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New-York tribune. (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, January 05, 1902, Image 8

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Part. Page. Col.
Amu*ement» 1 14 4-6
Antique*. «-tr. 1 13 I
Auction Sale*. Hea! KMate 1 1- S
i'.<unu Resorts 1 12 6
-»r« and Broker? 1 11 5 0
Board and Itootne 1 13 2
Boolu 1 IS 'i
Brooklyn Advert laments 2 8 2-0
9«a.11<.f« Ctiancex 1 13 2
Bud: Notices 1 S 1
Carpet Cleaning 1 If 2
City Hotels 1 12 3
City Property fur *a)o 1 12 3
Country Board 1 12 &
Country Property t->r Sale 1 IS 4
Dividend Kotkea 1 11 <;
Domestic Situations Wanted 1 13 7-9
Dressmaking 1 13 8
Employment AgencWa 1 IS 3
Financial Klert ions 1 11 4
Financial 2 9 6
Financial 1 11 2-4
Foreign Resorts 2 4 «
Kurni* hed Ro m« to Ij^t 1 13 4
Help Wanted 1 IS &
Horse* and Carriages 1 « «'•
Instruction 1 1- ••
I^ectures 1 14 •
Marriages and Deaths 1 1 ( «-«
Musical 2 10 •"' "
Miscellaneous 1 14 «
JCew-Jempy Advertisements 2 •* fr-S
Ocean Steamer* 1 • ■ - <•
Opticians 1 : 13 „*
Railroad* x '■• • ■• (i
H«i»4 Estate 1 1- 3-4
Savins. Bank* 1 11 3-1
School Agencies 1 12 «
Hpecial Notices 1 » «
Storage ... ■ 1 13 '>
Teachers . .*■ 1 12 5
Travellers' (iuldes 1 11 «*
Tribune Pubocrlption Hates 1 '■' 0
Trim Companies 1 11 3-6
ITnfumlfihed Aparrments t. I*et 1 12 3-4
V. r ork Wanted 1 IS »"• 7
I\>tt>^orkDmii) vmbimr.
FORElGN.— Reports from London show that
no change will be made by the British Govern
ment regarding the policy In South Africa, rrr-i —
The Empress Dowager of China has issued an
edict commanding that friendly .relations with
foreign Ministers be at once resumed. ==
Further labor troubles took place in Spain, and
martial law was proclaimed In Barcelona; many
arrests were made. ===== A decision to remove
troops from Bacacay brought out a protest
from citizens of Manila. — The directors of
the Panama Commission made an offer to sell
their rights to the United States for $40,000,030.
— It was reported that several Venezuelan
vessels would try to capture the steamer Liber
tador. . : The report that Germany had sent
another note to the Venezuelan Government was
confirmed. ===== The Sheikh of Koweyt is ex
pecting an attack by the Ameer of Nejd; two
British cruisers have started for the Persian
Gulf. = Mr. Hare began his season in Lon
don with the play "A Pair of Spectacles."
DOMESTIC— The Panama Canal Company's
offer to sell Its property and franchises for $40,
000.000, was submitted to President Roosevelt,
who will lay the proposal before Congress, prob
ably without making any recommendation.
i 1i 1 Governor Shaw of lowa Will assume
charge of the Treasury Department on January
25. = A corporation was formed In Wash
ington, Secretary Hay leading the list of cor
porators, to act as trustee of Andrew Carnegie's
gift of $10,000,000 for higher education. ==
In the Ohio Republican caucuses the Hanna
men controlled the House and the Foraker men
the Senate. == Senator Thomas F. Donnelly,
leader of the minority, accused Governor Odell
of wishing to establish a State police force with
part ft the money that would result from the
proposed mortgage tax law. == Ex-Mayor
Atwater, member of the board of managers of
the Buffalo State Hospital, took Issue with Gov
ernor Odell on the need for a visiting committee
for State hospitals. ===== Buffalo citizens see in
Governor Odell's proposition to enlarge the
canal locks prosperity for the whole State.
A Harvard sophomore broke all records for
etrong men at the university. Daughters
squandered their mother's savings, and she be
came insane. — ' — Heirs of Absalom Case are
preparing to sue the city of Cleveland. Ohio, for
an estate said to be worth from J>».SO,O<XM to
$100,000,000. — — = Charles E. Barnes, a Boston
capitalist, died suddenly In that city.
CITY. — Stocks were irregular and heavy at
the close. . — The Crude Rubber Company
went into the hands of a receiver. ■ It was
learned, that Alderman John L. Goldwater. of
The Bronx was the alderman who warned
Mayor Low of the Tammany plot to buy the
votes of fusion aldermen. . . :It was learned
that there was no shortage In anthracite coal
here, but that the supply of soft coal was not
sufficient . for the demand. — Corporation
Counsel Rives advised Commissioner Partridge
that the police should recognize the elected mag
istrates in Brooklyn. == Justice Leventrltt de
cided that the late Henry B. Plant was a resi
dent of this city, and not of Connecticut, and
that, therefore, his widow was entitled to her
dower rights of $7,000,000. = The overdue
steamer Menominee arrived here, having suf
fered little from her encounters with the rough
weather. === Counsel for the Lrejeunes de
clared that Colonel Phelp3 had written him a
note declaring that the Lejeunes did not need
to pay duty on the seised gems, and could sell
them without so doing.
THE WKATHEii- Forecast for today: Fair;
not so cold. The temperature yesterday: High
est, 23 degrees; lowest. VI; average, 17.
it is reported that the protocol recently con
cluded between the United States and Nicara
gua provides for a perpetual leas.' to this coun
try of a strip of land three miles wide on each
side of the canal, so that American police and
Judicial authority in both civil and criminal
cases will fully prevail from sea to sea. This
Is imerestiug, but cot of as sensational siguili
cance as some might at first blush imagine. '1 lie
question chiefly involved is whether United
States authority over the canal route shall be
formally expressed or merely implied. There
are arguments on both sides, but these apply to
the means alone. The end is the same in both
cases. There can l>e no doubt that if the United
States builds an Isthmian canal it will exercise
the right of controlling and protecting that
canal. That Is frankly recognized in the Hay-
Pauncefote Treaty, with its provision that the
United States shall exercise police authority
•wer the canal. Such authority over the canal
means, of course, over the banks of the canal
to such distance— it may !>e three yards or three
miles— as may be necessary for the protection
of the waterway. Moreover. It ia not easy to
see bow police authority could be justly exer
cised without some form and extent of judicial
authority. The power which arrests must be
able to bring culprits to trial. 80. whether or
not the exact stipulations attributed to this
protocol shall be regarded us desirable, it Is not
to be doubted that the general principles Indi
cated will practically be put Into operation
along the route of whatever canal may be built
by the UnHni Mates.
