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New-York tribune. (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, November 23, 1902, Image 31

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83030214/1902-11-23/ed-1/seq-31/

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hawk Is keen, and the weight when swung with
momentum would be considerable. Like all
Indian pipes, it has no mouthpiece.
Another is peculiarly a war pipe, a tomahawk,
ene of the most familiar and terrible weapons
•f the red allies of the conflicting whites in the
Colonial wars of America. This pipe belonged
to Clota Hunka Tanka. the great leader of the
Sioux wax parties.
The doctor's collection of Indian pipes em
braces specimens from the Sioux, Tuscarora,
Qatawba. Alaska. Pequot. Haida. and Winnipeg
tribes, and one or two that no one has been able
to place.
The materials from which those pipes are
made are very diverse. They are wood, clay,
bone, horn, ivory, cork, stone, slate, earthen
ware, porcelain, metals, carbon, vulcanized rub
ber, plain rubber, glass, iron, brass, corncob,
bog cak. boxwood, cocoanut. Ivory nut, gourds,
paper, asbestos, soapstone, lava, olive wood from
the Mount of OUves; champagne cork and wal
rus tooth.
The longest pipe in the collection is 5 feet 6
Inches in length; the shortest is one inch; some
would hold a pound or more of tobacco; some
not more than two grains.
A curious thing in the collection is a speci
men from Alaska. It is of wood, an empty
spool through which a hole has been burned.
This spool is fitted on a piece of wood which
has been hollowed in two parts and bound to
gether with a leather thong. Hut it is not as
distinctive a pipe, save in showing the ingenuity
Of the rude craftsman, as one which is of bane.
and covered with a series of pictures represent
ing trees, men and other objects. These recur on
both sides, one side being added to by boats. All
this is carved on the surface, and there is no
doubt that it is a connected account of some ex
pedition. Many of the pipes have this marking.
Among the most remaikable figures j n the
Roman Catholic clergy is Prince Maximilian of
Saxony, who some ten years ago forsook the
court of Dresden and the army in which he
was serving as an oliiccr of a crack cavalry regi
ment in order to enter the priesthood. For sev
eral years after his ordination he made his
horue Is the Whitechapel district of London,
■working unobtrusively as a missionary in the
slums, few being aware of his rank and [entity.
Subsequently be held a curacy in one Of the
churches of Nuremberg, and he is at present
professor of canonical law and of liturgy at
the great Catholic University of Fribour^, in
Switzerland. He lias persistently declined all
the honors proffered to him by the Vatican, and
has also refused any ecclesiastical appoint
ment i:i the- dominions of his father, Kir.;;
Ccorge of Saxony, fearing that his usefulness as
a priest there might be impaired by the fact
that he was the son of the monarch, and as
Eucb hedged In by that etiquette which en
virons the members of the reigning house.
This will go to show the earnestness of pur
pose, the profound religious faith and the Bound
common serjse of this royal priest, who has
achieved some celebrity of late as a pulpit
orator. The sensation may therefore be im
agined'which was created when, preaching the
other day at Stuttgart, he wound up his dis
coun-e by declaring that the Holy Church
should confine itself to fighting for the faith
and abandon its aspirations for temporal power.
The theme of his sermon was the story of the
Maccabees, and after denouncing as a fatal
error their endeavors to secure political power
be declared that their fate should constitute a
warning to the Chorch.
The prince's utterances, which thus far have
not been repudiated or condemned by the Pon
tifical authorities at Rome, or even by the
Roniaji Catholic hierarchy of Germany, give rise
to the question as to whether the time has not
come at last for the abandonment by the Papacy
tit its demands for temporal power as an article
•f Catholic doctrine ao;l religious dogma, not
alone ii : ily, but also abroad. M»-mb«»rs of
the Roman Catholic Church throughout the
world are taught that temporal sovereignty is
