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RELATIONS WITH CUBA.
MR. ROOT URGES A RECI PROCITY ARRANGEMENT. mVOBS SEDUCED PITIES ON" SUGAR USD TOBACCO— THE ISLAND"S NEW GOVERNMENT. ■Washington, Nov. 26. — first section of - cretary Root's annual report was made pub- He to-day. Much space is devoted to a review cf the relations between the United States and Cuba and the Secretary urges that a reciprocal tariff arrangement be made as soon as possible. Onthif point he says: Our present duty to Cuba can be performed by •he Icing of such a reciprocal tariff arrange ment with her as President McKinley urged in v. last words to his countrymen at Buffalo on September 5. A reasonable reduction in our jotief upon Cuban sugar and tobacco, in ex change for fairly compensatory reductions of Cuban duties upon American products, will an jwer the purpose, and I strongly urge that such D arrangement be promptly made. It would Involve no sacrifice, but would be as advan tageous to us as it would be to Cuba. The mar ket ' or American products in a country with saeh'a population, such wealth and purchasing -ewer. as Cuba, with prosperity would speedily acquire, made certain by the advantage of pref erential duties, would contribute far more to our prosperity than the portion of our present duties which we would be required to concede. A larce part of the (37.000,000 of merchandise nhich Cuba now imports from countries other than the United State?, and of the much greater anount which she would import if prosperous, should come, and with a proper reciprocal ar- inevitably would come, from the United States. . . . Last year she bought over Rfi.OOQ.OOO worth of cotton goods, of which we Hipplied less than $500,000; nearly ?700.<W» wo'th of woollen goods, of which we supplied less Thar. ■*-- "•"'■ over $2,000,000 worth of vegetables and vegetable fibres, of which we supplied but ?lTi""-' over 5:2.700,0<y» worth of wines, of which" we supplied but $329,000: over $526,000 worth ■-:" silk goods, of which we supplied but OTHV nearly $2.soS.<V»<> worth of oils. etc.. of which 'we supplied but $713,006: $1,053,000 worth of chemicals, drugs, etc.. of which we Enpplied but 5422.000; $8,476,000 worth of ani ■gkand animal products, of which we supplied hut H.J994.000; $1>635,000l > 635,000 of manufactures of leather! of which we supplied but $403,000; H335.000 worth of rice, of which we supplied but $3,000. Substantially the whole of these snide? of which we now furnish so small a part. should come from the fields and factories cf •-- United States. . Aade from the moral obligation to which we CBMiitted ourselves when we drove Spain out «i Cuba, and aside from the ordinary- consid eaiions of commercial advantage involved in a recipiocity treaty, there are the weightiest rea sons of American public policy pointing in the same direction: for the peace of Cuba is neces sary to the peace of the United States: the health of Cuba is necessary to the health of the United States; the independence of Cuba is necessary to the safety of the United States. The same considerations which led to the war with Spain now require that a commercial ar rangement be made under which Cuba can live. The condition of the sugar and tobacco indus tries in Cuba is already such that the* earliest possible action by Congress upon this subject is desirable. CUBA QUIET AND ORDERLY. Mr. Root says that the government of Cuba Jr. the last year has been quiet and orderly, and there ha? been no occasion for interference by United States troops. He speaks of the good work performed in training- the people for the duties of self-government, and the great im provement in sanitary, educational and indus trial conditions under American administration. The revenues of Cuba for the year ending June '.*?. 1901, -were 517.167.5G6 21 and the expendi tures were Sl7.3ST>.9<"»."> 3".. as against revenues for the year ending June 30. 1900. of SI 7.»"..". 921 44, and expenditures for the same period of 815,691,45306 In -response to calls from the Senate Committee an Affairs with Cuba, the War Department has prepared and rendered a complete detailed and itemized statement of all the receipts and expenditures of the government '• Cuba from January 1. MSB. to April 30. 1000. The question of Church property has been ad justed to the apparent satisfaction of all parties, ilf to the real estate by the military govern ment paying a rental of 5 per cent upon the ap praised values of the property, amounting to about 52,000,000. with a five years' option to Ike government of Cuba, when organized, to buy the property at the appraised value, re ceiving credit against the purchase price for 2-". per cent of the rental paid, and as to the "cen se?" or mortgages, by the military government taking- them at .V» cents on the dollar, and per mitting the debtors to take them up at the same rate. THE NEW ISLAND GOVERNMENT The Secretary reviews the work of the con stitutional convention, and says: I do not fully agree with the wisdom of some of the provisions of this constitution: but it provides Tor a republican form of government; it was adopted after long and patient considera ■M .and discussion; it represents the views of the delegates elected by the people of Cuba; &£d it contains no features which would justify tin assertion that a government organized un fieritwil! not be one to which the United States c &y properly transfer the obligations for the protection of life and property under inter national law, assumed in the Treaty of Paris. By virtue of the ordinance of June 12, 1901. tppendt-5 thereto, the constitution defines the ■*■» relations of the United States with Cuba °i' tie provisions the presence of which Con £^ss has made a condition precedent to the President's leaving the government and control °* tie island of Cuba to its people. The consti tution thus adopted and perfected has been I? faied accordingly by the military government ■ an acceptable basis for the formation of the sew government to which, when organized and i°Kaii<-:i °Kaii<-: the control of the island is to be lr^Esferred; and such a