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V OL LXII N°- 20.240. CONFIDENT OF PEACE. cjK rHAKLEP PTLKE HAS NO DOT'RT IT IS AT BAND. ■ajß THANPATLAXTir POOL-MORGAN IN T/vCpov RAPID TRANSIT-SOCIAL NOTES. fl-y-j,} rJKht : 1902: By Th* Tribune Association.) (Pjwia! to Th«- Tribun* by FVeadl OiMe.l London. April O. la. m.— Sir Charles Dilke Is f, of the most laborious and best informed members of the House af Commons. I have ked bhn whether he thinks that peace will be made before the coronation. His reply Is: •T have not the slightest doubt on the subject. T> fa rf will bf made, if it has not been done virtually already. I have not had any doubt ■MBWCttng the result since the conference* with th» Boer leaden began. Their departure tn confer with the burghers confirms my opinion." ajr Charles Pilke added that he did not be- Bjßß* that the European Boer agents had been dealt with by the government, but they mipht have been consulted by the delegates attending t fc,i conference hi Africa. Sir Charles Dilke trithout doubt reflects the opinion of members of the House, which is more optimistic and bet ter informed than opinion outside. It is con ceded generally by the members that the Boer leaders have reached n tentative agreement with Lord Kitchener and Lord Mllner, and that they have returned to th»ir commandos as con verted and reconciled advocates of peace. The delay . ivaed by these consultations and the formal neeotiations which will follow the re turn of the delegates will postpone the final armlfi'-e and declaration of peace until the be ginning of June. This is the opinion of. the znoFt cautious observers. Much more is known in America than in Lon or ; •--•- c the transatlantic steamship amalgamation. Mr. Morgan koeps his own counsel here, and there is no Information for th* public from Old Broad Street. Nothing hi lcrown in the steamship offices, but it la as- BBBted that the Cunard Line will eventually be included in the combination, and that the first object will be the placing of the winter service on a remunerative basis by a reduction in the r.um v of ships and an increase In rates for passenger and freipht traffic. A suggestion that the interests of Liverpool -.vill be sacrificed In favor of Southampton is ridiculed in the steam thir trade, and all other reported details of the retrenchments aad changes which will be ef fected are regarded as untrustworthy. While th" fabnam cry t€ the American prcs that "Columbia rules the waves'* causes irritation here, it l« eaaeeded that Mr. Morgan's opera tions must be of comprehensive scope and will involve a highly centralized control of the ghamnlilp business. "The BUpptnS Gazette." MaVll speakl by authority on all shipping mat ters, understands that the capital of the new company will not eaoeed £34/W>.o<y». which mmant will include debentures. On the other hand, there ar~ owtstaadtac bonds of some of the existing Daaananira which will, of course. have to b» added to the total. The North Ger n»»n Lloyd and Hamburg-American lines do not come Into the financial combine, but they are in complete accord with the English and American companies concerned, and will work cordially irith them. A statement that the American Llr.p is to be mended by the absorption of the White Star Line is dismissed as incorrect. Mr. Morgan's time Is not wholly occupied idth the shipping amalgamation. Like Mr. Pr K r>. he la engaged in solving the London rapid transit problem. There are twent>-stx tube railway bUa no-.v before Parliament, and the BMBI important of them -ire backed by the Terkes syndicate on one hand and the Morgan group on the other. The Morgan Hnefl v.il be on* hundred miles long, and will connect Lon don from north to west and BOStthwec*. The TerkeE interest is strenuously fighting the Mor gan srheme. but under the stimulus of the two rival American groups the solution of the traffic (hUlhi in London may yet become an accom plished fact. Associated with J. PSerpont Morgan in his Mheme to sexlof) electric traction in London are Arnold Hills, f-hipbuilder. and Clifton Rob irson. M behair of the Ix>ndon United Electric Tramways Company. The capital of the Mor- Bsa-Hllls-Robinson coalition la stated to be £2C).<Y«).<V>O. which compares with £15,000.000 capital of the Yerkes system. The Quildhafl art show mi apened In Mate Hii I 1«| by the Lord Mayor. The arrange -••■ cf tbc rYem* and English examples of •ißhi-f-: century a" by Mr. Temple, director o' the gallery, ai greatly admired. Mr. Morgan had declined . peated nfists to allow his Fraconarfi series of decorative panels to be ex hibited, but v.)i.n Mr. Temple approached him his r<r\" " *•: *"I cannot refuse the city of Lon don anything." These panels look much better lr. Ow Guildhall than when seen at the Agnew Galleries. The ievee at Bt James's was fairly well at tataJ by the Diplomatic Corps and uflrlals isaoag those presented were officers of the new corps of King's Colonials, induing Captain John Howard. Colonel Willoughby Wallace and Issßtea. Greenwood, Canadians. Af»?r the levee the Lord Chancellor's only daughter was married to Hmvl Walter Glf far<3 a: All Saints* Church by the Archbishop or CsßtterfcUTy The reception was attended by nearly all the prominent men In Knglish public The Toronto lacrosse team had a runaway victory over Middles?