indispensable t . the Holy Seat, and that th.' re
fusal uf the Italian Government to restore to the
Papacy those territorial ; na which it
owned prior to 1870 constitutes not
of usur] Ltion but likewise of calling
for the i ondemnation of the faithful thro i
the civilized universe. In fact, it h.is been part
av.tl parcel <>f the t< hing of the Ri
:■:.,- cfcui h for the last thirty years that the
: ition of the temporal so* of the
Pope i a sine qua non to the welfare of the
Chur h, and Prince Maximilian of Saxony Is the
first <-< lesiastic of that denomination who has
I mcd himself in favor of the
it of this doctrine without Incurring
disciplinary measures of a most drastic charac
ter on the part of the Ron . Curia.
While Raman Catholics abroad are naturally
in favor of the Papacy remaining entirely inde
pendent of the Italian Government, sim-e it
would tend to Impair the spiritual authority of
the Holy Feat were ere any suspicion that it
was subservient to the government, and conse
quently an instrument of Italian policy In in
ternational affairs, yet there is no reason for
insisting that hostility to the Italian King and
to his government should be part and parcel of
the religious faith. And In these days of in
creasing enlightenment and education It will
not be possible much longer to force the intelli
gtnt members of the Roman Catholic Church
in non-Italian countries to accept the belief that
it is necessary to take part in the conflict be
tween the Vatican and the Quirinal In Italy,
and t ■ i declared foe of the Kini; I I
It;tl> aa now constltui l. ■ be a ru«
i hui '..
Peoj ; inti lere 1 *
"f i; -\ mini : t pr< \ ail, I re tht
v Ishes ■:" the iit izi na dominate th • /
t that King
toi i •■ ■: ■ • lei hoi Is the I
Papacy n ■ . l >•> much by right ».
■ . ■ c. the popu
i.l. .1 upon i" I S 7»> to v.>u
il i remain subj( c tern
■ the Pontiff or transfer us
■ ■ . : tters to the Xi I
Thp |l- !■:- ;;•■ was overwhelminglj in
; ■ • !ro« ii, an 1 th< people ■'
Rr.me and of the former Papal don nions n.
h . • n of their own accord the form
of government which thej preferred, aii'l which
has been recogi ill the foreign power*
for the last thirty years or more, it is l
Ing more •. I • liffleult to ■ '
Catholii abroad that disapproval of the exist
mdil lon of .:f . : and a demand upo <
Italian <!< vernhn nl foi tl i of 1: '
to the I 1I 1 !■•■ >■• 1 a restoi itlon of the tei
powei to th- Holj Se a '
Tli • independence of the Papacy and its fre*
tlom from all Interference by the Italian Gov
ernment are of course indispensable, as ■ hay«
stated above, I'.ul that Independence the H->l>
Seat already enjoys by virtue of the Law ol
Guarantees, which has boon strictly i.bseived
by th«» Italian Government since Us enactment
more than thr lecades ago. Temporal sover
eignty i* not necessary to the !•.,..>■ : fur its In
; •■;.!:. iii matters spiritual throughout th«J
Catholic world. That independence can be .ul
is safeguarded by the ex-territoriality which
the Holy Seat now enjoys. Thus, according to
Article IX of the 1... v. of Guarantees, the I' i>«
Is "free t-> fulfil all functions of his spiritual .ui
thority." Article VII declares that no Italian
official, judicial or otherwise, shall have any
right to intrude into the l'..i>.- - palaces unless
authorised by the Pontiff, the conclave or by
an fcumeiik-al council." Article X provides
for 'the freedom from molestation by the gov
ernment authorities of .-.-. 1.-siasti.-s officially in
Home attendant on the acts of the PonthTa
spiritual ministry." 1 Article VI i I forbids '•"'
rial judicial or administrative visits, perquisi
tions or seizures of papers. . ;-• . in any of the
Pontincal congregation*, invested with purely
spiritual functions. 1 ' Aui. 1-XU accords to the
1',.;.. his OV» II postal and telegraph service,
without interfer. net-; tax or charseV: In Article
XIII it is provided that ' in i: me ar.d in its sis
Suburban sees, ecclesiastical institutions for the
education of priests shall not be interfered with
by ,1,.. scholastic authorities of -,:.■■ Italian King
dom." According to Article XV. bishops*! al
though paid by the government, are not rvauire I

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