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New-York tribune. (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, August 03, 1902, Image 18

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An observant traveller Just returned from a
lons stay in Havana gives his impressions of
conditions there as follows:
■ Two months have elapsed since the establishment
8n Cuba of an independent government. . While
h-esidept I'alma has now the P°" Ucal situation
IKlfin band, the economical condition has grown
*-orse, and the outlook for Its early "mprnvemer.
is gloomier. The President and his Cabinet ha\e
considered many plans and suggestions for the,re
ftief of the country. Bui all of these experiments
Semand th. expenditure of large sums of money
fend on this account they are mfeaflble. for the
fcuban Government is really poor. It has hardly
Sufficient funds on hand to cover Its living ex
£ensef. and eurely not enough to spemi on the re-
Enwtruction of the inland. The sugar in^try.
W of the most important of Cuba, is practically
crippled, and unfortunately the responsibility for
•this is placed, perhaps with good reason, upon the
lUnited States Senate. rv "i, •
. Th" failure of this body to pass the Payne reci
torociiv bill, allowing- Cuban sugar a slight tariff
Reduction, has. at least for the time, dispelled the
Bash hopes for the prosperity of Cuba as a free
•country. At Clenfuego. I saw piled up In one
ti-arehouf* eighty thousand bags of sugar, ™f*
■the owner, at the present price of the commodity
«nd with the duties charged in the United Stctes.
<-ould not afford to ship. It is estimated that there
•nre nhrut five hundred thousand tons ready to be
•exported when there is opportunity for even a small
profit. A reduction by the United States of 20 per
cent on the Cuban staple would have enabled tr.e
planter to sell nearly every plantation Is Idle, and
Now. instead, nearly every plantation ls Hie. anfl
thousandß of men are unemployed. The cane con
tinues growing, but the planter Is either too poor
lo cut and grind it, or considers ii a loss of money
lo r.ile up more supar with last season s crop still
■unsold And while the American Government Is
MeniHi for this condition, it Is a favorable com
iTnentary on the forbearance of the people, and an
Imigury for the loner continued peace of Cuba, that
Ihere have been no demonstrations nor open resent
ment against the Americans which would sureiv
Ihave occurred in any of the South American coun-
But there Is still, many believe, a possibility that
Khe reciprocity measure will be passed. President
ft-alma ie one of those whose faith in the sincerity
Icf the United States in the treatment of Cuba
cannot be shaken, and who believe that the hoped
for and needed concessions will be granted at the
next session of Congress. The efforts of President
Roosevelt In behalf of reciprocity for Cuba have
fereatly strene-then.^ the gooa opinion that every
one in Havana holds of the Chief Executive, and
Ke 1? praised by Cubans and Spaniards alike. Aside
tfrorn the fact that it is considered a moral obli
§ratir>n. the insertion of the Platt amendment al
pu&t bodily in the constitution of Cuba is ad
vanced as a further argnment for tariff coaces
• There has developed some opposition to the Platt
(amendment, but, although its opponents have en
listed the services of General Maximo Gomez, it
Hs not likely to gain any strength. What might
Qiappen if the Senate persists in its refusal to
Irave Cuba from ruin and starvation is that the
[Cuban Government will deny the United States
Hhe naval and coaling stations provided for In
ttbe a.meniiment. for without some measure of reci
iprocliy it will be regarded as altogether inequitable.
iAB to the failure of Cuba to negotiate a commer
iclal treaty with the United Stales, which President
SPalrr.a proposed should fe one of the first acts of
khe new government, this, as the President has
*aid. cannot be done before the reciprocity question
■Is definitely decided, for on its final disposition de
bends the "basis of the treaty. Some persons havo
«tt<-mpted to make it appear that this statement
mas a threat that without reciprocity there would
tbe no treaty, but it was not meant as such.
An important question which confronts the netr
irepublic is the payment of the revolutionary army.
sFor this purpose, after the rolls have been carefully
jeone over, probably $15,0C0.C«>3 will be required.