transfer may be an ucipat-ij before the close of the approaching session of Congress. If the people of Cuba and Tjeir officers exhibit, under the government of "-*ir own choice, the same self restraint and •-spect for law which have characterized their Nations to the intervening government during °Ur occupation under the Treaty of Paris, the Access of the Cuban administration may be confidently expected. The new republic will begin its independent c *reer with the hearty friendship and sincere Pal wishes of all the officers and soldiers of '- United States who have fought and labored -or the good of Cuba, and who have learned to £ ?preciate the many admirable and attractive <JUaLu*s of her people. I think that as the Wnod of American occupation draws to its 'wse there is more appreciation by the Cubans • what the people of the United States have cone for them. During the recent severe illness c * the military governor the manifestations of and affection for him were especially *^tifying: and the lamented death of Presi dent McKinley was followed by general expres sions of sympathy and sorrow throughout the . la * chief apparent obstacle to the future YOU R FOOTSTEPS By the depth of his footstep in l He earth the Indians tell the height of a man. Do you tread shallow or deep? Perhaps you would like to weigh more? If you are below weight and find that ordinary food does not build you up try Scott's Emulsion. It is not a drug but a food that time has shown to have a real value in such cases as yours. WVl] «*nd you a , lf ,, to try. If yon like. SCOTT & BOWXEL 406 Pearl «tre*t. New York. prosperity of the island, is to be found in its commercial relations with the United States and the necessity of securing some reciprocal ar rangement under which a concession shall be made from the tariff duties- now imposed by the United States upon the principal . Cuban products. The prosperity of Cuba depends upon rinding a market for her principal products, sugar and tobacco, at a reasonable profit. Under existing conditions, or any conditions which are to be anticipated, she can find such a market for her sugar, and to a great degree for her tobacco, only in the United States. Under the existing provisions of the United States tariff law the prices which can be realized for Cuban sugar and a large part of Cuban tobacco in this market are not sufficient to pay the duties. cost of transportation and production and yield a living profit to the producer. DUTY TO THE CUBANS. In reliance upon fair and generous treatment by the United States, the Cuban planters have made strenuous efforts to revive their great in dustry, and have raised their product of sugar from 308.000 tons in ISO 9to 615,000 tons in I!V»<>. while the output for the present year is estimated at something over 880.000 tons. In cited by our precept and trusting to our friend ship, they have struggled to retrieve the dis asters und*>r which their country had suffered. All the capital they had or could borrow has been invested in the rebuilding of their mills and the replanting of their land. More than half of the people of the island are depending directly or indirectly upon the success of that industry. If it succeeds we may expect peace, plenty, domestic order and the happiness of a free and contented people to reward the sacri fice of American lives and treasure through which Cuba was set free, if it fails we may expect that the fields will again become waste, the mills will a^ain be dismantled, the great body of laborers will be thrown out of em ployment: and that poverty and starvation, dis order and anarchy will ensue; that the charities and the schools which we have been building up will find no money for their support and will be discontinued: that the sanitary precautions which have made Cuba no longer a dreaded source of pestilence, but one of the most healthy islands in the world, will of necessity be aban doned, and our Atlantic seaboard must again suffer from the injury to commerce and the maintenance of quarantines at an annual cost of many millions. Cuba has acquiesced in our right to say that she shall not put herself in the hands of any other power, whatever her necessities, and in our right to insist upon the maintenance of free and orderly government throughout her limits, however Impoverished and desperate may be her people Correlative to this right is a duty of the highest obligation to treat her not as an enemy, not at arm's length as an aggressive commercial rival, but with a generosity which toward her will be but justice: to shape our laws so that they shall contribute to her wel fare as well as our own. THE WORK OF THE ARMY. A YEARS OPERATIONS REVIEWED BY SECRETARY ROOT. IMPROVEMENTS RECOMMENDED—COMPRE HENSIVE SCHEME OF MILITARY EDU CATION—THE PHILIPPINE . . CAMPAIGN. ■Washington. Nov. 26.— 1n reporting on the opera tions of the War Department in the last year. Sec retary Root calls attention to the progress made under the reorganization acT of February -• l? 01 Or. November 30. 1900. the date of his last annual report, the total force of the army was 103.150. Im proved conditions in the Philippines made it un necessary to provide the maximum number allowed by the reorganization law. and the total strength, exclusive of the hospital corps, was fixed at 77,2??. composed as follows: Cavalry a ** Artillery: . . ,- _ Coast - 13 -'? i Field *■%*> Nor.-commiK:or>d etaff and band ■*-•> _ infantry —.-.«■» £ngineer battalions and ban<J i- - Enlisted men stair" departments, etc -..*.< Total army - 17.25J The distribution of the force on September 25, 1901. was a? follows.: Couni'v ' Officer* Ebli*t«4 men. Tola!. T'nW ?■ iai* : J. 822 31.552 33.^4 .Miilippiae Islands Mil 47-74 7-7 \-" Srtoßico'.. 51 1.190 1.541 -: - p.-o :.: ::::: si igo imi Hawaiian Islands ; JSO ->*, f>ir. a S 15« >'•- ' nina : :.:..;v..:u _jt _jio _^t Alaska ~ " Total 3.27S 81.253 : 64.513 In this table are included the 4.336 men of the Hospital Corps and the 25 officers and 815 nr»n of the Porto Rico Provisional Regiment, leaving the strength of the regular army 3,253 officers and ,>>.