Newspaper Page Text
ACADEMY OF SIC -1C— 8 :10— Ninety and Mr.
AMERICAN THE>TF.U— 2 — *— Kidnapped-
I?ELA9CO TnEATKT:— 6— du Harry.
BIJOU THEA.-K.i- - i.-v— The MocKirr Bird.
BROADWAY TKB/TRE— S-The Silver Slipper.
CASINO — R:l3 — A Chinese Hii») moon.
CRITERION THEATKE— <»— Iris.
DAT/TS THEATRD— ?:io— A Country Girl.
EDEN UVSV.Er- 2— — TT.e World In Wax.
EMPIRE THEATRE— «:2O— Imprudence.
■FOURTEENTH STREET THEATRE—*-- Old Urr.erlclc
Tr -A !.
OARRICK THEATRE— I -" T!ie Stubbornness of Geral
OAP.DEN* THEATRE— C :3C>— Amor.* Those Pr«aent.
HARLEM OPERA HOUSE— Th( Joy of Llvln*
HERALD SQUARE THBATRE— A Cigarette
Maker's Romance ar.l n<-u?et rte L'lEle.
IRVING PLACE THEATRE— ViO— AH Heidelberg.
KEITHS— Iu:3O a. m. to 10:30 v- m.— Cci lirsuous Per
KXICXEr.BGOKER THEATRE— Sherlock Holmes.
MaIjT.SON SQUARE THF.ATRI! :30 — Audrey.
34ANHATTAN THEATKE— h— Man of Magdala.
MENDELSSOHN HALl>— 3— Piano Recital—B:ls—Con
MRS?. OSSORNS PLAYHOUFE— B:4S— Fad ana Folly.
HUB RAY HILL. THBATRE— i— Merry Wive* of
NEW SAVOY THEATRE— S:2O— Carrots and a Country
NEW-TORK THEATRE— P-15— 5a!!y in Our Alley.
PASTOK'S — C<-,ntlnu..us Performar.ee.
ifRIXCEVS THE\rRE— The Night of the Party
I'ROCTOR'? — Contiru'nin Performance
BT. NICHOLAS GARDEN— 2— !>:3u— BoMock's Great Ani
VICTORIA— »:15— The Eternal City
WALLA CK"S THEATriE— S/iO— The Crlfis
TVEFT END THKATHIi-v-Are You a Ma*on?
3nlicx lo OVDnrrnscmcnis
Pag*. Co].! Page. Col.
Amusements 14 5-<llrstn:<-t|r>:i ....1" 2
Aue BUM Financial. 13 2Lost 10 I
Autumn Reports . 10 3 Marriage* & Deaths.. '.) 6-6
Banker* & Broken.. 3 Miscellaneous It 2-6
Tloara & Rooms 10 5: Notice of Summons... ."> 8
Book Bargains lit 2 Ocean Steamers. ...... ."> .'•
RuElntss Chanrec 10 2. Proposals 13 4
< ■Street Cleaning . . 10 3 Pawnbrokers' Sales. .10 6
City BjoMla ...10 8 ! Pianos & Organ*.. . . 10 I
City Property for Pub: !c ..... .*. C
■sic 13 • RtUroadi 11 5-4
Dividend Notices 13 i Keal tate 13 5-6
Dom. Sit* Wanted. ..lo 7-8 Real Estate Wanted. .l 3 6
Dane'nK Academies.. 10 1! School Apene>s 10 S
Dreesmakltiy 10 4 Special Notices 9 6
Employ. Armeies . 10 3 Steamboats 13 4
Excursion? II <} ! Surrogate's Notices... 5 5-6
Financial Meeting*. .13 4 !?tora*e Notices 10 5
Financial 11 .".Teachers 10 S
Financial 13 2 Tr'bune Subscription
Foreclosure Sales IS «' Rates 9 6
Furnished Room* ...)<> 4 'Trust Companies 13 *
Help Wanted 10 6 ■ Work Wanted 10 *• "
2VetD-?3ork Dttilv uribxmt
TUESDAY. NOVEMBER 23. 1902.
THE NEWS T77/.9 MORXiyG.
FOREIGN. — A strike demonstration In Ha
vana resulted in riot and serious fighting be
tween the strikers and police; two strikers were
knifed and eighty or more persons, including
several of the police, were injured; President
Palma said that property of foreigners would
be protected at all hazards. • - Ex-President
Rafael Iglesias left Costa Rica, sailing for New-
Orleans, his life In Central America having be
come unbearable since the revolution of last
May. == The House of Commons by a large
majority voted to accept the Brussels conven
tion providing for the abolition of bounties on
sugar. = De Rydzeweki. the Russian singer.
In Trhose room in Paris Mrs. Gore, an American,
died, was released from custody; at the instruc
tion of the United States Government Consul
General Gowdy named a commission of phy
sicians to make an autopsy on Mrs. Gore, and
report as to the nature of her death.
DOMESTlC— President Roosevelt spent most
of the day in conference with Republican lead
ers in Congress. = The application of the
Commercial Cable Company to construct a
transpacific line was approved by the Presi
dent. = a statement issued at the White
House explained that the appointment of Dis
trict Attorney Byrne, of Delaware, was made
on the ground of merit and not In recognition
of the Afldicks faction ===== The Salt Lake
City Ministerial Alliance adopted resolutions
protesting against the election to the United
States Senate of Apostle Reed Smoot of the
Mormon Church. ■ President Mitchell, with
Messrs. Darrow and Lloyd, of the Mine Work
ers* attorneys, went to "Washington by request
of Wayne MacVeagh. of counsel for the oper
ators; several of the independent operators came
to this city for their conference to-day with the
presidents cf. the coal roads; the independents
now take a more conciliatory tone; they expect
to make such terms with the coal presidents as
will permit them to join In the settlement of the
dispute. ===== Mr. and Mrs. Courtlandt Field
Bishop, of Lenox. Mass., will tour through A!
giers in an automobile this winter.
ClTY.— Stocks were irregular and active. =====
Commissioner Partridge, to chow the superiority
of the present two platoon system over the
three platoon plan urged by the policemen, mo
bilized 34S reserves at the Grand Central Palace
in an hour and a half. ■ ■ Charges of corrup
t ion were made to the Mayor in connection with
the condemnation of a site for Troop C's armory.
