OCR Interpretation


New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, April 27, 1902, Image 18

Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83030214/1902-04-27/ed-1/seq-18/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for 2

SOME OF THE MOST QUOTABLE CONTENTS OF THE MONTHLY MAGAZ.NES FOR MAY, CULLED FOR TRBUNE READERS.
,2
A RETORT COURTEOUS.
How quickly these American buds born and
•eared In soils remote from the haunts of so
ciety learn the ways of the town, as they used
to cay In Jane Austen's time! Does Washing
ton forget. 1 wonder, that chit of a Western
girl, a girl from the real West, daughter of a
man thrown hastily and unexpectedly »t i urn
Seriate? She was as fresh and hardy :.s tne
breezes and Bra cf her mountains, and all uer
notions of etiquette and self-composure among
the groat were to be found In the social code
of the mining camps. But in a fear, native wit
Bvd keenness and some Judicious novel r€*ainj
aiding her. she became as sophisticated as a
lady of the republican court need be.
Hurrying Into the drawing room of the vine
of a Cabinet officer rather late, unknown and
apologetic, she was received by the woman- or
the house with a rudeness that is sometimes
■witnessed in Washington— generally character
izing the women whose husbands have lifted
Stem up, and who, consequently, have not been
obliged to lit themselves into their environ
ment, to mouli their tempers and talents to the
■jßSMStttos of society.
"It is very disagreeable to be obliged to vaste
«very Wednesday afternoon receiving every
body who has a mind to come," said the grand
dame. . ,
"Oh. but fancy. Mrs. X . how much pleas
tire your polite hospitality gives every one who
Is obliged to come." chirped the young thing.
blowing swiftly and quietly out of the room as
«he had blown in.— (Henry Loomls Nelson, In The
Century Macazlne.
THE POLISH PROBLEM IN PRUSSIA.
The aim of every Polish patriot, according to
hjllin papers. IP to fee a Poland arise, on the
Eahes of the past, stretching from the Baltic to
.the Black Sea— a country 720 miles in length
and almost as much m width, comprising
•iOO<XK» square miles, and with a population or
' iEhlrty-nv»- millions. It would embrace the so-
Called Polish provinces of Prussia, to within a
*hort distance of Berlin, with half the Prussian
Ehore of the Baltic. It would also embrace
JGalicia and the whole of that portion of 11"?-
IFl.i which at one time, some of it three hundred
Shears ago. formed part of Poland at her largest.
Such a .Poland would be by no means homo-
Keneous. It would include the Cossacks of the
Son and the Dnieper, and th ■ domain of the BO-
Called "Little." "Black" and "White" Russians,
fßs well as that of the Ruthenians, Lithuanians
lend Masovians. There would be 15 per cent of
pews and «". pt-r cent of Germans in this total
copulation, as well as a liberal sprinkling of
Jtumanians. Magyars and gypsies. Thus, the
(real Poles. ethnolo;dcally considered, i. •■-. those
■spaa king- Polish and of Polish race and Bympa
(Shi.r- would barely form the majority. II ?, *
{ever there are other countries where a similar
apportionment perms to work quite satisfac
torily, as, for Instance, In Hungary. But in
Jpoint of erred there would be a similar diversity,
fior of the total population now dwelling on the
territories embraced by this projected Pan
tpol&nd. about 40 per cent are of the Greek
(Orthodox faith, and only another 40 per cent of
(the Roman Catholic, while 15 per cent are He
brews, pome 4 per cent Protestants and the
•small remainder pagan. As to the standard of
civilization, that, too, would show enormous
(differenced. Of the total population thus formed,
ever GO per cent would be grossly illiterate.
the new body politic would from the first
■■Try within it th" seeds of racial and religious
(dispension.
However that may be. the creation of such a
yiew Poland by whatever means is the ultimate
goal of Polish patriots everywhere, according to
the Polish press and the Polish writers and
poets. The present agitation is but preparatory
for that. It would be a mistake, however, to
euppose that there is impending a. great Polish
revolution having for its purpose the realization
pt the above dream. The Poles have learned
TWO OF THF. LARGEST NEGRO EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS OF THE SOUTH ARE TO HAVE FINE LIBRARIES. THANKS TO TWO NORTHERN PHILANTHROPISTS.
LIBRARY GIVEN' BY ANDREW CARNEGIE TO THE TUSKEGEE NORMAL AND INDUSTRIAL
INSTITUTE.
It was built largely by the labor of Booker T. Washington's negro students, cost $2A.000, an<i tv ill be dedicated on April 29.
THE TUSKEGEE LIBRARY.
STRUCTURE ERECTED BY GENEROSITY
OF MR. CARNEGIE TO BE
DEDICATED.
A little more than a year ago Mr. Carnegie gave
to the Tuskegea Normal and Industrial Institute,
In Alabama. $20,000 for a library building. This
building is to be dedicated on April 29. on which
day the party cf men and women who have gone.
