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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, April 13, 1902, Image 1

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VOIV O1 LXII N° 1M 1.237.
rimhvalt c;ets strong evidence of oppression.
Affr nearly a week of anxious quiescence.
pom" of the city marshals and their instalment
e'lies took advantage of an apparently unguard
ed moment to resume their practices at Ludlow
<: trf^t Jail yesterday afternoon. Convinced
that •'.- vigilance with which they had been
followed during the week had abated they de
cided «* ■** Saturday afternoon as a time to
regain their lost power over the unfortunate
victims, whose' ignorance delivered them into
tn rir clinches. The result was that the narrow
waiting room at Ludlow Street Jail was once
more crowded with the j/Kir creditors and the
instalment dealers, and such were the demands
nf these latter that even the prison officers.
used 1« daily scenes of this sort, were moved to
i; c. Rmgwatt. the attorney for the Legal
Aid Society, accompanied by a Tribune reporter,
was early SB the scene, and secured valuable
evidence, which will later be used either by his
Fociety or the District Attorney's office. Most
Ftriking among the many cases was that of
"Jo*" Romano, pl bootblack in the employ .if
Timothy Caf=hin, a saloonkeeper at No. 02*
A* ■.!••" related th*» story of his trouble in
Broker English, his wife. clutching her little
baby closely in her arms, sobbingly corroborated
h«>r husband's account. Romano's story was as
"One day come a man to mine bro.' he say.
"You trays de watch. I sella de watch nil' chain
for J7S You nays fifta centa a week.' Mine
hro' h* w.va. 'All rite.' Den de man come to
mp an* (iy, 'You hire you pro', i lik«> to do busl
i.frc with you better. You signa de paper.' I no
slgna, J just make a mark, and den he go way.
He come again: I pay» him .<! M. Then he say
I pay ;i dollar •■< week. I say no. I cannot; I
liav» wife and three babies. Then by an* by he
MB* and pay he tak» roe to Jail. I say I give
hark th** watch — I can't pay. Then he take me
off an* my woman she come too. I no geta a
sunvmonc: I no get nothing — just I go to jaiL"
Hardly had Romano finished his story of his
HWBgi when his employer. Timothy Cashin.
ram* in ■nd asked Mr. EUngwalt what he j
should do.
- ."This is ■ pretty situation." said he, indig
nantly. "This man is a good fellow; he has
xi-r>rk>' l fnr me for two years, and I will stand
by birr!. Is ihcr^ no protection for the poor man
8t nil?"
Rangwatt sdvised the woman to go home, and
jwid hf would tak*» th" case up and pet her hus
band released. As she was pushed to the little ,
'■ Ich door she began to weep piteously.
- _ "I no gr» without my man." she sobbed. "I
have, three babied. I no st&y alone. Please
■ l*tta my man out." Then the baby opened its
• He Nil" «?yes, and, pflnp; Its mother Fobbing,
tojran to cry also. To prevent a. scene the
*cinaT! was allowed to pit on a bench Inside her
husband. Then she pulled out a dirty cloth and,
•unrolling it. disclosed th« cause of the trouble.
> huge watch, cheaply chased and already tar
r.iFh«»d, to which were attached strands of a cop- |
per colored chain, was all she could show for
'• • ST.". pledged for it.
"De man he tella me it 14 karata." she wailed.
"I taka to .4 pawnshop and they tell me chain
no pood, watch N karata: they think it
•a-crth .«K»."
.lust then there was a stir in the hall, and
"Marshal Abrahamson. Btrombecg the instal
ment dealer, and a prisoner came in.
"Dat are de man! Dat are d*> man:" exclaimed
the prisoner in terror, shrinking back into the
corner in frijrht.
The wife, who had quieted down when she
•A'as all ■ ■■ • d to stay with her husband, and had
begun to rrjrsc- her baby, started up in terror
Pushing through the gate, the dealer walked
op to the woman, who cowered before him.
"Well, are you going to settle?" he demanded.
"I no gotta de money; my man he no gotta
d? money; how canna we settle?" she sobbed.
The dealer offered to settle if the property were
returned and the man paid ?*JO in addition to
the .<4.">" already paid in instalments.
■"Don't you pay It,*" advised Mr. Rinpwalt.
"I no can," sobbed the woman, clinging to
h»r baby hysterically.
"All right,"* said Ptromberp. coolly, turning:
toward the husband.
"Stay there, then," and he walked away.
Then the wife followed the dealer out of the
jail. Presently sh<- came back and. presenting
.: a. }w«»nty-dollar bill, asked for her husband.
"I settle; 1 settle!" she shouted, overcome with
"The •caw is settled," declared Marshal Abra
hamson. ' Release the prisoner."
