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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, November 27, 1901, Image 3

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RELATIONS WITH CUBA.
MR. ROOT URGES A RECI
PROCITY ARRANGEMENT.
mVOBS SEDUCED PITIES ON" SUGAR
USD TOBACCO— THE ISLAND"S
NEW GOVERNMENT.
■Washington, Nov. 26. — first section of
- cretary Root's annual report was made pub-
He to-day. Much space is devoted to a review
cf the relations between the United States and
Cuba and the Secretary urges that a reciprocal
tariff arrangement be made as soon as possible.
Onthif point he says:
Our present duty to Cuba can be performed by
•he Icing of such a reciprocal tariff arrange
ment with her as President McKinley urged in
v. last words to his countrymen at Buffalo on
September 5. A reasonable reduction in our
jotief upon Cuban sugar and tobacco, in ex
change for fairly compensatory reductions of
Cuban duties upon American products, will an
jwer the purpose, and I strongly urge that such
D arrangement be promptly made. It would
Involve no sacrifice, but would be as advan
tageous to us as it would be to Cuba. The mar
ket ' or American products in a country with
saeh'a population, such wealth and purchasing
-ewer. as Cuba, with prosperity would speedily
acquire, made certain by the advantage of pref
erential duties, would contribute far more to
our prosperity than the portion of our present
duties which we would be required to concede.
A larce part of the (37.000,000 of merchandise
nhich Cuba now imports from countries other
than the United State?, and of the much greater
anount which she would import if prosperous,
should come, and with a proper reciprocal ar-
inevitably would come, from the
United States. . . . Last year she bought over
Rfi.OOQ.OOO worth of cotton goods, of which we
Hipplied less than $500,000; nearly ?700.<W»
wo'th of woollen goods, of which we supplied less
Thar. ■*-- "•"'■ over $2,000,000 worth of vegetables
and vegetable fibres, of which we supplied but
?lTi""-' over 5:2.700,0<y» worth of wines, of
which" we supplied but $329,000: over $526,000
worth ■-:" silk goods, of which we supplied but
OTHV nearly $2.soS.<V»<> worth of oils. etc.. of
which 'we supplied but $713,006: $1,053,000
worth of chemicals, drugs, etc.. of which we
Enpplied but 5422.000; $8,476,000 worth of ani
■gkand animal products, of which we supplied
hut H.J994.000; $1>635,000l > 635,000 of manufactures of
leather! of which we supplied but $403,000;
H335.000 worth of rice, of which we supplied
but $3,000. Substantially the whole of these
snide? of which we now furnish so small a
part. should come from the fields and factories
cf •-- United States.
. Aade from the moral obligation to which we
CBMiitted ourselves when we drove Spain out
«i Cuba, and aside from the ordinary- consid
eaiions of commercial advantage involved in a
recipiocity treaty, there are the weightiest rea
sons of American public policy pointing in the
same direction: for the peace of Cuba is neces
sary to the peace of the United States: the
health of Cuba is necessary to the health of
the United States; the independence of Cuba is
necessary to the safety of the United States.
The same considerations which led to the war
with Spain now require that a commercial ar
rangement be made under which Cuba can live.
The condition of the sugar and tobacco indus
tries in Cuba is already such that the* earliest
possible action by Congress upon this subject is
desirable.
CUBA QUIET AND ORDERLY.
Mr. Root says that the government of Cuba
Jr. the last year has been quiet and orderly, and
there ha? been no occasion for interference by
United States troops. He speaks of the good
work performed in training- the people for the
duties of self-government, and the great im
provement in sanitary, educational and indus
trial conditions under American administration.
The revenues of Cuba for the year ending June
'.*?. 1901, -were 517.167.5G6 21 and the expendi
tures were Sl7.3ST>.9<"»."> 3".. as against revenues
for the year ending June 30. 1900. of SI 7.»"..".
921 44, and expenditures for the same period of
815,691,45306 In -response to calls from the
Senate Committee an Affairs with Cuba, the
War Department has prepared and rendered a
complete detailed and itemized statement of all
the receipts and expenditures of the government
'• Cuba from January 1. MSB. to April 30. 1000.
The question of Church property has been ad
justed to the apparent satisfaction of all parties,
ilf to the real estate by the military govern
ment paying a rental of 5 per cent upon the ap
praised values of the property, amounting to
about 52,000,000. with a five years' option to
Ike government of Cuba, when organized, to
buy the property at the appraised value, re
ceiving credit against the purchase price for 2-".
per cent of the rental paid, and as to the "cen
se?" or mortgages, by the military government
taking- them at .V» cents on the dollar, and per
mitting the debtors to take them up at the
same rate.
THE NEW ISLAND GOVERNMENT
The Secretary reviews the work of the con
stitutional convention, and says:
I do not fully agree with the wisdom of some
of the provisions of this constitution: but it
provides Tor a republican form of government;
it was adopted after long and patient considera
■M .and discussion; it represents the views of
the delegates elected by the people of Cuba;
&£d it contains no features which would justify
tin assertion that a government organized un
fieritwil! not be one to which the United States
c &y properly transfer the obligations for the
protection of life and property under inter
national law, assumed in the Treaty of Paris.
By virtue of the ordinance of June 12, 1901.
tppendt-5 thereto, the constitution defines the
■*■» relations of the United States with Cuba
°i' tie provisions the presence of which Con
£^ss has made a condition precedent to the
President's leaving the government and control
°* tie island of Cuba to its people. The consti
tution thus adopted and perfected has been
I? faied accordingly by the military government
■ an acceptable basis for the formation of the
sew government to which, when organized and
i°Kaii<-:i °Kaii<-: the control of the island is to be
lr^Esferred; and such a transfer may be an
ucipat-ij before the close of the approaching
session of Congress. If the people of Cuba and
Tjeir officers exhibit, under the government of
"-*ir own choice, the same self restraint and
•-spect for law which have characterized their
Nations to the intervening government during
°Ur occupation under the Treaty of Paris, the
Access of the Cuban administration may be
confidently expected.
