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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, April 05, 1902, Image 1

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V OL LXI X° 20.229.
London. April 4.— The will of Cecil Rhodes
Tirnvides for the establishment of colonial schol
arships, ' ■■■ previously announced, and two
American scholarships to each of the present
ftate? <'md Territories of the United States.
The will also provides for five scholarships
for students of ... in birth, to be nominated
by Emperor William, and. commenting on the
bequest. Mr. Rhodes, in ■ codicil telegraphed
from South Africa, said:
A good understanding between England, Ger
many and the I'nited States will secure the
peace of (he world, and educational relations
form the strongest ti<>.
[Be Rrholarships, amerlcaw, colonial bt,.l
Germ ■ . are -^ Oxford.
Mr. Rhodes divides »he tiOO.nno bequest to
Oriel College into several funds, indicating con
cisely how he wishes them to be applied, and
add* this characteristic sentence:
And. finally, as college authorities live se
cluded from the world, and so are like children
«s to commercial matters. l would advise them
to consult my trustees regarding the Invest
ment r,f these various funds, so far as they
would receive great help and assistance from
fu<-h advice.
Regarding the American fi holarships. Mr.
I ys:
I desire in encourage and foster an apprecia
tion of •-• advantages which. 1 implicitly be
]j«>ve. will result ' from a union of the Knglish
Epeaking peoples throughout the world, and to
*>ncourape in the students from the United
States who will benefit by these scholarships an
attachment to the country from which they
have iiprung; but. without. I hope, withdrawing
them or their sympathies from the land of their
adoption or birth.
The will provide? that the executors may, at
their discretion, delay establishing any Terri
torial scholarships until such time as they may
think fit, but ii provides also that the- Terri
torial scholarships, once established, shall not
lapse upon the admission of the Territory to
Another provision is that no student shall be
qualified or disqualified for election to a schol
arship on account of race or religious opinion.
Mr. Rhodes desires- that the students should
not patronize any particular college, but dis
tribute themselves throughout the university.
The trustees in allowed to suspend or remove
any scholar at their discretion. He expresses
the hope that the trustee? will arrange an an
nual dinner and reunion for all students and
scholarship graduates who are able to attend,
and invite thereto as» guests "persons who have
ahowa sympathy with the views expressed by
me in my will."
The will is a remarkable and voluminous doc
ument nf over thirty-five hundred words. Even
this is not the entire will, as the executors on!y
pave out the portion? which they consider to be
of public interest. It was executed in MM.
Tripr* is a codici! attached on the day of the
tJead man's '— * departure from England and
•wither sent by cable from Caps Town, which
,!]«aves £4.000 yearly to keep up th«» spot in the
Mntojipo HfilF where the body is to be burled.
" : ~' -v, will further directs that a railroad exten
" Won be made into Ihe Matoppo Hills. N that
visitors may go th-re at the week end to in-
Fpect Che majesty and glory of their surround
.■• as .
Mr. Rhodes says he is to be buried in an aper
,,, re cut ( a the solid rock, surmounted by a
brass tablet rearing the words:
Her- i!» the remain? of Cf*!l Jt*n Bb©*»
I No one else is to be buried there who has not
deferred well of his country.
Mr. Rhodes bequeaths all his landed property
r<»ar Bu'.uv.ayo and Salisbury, both in Ifatahele
!*nd, to trustees, whom h<=- directs to cultivate
th* land for th«> Instruction of the people of
Rhodesia. His celebrated country place at
Groot Schuur. not far from Cape Town, is left
es a resident? to the Prime Minister of the
Federal Government of Booth Africa," with
H.OOO yearly for its maintenance.
In a codicil to the will the Dalhum Hall estate
-roes to his brother. C '•' Francis William
Rhodes, and his male heirs, with remainder to'
his brother Ernest Frederick Rhodes, and the
male of his heirs. In a rtaSHR referring to this
fietUement Mr. Rhode* expresses his objection
to the expectant heir . loping into a "loafer."
end says that the essence of a proper life is
that every man should have a definite occupa
tion during a substantial period of bis career.
In the position Of the Dalham Hall estate it
is X'r°vided that the successor to the estate
must have been ten years In business or In a
profession other than the army. or. in the case
of an infant heir, he must enter business and
.r«TOairi there for ten years, otherwise the entail
- wiJl terminate. The will guards strictly against
• neumbering the estate.
London, April 4. — The following article, relat
ing tn Mr. Rhodes'? plans for education, has
been written by \v. T. Stead:
Ike will of Cecil Rhodes is In every respect
worthy of its author. With the exception of
some family estates In this country, the whole
sf which are left to his own relatives, Mr.
