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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, April 13, 1902, Image 3

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AFFAIRS IX THE PHILIPPINES.
GOVERNOR TAFT AXD GENERAL MACARTHUR THROW
FURTHER LIGHT OX DISPUTED POLXTS.
GOV. TAFT'S STATEMENT.
WHY MANILA EDITORS WERE AR
RESTED FOR SEDITION— TBE
GARDENER REPORT.
Cincinnati. April B.— "TOae Times-Star" to-day
publishes the following statement from Governor
Taft in regard to the case of editors arrested for
sedition In Manila, and the report of the Governor
of Tayabas Provir.ee:
I have no desire and ne intention of entering
noon a newspaper controversy in respect to matters
aito which 1 have ha-i sr.d may have an official
duty to poforr:!. but x.'r.e communication from I>r.
Fhi"':~>?'son. published In a morning jxip^r. mak^s
me feel that in mv hume. where I hope I have
•MM frttawSs. I oujrht to say something to dis
ah-^'e the Tr.ird of a disinterested and public
JmMXed man !:ke Dr. PhihppsoTi of certain •r
roaeoas impressions 1 think ne has jrathtrred from
■osrees of information which he teems to adopt as
authoritative. His communication relates to two
to the arrest of the editor of the
Manila daily newspaper. Freedom." Dr. Philipp
6Oi" "a^ume* that the prosecution of, the editor of
••preeciom" is based on a criticism of the policy
sdonted by the commission. In this I know that
he is entirely In error. The prosecution of "Free
dom*" as n:'ny perhaps be gathered from the dis
ra'chf and as I know from- previous history, is
*or char{--irF that the members of the commission.
cr tome <-'f th»-iri. without naniir.e any one. enjoy
■what is vulgarly knotTr: as a "graft"— that is. thai
tbO aj^e oorr-i'tiy receiving money for tli*-ir action
as commissioners. Prosecution ha« been frepu". it
Is <«.iii under the sedition law. against the editor of
•"•Freedom." in which he will have a full oi'Ppr
tur.i'v to show as a defence that such corruption
exists, if it does exist. The a ion is be* under
... lion law because it could not be prosecuted
nccessfuOy nuder the liM law.. Under a !aw of
"bel a charpe that a public body or that a m«>mber
or a. public t.ody is guilty of corruption is not a.
charge upon which a suit by any particular mem
ber rot named of that body can be founded. • Under
the sedition law a charge of that kind against a
Itmienunental body can be prosecuted, and the de
fendant gHeti an opportunity to show that it is
true It does not aid the discussion, nor Is ■•.
isaterial. whether it be called sedition or criminal
libel to <-a!l such a prosecution leze majesty.
The question presented simply is whether a news
r.a~>€r shall be permitted day after day to charge
that the hiffhest governmental body in the islands
Is composed of men who are corruptly using their
mwerto make money, without any opportunity to
ar.v rr>-tr.ber cf the body or to the body as a
•whole to take action by a suit before a court
regularly constituted to punish such malicious mis
tta*rrae'-t= if they are malicious, or to give the
j*rson making them the opportunity of showing
tbat they are true.
INCITING INSURRECTION.
Under the military government which existed
rrior to the adoption of -• •■ civil government, ana
under the Spanish method. tt« editor would be sent
to prison or deported and the paper suppressed.
The animus of the charges is manliest. * ree
don " a newspaper which has devoted Its columns
■lwavc to •:..- denunciation cf the Filipinos, to
holdi"ff them up to the scorn of Americans, aai-o
«tes*with intensity turning over of the govern
ment from the civil to the military, and advocates
the -•■ st severity of measures against the H.i-
Tiinos It attacks the commission daily for appoint
ing Filipinos to office, for lecislating la the ir.tere.rt
of ••'■ Filipinos and for not looking to the interest
of Americars in the Islands. It seeks to stir up
American prejudices against the Filipinos and. on
the other hend. its unjust attacks upon FUpinos
hay- l tendency to destroy th^ confidence or 1111
vi- ■- in the friendly interest of Americans.
•The Daily American." which is another news
saver ■■' Manila, and takes much the same new
in respect to the necessity for severe measures
against all Filipinos ar.d a distrust of them, and
advocate? a return to the military eovernment of
lie islands, at one time published an article
charfrir.e that some member of the commission, not
amttantog bis name, war interested in an enter
prise in the Islands. As president cf th* commis
fiot: I wrote to the editor of "The American and
demanded that be make specific charges against
some -nember of the commission, .-■ that that mem
ber snVht take step- to defend his reputation, or
■♦tat he withdraw the charges: that a charge
siinst a commission, which was a charge against
So particular person and yet was a charge against
all was cowardly. I thereupon made inquiry, and
Jour..: as I had always supposed the case to be,
that not a member of the commission la dol
'ln'e interest in any. enterprise in the Philippines
Sfl th* charge, which was said to have been based
m clippings from son newspaper In the L n.;ed
B-AtesT wae then formally withdrawn
"Freedom" has now made general charges of cor
ruption without any specification— some "i*™.'
