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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, April 06, 1902, Image 4

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HBWB OF TWO CAPITALS.
loiilinard from flr»t p»is«-.
cancles at Rome or Berlin, or promotions and
transfers in the service itself. Henry White said
nothing to his most Intimate friends about
being a candidate for The embassy at l! " in " be
fore he started for Italy. If t*fi promotion
comes, the honors will be thrust upon him
without solicitation on his part. Experienced
diplomats like Mr. White in London and Mr.
Jackson in Berlin ought at least to have a
chance of declining a good post a* a reward
for protracted and brilliant service M secre
tary of legation.
A dull week at the West Knd is brought to an
end by a scries of crowded art receptions. The
New English Art Club has an excellent exhibi
tion of 129 works, remarkably fresh if not ex
ceptionally vigorous in style. Charles W. Furses
portrait of Miss Vanessa Stephen is the most
ambitious work, revealing admirable technique
and a sense of vitality. if lacking in distinction.
Wilson Steer has a solidly painted, uncompro
mising portrait of Miss Spencer Butler, and
William Orpen an artistic portrait study of a
lady, with a finely modelled face. The land
scapes of James H*¥rry are of unusual quality,
and the genre work and figure pieces are inter
esting rather than brilliant. David Mulrhead,
Wilson Steer and William Rothensteln ex
celling in this branch of art. Montague Smyth
has a good assortment of landscapes, water col
ors and oils In the Dowdeswell Galleries, with a
treasure troy» of sketching tours In Wales, Hol
land and England. Stall head Done, a young
Scotchman, has a promising lot of drawings and
etchings In the Fairfax Gallery- Alfred Bast's
friends had an early view of Academy land
scapes at his studio reception, and most of his
colleagues "will be home for the show on Sunday.
The prospects of the Academy are not brilliant.
I. N. F.
PARIS.
HOST OF CANDIDATES FOR THE GEN
ERAL ELECTION.
SOCIALISM LACKS A STRONG LEADER—
TROUBLE OVER AUTOMOBILE RACE—
NEW TREASURES OF LOUVRE.
<O*»Ticht. MB) By The Trihun* AwoeUtien.)
I Special to The Tribune by French Cable.]
Paris. April H.— The ninth general ejection
since the downfall of the empire in IS7O will
take place on Sunday. April L' 7. Never before
have political parties been so numerous; never
before have there been so many candidates. The
French law requires that before candidates can
address their constituents, either by word of
mouth or by the aid of the printer, they must
make declarations of their political faith at the
Town Hall. The catalogue is already bewilder
ing. In Paris alone the candidates represent
twenty- two distinct patties, the leading ones
beine; the Nationalist. Conservative. Plebisci
tary. Royalist. Bonapartlst. Republic. Liberal
Collectivism Progressive. Radical. Radical So
cialist, and five different ptrlpes of socialists.
Then there are specialized parties, puch as Anti-
Ffmifts and anarchists of railed hue?. In
numerable variations are rung by Joining 1 to
gether two styles with a hyphen, such as Pleh
iFohary-Revolutionists or Freethlnklng-Anar
chists. Paris counts already IT!* candidates.
The number of declarations of political faith in
the departments exceeds one thousand.
Th- rtreets and buildings of Paris yesterday
\.rre covered with electioneering posters and
guttersnipes of every Imaginable color and
combination of color. Blue, green, red. yellow,
i Met end orange placards fairly dazzle the
eyes. The Nationalists opened the ball with trJ
colored posters of red, white and blue, which is
an Infringement of the law prohibiting the use
of the French flag or the French national col
ors for electioneering or advertising purposes.
and makes the offender liable to fines of SB
francs, or ?I<\ for every poster. The salient
feature of the great campaign so far Is that
the Socialists, who made such gains at the last
general elections four years ago that they man
aged on several occasions to hold the balance
of power In Parliament, and who are represent
ed by a minister in the Cabinet, have split into
three Battles; first, the Socialists whom M.
-Jaures presided over at the recent congress at
Tours, who demand an elective Judiciary, the
suppression of the Senate and the revival of the
single house like the revolutionary convention;
second, the yellow Socialists, who disclaim all
political issues not directly bearing on the work
lagman's state insurance scheme and eight
hours labor; third. the extreme Socialists, or
Social Anarchists, whose platform is to destroy
the' existing stale of things.
Henri Bochefort is carrying on a meretricious
flirtation with this third category of socialists,
very numerous especially in the large cities-
Paris. Lyons and Marseilles — but at present
harmless because very fortunately France Just
iiow has no strong anarchist personality, such,
for Instance, as cropped up in the United States
In the shape of the late ex-Governor Altgeld of
Illinois, who, according- to the opinion expressed
by M. Waldeck-Rousseau, "incarnated nearly all
the forces that militate against civilization."
• The split among the socialists reduces the
issue to a struggle between the two great rival
Republican parties. The Progressive Republi
cans are under the adroit leadership of M. Me
line, -whose most Influential organ Is the "Jour
nal de« Debate." whose battle cry is neither
revolution nor reaction, who denounce collectiv
ism and whose success would be a victory fora
highly protective tariff. The Mellne F.epubli
cans. are attacking tooth and nail in Paris and
throughout the country the defensive Republi
cans now in power, and who, under the power
ful l«c,d of M. Waldeck-Rousseau and their
organ, the "Temps." constitute a vast but
somewhat heterogeneous party, combining with
a dash of Gambetta-like opportunism freedom
in religious faith with a fillip of collectivism in
nodal economy and a liberal tariff based on
PI ; 'City.