Rhodes has dedicated his wealth in diamond
and gold mines to public uses. Its disposition
i* dictated by what was ever the dominating
principle of his life.
' What renders this will of exceptional interest
l " Americans is the fat that it reveals for the
*' ' time, under his hand and seal, that he was
IK> mere British imperialist, but that he was es
aeatially •> < itizen of the I'nited States, of the
— nglish speaking world. In other words, his
»111 proves how accurately 1 interpreted his sen
*ixn?nts when l declared, on the strength of
ir.any intimate and confidential conversations,
that be recognizer as his common fatherland
the jrreat English speaking community, which
includes both the United States and the British
empire within lit* ample frontiers.
Mr. Rbodes's first will whs made in Septen,
™*-r - 1837, when he was a young man of twenty
.our. At that time be was only beginning to
amass the wealth which, before he died, ha i
rna>3<» him a multi-millionaire, not in dollars, but
In pounds sterling. His last will was dated
July « IW, but the two documents are es
sentially alike In sentiment. They both embody
in express terms what was ever the master
though of this master mind, the necessity for
promoting the reunion of th e English speaking
., Mr m;l11 ;'-' V ] ! ;i^^olnt^ H well known group
o. seven of his friends as general executors of
ilnV^i. '*■ lhl - grOUp '* further charged to
e"u7 ,"i \ h ',- r:! ' 1 "- of actte « as trustee for the
j^V'" i-wment Fund, of exceptional
interest, which will provoke the liveliest dis

< -<>niii,,,,.,| «, n p oilr ib |' l(rf .
Ju4rt"c%v £hL Bl h nCfl caching home has said that
*#££«^cf Vid\t« « no b ""i cavalry in the world.
Information V.t "J n c ».>'* !ri " drill and interesting
- V&«t Po?m *fhf LTL T ' B * lh * r ' ; *» c '*'B<*l Institution at
■ rAa?ri™EiS n *.« le!>l1 - ihe jpri<J«. of all patriotic
| ■ .. rr ' CBI38 V ln ■ W-uiorrow'B Trtbune.-Adyt. - ,
(CbpjTlctit; ]!*£: By The Tribune asaocUttOn.)
ISpwlal to Th" Tribune by French Cable.]
I..nnd<>n. April .". 1 a. m.— Mr. Brodrick has at
last deemed it advisable to bring out the facts
about the Australian atrocities and punish
ments. His hand has been forced by the press,
for practically every newspaper in the country
has appealed to the government to make a
clean breast of the matter. There is general
condemnation of the attempt to suppress the
nfl-ws of this most terrible Incident.
The Wai Office authorities have deliberately al
lowed the miserable business to be misrepresent
ed and exaggerated, and except for the fact
that Parliament Is to reassemble on Monday it
is not likely that the curtain would even now
be drawn aside. The ministers dr. not fear any
attack from the opposition benches, but they
have a wholesome dread of onslaught? by the
free lances on the Unionist side of the House of
A blighter war picture is I^ord Kitchener's
account of the bravery of the Canadian Rifles
in the Western Transvaal. The gallantry of
these troops sustains the splendid reputation
of the Dominion's soid!ers throughout thp war.
but it Is evident that the official dispatch con
cedes a heavy list of casualties.
While Generals Delarey and Kemp are not
disclosed In a peacemaking: mood, their decisive
defeat will probably help Mr. Schaflcburger in
bringing Mr. Bteyn around.
Cecil Rhodes's will is at once deeply interest
ine r<nd eminently ■ naractertstlc. Xo part Is
more striking than that in which the deceased
statesman provides for the establishment of
American scholarships at oxford University to
encourage and foster the advantages which he
believed would result fro7n the union of Eng
lish Fpeaking peoples throughout the world. Mr.
Rhodes was also of the opinion that a pood
understanding between America. England and
Ormany would S'-cure the peare of the world,
and. as he considered educational relations
would form th>- strongest tie between them.
his t> in provides f°r the establishment of fif
teen scholarships at Oxford University for Ger
man students to be nominated !•>• the German
The phraseology of the win is In places very
peculiar. In one clause Mr. Rhodes expresses
a di?!ik<> for the loafer, and in another, be
queathing EHMJ.OOQ to Oriel <"ollep<>. oxford, he
pays that the college authorities live secluded
from the world, and are Hke children as to com
mercial matters
The amount of Mr. Rhode's fortune has yet
to be proved. "The Telegraph" says that the
will dispose? of £6.000,000, while the other pa
pers estimate that the sum of £'_}.< *"•<">. OftO has
been devoted to the foundation of scholarships
at Oxford. "The Standard" says that there is
something fantastic in the rules laid down by
Mr. Rhodes for the election of scholar*, and
fears that his good intentions may lead to a cer
tain development of prigglshness.