Th.- ,«j<i quickly found its way to the hands
the dealer, and a moment later the* prisoner
**« autstd< me eate; d holding his baby in his
"There's a pretty case for you !" grumbled one
of the jail .;ffi' •«-»>, as he watched them go away.
"There's a cool £20 raised by Just frightening
•awaa into it. It's getting as they use this placr
jnst as a means of scaring people. Why, they
u**(J to bring them here at 1 and 2 o'clock In
***•? morning. I stopped that, though."
■?heß th~ n it,! had been settled and the
<J Alerhad received his tarnished watch and its
r*3<3aTit chain, the marshal and he held a hur
r'*<i consultation and then adjourned to the
-' a'k. where a group of hangers on wet*
etching the 1 1 hi nsallßsr
Tk ' next case that was called to the attention
of Mr. RinE'.ilt furnished still better light on
the tactics of th» dealeis and the marshals.
Carl Linato, of No. SH East slxty-third-st..
had a story to tell which almost roused the sus
picion that not merely wa3 the oppression vislt
*& epen the poor and th" Ignorant a source of
■'"•- but that it also furnished a source of
MrtUSf merit to th» friends of those concerned,
vno 'rewii to witness the arrest.
"I bought a watch for $"■"•. After I had paid
?31 my sister was taken sick, and I could not
"^"•n Use payment. Then 1 wrot» to the collector
tnd told him to rom» around Sunday, and I
'■* I "■ there. I stayed there all day. and no-
cam*-. The oth^r day at 3:30 in the morti
"Hg ■ ■• -i: men came to my place and dragged
»■? °™ of bed roughly.
"'Ton pay $40 or com* along with us," said
Jhe l.? a d»r.
'I didn't hay • the money, fso went, thinking ;
at <*!*! time ihore was a marshal with them. ■
Hm user took me lo No. 174 Orchard-st. They
k«pt me there until 7 o'clock, and then they took :
MM to \v,. «*133 Orand-st.. whore they kept me
. Tbt Pollf-ades. taw Hl?jhlar<3s of the. Hudson River.
P' ■Jl')* l^z*- of th'i CaSKkilU end the h<*auti*« of :
n * Mohawk Valley ar*> all spread out before you as
" ; laa>wsl i.y il,,- \ (7 . v.-.rk o«BtraL— AO.t
' "**
until after l<t o'clock At 10:30 the marshal
took mc to jail."
"Was tlv- marshal with the mr>n that pulled
you out of IK-d?" asked the reporter.
"No; I di.in't see the marshal until he took me
to jail."
•"Do you know the marshal?'* inquired The
Tribune reporter.
ferning round the prisoner caught sight of
Marshal Abrahamson and declared dramati
"That was t'n.> nun."
This last case recalls that of Tadero Etooario,
which is to he prosecuted In Kings County. As
told in The Tribune yesterday, a similar im
personation of the marshal. In order to arrest
the debtor, took place. The ftosario case will
soon be placed in hauls that "ill prosecute with
the full vigor of official energy.
Still another rictim of the instalment dealers
was Gulseppe Marchioni. who appears in the
Jail books as Franceses Priano.
"Mi no Frlano: me Marchioni." exclaimed the
prisoner, when questioned by Mr. EUagwalt.
With this be toned Into his pockets and pulled
out dirty, tiroeworn citizen papers, whicd
showed that in 1891 one Guiseppe Marchtonl
had become an American citizen.
"Me ajnerfcano. Me no want to go back to
Italic" he declared. Marchioni's story is as
At (I o'clock in the morning three men can:"
into his room, at No. I.V. Mott-st.. and, dragging
him out of bed, declared that he was arrested
as Friano.
"I no Friano, I tell them." explained Mar
"You — . you are Friano. and you are com
ing with us." was the answer. Then they took
h,!m to a saloon.
"Have a drink, dago." «:aid one of th*> men.
"No gotta money to buy drink," replied the
"That's all right— the collector will stand for
thot." they toM him.
Marchlooi received three drinks at this paloon
and then the party moved on. They took him to
No 174 Orchard-st.. and then to another saloon.
Here four drinks were bought for him. and
then be was taken to jail in ;; very confused!
condition nf mind, as he admits himself.
"Dry want me to drinka some more, but I say,
'What for I drinks more whiskey? 1 too mucha
dopa now.' "
Marchioni declares that ho has not had any
thing to do with the Instalment dealers for over
two years, when be bought a watch and chain,
which h<- says be paid for. He declares that
Friano used to live at No. 15G Mott-st.. but went
to Italy some months ago and never returned.
He offers to produce witnesses that he Is the
person be represents himself to be.
Still another case that came in while the re
porter was present is that of a young barber.
who was brought in by Marshal Abrahamson.
