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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, April 06, 1902, Image 3

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XEITRALITY IX BOER WAR
THT- LA-W DEFINED BY ATTORNEY GEN
ERAL KNOX.
SECRETARY HAT DIRECTS AN INVESTIGA
TION INTO ACTS COMPLAINED OF
BT THE GOVERNOR OF
LOUISIANA.
Washington. April The State Department
to-day made public the correspondence that has
taken place between the United States Govern
ment and Governor Heard of Louisiana re
specting the Governor's statement regarding
the Ehirm^m of live stock and supplies for the
'British army in South Africa from Chalinette,
La. There are three principal letters and a
number of appendices Th*» principal tetters are
one from the Governor of Louisiana, date.i
Jlarch 20. regarding ■■""■ conditions at Chal-
Tnette: a reply from Secretary Hay. dated April
4 announcing that he had ordered an investiga
tion, which will be made by an arrry btlltvr.
a-d a long opinion from the Attorney General
on the legal points involved in the Chalmette
sr.'j meats.
GOVERNOR HEARD'S COMPLAINT.
Governor Heard** letter has already been out
lined In the press dispatches. He began with a
statement that v >- had received from the Mayor
of Xew-Orleans a copy of a letter from Secre
tary Hay calling his attention to a threat of
Samuel Pearson, the Boer representative in this
country, "to commit a breach of the peace in
New-Orleans." and referring that letter to the
Mayn- for consideration. Mr. Pearson's letter
Tias dated New-Orleans. February 1. and ad
dressed to the President, calling attention to
the condition of affairs at New-Orleans and
Chalmette. The Mayor transmitted this corre
spondence to the Governor, on the groan that
the acts complained of were committed In the
parish of St. Bernard, out of th • Jurisdiction of
the city authorities. The Governor Immediately
■srote to Sheriff Nunez, of that parish. The
FherifFs reply, winch is made a part of the
Governor's letter. Is dated st. Bernard. La.,
February 2S. He reported that males .->- 1
horses were being loaded at Chalmrtte for the
British Government, either directly or Indirectly,
but the loading was done by longshoremen of
the dry of New-Orleans, supervised by English
men, who might or might not be officers of the
British army. Certainly, there was no one there
In uniform. In conclusion the sheriff says:
There Is do such thing as a British post with
men and soldiers established at Port Chalmette.
So Bar as the recruiting of men is concerned, I
am sore I can certify that it is not being done
In the parish of St. Bernard. As I understand,
the only men taken on the ships are the
muleteers who are employed In the city of New-
Orleans. I have always endeavored to enforce
obedience to the laws of this State, as well as
to the laws of the United States, and. therefore,
should you Inform me that said shipments are
contrary to the law, I will certainly prevent any
further violation of said law.
Governor Heard says it is conceded by the
British officers themselves that the animals
•K-ere for the British army In South Africa. He
continues:
The burghers of South Africa are making a
fight for their homes and their liberties, which
cannot but appeal, at least, to the sense of fair
play of the American people. As the Executive
of the commonwealth of Louisiana, whose peo
ple have always been ardent lovers of these
toons, I cannot but feel that the establishment
and maintenance of a base of war supplies for
the British army upon her soil place upon me a
grave responsibility. These mules and horses
shipped from Port Chalmette, it Is claimed, are
Indispensable to the operations of the British
army. Hence they must be considered as con
traband of war. of greater value than arms or
soldiers, that England can so easily furnish
from within her borders.
CALLS ON GOVERNMENT TO ACT.
> The Governor says it Is his opinion that It Is
•&c function cf the national government, and
not of the State, to enforce obedience to the
neutrality laws; yet If such duty belongs to the
State ■here The violation occurs, he would not
hesitate to act as the law may warrant, and
calls en the Secretary cf State for his views.
In a postscript to his letter the Governor re
ports the arrival In New-Orleans of General Sir
; Richard Campbell Stewart, of The British army,
or. a tour of Inspection of the transport service
the neighborhood of New -Orleans He also
lr.closes a number of newspaper clippings and
statements from Individuals as to the opera
tions of the British remount service, a tran
script of the proceedings in court, and a.number
of letters from Individuals protesting against
the continuation of the animal shipments. The
most Important of these probably is an affidavit
of one Tourres, setting forth his engagement for
service on the transport Milwaukee, signing ar
ticles before the British Vice-Consul, being as-
Signed to duty by Lieutenant Thompson, of the
Yeomanry of the British army, and going under
his orders to Cape Town. thence to Durban,
•where horses were delivered to British officers In
■uniform, and where the men were not allowed to
go ashore "unless we would agree to sign with
the recruiting officer and join the British army."
He also alleged that The Milwaukee was com
isanded by army Gfhcers.
AX IXVESTIGATIOX DIRECTED.
Secr-eTary Hay's letter to the Governor pays:
I have received your letter of March 20 and
sssanitted n to the President, who directs m- to
Inform you that he has requested an opinion
frorr: the Attorney Genera! m regard to the
points of law involved in the matTer to which it
: : - fend bas .-ils.o ordered an immediate !n
vesrieat:on of the facts in Th* case
ATTORXEY GENERAL KN^'X'S OPINION.
