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BAT CITY LACKS UNITY. EXTERT ADVICE ON ADDING TO ITS BEAUTY SUGGESTED. IMPROVEMENTS. IT IS HOPED. WILL BE PART OF A WELL MATURED PLAN. Th* Fine Arts Federation of New- York re tently suggested to Mayor Low that the Munici pal Art CommleFion should be asked Its opinion as to the advisability of employing a commis sion of ♦•xperts, as was done recently by f*on rr^ss for the city of Washington, to make a study of the subject of beautifying the city, un der the direction of the Art Commission, in a manner worthy of the city and of the opportuni ties which it still offers. The aim of the federa tion is that in this way any Improvements of this character ■which may be undertaken here after shall be a part of a complete and well matured plan for future improvement, and not purely of a temporary and locnl character. Andrew H. Crcen. in a talk wjth a Tribune reporter yester.lay on tho harmonious develop ment of the rity and suburbs on the lines of Baron Haussmann, characterized the laying out of this city in boroughs as a gross mistake, and the emphasizing of it in the charter amended Ja*t winter as an additional mistake. He thought ther<» should b<» a topographical bureau, •which should have the planning of the city on the unit basis for a harmonious whole, avoiding tho spasmodic erection of structures which, when the whole plan came to be considered, *ouM be ill pla^d and would have to be al tered. "The laying out and the planning of a city," Mr. Green continued, "requires either a unit of ownership of all the land engaged In the plan or pome supervising authority that gives the power to plan and extend the) city over private? prop erty. To illustrate, take a "Western city, a city proposed in the West. One man owns ten thou sand acres of land, and he can lay out the city on a plan that pleases him. but if there are a dozen owners the city must be laid out on a plan that •would suit one and not another, or the legislature must authorize the laying out of that area on a plan to the ultimate convenience of the public, and perhaps overruling the wishes of some property owners. The ordinary, un thinking man would urge the laying out of the ■streets so that he could get the most out of his property, regardless of the ultimate public In terest. In laying out the city the tendency is to devise a plan upon too narrow a scale. The streets should be laid out wider and subject to subsequent improvement, should it become nec essary, either by strips of turf or by parking, and thus avoid the Immense expense to be borno by subsequent widening of the streets. The plans sliould be devised as far as is possi ble to human foresight. The suburbs of the city ■will take on somewhat more of a rural charac ter, and In the plans there should be recognized the necessity o? more space around the suburban dwellings. "Tho plan, of the city of New-York from about Houston-st. to One-hundred-and-fifty-flfth-st. laid out und»»r a commission appointed In *3807, consisting of men who did not live in the •city. They employed a surveyor, who adopted is. very simple pla-n— laying out cross streets at (substantially equal distances, and fewer and too limited avenues. One would have supposed it -would nave been apparent that if the city were *o grow, the is-land being narrow, it must grow atowarfi the north, as it could not grow into the B-hrer on either side, and that the great mass of Cthe travel muet be lengthwise of the city in- IBtead of crosswise. But human foresight is not Always Bufflcient to provide for the exigencies ?of the future. To-day you will find the ave •fues of travel up and down are so crowded that 3t Is very Inconvenient In most of them to maJ:*s Take the Grand Central Station, ""which has blocked up one of the most Important fever.ues. Fourth-aye. is practically cut off, and ?1t is very difficult to see how this is to be -X-emedled. "The planning of a city should depend much *»n the method of its administration. If it is to "be carelessly and slovenly administered one plan rwould scarcely be worse than another, but the •danger is that the avenues of travel will be laid 'out on too limited a scale rather than too large a. scale. I know of nothing laid out in New- J*Tork in which foresight enough has been shown .to provide for ten years* growth of the city. The suburban parts should be laid out on a basis that provides each individual having a house ■•with more area for his own enjoyment, tnd abundant parks and playgrounds laid out upon ■•» plan, and not op a haphazard system, which •characterizes some of the work that has been ■done of late years In the upper parts of the city. "The administrators of the city government should call upon the best professional advice. SHOULD HAVE TWENTY-TWO BRIDGES. • "The bridges now building are only a begin ning, and, Judging from the number of bridges ■over the Thames and the Seine, we should have twenty-two bridges as compared with London, end thirty-two as compared with Paris, if they jure to be placed at similar distances apart. The necessity for bridging the North River is of vast consequence to the city to facilitate travel from *he whole continent here, and to avoid the fogs, mist. Ice and winds that obstruct ferry naviga tion. "The great thing to insist upon In regard to -the suburbs Is that the city should be laid out •upon a unit plan, and by the most Intelligent men to be found anywhere. In that plan should l be shown the best Judgment that men of fore- Fight can exercise in arranging for the develop ment of the suburban regions. You do not want a suburban region which by natural topography Is adapted for residences laid out as if it wen to be used for commercial and financial purposes Jn the centre of the city. The ornamentation of the city should also be considered, and provision should be made fcr