This young man was jailed on an order of ar
rest, and not on an execution, us has previously
been the method. Since the beginning of The
Tribune crusado the dealers have had recourse
to this new method as less likely to draw at
In this case the m.-in waa arrested on the
presentation of an affidavit that the debtor had
refused to pay the claim and had declared his
intention of going to New-Jersey. The affidavit
set forth the statement that the prisoner said
in the presence pi' the deponent:
•I won't pay you ardther cent. I- am going to
get out of the State and Into New-Jersey; my
wife is over there now, and I have got a busi
ness there."
"If Ihey say that I said anything of that sort
they lie." declared the young prisoner, whose.
name is withheld.
This last method of jailing debtors was called
to the attention of The Tribune by c.mo Sper
anza. who said that a number of Inwtwncwi of
this method had recently been brought to his
notice. One of the officers at the county jail
told a Tribune reporter that this had become a
favorite practice.
The dealers get some one to go a mans bail
after he comes in here," he continued, "Then
they get some one to entice him up to The
Bronx or over to Brooklyn— that is, outside the
county limits— and as soon as ih'-y nave the
man outside the limits of the county the bonds
men ate liable. They »r- doing that right along
Cases ..f this sort have been brought to the.
attention of The Tribune where not even th
trouble of taking th» man out of the county was
taken. An affidavit that tht man was seen uut-
Bide the limits was introduced, and that suf
ficed. Where the affidavit came from no one
who has read Th<- Tribunes stories of the mar
shals and their methods can doubt.
There were numberless other cases worthy of
note called to the attention of Mr. EUngwalt at
Ludlow Street Jail yesterday afternoon, cases
that Illustrated all the phases of the present
oppressi\ •-. Illegal and Inhuman methods em
ployed by sot,,-- of th-- city marshals and their
partners," the instalment dealers; cases of per
sonal violence, cases of false arrest, cases of
extortion and grindinE the poor and the ig
norant that roused the Indignation of the jail
officials. These men. from ihe highest to the
lowest, have only words of the utmost contempt
for the instalment dealers, example" of whose
oppression they point out willingly.
"It would make your blond run cold to see and
hear what I have to hear and see dally," said
one "The poor and ignorant— they are the es
pecial victims of th~ marshals and the dealers."
AVho these marshals ar.d dealers are the prison
officials do not hesitate to say.
London. April 12.— The British steamer Kin
fauns Castle. Captain Duncan, homeward bound
from the Cape of Good Hope, with three hun
dred and fifty passengers on board, stranded off
Brightstone. Isle of Wight, at 3 o'clock this
morning. The sea is calm, but the vessel's posi
tion is somewhat dangerous. •: -
Attempts made during the day to float the
Kinfauns Castle failed. The passengers have
been transferred to Southampton and the ves
sel** cargo is being lightered.
Trinidad Col.. April 12.— Dominic Donalrttl was
Instantly 'killed and his son Dominic fatally
crushed by falling rock and coal In the Markvllle
Dearborn.' Mich.. April 12.-D. P. Lapham's pri
vate hank here was entered by burglars last night.
■who blew open the Safe vault and sto'<> about J1.""»l
in cash. The vault was completely wrecked. There
Is no clew. ■* „ V
Albuquerque, N. M.. April 12.— Antonio MaggiO.
who has been confined in jail at I.~is Cruces since
shortly after the assassination of President MC-
Kinley on suspicion of having knowledge of an
anarchist plot against the President's life, has
■ mi released It was said that Maggie who was
a member of the McAadrewa Open Company, had
predicted the death of President McKinley several
months before he was shot at Buffalo. His release
was ordered by Judge F. W. Parker, nt th« request
of the United States District Attorney, W. C. Reid,
and the case dismissed. x
Anaconda. Mont.. April , Fred Bauer, an era
rilove of th«" Washoe smelter of the Anaconda
;', „ Mn y while In a Jit of jealousy shot his wife
«nd then put a bullet through his own brain.
BMSr died almost Instantly, and his wife Is now
nt the hospital under the care of physicians, who
Mate that SBC ha* little chance of recovery. Bauer
nn«i his wife who were members of the Mormon
JVhnrrh came* to Anaconda from Idaho Falls about
1 v,,r ago .Bauer claimed that his wife deserted
him after he bad provided well for her for several
?m« Th» wounded woman states that her hus
band refused to longer support her: that she then
Wt lii« home and that he followed her and made
,■„,. effort to kill b«r before committing suicide.
The New-York Central announces a number of
first class excursions to St. Paul. Colorado. Utah,
"allfornia, Oregon and Yellowstone Park at very
l ,v. rates Itineraries now ready. '.Til at ticKet
J-iffiren or address M. C. Roach, 1,216 Broadway,
New-York Advt.
(Copyright; IMC: By The Tribune Association.)