Ssvf the commission, without mentioning names.
s-Trettin* what is railed a "graft." The question
f. v £" her The freei"m of the pr*>F- require tha'
persori* making such charges should be immune
Iros T prosecution. It seems to me not. t,nderth*
SSmstacce* »nd in such a matter, the personal
t^rv V the eoTnmif-Fl--.::erj. who are maligned is
CCTparatlvely of «nall importance. The injury
done is to destroying the usefulness of the com
■ .. „.
.... ■ •• ■ ■ or private
a return to conditions of corruption existing under
Spanish rule.
SARDENER REPORT NEEDS INVESTIGATION.
The second circumstance referred to by Dr. Phil
ippson is the Tabayw report of Major Gara^r as
Gvil Governor ...... Dr. P hl '£P*° n
says that the report was suppressed by thf govern
me-- authorities. How suppressed? The I .act-,
are that in testifying before the committee I yol
uste*r*-d without suggestion from the committee.
to present to it certain reports to rebut the charge
that there was no tranquillity in provinces said to
be pacified and were admitted to be in a state o-
Insurrection. There was no obligation or. my psTt.
therefore to present any report In recar<l to Ta
yabas. for I was not. asked to do so. Be..>re the
time when I presented the reports 1 had submitted
the Tayabas report to the Secretary of v\ ar EOT
Investigation. , . , „
The Tavabas report needs investigation before it
efcall be 'accepted. Major Gardener, as Governor
■' Tavabas. was called upon for a report as to the
csr.Siticr.s in Tayabas. and In this report he gives
his opir.ion ?>s to the character of th» warfare car
ried on in Batangas. Laguna and Bjmir • '«°'!>'
outside cf Tayaba?. and the general attitude or tne
highest military authorities toward the civil gov
cmro»nt of the" islands, as to which he could hay»
only the same general information that any one in
Mar.:- could have. As I advised the Secretary.
there has b*-*n very great friction between Major
Gardens- ara the military authcrltiep In Tayahas
asd Is the islands. Before a report thus written
Fhould be given to the public It was. I submit, en
tirely fair that he. as Governor, should be calleo
upon" to make specifications, and that those charged
with the serious offence should be given an oppor
tsaitr to reply It ■• rip to me. therefore, tha.
Dr. Phi'.ippson in his justifiable zeal for securing
proper methods of government in the Philippines.
should not use lhe'expr«-ss!on characterizing the
action cf the Secretary of War or myself as a
"suppression of the report." General Cha.i.ee has
Tinder directions of the Secretary of War Issued
before the existence of such a report came to h»
iTAde public, instituted an Investigation which In
volves the obviously fair requirement of specifica
tions from Major Gardener.
It most be understood that, as the head of the
civil novemm".nt in the islands, und<r a form of
iual control my interest? and sympathy are nriore
*ith the chrll government than with the military,
and that the inevitable friction which must exist
cni»r puch » e-ovrrnm-nt • -see-, the two branches
do»? net irWir.e rae to partiality in favor of rr.ill
tary methods, however necessary or inevitable; but
I b»lievp that .lustics requires that both sides should
be hearfl befor* judgment is given.
THE REAL THING
»■ hsrrninn may W found in the little ad
ertlmeni^nt» of thr people in the niirrnn
•"•lnaini,.
F.z^rv lover of the beautiful
will zi'is/i to see
The Knabe
Art Pianos
Several of these special
instruments are now on
view in Mat warerooms.
■ad your presence Is
cordially requested.
WM. KNABE & CO.
154 Fifth Aye. cor. 2ith St
MACARTHURS TESTIMONY.
IXALPOS CO-OPERATION NOT
WANTED BY AMERICANS AT
CAPTURE OF MANILA.
"Washington, April 12.— Senate Committee on
', the Philippines began its proceedings to-day by
adopting a resolution offered by Senator Carmack.
calling on the Secretary of War for all the orders,
circulars and official reports received from com
! manders and their subordinates In the provinces
of Tayabas Batangas, Samar and Laguna.
General Mat-Arthur was the only witness before
the committee, and his examination was begun by
Senator Culberson. His questions referred to the
relationship between the native forces and the
j American troops when the latter first landed at
Manila. Senator Culberson called attention to the
fact that there Is testimony on file to the effect
trtat General Anderson had written to AguinaldO'
inviting bis co-operation at Manila, and that the
■ latter ha.i accepted, and that it is also said that
General Iferritt had himself sent an aid to General
Greene suggesting that arrangements be made
I with the Filipinos for a common understanding In
the occupation of the trenches. He then asked
if. in view of these facts, the inference was not
i authorized that friendly co-operation was desired
by the American commanders with the Filipinos
In the attack upon the Spaniards.
"Ass lining the facts to be as stated." the wit
• ness replied. "If that were all there Is In the
premise? it might be admitted that inference was
j to be drawn as indicated. But there are other
! facts which form a part of the case, and which
I how the co-operation In the attack on Manila was
| got a voluntary one on our part."
