DAING AND DRUMMIXO-THE CALINDA—
NEGRO RHYTHMS "POOS LITTLE
LELE" AND HER PROTOTYPES
It was fifteen years ago that L,afcadio Hearn,
after spending: six weeks in the home of the writer
putting the finishing touches to Ms story of
"Chita." set out upon his first visit to th.- French
"West Indies. We had been Mends and associates
In newspaper work in Cincinnati, drawn together
by a mutual love for the study of folk-lore. A few
years before, while "doing" the petty magistrates'
courts, he had come to me full of excitement over
the discovery of some Chinese musical Instruments
»hich had been levied upon by a constable In a
proceeding for debt against a laundryrnan. I whs
to buy the Instruments and add them to a collec
tion already begun: but when the time of sale ar
rived the Chinaman had paid the judgment, and it
■was many months afterward tint the instruments
fell Into my hands through purchase from Char Lea
himself. There Is a quaint record of the incident in
the dedication of Mr. Hearn's book entitled "Some
Chinese, Ghosts." ;
This was the beclnninp of Hearn's Interest In
folk-music. He went from Cincinnati to New-Or
leans soon after, and there fell in love with tropical
life. So his determination to visit the West Indies in
1687 was not at all surprising. Long after a midnight
In July of that year we said our farewells on the
steamer lying at Pier No. 414 1 East River, and early
In the morning he set out through the gray and the
blue upon the voyage which he has chronicled with
Euch wondrous eloquence in the opening chapters
of his book. "Two Years in the French West In
dies." He wrote no letters during his absence, but
NO. 2— "Ol' F.EAX" DI MOIN TKTK OU BIKN* POUADEE."
•when he returned he brought many pretty souve
nirs Of hiP visit to the tropics— beads and bracelets
of the kind worn by the women of Martinique, and
i a leather doll tricked OJt with all the adornments
I of leather doll trick.-d More Interesting than these
of a "fillp de rouleur ." Vor>- inter. stinß th;m these
things, however, were the songs and dances which
lie placed in my bands. The mus-ic had been writ
ten down for him by a bandmaster at St. Pierre,
and he knew they would rejoice the heart of a
folk-song collector. Four of the songs, provided
with pianoforte accompaniments, found their way
into his volume; the others were stored away in
the collector's notebook, where they slept until
Mont Pelee roused them Into wondering, bewil
dered life. Hearn is hidden away In far Japan,
find his Iridescent fancy is playing with a vastly
different life than that which fascinated him at
St. Pierre; but the bandmaster, whose notes lie
before me. the hlanrhtssfaisrs. porteuses and mft-
NO. 3— "DE6SAN M<">riL,LAOE ACIiKTHH DAIKANKS ."
channes who sang the songs into hi? eager ears—
where are they.
French and Spanish Influences are noticeable in
the music of the black Creoles of the Antilles as
they are in that of the black Creoles of Louisiana,
but African relics are also abundant. The "Ca-
Unda." which used to be danced In the Place Con^o
of Vew-Orleanp. was danced on Sundays on nearly
♦very plantation In Martinique, and danced, more
over, to drum music like that cultivated by the
'ancestors of the American slaves centuries ago in
the forests of Africa. The darce was a vulgar and
Indecent pantomime, executed by two lines facing
each other. The dancers, says an old French
writer, "avan^ant r-x reculant en cadence, et
(alsant dcs contortions fort singul^res et das gestes
fort lascifF." The African ancestors of our staves
laboriously hollowed out part of a large tree stem,
covered one end with green hide and thus achieved
a drum upon which they would sit astride while
; they belabored it with the palms of th**r hands or
with clubs. The black man of Martinique and his
- Louisiana brother found that an empty barrel
. would serve the purpose of a drum quite as well
as a bsfJo«red lo?. but the old method of manipula
tion was retained. "The skilful player (be! tam
bouyej." says Mr. H»-arn. "straddles his 'ka'
Stripped to the waist, and plays upon it with the,
fingertips of both hands simultaneously Occasion
ally the bee] of the naked foot is pressed lightly
or vigorousiy agralnst the nkln. «■.. as to produce a
Change of tone. This i.- called 'giving beet' to the
drum— baill y talon. Meanwhile a boy keeps strik
" ing the drum at the uncovered end w.tth a stick, bo
as to produce a dry clattering accompaniment.
The sound of the drum Itself, well played, has a
■wild power that makes and masters all the excite.
. ment of the dances— complicated double roll, with
[a peculiar billowy rising and falling Mr Hearn
■*"f^*^*Tl the least a musician, but he has a keen
: appreciation of musical effects, and this Is his way
; «X describing that marvellous use of cross rhythms
■which amazed The Tribune's Musical Pilgrim when
he first heard the Dahoman band of drummers and
fjnnc playerr at the World's Fair in Chicago. None
of the great composers or Europe nave yet shown
anything like the command of rhythms possessed
by the s^ml-savace tribes of Africa.