A reduction in clay of John Tweeds colos
sal statue of Mr. Rhodes in characteristic pose
and costume for Buluwayo Is an exhibit at th»
Fairfax Galleries, and It will be reproduced In
bronze. This is the only statue made of Mr.
Rhodes in his life, but a death mask has been
taken for Mr. Tweed, and will form a basis for
a fresh work.
A private meetinsr of representative* of the
colonial government* was held yesterday to
consider the question of a stand for the accom
modation of colonials who will visit [England
for the coronation. Fuliy six thousand visitors
ate expected from Canada and Australia. It
was decided to leave the while matter in the
hands of Lord Strathcona. but it was arranged
lhat the visitors will be nsk^d to share equally
t I, P ms.t of the erection of the stand. No other
charce viii be made.
Henry L. Wilson, the American Minister to
ohiii. is m fling by the Philadelphia for New-
Fork after a brief visit to London. I. N. F.
London. April •"> . - From Brussels a correspond
ent of 'The Morning Post" telegraphs thai Dr.
I.eyds has received a dispatch from Lourenc/)
Marque* Rsyins thai the force under General
Botha Is advancing toward the Natal frontier.
Copenhagen. April 4.— There was an exciting
debate on the Danish West Indies treaty in the
executive session of the Landsthing to-day. The
opposition members violently attacked the
treaty, and plied the Foreign Minister. Dr.
Deuntzer, with numerous questions, to which
h«* replied firmly and clearly. There is great
public interest In the question, and the excite
ment is intense. Both sides are confident of
A Strong effort Is being made to identify the
members of the Landsthing who are suspected
nf furnishing information to Congressman Rich
ardson. Bo far ii has not been successful.
Washington, April 4.— Complaints are coming to
the Treasury Department that large quantities of
merchandise, particularly rice, are i.ein*j brought
into Danish West Indian ports in the expectation
of In- ing able to ship them into the United States
free .if duty after th" ratification of the treaty of
cession. The ports of the islands are free, and
hence troods landed there are not subject to cus
toms duties. It is pointed out that after the rati
fication of the treaty., and before CotiKress takes
action to prevent. it. all goods ■hipped from the
islands to this country or PortO Rico mn.st be ad
mitted duty free. Therefore a shipload of valuable
Havana tobacco niisht now be sent to St. <'rolx.
and if remhipped to Tamps or another United States
on after the ratification and before action by
Congress, it must be admitted free of duty.
nuDBBK icmfnimrm taki:.- mis ufk at
Parts, April ! F. H. Kaemnierer. the ar'ist,
committed suicide here to-day by hanging him
cfif in his studio. He was a successful exhibitor
at the S:d<>n end ■ chevalier of the Legion of
Frederik Hendrik Kaemmerer was born at Ghent.
H» was I pupil of OtfOSae. and received a third
dam nils! at the Paris Salon In 1?74. His work
<« well known in this country, examples being
found In the Vanderbilt. Rockefeller, Astor. Crocker
and A very collections and also in the Corcoran
Architects* plans showing new school for All
Raint<«' Church, to be erected at One-hun<ired-and
thtrtieth ' and Madlson-avr .. with interior and
exterior views of the Church, and photo of its pas
tor. in to-morrow's Tribune.— AdvU
NEW- YORK. SATURDAY. APRIL 5, 1902. -SIXTEEN . PAGES -^«. t u2S.t*».
Following a conference yesterday in this city
of representatives of the two companies named,
W. G. Elliott, president of the Atlantic Coast
Line Railroad Company, and R. O. Erwin, presi
dent of the Savannah, Florida and Western
Railway Company, authorized last night the
following statement:
Negotiations have been completed under which
It Is arranged that the Savannah. Florida and
Western Railway Company will, on or before
July 1. 1902, lie consolidated with and become
the property of the Atlantic coast I-ine Kail
road Company. The negotiations also contem
plate that the other railway properties of the
Plant system will pass under the control of the
Atlantic Coast Line at the same time.
It has alf.o been agreed that when the con
solidation takes place the Southern Railway
Company will have trackage rights thereafter
for all of its trains, both passenger and freight,
over the line between Savannah and Jackson
ville, thus makiiiß Jacksonville the Southern
terminus of the Southern Railway Company for
its Florida service to and from the East and
The railroads controlled by the Plant system
extend from Charleston. S. C, to Tampa, Fla..
and to Montgomery. Ala., with a total mileage
of 2,180. The system Includes tlv Florida South
ern, St. Johns and Lake Eustis, Sanford and
St Petersburg, and Savannah. Florida and
Western roads. The capital stock of the com
panies apsTopates $23,403,900, and all is owned
by »he Plant Investment Company. The total
of the bonds is $34,173,500. The Plant Invest
ment Company also controls the Plant Steam
ship Company and the Canada, Atlantic and
Plant Steamship Company. The water lines ag
crepaf I,4J!> miles in length. The riant sys
tem also Includes three steamboat lines. 126
miles in total length, operating In the waters
near Tampa.
