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HARD TIMES IN GERMANY. %THY BERLIN* HAS FELT THEM SEVERELY. CITY GAY FOR EMPERORS BIRTHDAY LIVELY AMERICAN COLONY. W2: By The Tribune Association.) (BT CABI.T. TO THE TRIBfNKI Berlin, Jan. 25. — The times may be hard, but Berlin does not mope. It has felt the pressure of commercial depression more keenly than the oiher industrial centres of Germany, for the temple reason that it supplies goods in ordinary cf.nditions f"r the home trade within the em j .re rather than to foreign markets, and the do- BMStiC rather than the foreign trade has been (U moralized. During the last year a large pro pr.rti.in of the working population has been thrown out < f employment, and as the three pystems of state insurances embrace accidents, chronic il!nep 8 and old age. but not nervous ex haUFtion of the country itself, induced by over production and undue expansion of business in ure?ts, a direct provision has been required in the form of public works and soup kitchens. Banking combinations under the leadership of Berlin financiers have husbanded the resources of capital, and trade syndicates have steadied foreign commerce by limiting production, pre venting ruinous competition and maintaining prices, but artisans, whether unemployed or ~ half Has*, have been left dependent hit. m*fgf* savings or municipal works and pubic siup kitchens, yet the burdens have been bsnsC irtt* exemplary patience and military Otocfpltes, and the imperial capital on the eve of the Emperor's birthday has not lost an air cf Ifcbt bearteo gayety. The most encouraging fign of this week has Veen tha remarkable demonstration that the IBlfrirr has enormous reserves of capital and credit which are awaiting the restoration of nee. The imperial and Prussian loans, about H3.000,0Wi have been subscribed for fifty times over from the banking reserves and jnvate beards. Even when allowance has been made for tho low rate of German and Prussian I"? sad tar a margin of profit by speculators j n p r o cr : r. be DO surer indication that the times fre rr.er..iir.=r. as the leading bankers have been assertine since the opening of the year. ThP industrial depression of the last twelve rr. rr.hs has resembled the financial revolution of 1837 la the Doited States, with the important exception that the collapse of all business in tensts, although generally apprehended, has BS4 Isipumrl Th" chief cause of depression v a« the < xpansion of domestic trade and build ing enterprise en speculative lines, when the re frves of carital and the resources of organiza tion lacking Ist financing operations of ex •raordinary magnitude. Cold water is not an regmun when financiers, specu i»tois and manufacturers have been drinking .y for a long period, but the sobering effect, whi'.t graiuai. is inevitable. nililhw financiers, v.ho have been wonder- Ing whether the bottom would fall out of every thing, are now convinced that the. resumption of Lusinefs activities is impending. A remarkable feature cf the protracted period of depression has bees the steadiness of foreign trade. The judgment of manufacturers and merchants, who have bees fighting their way Into foreign mar kets for a quarter cf a century, has been re rr.Erkably vindicated. Foreign trade has been :hc; anchor to uindward during the protracted period of storm and sires;. The German ship has righted herself, because heavily ballasted pith foreign corr.m^rc^. This supplies the mer ohar.ts of Hamburg, Brem<n and the frontier towns with a strong argument against the new Tariff bill, by r.hich reciprocity arrangements v.ill lie Imperilled and foreign trade restricted. Even more effective objections come from the Hocia'.ists and National Liberals, who Inveigh Bgainrt increased taxation on Imported food when the ertfcara class is out of work and en titled :o the minimum cost of living. It is now an open question whether any com bination of the groups in the Reichstag is prac ticable tor securing the passage of a tariff bill Sith IncreaFod protection for agricultural prod ucts. Th - failure of the tariff scheme is prob able, even if thf; rumors of the projected com nercial coalitlon of Russia and Austrla-Hun pary are not svefl founded. While the German Emperor expects the ministers either to con ciliate or to manage the Arrarians by setting up one group against another, he is not per ronally interested In the tariff scheme,-, as he has ben in the naval policy. Foreign relations are fllrectly under liis control, especially when Eng land Is involved. The entertainment of the Prince of Wales will not lack either heartiness or statellness. There en no breach of the relations of the two Psyal houses, and the Emperor has too true an sr.F;in<n in forecasting the trend of race tenden cies and events not to perceive that England and Germany will l>" natural allies in the future, ■ten the flurry Of excitement over the Boer war passes. There Is every indication that the US of the two countries will improve In ;iK-nce of the brief visit of the Prince of ITales, and that the military and court func tinns connected with the birthday celebration is of unwonted splendor. Americans are represented by the Continental Journal* as receiving ardent attentions from two fmk us suitors, each eager to supplant the other. ling; to some cynical humorists. It i.