The syncopation commonly spoken of by critics
as the Scotch map. or catch, which Is the basis of
"racttaw" music. Is an element In the folk-music
of Martinique. This anpeare from the melody
(No. It which the handmafter who wrote It down
called "Manmam Colrtt- " It Is evidently a dance
cone On th" bandmaster's transcription there Is
a direction that the fln=t part. Allegretto, shall bo
suns eight times: then cones the "danse" Aiippro.
which is to be played for sunp; Mr. Hearn evidently
forgot to secure the words) ten times. The Fame
characteristic teems to mark No 2. "On beau dl
m"in tPte on Men pomadee," and No. 3. In the
latter the likenese of the second portion to a
Tyrolean "Yodel" la a jlneularity which 1 cannot
explain The bandmaster pave the title of No. 3
as Ttiasan Moaillsg* acheter Ds-übanes." which
is plainly a variant of the ballad referred to by Mr
Hearn on page 234 of his book, beginning:
Moln d'scenne Palnt-TiA
AcheM 4 dobannes:
Aulie ces dobannes
<"e?t yon bel hois mom menmeln mont*!
The spelling of the soft anil musical creole patois
is. of course, a matter of individual taste anil fancy.
So. I— "MAXMAM COLETTE."
The ballad tolls the story of a youth of Fort do
France who whs sent to St. Pierre to buy a stock
of earthenware water jars ("dobannes"), but who
fell in love with a colored girl and spent his father's
money in buying her presents nnd a wedding outfit.
Hearn cites the Bong to Illustrate a pretty simile.
The phrase "bel Lots" Cbeautiful tree*) Is Used to
designate handsome people. "Toutt bel boia ka
alle." says Manm-Kohert. meaning that all the
handsome people are passing away. "This is the
very cc mparison made by Ulysses, looking upon
Nauslcaa, though more naively expressed," com
ments our ;iuthoi.
The most expressive tunes Invented by the
negroes of the United States outside of Louisiana
are the "spirituals." These are. of course, unknown
to the black Creoles brought up under Catholic In
fluences. To tin! their counterparts outside ot the
United States one must go to the Bahamas or
other islands where the formative influences have
been English and Protestant. There are pretty
songs, however, which are common to all the.
blacks who use the delightful patois called creole
French. Of this Mr. Hearn gives evidence, though
unknowingly, it would seem, in a portion of his
description of the plague la Verette.
The streets are so narrow in this old
fashioned quarter that even a whisper Is audible
across them; and after dark l hear a great many
things sometimes sounds of pain, sonbtnp, despair
ing cries as Death makes his mighty round—some
times, again, angry words and laughter, and even
song— always one melancholy chant: the voice has
that peculiar mrtalllc timbre that reveals the
"I'auv' ti I.ele,
Pauv* ti i>ia:
LI papnin riouie, doule, doul*—
Li gagnln doul*
I want to know who little I.ele was, and why she
had pains "all over"; for however artless and child
ish these creole songs seem, they are Invariably
Originated by somo real incident. And at last some
body tells me that "poor little Left" had th' repu
i?Sl" i? V, her Vf '' il '" " f b<in « th - '""■♦ unlucky
girl in St. Pierre; whatever she tried to do resulted
only In . mlsf( "'tune: when it was morning she
wished it was evening, that she micht sleep and
forget: hut wh«n night came she could not sleep for
thinking of the trouble *ho had had during the day,
so that -she wished it were morning. ...
Now. the Creoles of Louisiana know "poor little
L^le." though under another name. To them she is
"Pauv' p'ti Lolotte" or "Pauv 1 p'tl Momselle zizi f
NO. 4-XORMA TOMBE."
and the pain from which she suffers Is rot "all
over.- but located In the cardiac retlon. It Js the
ache of Jealousy occasioned by the sight of a rival
in a gaudy 'kerchief turban and an embroidered
petticoat. Here la one version of the song:
Pauve pitl I.olotte a mouin.
I-l KalirnJn doulair.
Calalou porte DOSdrasse,
Li porte Jlpon garni.
t'auve n.ltl I,o!otie a mouln.
I-I Katpnln doulair. doulatr. doulair.
Li "Dlgnln doulair dans co?ur A 11.
The music of "the melancholy chant" is also fa
miliar, and provided Gottscbalk with the theme for
his "Ballade Creole" entitled "La Savane."
The black Creoles of Louisiana elso sin* satirical
for.gs about those who have incurred their dis
pleasure in the carnival season. Here we find \.
mingling of African and Latin relies. The custom
is African, derived from the habit of sharp tongue,}
minstrel^, (like the grlots of Senegambia) to lam-
NEW- YORK DAILY TRIBUNE. SUNDAY, MAY 25. 1902.
paon those whom th^y dislike or who neglect to
pay them triinit.-; the occasion la lent by th<- license
granted by th< carnival season Bays Mr Hearn,
In thr appendix to his "Two Fears in th<- French
More than a hundred years ago Thlbault de
Chan val lon expressed his astonishment at the
charm and wonderful sense of musical rhythm
characterizing the slave .souks and slave dances of
Martinique. The rhythmical sense of the negroes
especially impressed him. "I have seen." he writes,
"seven or eight hundred negroes accompanying a
wedding party to the sound of song; they would
all leap up In the air and come down together; tha
movement was so exact and general thai the noise
of their fall made but a single sound."