The Attorney General's opinion is dated April
4. Kf- says:
• It seems necessary to say nothing as to the
duties and powers of the State of Louisiana, ex
cept that they involve, of course, the exercise
of the usual civil means of preserving the peace
In the Improbable event of its breach in the
manner supposed to be suggested by Pearson.
I cannot believe that the latter contemplates
taking the law into his own hands. In defiance
of the State and federal governments, nor does
he threaten to act without the President's per
mission, which. it is needless to say, he will not
receive. Nor can '. believe that he expects any
.such permission. His object Is doubtless to bring
forcibly to the attention of the government that
be considers the proceedings of the British
equivalent to "carrying on war" upon our terri
tory.
The Attorney General says that the prlnc!-
I' question, and a delicate one. is whether
there has be«n a departure from neutrality on
■the part of our government in this matter, and.
notwithstanding the urgency of Pearson and
Governor Heard, "thinks this government should
not take any action without mature consider
ation by the President and his advisers." He
submit* some tentative suggestions. First, he
Bays the pale of contraband or war supplies to
■ belligerent 1- held by many eminent authori
ties to be unlawful, and something which a neu
tral nation must forbid to its citizens, but ihe
weight of authority Is the other way. A rule
of law now fully agreed upon Is that a neutral
nation shall not give aid to one of the belliger
ents in the carrying on of war. Carrying on
commerce with a belligerent in the manner usual
before the war is not giving such aid. The mer •
increased demand for warlike articles and their
increased quantity in the commerce do not
make that commerce cease to be the same as
before the war. It does not seem to be set
tled that the fact that the belligerent govern
ment la a purchaser makes the neutral govern
ment's permission of the commerce a departure
from the obligation to give no aid to the bellig
erent. The fact that neutral merchants give lid
to the belligerents from motives of gain seeking
does not relieve their government from its ob
ligation to prevent, otherwise it would be lawful
to supply warships with coal, cannon and pow
der. The difficulty lies in drawing the line be
tween the right of carrying on and of govern
mental permission to carry on ! the commerce
usual before the war. and the obligation upon
the government and citizens of the neutral gov
ernment to give no aid to the belligerents.
NOT SUFFICIENT FACTS TO DECIDE.
The Attorney General speaks at some length
of the difficulty in disposing of these cases, each
different from the. other, and without exact
precedent, and he falls back on the principle
recognized in international law, that the pre
ponderant characteristics must control the de
termination. He gives long citations from cases
in the nature of precedents, and says in con
clusion:
While discussions of such matters have, as in
the Alabama claims cases, principally concerned
war vessels and expeditions by sea. it cannot be
doubled that aid given to an army engaged in
actual warfare stands upon the same footing
as aid given to a fleet so engaged, since both
equally involve a taking part by" the neutral
in furthering the military operations of the
belligerent. Nor should the municipal laws of
England and the United States, or of other
countries, by principally dealing with such ves
sels and expeditions, obscure the fact that aid
can as well be given to military operations of
th»» belligerent the one way as the other, by
proceedings carried on upon the neutral terri
tory.
From all that has been said. I think that It
may be concluded that, in determining whether
a transaction of the kind referred to, which In
one respect Is commercial in character, Is yet
not entitled to enjoy the rights belonging to
commerce, but is prohibited to the neutral na
linn and its people as being an aid to one of
the belligerents In carrying on war against the
other, the criteria are practically impossible to
specify and enumerate in advance. Bach case
thai arises must be considered in all its cir
cumstances and determined accordingly.
In the case before us There Is no statement
of facts by you upon which to give an official
opinion as to" the law. and I do not understand
that one has been requested. A number of al
legations and some testimony have been pent
me. and they are sufficient to challenge atten
tion. But the first thing to be done is to as
certain whether the allegations are true. I
have endeavored, as well as I could in advance,
to Indicate the law to be applied to them, and
shall only add that, among the points by which
to be guided, are the systematic character of
the transactions, their greater or less extensive
ness, their persistence in time or the reverse,
their governmental character or the absence of
it. their objects and results, and principally, of
coarse, their relations, if any. with the prosecu
tion of the military operations in South Africa.
BAGGAGE iySPECTWX EVILS
SECRETARY PIT AW REPLIES TO TE
TTTION FROM WOMEN-RE
FORMS PROPOSED.