South this year as the guests of Robert C. Ogden,
of JCew-Tork. to attend the meeting of the South
ern Educational Society, at Athens. Ga.. and to
•visit various schools, Is to be at Tuskf-ge<*
In style of architecture the Tuskeeee Carnegie
library suggests th* stately Colonial buildings of
the South. It Is 50 by 110 feet on the foundation
and two stories In height. The entrance is sur
jnounted by a broad portico. whose massive lonic
columns rise to the full height of the building.
•The plans for the library were drawn and the work
of building superintended by R. R. Taylor, the
school's director of Industries. Practically all the
■work from basement to roof was done by the
students as a port of their industrial education,
■under the oversight of the school's teachers in the
various industrial departments. Students dug out
the foundation, made the bricks and laid them, did
the carpentry work and finishing, put on the roof,
Icctalled the electric lighting fixtures and the steam
) e-i: % apparatus, and made the library and read
ing room furniture.
Tuskegee has a library of about ten thousand
volumes, which, with tie reading rooms, has hith
erto ••■ obHgeu to occupy cramped and Incon
venient quarters i- an old wooden house which j
«ras at one time Principal Booker T. Washington's
residence. On« has had only to see the students •
crowd these rooms to realize how much they need- !
ed larger :. , • t. ...-,•, ,,,i5. and how much good j
they will ret out of them. Th* new library will
afford ample room for all, and for an increase in
the number and scope of the books which is espe- I
cially desirable. ) •..-: of the books on hand now '
xniii.y have been used and used until they are prac- !
tically worn out.
On tbe first floor the central part of the library
•will contain ,-, ••; . „-.,. offices and two large,
light reading rooms tor newspepers and magazines.
Or. the second floor there are an assembly room end
t lecture h^il which will seat 225 persons, three
study rooms for the use of persons using special
collection; of books, a sickroom and a large
inußeum for the k.-|.|n« of apparatus and collec
tions used by the school's academic department.
FOR IJAMPTOX JXSTTTUTE.
Trustees of the Hampton Institute, at Hampton.
,V«.. a number of whom live In this city, are r»
; folclnc In th« lac/ tiiat Ui« Institute la soon to
patience, concentration and wariness in the
awful school of adversity through which tne>
have passed. Since the last great uprising, mat
of ISU3. they cave acquired the wisdom ana
caution that come even to an ill starre ,' ,^:,
from a feat sealed by the slaughter of thou
sands. They now know better the sources ot
their own strength and weakness, and they
mesa to bide their time. They trust to time to
right them. No more rash and ill prepared ris
ings for them, nor any reliance on the impotent
sympathy of the world. In that respect the
Boer war has been another stern lesson ror
them. They are waiting for the possible great
events of the future- for serious entanglements
among the great powtrs: for a great revolution
In Russia— the large percentage of Poles
amonic the Nihilists; for the dismemberment of
Austria-Hungary after the death of the present
monarch: for a SWWt war between Russia and
Fiance on the one side and Germany on the
other; for a general political upheaval and a
state of deep exhaustion following: for any or
all of these catastrophes. And what Is then to
be done for a re-establlshment of Poland by the
Polish leaders in thought and action will depend
on circumstances. This is about the igtot of their
reasoning on this matter. Meanwhile the Polish
martial spirit Is to be kept alive; the longing for
national independence is to be stimulated by
every effective mean?, and agitation in e\ei>
form ie to go on. The advance of education
among the Pole?, and particularly among those
In Prussia, will make them, when the me is
ripe all the more formidable foes.-(Wolf yon
Schierbrand. in The Forum.
THE TRAMPS PARLOR CAR.
X casual observer might wonder why the rods,
bolted through the Umbers at either end. are
placed under freight cars. They are not put
tb-re for hoboes to ride on. but to stiffen the
Hour Of the car. Sometime there are four—
two clo«e together on each side— but more often
ih;-re are six. separated by equal distances. At
the centre, where the rods are ridden, there is
often room between them and the bottom Of the
car fnr a man to sit almost upright, though
with his head bowed forward, but "here there
are six rods the hobo usually lies across them
like a steak on a gridiron. While the tram is
moving slowly it is easy, as a rule, to drive him
off by throwing i-oal or rocks at him; if it is
going very fast there is danger of killing him,
and that is likely to get the brakeman In trouble
ifrom ten years to life is customary). There is
one other Vay of removing a hobo from the
rods under a freight, but the brakeman must be
a man of steady nerve, quickness and physical
strength: aleo lie must know exact:y where the
bobo Is before he comes off the top to get him.
Dropping from the train a car or two ahead :1 f
the one under which the man is riding, the
brakpman has time to brace himeplf before that
car reaches him (the train should be moving
on'.y slowly); then he seizes the hol.o by the
coat collar or by his arms; the motion of the
train do«s the rest, and the hobo is dropped on
the ground. But if the train Is going at. ray, a
twenty mile rate (Leslie's Monthly.
