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LOWELL MASS IS PASSING THROUGH DEEP WATERS, BUT HER STRIKE TROUBLES HAVE THEIR PICTURESQUE SIDE FALLS OF THE MERRIMAC View taker, at the, spot where the water Is diverted for mill use. LOWELL'S LABOR BOYCOTT OF COTTON MILLS. MANY WHEELS STOPPED ON THE MERRIMAC GREAT STRIKE IN HANDS OF YOUTHFUL LEADERS. Lowell. Mass.. April 4 (Special).— Paxalyrls has succeeded activity in this manufacturing city. Fif teen thousand operatives are. idle; forty thousand men. women and children are suddenly without means of support. Silence has settled over the huge factories, set beside an Intricate maze of wind ing canals, recalling some Dutch city. The strike lias stopped th- BSUI wheels, whose vibrations reg istered the activity of the community. The bells that for BO many years have summoned thousands ©i men and -women to their daily toil are also rilent. Up and down the streets, as idle and as useless as the water in the canals, flow great tides of humanity. A look of wonder and apprehension Is writ!'-, on their faces; the new freedom they have attained brings with it too many troubles to cause pleasure. Determined to fight once and for all the great battle to secure higher wages— battle that has been Impending for years— the operatives, following the guidance of their leaders and — ported by the national organizations above them, have entered upon a great conflict. They abhor violence, avoid even the semblance of demonstra tion. do not indulge In parades or mass meetings, but in quiet, orderly fashion have entered the bat tle. Only few of them yet realize the misery and suffering that it entails; they are confident of suc cess, but a little awed by the actual outbreak of the strike. They have presented their demands to the mill agents; that for a 10 per cent in crease has been refused, and now. without bitter ness they have entered a light of principle, not of personalities. It Is a great, passive, orderly demon stration. Contrasted with the turbulence of the great coal ttrike in Pennsylvania. it is the differ ence between battle and parade. A brief survey of the field, however, is enough to demonstrate that It is no mean contest that has completely prostrated this city and promises to bring financial ruin and actual starvation to thou sands. Lowell claims a population of J*5.000: of this number neariy 30.«00 work In the mills, and over 17,000 are employed In the seven great cotton mills. now shut down. The largest of these mills employs S.WO hands, the smallest BOO: the combined weekly payroll aggregates J120.0C0. making the average wages *7 50. There are, however, many boys and girls in the mills, and the average wages of the men Is somewhat above this figure The women out number the men at a ratio of 10 to T. Of this great army over 14.000 are now In the strike: about 3,000 employes In one mill are, with the consent of the ctrikers. BtS at work, but there are 'evidences that they -will also be drawn bafts the strike before many days. Back of these 17.000 operatives are 30.0 M woinea nr.d children, their families dependent upon their earnings for their food and their existence. Xext In line are the boarding house keepers, no •mail dement In this city of boarders. Almost the first result of the strike will be the demoralization Of th« boarding house. Then come the stores, many Of trhich exist solely. by trade with operatives; all of them have outstanding accounts that cannot be liquidated now. Their trade has already contracted to a cash basis; credit has gone. Department stores tav* Informed their clerks to prepare for a long, enforced vacation if the strike continues. Mer chants are countermanding their orders, and those v.ho have purchased their spring stock are estimat ing their loss already. The butcher, the baker, the candlestick maker— all these are direct beneficiaries of the mill wage: all these must face a cessation of business; all are facing a prostration, which In many cases will mean ruin If long continued, for the margin of profit in a mill town Is narrow. In a ■■ least sixty thousand persons read ruin, some of them actual starvation, in the shutdown I of the mills. A terse summary of the existing situation was furnished the other day by three little kindergarten girls, who were skipping down a Ft!' ■ "My papa ain't workin'." announced the first. proudly. "He's a striker." •Mine ain't neither; he's In th© strike, too. He ain't doin* nothin' but stayin' at home," declared the second. •■1 don't care, nothin' about the strike," affirmed the third, placidly. "My papa's working." This is th division of sentiment in the city to-day. THE LEADERS YOUNG. The first thought, in beholding this great army of men and women engaged in a great struggle, is naturally cf their leaders. What manner of men are they who are essaying to direct the fortunes end th.j happiness of ■■- ■•> men. women and chil dren. The first feeling on me.