* and Bwrey yesterday, si s oals to r.. _ J - *• F - THE COBDEN CUOT PROTESTS. '. London, April 21.— The Cobden Club has is- Peued a manifesto, pigned by Lord Wel'jy. vlgor aaaly protesting against the impositlDn of corn tsOea. The manifesto sets forth that so to do sVsoM Inausrtirate a policy of protection and Mo the ereat work of Peel and Gladstone. It urjres that the proposals be contested at every »>tep. iT. \< B KINMKS PP.KMATIKK I ■ lon. April 21. In the House of Commons I fty Sir Michael HtckS-BeSCh. ih*» Chancellor ''" Exchequer, in the course sf a speech de ' g the Budget pmposnlF, paid nothing could l» more premature than the rumors in the press r»gf,r . ■ . neirot iations in South Af rica. The income tax resolution was adapted by a v< •• ' :•;.-• to r,i. coxrn; i:\rj; at white hoise. fSTANT SECRETARY SANGER AND GENERAL < "ORHIN SEE THF. PRESIDENT AT NIGHT. !l)T TEI.BOBAI'n to THF. TBtnlNK ] "Washington. April 21.— Soon after '.' o'clock thin evening Asslrtant Secretary Sanger. Ac " coropanled by Adjutant .neral Corbin. ar rlve<J at the Whit* House. Mr. Sanger carried en official document under his arm. and for an hour or more the President was In conference *ith hlis caller*. They declined to discuss the o»tur« of, the conference. The interview prob aMy related to the reported court martial of Oeneral Smith, arho was required to remain at Manila to await further investigation of the alleged hrutalMiep in Pamar. or the report of Colonel Crowder on the Tort Chalmette affair. For some reason officials decided to say as little as possible to-day in regard to both of these questions. Assistant Secretary danger and Gen eral Corliin left the White House about 10:30 o'clock. GEN. PALMA AT JIOLGUIX. CUBANS OP THE INTERIOR HONOIt THKIH PIBST PBBBIDBST. (rENERAI, WOOD SENDS HIS BEST WISHES WELCOMED TO GARCIA'S BIRTHPLACE. (Cnryrisrht: 1002: By The Tribune Aaaodatton.) I^pcrinl to The TT:bun«- by French a Wi>. 1 Holpruin. Cuba. April 21.— President Palma be pan to-day his trip into the interior of Santiago Province. He arrived this evening at Holgruin, where the demonstration in his honor excelled even the welcome given him at Gibara. Be fore leaving the latter place the President-elect received a dispatch from Governor General Wood, extending to him his best wishes. Other dispatches io the number of three hundred were received from all parts of the country. All alone the route to Holßiiin. General Palma was the recipient of one gre.it ovation. Every farmer displayed a (Ime: and every Village had its quota of citizens at the station to Rreet their first President. His private car stopped at Cantlmplora. where General Palma spoke a few words and received a present of a huge floral piece. Just at th<* entrance of this city \v«s lined up a troop of mounted Cuban veterans, and at a signal of General Palma's arrival there boomed forth the national salute from three or four guns. At the station there was an ex cited, pushing, surging crowd of six thousand men, women and children, each anxious to be the first to shake the preneral's hand. After the official welcome by Mayor Rondan and Captain Watson, military commander, a path was cleared to the waiting: carriage with some difficulty. It wns in this town, the birthplace of General Calixto Garcia, that General Palma twenty five years ago was confined In prison by the Spaniards. APPOINTMENTS TALMA WILL MAKE. (By Th« A!>so?late.i rr^w.) Havana. April President-elect Palma and his party left Gibara this afternoon for Holguin. In an Interview Sefior Palma said he would combine the Cuban postal and telegraph ser vices under one head and make General Fer nando Figuredo director of the united depart ments. H» has decided to appoint Juan Rioa Bivera Chief of Cuban Cuatoma. Carlos Znldo Secretary of State and Seftor Tero Secretary of Instruction. The President-elect said he regarded the Span ish element in Cubn as an indispensable factor in the happiness of the future republic. CARNEGIE FOR PITTSBURG. PLANS GREATEST TNIVERSITY IN THE COUNTRY. PROBABLT IN THE WORLD. [i:t TKi.ro.RArn to Tirr: TiunrNr.J Tittsburg. April 21.— Andrew Carnegie has greater philanthropies in store for thia city than he has yet announced. While journeying from .Wi'.-Ynrk to Pittsburg he had with him John Brasltear. acting chancellor of the University of Pennsylvania. Mr. Carnegie told his com panion that he would have the university re moved from the top of the hills back of Al legheny City to a plot adjoining the new Car n«gle Polytechnlque Institute, the art gallery, library, museum and other buildings, and that be would make it a grmter institution than the Chicago University or the Leland Stanford. Mr. Carnegie has often promised to look after the university, but this is the first actual notice n< has given. If the plan is carried out he will make the group of buildings the greatest learn ing centre in the United States, if not in the world. THE NEW TUNNEL LINE. DIRECTORS OF PLAN TO CONNECT JER SEY CITY ANI> LONG ISLAND. Albany. April 21.