The library of the la*" Philippe Gille. a Par
isian Journalist and a member of the Institute,
which will be sold at auction at the end of April,
Includes eighty-five caricature drawings by the
late Puvls de Chavannes. These are the only
caricatures the French master of decorative
pair. ever made.
Ther* w*s a fashionable ettendance yesterday
at the opening of the picture rbow In aid of the
Boers. Among the well known painters who
contributed work to the show are Bouguereau.
Carolus Duran. Henner. Carriere. Roll. St. Paul
I^aurens. Jules Lefebvre. <»erome and Jules
JBreton; tie pculptors Paul Dubolß, Berrias and
Bartholdl, and two American painters. Alex
ander Harrison and Humphreys Johnston.
The masked ball to be given on April 11 un
der the auspices of GCrftme to provide funds for
"77"
Dr. Humphreys' "77" breaks up
Grip and Colds that hang: on
—handy to carry — 25 cts. —
COLDS
the monument to Gavarni. the famous caricature
artist in the days of Louis Philippe and Na
poieon 111. who was surnamed "the Juvenal In
white kid gloves." ufml— S to be th<- most
elaborate affair organized In Paris. fo r many
years.
Ambassador Porter lias engaged passage on
the St. Louis, Failing May I<'. in order to be
I repent at the unveiling at Washington of the
Roehambeau statue, and has also accepted an
Invitation to deliver an address at the West
Point centenary of the Military Academy on
June 12. . C. I. B.
WHAT LONDON TALKS OF.
London. April 5.
CHAMPIONS OF THE BARMAIDS.-The
cause of the Glasgow barmaids, who are threat
ened with extinction, is being taken up vig
orously throughout the United Kingdom. Law
yers hnve been engaged to. look after their interests,
and th* Glasgow city magistrates will not accom
plish their aims without a bitter le C al struggle, in
anticipation of which Thomas Shaw, Liberal Mem
ber of Parliament for the Hawick District, a form
er Solicitor General for Scotland, has been retained
by the magistrates. The London Brewers" Associa
tion and other powerful liquor dealers' organiza
tions throughout the country are watching the case
closely. Their representatives declare. In inter
views", that the Glasgow magistrates had no more
richt to demand the dismissal of the barmaids
man to Insist upon potmen wearing nine ties.
Most of the temperance boc!< tif b are rejoicing over
the developments at Glasgow; but apparently thej
«re not unanimous, for the British Women's rem
perance Association opposes the restrictive l^is'a
tion. and has adhered i« this vi*w in spite of the
suggestions of the kindred society In America, t no
Woman's Christian Temperance Cnion, that han
naHs be abolished. -
NATURAL GAS DISCOVERED.-Natural pas. of
which England was generally supposed to be de
ficient, has now been discovered and put to practi
cal purposes in the little village of Heathfield. Sus
sex. Th« operations are In charge of an American
engineer, who is said to be representing American
capitalists. The existence of some sort of gas In
that vicinity has been known for a long time, but
until the arrival of the Americana it was not put to
any serious purpose. An extensive plant is now
being erected at HcathfleW. The railroad station
ana hotel there are already lighted by the local
product, and the whole, village will shortly be sim
ilarly illuminated. It Is said thai the Sussex gas
Is much richer In hydro-carbon than the American
gas.
TAKING THE PICK OF ENGLISH KENNELR.
"3ome citizens of America continue to run away
with the cracks from many of our kennels," says
"The Fie!,].'' "and, not content with our bulldogs,
they have raided our beagles. The latter are usual
ly understood to be better in the United States than
here Now we heir that a couple and a half of
our very best beagles were this week sent irom
T Johnson's kennels, at Whitechurch. to Mr.
Rockefeller. They are named Caution, Poison and
Pomrev. The first named is expects! to beat all
the American champions, and they hnv«> nil won
prizes in this country. One of our best bulldogs. LA
Roche, has also gone over to the Stars and Stripe*.
In return for several hundred pounds, and the Aire
dale terrier Clonmell Majesty, a little more than
a puppy, has just salted for its new kennels In
Boston."
THEATRICAL.— theatres are suffering, as
usual, from the Easter holidays, the effect of
which crowded the pit. gallery and stalls, while
the higher priced pails were nearly empty. Tho
managers also fear the effect of the coronation.
The experiences of two Jubilees show that very
poor business is to be expected In these timer*.
"Bcn-Hur," which was produced at the Drury
Lane Theatre on Thursday evening last, Is not like
ly ever to achieve Fticcess hero until it is remod
elled. The lack of taste in dealing with religion
is generally condemned by the newspapers, and
caused a good deal of "booing" and hissing on the
opening night. The general opinion is that the
play Should end with th« chariot race. This Is well
voiced In '"The Times." which says:
Any capable, hack playwright could hay» put to
gether a better setting for the features of th« story,
and we should be spared the unedlfyintr mixture of
religious elements with that particular kind of
melodrama which has its home at Drury Lane.
Charles Frohman has secured the American rights
of "The Country Mouse," by Arthur Uw. now run
ning successfully at the Prince of WaleS*s Thea
tre. It will be transferred to the Criterion and re
place "The Girl from Maxim's," which has proved
a failure at the latter theatre.
Charles Hawtrey opens at the Prince of Wales's
Theatre on April 15. In his new play. "The Presi
dent."
Mr. Frohman has also secured from Captain
Marshall, the author of "The Second In Command."
his new play, which will be produced at the Hay
market Theatre next October.