STONEWALL JACKSON'S FATALISM.
Jackson was «s absolute a fatalist as Na
poleon, with this difference— that Jackson was a
m-in with a religious creed, while Napoleon was
not. Jackson was a Presbyterian, and an abso
lute believer In the tenets of that Church.
As an evidence of his fatalism I onoe saw him
standing in a mountain road when the wheel
of a caisson came off and was rolling directly
on him. An officer of his staff called to him to
move but he stood still. The wheel struck a
sMne! bounded over the side of the mountain.
ar.d S'.onewall Jackson turnpd to the officer and
said: "You see. there was no danger. I knew
It "
It ks! P'.onewall Jackson's habit to pray on
the battlefield. His method wns t>> ren.ove his
cap. raise his right hand, and then pray to the
have a beautiful new library building through the
generosity of Wrs. Coliis P. Huntington.
Mr. Huntington was deeply interested In th«
welfare of the Institute and gave largely toward
its development and maintenance. It is considered
fitting that a memorial of the lasting good he CM
the institution should be erected, and the trustees
pay no n:ore appropriate or practical memorial
could have, been presented than the proposed
library.
Mr. Huntington was a trustee of the school, and
the Interest he showed in the work was typical of
the interest he manifested in all Southern devel
opment. He practically made Newport News, Va.,
and its great shipyard, and he built the Chesn
peak« and Ohio Kailroad from Richmond to Old
Point Comfort.
The proposed library will bo known as the Coins
P Huntinpton Memorial Library, and It will be a
credit to the institution. The intention Is to give
library facilities not only to thp students, but also
to such of tha people of Hampton and vicinity as
wish to avail themselves of them. The library
building will al«o be the centre for a. large number
of travelling libraries.
The library structure Is to be built according to
plans prepared hy W F. Brooks, of Hartford. Its
style will b«; colonial, but there remain several de
tails of construction to be worked out. It will
have a iartif shriving capacity and will be equipped
with all modern library conveniences.
The party of men and woiner. interested In
Southern p<3ucation work, which is now In the
Bouth as the guests of Robert C. Ogden, selected
the Fite for this library on April 23.
GOODBY, TELEPHONE GIRL!
AS AUTOMATIC EXCHANGE— MO HUM*!* MEDIUM
BETWEEN SUBSCRIBERS.
A large Item in the cost of operating a telephone
system Is the pay of the girls at the central sta
tion who connect one subscriber's wire with an
other's. Many attempts have been made to dis
pens« with this expenditure by rendering the ser
vice at the exchange automatic. At least on« meth
od of doing so has been developed far enough to
be In actual use at Fall River. Another, invented
by Ernest E. Fallen of Baltimore, Is being exhib
ited at No 25 Pine-«t.. In this city, where the mech
anism necessary to serv« one hundred subscribers'
has been set up.
On the wall beside each telephone is a box some
what like. that for calling district messengers. A
knob on this Is rotated until the number of the
person to be called is revealed through a hole, and
then a key Is turned. A few seconds later, when
the mechanism of the exchange has connected the .
two wires. It automatically rings both subscribers'
bells simultaneously. The first subscriber then tries
to converse, and If the second one takes down his
'phone Inside of sixty seconds there is no inter
ruption until they are through. But if the second , j
oubscrlber does not respond promptly, the first ■
one's wire is automatically disconnected. . : or ;
"cleared," at th« end. of a jnjsuje. He ™ny iimv..'
NEW- YORK DAILY TRIBUNE. SUNDAY. APBIL 27^902.
God of Battles. I saw him do this on sev « r £ l
occasions notably on the field of Port BfPUbUc.
his battle" with Shields, while sitting on his .norse
In a road down which a splendidly served NoTW
ern battery was pouring shot and she.l.
Gen-ral Law ton informed me that sometimes
he woulG give him an important order so quickly
that it would almost take his breath away.
Notably at Cedar Mountain. Jackson rode up to
him and said. "General Lawton, advance and
drive the enemy from your front. Lawton re
plied "General, then- is a very deep ravine in
th- enemy's front." Jackson replied: "I MC*"
It. Advance." He did not waste words. Jack-
Bon's practice was to speak of the Northern
troop? as Mexicans. He very rarely called them
anything else. Dr. Hunter McOuire, his medical
director, is my authority for this statement
Stonewall Jackson died In a house that is still
standing at Guinea Station, in Virginia, on the
hre of the Richmond, Fredericksburg and Po
tomac Railroad. . „
His left arm was amputated at the shoulder,
being taken out of the socket. When he closed
his eyes in death his little daughter, then two
or three years old. lay on his breast with his
right arm over her.