— The Penneylvania. New- York and Long Island Railroad Company waa incorporated to-day with a capital of $20,000,000 to construct and operate an underground rail road in New- York and Queens counties, to be operated by electricity or other suitable power. The directors are \. J. Cassau, Thomas De Witt Cuyler and Clement A. Griscom, of Haver ford, Perm.: John P. Green, of Roaemont; Charles E. Pugh. of Overbrook; Sutherland M. Prevost and W. H. Barnes, of Philadelphia; Samuei Rea, of Bryh Mawr, and William H. Baldwin, jr.. of York. A. J. Cassatt subscribes for seventy-eight thousand shares and the other directors for two thousand each. The company's principal office 1s in New- York City. The road is to be live miles long. The western terminus will be un der the waters of the Hudson River, on the loundarv line between the States of New-York and New-Jersey, at a point of connection with the railroad of a corporation organised, or to be organized, under the laws of New-Jersey and rnposite to that part of New-York city lying between West Thirtieth and West Thirty-fifth sts Manhattan Borough. The eastern terminus will be at a point of connection with the line of the' railroad of the Long Island Railroad Company, in Queens Borough, at Thompson av The road will be operated under the Ilui ■on River Manhattan Borough, the East River and Queens Borough, to the eastern terminus with rights to make necessary openings for aeress to the surface. __, Samuel Rea. Clement A. Griscom and William H Baldwin jr join as directors In an affidavit that at least H.OOO of capital stock for every mile of road Intended to be built has been sub scribed and paid to the directors named In the certificate, and that it is intended to build, maintain and operate the road. BOWLES COLGATE DEAD. THE HEAD OF THE WELL KNOWN SOAP AND PERFUME MANUFACTURING FIRM PASSES AWAY AT LAKEWOOD. Bowles Colgate, of this city, died yesterday at Lake wood. N. J. Mr Colgate was born fifty-s»ix years ago, and was the son of Camrlea Colgate. Upon leaving school, instead of taking a college course, he entered the firm of Colgate fc Co.. soap and perfume manufacturerr. with which he was connected until eighteen months ago, when he retired from bOStoesß. Dpon the death of his father several years ago. Mr. Colgate becr-m, nenior' member of the company. He was the representative of the third generation from the founder of the BOOB*. For the last seven years Mr. Collates health had been failing, and in that period he had nmde several journe s to Europe for special treatment. Since January I. 1901. when he re tired from business, he had spent the greater nart of the time at Lakewood. His home in fh, r . Tcity "a.« at No. 50 East Flfty-seventh-st Mr Colgate was an active worker in the Methodi-t Church, and a liberal 9 ubscribe r to the institutions of that denomination. He was a *r^«Vee of the Young Men's Christian Asaocia !£n iS this city, and a member of the Social Reform Club. He leaves a widow, a son and a tiuufcl't" 1 "- NEW- YORK. TUESDAY, APRIL 22, 1902. -FOURTEEN PAGES.— ir*hSs2Msi«te SPLIT AMONG DEMOCRATS. NEW PARTY TRYING TO DRIVE HILL OUT OF THE ORGANIZATION. [r.T TOXHRAPH To THE TBIBtTHK.I Albany. April 21.— Thomas W. Cantwell. of this city, one of the signers of the call for a State convention of Democrats in June to form a party to be known as the "Liberal Demo cratic Party," said to-night that he had re ceived several letters lately from William J. Bryan. He added: In one of these letters Mr. Bryan congratu lated myself and my associates that we were the exponents of the principles of the Demo cratic party, and advised us to do all In our power to compel the Democratic party to ad here to the declarations made by it at national conventions in 1596 and 1900. Mr. Bryan then dwelt upon the necessity of not surrendering the Democratic party to the roorganizers. We do not ccc why men who were not of the slightest assistance to the Democratic party in 1896 or in H»iN> should now arrogate to themselves the right of reorganizing the party; nor do we see any reason to reorganize the party. In an address to the people of the State, the Liberal Democrats denounce ex-Senator Hill, de claring that David B. Hill was the leader of the party in this State, led the party from a majority of 102.<HV> in 1882 to disgraceful defeat in 1891; and that when a candidate for Governor the people of the State repudiated him and his leadership by 150,000 maj >rity. Mr. Hill read tho address of the "Liberal Democrats" to-day, but declined to make any comment up< n It. The first plank in the plat form of the Liberal Democrats read- : We ratify and reaffirm the platform of the Democratic party adopted at its lairt national convention. The Liberal Democrats will hold their Stat* Convention in New-York on .lure T. and then in tend to nominate a complete State ticket. It is believed by many that Norman K. Mack, of Buffalo, will be nominated for Governor. Mr. Mack is now in tlv West, and. it la thought. recently had a talk with William .1. Bryan. STEAMER FIRE INCENDIARY? HEATED HIT. I. ANT' SWIFT CURRENT PREVENT SEARCH FOR BODIES. Cairo. II! . April 21.— After searr-hing for two days; the death roll of the burned steamer City of Pittsburg has not been reduced from the estimate of the first reports. Of the 145 people on the boat when It burned yesterday morning. about one-half are still missing, and to-night no further hope tor them Is expressed. The books and valuables of the boat, crew and pas sengers are :-til! in the ruins. The wreck is nbnve water, and still smouldering to-night. Owing to the heated condition of the hull, search for those cremated in it has not begun, and few of the bodies of those who are drowned have been recovered, owing to the swift current at the scene of the disaster. At the coroner's inquest to-day over the bodies of Captain Sylvester Doss and Miss Maria Tissin, a verdict was rendered that the former came to death from exhaustion and the latter from inhaMni; sn-.ok •. and nothing was developed as to the rrigin. cause or responsibility for the diP.