-ting these leaders is astonishment at their youth. There are many of them in their early twenties, these -men who axe directing the great contest, in the regular em.. Ihey would command companies, at the most; here they marshal thousands. They show the buoy ancy of j-outb.; they discuss methods without anxi ety. The commissariat of an army corps would be taxed to provide for so great a macs of help less people; yet these young men assemble, discuss ways and means gravely, but without apparent fear. In the opernr-p moments of the battle, when the great deiinite step had been taken and the etrikc was on, there was no shrinking from the la sue. They seem scarcely to comprehend what the suffering sure to follow means. They refill their pipes and go on to discuss new phases, but they show no Mgn of stagrerirsg under the burden of their responsibilities. They are not reckless In manner, but one cannot fail to be impressed with the youthfulness of their appearance. They nave natural ability, that is appaient: they are born *- - lea of the thoughts at least of their comrades. They evince keenness and shrewdness; many of them hiive delved into the socialistic doctrines Which have obtained such wide hearing in other manufacturing cities of Massachusetts. There are women, too. pra\e laced delegates from women's unions, who attend the meetings of the Textile Council, the governing body of the strikers. They ere less buoyant, more visibly worried by the strug- But the youth at the leaders is not so great a handicap as it might seem. The battle is not local in its issue, if it is local in the hardest of its af- Jlictior.s. Lowt-Il has become the battleground of a.. New-England. There will be no sympathetic strife in Lawrence or Fall River, but already 20,000 operatives in those cities have pledged their sup port In the shape of II a week from their scanty *-arr.:rif:s to ht-iv the Lowell strikers. For Lowe >is fighting the fight of a dozen cities. For years It has U-sn the one blot on the labor map of New- Eng!and. Its spsamUMsl have accented their wages. however small, and have prospered. There has been no great industrial struggle since 1575. and then it X7BS a EScirmifh compered to thU battle. In the opinion of the operatives of other manufacturing assßsttaa Lowell has been a hopelessly passive city. Ur:!one aw**) been weak litre, have attalnei j strength in or.3y a few lines. When th« operatives of Fall River. Lawrence or Haver hill demanded more «i:«t their employers called to their atten tion tbe fact that LowelL the premier cotton dty of the country, paid its operatives less than they were now receiving. "Raise the scale In Lowell, atid you will raise It all Along th« line," has been tha war cry, and eot? the Lowell operatives are calm In tho face of tt*ir.«reet Matt tor they know that other cJtfe« have much at stake, and other forces, stronger In counsel and in resources, are behind them. This explains, In a measure, at least, the perfect pood feeling so far preserved by the strikers toward their employers. The men demanded a 10 per cent increase; It was refused absolutely. They declared that unless it v.-ere granted by a certain date they would strike. Th« agents answered by refusing again, and announced that they would close the mills. The men filed out in perfect order; there was no temper, no passion. The agents announced that they would like to close up their stock in a few mills, and asked that a few men be allowed to work for a short time. Their request was grant ed. The entente cordials was preserved through out. On the question of increase there exists an absolute deadlock, otherwise there is no friction. Each acknowledges the right of the other to the position taken; there Is plenty of criticism but little billingsgate. As a demonstration of a law abiding boycott the strike, so far. at least, has been a perfect success. THE BABEL OF RACES. Twenty-six different races are represented in the crowd that passes on the crowded streets. From the uttermost parts of the earth are gathered to gether a marvellous assortment of men. The Far East, Asia Minor. Africa, Greece, Italy. Poland, France and the. British Kingdom are all represent ed. On opposite sides of the street Napoleon Bldeau and Alexander Sophios keep store. Cfpsar Romana has a fruit stand at the corner, and George Wash ington, colored, but proud of his sovereign-defying name, lives down the alley. Representatives of the ancient royal families of Cohen and Sullivan do business In the neighborhood, and Ah Sin, the de scendant of history only knows how many princely houses, destroys the clothing of Christian and He brew with the same bland readiness. There are Armenians, wearing gayly colored sweaters, to be noted in the passers, and Portugal has a large rep resentation. These are the people of the mills; these are the bulk of that great mass of laborers through whom runs the scant leaven of education, acquired by effort rather than advantage; this Is the material out of which is to be constructed a victorious army of strikers. Unionism is to bring economic salvation, so the leaders claim. It is a strange sight, this motley throng wan dering up and down the streets. They are like children Just out from school. They stop at the corners and chat. The women wave their hands at their male acquaintances. Trie men smoke in cessantly; they laugh and Joke; a holiday to many of them is an untasted joy. It is too new. too pleasurable, to be appreciated in its gravest phase yet. There is no boisterousne-ss. On the first day of the strike people came from far and wide to view the scenes, and went away disappointed. They saw nothing but a number of decently dressed men I and women, walking In orderly fashion on the ; street. There were no great crowds— the police ' had no difficulty. Not even the saloons overflowed. i Occasionally a drunken man was seen, but It was doubtful if he could be charged up to the strikers. In front of the bulletin boards of the local papers the greatest crowds assembled. Men watched each j new scare announcement with amusement. They \ permed to regard themselves as spectators rather ! than participants. They scanned the evening- papers j eagerly, as if proud of the stir they were making In the world. They shook their heads over the stories, grumbled at editorials and expressed un ] complimentary opinions of certain of the more ' conservative opinions decrying the strike. But they were