- . , It was learned that the will of Mrs. Ellen
Gore, who was shot dead in a Paris studio, was
!n the possession of a lawyer here, and would
be probated in this city. ■ . It was said that
a bill would be introduced in Albany this win
ter abolishing the office of Coroner in this city*
r== The State Railroad Commissioners gave
the Pennsylvania Railroad permission to build
Its proposed tunnel connections. =rr^- Mayor
Low appointed a commission of three to report
on improvements In the water supply. === A
postponement of two weeks was granted In the
Prudential-Fidelity merger. ■ A trolley car
beheaded a boy who was playing tag. ■ . . ■
Fifteen hundred union men were locked out by
the builders of New-Roehelle. Larchmnnt and
Pelbam Manor. == Seventeen descendants of
John I. Blair asked the New-Jersey Court of
Chancery to construe the will in regard to the
division of the property. — ■— J. E. Williams, a
New-York drygoods man. dropped dead in the
Pennsylvania station, in Newark.
THE WEATHER.— for to-day:
Rain, with fresh winds, veering east. The
temperature yesterday: Highest, 55 degrees;
lowest, 43 degrees. ,
TEE TRUE FUXCTIOX OF LABOR UJTIOVB.
It -was a creditable thing for President Eliot,
If he had reason to believe that his previous ut
terance on the labor problem had been misun
derstood, to return to the subject and explain
his views ax length in Epite of the Indecent
criticism of his recent remarks by men to whom
he was really more friendly than they had
thought. We do not suppose that in these days
of boycott and counter-boycott, of expulsions of
men from labor unions for doing their duty as
citizens, the labor agitators who have been de
no'incinir President Eliot for defending the
rights of the "scab" will be appeased by bis
exposition of the good points of labor unionism.
It was doubtless not his purpose to appease
them, but rather to make sure that his Influence
weighed in the right direction. He believes In
unions, and the notion that he is antagonistic to
properly conducted unions, fostered by the fury
"i the agitator* whose abuse of power he has
criticised, might do harm. It might stimulate
unreasonable opposition to unions.
Undoubtedly unions have done much to im
prove the condition of wage earners, and when
they are so managed that it Is possible for em
ployers to trust them and co-operate with them
they may fill a most Important place In the so
cial and Industrial system. For a number of
years until recently the unions seemed to be
gaining in moderation. Of late, however, rad
ical adventurers seem to have been gaining the
upper hand once more and disgracing organ
ized labor by such exhibitions of folly and bad
citizenship as have been seen In Schenectady.
The members of unions should take to heart
what President Eliot says. Let them devote
tbemeelres to securing adequate rewards for
faithfulness and efficiency instead of penalizing
them by their levelling process intended to en
able the poor end lazy -workman to get as much
as the good and diligent one. Let them work
to secure steadiness of work, fair compensation.
an old age pension system, better homes and
more sanitary surroundings.
Capital has combined and labor may well
combine as a wholesome check upon the ten
dency to destroy Individuality by turning in
dustry into one vast machine regardless of men.
But the labor combination must not itself set
up a machine equally fatal to individual human
rights. If It does our American freedom and
hope will be ground between the upper and the
lether maistcnes. President Eliot is on solid
ground when he protests against the limiting of
apprenticeships and the closing of the door to
honorable industry on the growing generation
Id the eclfleh attempt to monopolize the labor
market. The learned professions are vastly
more crowded than the skilled trades, but in
Ute former every encouragement Is given to the
beginners, nnd all the members, new and old,
base their hope of success oil showing expert
capacity. In the trades, however, superior abil
ity is discouraged As far as possible it is for
bidden to show itself, ami industrial conditions
are shaped for the benefit of the careless an i
inexpert. They must not be crowded out by
newcomers. Too high a standard must not be
set for them by other workers.
Labor union men themselves will not object
to President Eliot's demand that law and order
be upheld by the unions As an academic prin
ciple they all agree to this. The trouble is to
translate that academic principle into action
when an Issue is Joined. Of course, the unions
discountenance violence; but they defend the
union members who attack "scabs." Of course,
they want order maintained; but they consider
the National Guard an enemy for maintaining
it. If the unions will free themselves from
Chene faults they will be entitled to respect and
will have it. There is not the slightest doubt
that the American people in general sympathize
with the efforts of wage earners to rise In the.
world by any worthy effort. They will not,
however, endure to see individuality nnd the
chance of rising crushed out by a caste system.
Instead of alienating the people by narrow self
ishness and alliance with lawlessness, labor
unionists should identify themselves unmistak
ably with sound Americanism, which means
law. liberty and free opportunity.
MR. CLEVELAND'S LETTER.
No fair minded reader of Mr. Cleveland's let
ter to "The New-York World." printed on Sun
day in that journal and reproduced In our own
columns yesterday, will deny that it is credit
able to the ex-President and of general interest.
As we remarked with special reference to •••
letter which he sent to a Democratic gathering
in this city near the end of the recent campaign,
Mr. Cleveland is sometimes pleased to exercise
his faculty of imparting an appearance of deep
meaning to an utterance which is round on ex
amination to be merely perfunctory. But this
letter to "The World" is not a production of
that kind. It is an earnest appeal to his party
to make itself worthy of public respect In or
der that it may command public confidence and
regain control of public affairs. We do not con
sider it probable that if the Democracy should
accept his advice the results which he expects
would follow, but its credit would be raised and
its chance* improved.
Democrats who still support doctrines, meth
ods and leaders that Mr. Cleveland has opposed
will lind u<~> suggestion of retreat or compro
mise in his letter. He gives them clearly to un
derstand that he has not budged by alluding at
the outset to "outrageous attempts lately made
to represent" him "as Indorsing not only un
" Democratic policies, but men who have nu
"forttmately gained temporary Democratic noto
"riety." There can be no risk in assuming that
the Bryan-Tom Johnson school of statesman
ship is covered in that sentence, and we are
glad to suppose that it was likewise meant to
refer to David B. Hill, his demagogic coal plank
and his perfidious coarse of pelf-seeking. But
while Democrats who know that they will be
readily identified by his description will resent
It. and others of more respectable proclivities
but of timorous nature may wish that Mr.