-.^ter. Captain Phillips testified tliat he could not account for the origin of the Bre, unless an electric wire h.-«d Started It. Xc stated that, so far ar he kn- \. fifty-Fix lives were lost. The coroner was advised that other bodies hnd been recovered at distances from this city, but none haw been identified. Bensational reports have t'^n circulated nhout an alleged quarrel between the officers of the fit«Hmer and the roustabouts, and that the fire may hnve been of incendiary origin, but no_ credence is given to these reports. Many stories have been told to-day by survivors of their thrilling experiences in escaping from the burn int; decks, and some of them are of n most startling character. The victims were from points along the Ohio Valley, and they have left n trail of bereave ment from Pittsburg to the Mississippi. . A careful estimate to-night by those who were aboard the City of Plttsburg puts the loss of life at sixty-three at the lowest. The opinion of some who have kept track of the missing is that the list will approximate one hundred. There is no way to obtain the exact figures, as the regis ter of passengers and the list of the crew were burned, and the purser, Dana Scott, and others rely on their memories in making the estimate. Of this appalling death list only three bodies have been recovered and identified up to a late hour to-night. The coroner's inquest this after noon developed nothing new. The insurance men and wreckers arrived to-night from Cincin nati, and it is thought their Investigation will bring out more than has been disclosed to-day. All the injured are doing well, and are being tenderly cared for. All who escaped from the burning boat without their effects have been clothed, and most of them have departed for their homes. Inquiries to-day confirmed the report that Hailow Dowe, <,t Ashland, Ky., was among those who perished. L. L. Hunter, who had been listed as from Ti«!iouU\ Perm.. is said to have larg" lumber interr-sts. with headquarters at Pittsburg, and friends have arrived to search for his body. No attempt to recover bodies has yet been made, either at the wreck or In the river, but a watch is kept for bodies that may rise from the wreck. Mrs. Fennimore and her daughter are at St. Mary's Infirmary, and both are improving. They ar* from Arbucker, W. Vn. Mr. Sweney, of Sikeston. Mo., who went to Owenshoro some time ago to see to the moving of Patrick Burk and his family, was left when the boat departed. 11. "came in to-day. The little pirl who was saved out of the Burk family of thirteen is his child. Mr. Sweney will m.'ike a search for the body of a son who wns lost, and who has been listed with the Burk f.-imlly. A passenger and his two sons were driven by the heat to the rear of the boat, and, stepping off thr end. the three dropped into the river, saying, "We will all die together." They were drowned. C. H. Glfforrl. William Whitney, and Mrs. Fpn nimore say that they were on the outer side of the wheelhouse. which was the Inst to burn, a3 the wind wns blowing from It. They could not be seen from the shore, and remained there until their cries were heard by people on the Illinois shore, who crossed the river and rescued them. BISHOP POTTER OX "CITIZEXSII IP." IHV TF.LEnKAriI TO THK TBintNK.! New-Haven. Conn.. April 21.— Bishop Potter, of New-York, delivered the first of the Dodge series of public lectures at Yale to-night In Hcndrie Hall on "The ResponatpOltfas of Citizenship." His gen eral subject. "The t'itizen and the I'roblems of His Time," wns treated historically tr.-nl>rli». Bishop Potter said In brief thnt citizenship had changed and become broader as conditions In the cities had chanced, «n>l that It now embraced new relations to corporations and the State. He outlined the development from feudalism and th< age of militarism through the nge of freedom to thnt of industrialism and competition. In the main modern Industrial uneasiness was du<- to the eh.mge from handicraft to machinery! making the workingman dependent on his employer, and not his own skill. Combination for mutual protection had been neces sary The consequence had been, however, a ten dency toward mutual aliriiatlon. There was a serious undercurrent of unrest among the laboring people. Tho old friendly conditions had gradually vanished. A sullenneaa wns noticeable on the part of the employes, and antagonism on the pan of the employei ought to h« fa--«><i. if threatened certain of our Industrial relations, and soon would threaten the whole social structure. He denounced socialism and anarchy us enemies to ft betterment of these conditions, nnd spoke of the Christ'an socialism as the only way to mpet the situation. • KAISER ACCEPTS THE RHODES TRUST. Berlin. April 21.— 1t is announced that Kmperor William has notified the executors of the will of <"ec:l Rhodes of his majesty's acceptance of the trust relative to the Gcrrcnn Fr-ho!arshlpß »f <"'* ford Hiram Ricker & Sons, proprietor* of the cele brated Poland Water, guarantee it absolutely pure. For supply, telephone Poland Water Depot. 