pood natured. self-restrained; there was no marching, no turbulence; everything was pleasant and harmonious; it was a holiday crowd pure and I simple. Wherever one went there was always the ! same crowd, the same pipes, the Fame good natured Joking. Of sollennesa or of bitterness there was not a suggestion. Doubtless the long, hard strain of the fight will bring these, but never was there a more perfect absence of them at the outset. MILL AGENTS REFUSE COMPROMISE. The position of the mill agents, the employers, the [ representatives of capital In this struggle is also noteworthy. Instead of persisting In running their : mills In the face of the growing strike sentiment, they decided, the moment they became convinced, or alleged that they became convinced, that a ma ' jority of the operatives -were against them, to avoid ! all danger of conflict and close the mills until the ! operatives were ready to work on their terms. To the present and previous demands for higher wages ! they have always made the same reply. ! "We can better afford to shut down our mills and go out of business than accede to this unrea sonable demand. We are paying our operatives I all we can afford under the present conditions of trade and the existing high pries of raw cotton." , Indeed, some of them are quoted as paying that it is cheaper to *ell their cotton stock at the present market price than to make it up. Last year, when a strike was impending, the operatives were per suaded by ■ committee of prominent citizens to rest their case with them and go back to work. This committee conferred with the agents, and were politely but firmly informed that the agents could not consent to a compromise. The State Board of Arbitration essayed a similar task this veer, and met a similar answer. After last year's fiasco the operatives have been shy of arbitration, and there is not the slightest evidence that either side desires to settle the matter other than by di rect conflict. The fight has long been coming, and the general belief is that the mill agents are ready to fight it to a finish now, and that when it is over there will be an end of strikes for some years to come. A perplexing feature of the* great strike is the weakness of the labor organizations. A week be fore the strike began not 20 per cent of the oper atives were union members. ' The ignorant foreign class, representing the lowest scale In the economic ladder, did not in the slightest degree grasp the Idea of the trade union doctrine. It is alleged that a number of Greeks joined the union and put up their money under the Impression that they ■ were paying for work. But no sooner was the strike Imminent th.m hundreds of non-union oper atives declared their intention of sharing the fight. Then began a process of unionizing, conducted on the most wholesale fashion. Hundreds, perhaps thousands, -were received Into the various organiza tions, and it Is prophesied that a strike of any duration will result in driving the greater portion .cf the operatives Into the union. Of course, it ia possible to scent a motive In this sudden step. Union members will receive funds for their support from similar unions throughout the country, prob ably from organised labor In every branch. Since the mills are definitely closed. it is easy to under stand why it seems better to many to "get aboard ths lunch wagon," as the phrase goes. But, on the other hand, th-j new members are not eligible for support for three months, and by that time they will have been strong!] Joined to the onions. Th* hope of the strikers of course, is to form a Etrons union body of mill operatives In Lowell and an organization similar In strength to that existing- In Fall River. If they attain this they will have •won an Important victory In any event. But whether th* Dewlv formod connection* would bold NEW-YORK DAILY TRIBUNE, SUNDAY, AFRTC 5, 1903 In the face of want and hunger, If the mill agents should decide in a few weeks to open their mills. may be questioned. If this should occur the really serious phase of tho strike would be precipitated and tho passion, happily absent now, would quickly be felt. At present the operatives are busily strengthening their unions, and their ranks are swelling daily. At present a few thousand, possibly three or four, arc at work in a large hosiery mill. For several days presawe hap been exerted to brinsr these out also and make iho tieup complete. So far it has not succeeded, but there is every reason for expecting it will. Then the paralysis will bo complete, and all seven of the preat mills will bo idle. LITTLE CANADA AND THE FRENCH. Two of the races joined in the strike, the French and the Greek, are worthy of more th.in a passing plane. They are potent factors in the flpht. one making for peace, the other for war. For thiee- Quarters of a century the prolific French-Can;, iian stocit has been overflowing into New-England. Following the self-same lines thit their ancestors took in the great predatory raids of the French and Indian Wars, these Canadians— "Canucks." as they are contemptuously nicknamed— have, poured down the Connecticut and Merrimac river valleys and filled the manufacturing cities along the line. To-day there are more than twenty thousand of them in one quarter of Ix>well alone. "little <an ada" Is the name given to their habitat, and its streets, despite their American location, suggest those of old Quebec. Even the ugly five story tene ment houses, close relatives of those across the Bowery, have an Inexpressibly foreign aspect. "Purifier votre sangr en prennant Le Sarsaparilla," declaims a blank wall, where the advertiser has Been his chance. "Icl on parle anglais," sets