[Special to The Tribune by French Cable.]
London; April 12.— The rumormongers are.
making heavy drafts upon public credulity, and
helping, incidentally, to raise prices in Capel
Court and supply the newspapers with catch
penny posters. The King's return from his
holiday cruise and hasty summons for a Cabi
net meeting are enlarged upon as evidence that
proposals for peace have been submitted. Imag
ination takes high flight and invents roseate
fictions respecting the Boer surrender and the
magnanimity of the British conditions of peace.
The War Office fails to confirm the rumors
that definite proposals have been made from
Klerksdorp. and publishes the details of a
scheme for sending out twenty thousand re
inforcements to Africa. While the air is filled
with hopeful conjecture, there is a lack of au
thoritative information. To use a comparison
suggested by the cold and inclement April
weather, there are distant leads of open water,
but the icepack Still holds together. There is an
Improved prospect for peace, but nobody knows
how an armistice can be arranged and the
main question of settling the feud between the
victors and the vanquished be worked out.
The British Government has plainly author
ized Lord Kitchener to offer every facility for
enabling the Boers in the field to confer and
communicate with Utrecht, where Mr. Kriiger
has been joined by Dr. Leyds. Mr. Weasels and
other European agent?. The secret understand
ing which prec«-d.-d Mr. Bchalkburger'a mission
has not been disclosed, but it is evident that the
Boers will ask for larger terms than the gov
ernment can grant and that peace cannot be
made without prolonged negotiations and a final
The Boers will profit to the full extent by the
knowledge that the court and the government
here are anxious to end the war before the
coronation, but they will probably receive early
assurance that they cannot obtain unreasona
ble terms Involving an artificial settlement.
Mr, Chamberlain is n practical man of business,
without sentiment, and his voice will bo de
The best Informed men. In close touch with the
government, do not expect the suspension of
hostilities before the closing weeks of May.
Time will be required before the Boers In
Klerksdorp and Utrecht will be convinced that
th» government cannot be coerced into ordering
a hollow truce for the sake of temporary en
joyment of the holiday revel. The Boers can ob
tain, however, the most generous terms, for
there is no bitterness against them in England.
Admiration for their determined defence and
wonderful fighting powers in so Intense that
colonial warnings against excess of gaod nature
, may not. be 11" timed. Mr. Chuniberiatn and
Lord Kitchener are good men for the momen
tous occasion, for they are both men of iron
will, without mawkish softness.
The Manchurlan convention has naturally
been accepted by the British press .-is a sequel
to the Anglo-Japan* agreement. While it
provides for Russian evacuation by gradual
Stages, and dispense* with selfish schemes for
the monopoly of trade, it leaves the Trans-
Asian railway under the control of the power
which never abandons ambitious projects, but
stands and waits for the convenient time of
carrying them out. A temporary halt has been
ordered in the Russian march across Asia, and
during the interval the facilities for a land at
tack upon China will be gradually increased.
Nothing but collective action by the United
States, the British Empire and Germany is likely
to block the ultimate extension of Russian do
minion to the Pacific.
The westward movement of Russian ambition
has not escaped the attention of Germany, where
the Russtncatton of Finland has been regarded
as a halfway house on the road to the subjuga
tion of the northern provinces of the two
Scandinavian kingdoms.
"The Times" prints to-day a larpe type arti
cle by Edmund Gosse. showing that Norway is
keenly alive to the force* pressing Russia on
ward toward tne North Atlantic ocean, and that
defensive measures have not been neglected.
There are imaginative dreamers in Russia, al
though they do not covet graves among the
icebergs, nor arrange international trusts for
the coeducation of students of the world in St.
Petersburg arid Moscow.
There are no signs that the Agrarians in the
Reichstag have relinquished the determination
to sacrifice the commercial relations of Germany
in the insensate attempt to establish a prohibi
tory tariff on agricultural products. The
struggle is continued with constant warnings
from the ministers that without moderation and
conciliation the bill must be abandoned.
The discontent of Spanish farmers caused by
the fall in agricultural prices is one of the many
sources of danger to which Seftor Sagasta is ex
posed in offering a colorless programme of legis
lation while waiting for the young King's ap
proach ing fete.
The riotous frenzy has disappeared at Barce
lona, but there has bc.-n a strange outbreak pf
street disorders in Brussels, where the socialists
wing revolutionary songs in the streets, and are
barely prevented from constructing barricades
in the Parisian style by bayonet charges of
mounted troops. The Belgian outbreak is curi
ously modern, and unlike the South American
revolutions of the time of political excitement.
The socialist leaders have organized the forces
of sympathizers in the streets, while they them
selves are obstructing the work of the chambers,
interrupting financial supplies and striving to
force radical reform measures upon the country.