This aspect of the case Is not without some
pertinence to the question of the route to be
selected, though even In such bearing it will
probably be found to have less significance than
appears upon the face of It. Apparently all the
authority required by the United States over
the canal route will be freely granted by Nicara
gua and Costa Rica la case their route Is chosen.
Some seem Inclined to suggest a doubt whether
It would be granted as readily and as fully by
Colombia. Of course, there must be no uncer
tainty and no misunderstanding over It, and if
Colombia would not concede satisfactory con
trol to this country the Panama route would,
through that fact l»e made unacceptable. But
It must not be overlooked that the T'nited States
already has, by virtue of a treaty half a century
old. a large measure of authority and control
over the Panama Isthmus— not over the railroad
alone, bat over the canal. If one shall be con
structed there. In fact, if the Panama Canal
fhould he completed by the French company, or
; under the, auspices of any foreigu nation, Its
I neutrality^ could and would i»e guaranteed and
• maintained by the United States, and by the
' United States alone. So as against this reported
protocol at Nicaragua there is the long estab
lished fact of the treaty of neutrality and pro
tection at Panama; and how effective the latter
I Is may be estimated from more than one recent
occurrence when the United States, In mainten
ance of Its treaty rights, has practically taken
possession of the Panama lßthmns -with force
and arms.
While the question of control, therefore. Is
seriously to be considered. It does not seem
likely to affect in a determinative degree the
question of choice of route. The latter is to be
answered according to the rvspwtlve merits of
the routes, and on no other basis. A canal at
either point Is doubtless practicable. But which
of them -will the better serve the purposes for
which the canal 19 to be constructed? That is
tin* iiuestlou to be answered. The Panama
route is the shorter from sea to sea, has better
harbors at its Terminals, can be constructed at
less cist since the French company Jh willing
to sell out at actual value -and can be main
tained and operated at leRR cost. But it is ln
the less healthful region, and ln a region of
calms Instead of trade winds. The Nicaragua
route is the nearer to this country, gives in gen
eml shorter lines of commerce, nnd hns the ad
vantage of a superb inland sea for water supply
and harbor purposes. But It Is in a repion more
subject to earthquake disturbances. These and
other points are the legitimate bases of consid
eration in choosing n route. As for information
upon them, the T'nited States commission cer
tainly has all that ran be desired. The com
mission Ik known to favor Nicaragua rather
than to pay fl(MMM0,000 for the works at Pan
ama. But If those works can be got for $40,
000,000, which route will the commission favor?
We know of nothing that would be more perti
nent or that should be more influential than a
direct answer to that question.
For many years it has seemed wholly improb
able that American art galleries would ever be
80 adequately provided with works by the old
masters that this country would become, like
Italy or Spain, Germany or Holland. France or
England, a Mecca for the serious student of the
history of painting and sculpture. As hns often
been pointed out in The Tribune, there must
always be a great difference between American
and European resources In thtst matter, for the
reason that the bulk of the great art of the past
is enshrined Conerec in State museums or in
chnrrhes ■broad, from which only a general
revolution could be expected to dislodge it.
There are other obstacles in the way of*that
dissemination of masterpieces for which our
collectors are incessantly watching and praying.
The Paeca edict In Italy is fresh In men's
minds, and very recently connoisseurs, dealers,
and laymen, too, for that matter, have been
talking about the legal difficulties attendant
upon Mrs. Gardner's purchase of the famous
Thigi Botticelli. Though the rejection of
Morgan's offer of $1,000,000 for Titian's "Sacred
and Profane Love," In the Borghese Gallery at
Rome, is explained by the fact that that gal
lery has become government property, many
another like Incident is Hosed, to our disadvan
tage, even when the State ran claim no owner
ship, but merely the right to Interfere with the
exportation of works of art In private hands.
Yet America continues to acquire valuable old
If there Is a limit beyond which we will rare
ly, if ever, be able to go in the purchase of
these treasures, it Is at nil events plain from re
cent events that It Is further off than has hither
to seemed to be the case. The explanation re
sides in circumstances to which even the most
zealous of collectors on this side of the water
cannot refuse a meed of sympathy. One his
toric family after another Is feeling the pinch
of that financial depression which the conditions
of modern society are Imposing upon so many
representatives of the ancient regime. No one
who has had any experience behind the scenes
of the picture market of to day can have escaped
a feeling of regret when brought face to face
with one of those little dramas of renunciation
in which the heir to a noble name and to price
less pictures has been forced to sacrifice the lat
ter in order to support the fading glories of his
house. But facts are facts, and If these heir
looms are In the market it Is not only a pleas
ure but a duty to see that as many of them as
possible come to our shores. The Incurable
sentimentalist, moreover, may 1m- comforted
with the reflection that American competition
for the purchase of these treasures has consid
erably augmented their commercial value; if
the original owners suffer pangs of parting, at
least the purpose for which they sell is remark
ably well served.
Of the Importance to this country of old paint-
Ings of the highest class it is scarcely necessary
to speak. There Is something very naive and
amusing about the remark of a distinguished
English critic, discoursing, not loiiir since, on
the collection of old masters formed by Mrs.
Gardner. "A great Titian, a great Rubens, In
Boston, V. 5.." quoth he, "even if it be en
"shrined !n a sumptuous Italian palaXEO, <:tn
"uot possibly soy as much to the beholder as it
"would— to leave Venice out of the question -in
"Vienna. In Berlin, in Paris or in London."