An almost similar phenomenon may be witnessed
any carnival season In St. Pierre, while the devil
makes his nightly round, followed by many hun
dred boys clapping hands and leaping In chorus.
Ii may also be observed in the popular malicious
custom of the pillard. or, 1.l cr> ole. plya. Some
person whom it Is deemed Justifiable and safe to
annoy may suddenly llnd himself followed In the
street by a singing chorus of several hundred, all
clapping hands and dancing or running in perfect
time, so that all the bare feet strike the ground
together. <>r the pillard chorus may even take up
Its position before the residence of' the party dis
liked, and then proceed with its perform
Such a pillard la the song 'l-m'-ma tombe" (No. 4),
In transmitting which to m- Mr. Hearn wrote:
"Loema torn!-.'- 11 Is a pillard. .i satirical chorus
chant* .1 with clapping of bands. Loema was a girl
who liv<--d mar the I." Mois and affected virtu.-.
It was learned thai flh- received not one. but many,
lovers. Then the women came and sang:
You little children there,
Who live by th. riverside,
You tell me truly this:
Did you see Loema fall?
Did you see Loom* fall?
Tell me truly this—
Did you soe 1...."im i fall?
(Solo, rnoro rapidly.)
Tell me truly thl»
(Chorus^ till more rapidly.)
Tfll me truly this —
Th'i-: the chanl t; n wit) evei
w i1.1t). : ■ w weai li i: K.
Mls> HOLTS H !>>■ /.'/ ./.// / 01 >l!l>l
A life Bin II ■ ■ ■ ■ • • ■
Bt Idl, conductoi of th< Metro
bass-relief or beidl.
rfopyrlrht by Winifred Holt i
poiiu.i vp f r;i House orchestras, don. hv mi=^. Win
ifred Holt, maj be seen at Bchlrraer'n music i>tore
No X rnion .^quar.- \Wst. where It will remain
un'll June 7.
}l\ll\i: ,( ro:s REORGAyiZATTOX SALE.
On another pat of this Issue M«BHr». Ila line &
Co., of Newark, announce a reorganization sale,
which will begin to-morrow. It will bo one of the
greatest sales of merchandise ever held In thin
country, and it is doubtful if so jrrand an opportu
nity has ever been offered to the people In Newark
and vicinity. Every one of the one hundred de
partments will contribute to make this event of In
tense Interest to every person in the community.
The immense stocks of home and personal ne*ds
are new and up to date, and ■■■in-i] to any shown
by the hi* stores in New-York. In many depart
ments stocks are larger snd better, while prices arc
much lower than in New-York Sp<- i.-il attention
will be given to out of town shoppers. The public
is invited t.i make use of the large and comfortable
mezzanine floors or reception rooms, where every
comfort »nd convenience la at their disposal
On Monday end Thursday. morning and after
noon, there will be grand concerts by Newark's
most famous band. During this sale Messrs*
Hahne &■ Co. make free deliveries to ill railroad
stations in N'- •••. Jersey and Greater New-York.
PROFILE HOUSE ATTRACTION.
The famous Profile House with Its nfteen cot
tages, Is situated In the heart of the grand White
Mountain scenery, In a most d<Mi£htful location,
and is one of the favorites of those who have
visited the "Switzerland of America " It Is among
the largest of tin?, country** leading summer
hotels; i- equipped with every modern Improve
ment, ..tid favored with a clientage of the highest
. r.lrr. It is one of the most delightful summer
resorts in the country. In addition to its natural
advantages, it possesses i o if linki v d tennis
courts thnt nre noted throughout New-England,
and offers to visitors not only the finest material
advantages of .iitbml quiet, but for healthful
amusement and entertainment.
Arthur i,. Manchester, of Boston. pr»~id«>nt of th«
Music Teachers' National Association, will speak
on "Developing the Cultured Organist." under the
auspices of the Guilnrint Organ School in the
chapel of the First Presbyterian Church Fifth-aye.
and Kleventh-st.. on next Tuesday ii 4:30 p. m. No
tickets will I-, required
Mmr Torpadle BJortcsten irhosc vocal Instruc
tion studio :■ at Carnegie Hall, Room x-. (89, will
give. :t special summer course to a clAm composed
of professional pupU*.
Th» Wirtz Piano School will give its annual re
cital at the Young Men's Christian Association
Hall. No. :, West One-hundrrd-and-twer.ty-Sfth-st..
on next Thursday evening. At this recital not only
advanced pupil?, but those who li i v <=• only recently
begun, will give must rations ul th» 8..^- ; r| wi>ck
and methods. __
A MARTINIQUE TAMROTVK
(By permlasioii e>t Harper a- Brot= >
AT CONNECTICUT CAPTTAL.