Mr. Frohman Is also planning- Maude Adams's
season It London, beginning In September, 1903.
with the production of "L'Alglon." but. as many
preliminary announcements of Miss Adame's ap
proaching appearance have not been followed by
her debut here, Londoners are becoming sceptical
of seeing her.
Mrs. Brown Potter's much heralded appearance
as Calypso In "Ulysses" at Her Majesty's Theatre
scarcely justified the preliminary fuss. The critics
are not enthusiastic over her rendering of the part.
They think her predecessor. Miss Nancy Price, was
a better Calypso.
RUSSIAN IXDCFTRIAL XEWS.
AMERICAN'S WISH TO ERECT WAREHOUSES— A
DRASTIC PROPOSITION.
St. Petersburg. March M.— lt is reported that
representatives of an American agricultural ma
chinery syndicate have requested permission to
erect warehouses In Russia and to sell directly to
the peasants.
A commission has been Fitting to discover what
art:' the various branches of the administration
procure from abroad, and to elaborate a law more
stringently forbidding foreign contracts for articles
that can be produced in Russia. Army and navy
rf-presentatives showed that their budgets would
have to be enlarged at least 5" per cent If this
drastic measure was adopted. The Imperial Con
troller demanded a maximal limit of price differ
ence between domestic and foreign articles. As
sistant Finance Miniater Kovalevsky. the chair
man, coolly brushed all these objections aside, de
claring there was no sacrifice too large for the
country to make In favor of Its industries.
BODIES DFO rr AT SAX JUAX.
GRIM REMINDERS OF THE RATTLE ENCOUN
TERED BY WORKMEN.
Santiago de Cuba. April s.— Some workmen who
were engaged on the park improvement of San
Juan Kill yesterday excavated the bodies of three
American soldiers, two hundred feet from a Span
ish trench. They were evidently killed during thr
charge, and probably belonged to the 9th or 17th
Infantry.
The bodies of ninety-three Spaniards have been
exhumed while restoring th» trenches.
SHORT TIME IX LAXCAMMIMB MILLS.
London. April 5 -There has be^n an extensive
curtailment of the output of yarn from American
cotton in all the spinning towns of Southeast Lan
cashire, In consequence of the unfiettled condition of
trad*. At least ten million spindles ar« partially
idle, whlip twenty thousand operatives are working
on short time.
<AXAL COXFEKEXCF AT MAVAOVA.
Managua, Nicaragua. April F>. — President
Zelaya has called a meeting of some of his
friends for this evening, In order to confer with
them about the terms which the United States
Government NQjUeats as a basis for the new
protocol referring to the proposed Nicaragua
Canal route.
ECUADOR'S EMBASSY TO MADRID.
Guayaquil. Ecuador. April The Government of
Ecuador has appointed Camllo C. Andrade and
Juan Manuel Lasso to be the special embassy of
Ecuador at the ceremonies attending the accession
of King Alfonso to the throne of Spain.
rEXX. BEATEN AT LACROSSE.
Philadelphia. April s— The University of Pennsyl
vania Lacrosse team was beaten by the Johns Hop
kins team this afternoon by the score of 5 goals to
1. The Baltimore men outplayed the home team at
all points of the game, and won easily.
CAVALRY AT CMCEAMAUGA PARK.
Chattanooga, Term.. April —Advices were re
ceived here to-day that Major General John R.
Brooke and General H. V. Boynton will be In
Chattanooga on Monday to arrange for the coming
of twelve companies of the 7th Cavalry and two
companies of the Signal Corps. 1,000 men in all, to
Chickamayga Park. The grounds are in readiness
for the soldiers, who are expected to arrive from
Cuba within th» next three weeks.
HIT. BARGAIN OFFERS I> - CAPSULE FORM
• 'ilirrnri what thnur "l.Htlf Ads. of
th* resile" are to tbo«e Int*r*ctei3- •
M^VV-YORK DAILY TRIBUJSMfi. BU^DAY. APRIL 6. 1532.
MR. KHODES'S BEQUESTS.
DETAILS LEFT TO THE R*WSUTOM TO
FIT.L IN.
THE DEAD MAN'S ESTATE RECKONED AT
fo,(*VM)OO-COMMENTS OF THE
LONDON PRESS.
London, April "..-The war in South Africa,
politics and every topic usually of interest were
forgotten to-day in the absorbing discussion of
Cecil Rhodea's will. Regarding that extraor
dinary document. The Associated Press has as
certained some new facts. The total of Mr.
RbOdes's fortune is likely to prove to be £.",000,
000. or slightly under that amount. The execu
tors are Lord Rosebery, Earl Grey. Lord Milner.
Alfred Beit, Dr. Jameson, L. L. Micell and B. A.
Hawksley. to whom he bequeathed the residue
of his estate. They will divide about £1,000,000
or £1,500.000 between them. According to the
terms of this legacy, the amount is to lie divided
during their lifetime, but as each legatee dies
his share pops to a common fund, until the sur
viving legatee becomes its sole owner. Hence,
one of the executors, the majority of whom are
already enormously wealthy, will one day in
herit what will then have probably accumulated
Into nearly £2,000,000. The executors. The As
sociated Press learns, have unusually full pow
ers, and can construe and add to the will as
seems fit. Hence the omission of British Co
lumbia. Nova Scotia and other Canadian prov
inces from the list of scholarship* Is quite likely
to be corrected, and each province of Canada
may be put on the same footing as the Ameri
can States.