?This sunject. in the present condition of the coun-
t try. suggests a loan of at least that amount. With
la fairly" prosperous condition among tbe former
revolutionists, the demand for this money. would
rrobablv not be co clamorous, but under the cir
cJmstances they are reduced to the necessity of
on the Cuban Gov
ernment the condition that in borrowing money _ 1 1
iinust make permanent provision for the «e«f^ a "
loan to meet the interest and establish a sinking
llund to redeem the principal at maturity The to
possibility then cf contracting a loan is 11^
fcv the budget for the coming year, which shows an
income or less than H5.000.000 and a possible ex
penditure of SSMXXIOM. Even the Havana financial
institutions have refused to grant a loan of onl>
'J4.000.00u. They also refuse to advance any more
money to the "sugar planters.
What seems to be needed is a system of taxes on
isoroe of the home products, such as cigars, cigar
lettes and rum. From these sources an enormous
ilncome could be derived. However, there is a
Strong opposition to it. But the Imports will shortl>
diminish, and there must be some means to obtain
'money for the government.
Unfortunately, the Senate and House of Repre
isentatives have done little or nothing toward flr.fl
'lng for the country a way cut of its embarrass
iment. They have. instead, frittered away their
«IJbm debating over the salaries which should be al
lowed to certain officials. In this respect it might
.be said that in the matter of salaries they have
ibeen extremely liberal— ln fact, in many cases, ex
? travagant- The members of both houses of the
legislature voted^io themselves $3,500. The general
i-oplnlon Is that $2,000 would have been fair com
jpensation. It ts sad to see, though, that there '.s
Hess patriotism and more politics in the workings of
i these bodies than perhaps even the President ex
ipected. As Senator Manuel Sangullly. who Is re
' girded a* the chief obstructionist, is reported to
Ilisve eaid: "If Cuba has not money to pay Its
1 Senators, then let the Americans come back at
t once."
; An evidence of the slowness and apparent apathy
■ot She Congress is its neglect to create the office
lof consul general and authorize the establishment
jcf • consulate general here and subordinate con
« dilates it other points. President Palma appointed
)Dr Octavio de Zayas as con&ul general a* New
■ York fully twa months ago. and he has been here
• vailing to take charge. It is important to Cuba
i th«t ft should have its commercial representatives
Jn trie United States. Besides, It means the col-
I lection of considerable revenue. Congress, how
»ever, ?«eni3 indifferent.
•' The n'.ero element in Cuba forms a somewhat
| Important factor, but only so far as numbers go.
i With the exception of Juan Gualberto Gomez, there
j is probably not a negro in the island who might be
BL;n Li - -•' ■ — -■■ ■ ■ * • !J»lai, • V itomobwe Company. So. 172 Wbiton-st.. Jersey City. N. J.
termed an intelligent man. Their moral and Intel
lectual unfltness to hold even the most menial posi
tion was recentK- proved in Havana. After consid
erable protest on their part against what they
cal^d the discrimination against their race, eighty
one were examined for appointment to the vonce
f.irce. Only eleven passed, and of this number
nine it was discovered, had served terms in Jan.
They, having sworn that they had never been ar
rested, were thereupon held for perjury.
For a time it looked as if the negroes in Cuba
would attempt to cause some trouble if their claims
to recognition were not heecled. A few of the leai
ers have been appointed, however, to places where
Intelligence is not a qualification, and it Is not
probable that they will be further heard from.
Cuba la the only one of the Latin-American coun
tries where the negro is not treated or regaraed as
the equal of the white man. In Santiago, which ls
a strongly negro district, there is a bitter reeling.
and a distinct color line ls drawn.
To many it appears that there Is only one solu
tion to the economical problem, and this is annexa
tion to the United States. I spent three months
In the island and visited nearly every UwclJ
and many of the smaller town?. All over there ls
an unmistakable sentiment In favor of annexation.
Every person, either Cuban or Spaniard, with per
sonal or property interests in the country favors
and prays for it. It may not be a desire In every
instance born of love for the United States, but
they believe In annexation as the salvation of
The Planters' Association of Havana ls working
for It, and circulars have been distributed with ar
guments in favor of it. The opposition to annexa
tion seems to come from the pollticiavs. who de
pend upon the perpetuity of the repub.ic for their
livelihood President Palrna, who was brave enough
to accept his position In the face of the many
obstacles he knew would have to be overcome by
Cuba Libre, is sinoere in his opposition to annexa
tion, and is willing to continue the battle against
the seemingly overwhelming odds that now con
front him. Speaking on the subject, he said:
"Talk of annexation Is unfair and untimely. We
have hardly completed the formation of our gov
ernment, and a fair trial must be given us. Ido
not believe that the Cubaps want annexation at
this time. We wish to prove to the United States
and to the people of the world that our people are
thoroughly capable of self-government. If. how
ever, at some future time they would have Cuba
annexed, then, of course, it Is different. But not
for the present 1b such a step contemplated."