They are aided by extensive labor revolts in
mining, and other districts are threatening to
ord«r a general strike if the government at
tempts to employ a military force on a large
scale for the maintenance of public order. Uni
versal suffrage Is the first goal of the socialists,
and the abolition of clericalism the second. The
anarchists are in the background, plotting the
subversion of all the principles of government
and obstructing the passage of legitimate reform
British politics ar<> without novelty or excite
ment. The resumption of the debate in the
procedure has shown how inert is Mr. Balfour's
leadership, while the opposition of nearly all th«
Nonconformist bodies to the Education bin has
embittered and disappointed the voluntary
schools. The National Free Church Council will
meet next week to cont'.nue the agitation against
the measure. which is .singularly, complex.' arid
tends to unsettle she entire national system of
education. The Budget speech is heralded with
a variety of rumors concerning new tix-r.. but
these are little better than idle guesseil. Sir
lontlnnrd on fourth page. •
Pretoria. April 12.— Acting President Sohalk
.burger. Generals Louis Botha, Lucas Meyer,
Oelurey and De Wet and Mr. Steyn. arrived here
this morning from Klerksdorp.
The Transvaal and Orange Free Slate dele
gates journeyed on separate speiial trains, both
of which were russhed through, the delegates
travelling all night. The trains arrived close to
gether. The two parties are not lodged together
here, but are quartered in separate houses.
(Copyright; 1!H)2: By The Tribune Association.)
[Special to The. Tribune by Frenrh Cable.)
London. April 1.".. 1 a. in.— The Cabinet meet
ing has deepened the mystery enveloping the.
peace negotiations and the Budget. The differ
ences in the views of Mr. Chamberlain and Sir
Michael Hicks-Beach on colonial and financial
questions are notorious, but will not involve the
retirement of either within forty-eight hours of
the Budget speech. The real Cabinet crisis oc
curred in December, and was settled by a com
promise which included the acceptance of Mr.
Chamberlain's ideas. The fact that two direc
tors of the Bank of England were closeted with
Sir Michael Hicks- Beach at the Treasury before
'he Cabinet meeting seemed to confirm the view
that the Budget rather than the peace negotia
tions was under consideration. But. as the de
ficiency in next year's revenues is not expected
to exceed £*Jo,o< >o,o< X) or £2.">,< MM MM to. there was
no apparent necessity for borrowing operations
on a large scale. Negotiations for a large loan
based on the resources of the two Boer colonies,
either for reimbursing the Treasury for war ex
penses or for facilitating the return of the
burghers to their farms, might have justified
the chancellor's consultation with eminent
There was a renewal of the rumors during the
evening that the Ministry had been sounded re
specting the terms of peace, and that the King
had been summoned on urgent public business.
Dispatches from Brussels indicate a partial
abatement of popular excitement there, with the
probability of a fresh outbreak about the mid
dle of next week. The political cause of the
disturbance Is an attempt of the Clerical Pre
mier to defer revision of the constitution until
'hr- general elections can be held in May, ac
cording to the existing system of plural voting.
Sir Henry Irving was< entertained by the Sav
»>,-'' Club last night.
Mr Wyndhn m's stage was occupied with the
production Of an amateurish bit of work by
Dudley Morgan, entitled "The End of the Story."
Stephen Phillips, while writing plays for Mr.
Willard and Julia Marlowe, has received a.
third commission from Mr. Tree.
Anthony Hopes story 'The Philosopher in
the Apple Orchard" has been dramatized by
Harcourt 'Williama for production at a charity
Gilbert Parker is dramatising "The Right of
Wh,v" for Charles Frohman.
Benson's Stratford season will open on Mon
day, with Ellen Terry as the brightest star.
1. N. P.
(Uy Associated rreas.)
London, April 12. — Both the Chancellor of the
Exchequer, Sir Michael Hicks-Beach, and the
Colonial Secretary, Joseph Chamberlain, attend
ed the Cabinet Council, held at the Foreign Of
fice at noon to-day. Prior to the meeting of the
Ministers representatives of the Bank of Eng
land had a conference with the Chancellor of
the Exchequer, indicating that the Budget was
a prominent subject of the discussion by the
Ministers, especially as to the best means of
Issuing a war loan.
In consequence of the prominence given by the
afternoon newspapers to the report that a Cabi
net crisis had occurred, owing to a breach be
tween Mr. Chamberlain and Sir Michael Hlcks-
Beacn on the method of raising war funds. Air.
Chamberlain to-day issued a signed statement
saying that the report was pure Invention and
absolutely untrue.
Notwithstanding the sensational and diverse
rumors evoked by the unexpected summnninr, of
the Cabinet, public interest, as displayed in
Downing Street, was of an exceedingly languid
type. All the Ministers were present, with the
exception of the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland.