The new republic will begin its independent
c *reer with the hearty friendship and sincere
Pal wishes of all the officers and soldiers of
'- United States who have fought and labored
-or the good of Cuba, and who have learned to
£ ?preciate the many admirable and attractive
<JUaLu*s of her people. I think that as the
Wnod of American occupation draws to its
'wse there is more appreciation by the Cubans
• what the people of the United States have
cone for them. During the recent severe illness
c * the military governor the manifestations of
and affection for him were especially
*^tifying: and the lamented death of Presi
dent McKinley was followed by general expres
sions of sympathy and sorrow throughout the
. la * chief apparent obstacle to the future
YOU R FOOTSTEPS
By the depth of his footstep in
l He earth the Indians tell the
height of a man. Do you tread
shallow or deep? Perhaps you
would like to weigh more? If
you are below weight and find
that ordinary food does not build
you up try Scott's Emulsion.
It is not a drug but a food that
time has shown to have a real
value in such cases as yours.
WVl] «*nd you a , lf ,, to try. If yon like.
SCOTT & BOWXEL 406 Pearl «tre*t. New York.
prosperity of the island, is to be found in its
commercial relations with the United States and
the necessity of securing some reciprocal ar
rangement under which a concession shall be
made from the tariff duties- now imposed by
the United States upon the principal . Cuban
products.
The prosperity of Cuba depends upon rinding
a market for her principal products, sugar and
tobacco, at a reasonable profit. Under existing
conditions, or any conditions which are to be
anticipated, she can find such a market for her
sugar, and to a great degree for her tobacco,
only in the United States. Under the existing
provisions of the United States tariff law the
prices which can be realized for Cuban sugar
and a large part of Cuban tobacco in this
market are not sufficient to pay the duties.
cost of transportation and production and yield
a living profit to the producer.
DUTY TO THE CUBANS.
In reliance upon fair and generous treatment
by the United States, the Cuban planters have
made strenuous efforts to revive their great in
dustry, and have raised their product of sugar
from 308.000 tons in ISO 9to 615,000 tons in
I!V»<>. while the output for the present year is
estimated at something over 880.000 tons. In
cited by our precept and trusting to our friend
ship, they have struggled to retrieve the dis
asters und*>r which their country had suffered.
All the capital they had or could borrow has
been invested in the rebuilding of their mills
and the replanting of their land. More than
half of the people of the island are depending
directly or indirectly upon the success of that
industry. If it succeeds we may expect peace,
plenty, domestic order and the happiness of a
free and contented people to reward the sacri
fice of American lives and treasure through
which Cuba was set free, if it fails we may
expect that the fields will again become waste,
the mills will a^ain be dismantled, the great
body of laborers will be thrown out of em
ployment: and that poverty and starvation, dis
order and anarchy will ensue; that the charities
and the schools which we have been building
up will find no money for their support and will
be discontinued: that the sanitary precautions
which have made Cuba no longer a dreaded
source of pestilence, but one of the most healthy
islands in the world, will of necessity be aban
doned, and our Atlantic seaboard must again
suffer from the injury to commerce and the
maintenance of quarantines at an annual cost
of many millions.
Cuba has acquiesced in our right to say that
she shall not put herself in the hands of any
other power, whatever her necessities, and in
our right to insist upon the maintenance of free
and orderly government throughout her limits,
however Impoverished and desperate may be her
people Correlative to this right is a duty of
the highest obligation to treat her not as an
enemy, not at arm's length as an aggressive
commercial rival, but with a generosity which
toward her will be but justice: to shape our
laws so that they shall contribute to her wel
fare as well as our own.
THE WORK OF THE ARMY.
A YEARS OPERATIONS REVIEWED BY
SECRETARY ROOT.
IMPROVEMENTS RECOMMENDED—COMPRE
HENSIVE SCHEME OF MILITARY EDU
CATION—THE PHILIPPINE
. . CAMPAIGN.
■Washington. Nov. 26.— 1n reporting on the opera
tions of the War Department in the last year. Sec
retary Root calls attention to the progress made
under the reorganization acT of February -• l? 01
Or. November 30. 1900. the date of his last annual
report, the total force of the army was 103.150. Im
proved conditions in the Philippines made it un
necessary to provide the maximum number allowed
by the reorganization law. and the total strength,
exclusive of the hospital corps, was fixed at 77,2??.
composed as follows:
Cavalry a **
Artillery: . . ,- _„
Coast - 13 -'? i
Field *■%*>
Nor.-commiK:or>d etaff and band ■*-•> _
infantry —.-.«■»
£ngineer battalions and ban<J i- -
Enlisted men stair" departments, etc -..*.<
Total army - 17.25J
The distribution of the force on September 25,
1901. was a? follows.:
Couni'v ' Officer* Ebli*t«4 men. Tola!.
T'nW ?■ iai* : J. 822 31.552 33.^4
.Miilippiae Islands Mil 47-74 7-7 \-"
Srtoßico'.. 51 1.190 1.541
-: - p.-o :.: ::::: si igo imi
Hawaiian Islands ; JSO ->*,
f>ir. a S 15« >'•-
' nina : :.:..;v..:u _jt _jio _^t
Alaska ~ "
Total 3.27S 81.253 : 64.513
In this table are included the 4.336 men of the
Hospital Corps and the 25 officers and 815 nr»n of
the Porto Rico Provisional Regiment, leaving the
strength of the regular army 3,253 officers and ,>>.<£ i
enlisted men. In addition there are also in the
Philippines 172 volunteer surgeons, appointed under
Section 18 of the act of February 2. ML. and 98 offi
cers and 4.973 native scouts.
APPOINTMENTS OX MERIT SYSTEM.
The recruitment of the new organizations and the
maintenance of the old hava been accomplished
without difficulty, and the material obtained ap
pears by the reports to be of the best' quality.