-* a ftarre of "Codlln's the friend, not Short." The norf rational view is that the United States, England and Germany are in line with one an r>thfr as progressive maritime nations, and have •hing to gain by beins friendly with "ne IMCker. The German Emperor is paying both na tions compliments in turn in receiving the Prince lies and sendlßS Prince Henry across the t tiar.ti. .-. Moreovsr, there is no evidence of any thing save friendly feeling in the relations of Gtrrr.any and the United States. The canal 4|u<!stlon has not been raised in any form at Bftrlin. There are no signs in Germany of hos tility toward the American acquisition of the Danish West Indies, and the Monroe Doctrine ♦ 111 nt be chafleneed in the coercive measures for the enforcement of the Venezuelan financial The tariff bill, if It be enacted, will •* directed against Ru-sia. Austria-Hungary ar.d France, as well as against the United States. Brtn the drastic insurance law, which has ex cited protests from powerful American life in surance companies, is aimed equally against all foreign companies, and has already driven the English companies out of Germany. One great f an company has decided to comply with MsjsjHtt X rovisions, two other American ••Sapaniee are hesitating and undecided. Even Inturance question, v hlle imposing |ard h! P» upon vested American Interests, must be m THE SCHLEY INQUIRY tbe Judges were divided. In the champagne contro- Itriy an onncisseurs agree that Mumm'o Extra o»ei its (superiority to It* unsurpassed qual- Sf- It« import* in mi were. 120.359 cases— nearly ■WB roor«s than any other br*nd. Immense reserves ; . tu&rantee the ssamtenanes si lti quality.— -/r^'nolsseure th« world over prefer Otard's to any . * W> « brandy.-AdvU .. ' ■ *T\^k >^ ™ S» U^VW «h^s if^i^^ _ r^te*** sik a 'yuo NEW- YORK. SUNDAY. JANUABY 20. 1902.-2 PARTS, 28 PAGES. WITH ILLUSTRATED SUPPLEMENT. 16 PAGES. regarded as an Imperial or anti-foreign rather than an anti-American measure. The streets of Berlin are gay and animated, and there are no signs of the prevailing depres sion. The opera is crowded nightly, and the theatres are not suffering for lack of patronage. The concert season is unusually brilliant. The American colony, with a swarm of students of art, music and medicine, is having a gay winter, the wife of the popular and efficient Consul Gen eral Frank H. Mason being the natural leader. It is probably the most democratic American colony in Europe, and does not draw the line at minstrel shows for charity's sake. Owing to the interest of the colony in stu dent life and customs, the fatal duel between Falkenhagen and Yon Binnigsen, with gossip about firing hefore the signal, and morals against the whole hideous practice, has been generally discussed this week. The publishing trarlo h:iß come off lightly dur ing the period of depression. The leading houses of Leijisie. Stuttgart and Berlin have not been seriously affected by the hard times. The sale of the two supplementary volumes of Bismarck's correspondence with the Emperor and other men of the time has been remarkably large. Rooks have not been cheapened to suit-the exigencies of the times, and costly editions have not been abandoned. Cornelius Guiiltto's erudite history of art from the earliest ape has recently been issued at Stuttgart in two volumes, at 44 shil ling?. A more costly enterprise still has been undertaken by Ashii. in Berlin. This is a 15 guinea work on the famous Daessler collection of Peruvian antiquities, superbly illustrated. I. N. F. BRITISH PRINCE IS' BERLIN. HEIR. TO THRONE WELCOMED BY THE KAISER AND PRINCE HENRY. Berlin, Jan. 25. — Thp Prince of Wales, who has come to Berlin to represent King Edward at the celebration of the anniversary of the birth of Emperor William next Monday, was received with the greatest ceremony upon his arrival this evening. Emperor William, wearing the uniform of the Ist Royal Dragoons, accom panied by his second srni, Princ« Wilhe'm Eitel- Friedrich; Prince Henry of Prussia, a number of other piir.ces, th Duke of Baxe-Coburg and fiotha. the British Ambassador and his staff and numerous distinguished persons awaited on the station platform the arrival of the prince's train. The Prince of Wales, also wearing the uni form of the Ist Royal Dragoons, upon alighting from the train, was greeted by the Emperor. who advanced and warmly shook his hand. The station was filled with a brilliantly uni formed guard. The prince and the Emperor, side by side, passed down the line of the guard while the band played the British anthem. The military escort passed in review before the Em peror and his royal visitor, who afterward' drove in a state carriage to the palace, where they dined with the imperial family. According to En.peror William's special order an unusual number of police occupied the streets. Tne crowds, however, were small and showed little interest. The celebrations in honor of the Prince of Wales have been limited to the greatest possible extent, owing to the existing dlslske for Great Britain. Nevertheless, the prince will take luncheon to-morrow with the officers of the Ist Royal Dragoons, Queen Victoria's Own. Em peror William is expected to speak. PALM A ON SUt rA 8 TA RIFF. SAYS CONCESSIONS SHOULD ; REACH 50 PER CENT OF PRESENT DUTIES. Central Valley. N. T.. Jan. 25 (Special).