. General Ma -Arthur then said that on the evening
! previous to the attack on Manila, after General
I Mt-rritt had issued his order of battle, he (Mac
i Arthur) was in consultation with General Ander
■ son when Anderson received a communication
' from General Merritt directing him to inform Agul
j na'do that the battle which was to take place the
j next day was to be between the Americans and
'■ the Spaniards, and that he must not take part
i under any circumstances. Aguinaldo was at that
j time. Genera] Mac Arthur «aid. five miles away.
; and the message was sent to him by wire. He
knew, however, that the Filipino leader had re
ceived it. because he bad declined to accept the
suggestion, and he and his native forces had
taker, part In the engagement the next day. What
had become of that communication General Mac-
Arthur said he did not know. He also said that
if there had been co-operation between Aguinaldo
and General Anderson while the latter was In
command of the American forces he did not
kr.cw it.
Senator Patterson then asked a series of ques
tions Intended to bring out the fact that there
had been an understanding between the American
commander. General Herrltt. and Admiral Dewey
and the Spanish commanders that the attack on
Manila should b« a mere feint with the view of
securing a surrender with an appearance of a bat
tle, but without any real fight.
"If there was such an agreement the fact never
reached me as a brigadier general." said General
Its Arthur "and I have never yet heard it offi
cially. All my orders were for battle.
"Have you any question now, as a soldier and
an officer of the army, that there was an under
standing that the resistance of the Spaniards was
to be purely nominal?" Senator Patterson asked.
"Yes. I have a good deal of question on that
point," replied the witness. "I have never seen
anything to Justify such an opinion outside of
what I have seen in print. I can only say that I
understood the order to be for a nxht. and all that
has come to me to the contrary has been ex pane
in character."
"Have you never talked with General Merritt on
the subject?"
"Never."
"Do you In your testimony distinguish between
official Information and Information that may
have come to you through otter sources?"
Mv desire is to speak here the truth, the whole
truth and nothing but the truth."
Mr. Patterson Insisted on an explicit reply to hla
question, but General Mac Arthur declared that he
could not answer more directly. He added that he
ha-i spoken without reservation.
Senator Culberson reiterated the statements con
cerning General Merritt's r".rst dealings with the
Filipinos as to the use of the trenches and also the
order to General Anderson, cited by General Mac-
Arthur regarding the notification to Agulnaldo. and
asked 1* that was not "a change of policy on Mer
ritt's part after he had reaped the benefit of co
operation with the native troops."
WILL NOT SPEAK FOR MFRP.ITT.
This question practically brought to a. close Gen
eral Mac Arthur's statement for the day. the re
mainder of the time being given up to a discus
sion among the members of the committee as to Its
propriety. Before this controversy arose, how
ever, the witness indicated that he preferred not 'o
make a direct reply. "The facts are of record," he
said "What General Merritt's policy was Ido not
know. It did not occur to me at the time that
there ••■.-as any Inconsistency in bis conduct, and if
ere should appear to the committee to have been
Inconsistent I have no doubt that the general will
be fo md willing to explain It. I prefer that he
should speak for himself."
Senator McComas Insisted that the question was
not legitimate; that It called for Inference, and
that the witness should not be required to answer.
''"he union was extended. Republican members
generally contending that the question called for
a mere opinion, and was nor in order, and the
Democrats holding that It asked for a statement
Of fact and was legitimate. Senator Lodge, as
chairman of the committee, held that it was com
petent to ask the witness his opinion on a given
subject but when the question Involved a criti
cism of a superior officer, which was In Itself a
breach of military discipline, he did not believe th»
committee had a right to ask it or that the witness
could be compelled to answer it.
The ruling was freely commented on by the Dem
ocratic members as calculated to rob the inquiry of
much of its usefulness, and they appealed from
the ruling Of the chair. A vote was about to be
taken when the hour of adjournment arrived, ana
•.. vote was recorded. •
Before the committee adjourned Mr. Patterson
was permitted to ask a question, which he said he
did at the instance of a representative of the Hoe
ciu-e as to whether General Mac Arthur had any
knowiedge of the enlistment of Americans In the
Philippines for service In the British army in South
A GeneVal Mac Arthur replied that he had not.
WALLER'S TRIAL EXDED.
THE JUDGE ADVOCATE DENOUNCES
THE ACCUSED OFFICER-COURT'S
VERDICT NOT ANNOUNCED.
' Manila, April 12.-The Judge advocate. Major
Henry P. Klngsbury. of the 3d Cavalry, replied
to-day to the summing up before the court mar
tial yesterday of Captain ArThur T. Marix. of
the marine corps, representing Major Littleton
W. T. Waller, who is being tried for executing
natives of Samar without trial. Major Kings
bury contended that Major Waller was under
military and not martial law. and that there
was nothing: in the conduct of the men who
were shot deserving such punishment. The
Judge advocate blamed Major Waller for the
disasters which befell the marines, and accused
him of abandoning ten helpless comrades,
"whose bones were now bleaching on the banks
of the Lanang." to die from hunger.