small squares and children's .playgrounds. "Another matter might »><» mentioned. When you try to go downtown from Chambers-st. or the Poßtofflce to Wall-st., you can hardly get along because in the street, originally narrow, subsequent administrations have permitted peo ple to put signs which fill a fourth of the side walk. At certain hours the sidewalks of Fifth rive., from Forty-second-st. down, are crowded so that I have often had to go out into the carriageway in order to get along. That Is be cause people have been permitted to build Hoops, thus occupying a quarter of the side walk space. "I am very glad to observe a growing demand that the city shall be so planned as to compre hend not only adequate space for travel and Transit, but that the aesthetic sentiment shall have full opportunity for development. The -city is not only to be made convenient for homes .and for business operations, but unmistakably Jknown for its adornment." UNITY IMPOSSIBLE AT OUTSET. Frederick S. Lamb said: "In discussing the Jilan of the city we are constantly met with the ■question. Why was not a comprehensive plan used at the start? If we go back some hundred and odd years, and Imagine the city as it then was, we can readily see it would have been Impossible at that time for a man of the great est imagination to have projected a scheme that would have been adequate for the demands of the city as it exists at present. The rearrange ment and modification of our city have been In the minds of many for a number of years. The Telephone Service At your Office or Store in Brooklyn from $3.50 a Month. At your Residence from $3.00 a Month. rail .vxw MalD for full Information. 81 Wffloughby St., Brooklyn. pioneer work done by Andrew H. Oreen, Calvert Vaux and Frederick Law Olmsted forms only a part of the many .suggestions In the minds of those Interested In this question. The condi tions have been complicated by the rapid ad vance of civilization, improvements in transit, the Invention of the elevator and the present use of steel cage construction. Within the lar-t ten years the art societies of the city have g.ven a great deal of time and thought to this problem. "The first to take up this Question was the Architectural League, and for years it held a series of monthly meetings to which it invited the best experts. It was conceded that on the question of transit the only intelligent solution of the problem would be the use of tunnels, and these to be Introduced on llnea other than the lines now covered by surface travel. The pres ent projected tunnel, unfortunately, dues not meet this requirement, but simply parallels the old Unes of transit, the circular plan of the un derground of London being far superior. ARTISTIC CHARACTER OF BRIDGES. "The artistic character of bridges has been carefully discussed and analyzed. As lone as stone was a basis of construction it ivas easy to produce an artistic result, such as High Bridge, crossing the Harlem. It was then simply a problem of following good precedent; but the moment steel cage construction was Introduced the problem became more difficult. "The Architectural League gave much time to the consideration of small parks. New- York ,at present has the greatest park area in the world, but It is so poorly distributed as to leave square mile upon square mile without a breathing space. The old sections of our rlty. both In the Borough of Manhattan and the Borough of Brooklyn, are practically destitute of small parks, and the energetic effort that has been made in their behalf has unfortunately up to the present met with but partial success. The great addition to the park system has been recently made in the acquisition of the Palisade Park. This, while not at the present time within the limits of greater New-York, is still an In tegral part of the great park system. Ferries will connect it with Manhattan, and thus add thirteen miles of West Side drive to the pres ent extended area Included In the Riverside Drive, Morningßide Park, Tli* 1 Bronx Park and their connecting parkways. Eventually, it is hoped. Palisade Park will be connected by road way with the Stony Point He servatlon. and later both will be connected by a drive with Tuxedo Park. "The "Went PUlo Drive, unfortunately marred by the Hudson River Railroad, his been care fully considered, and n scheme which was ex hibited at the Architectural League has been devised, which would arch th.- present tracks, and thus givf the West Side direct access to the river. This would permit the necessary wharves, boathouses and ferry landings, which at the present tim* 1 nr<? prohibited. "The improvements of the older sections of the city were suggested in small parks, and in the introduction of subsidiary streets In the middle of the present blneks, th". present unit of measure in our city. The block system Is too great, and would b«» greatly benefited by hav ing a subdivision, mien as would occur by the Introduction of these subsidiary streets. An ex ample of what is meant can be seen In the Astor Court, where private enterprise . for pri vate advantage adopted this suRRr-stlon. There is not the slightest doubt that the contiguous property would so appreciate In value as ulti mately to pay for this Innovation. LACK OF SITES FOR PUBLIC BUILDINGS. "There is at the present time a lack of open ppaces upon which to place large public and fiemi-publle buildings. This was markedly ex emplified In the search for a Flto for our great public library. If it ha.l not been for tlie fact that the old aqueduct site, at Forty-second-st and Fifth-aye., was selected, no fitting place would have been found for this gTeat gift to the rlty. The elimination of some of even the most expensive blocks In the lower part of the. city would be followed by such an appreciation of contiguous property as to become eventually a financial