commercial metropolis
of British Columbia, has a population of twenty-
Biz thousand. Fourteen years ago Its site was
a virgin forest, whiif to-day it is a beautiful
city, with handsome public buildings and banks,
a flourishing board of trade ar.d several great
lines of steamships to the Orient and to Alaska.
THE FREEL RESERVOIR, BETWEEN" ROCKVILLE CEXTRE AND BALDWIN'S, LONG ISLAND.
The city presents to the eye every evidence of
growth tad prosperity, and the last report of
the board of trade fully bears out this impres
sion. New buildings to the value of (1,500,000
have been erected in the list year. The < iiy's
assessed valuation of property is (15,210.000.
and in its material •■quipment it is equal to any
city of the siz.- iii the United States. The gov
ernment is likely soon to establish an assay of
fice In Vancouver, and the Importance of this
to the City will be understood when it is said
that sroid dust to the value of nearly 817.000.000
was sent from Canad i to the assay office in
Seattle last year. There is every indication that
the city will continue to grow In population and
wealth, .'nd there are many who predict that it
will some day be a la'per city than Montreal.
Socially, it is a pleasant town to live In. The
presence of numerous Chinees largely does away
■with th<- vexatious domestic problem. The
citizens are far above the average in intel
ligence, and there is a democratic cordiali'y
about them that makes the stranger feel at
home.
Victoria, ihe capital of the province, situated
on Vancouver Island, ninety miles distant from
Vancouver. looks with aristocratic disdain on
Van<»uver, and prides itself on its soda] and
political prominence. It is certainly a beauti
ful city, and the easygoing life of its well-to-do
citizens If suggestive oi a wealthy Knglish
provincial iown. Indeed, some of the old-time
citizens Ignore the name of Canadian, and de
clare themselves to be English colonists. The
parliament buildings and other government
structures are handsome, and everybody takes a
deep Interest in the continuous game of politics.
no less fascinating because largely local. Vic
toria Is a delightful place of residence in the
summer, and many Americans visit it to enjoy
its beautiful scenery and bracing climate. Just
outside of the city is the fortress and naval sta
tion of Esquitnault. which the British Govern
ment has been strengthening greatly during the
last few years. The present population of Vic
toria Is about twenty-five thousand, and, while
it is not likely io grow as fast as Vancouver, its
position as the capital of the province, no less
than its beauty of situation and salubrity of
climate, •will make it an interesting and im
portant tow n.
HE SAID "C( XXEL," OF OOOZSK.
From The Chicago Tribune.
Colonel Hankthunder— lt's fumy how you Xaw
the'n people say "idear." Thwh's no "ah" In
'Northerner— That out? no figu-e. JtotVl M "r"
in "Colonel." and yet we all ca!> it "Curnel.
Colonel Hankthunder-No. suh! By Jawge, I
don't-
NEW- YORK DAILY TRIBUNE. SUNDAY. NOTEMBEK 10. 1901.
VANCOUVER CITY.
It was built eight years ago at a cost of ?1,000,0f>0 and never has been used.
TO FINISH •■••FBEEL'S FOLLY."
THE BIG NEW STORAGE RESERVOIR OF
BROOKLYN'S "WATER SUPPLY TO
BE MADE OF USE.
Half a dozen employes of the Department cf
Water Supply ?»re engaged in patching the
chinks and crevices in the stone facing of the
embankment of the Freel reservoir, of the
Brooklyn water system, midway between Rock
viile Centre and Baldwin's, Long Island. It is
announced that after $10,000 -worth of such
patching this monument to somebody's blunder
ing will be ready to receive the floor of concrete
for which an appropriation has been voted,
after a delay that is scarcely less than astound
ing. This enormous inclosure has stood idle
and worthless almost eight years, during which
THE TOWN* OF BANFF, BOW RIVER VALLEY.
time the need for it has been distressingly
urgent. Tho structure was planned by the en
gineers of th<- Water Hoard of the city of Brook
lyn, ar.d the contract for the work was awarded
to Edward Freel, who completed the undertak
ing in l*!t.';. His name and that date are set in
the facing of the north embankment in white
stone letters that may be read a quarter of a
mile away.