The judge advocate's denunciation of the
methods by which the prisoners who were to be
Shot were chosen was dramatic. He said they
were lined up "for the raffle of death at the sole
will and pleasure of Private Davis, a marine.
who was judge and prosecutor." He referred
scornfully to Davids testimony, and accused
MaJor Waller of listening to the dictates of am
: ,-! n and not to the dictates of duty: asserted
that the natives, according to the evidence, act
ed in many instance* in a highly commendable
mann™ and paid that their faithfulness, and
rTot ih^ir treachery, had been disclosed before
lh Cau°taTn Marix requested permission to make
i short reply. He protested strongly against
criticism of the way in which Major Waller had
conducted the campaign, which, he said, was
oms.de the case, and again Insisted that martial
Taw ruled by the mere nature of the conditions.
The court deliberated less than half an hour.
(So decision was announced
BDfTOI INSISTS <>N BEENG Till ED.
Manila. April 12.- A number of prominent
kMiMasM i at v meeting here to-day decided
&ISW-YOEK DAILY TRIBUNE. SUNDAY. APRIL 13. 1902.
to petition the commission to drop the proceed
ings against "Freedom," the local paper whose
editor is charged with sedition, but the editor
objected, saying that he would prove every
statement he had made. The merchants hope
the case will not be tried, as they believe the
matter may have a bad effect era Philippine leg
islation.
CAPTAIN CROZIEFT& CASE.
SIGNS THAT OPPOSITION TO CONFIRMA
TION IS WEAKENING.
[BT TELEGRAPH TO THE TRIBUNE. ]
Washington. April 12.— The opposition in the
Senate Military Affairs Committee to the con
firmation of Captain William Crozier as chief of
ordnance se-ms to be less determined than it
was when the committee made an adverse re
port en his nomination a week ago. While it is
not yet certain that his appointment can be con
firmed without a hard fight, still there are signs
rhat his opponents are relenting, and that some
of those who at first were strongest in their
hostility are now willing that the administration
shall have Its own way in the important matter
of appointing bureau chiefs in the War Depart
ment under the Root plan of four years' tenure.
As has been pointed out in these dispatches, the
opposition to Captain Crozier for chief of the
Ordnance Bureau, with the rank of brigadier
general, was never based on any doubt of his
fitnes? fnr the place in any particular, and is
reported to have emanated from a source that
has a special interest in preventing his confirma
tion. A technical objection urged against him
was that his promotion over the heads of officers
of higher rank and longer service in the ord
nance corps was a violation of the letter of the
Army Reorganization law. but this has been
shown to be not well founded, since Secretary
Root, the real author of the law. also selected
Captain Crozier for chief of the corps because
of the captain's acknowledged superior qualifi
cations for the office.
It is thought that an effort to confirm him
will be made by the supporters of the admin
istration in the executive session of the Senate
next Wednesday, and now that some of the
most influential Senators have declared their
purpose to ignore the action of the Military Af
fairs Committee — an unu=ual occurrence, as the
Senate generally accepts the recommendations
of its committees as final — the hope is growing
stronger that Captain Cmzier's appointment will
be confirmed. Senator Warren, of Wyoming, the
only member of the committee who was absent
when the adverse report was adopted, and one
of the two members who enthusiastically
favored his confirmation, has returned to the
city, and is making a close study of the parlia
mentary situation, with a view to determining
the safest course to pursue in the fight for con
firmation over the opposition of th^ Military
Affairs Committee. Mr. Warren declines to dis
cuss the case at prew nt. for obvious reasons,
but he expresses hope of securing favorable
action on th^ nomination before the close of the
session. In the mean time sorr.e members of the
committee are suggesting the advisability of
the President's withdrawing the nomination, In
order to avoid further embarrassment to the
administration, but it is n<n though: probable
that the President will pay any he-^d to these
suggestions.
MRS. M'KfXLFY TO GET A PENSION.
THE HOUSE PASSES THE SENATE BILL
AFTER CONSIDERABLE DISCUSSION*.
Washington, April 12.— The House to-day passed
the bill granting a pension to the widow of Presi
dent McKlnley at $5,000 a year. It had previously
passed the Senate, and now goes to the President
for signature.
The bill caused considerable discussion. Mr. Bell.
of Colorado, asked what Justification there was for
■urn a large amount.
Mr. Grosver.or answered that this followed a well
established precedent from the time of Washing
ton.
Mr. Bell said he would not object, but he consid
ered the precedent absolutely wrong and Inde
fensible. The widow In this case, he said, had an
Independent income, the husband's estate being In
ventoried at £*:').'••' and understood 10 include
valuable mining; stocks. Mr. Bell said many widow*
of old soldiers were without pensions, and he re
ferred to the number of widows who could be as
sisted by the amount of this one pension.