His dying words were: "Pass the infantn
rapidly to the front." "Tell A. P. Hill tn pre
pare for action." "We will pass over the river
and rest under the shade of the trees on the op
posite side" He was delirious, and, like Napo
leon's his mind, as it feebly fulfilled its last of
fices, was with his military past.-(Lippincott s
Magazine.
THE PRESIDENT OF STANFORD.
Th» students of no other university in the
country exhibit greater admiration for their
president than is shown by the Stanford under
graduates Dr. Jordan, always one of them, In
the football field and everywhere, fraternal
without patronage, amiable without condescen
sion, enjoys the designation of "All Star" Jor
dan. He aims at no academic precision or
speech. He Is careless in dress, his clothes
hanging loosely on his big, heavy body. 1119
figure is erect, with a bare suggestion of a
stoop in his shoulders. When not abroad he is
one of those early rising, late sitting students
for whom the day Is not half long enough. Ar
ter dinner speaking is his. especial aversion.
"There are so many new books," I heard him
say one day. "that I wish I had an ablebodied
man to do my reading for me."
Some of his platform dicta have been treas
ured up by many Western educators. Here are
a few of them: ,
"You can't fasten a five-thousand dollar edu
cation upon a fifty-cent boy."
"The football field is safer for young men than
the ballroom." , ,
When Coliis P. Huntington declared that col
lege men were poor business men and that the
masses were overeducated, Jordan replied. 'If
an educated man is unfitted to take a practical
hold on life he is not worth educating, or the
education is a misfit."
"The remedy for oppression is to have strong
men who cannot be oppressed."
"The problem of life is not to make life easier,
but to make men stronger."
"I dislike Thoosophy, Christian Science, So
cialism, Mysticism and free silver— anything
based on sentimentallsm— half baked schemes
of reforming the world. I don't like reasoning
from analogy and I draw the line between
stories for children and those based on scientific
facts. I am more tolerant of orthodoxy than of
the fantastic vaunts of heterodoxy. I don't like
to live in a city, but near one." — (World's Work.
A SENTIMENTAL BRIGAND.
What most surprised us was a gift from on*
of the brigands of a bunch of wild cyclamen,
which touched us beyond anything else, and
made hope spring up in our hearts that men
who could thus car* 1 to supply us not only with
the necessities of life, but even with flowers.
ever, repeat the call as many times as h* likes.
If the second man's wire is already in service at
the time of the call no connection will be made, and
the first man will ascertain that fact from the
failure of his own bell to ring. When both receiv
ers are hung up after a talk both wires are
promptly cleared.
The apparatus at the central station Is too com
plicated for any one but an electrician to under
stand fully. But one or two comparisons may be
made. It Is claimed for the Faller apparatus that
It is much mr>re simple ami compact than that in
use in Fall River. Then, as compared with the
manual system, it has the merit of requiring fewer
inside wires and "contacts." A machine serving nn«
hundred subscribers is much longer than a section
of the switchboard doing the same duty In the ex
changes of this city but several could be arranged,
one above another. Inasmuch as luncheon and read
ing rooms would not be required, an appreciable
economy would probably be effected in the caso of
rent. The men who are taking hold of the Faller
system say that It is suited to the needs of the
largest cities. They regard it practicable to accom
modate one hundred thousand subscribers by a
single group of exchanges.
CO\F/NEME\T IN ASYLUM NOT CRUELTY.
JUSTICE GREENBAUM CONTENDS THAT THIS WAI
NOT SUFFICIENT CAUSE ON WHICH TO BASE
A BUTT FOR SEPARATION.
Justice Greenbaum, of the Supreme Court, at
Special Term, has dismissed the suit of Mrs.
Eunice C. Kuster, brought against her husband
for a separation on the ground of cruelty, holding
that although a husband has caused his wife to
be committed to an asylum she cannot subse
quently make that a ground for an action for a
separation from him, whether for cruel and In
human treatment or because it is unsafe or im
proper for her to live with him. where it ap
pears that she had been subject to the delusion
that he Intended to poison her. It being shown
that he had received medical advice at or before
the time of her commitment that she was suffer
ing from an incurable form of insanity, which
might become violent, and that he had had her
committed in an honest desiro to benefit her and
because he really believed It necessary.
Mr. and Mrs. Kuster were married In December,
1895. Two years thereafter Mrs. Kuster became
possessed of delusions that, she was being poisoned,
and that her husband was the chief conspirator
In the plan. Acting upon this delusion she did
many unusual and extraordinary things, accusing
various people of designs upon her; she suspected
waiters, servants, tradespeople and apothecaries
of being in league against her. and took strange
and peculiar precautions about her food.
Medical advice was obtained and Mr. Kuster was
assured that his wife was afflicted with a form of
insanity known as paranoia, an incurable disease.
and that she was in tlangfr of committing acts of
violence upon herself and others.