Perhaps hot. But we assure Mr. Claude
Phillips that it can. nevertheless, say a great
deal. It can say enough, he may be quite cer
tain, to exert a profound Influence upon public
taste, rendering American appreciation of art In
general more and more intelligent and effective.
In the first place, the lmj>ortatlon here of the
best old masters will sooner or later result in a
more discriminating policy, not only among col
lectors, but among the dealers who aid them ln
their artistic negotiations. We will see fewer
of those old canvases which have only their age
to recommend them. There will be fewer at
tempts to foist upon buyers the kind of picture
we have seen so often, bearing a great name to
Which It may or may not have been entitled,
but otherwise of no earthly Interest to any one
knowing the difference between a good picture
and a bad one, between the work of a master's
prime and the work of his adolescence, between
an authentic example and a forgery. That not
only the collectors will prolit. but the people In
general, is to be expected. As time goes on the
great private galleries In our principal cities
are bound to make themselves felt educational
ly, as they make themselves felt abroad,
through the lending of pictures for public ex
hibition and through a Judicious extension to
strangers (of the right sorti of the privileges
given freely by a man to his friends.
The outlook. In short. Is altogether gratifying.
Yet a certain solicitude as to the future remains
among those who have the best Interests of the
country at heart. Are these lavish expendi
tures on old paintings, of which we hear so
much, to continue to bear as heavily as they do
at present upon the fortunes of American art?
Xo one wants the purchaser of a great work of
Hie past to sell It back and spend the money on
work by his living countrymen. But the man
who is able to spend in the one direction is
usually able to spend In the other, and that he
does not always spend In both with the same
freedom is an undeniable fact. It might be an
swered that the American artist of to-day Is
obviously out of the running when an Italian
or a Spaniard of the past enters the field; bul
this is to quibble. What modern painters can
meet the old masters on even terms? If there
are any to be cited at all. they, are the Ameri
cans Whistler and Sargent. But the point to
remember Is that there is an abundance of
American art, produced by numbers of painters,
which is intrinsically worth buying and worth
conspicnity in the best galleries we have, public
or private. It Is honored here and It Is honored
■feßanji, ln speech and ln print, with niedaN,
and. the most practical reward of all, with
lwird cash. But a grave Injustice is done when
a laudable enthusiasm for the old masters with
draws !n the slightest measure from out own
artists that support which they do so much to
deserve. In season and out of season the just
claim of American artists upon American col
lectors should be kept before the public.
There Is apparently :i general tendency in
favor of stricter laws relating to marriage. A
new law li:is j'ist pone Into effect in the District
of Columbia making infidelity the only cause
for divorce, a new law In Pennsylvania, en
acted at the Instance of physician*, prohibits
the ninrrifl<re of llrst cousins, and a new law
relating to common tew marriages lias just
pone into effect in tliis State. Under this law.
as heretofore, a man and a woman may he
married by mutually agreeing t<> live together
as man and wife; but a certificate of such mar
riage must be filed with the County < !lerk within
six months. This certificate must set forth that
a civil contract has been entered into, and there
must be appended to it the signatures of two
witnesses and the s«-al of a notary.
The object of this new provision is to put an
end 10 blackmailing suits by women setting up
the fact of a to-called common law marriage
by mutual consent, as evidenced by the persons
In question having lived together as man and
wife. Hereafter it will be impossible to estab
lish such a claim unless the agreement has been
legally recorded. It is also said that the new
law will prevent men from betraying women on
the pretence that a common law marriage has
taken place. Rut some lawyers think that a
man could get around the law by neglecting to
tile the certificate within the required six
months, in which case the woman could not
prove any marriage. It Is also held by some
lawyers thai under the new law there can be
marriages for a short period anywhere from
one day to six months. A couple could thus be
legally married for six months ami then cease
to be married by failing to tile any certificate.
Should these criticisms of the law prove to be
well founded the legislature will undoubtedly
be asked to amend It.
The paragraph in Governor Udell's messn.ee
dealing with the State normal schools calls at
tention to an abuse which has long flourished
unchecked. That same tendency to make State
institutions the servants of local Interests which
the Governor Is trying so hard to correct In the
case of hospitals and reformatories has led to
the undue duplication of normal schools and
their use for purposes entirely apart from those
which gave them excuse for being.
Nobody who is familiar with the educational
;i(Tairs of the State will question the accuracy
of the picture which Governor Odell draws
when he says:
An examination shows that under certain special
laws affecting 1 normal schools some localities are
benefited by having academies maintained at
the expense of the State, thus defeating the ob
ject for which normal schools were originally
Intended. There is no Yeason why the expense
of academic education In these various munici
palities should not be borne locally, or why the
State at large should furnish financial aid to a
greater degree than that now provided for by
general law for the maintenance of all high
schools and academies.
• In some parts of the State the normal 'schools
are the favorite Institutions for college prepara
tion. They compete with and discourage the
academies and preparatory schools maintained
at private or local expense for that work. These
schools, if allowed proper scope for development
in harmony with the requirements of The col
leges, would give ■ system of higher education
much belter than that which we now enjoy.
Too frequently students are led to the Study In
an elementary way of many subjects bavins ■
proper place In a normal school, to the neglect
of the thorough preparation In the subjects
which would best enable them to take advan
tage of college courses. On the other hand, the
normal schools are diverted from exclusive at
tention to their own proper work and led to give
energy to college preparatory work. As they
also maintain more advanced normal courses,
these courses are often presented to the minds
of young students as practically equal to or at
least a fair substitute for a college education.
Thus the normal school tends to occupy In the
popular mind a false position, harmful to edu
cational ideas.
It was never meant to be ■ rival of or a sub
stitnte for the college, it was meant t<> raise
the qualifications <>f our common school teach
ers. In former times these were themselves
largely graduates only of the common schools
or of ill equipped village academies. The normal
school was meant to help them, not to set for the
general public a standard of higher education.
Neither was it meant to destroy, iis It has al
most done, all the local and private Institutions
between 11 ollllllon school ntld the college.