The reservoir was constructed for Brooklyn
with a view to storing some of the water from
the ponds and the !i\>- driven well stations east
of Mlllburn. It has an Interior area of more
than ton acres, and its capacity if sufficient for
a week's supply for the who!-* of Brooklyn. Th»
floor, which Is only a little lower than th> ne
ural surface of the ground. Is of sand and
gravel, and Is now overgrown with wild grasses
and weeds. Just what thr- designer contem
plated in the construction of a storape reservoir
in the sand at a point where there was no
conduit capacity either fcr supply or distribu
tion is not aa clearly indicated by the nature
of his undertaking as the taxpayers would like
to have it. The plan has not covered the en
gineer who devised it with glory. There were
many experienced contractors who from the
first looked upon the scheme as a measure of
folly that would come to naught. Mr. Freel.
however, undertook the task of building the
storage reservoir the water department had
planned, and finished it not far from the time
required in his contract. It cost $1,000,000, and
when it was done just what had been foreseen
by many laymen and not considered by the
Department of Water Supply happened. The
water ran out through the dry sand floor al
most as fast as it could be pumped in. It satu
rated the vein of gravel beneath, and ran into
Rockviile Centre cellars until the pumps were
stopped, and there were many claims for dam
ages against the city as the only tangible result
of the enormous expenditure.
Mr. Freel was anathematized without stint,
until he showed that the reservoir had been con
structed in accordance with the plans and spec
ifications, and then the department dropped the
subject for a time. In due course, however, an
appropriation of hundreds of thousands of dol
lars was asked for to concrete the sides and
bottom so that the great basin would hold
water. The money was not forthcoming, and
the grass, weeds and hares common to the re
gion were left for eight years in possession of
the monument to a $1,000,000 blunder. A short
time ago an appropriation of $500,000 was au
thf ri>;ed to make the reservoir watertight. The
engineers have since announced that a prelimi
nary stopping up of the crevices and chinks In
the stone facing of the embankments is essen
tial to the efficiency of the contemplated im
provement, and that this preparatory work will
cost about $10,000. They have set at work a
small force, which they say will be increased as
soon as the necessary material is on the ground,
and they expect to award the contract for the
lining of the reservoir with concrete at some in
definite time in the future, when the walls have
been repaired.
Meanwhile the work of laying the new con
duit from the Mlllburn pumping station to
Spring Creek is in progress, and the construc
tion of a new gatehouse at the west end of the
reservoir is well advanced. The conduit to the
reservoir and some distance toward the dis
tributing reservoirs has been completed, and the
forty-eight-inch ripe is en the ground as far
west as Valley Stream. This work is also in
dispensable to the usefulness of the reservoir,
and it alone involves the expenditure of about
$1,000,000. Another appropriation of some hun
dreds of thousands for additional pumping fa
cilities at Millburn Is necessary for the comple
tion of the works which will render the reservoir
available for use.
It will be seen, therefore, that the Freel reser
voir, by the time the borough derives any benflt
from it, will have cost, with the works essential
to its use, not far from $3,000,000. Besides, It
will require more than a year to complete all
th? works that are necessary to make available
the water the big reservoir will eventually con
tain, and the product of the storage ponds and
driven wells east of Millburn will, during that
time, continue in times of ample rainfall to
waste into the bay for want of storage and
conduit capacity, wh;.-- UK supply in th<» greater
Hsmpstead storage reservoir is unnecessarily
decleted.
HIS PRIVATE SECRETARY.
WOES OF A TAMMANY CANDIDATE WHO COULD
NOT CHOOSE THE ONE HE WANTED.
The private secretary is a somewhat recent
development in Tammany's scheme for robbing
the taxpayer when it is in power. Not long ago
there were not more than two or three such
'"fficial positions on the city's payroll. Now
every head of a department has one. and some
times two. This "graft" became so popular that
each Tammany candidate for office on the recent
election was expected to have a private secre
tary also. These fellows had to be paid out of
the candidate's campaign fund, and lucky was
the candidate who was allowed to select his own
secretary. Generally the choice was made for
him by the leader of the district. Naturally
enough, many of these private secretaries re
garded their jobs as "puddings" which would
vanish after election, and they were not mi
i lined to work any harder for their salaries than
they could help.
A ludicrous Instance of this came out at "the
club" a few nights before election, when a voter
upbraided a Tammany candidate for giving pub
iiclty to a request which the voter had conveyed
tr> the candidate in a letter in which he par
ticularly abjured him to keep the matter secret
whether he could grant the request or not.
"It did not leak out through me." protested
the candidate earnestly. "You see. my dear ftp!-
v.-," ho is reported to have said, "you made the
fatal mistake of marking your letter 'private
and personal- 1 Of course, my private secretary
opened it. He always does. In future if you
want to write such a letter to me. don't put any
marks on It at all to distinguish it from my
ordinary mail. My private secretary never
opens letters like that. He leaves all those for
me to open myself."