The Atlantic Coast Line Railroad Company,
which has outstanding $15,880,200 common
ptock and $18,850,000 preferred -a majority " f
its stock being owned by th<> Atlantic Coast
IJne Company- operates a system extending
from Richmond and Norfolk. Va.. to Wilming
ton, N. C. Charleston. S. C. and Augusta, <la.,
its total mileage, including many branches, be
ing By its acquisition of the lines of the
Plant system, and its announced arrangemeni
with the Southern Railway Company, the pres
ent terminus of which is at Brunswick, Ga., the
Atlantic Coast Line Railroad Company appar
ently becomes a formidabU rival t" the Sea
board. Air Line. Both roads reach Washington
from Richmond by way of the Richmond, Fred
erickshurj; and Potomac, which la controlled ' y
the Richmond-Washington company, ■ corpora
tion the stock of which is owned one-sixth each
by the Atlantic Coast Line, the Seaboard Air
Line the Southern Railway Company, the Penn
sylvania Railroad Company, the Baltimore and
Ohio ana the Chesapeake and <>hio.
I.ik^ th" Seaboard, the Atlantic Coast Line
reaches Wilmington and Charleston from Rich
mond. The gap between Charleston and Sa
vannah Is now bridged by Its ■ qutsltlon of the
Savannah. Florida and Western, which road,
with its allied iincs of the Plant system, extends
west from Savannah to Monttromery, Ala., aJ
does the Seaboard Air Line, and south from Sa
vannah to Jacksonville and Tampa, aea'n virt
ually paralleling the Seaboard Air Line
London. April —There was severe fighting,
all day long, on March 31 In th» neighborhood
of Harts River, in the southwestern extremity
of the Transvaal, between part of General
Kitchener's force and the forces of Generals
Delarey and Kemp, resulting In the repulse of
the Boers after heavy losses on both tides.
Lord Kitchener's official report, dated from
Pretoria yesterday evening, says:
General Kitchener, Lord Kitchener's brother,
pent Colonels Keir and Cookson from Vriekuil,
Western Transvaal, on March 31. to reconnoitre
toward Haiti River. They soon struck the
track of guns and carried on a running tight
for eight miles, following the track through the
bush. Emerging on a plain, large Boer rein
forcements advanced against their Hanks, forc
ing the British troops to take up a defensible
position, which they hastily Intrenched. Fight-
Ing ensued at close quarters till the Boers were
repulsed on all sides.
Delarey, Kemp and other leaders vainly at
tempted to persuade their men to renew the
action. Fifteen hundred Boers participated In
the engagement, but they bad Buffered too heav
ily, and cleared away to the northwest and
South. British losses were also severe. The
Canadian Rifles especially distinguished them
selves, one party, commanded by Lieutenant
Bruce Carruthers, holding Its post till every man
was killed or wounded. Others of the forces
showed great steadiness, allowing the P.oei s to
advance within two hundred yards of them and
repelling them with a steady rifle fire.
London. April 4.— The War Office this after
noon Issued an official statement of the facts
in regard to the Colonials sentenced for murder
ing Boer prisoners, as follows:
The Bushveldt Carabineers, who were recruit
ed In South Africa but Included other colonials,
were employed In July. and August In the wild
est part of" the Transvaal, eighty miles north
east of Pietersburg, and took a certain num
ber of prisoners. Grave irregularities on the
jart of certain officers of the corps came to the
knowledge of the military authorities in Octo
ber, and an exhaustive Investigation was or
dered by Lord Kitchener.
As a result of the Inquiry five officers were
tried by court martial at Pietersburg, in Jan
uary, 1002, and were found guilty, as principals
in twelve murders or accessories to them. Lieu
tenants Hancock and Morant were sentenced
to death, which was carried out. These officers
were also charged with the murder of the Rev.
C. Hesse. Although there was strong suspicion
that they committed the murder, the evidence
was not considered sufficient to justify their
conviction. Lieutenant Witton was found guilty
Of murder and was sentenced to death, but
there were mitigating circumstances and the
sentence was commuted to life Imprisonment .'it
penal servitude. Lieutenant Picton was found
guilty of manslaughter, and .was cashiered.
