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ANOTHER TRADE DOLLAR.
THE FREE COINAGE OF SILVER FOR THE PHILIPPINES a SERIOUS MISTAKE. To the Editor of The Tribune. Sir: After the mortifying experience of the United States with the trade dollar of IKI I never expected to see this country coir, another T>iece of that char a"*er But in Washington another trade dollar with free coinage of silver is row considered a fore rone conclusion, and will in all probability be authorized within sixty days unless the voire of the people is heard. The people of the United States want no secession from the gold standard, no disunion of United States money anywhere in the republic, no Mfx! canlxattoa of our monetary relations with the Philippines. In the report accompanying a bill "temporarily to provide for the administration of the affairs Of civil government in the Philippine Is:ar.of-. and for other purposes." the Senate Com mlttee on the Philippines says the coinage clauses leave untouched the silver standard now existing in the islands and simply provide that there shall be coined a bullion dollar of 111 grains nine-tenths fine. The committee believes that "this dollar, of Fuptrior mintage, and ':•.'.!■;:;: Oie stamp of the Unite! States, will displace the Mexican dollar. and. like the British Bombay fiollar. will enter largely into The Chinese trade iM do much to pro mcte American interests la that great market." At the hearing* before the rub-committee which pre par«a the coinage clauses, It was distinctly under stood sr.d stated that the new dollar would be a trad" dollar. As the printed hearings show, One committee im dcrf.ar.ds that IMb new coinage is "put squarely on the silver standard." and that the gold - Sard Is abandoned to that extent. The committee disunites oar money, retiing up two standards and two differ ,- collars, instead of maintaining one standard and a single (ioljar throughout all the regions over which tn«> American flag floats. The new money is. In general, an imitation of Che Mexican. The idea is to establish relations between the Philippine cur jency and our currency in America similar to those existing between ours an" the Mexican. The Phil ippine . liar is to vary in value as the Mexican lees '. . ■- system is said to be of great advantage to Mexico, but no one pretends it IS beneficial to the American States of the Union, and probably It ■jiould not be to the Philippines. A New- York importer of teas who appeared be fore the sub-committee gave this interesting testi mony: "In basics teas, at course, we get the cheap est money we can find. 1 He wants this bullion dollar. which will be ■ very cheap thing— worth about IS cents In gold. It is good enough to pay to our fel low citizens in the Philippines. But suppose some heathen there, la ignorance or disregard of our wishes, pays us in our own coin? The bill makes thefe cheap dollars a legal tender in the Philippine Islands. You hold somebody's note for 110,001 He takes up his residence in Manila. You present the note there at maturity. He pays you ten thousand United States Filipino silver dollars. You remon strate. Ke blandly inquires: "Is it provided by law or expressly stipulated in the note that I may not tender these new dollars? Were they not coined for use? Are they not dollars? Does not each piece bear the word dollar in three languages— English. Filipino and Chinese? Shall I pay you. then. J22.0C0 for a debt of J10.COO?" Here dollar has two different meanings: 21.r"2 dollars worth 4. : . cents each in gold are equal to 10,000 worth 100 cents each in gold; or. the other way. 22.2^! worth 100 cents each in silver are equal to 10.000 worth 222 cents each in silver. Dollar has a distinct meaning in all existing contracts, though the money consideration Is expressed without stipu lation as to the dollar intended. To introduce, in any case, another definition cutting the value in halves would be a fraud. Such a fraud can bs pre vented in the Philippines by giving the coin an ether name, calling It peso instead of dollar. There is nothing in the bill to forbid or prevent the circulation of these cheap dollars In any part of the United States. They are trade dollars, and experience teaches that millions of United States trade dollars will enter into our circulation when ever it is profitable to introduce them. As these proposed trade dollars would cost about 45 cents In the Philippine? there would be over 100 per cent cf profit en them, if anybody bought or received them there and put them !nto circulation as dollars here. To prevent all such fraud the pieces should express in plain English what the government will take them for. The most convenient sum would be 9 prats. If a fixed sum like 50 cents is stamped ci-on them they would circulate in the Philippines for a peso and here for 50 cents; but then there could be no free coinage of silver. The gold stand ard would have to be established and maintained in the Philippines, as it ought to be. The trade dollars of the United States coined un der the act of IST3. were made redeemable at par for six months by the act cf March 3, I CC T. Their coinage had ceased in IS7S, except a few specimens. It took nine years to secure their redemption. In IS6T. shortly before the passage of the redeeming act. I published, as "The Voice of New- York," the ! views of three hundred banks, merchants and others in the State of New-York as to the repudia tion of trade dollars. Some of these opinions will How be quoted, that the voice of the people may/ be heard on the subject of United States trade dol lars, which the government Is to coin for anybody and receive from nobody in the United States, out eide of the Philippine Islands: Bank of Hornellsville— The creation of the trade dollar was a grave mistake, as time has demon strated. Bank of Worcester— The word dollar implies one hundred cents to the minds of the American peo ple. first National Bank of Aurora— "What the gov ernment pays out to the people for dollars it should receive back for dollars. if it means to deal hon estly. Bank of Skanf-ateles — Government has no moral right to issue or stamp either paper or silver pur porting to be a dollar without making provision to