One of Mr. Rhodes's most intimate associates
Bald to a representative of The Associated
Press:
lie drew up his will in the same spirit in
which he approached all great undertakings.
In his most important tasks he mere y llwtched
the outlines and left us to till In the details.
To his trustees are Riven plenary power. In th<
matter of the Kholarships Mr. Rhodes saw he
scheme was so vast that any attempt to la>
down too rigidly the lines might result in harm:
so beyond endeavoring to meet the legal re
quirements, he tried to leave the fulfilment of
his plans to those with whom, during ins lire
time, be bad frequently discussed them.
Regarding the- American bequests, the same
authority paid:
In offering Americans and Germans Induce
ments to go to Oxford, Mr. Rhodes had a dual
aim First, putting the youth of England in In
timate touch with what be termed the two most
progressive nations of the world, no that they
might be broadened and spurred to more strenu
ous efforts • second, bringing the best specimens
of Americans and Germans on such terms with
the KngUsh people and customs that they might
become missionaries of a better international
understanding.
When the trustees can meet and all the pre
liminary details are settled, a request will be
male to several leading Americans to form a
committee In the United States to act in con
junction with the English body, and assume
certain responsibilities, for which the executors
are palpably unfitted, both by absence from the
United States and ignorance of Its customs.
The afternoon papers all devote long editorials
to the "Coesar will." a? it is termed. "The
Globe." referring to Mr. Rhodes's hope of friend
ship between Great Britain, the United States
and Germany, say?:
We only hope that these noble a*p!ratlon»
may be realized In their entirety. England has
done her part, and there only remains the hope
thut future German editors may be nmoni? Mr.
Rhodes's Oxford students, mid fo gain a knowl
edge of England, now SO lacking.
"The St. James's Gazette," referring to the
intimations that the best young Americans will
be drawn to Oxford, says:
We heartily hope- so. and from no other desire
than that < >xfor<i should equip them to be profit
able servants of their motherland we welcome
them.
"The Westminster Gazette" pays It believes
the incursion of Americans. Germans and Co
lonials ought to bring new life snd new Ideas
to < ixford, adding:
We hope the university will welcome it, and
prepare to meet it in a cordial spirit. Whether
It will have a unifying effect In the empire nn.l
promote the good relations with America and
Germany which Mr. Rhodes desired, will depend
largely on the spirit m which the university
rises to the occasion and the ability to meet the
wants of these students.
"The Pall Mall Gazette." referring to' the
American bequest ns the great feature of the
■will, says:
A more remarkable provision for bringing the
two great F.nglish speaking powers of the world
into closer touch w.ns never before dreamed of.
The groat American nation cannot fall to be
deeply touched by this splendid bid for its
friendship made by the de«d.
DT'E TO FRIENDSHIP FOR THE KAISER
Berlin. April s.— The newspapers here gen
erally attribute that friendship for Emperor
William was largely the motive for Cecil
Rhodes's bequests to Germany, and welcome
the prospect of broadening the- Intellectual
horizon of German Students through contact
with the most intellectual life in England. The
"l.okril Anzej£er'" refers to tbe pleasurable sat
isfaction experienced in official circles, but adds
that there was no surprise, as It was known how
extraordinary was Mr. Rhodes's esteem fur the
Emperor, whom be warmly defended in British
anti-German circles.
FUNERAL CAR AT KIMBERLBY.
rK<"'l'T.,E OF THE DIAMOND CITY PAT THEIR
LAST HONORS TO CECIL RHODES.
Kimberley, Cape Colony, April 6.— The train
bearing the body of Cecil Rhodes, which left
Cape Town on Thursday, arrived here to-day
on its way to Buluwayo. Matabeleland. The
town was in mourning, and practically the en
tire population mar<hed in processotn past the
funeral ear.
LAXnSTHIXG A^D TREATY.
NO CONCLUSION YET REACHED— THE OP
POSITION ACTIVE.
Copenhagen, Denmark, April s.— The Lands
thing (Upper House) In secret session to-day
continued the discussion of the Danish West
Indian Islands treaty for three hours, with no
result. The debate was heated, and much ex
citement prevailed among the members. It is
hoped that the meeting of the Landsthing on
Monday will enable the House to report its
conclusions'.
The Opposition press is engaged in a violent
agitation against the government.
The "National Tidende" to-day anrounced
that the Rit;ht party in the Landsthing is now
in favor of the cession of the Danish West
Indies to the T'nited States, on condition that
the approval of the inhabitants of the islands
is obtained through a referendum.
FOR THE M'KIXLEY FUND FROM SWEDEN.
Stockholm. Sweden, Ai-rll ».— William W. Thomas,
jr.. the United States Minister here, has Jupt pent
to tbe United States his check for over $300. repre
senting the contributions of the minister and others
in Sweden and Norway toward the erection at Can
ton, Ohio, of the national memorial to the late
President McKlnley.
There Is no American colony at Stockholm, as Is
the case at many of the larger capital cities of
Europe, and the United States Minister has raised
this sum chiefly among the diplomatic and consular
corps of Sweden and Norway, and among friends of
America at Stockholm.
XEWS FROM THE SEALERS.
St. Johns, N. F.. April s.— The sealing: steamer
Kite to-day entered White Bay, near the Strait of
Belle Isle, with only 2,500 seals. The Ice floes are
being driven against the ehor« by the strong winds,
and the shore folk are making goodly catches of
seals. It Is believed ten thousand have been se
cured by a fewscore of the settlers. The steamer
Ranger «s reported to have passed Cape Bona
vi3ta. homeward bound, lcad<^l^
BRITISH LOSSES SEVERE. §
CASUALTY LISTS SHOW SERIOUS FIGHT
ING IN THE TRANSVAAL.