forth another, caus ing the visitor to rub his eyes and wonder If he is in Dieppe or Boulogne, or some other French town, rather than in an American city. "Maison de. pension." Insinuates a sign In nearly every window. Here Is the home of the French Canadian, as mlerratory ns the spring robin, paus ing for a moment to snatr-h a few loose American dollars and then fly back to his snug Canadian nest. The men, svho stand before the houses, smok ing long clay pipes and waving them over their phoulders airily, wear jaunty caps at an angle, have high cheek bones and flashing dark eyes, and they walk with an Indianlike tread. "Nous somnes plus francals que les francaise." declares one old Canadlenne mere, tossing her head proudly. This is France, the ancient forgotten perished France of Louis XIV, while across the alley the übiquitous Murphy Is feeding the goat and an overwhelmed Yankee Is sniffing his con tempt. Already the Canadian is beginning to fit. Across the frontier he has a snug farm t> where he will abide until the good times return. He Is accus tomed to make a visit, almost a pilgrimage, there annually, and the railroad station furnishes a clear evidence that the migration has begun. Of the strike, the Frenchman has, for the most part, lit tle understanding. He understands vaguely that it means more wages. "We strike, we hah more of dollars and less of work; enfin. mes enfants. we strike, voila." But the Frenchman will rot suffer greatly. He Is as frugal an.l thrifty as his European race brother. He has dollars in his stocking, and ho can draw on this reserve If the storm continues. Ha is a jrreat hip harmless child In many respects, peace ful, industrious, good natured, harmless, voluble, sentimental, but if there is riot and violence it will come from him only indirectly; his instincts are aprainst It. NEW ATHENS AND THE GREEK. But across the canal, through which the brown ! water of the Merrimac, still at its spring flood, chafes and frets uneasily at the inactivity, across this boundary is a new and different world— in truth, an ancient and wonderful world. In the shop win dows are signs printed in ancient Hellenic charac ters. in tbe alphabet of Homer. The classic alpha bet adorns the tottering windows of a Merrimac River mill town. The New Athens Cafe is in a stone's throw from the French saloon, in which they sin? the merry "Chansons de Bois" of the old Canadian voyageurs. In the soft speech of the resi dents of this quarter one may recognize words strangely suggestive of others learned with diffi culty in school vocabularies. There are four thou sand of these Greeks In Lowell, and the number Is rapidly Increasing. They have already stamped their individuality upon a nondescript street. Flamboyant views of modern Athens, huge, brilliant crayons of ' Baslleus George adorn the windows of the shops. There are cafes filled with swarthy men. smoking, gambling, fighting, for the Greek, whether In Mace donia or Lowell, is not a man of peace. It is from these selfsame Greeks that the first trouble is expected in the present strike. The Greek lives better than the Frenchman, and saves less. He is ignorant of the meaning of the sacred principles of labor unionism, and the fear Is that when he gets hungry he will either work or fight. At the outset of the strike he started a row by hooting the em ployes of the hosiery mill on their way to work, acting under the impression that they were taking his place. When hunger follows idleness, as it is pure to, operative and mill agent are alike afraid lest this Grecian stranger resort to his ancient weapons and his ancient century honored custom of the knife. Besides the French and the Greek?, there is the Polander. who dominates a quarter of his own. He Is distinguished primarily for his wedding festivals, grand ceremonies at which the entire colony at tends, and the festivities in the end overflow Into the police court and the tale of a stabbing affray is aired. Then there is the Armenian and Syrian, scat tered over the city in little shops, fewer but note worthy. Hundreds of Portuguese have selected Lowell -is a convenient home, and in former days used to monopolize the work in one mill. The omni present Hebrew plies a rag trade or does mill work here. England, Ireland and Scotland have sturdy representatives, who. with a few of the more intel ligent French-Canadians and the Yankees, are the leaders among the operatives. There are other races, many of them, but the important ones are already named. WOMEN IN THE STRIKE. No glimpse of the conflict would be complete without at least a passing reference to the women of the strike. There are ten thousand of these women in the number of the operatives, and they have their own organizations, their own leaders, their own representatives in the governing body of the strike. Theirs is not a gentle life, and the faces show the strain. "Eighteen years I have worked In one mill and in one room." said one. "To-day I earn 56 a week; I live— that Is about all." Many of these women are enjoying the first long holiday they have ever known. Numbers of them can count years of ser vice withe 9' the loss of a week, sometimes of a day. They are neatly dressed, intelligent, but their facets are prematurely wrinkled and care worn. They show* the evident traces of their con tinual struggle for supremacy with the machine, the struggle that always ends the same way— the machine goes an; the woman wears oi;t. Day after day. year after year, for ten hours a day, they have answered the movements of the machine. Hun dreds of these women, now In the ranks of th« strikers, are already worn out. They are listless or garrulous, active or slow, but