.Major Lenahan, commanding the Carabineers,
who became aware of the crimes subsequent
to their commits!, was convicted of culpably
neglecting to report them, and was ordered
home to Australia, his dismissal being unneces
sary owing ro the dlsbandment of the corps.
No doubt exists as to the guilt of the accused,
whose plea In extenuation that a number <f
their corps were illtreated by the Boers, was not.
sustained by the evidence at ,he trial. Th.'
sentences were such as would have been inflict
ed on any officers similarly guilty.
Ottawa, April I.— His Excellency Lord Mint.,
has received the following dispatch from Cape
Town concerning the casualties in the engage
ment of the '_'d Canadian Mounted Rifles on
March 31:-
Dasch Poort, Klein Hart's River
March 31. 1902.
Lieutenants R. H. Ryan and W. .1 Louden,
formerly of the Northwest Mounted Police, are
dangerously • wounded. along with Lieutenants
G. B. McKay, of Montreal, and R. F. Markham.
New-Brunswick. Non-commissioned officers and
men killed, nine; wounded; forty. Names of
latter not yet received.
Shortest and best route to Buffalo.— Advt.
Major Woodbury. Street Cleaning Commis
sioner, used military methods almost to prevent
certain engineers and firemen from destroying
the city's steam dumping scows. The men
threatened included six engineers, fourteen fire
meri and six mates. The facts were made known
yesterday, and would, pprhaps, have been over
looked but for Mayor Low's Republican Club
speech on Thursday nisrht telling of the tricks
played on Major Woodbury. The steam scows
are hard to handle, and the men hate to work
thpm. They Involve night work, as advantage
must be taken of the tides. JVhen "accidents"
began to occur to th" (Vnerentola Major Wood
bury detected the scheme to destroy the boats,
which cost $35,000 each.
Major Woodbury holds a master mariner's
license for operating steam craft up to sixty
tons. He can run any ordinary steam craft.
When he suspected his subordinates of trickery
he called some of them to his office and told
them that any further "accidents" would result
in wholesale dismissals.
So satisfactory have been the results attend
ing the* use of the so-called Delehanty steam
dumping scows that Commissioner Woodbury
Is having all three owned by the city, the Cin
derella, the Cenerentola and the Aschenbrodel.
put into first class condition. These are the
scows mentioned by Mayor Low in his Republi
can Club speech, when He declared that four
or five attempts had been made to hamper Com
missioner Woodbury. The comparative results
show that even with unezplainable delays the
city's steel dumper the Cenerentola effected a
saving of 33 per cent in hauling city refuse.
In connection with this it was stated at Com
missioner Woodbury's office yesterday that
Charles A. Mead, who was superintendent of
final disposition under Colonel Waring, was op
posed to the use of the steam dumpers on the
ground that the city could have the work done
more cheaply by hiring. The following figures
for February show the comparative results Of
the operation of the city's dumper the Cen
erentola and the Barney company's dumper:
Trip?. Iv^»'l = . aBOMBSM. P« W<J.
CMierentota 2* 1.8*7 SI.AB 14 *> «
Barney dumper.... IS 5.3.^3 l.«B»«fl 30
To do all the refuse carrying would require
about eighteen or twenty such scows, at a cost
of from .*:>•"»,<»(><) to $35,000 each.
The handling of the Cenerentola shows how
wofully subject to "accidents" she was just
after Commissioner Woodbury ordered her to be
put into use after a long term of Idleness. The
official report on the cenerentola for February
Is as follows:
February 3— Ready for pea 10 a. m.: horse and
cart fell over dun delayed two hours waiting for
February ."?— Smokestack of port boiler filled with
cartload Of ashes, (Note: Careless dumping at
" February I Pipe of steam whistle burst, causing
a delay of three hours. .
February 7— Piston of port r-njrine broken: de
layed twenty-two hours. of left dumper
February M Holts of machinery of left dutnpor
broken: delayed thrw houro. rented steering
February l? Captain Posey reported steering
,'Hr out of order, no delay. .
February 0 Boiler pipes burned out; lay In slip
nil day February -'-' repairing same: caused a aeiaj
of tweniy-two hours and tifteen minute?.
Fehniarv i:, H"i«ti-iK rear of aft dumper broken:
no delay: 'new wheel put in while loading; HrTnan
"February :•- Hoisting Rear of aft dumper broken:
went to 4a with aft pocket empty: new wheel put
In on 28th. causing ■ delay of three hours and ten
m KoteT" February - Delayed twelve ho !r «= putting
tn' new piston, repairing .machinery, dilatory con
due) of master and chief engineer
The word "eloped" is Major Woodbury's term
for taking whiskey in tor liberal quantities.