6050 Cortlandt. 3' Park Place. New York City.-Advt. WIIALEX NOT A SACHEM. AND JOHN F. CARROLL THINKS "THINGS ARE COMING HIS WAY." Kx-Corporation Counsel John Whalen. for four years a sachem of the Society of Tam many, or Columbian Order, the secret organiza tion which controls the destinies of Tammany Hall from the inside, was dropped last r.ight from the circle of sachems, much to the sur prise of his intimate friends, and somewhat to the elation of the friends of John F. Carroll. Mr. Whales, however, when seen last nipht by a Tribune reporter, said there was no political significance in his retirement. Whether there was or was not. it is nevertheless a fact that it bears a close resemblance to a slnpular trans action that occurred at the election of the finance committee of Tammany Hall in January last. If will be remembered that at that time a list of members of the finance committee was arranped, and that the name of John F. Car roll was on the list. Tt stayed on the list for a day or two, and It was still on the list ten min utes before the names were to be read. Then Richard Croker took a stubby leadpencit and ploughed it across the name of John F. Car roll very much afl one of his yeomen runs a plouph over the historic knolls on the squire's farm at Wantage. F:p£;lanfl. When the boss handed th° list of names mak ing up the finance committee to Secretary "Tommy" Smith there wasn't any John F. Car roll on it, except under a black mark, and an other Tammany man was put in his place. That was the way the boss put what is called the political "kibosh" on the white haired boy of Tammany Hall. Immediately thereafter Mr. Carroll secluded himself, as it were, in the rear of the Wigwam while Lewis Nixon stepped into the limelight and made his bow as th" new boss of Tammany. Mr Carroll didn't like thi.s at all. but he has a way of holding his penr*. Pince that finance committee mepttng "Mr. Carroll had been waiting around for things to come his way. After thr scratching of Mr. Carroll's nani' Mr. Croker caused the story to be circulated that Carroll was n bad lot and must be driven out of Tammany Hall; that Carroll and "Tim" Sullivan and "Ike" Fromrne and "Bill" Devery hnf * rllri the county convention and made up the county t'cket and put ope Robert A. Van Wyck on the ticket for judge instead of a superior gentleman by the name of John Whqlen. Mr. Croker went further, nr.d said that if his friend Whales had been on the ticket all would have been well with Tammany Hall. That li \rl.y at the Wigwam last night the dropping of Mr. Whalem as a sachem was looked upon n«« a sort, of chapter No. 2 of the political ntory of 11)01. entitled "Why Tammany Went to the Bail." Juft how Carroll's friend.: managed to substitute the name of Patrick Keennn for that of John Whalen was not explained. Mr. Keenan bj a good enough friend of Richard Croker. but h» is a better friend of Tammany Hall as an organization than he Is of the absent gentlem.-.n farmer at Wantage. This is the spcond political bump that Mr. Whalen has sus tained within th" last few weeks. Recently he was deposed from the chairmanship of the law committee of Tammany Hall, and now he is no longer a big brave at the council fire. The only other change In the ticket made last night was the election of Bryan P. Henry as sagamore to succeed Dr John T. Nagle. The latter retired because of Impaired health. The complete ticket for »he year 1002 Is an follows: For PATRICK K KENAN. JOHN F. CARROLL DANIEL F\ JI'.MAHON. JOHN W. KELLER. JOHN J SCANNKLL. CHARI.KS F. MI'RPHY RANDOLPH GUGGBNHEIMER. MAURICE FKATHBRfION. ASA BIRD GARDI NER. GEORGE W. PLUNKITT. GEORGE C. CLAUSEN. JOHN FOX nnd THOMAS J. DUNN. For Secretary -THOMAS F. SMITH. For Trea!«uror-PRTKR K. MEYER. For Baa>roore BUY AN P. HENRY. For Wlskinklr— JOHN A. BOYLE. When Mr. Whalen was called up orf the •phone last night by a Tribune reporter and in formed that he was succeeded by Patrick Keenan. he waited a fraction of a minute, and then said: "Well, that's all right. I've been in there long enough. I was on the board for four years, an 1 It was my own wish thßt some one else should go in my pla< c." "Isn't there any political significance In your being dropped?" "Oh, no; none at all; not the slightest. It was my own wish that I give way to somebody olse" The sachems will elect a grand sachem at an early date, and May 1" Is the day for the in stall itlon. Grand Sachem Thomas L. Feitner presided last night, and after the voting wa* over one of the officials of the society said that IY.V2 ballots were cast. WARNS MAYOR OF DANGER. HOBOKEN ASTROLOGER TELLS HIM TO Rl- CAREFUL IN SHAKING HANKS AND TO AVOID FOREIGNERS. Mayor Low yesterday received a mysterious message of warning from a man In Hoboken, who declares that he has the power to foretell great calamities. The Mayor was advised by the sender to beware of petting too close to any persons other than those he knows Intimately nnd Is certain he can trust The Mayor is warned that he if* in danger, and Is cautioned t>> be careful with whom he shakes hands and not to truHt any foreigner if he values his personal safety. The message wns sent to the Mayor by tele graph, and was delivered to him at his office In the City Hall yesterday. In it the sender de clares there Is grave trouble ahead fur some of the