always and evi dently weary. The very freedom they are testing now is a gift they do not understand the use of. They wander aimlessly, just as the men do; meet friends on the street, stop and chat, and then go ■wandering on. Such are ■ few glimpses of the great Industrial conflict. The operatives are orderly. Determined but without enthusiasm, they are acting as me chanically as they would answer the needs of the machine they have worked beside tor so many years. Their leaders are young, buoyant, hopeful. They lack experience, but are not unintelligent. The great question la can they carry the burden of "the long ciego" they prophesy bo confidently. Th* various conflicting rt-~** and nationalities <*£• for a complicating condition. From som* disorder is to be expected, when f»«aS b'lS been exhausted; from the leaders and the ar^at mass of the op eratives order and peace aw to be expected. Hut beyond these details one great fact Is horn* 1 home to the visitor in Lowell— a tremendous paralysis has seized the city. Its busy mills are stopped; Its stre.t are filled with thousands of the idle and unemployed; its business houses nre equally par alyzed. Men and women and children have only one thought, one topic of conversation, and that "the great strike." LOWELL'S CANAL SYSTEM. The system of canal? and locks for supplying water power to the cotton mills and other factories at Lowell, Mass.. is said to be the oldest of Us kind in the United States. The Canal and Ix>clt Company, of Lowell, a corporation composed of persona tacgety interested In the manufacture- of cotton goods, was organized more than ten years before the incorporation of the City of Lowell, pre viously known as the village of Chelmsford. in 1838. In 1525 mur-h of the canal system had been com pleted, and was In use. The canals at first, how ever, weie mere ditches with earth banks. Now they are walled throughout their length with stone masonry of the must durable materials, and tha locks and bridges are of the best construction. Millions were spent In these Improvements, and they are so well built that for many years the cost of maintenance has been small. The waters of tho Merrimac River, which are so important to the industrials interests of Lowell, come down, unwearied with the great work they have performed at Manchester. Nashua and other factory towns nearer their source, to the Paw tuck, t-ave. bridge, twenty feet above the level of the mill wheels. They are held back by a low dam, extending diagonally across the stream. A deep channel, blasted in the solid rock. Is sep arated from the higher level by the enormous flood gates of tho lirst lock, which are closed only from Saturday noon until Monday morning. All tne rest of the week the canal runs bank full, turning the machinery of all the big cotton and woollen mills and many other factori**, the flood passing silent ly hut swiftly through the labyrinth of canals that reaches all parts of the manufacturing dis trict. There is no noise, except where the flood flows through locks or tha whcelplts of the mills, and at the blow-off gates in the Booth mill, where the water returns to the Merrimac, to run the fac tories at litttrcnce and Newburyport. Tin: stranger to Lowell, passing through the streets, is surprired here and there by hollow sounds, produced by the rumble of wheels. There ere business buildings bordering the street without a break in the line, and it is not easy to believe that, beneath buildings and streets alike, the power that has made the city one or the busiest in New- England Is silently flowing. There are many places, however, where the streets cross the open canals on steel bridges and where the great depth and breadth of the channel and the intakes to the mill whe.-is are visible on Sundays, when the upper lock is closed. Occasional dry seasons have left the mills without sufficient power, and all have installed adequate steam plants for such emergencies, but the cost of coal in Lowell Is so great that as much of the work as possible is done with the water power supplied through this wonderful canal system. Many years ago a sandbar formed in the Merrimac below the city and so dammed the waters that freshets in the spring caused the canals and river to overflow and stop the machinery everywhere. The Canal and I.ock Company removed this bar at an expense of hundreds of thousands of dollars and since then the mills have been immune from flood. DELEGATES FROM THE GREEK UNIONS TO THE LOWELL TEXTILE! COFNCIL. Th© council is directing the cotton mill strike. THE DOUAY BIBLE IN THE PUBLIC SCHOOLS. SOME OF THE POINTS OF DIFFERENCE BETWEEN IT AND THE KING JAMES VERSION. Flnce It became known that by resolution of the rity school superintendents the Douay Bible would be included In the list of supplies for the public schools of this city and that teachers who desired to do so were at liberty to use it in the schools with Which they are connected, much Interest has been manifested in the Roman '"atholic version of tho Fncred book. Xo attempt will be made here to give all the differences between this version and that of Kin^ James, but the first point which strikes the person who compares the two Is the statement in tho Douay version commonly sold in this city is that it Is "published with the appro bation of His Eminence James Cardinal Gibbons, Archbishop of Baltimore." This is attested on the second page by the following card surmounted by the Archbishop's crest : In the preface to this issue It is stated that the book has been published at the earnest solicitation of "large numbers of religious bodies and laity." Among the "remarks to the readers" this is also said in the preface: As the