Cleveland had been more concilia ton*, he is
right in declaring that the path lie point? out is
the only path of rehabilitation for the Demo
cratic parly We do not need to say that in our
opinion, and apparently in the opinion of the
country, the "heedless arrogance of th^ Repub
lican parry" is in reality an honorable confi
dence in its continuing fitness to direct public
affairs based on a fail estimate of its present
and past services— such confidence being quite
consistent with an acknowledgment of defi
ciencies and supported by a sense of obligation
to do still better hereafter. Bur inasmuch as
be is unquestionably sincere we shall not quar
rel with Mr. Cleveland because of his stereo
typed and unconvincing rehearsal of what he
conceives to be Republican defaults and of
The real importance of Mr. Cleveland's letter,
in the view of al! that is reputable in the Demo
cratic party, and In a wider view than that,
con.-i.-ts in the fact that it demands a decisive
rejection by the Democracy of the cowardly
counsels of expediency and a bold adoption of
a high moral standard. He expects the people
to discover that its aims and purposes are be
neficent, and therefore he looks for its ascend
ancy In the near future. We do not share that
expectation, and therefore do not accept that
forecast; but we should rejoice to believe that
the Democratic party was capable of reforma
tion and rehabilitation, a strong, honest and
patriotic opposition is not absolutely essential
at all times to good government and national
prosperity, as our experience has shown during
the greater part of the last half century; but
it does serve valuable purposes and is always to
THE AUSTRIAN IRON TRUST.
Current dispatches— such as that printed In
Sunday's Tribune— tell of the formation of a
preat iron and steel combination in Austria and
Hungary. These are a sequel to, or a comple
ment of. the article printed in these columns
last summer, in which we reported the efforts
which were then being made to form such a
combination and described in detail the prin
ciples on which it was to be formed and the
ends which it was expected to attain. That
which we then forecast is now fulfilled. The
organization has been perfected. It Includes
twenty-three separate concerns, comprising
every Important iron and steel mill or foundry
in the Dual Realm. We might add, as we said
last summer, that it also comprises practically
every potentiality of one, since its constituent
members own or control every important iron
mine in the two countries. It comes about as
near to being a complete monopoly as anything
of which the Industrial world has cognizance.
Concerning the object of this combination
there Is no uncertainty. It is to make money,
and to make it more abundantly. That, we
may say, is the object of every business under
taking. True, but there are differences in the
means through which that end is to be attained.
The average trust in this country alms to in
crease profits by lessening expenses and by
keeping prices more uniform. Some trusts
have. It is said, deliberately raised prices to the
consuming public. On the other hand, some of
the greatest trusts in various lines of business
have very considerably lessened such prices
while at the same time improving the quality of
their service. This Austro-Hungarian combi
nation makes no secret of its intention. It will
save money by reducing expenses, and It will
also Increase profits by raising prices. ' That is
openly proclaimed in advance. It means to
make iron and steel more costly to all who need
to use those commodities. In that respect it
will be a trust of the most unpopular kind.
It matters little what such a combination is
called. Some take pains to explain that it is
not a trust, but a "cartel." The latter term is
a favorite one In Austria and Germany. It has
long been applied to the beet sugar rings in
those countries. "Syndicate" is tbe word used
hi France. Juliet's observations upon the rose
are entirely apposite. Cartel or syndicate or
trust, it Is all the same. Its alms are the alms
of the most extreme trust. Its ways and means
are those of the most ruthless trust. Its plan
of organization is that of the typical trust. We
shall see what Its results will be. At any rate
the existence of it will cause Austrian denun
ciations of the American trust eastern to ring
NEW- YORK DAILY TRTBFXE. TUESDAY. NOVEMBER 25, 1902.
bopelensly hollow. rhe ••.trtcl must aot <-all
tbe trust Mack.
AS TO HOUSE MMllLL'y.
A few years ago the local government of this
city ordered the renumbering of the houses on
a certain street of the Borough of Manhattan.
The rule was complied with, and at least one of
ihe residents of the street adorned his house
with numerals of a somewhat elaborate and
decorative pattern. Within a year thereafter
the same local government reversed itself and
ordered the old numbering restored. That one
citizen declined, delas r ed, or, at any rate, failed.
to remove the new number from his house and
to replace the old one. Thereupon, after wait
ing for nearly two years, the city brought suit
against him for having his house improperly
numbered, and lost the suit.
The Incident— without the slightest reference
to the intrinsic merit.-; uf the case— is a supc
gestlve oue. As we understand it. the object of
ihe municipal ordinance is to cause every house
in the city to be correctly and legibly numbered
so that if may be readily and accurately iden
tified. That is a laudable object. It ought to
be attaiued. But if it is to be attained by the
bringing of suits against all citzens whose
houses :ire not properly numbered, it is high time
for the Corporation Counsel to appoint aoout a
hundred assistants for the express purpose of
prosecuting delinquent householders. For there
is u<» exaggeration In saying that a large major
ity of houses iv this city are not properly num
bered. There may be few which bear wrong
numbers, as in the case to which we have re
ferred, but there ;ire ninny which bear no num
bers at all, while legion is the name of those
whose numbers are for all practical purposes
illegible. There are innumerable houses which
bear numbers on au outer vestibule door, and
that door, from early morning until late nt
night. Is invariably so swung In against the wnll
that one must ascend the steps and enter the
vestibule in order to read the number, others
have the number so placed that at night it is
sure to be hidden in shadow, and there art
many other devices, widely practised, for ren
dering house numbers illegible and useless.
The argent need of =tre*»t signs at all corners
has often l>een emphasized. It is scarcely if
any less necessary to have houses legibly num
bered. At present a man often has to find his
way about town by counting the streets from
some one which lie happens to be abie to Iden
tity, until he reaches the one he wants. Still
mure often does one have to count the bouses
along a block, from the corner or from one
which happens to be legibly •numbered, until
by such process of numeration he reaches the
one of which he is In quest. Yet at a cost of 8
few cents each house could be permanently
numbered In a manner perfectly legible by day
and by night, from the sidewalk and from thn
roadway. It may be well to proceed again?',
houses with "'queer" numbers. It is certain
that something should be done about the thou
sandfold more numerous bouses tritb practical
ly do numbers at all.