•vTaFhir.gton. April Secretary Shaw has pent a
letter to each of the women who recently signed a
paper addressed to him complaining of ill treat
ment at the hands of baggage inspectors at the
pert of New-York. The Secretary says that on re
ceipt of the petition a circular letter was sent to
each signer asking a more specific statement and
the facts en which the conclusions recited In the
petition were based. This circular was sent to
1.020 women whose addresses were given In the pe
tition. A little over 300 were returned for the want
of sufficient addresses. Of the 700 remaining the
department has received US answers on the follow
ing grievances: That receipted bills are not accepted
as proof of value; that duties are often imposed
on old clothing; that trunks are emptied on the
wharf: that Impertinent questions are asked and
remarks made which are humiliating. The answers,
the Secretary says, may be summarized as follows:
Number who report Illegal demand by 0fficer......... 0
Number who cUim to have iaH on non-dutiabl<»
Kuniber who'Vep-'n" "having ' had receipted bills as
proof of value • I 0
Number who say receipted bills w«re not accepted
y wbi)" say" receipted bill* were accepted as
Number who «ay "their" trunks were emptied on th»
wharf .. • •
Number who "say they were personally humiliate-! by
Impertinent question? "
Number who complain of dlscourf-i-y .. <
Number who complain rf Insolence of oncers. »
Number who comi-laln of discrimination by officer*.. ft
Number who report bavins been courteously treated.. M
Nuir.b»T who complain of delay »
Number who have other spe. Ac grievance* . „ ]«
Number who object to method of Infection ........ 4t>
Number who fay they have had no personal experience 12
Number who have pot been abroad In three year* 6
Number who have never bevn abroad '.-.V" «
Number who report having slimed on representation*
of others ;-y ;■;•-• 4
Number who "sicned en general principles i
Nuirl*r who object to making any declaration «i
Number who object to the $I'<« limit SB
Number who report having bribe! Inspectors -
Number who know of bribery • • •■-•- • •-• *
Number who reiterate the declaration contained In the
original petition, favoring the enforcement of the
I^^. . • l
Number "who object to tba department's letter of In
quiry
The want of definite charges, the Secretary con
tinues, renders It well nigh Impossible to conduct
a specific investigation. The department, he says,
will do all in Its power to reduce legitimate causes
of complaint to the minimum. The Secretary says
he is surprised that the women who signed the
petition report so little personal Inconvenience.
Continuing he says:
If the piers were th* property of the United States
very important change.- might be made. I have re
ouested that the several steamship companies pro
vide a special room, or that they allow the govern
ment to construct presentable, and, if need be.
nort'able counters, with screens about them, so as
to permit seclusion. To this end I suggest that
the ladles who have so courteously calif-d my at
tentlon to this evil join in soliciting the str-amship
(-rmnanics to co-operate In r< medying the same
It is gratifying to recall that the original petition
Olivets attention to the fact that th<> signers are
c>viro'us of the enforcement of the law. Quite a
number of the responses to the departments clr
r-'iar letter recommend a strict enforcement of the.
statute against such persons aa attempt to smuggle.
The Secretary then quotes the law regarding a
declaration and an examination, and pays that in
the face of this s'atute he does not ccc how either
the declaration or the examination can be omitted.
In conclusion he says:
And now with regard to remedies: It Is the inten-
Tion of the department to prepare a circular con
taininz suggest!. »ns to travellers, the same to be
gtver , th-m a«. they are leaving our ports, and It
Is hoprd this will be of assistance In preparing a
correct «chedu!«> for examination on their return.
In' addition, a deputy will always be In attendance,
to whom any incivility can be reported. Other
modifications will be made from time to time as
they are found practicable.
SEEKS $700,000 DAMAGES.
CLAIM OF AN ABATTOIR COMPANT PRE
SENTED TO THE SPANISH TREATY
COMMISSION.
Washington. April s.— Papers were filed to-day
before the Spanish Treaty Claims Commission on
behalf of th* Spanish-American Abattoir Company
by Blymer. Hobbs & Clarke, of New- York, against
the United States, to recover $700,000 on account of
a franchise granted by the Spanish authorities to
the company, giving it the exclusive right to en
gage In the stock yards and packing house Industry
at Havana, Clenfuegos and Santiago. Cuba. The
papers say that the franchise was granted to the
Spanish-American company In competition with
Armour & Co. At the time of the Insurrection. it
is set forth, all operations were suspended, since
which time,' it is said, the grant has been of no
value The right of action In this suit, It is al
leared. comes outside the opinion of the Attorney
General on franchises granted by the Spanish au
thorities the works contemplated "not being in op
eration or having ever been operated," which, it Is
alleged, puts the claim within the terms of the
Treaty of Paris. '
THE MACEIAB AT BAS DOMIWGO.
Washington. April .'.. -A cable dispatch from
Minister Powell, received at the State Department
to-day, announces the arrival at San Domingo of
the Machias whlcn was ordered there from San
Yuan to protect American interests in case they
are threatened by the revolutionary movement.
-I < < BH
la often in pure-having at bargain prices.
1 lint's wbr people consult those "Little Ads.
of the Peopl*-" . . _ .. .. 4
KEW-YORK DAILY TRIBUNE. SUNDAY. APRIL 6. 1902.
MUSIC.
THF> PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY.
Th^re was fine delight in the promise and a large
amount of disappointment in the performance for
the lovers of Beethoven and the friends of the Phil
harmonic Society In the last concert of that sc
r.r .j Ptv yes terday. Th<* society ended its sixtieth sea
son." and two nf Its ex-pr^sidents and Its present
executive head talked to its patrons about the
past and present of the organization, and in
dulged in some speculation ahout its future It Is
a oomfortinc reflection, after yesterday's concert,
that s'ich speculation is not enforced as a duty to
day upon th^ public reviewers of the city's mu
sical activities. Pleasurable expectations were
Bjoujieo! by the circumstance that the programme
brought the first and last symphonies of Beethoven
into juxtaposition. Here th^re was to be an op
portunity to compare the beginning and end of the
last phase of symphonic writing, as illustrated in
the works of the world's master symphonist.