— T. Estrada Palnia, President-elect of Cuba, gave to The Tribune correspondent to-day his views on the question of tariff concessions by the United States for Cuban products. The general has been watching closely every move that is made in Washington that bears on the ful> ject. On the action that Congress will take. General Pa.ma believes, depends the entire future happiness and prosperity of. the island. No other Cuban Is more directly interested in the disposition of the question, for on the flrat chief executive will devolve much of the re sponsibility for a Huccessful free government, and without the desired tariff concessions on tobacco and sugar he fears the latter will never be a success. General Palma said yesterday: The proeperity of Cuba depends to a great extent upon the attitude of the United States toward the now forming republic. The full moral obligation of th:s great nation to Cuba will be discharged when the United States has opened the only market that is possible to Cuban products. We must have this market. Unless we receive a reasonable reduction on sugar and tobacco, prospi rity will be an im posslbility. If this is tenled it will be the ruina tion of the country. . It is Impossible to im prove the bad condition of our principal staple, i-ui<ar, by reducing the American duty one third. In that way the problem will not be solved at aH. The clamor for further reduction will continue. The producer, unreleased from the embarrassing condition* which confront him now, would be unable to operate his mills for lack of money or credit to meet the expenses. me figures will clearly explain that the re duction of one-third of the actual duties is not sufficient to place our t;ugar on the fooling needed to give the growers some benefit. Under tho present scarcity of labor, increased taxes and scantier yield from neglected and im ■ poverished fields, the average cost of production may be reckoned as not less than .$- "lh a hun dred pounds. Then General Palma went to his desk and compiled the following table to substantiate hia urgument: Coet production, per 100 pound* : ;-* 225 Transportation from inland mill to seaboard. Includ ing railway frelrtit. wharfage, etc 20 Freight, Ou.ia to New-York, and marine in«urance. 1 par cent on f. o. b.. and landlnr charges In New- VY,rk i-tO • •••• "O may. 'two-third* of I«*s cents •• "2 Total ■SSCnsSi • • • ..-. %\ J}7 QNM niarket value in New-^ork • • ■* in Net lo^s per 100 poun'la iprol<ably more) 1- Continuing, he said: Therefore, it is absolutely necessary that the concessions should reach 50 per cent of the actual duties, co as to give the producer a rea sonable gain. The question of reduction for Cuban products Is certainly one of the most im portant problems that the United States has to deal with, and much depends on Its solution. "BUT ONE SALVATION FOR CUBA." Mr. Agulrre, necretnry of the American League, has received the following letter from ex- Senator J. B. Henderson, of Missouri: Dear Sir: Yours of December 30 received. I flo not wish at my age to enter upon new business enterprises. There Is but one salvation for < üba, and that Is admission into the L'r.ited States as a tovenlgn Stale of our Union. That alone gives h-r B,BSOlUt« free trade witH her greatest customer, and Rlvea to her people American products without tariffs and taxes. Such a course places Cuba at once among the first in wealth and prosperity of the American States. Let Cuba avoid, as she would a deadly contagion, any proposition to occupy the position of a territory of the United State?. Under the decisions of our Supreme Court this might make her a mere vassal to the pro tected interests of America. On the contrary, let Cuba enter into the Union as a fullfledgod State, or else not enter at all. Let her at once frame a con stitution, republican in form, and ask admission into the Union. If admitted. Cuba immediately be comes the great market for the tropical com modities of the Western world. Sho would Im mediately absorb all the wealth and power of the West Indies. If not promptly admitted on applica tion, she could "till stand upon her strength and dignity as an independent State, with the perfect confidence that her proposition would soon b« fol lowed by trade, concessions in the United States which no political party here could safely resist. WINTER HOMES FOLDERS. The SEABOARD AIR LINE R'way have issued for the public a "Winter Homes" folder, which is very complete. Write Office. 1.183 B'way. for a copy, which will be sent on application.— Advt. m POLAND! POLAND!! POLAND!!! "mottled iit the Famous I'olund Spring, Me.— Advt. CONCESSIONS TO CUBA. RECIPROCITY BILL READY FOR CONGRESS. THE WHOLE FORCE OF THE ADMINIS TRATION BACK OF THE WAB DE PARTMENT'S MEASURE. fnT TKI.Er.RAPH TO THF. TBIBIXE.] Washington, Jan. 2.".