indorse the same as a dollar. I -wholesale grocer of New-York— The class of people with whom we deal do not watch the pro ceeuir.gs of Congress, and have been deceived by the coin bearing "United States of America." Tim National Bank of Glens Falls— The duty of the government was. In the first place, to have never made such stuff, and its present duty Is to rid the country of it as soon as possible, A New-York brewer— The government, suffering the trade dollar to become an imposition upon the people, rich and poor, should under all circum stances redeem same. Palnjyra bankers— As they were issued and put is circulation under the sanction and credit and by the authority of the government, we think it should redeem them and put them out of existence. Cbenango National Bank of Norwich— They should be redeemed at face value, inasmuch a* th» United States issued them In such a way that most holders thought them a bona fide government ■Baa. First National Bank of Tankers' They came to Us as a government coin; otherwise we should not nave touched them. •i Harsen Bhoad^s— Call them in at their fare value and melt -m into bullion. Give an honest dollar to the people. r Adams National Bank— Redeem every piece of ■g«al in gold on which they have said "United States of America." "Trade dollar" or -'One dol- Jar. Redeem them by all means, dollar for dol it- KeesevllJe National Bank— lt is a disgrace that tn« ■ Trm<r.T should refuse to receive at par a •Bar of CO trains and should be flooding the country with dollars of only 4124 grains. It is a r-Uiear:'-* as It 1?. °«orse S. -Th«» trade dollars contain TVs pains of saver more than the standard legal itnGer diver dollars. In our opinion the govern ■*2s is In honor hound to redeem them at least by 2J*angir.£ them for the current silver coins >pT ££4 grains each. . y Delaware National Bank of Delhi— plea that "ley were issued for a certain purpose Is no excuse « ».J! ot redeeming them. The people at large have i tur OH time Bar the means to investigate the f.r ticu.ar term? of the act under which they were «ued. They know the government has placed its l^J upon them, and have taken them fcr that "or.. having faith that the government would protect them. Cashier of the First National Bank of Port •t-enry— l <j on - t believe the government has any pore right to stamp a coin "dollar." wblch term 5 tn:.« country is taken for one hundred cents, and •■nea redeem it at So cents, than a man has to give ns noJe for $300. let it run for a t<>rm of years, un c^sputed as payable in United States coin, and tsea claim he has the right to pay it in Mexican centV 8 * whlch he can purchase in market at BS A U'oleott banker— Pay dollar for dollar, the same as every hone« man pays a Just debt. No re paration at this counter. ' In conclusion, these opinions on trade dollars ex **«»■, I believe, the general sentiment of the Amer ican people. If they do. Congress, present the People, ought not to authorize the coinage of an other trade dollar by the United States on any »«*««. JAMES C HALLOCK. :•'■ v.-Tork, April 12, 1952. TREES FOR MR IJAGGiyS PARE. Ist TELEGRAPH to the TRIBfNC . Lexington. Ky.. April 13— J. B. Hoggin has un- ' ; dertaken to make a park at Green Hills. Several , cars loaded with a species of California oak ar 'rivfe<j here to-day, and to-morrow the trees "will , be "hauled to the farm. Some of the trees aro three feet In diameter, and only five could be pl&r*<3 on on* car * a landscape gardener- has had f «**? ' 'of men at WOfk at Green Hills for several L— t.~ V" -.-.....'. - _ BEAT JAILERS AXD ESCAPE. PRISONERS AWAITING SENTENCE TO SING KINU ESCAPE. Frank Wyman and Frank Martin, who -were t-Vt -V be sentenced to terms in the State prison at Si! g Sing to-day by County Judge A. X. Fallon, escaped from the Rockiand County jail early yesterday morning:, leaving- John Van Xostrand. The .. J a<ler. who acted as night guard on Satur day night, unconscious and with a badly injured skull. It is the custom of the night guard to cive the prisoners in the Jail their breakfast b- f. re he is relieved from duty. Yesterday Van Nostrand opend the gate of the iron cage tn take Martin and Wyman their morning meal, when the two made a rush for him. One grabbed the Jailer by the throat and that; is all he re members of what happened. When he recovered consciousness he found that his revolver and keys were gone and the prisoners had flown. Van Nostrand had received a^hard Mow on the head from pome blunt Instru ment and was weak and dazed, but managed to eive an alarm, which was heard by Under Sheriff Lynch, in charge of the jail. It was found that the prisoners had made their way to the rear of the building and escaped through a back door. It is believed that they started for New-Jersey Sheriff Weiant. who Ifeva at Haverstraw. was informed by telephone, a? were officials in every part of the county, and search was made in every direction yesterday for the two men. Wyman once before escaped from the Roekland County jail when a federal prisoner. He was in jail then under the name of Bush, havinp been sentenced for robbing the postofnee at Arden. Orange County. Mr. Blauvelt was then Sheriff. RECOUXT ZFT FOR WFDXEZDAT. ENVELOPES CONTAINING REJECTED BAL • LOTS IN MOUNT VERNON ELECTION WILL THEN BE OPENED. Justice Maddox. at a special term of the Su preme Court held in Poughkeepsle on Saturday, granted the application of Mark D. Stiles for an order compelling a recanvass of the ballots thrown out as void and defective in the, count of the vote in the First District of the Second Ward in the recent Mount Vernon election. Mr. Stiles, who is chairman of the Republican City Committee of Mount Vernon. fays that he has reason to believe that the count was wrong, and that Dr. Edward F. Brush, the Republican candidate for Mayor, was elected instead of Mayor Edwin W. Fiske. to whom the election officers gave a majority \of twenty votes. Justice Maddox ordered the envelopes con taining the void and rejected ballots to be opened next Wednesday In Newburg. The decision caused gi^at surprise to Mayor Fiske and his friends, whose policy has been delay. When these vote* are recounted Justice Maddox will give a hearing on the application