The adventure of Frank M. Tichenor, a New-
York lawyer, with a pickpocket lately in thf> wilds
of Brooklyn has made him a general topic of con
versation. Mr. Tlchenor felt himself Jostled on an
elevated railroad station, and, turning suddenly,
saw a man backing: away. The lawyer kept near
the man and eyed him sharply. He followed the
fellow Into the train, and, pitting down directly op
posite, placed his hand in his hip pocket. The pock
et was empty, and. looking the stranger squarely
In the eye, the lawyer extended his open hand. The.
thief placed in the lawyer's palm the missing wal
let, and. after counting the money it h- Id, the law
yer turned his gaze elsewhere.
"That's the kind of man we need," commented
another eievated railroad passenger the next morn-
Ing, as he folded up his Tribune, then hastily re
opened it to show the story to the man sitting at
his right. "I tell you there are possibilities for a
fellow who can look a pocketbook full of money
ripht out of a thief's hand."
"He ought to be on the auditing board of New-
York City," said the man to whom the story was
shown. "Just think what a show down would fol-
Jow his Inspection of the books when he turned
those eloquently insistent eyes on the various d>-
(From photograph by T. C Fitz-Glhbon.)
partments! If Mayor Low had put him at the head
of the board when he came into office, the city
would have been out of debt in a month. Richard
Croker would have come all tne way from Van
tage to tell where he got it and hand it over, \\hat
a procession of police captains would have besieged
his door to square themselves with that_ penetrating
gaze and get out of its blighting reach!
•What a blessing he'd be in the Tax Collector s
Office!" said the Tribune reader. The other fellow
got red in the face, shifted nervously In his sea.,
and the conversation flagged.
There are many novelties in the new dress regu
lations for the army, as shown in General Order
No. 81. Issued from General Corbln's headquarters.
The colors of the chief arms of tht service will re
main-yellow for cavalry, icarlet for artillery and
light blue for infantry. Knglncer offlcers serving
with engineer troops w'.il wear ecnrlet pli^d With
white; signal service officers, orange piped with
white; ordnance offlcers. black piped with scarlet;
medical corps officers, maroon, and offlcers of the
quartermaster's department, buff.
Of the service coat the order says: A sack coat
of woollen or cotton material, of olive drab color,
made with two outside breast patch pockets and
two outside patch pockets below the waist; pockets
covered by flapi, buttoned by a small regulation
button. The coat to have falling collar, from one
to one and three-quarter Inches In width, depend
ing on the wearer. On each shoulder a loop of
the same material and color as the coat, rea hin,;
from the sleeve auam to the eiige of the collar, and
buttoning at the upper end with a email regula
tion gilt button; loops to be two inches wide at tho
shoulder end and one inch wide at the collar end.
The coat to fit closely at th* waist and loosely ut
the chest, at least rive inches in excess of the
chest measurement; buttoned down the front with
five regulation buttons. All buttons for this coat
to be of dull finWh bronze metal.
The coats ol arms of the United States will be
worn on each Mi»- of the collar, about one inch
from the ends. The Insignia of eon>s. department
or arm of service will be placed on each side of
the collar, about fivtveigriths of an inch from tho
coat of arms. The insignia of rank will be placed
on the shoulder loop, near the sleeve seam.
The insignia «f corps, department or arm of ser
vice, arid the coat of arms will be of dull llnl.sh
While there is simplicity and lack of display In
the eervico uniform, the dresb uniform is moro
elaborately ornamented than the one which it
succeeds. The general officers' coats have a dark
blue velvet collar and cuffs to match. These will
be ornamented with f;old embroidery, and the flat
top cap, with Its low vi.sor. will also have a velvet
band, ornamented with gold oak leaves.