Beethoven was to b<> the beginning. Beethoven the
end. Such concerts have been given before—con
certs planned in a spirit of devotion, carried out
reverentially, successfully, authoritatively. Mr
Paur saw fit to separate the two era-creating and
epoch-making works by another of Richard
Strauss's composition*, the third that has been in
jected into a single season of eight concerts. For
thf> second time It was an excerpt of opera, the
significance of which (granting what Is claimed for
music of this class by Its modern makers and ex
pounders) depends upon its dramatic context an. l
scenic furniture being presented, or at least under
stood. It was an air from "Guntram" in which the
hero apostrophizes nnd attempts a delineation of
the blessings wrought by Peace for mankind. In
the opera the air occurs in a scene copied after
the contest of minstrels in Wagner's "Tannhauser."
The meeting place is the court of a tyrannical
monarch. The knightly singers flatter the tyrant
las was the minstrel wont) and praise the glorious
estate Into which he has rais.d himself by grlnd
lne the faces of the poor and trampling upon the
rights of the humble. Then Guntram arises and
presents his picture of Peace and her benisons.
Strnuss was his own poet. Pretty Imagery Inspired
his apostrophe, but its literary expression is of that
strained, distorted, rep. slant kind that has tln-int
ed itself for decades In the face of German poetry
and seems proud of ixirg accepted :^ bastard off
spring of Wagner's muse. For twelve minutes the
snng endures, :*nd the judicious suffer. The or
chestral stream on which the words floal Is rich In
its polyphonic texture and golden in color. But,
alas: It is ;hls and nothing else fr.>m beginning to
end! No rhythmical variety, no cbar.g-- of color,
no development of theme, no climax either spiritual
or material. Not one of the pictures fancied by the
poet moved him one second to
The varying verse, the full resounding line.
The long, majestic march, and energy divine.
All is smoothly flowing monotony. Strauss got
his hint of the dramatic scene from "T.innhauser."
but when he came to compose he turned to a later
drama, and gave us a flaccid, flabby, unemotional
copy of strains and harmonies from "Tristan und
Isolde." The Germans have a quotation from Goethe
which they are In the habit of using In cases of
this kind: It is Inelegant, but It Is apt, and those
will pardon a reference to it who failed to under
stand why Richard Strauss' operatic maunderings
should. In defiance of sense and chronology, have
been associated with Beethoven's sublime sym
phonic utterances. Wagner's bawkings and ex
pectorations have been successfully acquired by
Richard Strauss; and obviously they have been
made, to do service in "Guntram." But the people,
to whom the great Richard was always ready to
appeal, would nave none of the lesser Richard's
opera. "Guntram" was a failure, and the critics
who have attempted to defend It have been
apologists, and nothing e':.=<v It can easily be
Imagined that under proper conditions the beautiful
music would compel admiration, but there ought to
have bern presented something of the militant brill
iancy of the dramatic Incidents which precede the
episode and a bit of the riot which follows, but
tl-;.t 1 -;. ■•» things needful for th*» appreciation of the
excerpt would only have emphasised the Irrelevancy
of such music In n concert of the Philharmonic So
ciety.
This mood Is not congenial to a discussion of last
night"? reading of Beethoven's ninth symphony.
So heavy footed, uninspired. Inelastic, unpo#<
unmeaning a performance a? the fir«t movement
received has not been heard here In twenty years
at le.aat. The. phrases heaved and labored "with
many .i weary sU-.p and many a groan." when
they should have thundered Impetuous In their
downward flight. Opening Allegro, th* slow move
ment with the celestial variations and the orches
tral exposition of the choral theme were wofully
dragged. The first movement was thirteen brats
to the minute slower than the tempo which
Beethoven prescribed In the score, and reiterated in
a letter to Moscheles only seven days before his
death. It Is pedantic, of course, to appeal to metro
nomic marks, but where license Is taken With the
known wishes of a composer and traditional agree
ments, they must be justified by vital and beautiful
efftcts In the reading. None of Mr. Patir's predeces
sors a? conductors of the Philharmonic Society was
conventional, but none weighted the work as be did.
The choir, composed of members ot the Rubinstein
and Apollo clubs, made a valiant attempt in the
choral finale, and so did th- solo sing, Miss
Hllke. Mrs. Black, Mr. Hamlin (who also pang the
•"Guntram" air) and Mi. Bushnell— but the effect
was one of struggle rather than achievement It
Is an unhappy subject of discussion under the cir
cumstances.
PIUIMA U MONICA XXI \ FMSA R Y
SPEECHES RY WELL KNOWN MEN AT
THE CELEBRATION OF THE BO
CIKTY'S SIXTIETH TEAR.
The sixtieth anniversary of the Philharmonic
Society of New-York was fittingly celebrated List
night In Carnegie. Hall. Every seat In the great
hall was occupied by the most fashionable of New-
York's mubic lovers, and hundreds were compelled
to remain standing throughout the concert.