benefit to the city, to say nothing of its beautification. "In any comprehensive rearrangement of the city's plan the great Improvement now projected for the Newark meadows should be taken into consideration. The plans of the great railroads whose termini congest at this point are .if such great importance, and will so materially Influ ence the future distribution of population, that they cannot be Ignored. The published scheme of tunnelling under the Island of Manhattan in order to connect the Pennsylvania and the L^r.c: Island railroads is but a feature of this great project. Eventually the Newark meadows will be reclaimed, great factories built, yards cre ated, and a harbor with appropriate piers and in closed basins produced. The rearrangement <.f Jamaica Is but another though minor sch'-me of sufficient Importance to be considered in »my comprehensive plan. "Thoße who speak r,t the Haussmannlzing of New-York should remember that Baron Hauss mann had the advantage of working; under an imperial government, and could project and carry out suggestions which would be Impossible with us. Much, however, can l>e done, and the sug gestion recently made by the Fine Arts Federa, tlon that the Municipal Art Commission should appoint a commission of experts to tak<> up and carefully consider this scheme is worthy of Ihe enthusiastic nujiport of the entire thinking pub lic. The commercial supremacy of New-York is as much dependent upon its intelligent re arrangement as upon any other one factor. That this arrangement should be carried out on a.i artistic as well as utilitarian basis goes without Baying." STRONG ESCORT FOR J//.^ 1 STOKE. ALMOST A WAR SQUADRON ACCOMPANIED THE AMERICAN DELEGATES. London, Feb. 10. — Constantinople corre spondent of "The Dally Chronicle," describing i the recent futile attempt to ransom Miss Ellen I M. Stone, the captive American missionary, j says: I When the American del»;7aten. with the ran ' som. left the railroad at Seres by carriage, they had an escort cf thirty cavalrymen. But as they acvanced Into Macedonia the number of this escort was increased from all the military posts along the rout?. Small detachments Joined the cavalcade until, on arriving at Djumbala, it was stronger than a squadron on a war footing. WOODRUFF SEER PLATT. IT IS BHIJEVED THEY DISCTTSSED THE OUDEN CASE -SENATOR TO KHTURN* TO WASH INGTON TO-DAY. Senator Platt will return to Washington to-day. He was at th«s Fifth Avenue Hotel the greater part of yesterday and paw and talked with several callers. Lieutenant Governor Woodruff was one of these who visited the Senator. It is supposed that the Quden matter was discussed, but neither the Senator nor the Lieutenant Governor would admit it. No one seemed to have any clear Idea of what action Governor Odell may take In this case. XOTHIXG WEW n KURTZ CASE. THE CAPTITIBD PIFSEBT WITNESS TO HE AR RAIGNED TO MORROW. Minnie Kurts will be srraigned to-morrow morn ing, probably before Magistrate Cornell. That is about the only news that could be obtained yester day In the case of the Blssert witness who fled and was captured. "A great deal of smoke, and at present only a little fire," was the description given by an official to a Tribune reporter yesterday of the whole pro ceeding. "Kven If the whole statement published on the matter were true, and that is very far from being the case. It is hard to see what relation It coulil have to the original 'John L>oe, f " continued the Tribune's Informant. There 1» at present absolutely no warrant for Implicating Acting Captain Churchill in the ca.v. It was learned authoritatively yesterday that Cap tain Churchill's report did show No. Stuyvesar.t et. murked "suspicious," as the captain said. Mure over, whatever that officer's anxiety may have been before he was examined in the case, it is certain that he came aw«iy very much reassured. It Is not unlikely that the examination of the Kurtz woman or Borne other of the witnesses may presently bring to light sensational developments, but at present the matter has been very greatly exaggerated. "Possibilities, but no probabilities." Is the opinion In regard to the case held by the District Attor ney'B office at present. POLICEMAN'S DEATH ACCIDENTAL. Mr». Clune. the widow of Policeman Bartholomew T. Clune. who was said to have committed suicide In the cellar of his home, at No. 80 Little West Twelfih-Pt .. on Saturday, last night Issued a state ment eaying het husband wan killed by the acci dental discharge of his revolver while he was chon plne wood In the cellar. SUCCEEDS tW CCLTIVATISG * A\CER. London. Feb. 10.— According to the Calcutta cor re.por.dent of "The Daily Mall." "Tha Indian Med ical Gazette" announces that Dr. Root, of the Ind ian Medical bervlee, has successfully cultivated cancer and haa infected a guinea pig with nts NEW- YORK DAH.Y TRIBUNE. MONDAY. FEWRFARY 10. 1002. ERIE CANAL ENLARGEMENT ITS ADVOCATES MUCH ENCOURAGED BY ATTITUDE OF CHAMBER OF COM MERCE-HEARING ON BILL. Albany, Feb. 9 (Special).