crowned heads of Europe and some of the principal municipal rulers of this country. Mayor Low was not to be seen last night at his home, nnd the police were uncommunicative ap to whether or not Police Commissioner Part ridge had assigned detectives to be almost con stantly with the Mayor in public places and where he Is exposed t<> personal bodily harm. There was a rumor to that effect last night, but it could not bp vertfled. The tn^fsag^, II Is said, was from the same man who a few weeks ago pent a letter to Fire Chief Croker in which was the declaration that this city would soon be visited by n trio of disastrous fires, both as to less of life nnd prop erty. The man sayf ; he is able to discern from the stars when calamities are about to occur. WOMEN IN AUTO ACCIDENT. THEY ARE COOL AND UNHURT WHEN PAYNE WHITNEY'S MACHINE RAMS A CAR. Payne Whitney's locomobile, while in charge of two young women and a chauffeur, early last evening Jammed its nose into a Lexlngton-ave. southbound car at Fifty-sixth-st. The front axletree of the locomobile, both lamps and the water tank were broken. The women were shaken up, but not hurt, and went home Jn a cab. The locomobile, which cost Payne Whit ney $9,000, was badly damaged. The machine was being driven along Fifty sixth-st. by one of the women, when a eouthbound car. stopped at Lexington-ave. The motorman Immediately started again, though the -woman had stopped and then started on when they saw the motorman bring his car to a stop. When the woman driving the machine saw the car stnrt again she tried to stop the locomobile, but It was too late, and it rammed into the side of the car. The jolt jarred the men and women passengers in the car. The women were cool, and the chauffeur helped them out. Neither was at all injured. LORD KKLVIN OX SCIENCE. HE GIVES HIS VIEWS AP.OUT VARIOUS SUBJECTS. WIRELESS TELEGRAPHY WILL HELP CABT-E COMPANIES— ENGLAND AND THIS COUNTRY BEHIND THK Ti:.iES ON METRIC SYSTEM. Although the demands upon Lord Kelvin's time and strength daring the last few days have been numberless, he consented yesterday to talk for a. few minutes for publication on a number of scientific subjects which have re centK- attracted popular attention. The en thusiasm with which he speaks and the prompt ness of his responses to unexpected questions afford a gratifying assurance that, whatever be th" effect of years upon his physical vigor, his mental powers have been magnificently pre served. A further charm is added to his con versation by a manner that is peculiarly simple, dignified and winning. The Tribune has already mentioned the fact that Lord Kelvin has great faith in ihe future usefulness of wireless telegraphy. He was ask^d yesterday to discuss two or three special phises of that topic. "The effect of Marconi's work upon the sub marine cable companies." said he, "will not, in my opinion, be hurtful. It will do good, not harm. The new agency will supplement, not re place, the o]r] one. In fact, by popularizing transoceanic telegraphy it will not fail to bene fit the cable companies." "Will not the efficiency of wiroleps telegraphy depend largely upon the number of tuned cir cuits that can be operated simultaneously? And have you any Idea how many of these are practicable?" "It is not possible to say yet. When several messages are to be received at one point at the same time each circuit must have a different pitch, to Insure non-interference. That is to Bay, one must respond to waves of one fre quency and another to waves of another fre quency. But just how great a difference in frequencies will be necessary to protect a circuit from picking up the a I 111 message is yet to be determined. However, the principle on •vhich the tuning system is based is perfectly sound." LITTLE DIFFERENCE IN KINDS OF WAVES. "Tn Marconi's earlier work his recplv#»r was apparently acted upon solely or chiefly by ether waves, which were radiated sideways from the vertical wire at his sending station and trans mitted through the air. Subsequently he con nected the apparatus nt both stations with the earth. When the latter was used as a con ductor he secured much better results. Do you think that waves which travel through the earth differ essentially from those which travel through the air?" "We have much to learn about this phenom enon. We cannot say exactly how much, if any, t hange occurs thretirh the action of the earth upon the waves. I hardly think that we are Justified in saying that there is any great dif ference In the forms of energy that take the two routes, aerial and terrestrial." "iin» of the suggestions which yon ar j said to have made to increase the efficiency of sub marine cables related to the use of the 'con denser.' to make the signals more distinct. Is there any resemblance between that Idea and Professor Pupin's recent invention?" "First let me set you right about the con denser. It was not my suggestion, but Crom well Varley's. to use that Instrument for the purpose mentioned. My principal contributions tr. the apparatus employed in operating sub marine cables were the mirror galvanometer, which enabled messages to be received visually. and the siphon recorder, which registered them automatically. "Between Mr. Varley's and Dr. Pupin's meth ods there is this difference: The former placed r single bit of apparatus at the end of a cable, while