book about to be once more presented to the public in a new -form claims for itself an origin exclusively divine, we deem It not out of place to furnish, in outline at least, the grounds of that claim. The work is divided unequally into two parts, viz.. the Old and New Testaments. The Old Testament is a record of God's relations with man antecedently to the adventv of the incarnate Son of God, our Lord Jesus Gfirist. The New Testament contains a compendium of the lives of our Saviour and His Apostles, a« recorded by tha evangelists and other apostles. As to the first part, or Old Testament, the ver sion always recognised by the church contains many more bonks than that used by other than Catholics. The reason of this discrepancy is that the Church's version, the Septuaglnt, »he Greek translation from the original Hebrew, and which contained all the writings now found In the Douay version, as it la called, was the version used by the Saviour and His Apostles and by the Church from her infancy, and translated into Latin, known under the title of Latin Vulgate, and ever recog nized as the true version of th.- written word of God. Hence the Old Testament, containing? as it does all embraced in the Septuagint. is not only genuine and authentic, but having the approbation of our Saviour and Apostles, who quoted it exclusively while on earth, has superadded to it the supreme character of divine inspiration, which It possesses to the exclusion of all other versions. It stands, therefore, before the world as the sole claimant for Integrity, genuineness, authenticity and inspira tion; in a word, as the possessor of every attribute necessary to constitute what no other work can lay claim to, viz., a divinely inspired volume. Of the genuineness and authenticity of the more recent part of this sacred book. viz.. the New Testament, there exists no doubt: out as to its in spiration, the gravest doubts may exist unless an infallible witness thereof can be produced. What ever grounds may exist vouching for the inspira tion of the Apostles as writers, no security what soevec can be forthcoming for me inspiration of the quotas furnished by Saints Mark and Luke; the former the writer of a Gospel: the latter also the writer of a Gospel and of the Acts of the Apostles: those quotas, forming a prominent part in the composition of the New Testament, remain uninspired, their authors not being Apostles. The only solution to this difficulty Is to be found in the testimony of the Church of Christ, which He com mands us to "hear," and against which He pledges Himself "that the gates of hell cannot prevail." Her decision, by virtue of the guarantee of her Founder, exalts the New Testament to the dignity of a divinely inspired production, and as she vouches also for the divine character of the Old Testament, we submit to our readers a work that, alone of all publications, comprises, with all the evidences of infallible certitude, the only divine production on earth. The Church of Jesus Christ. by virtue, of her divinely endowed infallibility, vouches for the divine origin of the Sacred Script ure.?, and us such we respectfully, but confidently, submit them to the public " Under the head "The Names and Order of All th« Hooks of the Old Testament" there are many noticeable differences between the "authorized" ver ■ion, and the Douaj bibles. "Joshua" In the old Is "Josuc" In the new Bible The new Bible has. no "Sara • in the list, and Instead of "I Kliirs" and "II Kings** has four books under the head of "Kings'." lusted of "Chronicles" the Douay Bible has "Paralipomenon," "Kara" is "Esdras" and "II Ksdras, aliiiH Nt hernias." In th« St. James verslfa' the book of Esther follows Nehcmiab* APPROBATION of HIS EMINENCE JAMES CARDINAL GIBBONS, Archbishop of Baltimore. We hereby approve of the publication of the Catholic Hible, which is :i:i accurate r.'prlnt of tli" Khetms anl l>ouay edition, witli ] >r. Chal l"ner*s n"t''f. The sacred volume Is printri In an attractive style. J. CARDINAL. GIBBONS. Baltimore, S<r>t. I, l^:i:» WALK BESIDD A LOWELL POWER CANAL, A PRE-REVOLUTIONARY RELIC. On a rocky eminence *■ the city of ■"■"■*"* Mass.. and forming the centrepiece of a beautiful public park, stands a quaint old wayside mill, bet ter known to the present generation as the Oia Powder House. * "This remarkable relic of Pr'-R« v«v «> 1 "»j2 ns VT lohn was built two centuries ago (about 1704) by John Mallet, who used it as a windmill. Here *£• ' ar 7 ne ™ for many miles around brought their corn to be ground The old mill stands about thirty feet In height, and Is capped by a conical roof. Its £alls are about two feet In thickness, with an inner HnlnjT of brick, while the outside casement la flfMue stone. Within are three low lofts, which are sup- P< For many'years thta unique structure remained In the Mallet family. In 1717 it was^sold to the Prov ince of Massachusetts Bay by Michael Mallet,' a grandson of the builder. From this time until after the Revolution it was used as a. storehouse for powder and other munitions of war. It was from this place, in the year 1774. that the British troops, by order of General (rage. seized two hundred and fifty half-barrels of powder belonging to the province: which act caused a mustering in arms on Cambridge Common of several thousand Indignant provincials.— (Four-Track News. • — DEMAND FOR FREIGHT CARS. At the annual meeting of the Pressed Steel Car Company. President Hoffstot said that It Is esti mated that there are In this country to-day over 1.500.000 freight cars on wheels, and that 10 per cent are replaced yearly, besides the new equip ment.