Karl Cadogan, from which it was Inferred that
the question of the Immediate adoption of a
more stringent policy toward the United Irish
League did not occupy th > foremost place at
to-day's council.
Among the many peace rumors this morning
the most interesting is to the effect that the
Boers have intimated that "they are willing to
come into the British Empire, as junior part
ners, to give up their flag and become part of
an African confederation, with a flag of its
own. with a supreme court, and with practically
nn American constitution. "
"Peace is within measurable distance." That
probably sums up the present crcp of rumors,
conjectures and deductions which has Oreat
Britain by the ears. "Is it Peace?" meets the
eye in flaring posters of afternoon newspapers,
nnr) the question is echoed throughout the
T'nited Kingdom. As pointed out in these dis
patches yesterday, and confirmed at midnight
by A. .1. Balfour. the Government leader in the
House of Commons, the reports of the definite
end of a conftVt of such a length, involving so
many lasting and intricate issues, being arrived
at practically without any time being devoted
to negotiation, are palpably premature. It is
announced that the Ministers at to-day's meet
ing, which lasted an hour, discussed a com
munication from Lord Kitchener. This Is quite
■within reason, and Government circles expect
several similar messages from Lord Kitchener
before anything definite can be announced.
While Lord Kitchener's messase may have been
of vita! importance, the Associated Press has
fjood reason to believe that the sudden sum
mons >'f 'he Cabinet Ministers mv due tn a de
sire to decide whether or not the presentation of
the Budget could be postponed until the Klerks
dorp negotiations are settled, one way or th"
I Copyright; 1902: By Th« Trtbuse Association.)
WOULD SAVE CITY $1,000,000.
As a result of the present agnation for an
Ea*l Side subway, it was pointed out yesterday
that if the construction of such an extension
was begun in conjunction with or immediately
after th»- work on the present route the build
ing of the eastern branch of th" rapid transit
system could be done at a much lower cost than
IT indefinitely postponed The chief reaso*. in
this is that with the completion of the present
tunnel there will be large gangs of workmen
well skilled in this particular kind of work
who have been employed under Mr. McDonald,
the chief contractor Of the tunnel, in its con
struction. A great quantity of special machin
ery peculiarly adapted to tho excavation of a
subway will also be on hand, which could only
be disposed of at a sacrifice, but which could be
continued on the excavation of an extension
without extra cost. Most of this equipment is
owned by the several subcontractors.
According to the opinion of the member! °f
the Rapid Transit Commission, the preliminary
work necessary before bonda are issued for the
construction of an East Side hran-h of the rapid
transit system would take about two years.
Th" present subway is expected to be complete,
and in running order a year from next Christ
mas. It is thus seen that if the preparatory
steps are taken toward the construction of an
East Side subway immediately, these initiatory
obstaclea can hardly be overcome by December,
11XK?. or at the time of the expected completion
of th" present route. It is thus evident that
prompt action on the part of the Hoard of
Rapid Transit Commissioners in taking up the
East Side tunnel problem. In authorizing its
engineers to make surveys and prepare plans
for a feasible rout" to th« east of Central
Park and in learning the cost of such an Im
provement wil! ultimately save the city a mill
ion or more of dollars, as well as bring to the
bulk of the population north of Fo -ty-second-st.
whose homes are on the East Side the privilege
of rapid transit at an early date.
Ex-Mayor Thomas F. Gilroy, former Cfruimls-
Fioner of Public Works, and president of the
Twelfth Ward Bank, of Harlem, who has been
active in his interest In th» development of that
part of the city, laid special emphasis yester
day on the fact that the preliminary work ante
dating the construction of a subway ea*t of
Central Park would take as long as two years.
Accordingly, he recommended that the Board
of Rapid Transit Commissioners take immediate
action in favor of such an improvement. He
It is a fact, known to all o' us from the his
tory of this city, that the preliminary work in
volved in a great public undertaking consumes
more time than the actual accomplishment of
the improvement. It is for that reason that I
heartily support the crusade which The Tribune
has begun for an ; East Side subway; and* which
has awakened such an interest among the
people of Harlem and The Bronx. An East
Side subway should have been built at the time
the present line was adopted. As we all know,
the city was not able to bear the expense of
building on both sides of Central Park at the
same time, and the plan of an eastern subway
vas laid aside. For that reason it seems to me
eminently proper that the Rapid Transit Com
mission should begin immediately to find out
what is the best East Side route, and to bring
the subject before the public for discussion
by means of hearings, and, having decided on
a route, to obtain the tentative consent of prop
erty owner.**. Such a procedure will take nearly
two years, and by that time the city ought to
be able to undertake the work, let the contract
and issue bonds for the cost of construction. I
say "cost." although in fart it would not cost
he city a cent If the contract for the building
of such an East Side subway were based on
From The Real Kstate Record and Gtdda of
April U.