<£ i enlisted men. In addition there are also in the Philippines 172 volunteer surgeons, appointed under Section 18 of the act of February 2. ML. and 98 offi cers and 4.973 native scouts. APPOINTMENTS OX MERIT SYSTEM. The recruitment of the new organizations and the maintenance of the old hava been accomplished without difficulty, and the material obtained ap pears by the reports to be of the best' quality. About three-fourths of the total number of appli cants were rejected and about one ; fourth accepted. Of those accepted about M per cent were native born and about iO per cent naturalized citizens. The requirements that the applicant should be In per fect health, of good character and able, to read and write have been rigidiy enforced. The reorganiza tion provided for by the act required the selection and appointment of 296 officers of staff corps and ; de pSnuSam. and of m first and second lieutenants of the line. The. staff positions have been ailed In most cases by the appointment of deserving ofh cerT who had held staff positions in the -.volunteer force, and as to the remaining positions by the appointment of officers who had rendered specmlly meritorious service in the field. The surgeons and chaplains constitute an exception Wthsstatemen hivinc been selected partly from civil lire, in all rases soldierly Qualities and capacity to command as exhibited 'in service have been treated as the most important considerations. Five hundred and five enlisted men have been examined, and 214 have been passed, declared qualified and commissioned as second lieutenants. Eisrht hundred and thtrty nine volunteer officers have been ordered for exam ination of whom 104 dedlneo. V have been found not qualified. 15! remain with their cases undeter mined and 481 have been accepted and commis sioned. There re.main 112 original vacancies to be filled under the statute, and there are on file Mis applications. THE ANTI-CANTEEN LAW. Speaking of the Anti-Canteen Law. Mr. Root says: The provisions of Section 38 of the act of February o Mm prohibiting- the sale of or dealing in beer, wine or any intoxicating ikjiiors by any person in any post exchange, or canteen, or army transport, or'upon any premises used for military purposes by the t'nited States, have been carried into full force and effect, pursuant to the directions <>f the " When the orders wer< issued for the enforce ment of this section of the law. the commanding: officers of the various posts and mliitary organiza tions were directed to report upon its effects. A ereat body of reports has been received, which In dicate that the effect of the law Is unfortunate, think however, that a sufficient time has net elapsed to give the law a fair trial, and the ob servation and report of Its working will be con tinued during the ensuing year. COMFORT AND HEALTH. The reports show that the food and clothing fur nished to the army during the year have been satis factory, that the health of the troops has been irood and the death rate low. The death rate per thou sand of troops in the United States during the past year was 1'i.14: in Cuba. 9.72: in Porto Rico. 7.50. and among the troops serving In the Philippines and China it was reduced from 19.31 during the previous year to 16.7f, during the last year. In the opinion of the Medical Department, when per manent arrangements have been made and proper sanitary regulations can be enforced, the health of the- troops stationed in the tropics will be quite as pood as if stationed in our own Gulf States. TRANSPORT SERVICE. The ocean transport service has continued to be adequate and effic.ent. The return of the volunteer force from the Philippines in the limited period al lowed between the time when they were required for active operations in the early part of 1901 and June 30 in that year was accomplished with out accident confusion or delay. Mr. Root says it is not practicable now to discontinue the transport service on the Pacific, but it is not desirable to maintain a fleet of passenger and freight vessels in time of peace. SEACOAST DEFENCE The detailed project for the defence of the entrance to Chesapeake Bay at Cape Henry. Virginia, has been approved. A detailed project for the defence of San Juan. Porto Rico, at a total estimated cost of $1,800,000. has been prepared and preliminary projects for the defence of Pearl Harbor and Hono lulu, in the Territory of Hawaii, are also available. Substantial progress has been made In the revision of earlier projects of fortification, made before the use of rapid nre guns played so rreat a part in NEW- YORK DAILY TRIBUNE. WEDNESDAY. NOVEMBER 27, 1901. coast defence. There have been added to the com pleted seaccasi armament durin? the year fifteen 12-inch guns, seven 10-inch gun?, eleven B-inch guns, thirty-five rapid-Tire e::ns and twenty-three mor tars. Satisfactory- progress has been made in con struction at numerous points ccoriing to plans previously approved. Tne magazines in many of the seacoast rortifications have proved too damp for the long continued storage of powder. It is believed that the difficult- las been obviated in recent construction, and steps are being taken to remedy it in the old magazines. Discontinuance of work on the dynamite batteries has been directed. The Ordnance Department reports an abundant supply of smokeless powder on hand of the best quality now extant and a material improvement in ii.