— 1t was learned to-day that the War Department had completed its bill for reciprocity with Cuba, which provides for concessions in excess of 25 per cent and It is believed that this bill will be sent to the House on Monday. It goes without saying that the whole force of the administration will bo back of the measure. NEEDS OF CUBA URGENT. COLONEL BLIBB SHOWS HOW A MONOP OLY OF THE ISLAND'S TRADE MIGHT BE SECURED. [nr TKt.rr.RArn to tub TKinrNE.] Washington. Jan. 25. — The Ways and Means Committee to-day listened to some plain facts, touched with a tinge of pathos, concerning the necessity, economic, political and moral, of mak ing liberal tariff concessions to Cuba. The hear ing was devoted wholly to representations In favor of a policy on the part of this country toward Cuba which would serve the double pur pose of rehabilitating the island and preventing annexation. Colonel Tanker H. Bliss, an officer of the United States Army, who has been col lector of customs at Havana ever since Amer ican occupation was established, told the com mittee that there could be such a readjustment of the tariff relations between Cuba and the United States as would give to this country a practical nsODOpoij of the trade and com merce of the island and thus destroy Ger man and English domination of that trade. He described the terrible depression that now exists in the Cuban sugar business, and declared that this could be relieved only by the tariff concessions sought. The leading bankers of Havana were refusing further credit to the planters, said Colonel Bliss, and when this occurred it was a sure sign of the distress of the planters. He roughly esti mated the sugar Industry of the island at $'J00,000.000. and declared that about three fourths of the people depended In one way or another on the sugar business. H-» submitted a list of articles on which a differential of about 33 per cent In favor of the United States as against other countries would give this coun try the trade of the Island. He explained that in reporting this to the War Department the condition had been imposed on him not to re duce the revenues of Cuba. Under such cir cumstances, he thought It would be necessary first to raise Cuba's tariff rates for purposes of revenue, ana then readjust them with a BUin 'cient differential to give th<* United States-con trol.of the' trade. TU«. he iilJ.*wasi only* one Of the plans proposed by the War Department. When asked if he thought the people of Cub* would vote for annexation. Colonel Bliss said he thought they would, but thut a commercial union with the United States would satlsry tl.em even better than annexation. His state ment eet/med to make a deeper impression on the committee than that made thus far by any one else. PLEAS OF CUBAN DELEGATES. Colonel Bllsb was followed by several mem bers of the Cuban delegation h<-re representing variouß lines of industry in the island. Seftor Place grew eloquent and pathetic In his plea for help to the island. "For every dullar we ask from you we are willing to give you one in re turn," he said. Sertor Mendoza called attention to the •well known fact that before the Cuban Constitutional Convention incorporated th<- Platt amendment into the organic law of the island President McKinley and members of the Cabinet had promised the concessions now sought, and, therefore, the object of the Platt amendment would not be effected until these concessions are tn.uli . In beginning his statement Colonel Kliss disclaimed authority a* a sugar expert, and sau his knowledge was confined to that of an ob server for three jears in an office dealing wilh the trade of Cuba. This led him to hope thai if there was any change in the tariff it would be such an adjustment as would throw into th< hands of the United States tne large amount of Cuban trade now taken by foreign countries. Chairman I'ayiif asked Colonel IJliss to specify what advantages the Inited States could gain from Cuba, and called attention to the low tariff rate Cuba imp-^sed against the Tnited States. AMERICAN TRADE WOULD GAIN. Colonel Bliss said the average ad valorem rate was about lil per cent, and he presented tables designed to show how a tariff readjustment could throw practically all of the Cuban trade into the hands of American producers. At pres ent, he saifl, Cuba bought !S<»u,lM>O,<>UO, of which the United States furnished and .the balance of about 937.0QQ.000 came from foreign countries. On many articles, such as fresh be-^f, railroad Iron and other specified articles, the United States had a practical monopoly of the trade, but on many other articles, totalling about |45.O0(fcO00, the Tnited States had only $10,000,000 of the trade. "Hy a reasonable mod ification of the Cuban taritT." said Colonel Bliss, "at least SG per cent of this trade can be thrown to the United States." The members of the committee questioned Colonel Bliss on the details of the proposed readjustment. Representative Newlands, of Nevada, suggested that without political control of Cuba there might be servile labor to compete with American labor. He added: "Are the Cuban people prepared to come into political relations with the United States?" ANNEXATION SENTIMENT IN CUBA. "I think a great majority of the Cubans arc ready to come in," Colonel Bliss replied. "As a Territory or a State?" asked Mr. New laads, "They would be glad to come in as a State or a Territory or under the military authority— almost any way in order to come under the au thority of the L'nlted States." -If Invited to come in first as a Territory, then as a State, would this be accepted?" "I think it would." Colonel Bliss said he thought commercial union wljh Cuba would postpone political union. Per- ( oiillunrd on third pane- PINBHURST "THE BEAUTIFUL." 