—(lron Trade Review. while In the Catholic Bible the books of Tobias and Judith, from the Apocrypha, are inserted. In the Kin? James version there are eighteen books in the Old Testament after Ecclesiastes. There are Song of Solomon, I Otwdlah, Isaiah. Jonah. Jeremiah. ! Mlcah. Lamentations. I Narutn. Ezekiel. Habakkuk. David. Zcphanlah. Hos>ea. Haemal. job. -harlah, Amos, Jlaltech. There are. twenty-three books in the Catholic bible, arranged in this order: Canticle at Canticles. • AMb« Wisdom. Jonas. Kcclesiastlcus, BUch< as. Isrstas. Nahum. Jeremlaa. Habacue. Lamentations. Sophonia?. Baruch. AgKeus. Ezechlel. Zacharias, I).tnlel. M.-iln. Osce. Machahees I. Joel, ! Machabees 11. Amos, The variation in phraseology between the two Bibles becomes apparent in the first chapter of Genesis. "The earth was without form anil void" reads "The earth was void anil empty." and the third verse, "And God said. Let there be light." reads, "And God said. Be light made." In the next chapter, "And the Lord c..-d caused a deep sleep to fall upon Adam" reads. "Then the Lord God cast a deep sleep upon Adam." In the fourth chapter. "And the serpent said to th*' woman. No. you shall not die the death.* 1 is the Dooay version for "And the serpent said unto the woman. Ye shall not surely die." Similar differences in phraseology occur through out the book. In the Douay Bible the twentieth chapter of Exodus which contains the Ten Commandments differs slightly from that of the King James version. KING JAMES VERSION*. I THE DOUAI VISION". I— And God spoke all th«-?ej I— And the Lard *pok« all words, savin*: i th*"w» words: — I am the 1.-.r.| thy tlod! 2—l am tho I-ord thy God, which have brought ' who broiisht th»e «>nt thee .-it of the land of the land of Egypt. of Egypt, out of the; out of th« hous<? of house of bondage. : bondage. 3 — Th.m -■■lit have no 3 — Thou .... hay« other (tods before me. j Btraagf" coda befnre m*. — Thou shall not main 4 — Thou «hait not make to unto the* any graven i thyself i graven thin«. Imafie, or any Ilk"-! nor the Itkanm of any ness of anything tnAt. tninu that Is In heaven Is in bean ■• n above, or! above, or In th«» earth that is In the earth! beneath, nor of th ■-. beneath, or that ts in j thln<« that are in ;h« the water Bade* the! waters under the earth, earth. 6 — Thou shalt not bom s— Tbon that! not ■■1.->r» down thyself to them.! them, nor serve th>-m: nor serve them; for li I am the I^vrd thy ■ ;••,! the Lord thy Go am! mlKhty. Jealous, vtslt a Jealous Ood visiting' Inc the Inl.jultv of th* the Iniquity of thej fathers upon the rhll father upon the chll '• dren. unto the th!r.t dren unto th« third! an.l fourth generation and fourth Reneratt >n| of them that hata me. of them that hate me. ' 6 — And shewing mercy unto: ©—And shewing merry untr» thousands of them! thousands of them that that love me and keep! love nie. and krep rr.y my commandments. ! commandments. 7 — Thou shalt not take the! 7 — Thou .»hnlt not take th« name of the Lord thy 1 name of the Lord thy flod in vain: for the «;«»i in vain; tor »h« Lord will not hold, I>.rd will not hold him him guiltless th.it gui.tlf^s that shall tnk« taketh his name it- : the name of the Lord ■vain ! his Otxl In >»:n B—Remember8 — Remember the Sabbattl 1 B—Remember8 — Remember that th<>u day. to Weep it holy, j keep holy the sabbath 1 day. o— Six days •) all thou 9— Sl* days shalt tho u labor. and do ail thy! labour, and shult do work. all thy works. 10 — But the seventh day Is 10 — Rut on the seventh d»y the Sabbath of the! is •• ■ tabtath of th* Lor | tby God, In it! Lori thy ««>d; thou thou •bail not do any, nh.ilt do no wurk en it. work. thou. nor thy! th. v nor tliv »on. n<>r win. nor thy daughter. ' thy daughter, n>>r thy thy manservant, new] raanser\ art. n>T thy thy m.il'lservant. n-.r maldsertnx.t. nor »h> thy <aitl". nor the. br»st. nor the. wtrarm-r UrotH'T that Is with- that la utthln thy In thy gates. Kates. 11— For In six days the 11— For in *l* (lav* tho I-irl Lir.i made hraven and ina.le h«av*n ami earth, the sea. and all earth, an.l the sea and that In th. Is. and all things that are in rested the seventh them, and rrstrd a duy: wherefore the the seventh day: there- Loin] bleised the Sab ' fore the Lfird 1.1— •■.. I bath duy and hul \ the •..-..••■ day. anJ lowed It. sanctified It I?— Honor thy father and 12 — Honour thy father an.l thy mother that thy| they mother, that th<-t» days may i..- lung itmxest be !.<n«lt\e.| upon tha land whl.-li upon the land which the Lord thy Uol th» I^.nJ thy iin,l will rivet.) thee. «lye thee. The IStb. 14th, l.">th ..nl] With verses are Iden tical 1. — Thou »halt n(.t covet 17— Thou »hn!t rot o«>vet thy iv .s-hl.,,r' * h.mse. Jr.v neighbor** h.>u«<*; thcu shalt not tnvetl retther ihnlt thou ile thy neighbor' a wife.' »tre his v>i(*. n..r his nor his manservant. servant, nor his han.l t>"i' his maidservant. maid, nor hts .•» n-r I nor hta ox, nor hla] M* ass. nor any l;>n| •si. nor anjthinic that! that Is his. 6rW«iii»fi, 1 .. — nc"s« Sf the tnVm^r of lbs trvm**. mA *mo~rnV- and wh« •** «*** «"£* ■* removed and stood «004 afar ofT. afar off. Th* New Testament In the Douay T"r>!«n also bears the "approbation'- of Cardinal Gibbon* Th* names and the order of the books of the New Testa ment an, practically the same In both versions. Ther* ar« several differences In the Sermon en the Mount, which reads in part as follows In th* Donay version: THE KINO J.AME3 VER I THE DOIT-VY VERSION*. ■ « "?" 3 -' ' ; s— ldentical. 1 *- B |plr)t . for th , irs tM kinstfom «f h»av»n. 4— Bl«!s<-^ ar» t**T that *— B sm: fb* OM9 shaß » haU o«^« «■» r^Bi^r^. —■?.■-« . r «2 « for they shall Inherit j^mfoS^ a_Bl-5. .1 ?r." th-T xrhlch 6-El-.