Mr. Grosvenor answered with considerable feel
ing. He paid a tribute to the beauty of character
of Mrs. McKlnley, and expressed astonishment that
any member of Congress should view this pension
In any venal spirit and should propose going to
the Probate Court to learn whether the widow
could sustain herself. He criticised such methods
as those of a coroner's Jury. It was the first time
In the history of such legislation, he said, that a
man was ever found with the sentiment of a Shy
lock standing on the bridge and estimating tti*
amount of property the widow might have.
Mr. Cannon also said that pensions to the widows
of Presidents were in the line of precedent.
Mr. Galnes. of Tennessee, asked why the prece
dent was not observed in the case of Mrs. Har
rison.
Mr. Orosvenor said Mrs. Harrison had been non
suited, and action doubtless would be taken. He
pointed out. however, that the cases were different.
Mr. Klutt. of North Carolina, expressed regret
that any voice had been, raised against this pen
sion. He considered it an absolute duty that the
widows Of Pi ' : ■ .t. <J beyond the
chance of want.
Mr Bell explained that he had made no objec
tion to this pension He merely called attention to
the lai-k of pensions for many widows of humble
soldiers this amou • ■ - ' ent to give s pen
sion <>f $* to flfty-two widows.
JCr Calderhead of Kansas, referred to the num
ber of widows of Union soldiers receiving pensions,
not because of charity, be said, but in the spirit of
patriotism nr.l |UStlce
Mr Ri< hardsoi . of Tennessee, said he had seen
several pensions granted to the widows of Presi
dents The custom had stood from time imme
morial. If this was the first case it might
slrabie to stop and inquire as to the need But as
this was a time honored precedent. Mr Richardson
declared he would be the last to break that prece
dent In the case of William McKinley He an
nounced himself emphatically in favor of the hill.
Mr EOeberg Of Texas declared that, if for no
other reason this pension should be passed he
r-ause President McKinley wiped out the last ves
tige of sectionalism. As one who had worn the
gray. Mr. Kleberg said, he joined in this act of
justice to the widow of one who had worn the blue.
A vote was then taken ordering the bill to a
favorable report and without a dissenting voice
favorable action was taken, which was e.imvalent
to passing the bill.
The calendar was entirely cleared of private pen
sion bills, all of those r« ported beii g passed by the
House. JT7 in all. and including that to Mrs. .Vc-
BlluTwere passed for an additional cjn-uit judge
m the lid Judicial Circuit of New-York, and for
the cr.-atlon of the petri!iecj forest national park in
Arizona.
ROCFHTT.L FOR MINISTER TO CHINA.
LJKEL.T TO BE APPOINTED AS CONGER'S SUC
CESSOR.
Washington. April 12.— name of W. W. Rock
hill, at present director of the Bureau of American
Republics, Is under consideration in connection with
the Chinese mission, shortly to be vacated by Mr.
Conger. When Mr. Conger was tentatively a candi
date for the Republican nomination for Governor of
lowa and it was expected that he would resign
bis mission. Mr. Rock hill was practically selected
by President McKinley to succeed Mr. Conger at
Peking but the change in the political programme
suspended the execution of this plan.

SWITZERLAND'S COMMERCE.
[BY TELEOKAPH TO THE TRIBUNE.]
Washington. April 12.— Henry H. Morgan, consul
at Aarau. Switzerland reports to the State De
partment that from fi^-ur^s published by the Cus
toms Department at Berne it appears that the total
exports from Switzerland in the year ended Decem
ber 31. 1901. were J1«.43«.553. as against $161,363,382
for 1900, Showing an increase of $73,207. The Im
ports amounted to |BUff.<U as against 444.172
for OK. showing a decrease of S2.MUM. A marked
increase of 11.549,371 is noticed in the exports of
watches and clocks: of .•*.«§*■ foodstuffs, wines
and tobacco, of t1.474.39S in silk, and $338,334 in ani
mals. A decrease is noticed In machines and ve
hicles of $456.74fi: cotton. $3,214.0*4: wool, 897.827, and
straw goods. J406.394 The imports show an increase
in fertilizing matter of $190.3.1; leather and shoes,
$54 667- tin PM.4H>; precious metals other than
mo'nev $501,221: foodstuffs, wines and tobacco. $3.'08.
3 - oils find fats |3Mtf3: silk. $2,162,809. and animals,
laun. There was a decrease in the imports of
chemicals of $172.10o: wood. $374,145; machines and
vehicles Jl 553,3*0: ■ iron. $2,781,579: brass. $609,940:
mineral 'matter. $1,235.550: beer, wine and alcohol In
barrels. $641.1*2. and cotton. $1.337.Hja
You Are Water Starved
If You Drink
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Nature's Tonic brimming over with new
life comes to you in
Crystal
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Water!!!
From Belle Ayr Mountain in the Catskills.
BOTTLED AT THE SPRING.
Delivered fresh daily at your Home or Office.
Professor Chandler, of Columbia University,
says: "Crystal Spring Water Is Absolutely Pure."
samples free Office, 2231 Broadway.
on Request. Telephone 3088 Riverside.
