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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, April 07, 1902, Image 1

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V OL LXI N° 2023 L
MAKE ai:ki:sts.
Manhattan was a Sahara yesterday, nut a
Sahara made passable by nearly twenty-three
hundred Raines law oases. Not since the Roose
veit regime has there been such a general clos
ing of the saloons. The situation in a word was
this: The Liquor Dealers' Association was
watcbine the saloonkeeper, tho saloonkeeper
•was watching the patrolman, the patrolman was
witching the captain, the captain was watching
the District. Attorney, and no one took any
chances. Conscious thai the attention of the
entire city was fix<-l upon them, the patrolmen
made strenuous efforts to "make rood." while
the falonnkeeprrs determined to cut off any pos
sible glory by ■„...: ing shut. The result was
that while the number of arrests increased they
wrre many of them !-ased on Blight grounds. '
Th" raloons being « U?e<i. the problem was for
Hi.* Raines law hotel? to u'.tend to their own
business and that of the =-;V»«ns besides. This
they succeeded in ing. r.r.d by dint of a Ittfll
ciert number of sandwiches they avoid the
clutches of the ever vigilant patrolman. But
there were a f<=-w saloons open also. Not open
in the chance passer, not open to the public
paze. as of oM. but pen to the time honored
suest. The dingy bark room was turned Into
a barroom; elevated on a couple of chairs, a
T>eer keg furnished a scanty cheer to the sadly,
diminished number of patrons. At the doors
of these saloons their owners stood, carefully
Fcrutinizinj; each thirsty, oppressed soul that
clamored for admittance, and St. Peter him
self could not have exercised more discretion at
the r«=arly gates than dM these guardians cf
the family entrance.
There wen ■ few blind "ticrer?" in operation.
too. This is a simple, effective method Of sup
plyinß liquor without *■•■• ring any opportunity
for observstion. The scheme is worked in this
fashion: An a'^ening is cut in the -wall and a
board is , laced ■ "- a pivot so thru it can swing
in and out through the aperture. The customer
shouts Us order through Uw hole, the board
ewinpF in. and then it swings back laden with
Ha burden of happiness. It rewinds one of the
operationf of the genii, but it has the limita
tion of working slowly a great limitation yes
terday. Still, by next Sunday, if the drouth
continues, ■ ■ ■■ prising purveyors will probably
nave a few dozen of these apertures cut in the.
wall, ani the business will be done with much
greater expedition.
A striking evidence of Che tightness of the
town -was the fact that nearly all the saloons
•expos*-! their liars. The result was that the
■windows were constantly crowded with by
t-tanders. "who gazed with wonder into the
cleanly arranged interiors and waited for some
sign of life. But in moat cant this did not
) come. One rr.ar became so enraged at being
I Fhut out of the saloon which had sheltered him
' for an almost endless number of Sundays that
he sicked in th> panel of the door. Another
•was seen by the reporter to climb up on the
•window sill and stare wonderlngly into the
empty saloon. A Sunday school silence per
vaded all the saloons. The chairs were piled
up ostentatiously in the back rooms, and the
faithful band which had held them down so long
had vanished.
An enterprising sign painter, whose ability to
paint signs exceeded his power of reading them,
•u-as discovered oar* fully Inscribing letters on a
tign in front <-f «. paloon at Sixty-fifth-si. and
EThird-ave. Policeman Stephen Burke, who was
; fcjg] g, was horrified to read the following out-
Tafceous sentence:
"OoK't mind the police. Come In the hack
•way ar>s pet all you want." Justly onrag«vl.
the indipjanl patrolman arrested the. oIT-^nainc:
painter, sSd testified that, in addition to spread -
Ing sedition sentiments, the man had msu!ted
"him and calV-d him offensive names. For this
latter offence Magistrate Pool fined the painter.
■who said he w»s Abraham Lipman. of No. 24."»
Efghty-thlnl-eU $.-,.
Another s,'. .rc<- of some merriment was the ar- ;
Test of a barttnder sb 1 rKeflTs oyster house, at ■
Txiill BTHiIMi ■! and Sixth-aye. When asked j
T.i« Dame, the pf.soner khrrw back his head and j
murroured a string of soft Italian syllables. j
"Spell it." F3id i»e sergeant, pruffly. *
"G-h-o-j-z-z-i-x-e-r.n-d-o-s-l-u-s." spelled the. J
"Say! .-- th« Wei is that all?" asked the
»-erf?eant. in surprise.
The efficacy of '•: sandwich to cover a multi- ,
tude of sins v.as tasted. The old sandwiches i
that have fit..""-: in the production of the moral |
show the R?ines law hotels have presented in j
the past w^re son n exhausted. Then the pro- j
- prietors had recourse to various makeshifts. !