— "l feel greatly encour aged," said State Engineer Bond yesterday, "by the action of the Chamber of Commerce of New-York City on Thursday last In passing a resolution fa voring the adoption of Governor Odoll's recom mendations for the enlargement of the Erie Canal." Mr. Bond is of a cautious nature, and, while he has believed that the improvement of the Erie Canal should be continued, he nevertheless has not been confident that the legislature would adopt the requisite measures to bring the project before the people for their consideration. But when a commercial body of such rank as the Chamber of Commerce of New- York pronounces the opinion that Governor Odell's canal improvement sugges tions should be adopted he is encouraged to think that the legislature may give a favorable reception to what the Governor has said on the topic. The Merchants' Exchange of Buffalo has already mani fested its support of the Governor's plans, and other commercial associations Interested in the canal commerce, it may be expected, will follow Its example. There is to be a hearing on the Erie Canal Im provement bill by the Senate Committee on Canals on Tuesday. Doubtless the Chamber of Commerce, the Produce Exchange, the Maritime Exchange, the Board of Trade and Transportation and simi lar bodies of New- York will be represented at the hearing, and will express their support of the meas ure. Opponents of it also will be present, headed by Senator Ambler, of Chatham, Columbia County, and John I. Platt, Editor of "The Poughkeepsie Eagle," who for several years have strenuously expressed their dislike of any further improve ment of the canals of the State. Senator Ambler, indeed, believes that the constitution should be amended so as to permit of the sale of the State's canal to the United States Government. Mr. Platt thinks that the canals have no longer any useful ness as means of transporting freight. It is also expected that at Tuesday's hearing there will be represented business interests of the Cham plain Valley and of the Oswego Valley, urging that the Champlain and Oswego canals also be im proved. Assemblyman T. D. Lewis, chairman of the Assembly Committee on Canals, has already Introduced a bill appropriating $5,400,000 for the im provement of the Oswego Canal, and Assemblyman O'Brien, of Clinton County, has drawn up an nmondment to the Erie Canal Improvement bill providing- also for the Improvement of the Cham plain Canal at a cost of $7,600,000. The improve ment of the Erie Canal, it has been estimated, will cost $28,800,000. The advocates of the Improve ment of the Oswego and Champlain canals thus propose an expenditure of $41,800,000. Governor Odell about a month ago expressed the opinion that the first necessity of transportation In terests was the improvement of the main channel of canal traffic— Erie Canal. He also Inti mated that the funds for the improvement of the Oswego and Champlain canals mlcht be gradually obtained by annual taxation, whereas It would be needful to Issue bonds of the State if such a large sum as $23,0^0.000 is to be expended immediately in the improvement of the Erie Canal. It would seem that the Governor had the thought that IBS Im provement of the Oswego and Champlain canals could be pprend over a period of years and be taken care of in the usual canal appropriation measures. In all there were 8,420.613 tons of freight trans ported over th« canals of the State for the year ending December 1, ML This freight was distrib uted as follows: Ti>n« of freight. Krle Canal 2,257. 1 V.3 Champluln Cr.ial. ... _. Hn«.H4l <'ayugn and Seneca.... • 106 2SB IV irk River 68,468 O»w<-»o M 13.210 The total number of tons of freight that have passed over the canals of recent years has been as follows: Tom or frrlKht.l Ton» of fr«!itlit 1«»1 . . 4.r.ti.-M72 ; I*» 7 3.617,804 Jf!'2 4 281 :<•.". IM»H S 500.043 ism ~. 4.831 .PCS I iron 3.«^tl.<Cil isi.» ..„ a.«S2..VKi| 1!«»» a.iMA.Mi IW. „ 3.500.M14 V.*>\ 8,420,013 UN U,714.M14| Thero has been a decrease In the amount of i transportation of freight by the canals of recent years, but this has been due ha large m assure, it is said, to the scarcity of carmibcats, the canal .boat builders not daring to ri?k the construction of ! many canalboata pending a decision being made Iby the State's taxpayers on the poll of further : Improving the canal*, and thus possibly admitting ! of the building of canalboats of a large site. A. I B. Hepburn, chairman of the committee of inter i nal t ratio and transportation of the Chamber of ; Commerce of New-York, in hi» report on Thursday I on the proposed Improvement of the Erie Canal, ; said: "The failure of the State to maintain the I canals In a state of efllclency corresponding to J other routes of transportation la directly shown I in the statistics of our commerce and tr»de." Ho ■ then pointed out that, while New-York chared in I 18*0 7,429,802 tons of freight and In 1900 7,2ir..2» tons, a loss of 214.517 tons, Boston allowed a gain of COO - 0"0 tons, Philadelphia 484.000 tons. Baltimore- 231 - MM tons, Norfolk 243,000 tons. Newport News 623, 000 tons and New-Orleans 823.000 tons. ; Governor Odell In his recent annual message ! paid: "Onn Is impressed by the fact that the canals ! as at present conducted are surn< for all local business, but If they are to be, as they have been In the past, a restraining power upon the freight rates of the railroads, then name policy to make them more serviceable to the community should be adopted." The Governor recommended, first that tho proposal to enlarge the locks of th« Erie Canal "to 1,000 ton barge capacity and to provide a new nine foot channel from the Hudson River to Kexford Flats be submitted to the people i.m a i separate proposition." The cost of that improve ment would be $13,694,540. Second, the Governor recommended that the Erie Canal "be deepened to nine feet In such portions as are now less than that depth, and that this proposition also be- sub mitted to the people for their approval or disap proval." This latter work would cost $16 076 933 The two propositions have been united, since 'the Attorney General held It to be of doubtful consti tutionality to have them submitted separately at the same election. The Erie Canal Improvement bill of Senator Davis, of Buffalo, therefore pro vides that the people of the State be asked the corning November flection to vote upon the prODo Bitlon to expend $28.000.0u0 on the canal Improve ments Indicated. The money thus raised If the people give their consent, can bo used immediately The bonds Issued are to be paid off in seventeen years. The improvements of the Erie Canal planned will result, according to the estimates of State En gineer Bond, In practically trebling the capacity of th« Erie Canal for freight service between New- York and Buffalo. FATAL FIGHT IX SALOON. PROPRIETOR SHOT TO DEATH WHILE TRY ING TO STOP TUB QUARREL. Cleveland, Feb. 9.