For several years the husband humored the odd
jyHm-; nn^ fnnr'es nf . hi* :•■<*» ->•■■! ,IM_ all that . a
could not be bent upon murdering us. This
brigand had observed that some of the flowers
which covered me like a breastplate the day
before when we rode out of Bansko, were still
clinging to my dress (though our hearts were
crushed and discouraged), and he had sent these
blossoms of the woods, "Because I saw you
loved flowers." Here, then, was one h^nrt not
wholly calloused, but susceptible to a noble im
pulse One brigand had had his morning nap
in my mackintosh before delivering it. but that
did not matter compared with the comfort of
gaining possession of it. We were already learn
ing not to be too particular. At the last some
one handed us. the best of all. the Bible, which
they had taken from Marcekft's bundle. Mr.'.
TsflkT. and I opened its blessed leaves with
chastened hearts to find what message our
Father in Heaven had for us, and were strength
ened to feel that He was with us even In cap
tivity. : "•
We had no soap or towels, comb or brush, nor
any of the indispensables of life, save the clothes
we stood in We learned the value of a tooth
brush and of a buttonhook through our depriva
tion of them for nearly six months. "We learned,
too, with how few things one can manage to live
when one must. That morning after our capt
ure we procured water for our face and hands,
and borrowed a comb from one of our guards.
Mrs. Tsilka had let down her hair and covered
her head with a white shimeer (head handker
chief) on the road before we were captured,
and thus she wore it during our entire captivity.
I continued to do mine up as usual, though I
adopted the handkerchief as a protection. My
dress bad been torn during the night, and we
had no needles and thread, but one of the guards
promptly supplied us. The needle, a large one.
of course, he took from the lining of his cap. and
the coarse black thread from the knapsacK
which he carried upon his shoulders.— (Miss
Ellen Stone, in McClure's Magazine.
PRINCE HENRY'S OBSERVATIONS.
The way the Prince and his keen eyed staff
made observations was sometimes astonishing.
They would hit off in a word the characteristics
of crowds, revealing a sense of the differences
among our cities. Chicago had eight picked
policemen to guard the Prince. Each of these
men was six feet four or five inches tall, and
t/iey were got up in evening dress and silk hats.
The Prince noticed them that evening with
silent appreciation, but when they turned up the
next morning in the same costume hp_ asked.
"Could this happen anywhere except in Chi
cago?"
Among the crowd?, the women of Milwaukee
struck him as most beautiful. They did me,
too. I never remember hearing that Milwaukee
was famous for lovely women, and maybe the
beauty we saw there that day was due to the
fresh breeae that happened to be bio-ring off the
lake. Anyhow, as wo drove along, I was fully
occupied with the faces on my side of the car
riage yet Prince Henry kept calling my atten
tion to those on his Bide. At last I warned him
that each had enough to do to watch his own
share, and that If we both tried to see all there
were on both sides of the road, we should soon
be cross eyed. After that we left each other
alone, and yet saw an amazing number of beau
tiful faces.— (Rear Admiral Evans, in McClure
Magazine.
BONG SPARROWS.
It la an er..sy matter to become acquainted
with song sparrows. They live everywhere In
our country except In the most arid desert
lands and In the Southern row of States, and
are to be found all through the year except In
th* very most Northern States. As is usual
with fo broadly diffused a species, there are
several distinct geographical races, most of them
grading Into each other as the characters: of
'.he!r habitats change. Thus. In the deserts of
HUNTINGTOH MEMORIAL LIBRARY.
Presented to Hampton Institute, Va.. by Mrs. Co!!is P. Hiintlnjrton (at a cost of iMMHk In memory of her hu?haad.
man In such an unfortunate situation could do.
Her condition became worse, and her d<?luplon9 be
came bo serious that for her own «nf<>ty and wel
fare she was placed i.v her husband In St. Ber
nard's Hospital, Council Bluffs, lowa, for menial
treatment. She escaped from th^.o and rejoined
her husband, who had her then Incarcerated at th«
Long Island Home, in Amltyvlllp.
Shortly afterward she appearrd Improved, wh»n
her husband had her paroled for thirty days. On
the twenty-ninth day she disappeared, left her htis^
band's hotel and Immediately brought action
against him for separation upon the ground of
cruel treatment.
Justice Oreenbaum closes his opinion hr paying:
"It la the duty of tho husband to protect' his wife.
If in tho performance of that duly he is con
fronted with situation which requires him to re*
sort to measures that affect her personal liberty
It would sepm -to be of the utmost Important? to In
quire riirldlr into the motive and Rood faith of the
husband, tender all the circumstances of this case
1 am constrained to bellev** that the plaintiff has
failed to present a case entitling her to a separation
on the ground Ox her husband's cruelty or because
It would be unsafe to place herself under his care."
EXPRESS CO. HELD LIABLE.
IT FAILED TO STOP AND RETURN GOODS
IN TRANSIT.