Pretoria. April 4.— The British losses in the
engagement in the neighborhood of Harts River,
in the southwestern extremity of the Transvaal,
on March 81 were three officers and twenty
four men killed and sixteen officers and 181 :r.-n
wounded. The Boers admit that they lost 137
men killed or wounded. The action occurro
at Doornbalt Farm, a few miles south of t
scene of Oeneral Delareys defeat of General
Methuen. The Boers, who were commanded
by Generals Kemp and Potgieter. attacked with
great determination, but the Canadian con
tingent, which was the last to arrive in South
Africa from Canada, and two squadrons of yeo
manry, under Colonel Cookson. and the artillery
and mounted rifles, under Colonel Keir. pre
sented such a stout front that the burghers were
finally forced to retreat.
The casualty list shows that the 2d Canadian
Mounted Rifles had four officers wounded, nine
men killed and forty wounded.
The South African casualty list issued this
evening shows that the losses sustained by the.
2d Dragoon Guards in their sharp rearguard
flftion with the Boers near Boschman s Kop
during the evening of March 81 were severe.
Two officers were killed ami ti vf > wounded and
eighteen men were kill"<l and tifty-eight
wounded.
The gallantry of the Canadian troops attracts
unstinted praise fr.-m the British press. These
comments form a striking contrast to the re
cently printed notification that the attention of
Lord Roberts, the commander In chief, had been
drawn to various cases where colonials to whom
hail been awarded commissions were treated as
Inferiors by the regular officers, and otherwise
made to feel that they were only members of
the mess by sufferance. Lord Roberts, it was
Bemi-offlcially announced, was making an in
vestigation, and intended to inflVt the most
serious penalties on any British officers found
guilty of such conduct. Privately, and in letters
to the press, many colonial officers have fre
quently complained that "they are good enough
a 1 the front, but are n'U wanted at a Cape Town
hotel or in a London drawing room."
WORK OF DR. DB P.RUYN.
The Hague. April 5.- -Boer circles attribute
the inquiry as to the alleged British camp at
New-Orleans to representations made by Dr.
De Bruyn, one of the Boer delegates recently In
the United States.
SIKITS COMING TO BUY MULES.
London. April .">.- The American Line steamer
Philadelphia, which left Southampton at r."on
to-day for New-York, by way of Cherbourg, had
on board twenty Sikhs, who recently arrived in
England from Bombay. They are in charge of
a British officer, and are going to Kansas City
and Texas to purrhnse mules for the British
army.
The Sikh* are a. religions sect, founded near
I-ihorc, In the Punjab, early in the sixteenth
century, by Nannie, a. reformer. On the fall of the
Mogul Empire It had the only organization left in
the Punjab, and began to exercise political power.
Toward the end of the eighteenth century the
Sikhs were organized into a kingdom tv Ranjit
Singh, and established a military commonwealth or
kh.-ii=.i. In 1849 the Punjab was anr.vxerl to British
India, aft^r two obstinate war?. There are at pres
ent about fifteen thousand Sikhs serving under
British colon The Sikh regiments are considered
as among the finest in the British India service.
NEW-BRUNSWICK MEN IN THE FIGHT.
St. John, N. 8., April 5. More than ordinary in
terest was manifested here In the reports of the
fighting at Harts River, Transvaal, as it la under
stood a number of New-Brunswick men partici
pated Among those wounded was Lieutenant
Ralph Markhnm. of this olty. a son of Lieutenant
Colonel Alfred Marknam, publisher of "The Dally
Run."
TOPICS IX BERLIN.
Berlin, April 5.
ACHIEVEMENTS IN" SURGERY.— Among orlßl
nalltles of surgery described st the sessions tuts
week of the thirty-first congress of the German
ChirurglcaJ Association was the case of Dr. Tletse,
of Breslau, who, having removed a section of dis
eased bone from a woman's shin, pieced it with a
joint from her great toe, thus preventing lameness.
Dr. Roth, of Lubeck, gave a demonstration of an
appliance for administering oxygen with chloro
form, rendering it possible to anaesthetise weak
hearted persons. Other surgeons confirmed the ex
cellent results of mixing oxygen with chloroform.
Dr. Reerink, of Freiburg, described successful
operations on animals by patching stomachs with
pieces of Intestines.
Six mirgeoii!*. four Germans and two Frenchmen.
reported to the congress th« discovery of the
cancer bacillus. As each report was quite dltterent
from the. others, and. as none of these doctors
satisfactorily demonstrated th»'ir discoveries, not
much confidence was fell by the examining com
mittee. Many experiments as to tho origin of can
cer are jroinir on. the impression In scientific cir
cles being that fame awnlts the discoverer of tiie
cancer bacillus.
PRAISE PROM YON TROTHA. General vqu
Trotha. Emperor William's adjutant, is!:.':! askea
at a dinner party what he really thought of Prince
Henry's visit to tiio United States, said: "I have
been to entertainment* at the principal courts of
Europe, and I have never seen such luxury and
good taste .is at the series of banquets and recep
tions in America. Nowhere Is there such an ii
quisite cuisine."
Referring to American dishes, the general paid
none of the party liked eanvasback duck, because
it was served almost red, hut Prince Henry or
dered It at th« farewell luncheon on board the
Deutschland, to please his American guests. The
German cooks, however, produced the canvasbacks
well done, which the Americans did not like, but
which the Prince's party, on this occasion, <im
like. All tin royal party liked terrapin.