The service coat for enlisted men will lie of olive
drab woollen or cotton material, cut so as to tit
loosely to the chest, at least five inches in excess
of chest measurement, and to fit closely at the
waist; collar seam to come w^ll up in front; to
close with five regulation buttons down the front,
and to be provided with shoulder loops of the same
material. The same collar ornaments and chev
rons will be placed on this coat as on the ilre«s
coat, except that all buttons and metal ornaments
will be of dull finish bronze.
The sleeve of the second lieutenant will have no
braid lnelgnia of rank. Kirst lieutenanis will have
a single knot, made of one strand of braid; cap
tains will have a knot ol two strands; majors,
threo stranas; lieutenant colonels, four strands,
and colonels five strands.
The insignia for the various departments are
designated as follows:
A coat of arms of the United States, mad* of
gold or gilt metal, or dull finish bronze, to bo worn
on the collar of the dress, service, or white coat,
placed at a distance of one inch from each end of
the collar. To be followed by the letter "V" made
of the same material, to designate United States
volunteers. When worn upon the dress or white
uniform the coat of arms will be of gold or gilt
■metal. When worn ujion the service uniform it will
be of dull tironze metal.
Adjutant General's Department— A shield of gold
or gilt metal.
Inspector General's Department— Gold or gilt
sword and fasces crossed and wreathed.
Judge Advocate General's Department— Sword and
pen In gold or gilt metai. crossed nnd wreathed.
Quartermaster's Department— Sword and key
crossed on a wheel, suemounted on a spread eagle,
of god or gilt metal platinum and enamel.
Subsistence Department— A silver crescent, one
half Inch between cusps, cusps to the rear.
Pay Department diamond, three-quarters of an
Inch by one inch. In gold or gilt metal, placed with
shorter diameter vertical.
Medical Department— A caduceus, of gold or gilt
Corps of Engineers— A silver turreted castle:
Ordnance Department — and flame, of gold or
grllt metal.
Signal Corps— Two crossed signal flags and a
burning torch, in gold and silver.
Offlcers of the Record and Pension Office— silver
trefoil within and partly upon a wreatb of gold or
gilt metal.
Professors and assistant professors of the United
Etates Military Academy— Shield and helmet, sur
mounted by a. scroll. In gold or gilt metal. accord-
Ing to pattern adopted.
San Francisco. Aug. I.— The serious earth
quakes which have occurred in the last few
days at various points in Santa Barbara County
have aroused the Interest of scientists. The re
gion is full of oil and asphalt deposits and for
years has been the centre of an earthquake
area. There are smoking fissures on hillsides
near Los Angeles which are locally called vol
canoes, but have never emitted anything ex
cept smoke. Many years ago the Santa Tnez
Mission in this district was destroyed by earth
quakes. It is believed that the shocks are due
to the contraction of the earth's surface over
asphalt or oil beds. The peculiar twisting mo
tion which characterized the latest heavy shock
puzzles the scientists.
What Is probably the largest tree in the world
has been discovered high up In the Sierras in
Fresno County, on the property of a lumber
company. It Is a sequoia and six feet from the
ground measures 154 feet 8 Inches in circum
ference, which gives it a diameter of more than
fifty-one feet.
The electrical decorations for the coming en
campment of the Knights of Pythias -vhlch are
now being installed will be by far the most
elaborate ever seen here. Market-st. from the
waterfront to Tenth-st.. a mile and a half, will
be a series of flaming arches.
The heat warped and battered four masted
British ship Pyrenees, saved by Captain George
Potter after she was abandoned by her master
and crew on Manga Reva Lagoon. In the South
Pacific, arrived here this week. Fire was dis
covered In the Pyrenees in mtdocean, and there
was a race across the Pacific to Pitcalrn Island,
where Captain Bryce expected to beach his
vessel. The surf was so high, however, that no
landing was poßßible. and a passage was niade
to Manga Reva. There the iron hulk was left.
After the vessel had been beached the wreck
was sold at Papeete for $l.'><>o. and Captain
Potter, in the face of great difficulties, repaired
the ship, took her to Papeete, and then sailed
her to this port. It will coßt much to repair
the Pyrenees, but she is still stanch, and may
have many more years of usefulness.