)R. MARTIN ON CHINA
THE EX-PRESIDENT OP THE IMPERIAL
UNIVERSITY SAYS THE OUT
LOOK IS HOPEFUI*
A talk about present conditions in China was
given to a Tribune reporter last evening by the
Rev. Dr. W. A. P. Martin at he home of his son.
Newell Martin, the lawyer, in Audubon Park. Dr.
Martin arrived on Thursday. He came on the
steamship Empress of Japan to Vancouver, having
left Peking on March 3. ad thence via Montreal.
Dr. Martin went to South China In 1849. and eight
years later acted as Interpreter to the American
Minister. W. B. Reed, In the negotiations for th»
treaty with China In Tlen-Tsln. In 183 he went to
Peking with John E. Ward, the American Minis
ter, to exchange ratifications. Since 1563 he has
made his home in Peking, and has been continu
ously in the service of the Chinese Government for
more than forty years. In that period he was presi
dent of the Imperial College, or Diplomatic School.
Four years ago he was appointed president of the
new Imperial University, the organization of which
was interrupted by the Boxer outbreak. He was
president of that institution till two months ago. It
has no president now.
"On the occasion of the Boxer outbreak," said
Dr. Martin, "I was one of those shut up in the
British Legation and subjected to a siege of eight
weeks' duration. During that time I acted as an
inspector at Me gates, returning immediately after
the siege to recuperate. I went to China again be
cause the court was expected to return to the
capital. In the siege the chancellor of our new uni
versity was put to death, and the institution sus
pended operations until the return of the court.
The new chancellor declined to recognize his obli
gations to the old corps of professors, and It was
with considerable difficulty that I was able to ob
tain for them their back pay. which was due for.
over a year and a half. This was only obtained
by an order from the Chinese Foreign Office, with
which he complied very unwillingly, so much so
that on paying up arrears he announced his inten
tion to discharge the whole faculty. To me he
gave as his reason for doing so that the university,
being the highest institution in the empire, would
have to wait for students to be prepared in the
provinces, an 1 could not go at once Into operation.
so that he did not wish to keep an expensive faculty
without work to do.
"On arriving in Shanghai while coming home. I
was waited ■• by a deputy from the Governor of
Shan-Si, a northern province, who invited me to he
president of a university to be opened In his
capital. Tai-Yuon-Fu. which I promptly declined.
At Vancouver I found awaiting me a telegram
from the great Viceroy, Chanc Chlhtung, asking
me to take charge of a university In the capital of
his two provinces. In addition to acting as official
adviser In International questions This Invita
tion I have thought fit to accept, agreeing to re
turn to China next August."
"What are the present conditions in China?" Dr.
Martin was asked.
"The country in general." was his reply. "Is In
a mere tranquil condition than I could have ex
pected a year ago. The return of the court ap
pears to have given confidence to the people, and
to have satisfied the wishes of foreign nations.
The policy of the government has also undergone
a treat change. It was the progressive measures
of the young Emperor which brought on the reac
tion that led to the Boxer outbreak. But now the
government has abandoned Its reactionary policy,
and has entered with apparent zeal on a career of
progress, the Empress D wager leading the way.
From her first accession to the supreme power she
showed a progressive tendency, and, although for
a time he fell under the influence of a hostile re
action, she appears to have resumed, ex animo, her
earlier and more liberal inclinations."
"What is the outlook for Chinas future?"
"The outlook is decidedly hopeful for the future.
The whole country appears to be awake to the
necessity of educational reform. Colleges an i
graded schools are ordered to be established m all
the provinces, and the printing presses of mis
sionary societies are unable to -•:. scientinc
books with sufficient rapidity to meet the demand
of Chinese readers. Not only has the defeat sus
tained by China deepened the Impression of this
necessity for a new education, but the Chinese
Government has wisely changed the character of
its educational tests. Instead of requiring as a
condition for appointment to honors and office tne
composition of sonnets, 11 now requires some
knowledge of Western science. ,
X"IK "I regard the missionaries' work as having led
the way to this very intellectual awakening. AU
missionaries of all denominations and of a 1 coun
men have contributed to it. as to missionaries
being the cause of the Boxer outbreak, they_have,
to a great extent, been victims of the outbreak,
but in no sense have they been Its causes. Two
German missionaries some years ago ; havir^ Pene
trated into a remote region, where the Boxer So
ciety lay hidden. like a wild beast in Its lair, were
killed by the Boxers. This led to the occupation
by Germany of a seaport in Shantung. The Boxers.
excited by this movement, and encouraged by .1
government hostile to the Germans came out of
their hid ng places and waged open war on roreign
ers and native Christians, advancing toward Peking
and putting forward claims to supernal pow
ers They were welcomed there by Prince Tuan.
father of the heir apparent who more than any
other man has a right to be called the father of
the Boxei outbreak."
"What are the present relations of China with
other nations?" .
"In some respects the situation of China with ref
erence to other nations is much improved by re
cent occurrences. Foreign nations, having run up
a very large bill In the way of war Indemnity, are
desirous of maintaining the status quo in China, so
that she may be able to pay off the inHemnity.