The only decorations on the stage, were the. figures
"1842" at the upper left hand corner In the rear.
"1902" at the right hand corner and "W" In a large
circle over the centre. These were done In red
leaves. At the Intermission chairs were drawn to
the front of the stage, and Andrew Carnegie, presi
dent of the society, walked to the footlights, fol
lowed by Richard Arnold, vice-president; August
Roebbelen. secretary; Carl Schmitz, treasurer; Emil
Paur. conductor; Pr. R. Ogdsn Poremus. presi
dent from 1567 to !870. and F:. Francis Hyde, who
preceded Mr. Carnegie aa president of the society
and who filled the longest term In that office. Mr.
Carnegie Immediately arose and Iniroduced Dr.
Doremus In these words:
"It becomes my pleasant duty to perform some
thing like an unnecessary task of introducing our
venerable ex-president, but I now have the great
pleasure of presenting him to you."
Dr. Doremus said It seemed like a sacrilege to
mar such musical harmonies even with a short
address. In Mrs. John Crosby I'.rown's "History
of Music" he had learned that In China centuries
before the Christian era, music outranked mathe
matics. One of its emperors, while playing on
his favorite instrument, called "The King," drew
the stars from their heavenly abodes to listen to
his enchanting melodies. Continuing, he said:
Thirty-five years ago this great society was In
trouble through dissensions- they could not agree
to elect any member as president. Messrs. Hill,
Schaad. Beisneim. l^-is. Bergner, Boehm. Matzka,
Schmitz. Rletzel a: d Conductor Berpmann called
at my residence and asked me to take the presi
dency. I promptly declined, and expressed my op
poslt'ion to the election of any amateur to this dis
tinguished position, which had always been held
by a renowned professional musician. I suggested
various names in vain. I appealed to my beloved
friend. Richard Hoffman. He said his duties to his
pupils would not permit him to accept the presi
dency.
To my surprise he advised me to accede to the
request so zealously urged. I replied that I would
be severely criticised for su'-h audacity, being but
an amateur. He claimed that the society needed
some one between it and the public.
After several weeks of discussion. I said I would
undertake the office if they would consent to four
conditions:
Kirst. doubling the orchestra, or at least never
less than one hundred members: second, engaging
most prominent soloist?, with liberal compensation:
thlrfl. holding the concert? in the finest building
in New-York, then the Academy of Music, and.
fourth, extensive publications In the daily papers.
The directors promptly agreed to my propositions
and I assumed the onerous office. I went to Eu
rope, and. Mr. President, in Edinburgh I found
that the eminent chemist. Dr. Chxlstison. whose
works on toxicology- I had studied, was president
of its Philharmonic Society. With him I consulted
and told of my position in the New-York society.
In Paris I went to the Conservatoire, and had in
terviews with Auber nnd Arntrolse Thomas, for I
had hopr? we might establish a similar institu
tion in New-York. The Philharmonic Society and
the Academy of Mostc Alas! The latter was only
devoted to opera.
Citizens of New-Tork who have Inherited or ao
quired those parallelogrammatlc pieces of cellular
tissue, tinted with the rated sesquioxide of
chromium, vulgarly, "greenbacks," should unite
in constructing an edifice for this grand associa
tion.
It should he a splendid structure, ornate, like
"frozen music." with a large auditorium, con
structed on acoustic principles, with suitable con
veniences for the orchestra and chorus, and a
prand organ: a copious musical library, with funds
for continued additions; rooms for instruction in
vocal and instrumental music, thorough bass and
the science of composition (applause') — fact, a
New-York Conservatory of Music, outrivalling the
Conservatoire of Paris. _
It should have its hall of honor, enrolling all
the names of its courageous founders. We should
hold them in memoriam. U. C. Hill was its "tons
et oritro." Through his fertile brain and unre
presslble efforts this society materialized.
Of all those who have been connected with this
society there la none who stands so high as U. C.
Hill, who organized the society. After studying
abroad he returned to this country and became the
greatest American violinist. He conceived the
grand Idea of a Beethoven celebration, with a
building that would seat 40.000. and standing room
for 10,000. and. with a chorus of 3O.C*»). In a letter
which I have he spraks of the necessity of this
vast country doing something for music besides
the affairs of commerce. I trust in the new build
ing that a statue or bust, or at least some re
membrance, of this great man will be presented.
He had an activity of mind that no other member
of the society possessed.
When Dr. Doremus had finished, Mr. Carnegie
said: "Having heard the most venerable of the
ex-presidents, we are now to hear from my imme
diate predecessor, E. Francis Hyde."
Mr. Hyde said in part:
Now, ladies and gentlemen, as the society has
attained its sixtieth year, why should it not in
1942 celebrate its centennial? I know that those in
charge of the musical administration of the society
will not let its ideals be dimmed in any degree. I
know that my honored predecessor. Dr. Doremus.
during his presidency of the society advanced its
interests with all the energy of his great vitality,
and I am certain that Mr. Carnegie, who now pre
sides over its management, with his universally
known ideas of education, and of culture, and of
progress, will not allow the lofty ideals of the so
ciety to be lowered during his administration.