of Dr. *srush for a recount In five other election dis tricts in Mount Vernon, where, it Is believed, th»re were either errors or frauds in the count. Dr. Brush, who was formerly president -f the Society of Medical Jurisprudence, has been dangerously ill in Virginia, but i* better, and is expected to be in Newburg to attend the recount on Wednesday. It Is generally believed that a new election will be ordered. About $10,000 In bets hinge on the result of the recount. DF. TA IMAGE'S FrXFRAL. SERVICES AT WASHINGTON- AT, AT BROOKLYN. Washington, April Arrangements were com puted to-day for the funeral services in this city of the Rev. Dr. T. De Witt Talmage. The funeral will take place at 4 o'clock Tuesday afternoon from the Church of the Covenant. The services will ho simple. There will be no funeral sermon, but short addresses concerning the life and works of Dr. Talmage will be made by men who have, been Inti mately associated with him. The Rev. Dr. Tennis S. Hamlln. the pastor of the church, and the Rev. Dr. Thomas Chalmers Eawton. of the Eastern Pres byterian Church, of Washington, will both assist in the services. Dr. Samuel J. Nicois. of St. Louis, will make an address, and Dr. E. P. Terhune, of New-Jersey: Dr. Howard Suydam, of BiUnebeck, N. V.. and Dr. James Demarest. of Brooklyn, all school friends of the dead man. have been ask) to assist. Music will be furnished by the male quar tet of the Church of the Covenant. At 3 o'clock on Wednesday morning the burial will take place in the family lot In Greenwood Cemetery, Brooklyn. Many intimate friends. including the pastors of most of the Presbyterian churches of the city, were among those who called at the house. Messages of sympathy from nearly every State in the t nion and from England. Russia and other European countries came to the family. NO SERVICE IN BROOKLYN. FIRST DUTCH REFORMED CHURCH OF FERED. PIT DR. TALMAGE'S FAMILY REFUSES. At a meeting of the consistory of the First Dutch Reformed Church, Seventh-aye. and Carroll-**-. Brooklyn, yesterday mirntnif re-solutions on th« death of Dr. Taimage were passed. Inasmuch as Dr. Talmase was for po long a BrooKlynite, it was suggested that it would he quite proper to have a funeral In Brooklyn. Dr. Taimage is to be buried in Greenwood on Wednesday, and a telegram was sent to h'.s famfly suggesting that a public service be held at that time, and offering the church for thPt purpose. William A. Hall, of No. 7«4 C3rroll-«t.. who sent the telegram, received a reply last night from Frank D Taimage. in which tbe thanks of the family were expressed for the offer, but saying that It could not be accepted because it had been decided to have only one service, and that in Washington. IN MEMORY OF DR. TALMAGE. CENTRAL PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH, OF BROOKLYN. ADOPTS RESOLUTIONS ON HIS DEATH. Memorial services for the Rev. Dr. T. De Witt Talmage were held yesterday morning after the reg ular service in the Central Presbyterian Church. Jefferson and Mercy avf-c. Brooklyn. The Rev. John F. Carson, pastor of the church, spoke briefly of th» Iff* and works of Dr. Talma - James J. Machett. a lifelong friend of the dead man. spoke of him as a preacher, and A. W. Kendrick, one cf the preacher's old deacons, spoke of him as a man. A set of resolutions eulogistic of Dr. Talmage were unanimously adopted and will be forwarded to his fa They' expressed the sorrow of the congregation of the Central Church for the death of Dr. Talmage. Lnd Mid that a prince and a great man had fallen. Me" on of the death. of Dr. Talmage was also J" -,]* other Brooklyn pulpits yesterday. NEW- YORK DAILY TRIBUXE. MOXC^Y. APRIL U. 1902. A CONDITION, NOT A THEORY. BLOODSHED IN BRUSSELS. POLICE FIRED RIFLES LOADED WTTH BALL CARTRIDGES. SEVERAL. RIOTERS KILLED AXD THE HOS PITALS FILLED WITH WOUXDED-SAT URDAY NIGHTS RIOT?. Brussels. April 13.— The bloody repression of the, disorders of yesterday evening has created a painful impression among all classes here, al though it is appreciated that the majority of the victims of the encounters do not belong to the better class of workmen. Yesterday for the first time the police really fired their rifles loaded with ball cartridge?. Previous to yes terflay they had u?^d their swords and th°ir re volvers, and the latter usually were loaded with blank cartri.!--^. Saturday's rioters were com posed of the dregs of the population, with a sprinkling of waat is called the Young Socialist Guard, who are mere boy?, with little regard for the orders of M. Van der Velde. a member of the Chamber of Deputies and the leader of the Socialist movement in Belgium, and the Socialise committee. It must be explained that the Malson dv Peuple is situated on the upper slope of a hill, that the Central Boulevard and most of the business portion of the city lies at the foot of this hill, while the royal palace, the lav.- courts, the Chamber of Deputies and the Ministries stand upon the ridge of the hill. The quarter around the Maison dv Peuple is the worst In the whole city. It is a perfect rookery of low class dwellings, intersected by steep and narrow streets and malodorous alleys. In the vicinity of the Maison there are a few small squares, In which the rioters gathered yesterday evening until they were dispersed and the squares oc cupied by detachments of the Civic Guard. The mob was mainly composed of the rough popula tion of the quarter, who Jeered and reviled the police when they were forced along the streets by the cordons of officers. The serious troubles began when a number of roughs from a safe distance fired revolvers in the direction of the cordons. The gendarmes then charged with drawn swords. After firing at the crowd with revolvers loaded with blank cartridge!" they were greeted with a hall of missiles, such as stones, bottles and heavy Iron rivets. This happened In several streets. It was worse in the Rue Haute, where the occupants of the houses rained missiles upon the heads of the gendarmes. An officer of the gendarmes then shouted to the crowd to disperse. No notice was taken of this order. Then, for the first time in many years, the gendarmes fired their Mauser carbines loaded with what are calls I strike