Abraham. Rosenthal. a merchant of this city,
shipped to Goldsmith & Co., of Dallas, Tex., a
large quantity of silk goods by th« Adams Express
Company* The bill of lading received from th.-»
express company provided that It should not be
liable for loss or damages from any cause what*
soever unless the same be proved to have occurred
from the fraud or gross negligence of the com
pany.
The shipper, learning that Goldsmith & Co. had
failed, demanded of the express company that it
stop the goods in transit. A telegram was sent by
the company to Its agent In Dallas directing that
the goods be held, but although he received It
while the goods were yet In the possession of the
company, they were, by an oversight, delivered
to Goldsmith ft Co., whereupon Rosenfhal im
mediately began sail against the express company.
The Court of Appeals has affirmed the deter
mination of the courts below and finally deter
mined the cause in favor of the plaintiff, holding
that the action is rightly founded on the tortlous
act of the express company, and not on It;; con
tract of carriage, and that the exercise of the
right of stoppage In transit by the plaintiff put
an end to the contract of carriage, arid revested
the possession of the property In th'> seller.
Judge Gray concludes his opinion Ny saying:
"Upon the stoppage In transit, th" defendant
held the foods as the plaintiff's, and the law cre
ated a new relation, to which the bill of lading
had no reference. They goods were to be returned
to the plaintiff. We must assume that It was pos
sible for the defendant to do so, and its failure of
neglect was wrongful, and created a liability nlto-
B«?the,r different from that which was Intended to
be governed by the bill of lading."
Ills COMPANY.
From The Philadelphia Record.
fh" rn<»°r I? Vp^."" hyyth a rnpnev be keeps.
Utah and Arizona we find a form very pal.
and dusty in color, while in the Heavily forested
and brushgrown regions west of the Sierras
we have a song sparrow that Is very deep
brown. Again, as we go up the Pacific Coast,
the bird retains its dark colors as far north as
there is heavy vegetation, but keeps getting
larger and more robust, until by the time we
have reached the island of Kadiak we find a
song sparrow dark gray and brown in color,
but nearly as large as a chewink. Kadiak is
the last point at which there is any tidewater
forestation. Beyond this island we find another
resident form of song sparrow, fully the equal
of the Kadiak bird in size and robustness, but
being necessarily an inhabitant of the open and
shadeless shores of the northland. it I" pale gray
find brown, instead of the deep colors of its
nearest relative. While the actual tones and
shades of color differ greatly in the extreme
cases of these 1 geographical races, the pattern
and general scheme of marking in all are iden
tical.
Perhaps "the most remarkable thing about the
song sparrow group Is the fact that the song in
every case Is the same sweet spirited one that
we are familiar with in the Eastern States. I
can hardly describe the feeling that came to
the bird lovers of our party as we neared the
wharf of the Russian town of Kadiak. to be
greeted from the roof tree of the dockhouse by
the perfectly . familiar melody of our Eastern
song sparrow.— (Country Life in America.
BLACK'S AMERICAN COLLABORATOR.
Those were the days when there was no in
ternational copyright law, and the publisher in
New-York or Boston was free to avail him
self, without let or hindrance, of the brain work
of any English author. Black, who had suf
fered greatly from the lack of any copyright
treaty between England and the United States,
ascertained that there was a possibility of se
curing copyright for "Green Pastures and Picca
dilly." provided a portion of the work was
written by a citizen of the United States living
in his own country. Accordingly, he asked his
friend Mr. John Russell Young, the distin
guished journalist, who afterward became
United States Minister at Peking, to contribute
part of a chapter to his book. Mr. Young will
ingly agreed to do this, and, as a result, copy
right was secured in the United States for
"Green Pastures and Piccadilly." 1 believe
that it was subsequently decided that this meth
od of baffling the pirates was not legal. The
question, happily, has now no practical" Impor
tance, for th? United States has at last Joined
other civilized nations in recognizing the right
of an author to the work of his own brain.
Black triumphed, however, by this Innocent
stratagem, of which he was very proud. Mr.
Young's contribution to the story was so Insig
nificant In extent that I think it well not to In
dtfato it more precisely. The real interest of the
incident, so far as our present purpose is con
cerned, is the proof it furnishes that Black's
poetic dreaming and his subordination to his
vivid imagination did not Interfere with the
acute and practical business faculty which he
undoubtedly possessed.— (Sir Wemyss Reid, in
Harper's Magazine.
DOOLKY ON THE ROMANTIC NOVEU
But lithrachoor is th' gr-reat life-wurruk iv
the' modhren woman. Th' conthrol Is passin'
into th' hands iv th" fair sect, an 1 th' day will
come whin th' wurrud book will mane no more
to an aljleboiiied man thin th' wurrud gusset.
Wemen write all th' romantic novels that ar-re
army good. That's because iv'ry man thinks
th" thrtM hayroj In himself, an' lvry woman
tMr.ks he's James K. Haeketr. A woman is
sure a good, sthrong man ought to be able to
kill army number Iv bad. weak men. but a man
!s always w indherin" what th' other la-ad w'u'd
do. H<? mlsht have th' punch left In Mm that
( )ITOSE HA EL KMBIUDGECA RS
.7. P.. UTTLE AGAINST ALLOWING TROL
LEYS ON THE WASHINGTON AND
CENTRAL STRUCTURES.