—l ar- W t^t do hum art»r rl«heou 3 n^s T— iaeni. as, j fgt thi?y ghal , obtlla 8— Bl«-«"1 *r- tbe our- of! »-B>wri ar- "a^J***^ heart: for they .hall fc-art^for they .haa _:: a_^ r for t^ev r V^ b# <-a'!ed the children of God. falsely, for ray sake. I for my sai }*- , , ... T% sUJnlrr — '- 1-*— B« - to* ■ treat la your * ! ' a^ . , in for ao vent bo •-- they th- prophets were! cror.hets that wr» be before rom ' . . . . T3_T« ar» ll a «a:j ot I earth: Imt .' tba have lost Its savour. Ic»e Us sa^, -«„;.,,, wkercwitß aaHadi !• hi latafi »■ forth rwd for ' t- ' ; lag, bur. be trodden trodden on by men. and to be ti I under foot of men. ! In the next chapter of St. Matthew the Lor«r» Prayer also differs from, the Kins James yezsion. "Our Father who art." etc.. hi the first nottceaMa change, while "Give us this day our »ap«T»ar«ta3 tial bread" Is the most striking feature of the re constructed prayer. This is the full text in ti« Douay Bible: Our Father who art in heaven, hallowed be it-.y na Thl : kingdom come. Thy will be done on earth "Give us this day our supersutstantial brnd. And forgive us our debt-, as we also forsi.e our And lead us not into temptation. But deliver us from evil. Amen. In a foot: ' thus referred to: Verse 11— Supersubstantial bread. In St. Lt.ke the some word la rendered daily _ bread. It H under stood of the bread of life, which we receive tn tn« Blessed Sacrament. " Among the familiar passages which read differ ently in the Catholic Bible is Job xix. 25: "For I know that my Redeemer liveth. and that be shall stand at the latter day upon the earth." The Douay version is as follows: "For I kno^ that my Redeemer liveth. and in the last day t shall rise out of th.' earth." "Even unto the end o; the world," In St. Matthew, reads "Even unto tha consummation of the world." and "John was in tft* desert, baptizing and preachlnsr the baptism r* penance unto remission of sir.s-."" is the Dooay ver sion of "John did baptize in the wtlderneF<» ar.d preach the baptism of repentance for remission of sins." St. Luke i. 35. of th_' Catholic Bible, reads: \n«l the angel, answering, salil to her: The Hn'y Ghost shall come u;>on thee. and the po^ver of th» most High shall overshadow thee. An.! tn*refor» also the" Holy whl h shall be born of thee shall &• called the Son of God. The Kins James version interprets the versa thus: "And the angel ansxored and said unto her. Tho Holy Gh.vst shall come upon thee. an«l th* power of the Highest shall arcnhaulow the*; there fore, also, that holy thing which shall be b«rn cf thee shall be called the Son of t;.-*l." Th« seventy eighth verso of the same chapter: "Through th» tender mercy of our God; whereby the dayrrt"? from on high hath vtsitsd us." reads as follows la the Douay Bible: Through the bowel* of the merry of our God. ta which the Orient from on high hath visitM U3. Tr*» won! "Paraclete" Is us*'! for "Comforter** in the Douay Bible in many placra. It Is In the footnotes of the Douay version, scat tered throughout th- book, that the dlfWenrc* be tween Roman Catholic and Protestant doctrta* ar« mainly apparent. Th» Council of Trent declared the Vnlsata text of the Bible authentic and forbade the interpreta tion of th«« Scripture "without the. consfr.t <-<f father?." Vernacular versions have been p'ib!i.«h«'fll^ at various times, as "anttiiotes t<> Protestant l>ibks." and of these the Dou:ty la on* of the most conspicuous. The popular French version ia kr.owa as the I >•• Sacy Bible. The Douay Bible derives Its n»n> from th* plac* where the priests made the translation. The woric was bet;un at the college at Rhrtma. ar.il completed at the College of DottaL or Douay. The translators were George Martin. William Allen. Richard r.r!* tow and William Reynolds. Th N>*wr Testament a» translated by these men was published at Kheirr.a in 15>2. and the Old Testament in I«s>. Since then many editions of the Douay Biblf have b» en pu? lUhed. of which the one approved by Cardinal Gibbons and to be used In the New-York pubttd echini's la one of the latest. THE SUB-CONSCIOUS MIND. Erasmus. Darwin. CoadWac, Xavier ;ie Maistr* and probably other authors h-ive described t?s* au tomatic action of the mind, which is .tlw.iy* soir.f on. or. in othrr words. th«" two t»*irji;» in us. «-on soloua ar.d unconscious, or aqb-consctom*. Their operation is now regarded as an established fact. The higher "mot." or conscious self. *n<l the lower, or »üb-cr>n*oiou!«. *.-lf. are apparently distinct, but collaborate, normally, mid only dtji-xotUit* lh«ra selve* In ilreamw. rvv-rir*. hypnotism and analogous states, which allow frre play to the »:it«-mat:; activity. Th«- sub-con»».i>>usn.-s^ has Us cwn special memory, whKh In iiiM>s of dissociation is com pletely lilstinot from the memory of the hhjh'f "mok" The memory of acts Inscribed ta th* «U& eonsdoasaess. but unknown to the eonsctousnes*. may Inftueut-e the mmd of tiM prrsion «v*a thou«J» "•'■'.- not conscious of tht-m. an.l may even affevt hi- health. In gr^at aj:^ ami orrtain affections «f th«« brain Ihf automatic activity atono »übsi«t«. This double, ami partly consclou-i. partly uncon ■ctolis, action of the mind expiates what we call "absriit mtmWnes*" and temporary fonretfu.nr*s owlriK to i>rr»K-«-upat!on with uth«r matt«T»-tLo»- RECORDING AUTOMOBILE SPEED. From The Umdon Glob*. V new "Vhri>nc«!pori." as t»»e t*r -mh eatl It. tn? I qiiukiy teUlnc the Uteed ot *utumobt!*s. *«* N-*r» lntnntucttl by the tirm of !>>p*» «*• P*n* « r« 9< nibl."* an ordinary *;>.toh an.l i.- N-th a count of np«-wt and a chionour.ipr*. The .lUI MWriWO; and minutes !tk ;i watch, ami II rus«» l*-«d<"» * chronograph Indicating one-nfth i »«.vi»:id. a f>unt-r totalizing th« minutes of tl»a» caroausrafa. *nd • JtumograpU.