A few served ■■•.] Bantawfebes. In one place ;
where this was done 1 patron was charged for i
the Baadmicti Outraged, tie refused to pay and ,
ofTe-red to clean out the Moon. The interpost- !
lion of a vigilant poUcetnal made a visit to the j
the station house necessary. In one Kalnes law i
notel the exhaustion of sandwiches was followed i
by a hasty preparation of wopden blocks, which
were cut In* proper Rises. Thtse were reported
to be more palatable than the others. I
Magistrate MeacJe. who was pitting In the |
West Side court, dest-rilx-d the situation tersely. ]
Kx-Assemblyman Smith had brought an excise |
case before him and asked for nn adjournment. \
"Granted." sai<l the magistrate. kaipty. "A 1
man that sells liquor on Sunday \hese days
must be a lunatic."
Another result of the closing of th\ saloons
was the attempt of various drygoods an-1 hard- ,
ivaxe store* to simply the loud demands of the .
Thirsty. A factory at No. 385 Broomed was I
visited by several detectives, who seized a quart I
•C whiskey, which •»,. v asserted had been I
poured into a bottle from ■ demijohn carried i
by Froem Friedman. Several , her cases of !
ivaJking -raioons were "led. Up on the West I
Kin- a patrolman could discover no excise vi- j
laiiun. and was reluming to the I7est One
hundredth-st station much discomforted when '
be saw that Abraham 4pplehum, the pro- '
prietor of a clothing store at No. 850 Columbus- i
av-., had his store oi^n for business. ffsstn '
Jng in. the patrolman purchased a pair of gloves !
and before Apptefaauni could ring the purchase ;
on the Dash register triumphantly bated him off j
to the station. !
From Now York. !'..-M of ererythins en ™„., th-.
I ••Overland Limited." via Chicago 4k North \V>«» J£i
IrJ^nJcm I>aci!ic and Southern "* *-■ lUUwa^r Of
pj^~. 4CI, SJ7 and Zi-j Uroadwaj-.-Idvu ** U *
{ *^r Sbß^JPS^^^^^Ne^?* 3^*^Bp^sSs^^SpUHßiH^^J3^^KJ^msW ~ -——..-. «-•—..-
Thirty-three alleged violators of the excise
law were arraigned in the various police courts
yesterday. Eleven were taken before Magis
trate Hot! in the Efarlom Court. Of these nine
were held in SI.OOO bail each for examination.
one was discharged, and another was paroled
for examination. Magistrate Tool, in the York
vine Court, refused to hold examinations in
any of the ten cases brought before him yester
day on the grounds that he had no stenographer
present, and tint Justice Gaynor's decision did
not uphold a court Ilspositlon made on Sunday.
All the rases were set for examination to-day or
to-morrow. Bail was fixed at $. »00 in each in-
nee. A majority of the cases came from the.
East Sixty-seventh-st. station house, although
there was no report of a revolt among the
patrolmen 'here.
pfve saloonkeepers were arraigned in the
West Bide court before Magistrate Meadc. They
were held in $l.Orto bail each for examination.
Magistrate Cornell in the Centre-st. court
heard four excise cases. < >ne of these was that
■ f Joseph Golfer, a longshoreman, who got
angry because he could not obtain entrance to
the saioon of Jacob Kroll. at Maiden Lane and
Wnter-st.. at T> a. m.. and kicked in the door
pane]. He was fined $5 by the magistrate.
Four excise cases were disposed of in the Jef
ferson Market court, the bail being fixed nt .S-"><iO
In each case. Among the cases was that of
Daniel Phillips, waiter for "Tom" O'Rourke's
Delevan House, at Broadway and Fort;eth-st.
OTRourke was In court, and declared that there
ha«l been no violation of the law in his saloon.
Only the Haine? law hotels did business in
the West Thirty -seventh-st. precinct yesterday.
This is the precinct In which the policemen
started the crusade against Sunday opening.
It was impossible to obtain a drink anywhere
In this precinct without the purchase of a prop
erty sandwich.
The police were extremely active also in the
Charles-st. precinct, and made a number of ar
rests. By noon, however. th«» fact that the po
lice were making arrests pot abroad, and nearly
every saloon closed, the proprietors not caring
to lake any chances. For the first time in many
years the saloons in the residence part of upper
Harlem were all dosed. Heretofore these saloons
have remained open on Sunday*, despite excise
excitement. The lookouts, who have always
been employed, and who were acquainted with
i»t per cent of the customers. were dispensed
with yesterday, and it required no little perse
verance to get a drink In 'hat district. In the
last few Sundays, even when things have been
a trifle "tight" in the forenoons, as a rule the
raloon men have become bolder as liie day has
worn on and opened, but yesterday the reverse
was the rule. Those who were open In the
morning decided, on deliberation, that the old
aphorism about an ounce of prevention being
bet! than a pound of cure was apt, and bar
tenders received an afternoon off.
The small shopkeepers throughout the city
were compelled to close by the police at 10
a. m. The drygoods stores In the upper part of
the city were closed for the drat time in many
Sundays. The stationery stores and news stands
111 many parts of the city were also obliged to
shut Up shop, and in some cases the police even
closed confectionery and ice cream places. It
was said that these shops were closed as a result
of protests from the saloonkeepers.