Ottawa, out, April » In regard to the rr
ported destruction of Russian monuments on
the Alaskan boundary. Mr Tarte, the Minister
of Public Works, says thai "•> engineer em
ployed by the Canadian Government la nearer
t.. the boundary Line than White Horse Pass,
and that no uuch person as Richard Frailer Ja
•it work for the government He consider.-: tne
report of the destruction of the monuments aa
a huge farce. <in full investigation. Mr Sift n,
the Minister of the Interior, saya that there la
not ai the present time any surveying party
from Canada engaged t:i defining the Alaska-,
boundary but thai th. governmeni Is organizing
one which will start for that Territory shortly.
He emphatically denies that any government
employe or any reputable Canadian was con
cerned in the alleged outrage.
Washington. April 4. Representative Cochi
Missouri, to-day introduced ibe following reso
lution In the House:
Th-it the Secretary of stato )„• and he bereby
|. requested to Inform the House of Represents
tl.es whether the Stati Departmeni has received
from official or ot Ik r sources information aa to the
reliability of reports which have recenl y appeared
[■, the public prints to the effeel thai In American
"rritory near the bonier of Alaska. British and Ca
nadlan. officials (exercising authority by an agree
ment entered Into by the government of the Tinted
«!ite- and the British Government) are making
purveys and encroachments upon territory nor m
rluded In said agreement, and an removing and -i. -
Rtroviris ancient landmarks and monuments long
aeo erected by the Russian Governmeni to mark
"he Alaskan boundary. And that the Secretary of
State be also requested to inform the House what
'<t'!is If any the State Department has taken to
ascertain the facts as to the alleged fresh en
croachmens upon American territory, and the al
leged removal and destruction of landmarks and
monuments, and to prevent the same.
Peking, April 4.— The United States Minister,
Fdwin H. Conger, has started on a short visit
to Shanghai, on board the United States gun
boat Wilmington. Mr. Conger will begin the
negotiations for a new commercial treaty be
tween the United States and China.
Teking. April 4.— The negotiations concerning
the Manchuriau treaty between China and Rus
sia have been concluded, and the negotiators
are now engaged in framing a text of the agree
ment in the French language The terms of the
treaty are understood to be satisfactory to the
I'nited States, Great Britain and Japan.
Washington, April 4. -It is learned that the
Russian government has not asked the asstent
of the Fnlted Stales Government to the con
vention it has just concluded with China re
garding Manchuria, but the UnHsd States Gov
ernment already has expressed Its objection* to
certain features of the original convention, and
as these do not appear in the published outline
of the treaty provisions, it can he stated that
this government would not interpose any objec
tion to the ratification of the exis-ting document
even if its assent were necessary.
The provision pledging Russia to evacuate
Kew-Chwang as soon as the powers evacuate
Tlen-Tsin is regarded as the test piere of the
agreement, and as likely to hasten the powers in
their witndrawal.
During I!*H Delnhard & Co. were the largest
shippers of bottled Rhine and Moselle wines to
the U. S. Quality will tell.-Advt.
In view of the present agitation for a branch
of the subway on the upper East Side, figures
are given from th.> last census to show how,
north of Fifty-third-st., in the Borough of M m
hattan, the East Side population which will not
be reached by the present subway is nearly MM
hundred and fifty thousand greater than .be
population to the west who are to be benefited
by this improvement. To set the situation still
more clearly before the eye. .1 map is printed
which shows that there are five Assembly Dis
tricts on the West Side, which will be tapped
by the present subway, whereas to the east of
Central Park there are eight districts, all of
which, with one exception, are beyond the reach
of the present route, and which can only be
reached by a separate branch in Lexington-ave.,
connecting with th" trunk line in Forty-sec
ond-st. The one district of the eight which
will be reached by the subway is the XXXI
which, however, will only be skirted along the
The five Assembly districts r.orth of Kifty-tnlrd
st. tapped by present route In white. The
eight Assembly districts without rapid
transit improvement, in black.
northwestern bonndarv. the district being divid
ed by the Harlem River. What miKht be termed
subway districts are the XVIIth. XlXth. XX ".
XX I lid and XXXlst. What might likewise be
called "non-subway" districts are the XXIVth,
XXXIIId and xxxivth. a comparison of th
population of the "subway" a>id "non-subway"]
districts Is given below in the following table:
,- .... nans 2+ M.W9
... *' «ViiC.V"i> . . I ---
.V, 89.0001 IX 4H.1-T
"•) ::: '.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'. 7S>.>-.-, -• *\ ***
~t 78.013130 .V>.72->
"' ;; { 2 x>>7!>
Total »..'"3*>l.*Wl33 3*. 112
lOal M iinwrri 3H.29H
,3» (upper) 33.0?!