Rut. after all. on whom will the success of the
society in the future rest? On you— the audience.
Your support has lie;-: 1 , its vital breath. Never has
there been a financial patron or a guarantor for
the Philharmonic Society concerts. Never has
there been a dollar paid for its existence except
what you have contributed. I do not forget the
contributions from generous friends to the pension
fund for retired members, but the financial patrons
and the guarantors of the Philharmonic Society
are before me to-night, and if the society reaches
that centennial celebration of which I have spoken
it will be due to you and to your support.
Ladies and gentlemen— the audience of the Phil
harmonic Society I salute you to-night on the
celebration of your sixtieth anniversary: For it Is
the sixtieth anniversary of your attendance, as
well as of the performances on this platform. I
salute you for your high traditions, your generous
past and for the youthful strength and vigor of
your present. I have faith in the audience of the
Philharmonic Society, and I believe that it win h«»
true in the future to its Illustrious record of sixty
years.
Mr. Carnegie was the last speaker. He said:
It occurred to me as I listened that the .Philhar
monic Society has performed another public ser
vice to-night. It has solved that vexed question of
"What shall we do with our ex-presidents?" The
Philharmonic Society says by its example, consult
them freely upon important matters, always avail
ourselves of their ripe experience, and thus keep
fresh In them their interest in the good work, not
failing to bespeak their august presence at all
commercial functions that we may do them honor
for years of service given freely to the society.
Standing here with the oldest vice-president upon
his richt and the junior upon his left, the president
Is prevented from swaying to the one side or to the
other. ami kept in the straight and narrow path.
Since I have had no nart hitherto in the service
to the cause of music which the Philharmonic So
ciety has so long and ably rendered. I can speak
freely about the organization as one of yourselves
In the audience viewing it from the outside.
The Philharmonic Society of New-York is the
pioneer musical organization of the United States.
When Its founders met to organize. New-York was
a small town of 312.(X«> inhabitants, now twelve
times us populous, and the Republic had only 17.
000.006 of people. Truly it was the day of small
thlnus. but from that day till this the Philharmonic
Society has pursued Its work uninterruptedly, hav
ing given more than three thousand performances,
which over a million of people have attended and
profited by. It has Introduced to them most of
the famous musicians of the world who have visit
ed our shores.
There Is one unique feature about this organiza
tion to which I beg your attention. You see upon
the stage before you not a body of hired musicians
who receive I certain payment for their services,
but a body of gentlemen artists— proprietors, who
have associated to keep upon the highest plane the
noble art io which they are devoted. Every on
had his appropriate «hare in the organization: there
are no employes, all are masters, and any return
received for their labors depends upon their suc
cess
JORX W\XA\I\KFR BUK FROV r\Dl\.
SATS HP! DID not KEEP TRACK of pexnstxr
vaxta. POLITICS HHII.R AWAT
John Wanamaker. the ex-Postmaster General, ar
rived here last night on the steamship St I»uls
from a four months' trip, which Included a visit to
India. Mr. Wanarnaker. who travelled alone, was
met at the pier by three or four women and a
young man. whose names were not obtained. Soon
after the steamer docked he took a train for
Philadelphia. When approached by a repcrter he
pali he had nothing to say. When asked regarding
his trip ho said It was mainly one of pleasure.
"Did you follow Pennsylvania politics or watch
the operations of the 'Ripper' bill?" he was asked.
"I know little about that, as I read very few
newspapers while away." was his reply, as he
walked away.
In the course of his trip Mr Wanamaker was
j-POPlved by the pope. The United States Consul
General at Calcutta. Ft. F. Patterson, and his wife
and daughter accompanied Mr Wanamaker from
India, and were passengen on the St. Louis.
ANOTHER \TTF\tPT OX TREPOFWB LIFE.
A WOULD BE ASSASSIN. ARMED WITH A PAGOER.
UIRESTED IN HIS ANTEROOM.
Moscow, April s.— Another attempt to assas
sinate M. TrepOff, the Moscow Prefect of Police,
was frustrated yesterday afternoon. A man
seeking a personal interview with the Prefect
applied at M. Trcpoff's office, and, admittance
being refused, drew a dagger and attempted to
kill the official in charge of the anteroom. It
was evidently his intention to force an entrance
into M. TrepofTa private office. The would-be
assassin was disarmed after a hard struggle.
GATE HIMSELF UP FOR THFFT.
MAN SAID HH WANTED TO TAKE HIS PUNISH
MENT.
While Captain Woodruff was at his desk in
Police Headquarters. Yonkers, yesterday, a m«n
camo in and said: "I am sick and tired of this
dodging, and I want to give myself up. My name
is Mark Foy. and I live in New-York. My former
employer. James H. O'Brien, a manufacturer of
table cutlery and scales in Pearl-st., wants me for
stealing a large quantity of table cutlery and brass
fittings."