It should be kept in its proper sphere, and. as
the Governor says. "Action should be taken to
"restrict the attendance at the normal schools
"to those who are Intending to enter the profes
"slon ns teachers."
King Edward's choice of the object to which
Sir Ernest Tassel's gift of $1,000,000 shall be
devoted Is highly significant It recognises one
of the crying needs of the times. The mortal
ity from pulmonary consumption In Europe and
America has for a quarter of a century or more
been greater than that from any Other one
disease. Well has this malady been called
•the great White plague"! .Moreover, until
recently it was deemed practically useless to
resist it when on«e the symptoms became un
mistakable. The discovery that consumption
can frequently be cured if taken in time there
fore is one of the greatest boons conferred on
mankind in tli" last few years. The benefits
derived from a temporary change of residence,
an outdoor life and mote fresh air than the vic
tim of tuberculosis has been accustomed t<> are
simply marvellous, only a small proportion <if
those who want to enjoy these advantages and
the care of a specialist, however, can afford to
Incur the expense. Besides, hospitals in which
the new system of treatment is provided are
all too few. Hence King I'M ward's decision is
BOt only a sign of the times, but it is eminently
Though the possibility of recovery from
tuberculosis has now been demonstrated, there
Is yet much to be learned about the best
methods of treatment. It does not dearly
appear whether the commissioners under whose
auspices Sir Ernest Tassel's gift Is to be ap
plied will Initiate new researches. Such a use
of a part of the money put at their disposal
would doubtless be in harmony with the phi
lanthropist's wishes and the King's Instructions.
Hut in any case the sanatorium about to be
established will unquest ionably be a model in
stitution of its kind, in both equipment and
It is an interesting coincidence that only a
few hours after the news of Sir Ernest's
benefaction was received in this city the New-
York Academy of Medicine was discussing
afresh the virtues of special hospitals for
tuberculous patients. The inadequacy of the
present provision for such people in rhe metrop
olis of the New World was emphasised on this
occasion by Dr. 11. P. Loom is. He was able,
too, to suggest an Improvement which might be
effected at small cost. The building on Black
well's Island lately occupied by the State as
an asylum for the Insane Is now vacant, and
could probably be fitted up us a sanatorium for
e«ui»uu.i;U\ co v itliout great expense. The proy
osltlon Is one which the new city government
•would do well to consider carefully.
Some of our ferryboats are too fond of short
cuts. They want to go straight across the Island.
When Paganlnl was complimented on his
music, he used to say. "But how did you like my
bow"? Van fA'yck has received no encomiums
on his official performance, but may think his
obeisances of departure were pretty well done,
all things considered, with no Insults ln them,
and only a minimum Infusion of cheek.
Berlin's exports to us during the last year were
the largest on record, showing that the Indus
trial depression of the country has not amount
ed to paralysis, nor anything like It.
The Newfoundland codfish and the banks
whereon its wild time is expended are still a
cause of diplomatic grief and tedlousness to
France and England, to be transiently assuaged,
no doubt, by a new modus Vivendi, the last one
having Just expired. The only codfish known
which is beyond the stage of exciting political
trouble If, perhaps, the one ln the Boston State
House, the commonwealth's mascot, which has
given no trouble to anybody for a hundred years
and more, while its types under the wave have
made, and will likely continue to make, no end
of International bother.
Light healed Sir Mercury, divinity of gam
lilcrs and thieves. Is soaring away from Xew-
York. District Attorney Philbln gave him a
■care and the coming of District Attorney Je
rome has sent him scurrying with all the speed
at his command.
The Tribune has said repeatedly that strong
measures of restraint must be used to keep In
check rocklf>ss handlers of automobiles who go
rushing through towns and villages at a speed
so great as to endanger life and limb. This need
becomes more urgent. The columns of the
newspaper continue to show every day that too
many of the drivers refuse to take heed.
When fault was found with Charles Lamb
because he was in the habit of arriving at his
desk ln the India Office at a late hour in the
morning, the gentle Klia replied demurely.
"Well, you know I make up for It by going
away very early ln the afternoon." That was
the practice of thousands of political favorites
on the city payrolls under the Van Wyck sys
tem of mlsgovernment. They always came Into,
but they mads up for It by going away early.
But the holders of places In the municipal de
partments must earn their salaries hereafter.
With a brand new President of approved pa
triotism and ability. Cuba should turn a fresh
tobacco leaf in her history <>f texture and fra
grance unrivalled. Her now budded prosperity
should not end In smoke, like her principal crop,
and will not if we car help her out in any way.
In the lost decade of th<* nineteenth century
the gifts to libraries, universities and colleges
reached wins sing totals. But it is already appnr
fiit that the twentieth century upon which. W«
have ent«*r»d Is to exceed the most dazzling
.{reams <>f any age in the past with respect to
magnificent benefactions for institutions of lit -
ernture, of research, of education nnd culture.
Dozens and scores of millions have been given
for such objects ln li*>l. Ere long the totals of
this astounding generosity and bounty will soar
far up In the hundreds of millions.
'The Christian Register" reports thnt the ques-
Uon, "What was the general character of Moses?"
i!rew from oiv child in a Sunday School the reply:
" \ gentleman." Not understanding, the inspector
asked why. "Please, sir. when the 'laughters of
Jethro went to the well to draw wnter, the shep
d. r>!s w.re in the way. but Moses helped them, and
said to the shepherds, 'ladles first, please. 1 "
"My dear" sal.l Mrs. Gush, "your motirnln<
bonnet Is fust lov« lv "
"Yes." replie.l the young Widow, petulantly, "hut
the fact that 1 have !.. pay for It myself robs me
. r.- ! might have In wearing If" -
(Philadelphia Preai
\ correspondent of "The London Standard"
•The long mooted qaeatlon of the appoint*
in. Nt of ■ Papal Nuncio m St. Petersburg again
forma ■ prominent topic In Russian oflktel and
diplomatic rlrcles, and It Is not Improbable that
the matter may be finally decided within ihe n.-xt
f. w months Th. Pope has long been desirous ol
having a regularly accredited representative in th.-
Russian capital, holding plenary hierarchical Juris
diction over the Polish CathoUra The daSeulty
lias hitherto rested with the Polish clergy and
laity, who insist tii.it if a Papal Nuncio be ap
pointed for Russia ■ polish prelate or vicar Apos
tolic must be chosen. To this demand the Russian
Government will not, of course, listen."