- manufacture. The Ordnance Department ha? during the year continued a series of experiments upon high explosives and detonating fuses with satisfactory results. An extensive series of tests of field guns and carriages is in progress under a programme prepared by the Board of Ordnance and Fortification. THE MILITARY ACADEMY. Of the West Point Military Academy Mr. Root speaks in part as follows: I beg to call especial attention to the thorough and well considered report of the Board of \ isitOTS to the West Point Military Academy for the cur rent year. Their statement of the conditions and needs of the institution is accurate, and their r f'- < ]- ommendations have my hearty approval. ■ ■ ■ A/*"A /*" tion has been taken, with the concurrence of the academic board, to make the entrance examina tions conform to the courses of study ordinarily covered in the high schools and academies of the country by boys of the average a P e of appointees to the Military Academy, and thus to substitute a natural examination upon the subjects the boys have been studying, instead of a highly artificial examination upon the elementary subjects which they had long left behind them in their school work. I do not doubt that the change will prove to he more fair to the boys, and a better test of intelligence, and will make it passible to improve the course at the academy, and tend to do away with the pernicious system of attending special school? or employing special coaches to prepare for the examination. Arrangements have also been m-ide to conduct the entrance examinations at a considerable number of places dist-ibuted through out the country and convenient of access to tip candidates. The chnn^e * n the requirements for examination will make it possinlc to devote more time during 'he course to the study of modern languages, and will open the door to other changes in the curriculum in the line of modern educational progress. GENERAL, MILITARY EDUCATION. Much attention is given by Secretary Root to the subject of military education. The iollowing scheme of instruction has b<=€-n matured: ■With a view to maintaining the high standard of instruction and general training of the officers ol the army, and for the- establi? hment ol a coherent p!:in by which the work may be made progressive, the Secretary of War direct* that th- following general scheme be announced for the information and euidance of all concerned There shall be. besides the Military Academy at West Point, the following schools for the instruc tion of officers in the army First— At each military post an officers' school for elementary instruction in theory and practice. Second— Special service schools: fat The Artillery School at Fort Monroe. \ ir gnia (hi The Eneineer School of Application. Wash ington Barracks. District of Columbia. (a The School of Submarine Defence. Fort Tot ten. New- York. id> The School of Application for Cavalry and Field Artillery, at Fort Riley. Kansas («) The Army Medical School. Washington. D ' Third— A General Service :md Stiff College, at Fort Leavenworth. Kansas. Fourth— A ww 3r3 r College for the most advanced instruction, at Washington Baiiacks, District ol Columbia The War College shall be under the Immediate direction of a board of rive officers detailed from the army at iarge md the following •■>. offlcio mem bers: The Chief of Engineers, the Chief of Artil lery, the Superintendent of the Mi itary Academy. '■:.- ommanding officer of tl Servici ana Staff College The War College Bojrd shall exercise general su pervision and inspection of all the different schools above enumerated, and shall be charged with the duty of maintaining through them a complete Bys tem of military education, in which each separate school shall perform its proper part Such fl a? shall be requisite to asM.-t the board forming its duties will be detailed from time to time for that purpose It should be k-pt con tani ly In mind th.it the object and ultimate aim of all this preparatory work is to train officers to rom mand men to war. Theory must not. therefon •■ al]owed-"to displace practical application The officers' school.- at military posts Mia tn«* General Service and Staff College will tx >pen for Instruction :o officers of the National '"■ the several States, to former officer.- of volunteers, md to graduates of mllitarv .- h which have had officers of the army at tl The special service schoolJ will be "pen to offi cers or the National Guard and former officers of volunteers who shall furnish eviden •• to try Aar Department of bui h preliminary education enable them to benefit by the courses o* Instruc- The college stiff ai 'he General Service nd B( ■■•' College K'.rt Leaven worth, will make rep the Secretary of War ol •. I • •• • of the National Guard, ex-volunteers and gradu ates of military schools and colleges, who hall have attended the college or Bhall appl: for ex amination. and shall further certify whether - they are qualified for service a« :- • " ••' volun teers specifying character of the service, whether Une or staff, for which thej ■ A BP4 • •• rof the n iriv -ol pc« ion o re ported as qualified will be k'-vt in th-- War De partment. a register shall also be kepr in the War De partment to which shall be entered tht names of officers of the regular army below the grade ol colonel, ns follOS Plrst— Officers who have heretofore exhibited superior capacity, application and devotion t< the names to be selected by ■ board of ofl era convened for that purpose Second— Officers who shall be reported an doing especially meritorious work in the above men tioned schools, other than the officers' schools at posts. Xhird— Officers who at any time specially dis tinguish themselves bj exceptionally m<-!:- i service It will be the aim of the department to make this register the basis ••! selection for details as staff officers military attaches, and for special • requiring a high degree of professional capacity This order, if loyally and persistently followed. will result lri the building up .if what la practii ally a university system of military education. The Secretary commends the work of the W.ir College Board, and says that it Is probably a an approach to the establishment of a gei • i >l staff &s Is pra< ticable under existing law He recommends consolidation of the supply depart ments, regarding th>- present arrangement/ as bad. MILITIA AND VOLUNTEERS. Regarding militia rind volunteers, the following recommendations are made: I recommend that the President be authorized to convene boards of officers (including the General Service and Staff College board) for the examina tion of officers of the National Guard, and other citizens who rray apply to be examine,], as to their qualifications to hold volunteer commissions; that the persons passing such examinations shall re ceive certificates, stating the office for which they are found to be qualified, and upon the calling nut of a volunteer force shall be entitled to receive commissions for such offices. 