Many small storekeepers were arrested in the
Kldridf,'c-st. precinct. The offenders were
charged with selling shirts, calico, a rug, a
couch, dress trimmings, groceries and umbrellas.
About a dozen arrests were made for excise law
violations in the We.-: Thlrty-seventh-st. pre
cinct, and a few in the Elizabeth-st.. Leonard-
Ft-, .<.;k-st. and Alexander -aye. precincts. Many
saloons in the Alexander-aye precinct displayed
signs on Saturday night reading: "This place
will not be open from 12 o'clock to-night until
.-. o'clock a. in. Monday. Leave your orders for
bottled b«-er." f The saloons were closed, almost
without exception, throughout the precinct. In
the Highbridge, Morrisania. Tremont. West
chester, WakefleM, Bronx Park and Kingsbridge
station precincts the saloons appeared to be
rioted tight, and the police declared that no
drinks were sold.
Wh*n night pet in the South Side was as quiet
as ,-. small country village, It was an evidence
that the crusade against saloons is genuine, and
o crates against saloonkeepers who have a
"pull" as well as the others, that "Mike" c ; .Uh
han's place, in Chatham Square, was closed until
T. p m.. when he observed to an acquaintance,
as he -canned the horizon: "Well. I guess it's
safe to open up now, if a fellow is careful."
When he opened his fide door one of his first
callers was Detective Rouss. of the Elizabeth
st station. He placed John Shay, a waiter for
C 2 liahan. under arrest, and the saloonkeeper
politician heaved a sigh and sadly ordered the
lights out and the door locked.
Inspector Hurley made a tour of the Charles
si precinct in the afternoon, and on his return
i.-. the station house announced that as far as
he could see all the saloons had suspended busi
ness, In the East Rlxty-seventh-*t. precinct
Captain Brown was on hand all day, and in
structed his men to see that the law was rlgiflly
enforced A few arrests were made, which re
sulted "in a general closing throughout the pre
cinct. The same rule prevailed throughout the
city, and it was almost impossible to get a drink
anywhere. .
The total number of arrests for violations of
the excise law made, in Manhattan and The
Bronx between the hours of midnight on Sat
urday and 11 o'clock last night was seventy
nine." There were In the«e two boroughs four
teen arrests for violations of other Sunday clos
ing laws. In Richmond there was only one ar
rest. In Brooklyn the police reported twenty
seven arrests, making a grand total of 121 as
against only sixty-four on the preceding Sun
i{.mni:s law \vi:nt into BFFECT.
Xot since the Brat two or three weeks after
the Balnea law went into operation has it U-vn
.<> bard to get a drink in Brooklyn as it was
yesterday. There was no police revolt and little
trouble or excitement In any of the precincts,
bnl tin-re seemed to be s general agreement that
saloons -Mould be dosed. :jd they were. Of
conras there were saloons open, bui most of
thesn wen running under a Raines law hotel
license, and those that were not wre being
conducted with the greatest care.
Twenty-nine arrests tor violation of the excise
!aw in the borough were reported at Police
Headquarters. In Smith-st.. last night. There is
I loaht that there Were other arrests, but they
will not i.c reported until this morning. The
tw«nty-nine reported wor« scattered among
< iinlinnrd «»n ne\rnlli !>«>;<•.
SburttU and best route to Buffalo.— Advt. —
NEW- YORK. MONDAY, APRIL 7, 1902. -TWELVE PAGES.-^^ffl^o,,
(Copyright; 1902: I>v The« Tribune Association.)
[Special to The Tribune by Trench Cable. 1
London. April 7. 1 a. m.— To-day the House
of Commons will enter upon the second stage
of its session, the stage which .determines how
much of the promise of the King's speech is to
be fulfilled. An unknown factor in the situation
is the budget, on the character of which will
depend the fate of the principal legislative pro
posals of the government. If its provisions
should prove highly controversial, it is tolerably
certain that the new procedure rules, the Edu
cation bill, the Irish Land bill and the London
Water bill will not all be passed this year. No
date has yet been made for the introduction of
the budget. One of the many unwritten laws
of the House of Commons provides that the
Chancellor of the Exchequer will make an an
nual financial .statement on a Thursday m
April. Sir .Michael Hicks-Beach may not in
troduce the budget this week, but it can hardly
be delayed later than April IT.
There is almost a total lack of news regarding
South African peace negotiations-. Humors from
Brussels and The Hague arc plentiful, but n<>t
much heed is now paid heie to the clamors for
independence made by L<\vds and his irreconcil
.l!.'.. clique. It is significant that the list of
burghers who have taken the oath of allegiance
to King Edward includes the name of Caspar
Kruger. eldest son of the ex-President, and also
the names of twenty-four members of the
Kruger family.
The terrible nature of the accident at the foot
ball match in Glasgow Saturday is only now
being fully realized. Twenty-one deaths have re
sult. ■■! and about on<- hundred and fifty people
are In the hospital suffering from injuries. The
football authorities are hl.imed for having al
lowed the gain.- to proceed, but they perhaps
acted wisely.