Bmtke Wonder why they call thes* ward politi
cians 'heelers'"*
Wurri-'k Probably because they doctor the elec
tton returns no often (Boston Transcript.
The local newspapers Of Lawrence. Kan . have
arranged for ■ BddlerS 1 contest to raise money for
the Ass.., late. l Charities. Congreeaman Bowersooli
has given the use of his opera house for the con
test, which Will be held on January SI. and already
several prizes have been offered. It la a fiddlers'
and not a violinists' contest, and hence rural talent
will be especially sought after.
Coming to the Point. — Mr. (Jrogan— What a power
o' funerals they do be havln' at the church these
days. Bhuro, it's shtarted m* thinking.
Miss Casey Thlnkln' ny what?
Mr fJrognn -That whin It come tolme fur my
funeral would you be »he wlddy?— (Philadelphia
Not long ago a tourist ln New-Orleans went to see
th<- statue of Andrew Jackson ln that city, on the
pedestal of which N inscribed, 'Tnlted We Stand;
Divided We Fall." Seeing an old colored man stand
ing by, he asked. "I'ncie. did thnt Inscription stay
there nil during the Civil War'" "No. sah." re
sponded the old uncle, "hit didn't stay dur einlurin'
de wah. In de fust place, deni letters was Matulin'
OUt inik dey was plastered on. Den de wah bust
loose, ami de Confederate gta'ral flows yore, be tuk
a chisel and cut ili'in letters off smooth. Den of
Qin'rsl Butler, he come otioug wid his Union sojer».
an' he tuk a chisel an" cut deni In deep, lalk dey Is
now An". Lardy, how <Je folks down yere dvi
sw'ar when ol' Gtn'ral Butler brush de tins' off'n
his clothes an' ult up fruni his wu'k nn" say, 'l'.se
a-gwlne to hang de fns 1 Johnny Ren what cuts dem
letters off UK'lll.' "
lie Knew Chickens. Mr. Suburb -What on earth
are you trying to do, neighbor?
Mr Nexdoor Merely taking down v little of this
fence, so that I can move my chicken coop over
Into your ) aid.
"Eh? My yard"'"
"Yes, I like- to be neighborly, and considerate of
other people's feeling*, you know."
"Bui .r"
"Ten, you sha'n't have imy more cause to com
plain about my chickens scratching up your yard."
"But you :\re moving your whole coop over onto
my property!"
"That's the Idea. Uidck as the chickens find
their coop in your yard, they'll conclude that yon
own them, nnd will spend the rest of their natural
lives scratching ln my yard, you know."— (New-
York Weekly.
The Gardes. City Association, of London, will
shortly undertake to establish a model township.
The aim of this association is to promote the re
moval of Industries from the cities Into the coun
try, where the working people can find room to live.
Thus far nothing has been done by the society In
the way of practical execution of its plan. Hut It
Is now proposed to buy an agricultural estate of
about six thousand acres, and to house on one
thousand of the acres thirty thousand people, leav
ing the remainder free for factories and agriculture.
It Is believed that the scheme will pay a 5 per cent
return upon the Investment. While not altogether
Utopian, projects of this kind can hardly be ex
p., tel to accomplish very much toward diminishing
Iks overcrowding In great Industrial centres. The
pan calls for employers of large Ideas and philan
thropic Impulses. It also runs counter to the
strong preference for urban life which undoubtedly
exists on the part of the majority of the working
Mrs. Gotham— l am surprised. John, to heur you
say a good word for that elevated railroad cor
Mr (Wham-Why, so?
"Because you are always saying something awfui
about them when you g«t home."
"Ypb; but I stand up for them nearly every nlcht
coming home."— lYuukvrs Statesman.
About People and Social Incident*.
Washington. Jan. 4 (Speclal).-Qovemor I^eslle M.
Shaw was President Roosevelt's guest at luncheon
this afternoon.
Senator Hanna had a long Interview with the
President to-day, ln which the political situation
In a number of Southern States and elsewhere was
discussed. Senator Hanna spoke favorably of Pres
ident Roosevelt's prompt and businesslike handling
of afTairs, and said that the President was doing
the best ln hl» power for a good administration.
The Bureau of Engraving and Printing has added
to Its engravings a vignette of President Roosevelt.
After his death this engraving may be used on
government securities. The collection of vignettes
has been printed, and a handsomely framed copy
of heads of all the Presidents has been sent to the
White House. The engraving of President Roose
velt was made from a specially selected portrait
At Mrs. Roosevelt's tea this afternoon Miss Root.
Miss Knox and the Misses Hitchcock assisted i n re
ceiving the guests. It was a card reception and
attended by a large number of we 1 known P£<H? le -
The guests were presented In the Hlue Room, w hi. n
was finely decorated. The cut flowed which were
used ln the decorations of the White House last
bight, when the bull in honor of Miss £B£e R©°»*"
velt was given, were sent to various hospitals to
day by order of Mrs. Roosevelt. There were hun
dreds of roses, carnations, hyacinths, etc.
The hours of the diplomatic reception OB Tttes
dav are from 9 to 10:30 p. m. On Thursday the
President and Mrs. Roosevelt will «jtertata the
Diplomatic Corps at dinner. There will be about
ninety guests.
Washington. Jan. 4 (Speclal).-The season which
has had such a smart opening will be extremely
gay for the next fortnight. Some of the functions
set for Monday night are Mrs. Westinghouse's
dance at Rauscher's for the friends of her young
son the Kean dinner dance for Miss Roosevelt, and
Mr. and Mrs. Benjamin F. Lelghton's reception at
9 o'clock.