John B. Uhle, president of the Highway Alliance.
in a talk yesterday with a Tribune reporter, spoke
of the abjections to allowing trolley cars to run
over Central and Washington bridges. He said:
"There has been an effort to get a trolley over
the Central Bridge for a number of years', and It
has Just been renewed by the New-York City Inter
borough Railway Company. This last effort Is part
of an application for pretty nearly all the available
streets in The Bronx, and It Includes also an ap
plication for the Central and Washington bridges.
The application for these different streets for the
us© of trolleys Is well timed, and will tend to build
tip The Bronx, even In advance of the construction
of the railroads, but it is not necessary to de
stroy the usefulness of Central and Washington
bridges.
"The objection to the use of the Central ami
Washington bridges is that they are the only con
venient way for the driving public to pass from
the island into The Bronx. Taking the Central
Bridge for a trolley would seriously interfere with
tr,a use of fh-> new coHcourse, which is to extern!
from near Cedar Park to th* Mosholu Parkway.
This concourse will be the only convenient way
for the driving public to return from Van Cort-
Inndt Park when the Riverside Drive is finished.
The drive now goes no further than Inwood. but
It is only a question of time when it will be ex
tended a mile further to join the Spuyten [>uyvil
Parkway, which leads to Van C6rtlandt Park.
"It Is proposed to extend a trolley road from the
rapid transit station at O.'ie-hunrtred-and-eighty
first-st, and tne Boulevard across the Washington
Bridge and north In Aqueduct-aye. to Klngsbrtuge
Road, » distance of two miles. That course is the
most desirable one for people who wish to drive
Into Westehester County. ah<J Is the most direct
course from the Island to Van Cortlandt Park. It
Is Intended to extend Aqueduct-aye., or to use
Sedgwick-ave., a mile further than Klngsbrldge
Road, along th" west side of the Jerome Park res
ervoir, to Van Cortl.imlt Par*. It Is the Intention
of the park authorities to extend a road in Van
Cortlandt Park from the upper end of Jerome
Park reservoir about a mile to Mosholu-ave. There
Is a road now staked out. and will probably be
opened this summer from Mosholu-ave. to the
V >nker* line. In this way pleasure drivers and
light carriages rill have a direct and beautiful
ride to Yonkers.
"The laying ©I the trolley in two miles of Aque
duct-aye. will have the same effect as the laying
of the trolley In Jerome-aye. In Inconveniencing
pleasure travel. It seems entirely unnecessary to
have a trolley In A^ueduct-ave., as ttiere *?• par
w'u'd get th* mop»v. A woman niver cares how
many men are kilt, but a man believes In fair
play, an' he'd like to s>e th' polls intfcerfere
about Chapter Three.
Woman writes all th' good romantic novels,
an' reads thim all. If army proud la-ad in th*
gum business thinks he ripri?lnts th' Ideal iv
his wife's soul, he ought to take a look at th*
books she reads. He'll Tarn there th' reason
he's where he Is because he was th' on'y chanst.
not because he. was th' first choice. 'T w'u'd
humble th* haughtiest prince Iv thrade to look
Into th' heart iv th' woman he cares most f r
an' thinks last about, an' find that. Instead iv
the photygraft of • shrewd but kindly man wit>i
a thriflin' absence iv hair M his head an* a,
burglar-proof safe on his watch charm, there's
a pitcher iv a young la-ad in green tights piay
in* a mandolin to a high front stoop. On th*
stoop with a rose in her hand. is his lawful
wedded wife, th' la.lv Annamariar Muggins iv
P^otone. Ye can't keep her away f m a ro
mantic novel. No rnatthpr what Edward Atkin
pon tells ye. she prefers "Th' Age iv Chivalry"
to th' mos' atthractive housewurruk.— (Century
Magazine.
AMERICAN FORESTRY: A NEW CAREER.
The young forester has prospects of a salary
that equals, or slightly exceeds, that of the
college professor, and the location of his home'
will usually make his necessary living expenses
less than those of the teacher. Within a decade
he may be in the employ of a railroad com
pany, and have charge of many pieces of wood
land which he will be able to reach easily by
rail. He may secure a place as a State forester,
or as a member of a State corps. This fa] a
promising field. Several of our forested States
are coming into the possession of abandoned
stump lands, and th? care of them requires a.
forester who can supervise the work, look after
the public Interests, and disseminate informa
tion among the people. The State of New-York
Is evpn buying up hundreds of square miles of
woodland to add to its forest reserve. The
United States Government has a constantly in
creasing need for men. The public holdings are
tremendous. For each of the last three years
the forestry appropriation has been doubled,
and the work that Is being done for the private
citizens is growing as rapidly as are the ap
propriations. These government foresters are
in attendance in the department at Washington,
during the winter, but with the coming of spring
they are scattered throughout the United States.