It Is stated by "The Daily Tel<- K rnph" that
both the German Emperor and President ROOSe
vplt have intimated t<> the trustee-t of Mr.
Rhodes' s will their appreciation of the legacies
to (ifrrnan and American students. The leaving
of the residue of the estate to the trustees is
very puzzling. Mr. Rhodes'* friends offer no ex
planation of the cryptic clause in question. To
all queries their answer is that the people must
draw their own conclusions as t.» its meaning.
A farewell dinner was given nt the Trocadero
restaurant last night t<- Professor Srhechter and
Mrs. Bchechter on their approaching departure
for the T'njted State*. Professor Bchechter has
been reader in rabbinic at Cambridge I'niversity
sincp WC and professor of Hebrew at the Uni
versity College, London, since 1898. IN. f-
Kroonstad, Orange River Colon>. April B.—
Owing to the great distance separating the
T:i<-iiib r -rs of the Transvaal mission here from
Mr. Bteyn, th" former president of the orange
Free Btate, an<! Qeneral Delarey. the negotia
tions between the Boer leaders in South Africa
looking to the conclusion of the war make little
progress. It is expected, however,. that Mr.
Bchalkburger and hi« colleagues on the mission
will shortly leave here for a more convenient
centre from which to conduct th" negotiations.
EClerksdorp, Transvaal Colony, April •">.—De
tails received of the battle at Doornoalt Farm
on March .".1. in which the British had 3 OfQcen
and 24 men killed and 16 officers and l.'U men
wounded, while the Boers had I.TT men killed
or wounded, show that quite two thousand
Boers opened a strong attack from different
points, with three guns and a pompom. This
attack was made at a moment when the British
had lefl their lugKage in larger in charge of the
Canadian contingent and were galloping across
the open plain with the Intention of capturing
a Boer convoy which had been discovered five
miles ahead. The British retired steadily, and,
having dismounted, opened a return fusillade on
the Boer*.
While the baggage in charge of the Canadians
was sent for the British formed a camp and
started digging trenches. The shelling of the
Boers stampeded the mules carrying provisions
and caused confusion. But otherwise it was not
very effective, as many shells failed to explode.
The Boer attack was very hold and de
termined. The Canadians in front were at
tacked in strong numbers, and gallantly re
pelled every attempt made by the Boers to
break through them. One party of the Cana
dians fought until all were killed or wounded,
and the last man of this party, although mor
tally wounded, emptied two bandoliers of
cartridges at the enemy and then broke his
The fighting was severe and general for fully
three hours, but after the British had formed
their camp and started the trenches, and the
guns got Int.. action, the British forces, in close
order, repelled numerous and determined at
tacks mad* under the personal exhortation of
'the Boer leaders.
Toward night the fire gradually ceased and
the Boers retired. .. . "•
The British then telegraphed for aid and fur
ther intrenched their camp for the night and
to await the arrival of General Kitchener, but
the Boers made no attempt to renew the attack.
Details received here of the rear guard action
during the night of March 31, between the Sec
ond Dragoon Guards, of- Colonel . Lawley's
column, and the- Boers, near Boschman's Kop,
show that a force of two hundred British, while
endeavoring to surprise a Boer laager on a dark
night, rode straight Into a force of five hundred
Boers. The Boers were hidden In a drift, and
opened fire 0111 almost under the legs of the
British horses. A fierce hand-to-hind struggle
ensued, in which both sides freely used the butt
ends of their rifles. The British regained the
ridge they had just left and began a rear guard
action. :-. \'. }
In the mean time a strong force of Boers had
barred the road back to the British camp. The
coming of daylight enabled Colonel Lawley to
see that the Guards were hard pressed, and he
dispatched reinforcements, with two guns, to
their assistance. The reinforcements soon com
pelled the Boers to retreat.
The Guards had had a very hard fight, and
were ordered to retire by squadron. The Boer.->
disputed every Inch of the road with th.- Guards,
and continually attempted to rush them, shout
ing, "Hands up!" At each successive position
taken up. the British appeared in diminished
numbers, for as It grew lighter the aim of the
Boers Improved proportionately.
The following Incident of the fighting is re
ported: Commandant Pretorius. who was
captured the previous day in a Cape cart, was
in charge of some National Scouts. The scouts
rode into a party of Boers dressed in khaki,
supposing them to be British troops. The Boers
opened fire and Pretorius escaped in the con
fusion One report says he was shot as he fled
„ Commandant Prinsloo is also reported to have
been killed In the fighting, as well as other Boer
officers. '-- - : -- • =- •' .' -
.The British wounded who fell into Boer hands
were well treated by the enem* -;----' .