the latter introduces his at certain inter vals along the whole length. Dr. Pupln. more over, aims primarily to improve telephony rather than telegraphy. Of course, until his system is put into actual operation it Is difficult to form any opinion concerning it." "Is electricity likely to be used for traction purposes on main lines, as « ell as suburban and urban railways?" "Yes. I feel sure of it. though It would not be safe to say precisely how p<>,. n . I am not confident that it hi in the immediate future." Lord Kelvin had not closely followed the un finished traction experiments on the Berlin-Zos» sen road, and was not ready to pronounce on their significance. PLEASED AT FULFILMENT OF PROPHECY Reference was made in these columns a few days ago to Lord Kelvtn's connection with the work of harnessing Niagara, In many respects a pioneer enterprise. Even before he was con sulted concerning that project he made a pre . diction that it would be feasible to transmit 20000 horsepower economically in the form of electricity for a distance of 909 miles If a pressure of SO.OOO volts v.-us employed. H- ex pressed dPllght yesterday over the close ap proach to a fulfilment of that prophecy which California now affords. Out near_ the Pacific Coast electricity i- being sent for 228 miles from th.- point where it is generated, «Bd at about CO l»O0 volts. Wh-ther further Increase of press ure would be risky or not Is a rjues-tion which electrical engineers have considered very care fully Lord Kelvin expresses confidence, how ever.'in the practicability and safety of SO.OOO volts. -■■■■ The conversation now touched on the an nouncement by Professor J. J. Thomson of Cambridge. England, that he hnd detected the existence of particles of only about one-thou sandth the fize of p hydrogen atom. "Is this story credible?" "Yes- it is not especially surprising to UWM who 'have been familiar with the electrical theory of atoms, and who have been accus tomed to think of smaller bodies than atoms. ■•Do British physicists place much confidence in the accuracy of riuiiaaor Thomson's meas- Ur "As en nn7ch as he does himself. He puts the •statement forward modestly, and not positively. The line of Investigation is highly suggestive, though it has not reached a conclusive stage 1 *" Will this alleged discovery lead you to modify your faith in the notion that atoms are shaped U *Oh m i founVthe 'vortex theory' unsatisfac tory some years ago. and have practically aban doned it for that reason." ■•It Is well known in this country that you have long been a champion of the metric sys tem of weights and Illiaiajiaa Do you see any chance ol Its Immediate adoption In England?" ■'•Mas no' England is half a century behind the" time« and has lost millions of dollars in trade in consequence of this backwardness. The TTnl'ed States is as bad. perhaps, although I am told that C< nsrres-s is considering the matter this spring." ,_ AXOTHER "SCIENTIST" CURE. Boston, April 21. -It is aa*Maja«as that the vari ous lib<»l units entered by Mrs. Josephine C. Wood bury against Christian Scientists at the time «h« brought action j»galnst Mrs Mary Baker G. Eddy, more than a yeir ago. have b«en disposed of. Judg ment being entered by agreement :n favor of the defendant in each case. PRICE THEEE CENTS. U. S. STEEL CHANGES. PLANNING TO BECOME TEE ACTUAL MANUFACTUR ING CONCERN. SCHWAB TO BE DIRK' !';> : OF ALL MILLS. HAI[.Kf»A[>S. COAI AND COKE PLANTS. STEAMER LINKS ANI» IT KNA< KS. Pittsburgh. April 21.— The reorganization of tIM United States Steel Corporation, the obliteration of the names of the constituent corporations >«f the greater one. the chansins of its purpose from a purely financial concern to an operat^Bjf and manufacturing company, which shall ;■■* ate directly all the properties now owned m\ci controlled by it, is the latest project of the rlfirfn cial and manufacturing giants at the head of this enterprise. It was learned to-night from excellent au thority that the project is to be launched thia year. In short, the Tnited States Steel Corpora tion will become the practical and! actual manu facturing corporation, as well as financial head of all of the great steel companies that it ab sorbed. President Charles M. Schwab will become the director of all mills, railroads, coal and 1 coke plants, steamship lines and furnaces. All of the various branches of the corporation will be di vided into departments and the constituent com panies will lose their identity. The buying and selling for the corporation will be under a sinsl* department, with the individual purchasing de partments left in the hands of different members Of the committee. It is understood that the same officials will control the gen»-r»i company, with the sane . af directors and executive committee and the officials of the operating department. Upon President. Schwab will devolve, under the. new conditions, the bringing into complete harmony and union all of the infresrs now separated by the r°cu!i;ir construction of the Cniteri states Steel Corporation, and to make them one. The change is understood to be intended to take place about July 1 of this year. TILTS AT THE FOODY TRIAL. Jt"D»;F. OI.COTT oTUKiTS TO THE DIS TRICT ATTORNEY'S PRESENCE. JEROME IN RETURN HI'P.LS A FEW BOLTS AT MAYOR LOW— PARTRIDGE SHUT 9 OFF ATTEMPTS AT DELAY. The opening of the trial of ■•-••>- Michael