Professor 'Miinsterberp, who entertained Prince
Henry nt Harvard, writes to "Die Woche" bis Im
pressions of the trip, under the title, of "A Moral
Conquest," concluding that, though the. United
States was delighted with the Prince, he was also
deeply fascinated by the United State*.
PROPOSED HOME FOR EMBASSY.— The Borslg
Pal.ice, which has been offered for sale to the
State Department nt Washington, a* a building
for the accommodation of the United States Em
bassy, Is n. stately, pray stone edifice, on "\Yilhelni
Strasse, overlooking Wilhelm Plaza, adjoining the
palace of Prince yon Pleas, two doors from the
residence of Count yon Rfilow, the Imperial Chan
cellor, and three doors from the Foreign Office.
it whs built for the late ii.-rr Borslg, a manufact
urer of iron, who died before he could occupy It.
The Borsig Palace, is used for exhibitions ami en
tertainments, among the latter being Emperor
"William's nnnu.il antler exhibition. United States
ministers and ambassadors, for fifty years past
have been recommending the United States au
thorities to buy an embassy building. Andrew D.
White the present ambassador, recently said that
when he retired he meant to make the strongest
representations passible in favor of securing- a
permanent embassy building in Berlin.

TURKISH OFFICIALS MADE PRISON EMS.
noi,r> RAIP PY ALBAKIANfI ON THE TOWN of
II'KK.
Constantinople. April 6w — Advices received
here from Uskup, Kuropean Turkey, announce
that a number of Albanians recently surround
ed the government's offices at Ipek, thirty-live
miles from Novibazar. took all the officials pris
oners and then telegraphing to the Ylldiz Palaco
here demanding the release of the Albanians
who are detained In custody at Constantinople.
Two battalions of Turkish infantry have been
dispatched to ipek.
JAMAICA WANTS A FLO ATI XG DOCK.
Kingston, Jamaica, April The Chamber of
Commerce has decided to call on the Jamaican Gov
ernment to urge the imperial government to send
the old Bermuda floating dock here to fill n. great
need, and also to approve the scheme for Improv
ing shipping by making this port fres for mari
time purposes.
EI'STOW BALL BTRXF.n.
London. April 5.— A great part of the Duke of
Oration's seat at Euston Hall, Thetford (thirty
milea from Norwich), wa? destroyed by nre this
morning. The east nml south wings of the mansion
w«-re entirply gutted. Yaluahle pirtures anil fur
niture wer»- saved.
-PERPETUAL MOTION
!■ still far off, but numerous frond tin run In «
are within your reach to-tlny If you consult
the ••Little Ada of the People."
BIG CASUALTY LISTS.
DESPERATE CHARACTER OF THE
TRANSVAAL FIGHTING SHOWN.
POLITICS AT A LOW EBB IN BRITAIN —
CHURCH VIEWS OF THE edu-
CATION BILL.
(Copyright: 1902: By The Tribune Association.)
[Special to Th« Tribune by French Cable. 1
London, April « >.— The casualty list of 174
killed and wounded is an adequate proof of
the desperate fighting between the British forces
under Cookson and Keir. and Delarey's forces.
It is feared that the official list may be incom
plete, as the casualties among the Canadian
mounted rifles, who bore the brunt of the at
tack, are less serious than was anticipated.
Lieutenant Ryan was severely wounded, and
Lieutenants Mackey, London and Markham
slightly. Such details as have been received
show that Delarey and Kemp were In hiding
not far from the scene of Lord Methuen"s sur
prise and defeat, and that Cook3on and Keir in
conducting the reconnoissanee were drawn on
until they were confronted by the superior force
and forced to fight on the defensive. The Brit
ish forces, being seasoned troops and well sup
ported by the artillery, held their ground despite
the series of fierce assaults. Delarey's burghers
sustained not only severe leases, but a decisive
defeat.
Dr. Leyds's rumored invasion of Natal by
General Botha is not confirmed by British
sources. There is no justification for the theory
that Botha and Deterey were making a precon
certed movement east and west, while Schalk
bttfger was duping the British staff in the centre
with illusive peace negotiations. The Boer
forces are too far apart for conference or co
operation. The burghers, like the -Tommies.
will make a business of fighting until peace is
proclaimed.
Ministers and members of Parliament are still
out of London, and politics is at a low ebb.
The Church of England press continues to
take a favorable view of the Education bill as
the best solution of the vexed question of sup
port of voluntary schools. The Nonconformist
press is critical and disputatious, but not so
emphatic as Dr. Parker, who advises a consci
entious resistance to the tax collectors if the
education rates Include the expense of the main
tenance and improvement of denominational
schools. It is not yet clear whether resistance
to the bill will involve a Well organized agita
tion. A menace of this kind will settle the fate
of Mr. Balfour's permissive scheme.
The chief social event outside of London yes
terday was the marriage of Lady Helen Kerr,
a sister of the Marquis of Lothian, to Major
Kerr at the Duke of Buccleuch's private chapel.
Dalkeith. - l W< F>
RAS UAKOyyES WILL. BE THERE.
FAMOUS GBNERAI. TO REPRESENT MOM AT
TH»: CORONATION.