Washington, April <!.— The superiority of Ha
vana over all other harbors of the West Indies
for an American naval base commanding the
Gulf of Mexico and theatre of any future oper
ations affecting an isthmian canal, as well as
'the southern half of the United States, is the
most notable conclusion of Admiral Bradford's
tour of observation along the coasts of Cuba
and Porto Rico, upon which, as the recognized
strategical expert of the navy, he was sent at
the suggestion of the Naval General Board last
month. His investigations further demonstrated
the comparative unimportance of San Juan.
Porto Rico, for military purposes, and, it is
thought, will emphasize the great importance of
the acquisition of the Danish West Indies as an
indispensable outpost for the protection of the
Atlantic seaboard against a powerful enemy.
His official report will, in' all likelihood, be with
held from publicity by the Navy Department as
involving in the main matters that should not
come to the knowledge of European powers, but
the reluctance of those about to take control or
Cuba to grant to the United States any foothold
in Havana Harbor may provoke a controversy
which will require a full understanding of the
situation in both branches erf Congress.
Admiral Bradford's itinerary covered Havana.
Cienfuegos. Guantanamo. San Juan and Nlpe
Bays in rapid succession, the Dolphin, which
carried him. cruising nearly three thousand
miles between these five points in two weeks,
only two nights being lost in port in that time..
In several harbors the naval vessels engaged in
hydrographie surveys met the Dolphin, and their
Officers furnished the latest information and re
sults of their searches for available d*cp water
coaling stations and their facility of defence. As
an instance of the importance of these reports it
was conclusively shown that the Isle of Pines,
which, under Article VI of the Platt amend
ment, is omitted from the constitutional boun
daries of Cuba, "the title thereto being left to
future adjustment by treaty," was wholly un
approachable to vessels of more than fourteen
feet draught, and was therefore valueless for
military purposes.
Similarly the latest surveys of San Juan Har
| bor demonstrated the invisibility of over ac
commodating heavy battleships, the entrance
channel being shallow, with a hard coral bottom,
which cannot be deepened. The possibilities of
San Juan as the site of a naval station for first
class warships were further minimized by the
danger of its entrance in any except the fairest
I weather and the facility with which a hostile
j fleet could shell the entire harbor from the
northeast and northwest.
The concentration of defences at Santiago,
! with it* narrow entrr.nce. extremely difficult to
enter, suggests the same intent with regard to
the eastern part of Cuba, where Guantanamo.
though then wholly neglected, has become to
day, with modern fighting ships of deep draught
and coal dependence, the ideal guardian of the
Windward Passage, the strait frequented by
more than half the commerce of the American
Mediterranean. Nipe Bay. directly north of
Santiago, like Guantanamo, is easily accessible
to the heaviest warships, provides absolute se
curity for coaling, repairs and other purposes
requisite in a naval rendezvous for the greatest
of fleets, but In neither of these magnificent har
bors would labor be available In time of peace,
and for many years their utility is likely to be
confined to coaling stations, a form of naval
defence which, in their locality, is of paramount
importance to the United States under any
conceivable international conditions of th"
What the navy is set-king In the West Indies
at the present time, as in fact it has done on
the Island of Cuba ever since the Monroe Doc
trine was enunciated. is such a naval repair
shop as our own coast offers absolutely no op
portunity to create south -of the Chesapeake.
Charleston. Key West. Pensaeola. New-Orleans
and San Juan fulfil the requisites of the modern
unarmored cruisers, gunboats and torpedo craft,
as they equalled the demands of the old wooden
ships, but as th* chief result of all naval in
vestigation of the last four years, confirmed by
Admiral Bradford's critical examination, Ha
vana Harbor alone meets the greater necessities
of to-day.
Admiral Bradford was fully satisfied of this
when he visited Havana and found that the
Spanish naval station there within the city
limits was absolutely worthless for American
naval purposes, while several hundred acres of
unimproved land across the harbor from the
city was admirably adapted for the location of
docks and machine shops, removed from public
property which the United States had under
taken to turn over to the Cuban Republic.
Whatever antagonism had developed in the last
few months to a Yankee navy yard at Havana
appears to have been recently aroused, through
cbscure influences, to secure to the new Cuban
Government possession of all the public lands
which had been held by Spain, and this was
speedily dissipated when it was apparent that
the United States proposed to carry out every
lota of its promise, made In the Teller amend
ment Of April ♦!. ISOS.
Havana, affording the only refuge and base
of operations for United States battleships and
first class armored vessels within a radius of
a thousand miles, is regarded by the navy as
essential for the location of a base to secure
this country's own defence, as well as to pro
vide for the defence of Cuba against outside
encroachment and as an imperative necessity
for policing the approaches to the isthmian
canal. It Is declared that this consideration of
Havana's strategic location alone led to the
incorporation in the Platt amendment of Sec
tion VII of the Platt amendment now incor
porated in the constitution of Cuba, which
That to enable the United States to maintain
the independence of Cuba and to protect the
people thereof, as well as for its own defence,
the government of Cuba will sell or lease to
the United States lands necessary for coaling
or naval stations at certain specific points to
be agreed upon with the President, of the United
After three years of laborious surveying and
Investigation of the Cuban coast under Ad
miral Bradford's direction, and his own careful
personal observation of the field, he h^as found
that Havana Harbor alone possesses the requi
site facilities for a station of such magnitude
as is indispensable to the United States in the
West Indies.