The first of the weddings which will make the
week more than ordinarily Interesting will take
place on Tuesday. Miss Alice Davles Rochester
and Captain Charles Wendell Fenton. U. S. A., will
be married at noon at the home of General and
Mrs. Rochester. In Elghteenth-st. The ceremony
will be witnessed by only the relatives and personal
friends*. Relatives to he present are the bride's
brother. Captain William B. Rochester: Mr. and
Mrs. Jullrn T. Davles. of New-York, the bride's
uncle and aunt, whose daughter. Miss Ethel
Davles., will be maid of homr; Frederick Towns.nd
Martin, of New-York and Paris, and Howard Mar
tin. Captain Fenton's father. Charles B. Fenton.
of Mackinaw. Mich., and Miss Fenton. will also be
hrre. Captain George B. Lanshorne will be the
best man. The couple will make a short visit to
New-York before going to Fort Mind-. South
Dakota, where. Captain F*atoo*s regiment Is sta
tioned. Captain Fenton served on General F. D.
Grant's staff throughout his three years' service
it, the Philippines, and Mrs. Grant is coming to the
The wedding of Mi** Julia Foriker to Francis
King Wainwrlght. of Philadelphia, and of Miss
Klisa Bradford to the Rev. Edward Darlington
Johnson will take place at noon Wednesday, the
first at Senator and Mrs. Foraker's home .and the
latter at St. Mark's Pro-Cathedral Only relatives
will be present at the marriage of Miss Foraker.
The Rev. Dr. Mackay-.Smlth will officiate, deaami
Reeves Wainwrlght will be best man for his
brother. A large reception will follow the cere
mony before the departure of the young couple
for their wedding Journey. The bride's presents
are numerous and valuable. At the wedding of
Miss Bradford Bishop Satterlee will officiate, as
sisted by the Rev. Herbert Scott Smith, rector of
St. Margaret's. Only a family party will attend
the wedding breakfast. The Rev. Mr Johnson was
formerly of this city, but Is now rector of St.
Paul's Church. Brunswick, Me.
The women of the Cabinet will receive as
Wednesday afternoon, and the leading affair of
the .v.ning will be th« bachelors" german at the
National Rifles' Armory.
on Friday Urge dinners will be given by Senator
and Mra. Scott and Mr and Mrs. Townsend.
On Saturday the President and Mrs. R
will he entertained with the Cabinet by Secretary
"Mrs^George'A. Bright and Mka Bright will give
a tea at the Washington club, on January 11.
Mrs Letter gave a dinner party to-night at her
home In l>upont Circle.
Mrx I.owndes gave a musical entertainment this
afternoon at her home In Rhode Islan^i-ave.
Mrs. Mile" gave a luncheon to-day for her nle.-e
and guest. Mfss Hoyt.
Mrs F H CoHmrn gave another of the days
luncheon parties. . .
Mrs John Tilestnn Oran#er gave a I O Clock tea
this afternoon. anJ Mr. and Mr« lv Margerle and
Baron and Baroness Fersen gave dinners to-nlijht.
At the Charity bull on January 13 at the New \\ 11
lari both ballrooms will be la use. one for daactag
aad the other for promenading.
Almiml Dewej saw the President to-day t« as]
that he Is going to Florida with Mrs. Uewey. whose
health demands a change of .ltmate. Admiral and
Mrs I>ew«-'. will leave here on Monday, and will
i.c absent some time They will g> to Palm Beach.
Miss M R West, who recently returned from the
Philippines. Accompanied by her brother. Colonel
Parker \V. West, has removed to No. JJmm N-st.
Thf wees opealng to-day wHI l>* one of the gayest
of the season, and BOW that the Christmas and
New Tear's holidays :ire at an and and lOctety has
retnrned to town the prugtamme of dancing and
dining »in continue without Interruption nntfl Ash
Wednes lay.
At the h.id of the progranuM stands Mrs.
Astor'a ball, which takes p»aca to-aaorrow night al
the VV iMorf-Astorla. and Which has rOSM to OS
looked upon by the fashionable set .is ■ time hon
or, 1 and regular annual tastli itaw si EVav-Tork
society. Eilsha Dyer, ir . and Harry i-ehr will lead
the cotillon. There will also be the dance to mor
row evening given by atra. Marshall c. i.efferts at
Bherry'i for the debut of her daughter Mary, while
the opera, Albert BlorrU Baghy'i asarnhig BMssicaJ
vi the Waldorf-Astoria, a ausaber of receptioaa.
Including one "> Mrs. W Bvgene Parsons. No. till
Fifth-aye., and many dinner parties contribute to
m.ke to-morrow a verj busy da] from « social
point of \i» w.
On Tuesday there will be another ol the Fort
nlgbtly Dances at the Waldorf-Astoria, the second
Junior Cotillon at Sherry s this being a .-'.a.-s
which Mrs Arthur M. DsdgS has in hand, an.l of
whi.h Mrs. Btuyvesani Fish and Mrs. Deans Lewis
Morris are patronesses the lHaati party ghren i.v
Mr. and Mrs. Henry F. DUnocß at their house ln
Bast Slxtleth-St. in honor of Ambassador ar. 1 Mrs.
Choate, and "at homes" by Mrs Arthur De Similes
and Mrs. Charles D. Dtcfcey.
Wedneoday will be signalled by the marriage of
MtSS Julie Russell Parsons to Mean BL Redmond, at
the brides house, ln K.ist l-iftv-nfth-st. The rlrst
of the Morgan chamber music concerts wtt take
place on that day at the hawse, of Mrs. .1. West
Roosevelt, In lvast Thtrty-ftrst-st There will be
another of the Wednerday CotiHoas in the evening
at IVlinoMieos. receptions by Mrs. Joseph T I>o»-
N.. »7 Weal l-ifty-se .:i.)-st . and l.\ Mrs. A Hol-
Forben, No. T6 l\>st Flfty-flfth-st., and a din
ner l>.\ Mrs. John K. Harris at her bouse In East
Thursday'! arteclpa] entertainment will be the
large Jtaaer party ami musical ejvon by Mr. ;i i.,i
Mis Comenus Vanderbllt. The Knickerbocker Rat
ing Club will ha\e ita tlrs* meeting on that evening
at Dickel's, while In the afternoon Mrs. Fre.lerK-k
J. De Peyster has a large reception at the huu««
belonniiik- t<> the Secretary of War. which she has
i*-.f-,-,l for the winter.