cartridges, which contain a ball, but a minor charge of powder. Th« gendarmes fired only one volley, but. when the mob scattered. several bodies were lying on the ground Two of the wounded were mortally hurt, and Oltm while being conveyed to the* hospital. Over twenty narrow streets and blind alleys lead Into the. Hue Haute, and when the gendarmes charged after the mob other rioters issued from these alleys and fired revolvers at the backs of the policemen, until the latter were obliged to leave three of their number at the mouth of earh alley they passed. These guards stood with their rifles pointing down the alleys, ready to shoot. Other gendarmes, who were stationed every few paces, covered the windows in the Rue Haute with their rifles. It is impossible to ascertain the exact num ber of the victims in yesterday's rioting. Many who were slightly injured had their wounds dressed in pharmacies or went home. The di rector of the Hospital of St.' Pierre, however said this afternoon that three rioters had died in the hospital and that another one there was believed to be mortally Injured. Thirty other., who are badly hurt were received at the hos pital last nipht. Among the Injured are many Imprudent spectators of the rioting who were caught between two fires, as the gendarmes fre quently combined their movements and charged the mobs front and rear at the same time. A doctor who was returning home after having visited a patient, was caught between two bod ies of charging gendarmes and had his nose cut off with a sword- A woman was also among thf Injured. One of the men killed was the as sistant secretary of th* Socialist Jewellers; Union. Only one or two policemen were hurt. The threatening aspect of a mob near the Mai* n dv Peuple at 11 o'clock to-nipht caused th" police and gendarmes to charge it. with the result that five of the demonstrators were wounded. One of the injured men will die. He received a bayonet thrust In the back. Sixteen arrests were "made during th^ course of the evening. i ' BOYS STOLE TO GET CIGARETTES. TWO LAPP CAUGHT BREAKING INTO PELHAM HEIGHTS COUNTRY CLUBHOUSE. In the arrest of Joseph Bartell and Frederick Ryder, fourteen and eleven years old, respectively, Chief Marks of the Peiham police has captured two boys who. by their own confession, robbed the Pelham Heights Country clubhouse several times. The boys Faid they took a piece of rock and a broken chisel to pry open a window of the club house, and each time filled their pockets with golf balls, cigars and cigarettes. They said they stole to get cigarettes to smoke. When the young pris oners were arraigned before Judge Karbaeh. Chief Marks said that the lads were only recently re leased from the Westchester Catholic Protectory, where they were sent for larceny nnd assault. Kyder, with tears rolling down his cheeks, pleaded for the liberty of Bartell and himself. His cry was po pitiful that the? Judge relented and paroled them for one year, making the condition that they report to him every month. "LA MABCOTTE" AT THE VICTORIA. The French opera troupe at the Victoria sus tained their reputation as funrnakers on Saturday night. The loves of the turki-y tender and the shepherd, with the temporary thwartings due to the machinations cf the covetous monarch, had a good vocal presentation, too. Mile. Laya was a sprightly, hoydenish Bettina, and was in excellent voice. M. Queyla saner the part of Frltellini better than he acted it. The Laurent of M. Douchet shows thp talents of that clever comedian to better advantage th.-vn an>' other character he has as sumed during the engagement. It would be un gracious to advert to vocal deficiencies of the miner members of the company. In view of their hearty and effective co-operation in the action of the piece: the large audience was too well pleased with the "go" of the operetta to be severely critical as to costumes and r-tßge properties. Yet it is to be hoped that when the New-Orleans gingers visit this ci'.y again they may be enabled to pressnt their repertory in a better setting. CONSUL CAMPBELL GIVES UP » ABANDONS THE EFFORT TO SECTRE THE POST AT WARSAW. St Petersburg, April 13.— Consul Campbell has gone to the United States, declaring he In tends to place his resignation in the hands of Secretary of State Hay. This brings to an end misunderstandings which have lasted six months. On the death of Joseph Ra-.vitz. for many years American Consul at Warsaw, his nephew, Viadisia.v Rawitz. the surviving head of the Rawitz banking house, signified bis desire to succeed to th° Warsaw consulship. W. R. Hol loway. the United States Consul General at St. Petersburg, with the assent of Charlemagne Tower, the American Ambassador to Russia. recommended that to Vladislaw Rawlts b" given this post, saying that the office had been excellently managed by Joseph Rawitz, and that the Rawitzes enjoyed an excellent reputation. Jeremiah Curtin, formerly secretary of the United States Embassy here, caused the first complication by requesting that Herr Wolff, the publisher of Blenklwics's works, be appointed consul at Warsaw. H. H. D. Peirce. the Thir i Assistant Secretary of State, wrote Mr. Hol toway and asked him if he insisted on his re" ommendation. Mr. Holloway did insist upon th" appointment of Vladislaw Rawitz, and Mr. Tower undertook discreetly to sound the Rus sian Government regarding the acceptability of Vladislaw Rawitz. This Inquiry, by some mis take, caused the issuance of an exequatur for Rawitz. As the consular position at Warsaw is highly esteemed. Rawitz immediately receive.! congratulatory visits from the iocal officials and the other consuls. At this stajre of the pro ceeding* Rawitz became greatly embarrassed, as etiquette required that his first visit be paid to tne Governor General, and thi3 was impos sible without American papers. William 11 Osborne, United State? Consul Genera] In London, here intervened by recom mending Ihe appointment to thy Warsaw cn sulship of Mr. Campbell, an American dentist In London, who formerly lived In Warsaw. Rawitz became much perturbed by news] statements thai Campbell had been appointed to Warsaw on the ground of his American dtl tenshlp. He madi persistent but ineffectual at tempts to