! Total ■M.MO
Thus it is shown that 1 1", '_'•>"_' more people
live in districts without the subway than in
the districts reached by this means of transit.
The southern boundary of all these districts la
Fifty-third-st.. which forms a sort of natural
median between the uptown and downtown
parts of tin city.
It can also be seen that Lexington-ave. forms
a sort of natural boundary for the Assembly
districts along the East River, and the XXIXth
District, which Includes Central Park and the
aristocratic section skirting it.- eastern border.
Thus, if the branch subway proposed for this
part of the city should be built in Lexington
ave.. it would be contiguous to the XXIVth.
XXVlth. XXVIIIth and XXXth Assembly dis
tricts, and it would pass very nearly through
the centre of the XXXI Id District. It won! I
also pass through the western part of the
XXXJIId District.
By the establishment of a terminal station
for this F.ast Side subway In the upper part
Of the XXXIVth District, which could be ac
complished by tunnelling under the Harlem
River, the population Of this large an.i grow
ing district would be reached. This terminal
would also be a feeder for the Port Chester Rail
road, whose application for a franchise to oper
ate electric surface lines from this point north
ward into Westcbester County is now awaiting
the decision of the state Board of Railroad
The small area of the East Side districts
which are at present destitute of rapid transit
facilities Is most striking, and is indicative of <
their congested condition. It has been argued
by some that the present eastern branch of the
subway, which is to run under the northwestern
corner Of Central Park, and north in Lenox
ave., will furnish some relief to the XXX I CM
and XXXIVth districts. On examination of the
boundaries of these districts, however, it is found
that neither Of them reaches further west than i
Plfth-ave . whereas the subway is laid in Lenox
ave., one Mock away. After crossing the river
this branch will skirt the upper part of the
XXXIVth District, but will t.e inaccessible for
all practical purposes, for the meat majority
Of its residents along the Kast River. At pres
ent the whole lower tongue of the Borough of :
The Bronx la traversed by only a single branch
of the rapid transit railroad, widen wiil run I
very nearly through Its centre. It la thus cvi- I
dent that further rapid transit facilities should
be offered the residents of this rapidly growing
Ing part of the city.
/. t \ /.' 8 /.' \77 \< ' /- • > TO DEATH.
Philadelphia, April \ -William H. Las*, rh*
colored servant, who OH TlMSrtaj last murdered
Ella J. Jarden. and her daughter -Madeline, and
so badly wounded another daughter. Eloise, 'hat
she died to-day, was convicted Of murder in the
first degree this afternoon, after a trial lasting
less than one hour and a hair"
Lane pleaded sanity yesterday, and was
placed on trial at 1 o'd'vk to-dny. Because
of Lane's plea ol guilty no jury was drawn,
and only three witnesses were called, fnr the
purpose of determining the degrep of muvl-:.
At _':'_'•> o'.-iock Judge Piddle SCwtCMed the mut
derer tr> death.
The date of hia execution will be fixed by
Governor Stone.
Tne announcement made in The Tribune yes
terday that the proposition to prepare plans and
takt. the necessary preliminary steps for an
East Side subway immediately had met the
indorsement of the chief engineer of the Rapid
Transit Commission was the cause of great
gratification to those citizens who will be af
fected by this improvement. It was tile cur
rent belief that when the plan was clearly un
derstood little opposition would be met from
the property owners along such a feeder, for
the reason that the ultimate, benefits to be de
rived from the underground railroad would more
than offset the temporary inconvenience. "When
it is taken Into consideration that work on the
present subway is going on for a distance o£
over thirteen miles, the casualties and accidents
that have thus far occurred seem to be remarka
bly few.
Th«» majority of the member* of the Rapid
Transit Commission yesterday declined to dis
cuss The Tribune's proposition for an eastern
subway, but admitted that it deserved the
deepest consideration, and all agreed that un
questionably the demands of the East Side for
rapid transit were most emphatic.
"It is only a question of time." said Alexander
E. Orr. president of the Board of Rapid Transit
Commissioners, yesterday to a Tribune reporter,
"when there will be an East Side subway, con
necting with the trunk line at Forty-second-st.
As soon as it is evident to the commission that
the city Is able to undertake the work within a.
reasonable time the board will STive hearings
on the project and canvass the situation thor
oughly. The ground will, furthermore, need to
be looked over carefully and the most available
route selected. This will have to be determine^
from an engineering point of view as well
as with regard to the needs of the people liv
ing there.