About three-fourths of the total number of appli
cants were rejected and about one ; fourth accepted.
Of those accepted about M per cent were native
born and about iO per cent naturalized citizens. The
requirements that the applicant should be In per
fect health, of good character and able, to read and
write have been rigidiy enforced. The reorganiza
tion provided for by the act required the selection
and appointment of 296 officers of staff corps and ; de
pSnuSam. and of m first and second lieutenants
of the line. The. staff positions have been ailed
In most cases by the appointment of deserving ofh
cerT who had held staff positions in the -.volunteer
force, and as to the remaining positions by the
appointment of officers who had rendered specmlly
meritorious service in the field. The surgeons and
chaplains constitute an exception Wthsstatemen
hivinc been selected partly from civil lire, in all
rases soldierly Qualities and capacity to command
as exhibited 'in service have been treated as the
most important considerations. Five hundred and
five enlisted men have been examined, and 214 have
been passed, declared qualified and commissioned
as second lieutenants. Eisrht hundred and thtrty
nine volunteer officers have been ordered for exam
ination of whom 104 dedlneo. V have been found
not qualified. 15! remain with their cases undeter
mined and 481 have been accepted and commis
sioned. There re.main 112 original vacancies to be
filled under the statute, and there are on file Mis
applications.
THE ANTI-CANTEEN LAW.
Speaking of the Anti-Canteen Law. Mr. Root
says:
The provisions of Section 38 of the act of February
o Mm prohibiting- the sale of or dealing in beer,
wine or any intoxicating ikjiiors by any person in
any post exchange, or canteen, or army transport,
or'upon any premises used for military purposes
by the t'nited States, have been carried into full
force and effect, pursuant to the directions <>f the
" When the orders wer< issued for the enforce
ment of this section of the law. the commanding:
officers of the various posts and mliitary organiza
tions were directed to report upon its effects. A
ereat body of reports has been received, which In
dicate that the effect of the law Is unfortunate,
think however, that a sufficient time has
net elapsed to give the law a fair trial, and the ob
servation and report of Its working will be con
tinued during the ensuing year.
COMFORT AND HEALTH.
The reports show that the food and clothing fur
nished to the army during the year have been satis
factory, that the health of the troops has been irood
and the death rate low. The death rate per thou
sand of troops in the United States during the past
year was 1'i.14: in Cuba. 9.72: in Porto Rico. 7.50.
and among the troops serving In the Philippines
and China it was reduced from 19.31 during the
previous year to 16.7f, during the last year. In the
opinion of the Medical Department, when per
manent arrangements have been made and proper
sanitary regulations can be enforced, the health of
the- troops stationed in the tropics will be quite as
pood as if stationed in our own Gulf States.
TRANSPORT SERVICE.
The ocean transport service has continued to be
adequate and effic.ent. The return of the volunteer
force from the Philippines in the limited period al
lowed between the time when they were required
for active operations in the early part of 1901 and
June 30 in that year was accomplished with
out accident confusion or delay. Mr. Root says it
is not practicable now to discontinue the transport
service on the Pacific, but it is not desirable to
maintain a fleet of passenger and freight vessels
in time of peace.
SEACOAST DEFENCE
The detailed project for the defence of the entrance
to Chesapeake Bay at Cape Henry. Virginia, has
been approved. A detailed project for the defence
of San Juan. Porto Rico, at a total estimated cost
of $1,800,000. has been prepared and preliminary
projects for the defence of Pearl Harbor and Hono
lulu, in the Territory of Hawaii, are also available.
Substantial progress has been made In the revision
of earlier projects of fortification, made before the
use of rapid nre guns played so rreat a part in
NEW- YORK DAILY TRIBUNE. WEDNESDAY. NOVEMBER 27, 1901.
coast defence. There have been added to the com
pleted seaccasi armament durin? the year fifteen
12-inch guns, seven 10-inch gun?, eleven B-inch guns,
thirty-five rapid-Tire e::ns and twenty-three mor
tars. Satisfactory- progress has been made in con
struction at numerous points „ccoriing to plans
previously approved. Tne magazines in many of
the seacoast rortifications have proved too damp
for the long continued storage of powder. It is
believed that the difficult- las been obviated in
recent construction, and steps are being taken to
remedy it in the old magazines. Discontinuance of
work on the dynamite batteries has been directed.
The Ordnance Department reports an abundant
supply of smokeless powder on hand of the best
quality now extant and a material improvement in
ii.- manufacture. The Ordnance Department ha?
during the year continued a series of experiments
upon high explosives and detonating fuses with
satisfactory results. An extensive series of tests
of field guns and carriages is in progress under a
programme prepared by the Board of Ordnance
and Fortification.
THE MILITARY ACADEMY.
Of the West Point Military Academy Mr. Root
speaks in part as follows:
I beg to call especial attention to the thorough
and well considered report of the Board of \ isitOTS
to the West Point Military Academy for the cur
rent year. Their statement of the conditions and
needs of the institution is accurate, and their r f'- < ]-
ommendations have my hearty approval. ■ ■ ■ A/*"A /*"
tion has been taken, with the concurrence of the
academic board, to make the entrance examina
tions conform to the courses of study ordinarily
covered in the high schools and academies of the
country by boys of the average a P e of appointees
to the Military Academy, and thus to substitute a
natural examination upon the subjects the boys
have been studying, instead of a highly artificial
examination upon the elementary subjects which
they had long left behind them in their school
work. I do not doubt that the change will prove
to he more fair to the boys, and a better test of
intelligence, and will make it passible to improve
the course at the academy, and tend to do away
with the pernicious system of attending special
school? or employing special coaches to prepare
for the examination. Arrangements have also been
m-ide to conduct the entrance examinations at a
considerable number of places dist-ibuted through
out the country and convenient of access to tip
candidates. The chnn^e * n the requirements for
examination will make it possinlc to devote more
time during 'he course to the study of modern
languages, and will open the door to other changes
in the curriculum in the line of modern educational
progress.