'Hie beautitul Now England village, located among the lone leafed pines of North Carolina, offers a delightful home to tourists daring the winter. Reached quicker and with more comfort via Sea board Air Line Ry. Through Pullman sleepers. Write office, 1,18.1 Broac wa> -Advt. POLAND! POLAND!! POLAND.:: Greatest Natural Mediciual Water Known.-Advt. France asd Spanish war PULL FACTS MAY BE DISCLOSED IN CHAMBER OF DEPUTIES. (Copyright: t»02: By The Tribune Association.) [BT CABLE TO THE TRIBOJE.I Paris. Jan. 2ft.— The explanations of the for eign offices at Paris, Berlin. St. Petersburg and Vienna, elicited by Lord Cranborne"s statement regarding the alleged proposals of the Conti nental powers to intervene in favor of Spain during the Spanish- American War are published to-day in the French papers, and It is deemed probable that eventually the question will be put in the Chamber of Deputies to M. Deleasse, Minister of Foreign Affairs, railing for the pro duction of the documents and dispatches show- Ing exactly what was the attitude of the French Government toward the United States in March and April, ISI>B. Some time must, however, elapse before making public the correspondence, because by diplomatic usage in such cases the assent of those concerned must previously be obtained. The various branches of the Organization Alli ance Franc.ai.se express the desire that the full official correspondence should be disclosed, in the firm belief that the friendly attitude at that period of the French Government toward the United States will thereby be established beyond any doubt. Notwithstanding the difficulty with which French diplomacy is confronted, namely, with proving a negative— that is to say. In demon strating that France was never a party to any- Joint or collective proposal of intervention— those who originally selected the Paris cable service of The Tribune as the medium of put ting the Continental case before the American public, and which has resulted in drawing from Lord Cranborne and from the foreign offices of the European capitals so much light on this point of history, now disclaim the endeavor to prove too much. They admit that England's friendship toward the United States in the spring of IHQS was unquestioned and patent to the world, but what they object to is that the fre quently reiterated protestations of that friend ship should invariably be coupled with asser tions that the governments of France and Rus sia during the spring of 1SJ»8 were unfriendly toward the United States. They declare that General Porter, at present in St. Petersburg, is cognizant of facts which, if he deems the moment opportune to disclose them, would furnish ample testimony to the pood will of the French Cabinet toward the United States in the March and April previous to the Spanish-American War. and while the war lasted. It is pointed out that in March and April, 1886, there was extreme tension between the cabinets of France and England about the Niger question, and also between the cabinets of Russia and England, owing to the occupation of a port in China. The Austrian and Spanish ambassadors at the Court of St. James are ac cused of profiting by this tension, and making Mr. Balfour, who conducted the negotiations In Downing Street at the time, believe that there really did exist a coalition of the Continental powers. Anyhow, the feeling in French diplomatic cir cles is that at the present moment, when Eng land and Germany are acting in such zealous rivalry to win the smiles and good graces of the Unitftd State*, it is unfair that France should be made to appt at ab having frowned upon her sister republic during the critical period of the Spanish-American War, and when the noisy barks and growls of the Nationalists and the Catholic reaction were mistaken abroad for the voice of the masses of the French people, whose real feelings of friendship and interest toward the United States were represented by the French Government. c. I. B. CONSTRUCTORS OF SHAMROCK 111. THORNBTCROrn TO BUILD SIR THOMAS LIPTUNS NEW YACHT. Glasgow. Jan. 25— As the result of an exhaustive examination of Shamrock I the first offer of a contract to build Shamrock 111 will go to tho Thorneycrofts. The examination, which has just been completed, was made with the special object of determining the relative merits of the workman ship of Shamrock 1 arid of Shamrock 11. and William Fife is ho batisned with the condition of Sir Thomas Upton's first challenger for the Amer ica's <'ui> that he wants the Thorneycrofts to try uftaln on Shamrock 111. it has been found that ;li»- old boat, « xrept where aluminum was used, has stood the Strain and wear admirably. The plating wa« always truer than in Shamrock 11. and her underbi.dy h;is iit-vcr .shown Urn W— IniSSS in the rivetiiiS which 1-auw'd so much trouble in the case of tho last challenger. TO PREVENT STRIKE IX ROME. GOVERNMENT MEANS TO CHECK ACTION BY RAILWAY KMPLOYES. Rome, Jan. 25.