The world is indeed becoming smaller. First,
exploration made all men acquainted with all
others. Then steam navigation vastly facili
tated and expedited travel and transportation.
Then the telegraph made, for purposes of In
terchange of thought, all nations next door
neighbors. Finally, or latest, for we know not
what yet may come to pass, the growth of in
dustries and commerce has caused all nations
to reach out in every direction, so that to
day whatever concerns one does in a measure
concern all. The Atlantic Ocean is mathemat
ically .is wide and deep as ever. But for" pur
poses of travel and transportation Its width is
now measured in days Instead of weeks; while
for purposes of communication it has been
practically annihilated. New-York and Lon
don are nearer together to-day than New-York
and Brooklyn were within the memory of men
now living and not yet grown old.
These circumstances, men say. impose upon
the powers new obligation, of International
courtesy and forbearance and consideration
That Is quite true, and it is true of other States
than those great ones which are commonly
called "the powers." The United States and
Great Britain and Germany and France are un
der increased constraints of friendship. But so
in proportionate measure are Venezuela and Co
lombia and Rumania and Bulgaria. The lessen
ing of space and time has brought them Into
closer contact with the rest of the world, just
as much as it has the larger nations. Time was
when the doings of a Francia or a Santa Ana
were of little account to the world at large, so
long as they were confined within the bounds of
Paraguay or Mexico. That time Is no more
Nations cannot now go by on the other side and
leave such men and States to their own devices.
The road has become too narrow.
"Noblesse oblige" Is an old and a true say
ing. "Independence oblige" Is no less true.
The possession of Independence Imposes ob
ligations which cannot be avoided -if the Inde
pendence is to be respected. It imposes the ob
ligation of behaving In a manner worthy of an
independent sovereign state, the obligation of
respecting the rights of all others under treaties
and under the common law of nations, the ob
ligation of peace and order. That is a lesson
which various States need to learn; Bulgaria,
for example, with her brigands, and Venezuela
with her explosive compounds of dictatorship
and revolution. If they do not learn it the re
sult Is Inevitable. The Independence which
does not fulfil Its obligations will cease to be
EDWUI FORRESTS OX PLATFORMS.
The profits of the local transportation lines in
Manhattan and The Bronx are now so hand
some that the companies could well afford to
employ competent teachers In elocution to train
the platform men to announce tbe streets ami
the stations so distinctly thnt every paitanger
in a car could hear tbe words. How wide the
range between the utterances of different
classes of conductors: Some of the men in uni
form talk out so plainly, with full voices, that .
there is no chance of mistakes among their !
bearer*. Others mumble over their culls as if
their throats were Btuffed with potatoes, and
no listener can understand what they are say- j
ing. Men who fail entirely in their duty in this
part of their work should Join the ranks of si
lent wage earners in other fields of usefulness
iv which they would rarely he required to ..pen
their mouths except for meals. There are many
departments of Industry where the toilers need
to do no shouting.
But if the thick-tonguod stumblers over the '
warnings to passengers of the "next stup" and
tbe like were asked why they make such a
mess of calling out the names and figures
which they are expected to vociferate plainly,
they might possibly reply after the fashion <>f
the nervous, distraught stase novice m the time
of Kdwin Forrest. That famous and robust
actor was rehearsing a local company In a
small town on one of his starring journeys
He always took great pains in rehearsals and
labored diligently to secure the best results.
This particular novice had a sentence or two
to utter in the play which Mr. Forrest was
about to 6et before the public. The renowned
tragedian Insisted that the unfortunate young
man should deliver his words with due em
phasis and discretion. The youngster bundled
and blundered. Forrest repeated the phrases
again and again. His frightened punil .could
not say them as the player thundered them out.
Forrest lost patience and, with threatening
mien :tnd blazing with rage, advanced uimju the
cowering mummer, :ip.i with a volcanic out
burst of Imprecations screamed m wrath: "Why
don't you say ii as 1 do?" The poor fellow,
scared alinosi oul of his senses, replied:
"Why. Mr. Forrest, ! gel only five dollars a
"week. If I uould say things as you say them.
■ would I be \\ here I am?" •
So of some of the men on the platforms of the
Manhattan and the Metropolitan. If they were
of the Daniel Webster and Edwin Forrest type,
ami had voices like the sounds of mighty waters.
they might be dramatic stars or political stump
speakers and no longer whisper in muffled
tones- "Move up in front, please.' and mis up
Amity-st. with Madison Square, to the dismay
and discomfiture of distressed wayfarers.
When the strike mania extends to little boys
and little girls in public schools no arbitration
is needed. The heavy hand and the slipper
of parental chastisement at home will speedily
suppress such outbreaks.
"The Evening Post" tells the truth and hits
homo when it declares that the hanging of
lynchers. North or Sou»h, upon conviction of
murder will put a stop to the crimes of cowardly
assassins who take the lives of victims who
have not had a trial, who have not been found
guilty and who may be Innocent. The remedy
is jus', there, and it will surely be effective.
Hang the lynching murderers and th°n there
will be no more trouble.
It is reported that Wardmnn Bissert has Red
across the ocean and has no Intention of re
turning. He can readily be spared from the
field of his activity here, a field which he as
suredly did not adorn.
In buying a snf> for the reception of the
America's Cup before It is won back Sir Thomas
Lipton exhibits the triumph of hope over ex
perience, and gives to the breeze a high flying
pennon of confidence which looks like locking
the stable door before the horse is put in it.
Th» orders of a Tammany boss to the Board
of Aldermen wore openly and avowedly neces
sary to prevent the "holdup" of even so impor
tant a municipal improvement as the Pennsyl
vania tunnel, which the city could well have
afforded to pay $20.000.0j0 for rather than
to lose it. In the evolution of our urban
government the sooner the Board of Aldermen
la shod. Hke the tadpole's tall, the higher the
residue of the organization will bp.