During April the New York Central • and- the
West Shore will sell colonist tickets to Salt Lake,
Oirrlen • Butt*- Helena and -Anaconda at very low
rates. ' Inaulr* at ticket pfflcea.-Advt.- •- . - - <J
Charges of a serious nature against several
of the city marshals who have offices on the
Fast Side will be brought to the attention of
Mayor Low in a few days. A mass of evidence
alleged to connect them with extensive frauds
of various instalment dealers has been col
lected by the Legal Aid Society, and is now bO
ing put into shape. Sheriff O'Brien, who has
charge of persons imprisoned for debt, has
given valuable assistance, and Mayor Low has
already been interested In the case by his sec
retary. James B. Reynolds, who is familiar
with Kast Side conditions through long resi
dence at the University Settlement.
The marshals will be charged with making
dozens of false affidavit? of service by which
body judgments for debt have been obtained
in municipal courts and the debtors thrown
into Ludlow Street Jail before they knew that
any action had been taken against them. It is
further churced that they have enticed other
defendants out of the courtrooms when their
cases were about to be called, in order that
Judgment by default might be entered against
them in their afcagnce. By grossly illegal
means, it is said, they have frightened ignorant
foreigners into paying unjust judgments and
exorbitant fees. Fob the last month att .rneys
of the society have been investigating these
cases and obtaining sworn affidavits from the
alleged victims.
With the assistance of the marshals, it is de
clared, combined with the ignorance of their
victims, the instalment dealers use the courts
designed for the protection of foreigners to
carry out their swindles. The gloomy old red
brick prison which the city maintains in Lud
!ow-st.. in the heart of the foreign quarter, is
never without its quota of miserable debt pris
oners who were caught in the instalment net.
Generally they are foreigners who can neither
read nor write English, and speak it brokenly,
if at all. Often they have not the slightest
idea of why they are imprisoned. They are in
nocent of wrongdoing and cannot understand
why they have been torn away from their work
or hauled out of bed at an early hour to be
hustled off to prison by a marshal. Italians,
Hebrews. Russians, Swedes. Rumanians. Syr
ians, and sometimes even Turks, are among the
instalment debt prisoners.
No one who listen? to .< tale of the troubles
of an instalment victim can doubt the inability
of the average tenement house foreigner to pro
tect himself from instalment sharks, even if the
law was not perverted. A Tribune reporter
listened while a little Italian barber. Tadaro
Basarto, of No. 7'_T> Oalsa BTS . Brooklyn, told
how he had been taken from his shop on Fridi-'
afternoon by s marshal and held in Ludlow
Street Jail until he satisfied a judgment of
$ol 14. He tat on a bench in the visitors' rrom
of the jail, and, with the aid of a fellow Italian
prisoner who eonM talk better Knglish. told how
he bought a watch from an instalment dealer
about nvS month? ago.
Tftdaro did not want the watch badly, but the
dealer put it in his wife's hands. She smiled.
aid that settled it T.idaro gave the dealer -T-.
and says the latter told him that if the watch
was not ; 11 right be would return the money.
Tadaro signed a paper with 9ssae printing on it.
What it was be did noi know. He naked ns
questions, not even th** price of the waten. He
took the timepiece, to S pawnbroker, who to!,i
him it was not worth two cents. When h* next
saw the instalment dealer he asked for the re
turn of his $'2. It was refused. h^> says. At th
end of a few weeks he letelved a letter from
the dealer tellm?: him that if he «!id not pay
$41 for the wai b within four days he won Mb>
sent to jail He bad not VI L
The barber was positive in his assertion that [
he had received no summons from any court.
and that he did not know that action had been j
taken against him until the marshal came to ar- .'
rest him. Some marshal swore that he had
served him personally with a summons to ap
pear in court, and when he did not appear judg- [|
ment was entered by default. Rassario will !
probably be released to-day, through the efforts
of the Legal Aid Society. In the mean time his
wife is trying to borrow money to get him free. •:
Pasquak) Gulda is another Italian who spent !
the best part if last week in Jail, charged with |
conversion of property, as the result of buying a j
watch from Stormberg. In an affidavit asking
for a reopening of his case he says that he owed
a balance of %'l 73 on a $4 watch. He was
served with a summons and came to court sev
eral times. Th* amount sued for was $I.'!. and
he told the court that he did not owe that much.