117/ F VEGETABLES COME HIGH.
NONE FIT TO DBB ARE THROWN AWAY. NOTWITH
STANDING FOOLISH REPORTS
The high price of vegetables has been account
ed for by some people who think that the dry
- summer, the partial failure of crops in some
districts and the increased demand have
- nothing to do with the case. Vegetables are
dumped into the river by the cartload, they say,
on Saturday nights, not only to make room for
Monday's supply, but to keep up prices. This
practice, the vegetable market sharps say, has
carried the price of some vegetables beyond the
poor man's limit, and has made fresh vegetables
a luxury in cheap boarding houses. Dealers in
vegetables say that there is no truth in the
, story, and that nothing is thrown away that can
j be sold. The prices of vegetables have been high,
: not because of the destruction of the stocks re
i celved from the country, but because the crops
have been short.
There is something, however, in the report
j that uptown dealers do not get the Saturday
I "left over" stock. But this is not because the
j stock Is destroyed, but because boarding house
and hotel keepers take advantage of the oppor
tunity to buy at reduced prices. They go to the
| fruit and vegetable places when the day's de
! liveries have been made, and carry away bar
; gains in baskets, on express wagons and some-
I times on trucks. Many of the vegetable dealers
' have room to store stock over Sunday, and sell
i only such vegetables as would be unmarketable
on the following Monday. These houses offer
; fewer bargains than the "stand" dealers, but
j none of the dealers destroy vegetables except
I by command of the Health Department.
TEMPERATT'RE AND RI'TTERFLIES.
From The London Globe.
M. Standfuss, of Zurich, has taken up the o!d
experiments of Weissmann on the variations in
butterflies produced by temperature acting on the
chrysalis. He finds that the chrysalids. according
to the temperature to which they are exposed, have
given birth to butterflies not of the kind they axe
derived from, but kinds belonging to countries far
from Zurich. Thus, pupae of the Vanessa urtlca,
which is common In Switzer.and, when kept at a
temperature of four to six degrees centigTade, pro
duced the Vanessa polaris. a species proper to
Laplar.d. Others of the same sort, kept at 37 to
39 degrees centigrade, produced the ichnusa. found
only in Sardinia and Corsica. A still higher tem
perature produced ichnusoides. found sometimes in
temperate regions during hot summers. Other
chrysalids gave birth to entirely new species. Th«
general result is that cold or heat produces butter
flies found in cold or hot countries-
CAPITAL IMPROVEMENTS.
THE COMMISSION* APPOINTED TO PLAN
ADORNMENTS FOR WASHINGTON
READY TO REPORT.
"Washington, Nov. 9.— The commission— D. H.
Burnham. Charles W. McKim, F. L. Olmstead. and
Charles Moore, secretary— appointed by the District
Affairs Committee to prepare plans for the exten
sion and adornment of the capital, •will submit Its
report to Congress early in January. Arting upon
instructions, this committee visited the principal
cities of Europe last summer to observe their pub
lic works and study landscape architecture. They
were everywhere received with cordiality and ena
bled to inspect the cities included in their itinerary
under the most favorable auspices. But with their
visit to Europe the work of the commission was
only bepun. Quite as important a part was to con
sult with authorities in this country and with the
army engineers, the district commissioners and
other officials having charge of public improve
ments in Washington, from whom they met with
as hearty reception as from their brothers in
Europe.
No power to change, alter or make rnntracts for
projected improvements was given to the commis
sion. They were asked simply to formulate plans
for the extension and improvement of the city.
Their work has already been accomplished, their
report practically decided upon, but the details of
the plan will not be published until the report is
laid before Congress. In connection with this re
port there will be exhiViited in the Corcoran Art
Gallery a model in plaster, prepared under th^ di
rection of Charles McKim. Augustus St. CJaudens.