A MIDSUMMER VOTING ON NEW CONSTI
TUTION-HARTFORD'S NEW MAYOR
SHOWS HIS HAND.
Hartford. Conn, May 24 (Special).— A midsum
mer election is a novelty in Connecticut, but it
deem* that »he State i.« to have one, and the In
dications are that it •will not be without Interest.
June 16. the date for the bringing of the new
constitution before the people for ratification or
otherwise, la not far away, and the press and
public men a -e in the heat of the argument al
ready. Governor McLean, who was at the head
and front of the railing of th« convention, after
the usual mode of procedure for amendment had
failed to accomplish the purposes for which the
people have heen asking for years, has com" out
boldly against the acceptance of the document,
Baying that th« contest Is likely to continue with
the new document adopted, and that it would '"•
much ti^tt'r to work the reform out without it.
He saya: "The plan hi manifestly unfair la New-
Britain, Norwich and MerMen and many other
larjre towns, and it still leave* absolute control of
all affirmative, legislation In the power of less
than 10 per cent of tho jieop],-. ,H.i it adda *»>«>
*■ •'. payroll of the legislature."
further, he says: "I tlilr.k that the situation on
the whole will be li •--- complicated If the propose
constitution U rejert»d. I do not believe the rejec
tion or acceptance of the work of the convention
■will hiive very much weight with the peaceful con
tent that la bound to continue until Connecticut
r«ttirn.« t<> the fair and Just apportionment Insti
tuted by the founders of the Btat< which Kave to
every town 'a number of representatives lii nil
ronaMe proportion to the number of freemen there
in ' It 1 . to !,.■ regretted th.it the towns did not
avail therrmelvsn of : .-ir opportunity to render
their own future Interest* aaf< by grantlns the
moderate nt"! reasonable concr>??i<>no requested by
the <le!«'K;it«!i representing a'ldrgr majority of the
The Inter'-fitltig condition ftboul • >.. coming Hec
tion I* that th.< division on acceptance or rejection
in not on party Mn^s In ;m.v R.- n «r. Chairman
Thayer of ••'• Democratic State Central Commlt
irf lih« decided not to rail a meeting of the com
mit !•••• to take | to consideration the ei.-.-tion. and
there will l>c no concerted effort on the part .if the
Republicans, who ar- of course responsible for
t!v calling and for the result of th« convention. In
behalf or UKalriMt It. The vote upon the document
bids fnir t.i be '.irk-- In the cities and not very
large In the umall towns. Predictions are that the
constitution is doomed to defeat, but there la no
absolute knowledge upon which to bane in esti
mate. Th< press of the State Is rather more
against it than for It. so far as numbers are con
cerned, and the "hammering"! the document i^ get -
tlnij will undoubtedly heVp the rejection vote, pos
sibly enough to defeat the document.
The results of the labor men* victory In the
municipal election .ire apparent on every side.
Changes In the makeup of the board* and In the
appointment of executive officers are rioted each
week, and the I> - atomic upaguers, who opened th
campaign In a professedly disinterested spirit are
landing ..n their feet when pood t nines are named
out. The Board of Health seems to be in a hope
less division, and the results of Its work are aerl
ously menaced by Internal trouble* Mayor Sullivan
broke a tie for president hi the meeting for organi
sation, and Edward Mahl, a layman, was chosen
over Dr. Joseph K. Root, one of the old members
of the board, and a professional mm ramlllar with
the kind of work such a board is depended niton
to do The aftermath of the Mayor'n vote la to be
•••'i plainly, li is the first time In many v-Hm if
ever, that a commission was dominated "by the ex
ecutive head 'it the city In auea a manner, 'itnd that
ii was so dominated In order that one of the prin
cipal lenders In th • league movement. Louis F
Klsele. could get the place of sanitary Inspector li
generally considered true. The sentiment of the
city Is decidedly against the Mayor in this matter
and his continuance in the matter -if conferences
with strikers as he was in the habit of doing In
the capacity of president ol the Stjtto Federation
of Labor leaves a declde^lj unpleasant taste The
meeting of the Henlth Hoard Thursday nUht was
one of much bitterness nnrl recrimination and
again the Mayor dominnt»d the situation If l.« to
be said that mayors have seldom taken advantage
of their ex ofttclo rißht to preside at the Health
Thr Btr«et Board, at It* organization Wednesday.
had a slight turning over. rharle k Binace. who
baa been City Bnghneer and Surveyor for thirty
years, with an occasional break of a. year or two.