During the last week The Tribune has continued
it:-' agitation in favor of an extension of the subway
on tin Hist Side, ami has printed several siKnln
iant interviews as to the route from the gentlemen
Interested in the underground road now under con
struction. Indeed, the freedom ami precision with
which Air. John McDonald and others have ex
pressed their opinions warrant the surmise that
perhaps they «re not merely taking advantage of
the agitation, but have in some measure prompted
it. and it is not surprising that he is entirely will
ing to build and operate the extension on the same
conditions as those upon which the existing ton
tract is based. The discussion of the route, how
ever, must precede any discussion of the contract,
and upon the matter of the route Mr. McDonald Is
exceedingly interesting. Without entirely dismiss
ing the Idea of Third-aye.. which he would ob
viously prefer, Mr. McDonald accepts three tracks
In Lexington-ave. connecting with the East Side
line in Th« Bronx as the most practicable and de
sirable extension. And Lexinßton-ave. It is likely
to be. Madison is too far west, and would not be
convenient enough to the vast mass of the popula
tion east of the park, who live on the other side of
Lexington; while Third-aye.. besides the obvious
objections' due to the existence of the elevated
road, is so far east that it would afford lift!" relief
to the large and increasing number of people who
live. In Madison-. apartment houses and that
Lexington is much the most available unoccupied
avenue and then is little doubt that in time will
be connected north and south with two local and
one express tracks. There is some doubt, however.
as to the street at which the extension ought to
join the main line. It has been assum -d hitherto
that the East Side extension would naturally begin
at Kourth-ave. and Forty-second-st.. but Mr. Mc-
Donald is afraid that traffic would be congested if
.such a largely Increased number of trains were
run into the tunnel at that point, and he proposes
one of two alternatives: Hither continue the West
Side line down Broadway to Union Square, whan
it can join with the East Side line, or else run the
East Side branch down Lexington-ave. under
i-.ramer.v Park and Irving Place to Fourteenth
st. at which point it could join the mam line. Of
these two plans Mr. McDonald prefers the first,
and It is it-deed obviously the better plan. But it
remains 'to be seen whether property owners in
Broadway will persist in their former objections to
the use of that thoroughfare for the purposes of an
underground railroad.
President Alexander Orr of the Rapid Transit
Commission Is so much encouraged by the success
of th- commission in running the Brooklyn tunnel
down Broadway from the city Ha 1 that he even
looks forward to the time when the first plan of the
commission can be revived and a subway built
from Longacre Square along Broadway to the City
Hall For our part, we believe that an under
ground road down Seventh-aye. from I.on acre
Square, connecting with the Pennsylvania terminus
„, Thlrtv-thini-M . and reaching the lower wards
by means of a good new street cut as a southerly
continuation of Sixth or Seventh aye. would both
be more practicable and more useful. Elm-st. is so
near to Broadway that another parallel route
•should be laid out further west. However that
may be it is obvious that an East Side extension
north of Fortv-seeond-st. brings with it as a nec-
Msarr corollary a West Side extension south of
Fortv.«SSd"i. The city will need in the end
two parallel routes, one on the East and one on the
West Side.
April *Srd. Atlantic Coast Line via Perm R. R.
will »ell April -'1 a nd 22 Eleven da V Excursion
Tickets "Apply 1161 Broadway, corner 27th St.
—Advt. ' ' .:
similar terms to those of tn«> present contract
between Mr. MeJ—sJi and the sstj
The chief difficulty with the inception of a
public undertaking is the natural slowness>
Whirs the people show in taking it up and urg
ing its accomplishment. For that reason the
agitation should be bepun 'nng in advance.
Now is the time to thrash th-* matter out. and
leurn the will si IkM people. Th^re is no doubt
whatsoever that the public wants an Kast BM*
subway, and that the population la the east of
Fifth-aye. and north of Forty -se. : -■ is suf
fering for the need of it. psriaspsi more than
thssa of the less congested districts of the city
to the west of this great median thorouic:
which will seas be enjoying rapid transit. I am
indeed glad to see that much represen
bodies a.«> the Harlem Board of Commerce, the
Harlem Club and the Taxpayers Alliance of
The Bronx have tak«-*n up the movement. It is
through such agencies that «o m e of our greatest
public works have been initiated and assures] of
The Tribune prints this morning the resolu
tions adopted by the East Tremont Taxpayers'
Association, upon the motion of Charles E. Ml-
Rae, first vice-president. They are as follows:
Whereas. The construction of the present
rapid transit route (when completed) will not
give r.r.l rapid transit in a competition with
the improved system of the elevated road to the
two hundred thousand residents of th- Borough,
of The Bronx on account of its circuitous course,
Whereas, The only proper solution of this im
portant improvement lies in the construction of
a direct East Side rapid transit route, be It
Resolved. That the East Tremont Taxpayers*
Association demand, and herewith do demand.
of the proper authorities* that preliminary pro
ceedings be b3gun at an early date to carry
the sentiments of these resolutions into effect.