The case was adjourned until April -. He was i
in court that day with a witness, and waited ;
until after ll* o'clock. A marshal then came to ,
him and asked him to go outside and settle the |
case. ' Gulda says he told the marshal that he I
wanted to wait for the Judge, but was informed ;
that It was not necessary. He went to the mar- j
shal's office, at No. ltiO Clinton-st.. and was told !
that unless he paid 517 the marshal would at |
once take him to Jail. He refused to pay and j
was taken to Jail, the records showing that he ;
arrived at 12 o'clock. The Judgment was oh- j
tamed by default while Gulda was out of the ;
courtroom and news of It sent to the marshal, so ;
that there might be no delay about sending him i
to Jail. ;
Adolph Golberge is a Hebrew victim who was j
rescued from -the city Jail last week by the Legal j
Aid Society. A year ago he purchased a suit of
clothes from Charles Ludwin for SlJ."i<>. and
paid 13106 in various Instalments, leaving a
balance of ft, A few days ago. he declares. ;
Ludwin told him that he was a thief, because he j
had a judgment against him for conversion. He ;
was arrested on a judgment obtained in the i
summer of 1001 when he was not in the city. ;
He says that he received no summons in the ;
case and did not know that action had been j :
entered against him. In an effort to find out j
about the judgment he wandered into the Essex , ,
Market Court. The officials did not understand j
what he wanted, and gave him a summons for ;
Ludwin. The judge dismissed the suit. As soon t
as Golberge got outside the courtroom a marshal :
demanded $17 48. which he refused to pay. He j
was then taken to jail. >.j
Daniel Cassese. of No. 129 Eldridge-st.. was j
recently arrested by a marshal who came to his ;
house at 5 o'clock in the morning, broke down ! ,
the door, dragged him out of bed and took him
to Jail. He admitted that he had owed Jacob
Mandel $13 for more than three years, but con- j
sidered that the debt had been wiped out by ;
services which he had rendered Mandel. c as - j
sese lost a leg in an accident more than a year |
ago. and declares that Mandel told him at that
time, that he could consider the debt settled.
Without a summons the case was taken Into
: - F ° r PAYNE'S " EXPECTORANT.-Advt. &g J
court and judgment rendered by default for a
sum much greater than the defendant owed.
There are dozens of similar cases In the evi
dence which will be presented to the Mayor. In
almost every Instance the sum of the original
debt has been increased several times*. The
great difficulty in getting satisfactory evidence
has been the ignorance of the foreigner?. They
are afraid of the law after one experience with
the city marshals, and can hardly be persuaded
to make affidavits. The Legal Aid Society has
proceeded with great care, and believes that it
has evidence which will result in "breaking"
two or three of the marshals.
R. C. Ringvvalt. the attorney in charge of the
East Side branch of the society, at No. 31 Riv
ington-st.. said yesterday to a Tribune reporter:
"We are about to brtntj before the Mayor charges
against several city marshals who have been op
erating among th- poor people of this section in
connection with the Instalment dealers. I am not
yet ready to give th? nam of the men mates*
whom we have evidence, hut it sef'ra.-s to h» con
elustre. The instalment hu<<in_'s.s. 1- conducted on
the East Stale, ts about the worst any man We*
got into. The dealers and their a»?f nts pester these
poor Italians ami Hebrews Into taking jewelry and
ornaments for which they have not the least MM
and often Jo not want. Ihey persuade them to
overfi;rr,ish their miserable rooms and to buy .-loth
ins which is beyond th.'r means. The payments
run behind a little, and the nrst thins the man
knows he hi landed in jail. Usually he hasn't th»»
least notion how he came there. Frequently he has
never been served with a summons. Another meth
od when the defendant appears, is to k< ••;■ ailjourn
ine his case until he is worn out Camilla to court,
and then t > take judgment against him by default.
Still another interesting trick is to rail .1 man out
of the courtroom for th*» purpose of making a set
tlement, and to take uidgment in his absence
"The I>»Brn.l AM Society has always :■■■•! an!** to
render assistance in the cases that are brotisht to
Its notice. The trouble is that only a small pro
portion of the people know of it. However, since
the new administration hum come into power we
have been able to deal with the matter much more
satisfactorily. Through the help and very active
co-operat'.on of Sheriff O'Brien ami Under Sheriff
Moen we now get word from the jail warden just
as soon as any owt* is arrested in an instalment
case We> then make our investigation, and are
usually able to get the man out the next day.
"The difficulty la however, that Ml is only an
expedient. It doesn't really touch th* fundamental
evil If I were asked to name »he chief cause of
the evils of this instalment business I should say
It lay in the conduct of .-ity marshal*. It Is
through them that the instalment c< »!*>r is able to
■work out his schemes. Some of these marshals
think nothing of making- a return «»f the service of
a summons without catching a glimpse of the man
supposed to h- served. In fact, they do it all in
their offices. Why. the other day I heard of the.
case of a younjr fellow v. 'lo was oMfef-1 to leave
the employ' of one of the marshals -imply because
he refused to make these false affidavits of service.
Then they resort to all sorts of methods to rrwht
en people They use every trick to set them in
their power They have Irregular ways of handling
other business intrusted to them but if we can
hrin* about a reform in the instalment cases p.
ereat deal will hove been accomplished. Th* mat
ter will probably be brought to the attention of the
restrict JHlinn.l after M»vnr I.ow has had a
chance to take action icssassna it."