was succeeded by Frederick 1.. Ford, who has been
Assistant Engineer »n.i Purveyor for six or elirht
years. Mr. Buace was unfortunate hi hiving the
enmity of one or two of the old commissioners, and
with the aid of the new member. Mr. Roszelle the
new Economic l/er»Kue member, th- deal was put
through, and Mr Hun" retired. Probably no other
man In the city has anything like the familiarity
with the street I sewers, building lines and general
engineering work of th- city that Mr. Bunce has.
but his personality ha- been unfortunate, and
•way he eoes. Hl* successor is ■ thoroughly capa
ble young roan, and Is at the present time president
nt th" State Engineers and Surveyors' Association
Me is populnr. energetic and reasonably familiar
Wit* the city work The snlnry i.« R.vn a year
The Police Board has yet to organise and there
will be a contest over the clerkship and over the
p rJ, C .".tf' I . r ? eo 4 np - ti Othenrlse there la nothing in
.*i(rht that Is troublesome. "
The strike situation is *ttll on. The Underwood
typewriter factory is« having the most serious time
with the problem before It that any' industry has
had in this? city. For «hre P weeks the shop was
closed flown for inventory and as protection
against an Impending strike hv the newly formed
union of metal workers. Monday th ■ shop started
,U?, U ? 11$ 9Oni " th ,'ns ««•■ t" ; '" one'-thVrdofTts quota
.f -niplnv^ rhe result w»s thnt thf> -mion m*n
of th. =ho p district, sotr " ihr..- thousand of them
lined up r,n the street as the help wa « dismissed
and l fluted th< workers with cries of Bcab!" and
threw eggs and stones and other missiles The
! -•"• • made no attempt to s ? O p th» demonstration
but interfered with the stone thVow|ng™TbtoF^ the
un Vh 1 ; .'L 1 th ", ,'" rv " f ">« Industrie" of he
«t"£.Mon ' 1 in *r.- ha f been 2 ny s " Ph marked demo"
Bt rat lon In connection with a strike The striken
"'Under the llreetlon of K rt man named V*w
th*«V \~? " hi " ,' vh " niK bo * n "Pit here toibange
ou? «f VhT^ " " ' ikt "' v rhlt if Orltcblow weK
out (> '"" 1 way a settlement would be speedily
The men »» w « h « r « " wo ■•*»«»•»■ complaint amo R
Ftrlk? V Vh<>n >h * y T " ok 'ndtVidUSlljr about tno
f!e,.n%,liHr, a r ppnt fJ s strlk * nml the lumber yard
hewlLii, 1 .? -'Idencc and both side* j-«re m t«
men^nd nolh^e^s. ■••■"- f ° r «™ X ?£
RECEIVED CUSTODY OF CHILD.
The marriage i.,., week of Ml<>B Flora Bowles.
and Arthur J. M. Brooks, of this city, was publicly
noticed Mr. Brooks had just received a divorce
Park miii ?'- v ift - -v! rH - H» ul « Rllv ™ Broaks of
lion h " h-ivtn'2 kers - N .V. V • '" tho ground of deser
for that imJlf ao 9 « r^' a residence In New-Jersey
law. Mrs i p *."• Aecerding to the New-Jersey
establlab^i l-""^* * i!l > -" Brooks bj b«r d-f*nce
sole custoilJ ■«* }£*,* to , r<? "iarry. and tecelved the
areok- yof their only child, Douglas Vert-ens
•SILENT JACK ' CARROLL.
CHARACTERISTICS OF THE SMOOTH
SCALPED, SMOOTH FACED. SMOOTH
MANNERED MAX WHO SOUGHT
TO DOWN CROKER.
Now that Tammany Hall has been convulsed
by the ambition of John F. Carroll, formerly
known as "Croker's right hand man." or ' Silent
Jack." for the reason that until last week he
never uttered a word for publication, the atten
tion of the public has bee forussed again on this
man who audaciously sought to usurp hi? for
mer master's throne. His unsuccessful attempt
has by no means diminished the interest with
which politicians generally regard the man. and
it Is understood that, although beaten for th"
present, Mr. Carroll has not given up his aspira
tions, and thus it happens that many stories
have recently come out about the smooth
scalped, smooth shaven, smooth mannered man
who was so long the submissive and trusted dis
ciple of a boss whom he tried to overthrow.
It is impossible, however, to describe the p«r
f.onality of Mr. Carroll without a contempora
neous study of the peculiar characteristics of »x-
Mayor Van Wyck. With the election of. Van
Wyck. John F. Carroll was made the deputy
boss of Tammany Hall, and it was in his hands
that the reins of the organization were placed
when Croker sailed back to England the follow
ing April. Carroll had at this time th» fullest
confidence of the "Old Man." as Croker is called
by some of the younger fry of the organization
when he is out of earshot, and the following
story Is told to illustrate the confidence of the
.boss in his deputy, as well as the intimacy be
tween Carroll and Van Wyck.