GENERAL, MILITARY EDUCATION.
Much attention is given by Secretary Root to the
subject of military education. The iollowing
scheme of instruction has b<=€-n matured:
■With a view to maintaining the high standard of
instruction and general training of the officers ol
the army, and for the- establi? hment ol a coherent
p!:in by which the work may be made progressive,
the Secretary of War direct* that th- following
general scheme be announced for the information
and euidance of all concerned
There shall be. besides the Military Academy at
West Point, the following schools for the instruc
tion of officers in the army
First— At each military post an officers' school
for elementary instruction in theory and practice.
Second— Special service schools:
fat The Artillery School at Fort Monroe. \ ir
gnia
(hi The Eneineer School of Application. Wash
ington Barracks. District of Columbia.
(a The School of Submarine Defence. Fort Tot
ten. New- York.
id> The School of Application for Cavalry and
Field Artillery, at Fort Riley. Kansas
(«) The Army Medical School. Washington. D '
Third— A General Service :md Stiff College, at
Fort Leavenworth. Kansas.
Fourth— A ww 3r3 r College for the most advanced
instruction, at Washington Baiiacks, District ol
Columbia
The War College shall be under the Immediate
direction of a board of rive officers detailed from
the army at iarge md the following •■>. offlcio mem
bers: The Chief of Engineers, the Chief of Artil
lery, the Superintendent of the Mi itary Academy.
'■:.- ommanding officer of tl Servici ana
Staff College
The War College Bojrd shall exercise general su
pervision and inspection of all the different schools
above enumerated, and shall be charged with the
duty of maintaining through them a complete Bys
tem of military education, in which each separate
school shall perform its proper part Such fl
a? shall be requisite to asM.-t the board
forming its duties will be detailed from time to
time for that purpose It should be k-pt con tani
ly In mind th.it the object and ultimate aim of all
this preparatory work is to train officers to rom
mand men to war. Theory must not. therefon •■
al]owed-"to displace practical application
The officers' school.- at military posts Mia tn«*
General Service and Staff College will tx >pen for
Instruction :o officers of the National '"■
the several States, to former officer.- of volunteers,
md to graduates of mllitarv .- h
which have had officers of the army at tl
The special service schoolJ will be "pen to offi
cers or the National Guard and former officers of
volunteers who shall furnish eviden •• to try Aar
Department of bui h preliminary education
enable them to benefit by the courses o* Instruc-
The college stiff ai 'he General Service nd B( ■■•'
College K'.rt Leaven worth, will make rep
the Secretary of War ol •. I • •• •
of the National Guard, ex-volunteers and gradu
ates of military schools and colleges, who hall
have attended the college or Bhall appl: for ex
amination. and shall further certify whether -
they are qualified for service a« :- • " ••' volun
teers specifying character of the service, whether
Une or staff, for which thej ■
A BP4 • •• rof the n iriv -ol pc« ion o re
ported as qualified will be k'-vt in th-- War De
partment.
a register shall also be kepr in the War De
partment to which shall be entered tht names of
officers of the regular army below the grade ol
colonel, ns follOS
Plrst— Officers who have heretofore exhibited
superior capacity, application and devotion t<
the names to be selected by ■ board of ofl era
convened for that purpose
Second— Officers who shall be reported an doing
especially meritorious work in the above men
tioned schools, other than the officers' schools at
posts.
Xhird— Officers who at any time specially dis
tinguish themselves bj exceptionally m<-!:- i
service
It will be the aim of the department to make this
register the basis ••! selection for details as staff
officers military attaches, and for special •
requiring a high degree of professional capacity
This order, if loyally and persistently followed.
will result lri the building up .if what la practii ally
a university system of military education.
The Secretary commends the work of the W.ir
College Board, and says that it Is probably a
an approach to the establishment of a gei • i >l
staff &s Is pra< ticable under existing law He
recommends consolidation of the supply depart
ments, regarding th>- present arrangement/ as bad.
MILITIA AND VOLUNTEERS.
Regarding militia rind volunteers, the following
recommendations are made:
I recommend that the President be authorized
to convene boards of officers (including the General
Service and Staff College board) for the examina
tion of officers of the National Guard, and other
citizens who rray apply to be examine,], as to their
qualifications to hold volunteer commissions; that
the persons passing such examinations shall re
ceive certificates, stating the office for which they
are found to be qualified, and upon the calling nut
of a volunteer force shall be entitled to receive
commissions for such offices.
1 recommend that the War Department be. au
thorized to a.-m the National Guard with the pres
ent service small arms used by the regular army
navy and marine corps; that the National Guard
of the several States be treated as a first reserve,
to be called into the service of the United States
to 'execute the laws of the Union, suppress insur
rections and repel invasions, the term of service
under any call to be limited to nine months: that
the President be authorized, on the request of the
Governor of any State, to tail officers of the reg
ular army for instruction, staff and Inspection
duties with the National Guard Of such State; that
the War Department be authorized to furnish
transportation, rations and tentage to officers and
men of National Guard organizations who shall
take part With the forces of the regular army in
annual encampment and manoeuvres at national
military camps; that the department be authorized
to allow travel pay. commutation of rations and
quarters, or commutation of quarters, to officers
of the NationaJ Guard attending and regularly tak
ing part in the courses of instruction at the Gen
era! Service and Staff College at Fort Leavenworth.
Both of these provisions should be within reason
able limits, proportional to the numbers of Na
tional Guard-organizations in the several States
I recommend that the President be now em
powered to organize the volunteer forces whenever
called out. in the manner provided for by the act
of March 2, I*9?. for the organization of the vol
unteer force which has recently returned from the
Philippines, with such modifications as shall oe
necessary to give effect to the views above ex
presed.