gel Mr. Holloway and Mr. Tower fur ther to support his case. In the mean time a storm had gathered over Campbell's head. The consular clerk at War saw, voicing the alleged wid spread objection of the Inhabitants of that city to Campbell, wrote to consul General Holloway that Campbell could not anticipate an exequatur, as his real name was FHnkelstein an 1 he was born in Lemberg. The consular clerk further charged that Camp bell had given different birthplaces In his ap pllcations for passports, and tl.:it local society was against Campbell on account of his elope menl with an heiress <>r Warsaw. Campbell came here >nd ridiculed these charges, asserting that he was a Christian; that hf wa-» born in Montreal, Canada; thai he was a naturalised American citisen and formerly a dentist in Chicago. H^ declared that his moth fi-in-law \\:..s responsible for the cl ai ainst him which she brought with the desire of withholding 100,000 rubi > due h!s wife fn m the paternal estate. Consul General Hulloway was sifting th;s mat ter when ue was Informed that CampbeD had abandoned th^ fight. (HUTT'ARY. HENRY FOWLES. East Orange. N. X. April 13 (Special).— Henry Ponies, formerly president of the Merchants' Fire Insurance Company, of Newark, died suddenly from heart disease last night at his home. In North tfaple-ave., this city. Mr. Powlea was born in Orange on August 29, 1827, and excepting a few years spent in Newark lived there all his life. Fifty years ago he was engaged in the coal busi ness In Nov. ark. but after a few yean gave It op to engage in the insurance business. Ho became successively secretary and treasurer of the Mer chants" company, and in 1881 president He served in the latter capacity for more than twenty years. He was also a director in several other concerns. A widow, three daughters and a son. Edward C. Pnwlrs. survive him. HORACE RBSLET. Cumberland. M.1.. April 13.— Horace Resley, the Inventor of thp locomotive pilot and other railroa.l appliances, died to-day. He was elgbty-seren years old. THE WEATHER REPORT. YESTERDAY'S RECORD AND TO-DAYS FORECAST. Washington, April 13. — lake storm of Friday »• ' • reached the Canadian maritime provinces, but with e'iminishfi energy. The southwest disturbance has ma.'.c but little progress northeastward, being central to-night In Mexico A ri.lge of high pressure stretch** from Manitoba southeastward to Tennessee, -ir..l pressure Is also high on the North Pacific Coast. There have betn light rains In Northern New-England and Western .New- York and thunderstorna. with heavy rain In th» South ■Rttt. Rains have been general in Texas. Louisiana. Southern Mississippi and along the Gulf Coast, Snow or rain has fallen also in the middle Rocky Mountain re gion and throughout Kansas and Nebraska. The tem perature chaiges have been unimportant. Rain will con tinue in the middle Rocky Mountain region and the east slope extending Into the Mississippi Valley Monday, and probably Into the Ohio Valley and East Gulf States Tuesday. Rain is also indicated for Texas - and the Southwest Monday, with clearing weather Tuesday. Ten*. r-traturo changes will be small and unimportant. On the New- England and Middle Atlantic GiMI freih west to northwest winds will continue, diminishing somewhat Tuesday. FORECAST FOR TO-DAY AND TUESDAY. For New-Englsnd. Bast«rn New-York. Eastern Penn sylvania. New-Jersey and Delaware, fair to-day and Tuesday: diminishing northwest wind*. For the District of Columbia, Maryland and Virginia, fait to-lay and Tuesday; slowly rising temperature; light north winds, becoming variable. For West Virginia and Western Pennsylvania, fair to day and Tu"s-Uv; rising temrerature; variable winds. For Western "New-York. Lower Michigan and Upper Michigan, partly cloudy to-day and To —day; light north winds. THWW LOCAL OBSERVATIONS. In this diagram the continuous white line shows the. PhancM In urnaitnrs. as Indicated by The Trihiine's smlf recordlng barometer. The dotted Una shows the tempera ture as recorded at Perry's Pharmacy. The following official record from the Weather Bureau shows the changes In the temperature fcr the last twenty four hours in comparison with the corresponding; date of last year: j^ w^ - - ~i -13 45|4 p m 52 ■ « , m" 41 -!4 p. m 51 55 qZ m 46 4S>'!> p. m 41 55 1, TO ' BO 5T 11 p. m 46 S3 2*lo ' d. m 63 —112 p. m — 30 Highest temperature yesterday. S3 degrees; lowest, 41; average. 47: average temperature for corresponding date lsst year, 52: average temperature for corresponding date last twenty-five years. 47. Local forecast: Fair to-day and Tuesday; stationary ter^jeraturs, diminishing northwest wind*. THE PASSING THRONG. Regarding the necessity for regulating the poster nuisance, John De Witt Warner, president of the Municipal Art Society of New- THE York and of the Municipal Art REGULATION* Commission, said last evening to a OF POSTERS. Tribune reporter at the Hotel Beresford: "There is every reason why as a business matter advertising should be made more effective by regulation, and as 8 matter of general public interest why it should be so ear ned on as not to be offensive. The two are en tirely consistent with each other. For, while it may be possible to attract notice by offensive dis play, it can be more profitably and effectively done by making the advertisement an attractive and p!ea.siiifr one; while, as in any other business, a moderate amount of well adjusted display is far less expensive and far more effective than a much greater amount done at random. •'This is so rapidly becoming recognized, and. in deed, has been so far adopted elsewhere, that it is only a question of a very short time when the worst of our waste and disfigurement will be cor rected. To this the Municipal Art Society Is doing its best. It has had prepared and introduced an ordinance dealing 1 with boardings and similar mat ters, to which may apply fire, building and other regulations. It proposes also to attack the subject of 'sandwiehmen' and others which involve use or obstruction of the street?. It is in conference with the Rapid Transit Commission, looking to regula tion of advertisements in the subway, and though I do not understand It is in formal conference with the advertising sign companies, there have re peatedly been informal exchanges of opinion. They have been such as to justify me in statin* that while we may not agree in all points we shall have their hearty co-operation in some of the more essential. "In short, the whole matter is SO far one 0' business; common sense that, once understood. it will not be hard to satisfy every legitimate In terest. The Municipal Art Society perfectly under stands that this city is first of all the place to do business, ar.d is not likely to undertake anything whi.