1 recommend that the War Department be. au thorized to a.-m the National Guard with the pres ent service small arms used by the regular army navy and marine corps; that the National Guard of the several States be treated as a first reserve, to be called into the service of the United States to 'execute the laws of the Union, suppress insur rections and repel invasions, the term of service under any call to be limited to nine months: that the President be authorized, on the request of the Governor of any State, to tail officers of the reg ular army for instruction, staff and Inspection duties with the National Guard Of such State; that the War Department be authorized to furnish transportation, rations and tentage to officers and men of National Guard organizations who shall take part With the forces of the regular army in annual encampment and manoeuvres at national military camps; that the department be authorized to allow travel pay. commutation of rations and quarters, or commutation of quarters, to officers of the NationaJ Guard attending and regularly tak ing part in the courses of instruction at the Gen era! Service and Staff College at Fort Leavenworth. Both of these provisions should be within reason able limits, proportional to the numbers of Na tional Guard-organizations in the several States I recommend that the President be now em powered to organize the volunteer forces whenever called out. in the manner provided for by the act of March 2, I*9?. for the organization of the vol unteer force which has recently returned from the Philippines, with such modifications as shall oe necessary to give effect to the views above ex presed. The work of the Signal Corps is commended and attention is called to the need of a Pacific cable. Attention is drawn to the discrimination against veteran officers of the Civil War remaining in the army, as compaied with their comrades in the navy, and the retirement of Major Generals Mer ritt. Brooke and Otis as lieutenant generals is rec ommended. THE ARMY IN THE PHILIPPINES. Of the operations of the army in the Philippines. Mr. Root speaks in part as follows! The operations of the field forces were so vigorous and unrelenting that more . than 1.000 contacts oc curred between our troops and the insurgents from May 1900 to June M, 1901. in which the insurgent casualties were: Killed. MB»: wounded. 1.193: : capt ured S.R2; surrendered. 23.050: with a total of 10.<i)3 rifles and nearly 300.000 rounds of small arms am munition captured and surrendered, Our casualties during the period were: Killed. 245: wounded. 490; captured. IIS:. missing. 20. . . I cannot speak t^o highly of the work or the army in the Philippines. The officers and men have been equal to the • best requirements, not only of military service, but of the civil administration with which they were charged in all its details from the date of our occupancy in August. IS3B. until me inauguration, of a Civil Governor on July 4. 1901. The recent disturbances in Samar and Southern Luzon are of minor consequence, and are being stamped out by the vigorous operations of - the troop* Small ! disturbances of this character are, unfortunately, to-be expected, but will be con trolled and guarded against by every m»ans pos sible. The army in the Philippines has been reduced since my fast report from Z.3K7 officers and 71.72T enlisted men to 1.111 officers and 42.12S enlisted men. When the organizations now remaining in the Philippines shall by the force of ordinary casual ties and expiration of enlistments be reduced to the numbers established by the order of M.ay s . 19»">1. the total enlisted strength of those organizations, exclusive of hospital corps. wiK be 32.979 men. The reduction already made was effected partly by bringing home the volunteers and partly by hrinc ine h<>m<= the regular organizations which had been longest in the Philippines. So far as the rezular troops are concerned, the movement is still in progress, four regiments of the present Philippine force which have he^ n longest in the islands befrtß now under orders to return to the United State.'. They will be replaced in part by two regiments and part of a third now ur.der orders to sail from the United States. It is the design of the department not to subject any of our forces to t*ie effect of a tropical climate for a longer period than three years without an intervening tour of service in a colder climate. With the reorganized army we are getting Into a position where tbis can be accom plished systematically as a matter of routine. GOOD WORK BY LIFE SAVERS. LOSSES OF THE YEAR SMALLEST IN THE HISTORY OF THE SERVICE. Washington. Nov. 26.— The annual report of the general superintendent of the life saving service for VSm shows the smallest loss of life from docu mented vessels suffering disaster since the general extension of the service, and also with respect to vessels of all classes, including the undocumented, with the exception of the years 1880, : ;i 2. i>v> and 1888. The average number of lives lost annually In the entire pe r jod (twenty-five years) whs thirty seven, one life having been lost in every thirteen casualties, while the number lost in the ia?r year was seventeen, or one in every forty-three casual ties. From documented vessel? alone the number lost was only seven— one to every fifty-four casual ties. The number of casualties to documented ves sels was "77. There were on board these vessel? 