F.iy said that he was twenty-two years old and
a blacksmith. He carried the key t«> the store
and showroom of his employer, and last Sunday
morning went to the place and stole a qua.itlty of
itlerj and brass fittings, which he sold. He
then took a trip to Albany, and was on his way
back :o give himself up. He wanted to make a
cleai breast of it. be said, and go back and take
his punlsbmi nt.
Captain Woodruff Immediately telephoned Mr.
O'Brien to see if the story were true. On receiving
an affinnaUv* answer, the captain advised Mr.
O'Brien to secure a warrant for Foy. This he said
he would i]n
THEATRE REPUBLIC ALTERATIONS
PLANS FILED FOR A NUMBER OF CHANGES AT
THE PLAYHbUPB. TO COST J20.000.
Plans were filed yesterday at the Bureau of Build
ings for alterations to the Theatre Republic. They
consist of altering and redecorating the entire in
terior of the theatre. The changes also Include
fireproof dressing rooms, alterations to the boxes,
the putting in or fireproof stairways, and the cut
ting of six windows and a door on the top floor.
The alterations are estimated to cost $20,000.
Oscar Hammerstein Is the owner and David Be
lasco is the lessee. Bigelow. Walter & Cotton, of
No. 1.123 Broadway, an the architects.
OWXER GETS FLEMISH PAINTING.
GOVERNMENT FEIZED IT WHEN IT WAS RE
TURNED TO THE DUKE D"AUXT.
The Duke d'Auxy, of No. 308 West One-hundred
and-ftfty-fourth-st-. announced yesterd-ay that his
Flemish painting which was seized by the United
States customs authorities had been returned to
him duty free. He sent the painting to Europe on
January 23 on the steamship La Savoie, with the
Intention of having it delivered to his brother, but
later had the American Express Company return
it When it reached here on La Touraine on
February 16 it was seized. Since that data the
painting has been withheld, but at last It was
decided that In effect It had never left the country.
»
A SUCCESSFUL PLAY
a l,vi}i attract* attention. The bargains of
fered among those "Little Ada. •at the Peo-
Ie" attract Tribune reader*.
THE cost of the Pianola is $150.
Does it bring enough pleasure in re
turn to warrant the investment?
The Pianola will enable every owner of
a piano to play upon his piano whenever he
desires. Not only this, but ever* member
of the family can also play up^n it— not
one or tw > pieces, but p-actically every
composi: on ever written tor the piano.
Did you ever stop to consider how
much pleasure there is stored up in your
piano, then count the number of rimes in a
month it is used ? It is worth thinking
about. The Pianola supplies the deficiency.
It even makes no difference if you do not
know one note trom another.
PRICE $250.
May b« bought Vr Iflf lnrnt* If dealrad.
Victor* welooma.
me AEOLIAN CO.
IS W. 23d Sc, ■ Y.
500 Fulton Su Brooklyn.
Mn«t<" roll sbowlnc »x
pression line. Tbis Ho*
rtaHmonni" to pla/
with «xpr*Mloo.
FINANCIAI BILL REPORTED.
HOUSE BANKING COMMITTEE DIVIDES ON
PARTY LINES.
Washington. April .".—The House Committee
on Banking and Currency, by a vote on party
lines, to-day ordered a iavorable report on the
financial bill framed by th? Republican mem
bers of the committee and introduced by Chair
man Fowler, "to maintain the goM standard.
provide an elastic currency, equalize the rates
of interest throughout the country, and further
arrend the national banking laws."
The details of the bill were given when Mr.
Fowler introduced it. and since then the changes
made have not affected any of the principles.
It brings together many plans whl^h have here
tofore been urged separately. A Division of
Banking and Currency is created in the Treas
ury Department, with a board >f control of three
members, representing th*> present Controller
of the Currency. Th>> methods by which banks
may take out circulation are provided, the
parity of the silver dollar with gold is estab
lished, provision for the establishment of branch
na'ional banks is made, silver bullion In the
treasury Is to be coined Into subsidiary silver,
and sruarant.-'e funds are provided tn protect
against Insolvent banks.
TROI O> MONDAY MOUSING.
You certainly run avoid It by rheekine off
tn-dar those of the "Little Ada, of the Peo
ple" which yon have decided to look Into.
EIRST CASE EOR H \<iTE COURT.
MEXICO AGREES TO SUBMIT THE PIUS
CLAIM TO ARBITRATION.
Washington. April s.— Powell Clayton. United
States Ambassador to Mexico, has secured th»
submission of the first case to The Hague arbi
tration tribunal. For a third of a century the
United States Government has been trying to
effect a settlement with the Mexican Govern
ment of the celebrated Pius claim, involving
about ?1.(X>0.000. and just before leaving the
City of Mexico for Washington Mr. Clayton
succeeded in reaching an agreement with the?
Mexican Government for the submission of th ■
ciaim to The Hague Tribunal for settlement by
arbitration. This claim involves a dispute be
tween the Catholic Church In California and
the government of Mexico as to the liability of
th«» latter for the interest on certain Church
lands which the Mexican Government undertook
to hold as trustee for th* Church.
DRILLERS STRIKE AT V/JOY YARD.
HE REFUSES TO COMPROMISE. AND GOV
ERNMENT IS INFORMED THAT WORK
ON WAR VESSELS WILL BE DELATED.