They accordingly, look with disfavor on the move
ment of any partlcula • country to provoke a con
flict on any ground whatever."
POTTS TO SUCCEED REFHLFR.
THE NEXT NAVAL ATTACHE AT BERLIN. VIKXNA
AND ROME.
Washington. April 12.— 1t is the present intention
of the Xav-y Department to detail Lieutenant Com
mander Templin M. Potts as Pnited States naval
attache at Berlin. Vienna and Rome, succeeding;
Commander William H. Beehler. Commander Beeh
ler does not expect to return to th/? t'nited States
until October so that the change will probably not
be effected until that time. The assignment is an
imDortant one. involving, as It does, representation
at the courts of Germany. Austria and Italy.
HOPES BPOMTBMES WILL BE SUPPRESSED.
BBNATOB H'">AR PAYS HIS SYMPATHIES ARE WITH
THE WILJj ANIMALS
Washington. April 12.— The League of American
Sportsmen has presented to Senator Hoar the reso
lution of that organization urging the passage of
bills before Congress for the protection of game.
Replying, the Senator says that he will do his best
to comdy with the desire of the league that the
destruotion of our wild animals like the elk. moose,
buffalo and antelope be prevented, and adds:
I shall also do my best to prevent their destruc
tion" extermination and slaughter by leagues of
sportsmen. I have myself no respect whatever for
t*ie pursuit of birds and other gentle, harmless
wild creatures like deer ajid antelope, as they
Strive to escape their persecutors with broken
wings and legs, hunted with dogs and tortured
with deadly foax. whL-h I suppose is the cruei
est torture of which a-nlmal nature is capable. I
hope that th«* animals will not be suppress^ and
tivax the sportsmen will be.
rIS comparatively easy to ten what the Panojj
is, but very difficult to convey a correct idea of
it to the mind of any one who has not seen or
heard it Broadly speaking, it is an instrumentby
means of which any one can play the piano. This
includes those who literally do not know one note
from another. , _^
The Pianola simply does the finger work, str*
ing the notes in the right relation one to another as
they are printed on the music sheet— the player shu
being the pianist, with all the pleasure or producing
the music, because he has full power over expression-
Think of the Pianola from a practical stand
point. You have a piano in your home in which
you have invested a large amount of money—
tainly more than the instrument would be wortq
merely as an article of furniture. Whether or not
you pay there are undoubtedly many selections
which you would like to play, but are unable to do so.
This limitation is not because the music is not in the
piano, nor for the reason that you cannot buy the piece,
but because your fingers do not " know the notes.
The PliuioU matr: **P*^ '■» --^ry <«« »>»« **■■""« %hr " lW ' rt
thongHt as a practicable and profitable taTeeuaens. Itmai<»
•,-•» p.*r worth to »■» ■ ■; all taas U
was inr-rui'ii to be worth. Iv cc»«
Is bat »:.jU. The Pianola c»a ft*
boGght by raoderat* -.•-:.-. - P»T
ment* If destrwi. Visitor* weleom*.
-6he AEOLIAN CO.,
l» W. 23d St.. N. Y.
Mini* roll »howlng »i-
P r-»«lon line. Tht» IId«
ciiAb!.»B any one to oUt
with expression-
3o\\TvßaTv\^\VSousk^o\is
WILL OFFER THIS WEEK
A SPLENDID VARIETY
OF TRIMMED HATS. TOQUES AND BONNETS
for all occasions, unsurpassed in beauty of modeling and fineness of
material; prices range from .$5.00 to $25.00 each.
Correct styles in smart wearable tailored Hats, designed in our work
rooms, from 51. 50 to $9.50 each.
Hand made Neapolitan Hats, faced with tucked chiffon ; value ?3.oo;
at *1. 65 each.
An exceptionally fine collection of Children's Trimmed Hats from
$1.50 to 51 0.50 each.
Untrimmed Hats, a large, well selected stock of all the newest braids
shapes and colors, from 59c. to 53. 95 each.
An extensive assortment of Flowers, Quills, Wings. Crowns, Orna
ments, and everything pretty to make and trim hats with, at lowe3t
possible prices.
LACE DEPARTMENT.
2,000 YARDS BATISTE AND VENISE GALOONS in butter and Arabian
shades, 2 to 4 inches wide, value 40c, at 29c. a yd.
2,500 yards Black Chantilly Laces, straight and wavy effects,
sc, Itc., 12c., tiz. yd. and up.
Pt Venise, Irish Crochet and Pt de Paris Allovers. white and ecru, at
39c. a yd. and up.
An exhibit of Fine Laces, our latest importation, will be shown this
week, at very low prices.
LADIES' NECKWEAR DEPARTMENT.
500 Neck Ruffs, of Liberty Silk and Lace, in black, white, white with
black, and black with white, tan, and tan and black, made to our special
order, will be placed on sale this week at the following prices :
$1. 75, 82.25, 52.95, 53.-H. 53.95, up to $14.75 each.
)svoQAv/a\^ % 9 Sis.
\V\R TAXES WIPED OIT.