— A desperate fight late to-night in tho saloon of John Bdujnak, at No. 69 Corwln st., resulted In the accidental killing by shooting of Bdujnak. who tried to stop a quarrel between patrons of his saloon. John Horneck, a participant In the fight, was fatally shot In the head. A dozen or more Inmates of the place were Injured by flying billiard balls and cues, which were thrown about by the infuri ated men. senators; by popular vote. ASSEMBLYMAN PAI,MER WILL. MOVE FOR ADOPTION OF JOINT RESOLUTION NOW PENDING. Albany, Feb. 9 (Special).— > ssunMyaaaa George M. I'almer, the leader of the Democratic minority in th^ lower house, will Introduce to-morrow night v resolution asking Congress to adopt the concur rent resolution now p- nilliiK in thai body for the election of I'nited State* Senators by direct vote of the people. Speaking of th* resolution, Mr. Palmer t«:u<t to-day: The growth of popular sentiment In favor of this reform has exceeded any great movement of the recent past. The great Empire State, through Its representatives in the legislature, should voice the undoubted popular sentiment by adopting a resolu tion urging Congress to pass the concurrent reso lution now pending in that body. The present sys tem of electing Senators, whatever its original merits, has been perverted until now It does not necessarily, or event usually, reflect the popular will. Objections have been raised to the calling of a constitutional convention to make this change in the fundamental law of the nation, and that rem edy should be Invoked only as a last resort, after it has bean clearly demonstrated that the United States Senate will no: yield to the popular will by the adoption of the pending concurrent resolution. * The Senate of the United States is on* branch of the law making body of our land. It acts for th" people, and the. members of that body at the end of their several terms should come back to the peo ple for an indorsement of their course, or. if their nets have been such as to merit It. a condemna tion by direct popular vote. No valid reason can be Riven why this should not be the case. Zau election of United States Senators la no nec essary part of tho business of the legislature. On the contrary. It is an Interruption which at time* has proved very serious to the natural business of a legislative session. Members of the legislature are elected to make laws, and when, as is often the case they begin their session with a great scandal over' the choice of a United States Senator the rep utation of the entire body Is so seriously damaged that popular confidence is lost, and the law making work of the session is more or less subjected to the same unfavorable impression. JOSEPH LEITER ILL. DOCTORS FEAR TYPHOID FEVER— HIS MOTHER HERE FROM WASHINGTON. Joseph Leiter is so dangerously ill at his apartments. No. 22 West Thlrty-third-st.. that his mother, Mrs. Levl Z. Leiter, was sent for from Washington, arriving In this city yester day, and the gravest results are feared. Mr. Leiter contracted a heavy cold on Thursday, which quickly developed into grip. His physi cian. Dr. Holbrook Curtis, feared typhoid fever, and other physicians were called In consulta tion. It was agreed that his condition was ex tremely serious, and his mother was sent for at once. She is staying at the Waldorf, but spends most of her time at her son's bedside. Mr. Leiter is thirty-three years old. He first came into prominence in 1H97. when he en gineered a corner in the Chicago wheat market. At one time he was said to be more than $2. 000.00U ahead on the doal, but as the final out come It was estimated that he not only lost all he had made but cost his father several millions In addition. Since then he has promoted sev eral large companies). CHURCH DEBT OF $20,000 RAISED. BROOKLYN CONGREGATION SUBSCRIBED THE MONEY TO PAY OFF MORTGAGE. Yesterday morning after a sermon by the Rev. Dr E. S. Tipple, the pastor of Grace Metho dist Episcopal Church, of Brooklyn, the Rev. C. S. Wing asked the congregation to sub scribe ?U(M>OO to lift the mortgage from the property. Dr. Tipple managed the subscrip tions. The entire amount was obtained in a few minutes. The money is to be paid by Jan uary 1, 1903. CHARGE KORUSCH WITH PERJURY. PRESIDENT OF ST. LOUIS CAR COMPANY ARRESTED AT INSTANCE OF GRAND JURY. St. Louis. Feb. o.— George J. Kobusch. presi dent of the St. Louis Car Company, was arrest ed late last night on a bench warrant, Issued at the Instance, of the grand Jury, charged with perjury. Mr, Kobusch gave bond in $r>,<)oo for his appearance In court on Monday. The Issu ance of the bench warrant against Mr. Kotmscli while a great surprise to him, had been expect ed by some of those who have followed closely the proceedings of the grand Jury in Its inves tigation of the charges of municipal corruption in connection with the St. Louis Suburban Com pany's franchise and Central Traction bill. Mr. Kobusch is one of the, best known young business men In the city, and has an extensive business acquaintance throughout the country. He !s thirty-five years old. He was born In M. Louis, and lias bw.