— The "Official Journal" an nounces to-night that the government has taken a decided stand In view of the rumors of an Im pending strike upon all the great railways in Italy. The Cabinet announces that it cannot consider a railway strike, affecting, as it does, great public interest 01 , in the same category with a strike of ordinary workers, but will class such an action as a strike of public ser vants, punishable under the penal code. While determined not to allow a railway strike, the Cabinet recognizes the right of the working classes to improve their own condi tion, and therefore the government has ap proached the railway companies with a view of obtaining the desired concessions, which it Is confident it can do. BOERS TO FKIHT BOERs. ANOTHER CORPS TO BE RAISED— CAPTIVES SAID TO BE OPPOSED TO THE WAR. Pretoria, Jan. 115. — Lord Kitchener has au thorized General Vilonel. a burgher who sur rr-ndered, to raise an additional Boer corps of I,: Tkn> men General Vilonel has written a letter to ex-President Steyn warning the latter o? his intention to form such a corps, and adding that the Boers in the concentration camps are tired of the useless struggle, and are determined to help the British end it. Nt: BLOwnz xot to retire. London. Jan. 25.— The Associated Press is re quested to say that the statement which appeared tn "The Candid Friend" (a weekly paper), and which was transmitted to the United Stutes in these dispatches on January 1, saying that M. de Blowltz was retiring from '"The London Times" and would be succeeded as Paris correspondent of that paper by William Morton Fullerton, an Amer ican, is entirely unfounded. FLORIDA AND THE SOFTH. Via Southern Ry. The most perfect service ever offered before. Pullman Sleeping and Dining Car on all trains. The route of the famous Southern's Palm Limited. Leave New York daily except Sun day !2:40 noon, earliest afternoon arrival St. Au gustine. — Advt. MARDI GRAS EXCURSION. $37 50 round trip from N Y. via New Orleans Short Line Dining car service and sleeping cars thro from N. T. Address Norfolk & Western, No. oM B'way. — Advt. • • POLAND. POLAND'! POLAND.:: Poland water, flrit amont nature* remedies.— Advt. [Copyright: 19O2: By Th*> Tr:>un» AMOcUUon.] BIG FUND FOR COOPER UNION. COOPER AND HEWITT FAMILIES ADD $600,000 TO CAR NEGIE'S SECOND GIFT OF $300,000. TO STRENGTHEN AND EXTEND THE CURRICULUM. Announcement was made yesterday afternoon that ex-Mayor Edward Cooper, his sister, MHs Sarah Amelia Coopor, and ex-Mayor Ahram S. Hewitt and his family had given MMtMi as an endowment fund to Cooper Union. This an nouncement was made by Mr Hewitt shortly after he had confirmed the report that Andrew Carnegie last week save $300.««l)0, also as an en dowment fund, to the same institution. This is Mr. Carnegie's second gift to Cooper Union. the first one, made about two years ago, being of a like amount. Thus Cooper Union is $'.M)O,<lO0 richer than it was two years ago. Mr. Hewitt, who is secretary of the institu tion, said yesterday at his home. No. 9 Lexing ton -a vc: "Last week Mr. Carnegie gave Cooper Union i?»io,i*»O. This made his total gifts to the In stitution SKOO.OOO. When the Cooper family heard of Mr. Carnegie's generous Intention to give a second $300,000 they felt that they should meet him halt way. When Peter Cooper, my father-in-law, died, in ISS3, he left an en dowment fund fir the institution. This fund was not to go to the Union until the death of his children. The determination of the children to forego their right to the annuities from this fund transfers StiOO.OOO to the Union which it might not have received for thirty or forty years. The surrendering of these annuities Is certainly a creditable thing for the Cooper fam ily to have don». "The income whi-^h will be derived from these gifts, with what the Institution already has. will enable it to increase greatly its sphere of use fulness. It will enable us to occupy practically the entire building. Hitherto we have been compelled, because of the expenses incurred in the projection of improvements in the cur riculum, etc.. to rent four stores on the ground floor. We have been gradually taking over these stores, and now we hope soon to occupy all the space at our disposal. We have no intention of constructing another building, preferring to strengthen the faculty and courses of study. '•Last year we expended SIS.OOO more than our Income in our efforts to enlarge the use fulness of the school. We desire to make Cooper Union as complete an institution as possible. The money will be used to pay our teachers higher salaries. We shall give more advantages yO FEARS FOR MAXCHURIA. OPINION THAT TREATY WILL NOT AFFECT RISSIAS POLICY. Peking. Jan. 25.— The Manchurian treaty is expected to be signed within a week. The dip lomats here do not manifest much interest in it. as they do not believe any written treaties will in the slightest degree affect the poMcy of liussia in Manchuria. A separate contract with the Russo-Chinese Bank secures to the bank complete control of the railroads and mines. TRANSFER OK CANTON CUSTOMS. Canton, Jan. 2.">.