It appears that Croker and Carroll had had a
long confab one night in the upper private cham
ber of the Democratic Club where Mr. Croker
was wont to talk over the most weighty matters
with his chosen henchmen. When Mr. Carroll
appeared an hour later in the gorgeous Red
Room, on the first floor. h<» chanced] to meet
Mr. Van Wyck. the Mayor-elect. There was an
effusive greeting on th«» part of the head of the
successful Tammany ticket, who immediately
"Am I late? Have you been upstairs?"
"Never mind. "Bob,*" said Carroll, in that un
impassioned manner so characteristic of him.
"Never mind. I've got your orders for you."
At this the Mayor-elect laughed heartily, and
the two sauntered off to have a quiet talk, sup
posedly about "the orders." in the cafe.
The close relations which have long existed
and which are still unbroken between Carroll
and Van Wyck were shown in a more startling
fashion in the administration of the latter, as a
consequence of the exposure of the lee Trust.
When the list of the alleged holdings of the
stock Was mad- public it was headed as follows:
Mayor Van Wyck 4.060 shares
John F. Carroll 5.000 shares
Prior to the exposure of the trust. Mayor Van
Wyck and the deputy boss of Tammany Hall
had taken a long trip through the river districts
of the State of Maine, in which the American
Ice Company harvests and stores a large part
of its annual supply. The two men were in the
company of Charles w. Morse, president of the
company. The "pleasure trip" was scarcely
over when the fact was uncovered that Van
Wyck and Carroll wen stockholders in the
trust. As a consequence, the nickname of "Ice
Jack" is now applied to Mr. Carroll by his po
litical adversaries, and In like manner the sobri
quet of "Ire Bob" has la many Quart* sup
planted the more stately Dam of Robert A.
Mr. Carroll's connections with the Ice Trust
were brought out in a somewhat humorous way
at the last Democratic State Convention. As
v. ill be remembered by those who attended this
gathering, which rapid developments soon
showed to be dominated by Richard Croker. an
op-State delegate tried to introduce a resolution
denouncing the Iniquity of the Ice Trust. A few
minutes afterward Mr. Carroll left his seat in
the hall and walked out as if to get a breath of
cooler and fresher air. As he was returning to
he convention, one of his retainers, who had
not reached the hall until then, ran up to the
smooth faced deputy boss and exclaimed:
"Hello! what have they been doing in there?'"
"Trying to stop the Ice Trust from making
]•■•• out of ii.im.it"> water." was the quiet an
Although Mr. Carroll is commonly said to
have got his rtari In politics hack in the seven
ties because of the favor and friendship of
newspaper men, he, has la later years been
noted for his aversion to the representatives of
the press, and he has uniformly and-»4th only
one exception met their inquiries with an
evasive smile, a shake of the head and a half
Th* story Is toM at the City Hall, even at
the present time, thai the man who discovered
John F. Carroll and first boosted him to the
front was Edward Rellly, who was at one time
president of the City Mall Reporters' Associa
tion. RHIIy Introduced Carroll t<> the "big
men" around the City Hall, and after Carroll
had obtained his first civil appointment In the
Park Department at the hands of Joseph J.
Donohue, Rellly continued to boom the merits
of his young friend Then, as now. Carroll \vas
*>t<«ut. smooth shaven and smiling. Later be
obtained clerical work at the City Hall, and
as a result of one promotion after another he
obtained the lucrative post, <-r as some of the
Tammany officeholders would term it "the fat
Job," of clerk of the General Sessions Court, at
a salary of *7.<**> with many succulent fees.
In speaking of his duties In this position, which
he held twelve years. Mr. Carroll is once quoted
as saying to an intimate friend:
"It takep me about two hours a day t.-> look
after the Job, and the rest of the time belongs
to the crowd."
As Illustrative of th» manner which Mr. Car
roll assumed In the course of the last fifteen
rears toward newspaper mam, the following
story is told of a report who tried to get an
interview with him after a meeting of the ex
ecutive committee of Tammany Hall.
The reporter bad not covered th»» Held of poll
tics before, and whs totally Ignorant of the
peculiar characteristics of the smooth shaven
leader of the XXIXth District Accordingly, he
walked up to Mr. Carroll, and, extending his
hand pleasantly, said:
"Mr. Carroll. I want to ask you what was
the result of the meeting."
"Kh. " was the answer, as Mr. Carroll turned
his back on the speaker
"I want to learn the OUtCOme of the meeting,
whether you took irv action or not?" persisted
the newspaper man, net it ill daunted by the
coolness of his reception.
Mr Carroll turned nround on his heel, stared
the repoiter in the eye a minute, smiled Mindly
and then mumbled
"Thank you." remarked the reporter after a
moment's awkward pause. "I an very glad to
have met you. Mr. Carroll, and. by the way,
what good weather we are having.*'
"Dunno." was the scarcely audible reply, as
the Tammany deputy boss brushed past him and
disappeared out of the door
Befocs Mr i'r"k" went to England after the
election of Mayor Van Wyck be often said to
his friends that if there was any man on earth
whom he could trust it was John F. Carroll
The others, he said, might get ambitious and try
to "hog it." but not so with Carroll.