^h it does not believe will be on the whole seal for business." Dr. Martin J. Valentin, a first lieutenant In th» Royal Prussian Uhlans, v.ho is staying at the Netherland, dined at the Vniver- HERE TO slty Settlement yesterday. "I am STUDY TF.NE- here to study the tenement bwui JIEN'T HOUSE condition* in this city and in the CONDITIONS. United States generally." said ha, "I come from Berlin, and bring letters from the Burgomaster to Mayor Low. Dr. Dcvine and other people In this city. T vV^ hope soon to be able to draft a tenement boose law for all Germany." Dr. Valentin will stay in this coun try for some time, and expectr to make an ex haustive study of conditions here. He will consult with various members of the old Tenement BoOM Commission. WHY LEDERLF A?K$ SO MT'CH. MONEY NEEDED. TO PROVIDE FOR ADE QUATE CARE OF CONTAGIOUS CASES. The appropriation asked of the Board of Esti mate and Apportionment by the Department of Health. $1,025,000. has caused some comment. Com missioner Lederlo said to a Tribune reporter that it was a conservative request when the present conditions were taken into account. "I have no political motives in tr.e matter." be said, "but am merely asking for what is absolutely necessary for a decent care of people ill with con tagious diseases. The facilities for this purpose in this city are absurdly and pathetically inadequate. A more comprehensive plan for improvement was contemplated twelve years ago. and the reason the estimate is placed at the present sum is due to the neglect of previous years. It is well to have fine park? and bridges, but it seems to me that it is h'gt time that the boroughs of The Bronx. Rich mond and Queens shouli have some provision for caring for contagious diseases, and the facilities of Manhattan and Brooklyn boroughs, now over burdened with the work of the other borough 3. ought to be made adequate to their own needs. which ■it present they are not. More than this, our sent smallpox hospitals, at Kingston-aye., Brooklyn, and on North Brother Island, are frame buildings, and in case of lire there would be next to no chance of saving the latter. Tent? and duck ers do we!! enough perhaps in a military camp, but they should not be the resort of a civilized city. We are forced to make permanent use of them. "It is difficult to keep proper help, too, under such conditions. In the reception hospital, for in stance, at the foot of Slxteenth-st.. the beds are never cold, the night shift following the day shift immediately. Is that a reasonable state of affairs? And the Inaccessibility of North Brother Island increases the distrust felt among the poorer people of the city, and actually helps the spread of dis ease by encouraging concealment. I am willing to be responsible for all those features that I can control— the efficiency of the hospital force, the nature of the food furnished patients and so forth— but it fills me with nßiagtvtaM to be responsible for Inadequate shelter and housing of patients ill with disease perilous to themselves and the entire com munity, when my hands are tied by unutterably disproportionate facilities, such as prevail at pres ent, when at the outside we are fitted to care for eight hundred patients, and two thousand cases of contagious diseases are reported weekly." Burnrtt'a Vanilla leaves a (rood taste in th» mouth. It is pure and wholn sorr.e. Don't bs. cheated with cheap adulterated sr^s. c The unrest and safest of Blood Puriaers la Jiyr.e's Alterative. HARRIED. KNIGHT — BUL.t< — On Wednesday, the f<th. at the resi dence of the bride's parents, at Oxford D»pot. Ovaafa founty N. V.. Caroline R:». daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Charles R. Bull, to Clarence Se»!y Knight. OAKES— HAWI.rT At Galvestcn. Tex., April 2. I!V>C. iv the Rev. Dr. Carter. Mr. John C. Cakes. Corps of rnerin<'»"rr« C S. A. and Miss Sue Murray, daughter el Hon. and Mrs. Robert Bradley Haw»-. Notices of marriages and deaths must be in dorsed with full name and address. DIED. Ar.druss. Sarah I* LefTTnxw«ll miMu|ku M it<TEC\ Mellt 1 PSiWorfc Catherine C*. Bonnt-1. Harriet. Perkins. E-lward H., if. Brainard John A. Porter. Rebecca. T. , rvfl. Silas C. Ponies. H-nry. Pay A. I. Klckarii. Dorothy A. i Hotchktes. Dark) T. Ryan. Ms. B. lafrray. Robert .- crn, Slgroon M. Kilbreth. Mary C. Wallace. William B. Leary. James l> IXDRC3S— On Saturday. April 12. 1002. at P.issair. .v J.. Sarah L.. Andruw, wife of Christian A. T«tnls>li Funeral from her late residence. No. 151 Jeff^rson-st.. Pasaalc, N. .1 . Tuesday afternoon. April i.">. at 3 o'clock. pi -;sf:< Suddenly. Sunday morning-. Melissa Ben?""!. aged 75 yean. Funeral jervicex at her late residence, No. 11 West 64th-st., ■.:•..- i.i evonfr.s. April 17. S o'clock. BONNEL— On Saturday. April 12. IWI2. at Summit, N. .T . Harriet Bonnel. daughter of the late Jonathan C. Borv nel Funeral service* at her late residence, en Mon day April 14. on arrival of the 2 o'clock train from New- York. BRMNVRD Suddenly, on Saturday evening-. April 12. 1002. John All^n Bralnnrd. late of No. -'90 Lafayette ave " aged 77 year". Funeral services will be held at his "late residence. No. 336 Washinirton-ave... Brooklyn. Tuesday. April 15. at 3p. m. Please emit flowers. CROFT— Suddenly, on Saturday. April 12. 1902. Silas C. frufr Surveyor of the Port (Ml New- York, at his resi dence. No. 1<- West 121st-et. Funeral services at Cal vary Methodist Episcopal Church, -aye. and 129 th .-st Monday. April 14th. 8 p. m. Members of Arcana Lodn No." 245. F. and A. M.: Lenox Council No. 88% Royal' Arcanum: Lawyers' tub. Harlem Club. Harlem Board of Commerce, Central Republican C!ub. XXXtst Ktsembly District: Harlem Republican Club, Mount Morris Republican Club. th« Republican Club of the City of New-York. West fide Republican Club, invited to attend. PAY— his home. In Old Saybrook. Conr... April 11. 