Justice Georse F. ■asssi had sttsssj words of
condemnation for the m inner in which many of the
city marshal* performed their duties.
•The trouble is." said Justice Roesch. "that there
is no way that the justices to whose court the ,-"
marshals assigned can hole! them to account
for the performance of their duties. They are a
body who hold aloof from all authorities. They
cannot be held for contempt of court by the Jus
tices, a- the law gives them only statutory juris
diction. If 1 marshal executes a judgment, ,in.l
the justice, after reviewing the case, finds that the
action was wrong and issues an order to vacate.
the judgment, then, if the marshal has collected
the men-;., the court cannot hold him for contempt
and imprison him. They cannot do anything ex
cept in .i roundabout way, and when a suit has
bt-en brought and a judgment secured against the
marshal then it is necessary to sue his bondsmen.
Kven then, as his bond is for only JI.COO. there Is a
likelihood that it may have been exhausted
■ Th- chief source of trouble the justices flnil
with the marshal is in the way he serves sum
monses, or ratlMS does not serve them. For the
marshal is not obliged to swear that he has served
a summons; all he has to da is sign on the back
recording the tim« when the summons was de
livered. Thus he can say th.it the summons has
been delivered— signing his, name i? an easy thing—
an.l frequently the court rinds that the summons
has never been Ml Mil at all. Then I feel sure that
marshals let their assistants or any one they can
find to help them do the serving.
•The instalment- dealers with whom the marshals
starvl in cause an endless amount of injustice. A
(faTcrite method of marshals in these -asfs is to
take the iWer.dant la the office of the plaintiff
anU while he is there, to threaten him with a long
term of imprisonment if he does not pay up. In
this way the ignorant man. usually without
counsel, is intimidated into paying unjust claims*.
Of course, the larger numb, of such cases are on
the East Side, and the poor are victimized and
swindled shamefully.
"The matter of marshals is one that every jus
tire feels very keenly about. They are held ac
countable by the public for the manner in which
the marshals attached to their court perform their
duties, while. us a matter of fact, the justices have
absolutely no jurisdiction over marshals. All that
they can do is prefer charges, and only the Mayor
ran hear them. He can remove the marshal if he
sees at, but just take the record cf the. previous
administration. There were a countless number of
charges brvisrht to Mayor Van Wy against mar
shals, and yet they were Invariably dismissed ami
the offenders replaced. Then, the matter is of too
small consequence for the Mayor to attend to. any
"I am very glad that The Tribune is to take U[> ■
the matter, and it has chosen a very ?o.kl time.
The various laws under which th* justices act have
been codified by a committee of seven justices, rep
resenting the various boroughs of New-York. In
the preparation of these laws, which have been
passed as a law by the legislature and indorsed by
the Bar Association as a st. : . in the right direc
tion.' an attempt has been ma i. to remedy the
.ills of the present marshal system The new pro
vision?" give the justice the power to present
charges, and provide that the Mayor may at ones
suspend the accused until the charges are investi
gated They also Increase the marshal's bond from
$1 000 to CM©, as the size of judgment he can •
execute has been increased proportionately from,
$2.M to JGM'. was vigorously opposed by the mar
•This bill was vigorously opposed hy the mar
shals who are. I am Informed, organized, and.
baa Marshal Comiskv as president. They fought to
put in various provisions in their own favor. These
they succeeded In getting through the Assembly,
but they were cut o'it by the Senate This will
come up before the Mayor to sign soon. There will
he a public hearing on the matter on April 10, at lt>
O'clock. «_, m
The matter of marshals is unquestionably one of
treat abuses. All the justices are agreed on the
matter, and the action of The Tribune is sure to
meet their approval." .... .. . .
Then are thirty-seven city marshals in Manhat
tan and The Bronx, and .1 proportionate III— in
Brooklyn and Queens. Most of them are hold
over appointees of Mayor Strong. The term of
office is for six years, and for those now In office
expires on May 1. '.'■"", The marshals receive no
salary but the system of fees under which they
work is liberal. ' When the bill of which Justice
ftucecn speaks was before the legislature the mar
shals attempted to load it with a provision gtvinsr
them i per cent of the Judgments collected by them.
TMs was one of the features of the bill that was
cut out by the Senate.
DIES I\ TUYIMi Tn > 1 1 /. KITTBX.
His love for a pet kitten brought about the
death of Charles Fisher yesterday. Fisher, who
was a steamboat fireman, roomed on the third
floor of No. JOB West-st. A wet kitten -vhich
belonged on the premises pal on the roof of a
building in the rear early in the morning. Its
mewing attracted the attention ■•: Fisher. He
vent to a back window and. leaning our. at
tempted to induce the kitten to jump to his
firms He lost hi.-» balance and fell headlong to
the stone flagging in the courtyard.
His skull was fractured and he received inter
nal injuries. He died in Hudson Street tlo.-jpit^
Fisher was twenty-five years old, and ain.;j%

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