Chief of Police Wlttman has iesued orders
that the police must drive the highbinders and
professional blackmailers from Chinatown, who
live by levying toll on rich merchants and fallen
women. As several thousand Chinese are ab
sent working In canneries and orchards, the
highbinders have been driven to exact unueual
ly heavy sums from merchants, and the latter
have protested to the police. These highbinders
all go heavily armed, and most of the grave
crimes in Chinatown are due to them.
At the Bummer school of the University of
California, which has Just closed. 829 students
were in attendance from twenty-four States and
Territories. No leps than 12<> came from outside
of California; three were from China, two from
Japan, two from Argentina, four from Hawaii
and four from the Philippines. Of the scholare
enrolled s<>3 were graduates of colleges or sec
ondary srhools. and 510 w*re teachers; 397 were
men and 4.'C women.
Thomas W. Haskins. "03. University of Cali
fornia, has been appointed <»s student inter
preter in China under the United States Min
ister to China. For two years Mr. Haskins and
Julian H. Arnold, 'o"_\ University of California,
will devote themselves to the study of Chinese
in order to fit themselves as interpreters in the
American Legation and consulates in China.
A remarkable sale of real estate was made
a few days ago when 94,606 wns paid a front
foot for a small lot Jn California-st., near San
some, adjoining the New- York Mutual Life In
surance Building. This fancy price was due
probably to the desire of the Mutual Life to
secure the lot for an addition to its building.
The appointment of John R. Hitchcock as
assistant to general manager of the Santa Fe
lines on this coast raises to this important po
sition a railroad man who is not yet thirty
years old. Hitchcock has been in the employ
of the Santa Fe more than twelve years, ssari
ing as a boy, and has mastered ail the detaila
of the work.
From The Chicago Tribune.
Th« Dog-Faced Man— How did the «rtan.«Bs art
when you chucked her under the chlnr*
The Living Skeleton— She seemeT to be highly
(Second Article.)
you have gained Ilia day.
This is the last of the Florida games in my
list. Eastern readers will in all likelihood re
quire a definition before understanding the first
line. "Levy" is a word written phonetically ia
order that the local pronunciation may be pre
served. It rhymes with "heavy," and is the
term applied in the Middle West and South to
that portion of a river's hank upon which
steamboat freight is piled. That it is also used
as a playground in Florida would seem to be a
natural inference from the text, which is a
variant of a game familiar to the sidewalks of
New-York. Here it is known as "Go round and
•round the valley," and the words, sung to a
melody almost Identical with the Floridian. are
as follows:
1. Go 'round and 'round the valley.
Go 'round and 'round the valley.
Go 'round and 'round the valley.
As we are all so gay.
2. Go in and out the windows, etc.
3. Go back and face your lover, etc.
4. Such love have I to show you, etc.
"Walking on the Levy" is a little more elab
orate in the performance than the New-York
game. The players form a ring with a lad (or
young man) in the centre. The ring moves
around during the first verse. At the second
verse the words of which are identical in the
two songs, the ring stands still and the player
in the centre winds in and out under the clasped
hands of the singers, which are raised for that
purpose. The remainins verses run as follow?
and accompanying each are the actions which
are invited by the words:
3 Stand up and face your lover, etc.
A I measure my love to show you. etc.
5 My heart and hand I'll give you. etc.
6 I kneel because I love you, etc.
1 It breaks my heart to leave you. etc.
At the third verse the actor in the ring
chooses his partner, and the two stand facing
each other; at the fourth he puts his hands to
gether, then throws them apart, measuring
whatever distance he wishes to have looked
upon as indicating the extent of hia affecnon
CJls 'cordin' to his love,' as the Crackers say
writes Mrs. Pyrnelle); at the fifth he places his
hand on his breast in the cardiac region and
then extends it toward the chosen one. repeaUng
the gesture In time to the music till the *t*M
ls ended; at the refrain ("For you have gained
the day") he leads the lassie to the centre or
he ring; at the beginning of the sixth he kneels
before her. .till holding her hand but at the
end he leaves her and takes his place in the
ring; during the seventh verse the lass remains
aione in the ring- The song is then resumed
from the beginning, and the lassie chooses her
lover from among the lads.