Elizabeth. N. J.. April 5 (Special).— Sixty steel
drillers have been on strike since Thursday at
Lewis Nixon's shipyard, and they now threaten
to call out all the men employed in the yard
who belong to labor unions if their demand is
not conceded by Mr. Nixon. The men were get
ting eight cents for each hole drilled, but on
Thursday the price was cut to 41?4 1 ? cents. Then
the men quit work.
Committees from the strikers have twice
waited on Mr. Nixon since, but h- has refused
any compromise. To-day a committee from the
National Ship Builders" Union called on Mr.
Nixon, but his attitude remains unchanged. The
trouble i« to be laid before the American Fed
er itlOD Of Labor.
Mr. Nixon is building for the government the
Chattanooga, a protected cruiser of the Denver
class the monitor Florida, and a number of tor
pedo boats and torpedo boat destroyers. The
Navy Department has been informed that the
work will be delayed somewhat because of th»
strike.
jrnGE M'ATEE MKBIGBB.
Washington. April a,— John L.. McAtee. Associate
Judge of the VHlth Circuit Court In Oklahoma,
has tendered hts resignation to the President, and
It has been accepted. Charges had been preferred
against the Judge.
AMBASSADOR CLAYTON I PHEI.D.
CHARGES EXPLAINED TO THE SATISFAC
TION <>F THE PRESIDENT AND
SECRETARY HAY.
Washington. April s.— The authoritative state
inent was made to-day that Ambassador Clay
tin had explained fully and to the satisfaction
Of both the President and Secretary Hay all the
charges th;tt have be«n made against him in re
gard to cases pending before the M-xican courts
and also concerning his personal conduct. In
the court cases to which reference has been
made it is said that Mr. Clayton acted under
exact instructions from the Department of State.
showing great zeal, industry and ability in the
defence of the rights of American citizens. Mr
Clayton will return to his post at the City of
Mexico ufter a brief holiday spent in Washing
ton with his daughter.
PROVISION EOR PSEUMATIC TUBES
SENATE COMMITTEE AMENDS THE POST
OFFICE APPROPRIATION BILL.
Washington. April s.— The Senate Committee on
Postoffices to-day agreed to recommend that O«
Postofflce Appropriation bill should be amended by
the addition of a provision for pneumatic tubes, and
to that end accepted the bill which has been re
ported In the House, which will be Incorporated In
the appropriation bill whet the latter is reported
to the Senate. This bill makes an appropriation
fur the next fiscal year of **«.•*». and limits t.i«
expenditure after that time to saw.ooo a year The
provision is made to cover four years, and in no
case shall the expenditure for any city be more
fn one year than 4 per cent of the gross postal
rev-nues y of the city. The limit of cost for tubes
is fixed at VMM a mile annually.

"THE JOHNSTOWN TRIBUNE" SOLD.
Johnstown, Perm.. April 5 (Special).— George T.
Swank, one of Pennsylvania's best known editors
and an Intimate friend of Horace Greeley, who has
been proprietor of "The Johnstown Tribune" since
1*59. to-day sold his paper to Anderson H. Walters
and others of Johnstown, the consideration being
about SS' 000. The sale was prompted by the ill
health of' Mr. Swank for the last year or two. He
•ays that he 'feels himself entitled to a rest. after
"TOrtstorshln of thirty-thxe* years.
Advice to Housekeepers
Get thoroughly familiar If l /"> £> ■
with the uses of . . . ITl'Wr\^l
American Art Galleries,
MADISON SQUARE «OITH. SEW YORK.
On Free View
MONDAY /iilli^ EVENING ,
9to 6. \f|psl/ 8 tO l0 *
AN IMPORTANT
COLLECTION
OF
Antique and Modern
Japanese and Chinese
Porcelains and Pottery
Bronzes, Chinese Cloisonne Enamels,
Ivory Carvings, Kakemonos,
Carved Furniture and
Textiles,
selected by
KANO OS I M A
Tokio and New York.
To be sold at unrestricted public sale
On Tuesday, Wednesday
and Thursday Afternoons
next, April Bth, 9th and
10th, at 2:30 o'clock. :
Th« sale will be coo ducted by .
THOMAS E. KIRBY of the
AMERICAN ART ASSOCIATION, Manager*
o Ea« 23d St.. Madison S<juara Sou:!*.
The New York Register's
'Prizes for Hoys
Ist Prize . . 515.00
2nd Prize . . 510.00
3rd Prize . . 55.00
EVERT WEEK the above amounts will be "' ' to th *
Boys of Greater New York. t ;
A bona-nde business offer for wide-awake Boy». Nat
a coupon collecting or votin« scheme, but a clear-cut
buslneas proposition In which the n
BRIGHTEST BOYS WH.
In»tm>--!orv» anil full particular* ar« given in y««t»
day's NEW YORK REGISTER. Get It at any n«rw»
stand and Win A Prlie.
New York Register,
35 Bleecker Street .... Nevr York
(Telephone. 872 Sprint.) .
BRENTANaSSgffSa
/VISITIMO ICOMUCT f^ V oo ***™!
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