E. Foody at Police Iquartet <» yesterday morning was enlivened by a display of oratorical fireworks. Ex-.lu.lce W. M. K. Olcott. Foody' 3 counsel, shot rockets at District Attorney Jerome, who wa3 pres ent to prosecute the charges, and Mr. Jerome flung red fire at Mayor Low. Mr. Olcott objected fo the charges of neglect of d'ltv which Foo.iy was called to answer, because they had been prepared by the District Attorney. He Jsilaisil that Mr. Jerome had no authority under the charter to make and prosecute such, caawaaa He asserted that the unlawful presence of the District Attorney at the trial meant "duress against the witness" and tended "either to the suppression of Urn truth or its exaggeration, or to the Invention of falsehood." He moved for the dis missal of the charges <>n the ground that they were "made or Inspired by the District Attorney of this county in persuance of some ulterior and wholly improper plan." Then Mr. Olcott referred to the attitude of th» Mayor as in.iiatinu that Foody should not be tried for failure to enforce the Excise law on Sunday in his precinct by the use of poi: men in plain, clothes. He referred to the statement of Mayor Low that the "extreme of the law was the exrreme af injustice." and quoted part of what the Mayor wrote last week to Police Commissioner Partridge as to the enforcement of the law asainst Hebrew shopkeepers on Sundays. Mr. Jerome replied with spirit. He Ic-lared that h- had found the police force corrupt almost be ] >n 1 belief, ar:.l that a good police force was neces sary for a proper enforcement of the law. "When the Governor of the State orders me to enforce a law," he ?aid. "I think it must be en forced, particularly when he has told me to get an outside force ta Bad the rottenness in the de partmen:. 1 want to make this an ernefent and organized force. That is why I am here to-day." Mr. Jerome dacsavsi that he never hud said taa. law should not be enforced. He was pledged by his oath, he said, to enforce it. Then, turning to the Commissioner, he said: Neither I. nor you, nor Mayor Low, nor any on© el?e, has tne power to suspend the law.s .^r tbi» State, nor can we give Foody a clean conscience If he falls to uphold the law. We cannot avoid our •duty because las Mayor or somebody else ha.-* said some romantic thin? about the utMsM o* the law being the extreme of injustice. Commissioner Partridge denied the motions of Mr. Olcott. who then toolc a new turn and asked, for the suspension of the trial pending the de cision as to the status af Foody as aa esaear T:-.-» Civil Service Commission, he said, had declared that Foody was only a sersf-tint. "If you wil! agree that he is only a sergeant, we wU suspend the proceedings." said Mr. Jerome. "That is nonsense," Mr. Olcott replied. Coßßßßtstanei Fartridar, said Foody was in com mand of the precinct, whether he was a captain or a ssisjsaa* He ordered the trial to proceed. Mr Olcolt mad« another move tor delay, de claring tha: the sp«clnt-ations alleging neglect of duty aid not mention any patrolmen of the pre cinct who were Deglectrul. Mr Jerome sai.l that it was absurd for Foody to plead ignorance of the meaning of the charaes. when he had allowed liquor stores in his precinct to remain open after the president of the Liquor Dealers' Association bad declared the saloonkeep ers WSVki do business in thy old way and pay th« captains. ■■■ x The triil then proceeded, and clerks were cal'eri to testify as tn the saloons and Raines law hotels in Foody's precinct, nn.l the assignment of Foody to the commanJ of the police in the precinct. Wh--n Charles F. Pillon, one oc the county detec tlve<» r>e«fin to feartfy about finding . saloons open In tbe precinct on four Sunday* in March. Mr. Ot cott <»©Jeeted airain. MjrtaSJ that there were 236 saloons In the precinct and only 112 patrolmen. ••For all that." Interrupted District Attorney Jerome, "on the last Sunday mentioned In this complaint, when Captain Fiody was on the stft list, a small n;im' >'r of men succeeded in eIOSSBaT up a tars« n'imber of BBS eta," "Yes." replied Mr Olcott. "and I am credibly Informed that yesterday - 1 •■■it »very saloon raa open tn New-York, but thel cas nothinsr to do with this case. I only want it remembered that I didn't brinjr ap the subject." "I don't s**e what thai has io do with this case." salil the Commissioner. "I'd like to have It stopped." r>illon testified that he and several other detec tlves went into saloon* in th»- precinct on four Sundays In March, entertr.s without trouble ana) RndlnjC the law openly violate! One saloon waa directly opposite the police station tn \Vp<=t Tl rty ■eventb-St. Af several Raines law hotels the afr tectives were supplied with liq'..-ir. although they ordered no meals. At one such place there waa a sandwich on the table. FBAwnrt OF wmrnaM TRUSTS. London. April 21.— 1n the-House of Commons next Thursday Mr. HacVaagh will call the attention of Mr. Balfour, the government leader, to the growth of trusts In Eneland. and. In view of the evil ef fects he says they have produced In the United States, he will ask fhe government to appoint, a commission to Inquire into the subject- Plant System mlleasce books. $25, jrood vVa*Mnir ton to Charleston. Savannah. Montgomery, Jack sonville, Port Tampa and Intermediate points. Art-t dr»*» J. J. Faxnsworth. 230 Broadway. N. — Aiivt.