Aden Arabia, April 6.-K!ng Menelik of Abys
sinia has appointed Ras Makonnen, the famous
Abyssinian general, to attend King Edward's cor
onatlon.
ris Makonnen who defeated the Italian troop*
under General Bar&tlerl In March, »l at the bat
tle of Adowa. Abyssinia, when some three thou
sand to ten thousand of Baratleri's soldiers and
camp follower* were reported to have been aWed,
Is a cousin of Kin? Menelik. and Is the principal
general and confidential representative of his maj
esty. Ras Makonnen Is the man whom, next to
Blenelilc the whole of Ethiopia regards as its bul
wark. He is remarkable In character. In physique
and In the possession of a quality or courtesy which
justifies his rank. Ras Makonnen is accounted a
very rich man. and his great wealth Is due to the
fact that be was given, because of his relation to
the King and because of his power In the state, the
customs at Harrar.
He wn* In the front ranks at Adowa. (be tragic
episode of the Italian advance into Africa, and dis
tinguished himself both by his personal bravery
and by his skill as a soldier. Leading his thou
sands of tribesmen, Ran Makonnen charged upon
the enemy and succeeded in overwhelming one
win* During the fight a bullet passud through one
of his arms, and the shock nearly threw him *.rom
the saddle His son. who was serving among the
attendants of th* Kinir. dashed to his fathers res
cue and saved his life by killing an Italian officer
who was lust about to discharge a revolver point
blank at Has Makonnen. The Abyssinian general
was again wounded later In the day.
NEBRASKA BANK ROFiBFD.
SAFE BLOWN OPEN BY FIVE MEN AND
J16,n.» TAKEN.
Beatrice, Neb. April . The State Bank at
Kuskin. Neb., was robbed of $16,000 in cash at
midnight last night. The robbers, supposed to
be five In number, gained entrance to the bank
by prying up a window and then opening the
front doors of the building.
Nitroglycerine was used to blow the safe,
and the explosion blew both doors off their
hinges and made access to the money box easy.
The robbers took all the currency and paper
money In the bank.
The noise of the explosion aroused th» in
habitants in time to see three of the robbers
making off to the westward. Bloodhounds were
secured by special train from Beatrice, and
these at once took up the trail of the three rob
bers to a spot about half a mile west of Ruskin.
The dogs were then bp»;ught back to th» ban!;.
and took the trail of the other two men to the
southwest.
The two trails finally met about a mile from
Rupkln. where the entire party had mounted
hurseH. The dogs nre still on a trail in a west
erly direction, and it is thought that the robbers
wan riding in an effort to reach the main line of
the Burlington Railroad toward Denver.
KILLED BY BTRSAM OF \Y\TLj\'.
HYDRAULIC GIANT BECAME UNMANAGE
ABLE AND STRUCK MINE ENGINEER.
Tellurlde. Col.. April . r ».— Colonel S. B. Lund
lum, superintendent of the Keystone Placer Min
ing Company, whose mines are about four miles
west of this town, was almost instantly killed
and Peter Epswich was* seriously injured by a
hydraulic giant which became unmanageable.
The stream of water, coming with terrific force,
struck Colonel Lundlum at close range and
burled him fifty feet down the mountain side.
When rescued his body was floating In the tor
rent of water, one hundred feet away from the
nozzle of the giant. His shoulders, ribs and
other bones were broken.
Colonel Lundlum was one of the most distin
guished hydraulic engineers in the country, hav
ing engaged in hydraulic mining in California
for thirty years. His title of colonel came from
his having held that office in a California regi
ment raised In the Civil War. Colonel Lundlum
was sixty years old, and left a widow and one
daughter.
Epswich, the Injured man. was the operator
of the unruly giant. He is not fatally hurt.

DEATH OF CANDIDATE FOR YOU.
HE HAP BEEN ILL ALL THR<"H'OH CAM
PAIGN". WHICH ENDS TO-MORROW.
Grand Rapids. Mkh., April s.— Arthur R.
Rood. Republican candidate for Mayor, died
early this morning at Butterworth Hospital,
where he had been suffering with typhoid fever
since March IJ\ the day he was nominated at
the primary election to run against Mayor
George A. Perry. His illness was <louhtle-s ag
gravated by his work in the hard campaign
that preceded th* primaries. The election uilw~
place next Monday.
Millard Palmer was chosen to take Mr. Rood's
dace at the. head of the ticket.
.; . . ■financial. .... _. _ __l
The Financial World. "■
Operations in the market the past week har<
brought strong recognition of the power of that
group of operators which the Street calls the
Western contingent. It is composed of Chicago
and Pittsburs men. They are men who have
made their money in the metal trades. Th«
formation of the United States Steel Corporation
was the moving cause of their presence in the
stock market. Their plants were absorbed by
that gigantic concern; they were freed thereby
from that personal supervision of them whlca
before absorbed their energies; and they had the
money which the corporation paid them. Mr.
Gates is looked upon as the leader of the group;
and the Pittsburg men make up the solid portion
of it. Until the metal men came to the front.
great fortunes seermel to naturally associate
themselves in the public mind with railroads.
Now it is learned, that the great mining and
metal industries which have their centre at
Fittsbur.cr have been creating fortunes of magni
tude not before suspected; and the foremost
man of this industrial centre astonishes the
world equally by the bulk of his fortune as the
lavishness with which he gives it away. But
Mr. OnMShl himself is not in Wall Street. . :
Smaller men than he, but very rich men, are.
They with the Chicago men. have made their
money fast: and they operate in the market
after the manner of people who have made
their money that way. They are plungers. They
have been plunging considerably for a- ween or
so; and considering what a limited public there
is in the market at this time, and the sceptical
temper it is in. they have cone wonderfully well.