The death of Herr Krupp removes from the
field of earthly activity a man who undoubtedly
manufactured more artillery, a greater num
ber of deadly weapons of big calibre, than any
other individual ever ie<*n upon this planet. A
salvo of 16-!nch guns should be tlr^i abOTfl his
Th» wopk of th» Horse Show was one con
tinuous carnival for extortionate hackmen and
for waiters greedy for extravagant tips. In
no other time of the year is bo much money
prodigally (scattered for the enrichment of un
deserving drivers and the croesing of itching
palms in hotels and restaurants as in the brief
season in which the horse star Is blazing. Talk
at tho dof star! That does not count in com
THE TALK OF THE DAT.
ThOB Wen'worth Hlgglnson says: "For many
years It has been my strongest conviction In re
rpect to divorce that our statute books should
have a double system of laws In respect to chi'.d
lens marriage* us compared with those where the
interests of children were Included. In childless
marriages It Is the Interests of man and wife
alone which hav»> to be consulted, but the moment
children appear the question becomes Incomparably
more difficult. For childless marriages it seems
to me that divorce should be far easier: but in the
other case, the Interests of the next generation be
come the primary object, and the law should place
much greater obstacles in the way of separation"
At I It me to pass that the Sluggard, after
consulting the Sage from Sagevllle. heeded his
arivlee nnd went to the Ant for the purpose of ac
fjulrln* a Job lot of wisdom. But when he finally
arrived at th« hill where the Ant tolled eighteen
hours daily, he discovered a half-starved Ant
ep'er making a one-course dinner of the Ant col
"Verily." remarked the Sluggard to himself, as
he turned away In disgust, "if that Is the reward
of Industry. 1 shall continue to slug as hereto
The following titles appeared In a London book-
Shakespeare's Judith. Ed. by Black.
The Curtain Will Net Rise To-night. By Thorpe.
His Equals and Other Poems.
Paradii.^ of Burglars.
Four Wings and an Arm.
Harry Snoodle'a Masterpiece.
1 is In's Indecent Man.
Moses Hart's Twelve Masses.
Homer's The Ills He Had.
How i Roasted Moses.
WHAT THEY SHOULD HAVE BEEN.
Judith Shakespeare. By W. Black.
Thorpe's Curfew Must Not King To-nljrht.
Ezekler and Other Poems,
Burglars in Paradise.
Four Winds Farm.
Darwin's Descent of Man.
Mozart's Twelfth Mass.
How I Reached the Masses.
A Tsrrant County girl who Is attending school
in Fort Worth. a\s a Texas paper, wrote home
to her parents: "I am Just In love with ping pong!"
Th« Stem Texas father Is alleged to have said
when be heard It: "You can write and tell Ama
rillis Jane that if she is goinp to full in love with
any of th<.m blamed Port Worth Chinamen she
can just count on being cut oft without a cent."
Auntie (finding Jackie sobbing In a corner)— Why.
Jackie, what h;is happened to make you feel so
badlj this morning;?
.lack!. M ma m Isaed some jelly.
Auntli 11" hoi I see. And her suspicions Ml
upon you. eh?
.L.i kic— No, auntlo; It was her slipper.— Tho Bos
ton I lourl< r.
One of tho Newcastle journals, say "The T.or.don
Globe," publishes ■ sketch of Sir John Alrd under
the amazing titir-:
"The Man who Damned the Nile."
It Is this sort of thing which makes a man swear.
"1 wonder who made the first after dinner
speech?" ;< >k>>l the philosopher.
"Adam." replied the wise guy. promptly. "As
soon as he cot through with the core of that apiple,
he said, 'the woman tempted me," didn't her —
(Cincinnati Commercial Tribune.
It Is told of Bishop Williams, of Connecticut, for
many years Presiding % Hlshop of the Episcopal
Church in America, who lived all his life a bache
lor, that he was talking one day with a young
man from the West about a tax a Western State
was trying to Impose on bachelors, the tax to be
increased a certain per cent for every ten years
of bachelorhood. "Why, Bishop." said the young
man, "at your age you would have to pay about
$100 a year." "Well." said the Bishop, quietly and
in his oldtime vernacular, "It's wuth It."
One day while Pa;t was walking alone; the street
he caught sight of thfl bill. "Apartments Fur
nished," whereupon he boldly knocked at the door
Ii was opened by the landlady In person, and the
following conversation took place:
•That would you furnish my room for?" asked
"Furnish your room for?" said the landlady:
"what do you mean?"
"Why. you sot 'Apartments furnished" In your
windows," said Pat.
"Well, that means that I've got a room to let
already furnished!" 1 and she slammed the door in
his face, leaving Pal to think It over.— (London
A new type of automobile has been devised by a
German inventor. By friction wheels it in said
that the speed is regulated at a uniform rate. The
power supplied by the motor can also be regulated,
by a device by which the flow of gas can be In
crea&ed or decreased at will. The automobile is
very light, and It is easily governed, as It is said
that It can be completely controlled by two levers
one for each hand.
Heed and remember. O aspiring youth.
"Success In error means defeat in truth."
Better, by far. to linger at the base.
If to achieve the height means soul-disgrace'
— (Susi« M. Best, In Success.
About "People and Social Incidents.
AT THE WIIITK HOUSE.
Washington. Nov. -"» (Sp<?c!al).-The President
continued suadUy to-day his brief conferences
with Republican leaders in Congress regarding the
prospects fcr legislation which were outlined In
The Tribur.e this morning- Among his callers were
Speaker Henderson Chairman Car.non " the
House Appropriations Committee, Senators Alli
. on. Lodge. ''■■• krell Quay. Scott Elklns, Cullom.
wart, Fairbanks. Foster and Gibson. Represent
atives Hepburn. Babcock, McClelland P.outell and
Bi >wnlow. General Chaffce in foil uniform called
with Secretary Roo A a- •*'■'.< lined later by Gen
eral Corbin ComSlssiSlier Wright assured toe
President that the anthracite miners and oper
ators have about reached an agreement. The
strike commission w!!l nevertheless make a report.
The President said -day that he can make no
long trips away from Washington until next May,
when he will probably go to the Pacific Coast
The White House guests at present are Baron
and Bar cress Speck yon Sternburg, Mr. and sirs.
Strachey. Mrs. La Farge and Miss Helen Roose
velt. Miss Alice Roosevelt returned home to-night.