From a lady in Washington. D. C I received
the words of a game from that city which ls
evidently performed in « much the same man
ner. It is played by both black and whit, chil
dren, but the inference Is plain that its author
ship is negro.
1. Go 'round the farmer,
Go 'round the farmer.
A long summers day.
2. Go choose your partner,
Poup-de-addy. etc.
X Shake han.'.s with your partner.
Poup-de-addy, etc
(During the third verse the ring goes rapidly
to the right while the players in the centre
shake hands violently).
4. Go dance your fail.
Soup-de-addy. etc.
(The players in the ring clap their hands.
those in the centre cut capers, dance the pigeon
wing, etc ).
Through Mrs. Wiliiam Brur-e King. Washing
ton's most enthusiastic mueic patron, and her
self an admirable pianist. I obtained some years
ago a number of games played by children In
Xew-Orleans. Mrs. King's informant was a dis
tinguished member of Washington's society dur
ing the Cleveland administration, who had been
born and brought up In New-Orleans, but c»me
of Northern stock. To this latter circumstance
I attribute the fact that among the games which
she was able to call to mind were sevtral that
are familiar In NVw-England and the Middle
State?, such aa "Oats, Pease. Beans"; "Chick
any. Chickany. Crany. Crow"; "Here Comes a
Lord Out of Spain" (a game known in one form
or another 'he world over, and presenting a relic
■if marriage by purchased, and "Oreen Grave!."
Three of the games, however, were evidently
native to their environment, at least Jn name,
melody and text. The first is that to which
I have giv*n the title II a pass£ parlci." of
which text and music are as follows:
The aunt of my Informant, an old lady of
eighty, said that she used to play this game In
her childhood In Charleston. S. C. and opined
that it was of Huguenot origin. A finger ring
is placed an a string and slipped along from
hand to hand by a ring of players.
A player (who is "It") runs about inside the
ring and tries to locate the ringer ring In the
hands of one of her companions. If successful
the detected one becomes "It" and the first
player takes a place In the ring. The song pro
ceeds during the hunt, and the words are calcu
lated to confuse the hunter after the rjng. "It
runs, it runs! It has passed here! It has not
passed here!"
This is an extremely pretty and graceful vari
ant of a number of games of search familiar In
other parts of the country. Mr. Newell de
scribes one very lilt- it which he derived from
Georgia. The children ait In a circle, with hands
closed; one takes a ring and goes around with
it. tapping the closed ftHta of tlie players as if
Inserting the ring, and saying: '
Biddy. Hlddy. hold fast my gold ring. i
Till I go to London and come back again.
Each child in turn ia then required to guess
who has the ring:, and. if successful, takes the
leader's place; If unsuccessful, IM pays for- '
feit. This is known In Mas«achua«tt| and also
In Ohio and elsewhere as "Hutton, button, who's »
got the button?" In Ohio ther* was a different
formula to accompany the placing of the hut
ton, the leader holding it between the palms of
hia hands whkh he moved through the palms of
the other players while repeating the injunc
tion. •'Hold fast all I give, you." Another form I
of the question is. "Fox. fox. who's got the '
box?" In England, says Mr. Newell, the game I
goes: j
My lady's lost her diamond ring. \
I pitch on you to liml It.
Mr. Newell also describes another game of ''
the same order/which has 'still riok of a poet- j
ical Jingle to commend it. A ball la concealed
with one of the children In the circle. "Between
the ring and the questor there then ensues a.
dialogue, as follows :
My lady. Queen Anne.
She sits in the sun.
As fair as i lily.
As brown as a hun.
The kin? sends you three: letters and bids you
read one.
The questor- ansv.-ers:
I cannot read one unlcs3 I read all. —
So pray, Mr. (or Miss) . deliver the ball.
If the person named has the. ball the queator
exchanges places with him <.r her: if not he con
tinues as before. In England a rhyme is given
for the ir.uer case:
The ball is mine, arsd none of thine;
So you, proud queen, jnay sit on your throne.
aUe we., your messengers, go and come.
P'tlt mouton a son queue coupe.
•Tit mouton a son queue ccups. '
Cha po" tit Bomba.