\ connected with the St. Louis Cur Company since be was twenty years old. <>n the death of his father some years ago, ho succeeded to the active management of th>? business. He in heavily Interested la street rail way holdings and other Investments. BASEBALL It. XT VB. REVOLVER. WOUNDED MAN OVERCOMES HIS ARMED ASSAILANT WITH THE FORMER. Chicago, Feb. 9. -James Davidson, a printer, fa tally shot his wife. Flora Davidson. to-niKht. seri ously wounded his father-in-law and brother-in law, and was then beaten Into Insensibility with a baseball bat by the wounded brother-in-law. Davidson's wife left him recently, and was living with her mother and father. To-night Davidson gained admission to the house by a stratagem, and immediately shot his wife four time!". He then shot his wife's father. Peter M. Roberts, Inflicting a wound In the forearm. Roberts'* son Edward was shot in the shoulder. Davidson then went into a Side room to reload his revolver. Buying he would return and finish them nil. When lie emerged young Roberta attacked him with a baseball bat. Davidson Is now In the hospital, and may not live until morning. DR. ARttOTT FOR HOME RULE. HE SAYS LOCAL OPTION AND FORBEARANCE WILL SOLVE THE SUNDAY OPEN ING QUESTION. Forbearance and local option were advocated by Dr. Lyman Abbott In hi* address yesterday after noon (it Carnegie Hall on the "Saloon Question in New- York" and the problems It Involves. He spoke at a citing exclusively for men, which was held under the auspices of the West Side Branch Young Men's Christian Association. There wan sinking by th*> New-York Festival Chorus, Tali Ksen Morgan conductor, and the Lotus Glee Club. General Stew art L. Woodford presided and the big auditorium was packed. Dr. Abbott was heartily applauded for his home rule sentiments, and also when he laid stress on the rights of the Individual. "A woman." naid lie, •■prominent In the Woman's Christian Temperance Union, said: 1 would rather my child should die than to have a <!rop of alco hol pa.^a iti» lips" Thai is one side of the question. A young woman In Philadelphia, mi the other hand, once remarked: 'I h<;ir that there are some SSOPIS who are Christians who will not drink beer. Now, I don't see how any Christian cm refuse to take a drink Of beerr That Is another." He continued: Now, we have all kinds of people In New-York. Peoples of all nationalities and creeds— Jews. Chris tiana Roman Catholics and l*rotestam». Now. the question is. 'How shall all this creat h««t."-iiff»-nei»u.s people work peaceably together? und my answer Is that in order to do BO they are not to come to Hi;y common standard of life. You can agree to dis agree and have no common standard, and I will Kive you this solution: The solution of religious difficulties Is to be the nolution of ethical difficulties, and nil are to bo governed by the dictates of Indi vidual conscience. If I am told I must surrender my personal liberty for the benefit of my fellow men I must r*ply that if I must surrender my liberty it is not liberty. Your conscience is for yourself, but your conscience is not for your enemies. Your conscience is law for your action, but not law for my action. The rural population of this State ought not to Impose thrlr conscience upon the people of the iity of New-York. It makes no difference if the rural conscience is right and the New-York conscience is wrong- Still, the right conscience has no rinht to impose its will upon the wrong conscience. I do not advocate a local option because it will relieve the Republican party of perplexity, but be cause It is fundamentally right. It will enable us to find out what the people of the city of New-York want. I cannot find any man who wants Sunday opening of the saloons, but I timi plenty of men who think that some other men want It. Let us Snd out who does. Local option will put the re sponsibility where it belongh. It will put the re spunslbillty upon thf people of New-York. We must have the right to choose before we can ac cepl the responsibility. Local option is not only our right but our serious, and in some respects our awful, duty toward .mr fellow men. and it also means education, and education can do a great deal more for the people than any legislative enactment. If we have gone into the Philippine Islands merely to force unon their Inhabitants our code of con sctence ami a ready made civilization, then we are v.her.- we have r.o business to be. But If, on the other hand, we are there in response to our re sponsibility to protect life, person and property, which has" been put upon us by the force of events, as I believe, then we are there upon a splendid mission aud carrying on a splendid work. The preceding speaker was the Rev. Robert Lewi* Paddock, and the subject of his discourse was "The Saloon as I Know It." He said: No law to clone the saloon will ever be effective until something is provided that Is entirely legiti mate to take its place. We have got to provide public convenience stations if we want to keep men and boys out of saloons. .Many men go to them for enjoyment, and will continue to do so until we provide large und comfortable libraries, with smoking rooms in connection with them, and where coffee and soft drinks can be bought. oth.»r men go to saloons for a bad reason, an! one to which I dislike to refer, for It seems a reflection upon tlieir wives. We have not taught such wives as they how to make home pleasant, how to pro \ Ide delectable food. THE CELTIC STARTS AGAIX. The Celtic, of the White Star Line, which left Quarantine at ' p. m. on Saturday and anchored in Gravesend Bay for Saturday night, put to aea yes terday, clearing Sandy Hook Bar at 7:^". a m The Celtic is carry Um eight hundred persons i>u a Medi terranean tour. SAYSB. R. T. IS TO BLAME. SCHIEREN DECLARES IT COULD PAY FERRIES AND MAKE MONEY. WILLIAM BERRI FAVORS PAYING NEW BRIDGE CONTRACTORS EXTRA TO WORK THREE SHIFTS OF MEN. Regarding the congested conditions on the Brooklyn Bridge and the urgent necessity for doing away with the prospect of another "Dead Mans Curve" at the Manhattan end. Ex-Mayor Charles A. Schieren of Brooklyn, at his home, No. 4<>s Clinton-aye., that borough, said yester day to a Tribune reporter: The concession of the Plaza in Brooklyn to the Brooklyn Rapid Transit Company would not miv- Kate the crowded condition at the Manhattan end. The only thing that would benefit