The President and Mrs. Roosevelt entertained at
dii neer Justice and Mrs. White, the Secretary of
War, the Attorney General and Mrs. Knox. Ad
miral and Mrs. Dewey, General Crosier, Baron and
Baronesa yon Sternburg, Mr. and Mrs. Strachey,
Captain and Mrs. Cowles. Mrs. La Farge and Miss
Tuckerman. The decorations were white.
Washington, Nov. 24 (Special).— The members of
the Cabinet will, as usual, spend Thanksgiving Day
at their Washington homes. The Secretary of State
and Mrs. Hay expect to hive with them their
married daughters. Mrs. Payne Whitney and Mrs.
Wads worth: the home of the • Secretary of the
Treasury and Mrs. Shaw will be gay with young
people, as their children will be here for the school
holiday*; the family of Secretary Root will be on
the ocean bound for home, and as Mr. Root and the
President are warm friends It Is likely that he will
be a guest at dinner at the White House. The At
torney General and Mr*. Knox 1 have invited a few
friends to a family dinner, and the Postmaster
General and Mrs. Payne will celebrate the day at
thoir hotel. The Secretary of the Navy will
probably eat his Thanksgiving turkey with a couple
<jf chosen friends at the Wdrden house, which he
leased a short time ago. The family of the Sec
retaryof the Interior are In mo jrning for Mr. Hitch
cock's brother anil will spend the day quietly at their
home in K-st Miss Wilson, daughter of the Secre
tary of Agriculture, always celebrates the holidays
In merry fashion, and will, is usual, have a few
friends to help rat one of ihe turkeys which the
Secretary will be sure to have sent to htm. along
with other good things, from his Western home.
THE DIPLOMATIC CORPS.
Washington, Nov. 21 (Special).— Charles M.
Ffoulke gave I dinner to-night in honor of M.
Cambon. The ambassador will be a guest at din
ner at the White House to-morrow night.
The Peruvian Minister and Seflora CaWeron
cannot fix the date of their daughter's introduction
to society until the legation house, into which they
recently moved, is completely furnished. Rapid
progress is being made, but «crac of the draperies
and works of art ordered from Europe have not yet
Viseond<? de Alte, the Minister from Portugal, has
returned to hi? post here. He spent th* summer
at Narragansett and the fall in travel.
The counsellor of the French Embassy and Mm*.
de Margerie have gone to North Carolina to spend
Thanksgiving with Mr. and Mrs. George Vander
bllt at Biltrr...re.
Sefiora de Quesada. wife of the Minister from
Cuba, will return to-morrow from a short visit to
Alexander Pavlow. th» Russian Minister to Corea.
whose marriage to Mile Dcs Planques, Countess
Cassini's guest, will take place in January. la vi?
iting Theodore Hanson, first secretary of the Rus
NOTES OF SOCIETY IN WASHINGTON.
Washington. Nov. 14. (Special).— Miss Satlie
Franklin Walnwiight, who was presented at a
tea this afternoon, is the daughter of Mr. and
Mrs. Dallas Bacba Wainwright and granddaughter
Of Capt.iin Ri^har^ Wainwrlght. commander of
Farra^ut's flagship, the Hartford. In the Civil
War. He fought under the great Admiral through
out the war. an!, it Is said, was the only man
ever known to receive a compliment from him for
gallant work. Miss Wainwright is a descendant
from Benjamin Franklin on both sides of her
Mr«. Cushman K. Davis has commissioned Che
valier Trentaneuve to execute a memorial statue of
her husband. Senator Davis, which will be un
veiled at Arlington in the spring.
Mr. and Mrs. Wayne MacVeagh will close their
purnmer home, Bronkfleld Farm, near Philadel
phia, in a day or two. and return to ;:.elr Washing
ton house. In Mas^achusetts-ave.
Mrs. Thomas Nelson Pa^e has cards out for
December 4. whon the will Introduce her youngest
daughter. Miss Florence Field.
Mrs. Charles M. Ffoulke has cards out for De
cember 1 from 5 to 7. to introduce Ml«s Gwendoline
AT THE OPERA.
1..- first performance at the Metropolitan Opera
Tfmise last evening marked the opening of the
New-Tort season in a most conspicuous manner.
The bouse was extremely brilliant. It was a trifle
cold perhaps at first, but it always warms up to
Mme. Earr.es. Th« unwritten rule of evening dress
at the opera, which New-York has been somewhat
slow in learning, except those who have boxes,
prevailed everywhere, and even in the very top
gallery men and women were thus arrayed, and
the house, when lighted up during the intermis
sions, presented a dazzling spectacle. It was a
late opera. Society did not muster until after 3
o'clock, and the parterre did rot take on its
splendor untl! after the third act. From the Goe'.et
box. at the extreme south, to the Julllinrd box. op
posite to it. there was an unbroken circle of gor
geously gowned worm The lew< li wre mas
nillcent. and the parterre may be said to have fur
nisi a brilliant md full representation of the
world of fashion of New-York.
Mrs. Astor. in black velvet, trimmed with lace,
and wearing a diamond tiara and a diamond neck
lace, occupied Boa No. 7 with her daughter-in-law,
Mrs. John Jacob Astor. the latter In a dress of
white satin and black chantilly trimmed with
mauve velvet, and wearing a diamond tiara. Mrs.
M. orme Wilson, near by. in box No. 3, was gowned
in blue panne velvet, while Mrs. Ogden Goelet. who
once more occupied her box. No. 1. was in white
satin, with which she wore a diamond tiara. With
her were her daughter Stay and her sister, Mr-.
Cornelius Vani!<-rl)ilt. the latter in white satin and
cream colored tulle, trimmed with silver spangles,
while MI'S Goele;'.« frock was of blue spangled lac-""
over white. Mrs. William Douglas S!o:i-ie. dressed
In turquoise blue velvet, occupied Box So, 17 with
Mrs. Hamilton McK. Twombly, the latter in pearl
gray satin, with shoulder straps of white roses an.l
a white aigrette in her hair.
Mrs Eldrldtre T. Gerry and her two daughters
were in Box No. C 3. Mrs. Gerry in white satin.
trimmed with black and white lace: Miss Mabel
(Jerry in pink satin and Miss JSMIVrs Gerry in a
frock of white satin and pa!o blr..-> chiffon. Mrs.