But the fire of ambition. it afterward devel
oped, has not found the character of Mr. Carroll
entirely constructed of asbestos, and in the his
tory of Tammany Hall for the list few weeks
Mr. Carroll is recorded ir; the leadei of an in
surgent contingent which started out to plar«>
the man whom Croker had trusted in Crokor*s
vacant chair. Mr. Carroll it then appeared had
had several visions of a. Jacob's ladder kind, and
had laid his plans well for the usurpation of th<»
leadership of Tammany Hall. For the first
time In his political career of twenty-four years
Mr Carroll talked In order to give his words
a greater dignity than that of a free and ea«.»
Interview, he issued a statement, which sur
prised many of his friends because of its rhe
torical flights. Indeed, the smooth shaven . lerk.
who had laid down a $7,000 a year place in
order "to give all his time to politics." as Mr.
Carroll did shortly after the election of his
bosom friend. Van* Wyck, showed that h-> must
have had time for th.' study of the Bible
and the poets. His powers in the us- of the
simile were the most stirring, for In one place,
after denouncing in the most trenchant terms
the iniquities of Croker and the domination Of
a single boss, he said
• "If an angel were to become the Individual
leader or boss of Tammany Hall, it would be n
misfortune to the organization, Mas*. n,.—
Have stood the test of
Always of Highest Rank
Warerooms 108 Fifth Aye.
"The Old Reliable/*
The STECK wjs the unmis
takabie. as well as the most
reliable. 4^ yenrs ago. jnd it
remains the unapproached.
grand and "old reliable'
Wareroom>. l.?n Fifth Avfnue. Yea \ O rk.
William C. Carl,
For t»rm> an-1 dat»s address 34 W. 12th St.. X. T.
PRIM A DOXXA CONTRALTO.
iDe R»»7ke Method).
LATELT RETURNED TO NEW YORK
AFTER A LENGTHY SOJOURN IN EUROPE.
STUDIO— I WEST 68TH ST.
Mme. Louise Halcombe,
ARTISTE, fit::. OK gIGNOR* de RUDA. BERLIN.
' nr AL STUMP. 4 W. KD ST.. pro door we«t cf 3th A*».
GISTAV L. BECKER..
COM'EHT PI AXIS I». COMPOSER A TEACHER.
(Semi-monthly musi-a's. 1
Send for Pr»s» notice*, etc. 1 West 104rh St.
HERBERT W. GREENE,
_^ — FIFTH AVENUE.
JEAN L SfHAFFFR ruril cf P=iri3 Conservatory.
ftq'Mns— 34s T\>st SSth-st. ani Crabtr** BJs .N. Priijhtoa.
Studios. 444 Central Far. West.
S.ABCHER GIBSON Solo Organist Brick Pr«»-
Cl Temple. RrsMcc.-a A Studio. 133 West 104tb St.
SIG. A. CAPBONE. OPERA CO *"*
Art of slrtfr'.r.*; sumra«r course. 240 3th Ay».
\ • RTZ I'!A\ > SCllOf .] private Lessons Surp>rr>«rn-»i
t 4 by Class Work. L#ctur«<« and R»citaU. :20 W. 11'4-fc sr.
would Jt be an evil to repeat the experiment of
• lei tine .1 mortal to such a responsiM^ posi
tion." Mr Carroll emphasized the hrlief that
tho Hall should be giiverne.l by its ilistriet lead
ers. But th- Oroker men on r'-'-aiine the state
ment simply winked, and «ai<i that that wa?
Carroll's way of usurping the throw for him
self. Carroll, however, Mad that h<* h--t'! n«t
taken th- situation at a rip^ time, and that th»
influence of the Squire of Wantage was still
too potent to h* overturned
Th- everyday h.u>it? of the unsuccessful
aspirant to the sceptre of Tammany H:ill are
regular and exemplary, aroorrtinsr t" hi? friend*.
Mr. Carroll is said tn b» an abstainer from a!
• . hAllr drinks. He likes eicars. however, a? a
Tammany politician shouM. and i-> generally
found with on»> in his mouth. His mornings he
spend:; around town, his afternoons iri\in- or
at the races, and his evenings at the Democratic
('hit. in Fifth-aye.. or at the Home flub, at
Fifty-nlnth-st. and Third-aye. Pint- his con
nections with the Ice Trust were made puMic
ho has made no ••rT.'rt to con-eal th° fad th it
he is a silent partner in a food nan: hi- enter
prises and firms. Mr. Carroll also enjoys th»
reputation of beinp a banker, having b^on n.iil<»
recently the vioe-presiiient of the Fourteenrh
Street Bank H lives in a fine house at No.
:; Eaal Kiehtv-ti-
MORE ROOM AT bar* t/rn.
IMPROVED FACILITIES WHICH THE STCDEXT3
WILL FIND <>N THEIR Kg Ul TO
COLXBGE NKXT F.M.1..