the situation there would be to divert the traffic to the ferries, and that lies In the hands of the Brooklyn Rapid Transit Company and the Union Ferry Company. But the rapid transit company Is the responsible party. It has to transport each passenger a mile and a quarter, which is about the length of the bridge, and, according to its own figures. It costs a cent a passenger, no that if it made an arrange rn.nt with the Union Ferry Company for three quarters of a cent a passenger or less It would benefit financially by it. At any rate, it is an absolute necessity to relieve the condition that at present exists at the rush hours In Manhattan, ana the city authorities should take drastic measures, if necessary, to force the railroad company to make Home arrangement by which the traffic could be diverted to the ferries. ._**■. One thing I want to draw attention to Is that the present condition of affairs is directly the result of the Brooklyn Rapid Transit Company's getting ion of the traffic of the bridge and trans porfng passenger* for one fare. Naturally, that proved a great benefit to the people of Brooklyn. especially the Aorkniß classes, who thereby saved five cents a day— quite an item to many people. T know persons employed In the Produce Exchange who patronise the bridge for the sake of saving Kurt he rm or-, a person Is obliged to take the bridge If he has to use the elevated roads. -My attention was drawn to the fact that if a person went over the Wall-st. ferry and took a car on the other side he paid five cents to reach the l lty Hall, but could not tret a transfer to the elevated road, which he might be obliged to take, and must pay another five cents to reach his destination, making 1? cents altogether. It is natural for such people to go to the bridge and ?ave seven cents. By Issuing transfers at that point from the surface to the elevated roads many would be drawn away from the bridne. The Rapid Transit Company has been liberal with its transfers, which tr, greatly appreciated by the people of Brooklyn, and I hope It will also Issue. transfers at thut point to both elevated roads. It will be a concession to many who are obliged to use the elevated roads and will be greatly appreciated by tmm. William Berrl. formerly president of the board of trustees of the Brooklyn Bridge, said yes terday at his home. No. 401 Grand-aye.: As to how the present condition Is to be met. it Is manifest that the completion of the new bridge will solve the problem In a large measure. I wrote to Mayor Low a fortnight ago suggesting that the city ascertain from the contractors how much more It would cost to put on three gangs of men and work twenty-four hours a day. by electric light when necessary, to complete the new bridge. If It can be done In two years by working eight hours a day it would seem reasonable to expect that It could be completed Inside of twelve months If work went on continuously for twenty-four hours a day. Before sending the letter I made Inquiries and was assured there was no lack of material, and that it was only a question of men and money. If It were my private business and I owned the new brldg« I am certain that before twelve months cars would be running over It It will, of course, cost money to do this. Just as It does to construct skyscrapers when the work is prosecuted night and day, but the city would be actually a gainer In a financial way. because there would be a quicker return on the money invested and an increased valuation In the districts reached by the bridge. It could not fall to bring the largest Increase of population within the first year or two that Brooklyn has ever had. I received a courteous letter from Bridge Com missioner Llndenthal about my letter to Mayor Low. but ha did not seem to grasp my Idea, be cause, while asserting to my proposition, he de clared he had no authority under the contracts to force the contractors to work night and day. I knew this, but thought there would be a way by paying for it. If It cost the city B.MS.MS or $3,000,000 it would be cheap as dirt. This is a question of life and death to the people — abso lute public necessity. Cars could be operated on the bridge fully six months before carriages could be driven across. THE EG KM A REPORTED SAFE. Vancouver. B. C. Feb. 9.— Advices from Nanalmo state that the United States revenue cutter Grant has arrived at Union Bay. and reported that she had left the Egrerla on the west coast, which in formation greatly relieves those who feared that some mishap might have befallen the British sur vey ship, which had gone out to look for the Condor. FRFSCH REVENUE RETURXS. Tarts. Feb. 9.— The revenue returns for the raonth of January amounted to 237.344.3C0 francs. Although these receipts are 23.415.500 franc* belaw those of January l*'l. they show considerable Improve ment, as they nro only 368.800 francs below the budget estimates for January. The decrease is principally due to the changes In excise taxes, the result of which had already been discounted. (/Jit /fttitiM&facffa "A penny saved is two-pence got" — Buying at Wanamaker's gives you the added value in the goods, while the money saved still remains in your pocket-book. If You Have Furniture to Buy An taily Visit to WANAMAKER3 Ls Impc tant ' IMPORTANT because of the February Sale. I Important, because there will not be an equal opportunity for buying good furniture until our August Sale. Important promptly, because the sale is now at its best. This morning our floors are newly re- filled. New lots have c » * through, and new supplies of goods offered last week, are ready. There is such variety as will not be found elsewhere ; and goods of a charactt not to be found in usual sales ; yet so low are the prices on high-class goods in tnis sale, that unworthy sorts cost more elsewhere. Comparison is the safeguard ; and