Robert Goelet'a box was oocopted by Mrs I'harU'S
Dana Gl'.i«on. in a gown of violet eivpe de chine.
trimm.vl with silver, while Mrs, Alfred G. Vander
bllt, wh" occupied her mother- ta-law*« ;>.'X. No. 31,
was dressed In white satin, trimmed with ermine,
and wore ■ diamond aigrette in hrr imr. the frock
vi Miss Theresc Iselln, who was v iih her. bring
of whit* 1 satin, trimmed with violet velvet ar.d
white chiffon. Mrs. Herbert Parsons, in coral
pink velvet, was with l-.er mother. Mrs. Henry
Clews, the i.iti< ; :■ i (own of mauve s.mn. while.
Mrs. r. B. Alexander, who was In a box near by.
wore ■ toilet of gmy satin, trimmed with lace.
Lady Algernon Gordon Lennox, in bright red
sntin. occupied a seat in the box of J. Pierpont
Morgan, whose daughter, Mrs. W. Plerson Hamil
ton. wi< in silver stay satin and lace.
Mrs. George Henry Warren. In Box No. 14. wore
a gown of blr.ek i et. embroidered in white chenille,
with red (towers in her hair and on her bodice.
Miss Barbey. with her two sisters, occupied Box
No. V). M:sst Barbey being in white satin. MtSS
I*\ .i Hartley in pir.k satin, trimmed with white
and Mrs. Alfred Beton, Jr.. in a gown of
li^ht blue velvet. Miss Eleanor lay. in ruse sati:i.
trimmed with rresm lace and pink silk rose petals,
mid with pink roses in her hair. was in
by with Miss Marlon Haven, the latter in white
tulle and silver spangles, wbili Miss »*red< ri -a
Webb in her father's boa, wore a fro.-k of white
rrfpe and tulle. Mrs. J. Stewart Harnoy. wkh
her mother. Mrs. Alexander Van Nest, was in Box
No 29. Mrs. Van Nest in silver gray s*tin. trimmed
with lace, while Mrs. Barneys gown: was of pink
satin and tulle.
"Mr* f Frederick Tarns, with Mrs Lloyd Bryee
and Miss Clare Bryce. were in Box No. 13. Miss
Bryce in white satin. Mrs. Tarns in black net over
white satin Jetted with green p«llette«. while
the toilette of Mra. Bryce was of silver gray riatin.
Mrs" Stanford White in white satin was in Box No.
9 with Mrs. Charles T. Barney, the latter In gray
satin and l;«c#. while Miss Amy Townuend. in Mrs.
James A. Burden's box. wa< dressed in black lace
trimmed w'lh black velvet. Mrs. Lucius Wil
merding. who was with her. was in pale blue satin
and chiffon. Mrs. James A. Burden. Jr . was in a
Lox near by in a toilet of green satin.
In Box No. lo were Mrs. C. Oliver Iselln, In white
satin and lac*, with her st-;>dauchter!». the Misses
lselir.. la pale blaa satin, trimmed with white lace.
Mrs. J. Norman is K. Whltehouse, Mrs. Lawrence
Wuterbury and Maa Polly Whittler were in i
Henry Smith's -Mrs. Whithouse in whit
satin, trimmed with lace: Mlsa Whlttier in whit*
satin, with pink panne velvet shoulder knots and
Mrs. Watertmrr hi pale blue velvet.
Among others present here Misa 'Lina Morton, la
the Levi p. Morton box. dressed in white liberty
gauze, with touches of pink: Mrs. Prescott Slade
in white satin: Mrs. Stephen H. O. Pell, in pal«
gray crtpe ami chiffon: Mrs. Wilbur Bloougood in
\iolet crepe de chine: Miss Da Forest, In gray vel
vet: Mrs Philip Ly.u^ who occupied a seat in the
orchestra stalls, and Mr*. James P. Kernochan it
garnet satin, trimmed with velvet of a darker hue.
OTHER SOCIAL NOTES.
A number of dinners were given last : .
connection with the opera. Among the hostesses
were Mrs. Astor. Miss Gurnee and Mrs. William J
SrbiPfreltn. who afterward took their guests to
"Otello." Mr* Astor (rives another dii.r.-r to
morrow nlpht at her house In Flfth-ave. prior to
the performance at the opera.
Mr. and Mrs. Alfred O. Vanderbllt leave town
to-day for Newport, and will celebrate Thanksgiv
ing at Oakland Farm, their place at Portsmouth
R. 1., where they will spend most of the winter
Mr. and Mrs. Pembroke Jones, who. like Mr. and
Mrs. A. G. Vanderbllt. were In town for the Horse
Show, have also left the city and gone to Airlie,
their place In North Carolina, taking with them a
large party for Thanksgiving. Their guests in
clude tv. K. Vanderbilt, Mrs. Stuyvesant Fish. J
Henry Smith. James Walters. 'Mrs. W. Rhinelaader
Stewart. Mr. and Mr*. Oliver Harrimar., jr and
Henry F. Eldrldge.
Many house parties are being given for Thanks
giving. Schuyler L. Parsons will have one at his
place at Islip. Long- Island, his guests Inching Miss
Cathleen N'eilson. Miss Dodge. Ernest \Tdin and
Reginald C. Vanderblit
In town. Thanksgiving dinners wiii be given by
Mr. and Mrs. R. T. Wilson, by Mrs. A. Hollan.l
Forbes and by Miss Delia Gurnee. srktte it Mor
ristown. X. J . Mrs. Lewis G Thebaud has a h<
dlnner dance on that evenirg.
Mr. and Mrs. H. McKay Twombi? returned la
town yesterday from their country place at Madi
son. X. J., and have opened their Louse. Xo. f»i
Fifth-aye.. for th season. Their daughter. Flor-,
-nee. is visiting her uncle and aunt. Dr. and Mrs.
W. Seward Webb, at Shelburne Varms, Vt.
February I Is the date arranged for the Charity
Ball in aid of the Nursery and Child's Hospital.
It will be held, as usual, at the Waldorf-Astoria.
Mr. and Mrs. Frederic Gallattn have opened their
town hou««\ N"o. €70 Fifth-aye.. for the winter.