1902 after a. lingering illness. A. L. Day. aged 37 years. Funeral s»rvic*s will be held in Grace Church. Old Say brook, on Monday. 14th Inst.. at 2 p. m. Burial In Cypress Cemetery. HOTCHKISS— In New-Haven. Conn . April 13. 19C2. David T Hatchklss. son of the late Isaac T. and Eliza C. H ■ hki's Funeral services will be held at his late residence. ' No. 1"1 Lake Place. New-Haven, on Tuesday afternoon at 2:30 o'clock. Friends are invited to at tend. J^FFRAY— On Saturday. April IC. at his residence. No. 7 'west 49th-st.. Robert Jaffray. in the 7S:h year of his as» Funeral service- will be held In the ColletrUte Church. sth-a.ve. and 4sth-Bt., on Tuesday, tha 13th lnsj... at 10:30 a. m. KILBRETH— On Sunday, April 13. Mary Culsert»on. wife of John W. KUbreth. in the «4th year of her age. Funeral private. Interment at Cincinnati. Kindly omit flowers. LFARY-On April 11. 10C2. James V. Leary, a^<! 65 veT-. Funeral services at St. Patrick's Cathedral, at 10:30 a. m. Monday. April 14. Ple»ie omit flowers. LEFFINGWELI— In Washington. April 11. Christopher "air Ler?ln*w«ll. ractor emeritus of St. Saviour's Church Bar Harbor. Me.; son of. the late Lucius Wooster and Olive Starr LeSingwel!. Funeral Monday. April I*. 8:*- 1 p. m - Trinity Church. Mlddletown. Conn. Boston papers please copy. P\DDOCK— On April 12. 1002. Catherine C widow of G*o-c,' F- ■M.-.-'i a?«"<i '* y* a «i Funeral from the rnarrt of the Home. iMtb-»t. «nd Amste.dam-ave., on Monday menial. April 14. si I o'clock. iva_ \t his residence, No. 5 East 40th-st.. Sat- P K 4tr 12 Edward H. Perkins, jr.. in the 67th. v«r of his a«e. Funeral service will b« held on Tr.terment Thursday morning. " X °- * B " t ** h - !t - Interment Thursday mornms np^.___ ln New-Haven. Conn .on April 13. Rebecca T . iL'rhVer ": the late President Porter, of Yale Colleg*. Fureraf^rvic\ at her late residence. No. 31 Hillhouse a.\c'.. on Tuesday. April 15. at 2:2i> p. m. pftß'iT-^-On Saturday. April 12. Henry Powles, in th» --•h -^Tof hi" age. Funeral at hi* bt» residence. No. North Maple-aye.. East Orange, on Wednesday. Arril 18,* at 2:30 p. m. RICKAF.D— At Marrlstown. N. J.. Thursday. April 10. I.^ bf-othy A. -ivld.^w of the late RtchaM H. Rlck .,',"' Funeral services, at h»r late residence. Morrlstown. v J Saturday. April 12. Ac 3 p. m.. on tha arrival . t train" leaving New- York, D.. U 4 W. H. R. at 1:20 1 ra Interment et Stamford. Conn.. Monday, April 14. from St. Luke's Chapel, 2 p. m. Kindly omit 2cw»ra, DIED. RYAN— In Pasadena. Cal.. April 12. Ma Barry, aajaa • months, daughter of Allan A. '"'■ Sarah T. Kyan. STERN— At his home. No. 27 East 44th-st-. on Sftorw day. April 12. Slgmon M. Stern. Relatives and friends are invited to attend the funeral services at his resi dence on Wednesday, at 2 o'clock. WALLACE— Suddenly, on Sunday. April 13. 1902. William Henry Wallace, of No. 35 LefXerts Place. Brooklyn. X. Y. Notice cf funeral hereafter. Troy paper* will 1 lease copy. The Stephen >lerrltt Bnrlal Co. Only store. Bth Aye. & 19rh St. Stephen Mfrttt. Pr— . Special Nonces. 2'lTp'eu, MEMORIAL WIVDOWI Ke« York. _^^^^__ Tribune Subscription Kates). SINGLE COPIES. BTJXDAY 5 cents! WEEKLY REVIEW. & e«nta DAILY. ' » cents! TRI-WEEKLY. 2 c«ot» WEEKLY FARMER 3 cents! TRIBUNE ALMANAC. 23 CENTS. BY EARLY MAIL TRAIN. For all points In the United Stares (outside of Gr«ata« New-York). Canada and Mexico. DAILY AND SUNDAY: ....-.^LV FARMER: One Month. 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No. 7 Rue Perth*. John Wanamaker & Co.. Ma 44 Rue dcs Petite* -:r>9. Hottlnguer & Co.. No. 3-* Rue <"■• Provence. Morzan. Harj»s & Co.. No. SI Boulevard Haussrinaßn. Crfdlt Lyennais. Bureau d*» Errangers. American Express Company. No. 11 Rue Scribe. >- '"• tea Impnmerles Lemercler. No. S i".a« d« I'Ope-a. OE.vT.VA- Lomrapj. OVer & Co. and Union Rank. FLORENCE— Wnitby & Co. HAMBURG — American Express Company. No. It Schmlede S:ra«s<?. BREMEN — American Express Company. No. « Bacnhof Str^jse. GENOA— American Express Corcpany. No. 13 Via San I»r?nzo. . k - < PontoOice Notice. (Should be r»ai DAILY by all Interested, as rhan?-« -?» occur at any time.) Foreign mai:3 Bar the week en-Zing April 10. 1902. will >-l"s» (promptly in all cases> at th« General PostoSlo* as follows: Parcels Post Mails close one hour earlier thar closing time 3^■-)^^ r! below. Parcels Post mails for Ger many clo»e a- 5 n. m Wednesday. Regular and Supplementary trails close at Tcrtlgr. Branch ralf h"ti- later than closing tima shown below (except that SupD'emectary Mails for Europe and Central America, via Colon, close or.'* hour later at Foreign Branch). .TEAN'SATI^iNTIC HAILS. TUESDAY — At S:3O a. m for Italy direct, per s. ». Ctttr\ di Milano (raall must be directed "per ». •. Cltt» dl Mllano"). WEDNESDAY— At «:3O a. m. for Euros", per >. ». Phila delphia, via Southampton: at 9:30 a. m. (supplementary 10 a. m > for Europe. r<-r 3. 3. Germanic, via. Queens town; at 10 a. m. for Belgium direct, par a. s. Vsd«r ian.l (mall must be directed "per a. 8. Vaderland" ». THURSDAY— A: 7a. m. for Franc». p»r s. s. La Cham paßni?. via Havre (mall for other parts of Europe must be directed "per s. s. La Champagne")- at 8:3O a. m. • supplementary 10 a. m.) for Europe, per s. ». Deutsch land via Plymouth. Cherbourg and Hamburg. SATVRDAY — At 1 a. m. for Europe, per s. ». Staten— dam. via Plymouth, (mail for Ireland must t>e directed '■per 3. s. 3tatenc!am p '); at 9:30 a. m. (supplementary 11 a m.) for Europe, per s. s- Saxonia. via Queenstown: at 3:30 a. m. for Scotland direct, per 3. j. Anchor!* (mail must *>* directed "per s. 3. Anchoria"); at 11 a. m. for Italy direct, per a. s. MMm (mall must b« directed "per 9. •. Aller"); at 11 a. m. for Denmark direct, per m. s. Island (mall mu;t b« directed "p»r s. s. Island"); at 12 m. for Azores Islands, per a. ». Trojan Prince. •PRINTED MATTER. ETC.