The work of the Signal Corps is commended and
attention is called to the need of a Pacific cable.
Attention is drawn to the discrimination against
veteran officers of the Civil War remaining in the
army, as compaied with their comrades in the
navy, and the retirement of Major Generals Mer
ritt. Brooke and Otis as lieutenant generals is rec
ommended.
THE ARMY IN THE PHILIPPINES.
Of the operations of the army in the Philippines.
Mr. Root speaks in part as follows!
The operations of the field forces were so vigorous
and unrelenting that more . than 1.000 contacts oc
curred between our troops and the insurgents from
May 1900 to June M, 1901. in which the insurgent
casualties were: Killed. MB»: wounded. 1.193: : capt
ured S.R2; surrendered. 23.050: with a total of 10.<i)3
rifles and nearly 300.000 rounds of small arms am
munition captured and surrendered, Our casualties
during the period were: Killed. 245: wounded.
490; captured. IIS:. missing. 20. . .
I cannot speak t^o highly of the work or the
army in the Philippines. The officers and men have
been equal to the • best requirements, not only of
military service, but of the civil administration
with which they were charged in all its details from
the date of our occupancy in August. IS3B. until me
inauguration, of a Civil Governor on July 4. 1901.
The recent disturbances in Samar and Southern
Luzon are of minor consequence, and are being
stamped out by the vigorous operations of - the
troop* Small ! disturbances of this character are,
unfortunately, to-be expected, but will be con
trolled and guarded against by every m»ans pos
sible.
The army in the Philippines has been reduced
since my fast report from Z.3K7 officers and 71.72T
enlisted men to 1.111 officers and 42.12S enlisted men.
When the organizations now remaining in the
Philippines shall by the force of ordinary casual
ties and expiration of enlistments be reduced to the
numbers established by the order of M.ay s . 19»">1.
the total enlisted strength of those organizations,
exclusive of hospital corps. wiK be 32.979 men. The
reduction already made was effected partly by
bringing home the volunteers and partly by hrinc
ine h<>m<= the regular organizations which had been
longest in the Philippines. So far as the rezular
troops are concerned, the movement is still in
progress, four regiments of the present Philippine
force which have he^ n longest in the islands befrtß
now under orders to return to the United State.'.
They will be replaced in part by two regiments and
part of a third now ur.der orders to sail from the
United States. It is the design of the department
not to subject any of our forces to t*ie effect of a
tropical climate for a longer period than three
years without an intervening tour of service in a
colder climate. With the reorganized army we are
getting Into a position where tbis can be accom
plished systematically as a matter of routine.
GOOD WORK BY LIFE SAVERS.
LOSSES OF THE YEAR SMALLEST IN THE
HISTORY OF THE SERVICE.
Washington. Nov. 26.— The annual report of the
general superintendent of the life saving service
for VSm shows the smallest loss of life from docu
mented vessels suffering disaster since the general
extension of the service, and also with respect to
vessels of all classes, including the undocumented,
with the exception of the years 1880, : ;i 2. i>v> and
1888. The average number of lives lost annually In
the entire pe r jod (twenty-five years) whs thirty
seven, one life having been lost in every thirteen
casualties, while the number lost in the ia?r year
was seventeen, or one in every forty-three casual
ties. From documented vessel? alone the number
lost was only seven— one to every fifty-four casual
ties. The number of casualties to documented ves
sels was "77. There were on board these vessel?
2.54S person?. The estimated value of the vessel?
involved in disaster was $5,263,420. and of their
cargoe s $2.»W.."50. Of this amount $6,403,035 was
saved and 59&966 lost. The number of vessels
totally lest was forty-three
In addition to the foregoing there were in the
year 39S casualties to small craft (undocumented),
on board of which were 027 persons. t e n of whom
were lost. The crews saved or assisted to save 422
vessels, valued, with their cirgoes, at $3,139,010, and
rendered assistance of minor importance to 548
other vessels in distress, besides warning from
danger 231 vessels. The cost of maintaining the
service was Sl.tvtn.ftl3 74.
The general superintendent again urgently calls
attention to the inadequate compensation of dis
trict superintendents, whom he believes to he the
poorest paid officers under the government, con
sidering the serious and exacting nature of th<=ir
duties and the extent of their fiscal responsibilities
Their salaries range from $I.5C«> to $1,860 a year,
and they are required to furnish b^nds ranging
from $10. 'W) to J.yi iWi. He recommends that their
fay be raised to j2. 500 a year.
TRIAL OF MRS. BOXFXF.
SHE MADE A PRIVATE CONFESSION THE
DAY AFTER THE KILLING OF AYRES.
Washington, Nov. 2* -The fact was brought out
to-day in the trial of Mrs. Lola Ida Bonine for the
killing of James Seymour Ayres. jr.. that she
made a private, confession of her part in the trag
edy on the evening after the homicide, several
days before she told her story to th« police. This
recital was made to George B. Gardiner, an at
torney employed .in the law division of the In
terior Department, who boarded at the Kcnmore
Hotel, and usually sat at the same table with Mrs.
Ponine. Mr. Gardner was on the witness stand to
day, and told his story for the first time. He said
that Mr- Bonine had sought him and asked his
advice is to whether she should mike a public
statement He suggested that she delay her co
fession until The theory of suicide, which was rim
entertained, should be fully exploited. She stated
to me," he said, "that she knew more about the
death of Ayres than had been given to the public
I think she hesitated a moment, and either my
manner or something I said Induced her to go on,
and «he said she was present when it happened,
and ■■•:■! me that the had come to me because she
wanted mv advice. -ie told me that the morning
of Ayres's death he came to her room and Knocked
on her do >r and complained of being ill. and asked
if -he could not do something for him; that when
she got into Ayres« room he had assaulted her and
had a pistol in his hand, and in the scuffle which
ensufd he was killed."