2.54S person?. The estimated value of the vessel? involved in disaster was $5,263,420. and of their cargoe s $2.»W.."50. Of this amount $6,403,035 was saved and 59&966 lost. The number of vessels totally lest was forty-three In addition to the foregoing there were in the year 39S casualties to small craft (undocumented), on board of which were 027 persons. t e n of whom were lost. The crews saved or assisted to save 422 vessels, valued, with their cirgoes, at $3,139,010, and rendered assistance of minor importance to 548 other vessels in distress, besides warning from danger 231 vessels. The cost of maintaining the service was Sl.tvtn.ftl3 74. The general superintendent again urgently calls attention to the inadequate compensation of dis trict superintendents, whom he believes to he the poorest paid officers under the government, con sidering the serious and exacting nature of th<=ir duties and the extent of their fiscal responsibilities Their salaries range from $I.5C«> to $1,860 a year, and they are required to furnish b^nds ranging from $10. 'W) to J.yi iWi. He recommends that their fay be raised to j2. 500 a year. TRIAL OF MRS. BOXFXF. SHE MADE A PRIVATE CONFESSION THE DAY AFTER THE KILLING OF AYRES. Washington, Nov. 2* -The fact was brought out to-day in the trial of Mrs. Lola Ida Bonine for the killing of James Seymour Ayres. jr.. that she made a private, confession of her part in the trag edy on the evening after the homicide, several days before she told her story to th« police. This recital was made to George B. Gardiner, an at torney employed .in the law division of the In terior Department, who boarded at the Kcnmore Hotel, and usually sat at the same table with Mrs. Ponine. Mr. Gardner was on the witness stand to day, and told his story for the first time. He said that Mr- Bonine had sought him and asked his advice is to whether she should mike a public statement He suggested that she delay her co fession until The theory of suicide, which was rim entertained, should be fully exploited. She stated to me," he said, "that she knew more about the death of Ayres than had been given to the public I think she hesitated a moment, and either my manner or something I said Induced her to go on, and «he said she was present when it happened, and ■■•:■! me that the had come to me because she wanted mv advice. -ie told me that the morning of Ayres's death he came to her room and Knocked on her do >r and complained of being ill. and asked if -he could not do something for him; that when she got into Ayres« room he had assaulted her and had a pistol in his hand, and in the scuffle which ensufd he was killed." Several other witnesses were heard to-day, some of them being men who took Ayres to neighboring •iinnnUnhe evening of May 14. and one of whom taken him to his room after midnight, about i hour" before he met his death. The witness who to"k Eyres to his room was a young man named Burns who said thai when he left Ayres ?heHt£r was perfectly sober. These witnesses . . "agreed thai Ayres bad taken about two if^Mi of beer and that he was not under the in rt i .^fce of liquor: Burns said that on one ocasion X S»d Been Ayres treat Mrs Bonine contemptu ously H^ said she bad nursed him (Burns) when , i>, visited his room both day and night. §&r"?tn ll e a sies l a^tpined^hat Mrs- Bonine had visited them when sick. ARMY AND -Y.4TT ORDERS. Washington. Nov. -The following army and navy ordersg have been Issued: ARMY. The following officers, recently appointed, are as signed to regiments as indicated: fOTOKRI'Ti M JONES, to the "d Second IJ.ut^»n- VRtri^W h j TO . PILCHER, to '^ a '.T,h --ivalrV £■" r. I Ueute* <n: WADE H^ to the nth Cavalry; Second \\ K.-TMoi-KUA.-n i . , YN -,- H m th* 2d Cavalry: t° "»«' ■ ... . , mvteten of th, ifSSSK&Sra wi» report to Fort Thon,, 3 for Lieutenant >'%>< l:l: wIU r * r " r! " Ueu't^^SoßEl^ND wW report to For. M r «on la* temporary duty. w , n r .,,. r to y,n Ueutenanu IyNCH an. EN^ANn will report to Fort Mv-pr for temporary <iut>. Mv,r '***•"*£,,, —dot! to Columbus Barracks UM V£"!Sity w«h wn.lt thaTma, be sent from that So* to th* Division of th« Philippines. post to the Div n ■ W \D\M3 (appointed from Second Lieutenant ROB . E ?Jst Infant ry) to the 13th In fapoototed from private^comp g^^, JEJJS K . STEPJE. to I "™ lt I?*j 1 cavalry Second Lieutenant STECJE. to the Second Ueu- O?CAB , A -.-RFN7O D r;v-^KK to -he 2lst Infantry; tenant WRK.NZO n,aiAM M GOODAIJS. to th. Second Lieutenant w illia-m -m. ll>th '^tTd.B will report to Fort Cbtambu. for tern- Lieutenant STKDJH win re| ,:..Z:X'^ will report to Vancouver Barracks for temporary _lut^ Columbus Barracks for UeU du?? n wl?h A recluhs "thaTmay be sent from that post to the Division of the »»hl!tpplnes. The following assignments of officers to the ar tillery corps, recently appointed, are announced: Korl Thomas for temporary •lut>. /- . ." rnuv P HAINES, artillery corps. Is transferred ' -"^'"n, °"c 0& Company, cast artillery, to the 15th Battery. field artillery. r»nta(n WILI4A3J K. JONES. «th Infantry, will report P to Kl , r t s' ,". urn for duty with .ecruits that may be sent ! ■•' the Philippines. mi,, ,-vr,nrV F DOW will proceed to Denver and ;!,;;.. to I department of the Colorado for duty. Cantata , CANBT. paymaster, on his arrival at captain Franc Sco will report by te)egraph to the adju tant general of the army for orders. Cantaln CH ARISES E. STANTON. paymaster, will pro * ' P Sed lo fan Francisco and report to the Department .1 California for duty. Mater HARRY I* BEES. Captain GEORGE T. HOLLO WAY and Captain MANLY B. CURRY, paymasters, are relieved from duty in the Division of the Philip pines. December 15. and Will proceed to San Fran- Major WEBSTER VINSON. paymaster, will proceed to San Francisco and take the transport tow 11 fro m that place on or about January 1. tSS. for the Phtlip- P ' neS - NAVY. Lieutenant Commander R. I. REID, d-tached New-Torll yard to Washington yard December 10. examination for retirement; then home and await orders. T (euten-.nt Commander C. F. POND, detached command of .he IrnqaoTs Spon reporting of relief, and remaui en .lVitv in connection with .and matters in Honolulu un der Eureau of Equipment. Kedlral Director R. C. PEBSONB and Medical Inspector E. H. tJREJEN. commissioned ■ Naval Cadet G. W. FTEELE. Jr.. accompany bndy of I'ayraast'r B^lknap. army. home. THE SPECIAL SALE of STERLING SILVER afforda, for admirers of artistic silverware, an opportunity to purchase iesirabk articles at greatly reduced prices. Comprising Tea and Coffee Sets, Fruit and Salad