Friday will bring with It the Bachelors' Ball, which
is one of the most talked of entertainments of the
season. It will take place at Sherry's, and vast
quantities of American Beauty ro.-»»>s will be used
to decorate the ballroom. Henry W. Bull. Center
Hitchcock. Henry W. Berryniun. LouH Holbrook
Melts and Alfonso De Navarro constitute the com
mittee In charge of the arrangements. The names
of the other men Interested In the affair appeared
In this column some weeks ago. Mrs John Jacob
Ast ir. Mrs. Cornelius Vanderbilt. Mrs. Clarence H
Mackay and Mrs. Ogden Mills will receive the
pu*-sts v'r.tU Wads worth and Eilsha Over ir
will lead the cotillon >vr ' Jr>
On th* eoMcty schedule for Saturday Is the wed
ding of Miss Louise Coxe to Robert Russell Bene
dict. It will take place in Grace Church chantry at
3:30 O'clock, and will bo followed by a recentlnn
at the home of the bride's mother Mr, Robert
K. Ccxe. No. 55 West !'iftv-eiKh-h-st. The '1
afternoon Mrs. George Frederic Oarr No 54 Fait
Sixty-nlnf.-st.. will give a reception.
A dan. for young- people was given last night
by Dr. and Mrs. Octavlus White at their house in
East Beventy-clghth-st.. for their granddaughter
Miss Elizabeth Wlnthrop Steve in. daughter of Mr
and Mrs. Lanyard Stevens. The .lancing, which
was preceded by a game of progressive hearts for
which handsome prizes were given, began at 0
o'clock, and was followed by a buffet supper, after
which dancing was resumed, the entertainment
being brought to 8 close at midnight with a Vir
ginia reel. Mrs. Berkeley Mostyn Mr«« John Hlau
White and Miss Elizabeth Stevens assisted Mrs*
White in entertaining the young people? who In!
Cind'v, Pell 1S cT nn 9 d. lne Ro r seVelt * Ro-ina Otis.
uladys Pell, Gladys Roosevelt, Anna Olyphnnt
Eleanor Oreene. Sarah and Chariott. Mat-Thin
Adelaide McAlpln. Electra HavemeyeV Alexandra
Stevci.3. Antoln-tte Heckscher. Louise • Schro"d/f
May Wlnalow. Rosalie de Fcreat Bthel cSwdln
and Egmont Schermerhorn. Marshall Lefferts.
Jerome Alexandre. Hamilton Fish. Robert Uv
lngston, Hugh ('hisholm. Paul L'hapln. Percy Pap.
Bons ami Fatrfleld Osborn.
Among the dinner parties glv--"i last ntght was
one by Mrs. Walter »1. tahSMOl at her home, in
East Flfty-thlrd-st.. followed BS v musical, at
which Kulx-llk played, and the bachelor dinner
given by Henry 3. Redmond at the Union Club.
Among his guests were Kriust Adee. Geraldyn
Kedmond. William K. i'osu-r. t'.eorge W. Scott,
(leorse B. Post. tr.. J. Norman de R Whitehouse
Sydney Smith. Eilsha Dyer, ir.. and Center Hitch
Mr. and Mrs. An son Phelps Stokes return to
town from Lenox to-morrow.
Stuart Pullman West and his bride, who was
Miss Klisa de Zereg-x. and whose marriage took
place on Friday, sailed yest?rday for Bermuda on
board the Trinidad. Mr. and Mrs. F. W. J. Hunt
sailed on board the same boat.
Announcement has been made, by Mr. and Mrs,
Edward M. Parrott of the engagement of th«i»
daughter Mary to Henry Schroeder. son of Mrs.
Franris Schroeder. Henry S.hroeder is a member
of the Calumet Club and a graduate of Columbia,
class of '99.
Vincent Astor. the son of Colonel and Mrs. John
Jacob Astor. will spend the remainder .<f the winter
at Tuxedo, where his parents have taken a house
for his use. and where he will attend sohooL
Miss Rita Oray and John H. Swarm will be mar
ried on Tuesday at Stockbridge, Mass. owing to
the r»»«nt death of Mr. rfwatin s Bade, I'rescott
Hall Hutler. the wedding will be a very small and
quiet one.
ArrariKements are bt'lng matle for the annual
Charity Hall at the Waldorf-Astoria am January SO.
In aid of the Nursery and i ailds Hospital, and
ticket! are now on sale at No. IS West Klevenlh
st.. and may ulso t..> obtained from the |>atrons. It
promises to be an unusually brilliant ball this
year, and, as usual, niii !•.• largely attended r.y the
fashionable set. for it Is the only public bail
patronized by society.
Sydney I,eißhton Smith, dancing with Miss
Heloise- Beekman. and F. Raymond I^fferts. danc
ins with Miss Wise, of Virginia, will i.-.id at th»
Wednesday Cotillon sfm at Debaooico'^ while
the patronesses, including Mrs. Ottftr Livingston
Jones. Mrs. Kdward A. Stevens. Mrs. Samuel
Spencer. Mrs. John Burling Lawrence, Mrs. Mont
gomery Schuylrr and Mrs. Thomas Randolph Price,
will receive the guests.
The second meeting of the Fortnightly Euchro
Club was held on Thursday at Mrs. B. Knower's
home. No. 4 East Seventy-seventh-st. Among those
C resent were Mrs. R. DelaßeM, Mrs. Philip Rhine
lan.ler. Mrs. .1 Blake White. Mrs N-.— r Mrs. R.
It. Crosby, Miss Katherlne Norwood Mi-*s M. Item
sen and Miss Morgan.