Several other witnesses were heard to-day, some
of them being men who took Ayres to neighboring
•iinnnUnhe evening of May 14. and one of whom
taken him to his room after midnight, about
i hour" before he met his death. The witness
who to"k Eyres to his room was a young man
named Burns who said thai when he left Ayres
?heHt£r was perfectly sober. These witnesses
. . "agreed thai Ayres bad taken about two
if^Mi of beer and that he was not under the in
rt i .^fce of liquor: Burns said that on one ocasion
X S»d Been Ayres treat Mrs Bonine contemptu
ously H^ said she bad nursed him (Burns) when
, i>, visited his room both day and night.
§&r"?tn ll e a sies l a^tpined^hat Mrs- Bonine had
visited them when sick.
ARMY AND -Y.4TT ORDERS.
Washington. Nov. -The following army and
navy ordersg have been Issued:
ARMY.
The following officers, recently appointed, are as
signed to regiments as indicated:
fOTOKRI'Ti M JONES, to the "d
Second IJ.ut^»n- VRtri^W h j TO . PILCHER, to
'^ a '.T,h --ivalrV £■" r. I Ueute* <n: WADE H^
to the nth Cavalry; Second
\\ K.-TMoi-KUA.-n i . , YN -,- H m th* 2d Cavalry:
t° "»«' ■ ... . „, mvteten of th,
ifSSSK&Sra wi» report to Fort Thon,, 3 for
Lieutenant >'%>< l:l: wIU r * r " r! "
Ueu't^^SoßEl^ND wW report to For. M
r «on la* temporary duty. w , n r .,,. r to y,n
Ueutenanu IyNCH an. EN^ANn will report to Fort
Mv-pr for temporary <iut>.
Mv,r '***•"*£,,, „ —dot! to Columbus Barracks
UM V£"!Sity w«h wn.lt thaTma, be sent from that
So* to th* Division of th« Philippines.
post to the Div n ■ W \D\M3 (appointed from
Second Lieutenant ROB . E ?Jst Infant ry) to the 13th In
fapoototed from private^comp g^^, JEJJS K .
STEPJE. to I "™ lt I?*j 1 cavalry Second Lieutenant
STECJE. to the Second Ueu-
O?CAB , A -.-RFN7O D r;v-^KK to -he 2lst Infantry;
tenant WRK.NZO n,aiAM M GOODAIJS. to th.
Second Lieutenant w illia-m -m.
ll>th '^tTd.B will report to Fort Cbtambu. for tern-
Lieutenant STKDJH win re|
,:..Z:X'^ will report to Vancouver Barracks for
temporary _lut^ Columbus Barracks for
UeU du?? n wl?h A recluhs "thaTmay be sent from that post
to the Division of the »»hl!tpplnes.
The following assignments of officers to the ar
tillery corps, recently appointed, are announced:
Korl Thomas for temporary •lut>.
/- . ." rnuv P HAINES, artillery corps. Is transferred
' -"^'"n, °"c 0& Company, cast artillery, to the 15th
Battery. field artillery.
r»nta(n WILI4A3J K. JONES. «th Infantry, will report
P to Kl , r t s' ,". urn for duty with .ecruits that may be
sent ! ■•' the Philippines.
mi,, ,-vr,nrV F DOW will proceed to Denver and
;!,;;.. to I department of the Colorado for duty.
Cantata „, CANBT. paymaster, on his arrival at
captain Franc Sco will report by te)egraph to the adju
tant general of the army for orders.
Cantaln CH ARISES E. STANTON. paymaster, will pro
* ' P Sed lo fan Francisco and report to the Department
.1 California for duty.
Mater HARRY I* BEES. Captain GEORGE T. HOLLO
WAY and Captain MANLY B. CURRY, paymasters,
are relieved from duty in the Division of the Philip
pines. December 15. and Will proceed to San Fran-
Major WEBSTER VINSON. paymaster, will proceed to
San Francisco and take the transport tow 11 fro m
that place on or about January 1. tSS. for the Phtlip-
P ' neS - NAVY.
Lieutenant Commander R. I. REID, d-tached New-Torll
yard to Washington yard December 10. examination
for retirement; then home and await orders.
T (euten-.nt Commander C. F. POND, detached command of
.he IrnqaoTs Spon reporting of relief, and remaui en
.lVitv in connection with .and matters in Honolulu un
der Eureau of Equipment.
Kedlral Director R. C. PEBSONB and Medical Inspector
E. H. tJREJEN. commissioned ■
Naval Cadet G. W. FTEELE. Jr.. accompany bndy of
I'ayraast'r B^lknap. army. home.
THE SPECIAL SALE of
STERLING SILVER
afforda, for admirers of artistic silverware, an opportunity to purchase iesirabk
articles at greatly reduced prices. Comprising Tea and Coffee Sets, Fruit and
Salad Bowls, Bread Trays, Compotes, Water Pitchers, Meat Platters, Gravy
Boats, Tea Strainers, Bon-Bon Dishes, Etc. j» j« J« J«
As the number of these articles is limited, an early selection is desirable.
THE MERIDEN COMPANY, * Silversmith^
208 Fifth Avenue, Madtson Square, Vest.
FATAL BOILER EXPLOSION.
TWENTY-SIX DEAD AND TWENTY-FOVR
IN HOSPITALS.
SOME BURNED BEYOND RECOGNITION— FIRE
BRINGS ADDED HORROR AND DAN
GER TO THE CATASTROPHT.
Detroit. Nov. 26. — Twenty-six men are dead,
five of them so hurried and blackened that
identification is impossible, and twenty-four
other men are in the hospitals suffering from
cuts and burns and other injuries, all the results
of the explosion of one of the boilers in the Pem
herthy Injector Company's large plant at the
corner of Abhott-st. and Brookiyn-ave.. at 9:30
a. m. In addition a dozen or more of the em
ployes who suffered comparatively slight in
juries were taken directly to their homes. Twen
ty-five men and boys have not as yet been found
at either their homes or the hospitals. The un
identified bodies account for ten of these. To
night a great force of men is searching the ruins
by electric light, and the work will not be
stopped until every foot of the debris has been
examined.