Stanford White and John Lafarge. of the capital
as it is to-day, and another showing the contem
plated improvements. While they cannot antici
pate their formal report to fongress, the members
of the commission speak freely of the general ideas
they have adopted. No city in ihe world has the
architectural possibilities of Washington, its situa
tion was chosen with discrimination and ta.-te. its
environs are particularly beautiful, and the plan
1 lid out by LEniant is unexcelled. Had this plan
teen closely and intelligently followed there would
be no neea of a commission to suggest plans tor
the beautifying and extension of The city. The
commission, appreciating ihc beauty oi L. infant's
plan, will ioii«jw it as tar as possible, and to re
ciaim the Mali, to convert it into the imposing
park the fim architect of Washington intended it
shouid be, is one of th? mo^-t interesting projects
set forth in the report of the commisaoin. which
will contain also a detailed plan for its improve
ment. It Is proposed that the Mail shall .S.=- ttv
centre of a great park system, and from H on the
east and west broad boulevards will conned it with
the Soldiers' Home, the Zoological Gardens and
Arlington. The most important problem in the
carrying out of the plan sketched by the commis
sion, the removal of th- railway tracks, stations
and sheds, has already been solved by one of its
members. Mr. Burnham. through whose influence
the Pennsylvania Railroad has decided to remove
its tracks, abandon the old and inadequate station
on the edge of the Mall and erect a great central
station in ano.her part of the city.
The report of the commission "will also include
suggestions for the reclamation of the Anacostia
flats, the treatment of public buildings, extension
of roads and the beautifying of the waterways,
which, when properly handled, are su'-h a pleasing
feature of landscape architecture. While thf> in
structions to the commission included only the pre
paring of a report for Congress, the reputation of
itn members in the various fields they represent
their attitude toward the work they have under
taken, have given them a wide influence, and their
advice has been eagerly sought and aa faithfully
followed by those officials having the erection of
new iiuiklinKS or the carrying on of other public
works in hand Secretary Root consulted them
regarding the plans for the war college, soon to be
built, and Mr. Burnham has been selected to mak»
the plans for the new building for the Department
of Agriculture, for which an appropriation was
made in the last Congress.
The present commission is not the first one au
thorized by Congress. As long ago as 15".9 President
Buchanan, in cbedience to rfsolutions adopted by
Congress calling for the appointment of a com
mission composed of three of the leading artists
of the country to examine and report on a system
of decorating and embellishing the public buildings
and trrounds so as to secure a harmonious result.
named Henry K. Brown. John F. K^nsett and
James R. I^amhden. Mr. Kensett ranked high as a
iXcto-Jcrsen Sl&Dertiaemenis.
6 Ft. Extension Table,
Extends 6 feet ; top of quartered
oak ;44 in. wide ; fluted tf\ j»
legs. Special... . .. '. .- IV»Z3
Dining Chairs,
Quartered cak : highly polished box
frame : cane seat ; French |-^
legs. Special £»\J\J
Golden Oak Sideboard,
Shaped top. 44 in. wide, two swell
top drawers and one large linen
drawer. Ample cupboard room, hand
somely carved, French bevel ~q j»|-|
mirror ;2xi6. Special . . jL^J»O\3
rr t_i rfc 1 Heavy satin finish, white damask, plain centre. large
1 able UamaSK. open 'border, very much in demand ;
98c. yd.
XOTE.— Dinner size, napkins to match h . ::::::::::::::::::::: li *£
Breakfast size, napkins to match > " 0Z *
T«l*l^ riniUc Fine table cloths in many new and exclusive patterns:
1 aOie .VllHIIa. our own importation at a remarkable price concession
by the manufacturer; also handsome table doths with napkins to match.
8-4 8-10 8-12 8-14 8-16 l °- ° IQ -' 3
4 — —
Value 2.25 2 -75 3-5° 4-°° 4^o 4°o ♦?»
Special f.90 lii 2.98 3.68 4.15 3.58 4.50
NOTE.— Napkins to match at 2.19 and 3. 1 doz. . .■. ■ •
Irish Point
Lace Curtains
In Several Beautiful Designs.
A recent purchase by ourselves at a figure correspond
ing with their cost in Europe, and which we can sell
at about the prices we would have to pay the im
porters —
As,,. 50 pair 9.00 A£„ pair 6-75
Hahne & Co., Newark, N. J.
landscape painter, and both Mr. Brown and >fP.
Lamtden had attained fame in their professions.
It would have been difficult at that time to Select
men more suited to the duties laid out for them
or whose opinion would have greater weight. Th«
President's choice was widely commended, and th«
commission accepted the trust confided to them
with some enthusiasm, assembling at Washington.
In June following their appointment to begin then
labors.
More than a year— thirteen months, to be exact—
was spent by this commission in investigating what
had already been done and in deliberating on a
plan of their own. The result of all this work was
a brief and unsatisfactory report, devoted prin
cipally to condemning what had already been done.