no cartful housekeeper, MM has funttnr* to buy will make a purchase without coming first to Wanamaker's. Here is furniture to be proud of when you buy it. Proud of its goodness «a artistic crfaracter— proud of the fine woods, the workmanlike construction; the well fitted joints ; the easy sliding drawers ; and the excellent finish. Every pieo this sale comes from a factory noted for goods of real excellence. It Was BOUGHT Cheap-Not Made Cheap The furniture was made to sell at regular prices, in the best furniture stores in the land. The reductions on surplus stocks were made— not because the goods c* manded it, but— because concerns or whom we buy such immense larly were willinf to co-operate with us for the success of this Sale which they know to be one of the "proudest achievements of the greatest retail furniture business in Today this February Furniture Sale presents its very best and broadest offerings. TUXILK (TRADE MARK; A Remarkable New Silk Fabric ' VNE tucks have come to form a most important feature of all silk gam nts. FThey are not only tedious and expensive to make, but they also increase indefinitely the weakness of siik, and the chances of damage to waist or . To eliminate all this labor, and give all the exquisite effects of fin plaited silk to a fabric particularly strong, and requiring no treatment what ever—made up entirely plain— this was the accomplishment in the producf.on o. Tuxilk. Tuxilk is pure silk, and is made in a very full line of colorings. _ We have a model on display, showing the finished etrect of Tuxti*. it is equally adapted to full gowns, of course. Price, $1 a yard. Homnda, JOHN W ANAMAKEIL Formerly A. T. Stewart & Co.. Broadway, Fourth Aye.. N:ath aai .eo>n scs. NEW-JERSEY NEWS, KILLED /-V CROSSING TRACKS, ELIZABETH MAS STRUCK BY TRAIX r>r WILMINGTON". DEL. Elizabeth. Feb. 9 (Special).— Ward retch* Elizabeth this evening that Joseph Blata. Jr oldest son of Joseph Blatz. Sinking Fund f*^ missioner of Elizabeth, who for many v*ar« was a leather merchant in New-York, struck and killed by a train at Wilminttoa. Del., this morning while driving across tat tracks in a buggy. Mr. Blatz was t^enty-an^ years old. He was superintendent at WlhaW. ton of the tannery of Blumenthal & v_o., '— «S dealers. New-York. He waa an expert in t£» manufacture of leather, and had c.arge of v exhibit for his father at the Paris Expcaltfea. Mr. Blatz was unmarried. A WIDOW XOW POLITELY ROBBED, THE BURGLARS SAY THEY ARB BORRT TO DISTURB HER. BUT TAKE JEW. | ELRY. NEVERTHELESS. East Orange. Feb. » (Special).— Masked burg. lars. whose politeness and the regret thay «*. pressed for having disturbed a widow were mer« than counterbalanced by their taking two valoaaW rings and some other articles, visited the home «f Mrs. W. H. Arrowsmith. No. 24 Hawthorne-avt] East Orange, early this morning. Like the — i^n men who broke Into the house of Samuel B. Hep burn, No. 334 Park-aye., yesterday mommy, tatr gained entrance by smashing a pane of flats h the kitchen and reaching through and unlocaias the door. Mrs. Arrowsmith lives with two servants and atr four children. The burglars first went to the sa vants' room, where one of them pointed a rtiulm at the cook and warned her to keep qoiet. Tat first intimation Mrs. Arrowsmith had that tbar* were burglars in the house was when a mas ap peared at her bedroom door, holding a UitlM candle. He was so->n followed by another. Th« noUe the men made woke up Mrs. ArrowinUta's baby, and when the child began to cry they teak him to his mother to t*: quieted. Her oldest son. Dick, came to his mother's Mb with a club, but the burglars threatened him with their revolvers and made him drop it. Th«n tstr complimented the boy on his bravery. When they left the house they had Dick go to th« front dear with them, so that he could lock It for pn mules against other thieves. TO HAVE HOSPITAL FOR yUSSBS. THE ORANGE TRAINING SCHOOL, "WTLI* »CT OT BUILDING TO COST »3.000. Orange, N. J.. Feb. 9 (Special).— board of Bin* agers of the Orange Training School for Nurses has decided to erect an infirmary for both pupil aid graduate nurses on the school property. In Henry st. At the present time there is no place where * nurse may go when attacked with a contagions dis ease. It is proposed to have a two story building, accommodating eight patients, with an outside stairway communicating with the second floor. Four physicians, two homceopath and two allo path, will be asked to compose the staff of the hos pital. This is the first time that an attempt has been made to have th two schools of medicine rep resented on a hospital staff la the Oranges. TT 1-*1 -* building will cost l&OflO, of which 11.000 has already teen raised among the members of the board. FOUSn FROZE* TO DEATH. BROTHER OF FIRE COMMISSIONER COUJN3. <*(» ELIZABETH, MISSING SINCE FKIDAT. DIS COVERED COVERED WITH ICE. Elizabeth. N. J.. Feb. 9 (Special).— Timothy Col lint", a brother of Fire Commissioner Collins, of this city, was found frozen to death this afternoon, at the water's edge near the Jersey Central Railroad Company's coal wharf No. 6. at Ellxabethport. Ha had been missing since Friday night. When discovered the tody was completely cov ered with ice. He was forty years old and un married. A LIXCOLN DAT DiySER. SPEAKERS AT THE AFFAIR OF THE REPrBUCA* CLUB OF EAST ORANGE. East Orange. N. J.. Feb. 9 (Speclal).-The Republi can Club of East Orange will hold its annual Lin coln Day dinner on Wednesday night in Common wealth Ball Robert W. Hawkesworth. president of the club, will bo in the chair. Dr. M. W. Stryctar president of Hamilton Colle«e. wffl respond to th* Georgia and General Jcseph W. Congdon. The eomm ttee In charge of the dinner Is composed of Joel W. Hatt. Marcus Mitchell George A.^orer. Lewis E. Marker. Captain John H. Palmer. H. Har rison Snedeker and Robert L- Reynolds.