THE REPEAL BILL SIGNED BY PRESIDENT
ROOSEVELT.
Washington. April 12.— President Roosevelt to
day signed the bill repealing the war revenue
taxes. The pen with which the bill was signed
was presented to Representative Bartholdt. of
Missouri.
NOMiyATioys nr tftf PEEstnEyr.
ROBKRT J. WYNNE NAMES) FOR FIRST ASSISTANT
POSTMASTER GENERAL.
Washington. April 12. —The President sent the fol
lowing nominations to the 8< nats to-day;
ROBERT J. WYNNK. of Pennsylvania. First Assistant
1 "TrSaniry— WILLIAM L. KESSINGER. Surveyor of 'Co*^
toms for thf port of Kansas City. Mo.; Or.t'Rvjt. 11.
W VFRI-'N Collector of Customs, district of Casein*, lift
Ju^K^wiLLIAM D. GORDON. Vnlt^l States Atwr
ney -astern district of Miehiean: wiljuasi R. BATES,
raited States Marshal, eastern ...... of Michigan;
\V\IIFR T BURNS l"nitr-.l States. District Judge.
.mihtS dlatr.ct of T.ias; JgUSW. OWSBT Untied
<-a'e-» fcttornev eastern district of Texas. _._!,
wtoteVto£-Keciter« of Land OtBeti—ASOVS J. CROOK
eiIVNK ai • £» Angela. Cal. ; AUGUST DOEJOTZ. a:
AlfalU Wli • JOHN W. DCDUET. I>i»tr:-t of Ootambta.
» Junlau. Alaska. Reee*« of PuMlc M..n.yv-rAT
KICK M. MUli£N. Nebraska, at Junrau. Alaska.
BIG'S & MERCBAXDIBE BIT. I.
GOVERNOR MAKES MEASURE REGULATING ITS
? ALE IN BILK A LAW
The Governor has signed th* bill rod teed Into
the SI i\ legislature by Morton E. Lewis, °- Roch
ester, on February 27. regulating the sale ■■'. mer
chandise in bulk, which goes into effect Immedi
ately.
The bill reads OS follows:
Section I A. sale of any portion of a stock of
merchandise other than in the ordinary course ck
trill*- in the regular and usual prosecution of be
seller's business, or the sale or an entire stock ol
merchandise in bulk, shall be fraudulent and void
as against the creditors of the seller, m less the
seller and purchaser shall at least rive days before
the ■..;'• m!,ke a full and detailed inventory sbow
tmr the Quantity, and. so far as possible with the
pi^rcise >> reasonable diligence, the cost price to
the seller of each article to be included In ;.-■ sale,
and Confess such purchaser shall at least five days
befor" the sale In good faith make full explicit in
, ;,; oi the seller as to the name and place at res -
2. nee- or ice of business of each and every credi
tor of ,'.. seller and the amount owing each
creditor and unless the purchaser shall at least
nvet'ays before the sale in good faith notify or
cause to be notified personally or by registered mail
Such of the seller's creditors of whom the pur
chaser has konwledge. or can with the exercise of
reasonable diligence acquire knowledge, of such
Drooosed sale and of the stated cost price of mer
,f;, f ; >■ ,'|J to be sold and of the price proposed to be
the pur -h isei
p.,.,i imit except as provided in the preceding
section" nothins therein contained, nor any act
thereunder shall change or affect the present rules
of evidence or the present presumptions of law
Sec 3. This act shall take effect Immediately.
EXPRESS OFFICE DESTROYED BT FIRh
BAGGAGE AX? FREIGHT IN THE- ADAM? COM
PANY'S QUARTERS AT NEWARK RUINED.
The Adams Express Comoany's office at the rear
of the Pennsylvania Railroad Station in Newark
was nearly destroyed by fire early last evening.
The fire was. caused by the combustion of soluble
cotton in an express package which was being
handled by an employe. The flames spread so
oui.-klv that Charles Boyd, the station master; two
quicKiy tnai the company and a baggage handler
reeved D afnful burns- The office was, partly filled
with haggf A and light freight, which was mostly
ruined. '
WBWEESET* RESWyiTIOS CALLED FOR.
Washington. April 12 -The Secretary of the
Treasury has sent a letter to E. F. McSweeney.
\ssistant Commissioner of Immigration at New-
Tork cailiie for his resignation. The Secretary »n-
Jloseafhe fetter from Mr. Cortelyou received ~
him yesterday.
Mr McSweeney said yesterday that he had re
ceived Secretary Shaw's letter calling for his res
ignation, but he declined to make any comment on
It or say what he intended to do.
IT'S BAD TO READ TOO FAST,
m yon may overlook the little advertise
ments In U»» «*"•"' oolmsa»».
World Famous Mariani Tonic
The medical profession as well
as all who have used Yin
Mariani pronounce it une
qualled.
A.: Pru«»l«t». Refuse »ib«i*at»».
REED & BARTON,
SILVERSMITHS,
Broadway an 4 lTth Street, N. Y.
6 Maiden Lane, N.Y.
8

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