Philadelphia. Jan. 4 (Special).— A fashionable
wedding took place at noon to-day, when Miss Vir
ginia Campbell, daughter •■: Mrs. M,(- m Campbell,
became the bride of John Sargent Kevbold. A3 the
contracting parties were of different religious faiths
the ceremony was performed by Archbishop Ryan
at the archeoptscopal residence Instead of the
cathedral. Miss Campbell was given away by her
mother. Miss Edith Keating, a cousin ol the bride,
was maid of honor, anil Beauvi i . I : ■ > r : > - was best
man. The wedding party was limited to the Im
mediate relatives of the two families. A reception
followed at the home of the bride"! mother, No.
i 0 Delancey Ma." Mr. and Mrs. New bold sailed
for Europe on th> ir honeymoon trip.
San Francisco. Jan. 4.— Samuel Parker, formerly
Premier and Minister of Foreign Affair:- el Ha
waii, has been ■hit led to Mrs Abigail Campbell,
of San J is-, widow of the wealthy planter James
Campbell, the engagement of whose daughter AN'nl«
to Prince Kawanunokua w;is recently announced.
The wedding was private, the ceremony being per
formed at the Occidental Hcttl by Superior Judga
Hubbard. The marriage was followed by a dinner.
Among tro«e who sailed for Bermuda on the
steamer Trinidad yesterday Wen Mrs. H. S. Ford.
Mr and Mr*. Robert Allcock, .Mrs. A. W. Greene.
Mr. and Mrs T. A. H : :a.-. Mi?" Cecil W. Hamil
ton Mr and Mrs. F. W. J. Ht:rst. Captain and
Mrs. C. .1. Moller. Mr. and Mrs. James Suydam.
Stuart P. West and Major A. W. M Wilson.
U. KawaL a Japanese newspaper man. Is at
present in St. Joseph. Mo., buying part of a news
paper plant, which is to be shipped to Tokio,
Japan, to form the nucleus of a Christian daily
there. He has consulted the Rev Charles Sheldon.
of Topeka. Kan., on the subject.
Prof. Jacques Loeb, of the University Of
Chicago, who declares that he can prolong the life
of a cell by treating it with cyanide of potassium.
has been connected with the university since 1532.
when he came as assistant professor of physiology
and experimental biology. He now occupies the
chair of these two subject*, He was educated m
Berlin and received his first degr. c in I*so. He later
attended the University of StrasbUTS an.l took the
state examination there in ISS. He was at the
biological station at Naples for two years and
came to America, carrying on work at ISryn Mawr
College. He is known as a versatile worker in
Chief Justice Joslah Given of the Supreme Court
of lowa, who has just retired from the bench, has
served as a juJ«e for twenty-rive years and has
been one ol the most capable Jurists in the West.
and at th* same time oat of the oldest. After
serving In the Civil War with the Ohio Volunteers
he settled in lowa, and after a short term as Dep
uty Commission, r of Internal Revenue, by appoint
ment cf President Grant, he served as District At
torney and later a* legislator. On the resignation
of Judge Reed he succeeded th.it jir'st on the su
preme bench, and is now desire his second term
in that position.
Baron Joseph Yon Sehwegel. who U coming from
Austria to study 111 industrial system of tha
United States and the methods of "trust" organ
izations of capital in particular, is ■ raembet oi
the Austrian Parliament and the leader of th *
German party in that body. He is chairman of the
Imperial Committee on Railroads and ''Z™*!
also of the Bureau of Foreign Commerce— wtatnea
his interest in American industrial institutions.
He la one of In* m(st notable public men w
Austria, and Is interesting b. cause he began °™
career as a poor boy left to his own »l* Vlce » *f. r
the getting of an education. Entering the col
lar service, he rose rapidly and was at last ..reaieu
Privy Councillor of the empire and a barjn.
Miss Mary Williams Montgomery, OB whom has
been conferred the degree of doctor of philology
cum laude by the Tniverslty of Berlin, is the
daughter of an American missionary to the Ar
menians, and she was born iv. !'.t> -s-wn years
ago at Marash. in Asia Minor. As a child she lame
to America, studied in the high school or .>-«
Haven, and was graduated »< l!>^' e Veriufr*
where she studied German and French uter.u.ir«
end took her B. A After two y. ars spent n™*
Fast she went To Berlin, where she has stua.ta
during six seasons.
Senator Warren, of 111—, although at pres
ent surround. d by all the luxury of the prosperous
man. delights In telling stories of the days when
his bed was a pine box Hied with ha> in an attw
and when he had to g. t up t-very mornin*. .f l)r «
o-clock. feed the cows, split a lot of v.ood befora
breakfast, and til. walk three mil.s to si-nooi.
Charitable Institutions in N. w-Bedford. Mas*,
will receive nearly (100.000 from the estate of tSO
late Francis Billings, of Bo*<
ro l/.i *a; gift to i hi kcb.
Great Neck. Long Island. Jam 4.-Miss Mary 'R
King, of New-York, is to make a generous *"" t
A!'. Saints* Church in memory of her father, • •
Senator John A. King, who was instrumental Inc.
ganizlng the parish and was senior warden or 1m
Church at the time of his death. Miss Kin in
give the church a rood screen, pulpit and c nou
stalls, reredos and carvings for the chancel, an
will also have the interior of the structure ren«
in hand carved Flemish oak.
The rood screen will rest upon two columns. v>P^
which will be carved life •«■* representations or x
archangels Michael and Gabriel. The rerei.o* w^
contain representations of nine stints. a "' ! '
form a framework for the rear chancel win w^
which are mem. :...!- to Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Ji
An altar, which will be a memorial to fM«hcP
An altar, which will be a m-mor: al t o w- -|
I.ittlejohn. who Is buried In the * h ' irct ? y ", h * c«:
Saints*, will be placed in the church when mr
of Miss King Is Installed. The altar will be tne .
of members of the parish.
Rome. Jan. 4. The United States Ambaw^JJ
Mr. Meyer, gave his first reception in in* "JT
Brancaccio this evening. There were P** sen " tl
bers of the Cabinet, the municipal »"* h0 7;":, er **
members or the American colony. Th ® -»•
Court Ceremonies made the presentations.

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