Be it further
Resolved. That the delegates to the Taxpay
ers* Alliance be hereby instructed to ask for the
indorsement of that body, so that the work may
be begun as soon as the debt limit will permit
the installation of this additional rapid transit
From The Harlem Reporter, April 12.
The vast population of the East Side has Ion;?
suffered from inadequate transportation facili-.
ties. Nor will .he underground rapid transit
road now in course of construction alleviate in
(he slightest degree the existing conditions.
Therefore the efforts of The New-York Tribune,
a conservative paper, ever alive to the interests
of the people, in starting a movement for the
building of an Easi. Side subway to run along
Lexington-ave.. are worthy of the hearty sup
port of the residents of East Harlem, and "The
Harlem Local Reporter" gladly indorse* TIM
Tribune's position and lends its aid to the
Those of our readers who have occasion to
use the Second-aye. and Third-aye. elevated
roads and the Second-aye., Lexington-ave. and
Madison-aye. surface lines can readily appreci
ate the crying need for the East Side subway.
The great bulk of the travelling public resides
on the East Side, and day after day is wit
nessed the spectacle of trains and cars packed
to "suffocation '-with patient men and women.
Why the East Side should not have been pro
vided for when the route of the underground
road was determined upon passes understand
ing. Lexington-aye, is admirably fitted for th«
construction of such a road m is proposed and
there are enough people and more to support it
and existing lines.
In another section of to-day's issue will be
found a petition addressed to the Rapid Tran
sit Commissioners, praying that body tr> take
Immediate action looking to the construction of
an East Side subway. This petition we ask^our
readers to sign and send or mail to us at No. -
West One-hundred-and-twenty-flfth-st. Don t
Stop the**; interest your neighbors, your busi
ness associates in the matter: use every energy
to bring about this boon for the East Side, and.
with a. long pull, a strong pull and a pull alto
rether the voice of the East Side will be heard
and the authorities will be compelled to take
action People of Harlem, it is up to you.
to soi.vi: no I Mill MM,
The latest plan for the solution of the Brook
lyn Bridge problem was submitted to Commis
sioner Lindenthal and President Greatsinger
yesten'ay by Charles Brewster Steel". of thi3
city. -Mr. Steele has had an extensive experi
ence in the field of electricity and transportation
and is well known as an inventor. His plan,
which has met the approval of ■ number of ex
perts, is the result of a long and thorough study
of the conditions at the Manhattan terminaL
"It was my desire." said Mr. Steele yester
day. in explaining his de3ign. "to relieve the
present intolerable conditions and overcome the
dai ger and annoyance to passengers without
injuring the existing structure, and to accom
plish this at a cost which is a comparative trifle.
The changes can be made without interfering
at all with traffic.
"The drawings show the present ground floor
plan of the New- York station, scale twenty feet
to one inch, with all supports, pillars and wall
lines indicated. The trolley tracks leading to
and from the bridge show the cars in dotted
lines, v ith arrows indicating the direction taken
by arriving and departing passengers. Only one
loop is shown in my design, as I believe it suf
ficient, but mor3 loops can be used if necessary.
On the loop shown are empty cars, indicated in
heavier dotted lines. No cars are loaded or un
l,, !.(i v on this loop, which remains on the pres
ent track level. Beneath the loop is a subway
extending entirely across the Park Row en
trance of the station, having six steps at both
of its en. and a sloping floor to its centre, so
that all passengers pass beneath the loop to and
from the car?; with absolute safety. The short
side fences indicated prevent passengers from
reaching the loop. It will be observed that on«
set of cars is receiving passengers on both plat
forms, while the corresponding set on the oppo
site side of the terminal is discharging passen
gers from both platforms. This is an advantage
which. I think, can hardly he overestimated, mi
the incoming and outgoirg passengers cannot
conflict with one another. There can be no con
fusion, as the two streams going in oppo
site directions are kept apart, as shown in the
plan. Passengers cannot get in front of any
cars, and accidents and crowding are impossible.
Cars will so rapidly follow one another, unload
ing on one track and reloading on the opposite
track, that a larger volume of traffic can be
disposed of than at the present time The track,
remains on the present ground floor level, and
only the us "less side partitions are removed
without molesting any of the supporting pillars,
posts or girders and permitting passengers to
'board* and 'alight* on the promenade, making
During I* 1 ! Deinhard A Co. were th» largest
shippers of bottled Rhine and Moselle wines to t«h«»
U. S. Quality will tell. -A-Ivt.
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