The great questions they should have considered
were entirely overlooked, and the suggestions they
made concerned matters of miner Importance. Th»
commission found a badly ventilated, poorly light
ed and unhealthy Senate Chamber and Hall of
Representatives, other public buildings needed
overhauling and the introduction of modern ap
pliances; the parks were neglected: but. Instead of
working on these problems, the member* snarled,
at the work that had already been done and asked
for money to buy more pictures and statuary. Con
gress was justly indignant. The report fell so short
of its object that no action was taken regarding It.
The commission it created was ignored by Con
gress, and the result of their labors was laid away
in a grave so deep that few know of Its resting
place. Since the death of the first commission at
tempt? have been made again and again to have
another appointed, but without success until the
last Congress, when the District Affairs Committee
provided for the present board, whose report prom
ises to give a new Impetus to improvements at tho
capital.
PRESIDEXTS' FACE* OX STAMPS.
LIKELIHOOD OF M'KTNT.KYS KARLT AP
PEARANCE.
From The Houston Chronicle.
McKinley's likeness tvlll undoubtedly appear upon
one of the postage stamps of the ["nit--'.-' States.
The Fostoffice Department now contemplates bring
ing out an entirely new series of postage stamps,
probably next spring, and it is not unlikely that tho
face of President McKinley will appear upon one of
them. The regular current series of stamps ha."»
been in use eleven years, since IS9O. and it is ai">mi*i
proper by the department that the old set be retired.
Progress i.< the watchword of the administration
and of the Posf-ff.ce Department, and the new serif*
will introduce something new in the domain of
stampdom.
Since the establishment of the postal system of
the United States it has been the rule of the depart
ment that the face, of no living man shall appear
upon postage stamps, and no matter how popular
the persona cc. this rule has never been disregarded.
Now that Mr. McKinley has passed from this lift*
he at once becomes eligible to a plac<» upon th»>
postal --missions of the government. That his faco
shall appear upon one of the stamps, and that a,
prominent one. has already been proposed to th^
Third Assistant Postmaster General, who is directly 1
in charge of the I— mill I of postage stamps.
The denominations of stamps most largely used'
in this country, are the two-cent, one-cent and ten
cent. The five-cent Is used in great quantities, but
a large perl are for foreign postage. It would be %
winning guess that the countenance of President
McKinley will adorn the one or two cent postage
stamp in the new series or the postal cards.
If the face of President McKinley supersedes that
of Franklin, which has ha 1 a place upon the on»
cent stamp for exactly fifty years, it is quite likely
that Franklin in turn would supersede Daniel
Webster, who has had a place upon the ten cent,
stamp since MA . „
While the Presidents of the United States hays
always been accorded the preference, yet they hay»
been sidetracked for army and navy heroes and
statesmen. Of the dead Presidents the faces of
Washington. Jefferson. Madison. Jackson. Taylor.
Lincoln Grant and Garfield have had place*
upon United States stamps, while those not so>
honored were both Adamses. Monroe. Van Buren.
William Henry Harrison. Tyler. Polk. Flllmore.
Pierce Buchanan. Johnson, Hayes. Arthur. ana;
Beniamin Harrison. As the last named has been,
dead but a comparatively brief time and no changes
In postage stamps have occurred since his death,
his name should really not appear among thosa
who have not been deemed worthy of honor at th»
hands of the Postofnce Department.
There have been numerous changes In th profile*
upon stamps during the fifty years since the first
real series of postage stamps whs Issued by the*
government. Presidents have been shifted hero
and there at the convenience of the department:,
some have been dropped altogether, but there Is en*
old patriot who has held his place through thick;
and thin from the beginning of the postal service
down to this day— Benjamin Franklin. George 'Wash
ington follows, a very close second, he having lost;
his place upon the three-cent stamp (then the same*
as our two-cent stamp of to-day) in MR for a.
period of one year, a very primitive appearing
locomotive and train of cars occupying the centrar
portion of the three-cent stamp. However. In that
series Washington's profile appeared upon the six!
cent stamp.
NctD-iJcrscri 3.&Derttscment9,
THANKSGIVING Supplies in
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York, where we have many cus
tomers who tell us that our prices
are lower for the same high-class
goods.
. China Closet
Golden oak, 00 inches high, 40 inches
wide, round end, carved . m f\r\
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Golden Oak, 5 feet q inches high.
41 inches wide. Round ends, all
mirror back, carved top. /-* m f\(\
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Brace Arm Dining Chair,
Solid oak: strong and serviceable;
cane seat: carved back. - ■»
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3

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