Many chances in the buiMinc of F*rt« Hall w:ft
he effected this summer as *oon as the resident
students of Barnard have I#(| the rnlKc* aftT
June *. Til enlargement of space will be prin
cipally for ihe department >f scioncf. r.tit th* de
partments of history and philosophy win .»!*•■»
occupy sotne rwrns th«re. Th^re is to N « musii
room and reman for social retreat lon tn free lv>;ir*
for the students. The four small st'idie- row u^ed
for the undergraduates will t"> Silent ?tu.l»<«;=.*
where only readinc will be done "■ hi?»mer:t
floor of Ptshe Hal! there are to be two luncheon
rooms conducted, one on the "a 1* cart*" p'-i^ J* l *
th. oth^r as a "MM- d'hote." A nen. Itie- eleva
tor will be put tn Ik* boUdaag.
Th* department of physics will tore i f = work
shop -•■ th* tasenvnt of Fiske Hail, where a three
horsepower electric motor will be ??t np to run ma
chinery. On the second floor rf Fisk- HaH *
chemistry lecture room will be built, with rais»4
seats on the amphitheatre style A Bpectroscopa
for the purpose nt wall 111 oxrerimente with #r«f
trum analysis, which has heretofore been too lire
to set up in Barnard, will be bronsht over from
r'ayerwejther Mill. A dark for developing
photographs will h« fltteo 1 up .„_
The department •"' ohemistrv «ffl take the top
floor of f-.< k . Hill A priv.it- l>Mnr^ tor th»
special research work ol Pr Margaret
heal of the depart will be enuipp-i lT i£ CI J?Z
to keep the north lt«hl for microscopic " " rk rt ! l ;*
biolopicnl department wt;i r«m*tn «»_«• top noot
of Milt ink and Urtnckorhoff balls Th- *"«£££
of space will include an ••>«« fo r the department.
a ph'-sloloßieal laboratory for >h- •f«£» c J D »%?t
ology. which will be piven for the nnrt rtraei next
v«r and a new lecture room Mrs *>«•«€*
Lee. wife of Professor I.e-. of th- Colle-e of V*?*}!
clans ai.fi Sureeons. tin* eivr, the depßrraaentSOT
to purchase some physiological a.P?' 13 ":;%.„"-
Lee" who was formerly a «t'.i-I»nt in the .^pa
m-n». recently save i ■>- for a sn.ilnr P»r^[
In recognition of the clostnc of Mske H«IJ£ ;
dormltorv. a reception will be h-ld hore on Mi -•
M- the resident students Dean Gill. >«SJ®™S
ih« present head of the hall, and Mr? Tltzsnaia.
th<> former head, will reeeire. w»tt*»»»r
Miss Alice c. Jackson, a Braduate of JWWW.
will take charse of the T^vh-rs »VI!»;? dormitory.
bittler Hall, as matron.
A SEEKER AFTER SKTLARKS!.
x r«!»<1«r ft Th" Trtb'trt*" would like to k»OW
whether it It inn that th» Enatli^h skylark hai
become nrr>>t-.-: on Yam% Island Bnd «» M
h^ard >n«fna nierrilv af the proper season. '«
li ir? s«me r>j - e can enlighten him.
LA FA YETTF. I'OsTs PI 1> -
Lafayette F.-?t No. tl'\ Or.md Army of th* He;
public, will on Memorial Pay pirade with tha
c.rand Army of th- Republic column, to partteipats
in the "iiv-MiPi of the Soldi <»nd Sailors' Monu
ment, at Riverside r>rive in-l Eighty -nin!h-st Th' 3
port will have It post <^f honor a* es-ort to UW
GranO Army column, and. in Its turn, will !»"•
escorted hy nuytrtng members of the s'h and t»'t>i
reuiraents. ■• tort Volunteers. After '> rtf '"
in ,i> services the post will proceed to its be«d«pmr
ters«. Musonic Hall, Btsth-aTe. and Twenty-tbir*
>.' . aajd boM .■>.>) m*mori-»l servers.
Tr-. post will assemble it Sands and Brldze srs..
r.i''ikl\n on next Saturday, ai 2 r m la full uni-
mi and proceed t-> th- n^w mv<l br.imh or
the Young wen's Christian ." ir-itioi and rj e *
sent a set of oorors »o the ofnot-rs of this associa
tion. Th-- present itit>n wnl In made by the eovn
in.i.l i»-r of th* v>i(it. Colonel Alfred •' Carres, or
the J"rl Rcriment. and th*" reception by Coraraaa
Rear Admiral Hirker. while the I> S. Parses
• adman will deliver the oration. The rest "11
assemble nt Pier A North River, on nest sunaay.
it ! li p. m.. and take a special *»f»at to Staplstoa,
ftaten Island, to attend divine services at tn; «55*
Presbyterian Church, of ■ ___ __ _ -"■- — '•>
.--.•■ : ":■ ' . - 1
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