— The native custom? will be transferred to the Imperial Maritime Depart ment about February L'O. $65000 TO INSTITUTIONS. MISS TULLY REMEMBERS ROMAN CATH OLICS IN HER WILL. [BT TKI.EC.RArH TO THE TS.ITIS ] Boston. Jan. 2o. — The will of Miss Cecelia Tully. who in this city lived at No. 43 East Newton-st.. which was rileil in the Suffolk Pro bate office on Friday, contains about $tiT>,ooo in bequests, among wales are $500 each to the Little Sisters of the Poor, tae Home for Desti tute Catholic Children, the House of the Good Shepherd, and the Carney Hospital; $1,000 to the Religious Society of the Sisters of Mount Car mel. $2.<»>o to the Working Boys' Home. $10,000 to Archbishop Williams, to be devoted to the use of St. John's Seminary; $30.01 M to Wood stock College. $5,000 to the Apostolic College, County Limerick, Ireland; $1,000 to the Oblate Fathers NovUuito at Dublin, and $4,000 to the trustees of Boston College for two scholarships. REPORT ABOIT HARTLEY ESTATE. WELL INFORMED PERSONS DO NOT BE LIEVE THAT IT HAS ALL BEEN LHFT TO ONE GRANDSON. There were reports In circulation yesterday that the estate of Marceilus Hartley would amount to $60,000,000. and that by the terms of his will the bulk of the estate would ko to Marcellus Hartley Dodge, his grandson, who Is twenty-one years old and a member of the junior class in Columbia University. Persons In position to be well informed said last evening that the reports probably were not true. At the same time it was said that the estate of Mr. Hartley probably would be found to be larger by many millions than it was generally believed to be at the time of his death. Mr. Hartley died suddenly about two weeks ago when he was attending a meeting of the executive committee of the American Surety Company. l"p to last evening his will had not been filed at the Surrogate's office. A business associate, who was one of Mr. Hartley's confidential advi<ers. told a Tribune, reporter that the delay in filing the will had been made MCCMSarj by the many sad varied financial enterprises in which Mr. Hartley was in terested at the time of his sudden death. It would take some time, he said, to ascertain the extent of an estate so diversified. Mr. Hartley had been the head of several corporations in which he held large Interests. At present. The Tribune's In formant said, there had not been an estimate of the estate of Mr. Hartley. The mother of Marcellus Hartley Dodge was the first wife of Norman W. Dodge. She died about twenty years asro. Another daughter of Mr. Hurt ley was Mrs. James Stores, and It was said last evening that she died without issue. The only liv ing child of Mr. Hartley is Mrs. George W. Jenkins. of Morristown. She has three children. It was said last evening by a relative of Marcellus Hartley Doige that the report that the young man had been named as sole heir to the Hartley millions prob ably was not true, because Mrs. Jenkins and her children were natural heirs. It was raid last evening that the will of Mr. Hart ley found after his death was made about sixteen years ag>. Mr. Hartley was over seventy years old at the time of his death. He had been active in business In the city more than fifty years. ARREST OF ADOLF SCHVTDT. Paris, Jan. 25.— Adolf Schmidt, the fugitive director of the Cassel Treber-Trocknung Company, who disappeared in July last at the time of the failure of that concern, has been arrested Ik response to Germany's request for his extradition. QUICKEST TO FLORIDA-NASSAU-HAVANA. Morning Afternoon and Night Trains -N. Y. A Ha Special." 2:10 p. m. Excursion Tickets allow stop off Charleston Exposition. Apply Atlantic Coast Line. 1.161 Broadway. 'JTth-st.— Advt. FLORIDA.— En.loy summer climate in winter at Tampa Buy Hotel. Information at 3 Park Place and Plant System. 9H Broadway — A»vt. PINEHURST, N. C. VIA siHTHKIiN' RY. : .,. New York 4:C5 p. m.. arrive Pinehurst following morning. Sleeping and dining car service. N. V Offices. 271 & 1.155 Broadway.— Advt. PRICE FIVE CENTS. to students in mathematics and mechanics. Th« free evening classes in science and art for young men and vomen will be strengthened, and an effort will be made to give instruction co a greater number of students. The physical laboratories will doubtless be enlarged, so that in the coming year there will be increased facili ties for instruction In electricity. The reading room, to which three thousand persons of all ages dally resort, will he made more attractive. "The additional funds will also enable us to accommodate more day pupils. Sixty student* who earn their own living now come to ta» Union for special instruction in the arts and sciences. This number can be largely increased. We had hoped at the inception of the day school Idea to teach only graduates of high schools, but the Utter have not taken advantage of our courses to the extent that we had supposed they would. There are more applicants for ad mission to the Union than ever before. We are) giving instruction to 2.500 students. Wa can now take in two hundred more." Ex-Mayor