St. Paul was taken .13 the speculative leader,
and the advance in price which they made hi
it between Monday and Friday was from Ml t<>
172. This would ha nothing great in the enor
mous mark- we had a year ago. but It is
great for these dull times, when the work has
to be done against a degree of inertia in th*
public very discouraging to bull operations. The
big rush was made en Friday, when 172,000
shares of the stock were done.
The effect on the rest of the list was cer
tainly as much as could be reasonably expected.
A general stimulus was given to the railroad
shares. Union Pacific advanced about thre*
points; a good deal of business was stirred up
in Pennsylvania and New-York Central; Louis
ville & Nashville was smartly advanced, when
it was said that opportunity was taken to mar
ket some treasury stock; and smaller Improve
ment was noted in other parts of the railroad
list. The Gould stocks and the Atchisons. the
latter specially, remained sluggish. As to Rock
Island, state the announcement of the new issue
of §15,000.000 of stock, the price has receded
somewhat and little has been doing la the
stock. This issue is considered to be only a
first installment.
Outside the railroad list, the operations of th»
Western men did not apparently extend, and the
Industrials generally were comparatively neg
lected. Colorado Fuel was allowed to quiet
down, at a lower level, and It 13 said that the
effort to distribute the convertible bonds has
met with some success. The steel stocks con
tinued steady, a* usual, with little doing in.
them. The company's first annual statement.
giving the earnings month by month, was well
received. The controlling powers in the corpora
tion are praised for dealing openly with th»
public in this matter. This is well; but the men
who control an industrial concern represented
by a billion of stocks and bonds, are under an
obligation to the public, which holds this ma 33
of securities, too serious for any trlSlns or
juggling with accounts. Doubtless no man 13
more conscious of this than Mr. Morgan.
Early in the week a small group of operators
— unconnected with the Western men— started
the Leather stocks upward. They seemed to
pet a little tired as the week went on, or pos
sibly the op^ritions else . v here in the market
Interfered with them Anyway, after a brief
spurt these stocks dropped back and became
dull; but if the "Western men can keep the gen
eral market active, the operators referred to
ought to be able la carry on their bull move
ment. Leather common la as good as any other
of th..- cats and dogs of the market, and the
preferred stock is distinctly cheap. Being some
thing over sixty millions hi amount, however,
they probably find it a little more •'. fflcutt to
handle than Rutland preferred or St. Lawrence
& Adirondack. Less has been done in Amal
gamated Copper than was expected, and the
fluctuations in price have been confined within
two points. The next dividend is now the ques
tion.
The sceptical temper of th" public before al
luded to. is not connned to this side. All the
London advices represent it as being very pro
nounced over there. This market gets no help
from London, or from the Continent. There
must be some general cause for this. The con
tinuance of the South African war is» moat
talked of. hut that does not seriously affect us.
Undoubtedly there will be improvement when It
is over, yet not as much as rr.isnt be supposed
from the hysterical stuff written about it. Them
hi constant repetition of cries about "this bloody
conflict," in papers whose sid files record th*
sanguinary struggles of the Civil War— a war
which in Its four years duration exhibited »very
possible phase on both sides of courage, en
durance and suffering almost beyond historical
record; a war in which the losses in a single
battle, as that of the Wilderness, scot through
the civilized world a thrill of horror. The battles
in South Africa are the skirmishes of that
struggle. Nations are not tried in the bartering
of goods, but in the stood si men and the tears
of women. ■' ■:-. -.;
This, however, is a little apart from MM to
mediate market, which after the bank statement
appeared, yesterday seemeil to get a chill. With
a surplus reserve reduced to less than $3,00<\000.
there seemert to be a near prospect of trouble
in the money market. Possibly this 13 due
largely to the April settlements, and Is there
fore temporary. Supposing there be no inter
ference from this direction, there is fair chance
for repeating in other stocks what has been
done in St. Paul— which stock, by the way, has
before this been sent up flying into the $&*■
The coal stocks only await something deflnite
on the strike matter to start forward; the AtcW
sons have not moved yet; there are possibilities
for several points in the trunk line stocks;
and Union Pacific should be good for as much.
or more, not forgetting the convertible bonds,
which are a safer risk than the stock. Beside*
this, there are the GouM issues, which so far
have done nothing. But trying to forecast th»
market is simply speculating on where tho
Western contingent will break out next.
CUTHBERT MILLS.
Tin: mfx wnn thuf. at f:\ed esqti vault.
SAID TO BE THE CONVICTS WHO TRIED TO t\U«-
AGE fAJAn CANAL.
' San Francisco, April 3.— 'Th« Call" this morcin*
says- "Information furnished In this city and se
cured In other localities Indicates that the man
alleged to have been detailed to destroy th« forts
at Esquimau in 1000, are now life prisoners In the
Kingston. Ont.. penitentiary, for attempting to
blow op the Thorold lock of the Wetland Canal
me. we. after the projected attempt on t..-> _
Esquimau fortifications. They were c°n£ lct £{ \
under the names of John Nolan. John ;»alah ana
Karl Dallman. tho.nh . the statement nas P,*** 1
published that Dallman is in ml'm 1 ' "S, 1
a former Irish Nationalist t&a.'Ur. Dillon 3 *rlenfl9.
however, have said that he is d>ad. having ™*- Q
drowned In Ireland."
BARGAIN nfIBATOB.
Yon «11l «lw«>« anil ♦ ■*» Sunday • ■•*•
main hatched nut tnu| tUomm *lUttle
Ails, of the I'rool*."

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