They go to the woods of England, of th»
South and of the West, and return in the fall
to make out their reports in th* office. Eventu
ally a large part of our government force will
be stationed in various parts of the West nearer
to the centre of the greatest activity In publio
forestry.
Another class of positions will be with the
lumber and paper companies. From all sections
of the country these companies are inquiring
into the methods of conservative forestry, and,
as has been shown, some are already employing
forester, while others will probably follow their
example. The men so employed will spend ■
large part of the time in the forests under their
care; but in the winter season some or them,
busy with their office work, will be located for a
few months in the town or city headquarters
of their corporation. This will enable their chil
dren to have th» advantage of better schooling
than that afforded by a paper factory town or a
sawmill town.
Wherever he may be. the average American
forester during the next thirty years will have
a very different task from that of his European
counterpart- In Europe everything: is carefully
worked out and reduced to system. The forests
are cropped as regularly and as methodically
as a farm. One forest crop is followed by an
other in regular rotation, ami every phase of
the question is definitely known and recorded in
a forester's manual. In America the field still
lies open for original work.— (Forum.
allel streets which will afford even more accom
modation for the people who will eventually nva
In that neighborhood. The application for the trol
ley Includes the use of the new One-humTrefl-arKl
ff»rty-flfth-st. bridge, and the present p n P"-:it' on of
that part of The Bronx can be better accommo
dated by the present trolleys running dnwn nni»
over th* One-huntlrpd-ftßrt-forty-flfth st. bri.l^e t»
the elevated anil to the underground than In tn»
use of either the Washington or ;he Certral bruise.
It if probable that the permission now being asK>*l
for by the trolley company is intenrlfcl to be used
in the future. .
"When there Is need of crossing In th* n-!gn!K>r
hood of Washington Bridge, there v. ill then J>*
nee,» also of another bri. !-'•=> over th* Harlem at
Morris Heights. Th.s brlrtge was proposed by m..
Hnffen ten years ago. and there I* probably no on»
who knows more about the nece«it!es of '_*
Bronx than he. The people of Hlghhrtdfl ana
along the east side of the- Harlem Rivf-r at>oi<»
Ma comb* Dam Bridge are in great r.ce<i of an . '"*,*
mate railroad connection with Manhattan Islan.L
What they really do need i* that t>»*' >le XmiTi
roads should run over t.» Hichbrulge. This wouU
brine them downtown for one fare. If th» troner
la laid on the Central Bridge, they win l have IO
pay eUht cents to cet downtown I- is n->pertir»
the future tha« the trolly para will run downtown
and any one who is willing JO take th* timj wl.I
he able to come downtown for one fare but it
the trolley Is extended around and ■ v -- the^
One-hundred-and-forty-flfth-st. bri.le*. It will end
at the rapid transit station In r,n^x.:ive and
there are tracks already In f>ne-hun.lre,>.ana-fortv
flfth-st. readln* to the elevated ■**"°& l X£*g*2:
are either of ihe-e .-••••- •ggg'ft&SSS
accommodation than the use of tho CMtnM I -, f -. ha
There will be i puMfe he.ir'nsr on M.i* L a the
ritr Hall on the application of the In:?rborou.,n
Railway Company.
TfEW STATE HOSPITAL FOR THE l\>\
ON"B may BB ESTABLISHED IN NORTHERN NW
TORK— NEET> FOR ANOTHER.
Albany. April 26 (Special. In the distribution of
the fourteen State hospitals for the insane, th*
northern section of the State has been somewhat
neglected. Patients from the Cnamplaln region
have to be sent long distances for treatment, either
to Ogdenshtirg. I'tlca or Poughkeepste. Owlns to
the overcrowded condition of the State hospital*
and the yearly increase In the number of patient*.
It Is more than likely that a new hospital will 6»
planned. ?.nd the district to be selected will nn
doubtedty be that including Saratoga, Washington.
Ersex, Clinton an . Warren counties.
It has frequently been the rasa that th? <«lz«v»
of localities desiring a State hospital have given
the necessary land for the purpose, an.l undoubtedly
the legislature would hi governed la some extent m
Its selection of a site of this were made a gift «'»
the State. The essential features of such a sn«
are a considerable tract of land, six hundred to *
thousand acres, suitable for agriculture, contiguous
to a railway or waterway, easy of « c = ras _% n wJii tn V
,riv adapted for ;ul. ; .ate water supply and heaUnr
sewage disposal- The Commission In ;, T
1...5.-11..'. this vim;!!.'- examine into the «»»f «-£J
of any sites offered 1:1 the counties m-»" r \ J.t. ■
bring' the matter to the attention, of tae ie&i3im*r
ure wt VA*

xml | txt