They have been at Tuxedo the greater part of ths
Harry Payre Whitney returned to town on Sun
day from a five weeks* trip to Mexico and to th-j
mining districts of the West.
Mr and Mrs. Luther Kountze will return to town
from their country place at Mornstowr.. X. J.. cti
December 1. The marriage ft their daughter Helen
to Robert L. Livingston !r %et for December S> ia
Mr and Mrs. J. Harry Alexandra ha-» returned
to town from Shore Acres, their country place on
Statin Island, and are at their ■:■»- in West
Thirty-second-st. for the winter.
Mr. and Mis. Henri I. Barb-v are at Tuxedo for
a few days, but will return to town early next
Mr. and Mr?. W. M V Hoffman have returr»i!
to town from Tuxedo, ar.i are at th»!r house In
West Flfty-first-Bt. for the season.
Mrs. W. B. Parsons, of No. 505 F:f'h-ave . will bd
at home during the winter on Wednesdays.
Mr. and Mrs. Edward Lyman Short, who BBSm
been spending the summer at Marier. in Eo
nemia, have returned to town for the season.
Mrs. George Law. who returned to town from
Paris a few days ago. has leased an apartment at
the Majestic fur the season.
General di Cesnola. who has let his house 'i
East Fifty-seventh-st., will spend the winter with
his daughter at No. 661 Fifth-aye.. where he ha
taken an apartment.
Sir Tatton and Lady SyVces. the latter a da
ol the Rt. Hon. Cavendish Bsattnck and s:r
and Lady Waterloo, the tatter a dau
lat« William Hamilton, of this til board
the Campania, which is due here b
A number of weddings are scheduled for to-dar.
among them that of Miss Caroline Bolmont da
Saulles. whose marriage so Rudolph Deser.rr takes
place at South Bethlehem, Pen the cereraor.y
being performed by the Rev. Dr. Gilbert H. Ster
ling. Paul Degener will be his brother's best man.
while the bride, who Is a daughter of Mr. and Mrs.
Arthur E. de Saulles. will have no attendants at
In town at noon Ml?a Ju'.la Clark, daughter of
Mr. and Mrs. George Crawford Clark. wi.i be mar
ried to Horace Chase Stebbins in Grace Church.
Miss Edith Clark. Miss Marion Clark SB I Miss Ger
trude Sard, of Albany, will attend the bride. An
drew C. Sage will officiate as best man. while
William L. Cutting. George Crawford Clark, jr..
Wtnfleld S. Hoyt. Sherman Day. Err.e*t Adee ana
George and Robert Wrenn will act as ushers.
After the ceremony there will be a reception at
the West Thirty-seventh-st. hoot of the bndas
Cornelius X. Bliss, jr.. David Taylor. Georza
Moore. Edward T. Cockroft and Henry E. Owen,
Jr.. will be in attendance as ushers on Johan Jan
son, of Christiania Norway, when his n.arrUge ta
Miss Busts E. Owen takes place th:s afternoon^al
th Weal Ftfty-sixtii-st. house of Dr. and llrs.
Henry K. Owen, the parents of the bride. His*
Edith Owen will be her slsrfr'3 only attendant.
After th* ceremony there wiU be a reception. TU
young couple will make their home in Norway.
Among the company that s; :-.: the week end a *
the Chatsworth Club. Cfcatsworth. N. J.. •**• Mr.
and Mrs. John H. Davis-. Miss Mary Custis Lee ani
E. N. Tailer.
ITALIAN KINGS GIFTS TO CHARITY.
Rome. Nov. 21.— King \ "'tor Emmanuel has sig
nalized the birth of tise Princess Mafalda. who waj
born on November 13. by givir^ CO.OOO to tn .*
Foundling Hospital and S&SM to the free hospi
On the Kroonland. which arrived here yesterday
from Antwerp, were:
Miss Emma L. Dana. I Dr. aa<! Mr«. Gyul* ITlmaa
Miss Mary H. Dana. and family.
Mis. S. Frost. Mis- Hilda Koenis
Mis» N. Frost. illsa E'.*a Koeai*.
Mrs. Koenis. I
The Italian Line steamship Sicilia, which salU
to-day, will carry among others:
Herbert A. Davis. The R«v. D W. Zoo*.
The Rev. P. U Stanton. I Francesco G»rdel.».
Mrs. Frances Fuller Victor, who died recently M
Oregon, was known as the historian of the North.
west, being the author of a number of historical
works on Oregon. Washington. Idaho and Mon
tana. She was born in Rome. X. T.. In XSX and
was related to Chancellor Walworth. At the ; earij
age of fourteen she began to write fornei •»P^i£
and was a contributor of verse to The B-m*
Journal.- under the editorship of N. P. « ; "'t-, I J3
early poems and those of her sister were pubUsij**
in ISSL and her last work, also a volume of poems,
in 3* In the InterveniM half century she de.
voted herself cxiierly to historical subjects, belnl
the author of a dozen volumes..
W. .1. Chappelle, who died recently 1* Leaven.
worth. Kan . was manager of Ford's Theatre, at
Washington, when President Lincoln was assassi
nated, and was one of the first to reach the ?f,? r M
the wounded President. He was »* va! th
yars old, and had been in the show business^ Col
fifty years. He was buried at Great Bend. Perm*
where hia daughter resides
The new president of Oberlin College, the Rev. Dn
Henry Churchill King, has been connected wits
the Ooertta educational work for a number ■»
years. He was tutor in Latin, and afterward »
mathematics, In the Oberlin Academy: then a*.
nnrlrta professor of mathematics for six years ■
the college : then professor el philosophy for seven
years, and of theology and philosophy since IS-
He has been dean sin-,, last For many years M
has conducted, on Sunday mornings. » <:«f h £,*
normal Bible study, r.umbertng tn 7V'^ii It tl™t 1 ™
aria, mostly students, and has *' v 1 .lIJSJ. II JSJ
Harvard Summer School of Theology arid ma««
addresses at Nortnneld. He was graijua.ed a,
OberUn in IST9. and from its theological /*?«?£*
three years later. He then took a two years post^
graduate course at Harvard, and « u^ !ed i a the •"
University in Germany in 1593-M. He to. U»
thor of two books. "Reconstruction in Tnewasj*
and "Social Consciousness."