Cooper, president of Cooper Union, said yesterday at the Union Club, that the trus tees did not intend to make the institution * great technical school. "We wish to carry out the policy of th» founder," he said. "To do so we shall simply make stronger our corps of teachers and the courses themselves. My family gave 5600.000. How much each member of the family has con tributed to this sum is of no Interest to ta« puolic. We intend to make of the Union a free popular educator, and not a competitor to th» great American technical schools." The Cooper Union for the Advancement of Science and Art. incorporated In 1^57. occupies the s*»ven story brownstone building bounded by Third and Fourth ayes. and Seventh and Eighth sts. Before Mr. Carnegie's first gift of $300,000, in 1900. its annual receipts were $oS, 490: expenditures. fOMtV; permanent fund. 9033.150. The officers of the institution ara Edward Cooper, president: Abram S. H-^wlrt, secretary, and L. C. Levin Jordan, assistant sec retary. Mr. Hewitt has lone much to raaks> Cooper Union one of the best organizations in the country for the practical instruction of workingmen and artisans. The union la 'Medi cated to -Science, to make life intelligent, and lo Art, to make life beautiful." WILES XOT A CAX'DIDATF. SAYS REPORTS THAT HE SEEKS THE PRESI DENCY ARE FALSE. [BT TELEGRAPH TO THE TRIBC~\K. 1 Hnsmn. Jip. Js.— Lieutenant General Nelann A. Miles denies the report that he Is a candi date for the Presidency of tba United ftfr— . In answer to a letter of inquiry written to him by George F. Washburn. president of the Com monw^ahh Club of Massachusetts, the General. under >late of January 2.". responds: Your favor of the lMh inst. reached me to day. Tou desire information as to the truth or falsity of the newspaper reports f'om Washing ton, making me an active candidate for th« Presidency. I deeply regret these rei^rts. Like many oth ers in the past, they are absolutely unauthorized. They do not emanate from myself nor from my friends, and I trust that the public will not be misled by them. I hiive not been and am not now a seeker for Presidential honors. My ambi tion has ever been to faithfully serve my coun try in whatever sphere- duty may have dictated, and this will be my tole purpose in the future. Rirfi ACCI SES XKELY. SERIOUS CHARGE MADE IX REGARD TO CUBAN POSTAL SCANDAL. Havana Jan. '2Zk — At the hearing to-day of fhs> charges growing out of the allege 1 Cuban postal frauds. Corydon M. Rich, C. F. W. Neely*s for mer assistant in the Department of Finance of the Cuban Postal Service, testified that MBS% gave to him fifty thousand 10-cent stamps th» night before he fNeely) left Havana, tellin? him to sell them and divide the proceeds. Rich said he turned the stamps over to Governor General Wood. Rich further testified that he was on» of the three partners in Neely's brick plant In Havana, but that he did not put any money into the concern. Neither, he said, did Smith. the other partner. He supposed that Neely pttt in the whole sum of $18,000. Rathbone. Rlet* declared, had no interest in the plant. BRTAX AXD THE POSTAL LAWB* A CHECK IMPOSED ON "THE « MMONER'9* FREE LIST. BUT NOT FOR PO LITICAL REASONS* [BT TELEGRAF' TO THE IU8IXI.) Washington. Jan *.— Acting on th« report «f one of the special inspectors, postofflce oUctete sent an exceedingly courteous official letter to William Jennings Bryan to-day. Informing him that the postal regulations prohibited pubUbJBOTS) from sending periodicals in the United States malls) at regular newspaper rates when the purpose la to Increase circulation by advertisement or otherwise. He was also Informed that his paper could no longer be delivered to the Democratic members tn Congress whom the business manager of "The Commoner" had placed on the fr*« list, bscausr it Is said that the papers sent to th«se *MB*s*rs ar« sample copies, which cannot be sent in tbe mails under present regulations unless full poatage 13 paid. It would, of course, be too expensive to ?»y the maximum rates, so it is assumed that manager of "The Commoner'" wishes to tncreass) his circulation list among Democratic politicians, solicitors will have to be employed to secure paid up subscriptions. This check on the delivery among the free lists of Mr. Bryan's paper is not imposed for any par tisan reasons, and any other publisher whom the postofflce inspectors discover overlooking the rules will also be informed of the oversight. Officials say that although Mr. Bryan may be Inclined to regard the action of the department as an unduo hardship, there was no alternative, and that th* laws must be obeyed and enforced. pope's priyy cn.iMBERL.UX. Rome. Jan. 35.— J. P. Farrelly. of Na*hvfl!sw Term secretary ot th- American College here, has been "appointed Privy Chamberlain to the Pope. • NEW YORK TO NEW ORLEANS & RETURN. MARDI GRAS. $37 £0. Tickets on sale Feb'y 3d to 9th via P. R R. 3outh« crn Ry.. a. & W. P.. W. of Ala.. L. • N. Tha route of the Special Sunset '.iinite.l Ar.r car. X.r. New York 4:S p. m. dail\ Throu^ sleeping & din ing car service. X. Y. OAces, J7l and I.ISS Broad way.—Advt. '. ' - POLAND! POLAND!! POLAXX>!!I Purest Natural Spring Water Known.— Adrt.