The Pemberthy Injector Company's plant oc
cupied ha'.f a square at Abbott-st. and Brook
lyn-aye. It was composed of two brick build
ings, separated by a lrt-foot alley. The rear
building, in which the boiler was located, and j
which was completely destroyed, was three
stories high. ~A feet in depth and 100 feet wide.
The boiler room was in the northwest corner on I
the first floor. It was in this building that most |
of the manufacturing was done. It is impossible
to tell exactly how many men were at work
In the various departments of the rear building
when the explosion occurred, but the officials
insist that the number was not over eighty-five.
There were four boilers in the plant.
LIKE REPORT OF CANNON.
The crash rame without warning. Those In
the front building said it seemed like the con
cussion from an immense cannon. The floors
and the roof of the rear building bulged up
ward and then crashed down with their heavy
Inads of machinery and foundry apparatus.
Window? in houses for * block around wmn
broken by th* concussion, and flying bricks filled
the neighboring yard?. A dense cloud of dust
aroFe which, as it settled, was succeeded by
denser cloud? of smoke and steam. Agonized
cries began to come from the heap of tangled
wood, metal and bricks. Those who were only
partly buried dug themselves out. and then be
san to dig for their comrades. Flames broke
out almost immediately, and the horror of fire
was added to the suffering of the imprisoned
one?. A fire alarm was turned in and calls were
sent for all the am .ulances in the city.
WAGONS USED AS AMBULANCES.
Pending their arrivil neighboring houses were |
turned into temporary hospitals, ana those phy-
Bicians who were in the vicinity eased the suf
ferers as much as they were able. The first
ambulances on the scene were totally inade
quate t.-> carry thos- who had already been ex
tricated, and express wagons and similar ve
hicle? were pressed into service.
As soon a? the gravity of the accident was
realized calls for additional firemen were s^nt
in and the apparatus came flying to the scene
from all parts of the city. The Department of
Public Work? was notified of the horror, and
immediately Bent all its available men and
horse? to the scene. In a comparatively short
time all the laborers who could work to ad
vantage were feverishly digging away the debris.
The floors and roof had fallen at an angle ana
formed a sort of huge cover, under whicn the
fire burned fiercely. Not until the firemen had
! chopped through this did their streams begin
to have an appreciable effect on the names.
Engineer Riley was among the first to be dug
out from the wreck. His escape was little short
ol miraculous. When the boiler burst he was
thrown down, and onf of the smaller KsOW
boiler? was blown over him in such a way that
one end rested on some debris high above him
thereby forming a shield that kept the failing
timber?, brick? and machinery from crushing
h 'x h e raping steam, however, burned him
frightfully. Alter his arrival at Grace Hos-
Dital Riley*s first words were. Ho« did M
en? The engine and boilers were all
right-"
GROANS CEASED TO GUIDE.
Gradually the reacnara worked their way
downward through the pile. By this time there
were no cries or groans to aid them, for the
flames bad destroyed those unfortunates who
were not killed by the explosion or the tall. A
vacant house adjoining the factory con
.■ | Into a temporary deadhouse. Here the
bodies were placed m coffins and taken to the
morgue. In several case* the charred
„„,..... we £ bo hot when they were re
covered thai they could scarcely be handled
by th- undertakers and their assistants.
\t the Emergency Hospital, which was
only a short distance from the scene, and where
many of the injured were carried in wagnns.
the floors of rhe reception rooms and even the
halls were used as a temporary resting place
for "the victims. Similar renditions existed at
Grace an. l Harper hospitals.
The other building of the plant sustained com
paratively little damage. All the windows, of
course were broken, and some of the machinery
was injured by the jar. A dozen girls wer
among the employes on the four floors of this
building, bul none of them were injured.
The property loss, according to Secretary
George W. ChlMs. is about $180,000. The firm
carried ST«». (M M» nre insurance and some boiler
ln Subl! 1 n : pt»"ns for the relief of the sufferers
have been started.
Nothing is known as yet about the cause of
the explosion. Th<> boilers had been inspected
recently and the engineer was known as one
of the "most careful and capable men in the
city. „
APPOINTMENTS BY THE PRF.tIDF.yT.
mew CONSOTj general, at apia— army and
NAVY OFFICERS.
Washington, Nov. :*.-The President made the
following appotatwents to-day:
GB.'ROK HEIMROD. of Omaha. Neb.. Consul GlMltl
at Api.».
ARMY.
.ai.nin- Ol infantry— JAMES W. CLINTON. WILLIAM
A BUBNSIDB. FRANK C. BOLLES. ALEXANDER
T OVENSHINE. HENRY E EAMES. ROBERT
FIELD BENJAMIN M. HARTtHORNE. Jr..
,- IV.PGE S GOOPALE. ARTHUR R KERWIN.
HOUSTON V EVAN?. HARRY H. TEBBETT?.
RTTSSELL C LANGDON. REYNOLDS J. BURT.
iiMES N PICKERING. DENNIS E. NOLAN.
<"V\FLES E RUSSELL. FREDERICK W. LEWIS.
KERCH B. STEWART and CLARENCE N. PIRDY.
NAVY. '
JOHN B. BUCHANAN, assistant surgeon, rank at lieu
tenant, junior grade.
EDGAK THOMPSON, parsed assistant surgeon, rank of
lif-ut^nant. Junior grade.
George Heimrod was bern In Germany in MS
and came to the United States in l>t*>. He spent a
year in New-York City and then went to Omaha,
where he has since been a successful business man.
He has always taken great interest in public af
fairs and educational matter?. He ha? served in
the State legislature, and in ÜBG and I>D7 was
elected County Treasurer.
COTTOX CROP ESTIMATES.