Bowls, Bread Trays, Compotes, Water Pitchers, Meat Platters, Gravy Boats, Tea Strainers, Bon-Bon Dishes, Etc. j» j« J« J« As the number of these articles is limited, an early selection is desirable. THE MERIDEN COMPANY, * Silversmith^ 208 Fifth Avenue, Madtson Square, Vest. FATAL BOILER EXPLOSION. TWENTY-SIX DEAD AND TWENTY-FOVR IN HOSPITALS. SOME BURNED BEYOND RECOGNITION— FIRE BRINGS ADDED HORROR AND DAN GER TO THE CATASTROPHT. Detroit. Nov. 26. — Twenty-six men are dead, five of them so hurried and blackened that identification is impossible, and twenty-four other men are in the hospitals suffering from cuts and burns and other injuries, all the results of the explosion of one of the boilers in the Pem herthy Injector Company's large plant at the corner of Abhott-st. and Brookiyn-ave.. at 9:30 a. m. In addition a dozen or more of the em ployes who suffered comparatively slight in juries were taken directly to their homes. Twen ty-five men and boys have not as yet been found at either their homes or the hospitals. The un identified bodies account for ten of these. To night a great force of men is searching the ruins by electric light, and the work will not be stopped until every foot of the debris has been examined. The Pemberthy Injector Company's plant oc cupied ha'.f a square at Abbott-st. and Brook lyn-aye. It was composed of two brick build ings, separated by a lrt-foot alley. The rear building, in which the boiler was located, and j which was completely destroyed, was three stories high. ~A feet in depth and 100 feet wide. The boiler room was in the northwest corner on I the first floor. It was in this building that most | of the manufacturing was done. It is impossible to tell exactly how many men were at work In the various departments of the rear building when the explosion occurred, but the officials insist that the number was not over eighty-five. There were four boilers in the plant. LIKE REPORT OF CANNON. The crash rame without warning. Those In the front building said it seemed like the con cussion from an immense cannon. The floors and the roof of the rear building bulged up ward and then crashed down with their heavy Inads of machinery and foundry apparatus. Window? in houses for * block around wmn broken by th* concussion, and flying bricks filled the neighboring yard?. A dense cloud of dust aroFe which, as it settled, was succeeded by denser cloud? of smoke and steam. Agonized cries began to come from the heap of tangled wood, metal and bricks. Those who were only partly buried dug themselves out. and then be san to dig for their comrades. Flames broke out almost immediately, and the horror of fire was added to the suffering of the imprisoned one?. A fire alarm was turned in and calls were sent for all the am .ulances in the city. WAGONS USED AS AMBULANCES. Pending their arrivil neighboring houses were | turned into temporary hospitals, ana those phy- Bicians who were in the vicinity eased the suf ferers as much as they were able. The first ambulances on the scene were totally inade quate t.-> carry thos- who had already been ex tricated, and express wagons and similar ve hicle? were pressed into service. As soon a? the gravity of the accident was realized calls for additional firemen were s^nt in and the apparatus came flying to the scene from all parts of the city. The Department of Public Work? was notified of the horror, and immediately Bent all its available men and horse? to the scene. In a comparatively short time all the laborers who could work to ad vantage were feverishly digging away the debris. The floors and roof had fallen at an angle ana formed a sort of huge cover, under whicn the fire burned fiercely. Not until the firemen had ! chopped through this did their streams begin to have an appreciable effect on the names. Engineer Riley was among the first to be dug out from the wreck. His escape was little short ol miraculous. When the boiler burst he was thrown down, and onf of the smaller KsOW boiler? was blown over him in such a way that one end rested on some debris high above him thereby forming a shield that kept the failing timber?, brick? and machinery from crushing h 'x h e raping steam, however, burned him frightfully. Alter his arrival at Grace Hos- Dital Riley*s first words were. Ho« did M en? The engine and boilers were all right-" GROANS CEASED TO GUIDE. Gradually the reacnara worked their way downward through the pile. By this time there were no cries or groans to aid them, for the flames bad destroyed those unfortunates who were not killed by the explosion or the tall. A vacant house adjoining the factory con .■ | Into a temporary deadhouse. Here the bodies were placed m coffins and taken to the morgue. In several case* the charred „,..... we £ bo hot when they were re covered thai they could scarcely be handled by th- undertakers and their assistants. \t the Emergency Hospital, which was only a short distance from the scene, and where many of the injured were carried in wagnns. the floors of rhe reception rooms and even the halls were used as a temporary resting place for "the victims. Similar renditions existed at Grace an. l Harper hospitals. The other building of the plant sustained com paratively little damage. All the windows, of course were broken, and some of the machinery was injured by the jar. A dozen girls wer among the employes on the four floors of this building, bul none of them were injured. The property loss, according to Secretary George W. ChlMs. is about $180,000. The firm carried ST«». (M M» nre insurance and some boiler ln Subl! 1 n : pt»"ns for the relief of the sufferers have been started. Nothing is known as yet about the cause of the explosion. Th<> boilers had been inspected recently and the engineer was known as one of the "most careful and capable men in the city. „ APPOINTMENTS BY THE PRF.tIDF.yT. mew CONSOTj general, at apia— army and NAVY OFFICERS. Washington, Nov. :*.