— This steamer takes Printed Matter. Commercial Papers, and Samples for Germany onlr. The same la-s of mail matter for other part» of Europe -will not be. sent by this ship, unless specially directed by he?. After the closln? of the Supplementary Transatlantics Maiis named above, additional Supplementary Malls ar» opened on th« piers of the American. En»li»h. French. «N.i German steamers, and remain open until within Tea Minutes ,1 the hour of sailing of steamer. MAILS FOR SOUTH and CENTRAt. AMERICA. TTEST IXDIES. etc. MONDAY — At < a. m. for Bermuda, per !>. * Pretoria; at %m p. m. for Jamaica, per a. a. Admiral rarrayut. from BnMa TUESDAY — At 6:30 a. m. for Barbados and PemarnSuco, p<r «. a, b«"llagg»o (mail for other parts of Brazil. Argen tine. Uruguay and Paraguay must o* directed "per s. a. BeilasDti.j' 1: at 0:3o a. m. (supplementary 10:20 a. m.> for Central America 'except Costa Rica) and South Pacific port*, per s. » Advance, via Colon (mall for Guatemala muat be directed "per s. ■. Advance"): at 9 •' • a. m. for Fortune Island and Haiti, per 3. s. Hun— (rarta; at 10 a. m. ■-.• Grenada. Trinidad and Cludact Bolivar. p«r s. a. Grecaia: it 12 m. for Xorthern Bra*!!. p»r ». s. Dunston, via Para and Stanaos: at 12:30 p. m. (supplementary 1:30 p. m.) for t*«>ward and Windward. Islands ard British, Dutch and French Guiana, per a. •. Korona; at til:3o p. m. for Bahamas, per steamer from Miami. Fla. WEDNESDAY — At 9 a. m. for Guadeloupe. Martinique. Barbados. British. Dutch and French Guiana. per 9. a. Talisman; at 12 m. for Argentine. Uruguay and Para guay, per m. 9. Ashley; at « p. m. for Gibara. per •. a. Admiral Farragut. from Fortress Monroe (ordinary mall only>. THURSDAY — At ? ■• m. far Cuba, Yucatan. '••npeche. Tabasco and Chiapas. p*r ». a. Esperanza, (mall *or> . 'her parts of Mexico must '-i directed "per 3. s. Esper— anza"); at M a. m. for Bermuda, per m. c. Trinidad: at 8:30 p. ro. for Jamaica, per a. a. Admiral SclJley, from Boston. FRIDAY — At 12 m. 'supplementary 12:30 p. ra.) for Bahamas and Santiago, per ». a. Santiago: at 12 m. fop Mexico, per •. ». Matanzas. via Tampteo (mall must b» directed "per I ». Maranz.is"). SATURDAY— At 9 a. m. (supplementary 9:30 a. m.) for Porti> Rico, ri,-<i,-io and Veneznela. per s. 3. Philadel phia (mill for S.'.vanlll.T and ("artaarenatnuat b« directed "per s. -. PhiL\<le!phia">; at '." a. m. for Brazil, per s. a. Coleridge, via Bah 'la and Rto Janeiro (mall for Northern, r.r.iz.i. Argentine. Urusnay and Paraguay must b» directed -'per s. I. roI«rW»V'); at 0.30 a. m. (supple mentary 10:30 a. m.) for Fortune Island. Jamaica. Savanilla and Cartagena, per s. s. Altai (mall for Co*ta> Rica mnst be directed "per «. • Altai"): .it 9:30 a. m. «ruppl«men:ary 1C:3O a. m. ) for Haiti and Santa Mart*. per s. <>. Adirondack; at 8:30 a. m. for Argentina. Uru iruay and Paraguay, per s. s. Strabo; at 10 a, m. for Cuba, per a. ». Mexico, via Havana: at 10 a. in. for Haiti, per s. s. Oranje Nassau (mail for Curacao, Venez uela. Trinidad. British and Dutch Guiana must ♦>• directed "p«r a. a. Oranje Nassau"): at 10 a. m. for Yucatan, per ?. 9. r»«n-. via Protrreso; at 12:30 p. m. for C'Jba. per a. a- OHnda. via Matanzas. etc. (ordinary mall only, -which must be directed "per s. a. OUnda"). Malls far Xewfeundland. by rail to North Sydney. an<l thence by steamer, close at this efSce daily at «:3O p. m (connecting close her* every Monday. Wednesday and Saturday). Malls fir Miquelon. by rill to Boston, and thenca by steamer, close at this office dally at 6:30 t> m. Mail" * I Cuba, by rail to Florida, an.l thence by steamers, are dispatched dally, final connection close*. for dispatch via Port Tampa. on Sundays at ti> a. in.. Tuesday* and Fridays. t12:30 p. m. : far dispatch vl* Miami. on Mondays and Fridays at 11. p. m. Malls f-- Mexico City, overland, unless specially addressed for dispatch by steamer. clo«e at this office dally except Sun day at 1:30 p. m. an.i 11:30 p. m.. Sundays at 1 p. m. and 11:30 p. m. Mails for Costa Rica. B*!'ze. Puerto Cortes and Guatemala, by rail to New-Orl*a2». and thence by steamer, close at this offlce daily except Sur>— day at tl:3O p. m.. Sundays at tl p. m. (connecting closes here Mondays for Belize. Puerto Cortez and, Guatemala, and Tuesdays for Costa Rica). tßeg'.yterKi mall closes 6 p. m. previous day. TRANSPACIFIC MAILS. M 1M 1 -Is far Hawaii, v.i Sao Francisco, close here dally at I X - m. up to April tl-*. Inclusive, for dispatch per a. a. _» lamed v _ • Mails for Tahiti and Marquesas Islands, via San Fran cisco, close here dally at « 30 p. m. up to April f IT. In clusive for dispatch par a. a- Australia. Ma Is for Hawaii. Jaoan and China, via San Francisco. clow» here datly at ri:3o p. m. up to April 11$. uscluai-ra, — for dispatch per s. a. China. Mails for China and Japan, via Seattle. clo»« here daily at 6:30 D. m. uo to April tl3. inclusive, for dlspaich. per s. s. Rlojun Maru. (Registered mall mast b« di rected "v.a Seattle"). „ ,_, '. „ Malls for Australia (except tVest Australia, which Is for warded via Eurcpe>. NV-v-Zealand. Fiji. Samoa, and Hawaii, via San Francisco, clou* her* dally at «:3© p m after April +5 and u D to April t2C Inclusive, or on arrival of i. s. Umbra, due at New-Tor* April fttk for dispatch per s. a Sonoma. Mails for Australia (except West Australia. which got* via Europe, and New-Zealand, which |o« tv 3aa Francisco) and Fiji Islands, via Seattle and Victoria, B. C: clo*« here daily at 8:30 p. m. up to April '2*. in clusive, for dispatch. p«r a. a. Moaoa. (specially ad- Ma,H» 9S for Hawaii. China and Japan, via San Francisco, close here dally at 6:3t> p. m. up to April '36, Inclusive. *or match per *- a. Doric. MaUs for China and Japan. vU. Seattle and Victoria, B C . -, here daily at 6:30 p. m. >.i;-. to April t2S>. In clusive for dispatch per a. t. Empress of Chin* «re«i» t#red mall must be specially addressed. Merchandis* tor the U. 5- Postal Agency at Shanghai cannot be ftrf warded via Canada.) Malls tor the Philippine Islands, via San Francisco. c!cae> " here dally at 6:30 o. m us to May HI. inclusive, tow dispatch per C S. Transport. Tra-specific malls ar» forwarded to port of »aillnp; daily and th» schedule of closln« .» arranged en th« presumn— tlon of their uninterrupted overland transit. tßefl* t*red ma.l closes at >$ r>. m. nr«vioii« day. > • - ." CORNELIUS VAN COTT. P.stm*JSja> 5 PostofHce. Xew-Yorlt. X. T.. Awll U. >*»* ~* 7