A number Ol Cotton Exchange member? have
es-timated that the cotton crop of Mt-*M wi " FlsM
about K> -viuVi haiei. The average was struck by
th» greatest number of members. Other* ••tlmated
the maximum yield at 11.500.000 bales, wiJtle th»
minimum estimate was 9.500.000 bales.
TO BUILD RAILROADS IS PORTO RICO.
A CONCESSION APPROVED BY PRESIDENT ROOSE
VELT.
Washington. Nov. Z*.— President Roosevelt t<->-<lav
signed the concession granted by the Executive
Council of Porto Rico to th- P rt America Com
pany, which Is to build two lines of railroad in the
Island— one north i.id south from San Juan to
Port America, -which is i few miles from -the old
Spanish port of Gua- ama. and the orh«FT east and
•0,-oft 'mm Aquadilla to Eucanadn Hond.i This t*
the concession which the Attorney C,-n.?ral decided
was illesal because, is originally grant*.!, it was
exempted from taxation. The concession was af
terward modified by the council so as f> make the
exemption from taxation conditional on |M ap
proval of the insular legislature. As modinea, tne
President has approved it.
STEEL TRUST yOT AFTER CRAMPS.
A report from Philadelphia that the United
States Steel Corporation har» secured an option on
the William Cramp & Sons Ship and Engine Build
ing Company was declared yesterday by local
representatives of both companies to be without
any foundation so far as they knew.
BASK MERGER RUMOR DEFIED.
Reports that the Chemical National Bank was
about to take over the National Shoe sal Leather
Bank, which is its next door neighbor, at Broad
way and Chambers-st.. were denied yesterday by
officers of both institutions.
WOULD roXTROL PACIFIC. LUMBER.
Seattle. "Wash.. Nov. —It is rumored that a
combination of Pacific Coast lumber manufacturers
is to be formed which will control the entire out
put of the coast.
SaLresLh BernhaLrdt
the great French Actress and ■woman, says:
"I find the Urbana Wine Co.'s
Gold Seal Champagne
excellent, in fact equal to many French. Cham
pagnes. It surprises me that such a fine -win*
can be produced in America.
"SARAH BERNHARDT."
GOLD SEAL is served in every first-class caf4
and club, and sold everywhere at half, the price
of French wine.
tt:r:b^:n"_a. W X3STE co.,
Urban*. X, T. Sola MaJtorm.
I
CHRISTMAS
APOLLO.
Christmas Day tells of
a fact, it records an
event, it displays a
charity that cannot be
forgotten. The Apollo
Piano - Player by its
pathos, .sweetness, its
plaintive tenderness,
and its triumphant,
swelling, majestic mu
sic will make the com
ing Christmas Day
more intensely musi
cal than ever before.
This is a Christmas
Gift of which any one
may well feel proud.
4"
Come and hear it.
Recitals from 10 A. M.
to 4 P. M.
The APOLLO Company,
Apollo Building. 101 Fifth .Ye.. N. T.
tßetween IM and M Mi I
vTiwtions
[rpHE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW
• York by the Grace of God. Free and Independent.— To
Mary B Bo«« Washington M Hi.: -. Sarah J. »an
derbilt. John W. Ha4d«*. Margaret I. T-rrlberry. nn ,'?
Vandefbtlt. Bessie Vanderbilt. Errest \ anderbllt. Harold
Vande-bllt Herbert 11. Vairferbilt. U**c s=. a.TierbUt. Jr.
Ftllph S. VanderMlt. William H. Var.d.-rbilt. Eme!ln- H.
Ha.lV*-k Stewart Haddock. Jean Haddock. Marzaret H.
Terri*>e-r>- Elizabeth Terrtberry. and M .•■ Ann Haddock
! and' Roger M Haddock, as Executors of the last Will and
Test "men- of Arthur H. M . H.ddocfc. .1— B«d: Mary tte«
art and Isabella Stewart Hoe. as ExeeuTicr* of the last
v.-m and Testatnen: of Arthur H. Ha<Mrck. deceased, and
Wasblnfftoß M Haddock, as Ex»cutcr cf the last Will
and Teftament of William R. Bowne. dec-as*i. .-ad
Greeting- You and each of JN aie hereby cued aad re
quired personally to be and apre*r b»tor* our Surrogate
at the County of N-w York, at the guiiCMM— ' Court of
MM County held ai "-• ■--••■-." Coort House in the City
of New York on the 3d d^y cf January. 19CI. at h3lf
; pa=e »en o'clock in the forenoon of thai day. then an-1
1 there to attend a judicial settlement of the account of
the proceedings of Washington M. Haddock a.« surviving
trustee under The last Will an<l T^?'»tner.t af William J.
Haddock, deceased, and to show v<tuse wfty a d«cf««
should not be made Judicially wtlinir saM account aiH
fixing Six Hundred Dollars per year as the amount which
«h"uld be paid, to the testamentary guardians or one or
them of th» ?aid Stewart Haddock and" Jean Hadd?ck. 13
', ■; for the support, maintenance md education of
I,"-' of the said Infants .-■. -■ the tnrorae of their re
spective jJiares of the trust fends in the said trustee*
hands: and such of you as are hereby c ted. •»» 3re under
' the age of twenty-one years, are required to appear > ■■
ycur guardian, if you have one. or if yoa have none, to
appear and apply for one to be appointed, or in the event
of your neslect or failure to do so. a guardian will bo
appointed by the Surrogate '-> represent and act for you
In the proceedlr.fr. _"
In testimony whereof. We have ■aoa*d the Seal of ■--
.~jrrojrares" Court of th- said County cf New
York to be •'•r'or.tn aSSxed. Witness. Hen.
iL. S.) ABXER C. THOMAS, -i Surrogate of our said
County, a' the County ef N"w York, 'he 11th
day of November, In tfce year of our Lord cm*
thousand nine hundred and one.
J. FAIRFAX MLAL'^Htrx.
Clerk of the Surrogate*' Court
3

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