-The President made the following appotatwents to-day: GB.'ROK HEIMROD. of Omaha. Neb.. Consul GlMltl at Api.». ARMY. .ai.nin- Ol infantry— JAMES W. CLINTON. WILLIAM A BUBNSIDB. FRANK C. BOLLES. ALEXANDER T OVENSHINE. HENRY E EAMES. ROBERT FIELD BENJAMIN M. HARTtHORNE. Jr.. ,- IV.PGE S GOOPALE. ARTHUR R KERWIN. HOUSTON V EVAN?. HARRY H. TEBBETT?. RTTSSELL C LANGDON. REYNOLDS J. BURT. iiMES N PICKERING. DENNIS E. NOLAN. <"V\FLES E RUSSELL. FREDERICK W. LEWIS. KERCH B. STEWART and CLARENCE N. PIRDY. NAVY. ' JOHN B. BUCHANAN, assistant surgeon, rank at lieu tenant, junior grade. EDGAK THOMPSON, parsed assistant surgeon, rank of lif-ut^nant. Junior grade. George Heimrod was bern In Germany in MS and came to the United States in l>t*>. He spent a year in New-York City and then went to Omaha, where he has since been a successful business man. He has always taken great interest in public af fairs and educational matter?. He ha? served in the State legislature, and in ÜBG and I>D7 was elected County Treasurer. COTTOX CROP ESTIMATES. A number Ol Cotton Exchange member? have es-timated that the cotton crop of Mt-*M wi " FlsM about K> -viuVi haiei. The average was struck by th» greatest number of members. Other* ••tlmated the maximum yield at 11.500.000 bales, wiJtle th» minimum estimate was 9.500.000 bales. TO BUILD RAILROADS IS PORTO RICO. A CONCESSION APPROVED BY PRESIDENT ROOSE VELT. Washington. Nov. Z*.— President Roosevelt t<->-<lav signed the concession granted by the Executive Council of Porto Rico to th- P rt America Com pany, which Is to build two lines of railroad in the Island— one north i.id south from San Juan to Port America, -which is i few miles from -the old Spanish port of Gua- ama. and the orh«FT east and •0,-oft 'mm Aquadilla to Eucanadn Hond.i This t* the concession which the Attorney C,-n.?ral decided was illesal because, is originally grant*.!, it was exempted from taxation. The concession was af terward modified by the council so as f> make the exemption from taxation conditional on |M ap proval of the insular legislature. As modinea, tne President has approved it. STEEL TRUST yOT AFTER CRAMPS. A report from Philadelphia that the United States Steel Corporation har» secured an option on the William Cramp & Sons Ship and Engine Build ing Company was declared yesterday by local representatives of both companies to be without any foundation so far as they knew. BASK MERGER RUMOR DEFIED. Reports that the Chemical National Bank was about to take over the National Shoe sal Leather Bank, which is its next door neighbor, at Broad way and Chambers-st.. were denied yesterday by officers of both institutions. WOULD roXTROL PACIFIC. LUMBER. Seattle. "Wash.. Nov. —It is rumored that a combination of Pacific Coast lumber manufacturers is to be formed which will control the entire out put of the coast. SaLresLh BernhaLrdt the great French Actress and ■woman, says: "I find the Urbana Wine Co.'s Gold Seal Champagne excellent, in fact equal to many French. Cham pagnes. It surprises me that such a fine -win* can be produced in America. "SARAH BERNHARDT." GOLD SEAL is served in every first-class caf4 and club, and sold everywhere at half, the price of French wine. tt:r:b^:n"_a. W X3STE co., Urban*. X, T. Sola MaJtorm. I CHRISTMAS APOLLO. Christmas Day tells of a fact, it records an event, it displays a charity that cannot be forgotten. The Apollo Piano - Player by its pathos, .sweetness, its plaintive tenderness, and its triumphant, swelling, majestic mu sic will make the com ing Christmas Day more intensely musi cal than ever before. This is a Christmas Gift of which any one may well feel proud. 4" Come and hear it. Recitals from 10 A. M. to 4 P. M. The APOLLO Company, Apollo Building. 101 Fifth .Ye.. N. T. tßetween IM and M Mi I vTiwtions [rpHE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW • York by the Grace of God. Free and Independent.— To Mary B Bo«« Washington M Hi.: -. Sarah J. »an derbilt. John W. Ha4d«*. Margaret I. T-rrlberry. nn ,'? Vandefbtlt. Bessie Vanderbilt. Errest \ anderbllt. Harold Vande-bllt Herbert 11. Vairferbilt. U**c s=. a.TierbUt. Jr. Ftllph S. VanderMlt. William H. Var.d.-rbilt. Eme!ln- H. Ha.lV*-k Stewart Haddock. Jean Haddock. Marzaret H. Terri*>e-r>- Elizabeth Terrtberry. and M .•■ Ann Haddock ! and' Roger M Haddock, as Executors of the last Will and Test "men- of Arthur H. M . H.ddocfc. .1— B«d: Mary tte« art and Isabella Stewart Hoe. as ExeeuTicr* of the last v.-m and Testatnen: of Arthur H. Ha<Mrck. deceased, and Wasblnfftoß M Haddock, as Ex»cutcr cf the last Will and Teftament of William R. Bowne. dec-as*i. .-ad Greeting- You and each of JN aie hereby cued aad re quired personally to be and apre*r b»tor* our Surrogate at the County of N-w York, at the guiiCMM— ' Court of MM County held ai "-• ■--••■-." Coort House in the City of New York on the 3d d^y cf January. 19CI. at h3lf ; pa=e »en o'clock in the forenoon of thai day. then an-1 1 there to attend a judicial settlement of the account of the proceedings of Washington M. Haddock a.« surviving trustee under The last Will an<l T^?'»tner.t af William J. Haddock, deceased, and to show v<tuse wfty a d«cf«« should not be made Judicially wtlinir saM account aiH fixing Six Hundred Dollars per year as the amount which «h"uld be paid, to the testamentary guardians or one or them of th» ?aid Stewart Haddock and" Jean Hadd?ck. 13 ', ■; for the support, maintenance md education of I,"-' of the said Infants .-■. -■ the tnrorae of their re spective jJiares of the trust fends in the said trustee* hands: and such of you as are hereby c ted. •»» 3re under ' the age of twenty-one years, are required to appear > ■■ ycur guardian, if you have one. or if yoa have none, to appear and apply for one to be appointed, or in the event of your neslect or failure to do so. a guardian will bo appointed by the Surrogate '-> represent and act for you In the proceedlr.fr. _" In testimony whereof. We have ■aoa*d the Seal of ■-- .~jrrojrares" Court of th- said County cf New York to be •'•r'or.tn aSSxed. Witness. Hen. iL. S.) ABXER C. THOMAS, -i Surrogate of our said County, a' the County ef N"w York, 'he 11th day of November, In tfce year of our Lord cm* thousand nine hundred and one. J. FAIRFAX MLAL'^Htrx. Clerk of the Surrogate*' Court 3