This is the formula, given by nxy New-Orleans
informant, which is suns? during the game which.
all English speaking peoples know as "D- p the
handkerchief." The chlkir^n sit on the ground
in a circle while one runs around behind them
with a knotted handkerchief (the> "sheep' 3 tall"
of the jingle >. This, she drops presently benind
one of the other players*, who. or, at*. HBk| it.
must give hase to the one who has dropped it.
Unless she manages to overtake the latter before
she slips into the vacated place, \the chaser be
comes It." Unfortunately I have-ihus far been
I unable to get the melody to whicb^the lyric for
| mula is sung. There is also an unsolved mys
tery in connection with the last line. The words
are plainly Creole patois, of which pretty Jargon
\ my informant was ignorant. I venture the In
! terpretation "Cher pauvre petit I Bomba," or,
! phonetically, as a New-Orleans tnegro would
have it. "Che' po' 'tit Bomba"— but» "Bomba" ia
utterly bewildering. i
Of this song game I have received the -wotus
and melody, but no description c£ how it was
If it was. or is. an outdoor game, it would ail
be a violent supposition that it may be of kin
to the game known to all American boys (and
many girls, too. for that matter), as "PrimMfe
Base " or "Prisoner's Bars." In that case 99
i might then go a step further (students * ralk
| lore know that such a proceeding would run v
all be a violent one), and see in the gam* &
survival of one which Froissart named as an>o«g
i the pastimes of his childhood more than Urn
! hundred years ago: "Aux barres." But this is
the merest speculation.
This game is not relevant to the title of tbefv
articles. I make room for It. nevertheless, be
cause Mr. Newell does not print its melody, and
also because of the large number of varianis
which have come under my notlca. Here ia the
I form which I learned in Northern Ohio Man
than a generation ago:
This is practically the same as the first of
| Mr. Newell's versions, which, however, ■*••
I with the line "Because I wanted you." From
i Massachusetts he quotes the song aa fellow*
The needle's eye
You can't pass by.
The thread it run* so true:
It has caught many a seemly las?.
And now it has caught you.
A lady in Blue Hill. Me., gave me her meraor*
of the last two lines as:
I have raugiit many a smiling lass.
And now I have caught you.
A lady in Enplewcod. N. J., w". -c childhood
was passed in Maine and Vermont, wrote down
her version thus:
Th« needle's eye
It is so small.
It carries the thread quite true;
It hath caught many a swain before.
And now it hath oanght you.
And they look so neat
And they kies so sweet.
I do believe before we part
We'll make this couple meet.
Barring the kissing feature, the game in tae
performance is first cousin to "London BrWg^
Open the gates as high as the sky
And let King: George and his army pass by.
A boy and a girl, standing face to face, malt*
an arch of their h*nds and arms, which d#
scend at the end of the fifth line and Imprtoi*
one of the procession ot players who wallc
through the arch, keeping step with the music.
If the player thus captured be a boy. he kisMS
the girl whose arms hold him: if a girl. ebe
must give a ki?s to the other side of the arch.
It will be observed that la the Ohio version pro
vision is made for the sex— "lass" and •beau,"
"pass" and "go." Frequently the procession i>
•ent through the arch in couples, and then tia
captured pair do 'all the kissing. H. E. K.
The NaUiorvaJ Faunae by
Conservatory ««& jßAxswrtß it
OI MUS'C Of rkart«r«d h/IJK VI
America. " p * cUU * ct of OW!Bri * ' ■}•
| * ■ . 12A East mi» «t . N«w Terk.
Mme. Louise Hdlcombe,
STUDIO. 4 W. r."O ST.. ore door nr».«t of ati> A^ • w
co.NcKKf i>i»M>r. composer .v rtuHl*
(C«ml-njonth'.y lcctu'<»- musicals.)
Sen.l for Preu notices, etc. 1 \V«st 104 th St. _<m
• ■i-.. fifth AVgygs. ' . ,
MlWllll .-!\.;ERS invited to sins with th« -"*"'• '
i -* 1 *- g^oni^ at Ocaan Grove. An?. Si^fc. SP^U I "^"L :=
i Addrf«3 T \ [.I C3E.V MOKGAN'. Qcean Grove. «*» J - -J.l.^
:El T«mp:e reside & Studio. 133 West »<MtH 9«-_^. ,
• ' Art ol sla«lnc: manner course. 240 8-* AY * I

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