"As far as my opinion goes. I believe that
rapid transit cannot come to the East Side any
too quickly. It was our intention at the outset
to build an East Side branch. Because of th*
limitations of the city debt, however, by which.
wft were restricted to >:.:..-«»" work on this
tributary to the central system had to be post*
poned for a time. What we felt was most Im
portant was to tap the far outlying districts
in The Bronx, where at present there is room to
grow, to build new homes, and. thus to spread
out the city over a wider area. We thought
that by this mears a certain relief would be
brought to the more congested district?.
"The tunnel to Brooklyn will be the next step.
This Improvement can be made at a cost which,
comes within the debt limit si Us city. And,
furthermore, it must be remember f»d: that this is
n MB the greater city of New-York. The bless
ings of rapid transit have already b*»n r-rouslsssl
to the borough? of Manhattan and Th» Bronx,
and the time is almost at hand when this
promise will b ft realized. It is Brooklyn's turn,
"Too great emphasis cannot be made on th*
point that the system, as now planned, is only
tentative. The present subway when completed
will be good only as far as it goes. This is a
growing city. No man can measure in advance
what its future development will be. I consider
the present route from the City Hall to the two.
terminals in The Bronx as only a starter. Th*
Rapid Transit Commission, when this under
taking is finished, will not be able to rest upon,
its labor* If anybody comes along with i good,
plan for additional rapid transit extensions, the
board will be obliged to consider it. if he makes
his case good and can show that the city will be
benefited. .
'The time will come, I have no doubt, when
there will be a branch of the underground rail
road now under construction which will ex
tend down lower Broadway from Long Acre
Square to the City Hall. To my mind, it was a
mistake not to put a tunnel there before laying
out the route for any other street in the city.
The Broadway property owners thought it
would injure the value at their holdings. Be
fore the present subway has been running very
long you will see. these same property owners
coming to the board with a petition for .i tun
nel under Broadway. The same may be said of
the East Side and other parts of this great
city which are In need] of better transportation,
facilities. We are just entering on a tunnel
• |><» you think that there would be any op
position on the part of residents along Lexing
ton-ave.. if plans were drawn for a hranch of
the subway in that thoroughfare?" was asked..
•I think that there might be from some per
sons at the present time." was the answer.
"But when it is seen from the operation of the
tunnel now under construction what benefit*
will follow, .1 have no doubt that these people
will be only too anxious for the improvement."
It was learned from another source that the
subject of an East Side subway, such as Is
proposed by The Tribune would be considered
tentatively at the next meeting of the commis
sion, in order to get the consensus of opinion of
its different members. From the drift of opin
ion yesterday it is furthermore believed that
favorable action on such an extension will be
taken without delay.
W. K. Finn, ■ well known real estate opsaw
ator, said yesterday, regarding the movement
for an East Side tunnel route:
1 am pleased to «cc The Tribune take •;;> this Im
portant question. and I h^r-e that th- object sought
will be attained quickly. It serins to me thai every
body took it for grants that an K.i-t Side tunnel
would be built, an.l for that reason the danger of
the East Side district above F«rty-»econd-9t. befnsf
o\erh>oked in the subway plans was forgotten. The
ncce?sitv of :\ sudden change about has been force
fully brouehl home to th" majority of the people
living on th. East Side, and particularly to nearly
fvfry real estate broker, agent and speculator In
My ideas as IS what steps should be taken tr>
•ecure for the K.i.-r Side a rapi.l transit tunnel sys
i.m would fi!l a book. I would net build for the
present generation, but for many years to com*.
This rapid transit question is a perplexing one. We
do not <-—m able to mak» our traffic improvements
last enouKh to m» > the growth of the city. Th»r»
is a cry that more car? .iml better cars placed on
certain lines would refle.-* th* congestion at vart
cus points to a conß»tl*"ra?le extent. More ■■■- in
placed on the lines, and -till they are crowded, and
th*- congestion apr— ars ;e he as bad as ever. I
think that even when the rapid transit tunnel Is
hullt It will be found that the number of pen I
to be accommodated by it 'Mil be greater than an
ticipated. The effort to have an Kast side rou:-»
laid out now- and the work of building it besrun as
.-.., ,is possible undoubtedly meets my hearty ap
' I think, too. that a - way could he built in Lex
tngton-ave. without encountering great .engineer-
Inn difficulties. The I>>xlngton-ave. route should
be extended to meet the Bronx Park spur or th*
line now building. The Lexington-ave. branch
would give the people living in the Bronx Park
section and districts on the upper East Side a
straight route from the Harlem to Bowling Green,
and hr travelling in a straight line they could
surely get to and from their places of. business In.
and be sure they have Th" Sunday Tribune, as
they want it for the "Little Hen *nu Women
«artmeni."— Advs»

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